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THE CHRISTIAN 


t 


IEN 


Registered in U. 8. Patent Office 
AN INTERNATIONAL DAILY NEWSPAPER 


VOLUME 51 NO. 189 


ahts Reserved 


© 1950, THE CHRISTIAN BCIEECS PUBLISHING SOCIETY 


BOSTON, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


** ATLANTIC EDITION 


SECTIONS 


BEYOND 30 MILES 


TEN CENTS 


FIVE CENTS 


: Bitterness Marks End 


Of Foreign Aid Debate 


By Richard L. Strout 


Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


Washington 


Bitterness marked Senate passage of the trimmed down $3,500,000,000 foreign aid 


authorization bill. 


The irony was that two of the United States’ strongest advocates of foreign aid were, 
in effect, critical of each other’s leadership. 


bill. 


President Eisenhower all but declared he might summon back Congress to pass a bigger 


Senator J. W. Fulbright (D) of Arkansas, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations 


cuts. 


, Committee, harshly charged that President Eisenhower was largely responsible for the 


The dispute turned on a technical, but crucial, matter of procedure. . 
It is rarely understood that Congress goes through two separate stages in voting money 


—first it “‘authorizes”’ 


the sum—and then later, after consideration by an entirely dif- 


ferent set of committees, it finally “appropriates” the money. 
Senator Fulbright’s devotion to the establishment of a long-term foreign aid revolving 
fund was such that he proposed to eliminate the second stage. This is a not uncommon 


practice: it was used 30 years» 


ago by Congress to give Presi- 
dent Hoover the Reconstruc- 
tion Finance Corporation 
fund, It was similarly used for 
the Import-Export Bank and 
for the International Bank. It 
has a long and honorable his- 
tory. It is, however, suscepti- 
ble to abuse. 


Antispending 

The—-fact. is that the Senate 
Appropriations Committee and 
particularly the House Appro- 
priations Committee are as mili- 
tantly against “spending” as the 
Eisenhower Treasury and budget 
themselves. 

It is to their tender mercies 
that the foreign aid-fund, which 
has now been authorized with 
a 10 per cent cut over Mr. 
Eisenhower’s original . recom- 
mendations, will ultimately go. 
Further cuts there are likely. 

Two years ago President 
Eisenhower approved of the Ful- 
bright plan to put the foreign 
aid revolving fund out of reach 
of the two appropriations com- 
mititees. The State Department 
supported Senator Fulbright 
both then and now. 


Support Switched 

But a sudden drive was 
started by the Treasury and 
Budget Bureaus agencies against 
what they termed “back-door” 
spending. Spokesmen of the 
two powerful units captured 
President Eisenhower's support 
and he switched position. 

It is the irony of the situation 
that the first major bill caught 
in the “back door” is the one 
that Mr. Eisenhower himself 
most strongly supported, for- 
eign aid. 

While President Eisenhower 
July 8 was telling his press con- 
ference that he might, in last 
resort, summon back Congress 
to get more foreign aid, a soft- 
spoken but deeply moving Sen- 
ator Fulbright was telling a 
hushed Senate that he consid- 
ered administration moves in 


the battle maladroit and clumsy. | 
disap- | 


MTA Clangs Farther ’n’—? 


D. | 


Senator Fulbright’s 
pointment was shared by one of 
President Eisenhower’s strong- 
est Republican foreign aid sup- 
porters, Senator .George 
Aiken (R) of Vermont. 


Turbulent Topic 


Background for this is that, at 
best, foreign aid has a turbulent 
channel to follow in Congress. It 
has no political constituency of 
its own. It is opposed by isola- 
tionists. To them now are added 
the economizers—mobilized by 
President Eisenhower’s own un- 
remitting attack on spending and 
warnings of inflation. 

With the expectation of Eisen- 
hower support, Senator Ful- 
bright said he had proposed his 
five-year foreign. development 
fund and had stated that “it 
probably could not be adopted 
without presidential support.” 

Instead of that, Senator Ful- 
bright quoted Senator Aiken’s 
comment: “The President pulled 
the rug from under the friends 
of the mutual assistance pro- 
gram.” 

The President’s action was 
explicable, Senator Fulbright 
continued, “only upon the as- 


sumption that he does not quite 
comprehend how the Congress 
of the United States is controlled 
and directed—in other words, 
how it functions.” 

Senator Fulbright said Pres- 
ident Eisenhower had “clearly 
indorsed” the continuity idea 
for foreign aid. But “his pro- 
posal for a long-term authoriza- 
tion—coupled with simultaneous 
multiple-year appropriations— 
is utterly unrealistic and com- 
pletely inadequate to accom- 
plish his purpose.” 

“The people of America are 
not bankrupt. Our government 
finances are temporarily in dis- 


order because of unwise fiscal | 


policies during the last five 


years.” 
Complacency Scored 

In a rousing appeal, he con- 
tinued: 

“No, Mr. President, we are 
not bankrupt; but we do look as 
if we are determined to end up 


the richest, fattest, most smug 
and complacent people who ever 
failed to meet the test of sur- 
vival. In air-conditioned and 
air-suspensioned splendor we 
may be heading for the last 
roundup. 

- “The real hope and expecta- 


tion of the Soviets, Mr. Presi-| 


dent, is not that the United 
States will spend itself into 
bankruptcy, but that it will suf- 
focate in its own fat. 

“Mr. President, if the Ameri- 
can people really 


would prefer to survive poor 
than to die rich. I believe they 
would prefer to go to work in a 
Lark, than to their funeral in 
a Cadillac.” 

The senator is highly re- 
spected in Congress. He con- 
cluded solemnly, “There is no 
law of nations that I know of 
which guarantees the prosperity, 
happiness, and power of the 
United States forever.” 


N.Y. Parley Urged : 


By the Associated Press 


New York 


Former New York Gov. W. Averell Harriman, returning 
July 9 from a six-week visit to the Soviet Union, urged that 
Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev méét With Western 


leaders in New York. 


Mr. Harriman, a former United States Ambassador to the 
Soviet Union, told newsmen at Idlewild Airport that Mr. 
Khrushchev showed a “grave ignorance of the United States.” 
He said the Communist boss believes American workers have 


no influence. 


A summit meeting here would enable Mr. Khrushchev to see 


for himself, Mr. Harriman said 


Mr. Harriman said he would report to Secretary of State 


Christian A. Herter July 10. 


He said he also would talk then with Vice-President Richard 


M. 


Nixon, who is planning a trip to the Soviet Union. Mr. 


Harriman said he approved of Mr. Nixon making the trip. 

Mr. Harriman has reported in a Life magazine article about 
his interview with Mr. Khrushchev that the Soviet Premier, 
discussing the Berlin situation, had commented: “If you want 


war, you can have it.” 


“I said to Khrushchev, ‘Your talk is not conducive to the 
peaceful relations you say you want,’” Mr. Harriman told 


reporters July 9. 


President Eisenhower criticized the Khrushchev remark at a 
news conference July 8 in Washington, 


Inside Keport on Iraq 
Says Army Clips Reds 


By Harry B. Ellis 


Mediterranean Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 
Copyright, 1959, by The Christian Science Publishing Society 


Beirut, Lebanon 


There now is solid,evidence that the Iraqi Army, rather than Premier Abdel Karim 
Kassem, may be the prime mover behind anti-Communist steps being taken in Baghdad. 

It is believed that the Iraqi officer corps—deeply disturbed by Communist inroads into 
the security organizations of that country—made a deal with Mr. Kassem whereby there 
would be no Army coup to unseat him if the Premier made anti-Communist moves, 

An Army committee then appointed Brig. Ahmed Saleh el-Abdi, military Governor 
General of Iraq, as its spokesman, it jis reported. It is known from Western sources™hat 
Brigadier Abdi has moved into an office in the Defense Ministry next to Mr, Kassem’s, 
sleeps there as does Mr, Kassem, and that the two men are in touch with each other 


constantly, 


One Westerner who has had long talks with both men is known to feel that Brigadier 


Abdi is the more impressive of the two men and 
come from Brigadier 


internal situation 


that 


current 
Abdi, not Mr. Kassem. 


improvements in Iraqis 


This is not meant to imply that a repetition of the Naguib-Nasser situation in Egypt 


understood | 
their predicament, I believe they | 


| : 
Race 


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| 2 


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} 
| 
j 


Gordon N. Converse. Staff Photographer 


oy me 


‘is taking shape, swith Mr. 
‘Kassem becoming. more and 
‘more of a figurehead and 
| Brigadier Abdi exercising real 
‘control, 
Dismissals Cited 

Rather it is felt that the Iraqi 
_Army told Mr. Kassem that cer- 
| tain things had to be done and 
|appointed Brigadier Abdi as its 
|spokesman to coordinate these 
| moves_with the-Premier. 

Recent moves which particu- 
larly bear the stamp of such col- 
'laboration include the dismissal 
of six alegedly pro-Communist 
officers June 29, the move 
placing the Communist-domi- 
nated People’s Resistance Force 
under firm Army control, and 
the firing of alleged Communist 
'Lt. Col. Selim Fakhri as Direc- 
tor of Broadcasting. 
| This information concerning 
‘the role of the Iraqi Army has 
come from Baghdad to this re- 
/porter privately, from a group 
'With a very real interest ‘in ac- 
‘curate assessment of the situa- 
ition in Iraq. I believe consider- 
| able credit should be attached to 
| what this group says. 
' This source also asserts that 
‘the Chinese Communists rather 
than the Soviets are taking the 
lead in organizing the activities 
of the Iragi Communist Party 
‘and that the Chinese are partic- 
ularly responsible for some of 
the Communist-led “popular” 
‘rallies held in Baghdad. 


Arabic Chinese 

Leader of this Chinese Com- 
munist activity is said to be 
Burhan Shahidi, who despite his 
Arabic name is Chinese. Mr. 
Shahidi, who speaks fluent Ara- 
| bic and even the Iraqi variety 
of Arabic, is believed to super- 
sede the Chinese Communist 
ambassador in Baghdad in work- 


‘ing with the Iragi Communists. 


Rope Loops Keep Tots From Straying at Children’s Concert at Hatch Memorial Shell 


By Michael Liuzzi 


Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


| It began in midafternoon on a 
‘crowded  rapid-transit coach 
‘speeding toward Boston within 
‘view of sun-drenched Revere 
| Beach, 


Across the aisle, women in 
floppy hats kept their eyes on 
children, some ‘sleepy, some 
boisterous, but all clutching en- 
signs of the day’s activities—a 
bedraggled bath towel, a beach 
ball or sand pail, or the soggy 
remnants of an ice cream cone. 

Within 10 minutes, the car 
plunged underneath Boston Har- 
bor and across to the center of 
the city. 


19 Miles for 20 Cents 


Two car changes and about 15 
minutes later, we roared up from 
the depths and out along the 
tree-lined streets of Brookline. 
Only this time it was a trolley 
car, and the passengers were 
mostly shoppers, with a few 


Barnstable Court 
Fines 6 Merehants 


The World’s Day 


Rea. U.s. Pai. OM. 


Bay State: Yarmouth Shopkeepers Appeal 


Six Yarmouth, Mass. merchants were found guilty of violating the 
Lord’s Day law by doing business on Sunday, In First District 
Court of Barnstable, five of the six gift shop owners were fined 
$25 each for their first offense and $50 each for two subsequent 
offenses. The sixth was fined only $10 for his single violation. 


All have appealed. [Page 12.] 


A sharp decline in unemployment claims in.Massachusetts has 
brought unemployment to some 400 temporary clerks in the 
State Division of Employment Security. They are being laid 
off as the total regular claim load for the week ending July 4 
dropped to 65,371 from.a total of 108,979 for the same week 


a year ago. 


Europe: Yugoslav Seizes Airliner in Flight 


A Yugoslav, Cuckovic Obrad, seized control of an airliner with 
27 passengers en route from Dalmatia to Belgrade and forced 


the pilot at 


istol point to land at Bari, southeast Italy, He 


asked for political asylum and is being questioned at police 


headquarters. 


Thousands of Saarlanders, protesting “unfair prices” since the - 
changeover from French to Germany currency, struck for an 
hour, halting streetcars and some steel plants. 


National: Steel Union Rejects President’s Plea 


Steelworkers have turned down President Eisenhower’s plea 
for an indefinite extension of the two-week strike truce, 
stressing that the July 14 midnight deadline will stand. | 

The Atlanta Board of Education has been ordered to submit a 

lan for school desegregation by Dec. 1 to Federal Judge Frank 


ooper. 


Weather Predictions: Cloudy Tonight (Page 2 ) 


Art, Music, Theater: Page 


5. Radio, FM, TV: Page 12 


early commuters thrown in, re- 
turning home .from work. 

Soon, the sparkling greens of 
the Newton countryside had 
blotted out the memory of sandy 
beaches, and the car rolled to 
a conclusive stop at Riverside 
terminal, several miles west of 
Boston. 

The whole thing cost 20 cents. 

It covered 19 miles of track 
(including curves) and took al- 
most exactly one hour (includ- 
ing all stops and _ changes). 
About one-third of the ride was 
underground, but all of it was 
free of competing traffic. 

There, in a single sweep of 
the hour hand, were some of the 
chief arguments for large-scale 
expansion of rapid-transit lines 
by the Metropolitan Transit Au- 
thority—cheap, reasonably fast, 
no highway congestion. 

Boston needs rails as well as 
roads. Students of Boston’s traf- 
fic problems have been saying 
this for years, regularly and al- 
most unanimously. 


Rapid Transit Urged 

And’ by rails, they almost al- 
ways mean rapid transit — not 
the’ steam or _ diesel pulled 
“heavy” cars of the railroad. 
Such equipment has become too 
costly and cumbersome for the 
short-haul commuter traffic, it 
is argued. 

Rapid transit doesn’t mean 


buses and trackless trolleys, ei- 
ther. These only help to clog the 
streets and highways, and are 
also more expensive to operate. 
The MTA calls them “feeder 
services,” highway extensions of 
the rapid transit lines. 

These “feeder-line” buses 
should be eliminated wherever 
possible, MTA _ officials § and 
transportation experts say. Some 
maintain that feeder services 
are chiefly responsible for the 
MTA’s huge financial losses 
each year. Rapid transit exten- 
slons — fortified with ample 
parking lots — should take their 
place, they say. 

Rapid transit means rails— 
elevated, surface, .or under- 
ground, whichever is called for 
in specific localities. 


New Lines Boosted | 


The MTA has made only two 
major rapid-transit extensions 
since the 1920’s: the branch to 
Wonderland in Revere, com- 
pleted in 1954, and the recently 
opened Highland Branch. 


New additions, either to Need- 
ham or Quincy and-the South 
Shore, were given strong boosts 
yesterday from several sources. 

The Massachusetts Senate 
passed a bill to establish a 
state transportation commission, 


which could bed@dme_ the in- 
itiating force behind such moves. 


| 


The chairman of the MTA) 


trustees, Anthony 
has already indicated this in a 


D. Pompeo, | 


letter to a member of the Bos-| 


ton City Council. The 


state | 


transportation commission “will | 


be the body that would, of ne- 


cessity, move into such a situ-| 


ation as this,” he wrote. 


As an MTA trustee, Mr. Pom- | 
peo himself would be a member | 


of the commission. 


" 
Meanwhile, Governor Furcolo 


hailed 
Highland Branch of the 
during a_ television 
transportation last night. 

The Governor indicated that 
legislation for the suggested ex- 
tensions to Needham and the 
South Shore might be in order. 

The president of the railroad 
tracks over which both these 
lines would run, George Alpert 
of the New York, New Haven & 
Hartford Railroad, also stated 
yesterday that he would give 
“fullest cooperation” in discus- 
sions on the subject, and gave 
his support to the idea that “ex- 
ploratory work” should be. un- 
dertaken. 


Inside 
Reading 


Massachusetts election 
laws revamped by Demo-. 
cratic - controlled Legisla- 
ture, Page 2 

Bay State organized la- 
bor announces new endorse- 
ment policy in municipal 
elections. Page 2 

Former steel mill super- 
intendent Kozlov visits 
Midwest steel mills. Page 3 

U.S. Sabre jets on the 
move. Page 4 

Sukarno firms grip in In- 
donesia. Page 6 

Japanese widow blazes 
new trails. Page 6 

Bethlehem Steel Corpo- 
ration tenders executive pay 
plan. Page 10 

An emperor stays at the 
Kremlin. Page 11 

Nigerian oil production 
gains stature. Page 11 

Are Yankees ready to 
move up in race? Page 13 

School superintendents 
at Harvard institute dis- 
sect “how to teach.” 

3 Page 14 

— 


July 9, 1959 


the success of the new | 
MTA | 
report on | 


Music Lovers ‘Roped In’ 


Hundreds of Boston youngsters gather on the Charles River 
Esplanade on Wednesday mornings during the summer for the 
popular Children’s Concerts of the Boston Pops Orchestra at 


the: Hatch Memorial Shell. 


Mothers wheel babies in carriages or carry them in their 
arms. Others hold hands—but so often there's the tendency for 
the little ones to toddle off to greet other young music lovers. 

As the concert continued—specially arranged for the enjoy- 
ment of the younger generation—mothers and children, alike, 


found places in chairs, or on 


blankets spread on the grass. 


Lollipops and snacks were provided in the musical interludes. 


Perhaps taking a tip from mothers who use tiny harnesses 
to keep their children in tow, four teachers from the Beacon 
Nursery School, Brookline, yesterday used a length of rope 
with loops tied at proper intervals to guide the 25 children in 
their care to the concert—and keep them there. Each child 


held onto a loop. 
Soon the youngsters found a 


comfortable place on the grass 


—and enjoyed the concert to the fullest. Then they held onto 
the loops and went home to tell all about it. 


It is also believed that there 
may be some rivalry between 
Moscow and Peking in Iraq, the 
Soviets desiring a slowdown in 
overt Communist activity lest 
too much anti-Communist feel- 
ing be aroused. 

The source of this information 
‘asserts that great importance 
|/must be attached to the key role 
‘of the Iraqi Army in Baghdad's 
‘immediate future. 

If the Jragi Army-is led to see 
|Iraq’s future as a choice be- 
‘tween alliance with the Soviet 
‘Union or the West, it is lkely 
to choose Moscow because of 
bitter memories of. past British 
control of Iraq, It is of great im- 
portance, therefore, this source 
says, that the Iraqi Army see 
its future choice as one between 
|Arab ‘nationalism and commu- 
nism. 


YT ~— — ’ 
Nasser Shift Seen 
By the Associated Press 
; Cairo 
| A reliable informant says that 
| President Nasser has refused to 
‘permit the formation of an Iraqi 


& 
Iraq Crackdown 
Heard in Syria 


By Reuters 


Damascus, Syria 

The newspaper Al Wahda 
reports here that Iraqi police 
have arrested 50 alleged Com- 
munists in the village of Tela- 
far, three miles from the 
Syrian border. 

The newspaper said Syrians 
living near the Iraqi border 
heard police loud-speakers 
saying “No Communists in 
Iraq—lIraq will never become 
Communist.” 


ae . 
government in exile on United 
Arab Republic territory. 

The informant said Faik Sae- 
marrai, former Iraqi Ambassa- 
dor to Cairo and a bitter foe of 
Premier Abdel Karim Kassem’s 
revolutionary government, had 
sought to set up the exile gov- 
ernment. 

Mr. Nasser’s refusal was seen 
here as another important de- 
velopment in Cairo’s attitude 
toward Premier Kassem. 

Mr. Nasser Jaunched a violent 
propaganda campaign against 
Premier Kassem after the latter 
crushed the Mosul revolt last 
March. At the time it appeared 
the Communists backing Mr. 
Kassem were taking Irag out of 
the Arab nationalist orbit. 

Since then, however, Mr. 
Kassem has stiffened toward the 
Communists and seems to be 
holding them down 

The veto of an exile govern- 
ment was seen as a step toward 
creating an atmosphere for bete 
ter relations between Mr. Nase 
ser and Mr. Kassem. 


Associated Press Wirephoto 
Abdel Karim Kassem — 


Premier of Iraq 


State of the Nations 


Mioseow Art Show 


By WILLIAM H. STRINGER, Chief of the Washington News Bureau of The Christian Science Monitor 


Washington 

Art criticism is a chancy 
thing. One man’s painting 
masterpiece is to another an 
egg tossed into the electric 
fan. 

But. the United States Gov- 
ernment seems to have satis- 
fied most everyone now con- 
cerning that batch of paint- 
ings to be exhibited at the 
American exposition in Mos- 
cow. With 30 nineteenth- 
century canvases being rushed 
by air to the Soviet capital 
to. supplement the post-1918 
paintings already chosen from 
amid the moderns, the ex- 
hibit now has balance, per- 
spective, and a sprinkling of 
painters thoroughly non- 
Communist—they did their 
daubing before Soviet com- 
munism was actually in- 
vented. 


Perhaps it now satisfies 
even Representative Francis 
E. Walter (D) of Pennsyl- 
vania, he who charged that 
more than half of the artists 
originally chosen had “records 


tled college professor. They 
are seldom really in the pay 
of the Kremlin, And as more 
than one critic has pointed 
out, the United States is send- 
ing paintings, not their au- 
thors, to Moscow. 
es eee 


An honest committee of 
competent judges made the 


original — as repre- 
sentative odern American 
art. Many may agree with 
President Eisenhower that we 
Americans would prefer 
something more representa- 
tive of the nation we know, 
even something just a teeny- 
weeny bit photographic, dare 
we say, and easily -under- 
standable. Anyway, we have 
both kinds now. 

But I should like to cite to 
Mr. Walter, or anyone who 
disagrees with that present 


or affiliations with Commu- © 


nist fronts and causes.” 

This affiliation charge was 
really not altogether too dev- 
astating, even before the ar- 
rival of such old reliables as 


a Gilbert Stuart portrait of | 


George Washington and 
George Healy’s beardless Lin- 
coln, Artists are notoriously 
free-wheeling creatures and 
haye more penchant for join- 
ing obscure and vaguely iden- 
tified causes ‘than @ disgrun- 


United Press International 


Francis E, Walter 
Charges Communist affiliations 


selection, the experience of 
Polish artists last winter in 
Moscow. Or. rather Polish 
paintings. Before I left War- 
saw for the Soviet capital in 
January, various Poles said to 
me, “Be sure to see our ex- 
hibit of painting and sculp- 
ture in Moscow. It may not be 
wonderful stuff, but, by 
heavens, it’s different!” 

The Soviets had set up a 
massive display of art from all 
the satellites and Communist 
China, There was a lot of 
sameness to. it, although in the 
Chinese ‘section one realized 
that the charm of Chinese art 
can never be really stereo- 
typed. But elsewhere, among 
the satellites, there were he- 
roic, conventional canvases— 
depicting the revolutionary 
struggle, or guitars on a trac- 
tor station, or Lenin in heroic 
pose, or the Nazi atrocities. 
There were some good pieces, 
and some very humdrum. 

ee ae 


But there was one section 
that was never humdrum— 
the Polish exhibit. The Poles 
had used their 1956 burst of 
freedom to break out of old 
molds, to explode artistically 
in all directions. Here was im- 


» pressionism, cubism, surreal- 
ses ism, and, for all I know, ex- 


istentialism, I didn’t under- 
stand a quarter of it, but it 
was fresh, brilliant with color, 
provocative, different, 

And here is the important 
point. The crowds of visitors 
~-Uzbeks and North Koreans; 


4 


queues of Moscow students in 
the train of guises, casual 
Visitors and serious artists— 
all lingered longest before the 
Polish offerings. They dis- 
cussed them the most, argued, 
sometimes laughed at them, 
sometimes were impressed, 
The Poles scored the real tri- 
umph at that Soviet bloc ex- 
hibit. 

50 should we Americans 
worry about sending to Mos- 
cow something less routine 
than the Soviets’ rather pho- 
tographic “Letter From the 
Front’’—on exhibition at the 
Coliseum in New York—or 
even their rather lovely 
“Daughter of Soviet Kirghi- 
zia,” also on exhibit there? I 
rather think they will enjoy 
seeing what is provocative 
and new. Even the American 
painting of a bloated general 
which President Eisenhower 
thought “more lampoon than 
art’”” might suggest daringly 
to the Soviets that we satirize 
the military. 

Art, because it Speaks of 
human values, helps to bridge 
the gulf between peoples and 
cultures. So it is good to know 
that the American paintings 
for the Moscow exhibit have 
not been chosen casually or 
capriciously. Nor should we 
be alarmed if some of the 
paintings, like the Polish ex- 
hibit, are bold and explora- 
tory. : | 

Soviet art exhibit in New 
York: First page, second sec- 

on. — 


wean Na ae re Fn Foye ene ne ‘ 


grr 
see Wests «oN edgy | 


ide 


~ Legislature Alters” 
Bay State Election 
Laws Dras tical, 


By Edgar M. Mills 
New England Political Editor of The Christian Science Monitor 


Massachusetts election laws 
have undergone major revision 
under the Democratic-controlled 
1959 State Legislature. 


As a result of the revamping, 
Democratic leaders anticipate 
making further inroads with the 
Massachusetts electorate in 
forthcoming state elections. 

Probably the mast 
election-law reform voted this 
vear paves the way for registra- 
tion of voters in mills and fac- 
tories. 

For 25 years Charles H. Mc- 
Glue, former chairman of the 
Democratic_State Committee and 
the party’s top election laws ex- 
pert, has been seeking this regis- 
tration privilege. In the past, 
Republican - controlled Legisla- 
tures have blocked him. Equally 
enthusiastic for passage of the 
measure has been organized 
labor. 

Under the new law, 10 or 
more prospective voters may 
petition for registration in a mill 
or factory. If the tenant or 
owner permits such operations 
in his plant, local registrars of 
voters must conduct registration 
sessions in the factory or mill. 

Enroliment Change 

Another McGlue - backed 
measure which has finally won 
enactment the way for 
change in party.enrollment by a 
voter. Until now a voter seek- 
ing change from one party 
to the other has been required 
to appear before the local regis- 
trar of voters in person. 

Under the new law, he may 
sign a notice before a notary 
public and mail it to the local 
registrar of voters. An independ- 
ent voter also may file for en- 
rollment in one party or the 
other by mail instead of in per- 
son. 

Small towns and one-precinct 
towns will be affected by two 
other changes voted under the 
McGlue-sponsored program. 

Bipartisan boards of registrars 
must be established in 72 towns 
of 600 population or under as a 
result of one of these measures. 
In most of these towns at pres- 
ent the boards of registrars have 
been the boards of selectmen, 
most of which are Republican. 
Bipartisan boards have been re- 
quired in cities and the other 
towns. 

Bipartisan Count 

The other “small town” meas- 
ure voted into law this year re- 
quires a bipartisan count of bal- 
lots in single-precinct communi- 


eases 


to 


important 


elections 


tant to the state party 


FOR THE VERY 
BEST 


NEW 


CwORRISON- SCHIFF 
M( IRRISN= SCHIFE 


“ALL BEEF” 


Bologna, Salami, Frankforts 
So mild a baby can eat it 


i by 
_two of the 39 cities operate un- 
der nonpartisan charters. 


‘Ways and Means 
bill for redistricting of Massa- | 
state | 
and | 
|executive councilor districts. A’ 


ties. The new law will affect 204 
towns, where the selectmen and 
own clerk usually count the 
ballots. 


| % 


» ey Se 


From now on Republican and | 


Democratic counters 
numbers must be appointed to 


in equal | 


count the ballots in state. elec-. 


tions, as they have long been 


required in cities and multiple- | 


precinct towns. 
Important in contested 

tions is another new law, 

sored by Mr. McGlue, 


spon- 
under 


_which all unused as well as used 


ballots must be counted in state 
and recounts. Under 
the previous law unused ballots 
were not counted, 


Another Victory Won 
Mr. McGlue has contended 
that a complete count of 
ballots is necessary 
fraud in some cases, 
the new law, 
argued that 


however, 
no 


elec- | # 


all |% 
to prove | 
Critics of |" 
have | 
provision is) 


made for certifying the number | 


of ballots delivered from 


the | 


office of the Secretary of. State | 


to local registrars or votefs. 

Mr. 
torv in his’ constant § drive 
tion voting in Plan E city-man- 
ager cities. Under a new law 
the State Ballot 
sion will rule on appeals from 
local registrar-of-voters 
sions on the validity 
clency of voter 


or suffi- 
signatures on 


petitions for restoration of PR 
At present | 
appeals are heard by the board | 


in a Plan E city. 
of registrars augmented by the 
city solieitor. 

Another change more impor- 
workers 
than to.the voters themselves 
requires that the annual street 
lists 
tered voters. 

Under the previous law 
street lists have been issued by 


June 15, including a list of aliens. | 
A month later a list of voters has | 
been issued in the communities. | 


In endeavoring to determine un- 


registered voters for the purpose | 


of registration 
workers 


drives, 
have been 


party 
forced to 


check voting lists against street | 


lists. . 
Savings Envisioned 

Mr. McGlue says that the state 

committees of each party will | 

save $25,000 in each election year 
as a result of the new law. 

Still awaiting final tegistative 

action 


passage is a McGlue bill 


permit Massachusetts cities to 


_adopt a Plan F charter under 
councilors, | 
and school-committee members| 


which the Mayor, 


would be nominated and elected 

parties. At present all but 
In the House Committee on 
is a McGlue 


chusetts 
senator, 


congressional, 
representative, 


|study commission probably will’ 
‘be set up. 


deci- 


include the list of regis- 


the | 


are two other McGlue’ 
measures. Already passed by the | 
House and awaiting final Senate | 
to | 


McGlue won another vic- | 


‘against proportional representa- | 


Associated Press 


Law Commis- | 


! 


We’re Not (Very) Afraid of Lobsters 


| annual Maine Seafoods Festival at Rockland, July 31-Aug. 2. 


Peggy and Polly Allen almost demonstrate a lack of appre- 
hension-as they gingerly handle a quartet of husky lebsters dur- 


ing a visit to Rockland, Maine. The twins from Oklahoma City, 


Okla., are getting acquainted with the tasty crusaceans for the 


festival time, 


Foodstuff 


hte 


Che ating: 


Buyer Watch Asked 


State House Roundup — 


‘Massachusetts... shoppers 
teer inspectors to detect and re- 
port instances of underweight 
and overpriced foodstuffs sold in 


f | Bay State stores. 


The bid came from Donald B. 


* | Falvey, State Director of Stand- 


%  division’s 


ards, as he reported: that his 
inspectors have dis- 
covered that Massachusetts con- 
| sumers are being cheated 
heavily through short weight 
_and overpricing in some stores. 
During May and June, the 
idivision inspectors have been 
concentrating on eastern Massa- 
chusetts. Shortly, the drive will 
‘be extended to the Worcester 

larea, Mr. Falvey said. 
discovering 


Consumers in- 


stances of short weight or over- | 


Ge an should report them to 
the division offices at the State 
| House. 

State law provides fines up to 
$50 for first offense on short 
weight and up to $200 for sec- 
ond convictions. 
terms ranging from one to three 
months are the pena.ties for 
third and subsequent ofienses. 


Z] 
__|Morton to Address 


| Plymouth County GOP 


More than 20,000 visitors are expected to visit Rockland during 


Around New England 


By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Boston 


The largest federal grant in the history of Logan Interna- 


tional Airport, totaling $1,691,000, has been made available by 


runway 15R-33L 


the federal government for an instrument-landing system for 
(northwest-southeast) 
Chairman, Massachusetts Port Authority, 


Ephraim A. Brest, 
disclosed today. 


The grant represents 50 per cent of the estimated costs and 


contingency reserves for air field improvement. More than half 


of the almost $3,400,000 to be expended by the efderal govern- 
ment and the Port Authority will be used for the new runway 


installation. 


| When completed, Logan will be.one of a half dozen airports 
| to have two runways for instrument landings. 


By rne Sees Gangster Invasion of Hub 


End. 
Mr. Byrne 


Municipal Court. 


By the Associated Press 


coming into Boston and 


intervened in the case after a New 
driver, material witness to the shooting, failed to appear in 


Boston 


The Suffolk County District Attorney says gangsters are | 
“throwing guns around.” : 

District Attorney Garrett H. Byrne made the comment as he 
ordered an investigation of a month-old shooting in the South 


Jersey cab 


He said the gun play resulted from bookmaking activities 


and there were indications this type of operation in Boston 


South Shore commuters 


using 


“was coming close to mob violence.” 


Mr. Byrne said he has sent two detectives to Lakewood, N.J., 
to bring back the witness, 


South Shore Buses Offer Cut Rates 


By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Frank J. Tackos. 


Boston 


the new expressway bus 


service to Boston will be able to save up to three dollars a 
week, beginning July 13, by purchasing 10-ride tickets, instead 


U.S. to Aid Logan Airport Projects 


of paying single fares. The Eastern Massachusetts Street Rail- 
way Company announced the fare reduction last night. 


80 cents for the same distance. 


Biggest savings will be available to those making the longer 
runs to Brockton and Bridgewater. Single fares to Brockton, for 
example, stand at $1.05, while ticket-buyers will be paying only 


Fund to Aid Rehabilitation Work 


By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Boston 


Formation of a new nonprofit charitable foundation to pro- 


Vide educational 


and recreational 


equipment, materials, and 


facilities for patients confined to Bay State mental and public 
health hospitals, wis announced July 8. 


The Citzens’ 
Kay Furcolo, 


services now provided by 


tions already has been 


Participation Foundation, Inc., 
wife of Governor 
objective the raising of $100,000 a 


headed by Mrs. 
has as its primary 
year to supplement the 


Furcolo, 


state institutions. 
A report of needs at the various state hospitals and institu- 
received, and efforts will be made to 


supply the things needed to help speed up the rehabilitation of 


the patients, Mrs. 


Furcolo said. About $22,000 of this year’s 


fund quota already has been raised. 


Nonresident Tax 


Case Up for Test 


By the Associated Press 


The Massachusetts Supreme 


case of J. A. Vautier, of Pelham, N.H.., 


Boston 
received the 
challenging the constitu- 


Court yesterday 


tionality of the Massachusetts income tax on a New Hampshire 


resident. 

Mr. Vautier, 
where he is employed, 
refusing to pay the tax. 


who commutes between Pelham and Boston, 
spent eight days in jail in April for 


Superior Court Judge Frank E. Smith reported the case, with- 


out finding, to the high court 


constitutional question is raised. 


following the custom when a 


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Boston Edison Rate. Assailed 


By a Staff Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Residential consumers of elec-~ 
tricity in Boston, Brookline, 
Newton, and Somerville are 
paying the “highest bills of any 
consumers in cities of 50,000 or 
over in the United States,” the 
advisory consumer council of 
Attorney General Edward J. 
McCormack, Jr., today told the 
Massachusetts Public Utilities 
Commission, 

The council’s report, prepared 
by Dr. Virginia Galbraith, Mt. 
Holyoke professor and council 
member, opposed a Boston Edi- 
son Company petition for a $4,- 
500,000 rate increase, amount- 
ing to an average of 38 cents a 


month for residential consumers. | 
Galbraith | 
1, 1958, | 


In her report, Dr. 
said that as of January 
the. Edison bill to 
consumers 
chusetts cities amounted to $9.89 
for 250 kilowatt hours, a typical 
bill for average use, $13.72 for 
| 900 kilowatt hours. 


Average Bill Computed 


She added that the weighted 
average bill for 150 cities of 


residential 


.50,000 population and more. was. 
$7.18 for 250 kilowatt hours and 


$10.44 for 500 kilowatt hours. 
=. 
‘basic reasons for the high cost 
in the Greater Boston area: 

1. Use by the Boston Edison 
Company of steam - generating 


plants to produce electricity from | 
high-cost fuels such as oil and, 


coal, 


2. Inefficient use of such fuel | 


because of plants which are old 
}and small. 
| 3. The company has been al- 


| lowed rate increases in the past 


‘to cover its inefficient use of 
high-cost fuel. 

The council reported that by 
industrywide standards through- 
out the United States all of the 
Boston Edison plants are below 
the national average in fuel ef- 
ficiency. 

Report Attacked 

At the public hearing where 
the Galbraith report was pre- 
sented, Edward B, Hanify, Jr., 
counsel for Edison, attacked the 
report as “‘the most remarkable 
collection of misstatements, 
misunderstandings, and misap- 
plications of information I have 


the past. has not retained a 
prudent share of its earnings and 
reinvested them in Keeping its 
plant up-to-date and efficient. 
Its improvement history has not 
caught up with it. 

“It is, therefore, asking the 
Boston consumer to give it an 


/interest-free loan to accomplish 
| what its owners have refused to 


do. Before the consumer pays 
higher rates to-do this, the com- 
pany should be asked if it does 
not have the obligation to mod- 
ernize either through capital 
provided by present owners or 
new owners. Why should the 
Boston consumer subsidize the 
most antiquated electric utilities 
system in the country? If pres- 


in, the four Massa- | 


Galbraith reported three. 


Weather Predictions 


By U.S. Weather Bureau 


Cloudy, Rain Friday 

New England — Southwest 
‘winds 10 to 20 miles an hour to- 
‘night. Increasing cloudiness and 
| warm with temperatures in the 
upper 60’s, Southwesterly winds 
110 to 15 miles an hour Friday, 
| mostly cloudy, a little cooler but 
/more humid with showers de- 
‘veloping during the day in Bos- 
ton and vicinity. 

Eastport to Block Island— 
Southwest winds 10 to 20 miles 
an hour tonight, becoming 15 to 
25 miles an hour Friday morning 
turning northwest by Friday 
afternoon. Increasing cloudiness 
tonight with considerable fog 
and low cloud development in 
south portion late tonight. 
Cloudy, rain Friday. Visability 
over 6 miles becoming 1 to 3 
miles in south portion. 


High Tides, Commonwealth Pier 
July 10, 2:36 a.m, ht. 10.2 ft. 
July 10, 3.07 p.m. ht.- 9.6 ft. 

Sun Rises Sun Sets Moon Rises 

5:17 a.m, — 8:21 p.m, 10 a.m. 


ever seen in my experience as 
an attorney.” 

Dr. Galbraith said that only 
lately has the Boston Edison 


it will be precisely for this pur- 
| pose.” 


ent electricity rates are increased | 


Senator Thruston B. Morton 
'(R) of Kentucky, chairman of 
the Republican National Com- 
mittee, will be the chief speaker 
* the 23d annual summer 
| clambake of the Plymouth 
‘County Republican: Club at 
Carver, Mass.,on Aug. 2. 
| The event will be held at 
Shurtleff Park. 


Boston Conference 


To Discuss Narcotics 


Attorney General Edward J. 
McCormack, Jr., announced he 


Fines and jail 


icity’s 


are ; ful drugs” a the--Morse-“Audi= 
being urged to serve as volun- torium, 


Boston 


Museum of 


' Science, on Friday, July 17. 


The meeting will start’ at 9:45 
am. Among the scheduled 
speakers will be Wayland L, 
_Spear, Assistant to the Federal 
Commissioner of Narcotics: and 
Edward Carey, . Commanding 
Officer of the Narcotics Bureau 
of the New York City Police 
Department. 

Other speakers will include 
Dr. Alfred L. Frechette, State 
Commissioner of Public Health; 
William T. Buckley, District At- 
torney of Worcester County: 
George A. Michael, Director of 
the State Division of Food and 
Drugs; Patrick J. Ryder, Lane 
caster Chief of Police and pres- 
ident of the Massachusetts 
Chiefs of Police Association; Lt. 
Daniel F. Driscoll, chief of the 
State Police Criminal Informa- 
tion Bureau, and Lt. Det: Ed- 
ward F. Burke, Narcotics Chief 
in the Boston Police Depart- 
ment. 


Norwalk Renewal Plan 
| ToGetU .5. Loan. Grant 


By the Associated Press 
Washington 

The Urban Renewal Adminise 
tration today approved a $3,- 
682,709 loan and $2,583,709 grant 
to Norwalk, Conn., for its 25- 
acre Wall-Main urban renewal 
project. 

This was announced by Sena- 
tor Prescott Bush (R) of Cone 
necticut. He said this represents 
‘“‘a major step forward in the 
rehabilitation from the 
1955 flood disaster.” 

The project area, in Norwalk’s 
central business district, Con- 
tains 156 dwelling units and 123 
families. After clearance the site 


has scheduled an all-day con- | will be used for commercial and 
ference on “narcotics and harm- off-street parking. 


| 
| 


Policy in Politics 
By Labor Clarified 


By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


All labor endorsements of can- 
didates for elective offices in this 
fall’s municipal elections’ in 
Massachusetts will come from 
the Greater Boston Central La- 
bor Council and similar central 
labor—-bodies~— throughout the 
state. 

This new policy, adopted in 
May by the Massachusetts State 
Labor Council and approved by 
both regional and national AFL- 
CIO officers, is a grass-roots ap- 
proach to a continuing campaign 


‘of unions to get more friends of 


labor elected to public office. 


| Labor leaders at the local lev- 


el and officials of the Committee 
on Political Education, the politi- 
cal arm of the AFL-CIO, have 
been especially critical of late 


ithat too many candidates backed 


by labor have been disappoint- 
ing in their votes on key labor 
bills. 

Decisions Localized 


| Under the new endorsement 
| policy local labor groups and 
‘not the state organization will 
decide which candidates merit 
the union’s support. for local 
offices. i 

Kenneth J. Kelley, secretary- 
treasurer of the State Labor 
Council, told the leaders of the 
local central union councils that 
the new policy “clarifies the re- 
spective functions” of the state 
organization and the local labor 
groups located in 21 Bay State 
communities. “We feel that this 
new policy is eminently fair to 
all and if adhered to will avoid 
future misunderstandings and 
conflicts.” 


The statement explicitly spells 


out that endorsements of candi- 
,dates for municipal or town of- 
fices “‘shall not be made by the 
state council.” This is eonsidered 
the exclusive function of the 
respective city central labor 
groups. 

At the same time, 
policy makes it very 


the new 
clear that 


‘the State Council shall have the' 


sole power to make endorse- 
ments concerning candidates for 
the Congress of the United 
States, statewide constitutional 
offices, and both branches of the 
Massachusetts Legislature, 


Appointment Jurisdiction Set 


It spells out, however. that 
recommendations for these of- 
fices may be sent by local unions, 
Or central labor groups, to the 
state counci] for consideration. 

Perhaps equally important, 
the new policy tackles the con- 
troversial subject of labor ap- 
pointments. 

Local central labor councils 
have for some time criticized 
the practice of the state organ- 
ization making the’ endorse- 
ments for appointments. to 
statewide offices and positions, 
or to state agencies. 


Now, the new “endorsement 
policy” confers this function 
exclusively on the state labor 
council. Recommendations may 
be made by subordinate labor 
groups. 

But, endorsements 
porntees to city offices and po- 
sitions are left entirely to the 
local central labor organization. 

Both Hugh Thompson, re- 
gional director of the AFL-CIO, 
and James L. McDevitt, nae 
tional COPE director, have ap- 
proved the new endorsement 
policy. 


for ap- 


Internal Revenue Group 


Picks Needham Resident 
Special tc The Christian Science Monitor 


Needham, Mass. 

Charles .E. O’Neill, of this 
town, has been elected president 
of Unit 23, National Associa- 
tion of Internal Revenue Em- 
plovees. 

Mr. O'Neill is training chief in 
the- Boston district. He an- 
nounced, that the 21st annual na- 
tional convention of the organi- 
zation will be held in Boston, 
Sept. 9-12. 


Company started to improve its | 
efficiency. She said that “much | 
_more modernization will be nec- 
essary before average produc- | 
| tion costs of the Boston Edison | 
‘system will be reduced to na- | 
'tional averages.” 

She added, “The company in| 


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SCIENCE MONITOR, 


BOSTON, 


THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


Cube Shifts Troops 
Opposite Trujillo | 


Havana 
Units of Premier Fidel Cas- 


City Apathetic 


tro’s army occupied a number 
ef strategic buildings and 
other positions July 8 in San- 
tiago de Cuba, the canital of 
the easternmost province of 
Oriente. 

There was ho official an- 
nouncement of the reason for 
the unusual military activity. 
But authoritative sources said 
the movement was connected 
with relations between Cuba 
and the Dominican Republic, 
which lies on the other side of 
Haiti 60 miles across the 
windward passage. 

The Dominican Republic 
has asked the Organization of a 
American States to investigate “How do you | like your work’ 
alleged plans for an invasion | “Fine,” shouted John to metal- 
from Cuba and Venezuela to |lurgist Kozlov, over the mill 
overthrow ihe Dominican dic- | roar. 
tator, Generalissimo Rafael | Then, pumping and clapping 
Trujillo. Cuba and Venezuela (lanky Mr. Cook’s hand in a vig- 
have said they would not ad- | Orous good-by, steelman Kozlov 
mit OAS investigators. toured on, apparently at home | 

The Cuban troops, bearing 
light weapons, occupied sev- 
eraFk buildings on hills over- 
-leoking the Santiago Bay and 
approaches to the east. 


Chicago 


The former steel] mill su- 
| perintendent.. fromthe Urals 
seemed at last to be getting 
| down to his kind of brass tacks— 
cold coils of steel. 


| Grandfatherly, gray - haired, 
and jovial, Frol R. Kozlov stood 
in the punishing heat and flick- 
ering glare of the open hearth 
furnace at Inland Steel's Indiana 
‘Harbor plant and talked shop 
| with 
Cook. 


hearth shop. He even remarked 
at how well-swept it was. 

This steeler from the Urals 
had come a long way politically 


furnace bricklayer John | 


in the steamy- soot-coated open | 


with the happy ending 


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Interest dividends paid from day of deposit 
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MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT (INSURANCE CORPORATION 


‘just looked. A few 
| other way in gestures indicating 


| traffic, 
|owned by members of the toil- 


| poorly 


By Robert C. Nelson 


Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monstor 


and geographically—from fac- 
tory boss to reputed No. 2 man 


Asia to mid-America. 
Crowds Apathetic 


[The proletariat — the people 
the Communists invariably call 
the “toling masses’ ‘continued 
to greet the presence of Mr. 
Kozlov with a tremendous surge 
of apathy. This lack of public 
interest has marked Mr, Koz- 
lov’s entire cross-country barn- 
,| Storming journey, 
| The Associated Press. 
| [This is beginning to make 
ithe Soviet propagandists on the 
‘tour appear a bit dé@sperate. 
Time is running out and the 
jtoiling proletariat has yet to 


in the Soviet Union; from mid- 


according to) 


|make its appearance to cheer— | 


or even look 
live of a movement sworn to 
| “liberate” them, 


of lining the route of Mr. Koz- 
'lov’s motorcade into Chicago, it 


will be because the arrival coin- | ways, lake shipping centers, and 


cided with the evening home- 
ward bound rush hour. 

[The crowds waited to cross 
streets through thick traffic. Two 
Soviet newsreel men, riding in 
an open convertible, trained 
their cameras on the street cor- 
ners and tried, each by waiving 
his free hand furiously, to per- 
suade some in the crowd to 
wave back. This could provide 
at least a semblance of cheering 


| masses for a documentary on the 
itrip to be.shown back home in 
ithe U.S.S.R. 


[But nobody waved back. They 
waved the 


‘the Soviets ought to go home. 
[The film chroniclers of the 
Kozlov tour had other troubles, 
.too. In order to get any crowds 
‘at all, they had to take in the 
endless bumper - to - bumper 
most of it shiny new Cars 


ing masses. 


['wo-Day Stop 

[The motorcade passed a tiny, 
squalid slum of a few tumbled 
down tenements. The newsreel 
men trained their cameras hun- 
grily on the slum and a few 
dressed Negro children 
nearby. They had few such op- 


| portunities on the other legs of 


their cross-country tour. 
[The cameramen also got some 


at—the representa- | 
| 

[If a. Soviet documentary film | 
‘shows Moscow audiences crowds | 


United States, 


Associated Press Wirephoto 


footage 6n power plants, bridges, 
rail yards, intersecting high- 


transmission towers on the long 
ride to East Chicago. State De- 
partment. security men in the 
front seat of their car did not 
interfere. Was this “military in- 
formation?” ] 


Mr. Kozlov, one of two first 
deputy premiers of the U.S.S.R. 
(Anastas I, Mikoyan, also a re- 
cent Chicago visitor, is the other) 
Was beginning a two-day stay 
here on a cross-country tour. 
While here, in addition to his 
steel-mill inspection, he will dine 


'at-north and south side Chicago 


country clubs, hear an outdoor 
symphony concert, visit a highly 
productive corn farm southwest 
of the city and, perhps, tour 
Chicago’s 1959 Internationa! 
Trade Fair. 

As of this writing, Mr. Kozlov 
and his delegation — including 
one lady Soviet official, Mrs. Y. 
S. Nasriddinova, Chairman of 
the Presidium of the Uzbek Su- 
preme Soviet—had done little 
more than stir up Chicago dust 
during a fast trip from Midway 
Airport to the Inland Steel Mills. 
(Soviet Ambassador to the 
Mikhail A. Men- 
shikov, is No. 2 man in the 

is not likely that Mr. 
Kozlov’s presence here will do 
much more. This city is plainly 
out of breath after its wide-open 
welcome for Queen Elizabeth II, 


Soviet Deputy Premier at Steel Mill 
Frol R. Kozlov (left) adjusts safety glasses in plant 


July 6. As a newsman who cov- 
ered the Queen’s visit remarked: 
“President Eisenhower might 
even had a hard time drawing 
a crowd today.” 


Officials Calm 


There was no official breath- 
lessness apparent, however. 
Mayor Richard J. Daley’s spe- 
clal events director Coal, Jack 
Reilly was at Midway Airport 
for the hour-late arrival July 8 
of the Soviets. Unlike Detroit's 
Mayor, Chicago’s Mayor Daley 
ls expected to receive Mr. 
lov July-9; 

The elaborate police and sé- 
curity escort that always at- 
tends these dignitary tours still 
seemed mantled with the royal 
aplomb mustered for the 
Queen's visit. “After all,” one 
motorcycle officer observed, 
“we can’t let down. just because 
the Queen’s gone.” 

In the Urals, Mr. Kozlov 
worked at a blooming mill and 
he seemed most anxious to see 
an American counterpart. With 
the tour schedule an hour be- 
hind from the start, the visit to 
Inland’s blooming mill was cut 
out, but the Soviet official was 
asured that the afternoon's visit 
to United States Steel’s Gary 
works would include a look at 
their new blooming mill. 

Mr. Kozlov listened 
tively, but unanimatedly, 
guides: Al Korner, 


atten- 
to his 
superintend- 


By Mary Hornaday 
Staff Correspontent of 
The Christian Science Mx"! 
New York 
Taking time off from his du- 
ties as one of the world’s leading 
diplomatic negotiators, 
Ralph J. Bunche, United 
tions Undersecretary for Special 


- | Political Affairs, 


has protested 
refusal of a private tennis club 
to admit his son to membership 
because he is a Negro. 


The West Side Tennis Club in 
Forest Hills, N. Y., which has 
seen Althea Gibson, Negro ten- 
nis star, capture titles in the na- 
tional women’s. championships 
on its courts and is annually the 
scene of international matches, 
refused membership to the dip- 
lomat’s son on the grounds that 
the club is private “like a per- 


son’s- home where you invite 
whom you want to.” 
| These were the words of Wil- 
fred Burglund, president of the 
club, who said that to his 
knowledge. there are no Negroes 
or Jews in the club and “there 
are not likely to be.” 
Capital Schools Shunned 

During the Truman adminis- 
tration, Dr. Bunche, who came 
originally from Los Angeles, 
was offered a high position in 
| the State Department .- but 
| turned it down on the grounds 
that he did not wish his chil- 


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dren to attend the then-segre- | 


gated schools of the national 
capital. 

After the tennis club incident, 
Dr. Bunche issued a_ formal 
statement declaring: 

“I deliberately revealed this 
experience only because I find 
it to be rather shocking in New 
York City and think citizens of 
the city and of the country gen- 
erally are entitled to know 
about it. 

“But I keep the story in prop- 
er perspective. Neither I nor 
my son regard it as a hardship 
or a humiliation. Rather it Is 


a discredit to the club itself, 


“It is not, of course, in the 
category of the disfranchise- 
ment, deprival of other rights, 
segregation, and acts of intimi- 
dation suffered by many Ne- 
groes in the South and of dis- 
crimination “in “emptoyment~ anc 
housing suffered by most Ne- 
groes in the North as well as 
the South. 
‘From the Same Well’ 

“But it flows from the same 
i'well of racial and_ religious 
‘bigotry. It confirms what I have 
often stated, namely that no 
Negro American can be free 
from the disabilities of race in 
this country until the lowliest 
Negro in Mississippi is no long- 
‘er disadvantaged solely because 
of race; in short, until racial 
| prejudice has been everywhere 
|eliminated. I am in fact glad to 
i|have this unpleasant but neces- 
| sary lesson made real in this 
way to my son.” 

Ralph J.. Bunche, Jr., had 
‘been taking tennis lessons at the 


club-and it was the teacher who 


suggested that he seek~ junior 


membership so he could play at | 


any time. 
Meanwhile, 
Committee called on the United 
States Lawn Tennis Association 
to move the site of the Davis 
Cup matches: in view of the 
club's racial and religious poli- 
_cies. Benjamin.Tabachinsky, the 
committee’s national director, 


the Jewish Labor | 


Bunche Hits Club Race Rule 


such as Ralph Bunche can be 


|refused membership in a tennis 
‘club 


because of race,” Mr. 
Tabachinsky told the Lawn Ten- 
nis Association, “it is obvious 
that the tenets of fair play upon 
which lawn tennis is predicated 


'have been violated.’ 


. | North Mills, 


Koz- | 


Peace 


Steelman Kozlov Breezes T rough Chicase Steel Mill 


Bids Exchanged 


ent of Inland’s No. 


diana Harbor Works, and R. P. 
Schuler, manager of «Inland’s | 


“This is just about what ‘steel 
mills look like in the Soviet 
Union,” he observed, nareEng to 
this correspondent. 
| He later. praised the plant in 
‘conversation with Inland Steel 
chairman, Joseph L. Block. 
“That’s how a factory should be 
built,” said Mr. Kozlov through 
his interpreter, Victor Sukho- 
drev, “otherwise, it isn’t possi- 
ble to solve industrial problems, 

or have mass production.” 
| Throughout the tour, he was 
alert to unused factory space 

(Mr. Schuler told him it was 
available for eventual develop- 
‘ment for a tin mill), opportuni- 
ties for automation (when he 


| Saw workmen standing around 


3 open | handled as effectively as disputes | 
hearth shop; Frederick Jaicks,'that arise’ between companies. 
general manager of Inland’s In- | 


sh 


inear the end of the rolling milP 


production line), and 
'pacities of various machines 
(the coils roll out the steel at 
the rate of 2,000 feet a minute). 


the ca- 


Figures Quoted 


“I told him how much we 
produce, but I didn’t say what 
our capacity is’ said Al Korner. 

In a brief statement at lunch, 
Mr. Block suggested that the 
Soviet Union and the United 
States might well consider peace 
as they would consider steel. 

“Good peace, like good steel,” 
noted Mr. Block, “is pure, duc- 
tile, can be bent and dented 
without breaking—is strong and © 
enduring.” 

In his reply, Mr. Kozlov 
he saw 
between 


said 
no reason why disputes 
nations could not be 


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reconnaissance bombers, 
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here _from__ France 
with, American airmen, their 
wives, and children to an over- 
all number of about 13,000. 

Remainder of the American 
squadrons which France will no 
longer harbor are due to go to 
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American squadrons arrive are 
a powerful British nuclear 
‘bomber force and a powerful 
_American nuclear fighter- 
‘bomber force. Building up 
rapidly is the main western in- 
nuclear-mis- 
sile force. : 
Forecast Comes True 


Britain is in fact the Western 


it was forecast it would become 
when the West had to start re- 
arming all over again in face 
of the Soviet threat after World 
War II, 


This also means that Britain 
becomes more and more a top 
target. This accentuates the 
anxieties of a considerable sec- 
tion of British opinion, which 
believes Western defense is in- 


creasingly organized on the ba- 
sis of turning these tight little. 
islands into cinders. 


When Defense Minister Dun- | 


can Sandys announced in the 
Commons July 8 that the Brit- 
ish Government had accepted 
the American Government’s re- 
quest to send its French-based 
planes here, he gave new im- 
petus to an already growing 
demand that Britain’ should 
cease altogether to be a nuclear 
power or a nuclear-weapon- 
harboring power. 
Repercussions Heard 

July 9 the repercussions of this 
situation were reverberating in 
the Isle of Man—dquiet little 
summer island resort situated 
halfway between England and 


Northern Ireland. There Britain’s 


biggest trade union—the 1,268,- 
000-strong Transport and Gen- 
eral Workers’ Union was hold- 
ing its annual conference. 
General Secretary of the un- 
ion is Frank Cousins, who is fast 
replacing Aneurin:‘Bevan as the 
most controversial and eruptive 
force in the British Labor Party. 
Mr. Cousin moved a resolution 
calling for permanent cessation 
of nuclear tests by Britain with- 
out waiting for formation of the 


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4resolution fairly calmly, 


iof 


-stressed 


troop commitments 
'impotence because of 
had refused 


} ing, 
|drawal of nine crack squadrons 


, Crops. 


“nonnuclear club” (headed by 
Britain) which Labor Party 
Leader Hugh Gaitskell is yrging. 


Rift Indicated 


Mr, Cousins called his own 
resolution “the most important 
one that has ever been before 
any trade union.” He said that 
both the British Conservative 


Party, and the Labor Party, of | 


which he is a key member, were 
underestimating the strength of | 
feeling in Britain against the | 
H-bomb. 

He believed, he said, there. 
were large numbers of people | 
of all political parties who 
would be glad to see the Trans- 
port’ and General Workers’ 
Union signpost the way to san- 
ity with their resolution. 

This was in effect notice that. 
one of the most powerful ecle-| 
ments in the socialist movement | 
was.out of step with the Labor- | 
ite leadership and would risk | 
disunity at the forthcoming na- 
tional election in defense of its 
anti-H-bomb policy, 

Redefinition Asked 

Mr. Cousins said his union 
was asking for the political con- 
trol of the use of the H-weapon 
to be redefined: “I say this be- 
cause in the course of our ex- 
amination of this problem, it 
became increasingly clear that 
European governments are al- 
lowing themselves to drift into 
an atmosphere where 
[North Atlantic Treaty Organi- 
zation] is the determinant as to 
whether we get involved in a 
war. 

Back in London the leader- 
ship..of the Labor...Party 
having to take serious note of 
what was going on on the Isle 
of Man. On the whole the lead- 
ership was taking the Cousins 
It was 
confident the other big unions 
would back the official Laborite 
policy—which is that for Britain 
unilaterally to back out of. its 
nuclear commitments would 
break up NATO. 


} 
} 
| 
| 
| 
| 


‘activity 
ithe first phase, 


.NATO | 


was. 


GermansFace _ 


Next Geneva 


Talks Calmly 


| 
By J. Emlyn Williams yy 
Central Evropean Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor | 
‘Bonn, Germany | 
Bonn has “completed its ar- 
rangements for the second phase 
of the Geneva Conference. But 
in contrast with the air of tense 
prevailing here before | 


The general assumption is that | 
the foreign ministers of the’ 
United States, the Soviet Union, | 
Britain, and France will restart 
on July 13 where they left off 
June 20, and that West Germany 
will leave the initiative) much 
more to the Western powers this 
time than last. 

Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, 
who in a very definite sense de- 
termines West German foreign 
policy, has already laid down di- 
rectives for Foreign Minister 
Heinrich von Brentano, and the 
latter has been talking with the 
government party and oppos 
tion political leaders, as well a 
with West Berlin’s Mayor Willy 
Branat. 

Limitation Stressed 


The Social Democratic oppo- 
sition asks how it is possible for 


the conference to progress from| 
| on | 
' Berlin to general German issues. | 


the present isolated talks 
There appears to be no official 
answer to this. ” 
maintains that Dr. 
will contribute little to this 
development, that he fails 
realize that Washington 
London viewpoints now 
closer to each other and 
this might result in attempts to 
“de - Berlinize”’ the Geneva 
agenda. 

Meanwhile the West German 


Adenauer 


are 


U.S. Plane Shifts 
Dull Geneva Point 


By Volney D. Hurd 


Chief of the Paris News Bureau of The Christian Science Monitor 


Paris 
On the eve of the reconvening 
of the Geneva conference, Gen. 


Lauris Norstad, Supreme Com- ' 
-mander of the—North— Atlantic 


Treaty Organization forces in 
Europe, has.had. to order. nine 
squadrons of American fighter- 
out of France _ to 
Britain and West Germany be- 
cause of President de-Gaulle’s 
refusal to have atomic bombs 
for the planes. stockpiled in 
France—unless they would be 


|}under French control. 


None of the careful wording 

the official announcements 
can cover the ‘fact that this 
signifies a serious Western in- 
ternal crisis, timed most un- 
fortunately in view of both the 
Soviet Berlin threat and the 
Geneva conference. 

As General Norstad’s state- 
ment said: “It need hardly be 
that at this critical 
period the military effectiveness 
of these squadrons is of para- 
mount importance.” 


Behavior Contradictory 


As all the other NATO coun- 
tries representatives here point 
out, for France, in May, to go to 
Geneva and pronounce a strong 
policy of “standing firm” was a 
rather strange gesture in view of 
the fact it had reduced its NATO 
to relative 
Algeria, 
to accept. missile 
bases, had withdrawn its Medi- 
terranean fleet from the NATO 
command in time of war, and 
had refused to’ put its fighter 
planes into a common NATO 
tactical operational plan. | 

In view of this, continued 
these experts, Andrei A. Gro- 
mvyko could hardly take NATO 
cohesion seriously, let alone the 
“standing firm” of the French 
position. 

Some comment heard here 
points out*that for France to re- 
fuse to permit atomic stockpil- 
thereby forcing the with- | 


of American fighters from. their 


airfields in France, begins to look | 


| -—_—_—— 
_Farm Bureau Hits __ 


= | 
aa 


‘Peace Food Plan | 


By the Associated Press 
Washington 
The American Farm Bu- 
reau Federation has charged 
that a “food for peace” plan 
would make underdeveloped 
nations totally and indefinite- 
ly dependent on shipments of 
surplus United States farm 


John C.’ Lynn, the bureau’s 
legislative spokesman, de- 
scribed the proposal as a ve- 
hicle for “a multiplicity of 
overlapping programs, most of 
which constitute elaborate 
giveaway mechanisms.” 

He was the opening witness 
before the Senate Foreign Re- 
lations Committee on legisla- 


| much 


' method. 
| suited 


like a de facto. French 
' withdrawal from NATO. 

French refusal to permit the 
stockpiling of atomic bombs is 
only the latest expression of 
General -de—-GauHe’s strange 
attitude toward NATO. 


Modern ‘Minutemen’ 


Fighter - bombers are the 
“minutemen” of modern war- 
fare, the first reaction’ to’ any 
enemy threat. They must be 
able to get off the ground and to 
the target in the minimum of 
time. Without having atomic 
bombs on their own airfields, 
these planes would have had to 
fiy to either Britain or West 
Germany, land, load up, and 
then take off and still have to 
get to the enemy. This is a mil- 
itary impossibility. 

Putting such planes in Britain 
reduces their potential in com- 


parison with their French basés, 


for they have to fly a 
distance to get into action. 
West German territory is al- 
ready loaded with airfields and 
the present 


longer 


new ones. By 
naissance squadrons from West 
Germany to Britain, 
be found in West Germany for 
some of these squadrons now in 
France, which will then, in fact, 
be even closer to their potential 
target. The desired wide disper- 
sal of bases now enjoyed, how- 
ever, will have been lost. 

It is not merely this action on 
the eve of Geneva which seems 
so illogical because of the para- 
dox of proclaiming strength and 
producing weakness at the same 
time. 

The biggest paradox of all is 
the picture of General de Gaulle 
demanding a much larger voice 
in NATO and in worldwide 
strategy decisions, and then de- 
liberately cutting his working 
ties with NATO by such deci- 
sions as rejecting missile ramps, 
withdrawing the French fleet. 
refusing to pool planes in tacti- 
cal operation, and now refusing 
atomic stockpiling. Asking for 
“cooperation” instead of “inte- 
gration” as the NATO alliance 

these steps are hardly | 
to make France's 
mands more acceptable to his 


The opposition | 


to! 
and | 


that | 


space may 


de- , 


: 39 EAST AVENUE | 
me, ROCHESTER, N.Y. 


altie 


the atmosphere <¢ 
‘now appears extremely calm. 


; 


F-100 Super Sabres of Type Being Transferred 


United States fighter-bombers of this type are being trans- 
ferred from French bases to sites in Germany and England be- 
cause of French refusal to allow the atom bombs these planes 
are capable of carrying to be stored in France under present 


arrangements, 


Trade Union Federation 
called on the people to observe 
a two-minute silence immedi- 
ately [before midday July 13 to 
|remind the conference that the 
German people want reunifica- 
tion in peace and freedom. 


Stumblingblocks Seen 

Two developments which 
generally are felt. here to be 
unhelpful to progress at Geneva 
are French - United States 
differences atomic bomb 
issues and Soviet intransigeance, 
as again indicated in Premier 
Nikita S. Khrushchev’s interview 
with former New York Gov- 
ernor W. Avere!l Harriman. 

Transfer of three United 
States fighter-bomber wings 
totaling 200.planes from France 
to Britain and West Germany 
is a decision which; it is gener- 
ally accepted here, North Atlan- 
tic Treatv Organization com- 
mander Gen. Lauris Norstad was 
compelled to take in view of the 
continued French attitude. 

But all commentators stress 
this transfer is only a tempo- 
rary technical solution and that 
the basic NATO diplomatic issue 
is still unsettled. Behind the 
French demand for a say in de- 
cisions about atomic 
stockpiled in France, everybody 
realizes, is President de Gaulle’s 
determination that his country 
shall play a leading role in 
NATO—and in_ the world— 
through possessing its own 
atomic bombs. 

One may condemn the French 
for blackmail and for such a rift 
in Atlantic unity at the reopen- 
ing of the Geneva Conference, 
according to one commentater: 
since it will benefit the Soviet 
Union. 
General 


over 


de Gaulle’s persist- 


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_Art—Muste—Theater 


THE CHRISTIAN 


SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, 


THURSDAY, 


JULY 9. 1959” 


Art—Musice—Theater’ *” 


mf 


oo 


Ruth St. Denis Views Dancing Today —Japanese Legend on Color Screen — 


Higher Spiritual Values 
Urged tor the Fine Arts 


By Emilie Tavel 


“Until you go higher than 
Shakespeare, you will not be- 
long to the new age.” 


These words for actors and | 


actresses are from Ruth St. 


i St. 
“mother” 


| 


Denis, a living legend of Amer-=-_ 


ican modern dance. By them she 
would urge young thespians as 
well as young dancers to seek a 
higher, more spiritual source of 
inspiration than even the best on 
the human plane. 

“T hold the arts as sacred,” 
says. 
gan to paint, 
using the arts as a language to 
reveal their spiritual convic- 
tions. Not until we come to the 
Renaissance do we have art for 
art's sake, substituting the tal- 
ent and cleverness of the artist 
for his message.” 


4+ 4+ 5 


“Miss Ruth’ would reverse 
this process. She would have all 
creative artists, particularly 
dancers, “take spiritual aware- 
ness and express it in terms of 
the arts.” 


she 


|Martha Graham, Doris 


i 


Denis who ~- “became 


of modern dance «in 
America... 

But “Miss Ruth” is one mother 
who is something less than 
eestatic--over her aesthetic off- 
spring. Such modern greats as 
Hum- 
phrey and Charles Wiedman are 


‘among the graduates of the fa- 


“The early Christians be-.| 
model and write, | 


, any 
| painter. 
‘invited to witness an exhibition | 


| Says 


This text is one she practices | 


as well as preaches. Her career, 
stretching back an unbelievable 
53 years of actual performing, 
was inspired by a picture of an 
Egyptian goddess. 

Her tireless quest for spiritual 
values in the dance has led her 
to her latest creation, ‘Blue 
Madonna of St. Mark’s,” whose 


premiere she has just performed | 
Jacob's Pillow” 
| lyrical, more loving, if you will.” 


at Ted Shawn's 
in Lee, Mass, 

This religious dance in a 
Christian vein is set to the music 
of Giovanni Gabrielli, 16th- 
century composer identified with 
St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice. 

Her studio school 
wood, striving to. lift dancing 
above a mere medium of enter- 
tainment to something higher, is 
planning a major work on this 
same theme. 


4 4+ & 


But for all the reverence with 
which she approaches her work, 
for all of her 81 years and pure 
white hair, “Miss Ruth” is dis- 
tinctly gay at heart. Laughter 
and wit are never far from her 
conversation. 

She likes to tell how she was 
“canonized” by David Belasco. 
“There are elements of humor in 
that,” she says slyly. On her first 
trip to Europe as a dancer, this 
impresario of the early 1900's 
elevated plain Ruthie Dennis to 
theatrical sainthood — the Ruth 


in Holly-| 


| dance 
| Denis? 


mous 
dance. 


Denishawn _ school 


he ee 


Her most severe appraisal of 
some modern dance is that it is 
an “intellectual, conflictive 
school made up of 
against almost everything.” 

It 
painting, she says. ‘ 


t 


e 


the | 


| 


of | 


revolts | 


is the same with modern | 
‘There seems | 


to be no inquiring within as to | 


divine for 


the public 


purpose 
Instead, 


in color and design of the artist’s 
own frustrations.” 


These are harsh words from | 
Denis | 
s her students are aware of | 
“This | 


a “mother.” But Miss St. 
her conflicting views. 
keeps us all cheerfully alive in 
mental combat,” she says lightly. 


Besides, she sees her brood 
emerging gradually out of what 
she calls its “darkened rebellion” 
into a 
ness.” Ten years ago, she says, 
some modern dancers were 
ridiculing, satirizing, poking fun 
at everything. Today at least 
one she can mention is “more 


a ee 


She believes that their tech- 
nical equipment, their constant 
evolving of a new vocabulary of 
expression, their physical disci- 
pline will “equip these young 
artists to speak of richer, finer 
things when they become spirit- 
ually awake.” 

What of the future of modern 
in America, Miss St. 


“T believe deeply and sincere- 
ly,” she replied, “from the evi- 
dence I have accumulated in the 
last five years that there is a 
trend toward a spiritual concept 
of the arts, including the dance. 
They are all converging toward 


a higher level.” 


It is toward.this loftier moti- 
vation that she herself has la- 


bored. Here is one octogenarian | 


with no trace of retirement in 
mind. She is still working and 
at a remarkable pace, for “the 
subordination of the _ aesthetic 


“more luminous aware- | 


the | 
is | 


Whitestone 
Eleazar de Carvalho conducts 


the student orchestra in the new 


acoustical stage canopy | now in use at the Music ‘Shed at Tangle- 


to the spiritual, for new uses of | 
the aesthetic with. much deeper 
purposes,” 


Time for our interview was 


| running out. Traintime was com- 


ing and “Miss Ruth” still had 
not seen Boston’s pride—the Isa- 
bella Stewart Gardner Museum. 
So rather than stop, we whisked 
across town, 

Entering its flower-filled court- 
yard, she reveled in its beauty. 
She swept swiftly with her rath- 
er strange, long-gaited walk 
from one work of art to another. 

Suddenly she remembered that 
years before she had performed 
here. A history of the museum 
was quickly produced. There, in- 
deed,, was the’ record— 

“On May 2, 1906, at an enter- 
tainment... Miss Ruth St. Denis 
danced the ‘Cobra or Snake 
Charmer,’ and ‘Radha; a Hindu 
Temple Dance.’ It was one of her 
earliest appearances in Boston.” 

With the joy of a young child, 
Miss Ruth clapped together 
those famous expressive hands 
and exclaimed, “That gives me 
avery great thrill!” 


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Fantare Opens Arts Center 


. By 

Tonight, 
Shakespeare's 
be 
around 


July's 
“Twelfth Night” 
one of the shots heard 
the culturak and enter- 
tainment world. 

When the Metropolitan Boston 
Arts Center’s 1800-seat theater 
opens in Brighton it will be 
with a bang supplied by ancient 
brass cannon. There will be a 
flare of torches, the fanfare of 
trumpets, and a procession of 
boats up the Charles River. The 
‘over-all din will be enhanced by 
a 20-piece band. 

Then, when the ballyhoo sub- 
sides after a lusty. ribbon- 
cutting ceremony buttressed bv 
flag-raising and necessary ora- 
tory delivered by Governor 
Furcolo; Commissioner John E. 
Maloney of the Massachusetts 
District Commission: and Perry 
T. Rathbone, president of the 
arts center, the curtain is sche- 
duled-to-—rise-for the first pro- 
duction of the 10-week summer 
season, 

Shakespeare’s rollicking com- 
edy, “Twelfth Night,” 
ed by the Cambridge Drama 
Festival, is said to be the be- 
ginning of a cultural and recrea- 
tional renaissance aimed at 
| restoring Boston's slightly 
threadbare title of “Hub of the 
/ Untverse.” 

At the 16-acre MDC 
the Charles, where the 
roofed, canvas-walled 
now stands, soon will rise a 
“floating” gallery for the Insti- 
tute of Contemporary Art and, 
within a few years, a magnificent 


will 


present- 


site on 
nvion- 
theater 


Humanities Series 


The coming season of the MIT 
‘Humanities Series will be held 
Sunday afternoons at 3 o'clock 


in Kresge Auditorium, beginning 


| Oct. 25. Series tickets are avail- 
| able now from MIT Music 
| Office, Room 14-N236. 

| The series will open with the 
New York Pro Musica, and will 
be followed Nov. 15 by the 
Camera Concerti, a new Amerli- 
can chamber orchestra being in- 
troduced to Boston. On Jan. 17 
the Paganini Quartet will be 
heard, and on March 13 the 
Juilliard Quartet. The series 
will conclude April 10 with 
| Arthur Gold and Robert Fizdale, 
duo piano team. 


Robert A. Wilkin 
ninth night, | 


opera house seating up to 4,000 
persons. 

Among the viewers scheduled 
to attend tonight's performance 
which stars Siobhan McKenna 
'and Zachary Scott, are Archibald 
MacLeish, poet and playwright; 
Leonard Bernstein, composer 
and conductor; Mme Alex-_ 
andra Danilova, world-famous 
ballerina: actor Gary Merrill; 
Edwin O'Connor, author of “* 
Last Hurrah” and Kermit 
Bloomgarden, producer of 
Music Man.” 


Religious Drama at BU 

“Cry Dawn in Dark Babylon” 
by British playwright and An- 
glican priest, The Rev. Philip 
Turner, will have its first 
American performance as part 
of Boston University’s Religious 
Drama Workshop this evening 


at 8:15 in the auditorium of the | 
University’s School of Fine and | 


Applied Arts, 855 Commonwealth 
Avenue, Boston. 

| Director Robert Seaver, head 
of the drama program at Union 
Theological Seminary in New 
York City, will stage the play, 
defined’ by its author as “a 
dramatic meditation.” 

“Cry Dawn in Dark Babylon” 
has been written for a cast in- 
cluding three “permanent” char- 
acters and five actors who form 
a dramatic chorus, taking vari- 
ous roles as the action demands. 
Mr. Seaver will employ four 
separate casts in the production 
at Boston University, which is 
being ‘Staged as a project of the 
acting and directing course he 
teaches in the current Religious 
Drama Workshop. 


The Hamden Trio 


The Hamden Trio — Bruce 
Simonds, . piano, Robert Brink, 
violin, and Karl Zeise, cello— 
will give a concert at Sanders 
Theater, Cambridge, Monday 
evening, July 13, at 8:30. Pre- 
sented by the Harvard Uni- 
versity Summer § Series, the 
ensemble will perform works 
by Loeillet, Beethoven, and 
Brahms. The public is invited 
to attend without charge. 


“Tt is indeed dreadful to have | 
to tell oneself with pitiless cer-'- 


taintv: what I find beautiful is 

beautiful for me; but it may not 

be so for my best friends.” 
—Hector Berlioz 


Music 


Hatch Memorial Shell—Esplanade Con- | 
cert, Hasry Ellis Dickson conducting, | 
8:30 


Films in Boston 


| Astor—‘ Don’t Give Up the Ship.’’ 
| Lewis, 10:25. 12:40, 3 
“Antarctic Crossing, ' 
4:25, 6:45, 9. 
Beacon Hill—'‘Love : 
Brigitte Bardot 9: 55, 11:55, 
z: , 1:45, 9:45, “Magoo.” 
1°40, 3:35. 5:35. 7:35. 9:30. 


Jerry 
. 8:18, 7:30, 9:45 
9:40, 115, 2:10, 
s Mv Profession.” 

1:50, 3:50 
9: 


+ 9-30. 


Capri — “ FeRadeiphia Story,’ 
4:40, 7, 28. 


|_Center—* Pani Is Wild,” Frank Sinatra. 
9:30, 1:30, 5:30, 9:20. ‘Road to Bali,’ 
Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, 11:45, 3:45, 
Se e 

Exeter—"‘I was Monty's Double.’’ Clifton 
comes, John Mills, Cecil Parker, 

4:45. 7, 9:20, ews, shorts, 1:50, 
6:20, 8:45. 

James 
Stewart, Lee Remick Ben eaten 
9:30, 12:15, 3:10, 6:05, 9. 

Keith Memorial—‘‘Born to be Loved,” 
‘Hugo Haas, Carol Morris, 9:30, 1, 4:30, 
8. ‘This Earth Is Mine,”’ Rock Hudson, 
Jean Simmons. Dorothy 
Claude Rains, 10:55, 2:25, 5:55, 9:25. 
enmore—''Magoo Beats the Heat,” 
3:13, 5:16, 7:19. 9:22 
Top,”’ 
vey, Heather Sears, 
7:25. 9:28. 

Mayflower—'‘‘Alias 
meee, 


1:16, 3:19, 8:22, 

James,"’ Bob 
Rhonda Fleming, 11:35, 3:00, 
9:45. “Lonely Hearts,’"’ Mont- 


Jesse 


| 6:20, 


These Advertisements 


gomery Clift, 9:50, 1:10, 4:35, 7:55 

a litan—‘‘Nun's 
rn. 9: 2 = 

orph eum — ‘‘Hor § 
ayne, William Holden, 
| 4:50, 7:15, 9:40. 
Paramount — ‘Five. Pennies.” Danny. 
Kaye, Barbara Bel Geddes, 9:20. 11:40. | 
2:05 4:25, 6:80. 9:15. 
Pilgrim—’ ‘Island of Lost Women,” 9:50. 
- . Steve 


ae or tal 
n} a David Niven, 
e, Gig Young, 10. 
3:45. 6:40. 7:40. 9:35. 
State—‘ A Hole in the Head,” Frank 8i- 
natra, Edward G. fare. Eleanor | 
Parker, 11:50, 2:15, 4°40, 7:05, 9:30. 
Strand—'‘'Marty,”’ “Bandido.”’ 
Telepix—“Bamural, Ohi Bia. Bae. 


‘Uptewn—'‘Count Your Blessings.” Debo- 
rah Kerr, Rossano Brazzi. Maurice 
Chevalier. 11:00. ’ 30 


“Compulsion.” Diane ‘varsi, 
Welles, 12:40, 4:10, 7:50. 


Films in the Suburbs 


ALLSTOR-Copitel: “Com epylsion s 1:30, 
7:45. “Green Mansions,’’: 3:20, 9:35. 
~e Capitel; “ Hercules, 1s 


ll “Mating Game,” “Gun Run- 


4 


er "John 
9:35, 12, 2: 


Orson 


“My Une 
_ ' Brattle; Man in the 


““Shaggy Dog,” “Last Blitz- 


” 


"31:40, | 


12, 2:20, 


_MILTON—Miilton: 


2:20, | 
4. 


MeGutre, | 


1:10, | 
“Room at the! 
Simone Signoret, Laurence Har-; Road.’ 

weer ee D-—W akefields 
| 6:25, 9:10, 


Entertainment Timetable 


Cniverstty: ‘South Pacific,”’ 2:20, 5:25 
8:30 

DORC HESTE R—Adams: 

“Apache Territory 

| DPorchester: ‘Shaggy 
Territory ” 

| 45+ age “Count Your Blessings, ~ 3:54. 
9:3 “Compulsion,”’ 1, 7:45. 

| MAN OCK V LLAGE—Hancock: “Sound 

| and Pury.” “World, Flesh and Devil.” 

| LEXINGTON—L exington: “Some Like it 
Hot.’ 5 

MALDEN — fF eG 
1:45, 3:30, 4:45, 6:20, 
Strand: ‘Lonely Hearts.’ 1:15, 7:45, 
“Alias Jesse James.”’ 3 09, 9:39 

MATTAPAN—Oriental: “South Pacific.” 

MAYNARD Fine amine ‘Sleeping 
Beauty.’ “Grand Can 

MEDFORD —Medford: 
Women,” “Herc 


“Shaggy 
Dog,’’ 


Dog,”’ 
“Apache 


‘South .Pacific,”’ 
& 30, 10:10 


as of 


ule 

Dor’ t Go 
Water,”’ 

NEEDHAM Paramount: ‘‘Hercules,”’ 
“WBZ Disc Jockeys,” “Island of Lost 


Women 
NEWTON a Paramount; 
“Green Mansions.’ 
NORWOOD — Norwood: 
Blessings,’ “Sound and Fury.’ 
QUINCY—Strand: ‘South Pacific.’ 
READING—Reading: UBascties’” 
9 Ay ‘Island of Lost Women,” 


SOMERVILLE -- Capitol: 
“Island of Lost Women.’ 
Broadway: 


8:15. 


“Compulsion,” 


“Count Your | 


2:05, 


Hercules,” 


‘Shaggy Dor,” 


Road.’ 
Somerville: “Shaggy Dog,” “Happy 
-" ‘Hercules,’ 
“Forbidden Desert.’ 8: 30. 
| wee THAM—Embassy: “Sout Pacific.’ 
8:15. “Land of Laughter 
WELLE SLEY—Playhouse: 
“Cruise of the Eagle 
were NEWTON Newton: 
Blessin 


"* 1:30, 7:45 


“Count 

“Doctor's Dilemma.’ 
WINC HE TER—Winchester: ‘Hercules.’ 

| “Island of Lost Women,” “WBZ Diee 

a Jockeys.”’ 

WINTHROP — Winthrop: 
‘Monte Carlo Story.’ 
WoL LASTON—Wollaston: *‘ Shaggy Dog.”’ 

“Never Steal Anything Small. 


| Drive-In Theaters 
| ie ee va oe 


“Gu coh Fen at Pe 
CAMBRIDGE—Fres ith Voy- 
| gage of Binbad.”’ “Last , my 
DE ne maa “Alias Jesse James," 


MEDFORD-—Meadow Glen: 
sion,” “Face of a Pu itive 
samt Well Screen: hese ‘Siatinmas 

8." 


Circle Screen: 
Maversng | Hearts,”’ 


**Hercules.”’ 


Jesse 
city.” 


" | ‘Compul- 


“Alias Jesse James.”’ 
‘Johannson vs. Pat- 


NATIC K—Natick: “Alias Jesse James,” 
Ret ive,” “Roots of Heaven 
NEPONSET—Ne onset: “Alias. 


ee Re. 6. 
NO, RE ING—Ne,_ Reading: 
Lik Hot,’ “Guns, 


Jesse 


“some 
and 


ve SRE eo eeeleien,”" “Gun- 
ait ht at aS Dodse 
nly Saugus: To Time for Ser- 


nfee eae BR 
svrrovk OWNS — a4 strolk , Downs: 
“Alilias Jesse James,” ‘‘Pugit! 
westapaien han a bode OT 
; e) 
WEYM UTH—' ‘Peyton Place."’ 


irls 


a 
MW 
aa 


The | 


“The | 


Lost 
Near the | 


J 
i 


ao 
| 


“Happy 


| Classes in Sculpture 


| John 
| 


Bergschneider will be | 
conducting classes in sculpture 
during the summer at 
terfront studio, 50 Snow Hill 
Street, Boston. Mr. Bergesch- 
neider took first prize in sculp- 
ture at the Arts Festival of 1954. 


his wae 


“Samurai” 


| Simple 
|\largely surface conflict are de- 


this 


| Inagaki’s 


| Story that might be described as 


a western with a Japanese ac- | 


-eent; -Menosylabie dialogue, 


characterization, and 


batable assets that are only 
partly offset by pictorial beauty 
in the film now showing at the 
Telepix. 

Despite frequent scenes 
which snarling warriors 
‘about with gleaming swords, 
account of ai legendary 
hero’s exploits is oddly lacking 
‘in excitement. Director Hiroshi 
technique of pulling 
his cameras back to take in as 
large a scene as possible tends 
to make most of the proceedings 
jrather remote and_ audience 
identification with the. actors 
virtually impossible. 


in 
slash 


| When, for example, a platoon 


of armed villagers advances for 
the capture of the warrior hero, 
‘the cameras withdraw a re- 
.spectful distance, putting the 
conflict in a perspective that ig- 
‘nores the usual cinematic con- 
ventions. The _ retiring tech- 
nique, which has the effect of 
making most of the film’s por- 
traits smaller-than-life, does, 
however, allow for exquisite, if 
somewhat static, views of the 
lush Japanese ,countryside. 
i 


A 


Kisakw ito, art adviser, and 
Makoto Sono, art director, have 
demonstrated in this Alm a re- 


markable grasp of Eastman color 


potentialities. Ikuam Dan _ has 
provided a modern symphonic 
score appropriate to the heroic 
iscale of the drama, featuring, 
full-throated brass and romantic 


‘one of the two friends, 
‘other. 


Sohiro Mitune Starring 
In ‘Samurav at Telepix 


By Frederick H. Guidry 
is an action-laden | 


but generally diffuse adventure | . 
‘ancient 


instead of relying on 
symbolic treatment on 

themes by solo exotic 
instruments. 

“Samurai,”’ made in 1954, was 
the first of three films- based on 
the legend surrounding Miya- 
moto Musahi, perhaps Japan's 
greatest samurai. The dramati- 
zation of the 17th-century ware 
rior’s: formative period records 
the almost fanatical desire of a 
strong but poorly disciplined 
viJlager to become famous as a 
soldier. A subordinate plot con- 
cerns the similar ambitions of a 
close friend—a man adept. at 
arms but not quite as militarily 
single-minded and free of sentie- 
ment as the rambunctious hero, 

AS b& Sb 

Toshiro Mifune, who played 
the bandit in “Rashomon” and a 
would-be samurai in “The Mage 
nificent Seven,’ gives an enere- 
vetic portrayal of misdirected 
zeal as the hero who slays at the 
wrong time. Scenes with the 
Buddhist priest who begins a 
rehabilitation program — tailored 
to the headstrong youth’s special 
needs are among the most dra- 
matic and moving in a picture 
otherwise rambling and remote, 

Romantic interest centers on 
the unrequited love of an ore 
phaned temple servant, played 
by Kaoru Yochigusa, for first 
then the 


strings 
more 


The film’s western-like script 
moves at a fairly rapid pace, 
but the theatergoer sensitive to 
shades of voice tone and pos- 
sessed of average subtitle-reade- 
ing skill can keep up with the 
dialogue. He may even fancy 
that he beginning to undere 
stand Japanese. 


is 


ae 


AMUSEMENTS 


EE 


BOSTON (Kenmore Sq.) 


mer 


bi BOSTON (MOVIES) 


John Braine’s 
Best Seller 


‘ROOM | 
AT THE TOP 


Starring 
LaurenceHarvey - Heather Sears - Simone Signore! 


KENMORE 


AiR. 
CONDITIONED 


BOSTON (STAGE) 


SUMMER FOLK FESTIVAL 


Air Cond. John Hancock Hall 
3 Outstanding Events 8:30 P.M, 
TOMORROW NIGHT 


BOB GIBSON 


An evening of ‘‘off-beat” 
folk songs. 


3 


THURS., AUG. 6 
JOSH WHITE 
Now. $1.25, 1.75, 2.25, 2.60 


Schlamme:: $1.25, 1.75, 
White:. HA 6-3680. 


THURS., JULY 23 
MARTHA SCHLAMME 
Songs of Israel and other 
lands—a concert in 12 lan« 
guages, 


Seats 
2.40, 2.90 


‘Gibson. 
(Josh 


BEVERLY, MASS. 


VICTOR HERBERT'S 
° 


NOW thru JULY 11 
NORTH SHORE MUSIC THEATER 
Beverly, WA 2-8500 
or Filene’s Cc. W. Homeyer'’s 


Wish You Were Here, July 13 


BRIGHTON, MASS. _ 


Seats at Populer Prices 
Still Available for 
GALA PREMIERE TONIGHT 8:30 
CAMBRIDGE DRAMA FESTIVAL 


In* the New Metropolitan Boston Arts 
Center Theatre on the Charlies River 
bank, Soldiers Field 


SIOBHAN 
McKENNA 
LACHARY FRITZ 


SCOTT WEAVER 
TAMMY 
GRIMES od 


a music-dance extravaganza of Shakespeare's 


TWELFTH NIGHT 


SEATS NOW ON SALE! 

poston /ie Tremont St. (former!) 

ttéry’s}) Phone HU 2-668 

wee Filene's and Agencies 

CAMBRIDGE / Leavitt & Peirce, 
Harvard Square 

Tues, thru 7 Eves. & Sun. 6 P. M.; om 

2.50, 3.50, 4.50. Mats.: Fri, a Pr. M., 

Sat. 2:30 ?. M.: $1.50, 2.50, 3. 


Rocx HUDSON 
Jean SIMMONS 
Dororny McGUIRE 
CiavbE RAINS 


Lecesenenaninesivn 


~~ KENT SMITH 
| KEN SCOTT 
CINDY ROBBINS 


STARTS 
TODAY 


jon ed 
con 


SACK Theotres NOW 


| TC 
JAMES STEWART 
LEE REMICK 
BEN GAZZARA 
ARTHUR O’CONNEEL 
EVE ARDEN 
‘KATHRYN GRANT 


and JOSEPH .N. WELCH as Judge Weaver 


s Columbee release 


Doors Open. 9 A.M. 
Li 2-7040 


“ASK ANY GIRL 


CinemoScope ond METROCOLOR 


PDGON Pr 
2 GABIN-BARDOT 
\F «wn; Love Ig My. 


Beacon Hill 


7, Parker House | . 
CA 7-66 


WELLESLEY, MASS. 


1§ Theatre ;,_ Green 


‘| Rte. 135, Wellesley 
“Shaggy Dog,’ | 


Your | 


Cider $-9433 
Bin BS 5 


MPHREY 


a “STREETCAR NAMED ‘DESIRE” 


A New Preduction Directed by 
: ELLIS RABB 


(Deily) $3.25, 2.75, 1.75 
(Sets.) $4.00, 3.75, 2.75 


indoor Theatre in Case of Rain 


PLUS 2NO WIT 
CAROL MORRIS-VERA VAGUE-HUGO HAAS 


“BORN TO BE LOVED”’ 


RKO KEITH MEMORIAL | 


pd Burl Ives 
| = “WINDS ACROSS THE EVERGLADES” 


cal . 
a STARTS TOM'’w 


NEW YORK (MOVIES) 


“Abounds 


Produced by Henry 


RADIO CITY MUSIC HALL 


I Showploce of the Nation + Rockefeller Center» Ci 6-4600 


AUDREY HEPBURN 


» in FRED ZINNEMANN'S Production of 


“THE NUN’S STORY” 


Co-Starring PETER FINCH - DAME EDITH EVANS - DAME PEGGY ASHCROFT - DEAN JAGGER 


A WARNER BROS. PICTURE le TECRNICOLOR ® 
OW THE GREAT STAGE 
“BONANZA” —Ex 


in entertainment!” —wPat 


Blenke - Owected Pred Zinnemenn 


Alasken Gold 


The Cry that Rocked 
THE VALLEY 
OF THE SUN... 


__ Tats 
EARTH 
MINE ! 


CinemaScoPe 


TECHNICOLOR 


Loew's STATE Gay OPEN 


CAROLYN JONES. 


EDWARD G. ROBINSON 
ANO EDDIE HODGES 


| JOHN WAYNE 
WILLIAM HOLDEN 


IN JOHN FORD'S 


“THE ere | 
SOLDIERS’ 


tor 


SADVENTURE 


icCrNiCOLOR 


@ AIR CONDITIONED 6 
Boston, Mass. 


BOSTON 
THEATRE 


Wash. & Essex Sts., 


| ‘o»” METROPOLITAN 


AIR-CONDITIONED 


AUDREY HEPBURN 
in Fred Zinnemann’s 


“THE NUN’S STORY” 


(MARY: 


cn ho > 
| 
BRATTLE Theatre 
si " FERNANDEL ieee 

“MAN in the RAINCOAT" 


A hilor new comedy from 
Today at bt 30 poo 9:30—Air i Conditioned 


14-45 E 


oe ae 


re 6 ** 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, 


THURSDAY, J ULY 9, 1959 


OMEN TOO 


Japanese ‘Naomi’ 
Builds for Others 


By Jessie 


Ash Arndt 


Woman's Editor of The Christian Sctence Mogitor 


Tokyo 
Sumie Kikuta’s 
Meiji 


Whehi Naomi 
husband, a professor at 
Gakuin Christian 
passed on near the end of World 
War II, she was faced with 
somehow supporting herself and 
her three children at a_ time 
when the whole country was In 
desperate state, with scant 
housing and almost no food. 

She was living in a rented 
house to which the landlord and 
his family came when their 
house burned, and then her hus- 
band’s brothers and their fami- 
lies, until 26 people were there 
in one small dwelling, with no 
rice, no sugar, not even salt, only 
potato tops, dandelion and other 
edible greens thev could gather 

This was the state when (he 
war ended on Aug. 14, 1945, but 
on Sept. 2 the American Oc- 


as 
a 


“< 
cupation began and with it hope 
of a change for the better. 

On Sept. 10, Mrs. Kikuta 
obtained work as a saleswomah! 
at a pearl shop in the arcade of 
the Imperial Hotel. Her English 
—she had been an_ English 
teacher before her marriage, at 
Osaka High School—was a help 
and she did a thriving business 
for her emplovers. 

She realized that, if she had a 
little shop-of her-own,-she-could 
make much more than _ her 
meager salary of 200 ven. 


Began to Prosper 

In those davs Japanese were 
bringing out and selling for a 
few yen elegant old kimonos, 
Which they had either buried or 
sent to the country to save dur- 
ing the war. 

For 100 ven, she could buy 
kimono out of which she could 
make 20 children’s kimonos, 
which the American servicemen 
bought eagerly at ‘100 ven each. 
Thus she began to prosper. 

It was not long before 
built a home for herself and 
her children on the outskirts 
of Tokyo. She opened a shop 
as the Japanese economy be- 
came stabilized and made a nor- 
mal income. 

People asked her to make 
clothes for them. She learned 
what American women wanted 
and often they would come in 
with materials bought at the 
post exchange next door and 
ask her to make them up. 

This was the beginning of 
her dressmaking shop where she 
now employs 12 salesgirls, cut- 
ters, fitters, and sewers, with 
30 seamstresses working for her 
outside. 

But there is much more to the 
story of Mrs. Kikuta’s work 
than the establishment of a suc- 


a 


she 


FINE 
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America’s finest high chair. 


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cessful business. She is-a fourth 
generation Christian, Her 
father's grandmother, 
Morita, was the first “Bible 
woman” in Japan assisting the 
Presbyterian missionaries in 
selling and teaching the Bible. 


| 


Mito } 


Mrs. Kikuta’s maternal grand- e 


mother was the first Japanese 
girl to be married with a Chris- 
tian wedding ceremony. Her 
mother was a graduate of 
Doshisha University in Kyoto. 
Her father, the Rev. Kinnosuke 
Morita, at 82, is still principal of 
Osaka, Jogakuin High School. 

With this Christian back- 
ground, Mrs. Kikuta decided to 
start a Sunday school for her 
own children and others of the 
community where she lived, At 
first she had a room in a school 
‘building but this was put to 
other -use. 

Then she was given another 
room and this, too, was appro- 
priated. Pinally, she said: “We'll 
hold it out-of-doors on the play- 
ground with the sky as cur roof.” 

This she did. She was super- 
intendent and Bible teacher and 
the voung students came—some- 
times as many as 100. They held 
the sessions e#en when snow 
fell in winter. 

But Mrs. 
might-have a building and, three 
years later, the owner of a_half- 
acre plot nearby gave it to Mrs. 
Kikuta at a reasonable price. 
But she did more than build a 


church edifice. With the help of § 


interested 
wives of 
bullt a 
their 
rooms 
School 


people, including 
American officers, she 
home for widows and 
children. This includes 
for church and Sunday 
and also an apartment 
for her and the two children 
still at home. It replaces the 
larger home which she. sold in 
order to help finance the Naomi 
Home. 


Met Need for Help 

She conceived the idea of the 
home for widows and children 
because of the constant appeals 
from other widows who knew 
of her success. 

At the Naomi Home, there are 
classes every day designed to 
equip them to earn a living. 
They and their children are 
kept there for two vears or until 
they are ready to go out and be 
self-supporting. 

The home is bright and cheer- 
ful and a model of cleanliness. 
Mrs. Kikuta sets a standard and 
requires that those she helps live 
up to it. 

They come in discouraged and 
sad-eved, she told me, but, in 
a week or so, their eyes are 
bright and life has taken on new 
meaning for them. The home 


Kikuta prayed they 


Pantry Patter ooo. 


These happy-faced children petvoundibuis Mrs. 
Naomi Sumie Kikuta (lower right) are some of 


was opened in November, 1954, 
and already 20 families have 
gone out to make their own way, 
Ten families are now living 
there. 

This is a drop in the bucket 
when compared to the great 
need of the war widows in Ja- 
pah, says Mrs. Kikuta, but it 
shows what can be done. 

Many have become Christian. 
Services are held each Sunday 
to which people of the neigh- 
borhood are welcome. 


Not only do some of the 
neighbors come to church, Sun- 
day School, and prayer meet- 
ings, but also mothers in the 
community come to take special 
training courses. 

The small fees they pay help 
the Home budget. The govern- 
ment also gave Mrs. Kikuta a 
permit to raise money and, in 
three years, she raised 20 mil- 
lion yen for the building of the 
home. 


Mrs. Kikuta has recently bor- 


Outdoor Meals Are Easy 


_By Eleanor Richey Johnston 
Written for The Christian Science Monitor 

The low hills sloped gently 
down to a lake; the mess hall 
and the swimming pool were a 
quarter of a mile away from 
the tent area I visited in a Boy 
Scout camp in southern Kansas. 
About 300. boys were camped 
there. 

“We didn’t have to go to the 
mess hall last night,” a 12-year 
old Scout told me; “That is, Bob 
and Bill and Sam and I didn’t, 
because Bill was working on his 
cocking merit and he cooked 


i dinner for us four. It sure was 


good!” 

I sought out Bill and asked 
him about his cooking test. 

“Aw. I just cooked soup and 
chocolate pudding and a meal of 
hamburger, carrots, and pota- 
toes,” he said, his shining eyes 
denying the modesty of his 


™ words. 


those whe, with ‘their. methors. ane loving 
care at Naomi Foundation Home. 


rowed 30 million yen from ‘the 
government to build an apart- 
ment house which will eventu- 
ally give permanent income to 
the home. 

She named the home and also 
her shop “Naomi” because they 
help support the widows. In ad- 
dition to being director of the 
home and manager of the shop, 
she is superintendent of the Sun- 
day School, and elder of the 
church, and head of the board of 
the Naomi Day Nursery. 


With Fourth of July celebra- 
tions just past in the United 
States, it’s a good time to an- 
nounce a joint. industry-U.S. 
Government plan to _ interest 
more people in acquiring’’U.S. 
Saving Bonds and Stamps. An 
organization called the OBA 
Corporation of New York—the 
initials stand for “Own a Bit 
of America’’—has recently an- 
nounced a new promotion plan 
under which homemakers can 
trade in labels from various 
supermarket products for U.S. 
Savings Stamps. 

The first products with 
new labels are expected on 
grocery shelves in September, 
and the new stamp plan will 
be supported with intensive 
advertising. It will work this 
way: A number of well-known 
supermarket products will bear 
special labels redeemable _ in 
units of from five cents on up 
per item. 

When a housewife has saved 
a number of them, she will mail 
trem off to a central collection 
point and receive in return the 
equivalent value in  25-cent 
Savings Stamps, plus a book to 
put them in. OBA hopes that 
eventually about 20 #£=major 
American manufacturers. will 


the 


be offering the special labels on 
their products. 

Government and congres- 
sional leaders have expressed 
an interest in and approval of 
the plan, and one reason for 
their enthusiasm is that. the 
manufacturers using the labels 
will pay the entire bill for the 
promotion of the plan. 

This interesting variation of 
the great American game of 
collecting stamps as a bonus 
on purchases should net a real 
gain, not only to the consumer, 
but to our government. 

yo | 

More ideas for outdoor cook- 
ing: Frozen asparagus is deli- 
cious when cooked in foil. Al- 
low it to thaw just enough to 
divide the spears into individ- 
ual size servings. Add a small 
pat of butter (and a thin slice 
of lemon if you like) to each 
serving. Wrap in heavy foil 
and lay on the charcoal | grille 
to cook. It will take about 15-20 
minutes, depending on the heat 
of the fire. 

4s bs Sf 

If you're freezing straw- 
berries, heed these words of 
wisdom from the U.S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture: Berries 
frozen without sweetening 
won't keep nearly so long or 


hold their bright color so well. 
Three-quarters of a cup of 
sugar is about right for a quart 
of berries. Turn the berries and 
the sugar gently until each 
berry is coated. In this way, the 
strawberry juice will dissolve 
the sugar into a_ strawberry 
syrup. Leave about half an inch 
of head space in each container 
when you pack the berries. 

If you prefer using a syrup, 
use a cup of sugar to a cup of 
water, and cook until the sugar 
is thoroughly dissolved, then 
allow to cool before putting the 
syrup over the berries. 

> FF -# 

Probably you've been reading 
about the genuine plight of hen 
and egg producers where over- 
production is causing serious 
problems.” The immediate gain 
to the public is that egg prices 
haven't been lower since 1941, 

eR 

Peaches may ‘not be so plen- 
tiful as last year, but prospects 
indicate a crop well above av- 
erage. It should still be the 
second largest year since 1947, 
Plums will be more plentiful 
than usual, we hear from Cali- 
fornia and Oregon, and there'll 
be a wide assortment of varie- 
ties, 


“Tell me how you did it,” I 
urged, “What did you do first?” 

He looked surprised at my 
ignorance. 

“IT made the chocolate pudding 
first, so it could be getting firm 
and cold while I got the rest of 
the dinner,” he explained. 

“Well, I put some milk in a 
saucepan and when it got hot I 
put in this powder stuff—it has 
Sugar and chocolate and some- 
thing to make it thick in it. 
Then I stirred it while it cooked 
and when it was a little thick 
I took it off and poured it into 
four dishes,” he explained. 


,. f 


Sunkist Growers 


“Did you stir it constantly or 
occasionally?” I asked. 


“TI stirred it more than I didn't 
stir it,” He explained simply. 

After giving: me his recipe for 
soup, he explained the main 
course. 

“IT had a hamburger, 
rots, 
us. I made the hamburger into 
kinda part patties and part balls, 
a little more ball than patty; 
then I cut the vegetables up—I 
cut the carrots into pennies and 
the potatoes into silver dollars— 
then I cut each silver dollar into 
half dollars. 1 wrapped these all 
together in foil and put it down 
into the coals and cooked it from 
20 to 30 minutes. It was done 
perfectly. Each of us had his 
whole dinner in his own piece 
of foil.” 

This Scout’s three dinner 
guests gathered around to hear 
the description and ‘said every 
bite was eaten, I couldn't leave 
without asking about the pud- 
ding. “Did it get cold and firm 
in time?” I asked. 

“Well, no, it didn’t have time. 
But we ate it anyway,” one of 
the bovs told me. Then he added 
a simple fact that often deter- 
mines events in any camp. “We 
had to eat it—we needed the 
dishes,” 


2 car- 


Ss f£ Sf . 

If you want to cook outdoors 
in foil, you do not have to bury 
it but may cook on top of your 
grille. Fish make good grille 
food, Here is the way to fix a 
flounder or other fish fillet din- 
ner for six, 


Indoors or Out. Fish Is Good Summer Fare 


and 1 potato for each of 


Flounder Dinner 
2 pounds. fiounder _ fillets—or 
other fish fillets 
2 green peppers, sliced 
2 onions, sliced 
1 teaspoon salt 
Dash pepper 
1 teaspoon paprika 
2 tablespoons lemon juice > 
% cup ‘butter or other 
melted 


Thaw fillets if you are using 
frozen fish. Cut into serving- 
size pieces. Place each portion 
of fish in center of a 12-inch’ 
square of heavy-duty foil. Top 
with green pepper and onion, 
Combine salt, pepper, paprika, 
lemon jujce and butter. Pour 
over fish. Bring edges of foil 
together and seal tightlv. Place 
packets of fish on preheated 
barbecue grill about 4 inches 
from moderately hot coals. Grill 
for 1 hour or until fish flakes 
easily when tested with fork. 

get 2 
For a quick outdoor grille, 
try. barbecued shrimp kabobs. 
These require only six minutes 
of actual cooking time. For a 
crowd, have ingredients and 
sauce and skewers on a table 
and let each guest fix his own, 
For six, try this: 
Barbecued Shrimp Kabobs 
4 pound cooked shrimp, fresh 
or frozen 
12 slices bacon 
1 can (1315 ounces) pineapple 
chunks, drained 

1 can (4 ounces) button mushe 
rooms, drained 

14 cup each, soy sauce, 
oil and lemon juice 

4 cup chopped parsley 

1, teaspoon salt 

Dash pepper 

Thaw. frozen shrimp. “Fry 
bacon. slowly until. cooked but 
not crisp. Cut each slice in half. 
Using long skewers, alternate 
shrimp, pineapple, mushrooms, 
and bacon until skewers are 
filled. COmbine soy sauce, salad 
oil, Jemon juice, parsley, salt, 
and pepper. Brush kabobs gen- 
erously with sauce and place on 
preheated barbecue grille about 
4 inches from moderately hot 
coals. Broil 3 minutes, turn and 
brush with sauce. Broil 3 min- 
utes longer or until lightly 
browned. 


fat, 


3 


salad 


AS £ $b 
Pictured is a platter of halibut 
cooked in the kitchen broiler. 
Salmon, perch or bass may be 
broiled in this same manner. 


Lemon Fish Broil 

2 pounds sliced halibut, 

perch, or bass 
14 cup lemon juice 
1, cup salad oil 
Paprika 
Tomato wedges, lemon wedges, 
and parsley for garnishes 

Combine lemon juice and oil 
and mix well. Brush fish slices 
with this mixture and sprinkle 
with paprika. Place fish on rack 
about 6 inches under broiler 
and broil: about 10-12 minutes, 
depending on thickness of fish, 
Turn, brush with lemon-oil 
mixture and broil until fish 
flakes easily with fork (about 
10 minutes). Brush with lemon- 
oil mixture frequently while 
cooking. Serve on hot platter 
decorated with garnishes. 


salmon, 


Thor Sites 


By 


in Britain World News in Briei 


Seen Ready in 1960 


‘Paris: Farm Bill Rejected 


Courtney Sheldon 


Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


South Ruislip, England 
American™*~military~” ofMcials 
here estimate that their portion 
the high-priority -prepara- 
for four Thor-missile 
squadrons on United Kingdom 


end of 1959. 


It only remains for the Brit-. 


ish Government to announce a 


‘date when the 60-missile con- 


figuration — the free world’s 
most imposing array of missiles 
—will become operational. 


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; ae 
‘Royal Air 


the 


indications 
Force will 
sites will be operational 
shortly after American 
are completed. 


Technical Assistance Asked 


very 


} 
} 


are that the 
say the 


tasks | 


The Anglo-American missile | 


agreement calls for the United 


States, through the Seventh Air 


Division headed by Maj. Gen. 


W. H. Blanchard, 


' these missions: 
technical assistance to 


Give 
the Royal Air Force in the es- 
tablishment of British inter- 
mediate-range  ballistic-missile 
_capability to a point where the 


to perform | 


'RAF missile squadrons are en- | 


tirely self-sufficient. 

Organize, man, ahd control 
United States Air Force units 
hat will maintain custody of the 
United States manufactured nu- 
clear missile warheads. 

The missiles cannot be fired 
ro such action Is agreed to 
| by both countries. This is a key 
clause of the formal agreement 
signed by the two Western allies 
in February 1958. 

Thor Upheld 

Since that date work on the 
four missile-squadron sites—de- 
signed for 15 missiles each—has | 
been pushed steadily amidst, 
widespread debate over the vul-| 


reliability of the missile itself. 


RAF officials have gone ahead 
regardless, maintaining that the 
Thor was as good a missile as 
would be available for ‘some | 
vears to come and that the'| 
West’s war-deterrent posture | 
needed stiffening now. 

The 


British bases., The 
range Jupiter missile will be 


PIK-NIK 


SHOESTRING POTATOES 


United States Air Force and. 


= =FLAVOR = = 


SUNSWEET Prunes are sunrigened til 
the full rich prune-plum flavor is at its 
peak. They're my with 

natural food value. Packed xs 

by the growers them- 

selves, At your grocer’s. 


SUNSWEET : 


Reports from earre spondents of The Christian a Monitor, 
the Associated Press, and Reuter 


| The French Senate has rejected a bill outlining the government's 


agricultural investment and 


equipment program—the first 


time in the Fifth Republic that either house of Parliament 
has turned down a government bill. The Senate criticized the 


bill’s lack of scope. 


A plan to fight “unfair competition” 


in the wool industry, di- 


rected against importation of Japanese, Argentine, Uruguayan, 


and Communist wool] products, 


has been submitted to Euro- 


pean Common. Market members by the French wool industry 


federation. 


Denmark: Police 


# 
Joined in Rescue 


Frogmen, police launches, and private craft 


joined in rescue 


operations after the July 8 explosion of an excursion boat at 


Haderslev. 


Of the more than 90 passengers 53 are believed to 


have either been killed by the explosion or drowned. 


Vienna: Jews Transit Austria 


For the 


= 
first time since early March a few 
Jews have arrived in Austria on their way 


dozen Romanian 
to Israel. Israeli 


sources say, however, this can not be interpreted as a resump- 
tion of large-scale immigration. 


nee 


placed in a_ similar strategic 


_position in Italy later. 


' 


nerability of the bases and the. 


1,500-mile-range Thoss| 
are ‘easily capable of reaching. 
into the Soviet Union from the | 
1,500-mile- | 


Just what the Soviet capa- 
bility is in missiles of this type— 
and even larger—is. something 
that military commanders of the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion say frankly they are un- 
certain about. 

In this atmosphere of doubt, 
they prefer to err on thé side of 
too much Allied strength and 
to try to overcome the vulnera- 
bility of the Allied IRBM sites 
by dispersing them as widely as 
possible. 

IRBM Sites Visible 

All of the British IRBM sites 
can be seen by simply driving 
around the countryside, but only 
three, Feltwell, Hemswell, 


SyriaPaperSays 
Agents Arrested. 


Of Narcotics Ring 


By Reuters 
Damascus, Syria 


structed by 


Driffield, have been mentioned 
in the British press. The fourth 
is in central England. 

The Thor complexes are sepa- 
rated by as much as 60 to 100 
air miles, The satellites. of these 
bases are 20 to 30 miles apart. 

Only one of the headquarter 
bases, Feltwell, is known to 
have an emergency operational 
capacity now. The second most 
advanced base had been con- 


the instrument 
phase. Only 


and check-out 
the training for 


‘operational capability remains. 


and | 


| 


American sources said that the | 


British were very much inter- 
ested in finding a way to harden 
thé Thor-sites—such as protect- 
ing them by putting them under- 
'ground—but it is a very long- 
range possibility. 

The British are also develop- 
ing their own Blue Streak mis- 


sile with an estimated range of 


2,500 miles. This is between the 

Thor and Jupiter IRBMs and the 
6,000-mile Atlas. It is now an- 
© | ticipated that the Atlas will be 
operational from United States 


President 
| July 
;own premier, 
; ants 


June and is now in- 


Across Asia: 


Sukarno Excludes Reds at Top 


By Takashi Oka 
Staff Writer.of 
TheChristuinScience-Monttor. 


Four days after abolishing In-!of the nation, Dr, 


|donesia’s provisional 
/Stitution and assuming near- 
dictatorial powers, President 
Sukarno has appointed a 10- 
‘man inner cabinet which in- 
‘cludes _no Communists. and 
which has powerful Army sup- 
port. 

Under the revolutionary 
stitution of 1945 which. the 
restored bv decree 
Sukarno will be his 
His two top assist- 

former Premier 
First Minister and 
Minister of Finance, and Lt. 
yen. Abdul. Haris Nasution, 
Minister of Defense and Security 
and Army Chief of Staff. 

The President announced a 
three-point program:- 

1 To fulfill the food and 
clothing needs of the people as 
soon as possible, 

2. To safeguard the securits 
of the people-and the country. 

3. To continue the struggle 
against economic imperialism 
and political imperialism, 

Each of the 10 ministers com- 
posing the inner cabinet has 
been asked to sever any political 
party affiliation he might have 
had. Each will superintend a 
group of “under ministers.’ No 
Communists are included in the 
' cabinet. 


Army Seen in Power 


Thus, although under the 1945 
constitution the President is 
theoretically supreme, with no 
check on his acts other than an 
infrequently summoned People’s 
Consultative Assembly, 
control of the country is be- 
lieved to rest firmly in the hands 
of the Army and its energetic, 
anti-Communist chief, General 
Nasution., 

President Sukarno 
has frequently 
disclaimed any 


1950 con- 


con- 
So, Dr. 


will be 
Dr. Djuanda, 


himself 
and vehemently 
desire to be a 


Police have arrested a number | | bases before the end of the year. | dictator. Observers believe that 


of agents operating with an in- 
ternational narcotics ring, it-was 
disclosed July’ 8. 

The number of arrests was) 
not disclosed, 

Accordirfg to the authoritative 
newspaper Al Wahda, 
forces made the arrests in 
Aleppo, northern Syria, and 
confiscated a large quantity of 
smugged narcotics——destined for 
Middle Eastern countries, Af- 
rica, and the United States. 

The narcotics originally came 
from Turkey and were, to have 
been centiielad out via Lebanon, 
the newspaper said. 

The arrested men said that 
more than 120 _ international 
smugglers were _ collaborating 
with the ring in Turkey, Iraq, 


Jordan, Africa, and the United 


States. 

The ring — smuggling opium, 
cocaine,..and hashish—has been 
active for about three years, Al 
Wahda stated, 


+ 


! 


Pp 


e 


security | 


| 


Only a handful of Atlases will | 
ibe available, however. . 
Safety Considered 

RAF officials are.by no means 

placing anything approaching | 
full reliance on missiles. They 
Ad@A SB MOU SaTISsStul pirPRal 
supplementary. Manned planes 
are the main strength of the| 
RAF ard will be for some years 
to come. 

RAF officials point out that a 
number of safety devices lessen 
the risk of accident, that the nu- 
clear warhead is not armed until 
specific requirements of speed, 
guidance, and positioning have 
been satisfied. The final stage of 
arming occurs during the re- 
entry into the atmosphere over 
enemy territory. 

The first 65-foot Thor reached 
its launching site near Feltwell 
on Sept. 19, 1958 for training 
purposes. This was only six 


months after the final Anglo-. 


American agreement was signed. 


the President, faced with mount- 


| disunity in his country, had lit- 


tle choice other than to follow 
| Army advice to abolish the 1950° 


‘constitution and temporarily 
| suspend parliamentary democ- 
racy. 


| Observers also believe that the Rare. 2 


' symbolic significance of a return 
‘to the 1945 constitution may 
‘have appealed to Dr. Sukarno. | 
For the old constitution recalls 

Indonesia's first difficult days of 
struggle for national independ- | 
ence at a time when it was by 

no means certain that the Dutch | 
colonial overlords could be made | 
to surrender control. 


Heroic Picture Retained | 


Those were the days when‘the 
nation rallied around the revo- 
lutionary banner unfurled by Dr. 
Sukarno and his alter ego, Vice- 
President Mohammed Hatta. In- 
dependence was a tangible, con- 
crete goal towards which all In- 


| donesians 


| 


could direct their 
energies. 

In-his-ow rr thinking; asin that 
Suikarno al- 
ways seems to have remained 
the leader of that heroic strug- 
gle., Meanwhile his country 
moved on to less stirring, but 
equally difficult days. The drab, 
oft - discouraging, day - to - day 
task of establishing the machin- 
ery of a modern nation, of pro- 
viding for the people's welfare, 
of plotting development plans 
and carrying them out had to 
begin. In facing this _ task, 
thoughtful Indonesians found 
Dr. Sukarno an eloquent 
speechmaker, but an indifferent 
performer. 

Following Dutch recognition 
of Indonesian independence in 
1949. a new constitution making 


{the country a parliamentary de- 


mocracy was set up in 1950 
Elections under this provisional 
constitution were held in 1955, 
and ‘work was begun on draft- 
ing a new, permanent constitu- 
tion. 

* But somehow the momentum 
of the revolutionary, drive of 
the early years was. lacking. 
Comrades who had fought side 
by side in guerrilla battles be- 
came quarrelling politicans 
heading antagonistic. political 
parties. The drive to gain West 
Iran (West New Guinea), which 
the Dutch continued .to control 


even after recognizing the inde- 


practical 


pendence of the rest of the for- 
mer Netherlands East Indies, 
seemed to be the only move- 


ment capable of igniting nation- | 


wide enthusiasm. 
Reds Built Strength 
President Sukarno assiduously 
promoted this drive. But while 
it was politically understand- 
able, economically it led ‘the | 
nation into ever-deepening 


difficulties as Dutch enterprises 


by 
disciplined of Indonesia's 


in Indonesia were 
and skilled Dutch 
told to go home. 

The Communists, 


lic and weye. crushed, changed 
their tactics, 
roots organization, and became 
far the most cohesive and) 
four 
major parties. 

Regionalism * 


was strong. 


‘units. of the “Republic of the. 


| 


‘South Moluccas” fougat govein- 
‘ment troops. On larger islands, | 
‘including oail- 
copra-rich Celebes, 
grumbled that the central gov- 


ernment at Djakarta took their | delivered 


confiscated | 
technicians | 


who in 1948 


‘had rebelled against the repub- | 
‘ing economic chaos and political: 


: 4 


built up a grass-' 


| 


| 


The Communists enthusiastically 
supported the concept, seeing in 


it-a-road-to-uitimate-power-for—— 


them. The other political parties 
were less enthusiastic and some 
were positively opposed. A re- 
bellion broke out in Sumatra 
and Celebes. 

Guerrilla Fight Continued 

The rebels, defeated in the 
major cities by General Nasu- 
tion's swift actions, began a long 
guerrilla struggle which still 
continues, draining the govern- 
ment of precious revenue. & 

Meanwhile, a “cabinet of ex- 
perts’ under Premier Djuanda 
struggled for two years to cope 
with mounting inflation, soaring 
population, and inadequate pro- 
duction both of food and of con- 
sumer goods. 

This is the country for which 
Piesident Sukarno, returning 
after a two-month world tour, 
must now devise a_sink-or- 
swim program. 

Obviously, the army will play 
a major role in any future gov- 
ernmept, for practical control 
over key. regions is today in 
military hands. Army ‘Chief 
General Nasution’s strong stand 
against allowing the Come- 
munists to have any share in 
the--governmenthas--heartened 
non-Communist political lead- 
ers, though it does not yet seem 
to have affected Communist 
strength at the grass roots. 

Equally urgent’ is a_ well- 
mapped program of measures 
to halt inflation, to assure a 
stable administration, and to get 
economic planning off the 
ground floor. This is the chal- 
lenge that Indonesia’s 88,000,000 
people look to the new adminis- 
tration to tackle. 


Missile’s Engine 


Pulled F rom Sea 


By the Associated Press 


Point Mugu, Calif. 
The engine of the Thor missile 
dgstroyed shortly after its 
launching June 16 from Vanden- 
berg Air Force Base has been 
found by Navy divers four miles 


In| offshore from the naval missile 
and Ceram giuierrilla | facility at Point Arguello, 


Minesweepers located the 
‘engine on the ocean floor at a 
depth of 145 feet. Deep-sea div- 


rich Sumatra and | ers, making 60 dives in three 
inhabitants | days, 


brought it to the surface 
June 30. The engine has been 
to .an_ investigating 


‘money and spent it in Java, the | committee at Vandenberg, the 


crowded central island. Army 
commanders in Surnatra and in 
Celebes asserted loeal autonomy 
and refused to transmit tunds fo 
Java. 

Then, late in 1957, President 
Sukarno began talking about a 
new 
mocracy "—as a way out of In- | 
donesia’s manifold difficulties. 


i 


Navy said yesterday. 

The Navy divers were from 
Pacific Missile Range headquar- - 
ters here. 

Pieces of the missile fell over 
a wide area adjacent to Vanden- 
berg. The Air Force said the 


conception—' ‘guided de-. training vehicle was destroyed 


shortly after firing because of a 
malfunction. 


ss 


Euclid Seemed Shaky 


My Philosophical Development, 
by: Bertrand Russell. With ap- 
pendix, “Russell’s Philoso- 
phy,” by Alan Wood. New 
York: Simon and Schuster. 
279 pp. $3.75. London: Alien 
& Unwin. 


By Ruth Blackman . 
“I began thinking about phil- 


osophical questions at the age of ' 


fifteen.” With this austere state- 
ment Bertrand Russell launches 
his account of a philosophical 
development that was to shake 


the assumptions of nineteenth- | 


century knowledge in half a 


dozen fields. 
It all 


started innocently 


enough. Born at the height of| 
educated | 
at home, member of an aristo-) 


the Victorian period, 


cratic, unconventional family, 
and himself of an inquiring turn 
of mind, he early formed the 
habit of omnivorous, 
often indiscriminate, 
“On the one hand,” he writes, 
“I was anxious to 
whether philosophy would pro- 
vide any defence for anything 
that could be called religious 
belief, however vague; on the 
other hand, I wished ‘to per- 
suade myself that 
could be known, in pure mathe- 
matics if not elsewhere.” 

One doubt led to another, and 
by the time he was eighteen he 
had come to disbelieve first in 
free will, then in immortality, 
and finally in God. His misgiv- 
ings extended to mathematics: 
“Some of Euclid’s proofs ... 
appeared to me very shaky.” 
Having developed, in the iso- 
lation of his solitary upbring- 
ing, a thoroughgoing distrust of 
ready-made doctrine, his think- 
ing was prepared to maturé into 
convictions of its own, and once 
he went up to Cambridge he 
never looked back. 

aw oo 


The main body of “My Philo- |he has respect for his earlier | 
the | 


sophical Development” is 
discussion, ‘in technical terms, of 
Russell’s’ intellectual 
ings — not his social or ethical 
beliefs, 
extensively elsewhere — but his 
thought as a professional phil- 
osopher. It requires of the read- 
er considerable knowledge of 
mathematical, philosophical and 
linguistic theory, not to mention 
a stringency of thought willing 


though | 
reading. | 
i 


discover | 


something | 


journey- | 


which he has treated | 


intellectual integrity at work. 
Russell was driven by the desire 
to know, and this desire led him 
from one branch of study to the 
next, influenced by his col- 
leagues but never blinded by 
them, and quite willing to de- 
clare himself independent and 
go it alone. 

Thus at Cambridge he came 
under the influence of the Hege- 
lians but left them after a few 
years because he could not rec- 
oncile the views of philosophi- 
cal idealism in regard to space, 
time, and number, with_ his 
concern for the logical basis of 
mathematics. After he  per- 
manently repudiated idealism, 
this interest 
logic led him in turn to an in- 


terest in the concepts used in) 


theoretical physics (just under- 
going the upheaval of relativi- 
tv), and this in turn to the 
psychological and physiological 
aspects of perception in relation 
'to physics. A natural next step 
was interest in a theory of 


knowledge: not what, but how, | 


we know. 


in mathematical | 


@y 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


A small but enduring segment of publishers’ output consists 


of books about books, such as 


Ruari McLean’s “Modern Book 


Design: From William Morris to the Present Day” (Fair Lawn, 
N.J.: Essential Books. 116 pp. $4.75), from which the illustra- 
tions on this page are taken, Published in Britain by Ebenezer 
Baylis & Son, this volume deals with such general subjects as 
the nature of book design as well as such specific ones as the 
private press movement and the work of individual designers. 
In a related field is Kurt Weitzmann’s “Ancient Book Illumina- 
tion” (Cambridge, Mass.;.Harvard University Press. 166 pp. plus 
illustrations. $9), published for Oberlin College and Princeton’s 
department of art and archaeology as Vol. XVI of Oberlin’s 


Martin Classical Lectures. 


Other books take the reader from paper to publisher to 
library shelf. Dard Hunter includes a sample of his hand-made 
paper and a piece of Chinese spirit-paper in each copy of “My 
Life With Paper: An Autobiography” (New York: Alfred A. 


Knopf. 237 pp. $5). C. Harvey 


Gardiner presents an “intimate 


portrait of’ the author of ‘The Conquest of Mexico’ ” in “Prescott 
and His Publishers” (Carbondale, Ill.:. Southern Illinois Uni- 
versity Press. 342 pp. $5.95). Lawrence Clark Powell, librarian, 
University of California at Los Angeles, offers in “A Passion for 
Books” (New York: World Publishing Company. 249 pp. $4.50) a 
group of essays illustrating such statements as “I was born 
crazy about books, and all my life has been a pleasant worsen- 


ing of the state.” 
« 


conviction. Thus he speaks of an 
early article as being in his pres- 


‘ent opinion “unmitigated rub- 
bish,” yet follows this candid 
And so he came to! View by reprinting more than 


» ‘ ‘a : ”? 
analysis of consciousness and{@ Page of the rubbish.” The 


_experience, and thence to lan- 


guage and definition of “truth.” 


Russell believes there is noth- | 


total effect is of neither false 


modesty or arrogance, but of an 


objective interest in a way sta- 


‘ing to fear in rigorous analysis| tion along the path of progress. 


‘of a problem. Fixing attention | 


on an object or concept—as 


‘under a microscope—until dis- 
'tinctions and divisions become 


|clear adds to our knowledge 
| without invalidating it. Once he 
i|has settled on a subject for in- 
| vestigation, his method is to 
read widely (though later he 
usually finds most of his early 
reading irrelevant), think deep- 
ly, reach independent conclu- 
sions, write a book or article 
quickly and go on to whatever 
appeals to him as the next step. 
| Even though he may later—as 
ihe so often has—modify or com- 
| pletely change his opinions, still 


| 


[ 


= * i 
Aq 


Yet Russell says, “Throughout 
my philosophical development 
since abandoning monism, I 
have retained .. . certain funda- 
mental beliefs, which I do not 
know how to demonstrate, but 
which I cannot bring myself to 
doubt. The first of these... is 


that ‘truth’ depends upon some. 


kind of relation to ‘fact.’” 
4+ b& +b 


Here is a kind of confession. 
The Russell who in youth jet- 
tisoned all religious belief has 
substituted for it a faith in a 


‘new absolute. Reading between 


the lines, one suspects that his 
devotion to truth earns him re- 
spect, but not the discipleship in 
any great numbers of his more 
doctrinaire colleagues, for con- 
stant reference to an objective 
standard of truth can be most 
unsettling to even the most per- 
fect theory. 

He reserves some of his most 


‘acid comments for his colleagues 


who have let themselves lose 
touch with fact in 


writings as expressing honest |tiously held, and with benefits | 


“true.” Russell 


is true, there was 


who wrote down these words. 


Whether one of these happened 
'or the other, is a question of! 
of | 
| what anybody now living may | 


fact, totally independent 


think.” 


Between the world of science 
and the world of sense, both 
of which, in broad outline, he 
accepts as not to be questioned, 
a bridge, he says, must be built. 


just this 


“As in making a tunnel through 


‘an Alpine mountain work must 


|proceed from both ends in the 
‘hope that at last the labour will 
| be crowned by a meeting in the 
'middle.” The analogy implies a 
'sense of working in the dark. 


Russell would probably agree, | 


‘but having found no more illu- 
minated path, he digs ahead on 
alternate sides of the mountain 
with courage and unflagging 
zeal. 


at 
- 


11 


6 


a 


vA, 


Y es 


aS 


The Hero Is a Bridge in a Balkan Chronicle 


The Bridge on the Drina, by Ivo 
Andric. Translated from the 
Serbo-Croat by Lovett F. Ed- 
wards. New York: Macmillan 
Company: 314 pp. $3.50. Lon- 
don:-Allen & Unwin. 


By Ernest 8. Pisko 


For readers who can take its 
harshness along with its beauty, 
this chronicle of a Balkan town 
and river offers an wunusual 
combination of intensity of de- 
scription, clarity of expression, 
and discipline of thought and 
feeling. 

The town is Visegrad, in 
Bosnia; the river is the Drina, 
separating Bosnia from Serbia; 
the topic of the book is the 300- 
year story of the majestic stone 
bridge which was built on or- 
ders of the Sultan’s Grand Vizier 


'Mehmed Pasha Sokolli and dy- 
|namited by the Austrians at the | 
beginning of World War I, in| 
'to the holder, must necessarily | the summer of 1914. 
be considered | 
|comments: “I confess I find this | 
position unintelligible. It seems | 
'to me that if ‘Shakespeare wrote 
' Hamlet’ 
‘time when Shakespeare sat with 
a pen in his hand and wrote’ 
‘down certain words; but, if Ba-| 
‘con wrote Hamlet, it was Bacon | 


| Ste Ota 


The book’s author is Ivo An- 
dric, himself a native of Vise- 
grad, author of many short 
stories and several novels, a 


member .of Yugoslavia’s diplo-_| 


matic service before World War 
I, and more recently president 


of the Federation of Yugoslav 
| Writers. 

| “The Bridge on the Drina” is | 
a work of fiction, based’ on the | 
most thorough historic research, | 
but it is no conventional novel. ' 


‘'from the days when crippled 


It is a chronicle of a circum-!and surly ferryman 
scribed period of time. Yet it is' rowed people across the Drina 
timeless. At least one reader (on his clumsy bark, to the years 
believes that it will stand on its | when the bridge was built un- 
artistic merits when many ..of;der,. immense difficulties, and 


Mr. Andric’s story has no|;Turks to maintain their rule 
hero who battles his way from | over the Balkans, and later the 
triumph to triumph, no com-| Austrians to establish their rule 
bination of intrigues and love | over Bosnia and Hercegovina. 
affairs to hold the reader in 
suspense. Its hero is the mute 
stone bridge where the people 


unsuccessful attempts to gain 
of Visegrad used to meet, clos- 


|their independence. But mainly 
ing business déals, gossiping, or | Mr. Andric’s tale is of the in- 
just sitting . silently watching fluence the bridge had on life 
the flow of the water and the in -Visegrad, how bridge and 
traffic across the bridge. 'town grew together, as it were, 

Mr. Andric takes the reader how every phase in the town’s 


connected with the bridge. 
The tale is full of characters 


/merchants and artisans of Vise- 
grad, Christians, Jews, and Mos- 
lems, innkeepers, teachers, and 
soldiers, all seen with compas- 
sion and an unfailing sense for 


the significant detail. In a few 
paragraphs or at the most a 
couple of pages the author tells 
complete life stories. There is 


not a word too few or too many. | 


And each of the characters adds 
a thread to the strands from 
which the vast tapestry is 


Jamak | 


the 


1 \ideological scene are depicted. 
the current and more topical | then through the three centuriés | : 7 


books will have been forgotten. | during which it served first the | dric’s book is that each of its 


episodes gives one the impres- 
‘sion “this is how it must have 
'been”’—from 


'It also served the Serbs in their | 


|unceasing but for a long time | June 28, 1914, when a little band 


development was in some way | 


Percy Smith’s colophon 
for Curwen Press 


‘The Lion’ From France 


The Lion, by Joseph Kessel. 
Translated from the French 
by Peter Green, New York: 
75. A. Knopf. 244 pp. 

75. 


By Earl W. Foell 
It may seem strange that the 
strength of this little novel 


'which ends in carnage on the|as jt was for W. H. Hudson’s 


harsh plains below Kilimanjaro 
is its unsentimental tenderness. 
But under Mr. Kessel’s nota- 


In Search of Pirandello 


| Short Stories, by Luigi Piran- 


are popping up in the reper- 


| impression of tenderness. 
| 


bly sincere handling, the raw, 
savagely ironic elements serve 
mainly to intensify the aura of 
primeval innocence which hangs 
over his young heroine and the 
wild animals with which she 
| communes. | 
' To be sure, the innocence is 
broken for Mr. Kessel’s Patricia, 


200) 


Lynton Lamb's colophon 
for Oxford University Press 


woven, with Visegrad in the 
center, set against the back- 
ground on which the changes in 
political, economic, and 


What distinguishes Mr. An- 


the unspeakable 
cruelties committed by the 
Turks in building the bridge to 


that had been playing on the 


bridge had to pack its instru- 
iments upon the news that Aus- 


trian Archduke Franz Ferdinand 


ihad been assassinated. 


A+ & & 
Interspersed with the straight 


‘narrative are the author's re- 
i—scores of them—the peasants, | 


flections on life in general, hu- 


man behavior and the bewilder- 
ing turns and twists of history. 
Faced with the oncoming of 
World War I he finds himself 
unable to explain “those collec- 
tive shudders which suddenly 
run through all men.” He ex- 
pects that “poets and scientists 
of coming ages will investigate, 
interpret and resurrect [these 
events] by methods and man- 
ners which we do not suspect 
and with a serenity, freedom 
and boldness of spirit which will 
be far above ours.” 

This is exactly what he has 
done for the epoch of Balkan 
history that ended in the sum- 
mer of 1914. As president of the 
Federation of Yugoslav Writers 
he must be assumed to enjoy 
the Communist government’s 
confidence. But there is no trace 
of Communist thinking, let alone 
propaganda, in his book. The 
translation by Lovett F. Ed- 
wards deserves high praise; it 
not only reads smoothly but re- 
produces an individual style of 
deceptive simplicity, akin in its 
expressiveness and cadences to 
that of the great European 
masters. 


Rima, when the tragic climax 
is reached. But in “The Lion” | 
the garden of Eden is despoiled | 
|in a way that leaves an after-| 


‘Toynbee in Elysi um 


| oe | 
| The story is simple. Patricia | 
‘has grown up on a Kenya game 


Toynbee in Elysium: A Fantasy 
in One Act, by Myra Buttle. 
New York: Sagamore Press, 


tin his own collective image and 


who does not perceive the birth 
of the. ehrysalis, the Danae 


way—theoreticians about lan- 
guage, for instance. | 

In less acid vein, but with | 
equal earnestness, he takes Wil- | 
liam James to task for the state- 
ment that a belief conscien- 


|preserve presided over by her; Inc. 96 pp. $2.95. 
father, a former big-game hunt- | 


er. She has a neighborly ac-| 


| Shower of Gold, the clash of 
Creusa and Apollo in Euripides’ 
Ion, or the cosmic interplay of 
the Yin and Yang. I still say 
ithat, unobserved bv its con- 
temporaries, or by anyone else 
until I made the discovery, the 
the reader either through bore- | Universal Church of the Mahay- 
dom due to a lack of proficiency | ana penetrated from. India into 


to follow subtleties of argument. 

Yet it would not be Grade-A 
Bertrand Russell — as it is — if 
it did not have rewards for 
even the general reader who is 
willing to go along as far as pos- 
sible. One of the greatest of 
these rewards is the picture of | 


| ° 1 \ 
» ms Y 
se pa. 


Bruce Rogers’ colophon 
for Cambridge University Press 


‘Outcasts Who Enter In’ 


The Picaresque Saint: Repre- dehumanizing experiences of So] Ez: 
sentative Figures in Contem-/their war-ruptured era; at the , a =——~Bon Oy | 
porary Fiction, by R . B.|same time, they secrete and | AE oe W) he | 
Lewis. New York: J. B. Lip-| finally manifest a “vital aspira- : SS , amie > 
pincott Company. 317 pp. $6. \tion to transcend them.” 

They seek self-renewal in var- 

Among other~-things, this-ex-jious-forms—of--what-—Mr.—Lewis-} 
cellent work of literary criticism | calls “companionship.? This may | 
may lay to rest a popular myth, seem a rather restrained term, | 
made explicit in Bernard Debut he carefully builds up “com- | 

Voto’s “The Literary Fallacy.” | panionship” from its root mean- 

Greatly oversimplified, Mr. De ing (sharing of bread), through | 

Voto’s thesis was that a large, its sacramental meaning, to its 


| * 
loosely assorted list of writers,|symbolic signification: “A com-_| Th Ch A E | h 
including Faulkner, Hemingway, | Panion is a person who shares | e aracters re ng ts 


dello. Translated by Lily Du-| toires of little-theater groups. 
plaix. New York: Simon and And a small but steady output 
Schuster, 303 pp. $3.95. |0f books have continued to dis-  quaintance with all the animals 

The Mountain Giants and Other | cuss him and translate him since! of the water hole not unlike that 
Plays, by Luigi Pirandello.|““Naked Masks” ‘appeared inj which city girls might have with 
Translated by Marta Abba./ 1952 — a single-volume publi-|the friendly households where 
New York: Crown Publishers. | cation of five Pirandello plays. | they go to play. Patricia’s spe-. 
277 pp. $3.95. Of the three books consid- 1 é 


: . ; d- cial friend is King, a lion which | | 
The Drama of Luigi Pirandello, ered in this review, Mr, Vit-| she has raised from infancy and ° through resentment at t00| the heart of the Han Empire and 
by Domenico Vittorini. New 


torini’s “The Drama of Luigi Pi-| which is able to share her 8reat sharpness on the part of | became the chrysalis of the pfes- 

York: Dover. 391 pp. Paper, | randello” is a paperback reprint | jaughter and sorrow. | the author. gS ent day Far Eastern society, and 

$1.98, of an adulatory but knowledge-| ‘he girl's mother is tied to: While not great satire, “Toyn- | that it succeeded its parentmpthe 
By Melvin Maddocks 


LS 
N 


By Joseph G. Harrison 
Of all literary forms, satire is 
admittedly one of the most diffi- 
cult to handle. For no other 
runs so great a risk of alienating 


Revnolds Stone's colophon 
for Cambridge University Press 


able 1935 study. But “The bee in Elysium” generally avoids! Sinic, and that the Vélkerwan- 
Mountain Giants,” Pirandello’s | gg a po cen ag | |both of these pitfalls. Although 'derung after the fall of oOo. 
Luigi Pirandello, who won| !ast uncompleted play, is a first! (onquer aversion to her remote | 2t ™@ny points it is devastating | versal State, and during its dise 
the Nobel prize in 1934, the year | Publication in English (in com-| african home and fear for her|™ Tesard to the Toynbean | integration, was that of the ex 
before his passing, is enjoying a|P@ny, with “The New Colony” | qaughter. The final tension ar-| theory of history (in this Myra | ternal proletariat, the nomads 
bit of a vogue 25 years later in|2nd “When Someone Is Some-|riyves when Patricia's would-be | Buttle is apparently joined by | of the Eastern Steppe.” 
the United States. A prize has| body”). Twenty-one of the 22 cuitor, a young Masai warrior, | Vittually all expert historians The summation of Toynbee’s 
recently been sponsored in|Stories in the short-story vol-' tests his manhood in the tradi- | t0day), 1t permits the noted his- theory is given by Humpty 
New_York for the, best essay |Ume are algo making their first! tional manner, fighting King  toTian to walk off the stage un- Dumpty, who suddenly appears 
about him. His most familiar | @PPearances'in English. =| with only a spear for armament. CoWed and still supremely -con-" and recites: vee 
plays — “Six Characters in| These are only modest indi-! "agi sae | fident. rar ; . | In springtime when the buds 
Search of an Author.” “Henry? Cations. Pirandello has hardly| The plot is simple. Toynbee is are out 
IV ” and “Right You Are... ."—-| become. a fad. But evidently he; Mr. Kessel’s portrait of in- summoned to Elysium to be I'll tell you what it’s all about. 
, : | cannot be easily forgotten either. | dividual wild animals “and of judged as to whether he is either Jn summer, when the _ heat’s 
He is one of those authors who the varied animal community @,historian or a poet, or both. intense, 
grip their comparatively small’ makes a rich and primitive Rhadamanthus, a mythical judge you'll think perhaps it makes 
audiences all the more firmly for tapestry. Possibly because of its Of souls in the Greek under- some sense. 
1 world,: is moderator; Gibbon 


and T. S. Eliot, created in the| with you all that is nourishing to | 


1920’s a mood of fatalism that 


body and soul, whose sharing 


then permeated the lives of|may even be that nourishment.” | The Blush and Other Stories, by 


readers and poisoned the climate 
of their times. 

Equally. oversimplified, the 
thesis of Mr. Lewis, a professor 
of English at Rutgers, is a de- 
fense of a different set of writers 
against the same charges. Of two 
Italian novelists (Silone and Mo- 
ravia),. two Frenchmen (Mal- 
raux and Camus), an. English- 
man (Graham Greene), and an 
American (Faulkner), he writes: 
“They have been accused - of 
morbidity. They should have 
been honored for gallantry.” De- 
scribing what he calls their 
“agonizing dedication to life,” 
Mr. Lewis, a resourceful quoter, 
falls back upon Alexander Blok’s 
tribute to the 19th-century Rus- 
sian masters: “They were. sub- 
merged in darkness, but it was 
“never their will to stay hidden 
in it, for they believed in the 
light.” 


SR BR 


Earlier writers, says Mr. 
- Lewis, like Gide, Proust, and 
Joyce, tried to escape the disin- 
tegration and chaos of their 
times by creating an artificial 
private citadel of art. These 
later writers, he believes, have 
struggled to express a “‘compel- 
ling need for relation” between 
man and man, a renewed sense 
of the human compact. Their 
typical hero is less likely to be 
an artist in solitary than a 
strange, unhappy, often weak, 
and even criminal man commit- 
ted to “what yet remains sacred 
in the ravaged human commu- 
nity.” . 

Examples come readily to Mr. 
Lewis’ hand: Ariadna, Moravia’s 
Roman Mary Magdalene; Meur- 
sault, ‘Camus’ “outsider”; Pietro 
Spina, Silone’s subversive; the 
nameless outlaw-priest in 
Greene’s “The Power and the 
Glory”; Joe Christmas, bootleg- 
ger. and murderer in Faulkner’s 
“Light in August.” 

These, writes Mr. Lewis, are 
- “outsiders who ghare, ... out- 
casts who enter jin.” They par- 
’ ticipate more than most contem- 
poraries in the special numbing, 


| 
40) © 


| By often desperate stratagems 
the “picaresque saints” join what 
‘Hawthorne called the magnetic 
chain of humanity, and this, to 
Mr. Lewis, represents a hard- 


earned marginal victory. On the | 
flyleaf he has placed a quote. 


from Henry James: “The poet 
essentially can’t be concerned 
with dying. Let him deal with 
the sickest of the sick, it is still 
by the act of living that they 
appeal to him. ...” 

| oy eee 


Mr. Lewis’ faith in the in- 
nately affirmative nature of the 
literary act gives an eloquence 
and even a fervor to, the defense 
he makes. Like most generaliza- 
tions, this book’s become weaker 
as they become broader; six au- 
thors of quite different national- 
ities, temperaments, and con- 
cerns prove almost impossible to 
channel into parallel formations. 

Readers may also object to the 
‘slightly invidious comparison 
‘with earlier novelists, feeling 
‘that Gide, Proust, and Joyce 
were, in fact, strongly engaged 
‘in the experience of their times 
—only in different ways. 

On balance, however, 
Lewis’ fresh and outspoken the- 
|sis seems well worth the over- 
' simplifications all theses re. 


around them. 
4 


Mr. 


Elizabeth Taylor. New York: 
Viking Press. 217 pp. $3.50. 
London: Davies. 


Those familiar with the novels | 


and short stories of Elizabeth 
Taylor know her to be a per- 


ceptive, always controlled writ- 
er, 


the 
and 


master of 
turned phrase 
turned story. 


Her characters are usually, but 
not always, English gentlefolk; 
her subject is often the conflict 
between the generations. Young 
heroines, sensitive and often be- 
wildered by life, are apt to be 
set down, usually at an initial 
disadvantage, in a large house 
with a family in which some- 
thing, if not more than one 
thing, is awry, to grope their 
way into workable relationships 
while the atmosphere closes in 


4 


Thus in the opening story of 
the present book, “‘The Ambush,” 


carefully 
carefully 


Catherine, invited to stay with | 
‘the Ingrams, has to resolve not 


only her memory of her late 


unofficial fiancé, Noél Ingram, 


but also her present relation- 
ship. with 
elder brother.. 

In “Poor Girl,” the difficulties 
ofthe governess in relation to 


Noeél’s mother and. 


|her precocious charge and his 
‘parents are carried (with echoes 
_of “The Turn of the Screw”’) be- 


| yond the borders of normal ex- | 


| perience. 
And “A Troubled State of 


being slow ry of’ es we them. | subject matter it reminded this 


In autumn when it’s not too 


Pirandello seemed to chisel 
his career out of rock as hard 
as that of his native Sicily. Born 
in 1867 the son of a wealthy 
owner of sulphur mines, he at- 
tended the University of Rome 


Mind” opens with Sophy Vella- | and earned a doctorate at Bonn. 


cott, at eighteen, being welcomed 
/home from a year in Switzerland 
‘by an old school friend, also 
eighteen, who during Sophy’s 
absence has married her father. 
The struggle of all three of the 
principals to handle with dignity 
and taste the embarrassments 
and pitfalls inherent in this sit- 
uation is emphasized by the vul- 
gar interest of the housekeeper 
in the epee nar "eg 
4 


The customary intensity of 
‘Mrs. Taylor’s style may be 
‘matched with a subject of cor- 
‘responding intensity, such as-an 
encounter between lovers ’previ- 
ously parted for good, or the 
| initial meeting of a man and 


woman who have corresponded , 
4 ‘with what has been described 


|intimately for years. Or she may 


present situations that are in- 
trinsically absurd-except to the 
characters involved, and the re- 
‘sult is irony, as in the title story. 
‘Her weakest stories are those in 


uation which is simply not worth 
the trouble, as in the story with 


Widening 


Horizons 


Fifty Fathom Klondike, by 
Stewart Sterling (Funk and 
Wagnalls, $2.95). This salty tale 
brings to life a handful of rugged 
characters, shown dgainst a ma- 
rine background as vividly por- 
trayed as a Winslow Homer 
seascape. Young Dave McKim 
fresh from Tennessee, is signed 
on as cne of the crew of a 
Florida shrimp boat, Blue Horse, 


for the Yucatan coast where 


deep lure: fishermen from all 
over the Gulf of Mexico. A brush 


“ise 
non 


@ 


ae 


° 


out of Fort Myers Beach bound 
teeming shrimp beds 50 fathoms 


A 


Ww 


with the Mexican Coast Patrol, 
a battle with a hurricane, an 
unexpected dip in shark-infested 
waters, all keep the narrati 
moving full-speed ahead. Dave 
learns much about a fisherman’s 
e, true, but what he finds out 
about human nature is far more 
important in the end, Because 
Dave’s character development is 
shown with such vigor, insight, 
and sympathy, the book has 
more stature than the average 
adventure story, and may be 


relished by both teen-agers and 


adult readers as well. 
| M. W. 8. 
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. ’ 
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pm »2(@ 
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on this page are from “Modern Book Design,” described in the box “Books About Books” 


a 


—significantly—the longest title: 
“You'll Enjoy It When You Get 
There.” 


—) v- «) 
NEN ANG OD ACEY 
) ie OW SOV 
~\¥ Ff. v NY 


The hard surface finish of 
these stories—all but two were 
published in The New Yorker— 
does not extend to the characters 
in them. On the whole, they are 
people of depth or are at least 
well-meaning, and when they 
drink to excess or otherwise sin, 
it is out of superficiality or 
desperation. 

For Mrs. Taylor’s view of life 
involves rather more of frustra- 
tion than easy fulfillment, and 
she is too honest to dub in happy 
endings. But her irony is tem- 
pered always with eg mage 
and in her stories as in life, suf- 
fering may be transmuted by 
Perm into ewer 3 a 


triumph. 


OX 


, 


a: 


\/ a) a 
- 1 
oie 


use the same forceful style to. og 
| seeming. 


which she over-elaborates a sit- | 8 


In proper Bohemian style,,. he. 


settled down to write in an 


|abandoned convent, 
At first he wrote poetry, then 
short stories and novels. When | 


his income was cut off in 1904, 
he resorted to teaching. For 
years he could not get published, 
and it was only after World War 

I when he turned to playwrit- 
ing that he began to win sig- 
nificant recognition. 

Yet his production was un- 
flagging, and at times awesome. 
He is said to have written 
“Right You Are...” in six days. 
In all¢ he wrote more than 40 
plays and 365 short stories in 
addition to four novels. 

There was a driven, compul- 
sive quality to Pirandello’s au- 
thorship. He was a man obsessed 
as the “drama of being § and 
What is. “reality”? 
This was the question that 
haunted him in work after work 
—with occasionally monotonous 
effects on the reader or the play- 
oer. 

Pirandello did not always ap- 
pear as concerned with finding 
an answer as with finding as 
many different answers as pos- 


sible. 
. ie AS 


In the short storles the themes 
of loneliness and ‘alienation are 
repeated again and again, some- 
times with a grotesque wit, 
sometimes with a Kafkaesque 
anguish. In the plays the char- 
acters are not only alienated 
from one another but from 
themselves. “When Someone Is 
Somebody,” for example, deals 
with a typical Pirandello night- 
mare: A writer becomes inex- 
tricably confused with the alter 
ego of his pseudonymous per- 
sonality. 

Here a predicament . that 
might be described as “existen- 
tialist” in its challenge is pushed 
to the verge of madness. Yet 
Pirandello strikes one as being 

ore robust than most existen- 
ialists, or most dramatists of 
ideas, for that matter. A kind of 
peasant earthiness, particularly 
noticeable in the short stories, 
gives him a sensuous vitality 
that often contradicts the cold 
and blighted conclusions he was 
tem to accept, in theory, 
about the human condition. . 


‘reviewer of Rousseau’s wonder- 


ful spectrum-hued painting of 
a North African lion. But the 
portrait of Patricia, by contrast, 
seems overdone. A pre-teen child 
who speaks five languages 
addition to animal 


considerable sophistication is 
just a bit too precocious at 


_times to fit the simple, nature- 


girl role obviously natural to 
the plot. 

“The Lion,” winner of a Prix 
Monaco in France, is a Book- 
of-the-Month Club selection in 
the United States. The hand of 


in| 
language, | 
‘and talks to the narrator with 


and Thucydides, along with 
Pascal and Chu Hsi, are the his- 
torical judges; while Homer, 
Shelley, and Yeats are the poeti- 
cal. 

An attempt is made to under- 
stand Toynbee’s theory of suc- 
cessive societies and higher re- 
ligions, but the attempt fails— 
in no small measure due to 
|Toynbee’s own statements, of 
which the following answer to 
|Chu Hsi is an example skillfully 
modeled on typical Toynbee 
passages: 

“.,. the great happenings of 
history take place unobserved 


ot, 
You'll be quite certain it does 
not. 

The author, who is a lecturer 
on Far Eastern History at Cam- 
bridge University, has now used 
the pseudonym Myra Buttle: for 
two. such satires. The first was 
entitled “The Sweeniad” and 
generally recognized as directed 
against the poet, T. S. Eliot. As 
the author would be the first 
_to agree, a certain degree of fa- 
|miliarity with the writings of 
|'Arnold Toynbee is necessary for 
|}an understanding of the author's 
_allusions and purpose, 


by the individual who cannot 
conceive the giant conjured up 


the translator, Peter Green, is} 
commendably unobtrusive. 


Brecht Under Analysis 


A Study from Eight Aspects, | cartoons. He’ feels that Brecht 
by John Willett. New York: | might have some such revivify- 
New Directions. 272 pp. $8. 
| London: Methuen. 36s. 

| : 


By Harold Hobson )with the Brechtian movement. 
This is the most thorough! put “The Th 


study of Bertolt Brecht that has | Brecht” is undoibtedly a valu- 
yet been published. It is not a 
biography of the German drama- 
tist who has caused such a furor 


For myself, I doubt it. I am 


| information on one of the major 
| artistic movements of our time. 


The Theatre of Bertolt Brecht: | Agnes de Mille ballets, and UPA . 


“HEART-ACRES 
AND .OTHER POEMS” 
by Anne B. Marley. ~*~ 
$2.50 Pe <r. pou raid 


Order direct from the author 


504-B. Bellevue Place. Austin, Texas 


jing influence in England, too. | 
| fundamentally out of sympathy | 
tre of Bertolt 


‘able book, full of authoritative | 


SBox 


FOR THE FIRST READER 


NOTIONS 
GUIDEFOAMS 
An orderly approach to reading 
in a Christian Science Church 
Write for 'ntormation 
GUIDEFORM PUBLISHERS 


360, Mameoroneck, N.Y., U.S.A.8, 


7 
— 


in the theater of the West, but P 
an analysis of Brecht’s work. 
“t discusses each of the Brecht 
plays, offering a detailed synop- |!’ 
sis of the plot and an account-eof |! 
the various productions which |} 
each has had, together with the |} 
names of the principal actors. |) 
This is followed by an examina- 
tion of Brecht’s subject matter, 
in which the author shows 
himself fully aware of the dis- |jj) 
tortions which Brecht : often |ji 
introduced into his versions of |}! 
Western society. There are also |i 
chapters on Brecht’s language, ||| 
the music to his plays, and his 
theory of theater. Inserted bodily ||jj 
into the text are numerous re- |jj 
vealing photographs of Brecht- |; 
ian productions. 

Mr. Willett. holds the. view 
‘that Brecht is a great dramatist, 
but he does not allow this con- |!) 
viction to cloud his vision nor |) 
his sense of what is right and |), 
fair. Mr. Willett strongly cre- |) 
ates the impression that he is |) 
trying to get at truth and not); 
at propaganda. if 

He believes that Brecht’s in- | : 
fluence has been more powerful : 
in the United States than in |/| 
Britain. He. sees Brecht’s effect |) 
in the high-quality American 
musical, e Balanchine and 


, ee 


The Case Against 


FLUORIDATION 


Has authoritarianism crept into our 
Public Health Service? Are 28 million 
people being used.as guinea pigs? 


READ The American 
FLUORIDATION Experiment 


by F. B. Exner, M, D. and G. L. Waldbott, M. D. 
$3.75 postpaid, Devin-Adair, Publishers de 
23-25 East 26th St., New York 10, N.Y. . 


8; 


er 
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e 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR | 


Home 


Registered in U. 8. Patent Office 


THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


~ 


/ 


Reply From the Salt Ocean 


To THE Eprror, Tue Home Forum: 


Yucaipa, Calif. 
June 23, 1959 


As an oldtime windjammer sailor, per- 
mit me to point out an error or two in 
Silence Buck Bellows’ otherwise splendid 
article Metaphors and Miles on The Home 
Forum of May 29. 


In speaking of “backing and filling” on 
a sailing ship, Mrs. Bellows says, “‘When 
we back and fill in any situation—first 
agreeing, then withdrawing—we become a 
sailing ship tacking its way when the tide 
is with the vessel and the wind against it. 
First the sails are allowed to fill with 
the wind, and then the wind is released 
by hauling back on the stays.” 


The purpose of backing and filling on 
a square-rigger is to momentarily keep 
it stationary while under sail. The tide 
has nothing to do with the operation, as 
Mrs. Bellows implied, nor are the stays 
hauled back, for they are immovable, 


In the old days when two windjammers 
met at sea, and the captain of one boarded 
the other to gam (talk) with its captain, 
both ships had to back and fill so they 
would not drift too far apart. One way 
to do it was to periodically put the helm 
hard a-lee to swing the ship’s head into 
the wind and put her sails aback. Another 
way to halt a square-rigger is to haul the 
weather braces aboard, which brings the 
yards around and puts the sails aback. 
Usually all sails, except tops’ls, jib and 
spanker, are brailed and clewed (partly 
furled) while the captains are wagging 


«their chins over steaming cups. To get 


under way again was a simple matter. 
Brails and clews were cast loose and the 
sails sheeted home, with yards brought 
around to their proper positions. 

Mrs. Bellows speaks of the “bitter end” 
of anchor chains being fastened to a tim- 
ber called a “bitt.” It is possible that 
this was the case in some instances, of 
course. 

But the bitter ends of anchor chains 
aboard deepwater vessels usually were 
secured in another manner, dictated by 
long experience in providing for the 
safety of sailing ships, as we shall ‘see. 
When a ship is at anchor, the chain comes 
aboard through the hawse-pipe, of course, 


then passes around the brake barrel, then 
into the chain locker in the ship’s bottom. 
In this gloomy cavern a heavy iron ring is 
fastened to the keelson. Upon passing 
through this ring, the bitter end is brought 
upward, perhaps six or eight feet, to an- 
other iron ring bolted—at the rim of the 
hatchway that leads downward into the 
chain locker, The bitter end is securely 
lashed to this heavy ring. In a rack close 
by, a sharp ax may be found. 

Let us say that the ship is quietly swing- 
ing to her anchor lying in the mud ten 
fathoms below (60 feet) when a sudden 
gale comes up and the ship begins to drag 
the anchor toward a rocky shore a mile 
away. There is no time to spend the usual 
hour or more to pick up the anchor with 
the hand operated capstan or windlass. 
By paying out more chain, however, some- 
times the anchor will hold. Therefore, 
chain is eased out a little at a time, but 
without results. At. last all the chain is 
out—120 fathoms of it (720) feet, yet the 
ship still creeps shoreward. 

Meantime, officers and crew have been 
doing other things than watching the 3d 
mate pay out chain, Sails have been 
readied to set and get under way. 

Watching. at the chain locker hatch, ax 
in hand, old Chips, ship’s carpenter and 
veteran seaman, sees the chain suddenly 
jerk taut and tremble with the strain. 
“The bitter end,” he cries. above the gale. 

Captain Abstainer, whose composure 
never varies, even though a _ shattered 
topm’st may hit the deck at his feet, 
merely nods at Ist mate Drinkwater, 


whose lusty bellow shivers the stout tim- . 


bers-of the-old Nantucket Queen, “Cut ‘er 
loose! Make sail!” 

One swing of the ax severs the lashing, 
then, like a stricken serpent of great size, 
the freed chain comes writhing out of the 
musty hold, flailing this way and that on 
its way to the hawse-pipe, where it roars 
overboard in a sheet of fire. 

Economically minded, like an old-time 
Yankee shipowner, I feel that before I 
close something must be said about that 
costly anchor and 120 fathoms of chain 
left lying in the mud off Callao, Peru. 

Let all frugal souls rest at ease. Mate 
Drinkwater, a man of efficiency and abil- 
ity, looking for a command cn his next 


To a Seamew 


. . « But thine and thou, my brother, 
Keep heart and wing more high. ... 
Than aught may scare or sunder; 
The waves whose throats are thunder 
Fall hurtling each on other, 
And triumph as they die; 
But thine and thou, my brother, 
Keep heart and wing more high.... 


The lark knows no such rapture, 

_ Such joys no nightingale, 
As‘sways the songless measure 
Wherein thy wings take pleasure; 
Thy love may no man capture, 

Thy pride may no man quail; 
The lark knows no such rapture, 
Such joy no nightingale. eee 


—By ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE (1837-1909) 


Forum _ 


How to Pet 


a Sea-Serpent 


Ir was in the Indian Ocean [said Jim, 
telling a story to eight-year-old Derry]. 
It happened after a thunder-shower no 
longer than the one we’ve just lived 


through, only forty times as heavy. As it 
cleared off, I looked out for rainbows, 
and there, to be sure, were two of them. 
Only ever so much brighter than the two 
up there. One of them was so bright, in 
fact, that I’d never seen the like of it be- 
fore. It arched the sky from east to west, 
all violet-blue, and orange-yellow, and 
emerald-green, and ruby-red. It fair be- 
dazzled the eye. So that when I saw it 
give a wobble in the sky, I thought at 
first my sight was playing me tricks. 

But not at all! The rainbow went on 
wobbling. Then it began to stretch itself; 
and next a great head lifted up out of the 
western sea. Then I saw I’d been mistaken. 
One of the rainbows was a real rainbow, 
but. the other one was the Great Sea- 


“Serpent himself. 


“He waved his head about in the air for a 
bit, and then he let it down slowly, till 
his chin rested on my knee. Was I afraid? 


Sealed Introduction 


If you receive this friend of mine, 
beware! 

Take him in and listen, set him there 

Ingenuous, disarming, in your chair. 


I didn’t realize what he had done 
In mentioning his sailboat (we had none). 
Suddenly I saw me sailing one. 


We thought our life was crowded, up to 
then. 

We couldn’t fit another passion in, 

Bone up on halyard, cleat, and cotter pin. 


I saw my fingers trailing in the lake 

And eddying the moonlight in our wake— 

While I was serving him ice cream and 
cake. 


His like for innocence I never knew, 
But he made sailors of us all, and crew. 
Watch out! he means to do the same to you. 


Betty BRIDGMAN 


Not a bit of it! That Sea-Serpent had eyes 


as wistful as a dog’s.... 

‘Hallo!’ I said. ‘What’s the matter with 
you?’ 

The Sea-Serpent swallowed a sob and 
said, ‘Nobody loves me.’ 

‘How’s that?’ I asked. 

‘I’m too big,’ said the Sea-Serpent. 

‘Stuff and nonsense!’ I told him. ‘Noth- 
ing’s too big or too little to be loved. Look 
at babies.’ 

‘Look at me,’ sighed the Sea-Serpent. 
*You can pet a little baby. But who could 
ever pet me?’ 

I began to feel sorry for the poor 
monster. 

‘Do you want to be petted?’ I asked. 

‘More than anything,’ said the Sea- 
Serpent. 

‘All right,’ said I, ‘I’ll pet you.’ 

‘Oh, Jim!’ said the Sea-Serpent joyfully; 
and he snuggled the tip of his snout 
against my chest. 

‘Hold hard!’ I cried. ‘Don’t you start 
petting me, or there won’t be any of me 
left!’ 

‘I'll be good,’ said the Sea-Serpent. ‘Now 
begin.’ 

‘What shall I begin with?’ I asked. 
‘With my head,’ said the Sea-Serpent. 


Well, I began with his head, though it 
wasn’t very pettable, being all over knobs 
and bristles. However, I patted the knobs, 
and stroked between the bristles, and his 
eyes got sleepy with pleasure. He let out 
a sound between a hiss and a purr, like 
the sea washing the shore. 

Presently he said, “‘Thankee, Jim. That'll 
do‘for my head. Now get on a bit.’ 

I looked at him stretching up for miles 
and miles into the sky, and said, ‘It’s going 
to be a long job.’ 

‘Never mind that,’ said the Sea-Serpent. 
‘I want to be petted all over.’ 

‘Move along, then,’ I said. He shifted 
his head off my knee and laid it down on 
the deck at my feet; and he fetched a bit 
more of himself out of the sky, and 
flapped over my knees. I stroked and 
patted that bit too, and he went on purring 
and hissing in a way that made me 
drowsy.—From “Jim at the Corner,” by 
ELEANOR FarJEON. Copyright, 1958, by 
Eleanor Farjeon. Henry Z. Walck, Inc., 
New York. 


< . 
¥ — . oes : ; 
a tee. a OR . > Lin 
ees cone Me Cea : 3 math ee ee as 
Co eee 4 An A ~ Pe ty. 
* . 
x 
ott 


' PE ee 
eS A ; oy at” San weet o: 


Maritime Museum, Split, Yugoslavia 


SHIP ON FUNERARY MONUMENT: Yugoslav, 1679 


voyage, saw to it that a long line with a 
buoy attached -had been secured to the 
chain just before the bitter end was 
reached, Thus the place was marked, and 
the expensive outfit would be recovered, 
just as soon as the gale subsided. 

This brings to the bitter end the nauti- 
cal discourse of this unbending ancient 
mariner, Avast and belay, Mates! 

LEE STROBEL 


{What author could fail to appreciate 
being corrected in -such an entertaining 
way? There seems to be no quarrel in 
regard to the significance of “the bitter 
end,” but only the question of whether 
or not there is a securing timber calted 
the “bitt.” This is a point I am willing to 
concede; but, in case there is no bitt, I am 
curious to know why the secured end of 
the chain was called the “bitter” end. 

[I have checked this point, as well as 
the explanation of “backing and filling,” 
in a reference book, which bears out my 
statements in both instances. But we all 


know the fallibility of reference books, 
most of which are compiled by people 
who are in the unfortunate position of 
having to know (or seem to know) some- 
thing about everything. Therefore I bow 
to the statement of one whose knowledge 
is first-hand. Aye, aye, sir! — SILENCE 
Buck BELLOws|] 


For a Child by the Hand 


Here the ocean coming in 
Up the sand, 
And here the lovely to-and-fro 
Of sea on land, 
A nautical embroidery 
Of patterned lace, 
Of filaments of shifting foam, 
With there a trace 
Of seaweed garlanded. Behold 
This beach, not wide, 
Is the fair, rippling border sewn 
Of sand and tide. 

ALICE CLEAR MATTHEWS 


iF hall not die. but hive’ 


Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


THE Book of Proverbs reiterates the 
fact that health, harmony, and longev- 
ity result from an understanding of 
God and obedience to the Ten Com- 
mandments. The Psalms are hymns of 
praise for the ever-presence and the 
sustaining power of God. Besides fur- 
nishing convincing proof that sickness 
and death are contrary to the will of 
God, as was evidenced by such God- 
like men as Enoch and Elijah, each of 
whom completed his mission without 
passing through death, the Scriptures 
exhort men to get understanding in 
the demonstration of eternal life. 


With such inspiring testaments and 
with the encouraging statistical evi- 
dence today of longevity records and 
of mankind’s improving health, it 
would seem profitable if men, instead 
of consenting to the inevitability of 
old age, decrepitude, and death, would 
emulate the Psalmist, who trium- 
phantly sang, “I shall not die, but live, 
and declare the works of the Lord” 
(Ps. 118:17). 


Plainly this was the divine motiva- 
tion of the advent and works of Christ 
Jesus, for he healed the sick, cast out 
sin, and raised himself and others from 
death in opposition to so-called physi- 
cal laws. Although he could have 
avoided it;-he- submitted to the cru- 
cifixion that his resurrection might 
convince men that death is needless 
and unreal. He said (John 8:51), “If 
a man keep my’ saying, he shall never 
see death.” 

4+ £ S$ 


Mary Baker Eddy, the Discoverer 
and Founder of Christian Science, 
writes in “Science and Health with 


Key to the Scriptures” (pp. 428, 429), 


“It is a sin to believe that aught can 
overpower omnipotent and _ eternal 
Life, and this Life must be brought to 
light by the understanding that there 
is no death, as well as by other graces 
of Spirit.” This statement is based on 
the spiritual fact that God is Life, 
Truth, and Love, the divine Principle 
of all being, and that man is God's 
reflection. Hence man is eternally spir- 
itual, perfect, and harmonious and is 
incapable of experiencing sin, disease, 
and death, 

Christian Science, which is in com- 
plete accord with the words and works 
of Christ Jesus, teaches that these ex- 
periences are illusive and that they 
result from the belief in the reality of 


Something 
for the 
whole family 


when you read .. .. 


THE 
' CHRISTIAN SCIENCE 
MONITOR 


AN INTERNATIONAL DAILY NEWSPAPER 


The Christian Science Monitor - 
One Norway Street, Boston 15, Mass. 


Enclosed find $5.00 for a new 3-month subscription. 


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ey F ean 


for facts 
for special features 
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ik zal niet sterven, maar leven” 


[This is a Dutch translation of ‘I shall not die, but live,’ appearing on this page] 


Vertaling in het Nederlands van het op deze bladzijde voorkomend artikel over Christian Science* 
[De eerstvolgende Nederlandse vertaling zal op 23 juli verschijnen) 


Het boek Spreuken vermeldt herhaal- 
delijk het feit, dat gezondheid, harmonie 
en een lang leven voortkomen uit een be- 
grip van God en uit gehoorzaamheid aan 
de Tien Geboden. De Psalmen zijn lofzan- 
gen voor de immer-tegenwoordigheid en 
de ondersteunende macht van God. Be- 
halve dat-de-Schrift-ons-het-overtuigend 
bewijs geeft, dat ziekte en dood in strijd 
zijn met de wil van God, zoals bewezen 
werd door Gode-gelijkende mensen, zoals 
Henoch en Elia, die ieder voor zich hun 
taak volbrachten zonder door de dood te 
gaan, maant zij ons aan te leren begrijpen 
hoe wij het eeuwige leven kunnen demon- 
streren. 


Met zulke bezielende verklaringen en 
met de hedendadagse statistische gegevens 
omtrent zeer lange levensduur en vooruit- 
gaande gezondheid van het mensdom voor 
ogen, zou het nuttig wezen als de mensen 
in plaats van in te stemmen met de be- 
wering dat ouderdom, verval en dood on- 
vermijdelijk zijn, de Psalmdichter wilden 
nastreven, die triomfantelijk zong: ,,Ik zal 
niet sterven, maar leven, en ik zal de 
werken des Heeren vertellen” (Ps. 118:17). 

Het is duidelijk, dat dit de goddelijke 
beweegreden was voor de komst en de 
werken van Christys Jezus, want hij genas 
de zieken, wierp de zonde uit en wekte 
zichzelf en anderen op uit de dood in strijd 


met de zogenaamde natuurwetten. Hoewel | 


hij de kruisiging had kunnen vermijden, 
onderwierp hij zich er aan, opdat zijn 
wederopstanding de mensen zot overtui- 
gen, dat de dood onnodig en onwerkelijk is. 
Hij. zeide (Joh. 8:51): ,,Zo-iemand—mijn 
woord zal bewaard hebben, die zal den 
dood niet zien in der eeuwigheid.” 


BES ER 


Mary Baker Eddy, de Ontdekster en 
Grondlegster 
schrijft in ,,Wetenschap en Gezondheid 
met Sleutel tot de Heilige Schrift” op blz. 


428, 429: ,,Het is een zonde te geloven, dat. 


iets het almachtige en eeuwige Leven kan 
overweldigen, en dit Leven moet aan het 
licht worden gebracht zowel door het be- 
grijpen, dat er geen dood is, als door an- 
dere gaven van Geest.” Deze verklaring 
berust op het geestelijke feit, dat God 
Leven, Waarheid en Liefde is, het god- 
delijke Beginsel van alle zijn en dat de 
mens Gods weerspiegeling is. Daarom is 
de mens in alle eeuwigheid. geestelijk, 
volmaakt en harmonisch en is hij niet in 
staat zonde, ziekte en dood te ervaren. 


Christian Science, de Wetenschap die in 
volledige overeenstemming is. met de 
woorden en werken van Christus Jezus, 
leert ons dat deze ervaringen denkbeeldig 
zijn en dat zij voortkomen uit het geloof 
aan de’ werkelijkheid van de stof, een 
geloof dat sinds het begin der tijden in het 
menselijk bewustzijn heeft geheerst. Ter- 
wijl deze godsdienst het stoffelijk bestaan 
als een onwerkelijke droomervaring af- 
wijst, maakt zij het toch duidelijk dat 
louter het zien van dit feit niet voldoende 
is om van aardse disharmonieén bevrijd 


‘te worden. Er moet worden bewezen, dat 


zij onweérkelijk zijn door te begrijpen, dat 


het wezen van de mens in de grond vol- — 


haat, die disharmonie teweegbrengen, en 
door deze te vervangen door de gaven van 
Geest, zoals geestelijk begrip, liefde, rein- 
heid en goedheid —die alle de hoedanig- 
heden van de Christus zijn. 


Als het voorbeeld voor het mensdom en 
als de Wegwijzer, die ons de weg wijst om 
uit -de~—-stoffelijkeopvattingen vrij te 
komen, heeft Jezus onmiskenbare bewij- 
zen gegeven, dat het zijn zuiver Christelijk 
wezen was, dat hem in staat stelde aardse 
disharmonieén voor zichzelf-en voor an- 
deren te overwinnen. Hij wist, dat in over- 
eenstemming hiermee, de ware: zelfheid 
van een ieder dergelijke en groter werken, 
zelfs het overwinnen van de dood, zou tot 
stand brengen. Maar hij wist ook, dat wij 
dit geleidelijk zouden -bereiken, evenals 
dat met hem het geval is geweest. 


Christian Science belooft ons niet, dat 
de dood kan worden vermeden ‘voordat 
minder moeilijke problemen zijn opgelost, 
die voortkomen uit het geloof dat de stof 


van Christian Science*,. 


— 


Oar Flowers 


Park lake has its waterlilies 
Its sun-trailing waterlilies 
Long-stemmed _ easy rooted 
Its lake violets gold-white 
Camellias dropped to the waters 
Lotus to Nile green 
Beyond lily lotus 
To oar flowers : 
Floating whirling vanishing 
Created by the rower’s strength 
His dalliance 
Flowers that live by the oar 
Poising there past the rowing 
Image and after-image 


EMILIE GLEN 


de basis is van gezondheid, harmonie en 
substantie. Maar wel openbaart en bewijst 
zij wat in Wetenschap en Gezondheid op 
blz. 430 gezegd wordt, nl. ,,.Wanneer de 
mens ophoudt aan den dood te geloven, 
zal hij te spoediger nader komen tot God, 
tot Leven en Liefde.”’ 
| fe ee 

In deze tijd worden grote’ successen in 
menselijke  aangelegenheden  vermeld. 
Maar het weseldgebeuren wijst—-op de 
noodzakelijkheid, dat mensen, rassen en 
volken de Christusgeest gaan begrijpen en 
demonstreren. Want daardoor komt de 
enige bevrijding van vrees, wantrouwen, 
hebzucht, boosaardigheid, armoede_ en 
ziekte, en die bevrijding is een eerste 
vereiste voor universele vrede, harmonie, 
gezondheid en lange levensduur. Want de 
Christusgeest doet.ons de onwerkelijkheid 
van de stof en het kwaad zien en leert ons 
eeuwige geestelijke volmaaktheid tot uit- 
drukking te brengen in het onsterfelijke 
Leven, dat God is. 


Wannéer wij ons best doen Christus te 
gelijken, het geloof aan’de stof en aan de 
onvermijdelijkheid van ouderdom, verval 
en de ‘dood op te geven en ernstiger te 
streven naar dé grotere geestelijke wer- 
ken, die de twintigste eeuw vereist, zullen 
wij met de Psalmdichter zingen: ,,Ik zal 
niet sterven, maar leven, en ik zal de 
werken des Heeren vertellen.” 


*De naam, door Mary Baker Fddy aan haar 
ontdekking gegeven. ‘(Lees ‘Kristj'n 'Saiens.' De 
letterlijke vertaling van deze woorden is de 
Christelijke Wetenschap. 


Het Christian Science leerboek. ..Wetenschap 
en Gezondheid met Sleutel tot de Heilige Schrift” 
door Mary Baker Eddy, is in het Nederlands 
verkrijgbaar voor $3.50. Het wordt franco -naar 
elk adres verzonden door Charles Henry Gabriel, 
Publishers’ Agent, One Norway Street, Boston 
15, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 


Voor inlichtingen aangaande verdere Christian 
Science lectuur in het Nederlands, wende men 
zich schriftelijk tot: The Christian Science Pub- 
lishing Society, One Norway Street, Boston 15, 
Massachusetts. U.S.A. 


matter, a belief which has prevailed 
in human consciousness since time be- 
gan. While this religion repudiates 


material existence as an unreal dream 


experience, it makes clear that merely 
to perceive this fact is not sufficient 
to gain release from earthly discords, 
They must be proven unreal through 
the understanding of man’s funda- 
mentally perfect, harmonious, and 
spiritual being, as God knows it, the 
elimination of the errors of thought, 
such as fear, false belief, malice, and . 
hatred, which cause inharmony, and 
the substitution of such graces of Spirit 
as spiritual understanding, love, purity, 
and goodness—all qualities of the 
Christ, 

As mankind’s example and the Way- 
shower out of material beliefs, Jesus 
gave indisputable evidence that it was 
his pure, Christly nature which en- 
abled him to overcome earthly discords 
for himself and for others. He knew 
that it was the true selfhood of each 
individual which would consistently 
achieve similar and greater works, 
even the overcoming of death. But he 
also knew that this would be a grad- 
ual achievement in our experience, as 
it was in his. 

& & 6 


Christian Science does not promise 
that death can be avoided before less 
difficult problems arising from the be- 
lief in matter as the basis of health, 
harmony, and substance have been 
solved. But it does reveal and prove 
as stated in Science and Health (p. 
430) that “when man gives up his 
belief in death, he will advance more 
rapidly towards God, Life, and Love.” 


Today great achievements are being 
recorded in the affairs of men. But 
world events point to the necessity 
for men, races, and nations to under- 
stand and demonstrate the Christ- 
spirit. For through it comes the only 
release from fear, distrust, greed, mal- 
ice, poverty, and sickness, which re- 
lease is a prerequisite to universal 
peace, harmony, health, and longevity. 
For the Christ-spirit makes one cog- 
nize the unreality of matter and evil 
and teaches one to express eternal 
spiritual perfection in the deathless 
Life which is God. 

When one endeavors to be Christlike, 
to give up belief in matter and the 
inevitability of old age, decrepitude, 
and death, and strives more earnestly 
for the greater spiritual works which 
the twentieth century demands, he will 
sing with the Psalmist, “I shall not 


die, but live, and declare the works of 
the Lord.”’ 


EE 


{[Eisewhere on the page will be found a translation 
of this article in Dutch. The next Dutch translation 
will appear July 23.] 


‘ERR a x 
BRR a segs 
0 s 
RW ion, . AW 


roc as a BANS hd & . 
Se Qa RRR Rites 
; A tas 


How can 
I make the 
promises of the 
Biblecometrue? 


SCIENCE 


HEALTH THE TRUTH 


| IN THIS GREAT 
) | BOOK CAN 
HELP YOU 


It is possible today to re 
peat, in some measure, many of the 
healings performed by the prophets, 
by Christ Jesus, and by his disciples, 
if you will seek to understand the 
truth contained in this great book, 
Science and Health with Key to the 
Scriptures by Mary Baker Eddy. 

Christian Scientists are endeavor- 
ing to prove the statement of Jesus 
when he declared, “He that believeth 
on me, the works that I do shall he 
do also” (John 14:12). And by apply- 
ing the divine laws as revealed to them 
in their textbook, Science and Health, 
they are fulfilling, in varying degrees, 
that promise. 


In Science and Health you will find 
a full explanation of the method of 
Christian Science healing. And you 
will learn to know your Bible better 
and to find it becoming your guide- 
book to a full and happy life. 


Find this out for yourself! Read, 
buy,* or borrow a copy’of this book 
at the Christian Science Reading 
Room nearest you. There you can 

read this book, together with the 
King James Version of the Bible, in 
an atmosphere of quiet and rest, 
There, too, you: can borrow Science 
and Health without charge and take 
it home to read at your leisure. 


COME...AND BE HEALED! 


*Science and Health can be 
ebage in red, green, or 

lue binding for $38 at 
Christian Science Reading 
Rooms throughout the 
world, or it will be sent 
postpaid on receipt of check 
or money order by: 


, maakt, harmonisch en geestelijk is, zoals . 
God het kent, door het verwijderen van 
de dwalingen der gedachte zoals vrees, 
verkeerde opvattingen, boosaardigheid en 


for penetrating ediforials 


eit ; | ia ‘Gaantes Hany G Publishers’ Agent, 
City..------------=-Zone.... State... ‘Maritime Museum, Split, Yugoslavia ne Norway Street, Boat 15, Mamnriatente 
7 | wie sone coe 


————— 


Second Section 


a 


pe ee ee 


' 


‘THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR 


Thursday, July 9, 1959 


OR DOA III OREO AAR RY ACO DOME Na se eel 


“Nina Zolotova, Leader of a Communist Work 
Team at the Likhachov Auto Plant” (1958- 
1959). By E. Katzman. 


LALLA DP * OPM 


<> 


¥ . 
ST 


“Portrait of a Student Volunteer in the Virgin 
Soil Land” (1958-1959). By V. Oreshnikov. 


~ 


SE an ee 


“On the Shore of Lake Sevan” (1957). By G. Khandjyan 


Soviet Art 
Exhibit In 
New York 


By Dorothy Adlow 


Art Critic of The Christian Science Monitor 


New York 

AINTINGS, SCULPTURE, and graphic arts 

are incorporated in the extensive Soviet 

exhibition being shown at the Coliseum, 

New York City, through August 9. More 
than 300 works have been installed in a manner 
that makes their showing integral with mani- 
fold displays of technology, education, industry, 
and public welfare. Many of the paintings in the 
Coliseum are known to us: they are virtually 
Bolshevik classics. We appreciate the fact that 
the Soviets were willing to send cherished treas- 
ures across the Atlantic. 

In the City of New. York, a major stronghold 
of modern art, the presence of this collection of 
original paintings! and sculptures is exceedingly 
instructive, for comparison, for contrast with 
artistic creation on this side of the Iron Cur- 
tain. The contrast.is sharply defined. Viewers 
bred to the modern viewpoint have scarcely the 
orientation to explore, to enjoy, to judge the 
ceuvre of Soviet artists of this generation. 


Exhibit Overflowing 


The exhibits represent the 15 republics of the 
U.S.S.R. Obvious is the fact that all regional 
styles run to type. They are pictures of people; 
they are produced with a common purpose, to 
represent, to extol, to hearten citizens in varied 
branches of communal duty. There are individual 
portraits; but mainly the compositions consist of 
groups of people engaged in purposeful activity. 
In the earlier days of the regime, themes ran 
to revolutionary topics of military character, of 
provocative intention. The next trend was to 
nurture the growth of industrial projects, to make 
attractive the cultivation of the soil, and also 
to foster loyalty to the army. There has been ever 
an idealization of the worker, who is the embodi- 
ment of the hero. “Socialist realism” is the key- 
note. The artist has an eye upon the communal 
world; and he discovers picturesqueness in practi- 
cal activity; he describes momentous events and 
historical crises according to an official ideology. 

The Coliseum exhibition is full of personalities, 
portraits of heroes, workers, Composers, artists, 


“Portrait of People’s Artists of the U.S,8.R.” (1958). By P. Korin 
M. V. Kupryanov, FP. N. Erylov, and N. A. Sokolov, the three artists artists portrayed, paint under the group name of Kukrynikay 


‘ 


and political élite. Prominent in the display is 
the huge canvas “Lenin at Smolny,” painted in 
1930 by Isaac Brodsky: there is no portrait of 
Stalin; there is a crayon drawing, somewhat pe- 
destrian, of Khrushchev. One of the finest exhi- 
bits is a small work by B. Serov, “Peasant Dele- 
gates Visit Lenin During Revolution.” Serov 
simply duplicated the Lenin image by Brodsky 
in his small canvas. A_ larger-than-life-size, 
towering portrait of Gorky by Korin shows how 
that artist indulged in pictorial stylizations in 
order to intensify his interpretation of the ven- 
erated writer. 

Realism is mandatory, but an artist finds ways, 
while conforming to regulations, of responding 
to an inner urge for artistic values. But most 
Soviet artists come to terms with the “realist” 
slogan by adhering to a near-photographic nat- 
uralism which we associate—with—the—practical 
arts of poster painting, billboard design, and 
ordinary illustration. This art-with-a-purpose is 
legible and understandable. It accords with the 
socialistic objective of penetrating to the remot- 
est frontiers, of reaching the largest number. 
Facial features are clear and generally smiling. 
Costumes are either uniforms or work clothes. 
Never are they stylish or ornate. A proletarian 
common denominator prevails: workers in the 
fields, in an industrial -plant are sturdy and 
happy. When there is a moral issue, it is em- 
phatically, even startlingly projected as in “The 
End—The Last Days of Hitler’s Staff’ by 
Kukryniksy (the collective name of three 
painters). 


Portraiture Compared 


Personal portraiture ‘with verismilitude has al- 
most vanished from Western art, but that accom- 
plishment has been preserved by such 
ranking Soviet painters as Gerasimov, whose 
“Four Veteran Soviet Painters’ prolongs the 
academic tradition with dignity. This is not mere 
practical portraiture, but substantial, expert per- 
formanee, For good measure, Gerasimov includes 
various items of still life on the table around 
which the notables are gathered. In “Portrait of 
People’s Artists of U.S.S.R.” by P. Korin, three 


contemporary luminaries are gathered at a table 
laden with the tools of their trade, brushes and 
tubes of paint. Welcome is the portrait of Pro- 
kofiev, painted by P. Konchalovsky in 1934, a 
pleasant, rather romantic likeness executed in 
tones of green and violet. 

One of the foremost Soviet painters is Alex- 
ander Deineka, His “Wide Expanses,” depicting 
athletic women racing across the sunny landscape 
acclaims wholesome youth, The exaggerated 
handling of light recalls a famous Spaniard, 
Sorolla. Deineka dwells upon the subject of the 
young athlete in many of his pictures. An un- 
mistakable interest in anatomy is disguised with 
a thin veil of social realism. 

If subjects are down to earth, or workaday, 
they are softened with sentiment, drenched with 
light, rosy and gold, reflected by smiling fea- 
tures, This is not the light of Monet or Pissarro; 
it is the light of the theater. Many of these group 
compositions, running to generous proportions, 
appear as a kind of proletarian stagecraft, for 
example ‘Letter From the Front” by 
Lactionov., 


top- 


Moral Concepts Embodied 


Exponents of Soviet art say that these painters 
are recording typical qualities of the Russian 
people, and that the artists are deeply imbued 
with an obligation to embody moral concepts. 
There is no doubt that they concentrate on what 
is good and what to them is positive achievement, 
that they confirm what is seen as the cultural and 
ethical superiority of the regime. 

Some pictures at the Coliseum are only slightly 
concerned with socialist realism. For example, 
there are picturesque landscapes, and a few 
glistening still lifes. Konchalovsky’s “Lilacs” is 
an exuberant portrayal of purple and white 
blooms, and «Alexander Gerasimov’s “After the 
Rain” is a still life which comes closest to Parisian 
impressionism, and to the frank, sensuous de- 
light in the very feeling of paint expressed uni- 
versally by Western artists today. There is also 
a marine, “The Seventh Baltic Regatta” by E. 
Kalinin. To enumerate the very titles of some 
exhibits will indicate the documentary nature, 


eS eee ee 


Soe 


“A. A. Malkov, A. V. Tarasov, 


ae ae 


Oe eee 


ey Pa 


ee 


s 
=~ > . 


~ ~ nn II Onn 


. A. Kutsenko Subway Tunnelers” (1958-1959). By Y. Neprintsev 


Spee ater ivy 


iia scosbee. +e 


a 


™ ™ e , ~ a - ans a ‘ es ‘ AA ak 
. 5 , . @X.¢ . . oe Oe ee ee — Se ee te | . 
. x < ." « . . . 
. . a — isinis! eo deesaanshsowran-* ->- . i Pee ba 


“The Suburbs of Moscow 


From a series of illustrations to “Samarkand” 
(1943-1944). By V. Favorsky. 


and the intentional alliance of artists with‘his- 
toric events and with personalities presented from 
a Bolshevik viewpoint: “Partisan’s Mother” by 
S. Gerasimov; “The Tractor Drivers at Supper” 
by A. Plastov; “Morning at the Kairak-Kum 
Hydropower Plant” by U., Tansykbayev; and 
“Daughter of Soviet Kirghisia” by S: Chuikov. 

The sculptures run to the naturalistic, the offi- 
cial, the academic. Many of thém are larger-than- 
life-size: Among them are portraits of writers, 
of poets, of workers. 


Outlook Objective 


Inevitably, a visitor at the Coliseum is prompted 
to comparison of this highly provocative exhibi- 
tion with arts which all of us see and to which 
most of us are bred. In general, art within the 
Iron Curtain is objective, art outside, subjective. 
Soviet enterprise in art runs to uniformity in 
contrast with the multiform character of art 
elsewhere in the world. In the West, artists foster 
the idea of freedom of expression. They establish 
their own boundaries; explore new areas in the 
spirit of complete liberation. They may.~be 


' dreamers, mystics, pioneers, innovators; they may 


be naturalistic or satirical. If they are moral- 
istic, each ‘pursues a morality defined by himself. 
Soviet critics refer to the art outside the Iron 
Curtain as “formalistic.” That word is too loosely 
defined to qualify non-Soviet art. 

The term Iron Curtain is very meaningful in 
connection with the world of art today. Painting 
of the official, academic, naturalistic, illustrative 
character exemplified in one way or another in 
the Coliseum can be found in any community, 
in any country. But the most active and the more 
youthful trends run to an international idiom 
emanating from Paris and broadly characterized 
as modern. The Soviets are the only people who 
remain aloof from or resist those tides of .artistic 
fashion which have swept away traditional prac- 
tice favored in the Soviet Union, and penetrated 
nearly all centers of culture on the planet. 

It is interesting to speculate what would hap- 
pen to these artists of undoubted talent in the 
Soviet Union if the Iron Curtain disappeared, 
and they felt free to explore and experiment in 
a personaljand undogmatic way after the manner 
of their contemporaries at large in the world. 


in 1941-1952.” By A. Deineka 


PLB MO GS 


“VY. V. Mayakovsky” (1957). Bronze. By 
A. Kibalnikov. 


ee ER RR 


“Moscow Suburban Circuit” (1956-1957). By 
G. Nissky. 


All photographs by Gary Wegner 


10 *? 


on 


‘ 
\ 


Business—Research § THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON , THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


Industry—Finance 


Client Service Meets 


Wide Range of Needs 


This is the fourth in a series of six articles on Stone & Webster 
Engineering Corporation written by T. Cortlandt Williams at the 
invitation of The Christian Science Monitor. It describes vari- 
ous types of industrial plants and monumental buildings come 
pleted by this Boston organization. 


By T. Cortlandt Williams 
President, Stone & Webster Engineering Corporation 
Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


Boston 
Over the years, Stone & Web- 
ster Engineering Corporation 
has served a large number of 
varied enterprises, not only in 


plants and buildings, but also 
in collaborating with clients on 
site selection and development, 
general plant layout, and the 


selection and arrangement of | 


complete manufacturing equip- 
ment and facilities. 

In addition to building indus- 
trial plants, it has designed and 
constructed buildings for hos- 
pitals, colleges and universities, 
airports, office buildings and, in 
wartime, a variety of defense 
facilities ranging from arsenals 
to shipyards. 

Our engineers, in cooperation 
with Great Northern Paper 
Company’s staff, designed and 
constructed complete facilities 
to provide additional capacity 
of more than 400 tons of news- 
print per day, including two 
2,500 - feet - per - minute paper 
machines. These units were the 
largest of their kind for manu- 
fagmire of newsprint operating 
at this speed. 

Our engineers. have complet- 
ed economic studies and built 
many paper-making installa- 
tions. Their experience covers 
a wide range from manufactur- 
ing projects, such as those for 
Brunswick Pulp & Paper Com- 
pany at Brunswick, Ga., and 
Scott Paper Company at Ches- 


ter, Pa., to plants such as the) 


Curtis Publishing Company at 
Sharon Hill, Pa, which uses the 
end product. 


Techniques Differ 

While it is still a paper base 
operation, the hardboard and 
installation board mill for Abi- 
tibi Corporation required pro- 
vision for a different set of 
techniques. In addition to a 
completely integrated mill, this 
project included a storage ware- 
house, machine shop, labora- 
tory, power plant, and water 
treating and waste disposal fa- 
cilities. 

The brass industry offers ex- 
tensive opportunity for the 
broad application of our en- 
gineering talents. Stone & Web- 
ster has designed and built sev- 
eral complete mills and has 
modernized and improved many 
others at a total cost of over 
$44,000,000. Resultant success 
has amply substantiated the 
value of adequate analysis and 
the engineering report for client 
consideration as the preliminary 
step in any project. 

- The  continuous-brass-strip 


mill of the Scovill Manufactur- 
ing Company is a case in point. 
Our engineers carried on con- 


tinuing studies of capital cost 


‘and production expenses . over 
the design and construction of | 


a period of four years before 
proceeding with design and 
construction. As a result, this 
mill, with its annual capacity of 
76,000,000 pounds of finished 
brass strip, is effectively flexible 
in meeting the varied produc- 
tion demands on it. 
Diversified Studies 

Another example of our di- 

versified engineering studies is 


the service rendered to Cana- 
dian Car & Foundry Company, 
Ltd., Montreal, Quebec, one of 
the greatest car building opera- 
tions in the world. 

Industrial studies embraced 
the facilities of two car-build- 
ing plants to determine require- 
ments for modernization and 
layout of an efficient car-build- 
ing plant consolidating existing 
facilities. Effective use was 
made of three-dimensional 
models’ for this purpose. Ap- 
proximately——6,000-—-pieces-— of 
equipment were reviewed in the 
process of determining the ma- 
chine tools to be retained or re- 
placed. 

This huge expansion project 
has been under construction for 
the past two years and is 
scheduled for completion dur- 
ing 1959. 

Among various buildings our 


| unusual 
| facturing plan at Schenectady, 


ione of the 


plant 
both economical distribution and 


organization has built for Gen- 
eral Electric Company, the most 
is the turbine manu- 


N.Y. This building, comprising 
approximately 939,000 square 
feet and 50,000,000 cubic feet, is 
largest industrial 
buildings in the world. 
International Graphite & 


ara Falls, N.Y., manufacturers 
of carbon electrodes, made good 
use of the engineering study ap- 
proach to its expansion prob- 
lems. Our engineers made a proc- 
ess study, a geographical analysis 
of product distribution, and a 
site survey considering 


the availability of power, utili- 
ties, and skilled labor. Subse- 
quent construction of six dif- 


| ferent buildings was in keeping 


with 
needs. 


that 


company’s. actual 


List of Products 
Our engineers and construc- 


| from 

adapt their efforts to the client's | 
‘requirements. They work in co- | 
| operation with the client to per- | 


tion personnel have learned 
years of experience 


| form all or part of the engineer- 
|ing design and execute the con- 


forces or manage the construc- 
tion operations. 


week ie cece » voted 
eee Re 
SaaS On Ri ebeh * 


, Along the 

St. Lawrence Seaway 
Vast port preparations are 
'}accompanying the St. Lawrence 
|| Seaway opening. Much has been 
|made of port deficiencies, which 
have been highlighted as many 
of the first ocean-going ships 
Ei to call found inadequate dock- 
Bling facilities, untrained person- 

inel, etc, 

Yet the significant story is not 
these failings, which were to be 
‘expected during the early pe- 
'riod of the seaway. The lake 
'cities, moving with an enter- 
| prising. expectancy not without 
considerable risk, have spent a 
'substantial amount of money in 
|port improvements. 

These preparations viewed 
singly are impressive enough. 


} 
i 
i 
| 


dramatic story in tones of eco- 
nomic courage and foresight. 
For example, the seaway 
sii | found Toronto’s third $1,000,000 
1; Meee terminal ready for’ use. In all, 
300,000 square feet of modern 
in 


customs inspectors 


me building. 


Open Dockage 

Along with the covered space 
was open-area dockage to han- 
dle steel products, cars, and 
|other commodities which do not 
trequire shelter from 
| weather. 


Cathedral of Learning, Pittsburgh 


The Cathedral of Learning, at the Uniyersity of Pittsburgh, is 
one of the buildings in the field of education built by Stone & 
Webster Engineering Corporation. 


(on July 28. 
Electrode Corporation at Niag-| : 


'long have dominated the magic | Boing 


to | 


Ss ‘tion Ww ‘ith our own! 
tructio ork with ot D' was Arthur B. Homer, whose) stockhol 
~~ 


‘total pay, even after a cut from: 


‘Top Brass’ Seeks Pay Cut 


By Vartanig G. Vartan 


Special Correspondent of 


,$511,249. After taxes his income | composing the vast majority, see 
/was $98,374, which explains the | advantages in bringing bankers, 
The Christian Science Monitor desire of Bethlehem directors to! railroad presidents, and other 
New York |= soften Uncle Sam’s tax bite. ‘executives onto their i 
The 21 directors of Bethlehem! Ralph Cordiner, chairman of | This process brings in new ideas 
Steel Corporation, wlio comprise | General Electric Company, and, although companies never 
the highest-paid board in the | ranked last year as the second | hire billboards to proclaim the 
country, will enjoy a new com- highest-paid executive, with|cofkd economic fact, outside dl- 
pensation plan if stockholders} earnings a shade under $400,000.' rectors also can generate busi- 
approve it at a special meeting | The next five places all went to/| ness for their own concerns in 
| Bethlehem directors, three of! gentec! fashion. (After all, a 
them receiving $394,322 and| company has to transport its 
two earning $379,485. |goods on somebody’s railroad, 
Incentive Bonus Tells ‘and a company has to: borrow 
crease in personal income tax| Only two _ dozen ‘corporate | money from some bank.) 
rates.” |executives—among the tens of | Reign Appears Over 
But various stretchout pro- | thousands in this echleon across | 
visions of: the new proposal | the country—earned upwards of | 
(pegged to such factors as age | $300,000 last year. Bethlehem 
and the time of retirement) | alone placed 10 men in this top | 
probably mean that the Beth-/| group; its 21 directors received 
lehem board will not lose\any | total pay of $6,115,257, includ- 
take-home pay in the longrun, |1Ng $4,638,226 of “special in- 
Any change in the pay scales | centive compensation,” or bon- 
of Bethlehem’s corporate brass | US. 
deserves comment fcr the sim-| Over the past dozen years 
ple reason that its executives | roughly three-fourths of the pay 
to Bethlehem directors 
as come through bonuses | 


In effect, the directors are 
seeking a cut in their current | 
pay. A key reason: “The in- 


are announced next year, it 
seems likely that no Bethlehem 


The chairman of General Mo- 


| producer, received a pre-tax pay 
of $275,600. 
But even the recent large. bo- 

2 nuses going to executives of 
| which, in turn, are tied to the! Bethlehem, the second-ranking 
|dividends paid common stock-| steelmaker, are outdazzled by 

holders. The latest bonus plan the record of its honorary board 
| was pegged to 4'2 per cent of ;chairman, Eugene G. Grace. 


> £0 the dividend payout. From 1936 | Late in the 1920’s he received a 
among the nation’s highest-sal- | t, 1957 this bonus rate had run! v. : . 


aried business men. 624 per cent. 


circle. 
Top Spots Cornered 


One survey shows that Beth- 
lehem in 1958 cornered no less 
than six of the top seven spots 


Vast Port Projects 
Accompany Seaway 


By Godfrey Sperling, Jr. 
Chief of the Central Néws Bureau of The Christian Science Monitor 


Lvessels and 


north side of the harbor. 


: ‘range 
terminal space was: provided for | *°"8 


each | 


‘lift equipment in the port. This | moved back. 


the | 


i of 


ithe 


boards. | 


When the pay records for 1959 | 


executive will dominate the list> 


‘tors, the- world’s biggest manu-| 
facturing concern, earned $373,- | 
508 last year, while the chairman | 
of U.S. Steel, the largest steel 


| pletion. 
‘year’s bonus topping $1,000,000. | 


The channel for the deep-sea 
lakers now using 
the increased depth was com- 
pleted for all dockage on the 


A 400-foot channel along the 
western section of the harbor | 
and 800 feet off the terminals | 
themselves was completed by | 
contractors of the Department | 
of Public Works. 

According to E. B. Griffith, 
general manager of the Toronto | 


Harbor Commission, three proj- | 


ects are under immediate study | 
to take care of growth in busi- | 
ness. 

The first is the plan to con- | 
struct an additional terminal or | 
terminals if the first rush of | 
1959 business grows into a con- 


tinuous pattern. 
But when viewed in port after | 
iport, they add up to a truly | 


Appraisal Due 
An appraisal of the trade will 


ibe made over’ the next few) 
/'months 


to decide upon 
building expansion. 

The second plan is for a long- 
program whereby an 
outer harbor is to be built pos- 
sibly the next 20 to 25 years. 

The third plan involves heavy | 


this | 


includes a study of the loca-' 
tion, type, and cost of a land- | 
based crane, capable of handling | 
three or four times the weight 
now hoisted in the port. A 50-) 
ton lift..is already available, 
capable of handling 85 per cent 
the ships moving through | 
the seaway. 

Under consideration in Tor- 
onto, then, is a crane able to, 
lift 150 or 200 tons. Largest on | 
lake now are two 90-ton 
gantry cranes at Duluth. 

In Hamilton, harbor prepara- 
tions, for the seaway include a 
$3,700,000....Wellington Street 
wharf extension and terminal; a 
$2,000,000 terminal wharf No. 3 
on Ship Street: a $5,000,000 on 
Strathearne Avenue, which will 
provide berthage of one mile | 
with seaway depth throughout; 
a $5,000,000 improved 
entrance; and a $1,000,000 new | 


| wharf at Burlington, channel. 


Modern Pier Planned 

At Sault Ste. Marie a new, | 
modern dock is planned for one | 
of the busiest shipping routes | 
in the world. In Cornwal a 
deep-water harbor being 
planned. Initial costs might run 
between $7,000,000 and $10,- 
000,000. fad) | 
At Sarnia alterations are taking 
place on the existing dock, 
which has an over-all length 
of 1,000 feet and has accom- 
modated three overseas vessels 
at one time. | 
Improvements valued at $137,- | 
000 set out in the 1958 federal | 
budget are now nearing com- 


is 


'according 


harbor | 


7 


S.S. LYNGENFJORD prepares to depart from 


Stone & Webster Activities Span Vast Engineering Spectrum 


ee ple” . vip <n 
i a ME Bes 


« oO “ - 
OIF 


the Port of Mil- 


waukee with the largest piece of heavy-duty industrial machin- 
ery yet to be shipped on the St. Lawrence Seaway since that 
waterway’s opening in April. The 100-ton crusher is bound for 
Egersund, Norway, and scheduled to arrive sometime in July. 


and in its place 
two new structures—have-—been 
erected, each 40 foot by 150 foot. 

Next major step in the devel- 
opment of the Sarnia Harbor, 
to A.W.S. Bennett, 
secretary-manager of the cham- 
ber of .commerce: construction 
of two “finger” pliers from the 
south side of the present dock 


‘into Sarnia Bay. Plans already 


have been approved. 


Last fall at Sarnia in prepara- | 
‘tion for the seaway trade, demo- 
| lition experts blasted the hulks 


of. four wrecks which had long 
been a menace to traffic cir- 
cumnavigating the island. With 
this task finished, work was be- 
gun on a $3,380,000 project to 
deepen the channel in 
Lake Huron. 


French Cars Arrive 
by a Staff Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 
Chicago 
A load of 600 made-in-Paris 
Renault Dauphine autos, 
first shipped from. France via 
the St. 
the largest number of cars ever 
sent to Chicago by sea, has ar- 
rived here aboard. the 
Chicago, 
The Chicago, a new ship es- 


pecially designed for commerce | 
‘between European and Great 


Lakes ports, has docked at Navy 


Pier after completing her maid- | 


en vovage here. 
Andre Bouteille, local French 
Line representative, says the 


treceived-—by 


| show 
lower | 


the | 


Lawrence Seaway and 


SS | 


for automobiles which now aré 
eastern “United 
| States ports, 

The cargo, including French 
iwnerchandise for Marshall Field 
& Co. as well as autos, is de- 
scribed as a “trial shipment” 
made as part of a study regarde- 
ing regular seaway use to Chie 
cago and othes ports on the 
|Great Uakes. 
| “We shall examine the re- 
‘sults of the first shipment 
closely,’ says Robert E. Valode, 
| Vice-president and general man- 
| ager of Renault, Inc. “If they 
we can deliver Renaults 
to the growing number of cus- 
tomers in the central states via 
the seaway more economically 
than by using Atlantic seaports, 
Renault will take the necessary 
steps to become a regular user 
of the seaway.”’ 

M. ‘Bouteille says special feae- 
tures were designed into the 
new Chicago, to facilitate pas- 
|sage through the seaway. These 
include —special winches and 
ispecially shaped bow and hull 
|\—frigatelike with no overhang 
to permit easy passage 
| through the locks. 
| The 450-foot ship is powered 
by a 7,000-horsepower diesel 
engine. Normal speed at sea is 
(155 Knots, 

The Chicago is one of two new 
'French Line cargo vessels for 
| service, 


'Great Lakes-European 
|The other, to be named after 


‘arrival of the vessel may prove} Cleveland, is te be launched this 
limportant to the emergence of|September and is scheduled to 


The main warehouse has been | Chicago as a great import center! enter service next year. G. 8., Jr. 


Standing secure in first place) >, proposed plan, which 
ders most likely will | 


to | approve at the meeting in Wil- | 


mington, provides for crediting New York Stock Exchange Quotations 


'“dividend units” to executives. |Stks/Divds Sales 
| Lawyers contend these dividend | (Dollars) 1100s) Bigh Low 1:30pm Chge 


Sperry Rand Sues 'units (based on a complex for- | et 9 1 ” 


: ‘ | Addressog 1'b 
| mula involving the firm’s net in- | Admiral 3 


i ei : 2 

In the heavy industries, our | the ae. Fee. Se 
work has included a wide range | 
of plants for the production of 
‘open-hearth steel, castings . of 
‘iron, steel, and _ nonferrous 
metals, cleaned and _ prepared 
coal, fertilizer, cement, and 
heavy electrical and mechanical] 
equipment. 

A list of plants producing 
goods for consumer use would 
include such products as sugar, 
molasses, yeast, toilet and 
laundry soaps, detergents, vege- 
table-oil shortening, margarine, 
artificial flavoring, corn prod- 
ucts, tea, fermented beverages, 
tobacco, worsted and woolen 
textiles, lamps, batteries, food 
containers, and magazine and 
newspaper publishing. 

Buildings constructed or 
whose construction was super- 
vised by Stone & Webster range 
from simple sturctures for fac- 
tories to elaborate monumental 
buildings such as the 40-story 
Cathedral of Learning for the 


’ Tata are 
On Wall Street 
. - . “trad secrets” relatin to 
President, Stone & Webster University of Pittsburgh and the Maine A ems which eater? 
Engineering Corporation Shamrock Hotel in Houston. 


contends are its “exclusive {included a base salary of only 

7 and_ confidential property.” $100,000) would therefore re- 

In addition to the monetary (ceive $306,749 on the adjusted 
damages, the suit seeks tem- | basis. 
porary mandatory and per- The new plan should take 
manent injunctions against | Bethlehem’s board out of the top 
the eight men, named as Ber- |Salar¥ spotlight—a move that 
nard J. Rothlein, Edward N. {likely will make its directors 
Clarke, Joseph L. Gruber, |breathe a little easier. In the 
Milton Schneider, Robert L. | past, some stockholders and even 
Hopkins, Robert L. Koch, | United States senators have 
Richard R. Rau, and Arthur | leveled sharp—criticisms—at—the 
VY. Siefert. high pay scale enjoyed by the 

The complaint alleges the | Bethlehem brass. 
defendants “during their Lawsuits Filed 
course of employment ac- Shareholders have filed law- 
quired knowledge of certain {suits in court and introduced 
inventions, trade secrets, con- /resolutions at annual meetings 
fidential processes . .. tech- | attacking the bonus plan. The 


nical data related to semi- [new proposal may stem: this 
conductors or to their design, | critical tide. 


manufacture or use of semi- When Mr. Homer went to 
conductors. . « .” Washington in October, 1957, to 

Sperry’s suit acknowledges | explain the steel price boost of 
the defendants, while work- | 1956 Senator Estes Kefauver 
ing for the firm and with /(p) of. Tennessee displayed 
other employees, did develop || greater interest at the outset in 
additional inventions. How- | the whopping bonuses paid to 
ever, the suit says these are | Bethlehem directors. The chair- 
“still the exclusive property” | man of the Senate antitrust and 
| of Sperry Rand. monopoly subcommittee went 
Ss out of his way to note that the |‘ 
| 3 total pay of Bethlehem’s board | GUmA." } 4, 
in the past decade came to $38,- | Canad Pac 112 
992,183, including $28,430,389 in Carrier Cp 80x 

° ase, 

Mr. Homer feplied that the | Cater Trac 3 
theory of the incentive plan is | Celotex 2 
to tie the interests of the direc- | Cer de Pas dd 
tors to the company’s benefit. P 

Dual Role Played 

One key reason for past at- 
tacks .on the Bethlehem pay 
scale is that the directors are 
all officers of the company. This 
composes a so-called “inside” 
board, a rarity among big corpo- 
rations ‘today. (One of the few 
other firms with an inside board 
is Jersey Standard Oil Company, 
whose directors meet every 
Thursday morning at 11 o’clock 
sharp in an oak-paneled room 
on the 29th floor of 30 Rocke- 
feller Plaza.) , 

Advocates of an all-inside 
board insist the company func- 
tions more efficiently when ev- 
ery director is a full-time work- 
ing employee, Other companies, 


Net 


Transactions Today Selected and Compiled by Associated Press fetks/Divéds Sales 


(Dollars) (100s) 
: Stks/Divds Sales 
33 . (Dollars) (100s) 
+ yl + | Cont Mot .60 
soir” >. ‘* | Cont Oil 1.60 
| Corn Pd 2 
| Corning GI! la 
| Cosden Pet 1b 


Net 

High Low 1:30pm Chge 

ase Hees 1.20 30 
rve 


€ 

Serv 

Sharon Sti .50g 
a Oi) 2 
f 
£ 
K 


Net ;Stks/Divds Sales Ne 

High Low 1:30pm Chge (Dollars) (100s) High Cow 1:30pm Chg 
| LOF Glass 2 15% 75% 
Lib McN&L 11°» 1s 


er 
a 


— 
-_ 


Sheraton .60b 
signode S ib 

/ Simmons 1.20g 
sinclair 3 
smith, 

Socony 

i¢ 


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eonmweeneeee* 

© 


HEL i+ 


~~ Our FF wee ~~ Uwe 


By the Associated Press 
New Haven, Conn. 

The Sperry Rand. Corpora- 
tion has filed a one-million- 
dollar suit against eight for- 
mer employees, charging vio- 
lation of “property rights.” 

The suit, filed in United 
States District Court July 7, 
said the eight technicians and 
engineers were employed by 
Sperry Rand in South Nor- 
walk, Conn., until about May 
25, and that they organized 
the National Semiconductor 
Corporation in Danbury, 
Conn., May 26. 

It is alleged the defendants 
took with them certain ma- 
terials, information and 


12 
| Lockh Aire 1.20 2 
Loew's Inc 30 
Loew's Thea 129 
Lon § Cem 1.20 20 
Lone S Gas 1.80 12 
| Lou & Nash 5 15 
Lukens St] .50g 6 
| Lykes SS1 
| Mack Tr1.80 
| Macy 2 


as 


Oe WO) 3 
2 


+ 


i 


- 


2 
Crown Zell! 1.80 28 
Cruc Stl .80 
Cudahy Pk 
| Cuneo Press 


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7 
3 
3 
i 
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NH DO De 
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," | Curtis Pub .35 

, | Curtis Wr 2.50 

* | Cutler H 2 


sou Ry 2.80 
iperry Rd.80 
| Spiegel ib 

| Square D1 
std O Cal 2 


> pee poherh poets} 3 
O.A183 6 IO 389 


. 
8 
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Dan Riv M .80 
| Daystrom 1.20 
| Decca Rec 1] 


eere 2a 


eee AD 
ae Ge WwW 
ra ra ranrTn ran ra rn 
s 


| Std Oi! Oh 2'; 
| Stan War 1.20 
| Stauff Ch 1 
| Stevens JP 11, 
Stew W 2b 


Del LAW 32 #1 
|Delta AirL 60g 4 
| Det Edis 2 
Diam Alk 1.80 3 25 
' Diners Clubl.87f 4. 3: 33 33 —~— * 
; Disnev .40b 
' Dom Min .70 
| Doug Airc 2 
Dow Chem 1.20 
| Dress Ind 2 
| du Pont 3g 
| Duq Lt 1.10 
East Air L1b 
i East Kod .74h 
El Paso NG 1.30 
| Emer Rad .37t 
Erie RR 
| Eversharp 1.20 
| Fairb Mor 1.40 
Fairch E 
| Fansteel 1b 
Fed D Str 2 
| Firestone 2.60b 
First N Str 2a 
Firstamer .80 
Flintkote 1,80 
Food Fair 1 
| Food Mach 1.20 
FordMot!.60 
Forem Dair 


i Manh Shirt .70 

| Marine M 1 

, Marq Cem1.60 

| Marsh Field 2a 

| Martin Coal.60 

5 | Masonitel.20b 
,° | McGraw Hi 40a 
7 | MerrC&81.20 

~~. *|Mesta Mch2'2a 
' | MiddleSU1 90 
1" | Midw Oi1.70g 

‘ be Hon1.60a 

| MinnM&M1.40 
* | Minute M.50g 
, |MoKTex 


eoeeoer eee FeEwwe een ene 


LS] 


wre 
MUR Dow AQGowetoe 


, lcome and the market price of | Af peices 
Former Workers. Ait Reduc 24 
The salary-plus-bonus sched- 
piled Bt 
: -"* | Allis al 50g 
chewed up hy income taxes in | | 
. “h ; : Alcoa 1.20 
each current year, since nearly | {02 129, 
e tec . Bk Not 1.20 
ge 91 per cent tax bracket. | §m Bk Not 12 
slated to go out the window, the | 4m Can@ 
. ‘ | Am Cyan’1.60 
company also proposes to 12 
AmHmPdxd3.60a 
*Fdvw 2? s 
as of July 1, to 60 per cent of | 4m M&Fady 2. 15 
the total pay last year. |Am Met Pd 1.60 


Lits stock) becometaxable—only+4-JInd 
lleg Lud 2 
| Allied Ch 3 
ule, in contrast, has been 
Alunt Ltd .30g 
all Bethlehem directors rank in| Am Airlin 1 
the ‘cash bonus now/| Am Bd Pari 
Am&FPw 1 
change the base salary, adjusted 
Am Met C! 1.20 91 
Mr, Homer (whose 1958 pay 


oo = ff 


me) 
oe eee 


| AmMtors2.40 
AmNGas 2.60b 
*AmShipBd 

_Am Smelt .50¢ 

| AmSoAfric.20¢ 

| Am Stores 2b 

| Am Sugar 1.60a 
AmTel&T13.30 
AmViscose lg 

| Am Zine .25g 

| Ampex Cp 2 

AmphBorg 1.40 

Anaconda 2 S 

Ander Clayt 2 

Argo Oil 1.20 

Armco Sti 3 

Armur&Co2°*sf 

Armst Ck 1.20a 

Arvin Ind .50d 

Ashi Oi! 1b 

Assd Dry G 2.20 2 55': | 

Atchison 1.20a 2); : 3: L | 

| 


| Stone& W-2a 
| Stud Pack 
Sun Oil 1b 
Sunray 1.32 
+Sup O Cl 3b 
| Swilt’sCo 1.60 
| Tenn Gasi.40 
| TexacaZ.40 
,, | TexGPTod .60 
, | TexGSul 1 
| TexPC&O 1 
| TexPLTr.30g 
4 | Textronl.25 
Thiokol 
4 | Tidew O111.37f 
Timk2RBeer2 
| Tish Real 40a 
, | Trane Co. 1 
| Tran W Air 5 
|Transamer 80 57 
| Tri Cont 60g 7 
47 
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39'2 
Fabian Bachrach ' 36' 
T. Cortlandt Williams 5 14a! 


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65"s ~.,°| Mont Ward 2 of | 
148‘a + 1*s} Moore Me 1° 

Morrell .30d 
Motorola 1'2 
Nat Airlin.12d 


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Py 


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Ati Cst Line 2 

Atl Refin 2 

Atlas Cp .15r 
Atlas Pdr 2.40 
Avco Corp .40 199 
Babceck&W lb 34 
Bal j 60 501 


Should you 
buy stocks as a 
hedge against. 
inflation? 


i Tw Cen 1.60 
« | TAL Oil 
> | Un Carbide 3.60 24 
'Un O11 Cal 75d 52 
| Un Pac 1.20a 69 
Un Air L ‘eb 71 
Unit Aire 3 42 
Un Artists-1.60...24 


~~ 
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| Fost Wheel 
| FreeptSuli.20 
Frueh Tra 
Gar Wood 
Garrett 2 
Gen Cable 2 
Gen Dynam 2 
n Elec 2 
Gen Fds 2.60 16 
Gen Mills 3 2 
Gen Motors? 3230 


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Seech Airc 1.60 
jell Airc .25¢ 
sSell&How .14h 
sendix Av 2.40 
seth St 


Unit Shoe 2*2a- 35 
Gore” % 
During the past twenty years, the right stocks would 
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trid Brass. : : ‘ f é. ; ; enn : 

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White Sew a 
Wilson&Col.40 9 


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118 118's—3 
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WHIP 3 Pw 


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Pa RR ‘ae 


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YngstShaTs 11 136% 
Zenith Rad l 50 1121's 


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Pheips D 3 
Phila El 2.24 
Philco 

Phill Pet 1.70 


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THE CHRISTIAN SCIEN CE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, JULY 9,” 1959 | 


' Soviet Pomp Greets Paperer | 


By Paul Wohl 


Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


Escorted by seven black-nosed 
Yaks, Emperor Haile Selassie of 
Ethiopia flew into Moscow from 
Cairo in a mother-of-pearl-col- 
ored TU-104 at 690° miles an 
hour. 

Waiting for him on the Vnu- 
kovo airfield, June 29, was the 
flower of the Scviet leadership) 
headed by President Voroshilov 
“and Premier Nikita S. Khrush- | 
chev, with the black-dressed 
diplomatic corps in silk hats. 

Mr. Khrushchev, who usually 
likes to give official receptions a 
touch of informality, had donned 
a dark suit despite the heat and 
instructed government and 
party Presidium members to 
dress up in honor of His Im- 
perial Majesty, a title not heard 
in Moscow since Czarist days. 


Not even India’s Prime Min- | 


ister Jawaharlal Nehru was. 
greeted with similar’ pomp. A. 
Black SIS escorted the Emperor 
to\an apartment reserved for 
himNin the Great Kremlin Pal- 

ace. 
The Saviet Premier obviously | 
was out tes surround the Ethio- 
ith a maximum 


“pian monar wi 
pt pomp and circumstance. 
Selassie 


‘ Past Recalled 
; 4 peror to 


Technically Hal 
as not the first E 
visit the Soviet capitah. Shah 
Riza Pahlevi of Iran, wh vis- 
ited Moscow in 1955, also rahks 
as an emperor according to pro~ 
tocol. But in his case the So-' 
viets stuck to his Oriental title 
of Shah-in-Shah,_ carefully | 
avoiding the Russian title of) 
Imperator which had been that 
of the Czar. In those days, 
must be recalled, Vyacheslav M. 


!empire it also may have been a 
peculiar sensation. 


associates are hard-headed men, 
who observe —vrotocol without 
being slaves to it. They must 
have had weighty reasons for 


extraordinary a reception. 
Their main reason apparently 
was to impress Africa and the 
|Africans who are known to take 
fetow in the ancient Ethiopian 
mpire, which, apart from a few 
years of Italian occupation, has 


| never lost its independence. Af- | 


rica, in the opinion of most ob- 
servers, is thought of in the 
Kremlin as a promising field for 
Soviet — albeit not necessarily 
Communist revolutionary 
propaganda, 
View Abandoned 

Around 1956 the Soviets 
‘abandoned their former view 
that Ethiopia was “under the | 


double yoke of medieval feudal- 
'ism and American imperialism.” 

| Soviet publicists discovered that 
'the Addis Ababa government | 
| actually “wanted to lessen 
\dependence on_ the 
States.” 

More recently, on May 5, on 
the occasion of Ethiopia’s Inde- | 
pendence Day, Radio Moscow 
praised the country’s 
with the peoples of Africa fight- 
ing for national independence. 
Emperor Haile Selassie was 
quoted as having proclaimed 
during the “Liberate Africa” 
ceremonies of April 15 that “the 
people and territory of Africa no 
longer can be regarded as a 
‘keservation of colonial interests 
1. \. OF a target for imperialist 
| designs.” 

Another reason for the prom- 


| 


But Mr. Khrushchev and his 


giving the EthiopianNegusso- 


| 
| 


its | 
United | the Kremlin’s Borovitsky gate 
'was lined with cheering crowds ‘the 


| reserved Emperor into the front | 
solidarity | 


Ethiopia doubled between 1956 
and last year. Last summer, an 
Ethiopian economic mission 
visited the U.S.S.R. with the re- 
sult that Moscow today pur- 
chases about . one-tenth of 
Ethiopia’s coffee exports. 


Aid Offer Hinted 


Pravda June 28 hinted that 
the Soviets have offered Ethiopia 
financial assistance in carrying 
out its current Five-Year Devel- 
opment Plan (1957-1961). In 
view of the relatively small 
assistance given by the West— 
in the fiscal year 1957-1958 
Ethiopia received $9,900,000 net 
—Moscow should not find it 
difficult to top the ante. 

In receiving the Emperor the 
way ‘he did, Mr. Khrushchev 


also may have thought of the 
Muscovites’ love for spectacles 
which give them a whiff of a 
more colorful outside world. 
Seen from this angle, the recep- 
tion probably offset some of the 
‘qualms aroused by the grim 
| work program drawn up by the 
Central Committee. 

This may explain why the en- 
‘tire road from the airport to 


With ebullient showmanship Mr. | 


Khrushchev nudged the slightly | 


seat of the open car, separating 
him from his interpreter and 
from then on having to perform 
regular calisthenics to signa] to 
the Emperor when he was ex- 
pected to sit down and to rise. 

Haile Selassie, as is his fash- 
ion, responded with dignity and 
a faint smile. At the banquet; 
which President Voroshilov gave 
in honor of his guest, Mr. 
Khrushchev praised the monarch | 
for his adherence to the Ban-. 


finent reception of the Emperor | dung principles of noninterfer-' 


(world polhitics. Moscow 


it | may be Ethiopia’ s importance in!|ence and for 


Molotov was still Foreign Min- | Prague haveN\tried hard to step | 


ister. 
This time the few remaining 
Muscovites who remember pre- 


once again an Imperator resided | 


| up their trade with Ethiopia. 
| From 1,000,000 rubles ($250,000) 
in 1956, Soviet purchases 


11,000,000 rubles in 1957, 


| 


of |U.S.S.R. From July 9 to 13, he 
revolutionary days must have! Ethiopian products, mainly cof-| will be back in Moscow 
cocked an ear on hearing that) fee and hides, rose to more than | negotiations 


his alleged policy | 


and | of strict neutrality, 


On July 1, Haile Selassie flew 
off for a nine-day tour of the 
European. territories of the 


for | 


with the Soviet 


the | Government and some of the} 


in the Kremlin. For the sons of| balance of trade being Ito 15| most brilliant receptions cf the | 


muzhiks who today are at the 
helm of the onetime Russian 


|in favor of Ethiopia. 
Czechoslovakia’s 


|year. On July 13, a TU-104 will 


trade with! take the Emperor to Prague. 


Business Horizons 


Nigerian Oil Flow Gains Stature 


By JOHN HUGHES, Staff Correspondent of The Christian Sclence Monitor 


Lagos, Nigeria 
Nigeria’s rivulet of oil from. 
experimental wells 
come a steady stream. 
Daily production has risen 


from 6,000 barrels to 9,000 


barrels (about — 1,350 tons) 
recently. By the end of this 
year Shell-BP, the company 
at work in Nigeria, hopes to 


be shipping out‘ crude oil at 


the rate of 500,000 tons a year. 
Oil executives still are cau- 


tious in their comments on. 


Nigerian oil fields. Anxious 
not to boost local hopes too 


July 
White 


has be- | | 


‘high, they are underlining the | 


‘problems to be overcome be- 
fore experimental output 
‘turns into commercially suc- 
cessful output. 
it seems evident that hopes 


court. This is the Nigerian 


port which big oil tankers 
must use_to ship Nigerian oil | 
|for export. 


Nevertheless | 


‘of Nigeria becoming one of. 


black Africa’s principal oil 
producers are mounting daily. 

Shell-BP already has spent 
£ 48,000,000 
‘in the search for oil 
| geria. 


in 
4 


Now that production 
‘about to reach the 500,000- 
| ton- a-year mark, the com-| 
pany may build a refinery in 
\Nigeria to supply the local | 


an 


| 


} 


Associated Press Wirephoto 


MOSCOW MEETING: Emperor Haile Selassie 
of Ethiopia (right) sits opposite Soviet Premier 
Nikita S. Khrushchev during a meeting at the 


Kremlin July 7. The Emperor is in the Soviet 
Union for a two-week official visit. Next to the 
Premier is Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko. 


| tarian regimes.” 


Nonfree Union Ties Hit 


By ‘rnold Beichman 


Special Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 
Berlin 
One of the thorniest issues in 
international free trade 
union movement is the peren-_| 
nial question whether demo-| 
cratic labor organizations should | | 
maintain fraternal relations or 
exchange delegations with labor 
groups in totalitarian countries. 


The issue came to a head here 
recently at the executive board 
meeting of the International 
Confederation of Free Trade 
Unions when it was reported 
that the recent convention of the 
Yugoslav Trade Union Federa- 
tion had been host to repre- 
sentatives of ICFTU affiliates | 


and Lebanon. 

George Meany, AFL.-CIO 
| president an ICFTU execu- 
tive board member, charged that | 

“the primary purpose for which | 
the ICFTU was’ formed is to) 
'bring together the world’s free| 
trade unions to help ane an-| 
other stay free and, if possible, 
to help the victims of totali- 
He said: 


Contacts Shunned 


“The opposition of the sCE TV | 
is not just to one brand of | 
totalitarianism. Under no cir- | 

| 


cumstances should we have ~ | 
tacts either with unions 

Falangist Spain or unions in| 
Communist countries. includ- | 
ing Yugoslavia. If by these con- | 
tacts you think you are helping | 
'Yugoslav workers, let’s dismiss 
‘that idea. Any contacts with 
‘unions in dictatorship countries 
are used propagandawise_ to 
strengthen the regime. These 


Whereas such tankers draw | are not contacts with the en- 


35-41 


feet of water. when!slaved workers 


but fraternal 


fully loaded, the deepest: wa- | contacts-with their jailers and 


ter in any eastern NigeNan | 


|port is 21 feet. Thus big tank- | 
ers must sail half loaded with) 


($134,400,000) 
Ni-| 


| 


is | 


oil if they are to get over the 
bar. This naturally makes the | 


cost of shipping the oil twice | closed that the 


as expensive. 


| 


that applies. to 
Spain, and Russia.” 

As proof of the difficulty of | 
working with totalitarian labor | 
igroups, J. H. Oldenbroek, 
‘ICFTU general secretary, dis- 

International | 
Building and/' 


Yugoslavia, | 


Federation of 


While Nigerian oil output) Woodworkers had expelled two| 
has been on a small scale, the | Yugoslav wnions last March on | 


‘shipping problem has 
loomed as a major one. The 
| fact that Shell- BP is to in- | 


not | the grounds 


| 


that they 


were; @ 


dominated by the Tito govern-|labor unions have unanimously 
“not free to! voted their opposition to the en- 


and were 
enter into discussion with .us 
on major points of general 
policy and principle.” 

Risks Sighted 

Mr. Oldenbroek said that “you 
can't influence the leaders of 
Yugoslav unions.” More 
portantly, he said, “you risk 
losing the affection of the op- 
ponents of th® regime and it's 
a disappointment for them to 
find that our organizations can 
be used against them.’ 

The ICFTU leader said that 
the organization had rejected a 
Yugoslav invitation to attend its 
congress in Belgrade because the 
ICFTU cannot “maintain rela- 


ment 


zhekez- , tions with an organization which 
| in Britain, Greece, India, Israel, = 3 8 


‘it cannot consider -as 


free to 


‘ponents of the Franco regime, 
‘both inside Spain and in exile, 
in seeking the | 


bargain on behalf of its mem-| 


bers or independent of external 
domination.” 

The’ British Trades 
Congress reported to the ICFTU 
that it believed that there is a 
certain important difference: be- | 
tween Yugoslavia and other | 
Communist states.” The' TUC 
president, Robert Willis, at- 
tended the Yugoslav labor con- 
vention in April. 

Meanwhile, the world’s free 
2 ? 


Volume Returned 


| torship. 


istated that 
Union | 


| 
| 


50 Years Overdue 


By the Associated Press 


San Antonio 

In 1909 someone checked 
the book “Cautle Blair” out of 
the Carnegie Public Library 
here. 

It was returned July 7, more 
than 50 years overdue. 

The book was placed in a 
collection chute at a branch 
library, preventing officials 
from learning who brought it 
back. 

Library officials said the 
book, overdue since Jan. 4, 
1909, would have carried a 
$472.50 fine. They said the 
volume probably was listed as 
lost and was paid for by the 
borrower. 


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MONADNOCK REGION, large shore lot, 
new development, excellent fishing and 
boating, reasonable 
benefit of our custome Write 
ae 8. 8. Stone & gon. ‘Fitzwilliam, 
. H.. JUniper 5-6569.. 


_PAYING GUESTS 
PEACE PIPE LODGE 


Cobbosseecontee Lake, Central Maine. 
One mile shore frontage on nine-mile 
lake, over one hundred acres, beautifully 
wooded grounds, _recreation, rest and 
study. Your own attractive, modern cot- 
tage with fireplace. Tasty, abundant 
ane cooked ftood. Write or phone. 

R. and MRS. WILLIAM LAWSON 
LitebSela. Maine ANdrew 8-4471 


JUNIPER HILL, WINDSOR. VT. — For 
summer residence, rest, study. or a 
quiet vacation in gracious, 
atmosphere. rey hilltop 
Open May 16 to 1. Mr. and 

Curtis Beaton, oy 107. Tel. 322. 


NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS 
es in beautiful Guest House. Apts. 
Rooms, Private Baths. Reuben Joy Home- 
Istead, 107 Main Street. Telephone 1703. 
iICASCO BAY, ME. Good rooms and meals. 
Ocean view. Reasonable. ARUNDEL 

Peaks Island, Maine. POrter 6-2932. 
NORTHPORT, L. 1L.,°N. Y¥.—In private . 
home, for restful vacation, rooms with 


ace or 


erty for sale. 147’ frontage by 250’ deep 
on busiest thoroughfare in state. In- 
cludes a-~: 6-room home, finished base- 
ey garage, and 2 outbuild- | 

gs. $65,000 cash. Peter Yegen, Jr, 
Realtors, rH N. 30th Street. 


_REAL ESTATE FOR SALE 
GREENWICH, CONN. 


Home in unusual lake-setting, beautiful 
swimming pool; barn. Four bedrooms, 3 
baths, 2 servant’s rooms, bath, 9-acre 
roperty may be divided into 3 sites; 
ouse on 4 acres $77,500. Pool and 3 
_— $40,000. barn and 2 acres $27,500 

E. Parsons, Stanwich Road, Cos 
Cob, Conn. NOrmandy 1-6478. 


SILVER LAKE—BARNARD, VI. 


Completely furnished, lakefront, 
double-bedroom cottage; 1% hy 
2 rh gage 8 2 docks, one with diving 
board. $11,000. Call Ruth Davry, 
Woodstock, Vt, 294-W. 


VERMONT—White clapboard house, 


io- | 


trance of Franco Spain into the | 
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- 
tion and the Organization for ' 
European Economic Cooperation. | 

Although the United States 
has had agreements with Spain 


of the country, the Franco re- 
gime has thus far been kept ou 
of NATO. Diplomatic reports 
have recently circulated that 
Spain will be brought into 
NATO as well as OEEC. The 
latter organization would be of 
immeasurable help in bolstering 
the Falangist government’s 
Shaky economy. 


The ICFTU called upon op- 


cf 


cated on edge of scenic iake, 
gradual beach, 6 bdrms., 2'2 


good meals. 5 min. church. AN 1-2628. 
sandy | 
baths, “oe 


SUMMER RENTALS 
place, oil heat, hot water, xcreer a| 


porch, boat house, 2 boats, fully toy POUND RIDGE, N. Y. (Vic. New Canaan, 
$12,000 0 miles west of St. Johns Conn.)—Au 1 to Sept. 5. Beautifully 
bury. Box D-8. One Norway Street | furnished home on 14 acre estate. 4 
Boston 15, Massachusetts. pee agg baths, 2 maid's rms., ex- 
tensive library, beau. grounds. Every 
|\REASONABLE OFFER will buy unique 
hillside lot overlooking Hingham Har-) convenience. $1,500. Ph. FO 4-5001- 
bor. Approximately % acre, complete|/| HAMPTON, N. H.—Small,’ clean, pretty 
with plans for 4-bedroom, modern cottage to rent on ae 7 seashore. All 
home. RI 9-2029. (Hingham, Mass.) conveniences. Acc people. $80 
ee week. Hillcrest mi -2733 (Needham, 
HOUSES FOR SALE ass.) or WAverly 6-2385 (Hampton). 
~- |\SSEAWOOD COTTAGES and Ocean Court 
DALLAS, TEXAS — Deluxe pink brick,| Apt.—Housekeeping, ocean s Joys Nan- 
early American—1'\, story—kingsized| tucket Sound. Pri, beach, 
master bdrm. w/fp. Lot 140x125, large| 8¢250D rates, Mrs. Cari C. Mullen, Bass 
trees—swimming pool w/filter system.|_ River, Cape Cod, Mass. Tel. EX $-8016. 
Den w/brick fir. and fp.; cen. air cnd.; 
York sprinkler system. $37,500. Bill 


CAPE ¢ COD BEACH COTTAGE 
Binford Real Estate, DA 17-5675 or AD 


100 yds. from water at Dennisport 
§-2115, 810 Brookhurst 8t., Dallas, Texas. 


July 11-25. Tel. CO 6-4330, Ext. 649 
or Natick, OL 3-1534 eves. (Mass.). 
MODERN HOME on approx. 1% A. 600\FOR RENT—Oceanfront cottage apart- 
ft. from Lake Dora. aterfront privi- 
leges. Fruit and palm trees. Sprinkler 


ment. WRITE Varin, Nantucket Isiand, 
system. Appraiséd $17,500. If sold by 


Mass. 
owner $15,500, Taxes ae $3.00. | 
r 


“to join forces” 
downfall of the Falangist dicta- 
Its executive board 
“Spanish democrats 
have clearly shown that they | 


ireject the repeated Communist | 


|attempts to infiltrate into posi- | 
tions of leadership within the 
opposition groups.” 


MALVERNE, L. I., N. ¥.—1-2 Irg. rms., 
One-half mi. from Mt .. H. J bath, kitchen area. Weekends, days, 
Hooper, Lake Shore Drive 1, 
Box 347. Ph EV 2-2079. Mt. Ose Peta’ 
WESTCHESTER 


| week, month. LY 3-8596 (1-4 p.m.) 
VIRGINIA BEACH, VA.—2 bdrm., fully 
furn. apts. by wk., mo., or seas. Write 
SOMES $20,000 TO ‘one M. Strohkorb, Box 61, Va: Beach, Va. 
All Types of Insurance HOMES WANTED | 

HOUGHTON ASSOCIATES, Inc., 200 Wes 

Post Rd., Mamaroneck, N OWens $-5100 NEED A HOUSE SITTER? 

NEW COUNTRY HOME in Canterbury, Reliable married couple avail. to 
N. H., 7 rms., 4 ac., art. well, Indscpd.., care for your home while you are 
8 mi. no, of Concord, N. | away summer months or through 

Paul Ambeau, R.F.D. 6, 

Phone — Storey 3-6721. 


May 1960. Will care for lawn, pets, 
etc., = perform minor repair~ in 
return for occupancy. Husband gradu- 

LYNNFIELD, MASS.—Colonial 4 yrs. old, oe & s 
6 large rms., 2 baths, partitianed base- 
ment, superior design, construction and 


ate student on GI bill at Harvard 
Business School. Call ST 2-3734 or 

landscaping, 2-car gar. Call owner 
LY 2-7467 


$14,000. | 
Concord. N. H | 


write Box E-68, One Norway Street, 
Boston 1, Mass. 


CLASSIFIED 


HELP WANTED—MEN 


ENGINEER’S ASST.—Educa. bidg., 
chanical ability, knowledge of maint. 
electrical and plumbing work, busi- | 
ness references required. Box H-9, 588) 
Fifth Ave., New York 36, New York. 


| 


STRUCTURAL ENGINEER exp’d in in- | 
determinate structures and able to di-| 


rect engineering dept. for young, ag- 
gressive firm. Box V-65, One Norway 


Street. 


WANTED—Exp. Salesman for prominent! 
Art Gallery, Permanent Position. Box, 
G-9, 588 Fifth Ave., 


a 
HOUSTON, TEXAS (W. University)—Sale 


| WOODSTOCK, 


Boston 15. Mass. 


New York 36, N.Y. | 


_HOMES WITH ATTENTION — 


HIGH RIDGE 
HOUSE 


BEDFORD HILLS, N. Y. 
About One Hour from N.Y. C. 
Approved by Committee on Christian 
Science Nursing Homes of The Mother 


h , 
Husband has home office. Write Box ee. ay noma oe of Christ 
E-70, One Norway Street, Boston 15, | , ’ 


or lease 3 bedroom, 1% baths. 2820 
Jarrard. GR 2-5573 or  eeges Gibbs, 
Box 3007, Pasadena, Texa 


VT.—10-yr. “aa 


7 
oil heat, magnificent view and grounds. 
$16,500. For details write Box 357. 


HOUSES WANTED 


WANTED, HOUSE IN COUNTRY 
West and/or North of Boston pre- 
ferred, by substantial mature couple. 
Low rent necessary. Guarantee inter- 
est and care of home as partial pay- 
ment. Furnished or unfurnished. 


rms., 


HELP WANTED-MEN, WOMEN | | 


Mass. Experienced Nurses — Quiet Healing 
Atmosphere — Attractive Surroundinas. 
APARTMENTS FURNISHED . 


‘EXPERIENCED TYPIST to operate or! 
learn to operate Remington Bookkeep- 
ing machine, and do general. office 
work. Call Boston, Mass., HU 2-8992. 


dresser, Connecticut license. Cond 
tions ideal: closed Mondays. M. Georges, 
9 E. Putnam Ave. TOwnsend 9-2229. 


HELP WANTED—WOMEN 


For reservation, information, rates, ad- 

\dress Monoager, 120 Haines Rood, Mt. 

MALDEN, MASS.—Nicely furn. Residen-/|Kisco, N. Y. Tel. MOunt Kisco 6-8055. 
tial. 6 rms., sun porch, also 

Shower, .elect. kit. washing 


bath, 50 
TK mo Visitors welcomed Sundays 2 to 4 
continuous hot water heat, garage, P.M. From N.Y.C, take Henry Hudson 
= go my onth. Telephone |porkway to Saw Mill Parkway to Bed- 
& | ford Hills exit. Trains from Grand Central 
'CAMBRIDGE, MASS.—1-rm., sep. kitch-|Station met on request. 
| a ee ee transp. Box W-39 ENJOY SOME GOLDEN YEARS AT 
, One orwa treet. Boston 15, Mass. 
Z GLENMONT SOME. Priv. rm. New res. 


| 
| 


APARTMENTS UNFURNISHED | Pj2D. Rest, study parsing care to loving 


| ATTENTION GRADUATES | 


Attractive openings for 


STENOGRAPHIC and 
SECRETARIAL POSITIONS 


with 
The Mother Church Offices 


atmosphere. rates. 

72 Woodland Ave.. |. a, 3 Ohio. 
MARBLEHEAD, MASS —Ranch style apt.. 
2 bedrms., mod. kitchen, liv. rm. with’ 


OFFICE SPACE WANTED 
firepl. Near stores, churches and) 


schools. 45 min. to Boston. $112.50. Jack , : ;' ™ 

G. Clay, Realtor, 28 Atlantic Avenue, ge Rag pg gen gy My wg 
_Marblehead. NE 1-1422. 588 Fifth Ave., New York 36, N. Y. 

MEDFORD, MASS. — Country living in 
the city. Unusual apt. equiv. to 4 
rooms; all utilities. pe MYstic 
5-6088 (after 5 p.m.) 


MOVING AND STORAGE 


Sales 


Month long savings, — «> 
stock up now! 


i - DEEM IT A vine gh ota 9 to offer my 
Personalized loca) and Long Distance 
Moving and . Storage Service to 
the readers of The Christian Science 
Monitor in which I have — a consistent 
advertiser for over 35 yea 
NOBLE R. STEVES, Ine. 
28 Sharp St.. Boston 24. Mass TA 5§-3400 
BROWN, Realtor | 


RU ANTIQUES FOR SALE 
; Purnished na Unfurnished Apartments Q 

77 Park Ave.. N.Y.C.__LE 2-5563 l ENGLISH BONE CHINA. (Rockingham), 
CAMBRIDGE, MASS., Radcliffe Sect.—5| 22 pieces, 255 years old. Write Box H-1l, 


rm. apt.: adults: $136; ht. by tenants.| One 
OC 3-0878 and TR 6-0066. 


APARTMENTS TO LET 


| to suggest that increasing out- | WELLESLEY, MASS.—Duplex 


entrance), 4 rooms 
Near train, ee. 
5-2608—6 to p-m 


PARK AVE. on sere co-op., attract 
arrangement. 3 exposures, 4 ige. closets. 
$9,500. aT BROWN. LE 2-5563. 


(separate 
and kitchenette. 
Telephone CEdar 


[company’s Nigerian eoncses | put will see a steady flow of | 
Tent, the question of the com- pod tankers loading oil at the | 
pany building such a refinery | 
‘is due to come up when pro- | 
duction of crude oil reaches | 


5-day week 
Good beginning salary 


Apply: Personnel Department 
107 Falmouth Street 


\ BUSINESS DAY, 4, 


| HU Saas 1! 


RE 1A a. 
eG: 
St com BE 2. Gee 


Outstanding values on: 


@ LINENS e PiLLows 
e@ CURTAINS @ SLIPCOVERS . 
@ BEDSPREADS © ENSEMBLES - 


G:FOX*CO, 


Boston, Massachusetts 
COmmonwealth 6-4330 
Extension 313 


ed date 42 exploration Compiled from Associated Press, Reuters and other news sources 
wells have been drilled in Ni- 


‘the 500,000 ton-a-vea ,. | geria. Oil has been found in New York Stock Market Takes a Breather 
IM hile th 1st ny -14- of these: Around these 14} The stock market took a breather {rom its flight to four straight 
ee ae ee ee have been drilled another 37 record highs and went irregularly lower early this afternoon. 


decided to go ahead with sig- | “appraisal” wells, mainly at, Trading was active on the New York Stock Exchange. Gains 


| © } l l e - | be e > - , . 


——__—_ —- 


MOTHERS HELPER 

College girl to spend summer as one | 
of family which includes six chil- | 
dren. Good salary, pleasant country | 
home in Cohasset, Mass. nr. beach. 
| 


alten 


Norway St.. Boston 15, Mass. 


ANTIQUES WANTED 


Good library of books and records. 
mererentes Exchanged 


| on 


HARTFORD, CONN. 


sehultz 
BEAUTY SALON 


50 years of serving New Engiand 
There is a Schultz Salon near you 


Bishop’s Corner, W. Gartford 

254 Farmington Ave., Hartford 

1354 Albany, Hartford, Conn 

941 ee = +_W. 8 Hariford 

art 

ny hy flartfora 
‘Manches 

James H. Bruce Co. o Middletows 


ee River bar at Port Har- | 


r 


Dependable 


Fuel Oil 


of Hartford 
Atr-Conditioned 


It's July! 
It’s Jubilee! 
It's Sage-Allen! 


Remarkable Savings | 
in All Shops 


Service 


Phone SPruce 7-445] 


Connecticut 
Heat & Fuel Co. 


324 Congress Ave. 
New Haven 


found in 21 of them. 
4 4 4 


Conditions 


oil has been discovered have 
taxed engineers to the utmost. 


in. which | 


in the coastal | 
Mangrove swamps 


Although the site can be com- | 


of the Mississippi Delta, : its 
development has required all 
sorts of special equipment. 


the edge of swamp where the 


while vehicles loaded up to 45 
tons have to be moved across 
country similar to this. 

The flow of oil from test 
wells drilled to date has been 
shipped out to Port Harcourt 
by pipelines specially con- 
structed for the purpose, and 


traversing the numerous 
swamps and creeks of the 
coastal belt. 

At Port Harcourt the com- 
pany has used various means 
to overcome the problem of 
shallow water, including a 
shuttle tanker to “top up” 
bigger tankers outside the bar 
after they have taken on as 


!}much oil as they can in the 


harbor. 


LAUNDRY and 
for Clothes and 
We Have Coin-Operated 


Monarch 


149 Derby Avenue 


in 


ie 


NEW HAVEN, CONN. 


The Best Service We Can Give 


DRY CLEANING 
Household Articles 


Self-Service Laundry, Too 


at 11 Derby Ave. and 1336-Whalley Ave. 


Laundry 


Phone LO 2-216] 


Another idea which has 
been considered is the laying 
of a pipeline on the sea bed 
and out to a suitable anchor- 
age for tankers. As the sea 


bed shelves very gradually | 
the | 
pipeline might have to be 


off this area, however, 
laid over a longer distance 
than would be economical. 
Meanwhile the cost of 
dredging the Bonny River bar 


to a depth of 41 feet to take 
major oil tankers has been 
estimated at $33,600,000 to 


$36,400,000. 


One well, for example, is on- 


silt under the vegetable cap) 
will take only % pound pres- | 
Sure per square inch. Mean- | 


pared in some respects to that) . 


key stocks. Higher-priced issues such as du Pont and Youngs- 
town Sheet dropped more than 2. Some of the steels and rails 
which have been leaders in the latest upsurge to historic mar- 
ket peaks were clipped by normal profit taking. Trading in- 


terest spun to relatively neglected stocks, 


the medium-price bracket. 


especially those in 


American Stock Exchange prices 


were mixed in fairly active trading. 


lew Peak in Volkswagen. Production Reported 
‘A new peak in production of the German Volkswagen was | 


reported July 8 in the annual report of Volkswagenwerk. In 
1958, a total 553,399 automobiles were’ produced. This\com- 
pared with 472,554 in the previous year. Of the 1958 pro uc- 


tion 451,526 were Volkswagen 


cars and the rest transport 


hicles. The United States and other American countries bought 


126,963 Volkswagen cars or 
Australia 20,664 units. 


transports, Africa 21,735, and 


AA Plans to Equip 50 Jets With Turbofans 


American Airlines plans to 


equip 


its fleet of 50 Boeing jet 


airliners’ with turbofan engines built by the Pratt & Whitney 
division-of United Aircraft Corporation. The conversion pro- 


gram to turbofan from turbojet engines, 


scheduled to start 


early in 1960, reportedly will cost more than 12 million dollars. 


- Wholesale Food Prices Slip to New Low 


_Wholesale food prices slipped to 
week ended July’~7, Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., 


a new low for the year in the 
reported July 8. 


At $6.06 the organization’s food index was a shade under last 
week’s $6.08 and the previous 1959 low of $6.07 on June 2. 
Like the latter reading;-it-altso-was the lowest since $6.01 in 


the week: ended Nov. 13, 1956. 
Action to Limit Cotton 


Textile Imports Asked 


Representatives of the National Cotton Council have urged Sec- 
retary of Agriculture Ezra Taft Benson to start action de- 
signed to limit'imports of cotton textiles. They said, on July 8, 
such imports threaten the future of the domestic textile in- 


dustry and the effectiveness 


of government programs for 


stabilizing the cotton industry. 


Jersey Standard Plans 


Refinery in Karlsruhe 


Standard Oil Company (New Jersey) announced plans on July 
8 to construct.a large refinery in Karlsruhe, West Germany. It 
will be built by Esso A. G., West German affiliate of Standard 


Oil. 


The refinery is scheduled for completion by late 1962 


and will be placed in operation on Jan. 1, 1963. Jersey Stand- 
ard said the refinery will. provide a more. economical method 
of supplying petroleum products to the expanding South Ger- 


man markets. It will produce gasoline, 


jet fuels, diesel oil, 


heavy fuel and heating oils. Esso A. G. also has refineries at 


Hamburg and Cologne in West Germany. 


Japan’s Exports Register Postwar High 
Japan’s exports for the first half of 1959 registered a postwar 
high of $1,542,000,000, the Ministry of Finance reported on 
July 8. The previous high, for the corresponding 1958 period, 
was $1,391,000,000. The rise in exports was attributed to an 
increase in machinery and chemical exports. By contrast, im- 


ports for the first six months this year were $1, 736,000, 000 or 
an unfavorable balance of $194,000,000. — 


Y 


| 
| 


ply by Letter to 
PPAU L CEFRINO 
sae ‘Gallivan Blvd. or 
Telephone EVergreen 3-0595 
DORCHESTER 24, MASSACHUSETTS 


ASSISTANT SPORTS DIRECTOR 
Small New England boarding school. Good 
pay. Fine opportunity for service. Right 
sense of humility and leadership essen- 
tial. Write Box E-71, One Norway Street, 
Boston 15, Mass. 


EARN WHILE YOU LEARN NURSING 
1 and 2% year course. NO AGE LIMIT 
On-the-Job training under Christian Sci- 
nurses. Salary $720 first year plus 
full” maint. and Social Gecurity coverage 


FENACRE FOUNDATION, PRINCETON, W. J. 


WANT TO SELL? WE BUY! 
ANTIQUES, CHINA, OBJECTS OF ART 
m. Groenekamp, 2074 Grand Ave. 
Baldwin, N. Y. BA 3-1784 


CLEANING AND DYEING 


FLATBUSH, BROOKLYN, N. Y.—5-room) 
apt. in 2-family house. Mod., garden, 
$125. ES 6-8415 after 6. 


APARTMENTS TO SUBLET 
BOSTON, MASS.., Common wealth Ave.—| 


paTON, Mase. 6 <-| YWETTE BLEECHER — 


lge. rm, : F i 
casement windows, the bath cies, kites. Fine Cleaning and Dyeing 
ist fl.. ava u » Call a ed | Serving Readers of The Christien Science 
6 p.m. KE 6-1756. Box E-67, On Monitor for Over 25 Years 
Norway Street, Boston 15, Mass. "| 30 Fast 10th St.. 


ROOMS TO LET 


N.Y.C. GRamercy "3-3090 
DRESSES 


SAMPLE DRESSES FROM BETTER 
HOUSES. Sizes 9-10. Jeanne —— 
55 West 42nd Street, N. Y. C., Roo 
Weekdays 12-6 P.M, Saturdays a4 


FURNITURE WANTED 


BROOKLINE, MASS. 
Private home, private bath, on car 
line, LOngwood 6-5350. 
RIVERDALE, N. Y.—Pleas., furn., stng.-| 
bdrm. Limited kit. privs., bus. person, 
conv. transp. Refs. KI ‘6-8357. | 


COMPANION 
re time. For elderly lady. Light cook- 
ing.\.no housework. Pleasant home 
Newt Mass. Refs, exchanged. 
72, One Norway St.. Boston 15. 


-EPER WANTED for ranch 
house ik country setting Within N. Y. 
area. 2 adults in family. Refs. Phone 
IV 9-7269 er write Box 8-24, 588 Fifth 
Avenue, New York 36, New York. 


WANTED — Sensitive, intelligent young 
woman, help cere for two children; 
summer; Vermont. Box D-6, One Nor- 
way St., Boston 15, Mass. 


EXPER. Burroughs Sensimatic (500) bkpr. 
Perm. position, exc, pay. 669 N. E. 55 
Miami, Fla. * 


Write 


HOUSE 


Terrace. 


EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES 


HELEN HUTCHINS PERSONNEL AGENCY 
Specialist Interior: Industrial. 

tural Design. Home Furnishings, 

tive Arts and Trades. 767 Lexingto “ 
New York. TE 8-3070, Interviews by appt. 


SITUATIONS WANTED-MEN 
_ WHICH CHURCH 


or ores can use elderly, very 
alert, therenge exper., office manager, 
auditor, bookkeeper to take care of the 


| 


place in every way, do any kind of work 
very reasonable, have excel. refs., abso- 
lutely dependable, a very good help for 
every one in need. Relocate. Box -21, 
588 Fifth Ave., New York 36, New York. 


pA iat A SE ene Sr netenne nS 

EXEC oe eee” position held 25 
yrs exper. writing, edit., ptg., pub- 
ishing, mail order. Has pub. non- 
fiction and fiction. Mature, active, 
adaptable, versatile. Box R-10, 

_ Fifth Ave., New York 36, New York. 


Nine years in Air Force procurement. 
Avail. Aug. 1 upon release from active 
duty. Box X-55, 588 Sth Ave.. New 
York 36, N. Y, 


mins, WANTED 
OMEN 


WOMAN, exper. in eetupesions® therapy, 
desires position ouse-mother 
a ty institution; go anywhere. 

492, 1499 .Union Commérce Bidg., 

_Cleveland 14, Ohio. 


in| 


GOV. CONTRACTS ADMINISTRATOR— 


in 


ROOMS AND BOARD 


SUN-BRIGHT HOUSE 
Brooklyn, New York. 
Residence of Comfort and Harmony 
Near All Transportation 
Phone IN 98-6441 


ROOMS WANTED 


MAN 
in 


| WINEGARDEN’S. 12 &. 12th St... N.Y-:6, 
AL 6-7133. Highest prices paid for 
aN tsi antiques, porcelains, silver, 
paintings, art objects, pianos. rugs, etc, 

WE BUY all kinds of furniture, dishes 
china end bric-a-brac. Breslau's. 183 
Warren S8St., Roxbury, Mass. HI 2-5800. 


HOUSEHOLD FURNISHINGS 
furnishings, 


ee 


YOUNG looking for 
family of Boston. 
Karle, 20 Lexinaten Ave., 


Massachusetts. 


ALE—Superb used ee 
“anti ues. Bargain prices. 
‘as 116 Bast bh Street 


PRINTING 
‘DIAMOND STAR PRINTING CO., 40 W. 
22nd St., N.¥.C. Com. soc. printing, ine, 
churches, ete. V. Perillo. CH 3-8353. 


Ell 


TYPEWRITERS, ADDING s— 

Rented, Repaired. National Type- 

Soles Service, 41-43 - in St.. Flush- 
ing, N. ¥. IN 3-0600 


Need Met... 


through 
classified columns 


room with | 
vie. John W. 
Somerville, 


Crossword Quiz Answers 
A 
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oi) Ul >ic me <| 2/0; 4\¢ 


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From London, England, 
an edvertiser writes: 


“| advertised on September 28 
for a working cook-housekeeper, 
‘and | am writing to let you know 
that my need has been most 
adequately met through the col- 
umns of your paper. 


Classified advertisements are accepted | 
for publication\in one edition or in all | 
—= tions of The Christian Science Moni- , 
j r. The Atlantie. Edition circulates in | | 
of U.S.A., Canada and | 
overseas; Central Edition in the Cen- | 
.8.A.;\Pacific Editien in | 
Mountain and Pacific.Coast states of | 
U.8.A.. Alaska and Hawaii. 


RATES REGULAR one SIFIED 
Ed. 
Per 


“This is the second time during 
recent months thot « need has 
been met in this way. During the 
summer | advertised my house to 
let—this seemed o difficult prob- 
lem as the tenancy could only be 


REFINED mature woman as companion, 
no Cre Se 
D-7, One 


or aepe oe as duties. Box 


for nine weeks, and | had rather 
an inadequate staff to leave be- 


D. GERARD DeMOTT 


General 

Contractor 
INDUSTRIAL and 
COMMERCIAL 
BUILDING 

Churches and Houses 

IV 3-4095 

if no enswer call ED 3-5164 


Valentine Roed, Westbury 
- Leng Island, New York 


orway Boston 15, Mass. 


cqzuenen eee Eee 

REFINED, Mature, Active Woman offers 
serv, as companio on, Loc, im saateria). 
Box W-9, 588 5th Ave., N. Y. 36, N. ¥ 


SOLOISTS WANTED 


REGULAR SOLOIST WANTED — Write 
Clerk, First Church of Christ, Scientist, 
36 Avenue B, Bayonne, N. J. 


Chromalloy Reports Receipt of Navy Contract 

Chromalloy Corporation reported on July 7 the receipt of a Navy 
contract for the study of explosive forming of. refractory 
metals. Refractory metals have unusual strength at high tem- 
peratures and are difficult to form by conventional methods. 
The company said the contract is expected to result in the 
development of new techniques and practices in explosively 
forming the metals into complicated shapes. 

Exchange 


Pn ood TUTORS 
Jamaica Eases Foreign Currenc : 


Mass. 

The Finance Ministry in Kingston, Jamaica, oe on July 8 that te Box E31, One Norway. "Street, 

all foreign currencies may be converted into each other at Eee Eee 
official foreign exchange rates. The Ministry’s action eves WANTED TO SHARE 
the sole discriminatory restriction on accumulation of trave Pree neg oe get ike %e 

x 


“AS = perfect protection 


pum» from sun and rain 


PATIOS—TERRACES—CARPORTS 
RIGID OR ROLL-UP 


The S. BARRY JENNINGS CO. 


New wide slots, with blending beked 
enamel steel understructute, for @ rigid- 
voof carport that doubles os @ terrace 
cover. Or regular AiumaRoll slats that 


hind. But all the problems were 
solved and a family was able to 
moke use of my home and 
seemed to love it.” 


The Christien Science Monitor 
Qne Nerwey Street, Bosten 15, Mess. 
Please send me a free copy of 
the booklet, “Classified Advertising 
. Brings Results.” ; 


spe | 
ane wil will require 5 lines of space. 

3 times within 7 soneenemre days will 
142 Wash, SP 7.3648 cost in 40c or $2.00 per 
roll up end down, conveniently self- 
storing. in @ multitude of colorful 
stripes or solid shades. Prettiest pro- 
tection you can buy! 


t 
placed w 
tatives or 
poy Adver- 
Street, Boston 15, 


allowances for travel to dollar areas. Last’ month the Trade 
Ministry ordered a considerable easing of trade restrictions.  fedrm Phone TE’ 8-171? (0-8: 38. 


“49** 


THE. CHRISTIAN’ SCIENCE MONITOR, 7 


ON. THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


N.Y. Arts 


(;uide to Others? 


Siafl Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


7 he, ambridge, Mass. | 

“What developers of New York 
City’s multimillion dollar Lin- 
coln ‘Center have learned about 
planning and tuilding a home 
for the performing arts might 


guide institutional planners here | 


in Greater Boston and _ other 
urban areas now considering ex- 
pansion programs. 


This opinion was voiced by 
. execu- | 
Lincoln | 
| when 


Gen. Otto L. Nelson, Jr 
tive director of the 
Center for’the Performing Arts, 


which will include a new home| 


for the Metropolitan Opera 
Company, Philharmonic Orches- 
tra, Juilliard School of Music, a 
Repertory Drama Theatre, The- 
atre for the Dance, and Per- 
forming Arts Library-Museum. 
he 14-acre, J%-block center 
about one block west of Central 
Park, consisting of six separate 
buildings and an. underground 
parking garage for 800 cars, will 
cost about $75,000,000. 
Cooperation Stressed 


Speaking before a gathering 
of top institutional planning 
officers and consultants 
many parts of the United States, 
July 7, at the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, General 
Nelson stressed the importance 
of greater cooperation between 
civic and governmental leaders 
in the planning and carrying 
out of projects of this type. 

Without the working together 
of public and private groups the 
Lincoln Center could not have 
progressed to the point where 
one—by one the complex—prob- 
lems surrounding such an un- 
dertaking are melting away, he 
said. 

Although this project 


is the 


, porting the venture. 


from | 


Center: | 


first cultural -center ever at-. 


tempted the “things we have 
found out should help other | 
private groups,” in expansion or | 
construction programs, the New 
York development coordinator | 
pointed out. 

Whenever. possible, he said, 
these prajects should be under- | 
taken through urban renewal 
programs. The Lincoln Square | 
Center is adjacent to a larger 
redevelopment projects which 
completed will provide 
5,000 new housing units, a new 
collegiate center for Fordham | 
University. 
New York City Tract Purchased 

The Performing Arts Center | 


| itself will be located on a tract | 


of land purchased from the. 
City of New York by the non- | 
profit organization of civic, busi- | 
ness, and cultural leaders sup-. 


But, without urban renewal | 


‘and its*condemnation authority - 


providing for the-demolition of 
the tenement building located 
on the site, ‘the center might 
not have been possible, Gen- 
eral Nelson emphasized. 

“Local misused land must be 
withdrawn from its misuse and 
turned over to uses which serve 
the best interests of the city,” 
General Nelson said in praising | 
the role of urban renewal. 

The construction of the build- 
ings in the Lincoln Center 4s 
being financed* by public con- 


‘tributions from private citizens, 


corporations,--and— philanthropic 
foundations. The underground 
garage and access road will be 
paid for by a federal-city grant 
of $7.5 million which may have 


ihe stated. 


Discord Nags ‘Pep’ Song 


By the Associated Press 
Laconia, N.H. 
A New Hampshire booster’s efforts to get a rousing “pep” 
song to swell the hearts of Granite Staters has run into a con- 
troversy. 


“The traditional forces of reaction have raised their ig 
a 


for a new state song to rival “Dixie” and “The Eyes of Téxas.” 

Alfred D. Rosenblatt echoed the cry in his Citizen column. 

The New Hampshire Music Festival, Inc., a group “‘to fur- 
ther music in New Hampshire,” picked up the suggestion and 
is sponsoring a contest. Citizen publisher Edward J, ‘Gallagher 
has offered a $50 prize for the best original song. / 

Now, Mr. Funesti says, what started out as a “thoat satisfy - 
ing and somewhat exciting idea has become almost frustrating.” 

He said there are many song ideas being sent in, but from 
many others he is receiving this reaction: 

“That everybody-up-and-singing stuff is all right for Texans 
or Californians, but not for New Hampshire folks. We're a 
serene, dignified people. We should have a song appropriate to 
our way of life.” 

Mr. Funesti readily conceded that on the law books is an 
official state song—“Old New Hampshire.” He admits it’s “a 
nice enough song,” but terms it rather sad and plaintive. 

“Why must everything about this stafe bespeak only of by- 
gone memories, tranquil’beauty, and the untapped resources?” 
asks Mr, Funesti. 


/RareGem And 


to be increased to $9.5 million, 


| 

individual 
| architects. 
“But, if you don’t have finan-| 


groups and 
Only Part Raised 

Thus far only $47 million of 
the estimated $75 million need- 
ed to erect the six buildings 
has been raised. General Nelson 
emphasized that .good _ public 
relations and a’community sell- 
ing campaign ‘is especially im- 
portant in winning public sup- 
port and raising money for/such 
endeavors. 

Although the Opera / House 
was originally. slated Ao cost 
$24,500,000; the Philharmonic 
Hall, $8,500,000; the Repertory 
Drama Theater, $3,500,000; the. 
Theater of the Dance $3,500,000; 
Juilliard_School_of-Musie—-$6,- 
500,000; and the Library-Mu- 
seum, $3,500,000, , larger’ sums 
may be necessary to construct 
the buildings enyisioned by the 


inative enough,” he 
institutional planners. | 
Time Required | 

Pointing out that the plans | 
for the Lincoln Center had un- 
dergone considerable changes . 
and are still being altered, 
General Nelson said that a 
workable program of this type 
has to be complicated. “If -it is 
too simple, it may hot be feas- 
ible,” he emphasized. 

Very 
quired for planning and«more 
than site planning and architec- | 
tural--design--is-involved.-Pro= 
gram planning tying the project | 
in with its surroundings is most 
important, in the New York 
project developer’s 6pinion. 


told 


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substitutes 
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3] 


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Dialer’s Guide: Tonight 


6:00—Dateline Boston: Captain Bob visits the Wayside Inn in 


Sudbury, Mass.—Ch, 5. 


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Cambridge Drama Festival production of Twelfth Night; 
Governor Furcolo and Perry Rathbone interviewed, and 
other distinguished guests—Ch. 4. 

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the vice-ridden backdrop of Chicago in the middle 


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9:30—American Forum of the Air: Top Educators Deplore 
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10:05—Budapest Quartet in a 


recorded concert of works by 


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10:30—Capitol Cloakroom: Senator James O. Eastland (D) of 


Mississippi interviewed 


on the International Security 


Bill; Civil Rights Legislation; Surplus Commodities, and 
Anti-Subversive Bills—W 
10: :30—President Eisenhower’s July 7 Press Conference—Ch. 2. 


— 


RQ 
ve 


i "SEE AND HEAR THIS SUNDAY 


$: :30 am, WNACZTV, Ch, 7 


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RADIO. 
7:15 am, WHDH, 850 ke 
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4:00 pm, WMUR-TV, Ch 9 | 9:15 pm, WNAC, 680 ke 


~~ 


TELEVISION 


gems, jewelry, 


Boston to Host 


Mineral Show 


By a stay writer or 


The Christian Sciencé Monitor 
Many rare and costly gems | 
and minerals from some of the | 
top-museums in the world will | 
be on display in Boston July 
16, 17, and 18, at the ninth an- 
nual convention of the Eastern | 


| Federation of Mineralogical and 


Lapidary Societies, at the Shera- | 
ton Plaza Hotel, 

This marks the first time that. 
the federation has held a show | 
in Boston. Host will be the Bos- | 


_ton Mineral Club. 


A 12-foot-square case of cry- 
stallized and arborescent gold | 
from the Burrage collection, re- | 
portedly the largest and best in 
ithe world, will be on public | 


gm display here for the first time. 


Fine Uruguayan agates; a dis- 


their | play of gems from New England, | 
| including cut aqua, 


blue, and 


golden and the well- 


topaz; 


cial problems, you are not imag- | Known Hamlin tourmalines also 
the ' will 
|'many exhibits. 


be featured among the | 

Lectures Scheduled 
During the three-day 
gram, leading local 
tional authorities on minerals, 
and lapidary-cut- 


pro- 


| ting materials will lecture to the 


substantial time is re-| 


| 


WGBH 2, WBZ 4, WHDH 5, WNAC 7, WMUR 9, WJAR 10, WPRO 12 


Tonight 


5—Dateline Boston: 

Capt. Bob visits Wayside | 

Inn 
12—Salty Brine’s Shack | 
9—Tales of Poindexter | 
10—News and Weather 
2—Louis M. Lyons, news 
5—Life of Riley 


9—Topper 

10—Big 10 Circus Party 
2—Gardener’s Almanac 
4—The Lawless Years 
5—The Real McCoys 

7, 12—Yancy Derringer 
9—Dusti Cal Show 
2—Astronomy for You 
i—Huckleberry Hound 4, 10—-Bachelor Father 
9, 12—-News, Sports and | ), ¥—Leave It to Beaver 
W eather 7, 12—Zane Grey Drama 
10—Space Age Commu- 
nication | 4, 10—21 Beacon Street 
2—Robert Baram, news 5—Rough Riders 
4—Arch Macdonald 7, 12—Playhouse 90 


9—Feature Film 9—Bold Journey 
12—Douglas Edwards 


4—Don Kent, weather 
2—Dateline UN. 

4—26 Men—western 
5—Huntley-Brinkley 
7—Crusader 

10—Walt Disney Presents 
12—U.S. Border Patrol 


2—High School Algebra 
5—John Day, news-sports 
5—Weather 
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5—Burns and Allen 
7—Jackie Gleason 
12—The Invisible Man 
2—Survival in the Sea 
4—Cambridge Drama 
Festival; interviews 
5—Zorro fire’s Blessed Event 
7,.12—December Bride . | 10—Quality Street 


Friday 


5, 9—Amer. Bandstand 
7, 12—The Brighter Day 
7, 12—The Secret Storm 
4, woo Fair 
i—Top 
12— Edge yt Night 
4—-Boston Movietime— 
Wake Island 


8:30 


9:00 


4, 10—Groucho Marx 
5—Divorce Court 
9—Conrad Nagel Dr. 


2—President’s Press 
Conf. when held; other- 
wise News Roundup 
4—Wrestling 
9—Crosscurrent 
10—Masquerade Party 


4, 5, 7, 10, 12—News 
9—Feature Film 

4, 5, 7, 10, 12—Weather 
4—Streets of Laredo; 
Grand Jury Secrets 

5, 12—Jack Paar Show 

@—Dr. Jekyll and Mr. 
Hyde; ' Mexican. 


4—Sign on Seminar 
4—Daily Almanac, Farm. 
and Market Reports 
4,10—Today—5 minute 
news and weather break 
at 7:25, 8:25, and 9:25 
7—Laurel and Hardy 
12—Cartoon Carnival * 
12—Storytime with Beth | i—Buckskin Frontier 
Chollar 10—The Early Show 
m 12—Roy Rogers 
ge _ 5, 12—Mickey Mouse 
5-CBS News , §—Cartoon Carnival 
5—Breakfast Show | 5—Dateline Boston— 
7,12—Captain Kangaroo | Oberlin College Gilbert 
5—Mark Stevens & Sullivan Players 
4—Betty Adams Show 12—Salty Brine’s ‘Shack 
5—Romper Room 2—A Number of Things 
7—Morning Star Time 10—News and Weather 
10—Little Circus with Mf. | 2—Louis M. Lyons, news 
Sweep & Co. we Thy 
atk tag tes 9—News and Weather 
5-For Women Only 12—News, Spts., Weather 
4— Dough Re Mi 10—Annie Oakley 
5—Morning Headlines 2—Backgrounds Wow 
7—My Little Margie WR woe eo » NEWS 
9—Stop, Look, Listen 5 ya a Edwa 4 
10—The Jay Kroll Show . hae ee aa 
5—Mark Stevens bp ent, weather 
5_We Believe 2— Weather for You 
12—News, Dave Mohr _ 4—Silent Service 
{2—-Mark Souann a sem 
4—Treasure Hunt Nth + nag — 
5—Morning Playhouse 12—Flight—drama 
L! Bt ar gehen poem 2—Watch Your Language 
4, 10—The Price Is Right | 
5—Beulah—Comedy 
7, 12—I Love Lucy 
4, 10-—-Concentration 
5—Stu Erwin Show 
7,12—Top Dollar 
4—-News and-Weather 
5, 9—Across the Board 
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10—Tic Tac Dough 
4—Big Brother 
5—N.E. Farm-Food Pgm. 
7,12—Search for Tomor- 
row—serial drama 
9—Liberace 
10—It Could Be You 
7, 12—Guiding Light 
5—Mark Stevens 
4—Hollywood Playhouse 
—Daytime Wife 
5, 9—Music Bingo 
7—Louise Morgan 
10—The Jay Kroll Show 
12—Life of Riley 
12—Mark Stevens 
5, 9—Susie—Ann Sothern 
7, 12—-As the World Turns 
5, 9—A Day in Court 
7—For Better or Worse 
12—Amos ’n’ Andy 
4—-News—Leo Egan 
4, 10—Court of Human 
Relations 
9—Gale Storm 
12—-House Party 
10—Young Dr. Malone 
9—Beat the Clock 
12—The Big Payoff 
10—From These Roots | 
9—Quiz Program 
12—Verdict Is Yours 
, 10—Truth or, Conse- 
quences—Bob Barker 


' 


5—Weather 
2—German for Beginners | 
4—-Pete Kelly’s Blues 
5—Rin Tin Tin 
7, 12—Rawhide 
10—Ch. 10’s 10th Anniver- 
sary Party 
2—Mid-East in Focus 
4—Ellery Queen 
S—Dugout Chatter 
9—Chicago Wrestling 
5S—Red Sox-New York 
2—-Press and the People 
7—Combat Sergeant 
12—I Love Lucy 
2—American Issues 
4, 10—M-Squad 
9—Tombstone Territory 
7, 12—Phil Silvers Show 
2—By Their Deeds 
4, 10—Western Theater 
7, 12—Playhouwse + The 
Connoisseur © 
9—-Feature Film 
2—The Exceptional] Child 
4, 10—Boxing 
7, 12—The Lineup 
2—News Roundup 
7. 12—Ted Mack’s Origi- 
nal Amateur Hour 
4, 10—Jackpot Bowlin 
5—Sportstime with 
Harrington 
4, 5, 7, ]0, 12—News 
9—Feature Film 
4, 5, 7, 10, 12—Weather 
4—-Sorrowful Jones; 
Street. of Chance 
5, 12-—-Jack Paar Show 
7—Call ‘Northside 777; 
Repent at Leisure 
10—The Fallen Sparrow 


ill 


a a 


aa 


2—Miklos Schwalb, piano | 


| 8:45—Mary Stuart. 
2—From Haydn to Hi-Fi | 


visiting petrology § enthusiasts 
from 18 eastern and southeast- 
ern states, the Canal Zone, and 
| Washington. 

Dr. Clifford Frondel, curator 
'of the Harvard Mineralogical 
Museum and coauthor of two’ 
volumes On minerals, will lec- 
ture on the relationship between 
the amateur and_ professional 
mineralogist. His wife, Dr. 
Judith Weiss Frondel of the 
| United States Geological Survey, 
| will discuss gems of organic 
origin, including the formation, 
composition, and history of 
pearls, jets, amber, and coral. 

Gemologist to Speak 

Other featured speakers will | 
include the Rev. Dr. Daniel 
Linehan, S.J., director of the 
Weston Observatory, and pro- 
fessor of Geology at Boston Col- | 
lege, who was with the United 
States team of natural ‘scientists 


and na-' 


Blue Law Violators Fined 


By Emilie Tavel 


Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


Barnstable, Mass. 
So far as Cape Cod is concerned, Massachu- 
setts Sunday laws are still up in the air. 


A Bay State district judge 


today fined six Yarmouth merchants for do- 
ing business on Sunday; But; he commented 


that “it is possible that the law 
rected.” 


The six gift.shop owners who appeared this 
morning before Judge Henry L. Murphy, 
Barnstable, 
Country Store; 


the First District Court of 
Leslie -Cummings, Colonial 
Alvin Huntoon, Sea Chest Gift 


E. Godfrey, the Barefoot Trader; Kenneth T. 
Shop: Mrs. 
Matthews, Christmas Tree Shop; and Welling- 


Daly, Moby Dick Gift 


ton W. Holmes, Discount Store. 


Each of the first five of these merchants 
received a $25 fine for staying open. Sunday, 
June 21. In addition, for remaining open on 
Sunday, June 28, and on Sunday, July 5, each 
received a separate $50 additional fine, making 


a total of $125 each. 


The sixth merchant, Mr. Holmes, was fined 


only $10 since he has remained 
two Sundays. 


All six gift shop operators pleaded innocent 


to the charges. Their attorneys, 


and Robert E. O’Neil, announced they will ap- 
peal the cases. The appeal papers are return- 
able July 13, and a hearing has been set before 


the Superior Court, Barnstable, 
Monday in October. 


The defendents declined to say whether or 
not they will remain open in continued viola- 
tion of the law until a definite determination 


is made. 
* 


intend to stay o 
in Barnstable 


“P'm-sorry it 
should be cor- 


Deputy Police 


in 
are; 
Shop; Norman that of his offi 
Alyce H. 
on a recent ruli 


Crown Kosher 
field, Mass. 


Yarmouth Police Chief Herbert J. "Jacens 
however, was more vocal. “Just as long as they 


pen and defy the law.” he said. 


“we certainly do intend to keep on prosecuting 
these cases as we have.. ; 
thas to be that way; he added;— 
“but that’s the way the law is.” 

As the trial opened this morning, Yarmouth 


Chief Theodore P. Reynolds, 


established through testimony by two of his 
patrolmen that the stores in question were 
open on the specified days. His testimony, and 


cers, indicated that owners of 


the gift shops told police they had decided to 
remain open on Sunday. 
Attorney Fern based his defense squarely 


ng by two federal judges of the 


United States Circuit Court of Appeals in the 


Super Market case in Spring- 


The majority decision of that three-judge 
panel called Massachusetts Sunday laws dis- 


criminatory and unconstitutional for those ob- 


closed the last day. 


One member 


Daniel J. Fern torney General 
Mr. Fern dec 

cision “states 

for the second 


serving the Sabbath on a day other than Sun- 


of the panel filed a dissenting 


opinion, and subsequently Massachusetts At- 


Edward J. McCormack, Jr., an- 


nounced he will appeal the majority decision. 


lared that the circuit court de-' 
that the Massachusetts blue 


laws were born in a period when the foster- 


ing of religious beliefs in Massachusetts was 


no state could | 
books.” 


public policy, and that when the 14th amend- 
ment to the federal Constitution was adopted, 


awiully keep such a law on the 


at Antarctica during the Inter- 
national Geophysical Year. 

Mrs. Ella J. Bird, first certified 
woman gemologist in the United 
States and for a long time as- 
sociated with the Boston jewelry 
firm of Smith-Patterson, will 
deliver *an_ illustrated 
on birthstones. 


Among the many commercial | 


exhibits~ scheduled tobe pre=- 
sented at the show will be dis- 
play of fluorescent minerals. 
In addition there will be 
working demonstrations of gem 
cutting with Henry B. Graves, 
of Florida, carrying on a con- 


tinuous showing of gem faceting. | 
10 million | 


Between 6 and 
Americans are now engaged in 


}some form of mineralogy and it | 


‘is a rapidly growing hobby, ac- 
cording to Mrs. Grace G. Dear- | 
‘born, of Newton Highlands, 
|Mass., general chairman of the 
| convention and, executive vice- 
president of the Eastern Federa- | 
|tion of Mineralogical and La-| 
pidary Societies. 


FM-AM Programs 


Thursday 


WERS-FM, 88.9mc 
6 00—Pop Concert 
00—Night Music 
10 30-— Reci ital Hall 


WGBH-FM, 89.7mc 
6:00—Report From Sweden. 
6:15—Musical Miscellany. 
6:45—Louis M. Lyons. News 
7:00—Rumanian Enesco Festival 
by Schiller 
version by Eric Bentley 
by the Theatre 


English | 
Performed 
Studio Players, di- 
rected by Isaiah Sheffer. 
9:15—Robert Baram. News. 
9:30—David Bever, pianist 

10:30—Louis M Lyons 

10:45—The Film Critic 

11:00—Music From France. 

11:30—New England Notebook. 
11:35—New Recordings 


WBUR-FM, 90.9mc 
6:00—News: Sports Roundup 
+ '15—Orchestral dinner music 

ndon Forum News Analysis 
7: 30—Music by the Masters. 
8:30—Jazz Trends 
10:00—Late News Roundup 
10:05—Sign-Off. 


WXHR-FM, 96.9mc 

6:00—News. Weather and Stock Sum- 

mary; ‘“‘Panorama’’—including a re- 

Ve R.4 the news with John Daly 
7:00- aa. Symphony No." 2 
Strauss: Graduation Ba!] Ballet 
—News and Weather: Geminiani 
Concerto Grosso No. 6 trauss 
Symphony for Winds. 
--9-00—Dimenstions -tn--Hi-Fidetityv 
10:00—News and Weather: 

by the Budapest Quartet. 
11: me hs Howe and the News. 
11 St mg Rn mga A we on 
11:55—News. 


WCRB-AM, "1330ke: FM, 102, 5me_ 


6 00—News: Candlelight Serenade. 
7:00—News: Salon Concert. 
8:00—News: Evening at Symphony. 
11:00—News: Connoisseurs’ Concert. 
WBCN-FM, 104.1mc 
6:00—Music of the Theater. 
Morgan Comments. 


8:05—'‘'Variations on a Theme.” 
10:00—Poetry and Drama Series. 
10:30—To be announced. 
11:10—-Weather 

11: 15—Scores of Enco 


| 
| 


-FM, 106. 7mc 
: 05—Dinner Concert 
7:00—Piano Patterns 
7:30—Concert Favori‘es. 
8:05—The Symphony Hour 
1 Fe aac os ge mc aon of Fame. 
0:05—Disc Debu 


| iL. 00—Starlight Scetintin 


Friday 


~“WERS-FM, 88.9mc 
§: ‘00— Matinee Musicale. 


7:00—Night Music. 
10:30—Recital Hall. 


WGBH-FM, 89.7mc 

5 :00—New Recordings. 

5:45—Dateline London. 

6:00—German Press Review 

s 15—The Once and oe ‘Bing. 

6:45—Louis M. Lyons New 

: 00—Backgrounds. 

7.15—Twelith Night four. programs 
about the play. arranged -in dra- 
matic form with an 
by John Allen BBC 

7:30-—-The Living Shakespeare. Anthony 
Quayle. and ichael Hordern in 


ntroduction 


5—John Day, news, spts. | 


scenes from the histories. (BBC) 
8:00—Invitat‘on to Learning. 


CBS) 
8:30-—-The Boston Pops in Stereo, Arthur 

Piedler Conductor. 
10:20—Israel Press meperts. 
10:30—Louis M. Lyon 
10:45—Backgrounds 
11:00—Music of 

Symphony No 
11:30—New England ‘Notebook. 
11:35—New Record 

WBUR- FM. 90.9mc 

5:00—Summei Serenade. 
6:00—News: Sports Roundup. 
6:15—Orchestral dinner music 
7:0 he ‘musical stylings 


Russia Khrennikovy, 


of Pat 


Boone. 
ai = e+ a From Russia. 
7:30—-Music by the Masters—Wagner: 
sd Siegfried Idyll]; Strauss: Don 
Quixote. ° 
8:30-——-Contemporary Concerts — 
Bartok: Concerto No. 3 
and Orchestra. 
9 :00—Organ Tones 
Rt 30—Jazz-Corne 
0:00—Late ews * poundun. 
i9 :05—Sign-Off. 


WXHR-FM, 96.9mc 
4: 30 Veumnee Williams Ballet 


wre ¢ Mozar 
PR: a imoncine: 


Bela 
for Piano 


“Old 


: “Panorama.” ineluding a re- 
port on the news with John Daly 


at 6:30. 
7:00-—-Geminiani: Concerto Grosso No. 
3: Schubert: Symphony No. 9. 
8: ae and Weather: Handel: Con- 
G . 6: Brahms: Piano 


No. 2. 
: Brigg Fair--An English 
: Beethoven: Symphony 


a Concert by 
with Saiden- 
Bach: 


Oo. 
News one Weather: 
Mitchell Miller. ‘ 
berg Little Symphony—J. C. 
Andante: J 8. Bach: Adagio and 
rioso; Mozart: Oboe Concerto, 
incvy Howe ane the News, 


M, 13 30ke: FM, To2. 5mc 


Andalucia: 
r the 


Les C 
7: Pic: oi fn By Caribbean Calypso; 
. Darchet: McAnanty’ en- 
er Night's 


J. 


A Concert | 


de. | 


(WEEI- | 


| ream: Scherzo: 
8:00- News -— Elgar: 
cumstance, March 
Auf Ferienreisen 
German Henry 
Ziehrer Strolling 
Jugend feuer Polka 
Curtain Time — Gersh- 
Win: Porgy and Bess 
| 9:30 ‘Showcase; Music Sweeter Than 
i fine: Per¢éy Faith Plays Romantic 


Music 
10: 7” ne 


Addinsell: Festi- 
Pomp and Cir- 
No. 1: Strauss 
Berlioz: A Ball 
VIII Dances: 

In; Strauss 


| 9:00 


— Entertainment 
Delius: In a 
Kelly: Three 
Grieg: Peer 


and 

Summer 
Pieces for 
Gynt Suite 


og 
; mae pa 


2. 
11:00 -Persichettl: 
Band: 
6: 
zart: 
12:00— -News, 


Divertimento 
Tchaikovsky: 
T riggs 


for 
Symphony No 
The Bright Land: Mo- 
“Haffner’’ Symphony No. 35. 
Luncheon Melodies—Sulli- 
d Duke: Dance: Rach- 
Prelude in cC_ sharp 
' Trad: The Harp that once: 
: Arizona Sketchés: ees: 
lat. Op. 
: Meditation: Weill: 
Song; Tchaikovsky: 


Massenet: 
Anstatt-Das 
Autumn Song. 
1:00—News; Afternoon at Symphony— 
Locatelli: Concerto Grosso, No. 7: 
Purcell: Sonata ior trumpets and | 
strings; Mozart: 
2:00—Prokofiev: Lt. Kije Suite: apene- 
ven: Triple Concerto Opus 5 
3:00——Miaskovsky : ello 
alo: Symphony in G minor. 
3:00—-Mendelssohn: Symphony No, 
Bizet: Roma Ballet. 
Commuters’ 
Schubert Webern: Six German 
ci neers: Mozart Sonata No. 8: 
| Hanson: Pastorale_tor_Oboe,..Harp 
and Strings: Beethoven: Entr'acte 
Music III, from “Egmont’’; Bach: 
Come. Sweet Death: Grieg: Two 
Elegiac Melodies; Rossini: Tan- 
credi: Overture 
6:00—-News:' Candlelight Serenade — 
Songs of the Thirties ‘Vol IT}; 
Light Music-Boyd,.Neel Orchestra. 
‘s; New Recé¥ds. 
Evening 
A Tragic 
vaidi: Oboe Concerto 
Rimsky-Korsakov: 
Kitzeh 
9:00-—Stravinskyv: 
ingale; 


3; 


5:00—News;: Concert — 


at Symphony— 
Overture: Vi- 
in D minor: 
Invisible City of 


Song of the Night- 
Dvorak: Violin Concerto in 
A minor 


10:00—Berlioz: Te WLeum. 


Opus 22: 
pace: Organ Concerto 


No, 6 in E 


| See Sane Connoisseurs’ Concert— 
Beethoven: String Quartet No. 16: 
Handel: Concerto No. 1 
and Strings in B 
Concerto No. ? 
Strings in G minor: 
certo Grosso. Opus 3 
WBCN-FM, 104. Ime. 
7:00—Concert in Miniature: (Part I)— 
Schubert: Marche Militaire No. 1; 
Geminiani: Concerto Grosso No. § 
7:15-——-Weather. Dvorak: Slavonic Dance 
No. 3 in A flat; Bach: Brandenburg 
Concerto No. 3. 
8.00—Weather. Concert 
(Part II)—Bizet: 
No.2: Farandole: Kodaly: Galanta 
Dances; Mascagni: *L’Amico Fritz: 
Intermezzo: Act 3: 
kov: Tsar Sultan 
9: a -Weather. 
; Strauss: 
oat Pranks; 


Sutte. 

Morning 
Till Eulenspiegel’s 
Szymanowski: Sy 


Concert— 


Orchestra: Beethoven: 
No. 1 in Major: Saint-Saens: 
Violin Concerto. No. 3 in B minor: 
epee: Symphony No. 5 in E Fiat 


Ma 
12: 2 “Weather. Symphonic Variations— 
Jérdi: Nabucco: Overture: Shosta- 
Mi The Age of Gold: Polka: 
Borodin: Prince Igor: Polovtsian 
aan Delibes: La Source: Ex- 


| 1:00—- oe Music—Schumann: Sym- 
phonic Etudes; Beethoven: String 


Trio No. 1. 

2:00—-Afternoon Concert—Wagner 
Meistersinger: Prelude, Act : 
Chopin: Piano Concerto No, 1 in E 
Minor; Brahms: Symphony No. 3; 
Mozart: 
E at 
Dvorak: 


for Violin 
Symphony 


Viola: 
in E 


La 


and 

No. 5 
Minor. 

§:00-—Dinnertime Pops — Monterde: 
Virgen de la Macarena; Hill: 
lude for Orchestra; Rameau: 
certs en Sextuor: Fifth Concert; 
Offenbach: The Tales of Hoffman: 
Barcarolle; Ippolitov-Ivanov: Cau- 
casian Sketches 

6:00—-Music of ey ‘Theatre —- Merrill: 


Kern: The Way You Look Tonight; 
Rogers-Hammerstein—Carousel: So- 
seeeny Roza: War and Peace 
Movie Sound Trac 
rn peated vat grt Comments. Re- 


7:15—New Reisense. 
8:00—Carlyle Morgan Reports on the 
Stock Market 
8: b> mat $ Be Announced, 
Orsnesire. 


Franck: Grande 


- 
:15—The Fred Grady Jazz Show. 
ém 
0S—Hi Fi Matinee—Berlios’ Roman 
Sernives vod op F Ravel: La Vaise; 
Bax: Tintagel: Gould: Ballad for 
pond: Ponchielli: Dance of the 


¢: 05—Dinner ene’. 

7:00—Showt 

im-teseeet Tambetaensdiinemen. Jr.: 
Die Fledermaus Overture; Schu- 
bert: Ave Maria; Rossini: Barber of 
Seville: Lamo Al Factotum; St. 

aens: Dance Macabre 

8:05—The Sym ven Hours——Liszt, A 

Faust S Hovhaness: Mys- 


nmnenn: 


10: walt ct ubert: Quar- 
te 


No. 13 Bape 6; Sarasate: 


Capriccio 

partignt Berens — qecesiat: 
Concerto No. bs Symphon 
No. 4; Debuss Danes. Sacree Pe 
Danse - Profane; ¢; Dvorak: 


11; 


Wategepete 


lecture | 


Symphony No. 38. | 


Concerto: 


in Miniature: | 
L’ Arlesienne Suite | 


Rimsky-Korsa- | 


phonie Concertante for Piano and | 
Symphony | 


Die. 
I 


Symphonie eer? es in | 


Pre- | 
Con- | 


Long Haul Indicated 
In Bay State Budget 


By the New England Political Edito 

Despite Governor Furcolo’s 
constant prodding of the Mas- 
sachusetts Senate for immediate 
action on the state budget, the 
spending bill probably will not 
reach him until near the end of 
the month. 

Senator William D. Fleming 
(D) of Worcester, chairman of 
the Senate Committee on Ways 
'and Means, has indicated the | 


| budget may not be reported out | 


| of his committee until the week 
of July 19. 

If the Senate spends the week | 
debating the budget, it will not 
_be back in the House for action 
on Senate amendments until 
‘the week of July 26, 
only a few days for jockeying 
| between the branches. 
| Senator Fleming’s committee 
now is deep in the task of slash- 
ing the $443,000,000 House- 
passed budget by upwards of 
$10,000,000 to achieve palance 
without new taxes. 

Committed to Economies 
| Of course, it is possible the 
Senate ways and means commit- 
tee version of the budget may 
evoke-little debate in the Senate. 
In that case, passage would be 
swift. 

Both Democratic and Repub- 
lican Senate leaders are com- 
mitted to sharp economies to 
balance the budget. 
| The delay may-come primarily 
over House and Senate division 
regarding cuts. Earlier, Repre- 


leaving | 


rof The Christian Science Monitur 

sentative John F. Thompson (D) 
of Ludlow, -Speaker of the 
House, went all out to beat down 
an economy coalition in the 
House and succeeded in holding 
House cuts to: about $1,300,000. 


Whether he can hold his House 


in line against a Senate-slashed’ 
version remains to be seen. 

It could be that the Senate 
will force the House to accept 
Seff€te cuts rather than go into 
another month under an emer- 
|gency financing measure which 
now is in operation for the 
imonth of July. 

Pressure Continued 

Governor Furcolo continuéd 
his pressure on the Senate for 
action on the budget. In a July 
8 telecast over WHDH-TV, 
Channe! 5, the Governor said he 
was “hopeful and I believe the 
Senate is going to act this week 
on the budget.” 

However, announced Senate 
plans have already shattered the 
Governor’s expectations. 

In the telecast the Governor 
was accompanied by Robert T. 
Capeless, State Commissioner of 
Corporations and Taxation, and 
Kermit CC. Morrissey, State 
Budget Commissioner. 

Mr. Capeless pointed up the 
state’s fiscal problems by stating 
that “our permanent sources of 
revenue are getting less and 
less and our spending is going 
up.” 


’ 


TV to Scan Art Censorship 


Friday 


Perry Rathbone, Director of 
the Museum of Fine Arts, Bos- 
ton, will appear on Channel 2’s 
“Backgrounds” series Friday at 
6:45 p.m., to talk with Louis M. 
Lyons,host.of the program, 
about “Censorship, professional 
judgment, and the principles 
involved in the selection of art 
‘exhibits in general, and particu- 
larly the Moscow art exhibit of 
American paintings.” 

This. program will be broad- 
cast,over WGBH-FM at 7 p.m. 
ees Fees” 

A rebroadcast of Channel 2's 
“The Press and the People,” a 
series of 15 weekly reviews of 
the role of the press in a free 
society, will. begin on that 
Channel, Friday at 8:30 p.m. 
The first program in the re- 
broadcast will be on “The News 
from China,” 
White, former head of Time's 
China Bureau, and John K. 
Fairbank of Harvard. Louis M. 
‘Lyons is moderator of 
series, 

£8 ff 

Nation-wide television cover- 
age will be given to the pre- 
miere performance of the Cam- 
‘bridge Drama Festival perform- 
‘ance of “Twelfth Night”: the 
‘morning after the first perform- 
ance, Friday, July 10, at 8 
o'clock on CBS-TV’s “Richard 
Hottelet and the News,” over 
Channel 5. Guy Livingston, 
/_New England correspondent. for 


Variety, will review the play,. 


and his review will be heard 
‘over the coast-to-coast CBS 
Network, 


| oe ee 
The Oberlin College Gilbert 
and Sullivan Players, who have 
‘begun their second season on 


cerpts from their summer's rep- 
-ertoire on Channel 5’s “Dateline 
Boston” Friday at 6 p.m. 

' eo ee 
| As the final event in WJAR- 
TV's 10th anniversary celebra- 
ae, Channel 10 will telecast a 


Chinese Orphans 
Reach N.E. Home 


From a Hong Kong orphanage 
to the loving arms of new moth- 
ers in Massachusetts came the 
first two of 60 Chinese orphans 
yesterday. 

Clutching bags of assorted lol- 
lipops, two little four-year-old 
girls met their new parents in 
New York and proceeded to their 
new homes in Newton and 
Brockton. 

They were brought to the 


with, Theodore | 


this 


Cape Cod, will be heard in ex-. 


|gigantic parade and fireworks 


‘display the evening of July 10, 
from __7:30 to 9:30, Giant bale 
loons, floats, elephants, bands, 
branches of the military and 
veterans groups, WJAR-TV per- 
sonalities, leading civic groups 
of Providence and many other 
“featurés Will appeéar in the spec= 
tacular parade. 
i ae 

Channel 5 will telecast the 
game between the Red Sox and 
New York Yankees. directly 
from Fenway Park Friday at 
8:15 p.m. Curt Gowdy and Bob 
Murphy will report the action, 
Just before the game, Bob Wolff 
will telecast “Dugout Chatter” 
on the same station, at 8 p.m, 
WHDH radio will begin broad- 
casting the game at 8:10 p.m. 


Explorers Slate 


Wilderness Trek 


Spectal to Tke Christian Science Monitor 
East Walpole, Mass. 

Early jin August, nearly 40 
Explorer Scouts residing in the 
‘Old. Colony Council area, Boy 
Scouts of America, will embark 
on a 4,000-mile journey through — 
northern Canada to the Charles 
L. Summers Canoe Base, near 
Ely, Minn. 

According to Bill Eagleson, 
district Scout executive and ex- 
pedition leader, the Scout con- 
tingent will be the second group 
of New England Scouts to visit 
“this area. 

The group will leave by train 
from Framingham and the first 
stop will be at Niagara Falls, 
Then the - group continues 
through northern Canada to the 
Great Lakes to Ely,.Minn. At 
Ely the group will draw wildere- 
ness outfits and, with guides, 
will set out to explore and- fish 
-in the Quetico-Superior National 
Forest. 
| Mr. Eagleson, who has made 
the trip before, describés the 
Quetieo area as 4,000 square 
miles of wilderness teemi 
with pike, bass, and lake trout, 
| Following a 10- day canoe trip, 
‘the contingent’ will embark on 
a three-day cruise across the 
'Great Lakes, then on to Toronto 
and home to Boston. 

At the present time there are 
several vacancies, and interested 
Scouts may obtain further dé. 
tails by contacting the Old 
Colony Council, Inc., BSA, East 
Walpole (MOntrose 8-0165), 


Lifeguards Get Raise 
At Old Orchard Beach 


Special to The Christian Science Monitor 
Old Orchard Beach, Maine 


United States with the assistance 
of WAIF—Division of Interna- 
tional Social Service—during the 
re) paren month of World Refugee | 


‘The tr new parents are 
Mr. and Mrs. Richard E. Sam- 
uelson of Brockton and Mr. and | 
Mrs. Alfred Brissette of West 
Newton. The Samuelsons have | 
four boys—Richard, 11; Mark, 9; 
Stephen, 5; and Brett, 15 months. 


The Brisetts wish a daughter, | 
*' Karen, 9. | 


Lifeguards here were voted a 
$10 increase by the Board as 
Selectmen. The increase’ came, 
not only after they had made the © 
second rescue in a week, but — 
after a delegation representing 
_the 11 guards had told officials — 
that their pay of $40 a week for 
56 hours was inadequate. 

Herman: Gerrish, chairman of | 
the selectmen,. said the guards 
will now receive $50 a week for 
56 hours, plus a.dollar. _ every; 
hour overtime, 


Y 


v 


4 ‘sok a vie 


- 
pe 


¥ 


Oy 


: 
/ 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE, MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


Sports 


13 


‘Yankees Drop Loud 


Hint of Long D 


Cricket 


os 


Ana Talking Of “sa 


Queries 


By Sydney Skilton 
Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


London 

Friends of this column with 
a yearning for cricket, and there 
must be quite a number judging 
by our mall. will be interested 
to learn there has been a sequel! 
to the Erich Birner story. 

Erich is a 13-year-old German 
schoolboy of Kirchweidach, He 
asked me for material for a re- 


port on cricket which he wanted. 


to present at his school. He 


wrote “Especially I would need. 


. something about the test match- 
es (who did them win last 
years?) and something about 
great cricket players of the past 
and today.” I sent him the latest 
» edition of the Playfair Cricket 


Annual, qa 176-page publication. 


* with a comprehensive Who's 
Who, career records and items 
by some of the most followed 
writers in the game. 

It was all very much more 
than a 13-year-old could possi- 
bly want to know about a for- 
elgn game, so I thought. I wrote 
s0, too, in this column and had 
completely forgotten all about it 
until reminded by Robert Arnold 
Hunter, He wrote from Guerne- 
ville, California, saying that as 
I had been so kind to a German 
boy perhaps I would be so kind 
to him and let him know what 
cricketers meant when in bowt- 
ing they sometimes referred to 
a “Chinaman.” 

Scarcely had I got that answer 
off when another letter came 
from young Erich, It was a plea 
for even more information but 
so politely and pathetically, as 
well as excellently, worded that 


I make no excuse for reproduc- | 


ing it here in full. 
“I beg you” 

The neatly written “postkarte” 
reads: “Dear Mr. Sydney Skilton: 
At first I will thank you for the 
beautiful Cricket Annual, which 


is very usefull for my report. | 


But unfortunately there is noth- 


ing about the cricket rules in the | 


book. In all Germany I tried to 
get this rules, I even wrote to 
the National Olympic Commit- 
tee, but I had no success to get 
anything. Therefore I beg you 
to send me a little card or letter 
with the rules of cricket so that 
I learn how cricket is played. 
‘Please excuse my demanding 


you so often. Yours truly Erich | 


Birner.” 
Now any non-cricketer cour- 
geous enough to try and read 
‘Wn another language, the laws of 
cricket has my admiration. So 
forthwith I extracted them from 
one of my handbooks and dis- 


patched them posthaste to Kirk- ' 


i-weidach,. There are —55—cricket 
laws running into 14° closely 
printed six by nine inch pages. 


There is an addendum applying | 


to one-day matches and an ad- 
ditional 55 instructions to um- 
pires. They are so technical and 
complicated I am sure young 
Erich must still be trying 
understand them. 


somebody once wrote. All you 
have to do is to 
cricket. To do that you must 
understand the English and to 


do that is impossible. The same. 
England was | 
separated from the rest of the | 


wag wrote that 
world by an immense gulf called 
cricket. 


852 Books 


There have been more books 
written on cricket than any 
other single game, One collector 
boasts a library of no fewer 
than 852 different books devoted 
entirely to cricket. Another con- 


noisseur, a London solicitor, lays | 
claim to as many as 3,852 books | 


.and pamphlets although not all 


dealing exclusively with cricket. | 


Nor. does he admit to having 
read them all. 
Pride of my own humble little 


collection is one that I acquired | 
when browsing around a Liver- 


pool..bookstall_ while on shore 
leave during war time. It is 
Walter William Read’s “Annals 
of Cricket” published in 1896 
with an edition limited to just 
250 copies. Mr. Read was in 
major cricket for 20 years, main- 
ly for Surrey, and this book of 
his continues as one of cricket’s 
classics. Some-.of his reminis- 


cences have a very familiar ring, | 
1879 
“the | 


‘like the one for season 
which was pronounced 
worst ever and not three con- 
secutive days of real summer 
weather from early May to late 
August.” 

Mr. Read’s book was pub- 
lished in the same year the mod- 
ern cycle of Olympic Games 
was started in Paris. He wrote 
“As cricket is down to take a 
leading part (in the 
Games) we shall hope to wit- 


ness the performance a credit to | 


the British nation, and _ the 
heroes honoured as they would 
be in our national grounds at 


home,”’ Many people will be sur- | 


‘even contemplated for the 
Olympic Games. But I am won- 
dering if young Erich, in his 
thoroughness and enthusiasm, 
had got to learn something of 
this when he wrote to his own 
Olympic Committee for those 
rules on cricket. 


to 
Understanding cricket is easy, | 


understand | 


Olympic 


ft 


. e 
Major League Standings 


By the Associated Press 
American League 
Ww 
44 


GB 


2 

414 

4l4 

6 

8 
11 
12 


Cleveland... 
Chicago 
‘Baltimore 
|'New York .. 
| Detroit ia 
Washington.. 
‘Kansas City. 
Boston 


Results July & 
New York: 11, Boston 5 
Today's Schedule 
New York at Boston (N)—Sullivan 
(4-5) vs. Turley (7-8). 
Cleveland at Chicago (N)-—Score (9-5) 
vs. Pierce (8-10). 
Detroit at 
(9-5) and Narleski 
15-6) 
Reed (0-2). 
Baltimore at Washington (2—Twi-N) 
Fisher (0-1) and Walker (6-3) vs. 
Kemmerer (5-6) and Ramos (9-7). 
Tomorrow's Schedule 
New York at Boston (‘(N). 
Cleveland at Chicago iN). 
Detroit at Kansas City. (N). 
Baltimofe at Washington (N). 


(N). 


(4-7) vs. 


National League 


PC 
571 
.568 
960 
24 
.488 
.468 
.438 
317 


wf 
GB 


(il 
3l4 


|Milwaukee 

S’n Francisco 
Los Angeles. 
‘Pittsburgh 
Chicago 

St. Louis 
Cincinnati ... 3: 
‘Philadelphia. 29 


Results July & 
Neo games scheduled. 
Today's Schedule 


101% 
15 


Chicago 
(5-7) vs. Friend (4-10). 

San Francisco at Cincinnati iN 
Fisher (1-2) or Antonelli (12-4) 
Newcombe (9-4). 

Milwaukee (N)—Mc- 
‘is. Jay (3-5). 
. Louis at Philadelphia (2—-Twi-N) 
-Jackson (7-7) and Ricketts (1-4) 
vs. Roberts (7-7) and Conley (6-5), 
Tomororw’s Schedule 

St Louis at Philadelphia iN). 

Chicago at Pittsburgh (N). 

San Francisco at Cincinnati (N), 

Los Angeles at Milwaukee (‘N)}. 


Knicks Sign Green, 


By the Associated Press 
New York 
| Johnny Green eof Michigan 
State, the club’s 1959 No, 1 draft 
choice, was signed with the New 


‘York Knickerbockers of the Na-' 


tional Basketball Association. 

| Green, 6-foot-5," scored 427 
points in 23 games for an 18.6- 
point average as a senior. His 
career total of 1,062 was the 
third highest in Michigan State 
history. 


| American Association 

(Games of July &) 

By the Associated Press 
Eastern. Division 


} 


prised to know that cricket was! 


Minneapolis 
Indianapolis 
Louisville 
Saint Paul. 
Charieston 


Houston .. 


Kansas City (2—Twi-N)— 


and Kucks (2-4) or 


° 
' 


pote ' 
vs 


| - No.1 Cage Choice 


6 42 | 


| 
| 


at Pittsburgh (N)—Anderson | 


| Associated Press Wirephoto 


Retired Gen, Douglas MacArthur (left) helps 
display the football trophy bearing his name 
to be awarded annually to the country’s top 
college team. The silver bowl, in the shape of a 


> oe OS 
ae. 


football stadium, will be presented by the Na- 


; 


| 


| 


| 
| 


elayed Awakening in Pennant Race 


Are Champions Finally 


Climbing Toward Top? 


By 


Ed Rumill 


Sports Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Are we about to witness the 
long delayed awakening of the 
New ‘York Yankees” 

Although Casey Stengel has 
made what turned out to be 
several false starts in the weeks 
leading up to the All-Star 
Game, there. is a definite hint 
in the clear July air that the 
“Old Professor” is finally on his 
way. 

He took the first of six suc- 
cesive dates with the Red Sox 
last night at Yankee Stadium, 


(11-5, prior to which he took-:-a 


} 
| 
i 


tional Football Foundation and Hall of Fame | 
whose president, Chester J. LaRoche, 
looks on. General MacArthur is chairman of the 
foundation's national advisory board. 


(right) 


| 
i 


| By the Associated Press 


Dublin, Ireland 

| The world’s lawn tennis bosses 
have set up a special committee 
to study rules governing ama- 
teurism in a move that could 
lead to open’ tournaments 
‘throughout the world. 


The special committee was 
appointed at a meeting of the 
International Lawn Tennis Fed- 
eration as delegates spent a lot 
of time discussing the amateur 


‘| status of current players. 


Jean Borotra, 61-vear-old 
Frenchman who won the Wim- 
'bledon singles title in 1924 and 
'1926, argued that the amateur 
and professional tag should be 
scrapped. 

He wanted to introduce reg- 


istered and non-registered play- | 


ers—as is done in table tennis. 


Open Tourneys 
That leaves the governing 
body with complete control but 
opens the way to open tourna- 


Steel Firms See Union Pushed 


By Frederick W. Rovekamp 
Staff Correspondent of 
The Christion Scicnee Monitor 


New York 
President Eisenhower’s_re- 
newed appeal to avoid a steel 
strike appears to have com- 
pounded the dilemma of David 


J. McDonald, president of Steel-| 


workers of America. 


At the Hotel Roosevelt here, | 
| where the steel-wage talks have 
| dragged on for many weeks, the 
| presidential appeal was seen by 

some -observers as de facta.sup-. 


port of the position of the steel 
companies. Earlier pleas by the 
President, it was pcinted out, 
lent themselves to interpreta- 


‘tion as requests to both sides to | 


Members Acclaim 


By Betty 


D. Mayo 


Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


Oberlin, Ohio 
With the spontaneous rising 
and singing of the Doxology, 
some 1,000 voices .gave more 
than legal sanction.to a state- 
ment of faith for the new United 
Church of Christ. 


The vote to accept the slight- | 


ly revised statement came sud- 
denly July 8 after several days 
of discussion, with delegates giv- 
ing and taking freely of each 
other’s expressions at this Gen- 
eral Synod meeting on the Ober- 
lin College campus. 

Immediately following’ the 
vote, delegates, alternates, and 
visitors rose as one and began 
_ singing: “Praise God from whom 
all blessings flow.” 

After the song was ended the 


throng, still standing, joined in| “God has made us to live to- | Vice-President 


| session was the United Church 
of Christ’s first pronouncement 
on Christian social action. 


Half a century ago the four | 


communions which now form 
'the United Church of Christ 
joined the then Federal Council 
of* Churches to proclaim the 
social creed of the churches. It 
called on the churches to stand 
for such ideals as the abolition 
of child labor, the release of 
workers from employment for 
| one day in seven, the protection 


of workers from occupational 


hazards, and the right of em- 
|ployers and employees to or- 
| ganize. 

| The new “call to Christian ac- 
| tion in society” is a 1,700-word 
'manifesto which says in part: 


modify their deman:is for the 
sake of a strike free settlemeni. 

But the steel companies ap- 
‘pear to be taking the presiden- 


tionary” settlement as endorse- 
ment of their position. 


refusal to consider any rise 'n 
labor costs this year. 


Pressure Builds Up 
In view ofthis adamacy—of 
management, any further ap- 
peals against striking were seen, 


in effect, to put pressure on Mr. 


‘panies’ terms. 


To accept the 
terms at this point would be 
‘considered a blow to Mr. Mc- 
|Donald’s prestige and that of 


tial warning against én “infla- | 


They | 
have not bent 'n their steel-like 


| The 
containsa_limit of $50,000 on. 


|'McDonald to settle for the com- | 


New Church Credo 


companies’ | 


”™ 


Eisenhower Signs 
Money Measures 


By the Associated Press 
Washington 
President Eisenhower has 
signed bills appropriating 
$3,971,362,673 to the Agricul- 
ture Department and $13,463,- 
500 to the Office of the Presi- 


| dent for the fiscal year that 


began July 1. 
agriculture measure 
Price-support payments to in- 
dividuals on any crop, with 
some exceptions. Its new cash 
allotments are $110,002,190 
less than the President had re- 
quested. 

The executive-offices bill 
appropriates $145,000 less than 
the President had sought. 


} 
} 
} 


| 


‘the union among labor unions | 


in general, which could not be 
realistically considered. 
| Mr. 


|eager to avoid a strike 


‘the debts of last year’s recession 
layoffs. He has been the one to 
‘initiate the contacts with the 
Eisenhower administration to in- 
ject its influence into the talks. 
|His first_approach led to the suc- 
|cessful proposal by President 
| Eisenhower to continue the talks 
|for two weeks until July 14. 

| Further evidence of the union 
|president’s desire for a _ face- 
‘saving formula to continue the 
talks was seen in his surprise 
visit to Pittsburgh to talk to 
Richard 


McDonald appears most, 
that | 
'would hit his union members | 
‘while they are still paying off: 


M. | 


‘help whittle down the stockpiles | 


while not costing the companies 

any, layoff payments to workers, 
McDonald Squeezed 

Mr. McDonald, on the other 

hand, was squeezed between his 

evident desire to extend the 

talks and tne necessity for pre- 


senting the image of a strong! 


|'bargainer. In response to the 
President’s July 8 statement, Mr. 
McDonald issued the following 
statement, which said in part: 


| “We are confident that the 


President does not intend that 


| we negotiate forever. If there is | 


good faith on the companies’ 
_part, we can conclude an agree- 
ment by 12:01 a.m. July 15. 


_the repetition in unison of the | gether in community. Without | Nixon, who attended the all-star | must have a terminal _ point. 
new credo. The committee and| love of neighbor there is no | baseball game there July 7. 


the audience 
moved, . 

Approval of the statement was 
unanimous even though numer- 
ous delegates, only a few min- 
utes earlier, had expressed dis- 
appointment that some of their 
recommended changes had not 
been adopted in the final draft. 


Changes Made 


One of the changes involved 
the opening sentence which 
reads: “We believe in God, the 
eternal Spirit, Father of our 
Lord Jesus Christ and our 
Father, to whose deeds we glad- 
ly testify.” The latter part now 
reads: “and to his deeds we 
testify.” “Gladly,”’ Elmer J. F. 
Arndt of Webster Groves, Mo.., 
the chairman, explained, has 
come to be a trite expression 
and since none better could be 
substituted, if was omitted en- 
tirely. ; 

Another reference to Jesus 
Christ as having “conquered sin 
and death, and reconciled the 
world to himself,” was changed 
with the words “conquering” 
and “reconciling” to give the 
sense that “the work of Christ 
is present and continuing,” it 
was explained. 

A final comment of one of the 
committee members summed up 
the statement succinctly and 
brought on the vote for adop- 
‘tion The spokesman said one of 
the characteristics of the docu- 
ment is that it does not spell 
out doctrine or dogma. “In a 
statement of faith,” he said, 
“you don’t want a definition of 
ae nal position.” | 


were visibly 


Iso adopted at the July 8 


'love of God. Without service 
to men there is no service to 
God. We live, we rise, we fall 
‘as members of one _ family 
‘under God.” 

| One of the sections for which 
an amendment was unsuccess- 
‘fully sought involved “race re- 
lation.” The section opens with 
the introduction: “Jesus Christ 
‘as Lord and Shepherd of all 
| men requires us as his followers 
_to repent of those violations of 
| brotherhood and justice which 
| éreate separation, tension, and 
conflict between men of differ- 
,}ent races and to manifest — 
within the church, the body of 
Christ, and within the commu- 
nity and nation—acts worthy of 
such repentance.” 

Wording Backed 


The motion calling for the 
original wording, which said in 
part that “segregation is a sin” 
and “contrary to the gospel,” 
lost. 

Dr. Chester Marcus of Cleve- 
land, a Negro and a staff mem- 
ber of the Council for Christian 
Social Action of. the United 
Church; urged adoption of the 
pronouncement ds revised with- 
out the suggested amendment. 
“T feel,” he said, “that the state- 
ment will have acceptance 
across the nation.” 

As adopted, the _ section’s 
strongest statement calls for 
“the end of racial segregation 
and discrimination in our com- 
munities—in church life, in 
housing, in employment, in 
education, in. public accommo- 
dations and _ services, 
the exercise of political right.” 


and in 


Limiting Factors 


[In Washington an aide to Mr. 
Nixon said the Vice-President 
also discussed the steel negoti- 
ations in Pittsburgh July 6 and 
\7 with Benjamin F. Fairless, 
president of the American Iron 
and Steel Institute and former 
‘chairman of the United States 
Steel Corporation, The Associ- 
ated Press reported. | 

However much Mr. Nixon 
might , jike a key role in 
preventing a nationwide strike, 
his field of action was seen to be 
limited by two factors. One is 
that any attenipt to continue the 
talks would have to include 
some concession to the union, 
The companies appear deter- 


‘could place the responsibility for 
having to veer from their “anti- 
inflation course” on the admin- 
istration. 

The other limitation of Mr. 
Nixon as a_ potential peace 
maker was seen to be his chair- 
manship of the Cabinet Com- 
mittee on Price Stability for 
Economic Growth. The commit- 
tee last week warned especially 
against further increases in steel 
wages as & possible inflationary 
factor. 

The steel companies, on the 
one hand, are considered not 
fearful of a strike. They could 
sit back with the double as- 
surance of having obeyed the 
White House as well as their 
own interests. 

Steel supplies have been 
hoarded by steel - consuming 
manufacturers in anticipation of 
[a walkout, A strike thus would 


mined not to make one. They | Tul 


|This is the one that has been 
|agreed upon by the parties.” 

| The day before Mr. McDonald 
|emerged from his meeting with 


| Mr. Nixon and said: that there | 


Was 


‘modified his stand and said he 
it would “‘not-reeommend one (to 


\the union’s wage policy commit- 

ence we will get a new con- 
‘tract, and there is no such evi- 
dence now.” 


Texas League 
(Games of July &) 
By the Associated Press 

w. 

.. 83 

52 

48 

43 
WEB oc ccssnseen 
Amarillo ....,... 42 


Skaters to Appear 
In’60 Ice Follies 


By the Associated Press 
San Francisco 

Five outstanding figure 
skaters, including three from 
Canada, turned pro July 7 to 
appear in the 1960 Ice Fellies. 

Twins Margaret and Mar- 
lene Meldrum, 17, of Saska- 
toon, Sask.; Eddie Collins, 19, 
the Canadian Junior Men’s 
Champion from Woodstock, 
Ontario, and Mr. and Mrs, 
Don Jacoby, U.S. National 
Gold Dance Champions from 
— N.Y., all joinéd .the 
show. 


Victoria 
Austin iad 
San Antonio .... 
Corpus Christi .. 


“Every period of negotiations | baseball as an American League | 


L manager, 


“no possibility” of another | 
i|contract extension. But later he | 


tee) unless there is some evi- | 


a with the 
such as Wimbledon Champion 
Alex Olmedo of Peru competing 
against professionals Pancho 
Gonzales, Lew Hoad, Frank 
Sedgman and Ken Rosewall. 

The Borotra plan — Borotra 
was a French delegate — met 
with divided opinions. 

At the same time the federa- 
tion waived its ruling that play- 
ers should be limited to expens- 
es for 150 days on overseas 
tours. It extended the time to a 
maximum of 210 davs but left 
this to the discretion of the na- 
tional associations. 

The daily living allowance of 
$14 stood despite some demands 
for an increase the $22.40, 

Submit Views 

The special committee was 
i'made up of Borotra; James B. 
‘Dickey, of Newark, NJ.; C. 
Barde, Switzerland: J. Eton- 
Griffith, Britain: A. Heyman, 
Denmark; Baron Lionhead, 
Sweden; L. Orsini, Italy, and R. 
H. Youdale of Australia. 

After the private meeting, Ba- 
‘sil Reay, joint honorary secre- 
tary of the ILTF, said all na- 
tional associations will be asked 
to submit their views on ama- 
teurism in writing before Nov. 

® 
' No mention was made on the 
record of open tournaments but 
officials,_whoe—-refused to — be 
identified, said the appointment 
‘of the special committee could 
pave the way to pro-amateur 


} tourneys. 


Eaton-Grifith owas named 
president of the international 
federation while Reavy and A. 
Gentien of France were. elected 
_jJoint honorary secretaries. 


| 

‘It’s News to Me’ 

_ Says Lopez About 
Durocher Report 


By the Associated Press 
Tampa, Fla. 

Manager Al Lopez of the 
Chicago White Sox said he 
knows nothing about a report 
that the American League club 
i'may seek the services of Leo 
Durocher as a combination field 
and general manager. 


P Toasts Has Committee — Bill Harding 
—6To Study Open Tourney WinsOpening 


top amateurs, | 


| 
| 


champion from 


‘against 


Nick Tasho of Brockton,-7-and-6. 


|Dolan of. Leicester 


| 


| 


‘Sharon High School junior, de- 


“It’s news to me,” Lopez said 


at his home in Tampa. 
Lopez, visiting with his family 
during the All-Star game break, 


‘Worcester 5 


said, “So far-as the report goes, | 


Mr. (Bill) Veeck will’ have to 
confirm or deny it. I can’t:’, 
“I Know nothing of it. My re- 
lations with Mr. Veeck and Mr. 
(Hank) Greenberg have been 
very good.” 
that Durocher may return: to 
perhaps---with 
White Sox, Durocher has been a 
television executive since quit- 
ting as manager of the old New 
'York Giants four years ago. 


° 
Minor League Scores 


| Results July 8 
By the Associated Press 


Pacific Coast League 
Salt Lake City 7, Phoenix 4. 

San Diego 6. Sacramento 1. 

| Spokane 7. Vancouver 4. 

| Portland 7, Seattle 4. 

American Association 
Denver & Minneapolis 7 110 innings). 
Omaha 4. Saint Paul 3 (10 innings). 
Fort Worth 11, Louisville 9. 

Dallas 5, Indianapolis 3. 
Charleston 13, Houston 0. 

International League 
Montreal 5-7, Buffalo 0-9 
Columbus 2-1, Riehmond 1-23. 
Miami 2, Havana 1 (12 innings). 
Toronto 5, Rochester 2. 

Southern Association 
Memphis 5, Mobile 4 (11 innings) 
Atlanta 6, Chattanooga 5 (10 innings). 
Nashville 6, Birmingham 1. 

New Orleans 8, Shreveport 5. 


Division) 
Antonio 6. 
Austin 10. Corpus Christi 2. 
Amarillo 6, Victoria 4. 

(Mexican League Division) 
Monterrey 5-3. Poza Rica 2-6. 
Vera Cruz 4, Mexico City Tigers 2. 
Nuevo Laredo 9, Mexico City Reds 1. 


International League 


(Games of July 8) 
By the Associated Press 


= " 


| 
\ 
| 
' 


Round Mateh 


By the Associated Press 
Williamstown, Mass 
Harding, the defending 
Dedham, faced, 
two rounds today in the Slst 
Massachusetts Amateur Golf 
Tournament. | 
The 34-year-old businessman | 
took his opening-round match 
yesterday by a 2-and-l margin 
over- Francis McDonnell of 

Brockton. 

Three over par for his first 
competitive tour of the rolling 
6,630-yvard Williams College 
course, Harding was pitted 
Rollie Lamontagne of 
Lea in today’s second 


Bill 


Thorny 
round. 

If Harding got bv that test he 
was slated to meet the winner 
of the Walter Nawoj (Ludlow) 
vs. Jim Shea (Oak Hill) match. 

Former Champion 

Eddie Martin of Winchester, 
one of two former champions in 
the field, won four of the last 
six regulation holes and took his 
match with a par four on the 
20th hole to complete a stirring 
rally yesterday. His stubborn 
victim was Peter Remis of the 
Kernwood Club in Salem, 

Martin’s second-round oppon- 
ent todav was Ronald Letellier 
of Holyoke who attends Pasa- 
dena, Calif., Junior College. Le- 
telher was one under par for 
12 holes yesterday as he ousted 

Meanwhile, 20-year-old Jay 
and Rollins 
College (Fla.) was even par for 
13 holes in beating Barry Bruce 
of Wenham, 6 and 5. 

Ed Connell of Thorny Lea in 
Brockton, 1955 titlist, posted a 3- 
and-2 victory over Joe Ford of 


Riverside yesterday and moved | 


into a second round test against | 


Al Denly of Wollaston. 


Youngest and Oldest 
The tournament's youngest 
and oldest also survived the first 
round, 
Bob Kirouac, 16-vear-old 
feated Joe Carr of Wachusetts in 
and 4. Carr is a 
student at Fairfield University. 
Kirouac drew Jay Wolf of An-| 


dover in the second round. 
99-year-old | 


John Pope, the 


golfing grandfather from South 


‘Stone of Sharon 5 and 4. He met | 
the host | 


Shore in Quincy, defeated Art 
Dave McClelland of 


‘club today. 
A report from Pittsburgh said | 


' 


; 
| 
| 


| 


In other feature matches ves | 
terday, Warren Tibbetts of Albe-" 


marle defeated William Helenius 


the: of Green-Hill.3- and. 2, Tibbetts is- 


a former New Hampshire ama- | 
teur king playing in the Bay 
State tourney for the first time. | 

Bobby Jones III, of Pittsfield, 
son of the famous golfer, breezed 
to a 7-and-6 verdict over Bob 
Spooner of Reservation. Tibbetts 
met Jack Harvey of Winchester | 
while Jones faced Walter Sharis 
of United Shoe in second-round 
matches. | 


~ 
Terry SwornIn | 
By the Associated Press | 
Kansas City | 
Ralph Terry, New York)! 
hurler, raised his pitching hand | 
to be sworn in as a member of | 
the U.S. Army Reserve. Taking | 
advantage of the All-Star Game. 
lull, the former Kansas City | 
Athletics pitcher flew here to} 
sign up for a six months tour! 
with the Army which will begin | 
in October. He will miss part of 
his 1960 spring training. 


Pacific Coast League 
(Games of July &) 
By the Associated Press 


Sacramento . 


pokane i 
galt Lake City .. 
eS ew ow ae 


I 
8s 
f 
1 
Seattle 


Southern Association 
(Games of July &) 
By the Assoctated Press 


Birmingham .... 
Mobile — 


New Orleans .... 
Chattanooga... 
Memphis .. 
Nashville 
Shreveport .... 
pi ROOT 


you, as it did to me, that 


yet 


“Richmond and sent 


series from the tough Baltimore 
Orioles and broke even in four 
weekend contests with Washing- 
ton. 

Third Place 

This left Casey in a third- 
place tie withe Baltimore in the 
tight American League race, 
just 4l2-games off Cleveland's 
stubborn pace. 

Yankee bats had a familiar 
ring last night at New York, as 
the world champions pounded 
Boston pitching for 15 hits and 
11 runs. There were _ four 
doubles, a triple and a home 
run—a crisp tuneup to a long 
weekend at Fenway Park, with 
its chummy left field wall. 

Cream, they say, will always 
come to the top and_e the 
Yankees have been much 
long showing their class. This 
may not be Stengel’s best outfit 
at New York, or even his sec- 
ond best, but it is good enough 
to beat the clubs around today. 

Incidentally, did it occur to 
Billy 
Jurges has run into a real rough 
schedule at the start of his 
managerial career? 

He had to tackle the Orioles 
in their home stadium where 
they are as hard to beat as any 
outfit in the American League, 
he came away with two 
wins and one loss. Then he 
moved into six straight games 
with the Yankees, including to- 
night’s, tomorrow night’s, Sat- 
urday, Sunday and Monday aft- 


‘ernoon’s at Fenway Park. 


White Sox 


Then come three with the 
White Sox and four versus the 
Indians, all at the Fens. 

However, Billy might just as 
well find out early what he can 
expect from his players and 
there little doubt that he 
will want chariges. There were 
men left behind by Mike Hig- 
gins who do not 


is 


too. 


deserve Red, 


perhaps 
their 


and 
knows 


uniforms 
already 


Sox ° 
Jurges 
names. 
Speaking of the rugged sched- 
ule the new manager is facing 
brings to mind that the Red Sox 
must already have created a 
negative vote for the strange 
arrangement of games thrown 
together this year by the Amer- 
ican League. For instance, if 
you include last night’s makeup 
at Yankee Stadium, the Sox 
were scheduled 26 straight days, 
a total of 28 engagements. Un- 
less rain interrupts somewhere 
along the line, the Boston club’s 
next open date is Monday, Aug, 
3, at the end of a western swing. 


Braves Here 


Of course, this tight eard also 
includes the Jimmy Fund game 
with the Milwaukee Braves at 
the Fens on July 20, a week 
from Monday. 

But a schedule which con- 
stantly gives a club open dates 
on the road and almost none at 
home is not too far from ridicu- 
lous. Criticism, also, has been 
hurled at a system calling for 
just two stops on a western 
trip; or two stops coming East. 
There already is. considerable 
doubt that the clubs will accept 
a similar schedule for 1960. 

Ike Delock, who. has_ been 
running alternately hot and.cold 
for some time,_.wascold-again 
last night, although it was Jack 
Harshman, a bull pen arrival, 
who actually lost the game. But 
Red Sox pitching cannot be 
good, or even fair, unless the 
stvlish right-hander from Mich- 
igan can win, 

+ +5 

Briefs ... The Yankees put 
last night’s game away with a 
five-run outburst against Harsh- 
man in the fourth inning, with 
a Skowron triple and Berra 
homer being the big blows . 
Pete Runnels, after getting his 
10lst hit, was forced to leave 
the game when struck in the 
face by a ground ball... Jurges 
apparently changed his mind 
about playing Keough against 
all types of pitching when lefty 
Bobby Shantz fanned Marty in 
the second inning . Shantz 
was brilliant in relief, fanning 
eight _ The Sox went over 
the half million mark in road 
attendance and should do the 
same at the Fens before the 
Yanks leave town It will 
be Frank Sullivan against Bob 
Turley tonight. 


Sports Front Briets 


By the Associated Press 


Baseball 
Cincinnati 
Mayo Smith was fired as man- 
ager of the Cincinnati Reds and 
replaced by Fred Hutchinson, 
manager of the Seattle Pacific 
Coast League club. 
Baltimore 
The Baltimore Orioles recalled 
Brooks Robinson from Van- 
couver in-an- effort to tighten 
the left side of their shaky in- 
field, 
New York 
The New York Yankees called 
up pitcher Eli (Bill) Grba, a 
right-handed reliever, from 
outfielder 
Jim Pisoni to the International 
League club. 
Cleveland 
The Cleveland Indians an- 
nounced that relief pitcher Dick 
Brodowski has been dropped 
from the team and will be re- 
assigned to a minor league club. 


Golf 
Chicago 
National Champion 


Quast, Everett, Wash, defeated 
defending Champion’ Barbara 


‘McIntire, Jupiter, Fla., 3 and. 2 
}in 


second round 
Westérn 


the 
Women’s 


of the 
Amateur 


‘Championship; Nancy Roth, Elk- 


hart, Ind., upset Southern 
Champion Judy Eller, Old 
Hickory, Tenn., l-up. 
Fort Wayne, Ind, 
Marlene Bauer. Hagge, Delray 


Babe Ruth League 


ry’ ° \ | 
fourney Final ‘To | 


Be Held in Lynn 


Amherst, Mass. 

The Massachusetts Babe Ruth 
Baseball League 
final game will be played at 
Manning Bowl, Lynn, Aug. 9, 
Stanley P. Ziomek, state direc- 
tor of the league, has an- 
nounced. 

Eight district playoffs 
Saturday, July 11. 

The victor at Manning Bow! 
will play in. the New England 
regionals in the adjacent Maine 
cities of Bangor and Brewer 
during the week of Aug. 10. : 

The regional tournament 1s 
being held in the Maine cities 
as part of their tercentenary 
celebrations. 

Among the entries in the New 
England regional tournament Is 
a team from Puerto Rico. Last 
vear a team from Gérmany was | 


begin 


‘assigned to compete in the New | 


England finals but did 
show up. | 

The New England champion 
will play in the Babe Ruth 
World Series at Stockton, Cailif., 


during the week of Aug. 24. 


not 


Wednesday Stars 

By the Associated Press | 
Hitting—Bill Skowron, Yan-— 
kees, doubled and brought the. 
Yankees from behind with a) 
two-run triple for 11-5 victory | 
over the Red Sox. ) 
Pitching — Bobby Shantz, 
Yankees, settled down after giv- | 


t 
; 


‘\ing up a two-run double and. 


an r.b.i. single when he came) 
on in relief in the second inning, | 
allowing only one run on four 
hits while striking out eight rest | 
of the way. | 


Anne 


Tournament 


Beach, Fla., shot 71-70—141 to 
win Hoosier Celebrities pro 
tournament by four shots. 


Tennis 

Milwaukee 
Ray Senkowski, Hamtramck, 
Mich., upset South Africa’s lan 
Vermaak 0—6, 6—3, 6—1 in 

Western Open Championship. 
Dublin, Ireland 
Jon Douglas of Santa Monica, 
Calif. and Jack Frost of Mon- 
terey, Calif., won their third- 
round men’s. singles in_ the 
Irish Tennis Championships. 
Douglas defeated I. McDonald 
of—the-West—indies,-6—1, 6—3, 
and Frost eliminated G. P, 
Jackson of Ireland, 6—2, 6—3. 


Antwerp, Belgium 
Malcolm Fox of Baltimore de- 
feated Mike Franks of Los 
Angeles 6—4, 4—6, 6—2 in an 
All-American singles match?in 
the Beerschot Club Tennis 
Tournament. — 


Sailing 

Quincy, Mass. 
Skipper Kerry Fove success- 
fully defended his National 
Turnabout Junior Sailing 
Championship despite the fact 
he finished eighth in the final 

race, 

Los Angeles 

Nalu II, a 46-foot slop out of 


Newport Beach, is leading the 


trans-Pacific  vacht 
race from Los Angeles to-Hon- 
Olulu, although far back in the 
pack. 

Boxing 

Los Angeles 
Jose Becerra of Mexico won 

the World Bantamweight 
Championship from Alphonse 
Halimi, France, in 2:02 of the 
eighth round. 


General 


Des Moines 
After three years absence in 
private employment Jack Mc- 
Clelland is, returning to Drake 
University as athletic director, 
President Henry G. Harmon 
announced. , 
Atlantic City, NJ. 
Boyd Williams of El Khurafeh 
Temple, Saginaw, Mich., won 
the National Shrine Trapshoot- 
ing Championship at Bader Field 
He broke 95 of 100 targets. 


New York 
Rookie fullback C, R. Roberts 
has been traded to the Pitts- 
burgh Steelers for guard Dar- 
rell Dess; the New York football 
Giants announced. 
Istanbul 
A touring American wrestling 
team gained its second-straight 
draw here in a freestyle match, 
a 2-2 deadlock with a selected 
Istanbul team, 


FENWAY PARK 


TONIGHT 
8:15 P.M.” 


exes $2.75, Res. Grind. $2 
Grsind, Adm. $1.50, Biers. 7 


© 


THE CHRISTIAN. SCIENCE, MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, JULY “9, 1959 


In Influence’ Fog 


By William H. Stringer 
Chiepongne Washington News Bureau of The Christi ian Science Monitor 


Washington 
When Admiral _ Bellbottom | 
Seadogge (USN, retired) quits | 
the Navy and becomes board 
chairman of Zooploop Missle- 
tronics, Inc., and talks rocket | 


business with some of his former | 


pals at the Pentagon, 
“influence peddling?” 
Or when Lt. Col, “Sidewinder” 
Blueyonder (United States Air 
Force, retired) becomes a tech- 
nical inspector or minor ~ a 
of Outerspace Platforms, Ltd., 
he likely to exert undué ° pres- 
sure” on his ‘former employer, 


is this 


the United States Government? | 


The two cases are different, as 
the. House armed services sub- 


committee—now probing into an | 


allegedly modern kind of ‘“‘muni- 
tions lobby’—is finding out. 

In the first case, the retired 
admiral has important stature, 
can associate with men‘ whose 
careers he has forwarded, and 
could conceivably bring strong 
influence to bear in favor of his 
new employer, if so minded. 

In the second case, a techni- 
cal inspector or minor official is 
not likely to be in a position to 
inflUuence—particularly if he is 
below the rank of general. 


Hard Line to Draw 


But the House subcommittee 
under Chairman F. Edward 
Hébert (D) of Louisiana is also 
finding it difficult to draw the 
thin line between “influence 
peddling” and normal, legiti- 
mate advocacy, say, by a busi- 
ness firm of a particular prod- 
uct or weapons system. 

Even after hearing from sharp, 
tart Admiral Hyman G. Rick- 
over, the Navy’s atomic energy 
submarine pioneer; Deputy De- 
fense Secretary Thomas S. Gates, 
Jr., and after summoning former 
Joint Chiefs Chairman Arthur 
W. 
murky water ahead. 


Admiral Rickover advised the) 


committee that he would allow 
retired officers to take technical 
jobs with private industry, no 
questions asked. There would be 
to exert “undue influence.” 
feels the same about retired of- 


. - 
Cuban Ex-Air Chief 
Given U.S. Asylum 


By the Associated Press 
Miami 


Maj. Pedro Luis Diaz Lanz, 
sought as a traitor by his gov- 
ernment after his sudden 
resignation as head of the 
Cuban Air Force, is in the 
United States as a resident 
alien. 

Major Diaz, whose where- 
abouts had been unreported 
since his June 30 letter of 
resignation, came to Miami 
from Cuba with his wife July 
1 on a small private boat. 

Edward P. Ahrens, district 
director of Immigration and 
Naturalization, July 8 an- 
nounced Major Diaz’s admis- 
sion. Major Diaz’s wife has 
been paroled. 

Mr. Ahrens would not go 
beyond his brief announce- 
ment of the arrival and ad- 
mission. 


“He has requested that his 
whereabouts not be revealed 
at this time,” Mr. Ahrens said. 

Florida, separated from 
Cuba by only 200 miles of 
water, has a growing colony 
of Cubans opposed to _ Fidel 
«&astro’s revolutionary g0v- 
ernment. 

However, many Castro sup- 
porters remain in the Miami 
area and Major Diaz well may 
consider it safer to keep his 
whereabouts secret. 

Major Diaz’s admission as a 
resident alien means either 
that he holds a United States 
passport or that this require- 
ment was waived in his case. 
Most of the Cubans who come 
here as political refugees sim- 
ply arrive without formality 
and then surrender to immi- 
gration officials as illegal en- 
trants. 

Parole, extended to Major 
Diaz’s wife, customarily is 
granted to those bona fide 
refugees who technically vio- 
late the entry law but who 
show good faith by reporting 
their presence at once. Under 
the parele device, the alien 
remains out of physical cus- 
tody on promise to appear for 
a hearing before immigration 
officials. 


Radford, the committee saw | 


|ficers under the -rank—in the 
'Navy—of admiral and captain. 

For admirals seeking jobs in 
private industry, he would ad- 
| vise a “cooling off” period of 
‘three years, before they could 
accept a top position. 


Church Suggested 

Finally, Admiral Rickover 
would. require annual reports, 
from the Pentagon, of all con- 
tacts that active officers had 
with retired officers, and the 
“nature of the business dis- 
cussed.” 

“What 
ethics?” 
bert. 

“I'd have a code of ethics, 


about a code’ of | 
queried Chairman Hé- 


reinforced by going to church | 


every Sunday,” the admiral re- | 
sponded wryly. ° 

He was indicating the distinct | 
difficulty of writing a law that | 
would single out the real in- 
fluence peddlers from normal 
business selling advocacy, 


President Eisenhower ex- 
pressed to a recent press con- 
ference his feeling that muni- 
tions firms were exerting undue 
influence in favor of this or 
| that missile or plane or weapon. 
| He was believed to be referring 
‘to big advertising in periodicals 
touting a particular. weapon, 
and to pressures exerted by 


‘companies having a big stake | 


in a particular device being 
considered for advancement or 
discard, 

Obviously, this kind of 
fluence could be exerted wheth- 
-er-or not the company in ques= 
tion had retired admirals or 
generals in the front office. 
it might be more successful if 
gold braid was indeed in evi- 
dence. 


Pearson Accuses 


Drew Pearson, in his book 
"U.S. A—Second-Class Power,” 
made strong allegations that 
certain missiles and weapons 
‘have been wrongly advanced or 


retarded by heavy pressure from 


ay firms entrusted with their man- 
little opportunity for technicians | 


He | 


ufacture. 
Actually, Deputy Defense Sec- 


“retary Gates told the committee 


the Navy was investigating about 
300 instances where retired offi- 


cers now are employed by de- 
_fense contractors. In-some Casés | 
there could be conflicts of inter- | 
est. So far, he said, this survey— | 
of naval officers retired less than | 
two years—gave no indication of | 


any violations of the law. 

The Navy. recently sent out 
some 4,000 questionnaires to re- 
tired officers after the Comptrol- 
ler General stopped the pay of a 
‘retired Navy lieutenant com- 
'mander who was paying “good- 
will visits” 
moting, though not 
taking orders for, beer. 

Existing laws bar retired offi- 
cers from “selling” or “‘negotiat- 
ing” sales, The Congress com- 


actually 


mittee is seeking whether better | 
rules and definitions might not 


be developed. 


Delicate Area 

Subcommittee members real-| 
ize the inquiry is delving into 
a delicate area. Retired officers, | 
still at productive ages, 


work where they are competent. 


| On the other hand, as long ago 


as 1956 the same subcommittee 
states that “the presence of re- 
tired military personnel on pay- 
‘rolls, fresh from the ‘opposite 
| side of the desk,’ creates a 
‘doubtful atmosphere.” 

| It added “the military estab- 
| lishment ought to lean over 
' backwards so that no suggestion 
‘of favoritism, influence, or old- 
‘school tie could be read into 
their conduct.” 

Admiral Rickover, testifying 
lon March 20, told a House sub- 
committee on government oper- 
| ations that he used to have visits 
from former associates, ad- 

mirals, and military people, be- 
fore they discovered he was 
“obtuse” to pressure, adding, 
| “I myself don’t get pressured 
‘by outsiders, but they do go) 
higher up and get pressure put | 
‘on me that way.” 
| But he said he would give! 
‘names in executive session only, 
‘because the mere visit to his| 
(Office by a retired officer cer- 
tainly should not be considered | 
evidence of» wrongdoing. 

The House subcommittee has 
‘discovered that old generals do 
‘not “fade away,” but precisely | 


|when they improperly invoke) in the internal affairs of another | 


old prestige is harder to plot out. | 


Washington 
High Lights 


By the Associated Press 


Eisenhower Veto Power Assayed 
Republicans cheered and Democrats grumbled July 9 at 


President Eisenhower’s evident 


using the veto to hold down 


determination to keep on 
government spending. 


Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, chairman of the Re- 


publican Senatorial Campaign Committee, 


Eisenhower continues to veto 


said that if Mr. 
such measures as the housing 


bill “his record will be our greatest asset in 1960.” 


‘Senator Mike 


Mansfield of Montana, the assistant Demo- 


cratic leader, said in a separate interview that “the President 
has the real vote to sustain his vetoes, while we have only the 
theoretical vote to override them.” 

- It requires two-thirds of those voting in both Houses to enact 
bills into laws over the President’s rejection. Despite their 
overwhelming Senate and House majorities—they have almost 
two-thirds of the total membership—Democrats have not been 
able to hold their lines enough to override. 


Judge Talks to TV Jury 


Jurors deliberating ‘°c influence case of Richard A. Mack 
and Thurman A, Whiteside were told July 8 they have a “duty 
to decide the case if you conscientiously can.’ 


United States District Judge 


Burnita S. Matthews called the 


jurors into the courtroom shortly after 11 a.m. (e.d.t.), and told 
them that those in the minority should listen with deference to 
the views of those in the majority. 

But the judge said she did not want the foreman, Robert E. 


Burner, to te 
and acquittal. - 


her how the jury stood as between conviction 


The judge said she took it that the jury had not reached an 
agreement, and asked the foreman to answer either yes or no. 


in- | 


But | 


| The heating effect of friction | 


‘when the manned satellite re- 
‘enters the atmosphere prior to} 
jlanding, as 


Short Tests 


By the Associated Press 
Langley Research 
Center, Va. 
The Mercury astronauts, after 
trying out for a few seconds-the 
weightlessness of space travel, 
say it really is a comfortable 
feeling—in fact, fun. 

The seven lean young men 
who have been picked for pio- 
neering space trips in the United |i 
States satellites two years hence |= 
expressed their opinions July 8 
after watching, with-a group of 
visiting newsmen, a motion pic- 
ture film of three of them un- 
dergoing “zeno gravity” condi- 
tions, 

This occurred in the cabin of 
an airplane fiying part of an 
| outside loop to produce the 
|weightless condition through 
‘centrifugal force. 

The astronauts floated about 
the padded cabin, pushing them- 
| selves off ceilings and. walls, 
playfully shoving each other 
into the -air in what seemed 
|slow-motion time. It was simi- 
|lar to the floating effect in skin 
i\diving — which the astronauts 
\also have experienced as part of 
‘their training. 


Variety of Experiments 


The astronauts’ training in- 
cludes experience in a variety 
of weird and sometimes nerve- 
and musclé-testing experiments. 
They have undergone the stress 
of high acceleration forces at 
Johnsville, Pa. There a centri- 
fuge or whirling machine built 
up a force equivalent to 25 times 
the weight of the man. That) 
probably is a greater weight | 
i'than a man would experience in| 
single-engined plane. 


Associated Press Wirephoto 
FLOATING FREELY: 


launching or _atmospheric-—re- 
entry in space flight. 

As another sample of what lies 
ahead, the astronauts and news- 
men watehed a miniature space 
‘capsule glow white hot at tem- 
peratures reaching several thou-. 
isand degrees. The miniature | 
capsule was a model of the type. 
‘one or more of the astronauts | 
'probably will ride into a satel-. 
lite orbit—in 1961 it is hoped. 


those for the Wright 
when they made their 
flight of a few hundred feet. 


will ride in the capsule. An in- 
from plastic 


body during acceleration, de- 
'celeration, and landing impact. 


Preorbital Tests Due 
Some, but probably 


illustrated by this| 
demonstration, is one of the 
problems that seems to have 
been solved here. Engineers dis- 


not all 


ithe enormous heat generated by 


to Nayy clubs pro-| 


natu- | 
‘rally seek out employment in 


preliminary test flights in a 
rocket-launched capsule before 
the ffirst trip around the earth 
‘in orbit. Army Redstone rockets 
will be used to fire the man- 
carrying capsule high into space 
in these tests, with a landing in 
the Atlantic several hundred 
miles off Cape Canaveral, Fla. 

Others will take off for or- 
bital flight’ aboard a capsule 
mounted on the Air Force Atlas 
intercontinental ballistic mis- 
sile. 

Also shown were models of 
an escape device intended for 
rescuing an astronaut if—as has 
been happening with some 
missiles—the launching device 
starts burning on the ¢-pad or 
takes off too slowly. This is a 
rocket which will pluck the 
capsule clear of the missile and 
carry it 2,000 feet high, where 


played several different methods | 
for insulating or draining away 


air friction. 
Heat Itself Used 


One of the tricks is to use the 
heat itself. They call it “abla- 
tion’—the process in which an 
outer layer of metal or ceramic 
is converted by heat into gas, 
'which siphons the heat away 
from the inner surface of the 
‘capsule. It is something like 
‘cooling a water bag by letting 
a little soak through and evapo- | 
‘rate from the outer surface. | 

The aim of:the National Aero- 
nautics and Space Administra- 
tion is to bring its astronauts 
back from space alive.and un- 
hurt. 

What are the chances? 

Some NASA scientists figure 
it this way: The astronaut has 
a better survival chance in his 
excursion into space than Col.|an automatic parachute will 
Wingy? oe A. Lindbergh had when. pull the pilot out and drift him 

he flew the Atlantic solo in a back to the surface. 


Astronaut Leroy 
Cooper looks astonished as he attempts to walk 
on the ceiling of the C-131B airplane during a | 


Officials of the NASA showed 
newsmen one of the couchlike | 
devices in which the astronauts 


of the seven men will be given | 


Mexican Neutrality | 


By Marion Wilhelm 


Spéectal Correspcendent of The Christian Science Monitor 


Mexico City [and emphatically declared its 

Mexico is shaping an official | rejection of all forms of dicta- 
“hands off’ attitude toward | torship and totalitarianism. 
the wg ye ag movements Solidarity Urged 
sweepin atin America. a . : 

This : indicated by the For- The ICFTU and ORIT stand 
eign Ministry’s stand against in- ®"4 will stand together with 
tervention in the Nicaraguan ‘he Peoples in their fight against 
uprising, a traditional Mexican “Ctatorships and for the 
position of neutrality which, strengthening of democracy. We 
however, works in favor of the|therefore call upon all our 
rebels. affikated organizations in their 

Unofficially, public opinion | TesPective countries to take the 
here is anxious to see the So-/| lead in the solidarity that we 

must offer our ~ Nicaraguan 


moz vernment topple. 
—— A brothers, at the same time stop- 


“Our country,’ explains + ping the Communists’ usual at 
i retary Manuel Tello, ' Shen gaunkeal. 
eign Sec M tempt to sidetrack the aspira- 


|maintaining its traditional es 

ture of nonintervention. The po- | tons for libewty of our brother 

sition taken by our ambassador people in order to use them for 

to the Organization of American their own objectives of world 

States derives from two prin- | turmoil. 

ciples characteristic of Mexican,» While these same sentiments 

'foreign policy. That is, that no explain the government’s doc- 

state has the right to intervene trine.of nonintervention in the 
internal affairs of other states, 


state and that neither should, such policy dating from Mexi- 

the OAS interfere in questions|co’s own revolution 50 years 

purely private to member coun- | ago, the government is trying to 

tries. rm | be strictly neutral on the Nic- 
“Opposition Outspoken araguan question, 


Set on Revolt Bid: 


G. | 


Astronauts: Weightlessness Is Fun - 


ee 


cont 


weightless flight at Wright Air Development (457 POST ROAD 
Center. Behind him is Dr. Edwin Vail, project 
engineer on the tests given the astronauts. 


Ferhaps 
‘his prospects are not as good as 
brothers 
first 


Natural Sciences 


Given Tie-In Role 


dividual couch will be molded 
to fit the form of | 
}each man and help protect his | 


z Cambridge, Mass. 

| In a welcome departure from 
educational conferences where 
broad generalizations scuttle the 
| possibility of real achievement, 
the Advanced Administrative In- 
st ute under way at the Harvard 
Graduate School of Education 
deals with specifics. 

During one of 
sessions July 8, John Sternig, 
assistant superintendent of 
schools in Glencoe, Ill., told the 
assemblage of 62 school super- 
intendents and Harvard educa- 
tors that the argument “there 
isn’t enough time in the school 
dav to teach the _ sciences’ is 
totally invalid. This, he said, is 
due to a misconception of what 
the sciences are. 

Inferring that everything a 
person does represents some area 
of natural science phenomena, 
Mr. Sternig declared that only 


as educators recognize this and | 


gear all teachers regardless of 
their assignments to a point of 
“wanting to” discuss the sciences, 


will real science education come | 


about. 
Barraged by Questions 

Mrs, Frances Engelbrecht, a 
social studies teacher in the 
school system of Glencoe, 
| showed how Mr. Sternig’s theory 
|' worked in operation. 

Her young pupils had heard 
'a lecture on the creation of the 

earth. She was soon barraged by 
questions as to why one theory 


-of the beginning of the universe 


was more acceptable to some 
scientists than other theories. 


“I Knew nothing about this_ 
Engel- 


subject,” adm#tted Mrs. 
'brecht. “But 
‘good teacher 


I realized that a 


is not one that 


dodges issues of student .inter- | 


est, Instead, we 
with it.” 

A few moments before. Mr. 
.Sternig had stated that grown- | 
ups, either parents or teachers, | 
cannot avoid thinking about the | 
sciences — thev can’t avoid it. 

“because the kids don’t want to 
avoid it.’ 


Universe as ‘Home’ 


Accepting her students’ 
lenge, Mrs. 


should grow 


chal- 
Engelbrecht enlisted 


the services of the library and | 


read all the children’s books 
she could find on the subject of 
'the earth, 
make-up. Then, her own interest 
whetted, she started in on adult 
books dealing with the same 
and related subjects. In a short 
time she and the class were en- 
gaged in a full-scale study of 
the earth’s endless problems. 

| On the record book, the class 
'was supposedly studying about 


natural antipathy to dictator-_| 
ships or family dynasties, this | 
stand blocks the efforts of be- | 
troubled Latin-American leaders | | 
such as the gprs to invoke | 
the reciprocal assistance agree-"' 
ment of the Organization of 
American States. | 

From unofficial sectors here, | 
not bound by the rules of neu- | 
trality, however, has come out- | 
spoken opposition to the So-| 
moza government. ‘ 

The Latin-American affiliate | He made his vehement de- 
of the International Confedera-| njal after Chairman John J. 


tion of Free Trade Unions en-| mweClellan (D) of Arkansas of 


dorsed the revolt in a joint; the Senate Rackets Commit- 
statement with the ICFTU call- tee said a witness implied July 


ing it “the natural result of the; g that the charges were 
struggle of a people to secure; dropped after payment of 
the methods of democracy and! money “to pull strings.” 
free determination to achieve “It’s a damnable lie and I 
their demands and rights.” — | resent it,” Mr. Bender shouted. 
Signing for the Inter-Ameri- “The witness said it, not I,” 
can Regional Organization of} Senator McClellan countered. 
Workers (ORIT} was Alfonso “Well,” Mr. Bender replied, 
Sanchez Madariaga, secretary-| “it was drawn out by your 
general and a Mexican. counsel (Robert F. Kennedy). 
A powerful force against; Ne charges were dropped..A 
Communist infiltration of organ-| report was made to Congress 
ized labor in Latin America but| on the hearings . . No strings 
equally outspoken against all| were pulled with me.” 
totalitarians, the labor confed- Mr. Bender accused Mr. 
eration added: > Kennedy of headline-hunting 
“The phase of evolution 
through which the entire Amer- | 
ican hemisphere is now going | 
means that regimes which are 
not the result of free elections 
have become outmoded and 
thus called upon to disappear |: 
rapidly. And this, with the ap- 
proval of the entire free world. 
“The international free trade 


Without suggesting Mexico's 
Bender Hits 


Washington 

Former Senator George H. 
Bender July 9 denounced as 
“a damnable lie” implications 
he got a bribe or favors as 
. chairman of a House com- 
| mittee that dropped charges 
| against Ohio teamster officials 
| in 1954. 


implication. 
Be added, in voluntary tes- 
timony before the committee, 


to ride herd on me” because 
Mr. Bender took a job from 
James RR. Hoffa, teamster 
president, to investigate cor- 
ruption in the union. — 


Implications 


By the Associated Press 


“For him (Kennedy) to 
infer in questions . .. that 
Senator Bender received a 
bribe of $40,000—I resent it 
deeply,” Mr. Bender said, re- 
ferring to himself in the third 
person as he often does. 

Mr. Bender contended that 
Mr. Kennedy had raised the 
implication July 8 in question- 
ing an Ohio Teamsters Union 
official, James Luken of Cin- 
cinnati, 


| at his expense in raising the | 


that Mr. Kennedy “is trying - 


George H. Bender 


union movement has repeatedly 


| teacher, 
| from 
eighth grade working together. . 


its beginning, and its | 


Ee 


By Robert A. Wilkin 


Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


“home and family.” 
interest of children in this era 
of space exploration, the concept 
of “home,” too, had broadened. 
We live in. a house, but that 
house is not an unrelated entity 


|—it is firmly anchored to a very 
{interesting 
the opening | 


And _ the 
of interest 
“home” of 


planet. 
youngsters are full 
about this planet 


theirs and the universe in which 


it is a microcosmic speck. 
Education, said Mr. Sternig; 
means to “draw out,” not “pour 
in.” Responding to the ques- 
tions asked by seriously in- 
quisitive children rather than 


forcing them to memorize a list | 
is true education, he 


of “facts” 
stated. 
Program Urged 

Mr. Sternig suggested that all 
teachers in.a given System con- 
centrate on viewing the phe- 
nomena about them in terms of 
(1) living things, (2) matter- 
energy, (3) universe, 
(5) man’s relation to these. 

A coordinated program 
oe. subject matter falling 
into these headings should. be 
set up not individually by each 
but by 
first grade through 

Further, he said the teachers 
should: 

1. Read up-to-date books in 
science. 

2. Be sensitive to children’s 
interests, curiosities, encourage 
questions: 

3. Have a variety of visual 
materials in the schoolroom— 


ing. 
4. Have a 
of the room, 


science -“‘corner” 


‘tions and do simple experiments. 
Bulletin Board Urged 

5. Set aside a bulletin board 
for current happenings in sci- 
ence. 

6. Learn with the children. 
‘Don't hesitate to confess lack of 
information on subjects new or 


unfamiliar, but get the informa- | 


tion as soon as possible. 
7. Keep a list of the ques- 
tions children ask. They become | 


a good guide for the interests | 


of specific age groups, 

| . Do things. Don’t just talk | 
about them, Take walks, trips. | 
Use every possible resource. 

9. Call in specialists for help | 
or enrichment. 

10. Finally, read the numer- 
ous professiona] materials 
‘science teaching to gain a deep- 
‘er insight into the place of ‘sci- 
ence in elementary education, 
‘so that it can be better inte- 
‘grated into the basic objectives 
of general-education. 


CONNECTICUT _|. CONNECTICUT 


New Enlarged and Modern 


DARIEN 


(Continued) 


_ CLEARANCE SALE 


DARIEN 


Colorful oven to table casseroles, 
Swedish Coffee Pots; Shrimp 
Servers; Chip ‘n Dip Sets; in 
fact, a delightful selection of 
home maker accessories for 
casual living . . . engagements, 
weddings. 


Visit with us real soon... 
you are always welcome! 


) Muriel Richards Gif ts 


OL 5-374] 


naa 
cfiy ooh HIOWERS BY WORE 


Land ’n Sea 


Separates 


OL 5-0568 


THE BOOK SHELF 


BOOKS 
CARDS 
e GIFTS 
e RECORDS 


Darien Shopping Center 
Darien, Connecticut 


OL 5-2712 


‘twam Shopping Center Derien Shopping Center 


TAIT’S FLORIST | 
& GREENHOUSE | 


FRESH CUT FLOWERS 
CHOICE POTTED PLANTS 
AND FASHIONED. CORSAGES 


THE PAINT POT 


GRIEB'S? 


However, | 
‘due to the naturally expanded | 


Paul's CHEVRON Service _ 


(4) earth, | 


in- 


the teachers | 
the 


and keep them new and chang- 


a table where the | 
children can display the collec- | 


on = 


CONNECTICUT 


BRIDGEPORT 


BROAD STREET 
NEAR FAIRFIRLD AVENUE 


Registered lewelers. American Gem Societs | 


. 
DEPENDABLE FUEL OfL 
SERVICE 10 HOME AND 
INDUSTRY 
| 
Over Fifty Years 


wearer” 
of Pablic Service 


STAMFORD 


DANBURY 


MARSHALL'S FOODS 
eam = Fancy Groceries, 


Fruits 
and Vegetables 


60 WEST STREET, DANBURY 
TEL. DANBURY 3-3846 


@ ARTIST MATERIALS 
@ WALL PAPER 


106 Noroton Ave. OL 5-0210 


SHOE SALE 


DRIVE-IN PAINT STORE 
FREE DELIVERY and PARKING 


Benjamin Moore 
Barreled Sunlight 
. ARTISTS’ SUPPLIES 
RENTALS 


OL 5-405) 
's-HOUR SERVICE ORIVE-IN 


LINDEN CLEANERS 


Shirl Launderers, Free Moth Proofing | 
Fur Storage, Tailoring, Rug Shampooing 
22 Heights Road 


Noroton Heights, Conn. 
Tel. Darien, OL 5-1333 


New Darien Shopping Center 


SANITARY 
CLEANERS, Inc 
Free Call and Delivery 


Free Mothproofing . 
Certified Cold Fur Storage 


| Hdatrs.: 63 Railroad Ave., Se. Nerwaik VO 6-5519 
DARIEN STORE: 440 Pest Read OL $-2172 


oseph M. Fiaherty 


PLUMBING end HEATING 


OL 5-4722 


oesrone) 


Darien Pharmacy, Inc. 
COSMETICS e PERFUMES 
12 hours daily delivery 
Dial: OL 5-0000 — OL 5-1000 

OL 5-9736 — OL 5-9737 
1021 Post Road Darien, Conn. 


| “Our Reputatio: Is Your Guarantee” 
| Licensed in 
| Derien, New Caneen, Stemford 
| end Norwolk 


, 168 Noroton Avenue OL $-0724 


GREENWICH 


FAIRVIEW PRINTERS 


COMMERCIAL 
PRINTING 


ROBERT H. HOLBECK 


AUTO REPAIRS 


35 POST RD. 


COR. W. NORWALK RED 
OL 56-0135 


Vom Guay Sehaefer 


INTERIOR DESIGNING 


@ Walipapers @ Fabrics 

@ Furniture and Carpets 

@ Draperies and Slip Cowers 
1098 POST RD. OL 5-2568 


TROPAQUARIUM 


Darien Pet Department Store 


Tropical Fish, Birds 
Pets and All Supplies 


867 Post Road OL 5.9704. 


THE F, HAUSER CO. 


178 Heights Road, Noroton Heights 


HEAVY 
HARDWARE 


Hardwere ° Paint * Supplies 
Cabinet Mekers * Builders 

OL 5-9246 
Housewares Notions 
Hardware e Stationery 
Devoe Paint e Toiletries 
Garden Supplies © Pet Supplies 


HEPP’‘S 


958 Post Rood OL 5-2325 


See eS ANKO GREENWICH FOOD CENTER 


COMPANY | 


PLUMBING AND HEATING | 
202 Middlesex Road “MEATS OF DISTINCTION 
OL 5$-1350 Quality ai the Lowest Possible Prices 


379 G ich Ave.. : . 
Purveyors of Fine Foods reenwic ve.. Greenwich. Conn 


Since 1924 vid SOLAR HEATING OIL 


Burner Service 
DARIEN PROVISION (0. Fairfield Home Oil Co. 


Tel: OLiver 5-2541 Inc. 


BURCH BOOKS ~ Steamboat Rd. __ TO 9.6100 
BOOKSELLERS to BOOK LOVERS The GREENWICH CAB CO. 


| Books on All Subjects at the Rallroad Station 
for All Ages 

903 POST ROAD 

Oliver 5-2365 


25 Greenwich Avenue 
Greenwich, Conn. 


TOwnsend 9-2727 and Townsend 9-1400 


MS rary 


- “GIRARD ) PERREGAUX 


is not 
beyond 
your reach 


Nationally Advertised in 
The Christian Science Moniter 


W. D. WEBB 


A. E. BETTERIDGE, JR. 
Jewelers Since 1897 
11? GREENWICH AVENUE 


The Craig-Greenwich Electric Ce. 
General Electric, Westinghouse 
Household Appliances 
Hi-Fidelity Phonographs 
and Records 
Lamps and Shades ° 
Electric Contracting 


262-264 Greenwich Ave. 
Ownsend 9-9306-1: 


Home Town Grocer 


Complete 
| Car Servicing 
Used Cars 


Service TO 94300 Taxi 9-6000 


FORD 


Siow Town & Country Motors 
_315 Millbank Avenue 


iGreenwich Hardwareg 


LAWN and 
BEACH FURNITURE) 


825 Greenwich Ave... Opp. Post Office 
Tel. TO 9-6750, Greenwich. Cona. 


ALL ON THE PREMISES 
38 Tokeneke Rd 113 


JULES AUTO SUPPLY 


Auto Accessories ond Parts | 

American and Enolish | 

Bicycies | 

876 Post Rd. OL 5-2300 

WE SERVICE WHAT WF SELL 


Post Road Noroton 


Your Personal Tailor! 
The 
Kinnshury Shop 


. leaners—Tailors—Furriers 


HUMPTY DUMPTY STORE 


A Full Selection of Toys 
and Juvenile Furniture | 


Ask for Free Booklet 
Darien Shoping Center OL 5-9105 


A RRR ERE SRR 
Advertisers appreciate it when you 


Mention 


HARTFORD 


FINLAY BROTHERS 


¥ Printers 


Ctooee, Cieeet, 06 S Cape) Avene 
JENSEN’S 


Breakfast, Luncheon and Dinner Speciels 
. . « In-Between Snacks, Fountein Service 


Famous Quality y Hand-Dipped Ca: ndies 
ovenciahaa’ Goods te Take Gene 
‘06 PRATT STREET 
Open 7 A.M.-7_P.M..— Thursdays te & 


wr 


© sae SO Fe 
\7e 
. 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON 


, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


a) 


___CONNECTICUT 


CONNECTICUT CONNECTICUT 


CONNECTICUT. 


CONNECTICUT NEW YORK 


NEW YORK 


HARTFORD 


(Continued) 


NEW CANAAN STAMFORD 


(Continued) 


STAMFORD 


(Continued) 


WESTPORT BINGHAMTON 


(Continued) 


be 


NEW YORK 


CHAPPAQUA | FREEPORT 


- FUEL OIL | 


AMERICAN COAL COMPANY, INC. | 


com oc 170 PEARL STREET 
ares HARTFORD 


>. cts pvone JA 2-8151 


@ Mortgege Lee 
) Mcrae vl wig 
e Sevings Ben Lite Insurence 


teal a Bank 
ow an a an 


SAVINGS BANK 


Main at Elev 
ew Canaan ae 


CITROEN 


THE DISTINGUISHED 
FOREIGN CAR FOR 
ve tenant bd 


DEL! BAKE SHOP 


Individual Feminine 4 pparel 
99 Pratt St. Hartférd, Conn. 


Choice 
| Bakery and Delicatessen Products 
| Netlesa's and Beers, ice Cream 


| Sundeys. 9 A.M. te 1 P.M, 


“COLONIAL 


8.30 te 7 P.M 


BOOMA-GRUENER 
ELECTRIC CO. 


42-44 Hawthorne St. JA 17-1142 | 


Residentis!, Commercial 
and Industrial Electrical Service 


FEDDERS 


COOLS end HEATS 
AIR CONDITIONER 


WEST HARTFORD 
KEEP YOUR HOUSE COOL 


Our Cold Cuts, Roasts and Prepared | 
Dishes Can Help You a Lot 
During the Hot Season 
Try Milwaukee Liverwurst, 
Imported German Solami, Cervelat, 
and Westphalian Ham 


We Have Everything for the Perfect Picnic 
.. Paper Plates, Cups, Napkins, Etc. 


CENTRAL DELICATESSEN | 


1003 FARMINGTON AVENUE 
WEST HARTFORD, CONN. 


% FOR TOP-QUALITY IN 


| 
| 


; 


| 24292 Whitney Avrenve 


CADILLAC 


49 W. BROAD STREET 
DAvis 4-4107 
FRIGIDAIRE 
APPLIANCES 
SALES AND SERVICE 


STOLFI'S 


Where Service Is Guaranteed 


23 Whitney Avenue 
Tel. SP 7-3434 STAMFORD, CONNECTICUT 
36 Richmond Hill Ave. Fi 8-737) 


The Shop on Wheels - a CANAAN, atta = 
CHARLES A. , MENZIES 


LOMeeoeERTING 
ELECTRICAL 
‘REPAIR SERVICE 
AT 8-0480 


NEW HAVEN 


ELLITHORPE INSURANCE 


INCOR PORATED 


General Insurance 


“The Ultimate in Intimates” 
CORSETRY of ALL TYPES 
CAREFREE LINGERIE and ROBES 


Advertised Brands 


113 BEDFORD STREET DA 4-6022 


SUMMER CLEARANCE 


In Every Department 
Ladies’, Girls’, Men’s and Boys’ 
LARGE REDUCTIONS 
Use the Frankel Charge Account 


NORWALK 


Bradley Olds 


@ Corsetry ; @ Lingerie 
@ House Cocts @ Hosiery | 


“the yitimate 
in intimates” 


984 Farmington Avenue 
West Hartford, Conn. 


Cadillac Inc 'FRANKEL‘S 


262 ATLANTIC STREET 


“The Best in Appliances 
and Television Service” 
ALL MAKES SERVICED 


wucom in|. Geoghegan 
So. Norwalk $= S/ectric Co., Ine. 


| 205 Atlantic Street DA 5-2665 


TEmple 8-6511 | 


| 


WEED 


Try us when you need Flowers 


CARL PETERSON & SON 
67 Whiting Lane Tel. JA 8 4245 


MANCHESTER 


WATKINS 


| 
a 
| 


MAGIC MIRROR 


BEAUTY STUDIO, INC. 


Finest in Beauty Care 
for Discriminating Women 
Specialists in Styling, Shaping 
and Permanent Wave 


Complete Line of Revlon Products | 
527 MAIN 8T. TEL. MI 3-7484 


MERIDEN : 
PET’S CLEANERS | 

AND DYERS 
“Most Reliable” 


29 Pratt Street 


Dial BE 5$-9204 


“The Place to Buy Your Oil Burner” 
FUEL OIL — SERVICE 


“Rogers & Stevens 


7 and 9 ISAAC STREET | 


| 64 WALL ST. 


TAKE TIME OUT FOR LIVING! 


Send ALL of Your Washables 
and Dry Cleaning fo 


To Our 
— Friends 


The Largest Launderers in the World 
: CALL DAvis 3-115] 


Only factory-authorized 
® 


Incor porated 
Are Now 


at Their New Home 


| 


OC agsecrecaux comp. 
salies and service 


| 1107 MAIN ST., STAMFORD, CONN, 
poor PHONE: DA 4-7375 


y SHOP $ Motor Tuning, Brakes Relined 
Scientific Wheel Alignment 


ARNOLD COVER'S 


SERVICE 


On the Parking Area 


+ ARNOLD’ 


Old 
Maine 
| Trotters 
mn 9.95 to 11.95. 


Guernsey and Beehler 


| PATRONIZE 


She National Bank + 


The Nation's Second Oldest 
Natsonai Bank 


Member Federa) Deposit Insurance 
Corporation 


A variety in styles and potterns 
VO 6-960! 


DAN ROWLAND’S 
COMMUTER CHEVRON GARAGE 
“wo Monthly or Daily Storage 


i 
| 


| Sumnore Beauty Salon 


Gasoline and General Repairs | formerly Patterson's Beauty Salon 


AT THE RAILROAD STATION | 
27 Monree St.. Se. Norwalk, mg 


Specialists in All Fields of 


w BEAUTY CULTURE 


VO 6-7013 


The Valley Oil Co., Inc. 


501 $0. COLONY ST., MERIDEN, CONN. 
TEL. BEV 5-5771 


MIDDLETOWN 
Linderme & Zurcher, Inc. 


Main Street 
A COMPLETE LINE OF 
GENERAL ELECTRIC 
APPLI SANCES 


TELEVISION SETTER BRANDS 
Sales and Service 


Middletown Coal & Oil Co. 


STREET REAR 
Get to Know 


FOR GOOD CLOTHES 


for the men of the family 
412-416 Main Street 
Dry Cleaning — Dyeing 
Repairing — Altering 


EMPIRE 
Dyeing & Cleaning Co., Inc. 


40 Broad Street Tel. 6-7092 


EMPIRE 
SHOE REBUILDERS 


Shoes Expertly Repaired 
Suede Shoes Are Our Specialty 
Hats Cleaned and Reblocked 


As You Want Them 
147 MAIN STREET 


| 
| 
| 


TEL. 7-1440. 


ATLANTIC MEAT MARKET 155 North Street 
Finest Quality 
at Lowest Prices Since 1941 


The quality is EXCLUSIVE 


Specializing in Supplying the price is NOT EXPENSIVE 


Owners of Home Freezers 
44 Wall St. 


eakleor 


. 1936 DAIRY PRODUCTS 


ee she 


TE 8-9911 Town end Country Shop. Ctr. DA 3-1791 
by an instrumentality 
of the United States 


FIRST FEDERAL SAVINGS 
end Loon Ass’n 
BF of srorwotk 
es At Home or Store 
EF Korigeper sete Deposit Bas | STAMFORD ¢ NORWALK 
622 West Ave. VO 6-1679 | DA 3-3135 TE 8-2414 
“DO IT YOURSELF” 


You Will Be Well 
Protected When You 
Do Business with 


9. M. Layton k Co. Ine., Insurance 


21 Washingten &t., Se. Nerwaik. Cena. 
Phone VO 6-4424 


KARSTENS INC. 


— NEW DIVISION —: 
oer 


RENAULT 
PEUGEOT 


SALES and SERVICE : 
625 West Ave., Norwalk TE &-84468 


ANGEVINE 


FURNITURE COMPANY 
“True Dollar Value” 


16 North ie South Norwelk Report Many Users 


6-0256 
The NORWALK AGENCY, Inc. otra nee ara. ne s.tis 


ESTAB. 18387 G¥ 30GI¥ HOIM 61 
433¥1S GVOUS 69 


99 PACIFIC STREET 
a OA 5-1355 


APPAREL 
FOR MEN 


488 Summer Street, Near Broad 
DA 4-1784 


* CHANGE NOW TO A 


4 CV 
DAUPHINE 


Savings to 50% on Fuel 


General Insurance 


Service ) 


Wrusets 


Known for Fashions 


of Good Quality 


110 Wall St. VO 6-1686 


JOHN M. FORGER 


SINCE 1920 
EXPERT PLUMBING 
Authorized Distributor 


DURO PUMPS & WATER SYSTEMS 


Perfumes and Cosmetics 


Serving You Since 1900 
"NEW CANAAN 


Est. tit 
67 
1D 8-333: 


(45 West Cedar St., South Norwalk, Conn 
) VO 6-6013 ’ 


Broad and Summer Streets 


distinctive apparel 
._ for men and students 


99 Main Street Vi 7-1221 


NORWALK MATTRESS CO., Inc. 


SINCE 1920 
yiinde how Uenterectes 
Manafacturers uf Hollywood Beds 


Kingsize Mattresses of All Kinds 
Foam Rubber, Inner Springs 


Many of our advertisers 
write to tell us how pleased 
they are when our readers 
say, “I. came in because 1 
saw your oe ne 
Science itor.” oa 


lee 


i. 


Consolidated Laundries | 


WHITE MOUNTAIN 


Tel. DA 4-050 | 


Tel. DA 3-0866| 


COTTAGE BAKE SHOP =~ 


‘Open Sundeys to 6 p.m. Cilesed Mondeys 
2545 Summer St. (formerly et Bull's Heed) | 


LOU KONSPORE 


©) Olt FURNACE] 


pha 
has 


The NEW American 
Look in Sterling 


SCA IRDSEe 


4 pc. place setting é 
$26.75 


“Charge Accounts Invited”’ 
“Terms Arranged to Suit’ 


BROWNS 


JEWELERS 
120 Broad Street 


Stamford, Conn. 


Maintain 
that happy ¥ 
| exterior ! 
Use our: 
| Peint, Professional 
Equipment ‘end 


| Advice). Artistic 
Wealipepers 


| Wise’s 
' Paint Store 


‘28 Pacific Street 


DA 3-2119, 


“SHELL Fuel Oil 


TIMKEN 
HEATING UNITS 


Service on All Burners 
STAMFORD 

OIL CO. 
DAvis 4-6711 


Dial 3-0272 for your appointment 
Ames 


Beauty Centre 
for your ABC's of beauty 


A COMPLETE LINE OF FINE FOODS 


Imported and Domestic 


WESTPORT FOOD CENTRE 


27 Main Street CA 7-5148) 


| With @ Reputotion ter Quality end Good Teste 


| Headquerters 
for Bridal 
_ Accessories 


SQuines 


FOR MEN AND BOYS 


Corner of Oak and Main 
ist Floor @ Binghamton, N. Y. 


DELIVERY | 


Something New Has Been Added 


New Fresh Sea Food Department 


Filet-of Sole -_-@- Fresh Salmon 
Live Lobsters e@ Filet Haddock 
Halibut ©@ Shrimp, Large & Small 
Africon Lobster Tails, All Sizes 


ROOFING COMPANY 


Roofing and Siding Applied 
aspnen and Asbestos 


semates 
Terms to Suit Your ‘Convenience . 


41-S. Greeley Ave. CHeppeque 1-0970 


CORTLAND 


For C omplete Dependable 


INSURANCE 


Consult 


SPORTSWEAR 
settee" * “aban 


HANDBAGS 
57 SOUTH MAIN STREET 


192 West End Avense Binghamton | 


@ Smoked Fish 


WILTON BRONXVILLE 


"The Store 
of Friendly Service” 


VILLAGE 
MARKET 


WILTON CENTER 


Charles Cornell 
BUILDER 
of Fine Residential Homes 


PACKAGE OFFERS 


of custom home building 
to individual specifications 


NATIONAL BANK 


and Trust Company 


eS: 


Sr @nmeonmnrveienan se 


| 
| 
| 


COMPLETE BANKING SERVICE 


In. Westchester Ii’s 


McComb & McComb! 


For Fine 
Rug Cleaning 
and Repairing 


Fireproof Storage 
Montgomery Street, Scarsdele, N. Y. 


CHOICE ONE end TWO ACRE | 
PLOTS in WILTON and WESTON 


‘235 Danbury Road, Wilton | 
POrter 2-5501 


The Hatch & Baile 


LUMBER 
| ROOFING INSULATION. 
STOCK TRIM = WALL BOARDS. 
} SPECIAL MILLWORK SPECIALTIES 


y (Co. 


NAILS 


FAHEY ST., SPRINGDALE 
Fl 8-7785 


MARSHALL ST.,SO. NORWALK 
VO 6-5515 


| 


LAUNDERERS & CLEANERS 
EST. 1922 


Ridgeway Store 
32 Sixth St 
DA 3-4903 


WATERBURY 


The Citizens & 
Manufacturers National 
Bank 
of Waterbury, Conn. 


“EVERY 
BANKING 
FACILITY” 


. Member o 
Pederai Deposst lusurance Corp. 


The Biggest 
in Naugatuck it's ‘Little 1 


REEN’ S in ihe 


Country’ 


Main Plant 
336 Elm St, 
OA 3-3148 


| 


| 
| for the Whole Family 
NATURALIZER and 
RHYTHM-STEP for Women 
TER BROWN for Children 


BUS 
FLORSHEIM and BATES oe ons 
207 Church St. PArk 9-?211- 


Tranquility Farm Dairy 
| Phone Direct for 
Change to Our 


Superior 
Products and Service 
PLAZA 5-0177 


’ WEAR ME 
LADIES‘ SPORTSWEAR 
Open Thursday Until 8:45 P.M 
Charge Accounts Cordially Invited 


PHOTO SUPPLIES 
PICTURE FRAMING 


CURTIS ART CO 
STATIONERY—GIFTS 


65 West Main Street, Waterbury 
Also Thomaston, Conn. 


| 
 CROSSWAYS . 


Photo-Cratt 


tore | 


Annual Sale of SHOES; 


| 
| 
| 


| Tel. SCearsdale 3-6400—6401 
The Clothe Trae. 
SEMI-ANNUAL 


SALE 
Boys to 12 
Infants—Girls to 14 


Wilton Center PO 2- 5268, 


Meats, Poultry, | 
Provisions 


and Sea Food 


| MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT IMSURANCE CORP. | 


PONDFIELD MARKET, INC. 


66 Pondfield Rd. DE 7-0153-0154 
Kensington Plaza Garages 


- Kensington Road 
Phone DE 7-2211 


M. Y¥. 

Open 24 Hours 

In Bronxville It’s 
BELLIS PHARMACY 


For All Your Needs Call 
DEERFIELD 7-6700 
Perfumes—Cosmetics—Candy 
116 PONDFIELD ROAD 


BENNETT TOWBIS & SON 


Upholsterers 
and Interior Decorators 


ve CAPINET™ eho 


held Kd.. Bronxville. Y. 
©? naeks 7.§137 St. 3- 3939 


WILTON OIL CO. 


Jack Russell, Prop. 


24-Hour 
Oil Burner Service 


PO 2-3306 


THE FLOWER POT 
| 


| 


' 


42 Palmer Ave. 
Phone DE 7-2210 


Bronxville, 


WILTON CENTER PO 2-8526 


EARL SAVAGE, Prop. 
Photographic Supplies 
Printing and Developing 
Post Office Sq. PO 2-3544 
| Some Day Service At No Extra Cost 


COLONIAL CLEANERS 


Fur Storage 
French Cleaning — Tailoring | 
Complete Laundry Service 


Gateway Shopping Center PO 2-7560 
Store Hours 7 A.M. te 6 P.M. Deily | 


BOB’S 
CHARCOAL HOT DOGS 


Corner of Route 7 and 33 
Wilton, Conn. 


| 
CLEANERS AND DYERS 


_ Expert Cleaning and Tailoring 


Done on Premises 
Same-Day Service — 


32 PALMER AVE. DEerfield 7-3641 | 
‘Guernsey Milk 


‘m Cream-Top .Bottles ie Our 


Specialty 


Phone TUCKAHOE 3-622! 


| : 
| ___ NEW YORK 
| ALBANY 


Muhbelder's 


55 NORTH PEARL STREET. ALBANY 


BUFFALO 


Est. 1866 


Woodworth-Hawley Co. 


| Tel. CI 0181 


Millinery—Shoes—Accessories 
Wearing Apparel 


MODERN. 
HEATING 


at its very best 
Premium Service 
jat no extra cost. 


Wm. McEwan Coal & Oil Ca 


26 CLINTON AVE. Ph. 4-12 


INSURANCE 
of all types 
Liberty Bank Building 


CHARLES J. GOETTELMAN 
President and Treasurer 


PERRYS, INC. 


41 Jefferson St. Plesze 3-316! 


Dry Cleaners—Launderers 
Rug Cleaners 
Convenient Branch Stores 


Lecated in Middlebury & Watertown 
Some Day Service on Request 


WESTPORT 


rath SHELDON 


PIANO AND ORGAN CO. 
Conn Organs—Mason and Hamlin Pianos 
Used Instruments of other makes 


WESTFAIR CENTER, WESTPORT 
CLEARWATER 9-0992 


LAA 


Utica 


Tr 


480 BROADWAY 
Paint Products—Wallpaper 
For Your Added Convenience, 
Our New Store 
286 CENTRAL AVENUE 


PATROON FUELS, INC. 


(Herseog & Verney) | 
FUEL OIL—COAL 
GAS EQUIPMENT 

. SALES and SERVICE 


91 LEXINGTON TEL. 6-851 


Complete Flower Service 


Open Evenings and Sundays 
*“ Samuel T. Arrigo 
GRant 5381 Utiea near Elmwood 
PRRARRERRSSALEARRARAAALM 
SALE! 
SUMMER 
DRESSES 


Drastically Reduced for 
Immediate Clearance 


rt 
{4 


BAY SHORE 


BOOKS 


ALL KINDS AT '* 


Leslie's 


3199 Mein Street 


GREEN'S SHOE STORE 


FLORSHEIM, JARMAN and FREEMAN 


—_ 


KLEIN’S 


22 Main Steet CA 7-2380 


MOFFAT AGENCY, Inc. 
INSURANCE 


52 EAST STATE ST., WESTPORT, CONN. 
Telephone CApite! 17-4186 


BRAND-NAME PRODUCTS 


You'll find the 


et your 


worthy brands adver- 
Titi 


Open Mon.-Thur.-Fri. Eve. 
Shoes for Men 


RED CROSS SHOES for Women 
DR. POSNER SHOES for Children 


47 EAST MAIN BAY SHORE 7-1958 for 


BEDFORD HILLS 


EMMADINE FARMS DIVISION 
FOREMOST DAIRIES, INC. 


Serving Northern Westchester Area 


Bedford Hille, New York 
Telephone MOunt Kisce 6-5012 


3160 Dolewere Ave., Kenmore, N. Y. 
Open Fridey Eve. DE 0367 


Taking a trip? 


Youll find excellent accom 
modations 


af 


end HOTELS advertised in 


102 8. Tysen Ave.., Floral Park, N.Y. 


Hastings & Stack 


[Draperies Slip Covers, Curtains, Rugs 


Flower Shop: 


J a AA Me 
st 
’ ws 
NIXON 5 Ae . 
. yi 
‘ 
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ee 2 
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~ Vwameras 


® The Christian Science Monitor. » 


BRAITHWAITE’S 
L. B. MARTIN, Owner 


Commercial Stationer, Office Supplies 


Imprinting on Matches, Napkins 
Leather Goods 
ONE DAY SERVICE 
10 Church St., Freeport, N.Y. FR 99-2448 


| FREEPORT—Wantagh — 


‘Bodie’ s Auto Repair 


| General Repairing Brake Service 
Tires — Tubes — Batteries 
Accessories 


| JAMES A. WOOD, Inc. | 


36 Mein St. Certiend, N. Y. 
Phone SK 3-1141 


} 
| 


FAR ROCKAWAY 
FAR ROCKAWAY 7-9508 


BERGER’S 


Delicatessen and Restaurant 


Catering For All Occasions 
Delivered te Your Home or Office 
1913 Most Ave. Far Reckaway, N.Y 


—|$Unset 5-092) 
| Sunrise Highway 


Dae 
FLORUTS | 


Say It With Flowers by Wire 


Far Rockeway, N.Y. FA 7-0700 
Rockaway, WN. Y. BE 5-2020 
Cederhurst, L. |. CE 9-2100 
| New York City, TR 4-5750 


East Ludford 
Wantogh, L. I. 


GARDEN CITY 


GARDEN CITY 
DISTINCTIVE APPAREL 


Charge Accounts Invited 


'GARDEN CITY—Mineola 
Mineola Skating Rink 


Old Country Rd. 
(epposite) Court House 


Home of 
Dance Skating 
fvery ee ga Mone 


FAR ROCKAWAY 
Cedarhurst 


N.Y. 


FAR ROCKAWAY 
Woodmere 


NATIONAL 
PHOTO end JEWELRY SHOP 
CAMERA SUPPLIES 
Fine Watch and Jewelry Repairs 

Dealer in Coins 


L. Rothman, Proprietor 
Tel. FRanklin 4-3110 


5 Irving Place 
Woodmere, N. Y. . 


GLOVERSVILLE 


ronan park BILL'S Gess) STATION 


Phone Floral Park 4-3016 | ‘‘Now Total Power” 
TULIP | Esso Extra 
EAUTY SHOP Tire Repairing and Lubrication 


180 .:.orth Main Street 


Wm. M. Ringle 


All Forms of. Insurance 


Specialists in 
COLD PERMANENT WAVING 
Cari and Heiga Jensen 


TYPES 
Phone 4-3816 


; [INSURANCE pl 97 No. Main St., Gloversville, N.Y. 


is oe P. METZGER Peters Oj] Ce. Inc. © 


15 Helen Court, Floral Park 
FL 2-7764 


! 


GULF GASOLINE 
RANGE AND FUEL OIL 


Efficient Service Station 


Golden Rule Service Stations, 


Carnation and Atlantic Avenve 
Fiora) Park, N.Y. 
FL PK 464-3825 and FL PEK 4-94198 


whee! Alignment—Brakes—Auto 
Laundry—Welding—Fender 
| Body, Radiator Work, Batteries — 


STYLE FRENCH CLEANERS 


242 Jericho Tpke. Floral Park 


Service on Premises 


‘1-5 Cayadutta Street Phone 4-71546 


GREAT NECK 


MURPHY‘S 
Moving 
and Storage 
HU 2-0549 ME: 
FINE JEWELRY 
of all 


Watches me 
ex Kinds 


Clocks 
ALBERT ANTOR 


Novelties 
72 MIDDLE NECK RD. Phone BU 2-0048 


STEFFENS 
Luncheonette 


| 130 Middle Neck Road 
| "Tel. HU 2-6896 


ALEX LIST PLAZA FOOD SHOP 


Groceries — Frozen Foods 
Daily Fresh Meats 


Free Delivery 
HU 2-8790 


HEMPSTEAD 


Free Pick-Up and Delivery 
Same-Day Service 


Tel. FL 4-5150 


| 
| 
P. Confort | 


Meneger | 
FL 9-0092 


Repairs 


FLUSHING 
ARTHUR 


ERGE 


CLEANERS 


| 


Cleaned te Your Satistactson 
Dyeing Tailoring Valet Service 
Fur Storage Repairing Weaving 

Northern Bivd. at 168rdé Street 


FOREST HILLS 


Plumbing and Heating 
Contractor 


| 
| 


Representetive Brooklyn Union Ges Co. 


| Z 
| Gas Heat “in 


re Lowubet Street 
| BOuleverd 8-647] 


| Estimetes Furnished ‘ 


| 


38 Station Plaza So. 


6 aecrtaus COW 
Sales and Service 
PHONE 
SYDNEY STRACHAN, Agent 
for Free Demonstration 
of the , 
AMAZING 
AUTOMATIC CLEANER 


THE NEW CASUAL CLEANER, 
and THE RUG WASHER 


fresh cut 
FLOWERS 


ANDERSON FLORIST | 


107-28 CONTINENTAL AVE. BO 8-4269 ATTACHMENT 


GARDEN: FLORIST | 168 Ne. Franklin Si., Hempsieed 
72-48 AUSTIN 8T. BO 8-42R0 Office: IV 3-7096 Home: IV 6.7198 


Grito 


EARN UP TO 33 % per enaum | 
Long Island Quality Jewelers 
SILVERSMITHS LENOX CHINA 


Savings Insured to $10,000 
HAMILTON WATCHES, OMEGA WATCHES 


COLUMBIA SAVINGS 
(243 FULTON AVE. IV 3-7488 


AND LOAN ASSOCIATION 
James & Anne 


Main Office 
03-22 Jamaica Ave.., Woodhaven. x. 

Hair Stylists — 
Specialists” in 


9 Station gbranch Ofice: Gillis, N. ¥. 

| ave Royalty Line of PROBI EM HAIR 

| % Television 135 Jackson Street IV 1-7366 
teaturing Space Command remote tuning | H UNTINGTON 


C[nerpa} _, JOHN W. RIDGWAY 


Complete ste INSURANCE navies. 
' Aute. 
113-20 Jomatea. Ave., Richmond Will 

Vi 6-8700 


RIDGWAY ASSOCIATES 
205 Womeplond Turmpite, ant Meader : Brose, 


Acreage 
07 8 1 Fronkiia EENLAW 


berties 
REENLA _ ANdrew 1-0202 


FRANKLIN SQUARE 


Sy paca sem _-* "THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


NEW YORK _ NEW.YORK _|___ NEWYORK __|___NEW YORK _ NEW _YORK ___NEW_YORK NEW YORK NEW_YORK 
HUNTINGTON ’ JAMAICA - LONG BEACH MOUNT VERNON NIAGARA FALLS __. POUGHKEEPSIE ) ‘ SCARSDALE - VALLEY STREAM 


(Continued) ‘Continiied) (Continued) (Continued) (Continued) (Continued) 


THE GARDEN FLorIsT | COMPLETE SECRETARIAL | Bor Your Conyeni “Let LOVE Keep You Warm” PICNIC and | 
Mh atest SERVICE or Your Convenience ok FUEL O11 | BAReECUE suPpLies  MOMMAOIERTIEE 


Wedding Decorations, Floral | Claire Waisbrod Bonking Hours Fa Movable Counter Grilles Typewriters—Adding Machines 
Designs and Fresh Cut Flowers | | Public Stenographer Drive-in and Waltk-Up Windows D CLEANING | 24-Hour Service Portable Law Grilléc Duplicating Machines 
leases Bekite c | , 
se sorramy sure, sacate-oet0| —apaatoeiny « Himes + |OPOR-8-A-M.to-2.PM. Scere etn, LOVE OIL CORP] Forks — Spit iw Meboey. vase 
12-40 AU TORKST MILLS STURE K-48 Church and Legal Work (These hours y Farncarey Foye . 20 West Sunrise Highway. Valley Stream 


: . ls 100 W. Park Ave. GE 11-4308, 2.23 tor outside windows only) |\PHONE §-1272 §27 — AVE. POUGHKEEPSIE GL 4-8010 Asbestos Gloves LOcust 1-9800 i. GEITHEIM. Prep. 
beautiful things | 


Re eS 


for the home | JAMESTOWN LYNBROOK © eo eee ee PELHAM she a B Valley Stream Pharmacy 
oe : ; ee. & BONO, ine | ee , 
| | : : area + -e0 Gift Headquarters 
| ACCOUNTS INSURED | “THE HOUSE THAT SERVICE BUILT 
| DAVIS MEN'S SHOP The First National Bank ‘Siebert Electric Co. 3 Y % TO $10,000 2 Stores JEWELRY—COSMETICS—CANDY 
Northern Bivd New York Ave | 2 0 ae | Dione Ave., Hartsdale, N. Y. Baby Needs—Photographic Accessories 
E. Norwich, N. Y Halesite, N. ¥. 
WA 2-0363 - HA 122452 _- INSURANCE OF ALL KINDS RELIA ee VA 65-0070 
| | INTERWOVEN—VAN HEUSEN momper £9.56. Licensed Electricians SAVINGS snd toan association Tr a hurry? Furniture © Floor Covering 
: Dinnerware | 374 Hillside Ave., Williston Park, N.Y. : Same Day 
. [GALLOPINI JEWELERS] 110-112-114 Fourth Avenue os Mla Bb anne ~ ; Special Discount to Readers of 
~ Lamps and Giftw are | KATONAR nae RM ed Mount Vernon, N. Y. General Insurance  taciudes Complete “NEW BATRDO” Dry Cleaning. Service The Christian Science Monitor 
Pt | CLEANERS end DYERS eT] | Diamonds, Watches, Silverware Retailers of Fine Furniture | In by 10—ready: by 4 8 W. Merrie Reed. . Walley Stream 
Chartier  . ie ak ie Soe | ‘i ier ar cone ~ | for Over 76 Years ‘tue Vote, ee | y | Plant on Premises 201 mereten Ra. » hock vilte Centre 
| 
| 
| 


| | : 22 W. First St., Mount Vernon, N.Y 
jE. NORWICH HOUSE | RHOE B. HENDERSON 
anrow—Mccrecor of Mount Vernon, N.Y.) Du Mont Television | “tusmar ron me myt,imn | Mewes hain Seana "6"4, | "Fate pana 
‘y ‘hia | ‘Wellman Bidg. Phone 31-886. tte Washian baahs 
For Fine China | | 29 ATLANTIC AVE., LYNBROOK, N. ¥. | FE N NELL‘S 113 WOLF’S LANE PE 8-1010| 208-1? Hillside Ace Nelli eye’ Schdematen 2. Gee Renee 
of Every Description | New Castle elale | Agency for all Leading Kinds 01 | Murray, Schoen. & Morgan, Inc. Shaping. Shampooing. Coiffure ROMAN COMPANY 
Rugs and Slip Covers aN IT Gifts for all occasions | | Mount Vernon, N. Y. 
; “Hatrdnessers RAYMOND CLEANERS EsGAR’S SHOES 


elses cH 1-1313 : ‘$23 Sunrise High L N.Y | 
« OF HUNTINGTON, INC. | Mount Kiseo 6-6293 Plies 1 metre oe meg eeetiie Mi f RB 5 Fal “Your Hartford Agents” 
£362 New York Ave. HA 7-7857 Delivery Service 4 ady eauly alton QUEENS Vitae Ee, wonie | 5480" 860 Scarsdale Ave. SC _3-3900, 


Shop by Telephone! { me | CENTRAL AUTO SERVICE ii¥are HARRY ferment 


| 
itll sii TIRES = gf! Hair Stylist | Pelham Paint and 
| 


DOMESTIC PAINT CO. Stride-Rite Shoes 
the very best parrenies (ga | | The Pioneer a Fs us 


ee 
| Paint Wallpa er Valley Stream, N. Y. VA 5-4130 
frod for you! or, a REPAIRS ee. 7 Hardware Co. P 
i 
| 


A , 5 poli Scarsdale’s Established Quality 
| | MO 8-7071 r u 1éS 

| GEORGE STEHLE—WALTER | Paints- Hardware- Housewares 

JERRY'S SUPERETTE us Hendrickson Ave. Urmnroor ven Don't Say Drug Store | petham 8-2838 $11 Fifth ee eer SOR SUPER MARKET WATERTOWN 
306 New York Ave. HA 17-0450 Free Delivery, stn 1 Fifth Avenue QUEENS VILLAGE, N.Y. 84 Garth Road SC 3-4005 


P, : ay | 
©. | gotdens _ 2.5151 LYNBROOK e. Rockaway! “AN KERSON’S” PELHAM MANOR (Q) ASHDOWN New York Florist 


\ schwartz bros. | | aaa | L JOHN QR. PHILIP, Inc. on Court St. $U 2-3830, SU ten 
| Oe Oe cera sce | gat ee, ee E ge 


| be MBIN HEATIN  ollaer what 
ESTABLISHED 1910 AT THE RIGHT PRICE | De Soto — Plymouth U G— G | 


words can 
‘(FOR MEN AND BOYS) : | ce ae 
N SWIMWEAR. At Moderate Prices | Repairs on All Cors General Boiler Repairs | never on 
JANTZE! swt E. Dresses—Separates—Girdles Plumbing and Heating | ae say | 142 Brook Street | henson at 
282 Main Street HA 77-1514) Risin Adame adlaes NEWBURGH — The Finest in Hair Styling 239-50 JAMAICA AVENUE 'SCaredale 3-6700 Nite SC 38-0924 


SCHLAUGIES FUEL Oil SERVICE KATONAB, N. ¥. CE 2-351 Supplied and Installed PElham 8-0232. 4773 Boston Post Rd. | HOllis 4-1645 WESTBURY 


ae Renan Atve Tomy om PETRO OIL BURNERS Moe Meyer Store = ——e See | Follender's Flowers SCARSDALE—Hartsdale 


M. & DE GLASSER, INC. 


| Juvenile Shoes Exclusively 


“C labeics in Clothing” | Distinctive Fashions 


BELMONT : Svosahent wares 
SOCONY PRODUCTS - na neon SEWER CONNECTIONS, MADE | Famous for Millinery CLEANERS & DYERS Flowers of Distinction Whitaker Pharmacy, Ine. ROSCO MEATS, Inc. 


Since 1893 J. JACK FOLLENDER 


Tel.: MY 2.6525 ee HIGH PARK 3 CLEANERS | aie ated : Handbags Gloves | Shirt Launderers ‘ ae eaming Averee | “1 nuts Sherry Ice Creams | Wholesale 


; : : | Cleaning—Pressing | Telegraph Delivery | Meats and Provisions 
Cold Spring Road Rt. 25A Cold Spring Harbor » | 338 Atlantic Ave., East Rockoway, N.Y.! .. ; g sing a s | 
LY 9-3423 ond LY 9-1222 | 87 Water St. Tel. 432 Newburgh | Tailoring —Dyeing | Anywhere — Delivery Service | 


‘Your Satisfaction Is Our Progress 


POULSEN PAINT CO.) EXPERT CLEANING | 


| 
Beauty by the Brushful |PRESSING and REPAIRING .__. MAMARONECK | NEW ROCHELLE 


| HOME FREEZER ORDERS 
904 Pelhamdale Ave. PE 8- 2907 | RICHMOND HILL Went to Wartedate County trust Co. | OUR SPECIALTY 


‘Phone SCarsdale 3-3209 Hartsdale, N.Y. | 


i | Restaurants and Institutions 
Your Choice of Paint | ONE-DAY SERVICE INSURED SAVINGS @ MORTGAGE LOANS 


| : | PLEASANTVILLE a 
Coin Siiiiniatihns Mamaroneck Federal Savings BA Moving : * LIPSCHUTZ * SCHENECTADY Supplie 
ALL MAKES WALLPAPER proofing 


° gs bp Storage | | Stationers 94 Main Street 
: / | THE MARGARET SMITH LINE of 
384 New York Ave. HA 3-1486| Prompt, Courteous Service and Loan Association New Furniture 8B ARCLAY | | | 7 N. Y. 


_— Scans ria , Beene | Hats and Bags in prints and plain Mineola, L. * 
Call RI 6424 RAG 10, PERO: Rug Cleaning HARDWARE Co., INC. BOOKS—TOYS | —~ to ——— your | P| 7-1597 
IRVINGTON a : CURRENT RATE 33 YN PER ANNUM <ydiedinas ii estate GREETING CARDS ummer Costume 


25 Highland paexway Sane Colvin it Brididle Phars to -Boen FF ooo 1a toa 2 WS Aen The Union Book Company BANK OF WESTBURY 


Mobil | EVERYTHING FOR YOUR BOAT | Call NEW ROCHELLE 2-1300 7 ecto + Er oceuaa baceperated oreo og 
aE | | LARCHMONT . | LS Garden Supplies ROCHESTER 237 State St. Ph. EX 3-2141 | 


In more than 1800 Colors | 


Boat Lumber Post at Maple Avenues 


| om \ Paints @ T | hose Hho ant the Fi | 
| | Bar-B-Cue Hats, Aprons and Tablecloths | Government Charts | NeEPIvNE em ane ene | PARKSIDE DAIRY | nn Old cg Brant a Vicks 
IRVINGTON . for Outdoor Dining | BREWER’S | | “Your Modern Milkmaid” _ 


STV RAGE F284 ROrers 9-313) 
Large Assortment of Beach Towels, Laboratory Protected Dairy Products | 


MEMBER F.D.1I.C. 


: Dey: NR 2-4480 — NR 6-7726 | enfield, Perinton. gaia Cleaners, Tailors and Furriers 
BRECKENRIDGE LINEN SHOP, Inc, 9 the Finest of Fliowers Night: NR 2-0961 — NR 2-4468 “At Prices You Can Afford” ' "Webster, Victor, Henrietta Ualind Seinen 4 Vantetee Bee 


1 North aay 1919A Palmer Av TE 4-2501 ; EATON FORMAN 127 Bee Piece cmew ving | > AS 8 ‘1610 ~~ ve yw aa Tests U N iO N Ol L 
LYric 1-9865 | —— OP Ler ! F. G. HODGES, INC. LANE, é nD | Serving Since 1934 


Sales—Oil Burners—Service 


| | 
SERVICE STATION Place Mats and Food Umbrellas 161 East Post Road OW 8.3232 ee P| Oil « Gasoline - Coal. Bast t Rochester, Eastport Pittstera | FUEL OIL 


’ Friendly Service _ HENRY MALLETTE Plumbing and Heating ! 50 DEPEW ype ge BRUCE & DUTTON, Inc. Lae Phone ED 4-5545 
BILL HEGNEY MOTOR SERVICE, Ine. | S Tel. ROgers 9-1224 an * Merger of 333 Union Ave., Westbury, L. I. 
2036 alee Avenue | GIFTS | OIL BURN ER | FURMAN, WEBB & BRUCE CO.. Ine. 4 ; 
WHITE PLAINS 


} ‘ 

ae Pm Eo ee MEN'S SHOP, Inc. and DUTTON INSURANCE OFFICE 
i / oe = —- a - — ee - ] 

ITHACA ‘Complete Auto Repairing | FOWNES CLOVES nsurance Counselors 


os a |GAS—OILS—TIRES—BATTERIES MANHASSET | Fonano : ARROW SHIRTS and TIES /212 Wilder Bldg. HA 6-3858) Stop 26, Troy-Schenectady Rood 
rEnnvs 4-2003 MAmaroneck 9-064: 4 McGregor Sportswear Representing only old line Stock. Fire Phone ST 5-9181, Weotervliet, N.Y. 
A Ice Cream — N ? | Interwoven Socks | 
1 Desserts LEVITTOWN an and RK ichard | | Oaher Nationally ae Brands | VISITORS WELCOME Open | rine E L 
Stop in ot Your ; : ” Plenty of Parki Spec ¥ 
Neighborhood Decler or - wan | Hairstylists | JE WEL ER 49 Wheeler Ave. ROgers S812 4 @ . nn ng 3 e Fy | fos 


PURITY ICE CREAM Center Island Service Station | 65 MAIN st. new rocueite. x. x. (QUSINS OF PLEASANTVILLE 


| 232 &. PUST ROAD. WHITE PLAINS 033 , = 7 Jd | r Warehouse 
100 Cascadilla St., Ithaca, N.Y. 4-6338 525 Plandome Rd. MA 7-6059|—— 143 Bedford Road == RO 9-2200) "at ee iy. 310 State Street /, | Storage ous 
Open Monday through Saturday | T E - E VI S lO N j rE = a i Pr  Walkemeatiale, NY, ee a Nationwide Moving 


| Casualty and Life Insurance Companies | 


Fireproof 


ANNUITIES Pree Parking in Rear - Sales and Service tao a Corpet salien Ciseaiaiadel Store Ph. FR 2-5271 


LIFE INSURANCE Ss : | MAnhasset 7-2031 ® CHARLES LIBRETT | 3330 Monroe A Rochester, N. ¥. | e North American Van Lines Agent 
MORTG AGES ——— Tpk. and Gordiners Ave. eee 


i d 1-7755 PE 1-7756 g | | SYRACUSE e Packing, Shipping, Rug Cleaning 
NTAT PE 1-9693 FIELDS MEN S$ SHOP i | Children’s Records | | 
121 We DENNIS Conte Island Auto Body Shop Arrow Shirts e Interwoven Socks | ee eee : | N S U RAN C F] For a en eee ee 


| | 184 Huguenot Street | WH 6-2777 SC 3-2200 — 
PHONE 2-1031 2 Blocks South of Hempsteed Tek. | Stetson and Mallory Hats a PORT CHESTER Liability—Fire—Auto—Marine LONG HAUL a 


PE 5-2222 ° JEANETTE RABASCO | PETER JAYE | ere short move 
459 PLANDOME RD., MANHASSET, N.Y. garper Method Technician Staff Stylist INSURE WITH CONFIDENCE v 


TORE TTTN Center Island Auto Repairs Fron JOYCE:AMERICAN, F. BERNET LEIS Agency KING’s 


empstece ; | = are equipped 108 
“FAMOUS FOR FINE FOOD i<taen aaee | | MASSAPEQUA ‘HARPER METHOD BEAUTY SALON orive In , day | ELIZABETH LEIST to move you best | 


133 CLINTON AVE. SOUTH 
: gq” iv 3- Vv 113 VE 15% 
SINCE 1909 1110 iv 3-1 ood teeling Goes With Fou Dealing | | Tbe Only Ome oj lts Kend om New Kochelle Dry ‘¢C See ‘aning—F ur Storage BAker 5-6879 t | N E Fi IRS 


Phone 9410 ree 
PE XCEFT MONDAYS. NAT DEMIAN HARDWARE EDWARD W. THOMAS | WEstmore 9-1751 — 1752 Zag 506 Main Street New Rochelle N. Y, 
EXCEPT MONDAYS (304 Hugenot St, NEw Rochelle 6-8325 | | 


jefferson 1-8777 — RYV@ 17-4161 Fr White Pioi N.Y 
114 E. State St., Ithaca, N. Y. Paints, Electrical Supplies | MOTOR INN | 31-37 Pearl St., Port Chester, N. Y. | ROCKVILLE CENTRE ; 175 &. Post Koad ite Ploins, N. ¥. 


P ———— LS —_— ? | GUERNSEY MILK 
Plumbing Suppiies | “es Ain Le : se , Bc ol iN CREAM-1TOP BOTTLES 


JACKSON HEIGHTS | Your Friendly Hardware Store | | Chevrolet-Oldsmobiie Deoler | | PORT WASHINGTON 


we n Mon.. Thurs. ana Fri. Nites PE 5-851) ee es 2 seis | a | I nsur ance , Pat te 
{: 3 CL ARK’S . 2727 Hempstead Toke. Levittown N.Y _Bus. CH 9- a — ton GEORGE A. SADLO & SON. S | Pr a ae 


“TOWNE DECORATORS = MOUNT _KISCO COATS—SUITS—DRESSES | JOHN C. WEGHORN PET Te, i» OUR SPECIALS 


| AT EMPIRE ~ - nan ad Plumbing—Heatin 
Yi" “Summer Sale | | PAINTS @ HARDWARE — | @t_Mate Street _Ne roe an ae aNd AGENCY, Inc. ‘ eee Phone WHite Plains 9-8810 
Slip Covers e Drapes _ HOUSEHOLD SUPPLIES |g / & g era P : yracuse, New Yor 
jrae freg er nc. 


Dresses Bed Spreads e Reupholstery | PRATT anes aeneere “Your Home Plumber” 25 Pine Road, Syosset , THE FINEST IN 


| : | . Delicious ] 
. f ' Big Savings on : 2999 Hempstead Turnpike PAINTS AND VARNISHES : INSURANCE SPECIALISTS. PO 7-1312 5 So. Bayles Ave. Tel. WAlnut 1-1368 Van's oe FEMININE FASHIONS 
\ | 


F 
Wy fea 4 KI PAINT Since 1923 
"y | Cool, Pretty Fashions |_tevttown, H.°- ————=|  & HARDWARE Co. ne _ ELMER ELECTRIC 102 Maiden Lane, New York Downyfloke Reasonable Lb leu, 


. . 
ECR ea MARIO'S TV SERVICE cenitattcess tse een’, Sisco. 2. 138 CENTRE AVE. RN NCtoR MEE | Tels Digby 4.8420 Restaurant Prices a nccmacantin 
e Stationer e Cameras NEW ROCHELLE 2-6869 iB : ce oe )- ——" - oe | '. 181 Mamaroneck Avenue W. P. 
hh. f gs! GE Ranges @ Bendix « Appliances y & : é Wiring—Light & —_SSSSSSSSSS___=_ 403 South Warren St. at Jefferson | 


TV © Radios @ Auto Radios e Books e Toys Heat—Power CO | Flowers 
draperies Hi- Fi e Phonographs ® Record Changers : Records . Etc. . NEW YORK CITY Estimates eich des Service Rockville Hobbyeratt, i TARRYTOWN | — Pama = ead 


| 
| 
. : Serving Northern Westchester for 32 Years. a 
CUSTOM slipcovers } Parts and Service Visit Us at es Bayview Ave. PO 7-6581—IV 3-8036 ee oys of Distinction home or offite from our 
} 
| a 


Radios — Phonographs Near Pittstord Hillside 5-1693 


~~ ' 


Classical, Popalar and 


spreads Bore } B i : brilliant array 
PE 5-2207 e PE 5-2872 15 South Moger Avenue orough of Bronx Rust Craft Greeting Cards | Buick | WHite Plains 9-6330 
80-06 $7th Ave. TW 8-6823 | ; 


‘ POUGHKEEPSIE : ats" 
LINCOLNDALE FOX & SUTHERLAND CAMERON PLACE 316 Sunrise Highway Cadillac eee Hollywood Flower Shop 


PRINCE VALET SERVICE we Jj. H. Crane & Son SERVICE STATION aa Rockville Centre, N.Y. RO 6-9822 Opel “ x , st Post Road, White Plains. N.Y. 
Cleaners and Dyers Anthracite Blue Coe OO ee | ee — eee GEORGE C. BAKER | [mcCALL-FRANDSEN COUNTY LAUNDRY SERVICE 


&-3-HOUR SERVICE Shad smasisgpzenttades , cam EY. PLATT «CG , : SHIRTS—Same Day Service 
Fine Personalized Service Fuel Oil Ru Draperies seAKEScsanition iY OF (™ cranny one eating | LAUNDRY ond DRY CLEANING 
uede and Leather Cleaning / pholstering WEllington 38-9868 \ \: { 66-A North Village Avenue : ] ‘ 
Free Delivery Service (GEORGE C. SUPPLE) © sihone 63572 ie Rechaitle canage fverme | LEGGIO SERVICE STATION | seve 15% cosh ond Corn 


4024 82nd Bt. NE 9-6644, HA 9-6116 | Inc. — FREE PARKING — 
: mae = ; ANNIVERSARY ROckville Centre 4-4550 . ° 
A Modern caw Store Slip Covers e Draperies Borough of Brooklyn we ROckville Centre 4-)043 ju) a Oil 103 Martine Avenue WH Ph. 9-8660 
- erosene ’ 


Birchwood 8-5536 | 
| 


Venetian Blinds e Sheets . ww. 


<a. , lo LOCUST VALLEY ' Blankets e Curtains, ete. Arme Employment Agency For 90 Years the . ST. ALBANS 357 N. BaP inspaid oe ie WILLISTON PAR K 


655 Sth Ave.. BROOKLYN 


alias eileen EMBASSY SHOP. [Sct Demesticand Commercat uelpy |» Heading Store| |ADTHUD A SIEGLER, Inc. We Carry WILLISTON HARDWARE 


st iid. imei dace sf : 2% Weer Main: Bevect Goashoroian of, All Nationalities of the Hudson pont Arthur A. Siegler Pres. Fred P. Butz, Vice-Pres. SHERWIN-WILLIAMS PAINT Houseware—-Paints 
‘JAMAICA | aw — | MOUNT VERNON ‘ MRS. A. JEMGEN. lags Guernsey ‘Milk Insurance | © REYNOLDS Garden Tools 


Gen. Houseworkers Private F 
- MATINECOCK BANK Tot. SOvih 0-taee—1000— 1900 ___.|is Our Specialty Fire Licbility. _ HARDWARE Electrical Appliances 
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THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


7 ove fs a ™ ra - v 7 . > 
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NS ES AR RG RR a oe EAT RRO ' 
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fouth 


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as 


RAS > Ee, 


28 Ba 
SS 


Youth Should Be Heard 


Par Time 24 Min. 


. Prepare 
leather 

. Political 
group 

. Seed 
capsule 

. Vestments 

28. Stride . 

. Vase 

. — Grande 

. Cheeks 

. Mature 

. Conger 

. Away from 
windward 

. Kiln 


36. Gave way 
oF 


a 


ACROSS 

. Exclama- 
tion of 
disgust 


suddenly 

. Consecrated 

‘ Sewed edge 

. Wild hog 

. Hangers on 

. Artificial 
language 

. Musical 
work 

. Beds 
At present 
Gr. com- 
mune 

. Divert 

. Solidify 


DOWN 
1, Wide irflet 


. Literary 
fragments 
. Plane curve 
. Tale 
. Deep 
affection 
. Ginger — 
. Slightest 
trace 
. Port of Fr. 
Guiana 
. Follow 
. Suffix of 
ordinal 
numbers 
11. Place 
. Dept. store 
events 
. Possessive 
ronoun 
eels 
. Foreigner 
. Having cut 
timber 
. Trembling 
. Persuades 
. Concerning 
Art of 
controversy 
. Plays tricks 
. Palm leaf 
. Aspect 
. Domineer- 
_ ing 
. Beet genus 
. Legume 
. Copycat 
. Odd: slang 
. Pull after 
. Female 
rabbit 
. Nocturnal 
bird 


By Elizabeth Sutherland 
| Denver Oldham, a _ pianist; 4. Insult 
from Glen Cove, Long Island, | 8. Roman date 
_is_a young gentleman of great.12. Some 
_pianistic ability and high pur- . Anglo- 
pose. Hence; his forthcoming Indian 
weight 
trip to Rio, where he has re- re. er 
peer Ssengee . Distinction 
'ceived an invitation from the . Shrill bark 
Brazilian Government to par- . Careless 
ticipate in the International | mistake 
/Piano Competition to be. held | 


8. Independ- 
ent Ireland 


in August. He has also received | 
a trip to London where he has | rr PP GR &ééé€ 
Yj 
Yili 
ri 


-earned a summer scholarship to | 
study with Mme Gina Bachauer. y wees 
rie 222 e 


¢ A, J, 
YY 


Mr. Oldham’s efforts. One such 
-| group, headed by Ann Lewis, a 
siconcert manager in Roslyn, 
N.Y., presented a concert to 
raise travel money. 

| ee ae | 
| He comes from a musical | 
rfamily, having a mother who) 
Sings, and a father who plays| 
the violin. At three he began to 
improvise, and at five started 
lessons, with the result that at 
12 he appeared in public recital. 

He continued lessons through 
high. school, and then won five 
consecutive scholarships at the 


Many are the friends and Uy — 
Ys 
. on 
£ y ' 


well-wishers who have backed 
ty, oe 
| 
yy 


Swiss Stamps Featured 


A brief ceremony was held recently at Gim- operation in the fields of Posts and Telecom- 
bel’s Stamp and Coin Department to mark the munications. Left to right: Howard Lewis, Di- 
occasion of the issuance of two commemorative rector of Press, Radio and TV Division Office 
stamps by the Swiss Federal Council. These of Special Assistant to the Postmaster General: 
stamps commemorate a meeting in Montreaux, Hans William Gasser, Consul-General of Swit- 
Switzerland, at which postal administrators | zerland; Bernard F. Gimbel, of Gimbel Brothers, 
from 19 European nations met to promote co- | Inc.; and Jacques Minkus. 


a 


Denver Oldham, pianist 


Our Fine Family Hobby 


By Ann T. Beals | Juilliard School of Music. 
Decatur, Ga. plainly tells what it is supposed; In 1957 he made his debut at 
The kiln had been cool for al-| to be. . |Carnegie Hall, and since then 
t . when I stepped into} Only once did I attempt an ab- | has soloed in a number of re- 
paver 8 Fess WSs PP istract figure. It-evolved one day citals- in New York and the 


the studio the other day and de-/as; [| sat poking and pushing a| Aspen Festival, as well as at 


aes 
4nan Jee 
Jane 4ee 


Atiswer Block Appears Among Advertisements 


Things as the Small Fry See Them 


A 
| ing 


six-year-old who was hav-j;told him. “She’s trying to help,a short vacation. They were to 
trouble pronouncing “r’s” | YOu speak more clearly, Your occupy a rustic cabin with 
placed-in-a-special speech=+ 25 sound much _ better al- | few modern _conveniences..Wa- 
| j ready.” iter would have to be carried 
practice group at school. Other) “yeah” he “but |from the mountain stream, and 


cided to resume the ceramics | 


again. Always before Bob and I} 
had waited until the boys were’ 
asleep and the evening had 
turned cool before going out to 
play in the clay. After the busy 
day, I looked forward to these 
times of quietness and the feel of 


piece of clay around. Suddenly|Knabe Hall, Radio Station 
it began to shape up in the form | WNYC, and many clubs on Long 
of a woman with her arms | Island and around New York. 

crossed and her head thréwn| _ In addition to the five scholar- 
back as though she were laugh-j| ships, he has also received the 
ing. There were no details ex-!| Paderewski gold medal from the 


cept the mouth, and the soft! National Guild of Piano Teach- 


angles and the turn of her head!ers, the Uninsky Scholarship at 


Stamps in 


the News 


~ 


A Thursday Feature 


The design of the 4-cent. 


| Dental Health commemorative 
| were especially nice to my eye. I; the Aspen Music Festival, and | | 


; 
; 


; 


Paris, June 2, 9 a.m. Each cover | 


bears the official cachet in black 
and all covers are addressed to 


children in the group had to 
work on ‘*'s’s,” “th’s,” “l’s,” ete. 
He let 


him. 
“That isn’t true,” his mother 


it be known to his'| 


}mother that the teacher had it | 
‘in for hi 


exclaimed, 
she gives THEM all the easy | wood for fires would have to be 
ones!” | gathered. 
Evelyn Bendersky, Kansas City, Mo. Cynge listened to all plans, 
A+ b& b | then said, 


Cynge, four. was going with} “I don’t think much of such 
her parents to the mountains for Lande PE m a push-button girl, 
myself.” 


Blythe G. Sears, Amarillo, Texas 


something silent and yielding in 
my hands. 

But now the boys are too old 
to be left out. They know what 
goes on in the studio. Last year 
Charlie tried out Bob’s potter’s 
wheel and John begged clay for 
himself and his playmates every 
time we opened the door. | 

This day they were right be- 
hind me, ready to begin immedi- 
ately. We opened the windows to 
let in the sweet smell of the 
lagerstroemia, and surveyed the 
hodgepodge and dust. Having 
left the materials for so long 
made no difference. They're all 
dust to begin with so nothing is 


|made a mold of her and turned/| two gold medals from the Music | stamp, made public March 27, | Pan American World Airways 
,out quite a few of what I called; Education League. All of these |1959, has been revised. The! in New York. A 15-cent airmail 
my “Laughing Lady.” Those who/are tributes to high artistic|stamp will be first placed on stamp is affixed to each cover.) ,, 0 yi abi 
saw her always asked, “What is/ ability. isale Sept. 14, 1959, at New| Thee <i Vancouver, British Columbia, pooled, their own bright ideas | 
it?” but no one has ever said Mr. Oldham, a twenty-one-|, <o. | se covers will be-sold on gets lots of rain. This fact, at/ and have come up with a happy, 
!“T like her.” "| year-old: with brown hair and | rk; N.Y, |a first-come-first-served basis last, has been AScS S| constructive solution to help 
f blue eyes is as personable as, For purposes of. artistic ex- | at a cost of 25 cents, plus re-| accepted and | Ounnyiourns~| OVercome pedestrian accidents. 

his competitor Van Cliburn,/ Pression the head of the young | turn -postage. Anyone desiring | gealt with im- .. In September, as their winter | 
I liked her when I made her. 'who won the Moscow contest, | girl at the right of the design — of these covers should send aginatively, and project, they will commence oy 
I still like her. But the last! where Denver could not appear. | has been redrawn, giving her a | 29 cents and a self-addressed | practically, by tributing bright-colored umbrel- 
Laughing Lady has been pulled | He is fond of reading, attending feathercut hair style rather 


‘ainvy <- dé too often forgotten, and whose 
| also been tilted upward. World Airways, New York In- Soa leet incomes are wae taxed pro- | 
Silhouette figures of a boy and Fe aang ere Airport, Jamaica 30, ‘are blossoming viding for.sunny days. 

: As the first flight covers meas- | ee — ee 


we 2 TS | ‘orful outfits 
ure 34 inches by 6% inches| that cheer and 
your self-addressed stamped en-| protect when it pours down. 
velope should be slightly larger 
so the first flight cover maybe Members of the Rosemary 
enclosed without folding. Service Club have apparently 


Bright Idea for Rainy Days 


hh ad “uu 


4) Verse 
por Today eee 


a 


ih ch ee abies Ud vt 


+ +5 


Take heed, as unto a 
light that shineth in a 
dark: place, until the day 
dawn, .and the day star 
arise in your hearts.— I 


Pet. 1:19 


| time to improvise jazz numbers 

has ever expressed a desire tO| at the piano. This when he can 

own one, I now have six all my|take time off from his busy 
own, Besides, I still remember) practice of five and one-half 

the look of patient resignation on! hours per day at the piano. : 

|Bob’s face as he watched me | es ie ae 
spoiled by waiting. | dust out the mold that last time. | . 3 

see “Are _you making more of her?”| At the South American com-}? # -« 

'he asked, and it did seem a rath-| petition he will be required to | § } 

play about ten selections, in-|; 


I poured some water on the er foolish waste of ry i 
clay that had hardened and) But foolish or not, it is fun.|cluding works of Bach, Bee-|> gama 

. Sot And the fun will grow as the|thoven, and a Brazilian com-|' 
for my budding potters. W hile | boys share it with us. Perhaps: position. The top award will be |: 
John fell to work making worms | those who have been more suc-| $5,000 in cash for first place, | **#*>stsanedianiunitisdesersim 
and snakes, Charlie took a few | cessful than I with modern ce-!| Mr. Oldham’s many and nines] United Press International 
more pointers about the potters | ramics started With worms andj|est admirers will attest to’ his} India has issued a stamp 


Our readers are invited to contribute | 
items to this feature. Two dollars will | 
'be paid for each original story pub- | 
| lished. Unused items will not be re- | 
|turned _er acknowledged unless the | 
sender rovides @ stamped, self- | 
addressed envelope. rm 


found some that was still soft) eee | si Panel Pa ra d e | 


TUBBY 


' 
2 
4 
a} 
a 
4 
> 
@ 
: 
4) 
% 
¢ 
4 
4 
t 
4 


' 


te strccnalia 


wheel. Bob had put a motor on) 
it and so with a flick of the 
switch, he began. 

We didn’t know when we took | 


lopsided pots. Would that I had; modesty and hard work in his; commemorating the 40th anni- 


been first exposed to such glori-! field—all have the greatest faith | 


fied mud pies at four instead of|in him because he has faith in! Labor 


twenty years later. 


versary of the International 
Organization. Design 


CHESTER ... THERE MUST 
BE A BETTER WAY TO 
PUT OF A TENT THAN 


COULD JUST 
WRAP UP 1N 


features “Triumph of Labor” 
sculpture by D. P. Roy Choud- 
huri. 


THE WAY YOU’re 
DOING \IT vy 


himself. 


ed y } 
Weleome. Neighbor?! = | 
girl at play to the left of the. 

| design have been enlarged, and | 
the commemorative inscription | 
“American Dental Association | 
1859-1959” has been removed | 
from the central portion of the | 


up ceramics over eight years | 
ago, what a fine family hobby | 
we had begun. The range for! 
creative expression in clay is in-! 
finite. Once the child’s first crude | 
attempts have been fired in the} 
kiln, we can see in them the} 
same struggling charm of the) Atlanta, Ga. {other delicacies were offerings 
pots and fragments strewn The day we moved into our /of friendship and neighborliness. 
among the debris of the earliest | Present home was filled with| When we expressed our grati- 


By Carla Hancock 


civilizations. When little else re- 


mains, the pottery fragments of a 
once busy community will sur- 
vive, sometimes in their original 
brilliance. 

I imagine long after Charlie’s 


childhood things have faded and | 
disappeared we-will still have'| 
his first attempt at the wheel—! 


a peculiar-looking bowl with 
thumb-thick sides and paper- 
thin bottom, squat, uneven. 


events, the most pleasant being | tude for the unusual display, she 
our introduction to our new, and | explained that it had been the 


only neighbor. 
It--was-about-four-—o’clock-in 
the afternoon when the transfer 
men finished, and we had time 
to think of our /overdue lunch. 
Mother went to the kitchen to 
preP@re something to eat. When 
she put a kettle on the stove to 
heat some water, she discovered 
that the cable connecting the 


stove with the electric current 
aus had been cut. This~meant we 

Pottery is no longer primitive.| would have no way of cooking 
The vast accumulated scientific| meals for two days, 
and artistic knowledge of the| late Saturday and we could not 
ages is in print and practice,!get a repairman until Monday 


S #6 


day hobby. With today’s mate- Ye 


for it was 


making it a wonderful 4 


rials even the amateur can have | ace 
a good degree of success early in| As we were considering our 
his work. | predicament, there was a gentle 

Pottery has moved beyond the | Knock on the back door. A dig- 
little bowl. Exciting and unusual |Nified, elderly lady entered, 
glazes and clays can turn the} Carrying a pie, still warm from 
simplest piece thrown on the|the oven; a dish of freshly 
wheel into an exquisite work of |churned butter; a jar of home- 
art. Ceramic sculpture reached | Made applesauce and another of 
the elaborate ultimate several! jelly. How surprised we were! 
centuries ago. These master-| After clearing a space on the 
pieces have become museum col-| kitchen table for the gifts, our 


lectians from an ornate past. To- 
day’s simple modern sculpture is 
a delight to attempt. I have had 


new friend introduced herself. 
She was our next-door neighbor 


custom, when she was a young 
woman, to welcome new neigh= 
bors in such a manner. Though 
the practice had passed with the 
onrush of modern times, she 
felt it to be such a friendly ges- 
ture that she kept a one-woman 
remembrance of it, much to our 
delight. 
oe 2:2 


Upon hearing of our problem 
concerning the stove, our friend 
assured us that we had nothing 
to worry about. As soon as she 
returned home she would send 
Tom, her houseman, over with a 
little two-burner hot plate she 
kept for emergencies. She 
seemed to have a solvent for all 
our troubles. . 

After we talked about our 


‘new home and the plans we had 


for it, our neighbor left us with 
the promise that Tom would be 
right along. 

My family and I spent the rest 
of the day wondering how the 
sleekest of modern innovation 
and invention could possibly 
take the place of the good, old- 
fashioned neighbor. All that was 


design and placed in dark let- | 
tering across the top of the de-| 
sign, and the wording “Dental | 
Health” in the upper left has | 
been slightly dropped. 

Collectors desiring first-day 
covers bearing this stamp may)! 
send addressed envelopes, to- 
gether with proper remittance, 
to the Postmaster, New York 1, 
New York. 


ee ee 


Bermuda will pay philatelic 
tribute to the 350th anniversary 
of the shipwreck of the Sea 
Venture which resulted in the 
first permanent settlement of 
the Bermudas. Six new stamps) 
of identical design but different | 
values. will be released on July | 
29. 

The design features in full col- 
or the coats of arms of James I, 
British monarch at that time, 
and Queen Elizabeth II, each 
surmounted by the appropriate 
crown. The arms are intertwined | 
with the Garter Cord. 


SPV E VS CERO V OT V ETT TSU STE TN 


77% -7-% 


I CAN’T. STAND 


CHECK BACK AGAIN 
IN THE MORNING 


WATCHING THIS — LETS 


OKAY... BUT YoU 
KNOW .«---- THEY 
MUST HAVE AN AWFULLY 
GOOD REASON FOR. 
GOING THROUGH 


ALt THIS... ff 


4 
Me he a OID CLO A 


and had come to welcome us to 


: ~ _ ~— ee 4 
rT 

. ane Seno niiieas an tia EET E RN RT Se i ae I) Oe eR? RO RRR FRALEY COAT RTR PPP. Ou o5 ty INO elias eaten need Ihe 
a men wet tecencrtatenc in hile Seals PS POR ag AGAR Rt RMD ERI ERE SO! IR, OS . . oie Merete no 'e® 4 wae, eo tateee en woo stos ony 
Ba TE aR eR a a Ss i Tc Ca 
a i al ala lene <. I oe e's . 
saces 
ees 
" 


needed, we decided, was more 


time to be old-fashioned. 


DESERT SUN 


more success with sculpture that;our new home. The pie and 


b » Py, 
° Ae cane “ % PENT TNT NNT ON A bie alot SND PDIRUUNT TD ots 
PRS Se RN SSA ae 
SS SS OS BN Se Sassi Sao SSO ONCE OGY AL OSS BN 


ES ins OS 


s 


L “ane ee O46 62 Bee OA 244 
ae 


Be BERTIE OME: Wars 


lea i ade 
WO LR 


1959 


Postmaster General] Arthur E. 
Summerfield announces that a 
commemorative postage stamp. 
meee | honoring the Campfire Girls. 

=| will be issued on Nov. 1, 1960, 
- the opening day of their Golden | 
-* | Jubilee Convention celebration | 
.|in New York City. . 

The stamp will be in the 4- 
cent denomination and an initial 
printing of 120 million will be 
|| authorized. 


= 


ev! Bad My 2s 
FRETS 


6 POP, 
ee 


Se 8 2 


On June 1, 1959, jet airmail 
service was inaugurated by Pan 
American World Airways from 
Boston to Paris, and the United 
States Post Office Department 
authorized official philatelic 
service. 

As there was insufficient time 
to notify any collectors of this 
new jet service, Pan American 
prepared about 1,000 covers for 
resale to philatelists. These cov- 
ers are postmarked Boston, June 
1, 4 p.m. and are backstamped 


There’s Cool, Cool Music at This Iowa Music Camp 


‘STAMPS ~— COINS 
These students at the Dubuque Music Day | the trumpet as he shoulders the cello. Other | ; FREE PLATE BLOCK oExp 
Camp, Dubuque, Iowa, are right in the swim | musicians are: Gerald Edgar, Dave Furda, Alex ST eg 
with swing. At center front, Robin Steels plays Thompson, Clark Sweet, and Karen Hall. 45M Bromfield Street, Boston, Mass. 


i oe 
, 


fi “Perhaps we shouldn’t have bought the freezer until after 
“harvesttime.” — 


It doesn’t take long for the sun’s rays to reach the 


that is, if you know the way. ; 


! 


¥ geet 


Editorials 


BOSTON, THURSDAY, JULY 9, 1959 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR. 


“First the blade, then the ear, PEGS then the full grain in the ear” P 


Features 


PUBLISHED BY 
THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING SOCIETY 


-- Housing Veto — What Next? 


As expected, President Eisenhower 
has vetoed the‘omnibus housing bill. 
His veto itself, we believe, was a 
necessary step. But what he calls for 
in the way of legislation to replace 
the dead bill is not uniformly desir. 
able. 

The lengthy veto message he sent 
the Senate yields no ground to the 
congressional majority which: voted 
originally for bills considerably more 
bold than the compromise measure 
just turned back. It calls instead for 
the slim housing bill originally pro- 
posed by the administration. 

The uncompromising tone of this 
veto message has understandably set 
liberal Democrats, who were chafing 
none too quietly at the original com- 
promise, into full cry again for a 
take-it-or-get-nothing bill tailored to 
their own more expensive public 
housing plans. 

This sounds like Act I all over 
again—a “budget-conscious” adminis- 
tration measure running head-on into 
a “social-conscious” opposition meas- 
ure with neither side able to carry 
the day. We hope this will not be'the 
case. 

This paper has consistently sided 
with the administration against the 
extensive (190,000 units) public hous- 
ing project plans of the Democratic 
majority; and with the Democrats 
against the President on the question 
of trimming back two-year urban 
renewal commitments from $900,000,- 
000 to $700,000,000. 

At the risk of offending strategists 
from both camps, we will continue to 
maintain that some such compromise 


would constitute the greatest service 
for the greatest number of Ameri- 
cans. 

Our reasoning is this: ; 

1. Public housing. Since 100,000 
authorized public housing units have 
not yet been built, since renewed 
prosperity is helping to lessen pres- 
sure for such state-supported hous- 
ing, and since tax-free public housing 
projects erode local property tax 
bases, a big new plunge in this field 
seems uncalled for. 

2. Urban renewal. This blight re- 
moval and. prevention program 
stimulates local private business, res- 
cues sagging local property tax bases, 
and, properly handled, betters condi- 
tions fom low- and middle-income 
citizens living in slum-threatened 
areas. Its continuance at a fast pace 
is a matter of a stitch in time saving 
ninefold slums to be paid for from 
future budgets. 

In the remaining disputes between 
the two sides, which primarily hinge 
on whether government investment 
should be substituted for private, we 
would side with the President except 
in those fields where construction of 


some type is vitally needed and pri- | 


vate investment capital simply has 
not been forthcoming. 

In the first act of this highly signifi- 
cant Eisenhower vs. liberal Democrats 
battle, Lyndon Johnson extracted an 
unusual compromise which turned a 
whole Democratic loaf into about 
three-quarters of a loaf. We hope on 
second try this will be turned into 
half a loaf, which assuredly in this 
case will be better than none. 


A Safer Fourth of July 


The motorists of the nation held 
the highway toll over the recent 
Fourth of July holiday to “close to 
the level of a nonholiday weekend,” 
in the words of the National Safety 
Council. The fatalities numbered 74 
less than the council’s advance esti 
mate and 16 more than the 260 its 
statistics indicate as a “normal” sum- 
mer weekend casualty total. 

Manifestly, the normal should be 0 
fatalities and 0 injuries and this 
should be the nation’s goal never to 
be lost sight of. But for the purposes 
of understanding the present problem 
we need answers to three questions: 

How did the council arrive at the 
260 figure? By consulting experience 
statistics, finding the ratio between 
the number of cars on the highway 
during a given period and the 


fatalities and applying this figure to 
an estimated July 4 traffic. 

Why did the statisticians up their 
prediction above the “normal”? Be- 
cause they believe that factors such 
as extra crowding, too-ambitious 
scheduling, and gay irresponsibility 
make a holiday extra hazardous. 


It was to counterbalance these | alee “dant ie died dtiteak 
extra contributions to hazard that | “aS: ane @ ocak-dear ireng as sup- 
most states put extra police on the | 


holiday highways. And it was, un-_ 


doubtedly, because motorists were 
reminded of the needs of the situa- 
tion by the ubiquitousness of these 
officers and, we trust, by a growing 
awareness of their responsibility for 
their own and others’ safety that the 
record this July 4 has been better. 

Why not carry over this sanity in 
driving to “normal” days? 


A Working Creed 


The National Ediieation Associa- 
tion boasts something around 700,000 
members. Largely, they are teachers 
in the public schools of the nation 
from Maine, Minnesota, and Oregon 
to Georgia, Texas, and California. 
Over 5,000 of their delegates have 
been attending the NEA’s annual 
meeting in St. Louis. 

For this convention to put this 
great organization of teachers un- 
equivocally on record against racial 
discrimination in tax -supported 
schools and on behalf of the Supreme 
Court’s declaration of what the Con- 
stitution means in this regard by 
“equal protection of the laws” would 
have carried an inspiring message to 
the world. But for the many dedi- 
cated teachers who are grappling 
with their own hands, so to speak, 
with the emotion-packed problem of 
racial adjustments, and in the com- 


munities in which they tive;*such-a 
pronouncement could have made 
their roles doubly difficult. 

It might have weakened their posi- 
tions on other fronts they must de- 
fend—perhaps their own jobs— 
against accusations that they are too 
Wberal, or “progressive,” or unortho- 
dox. As it turned out the NEA con- 
vention resolved that: 

All problems of integration in our 
schools are capable of solutions at the 
state and local levels by citizens of 
intelligence, saneness, and reasonable- 


ness working together in the interests 
of national unity for the common good 


of all. 

No ringing battle cry for change 
everywhere and now. But a credo 
under which teachers of “intelligence, 
saneness, and reasonableness” can 
appeal to the solid core of citizens 
in their communities who possess the 
same virtues. 


Iraq Learns About Communists 


Premier Kassem and his immedi- 
ate advisers in Iraq apparently have 
learned something about the dan- 
gerous nature of Soviet-directed com- 
munism—and have learned ‘it from 
Communists. | 

For a considerable time after the 


grave doubt whether the regime of 
General Kassem might be wittingly 
or unwittingly paving the way for 
disappearance of independent Iraq 
into what Secretary Herter has ap- 
propriately called “the Communist 
empire.” 

For several decades any mention 
of imperialism in the Middle East 
was a rousing protest. against the 
ascendancy of British economic and 
military influence in that area. Then, 
with the creation of Israel, Arab emo- 
tions reacted against Zionism as an 
enemy transcending any others. With 
these closer, more familiar targets of 
hostility, it was hard to become dis- 
turbed over Russian ambitions or to 


suspect the motive when Commu-: 


nists talked of helping to resist im- 
perialism. 

But General Kassem has found 
that the Communist-inspired Popu- 


lar Resistance Forces, whose aid he 
used in early months of his rule, 
could be a disruptive force and he 
has brought it under control of the 
Iraqi Army. He also has found that 
the Communists were suppressing 
any peasant organizations they could 
not control, and he has intervened for 
freedom of organization in this field. 

Most significantly, it is reported 
now that he has dismissed Col. Selim 
Fakhri, an alleged Communist, from 
the strategic post of director of 
broadcasting in a showdown between 
genuine nationalism and manipula- 
tion from Moscow. 

Further, the socialistic National 
Democratic Party, which has been 
the mainstay of the Cabinet in the 
absence of the Istiqlal and the Baath- 
ist parties, has begun to resist being 
drawn into a “National Union Front” 
with the Communists. 

Its leaders may well have read by 
now what happened to governments 
in Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, 
and elsewhere which admitted Com- 
munists to their ranks. So long as 
Premier Kassem and his government 
reject Communist bids for repre- 
sentation in the Cabinet there is hope 
for Iraq. 


“Tell Them [I'm Waiting at the Summit’ 


Confounding Bulletins 


A Dispatch From the Farm 


By John Gould 


Students of the vast field of gobblede- 
gook will rejoice with me in the appear- 
ance of the second edition of “Statistical 
Procedures: A,” which is just out from 
the Central Experimental Farm at Ottawa, 
and proves to be the finest example of 
government bulletin self-perpetuation yet. 
The authors are A. R. Mack and R. R. 


plied me with a copy. 

If I tell you, and I feel duty-bound to 
do so, that part one is.“An ‘introduction to 
factorial experiments and procedures for 
confounding,” you will probably want to 
send for a copy at once. I suspect a copy 
might be free, with the compliments of the 


Province, if not the Dominion, but I would 
opine the serious student would gladly part 


with anything.up to $100 if they have a- 


price on it. 

The history. of the government bulletin 
undoubtedly runs to three categories. First, 
the belief that expert information is. of 
value to the citizen. Second, that prepar- 
ing such. information in printed form -is 
a job with a future. And three, how to keep 
that future from losing itself in the 
process. This work, designed as a gov- 
ernment bulletin for people who make 
government bulletins, is naturally a dilly, 


and when it uses the word “confounding” - 


it isn’t fooling. 

What has happened in almost all phases 
of human society is the acceptance of the 
“survey” (whatever shape it takes) as a 
thing in itself. Students who get a grant 
to do a survey go ahead and do the sur- 
vey, and then have no interest in whatever 
the survey may be used for afterwards. 
There is a-segment, and a large one, of 
society which merely does surveys. Mak- 
ing a survey has become an art, and the 
ultimate was obviously a survey on how 
to do a survey. Life can be beautiful. 

Perhaps you would like to know what a 
“factorial experiment” is? It is a survey 
which includes all combinations of several 
different sets of treatments or factors. Now, 
and I am quoting, these factorial experi- 
ments may be conducted in randomized 
blocks, or they may be done in’ con- 
founded blocks. One of the advantages of 
factorial experiments (whether random- 
ized or confounded) is that the mean effect 
is based on much more data than simitar 
non-factorial random blocks, e.g., if 2 
levels of 3 factors in 3 replications are 
‘Studied, the mean of each level, of each 
main effect. is based on 12 plot yields, 
with a total of 24 plots in the experiment, 
while if the same 3 factors are studied 
in. a randomized block design in three 4- 
replicate experiments of 8 plots each, the 
mean of each treatment will be based on 
4 plot yields only with the same total 
number of plots. 

I am not making this up. 

Another advantage of the use of fac- 
torial experiments is the measure of the 
interaction effects, Otherwise, the factors 
will be misleading to an extent depending 
on the degree of variation in the effects. 

Since most government bulletins con- 
found me, I speedily turned to the treatise 
on confounded factorial designs. Con- 
founded factorial designs are used to re- 


duce the size and cost of the experiment 
at the sacrifice of measuring certain ef- 
fects of information. The size and cost are 
reduced through the use of fewer repli- 
cates. But you can increase replication by 
subdividing each replicate into blocks and 
grouping the treatments so that each block 
contains treatments which will provide 
information on the important effects. 
Possibly you would like to see this 
illustrated: 
Block (a) 
p 
k 
pk 


I am not making this up. 

On page 28, a section is devoted to what 
you do if, when you come to confound a 
factorial analysis, some pertinent infor- 
mation is missing. There are times, in the 
scrutiny of affairs, when such a sad mo- 
ment dooms the experiment to failure, If 
you plan to study an egg, for instance, 
and the hen doesn’t lay one, you are at 
least delayed. But not now. You go ahead 
and calculate anyway, but the treatment 
with the missing value is not included. 

At other times, however, you combine 
the missing plots with the total of all 
replicates. It says: “Assuming plot No. 17 
or treatment No. 22 in block 2b (in repli- 
cate 2) is missing, the following is an 
example of the calculations required to 
calculate the value.” I shall not attempt 
to insert the example due to the fullness 
of the paper and the pressure of time. 

At times I have lamented that our fed- 
eral and state agencies have lost them- 
selves so utterly in the publication of con- 
founded and confounding bulletins, most 
of which would serve a better purpose if 
they were intelligible. Evidence of even 
greater confounding in Canada is alarm- 
ing. The factorial replications indicate an 
interaction of block design, but is this 
good? 


(1) 


Civil Rights Before Adjournment 


An Intimate Message from Washington 


Registered in U. ©. Patent Office 


By Richard L. Strout 


Democratic whip Mike Mansfield. of 
Montana told the Senate the other day 
that he wouldn’t be surprised if they 
didn’t adjourn before Sept. 1, the reason 
being that, “we are going to get a civil- 
rights bill through the Congress.” 

“I welcome and I cheer and I applaud 
what has just been said!” ejaculated Re- 
publican Jacob Javits of New York. 

Southern Democrats and the northern 
liberal Democrats are deeply divided over 
the issue, It can only be passed by an alli- 
ance between the Republicans and the 
northern Demacrats. 

The~ Republicans, partly because they 
want such a bill, and partly perhaps be- 
cause they want to embarrass the divided 
Democrats, are pushing hard for action. 

Early in the session Senator Lyndon 
Johnson (D) of Texas introduced his own 
mild bill, Some Democrats feel that if 
there is going to be a row the party had 
better get it over at this session rather 
than next year right before the election. 

The trouble is that the Senate Judiciary 
Subcommittee, composed of six Democrats 
and three Republicans, has had quorum 
trouble which has slowed it. down. The 
House meanwhile is proceeding inde- 
pendently with its own bill. The House 
generally passes a stronger bill because 
southern membership is smaller. 

In 1957 Congress passed the first Civil 
Rights bill in 80 years, The timetable is 
being studied for comparative purposes. 
On June 18, 1957, the House completed 
action; this year it has, not yet even got 
the new bill. 

Two days after the House acted in 1957 
the Senate voted not to turn the House- 
passed bill over to its own Judiciary Com- 
mittee but placed it directly on the Senate 
calendar. This neatly bypassed Judiciary 


Committee Chairman James O. Eastland 


_(D) of Mississippi and a group of southern 


conservatives who had no use for. the 
measure, Very likely the same procedure 
will be used again this year. 

On June 19, 1957, the Senate started 
civil rights debate. It-lasted 24 days of 
actual debate. The bill was diluted under 
threat of filibuster but a version was 
finally passed, House and Senate concur- 
rence came Aug. 29, and Aug. 30 Congress 
adjourned, This was the latest adjourn- 
ment date for a regular session since the 
end of the Korean war. 

It will be seen that this year’s timetable 
is about three weeks behind 1957’s. Sen- 
ator Mansfield’s positive declaration that 
a civil rights bill will be passed is as- 
sumed to commit his colleague Senator 
Johnson, the powerful majority leader. 
For personal and party reasons Senator 
Johnson is eager to get some kind of 
measure passed. He desires to show again 
that Democrats are able to legislate in 
this emotional field. Indeed Mr. Johnson 
has introduced his own bill with his pres- 
tige behind it. 

Senator Javits is a strong voice for ace 
tion. He points out that the longer Con- 
gress delays the weaker the ultimate bill 
is likely to--be, because of the desire to 
adjourn and the greater potency of the 
filibuster threat. ° 

What will be in the bill is another mat- 
ter. The watered-down 1957 measure 
dealt largely with voting rights of Negroes. 
Since then relatively few have been added 
to the voting rolls. The fight is likely to 
turn on stronger federal subpoena powers, 
incorporated both in the administration’s 
civil-rights package, and in one of the 
Johnson proposals. Much will depend on 
how strongly President Eisenhower sup- 
ports the drive. 


Roots of Western Civilization 


To THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR: 

In his article, ‘West Builds Upon Creat- 
ness,” in the June 10 issue of the Monitor, 
Dr. Robert Strausz-Hupé traces the origin 
of North Atlantic civilization to “Hellen- 
ism, Christianity, and the Roman tradi- 
tion.” However, a much more logical case 
can be made for tracing it to the tradi- 
tions and religion of the people indigenous 
to northern Europe. 

First of all, the living tradition of Greece 
died before the birth of Jesus; the living 
tradition of Rome died with its fall; and 
Christianity was only partially successful 
in converting the northern peoples of 
Europe. 

But it appears that there is a direct con- 
nection between the traditions and re- 
ligion of the people of northern Europe 
and the North Atlantic civilization. There 
is the direct connection with the people 
themselves, with the geographic location, 
and most importantly with all three of 
the spiritual values which Dr. Strausz- 
Hupeé cites, 

The three values of inquisitiveness, free- 
dom, and vigor which are cited in this 
article are values of barbarian societies 
rather than of cultured civilizations. James 
Freeman Clarke, in his book “Ten Great 
Religions,” makes this point: “These two 
elements of freedom and civilization, al- 


“ways antagonist; have been-in-most—ages— 


hostile. The individual’ freedom of the 
North has been equivalent to barbarism, 
and from time to time has rolled down a 
destroving deluge over the South, almost 
sweeping away its civilization, and over- 
whelming in. a common ruin arts,, litera- 
ture, and laws. On the other hand, civil- 
ization at the South has passed into lux- 
ury, has produced effeminacy, till individ- 
ual freedom has been lost under grinding 
despotism.” 

Dr. Strausz-Hupé traces the spiritual 
value of equality, indivdual lberty, and 
self-government (all allied) to Rome, But 
then he says that these values were an 
“un-Roman concern.” I am a firm be- 
liever in the law of cause and effect, and 


‘Good’ News About Young People 


Mirror of World Opinion 


In our Public Opinion column the other 
day, a reader took us to task for ‘“‘head- 
lining” news about juvenile delinquency, 
and urged us to feature news about more 
constructive activities of our young people. 

Such a suggestion is made from time 
to time, in private and in public, and it is 
about time for all readers of The Herald 
Statesman to give a good close look to 
this subject, and*to come to a sensible de- 
cision for themselves. 

We would say that—in an average issue 
of The Herald Statesman—the “good” and 
“constructive” news about Yonkers young 
people, the reports of their activities which 
make them and all of us proud, exceeds 
that of the “bad apples”’—the juvenile 
delinquents—by about one thousand to 
one. In other words, hundreds upon hun- 
dreds of “constructive” news items about 
our youth are published regularly, while 
only inches are devoted to those who get 
into trouble, ... : 

Of course, there are the “bad apples”’— 
the young hoodlums who beat up children 
after a school dance, and who make news 
by the manner and method by which they 
virtually escape punishment in the courts. 

There are the lame-brains who throw 


stones at trains or who steal cars or who 


get into trouble some other way, by 
burglary or traffic violation or perverted 
fun that turns into felony. 

But these are the fairly limited number, 
the one or.two per cent of whom our so- 
ciety is ashamed. It is vital we know what 
they are doing. ‘Without the full story we 
would be ignorant of the truth, of the full 
facts, 

Of what is the so-called “good” news 
composed? | 

It includes the many columns we print 
regularly about our public, parochial and 
private schools—from preschool ‘and kin- 
dergarten through the colleges. 


It would include the columns on Boy 
Scouts and Girl Scouts, the news of their 
activities, their plans and hopes, their 
achievements, their honors and good deeds. 
Similar. items are printed of scores of 
other youth organizations. 

We regularly provide the news of 
Yonkers young people in schools and 
churches and their organizations; of youth 
in recreation and in sports. Hundreds of 
columns a year are. devoted to what our 
boys and girls are doing in sports and 
kindred activities. 

Within the last few days we carried a 
féading editorial commenting about our 
young people and their important par- 
ticipation in two community fund drives. 

The day before that we were com- 
menting editorially about the Police 
Athletic League, one of our foremost young 
people projects. 

We tell the developing: stories of many 
groups—the youth musical organizations, 
for example, and the drama units. We 
print about the bands and orchestras, the 
soloists and the dancers. 

And we report frequently and fully what 
such big and active groups as the Junior 
Red.Cross are doing. 

We have special and very elaborate 
news about the schools—from the Board 
of Education, from each of the schools, 
from the Parent-Teacher Associations and 
from various other groups in and with 


. the education system. ... 


What we are inclined to wonder about is 
this: Do the people’ who complain that 
The Herald Statesman never reports or 
headlines ‘“‘good” news. about Yonkers 
young people—do they read only the “bad” 
news, and do they skip the “good’’?... 


We have said the ratio is about 1,000. 


inches of “good” news .to one inch of so- 
called “bad.” That is a very conservative 
estimate. The ratio is really larger than 
that.—Herald Statesman (Yonkers, N.Y.) 


I do not believe that Roman characteristics 
can be logical progenitors of these un- 
Roman concerns. However, these do ap- 
pear to be Scandinavian and Teutonic 
concerns. Our town-meeting type of gov- 
ernment appears to stem directly from the 
Scandinavian popular assemblies. 

Of liberty the historian Montesquieu 
says, “The great prerogative of Scandina- 
via is that it afforded the great resource 
to the liberty of Europe, that is, to almost 
all of liberty there is among men. The 
Goth Jornandes calls the North of Europe 
the forge of mankind. I would rather call 
it the forge of those instruments which 
broke the fetters manufactured in the 
South.” 

Sir William Blackstone, eminent states- 
man of 18th-century England, made the 
statement, “Trial by jury is looked upon 
as the glory of English law.” It might be 
suggested that trial by jury came to flower 
in English law because it was a practice 
of the indigenous people. And it is quite 
well accepted that if from the South has 
come a romantic admiration of woman, 
from the North has come a respect for her 
personal integrity and equality with men. 

Secondly, this article traces the spiritual 
value of intellectual inquisitiveness to an- 
cient Greece, even though as a living tra- 
dition it had been dead about 2,000 years. 
But spirit appears to be a characteristic 
of living things. The new spirit of scien=— 
tific- inquiry starting with Copernicus, 
Kepler, Galileo, and culminating in New- 
ton, can more logically be attributed to the 
impact of the spirit of the people of 
northern Europe upon the culture from the 
South, wae 

The Greeks may have supplied some of 
the intellectual tools: but the North of Eu- 
rope supplied the inquisitiveness, “This 
new spirit of technological inventiveness” 
which made possible “new living stand- 
ards for men everywhere” appears to be 
an entirely north European development 
out of north European roots, rather than 
“an entirely un-Greek development out of 
Greek roots.” 

The third of these spiritual values, “a 
new respect for manual labor and for the 
dignity of the man engaged in practical 
work,” is nothing new to the peoples of 
northern Europe. According to Mr. James 
Freeman Clarke, Caesar said of them 
“they occupied their lives in hunting and 
in. war, devoting themselves from child- 
hood to severe labors.” A vigorous this- 
worldliness has never been a charace 
teristic encouraged by Christianity. 

There is no mention in this article of 
constitutional government and of federal 
union, which first appeared in the United 
States and culminated in the United Na- 
tions, as a phenomenon of North Atlantic 
civilization.- However, this is a crowning 
achievement of this civilization. The North 
American Indian scholar, Mr. Hewitt, 
traces the roots of this development to the 
Iroquois Federation of Five Nations, which 
had a constitution of 43 articles, and also 
a representative form of government di- 
vided into three separate branches, includ- 
ing one which was judicial. 

Benjamin Franklin and others were well 
acquainted with this Iroquois system of 
government. It was recommended as a 
model for the @Slonies as early as 1744 
at a conference at Lancaster, Pennsyl- 


-vania. Again, a so-called “barbarian” so- 


ciety is the root for one of our great de- 
velopments, 

The real danger to the North Atlantic 
civilization in its struggle with totalitar- 
ian communism is that of its proponents 
being blinded by prejudice toward the 
Greek, Roman, and Judeo-Christian tra- 
ditions, and not understanding the real 
nature and the roots of this civilization. 
Little Finland (primarily in the North Eu- 
ropean tradition) stands as an implacable 
adversary against Communist Russia (de- 
rived largely from the southern tradition). 
Totalitarian communism is utterly aliex 
to the ethos of northern Europe which has _ 
infused its spirit into the North Atlantic 
civilization. Our’hope is to understand and 
to cultivate this spirit. Cart J. NELSON 

Wellesley, Mass. | | 


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