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SCIENCE MONITOR 


VOLUME 51 NO. 192 


1989, THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING SOCIETY. 
a Reserved 


All Rights 


i 


BOSTON, 


MONDAY, J ULY 138, 1959. 


** ATLANTIC EDITION 


Two 
SECTIONS 


vane FIVE CENTS. 


Industry 


Pulls For 
Sales Tax 


By Edgar M. Mills 
New England Political Editor of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Massachusetts industry 
opening a big drive for the con- 
troversial sales tax. 

Undeterred by the worsening 
legislative prdéspects for the Fur- 
colo-proposed 3 per cent sales 
tax, as a result of budget- 
balancing operations in the Mas- 
sachusetts Senate, Bay State 
industrialists are stepping up 
pressures on legislators in hopes 
of a political upset. 

The issue may come to a vote 
in the House shortly. To date 
most observers believe it is 
headed for defeat, despite pro- 
ponents’ pleas that the major 
need for a sales tax lies in the 
prospect of reducing lecal prop- 
erty taxes through the two- 
thirds share of sales-tax reve) ue 
ticketed for cities and towns, 


AIM Urges Drive 


The Associated Industries of 
Massachusetts has issued a spe- 
cial plea to its members, urging 
them to push for sales-tax adop- 
tion to encourage business de- 
velopment and expansion in the 
state. 

Robert A. Chadbourne, execu- 
tive vice-president of the AIM, 
asserted: 

“We believe that this is the 
most important single’ step 
which Massachusetts can take 
this year or in the forseeable 
future toward improving the 
business climate of this state. 

“Adoption of the sales tax 
this year will demonstrate that 
Massachusetts is seriou$S about 
preserving and expanding the 
industrial foundation of its 
economy.” 

The AIM is presenting results 
of a special study of the Massa- 
chusetts tax situation as it re- 
lates to other competitive states. 

Adopting the premise that 
Massachusetts must require 
business “to pay a share of the 
cost of government which is 
roughly equal to what competi- 
tors pay in other states,” the 
_ AIM reported that Massachu- 
setts industry is required to pay 
a disproportionately higher 
share of government costs now. 
It asserted that a sales tax is 
needed to broadening the tax 
base and lower property taxes. 

The AIM reported that: 

1. Massachusetts corporate 
taxes are more burdensome than 
those of any other state, Al- 
though Idaho, Kentucky, and 
Wisconsin have a higher top- 
prerret tax on corporations, 

O¥ie “of these states is in the 
first 10 industrial states. No 
state takes a larger percentage 
of its state revenue from cor- 
poration taxes than Massachu- 
setts — 22 per cent compared 
with a national average of 7 
per cent. 

2. Massachusetts is the only 
« State which taxes a corporation 
even though it fails to show a 
profit, through a “corporate ex- 
cess” tax. 


Argument Traced 

3. Local property taxes are 
thehighest_in the nation,: the 
per capita rate being $121.67, 
compared with a $75.46 national 
average. 

The AIM also declared that 
“income taxes (both corporate 
and individual) and property 
taxes (both corporate and in- 
dividual) provide over 80 per 
cent of state and local tax rev- 
enues.” 

The industrial group argued 
_that governmental economy is 
not the total.solution to govern- 
ment financial problems. 

“Economy,” the AIM stated, 
“is always important, but it is 
misleading to consider this the 
solution to the state’s long-term 
financial problem. Economy is 
not the single answer, because 
fixed costs related to sheer pop- 
ulation growth—e.g., service of 
the nearly billion-dollar state 
debt, obligations to local com- 
munities, and the like—cannot 
be altered by  surface-type 


budget cutting in the Legisla- 
ture. 


Soaring Costs Cited 
Pointing up state fiscal devel- 
opment during the past 10 years, 
the AIM said, “The cost of gov- 
ernment in Massachusetts has 
been literally skyrocketing. And, 
to compound the problem, state 


‘ : 


Associated Press Wirephoto via radio from Geneva 

GENEVA TALKS RECONVENE: Western Foreign Ministers 
gather for renewed East-West negotiations. Left to right are: 
Giuseppe Pella of Italy, Selwyn Lloyd of Britain, Maurice Couve 


de Murville of France, Christian A. Herter of the United States, 
and Heinrich von Brentano of West Germany. The picture was 
taken at the French delegate’s residence at Versoix, near Geneva. 


ay of Optimism Seen 


& in New Geneva Phase 


By the Chief of the London News Buredu of The Christian Science Monitor 


Geneva 


The United States, the Soviet Union, Britain, and France have sent their foreign minis= 
ters back to work here in quest of improved East-West relations over crisis-ridden Berlin 
—and in a new bid to make possible a Big,Four summit meeting at the rainbow’s end. 

The delegates returned to their familiar places for the July 13 opening session of Phase 
2 of their conference at the Palais des Nations—flanked by East and West German “ade: 
viser” delegations—following a three-week recess caused by an impasse over the terms of @ 
new interim settlement on Berlin. 

Everything dt the Geneva council table and environs seemed to be much as the four fore 
eign ministers left it June 20—except that somehow a faint air of optimism prevailed: on 


the opening day. 


This was a far cry from the dark outlook pervading the parley when time out was called 
Yast month, but no one was prepared to guarantee that the optimism would prove well 
founded or durable when the Big Four once more came to conversational grips. 

If optimism has any basis, it lies in reports that the Western ministers were ready to 


Steel Rivals Agree to Resume Talks 


By the Associated Press 
New York 


Both sides today agreed to 
renew talks in the steel im- 
passe after the President 
urged them to do so. This was 
no assurance, however, that 
a steel strike would be avoid- 
ed Tuesday midnight. 

President Eisenhower today 
appealed to both sides in the 
steel wage dispute to continue 
to strive for a settlement and 
avert a strike. Mr. Ejisen- 
hower’s appeal was voiced 
through his press secretary, 
James C. Hagerty. 

Mr. Hagerty said Mr. Eisen- 
hower had conferred today 
with Vice-President Richard 
M. Nixon and Secretary of 
Labor James P. Mitchell re- 
garding the threatened strike. 
He gave no details. re- 
garding those separate con- 
ferences. 

As for the President’s 
views, Mr. Hagerty read this 
statement to newsmen: “There 
is opportunity and time for 
settlement to be reached be- 
fore the strike deadline set 
by the union. In the interest 
of union members, the ‘steel 
companies, and the public, the 
President hopes that the 
union and the industry will 
continue to work for a settle- 
ment.” 


By Frederick W. Roevekamp 


Staff Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


New York 
Why have the steel negotia- 
tions gotten nowhere? 
If there is a single answer to 
the question none of the ob- 


|servers who have watched the 


country’s major steel] companies 
and the United Steelworkers of 
America bargain at the 
velt Hotel here for more than 
two months have come up with it. 
Like other labor contract 
talks, this one was surrounded 
with the secrecy which is a pre- 
requisite of bargaining. But 
there have been a number of vis- 


Inside 
Reading 


Six Cape Cod towns en- 
force Sunday blue laws. 
Page 2 
Bohlen storm tests Herter 
command of the State De- 
partment. Page 3 
Crew and passengers 
keep calm as jet makes 
emergency landing without 
landing gear. Page 3 
New Lutfwaffe grows 
wings. Page 4 
Scandinavia launches 
free-trade area. Page 4. 
Boston tax delinquents 
bask in backlog. Page 5 
New manager and hustle 
awaken Red Sox. Page a 
Rosalind Russell, as her 
husband and son know her. 
Page 10 
Trade lag slows Canadian 
recovery. Page 13 
e a 


budgets have been balanced 6nly | \e i 


through shifts in tax payments, 
windfalls such as that received 
from the withholding tax in the 
current year, deficiency budgets, 
and departmental policies in- 
cluding in capital outlay pro- 
grams items which should be 
financed from current revenue— 
all this in the face of political 
cries for economy.” 

The AIM said that through 
various kinds of fiscal escalation, 
“the 1960 budget projects in- 
creases amounting to about 40 
million dollars without any in- 
creases in services.” 

“The cost of government is 
going to continue to go up in 
Massachusetts—just as it will 
everywhere in the country as it 
grows,” the industrial organi- 
zation asserted. “But from a 
business point of view, it means 
that Massachusetts needs tax re- 
forms today if the state is to 
expand its industrial base and 
attract. new industry, without 
special tax ‘deals’ of question- 


able legality such as offered in | Res 
other 


competitive areas,” 
rans, 


July 14 a contract is 


ible factors which do provide 
some clues. 

First of all and perhaps most 
significantly, the attitude of steel 
management is firmer than it 
has been for many years, For 
the first time in a long history 
of contract renewal talks, the 
steel companies’ adamancy has 
forced David J. McDonald, USW 
president, to make the first con- 
crete offer. 

Some veteran observers see in 
this a symptom of a widespread 
change of heart among big in- 
dustries. Management, they say, 
has decided it is time to put 
a stop to the steady advance of 
labor unions over the past two 
decades, both on the economic 
and political front. 

But steel industry spokesmen 
say their major concern is to 
stop inflation. The industry’s top 
bargaining team under R. Con- 
rad Cooper held out until shortly 
before the extended contract 
deadline July 14 in refusing to 
consider any wage increases this 
year, 


Union Offer Rejected 


In this position, management 
felt all ‘along: it had. the full 
moral suppoft of President 
Eisenhower who has warned re- 
peatedly against wage increases 
which would result in further 
inflationary rises in the price of 
steel. 

Intervention by Mr. Eisen- 
hower was seen as the only 
action that could prevent the 
scheduled walkout of some 500,- 
000 steelworkers throughout the 
nation starting midnight July 14. 

Last-minute exchanges of of- 
fers between the negotiators 
here did not change the over-all 
rigidity of the talks. 

A proposal by the union to 
appoint a joint labor-manage- 
ment: committee to study one of 
the central issues in the dispute 
—local working conditions—was 
rejected by the companies. Man- 
agement representatives said the 
offer was designed to advance 
the interest of the union rather 
than that of both sides. 

Communications between the 
two sides broke down to the 
point where Mr. McDonald and 
Mr. Cooper actually disagreed 
publicly on whether the _ steel 
companies had made a late two- 
year contract offer or not. 

In the end, the bargainers 
appeared to have left off before 
the last-minute meeting where 
they were two weeks ago when 
the company offered an indefi- 
nite extension of the contract to 
continue talks and the union 
rejected it because it could not 
obtain assurance that all gains 
negotiated would be retroactive 
to July 1, the original contract 
deadline, 


Plea Heeded 


If it had not been for an ap- 
peal by Mr. Eisenhower at that 
time, the nationwide -strike 
probably would have started 
then and there. The President’s 
plea to continue negotiating un- 
til a contract was reached was 
heeded by” both parties as a 
matter of moral obligation to 
the public’s highest spokeman. 

But a few days ago Mr. 


- McDonald made it clear that the 


union would not consider any 
other contract extension under 
the same conditions. 

Any further extension without 


the assurance of retroactivity venting a strike. They are said 


would be in conflict with labor’s 
traditional principle of “no con- 
tract, no work.” 

Mr. McDonald’s_ statement, 
however, did not overshadow 
the fact that he was most eager 
to avoid a strike. It was he who 
made the original appeal to Mr. 
Eisenhower which led to the 
contract extension. Mr. Mc- 
Donald also approached Vice- 
Presiderit Richard M. Nixon in 
an effort to get federal help. 

Some members of the Eisen- 
hower administration, notably 
Secretary of Labor James P. 
Mitchell, reportedly have tried 
in vain to persuade steel man- 
agement to grant a modest wage 
increase in the interest of pre- 


to believe that such an increase 
could be held low enough to 
avoid another price rise and yet 
be acceptable to the union. 

Observers feel that the strike 
may be a long one: But estimates 
do not foresee it will do great 
economic damage to the nation’s 
economy. Steel centers, of course, 
are expected to be hard hit. 

Pressure for a settlement may 
not rise rapidly. Stockpiles of 
steel hoarded in anticipation of 
a strike are high. Steelworkers 
reportedly have saved for the 
Same reason, but many of them 
still are paying off debts in- 
curred in last year’s recession 
layoffs. 

Related story: Editorial Page 


Montevideo, Uruguay 

Whether by intent or accident, 
this little nation is becoming the 
heart of a large center for So- 
viet and satellite-bloc diplomats, 
operators, and activities. 

Since the Soviet Union is rep- 
resented diplomatically only in 
three Latin-American countries 
—Mexico, Argentina, and Uru- 
guay—Montevideo appears to be 
functioning in the southern part 
of the hemisphere such as Mexi- 
co City is in the north, as a dis- 
semination. center for Commu- 
nist propaganda and, operations. 

More than 50 heavily packed 
diplomatic pouches move be- 
tween Moscow and Montevideo 
weekly, to and from the Soviet 
Embassy here, which has a staff 
of more than 70 people—in a 
country hardly as large as the 
State of Nebraska. 

Couriers, some on a regular 
weekly run between this city 
and Moscow, come through here 
with diplomatic pouches bearing 
funds for Communist activities 
in the hemisphere, which are 
subsequently distributed to other 
Latin-American countries. 


Dollars Imported 


The money comes in the form 
of dollars—some of them col- 
lected as far away as the money 
black markets of Viet Nam in 
Asia, as this correspondent. has 
witnessed—or as letters of credit 
on Swiss banks, and in viable 
European currencies. 

Some couriers landing at 
Montevideo’s Carrasco Airport 
receive a five-man diplomatic 
guard to the Soviet Embassy, as 
what must be propaganda plans, 
infiltration tactics, and trade 
strategies, are conveyed. 

The Communist build-up has 
been going on here since 1956. 

Radio Moscow’s liason , with 
Montevideo short-wave trans- 
mitters is so efficient that often 
Radio Moscow is beaming news 
about Montevideo activities into 
Uruguay from the Soviet Union 
before local radio stations or 
newspapers have reported the 
news—sometimes less than two 
hours after an event takes place. 

By now there is in Montevideo 
a Soviet Embassy and a legation 
from each of the satellite coun- 
tries, with the exception of Hun- 


ae gary” “and East Germany. The 
72 \ latter has a trade mission sta- 
= |tiohed permanently here, which 
m |is nearly as effective a spy op- 


s|eration as a legation, though a 
ei legation may claim more diplo- 
+|matic immunities. 


: ;|Move Postponed 


Propaganda, spy, and courier 


, ti activities had become so ob- 
'?|noxious to Uruguayans recent- 


ieelly that the 


government was 
about to move against some of 
the Communist diplomats and 
expel them, as Argentina did 
recently, when it was found that 
the Romanian legation in Buenos 

es was operating a clandes- 
tine short-wave radio transmit- 
ter. 

Then: the disastrous April 
floods hit Uruguay, and gov- 


“a\ernment energies were totally 


diverted to rehabilitating the 
country, repairi dams and 
a agg et facilities. wrecked 
in the floods. 
There are indications now 
that Uruguay may find it con- 


it 4 venient not to move just now 


oS here since the coun 


R. Conrad per, top 
ustry, during critica] daae of steel 


aD Sere wer strike is scheduled for midnight 
not attained, 


Sl the USSR. and Soviet-bloe b 


against the Soviet operators 
is be- 


und to try 
“ 


-made trade ° 
plays di- 


ng more and more 


trade ents which it 


~ | loath to sev 


David J. McDonald, left, United 
dent, and 


There ri a 
problem here w 
rectly into Soviet hands. Since 
there is a glut of wool on the 


world market and are 
sagging, Uruguay it diffi- 


July 13, 1959 


Communist Action 


Builds in Uruguay 


By Bertram B. Johansson 


Staff Correspondent on Latin-American Affairs for The Christian Science Monitor 


cult to sell its primary export 
in the usual markets: Britain’s 
wool purchases have fallen off. 
United States wool merchants 
say some Uruguayan wool has 
dropped a bit below standards 
since the easy-selling days of 
the Korean War when Uruguay 
made huge wool profits. 


Trade Deal Contracted 


As a result, Uruguay has con- 
tracted with the U.S.S.R. for a 
$10,000,000 wool-for-oi] trade 
deal which, temporarily, can be 
said to be to Uruguay’s advan- 
tage. Uruguay is selling more 
wool than it imports in Soviet 
oil. The difference is made up 
in pounds sterling by the Soviets, 
and the U.S.S.R. has paid the 
pounds on time. 

There is every Indication that 
trade with the Soviet bloc will 
increase. Uruguay will thus be- 
come more tied to these markets. 
By the end of 1957, exports to 
the bloc were 8.2 per cent of 
Uruguay’s total trade. By the 
end of 1958, the Soviet-bloc 
countries had absorbed 21 per 
cent of Uruguay’s total exports. 
In a country as small as Uru- 
guay, such statistics can mean a 
deep imprint on the economy. 

Trade and diplomatic foot- 
work are not the only areas in 
which the Communists are spe- 
cializing in Uruguay. Propa- 
gandawise, domestic Commu- 
nists have promoted book, radio, 
and movie outlets. There are 13 
Communist or Communist-front 
radio programs aired here per 
week, seven of them in the -in- 
terior of the country, six of them 
in Montevideo. 


Communist Films Shown 


Communists own a theater in 
downtown Montevideo ‘ where 
Communist movies are shown 
often. Beginning about a year 
ago, Communists began to place 
their motion pictures in com- 
mercial theaters throughout the 
country, on terms s6 attractive 
to theater owners they could 
not afford to refuse these pic- 
tures to the movie-hungry pub- 
lic. Artkino is the distributor of 
the Communist pictures. 

Besides a Soviet book outlet 
in Montevideo on one of the 
capital’s larger avenues, “18th 
of July,” Communists have 
opened another book outlet in 
the interior in Salto, Uruguay’s 
second largest city in the north- 
west, for purveying Communist 
literature. ; 

Just what the Communists are 
up to is anyone’s guess. On the 
one hand, Uruguayans are a 
freedom - loving people and 
would automatically resist to- 
talitarian ideas. Their govern- 
ment institutions are demo- 
cratic, built on the Swiss coun- 
cil type. of government, some- 
times so democratic as to be 
impeded with indecision be- 
cause the machinery for quick 
decisions does not exist. 


Socialism Gains 


On the other hand, there is a 
high degree of socialization of 
life in Uruguay. The govern- 
ment owns most of the public 
utilities, petroleum, coal, ship- 
ping facilities. Some observers 

eve that the shift from such 
an intense socialization to a 
Communist state may not be too 
difficult for domestic Commu- 
nists to achieve, as in Kerala, 
— especially since the coun- 
so small that the Soviet 

propaganda ruble can go far. 
danger, observers here 

believe, is in th 


e covert activity 
of Communists who have in- 
filtrated labor unions to such an 
extent that they can and do 
often control the timing of 

es. 


One of a Series 


Geneva 

Here we go again—this time 
into Phase 2 of the marathon 
Big Four foreign ministers 
conference. 

Like ‘so many schoolboys 
summoned unwillingly back 
to the classroom after a holi- 
day respite, the ministers and 
their cohorts once more are 
set to grapple with the Berlin 
issue—and the problems of 
getting or not getting to the 
summit. 

The three-week recess has 
been a strange interlude. In- 
stead of polishing up new pro- 
posals to provide fresh im- 
petus at the start of the second 
semester, the three Western 
powers appear to have gone 
out of their way to produce 
precisely the opposite effect. 

They have returned deter- 
mined to demonstrate to So- 
viet Foreign Minister Andrei 
A. Gromyko they haven't 
changed one iota from the po- 
sition they advocated when 
the talks were adjourned on 
June 20. 

But convincing the Soviets 
they have absolutely nothing 
new to offer—and especially 
that no further Western “fall- 
back” positions exist to exploit 
—will not be easy. That and 
discovering what if any ease- 
ments or clarifications are 
visible in the Soviet position 
may take several weeks. 

’ Bs ee 

At the outset of the resump- 
tion, the prospect is for a cer- 
tain amount of paper shuf- 
fling, position probing, and 
much looking expectantly 
across the table for the other 
side to make a new move. 

One can almost hear one of 
the Big Four turning to an- 
other to say casually: 

“You look refreshed by your 
holiday,” and then adding 
pointedly, “but tell me, Mr. 
Minister, do you still feel 
exactly the same about your 
proposals as you did’when we 
adjourned?” 

That, of course, is the key 
question for all concerned. 

Looking back, if Mr. Gro- 
myko’s claim is correct and no 
Soviet ultimatums were in- 
tended, Phase 1 of the confer- 
ence has not been barren as 
far as a relaxation of tension 
is concerned. And Phase 2 
then can hope to move ahead 
to formalize this improved 
atmosphere in some modest 
way—even if the two sides 
still find it impossible to 
reach agreement on any con- 
crete East-West issue. 

Thus, despite everything, 
some knowledgeable persons 
still believe that a thin margin 
of encouragement — minimal, 
yet strong enough to warrant 
summit talks—will emerge 
here. 


It may be something as un- 
imposing yet indicative as a 
temporary arrangement for 


‘Berlin. Even such an agree- 


ment as that, while not gain- 
ing much in the right direc- 
tion, nevertheless under these 
circumstances acquires merit 
merely by not moving in the 
wrong direction. 


>. #,).# 


Whether or not after all the 
talk the minimums for a sum- 
mit meeting are achieved, the 
three Western ministers can 
take some measure of satisfac- 
tion. They met what were re- 
garded as serious Soviet com- 
plaints about Berlin and Ger- 
man affairs with serious offers 
—and too often found the 
Soviet complaint was not 
serious or legitimate after all, 
but a ruse to deprive the West 
of something it holds dear 
without a compensating con- 
cession. 

The British, in particular, 
often speak of the merit of 
keeping the Soviets talking. 
This does not mean they have 
forgotten the Japanese at- 
tacked Pearl Harbor while 
Nipponese emissaries actually 
were negotiating in Washing- 
ton. 

But it does mean they feel 
a tremendous and dangerous 
lack of knowledge of the West 
exists in high ’ Communist 
circles—and that this dark- 
ness inevitably is enlightened 
by prolonged contact and per- 
sistent, detailed debate with 
Western representatives. 


Moreover, the _ schoolboy 
analogy is misleading. For 
these are not callow- youths 
beckoned back to some neg- 
lected assignment. These are 
shrewd men engaged in a 
battle to mobilize world opin- 
ion behind two radically dif- 
ferent sets of ideologies. Talk 
may be cheap, it is true. But 
this particular contest is not 
to be won by refusing to talk 
—here or at the higher level. 
Indeed, one can argue that to 
refuse presents the Kremlin 
with a twofold opportunity. 

For if the foreign ministers 
fail to agree even on a subse- 
quent meeting, Mr. Khrush- 
chev still can demand his 
summit. And if this is denied 
him, he will be in position to 
transfer full authority to the 
East Germans unilaterally — 
maintaining to the West 
meanwhile: “I tried to get you 
to discuss this problem. When 
you refused, I had no alterna- 
tive but to act alone.” 

The 41 days of Phase 1 
saw some essential spadework 
done at Geneva. The unknown 
number of days of Phase 2 
will determine what, if any, 
structure can be erected now. 

Once more, here we go! 


Europe: 


The Soviet 
reported today. [Page 4.] 


can senators oppose the move. 


York City. 


. sential humanitarian "services. 


About 160,000 Japanese 
per cent of the 


Soviets Say 2 Dogs 
Return From Space 


The World's Day 
: Tass Reports Successful 


nion has successfully Jaunched and retrieved two 
dogs from the outer atmosphere, the Soviet news agency Tass 


ight 


Washington: Kuchel Backs Bid to Name Bohlen 

A move to name Ambassador Charles Bohlen a special adviser 
on Soviet affairs in the State Department received support from 
Senator Thomas H, Kuchel (R 


of California. Some Republi- 


(Page 3. 


National: Treason Charge Against Trio Dropped 

At San Francisco, United States Commissioner Joseph Karesh 
dismissed a treason charge against John W. Powell, his wife, 
Sylvia, both of San Francisco, and Julian Schuman of New 


Bay State: Emphasis Put on Key Services 


Furcolo today asked Democratic edition leaders to 
balance the $443,000,000 state budget without eliminating es- 


Asia: Japanese Miners Begin 24-Hour Strike 


coal mining workers today went on a. 
24-hour strike—protesting. the planned discharge of 10 to 20 


| Weather Predictions: oware Tonight (Page 2) 
Art, Music, Theater, Radio, TV: Page 6. FM: Page 5 


oe 


discuss the possibility of a “freeze” on the Berlin situation for-a fixed period of time—say, 


State of the Nations 


The Challenge of Phase 2 


By HENRY 8S. HAYWARD 
Chief, London News Bureau, The Christian Science Moniter 


24% years—and an iron-clad 
Soviet guarantee that their 
rights in Berlin would not be 
wiped out in the interim. 


Change Indicated 

This may indicate a changed. 
Western approach, for during 
Phase 1 of ‘the conference the 
West resolutely refused even to 
discuss Soviet Foreign Minister 
Andrei A. Gromyko’s proposal 
for a standstill limited to 18 
months. Now some see signs of 
a compromise merger of Eastern 
and Western proposals. 

Certain to be among the 
West’s first moves as the meet- 
ing resumes is one to insist that 
Mr. Gromyko clarify the vital 
point of whether the West’s 
rights in West Berlin do or do 
not expire at the termination 
of the interim time limit if no 
over-all agreement meanwhile 
is reached. But drawing out the 
Soviet minister proved impos- 
sible prior to the recess — and 
may still be difficult. 

Suspicion of Communist tricke 
ery on its right of presence in 
Berlin was one of the West’s 
chief reasons for calling a recess 
to allow the debate to cool off 
and the respective stands to bee 
come more pliable. 


Issues Enumerated 

Mr. Gromyko, however, ine 
sisted on June 19 and 28 that 
the West had misinterpreted his 
proposal, and that Western 
rights would not in fact be ime 
paired under his plan. 

At resumption of negotiations, 
main issues shaped up as fole 
lows: 

{ A time limit for the dura- 
tion of a stopgap Berlin agree- 
ment. The Soviet Union has 


raised its sights from six months 
specified last November to 18 
months suggested this June. But 
the West still is talking in terms 
of 2% years with two years 
probably the irreduceable mini- 
mum for shelving the questions 
of occupation and access rights 
in West Berlin. 

{ The legal position at the end 
of the time limit. Mr. Gromyko 
has given assurances that if a 
permanent solution is not 
reached in a specified time, then 
the Big Four will resume their 
talks without prejudice. But the 
West is disturbed by interpreta<- 
tion of thé ominous phrase that 
negotiations would resume “with 
due regard for the situation obe 
taining at that time.” 

{ Composition and duties of a@ 
proposed all-German committee. 
The Soviets are insisting upon 
parity’: representation in the 
committee whereas the West 
Offers a ratio of 25 West Ger- 
mans to 10 East Germans with 
a built-in veto for the East Gere 
man minority. The British, ine 
cidentally, appear less cone 
cerned about the Soviet parity 
demand than the other Westerft 
powers—particularly the West 
Germans and French who heave 
major misgivings about any. 
further concession on this point, 

{| Troop ceilings. The West al- 
ready has indicated its readiness 
not to increase its 11,000-man 
force in West Berlin and not to 
arm this garrison ee 
with nuclear weapons. .It ght 
consider a slight reduction 6f 
this token force — but not to a 
point of numerical insignifie 
cance, 


September Summit? 

{ Propaganda and subversive 
activities. The Communists have 
eagerly accepted as _ granted. 
tentative Western suggestions. 
for reduction of such activities 
centered in sensitive Berlin. But 
they have offered no reciprocal 
restrictions on their own activi-~ 
ties from East Berlin. The West 
is determined that the Soviets 
must make concession for con- 
cession, so this point also must 
be clarified. 

These are the central ques+ 
tions ‘confronting the ministers 
in Phase 2. 

If Mr. Gromyko can be pers 
suaded actually. to lift the 
threats implied in his version 
of a Berlin stopgap agreement, 
the summit remains a technical 
possibility for. August or Sep- 
tember, with the latter now 

more frequently men-« 
tioned. | 

The Soviets are not expected 
to agree to indefinite prolonga~+ 
tion of the West’s presence in 
Berlin, but they may. agree to 
renew negotiations with ? 
prejudice at the termination of 
the time limit. . 


outlined above. 


| Bonn sights ‘Bertin statue 
quo: Page 14. 


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"WF THE CHRISTIAN-SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959 


’ 


_ 


Furcolo Tax Policy | 
Blasted by Lamson 


Special to The Christian Science Monitor 


< Northampton, Mass. | 
Budget-cutting rather than. 

w taxes is the preferred way 

. balance the Massachusetts | 

ldget, Senator Fred I, Lam- 

(R) of Malden, Senate mi- 

ity leader, told a Republican 

jthering here in a speech that 

eled blistering criticism « at 

overnor Furcolo’s spending 
policies. 

The Senate Republican leader 

ing mentioned as a possible 
P candidate for governor in 

60. Speaking before the Hamp- 

ire County Republican Club, 

stressed the need for state 
nomy and charged the Fur- 

lo administration with a 

nd-before-you-think policy. 

His address came in the midst 

Democratic and Republican 

orts in the Senate to cut the 

vernor’s budget into balance 
out new taxes. 

“Unless reasonable spending 
gvithin the state income becomes 
‘a reality.” he said, “industry 

iil continue to migrate from 


pthe commonwealth and our 
—_— 


had ~ 
: Bay State Towns 
: Get Housing Aid — 


By a Staff Writer o 
k The Gnousien tetenes Bonne 
Contracts for financial as- 
# sistance to six New England 
= communities to enable them to 
4 start planning and construc- 
tion of a total of 254 units of 
ousing for the elderly has 


been announced by the state 
——heusing board. 
State assistance would 
amount to $2,794,000 for the 
proposed projects in Beverly, 
Lynn, North Andover, Pea- 
body, Scituate, and Swamp- 
scott. 


working people will be worrying 
about job security.” 

About Senate efforts to cut 
the budget, Senator Lamson 
asserted: 

“Right now every Senator, 
Democratic as well as Republi- 
can, is concentrating on one 
thing—the budget. We on the 
Republican side of the Senate 
have been going over every 
item in the budget. 

“And the cuts to be made will 
not impair the services of the 
state nor affect any permanent 
employees. 

“But they will remove the 
froih from the budget and bring 
it into balance without new 


‘taxes—which will be welconyes 


news for the taxpayers of the 
state.” 
‘Countdown’ Hit 

The Malden Senator said 
Governor Furcolo’s countdown 
operation, in which he is ask- 
ing the Senate “what are you 
doing today?” about the budget, 
is making “a laughing stock” out 
of Massachusetts. “The mime-. 


‘ograph machine is no substitute 
for leadership,” 


he added. 
Senator Lamson also criticized | 
the Governor on the issue of a| 
one-half-cent-a-gallon increase | 
in the state gasoline tax. care 


increase has been made unlikely’ 


oy a $4,000,000 increase in high- | 


iway fund revenues over ésti- | 
i'mates, as reported by Senator | 


William D. Fleming (D). of! 
Worcester, chairman of the| 
Senate Committee on Ways anf | 
Means. | 

Senator Lamson asserted that. 
the Governor “told the legisla- 


‘tors that it (the one-half cent. 
\increase) was needed to pay off 


our highway bonds. | 
“Yet when an amendment. 
was offered to pledge the pro-' 


French Conductor as Yankee’ Fire Chief 


Pierre Monteux,; nationally famous conductor, who has di- 
‘rected the Boston Symphony Orchestra and other distinguished 
aggregations, becomes an honorary fire chief in Hancock, Maine. 
George Marsters, left, fire chief, pins badge of office on neighbor 
Monteux, who has a home at Frenchman’s Bay in Hancock. 


Beginning yesterday shops in 
a growing number of Cape Cod 
| towns—six in ali—are closing 
tight as clams on Sunday. 

Falmouth,. Barnstable, Yar- 
mouth, Dennis, Harwich, and 
Chatham are the towns whose 
chiefs of police now are rigidly 
enforcing Massachusetts’ Lord’s 
Day law. 

But there are exceptions— 
merchants who still feel this 
} | 300-year-old blue law should be 


,| tested. So they are staying open 


despite court action which con- 
tinues to be taken against them 
regularly each week. 


Fines Meted Out 


Yesterday was the first Sun- 
day following the July 9 deci- 
sion of Judge Henry L. Murphy 
of First District Court in Barn- 
stable. He fined five Yarmouth 
merchants $125 each for remiain- 
ing.open three consecutive Sun- 
days. He finéd@ one-merehant $10 
for a single violation June 21. 
after -which' his shop has re- 
mained closed. All six shop- 
_keepers immediately appealed 
| their fines. : 


ceeds of this tax to highway | for the state and $80,000,000 for 
of the Gov-jthe cities and towns. However, | 
guarantee 
genuine relief for local taxpay- | 


bonds, members 
ernor’s own staff and 
of the Public Works 
ment lobbied against it. 
‘Slush Fund’ Charged 
“Apparently, this tax 


officials | the* bill doesn’t 


Depart- | 


cers. It is not tied down to an 


|cities and towns. 


specific tax relief program for 


was; “With the budget skyrocket- | 


Yesterday two laundromats— 
the Acme Coin Laundromat in 
South Yarmouth and the other 
|in Dennisport — and the Three 
|Coins in the Fountain gift shop 
| in West Yarmouth joined forces 
Y|with the five Yarmouth mer- 
‘chants who again remained 
open in conscious violation of 


i 


proposed to develop a $6,500,-'| ing each year, he will gradually | the law. : 


slush fund for more UN-|reduce the formula until the| 
state gets $50,000,000 and the! 
$50,000,000 | 
alsO|then the state $60,000,000 and 
$40,000,000. | 


necessary spending in the high- | 
way department.” | communities 

The Malden’ Senator | 
blasted the Governor’s sales tax | the 
bill. 


get 


communities 
'Before, anyone could stop 1 


“Furcolo’s avowed. intention,” under’’this loosely drawn ~bil 
he said, ‘is to raise $40,000,000 ; the state could take it all.” 


Dennis to Seek Complaints 


Deputy Chief of Police Theo- 
dore P. Reynolds of Yarmouth 
confirmed today he will seek 
complaints against the seven 
shopkeepers early this week just 
as he has for the past three 
' Mondays. 


t, 
l, 


Direct 


Ss 


Sunday Closings «*: 
Mount in Cape Area 


By Emilie Tavel 
Siag Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


And in Dennis, Chief of Po- 
lice Gilbert S. Kelley, who an- 
nounced July 9 he would begin 
strict enforcement of the clos- 
ing law, said Ke will go to Sec- 
ond District Court in Harwich 
today seeking complaints against 
the laundromat operator who 
remained open yesterday. 

Until Friday, July 10, Massa- 


mained silent on this blue-law 
issue which has. caused a furor 
on Cape Cod. 

But on that day he issued a 
statement calling “to the atten- 
tion of merchants in all sections 
of Massachusetts that I have 
ruled that business establish- 
ments in this commonwealth 
must close down on Sunday ex- 


empted by the ‘statutes.” 

Police officers on Cape- Cod 
\in general have-received good 
| cooperation from  storekeepers 
|in remaining closed on Sundays. 
| But they report that merchants 
in this resort area of the com- 
|/monwealth feel that shopowners 
in other resort areas of the state 
a also comply with _the 
aw. 


Furcolo Puts 


By a Staff Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 
Governor Furcolo today called 
|on ‘Democratic legislative lead- 


chusetts Attorney General Ed- | 
ward J. McCormack, Jr., had re- | 


cept for those specifically ex-'@ 


R 


Emphasis On’ 


Key Services 


i 


‘ers to balance the $443,000,000 | 


|State budget without eliminating 


essential humanitarian services. | 


| The plea marked a sharp shift 
‘in gubernatorial tactics. Over 
the weekend, the Governor had 
blamed Republicans for Senate 
delay in budget action and for 
budget cuts. 
Republicans were plotting to 
force the Democrats into dras- 
tically increasing taxes in the 


nating humanitarian programs 
to avert financial disaster. 


Urges Vital Services 


In a letter to Democratic 
leaders of both branches the 


| 


He had charged | 


1960 election year or into elimi- | 


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First Jet Service 


Governor expressed doubt that) 
the budet can be balanced with- | 
out any new sources of revenue. | 
He called on legislative leaders | 
to pledge specifically that appro-| 
priations would be voted for 
essential humanitarian services 
inciuding: | 

“1. The necessary personnel, | 
facilities, and services to admit | 
to Cushing Hospital the 400 aged 
patiemts provided for in the. 
budget. | 

“2. The necessary personnel, 
facilities, and services provided 
for in the budget to enable the 
University of Massachusetts, the 
teachers’ colleges, the Massa- 
chusetts School of Arts, and the 
technological institutes to admit | 
the approximately 2,000 students 
whose applications have already | 
been accepted. 

“3. The necessary personne), | 
facilities, and services provided 
for in the budget in connection 
with the care of approximately | 
1,800 mentally retarded children. | 


“While there are, of course, 
many other essential services, I | 
am specifying only the above in | 
order to relieve the anxiety and 
distress of parents and relatives 
of those concerned who have 
been told the Democratic Senate 
leadership is planning budget 
cuts that will affect the above 
items. Of course I assume_ that 
is not true.” 

The letter was sent to Sena- 
tor John E. Powers (D) of! 
Boston, president of the Senate; | 
John F. Thompson (D) of Lud- 
low, Speaker of the House: 
Senator Maurice A. Donahue} 
(D) of Holyoke, Senate’ Ma- | 
jority Leader; Senator William | 
D. Fleming (D) of Worcester, | 
chairman of the Senate Com- | 
mittee on Ways and. Means; | 
Representative Cornelius  F.' 
Kiernan (D) of Lowell, House | 
Majority Leader; _Representa- | 
tive John J. Moakley (D) of 
Boston, House majority whip: | 
and Representative Michael | 
Paul Feeney (D) of Boston, | 


i 
[ 
) 


By the Associated Press 


: ogee — 
Thorns Crowd Out Roses 


Norwich, Conn. 

Norwich, the Rose of New England, is wilting. 

Striking municipal employees have Ieft this city without 
street cleaners and garbage men for almost two weeks. And 
Norwich, once known for its abundance of roses, now Is trying 
to dig from under a week of festivities in honor of its 3 
anniversary. : 

A 2\%-mile parade, which included some 200 horses, attracted 
about 75,000 spectators yesterday; The streets are laden with 
candy wrappers, confetti, paper cups and straws. 

Residents take their rubbish barrels to the city dump in 
their own autos. Some residential areas have been cleaned up 
by individuals—but the industrial area is thick with debris. 

Seventy-eight employees have brought city sanitation to a 
halt, Members of Local 14164 of the United Mine Workers 
Union are asking for a 15 per cent across-the-board wage 
increase. 

Union representatives complain that the city spent money 
for a birthday celebration but would not grant a wage in- 
crease. Salaries now range between $1.31 and $2.25 an hour. 

City Manager Jay Etlinger said the City Council “recognized 
and expected the present situation” when it turned down the 
employees’ wage request. 

“There are no plans at the moment,” he said, “but we hope 
to correct the situation; nobody relishes seeing the city in the 
condition it is.” 

The council meets tonight. But negotiations between city and 
union representatives at the moment are at a standstill. 


I. Steel Users Set 5 


For Six-Week Siege 


Around New England 


By the Associated Press 


Providence, R.I. 

A strike in basic steel] would not begin to hit Rhode Island’s 
steel fabricating industry for at least six weeks. 

This was determined July 12 by a survey which disclosed 
Rhode Island manufacturers using steel have stockpiled the 
metal in preparation for a shutdown of the nation’s eel mills. 

On-site stockpiling has been augmented in severa*t instances 
by orders placed with distributors on a delivery-guarantee 
basis. 


R.I. Set to Check on Short Weights 


By the Associated Press 


Providence, R.I. 

A statewide investigation into the“ possibility that foods are 
being short weighed was launched today in Rhode Island in the 
wake of a sweeping complaint on short-weighing retailers in 
Massachusetts, 

Frank W. Marcaccio, industrial inspection chief of the State 
Labor Department, said the mercantile division will start check- 
ing chain stores at summer resort areas in the state today. 

He said the move was precautionary and was not based on 
complaints of short weighing. 


U.S.-UN Ruling Urged on Suez Ban 


Special to The Christian Science Monitor 
Bretton Woods, N.H. 


United Nation and United States enforcement of free passage 
through the Suez Canal for Israeli ships and cargoes, has been 
urged here by New England Zionists. 

The 39th annual convention of the New England Region of 
the Zionists Organization of America in a resolution adopted 
July 11, said the United Arab Republic “under the direction of 
President Nasser is intensifying its restrictions against Israeli 
cargoes and vessels, in violation of the agreements made fole 
lowing the Sinal campaign of 1957... .” 

It was noted that these agreements were “guaranteed by 
the United States Secretary of State and President Eisenhower 
that the Suez Canal would be free and open for vessels of all 
nations, in addition to freedom of innocent pagsage and freedom 
of the séas.” 

At the conclusion of the meeting, Laurence S. Wolk of 
Boston was reelected New England president of the Zionist 
Organization of America. 


T e “~ . 
Newspapers Lauded for N.E. Drive 
Special to The Christian Science Monitor 


Hartford, Conn. 

New England’s two leading newspaper associations and the 
New England Council were today commended for their pro- 
motional advertising campaign boosting the six-state region. 

Gov. Abraham A. Ribicoff of Connecticut, chairman ef the 
New England Governors’ Conference, thanked the New England 
Daily Newspaper Association and the New England Weekly 
Press Association, for their cooperation in the program. 

The campaign is designed to remind the citizens of the area 
that the many positive aspects of the economy in this region, 
“can have far reaching benefits,” he said. “This series should 
give New Englanders a better understanding of the importance 
of our industries, and I hope that other advertisements dealing 
with other aspects of the New England economy will be 
prepared.” 


Connecticut Gets Renewal Grants 


By the Associated Press 
Washington 

The Housing and Home Finance Agency has. approved two 
grants totaling $44,040 to plan for the growth of Hartford and 
five other Connecticut communities. 

The grants were announced today by Senator Prescott 
Bush (R) of Connecticut. A $25,470 grant will enable the Capital 
Regional Planning Authority to prepare a plan for the growth 
of the Hartford metropolitan area. : 

An $18,570 grant will assist the State Development Commis- 
sion to prepare plans for the growth of Groton, Madison, 
Vernon, Westbrook, and Woodridge. 


Battle Due Over South Shore Buses 


By a Staff Writer of The Christtan Science Monitor 


Boston 
A. major battle over continuation of express bus service 
between the South Shore and downtown Boston was indicated 
in weekend statements by transportation officials. 


_ Nonstop to Los Angeles 


chairman of the House Commit- | 
tee on Ways and Means. 

The Governor said, “I cer-' 
tainly will welcome any cuts 
you may make in the budget 
that will not eliminate essen- | 
tial services or will 


The Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway Company is de- 
termined to seek a permanent franchise for the route at the 
end of the 60-day emergency period, according to Thomas E, 
Wilkinson, general manager. Earlier, trustees of the Metro- 
politan Transit Authority issued a statement asserting that 


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not numbered items after his 


not be! 
merely postponements.” | 


Hints New Taxes 


The Govenor said his atten= | 
tion had been called to public 
statements by Democratic legis- 
lative leaders “that the budget 
will be balanced without elim- 
ination of essential services, 
without personnel cuts, and 
without the imposition of any 
new sources of revenue. 

“There has been much con- 
cern on the part of the legisla- 
tive and executive branches as 
to whether all this can be done 
without any new sources of 
revenue. I do not think it is 
possible, but perhaps the Senate 
can find ways that are not 
available to either the House or 
the executive branch. Of course, 
the general public is vitally in- 
terested. 

“In addition, I am sure you 
will recall that thousands of 
Democratic workers actively 
supported every Democratic 
candidate for executive and 
legislative offices on the specific 
pledge that the Democratic Party 
will prove it is the party of 
responsibility. They want us to 
keep that pledge by providing 
essential services at the lowest 
possible cost. If that can be done 
without additional revenue, of 
course we all prefer ly 

Commenting on the Furcolo 
letter Senators Powers - and 
Fleming said, “We agree on 
items 1, 2, and 3. On number 4, 
there may be an honest differ- 
ence of opinion on essentiality of 
services. However, the whole 
Senate will make up its mind 
on essentiality of services. 
“While the Governor mentioned 
“other essential services,” he had 


such a move would violate the MTA franchise between Ash- 


mont and downtown Boston. 


Weather Predictions 


By U.S. Weather Bureeu 


Sunny Tuesday 


New England — Diminishing 
cloudiness preceded by 
showers early tonight, low tem- 


mid in Boston and vicinity. 

to Block Island— 
Winds 10 to 15 miles an hour 
becoming light variable tonight. 
Winds becoming easterly 10 to 
15 miles am hour uesday. 
Cloudy and foggy tonight with 
clouds and fog diminishing 
toward morning. Scattered 
showers and possibly a few 
thunderstorms early tonight. 
Mostly clear Tuesday, Visibility 


improving to 3 to 6 miles toward 
morning. Visibility improving to 
6 miles or better Tuesday. 


High Tides, Commonwealth Pier 
July 14, 6:07 a.m! ht. 9.6 ft. 
__ July 14, 8:37 p.m, ht. 10.4 ft. 
Sun Rises Sun Sets Moon Rises 
5:20 a.m. 8:19 p.m. 2:29 p.m. 


Events Scheduled 


In Greater Boston 
Tonight 


“The Effect on the Nat ny 
eet reece cles Sot 


aisinehey. 
of the United Autom 


he Maynard Carter, sécre- 
nd ia relations director of 
br Pressed Stee! pany; 
Greater ton 


D 
ean Club: ton CA, 


below 1. mile in fog, gradually | 


| 
| 
| 
| 


becoming gentle, variable Tues- | at 
day, mostly sunny and less hu- | 


’ 
; 
: 
; 
' 
’ 


; 
; 
; 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR 


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FOUNDED 1908 BY MARY BAKER EDDY 

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THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959 


rt 


By Neal Stanford 
Staff Correspondent of 


Moscow post and shifted him to 
the Philippines.) 


‘talents to the government, ” he 
concluded, is the question. 


Herter Bid to Bohlen Echoes Widely 


The Christian Science Moniior 
Washington 

There is much more to the 
small storm blowing up over 
the” possible appointment of 
foreign service officer and 
Soviet affairs specialist Charles 
E. Bohlen as special adviser to 
Secretary of State Christian A. 
Herter than meets the eye. 

It is more than a renewal 
of the 1953 fight, when -Mr. 
Bohlen was confirmed by the 
Senate as United States Am- 
bassador to the Soviet Union 74 
to 13 


At stake is Mr. Herter’s posi- 
tion as master in his own house 
—the Department of State; his 
relations with the President; his 
obligations to his predecessor 
John Foster Dulles. (Mr. Dulles 
pulled Mr. Bohlen out of the 


At stake also are Mr. Herter’s 
relations with Congress, par- 
ticularly the Senate, and- more 
particularly the Republicans in 
the Senate, some of whom have 
made it crystal clear that Mr. 
Bohlen should not get the pro- 
posed new position in the State 
Department. 


Admiration Voiced 


It is no secret that Secretary 
Herter holds Mr. Bohlen in high 
regard as a craftsman and stu- 
dent of Soviet affairs. As he 
told his first press conference 
the other day: “I have real ad- 
miration for Ambassador Boh- 
len,” and the secretary went on 
to say that he had raised the 


For Mr. Herter, so soon after 
replacing the late Mr. Dulles as 
Secretary of State, to want to 
elevate Mr. len to a position 
that Mr. Dulles would, never 
have either proposed or ap- 
proved, is evidence that Mr. 
Herter intends to shape and use 
the State Department to suit his 
needs and wants and not the 
views or concepts of his prede- 
cessor. 

Wheréas Mr. Dulles consid- 
ered himself quite as much if 
not more of a Soviet authority 
as Mr. Bohlen, Mr. Herter quite 
frankly admits his greater inex- 
perience in dealing with and 
understanding the Soviets than 
either. 


He, therefore, has pub- 
licly admitted wanting to recall 
to the department the man 
whom his predecessor and men- 
tor, Mr. Dulles, had relegated to 
the provinces as it were. 


question himself with Mr. Boh- 
len some time ago, “but nothing 
definite has come of it.” 
“Whether vWe can induce Mr: 
| Bohlen to stay on and give his 


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Presidental Backing Looms 

The next question arises as 
to whether Mr. Herter is fully 
|'supported in this move by the 
| President. It is true that Presi- 
ident Eisenhower had highly 
| praised Mr. Bohlen early in his 
first term as President, but he 
nonetheless agreed with his 
Secretary of State, Mr. Dulles, 
that Mr. Bohlen should be 
shifted to the Pailippines from 
Moscow. 

What suggests that the Presi- 
dent will back Mr. Herter is 
that it is doubtful that the 
| Secretary would have broacheéd 
ithe subject of a State Depart- 
| ment post to Mr: Bohlen if he 
| (Mr. Herter) had mot been sure 
| the President supported him. 
| But both~the ‘secretary and 
|the President are running into 
| some rather solid opposition 
against Mr. Bohlen’s return to 
ithe State Department from 
|leading Republican senators. 
| It is true that the post en- 
| visaged for Mr, Bohlen does.not 
| require. Senate confirmation. But. 
(both Senate Minority Leader 
| Everett McKinley Dirksen (R) 
of Illinois, and: Senator Styles 
| Bridges (R) of New Hampshire, 
_chairman of the Republican Pol- 
‘icy Committee, are opposed to 
this new. assignment for Mr. 
Bohlen—and they have let Mr. 
Herter know they expect him 
to pay some regard to their 
views. 

Shift of Views Noted 

Also opposed to this possible 
move are Senator Bourke B. 
| Hickenlooper (R) of Iowa and 


Lightweight 


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29” Grasshopper 
Men’s Val-A-Pak 


United Press International 


Charles E. Bohlen 


However, a couple of the Re- 
publican senators who voted 
against Mr: 
ment in 1953 have now changed 
their views on him, 

Senator Barry Goldwater (R) 
of’ Arizona, has let it be knowh 
that he has changed his’ mind 
about Mr. Bohlen. “]-think he 
would be very good as an ad- 
viser. I wrote him a couple of 
years ago that I had made a 
mistake in opposing him in 
1953.” 

And Senator Henry Dworshak 
(R) of Idaho has indicated he 
has changed his views since op- 
posing Mr. Bohlen’s Moscow 
assignment. “If Mr. Herter 
wants him he’s entitled to have 
him.” 

One element in this whole 
affair could become decisive. 
Mr. Bohlen is more than a little 


anxious to retire from this con- 
troversy and the foreign service, 
where he has served with dis- 
tinction for nearly 30 years, to 
a more remunerative private 
job. It could still come down to 
the question of having to 


Secretary Herter put it, 
than a matter of Republican 
senatorial approval. 

Republican opposition to Mr. 


Bohlen’s appoint- | 


Idlewild Epic 


Calm Conquers J et Emergency 


‘By Frederick W. Roevekamp 
Staff Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 
New York 

The safe emergency landing 
of a handicapped jet airliner at 
New York’s International Air- 
port is a story as full of human 
success as of failure. 

During the four long hours in 
which the mighty Pan American 
jet clipper circled in an attempt 
to land after losing a landing 
gear in take-off, the crew and 
the passengers showed a self- 
discipline and equanimity which 
became as much of a sensation 
as the dangerous landing itself. 

While the pilot, Capt. Edward 
F. Sommers, kept in contact 
with the control tower by radio, 
passengers. calmly sat through 
the experience which they knew 
would be critical. 

Captain Flies Sister Plane 

Fourteen hours later, 87 of 
the 102 who had gone through | 
the emergency landing took off 
in a sister jet on their delayed 
flight to London. And at the 
controls of the substitute plane 
sat Captain Sommers! 

During this flight, one of the 
passengers took over the@nter- 
com and made a speech thank- 
ing and praising the pilot and 
his crew for the outstanding 
achievement in. landing the 
plane safely. 

Before 
was asked how he felt about 
fiving so shortly after his dan- 
gerous experience. “I am ready, 
willing, able and eager,” he 
said. 

Observers commented on the 
calmness and poise the aircraft 
commander showed during the 
emergency as well as in the sub- 
sequent press conference. They 
said he neither was annoyed nor 
raised his voice once. 


Passengers Praised 
One Pan American colleague 
was quoted as describing the 
‘captain’s calm as a “result of 


“in- | many years training not only in 
duce” Mr. Bohlen to stay on, as the art of piloting but also in| 
rather | self-control.” 


Passengers provided a com- 
parable record of poise and dis- 


Bohlen rests largely on the part/cipline. During the four hours of 
he played as interpreter and ad- | | circling over the airport while 


viser to President Franklin D.| 
Roosevelt at the Yalta confer- 


| 


grounds crews foamed the run-| 
| Runway. Clogged 
While some ‘fire department | 


ways and prepared for a crash 


ence with Soviet Prime Minister | the news was broken to them by | 


Stalin. Mr, Bohlen has defended | Captain Sommers. Then they sat 


the Yalta agreements as good, 


listening 


to soft music. One 


the trouble being that the Soviet | physician and his wife traveling | 


'Senator Milfon R, Young (D) 


inside 'of North Dakota. 


rugged tuck-in locks . . 


the bargain. 


| 


Union did not keep its side of|to a convention in London said | 


he switched on his transistor 


famous dependability is right 


By Mary Hornaday 
Staff Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 
| New York 
| Soviet Deputy Premier = Frol 
|R: Kozlov has left the United 


DI 7-4500 
| | States after a two-week visit to 


"| Seven. major cites saying that 
American industry wants more 


TwE Foue 


“a 


> > 
ee SO oy ss “ 


mor 
Pon omy 


a 


‘trade with his country despite 
'restrictive United States Gov- 
‘ernment policy. 

This was only one evidence of 
_ continuing gap between 
American and Soviet ideologies 
land policies pointed up by the 
‘visit of the man often mentioned 
| as a successor to Premier Nikita 
|S. Khrushchev, Before he left, 
'Mr. Kozlov had conceded his 
| agreement with a Khrushchev 
| prediction made in a TV inter- 
lview on June 2, 1957, that 
“Your grandchildren in Ameri- 
ca will live under socialism”. 

Evidence Poses Question 

Though he had told a press 
| conference that his trip had not 
| altered his picture of the United 
'States there were indications 
|that he’ had not heretofore 


! 


realized the abundances in 

impossible to tell; 
what evidence lay behind Mr. 
Kozlov’s statement that, “I 
have been able to ascertain 
during my numerous talks with 
businessmen that the business 
circles of your country are in 
favor of developing trade with 
the Soviet Union” 

Another Deputy Premier, 
Anastas I. MiKoyan, here in 
January, received an impres- 
sion from cordial Midwest 
businessmen that they wanted 
more trade but this was dis- 
sipated by second thoughts from 
business leaders here in New 
York. 

The State Department stated 
its position against substantial 
expansion of United States- 
Soviet trade in reply to a-ques- 
tion from Senator J. W. Ful- 
bright (D) of Arkansas, chair- 
man of the Senate Foreign Re- 
lations Committee. 


TV Warning Pointed Up 
The Kozlov visit also pointed 
up a TV warning made by W. 
Averill Harriman, former Gov- 


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| | Kozlov’s 


ernor of New York, just back 
|from a six-week “red carpet” 


this } 


visit to the Soviet Union that | 


the American people “must get | 
rid of the idea that we can get 
rid of tensions” and must learn 
to cope with them. One of: Mr. 
last stopovers before 
|his departure for Moscow on| 
‘his TU 114 turbojet was with | 
|Mr. Harriman and_ another | 


| former ambassador to Moscow, 


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Alan Kirk 
man’s town house. 

Mr. Kozlov referred to these 
| differences in a formal fare- 
well statement: “Ideological 


will continue to exist. 
natural since yours is a capi- 
talist system and ours is a 
socialist system. The dispute 
as to which world outlook, 
which ideology more _ fully 
corresponds to the interests of 
the peoples will be settled by 
history.” 


Impression Strengthened 


editorial as evidence that Mr. 
Kozlov, 


Cited in a New York Times 


| 


| 


at Mr. Harri-| 


differences between us exist and | 
This is 


Kozlov Leaves U.S. for Home 


| “Please reduce the size.of your 


| beefsteaks. They are enough for 


two people.” 
Mr. Kozlov’s visit, 


tion with the opening of the So- 
viet fair at the Coliseum, 


strengthened the impression that | 
is ex-| 
anxious to increase its | 
trade with the United States, és- | 
pecially to get more industrial | 
The difficulties fac- | 
in this | 
out | 


the Soviet 


Union todav 
tremely 


machinery. 
ing American business 
connection were pointed 
during a tour of 
power 


the atomic 
plant at Shippingport, 


Pa., by Vice Admiral Hyman G.' 


Rickover, who in one 
pointed barbs told 
official: 

“We have found in our deal- 


of his 
the Soviet 


ings with private industry that | 
a written contract is not enough ~ 
and a moral contract. is needed | 


aS well. My beliéf is that in all 
relationships in this world there 
must be both elements 


cooperation.” 

At another point, 
Rickover told Mr. 
alle right to talk 


Kozlov: “It’s 


Nickel to Stainless Steel 

A large proportion of 

nickel produced goes into the! 
making of stainless steels. 


take-off the captain | 


in connec- | 


if we | 
are to succeed in having true 


Admiral | 
about peace, | 


Now you go home and do some- | 
| thing about it.” | 


the | 


radio and heard a radio an- 
nouncer describe the grim prep- 
arations down below 


its—almost quarter of a million 
pounds of weight, slid along the 
mile of foam-covered runway, 
some passengers applauded. 


Traffic Snarled 

One, Otto Preminger, a movie 
producer and director, and one 
of the passerigers who continued 
the filght later, said: “The crew 
handled this so superbly that I 
am even more reassured that 
flying on this aircraft with this 
personnel is safe.” 

But the emergency also pro- 
vided its grim lessons. 

Radio and television ._broad- 
casts of the possibility of a 
crash of the jet attracted tens 


(of thousands of onlookers. They 
jammed the airport area, seri- 


tions, and snarled road traffic as | 
tery tunnel in Manhattan to the 


Parkway to the north. 

City fire-fighting equipment 
on its way to the airfield to help | 
in the rescue was caught in the 
traffic. 


eomiinend Echo 


after the jet’s take-off that 
police of the New York Port 
Authority managed to shut off 
the roads to the airport. Their 
difficulty was increased by the 
need for discriminating  be- 
tween curious spectators and 
legitimate air passengers. 

New York City Fire Commis- 
sioner 
Jr., 


operations, 


fire commissioner and Austin 


| the port authority. 
‘bring about..a meeting 
| leading authority 
would invite the city’s Traffic | 
Commissioner, -T. 
an effort to av@id a recurrence 
of the traffic Congestion and | 
confusion. 


When the huge B-707, with 


ously hindered rescue prepara- | 


'west and the Grand Central | 


It was not until 90 minutes | 


set of four wheels under each | 


‘one pair of. wheels set forward 
| of 


far away as the Brooklyn-Bat- | 


airport personnel, 
cent feat.” 

When unable to clear the run- 
way of some 4,000 spectators, 
authority pelice turned the fire- 
fighting foam on the crowd, 
drenching onlookers as well as 
newsmen and their equipment. 
Port authority spokesmen coun- 
tered the newsmen’s protests by 
pointing out that police had is- 
sued appeals by loud-speaker 
to clear the area. 


“a magnifi- 


First TV Statio ce 
Opened in Lebanon , 


By Reuters 


Beirut, Lebanon 

Lebanon’s first television | 
service has gone into operation 
on two channels, one in Arabic 
and the other in English and 
French. 

English and French 
cians are working with 
company, a2 private 
whose board of directors 
clude movie theater own 


The hassle over disorder on 
the ground temporarily over- 
shadowed the central technical 
question: What caused two left 
wheels of the jet’s landing gear 
to drop off-on take-off? 


Tricycle Landing Gear 


The Boeing 707 has a tricycle 
landing gear—a pair of wheels 


under the nose and a tandem 
wing. The tandem consists ef 


another. The July 11 


emergency 
buck beam, 


resulted when the 
a 


| metal rod connecting one of the | 


front wheel tandem pairs, broke. | | 
| The wheels were found in the | 
| waters of Jamaica Bay. 
maining pair was saidte=have | 
absorbed the shock of the land-| 


ing, although the rest of the 
buck beam broke 
more pieces, 


The plane was impounded for | 
investigation, but Pan American | 


officials said it should be back | 
in service shortly. Three women | 


passengers, injured in sliding) 
down the plane’s escape chute | 
after landing, were hospitalized. | 


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J. Tobin, executive director of 
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THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONIT 


OR, BOSTON, MONDAY, JULY -13, 1959 


‘Bonn Air 


~ Falls Into Focus! 


Force 


; By Courtney Sheldon 
Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


Erding Air Force Base, 


: ermany 
new, precision-built German 
ir Force may be marshalled on 
runways within four or five 
years—a little later than planned, 
but probably packing more 
power. 

When the Federal Republic of 
[West] Germany started to re- 
build a German Air Force in 
1956 at the urging of the North 
Atlantic ‘Treaty Organization, it 
was anticipated the job would be 
completed in 1961 or 1962. 

But personnel and airfield site 
problems arose. Add to these the 
concern. of German Air Force 

lanners that they would be 
overloaded with too expensive 
planes or weapons soon to be 
Gutdated, and some reasons are 
apparent why there is a slow- 
down. 


The present concept, dictated 
by both the Bonn government 
and the Western powers, is for 

Air Force almost exclusively 
or defense purposes against the 

Soviet threat of limited war en- 
gagements, 

' ng-range bombers will not 
we in the,German air arsenal as 
now planned. Nor will large mis- 
siles. 

* Nuclear warheads for use by 
German forces in an emergency 
will be kept in the hands of 
United States forces until a time 
of emergency. Germany is pro- 
hribited from building strategic 
bombers, missiles, and nuclear, 


iological, and chemical war- 
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't is too early to say, whether 
there will be substantial changes 
in these restrictions. The history 
of military rearmament seem to 


indicate that there will be. 

There are several counter- 
balances seldom present to the 
degree that they are in Europe 
today, however. Moves to unify 
economically, politically, and 
militarily have had some success 
in the post-World War II Europe. 

Such matters were not a 
topic for discussion when a 
group of American correspond- 
ents touring Europe met with 
officers of the rising German Air 
Force here. 

Many of them wore ribbons 
signifying their decorations in 
World War II battles against 
the same Allied powers they now 


70 per cent of the officers are 
former Luftwaffe officers. The 
highest ranking non-Luftwaffe 
Officer is a lieutenant. 


Air Force will have 1,000 jet 
planes at 20 bases. All will 
be committed to the use of 
NATO. (No other country has 
assigned its entire Air Force to 
such duty.) Today West Ger- 
many has 350 combat aircraft. 

The French Air Force of to- 
day has 450 German-based jets 
assigned to NATO when NATO 
asks and another 300 indepen- 
dent of NATO. 

Asked later at Lahr, Germany, 
how he viewed the resurgence 
of the German Air Force, Maj. 
Gen. Raymond Brohon, Com- 
mander of French Air Forces in 
Germany, said, “we don’t feel 
the Germans will be quite as 
anxious to build up as you 
think.” 

The French Air Force is 
troubled with financing prob- 
lems stemming from the French 
economic situation and _ also 
would like to integrate missiles 
into air units as soon as possible. 

Germany, on the other hand, 
is enjoying almost full employ- 
ment. This has been one factor 
in the inability of the Germans 


New Chemical Plant 
Reported by Peking 


By the Associated Press 
Tokyo 
Communist China is reported 
building one of its biggest 
chemical works near Chengtu in 
Szechwan Province. 

Radio Peking reports the plant 
will have a yearly output of 
240,000 tons of sulphuric acid, 
290,000 tons of ammonium sul- 
phate,°55,000 tons of ammonium 
nitrate, and tens of thousands of 


tons of nitric acid. 


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3,000 feet before releasing the 
parachute descent. 


i. in 


ee - 


Gaitskell Raps H-Bomb Opposition — 


By Peter Lyne 


Parliamentary Correspondent of 
The Christian Science. Monitor 


. London 
Britain’s opposition leader 


Hugh Gaitskell has hit back 


bluntly at thé big trade unions 
which have been pressing for 
Britain to renounce the H-bomb 
and to refuse bases to United 
States nuclear bombers and mis- 
siles, 

In an important party speech 
at Workington, in Cumberland, 
Mr. Gaitskell warned the anti- 
H-bombers in his Labor Party 


mari that they were “escapist, my- 
“| Opic, and positively dangerous to 
= ae. | the peace of the world.” 


He warned them that they 


* must face up to the fact that 
#:|\their policies would result in 


Britain having to quit the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization 


oat and follow the path of neu- 


BUGNIK: The Soviet Union and the United States may launch 
dogs, rabbits, and monkeys, but young Peter Finney of Pinner, 
England, is ready to launch a black garden beetle in the nose 
cone of his “Hercules Snipe.” Peter expects his rocket to reach 


nose cone and passenger for a 


©} trality. 


Socialist Leader Hailed 


The Laborite leader also made 
a most important pronounce- 
ment on the constitutional func- 
tioning.of the Labor Party. He 
said no _ prospective socialist 
Prime Minister could be tied in 
advance by party conferences as 


to what policies his party would 
follow in the event of it becom- 
ce Poy government of Britain. 
Mr. Gaitskell has been 
widely applauded for his forth- 
right answer to the challenge 
of trade union leader Frank 
Cousins and: others who would 
try to tie the hand of a future 
Laborite government on H- 
bomb policy. 

The Conservative press is not 
given to praising the socialist 
leader very often. But on this 
occasion it welcomes his refusal 
to contemplate trade unions 
dictating policy. 

Significance Stressed. 

This exchange between Mr. 
Gaitskell and Mr. Cousins is of 
far-reaching political signifi- 
cance. The reason is that the 
socialist half of Britain has had 
a fundamental belief that the 
Labor Party is different from 
the . Conservative Party be- 
cause the Laborite rank and 
file decides policy while in the 
Conservative Party the leadér- 
ship fixes the party . platform 
with only perfunctionary re- 
gard for the wishes of the Con- 
servative rank and file. 

This enabled the socialists to 


claim they were really a much 
more democratic organization 
than the Tories or Conserva- 
tives. 

But now Mr. Cousin’s chal- 
lenge has obliged Mr. Gaitskell 
to tell the mass of Laborites 
some home truths. Mr. Gait- 
skell_ has announced in effect 
that if he becomes Prime Min- 
ister after the forthcoming gen- 
eral election (expected in mid- 
October) he will not be tied by 
party conference decisions. 


Illusion Spotlighted 

_ He told his audience at Work- 
ington, “It is not right that a 
future Labor government should 
be committed by conference de- 
cisions one way or the other on 
every matter of detail for all 
time—when the facts are not al- 
ways available, when the situa- 
tion is continually. changing, 
and where the problem. has not 
always been fully and ade- 
quately threshed out.” 

Mr. Gaitskell says this has 
long been an understood prin- 
ciple of the Labor Party. But 
the fact remains that the bulk of 
the delegates who year after 
year attend the annual party 


By Volney D. Hurd 
Chief of the Paris News Bureau of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Paris 
On the eve of France’s great- 
est independence or “Bastille 
Day,” in many decades, under 
the government of the new Fifth 


to recruit all the Air Force per- 
sonnel they require. 

Indications are that the Ger- 
mans, who developed their V-2 
for use against Britain and 
whose former nationals have 
helped the United States with its 
program, may be back in the 
missile business sooner than 
anyone would have thought a 
decade ago. 


The original restrictions on 
missile building in Germany 
would not allow the Germans 
to construct missiles longer than 
two meters (2.2 yards), and 
bigger in diameter than 30 cen- 
timeters (12 inches). 

Now the NATO powers have 
agreed to let Germans share in 
a NATO pool which will pro- 
duce United States Hawk mis- 
siles. The Hawk is larger than 
the original restrictive specifi- 
cations. 

One reason the initia] resist- 
ance to building up German 
armaments cracked both in 
NATO and in West Germany 
was that East Germany began 
building up an Air Force as 
early as 1951 and 1952. West 
German officers said they did 
not know what the strength of 
the East German Air Force was 


day. 

The West German Air Force, 
free to purchase missiles, has 
bought some Nike ground-to-air 
defense missiles against planes. 
The Matador, a _ ground-to- 
ground tactical missile, also is 
being procured in _ limited 
amounts for training purposes. 


Nordic Lands Adopt 
Solid Trade Stance 


By Reuters 


Kungaelv, Sweden 
The premiers of Norway, 
Sweden, Denmark, and Finland 
have agreed to adopt a common 
attitude toward the “Outer 
Seven” free trade area talks in 
Stockholm on July 20. 


Agreement also was reached 
between Denmark and Sweden 
for the latter nation to adjust 
its tariffs on Danish agricultural 
products to Denmark’s.  ad- 
vantage. 

The July 11-12 meeting, at- 
tended by Tage Erlander of 
Sweden, H. C. Hansen of Den- 
mark, Einar Gerhardsen of. Nor- 
way, and Veino Sukselainen of 
Finland, discussed plans for a 
Nordic customs union and its 
relation with the “Outer Seven.” 


Finn State Terms 


No official statement was is- 
sued on the possibility of Fin- 
land joining the- proposed 
“Outer Seven” free trade area 
composed of Britain, the Scan- 
dinavian nations, Switzerland, 
Austria, and Portugal. 

[A Helsinki dispatch of July 
13. quoted Finnish Commerce 
Minister Ahti Karjalainen as 
saying that Finland might join 


London 

The Soviet Union has. suc- 
cessfully launched and retrieved 
two dogs from outer space, the 
Soviet news agency Tass has 
reported. 

The news agency said July 13 
that the two dogs were sent up 


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Soviets Say Two Dogs 
Survive Space Flight 


By Reuters 


July. 10 in the same type of 
rocket that earlier this month 
carried two dogs and a rabbit 
into the atmosphere. 

The dogs and _ instruments 
aboard the rocket were para- 
chuted back to earth, 

The rocket’s payload weighed 
2.200 kilograms (about 4,850 
pounds), Tass said. 

Information was obtained on a 
wide range of natural scientific 
subjects, the agency added. 

This was the second time this 
month that the Soviet Union 
had rocketed dogs into the 
upper atmosphere. 


Two dogs — “Snowflake” and 
“Courageous” — and a rabbit, 
“Marfooshka” (Little Martha)— 
were brought back to earth on 
July 2. ° 

Tass said “Courageous” was 
one of the dogs carried in the 
latest rocket flight. 

Tass did not disclose how high 
the second -rocket went. When 
the first rocket was launched, 
the news agency said only that 
it went to a “great height.” 

Information obtained on _.the 
second flight included measure- 
ments of the intra-red radiation 
of the earth and its atmosphere, 
the photographing of clouds 
over avast area, a simultaneous 
analysis of the ionosphere and 
neutral composition of the at- 
mosphere, and a measurement 
of electrostatic fields, Tass said. 

The news agency added that 
the two flights this month were 
reported to have obtained all 
the research information sched-~- 
uled in this program. 


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the proposed “Outer Seven” 
free trade area if there were no 
political obligations or. supra- 
national organs involved. 

[Mr. Karjalainen was speak- 
ing at a press conference on his 
retufn from the conference at 
Kungaelev. 

[He said Finland was inter- 
ested if the plan and the cabi- 
net would discuss it in the near 
future. 

{“Finland might join an 
eventual free trade area only if 
it is absolutely certain that it is 
only economic cooperation with- 
out any political obligations or 
supranational organs” he said.] 

Denmark on July 11 threw its 
weight behind the proposed 
“Outer Seven” free trade area 
—planned after France rejected 
a 17-nation free trade area as 
an alternative to the six-nation 
European Common Market— 
following Britain’s promise ear- 
lier in the week to reduce its 
duties on Danish farm products. 

Adjustments Slated 

The Swedish-Danish agree- 
ment will allow for an adjust- 
ment of Swedish tariffs on Dan- 
ish meat, canned meat, sausages, 
potatoes, canned milk, butter, 
eggs, and egg products. 

It was also decided at the 
meeting to set up a permanent 
Nordic Council of Ministers to 
deal with Nordic economic co- 
operation, and to hold another 


meeting of. Scandinavian pre- 
miers soon. 


Republic, the Socialist Party has 
adopted a resolution stating that 
this government’s policies are 
taking a dangerous turn for the 
future of democratic institutions 
in France. 

The Socialists went into deep 
self-examination and criticism 
and ended up July 12 by unani- 
mously reelecting former Pre- 
mier Guy Mollet as head of the 
party despite much criticism of 
his policies. 

Sharp Line Drawn 

A member of the original 
transitional de Gaulle Cabinet, 
M. Mollet always has drawn a 
sharp line between President de 
Gaulle’s purposes and those of 
the politicians around him. At 
the conference he brought up 
the point, so widely reported at 
the time of the last election, that 
General de Gaulle had wanted 
to act as a true arbiter, to have 
a left in opposition, of sufficient 
concentration so that he could 
keep a center line and come up 
with liberal solutions. 

The landslide victory of the 
Gaullist Union for the New Re- 
public killed this hope. How- 
ever, said M.. Mollet, “What I 
reproach the French left with 
most is its failure to behave in 
such a way that when General 
de Gaulle has need of it he can 
find support, from it.” 

Having said this, M. Mollet 
then spoke of threats to de- 
mocracy, including a _ fascism 
whose chance would grow if 
General de Gaulle disappeared 
from the political scene. 

The Socialist leader. called for 
vigorous opposition to the pres- 
ent government’s financial, eco- 
nomic, and social policies and 
criticized the present interpreta- 
tion of France’s new Constitu- 
tion. 

U.S. Withdrawal Aired 

M. Mollet gave special signi- 
ficance to the withdrawal of U.S. 
fighter bombers from France be- 
cause General de Gaulle re- 
fused to permit the stockpiling 
of their-atom bombs on French 
soil even though he would have 
a veto on their use. , 

' When M. Mollet said anything 
which encouraged the U.S. to 
withdraw its troops from Europe 


was a “dangerous situation,” he 


World News in Brief 


Reports from correspondents 
the Associated 


py Rho Christian Sctence Monitor, 
ess, and Reuters 


Rome: Amnesty Release Set 

Some 300,000 Italians are being released from prison by an am- 
nesty aimed at removing a judicial backlog of political cases, 
most stemming from the final stages of World War II 


Bonn: Reds Map Deportation? , 
Exiled Socialists from behind the Iron Curtain meeting in Ham- 


burg have claimed that the Soviet Union is preparing a mass 
deportation in eastern Europe, with Latvians and Bulgarians as 


probable victims. 


Kenya: Talks on Africa Urged 


Jacques Soustelle, French Minister responsible for the Sahara 
and atomic affairs, has proposed that European powers -with 
territorial interests in Africa hold talks on African policy, as 


well as consider joint defense 
over on a Paris flight, 


there. He spoke during a stop- 


Vienna: Radicactivity Experts Meet 

International experts on transporting radioactive and fissionable 
materials have begun meetings to formulate a list of minimum 
safety regulations. They are working under the auspices of the 
International Atomic Energy Agency. 


New Delhi: Kerala Chief Confident 

Kerala’s Communist Chief Minister E. M. S. Namboodiripad after 
three days of talks with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru has 
said he does not believe Mr. Nehru will oust his regime. 


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| Socialists See ‘Threat to France 


was touching upon a deep- 
rooted French and European ap- 
prehension, 

M. Mollet said he felt that the 
withdrawal of American fighter 
bombers could constitute the 
first step in a complete Ameri- 
can withdrawal unless France 
changed its policy. If it is logical 
for France to wish for a more 
important place inside the North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization, he 
said, it was a mistake of the 
government to try and achieve 
its aims by its present methods. 


conferences believe they are the 
policy-making force, 

In the past it has usually been 
possible for the Laborite leaders 
not to interfere with this illu- 
sion because the mass votes of 
the big unions almost invariably 
were available to back the leade 
ership line. 


Key Challenge Due 


Year after year the leftists, 
the Bevanites, or some other 
pressure group would seem to be 
winning over the conference to 
some more extremist policy. But 
then there would be a vote and 
the big unions would win the 
day for the leaders of the party. 

Thus, the so-called rebels had 
voiced their views and deeply 
moved the conference. But the 
party leaders could count at 
the last moment on the big 
unions coming to their rescue. 

This, said the rank and file, 
was democracy working. 

But now Mr. Cousins, the 
leader of the biggest union of all 
—the Transport and General 
Workers Union—has openly dee 
fied the leadership. ‘ 

There ‘is a very different site 
uation for Mr. Gaitskell which 
will require all his skill and 


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Highway Planning 


Scored by C of C 


By George H. Favre 
Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Spokesmen for the Massachu- 
setts Department of Public Util- 
ities and the Massachusetts 
Turnpike Authority today could 
give only generalized denials to 
a series of a dozen or more 
specific crificisms leveled at 
statewide highway planning by 
the Greater Boston Chamber of 
Commerce this week end. 

However, neither Anthony N. 
DiNatale, Commissioner of the 
DPU, nor William F. Callahan, 
chairman of the Turnpike Au- 
thority, were available to give 
specific comments on the 
charges, listed in “Traffic 
Trends,” a publication put out 
by the Chamber’s urban de- 
velopment department. 

High in the list of criticisms 
leveled by the chamber at the 
two highway-planning agencies 
were the failure to construct a 
free western expressway and the 
inner belt highway, as recom- 
mended in the Master Highway 
Plan of 1948, plans for a toll 
road extension of the MTA into 
Boston—which has not yet been 
financed—and plans for a five- 
mile extension of the East Bos- 
ton Expressway to Saugus, 
which the chamber termed an 
“expensive deviation” from the 
master plan. 

Urban Renewal Imperiled? 

Failure to go ahead with the 
western expressway and the in- 
ner belt highway, both freeways, 
have cost the state $170,000,000 
in funds already allocated by the 
federal government for that pur- 


pose, the chamber charged. Fur- 
thermore, the report said, failure 
to determine the line of the in- 
ner belt route over the past few 
years has impeded urban renew- 
al progress in Boston, Cambridge, 
and Somerville. 

In reply to the charge that 
$170,000,000.in federal funds has 
been neglected, a spokesman for 
Mr. Callahan’s office said he had 
no idea where the Chamber of 
Commerce got that figure. 

“All the federal interstate de- 
fense highway funds available 
up to 1961 have already been 
allocated to other projects,” the 
spokesman said, “and there will 
be no more funds: after 1960, 
unless Congress votes some in. 
And they show no inclination to 
do that at this time.” 

Turnpike Lag Charged 

In place of the free western 
expressway, which would be 90 
per cent underwritten by the 
federal government, the Turn- 
pike Authority elected to substi- 
tute an extension of its toll road 
into Boston, the chamber publi- 
cation said. But construction of 
this route has not yet been fi- 
nanced, and “the market for the 
type of bond which would be 
issued by the authority for the 
extension has not improved, but 
actually has deteriorated during 
the past year,” the chamber said. 

It also noted that earnings of 
the existing turnpike have been 
far below what had been fore- 
Wast by the traffic engineers, the 
turnpike having earned in its 
first two years of operation ap- 
proximately 15 million dollars, 
as contrasted with the 26 mil- 
lion expected by the traffic en- 
gineers. 

Referring to the inner belt 
as “the key to the expressway 
system,” the chamber _ stated 
flatly that “only the completion 
of the western arc of the inner 
belt, which will link the two 
ends of the Central Artery, will 
prevent the artery from becom- 
ing an overcrowded, obsolete 
expressway a few years after its 
completion.” 


Artery Tie-Ups Threaten 
Already, said the chamber, the. 
Central Artery is being used by 
more than 100,000 vehicles a day 
at certain points. The artery has 


an estimated practical capacity 
of 90,000 to 100,000 vehicles a 
day. 

“This means that the ractical 
capacity of the artery has been 
exceeded the week it was com- 
pleted, and that any future sig- 
nificant increases .in traffic will 
reduce expressway speeds and 
will cause tie-ups in and around 
expressway ramps,” the report 
asserted. 

The chamber called for speedy 
progress on the Inner Belt as 
the only solution to the problem 
that will be posed by new loads 
of traffic coming in on the pro- 
posed Northern Expressway, the 
Route 2 Expressway, and the 
Southwest Expressway. “It is 
obvious that the existing local 
street system cannot possibly 
handle the traffic from these ex- 
pressways and the construction 
of the Inner Belt must be coordi- 
nated with the construction of 


Monitor Wins Prize | 
For Special Edition 


Spectal to The Christian Science Monitor 


Valley Forge, Pa. 

Fifteen separate’ Freedoms 
Foundations Awards to individ- 
‘uals, schools, and organizations 
here recently, were telecast by 
WBZ-TV, July 12, from 9 to 
9:30 a.m. 

The recipients were cited for 
their work in helping to bring 
about a better understanding of 
ioe Aaereee way of life during 

Among those honored, The 
Christian Science Monitor was 
awarded a George Washington 
Honor Medal for its 50th Anni- 
versary Edition, in the Ameri- 
cana-general category. 

At the same time, Paul R. 
Carmack of the Monitor received 


a George Washington Honor |,, 


Medal for his editorial cartoon, 
“Let’s Use It.” 


Waltham Field Station 
‘Schedules Open | House 


Special to The Christian Monitor 
Waltham, Mass. 

The annual open house of the 
Waltham Field Station of the 
University of Massachusetts will 
be held here July 29 from noon 
until 9 p.m. 

The annual flower 
will be on exhibition an 

arranging will be d 


ardens 
flower 
ated. 


these radial expressways,” wrote 
the chamber. 

Criticizing failure to establish 
a working mechanism to coordi- 
nate highway and rapid-transit 
progress, the chamber held that 
the two are not in competition, 
with commuters. being “diverted 
from public transportation to the 
highways, creating a transit defi- 
cit, curtailments in public trans- 
portation service, and continuing 
congestion on the highways.” 

Inner Belt Report Due 

The chamber saw in the Inner 
Belt “a unique opportunity for 
improvement and expansion of 
MTA service, if the planning of 
the highway is coordinated with 
mass-transit plans.” It pointed 
out that the proposed Inner Belt 
route would cross MTA rapid- 
transit lines, surface lines, and 
bus lines at several points. 

Referring to a special techni- 
cal committee of highway and 
planning officials report issued 
earlier this year, recommend- 
ing an immediate study be un- 
dertaken of the route and eco- 


Belt, 

Commissioner DiNatale 

hired two firms to make such 
a study. 

A preliminary report is due in 
eight months, and a final report 
in 10 month. The Federal Bu- 
reau of Public Roads has agreed 
to pay 75 per cent of the cost 
of this study, which will total 
$921,000. 

Also included in the study will 
be the most feasible routes for 
the new Route 2 Expressway; 
route of the Northern Express- 
way (Interstate 93); and route 
of the Southwest Expressway 
(Interstate 95). 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, MONDAY; JULY 13, 1959 


Lyman W. Fisher, Staff Photographer 


The picture of youngsters and counselors waiting for the bus 
to take them off to day camp is one repeated countless times 
during the summer in cities and hamlets across America. The | 


Relax. Wait for a Bus. Ride. Get Off. Relax 


Tax: Lageards Bask I 
In Boston Backlog — 


By a Staff Writer of The Christian Science Monitor 


Boston’s army of delinquent 
taxpayers—they owe about $7,- 
000,000 on some 4,000 pieces of 
property — have apparently 
found that there’s safety in 
numbers. 

The only front-line opposition 
consists of one assistant city 
counsel and two stenographers. 

These three people are work- 
ing steadily and laboriously on 
the complex legal forms needed 
to take action on the vast back- 
log of tax-dodging cases. But at 
the rate they are going, it will 
take years before some of the 
cases are ever touched. 


Prodded by Piemonte 
Hector F. Cicchetti of the City 


| Law Department; who took over 
Fj the delinquent-tax problem last 
- | October, says there is little hope 
m |\|for speeding up collections and 


foreclosures unless he receives 
more secretarial help. 

“For instance,” he says, “I 
have between 50 and 100 cases 
ready for foreclosure—waiting to 


§| be done. Once that step is taken, 


the land is owned by the city 
and can be sold at an auction. 


“It would give the city money 


| it badly needs. 


group above, besneakered, sailor-hatted, and displaying a none- 
too-deeply-rooted patience, queue up in Waltham, Mass., for 
bus trip and camping experience in New England out-of-doors. 


Falmouth to Celebrate Poet’s Centenary 


By a Staff Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


Falmouth, Mass. 

The Cape Cod town of Fal- 
mouth is looking forward eager- 
ly to commemorating the cen- 
tenary of Katharine Lee Bates, 
its celebrated native daughter 
who wrote “America the Beauti- 
ful.” 

The poet, scholar, and hu- 
manitarian was born here 
August 12, 1859. 

Inspired by “one ecstatic cae 
at the panoramic view fr 
Pike’s Peak in Colorado, Miss 
Bates penned the words of the 
patriotic hymn which ranks in 
popularity second only to this 
nation’s national anthem. 

Well loved from the moment 


they “were published, July 4 
1895, the words which praise 
America’s “spacious skies, pur- 
ple mountains, and _  fruited 
plains,’ have been sung to 60 
different settings. 

“Materna,” the music of 
Samuel A. Ward, has proved the 
most popular. 

The National Federation of 
Music Clubs and the National 
Hymn Society independently 
campaigned to have “America 
the Beautiful” adopted “as the 
national anthem of the United 
States. 

It was a close race but in 1931, 
by official choice of Congress, 
“The Star-Spangled Banner” 
was selected the winner. 

The National Federation of 


,| Women’s Clubs has since chosen| courses in Shakespeare and was 
'a recognized authority on the 


“America” as its official song. 

Fitting ceremonies are planned | English religious drama. 
by Falmouth selectmen to honor | 
this famous daughter. On Au-| wreath on the boulder 


Club members plan to.place a 


president of the college, will be | 
the chief speaker at 
exercises in the high-school au- 
ditorium Aug. 12. 

His talk will be supplemented 


with | by readings of the poet’s.works 


gust 12, a marble monument will! bronze tablet which marks the|and by the singing of her cele- 


be unveiled at her grave. It is! podet’s 


hoped that the town’s 
shore highway, now called Surf 


of Katharine Lee Bates. hours for the village clock. 

The Cape Cod Wellesley Club | 
her 100th birthday in Falmouth’s/ its 100th anniversary in 1896: 
First Congregational Church, 
where the poet’s father became | 
pastor in 1858. 

Miss Bates, a Wellesley gradu- 
ate, 


yet, 


was professor of English | stowed its honorary 


from .1886 to 1925. She taught' Dr. Donald M. Love, 


birthplace on Main Street. 
scenic | As this is done, the Paul Revere 
| bell, cast by the patriot in 1796, 
Drive, will be renamed in honor | will be rung. It still sounds the | 


“Ring thy bell for centuries 


Living voice of Paul Revere.’ 
In 1916, Oberlin College be- 


Doctor of 
literature at Wellesley College | | Letters degree on Miss Bates. 


acting 


brated hymn by the Oberlin 
| Players. 

Mr. and Mrs. Chandler W. 
Jones, who occupy the poet’s 
birthplace as their summer 


Miss Bates thus apostrophized poem will open the house to the 
will hold its annual luncheon on| the bell in verses she wrote for 


ublic that afternoon. Mr. Jones 
is vice-president of the New 
England. Power Company. 


It was in the summer of 1893 


‘her famous hymn. 
lecturer at the summer school of 
Colorado College, she paid a 
sight-seeing trip to Pike’s Peak. 


morning | 


“But I can’t do a thing right 
now, One of my stenographers 
is on vacation and the other is 
working on petitions to initiate 
action 
other cases. 

“We haven’t been able to 
move anything out of this of- 
fice for the last two months, ex- 
cept a few suits in contract.” 

Mr. Cicchetti appears to be 
caught firmly between two 
tight pinching political issues. 


One is the demand for collec- 
tion of these delinquent prop- 
erty taxes, spurred by the per- 
sistent sniping of City Councilor 
Gabriel F. Piemonte, who ig 
making the issue ane of the fo-- 
cal points of his current came. 
paign for mayor. 

The other issue is the demand. 
for economy in government,’ 
which has strong public support, 
from many sources and which, 
culminated in Mayor Hynes’s 
“white paper” on city employ-, 
ment practices. This document. 
directs department chiefs to re- 
‘frain from filling staff vacancies 
whenever possible. 

It is a common device tor 
cutting down the payroll with= 
out the politically explosive step 
of firing someone without justi< 
fication. When someone quits,’ 
the department head readjust? 


the work load instead of hiring 
a replacement. 


Staff Shrinks 


But the device is practical 
only where the work load can bé 
readjusted realistically, or wheré 
overstaffing or featherbedding 
practices have crept in. 

Mr. Cicchetti’s Tax Titles and 
Collection Divisions of the -— 
Law Department is not one 
those places, he asserts. “I eek 
enough work for “— girls, not 
just two,” he says evertheless,. 


in land court on still\Mr. Cicchetti’s original staff of 


six has been allowed to dwindle 
to its present state under the 
provisions of the “white paper.” 

His requests for additional, 
help, or for special temporary, 
assistance, have gone unheeded. 
rebate to the demands of the 
economy drive. 


TV to Scan High Court Power 


Tuesday 
| 


|: The American Forum of the 
| Air will present a discussion on 
| the power of the Supreme Court 
on Channel 4 Tuesday at 7:30 
p.m. 

Participants in the —oo 
program, which is_ entitled, 
“Shall the Power of the Su- 
preme Court Be Curbed?” will 
be Senator Sam Ervin (D) of 
North Carolina, and New Hamp- 
shire’s Attorney General, Louis 
Wyman, both of whom are op- 
pased to the present actions of 
the Supreme Court. 


Supporting the - Supreme 
|Court’s actions will be Senator | 


‘and Leon Keyserling, 


live hour-long concert on Chan-} 
nel 2 Tuesday at 9 p.m., with! 
Jules Wolffers as commentator, 
ee eee 
At 8 p.m., over WBCN- FM,! 
Robert Dumm; dean of Boston! 
_| Conservatory, ‘will be heard in: 
his second live broadcast on’ 
“The Pulse of Music.” The sub-) 
ject of Mr. Dumm’s half-hour 
program has not been an- 
nounced. 
a 
The Boston Symphony Ore 
chestra, Charles Munch, con- 
ducting, will be heard in a re-=' 
corded concert over WXHR-FM; 


Jacob Javits (R) of New York, | 
former | 
that Miss Bates came to write | chairman of the Council of Eco-| way’s “Flower Drum Song,” will 
A visiting 


at 10:05 p.m. Featured on the 55=) 


‘minute broadcast will be music! 


_ by Ibert peg Franck. 
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nomic Advisors to the President. | be Andy Williams’ guest on the} 


Boston University will present | 
Frances Burnett, pianist, and | 
Gordon Epperson, cellist, in a 


second program in “The Andy; 
| Williams Show” series, Tuesday; 
‘at 10 p.m. on Channels 7 and 12, 


Music and Education 


Monday 


WERS-FM, 88.9mc 
6:00—Pop Concert. 
7:00—Night Music. 
10: 00—Recital Hall. 
WGBH-FM, 89.7mc 
6:15—The Once and Future King. 
6:45—Louis M. Lyons, News. 
7:00—Backgrounds 
. & pany Festival. 
3x 
oT 


It taly. 
New England Notebook. 
New Recordings. 
WBUR-FM, 90.9mc 
6:00—News: Sports Roundup. 
6: :15—Orchestral a oe music. 


1:30 


8: 30—The ‘World - Music. 
9:30—Opera Aria 
10:00—Late News ‘Roundup 


10:05—Sign Off 
WXHR -FM, 96.9mc 
6:00—News, Weather and Stock Sum- 
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Gilbert and Sullivan's Ruddigore. 
9:00—Dimensions in Hi-Fidelity. 
10:00—News and Weather; A Cho 
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11:00—Quincy Howe and the News. 
11:15—John Cameron — 
Siegfried—final wane, 
11:55—News, Weather, 
WCRB-AM, 1330ke: FM, “02. 5mc 
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Piano Recital 

Weather 

11: 15—Scores and Encores 


WBZ-FM, 106.7 mc 
6:00—Dinner Concert. 
7:00—Showtim’. 
7:30—Concert Favorites. 
8:05—The Srey, Hour. 

9: + we ten Bo e. 
10:05—Cha 
11:00—Starlight Serenade. 


Tuesday 


WERS-FM,4 $s. 9me 
5: :00—Matinee Musicale 


10: So anital Hal). 
WGBH-FM, 89.7mc 
5:00—New Recordings. 
5 :56—Lynsey ety 
6:00—Report From the Netherlands. 
6:15—Musical Miscellany. Liszt, ane. 
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fiat, F; Bonetto ‘7 “4el 


arca. 
Louis M. Lyons ene. . 
7: ‘00—Elliot Norton vie 
7:15—The Naturalist, freeshoupers and 
Their Relatives. 


™. American Woman—In Fact 
"and ction. The Womanly Woman. 
The new American gir! appeere in 

literature; dramatization from Wil- 
liam Dean Howell's Lady of the 
Aroostock. vote -NAEB). 

8:30--To be anno 

9:30—-Tufts Presente. “(The Steinman 
reas? Lectures) penne y 


—~ Lachieat: 


Giffor 
10:30—Louis _o Lyons. 
10:45—To be An ced. 
11:00—Welf Portraits of French Person- 
alities. Capt. Valérie André—Wom- 
an army doctor (Indo-Chinese war). 
:30—New land Notebook. y 
11:38—New SUR FM. 
WBUR-FM, 90.9mc 


rf a rm Serenade. 


; Sports Roundup 
ii feeece dinner eonle. 
 . rican Woman in Fact and 


7 30° ktuste the Masters—Debussy : 
Gigues: u- 


5:0 —News Perk & Verdi: La 


10 :00—. 


Forza de] Destino Overture; Mar- 
tinu: Symphony No. 

eather and Stock Sum- 

*“Panorama’’ — including a 

tg on the news with John Daly 


30. 
7: 00--Music of the. Romantics—Chopin: 
Piano qoute No, 1: Scriabin: 


Poem of Ecsta 
8:00—-News and Weather: On and Off 
way. 
: Divertimento for by wy 


No. 3; Schubert: Trio No. 1 in 
flat. 


10: — and Weather; A Concert by 
Boston Sy mphony Orchestra. 
AF Munch, conductor — Ibert: 
Escales — Ports of Call; Franck: 
Symphony 
11:00—Quincy "mows and the News 
11:15—Handel - Beecham: The Faithful 
Shepherd Suite. 
11: 55 _News, Weather, Sign O 
WCRB-AM, 1330kc; FM, \025me 
7:00—News: Conrad: Midnight in Paris: 
: — of the Little Lead 
ernstein: Fancy Free: 3 
adilla: Paree. 
DeLisie: La Marseillaise: 
Heywood: Flirtation Waltz: Sem 
prini: Mediterranean Concerto: An- 
derson: The Girl I Left Behind Me. 
8:00-—_News: 
Under 
Hassan Overture: : 
pies: Trad.: Frére Jacques: 
berg: Blossom Time: Selections: 
Anon: Alouette: Tchaikovsky: Waltz 
for reer for Strings 
9:00—N tain Time—Martin: 
tao Ma. I'm Dancing. 
9:30—Showcase—Espana—Volume 


Le Ro 
Le Coq: Mile Ange Suite: Mozart: 
Symphony No 
Tam O'Shanter 


howe os SO. Sensertine for Piano and 

rc 

12:00—News. Tuncheon Melodies — Al- 
stone: Song of My Love; Cottrau: 
Santa Lucta: Bizet: Carmen: Flower 
Song; Adams: Bells of St. Mary's; 
Lehar: Song of the Volga: Hovha- 
ness Tower Music; Mourant: Ec- 


tasy. 
. Afternoon at Symphony— 
ethoven: Fidelio: Overture; 
: Valses Nobles et Sentimen- 


: Concerto Gregoriano. 
Cello Concerto; Mo- 
: Divertimento No. 2; 
4:00—Lalo: Namouna: Ballet Suite No. 
1; Grofé: Grand Canyon Suite. 
5:00—News. Commuters’ Concert 
Schuman: American Festival Over- 
ture; Couperin-Milhaud: Overture; 
Allegro from “La Sultane’’; Wil- 
liams: Toccata Marziale; : 
Aida: Prelude; Telemann: 
Concerto in F Minor; Grieg: Wed- 
ding Day at Troldhaugen; Guar- 
nieri: Brazilian Dance. 
6:00—News. Candlelight Serenade—Kos- 
telanetz Conducts; Evening In Paris 
hackfield 


7:00-——_News. Record Review of the Air— 
a 


Richard L. Kaye. 
8:00—News. Evening at eg tg Pe 
Manfredini: Concerto ar- 
ge Capriol Suite: Bach: Suite 
9:00—Haydn: 


Harpsichord Concerto; 
Glinka: 


Symphony on two Russian 
emes{ Harris: Symphony No. 3. 
10: 6 eeren: Creatures of Prome- 


il won Connoisseurs’ Concert 
Vitali: Chaconne; Beethoven: Violin 
vari No, 2; Aiken: Trio in D, 
Opus 20. 

WBCN-FM, 104.imec 

‘rt in Miniature: part 1. 

her; Concert in Miniature. - 

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her; Morning Con 

her; Symphonic 4 RY 

-—Chamber Music. 

}—-Afternoon Cone neert. 

WR om am Po 

}—-Music of the eater 

-—Car da ogy Comments. Re- 

bree a 1l p.m 


:15—-New _-s 
‘00—The Pulse wot Music with Robert 
an, Boston Conservatory. 
8:30—Evening Concert. 
Announcer’s Choice with Kim 
Kirchwey. 
11:10-—~Weather. - 
11:158—Scores and Encores. 
WBZ-FM, 106.7mc 
5:05—Hi Fi Matinee-—Rimsky-Korse- 
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8 ise: ure: 
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— 


? 


‘goodbye’ yesterday 
“hello” today! 


You said ‘“‘goodbye” when you left — why 
not say “hello” when you arrive? It’s so 
easy — and inexpensive — to keep in 
touch when away from home. Whether 
you’re on a trip for business or pleasure, 
make it a habit to pick up the phone and 
call home often. It’s nice to say “‘hello”... 
you know they'll want to hear from you. 


ew i 


TYPICAL OUT-OF-TOWN RATES* 
BOSTON to: 

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' 


, 6**, all _Art—Musie—Theater_ 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, 


MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959 


Art—Masic—Theaterl_ 


—~ | 


Mozart Weekend at Tanglewood—Midsummer Display on Newbury Street 


SE EE LES ET Re EUR IE EO RN Se ey ee 


Munch Conducts Symphonies and Requiem 


By Robert W. Dumm 


Lenox, Mass. 

Charles Munch’s concerts with 
the Boston Symphony at Tangle- 
wood this weekend were de- 
voted to Mozart. Saturday eve- 
ning he conducted the “Great 
Three,” the Symphonies in E flat 
major (K. 543), in G minor 
(K. 550), and in C major (K. 
551), the “Jupiter.” Sunday 
brought the shorter “Prague” 
Symphony, and the magnificent 
Requiem Mass in D minor (K. 
626), about which more later. 
First, however, the symphonies: 

Again one wants to praise the 
magic of the Boston Symphony’s 
special blend, . yet the pen 
pauses. By all reason, the con- 
noisseur should be -reposing in 
full appeasement, yet he frets 
a bit 


Was it the humidity, or the 
delicately probing mosquitoes, 
or the unequal competition of 
anything man-made _ alongside 
the beauty of the mountains? 
Why did the heart stay per- 
sistently disengaged, and why 
does the pen perversely write its 
praise in a crabbed backhand? 

But the ears are hard to de- 


June Havoc Starring 

June Havoc will star with 
Julie Harris in Joe Masterof?f’s 
new comedy, “The Warm Pen- 
insula,’ which opens at the 
Helen Hayes Theater, New 
York, following a pre-Broad- 
way Boston engagement at the 
Colonial Theater for two 
weeks beginning Sept. 28. 

“The Warm Peninsula” 
toured from coast to coast last 
season with Julie Harris as the 
sole star, visiting 22 cities. The 
tour ran from last -Oct. 29 
through May 9. 


ae 


ceive, even when the senses aré 
lulled by the beauties of nature, 
andthe mind kept—asking its 
wakeful questions. Perhaps it all 
had to do with the new canopy 
for the orchestra—a handsome 
one, by the way, given by Mrs. 
Edmund Talbot of* Boston in 
memory of her husband. It was 
formally accepted in a tasteful 
and touching speech by Dr. 
Munch. Designed by the Saari- 
nens of Detroit, it is a fascinat- 
ing maze of triangles shaped 
toward a vanishing point. 

An absorbed interest in the 
new possibilities for practical 
pianissimos seemed to draw both 
conductor and players into at- 
titudes of listening té them- 
selves, as if they were all prob- 
ing a stfange cave with radar 
signals. On the whole, the winds 
signaled better than the strings, 
producing prodigies of electro- 
sonic blend in the slow move- 
ments. In these moments, Dr. 
Munch would slow them just 
enough to permit us to marvel. 
When the acoustic preoccupation 
got beyond Mozart, the sense 
gave way to sound. 

But sense often gives way to 
sound in poetry, and this is a 
very poetic brand of Mozart. 
True, there was a dazzlement, 
even a puckishness, in the fin- 
ales, and a comet of a finish for 
the “Jupiter”; but one felt the 
stirring places to be better in- 
tended than sustained, and the 
giddier phrases to rise, but with- 
out laughing: gas. Doriot An- 
thony Dwyer, from her flute sec- 
tion, kept showing the way, pip-| 


ant swansong to music. Covered 
by a wooden roof, and closer to 


‘the musicians, one felt more-a 


participant, and the truant heart 
was led back to its commitment 
to music. 

The superlative turns come 
easily to mind: the smilingly as- 
sured singing of the Festival 
Chorus, trained by Hugh Ross; 
the wild, phantasmagoric pitch- 
ing of the Dies Irae, and the 
sensitively blended quartet sing- 
ing the Recordare. Indeed, the 
four soloists ev erywhere seemed 
to sing better in ensemble than 
in solo, the reverse of the usual 
case. 

Florence Kopleff and Donald 
Gramm, the contralto and bass, 
were remarkable for their 
smoothly spun-out tones; while 
Blake Stern, the tenor, ‘tended 
to gulp his beginnings and swal- 
low his endings. Adele Addison, 
the soprano, usually so notable 
for a sky ae penetration of 
sound, seemed a little tired. 

Yet on the whole, all forces 
rallied and carried the day for 
their leader, and small wonder, 


for Dr. Munch had never seemed | | 


so young nor so vigorous. 


| Constantine Manos 


Miscellanies on View at Siembab Gallery 


By Dorothy Adlow 


Miscellanies and more miscel- 
lanies fill the Boston art galler- 
ies on the summer schedule. The 
managements are giving all the 
artists they sponsor opportunities 
to be represented in midsummer 
cross-sections. Such assorted col- 
lections can be meaningless; they 
can also add up to something 
significant. 

The Carl Siembab Gallery is 
one of the newer exhibiting 
places in Boston, There, a num- 
ber of Bostonians or artists liv- 


* %|ing nearby are given a chance to 
*>.|show their work. This particular 


‘| vanguard. performers, 


group of artists differs in char- 
acter from the Kanegis Gallery 
group, on view downstreet. 
These people seem to experi- 
ment dauntlessly with medium, 
with ideas. They are not all 
and it 
strengthens this particular ex- 


| hibition to include small can- 


Charles Munch, music director of the Boston Symphony Or- 
cCtestra, devoted the Tanglewood programs over the weekend 


to the music of Mozart. 


Pro Musica at Castle Hill 


By Harold Rogers 


Ipswich, Mass. 
The fame of the New York | 
Pro Musica 


others in tone and dynamic bal- 


ance. Gordon Myers, for in- 


is fast spreading | stance, came forward in a hu- 
throughout New England. With | morous 


performances last season in Bos- | Hume’s 


Tobias 
which | 


of 
in 


rendition 
“Tobacco,” 


ton, this summer at Tanglewood, | the use of the weed is likened | 


and last weekend at Castle Hill, 


'to the more miserable aspects 


ing her saucy salvos, but no one/| these select musicians bid to be- | of.a man in love. Betty Wilson | 

seemed to listen. come as popular here as they| gave a winning rendition of | 
On Sunday things were differ-| are on home territory. Thomas Morely’s “Thyrsis and 

ent at the THeater-Concert Hall. ‘oah Greenberg, their con-/| Milla,” as did Bethany Beards- 

There we were treated to a gen- | ductor, 

uine re-creation of the Requiem unified them into a flawless en- 

Mass, Mozart’s sweetly triumph-|semble. They specialize, as 


if you so spite me. 


| a oe 


AMUSEMENTS 


Thus the group moved from 


choosing gems from 


BOSTON 


Zangius, Lassus, 


Schutz, and Hassler. The fact 


SACK Theotres NOW 


Pes cme own 


JAMES STEWART: LEE REMICK 
BEN GAZZARA’ ARTHUR O'CONNELL 
EVE ARDEN: KATHRYN GRANT 

ong, 


end JOSEPH N. WELCH 


a Counbdia re'ease : 
re Open Pv aay 
27-7040 


MSM presents DAVID IIVEN, SHIRLEY MacLAINE 616 YOuRG 


ASK ANY GIRL 


se ond MET ROCOLO OR 


l 


FROM THE SMASHING BEST-SELLER! 


Peul Newmen 
"THE YOUNG PHILADELPHIANS” ° 


as Judge Weaver 


Theetre 
Ll 2-4600 


BRIGITTE BARDOT 
“LOVE IS MY PROFESSION’ 


that the religious items 
weighted with deeper 
proved that Mr. Greenberg and 
his ensemble strike deeper than 
mere notes to touch the inner 
meanings of the words. 


MIT Choral Society 
The MIT Choral Society, con- 
ducted by Klaus Liepmann, will 
|perform Mozart’s Requiem Mass 
at the Kresge Auditorium on 
'Tuesday evening, July 14, at 
8:30. This is the third program 
in the series 
in the arts, sponsored by 
Harvard and MIT summer 


voice their instrumentation is 
simple—a _ small harpsichord, 
iteverdi and the Italian baroque 
(WOW) iW CimewascOPE ——_jihouse at the Crane estate. Sat- 
This E. 
men and mosquitoes. 
The former who were able to 


two recorders, and some bells. 
ae 
house at the Crane estate. Sat- 
Is MINE! 
wage successful war with the 


| nearly everyone knows, in Ren- 

(MOVIES) ; 
urday night, however, the 
ROCK HUDSON latter were repaid by a concert 


'aissancé and early baroque mu- 
HEALTHFULLY AIR-CONDITIONED’ Owing to the downpour Friday 
weather was on its best be- 
|of Renaissance and early baroque 
JEAN SIMMONS 
TECHNICOLOR 


sic. Aside from the human 
UL MWe/caeierad teverdi and the Italian baroque 
havior, appealing equally to 
/music, with the emphasis on 


English _ madrigals, Elizabethan 
“ayres,” late. Renaissance sa- 
‘cred music, early baroque can- 
{| tatas, English instrumental mu- 


of 
‘ 


ses- 


CAROLYN JONES 


}EDWARD G. ROBINSON 
|. _ANO EDDIE HODGES 


“THE HORSE | 


| SOLDIERS ?o- } 


be 
HUGO HAAS- CAROL MORRIS! | sic, and German Renaissance 


. | part songs. 


ee 


ONE SHOW TONIGHT 8:40 x 
) MATINEE TOM’W 2:30 


sions. 
Robert Brink will be-eoneert-| 
Mr. Greenberg has chosen a|master of the orchestra, which | 
\group of singers who are all | will perform Mozart’s “Serenata 
| | Soloists in their own right. who;Notturna” for two string or- 
| can step forth in individual per-!chestras and timpani, KW 239. 
formance or merge with the The orchestra will include two 


Reserved Seats on Sale at Box OF ice 
. AIR CONDITIONED . 


BOSTON THEATREX 
wow’ METROPOLITAN 


AIR-CONDITIONED 


AUDREY HEPBURN 


in Fred Zinnemann’s 


“THE NUN’S STORY” 


Never to be forgotten 


Entertainment Timetable 


ey ry Hearts,” :: 18, 7:48. 
Music ! as Jesse James.” 3:09, 9:39. 
Sanders ee Cambridge — Hamden MATTAPAN Oriental: “South Pacific.” 
Trio, 8:3 | MAY NARD Fine Arts: 
| Beauty.” “Grand Canyon.’ 
| MEDF ORD—Medford: “Island of 
Vomen,’ “Hercules 49 
MILTON—Miiton “Hercules.” oe 
Dise Jockeys,”’ ‘‘Some Like it Hot.’ 
NEEDHAM—Paramount: “Cat 
Festival! Tin Roof,” “Seven Hills of Rome.” 
| presents “Twelfth Night,” 8:30. | NEWTON = Paramount: “Compujsion,” 
; Wellesley Theater - on - the - Green, “Green Mansiot 
“Streetcar Named Desire,’ 8:30, | NORWOOD — Nerweed: 


“G Fight 
Films in-_Boeston e¥—Strand 


QUINCY=Strand: 
Astor=—'‘Don’t Give Up the Ship.” BEADING—Reading: ‘‘H-Man,’ 
Lewis, 10:25. 12:40. 4 §:15,. 7:30. 


ae ‘Woman Eaters.’ 3:2 7:45. 
“Antarctic Crossing.” 9: sO VILLE — Capitol: “Sound 
«Antarctic Crossing.” 9:40, 11:18, ato Fury.” “World, Flesh and Devil, 
Beacon Hill—'‘‘Love Is; My bdo ee ae or 

Brigitte Bardot, 9: 55, 11:56, 1:50, 3 0, 

5.50, 7:45, 9:45. ‘Magoo,’ : "9: 45, 11:40, 

1:40, 3: 35, 5:35, 7:35, 9:30. 
Bosten—‘“‘South Seas Adventure, 8:40. 
ne ie ee Story,”’ 12, 2:30, 


Center—' ‘Joker Is Wild,” Frank Sinatra, 
co 9 730, 5:30, . se ‘Road to ir 
n 
730 ob Hope, 11:46, 3:46, WELL ESLEY—Playhouse:. 
Exeter—“I was Monty's Double.” Clifton ermud 
James, John | Mills, Cecil Parker. 2:20. WEST | eal 9 Ae ag 
6:20. 8:45. News, shorts, 1:50, 4, WINCHESTER — Winchester: ‘Tom 
ary—‘Anatomy of a Murder,” James}. Thumb.” “Ambush at Cimarron Pass." 
Lee Remick, Ben Gazzara WINTHROP—Winthrop: “Compulsion,” 
. . ‘Alias Jesse James.’ 
WwoL LASTON—W ollaston: 
“Tokyo After Dark.’ 


Drive-In Theaters 


“Lonely 


rrow 


Tom 
onene Stacemn~ David Beyer, piano, 


Theaters 


| Brighton—Ca mbridge Dra ama 


i Compulsion,’ 
Dodge City 
“south Pacinc.” 


weed 2:04, 


and 
“The 


BEVERLY, MASS. | 


Uh You 
Wor 
Here’ 

FAMILY SPECIAL 


TONIGHT! | | “Seder tes Sere eS eee 
| HT Haas, ‘38,1, 4:30, 
. . “This Earth Is Mine.” Rock Hudson. 


UNRESERVED SEATS $2 Jean Simmons, Dorothy McGuire, 


“Shaggy Dog.” 


Dog.” 


“Happy 


Somerville: “Shagev 
WAKEFIELD—Wakefield: “Hercules.” 
6:25, 9:10, “Forbidden Desert.”’ 8:30. 
WALTHAM—Embassy: “South Pacific.” 
H+ § 8:15. ‘“‘Land of Lauahter.” 1:30, 


“Happy 


Crosby . 


“Sound and 


“Compul- 


| 
| G 
! 


“Hercules,” 


BOSTON (Kenmore Sq.) 
John Braine’s 


sic “ROOM 
AT THE ToP’ 


LawrenceHarvey. ath brn Sa a 


KENMORE 


CONDITIONED 


-~_ 


ee = mf os 2:25, 5:55, 9: 25. 
(WITH enmore—' agoo Beats the Heat,” 1: 10, 
CHILD WITH . FREE 22, “Roo 


3:43, 6:36. 7:18, m at the 
RESERVED SEATS 3.60, 2.75 
NORTH 


Top,” Simone Signoret, Laurence Har- 
snore. MUSIC” THEATRE 


vey, + eae Sears, 1:16, 3:19, 5:22, 
7:25. 

Box 62, Beverly, WA 2-8500 

or HOMEYER’S — KE 6-3510 


ee rem “Shane, “Hot 


CAMBRIDGE—Fresh Pond: “Alias Jesse 
James,’ “Gun Runners.’ 
DEDHAM—Dedham: “Compulsion,” 
Fight at Dodge City 
MEDFORD— Meadow 
“Hot Spel 
Twin: _ Well Screen: 
Hills.’ 
Circle Screen: 
‘Lonely Hearts,”’ 
terson.,”’ 
NATIC K—Natick: “In Love and War.” 
“Mardi Gras.’ 


Tee ee eee: 


28. “Gun 
eecsdibene? ‘Alias 


Jesse James.”’ 
Rhonda " 


Bob 
Fleming, 3: 


” @len: “Shane,” 


“These Thousand 


“Alias Jesse James.”’ 


:20 
Soldiers.” “Johannson vs. Pat- 


**Horse 
ayne, Ble oe Holden, 9:35, 12. 2:25. 


4:50, 7:1 
‘Five Pennies.” Danny 
Kaye. Barbara Be! Geddes, 9:20. 11:40. 
25, 6:50. 9:15. 


2:05 4:25, 
Pilgrim—‘ ‘Island of Lost Women,” 9:50, 
- 1:1 M mw og “ Steve 


55, 9 

David Niven, i 
Gig Youngs 10. 
-55, 8. 10, 


State—“A Hole in the Head,” Frank Si- 
natra, Edward G. Robinson, Eleanor 
Parker, 11:50, 2:15, 4°40. 7:05. 9:30. 

Strand —‘“Show Boat,” Kathryn Gray- 
son, Howard Keel. ‘Man from God's 


Country.” 
| Telepix—‘‘Samura!l,”*» 11:30, 1:30, 3:30, 
5:30, 7:30. 9:30. 
Uptown—"‘Count Your Blessings,” Debo- 
Kerr, Rossano eer Maurice 
11:00, : We 
‘varat 


BRIGHTON, 


MASS. 


“Guns, irls and 


E—Revere: “Alias Jesse James,’ 
“Pace of a Fugitive. 
SAUGUS—Saugus: 
con be Jets.’ 
sU FFOLK 


“IRRESISTIBLE,” Durgin, Globe 
“A PLEASURE,” Hughes, Herald 
CAMBRIDGE DRAMA FESTIVAL 
In the New Metropolitan Boston Arts 


Cénter Theatre on the Charles River 
Bank Soidiers Field. AL 4-0600. 


SIOBHAN McKENNA 
ZACHARY SCOTT 
FRITZ WEAVER 
TAMMY GRIMES 


@ music-dance extravaganza of Shakespeare's 


TWELFTH NIGHT 


SEATS NOW ON SALE! 
ieee Tremont Street (formerly 
Slattery’s) Phone HU 2-6681 
Also FPilene’s and Agencies 
canoe a & Peirce 
Tues hru Sat ae. 8:30 vM. and 
/§_ P.M 2.50, 3.50, 4.50. 
A “Pri, 8:30 PM. Sat. $336 P.M: 
$1.50. 2.50, 3.50. 


“Warlock. “*—-'Thuns 


DOWNS—Suffolk 


Downs: 
“Compulsion,” 


“Gun Fight at Dodge 


Cc 
WEST ROXBURY—V FW Parkway: ‘‘Alias 
Jesse James,’ “Gunfight at Dodge 


City 
WEYMOUTH ‘Warlock,” ‘‘Thundering 
ets 


Art Exhibitions 


Boston Miiseum of Fine Arts, 


2:30, "30. 
Diane Orson 


Welles, 12: 40, 4:10, 7:50. 


Films in the Suburbs 
ALLSTON—Capitol: “Compulsion,”’ 7:45. 
“Green Mansions,”’ ‘35. 
ARLINGTON — Capitel: “Shaggy Dog.” 
Shorts. 


ton Avenue—Traveling Scholars 1959 
Exhibition, July 15 through Aug. 15. 
one Siembab Gallery, 172 Newbury 

treet——Group Show by Gallery Artists. 
— July 17. 
Kanegis Gallery, 
Group show 


Art Outside Boston 


Cambridge, Mass.—Busch-Reisinger as 
seum: Collection of Edward M. ‘ 
Warburg. Through Aug. 28. 

Fogg Art Museum: Harvard University, 
Gallery II: Drawings, Watercolors and 

. Oils by Paul Cezanne. Through July 

31. Galleries XII and XIII. the col- 

lection of Maurice Wertheim, Harvard 

Class of 1906; French XIX Century 

Painting. 

anchester, N.H.—Currier Gallery of 

Art: Ceramic International and Three 

Danish Printmakers. 

Marblehead, Mass. — Neptune Gallery: 


Regent: “Hercules.” ‘‘Cimarron Pass.’’ 
BROOKLINE—Cleveland Cirele: “Count 
—. _ Blessings,” “Beven Hills of 


CAMBRIDGE — Brattle: “The Seventh 
ea 

a “Compulsion,” “Green Man- 
5 
age “South Pacific,”’ 2:20, 5:25, 


Sho 
RCHESTER — Adams: ‘‘Count 
Blessings,”"’ ‘““Thunder in the 


‘WELLESLEY, M ASS. peveneneen: “Shaggy Dog,” 


ry 
“Alias Jesse James,” 
9 Theatre ;;,Green ¢ 


123 Newbury Street— 


Your 
Sun.” 
“Apache 
3:10,| M 
5. 


“Com- 


 emercules, e 


CAMBRIDGE (MOVIES) 


UNIVERSITY, 


mite - CONOR £OnRE & 


Will er tane. Through July 31. 
Camneen. Maine—Barn Gallery Associ- 
es, Inc., and Ogunquit Art Associa- 
tion Exhibition 
Museum of Art: Water Colors and Oils 


Ke A. Curtis, and Early query 
can Min atures. Through Sept. © 
Portland, Maine—Museum of yo , ae 
mer Art Festival. Paintings, Sculpture, 
- Music, July 8 through Aug. 8: 
vincetown, Mass.—Bella o: Art. and 


afts. 
sler Art prescum Permanent Col- 
G and Accessions. 


9:44. “Lonely Hearts,” 1:15, 7:4 
mgt ty VIL LAGE—Hanceek: 
Rte. 135, Wellesley 
‘CAVADA ROBERT 
‘ HUMPHREY BLACKBURN 
” 
A STREETCAR NAMED DESIRE” 
THROUGH JULY 18, 8:30 P.M. 
A New Production Direcged b 
ELLIS RAB J 
peat rae 2. ey 15 
( Indoor Theatre in Cone of Rain) 


CEdor 5-9433 : “South Pacific,” 


1:45, 3:30, 4:45, hedcans 8:30, 10:1 


ra 


American 
sh nanespeare Festival 


Cr 
Ch 
pt 


ect 
Through uly. 


— 


Seni 


Association—1959 


aos Theatre 


Herverd Square TR 6-4226 
ngmar Bergman's 


THE SEVENTH SEAL 


«AIR CONDITIONED 
we Shows Nightly 7:30 ond 9:30 


| $4. 
f| Alr-cond. 8 


Art 
ansehen, "Sues on 
PR aes i —. useum: Ameri- 
iganed warns Prints oe Paintings, 
oy Irving 8. Through 


Olds, roug 


» R.I. — Holiday Art Center: 
s by Sam Francis, Sculpture 

Georse Sugarman, 
town, ass.—Sterling and Fran- 
cine Clark Art institute. lith and 
— oti gy ty vg, | OEE 
r Att Mu- 


_NEW YORK (STAGE) 


“A Bit! A a, * a 


Pa alee. Exe 300. “Mite 


eS ag M 


LO Wek DRU R DRUM $ SONG 


. 6.90, 5.50, 


& 
"9.60. ‘Tax nei, 


w 


jars, “a 'st'w. ot 


sour: he ‘Di tg ag Dial « sna “the Dial Collec- 


& 


“Some 


| 


has drilled them and/lee with John Dowland’s “Lady | 


one captivating song to the next, 
Wilbye, | 
Praetorius, | 


were | 
emotion | 


basset horns, played by Rosario 
Mazzeo.and Attilio Poto. .- . 

Soloists will be Joyce Mc- 
Intosh, soprano; Ruth Sullivan, 
alto; Donald Sullivan, tenor; 
David Ashton, bass. Summer 


‘registrants and faculty of Har- 
_vard and MIT will be admitted 


|without charge. Tickets for the 
‘public will be on sale at the 
|door on the evening of the per-| 
formance, 


vases by Jack Kramer and Ber- 
trand Dorny. Both painters have 
depicted urban subjects, with 
emphasis upon architecture; each | 
has a special way of translating 
a town view into the idioms of 
design and color. Both tend to 
discriminate delicately between 
relative color values, and to 
make something small and 
seemingly trifling really signifi- 
cant and moving. 
"ee 


It is pleasant to see something 
by Garabed der Hohannesian, a 


gifted teacher (Rhode Island 


| School of Design), an honest and 


searching painter. Here is a pen- 
| and-wash drawing, “Rooftops,” 


which could be called abstract 
by realistic artists, and realistic 
by abstract artists. It is not a 
matter of compromise, but a very 
ingenious device by means of 
which the rooftop view has been 
translated into geometric shapes 
that impart an authentic idea 
of the view. 

Paul Zelemski shows a cosmic 
composition, “In the Beginning,” 


developed courageously in rich 
tints of mauve. Doug Huebler’s 
picture could be classified as 
sculpture, inasmuch as it has 
been molded with the depth of 
a relief map with gypsum ce- 
ment, and painted over with oil 
colors. “Spring” by Robert Wells 
is a composition of soft anoma- 
lous shapes in verdant colors. 
“Still-Life With Black Crow” by 
Jonah Kinigstein is a romantic 
rendering executed with luxuri- 
ant colorings. Other paintings 
are by Tom Dahill, Walter Cum- 
mings and, Ralph Gagnon. 
enw 2 


Also on view is “Matador” by 
'Gordon Peers, a picture with 
the decorative pungency of a) 
brightly colored mosaic. While | 
speaking of mosaics, we must. 


by William Wyman, a mosaic 
that was inspired by a painting 
by Steven Trefonides. Other | 
ceramic items by Mr. Wyman | 
include a decorative plaque, 
which holds its own on the| 


ings; and a ceramic lantern, a 


in functional design, produced 
from clay. 


ith 


rather exceptional garden piece | 


mentation in welding and braze 
ing. Jack Marshall’s “Chrysalis” — 
is a compilation of tightly 


drawn wires and metal pieces, 


Constructions by Louis Bakae- 
nowsky. incorporate bits of scrap 
metal in a pertinent and somee 
times humorous way. 

The Carl Siembab Gallery exe 
hibit discloses the plight of the 
individual modern talent who is 
concerned with media, with 
exotic, mystical, or veiled ideas, 
Not always do the artists con- 
vince us that their strenuous 
explorations in new areas, and 
tamperings with new, or exe 
ceptional combinations of mae« 
terials, prove meaningful. But 
no doubt a few of these painters 


‘and sculptors will persist, and 


gradually build up something 
that proves to be a genuine, in- 
dependent contribution to the 
general ‘effort. 


Swedish Films at Brattle 
Three films of Swedish di- 


| rector Ingmar Bergman will be 


‘featured during the fourth week 
of the Brattle Theater’s summer 


call attention to the composition | film festival. 


“The Seventh Seal” plays 
rough tomorrow. “Smiles of @ 
|\Summer Night” will be on the 
‘screen Wednesday and Thurse 
day. An early Bergman film 
called “Three Strange Loves” is 


wall in the company of paint- lon the bill for Friday and Sat- 


urday, July 17 and 18. 
During the summer festival 


‘the Brattle schedules only two 


nightly showings, at 7:30 and 


The sculptures show experi- 9:30 p.m. 


BRADIO 


Tonight 


“Erwin D. Canham 


Editor of 
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and the News” 


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Dialer’s Guide: Tonight 


6:00—Dateline Boston: William J. Bird, executive vice-presi- 


dent, Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce, describes 


the advantages of New England to his guests—Ch, 5. 


6:45—-Backgrounds: Israel’s General Election; speaker, Joseph 
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Dirksen—WHDH. 


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miportant current congressional issues—Ch. 4. 


important issues—Ch, 


11:15—Senator Saltonstall = nates by Arch MacDonald on 


|= 


FM Programs: Page 5 


TELEVISION 


WGBH 2, WBZ 4, WHDH 5, WNAC 7, WMUR 9, WJAR 10, WPRO 18 


Tonight 


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4,10—The Restless Gun 4—-Footsteps in the Darkj 
7, 12—The Texan Woman in the Wind | 


Tuesday 


4—Sign On Seminar 7—Kid Glove Killer 
4—Daily Almanac; Farm | 10—The Early Show 


9—Star Performance 
4,10—Wells Fargo 
5—Bold Journey 
7, 12—Father Knows Best 
9—The Name’s the Game 
2—An <Actor’s Life 
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5>Secret Agent 7 
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of Morgrel 
o9—77 Sunset Strip 
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2—News Roundup 
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o—Markham—mystery 
wks | s Court 
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4—Senator Saltonstall] 
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7—The Nuisance; The 
Winner’s Circle 
10—The Ghost Comes 
Home 


8:30 


| 10:00 
| 10:30 


11:30 


and market. reports; | 12—Woody Woodpecker 
Dewe: weather | 3, come alt Disney 
smite | 9—Kartoon Karnival 
4,10—Today, 5 minute. . ’ 
news and w eather, break} | S—Dateline Boston: Bose 
at 7:25, 8:25, tonian Society 
7—Laurel-Hardy Show 12—Salty Brine’s Shack 


+ | 6: 2—Uncle Wonder’s 
12—Cartoon Carnival - 

Workshop—Soun 
2—Storytime with Ruth d, 3 


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, i . 12—-Douglas Edwards 
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5—Romper Room ; 
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2—World in Action 
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10—Rescue 8 

10—The Jay Kroll Show 12—Whirlybirds. 

5—Marjorie Mills.& Ken ’ 

; 5—News, Sports Weather 
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4—American Forum 
9—Stop, Look, Listen 


5—Cheyenne 
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5—We Believe 


10—Wyatt Earp—Westerm 
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12—Dave Mohr, news 2—People—new series 

12—Mark Stevens 

4—-Treasure Hunt 


4, 10—Steve Canyon 
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5—Morning Playhouse 9—Counterpoint 

7, 12—Sam Levenson 12—Life of Riley 

4, 10—The Price Is Right 

5—Beulah—comedy...’ 


2— Heritage 

4, 10—Jimmy Rodgers 
7,12—I Love. Lucy 
4, 10—Concentration 


5—Legend of Wyatt Ea 
7, 12—To Tell the Tru 
5—Stu Erwin Show 9—Meet the Downbeatg 
7,12—Top Dollar 
4—News and Weather 


2—Boston University 
Concert 

5, 9—Across the Board 4, 10—Fanfare—drama 

7, 12—Love of Life 

10—Tic Tac Dough 


5—Rifleman 

7, 12—Peck’s Bad Girl 
4—-Big Brother 
5—N.E. Farm and Food 


9—Feature Film 
10—It Could Be You 


4, 10—Bob Cummings 
5—Naked City 

7, 12—Search for Tomor- | 

row—serial 


12—Playhouse—drama 
9—Topper film 

9—Liberace 2—The Big Picture 

7,12—Guiding Light 4, 10—David Niven Di; 

5—Mark Stevens 

4—Hollywood Playhouse 


5—The Return of 
Mitchell Campion 
—The Great O’Malley 
5, 9—Music Bingo 


7, 12—Andy Williams 
9—Paris Precinct 

7—Louise Morgan 2—News Roundup 

10—The Jay Kroll Shore 

12—-Life of Riley 


4—Decoy 
12—Mark Stevens 


5—Sea Hunt 
9—Dateline Europe 
5, 9—Susie—Ann Sothern 
7, 12—As World Turns 


10—Highway Patrol 
5, 9—Day in Court 


4, 5, 7, 10, 12—News 
9—Feature Film | . 
bth 4,5, 7, 10, 12—Weather 
Pe tooth geo Pe aaa 4—Devotion; Cherokee 
2:25 4—News—Leo Egan 
2:30—4, 10—Court of ssurman 


Strip 

5—Jack Paar Show 
Relations 
5, 9—Gale Storm 


7—Blackmailer; What @ 
7, 12—House Party 


3:00 4, 10—Young Dr. Malone 
3:00 5, 9—Beat the Clock 
7—Our Miss Brooks 
12—Big Payoff 
4, 10—From “hese Koots 
5, 9—Comedy Quiz 
7, 12—Verdict Is Yours 
4, °10—Truth or Conse- 
quences: Bob Barker 
5, 9—Bandstand 
i 12—Brighter Day 
12—Secret Storm 
, A 10—County Fair 
7—To per—comedy 
e of Night 


12— 
5:00 4-Boston Movietime — 
' Happy Land ' 


4 
i 


Room 


1:25 
1:30 


2:00 


South Weymouth Lad 
Wins Model Air Prize 


By the Associated Press 
Westfield, > ae 
Robert L, Neal, in & South 
‘Weymouth, 

Massachusetts’ Air Youth Chame 
pion, the Hobby Industry Asso- 
ciation of America announced 
ror i 1 will weeke 

r. Neal will enter a 
long series of model aviation 
events at the. National Model 
Airplane Championships in Ca}- 

ifornia July 27-Aug. a 


3:30 


| 


a 


,, 
a 


a 


\ 


~ : ? - . 
2 Sports Weer THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959 | ARTO 


. 


_ Jurges, Hustle, Hits Keys to 


In the Dugout 


with Rumill 


The 


There are those who would 
belittle the player material in 
today’s majors—who contend 


that with quality so low, how | 


can we think of a third big 
league? 


But could it be that what is| 


now shaping up as the best team 
balance all-around in the mod- 


ern history of the game is over-| end 


shadowing individual accomp- 


lishment and taking the spot-| 


light away from the present day 
athlete? 

Could anyone remember when 
two such pennant races held a 
nation-wide interest among 
baseball fans? 


Wide Open 


Already there had been fore- | 


casts of playoffs for the flags 
in both majors—similar to those 
of the 1946 Cardinals and Dodg- 
ers, then the 1951 Dodgers and 
Giants in the National League, 
or the 
Sox in the American. 

“In a race without a standout 


contender,” says Casey Stengel, | 
“any club over or close to .500/| 


could win.” 

At the close of weekend action 
there were three clubs over .500 
in the American League and 
four in the National—and none 
was as high as .600. 

These compact little fields in- 
cluded the Indians, White Sox 
and Orioles in the A.L., the 
Giants, Dodgers, Braves and 
Pirates in the N.L. 


But - with the season barely | 
past the halfway marker, who} 


would dare count the Yankees 
or even Washington and Boston 
out of the American race, 
the Cubs and Cardinals out of 
the National? 

Gone, apparently, were the 
one-sided races of the past— 
when the first-place 
could beat the, second-place 
Dodgers by 2712 games in 1902 
or the 1936 Yankees by 1932 
over the Tigers. 

Attendance Up 

In 1947 the Yanks finished 12 
full lengths in front of the 
Tigers. It may be some time be- 
fore such a margin is seen again. 

Already these races have 
brought attendance increases in 


1948 Indians and Red. 


or | 


Pirates | 


ge ee 


Races 


several cities, with the end no- 
where in sight. A typical case is 
Boston’s. At one time the Red 
Sox were almost 100,000 behind 
‘their 1958 gate pace at Fenway 
Park. The margin has now 
‘dwindled to some 47,000 and de- 
creasing steadily. 

| Cleveland passed its °58 home 
| attendance mark over the week- 
| Every once in a while, how- 
ever, some individual pushes 
‘his head above the field and 
|'momentarily draws fan interest) 
'away from the flag races. 

| There was Roy Face, the,  & Re 
Pittsburgh pitcher. When he won! < {33985 
his 14th straight game without | 
'defeat on July 12 he had the) 
critics thumbing the record | 
book. Would he go on to shatter 
Rube Marquard’s mark of 19 


Associated Press Wirephoto 


Leon Bishop (extreme right), president of | 
the Massachusetts Golf Association, presents | 
trophy to John Tosca, Jr., of Brockton (center), | 


er 


winner of State Amateur, 2 up. At left is Jay 
Dolan of Leicester, the runner-up. The tourney 
was held at the Taconic Club in Williamstown, 


By Ed Rumill 


Sports Writer of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


to the question, 
pened to the Red Sox?” 
“Hustle,” declared Manager 
Billy Jurges.” 
“We're | hitting,” 
‘| Williams. 


added Ted 


7-3 victory over the New York 
Yankees on Sunday at Fenway 
Park, giving a conscientious 
Jurges a 6-2 managerial record 
in the American League and 
his fourth straight over the 
fading Yankees. 


Hurlers Help 


There were the 


Red Sox, out of the cellar in 
* | seventh place, just 3% games 
away from the first division. 

| “We didn’t get enough runs 
‘back there,” Williams _ said. 


straight for the 1912 Giants? | 
Actually, Face had won 19 in a| 
row going back to ’58. No other | 
20th century pitcher had won, 
‘more than 16 straight in one) 
season. By the Associated Press 
Worked Twice | Los Altos, Calif. 

Face worked in both games|. A smashing performance that 
July 12 when the Pirates beat; >rought two world, seven 
the Cardinals 6-5 in the opener| American and 11 AAU meet 
and led 5-4 in the ninth when /|records also brought proof the 
the nightcap was halted—to be | United States grows stronger 
completed Aug. 19. ' | in swimming with the approach 

Milwaukee defeated San Fran- | Of the 1960 Pa, Sn a a ae 
cisco 4-2 to move within a game!,, The two fellows who estab- 
and a half of the N.L, lead. The| lished fresh world standards— 
Giants retained their one-game | Frank pane rte d 4 Mik 
‘bulge on the Dodgers, who lost| Meter, Dac od gon yg MKe 
to Cincinnati, 4-3. The Cubs| TOY in the 200-meter butterfly 
won their opener from the | —head a 16-man team going to 


| Phillies, 7-5, then bowed*in the’ “i for a big meet July 20-22 
okyo. 


nightcap, 4-1. a : : 

Along with his 14 victories, McKinney and Sty also 
Face had saved nine others for | helped the Indianapolis Athe- 
the Pirates Sie hdd anneived in | letic Club successfully defend its 
35 engagements this ~ ot team title with 103 points, but 

Eddie Mathews homered to 
Sarge for Mulesukee 2S 12 | High "School, | who won hi 
| 8 The White Sox seitehed fine |point honors. individually with 
‘land's A.L. lead to one game ae Set Records 
| with a 5-3 and 9-7 sweep of a| Somers. who will join Mc- 
|City A's. The Indians beat the} University this fall, set Ameti- 
| Tigers in the second half of a| can citizens’ records in the 400 
twin bill, 8-4, after dropping the | and 1,500-meter freestyle races. 
first by 6-2. Baltimore took! His times were four minutes 
| Washington, 5-1, while the Red | 30.6 seconds for the former and 
Sox made it four straight over 17:51.3 for the latter. He’ll duel 


the Yankees, 7-3. _Japanese star Tsuyoshi Yarna- 


just out of Indianapolis 


London-to-Paris Contest 
Attracts Roller Skater 2.2%..." 


'swam the 200-meter hackstroke | 
By Reuters | with seeming ease but timed in| 
2:17.9 to shatter Australian John | 


of | 


London 

Contestants hopped aboard 
everything from jet planes to 
roller skates today (July 13) as 
a British newspaper opened its 
li-day, 10,000-pound ($28,000) 
London-to-Paris race. 

Between now and July 24, 161 
entrants, including an American, 
will compete to see who can 
make the fastest—or most novel 
—journey between London's 
Marble Arch and the Arch of 
Triumph in the French capital. 

The contest is being staged by 
the London Daily Mail to mark 


the 50th anniversary of the first | 
flight across the English Chan- | 
nel by the late French aviator | 
Louis Bleriot, who won 1,000: 


pounds (then worth about $5,- 
000) from the paper for his 
exploit. 


A top 5,000-pound ($14,000), 
prize goes to the person making | 


the trip—in either direction—in 
the fastest time, with runners-up 
getting second and third prizes of 
2,500 pounds ($7,000) and. 1,500 
pounds ($4,200). A special 1,000- 


pound ($2,800) award will go to 


the contestant showing the most 
originality and “independence,” 
regardless of speed. 


First Competitor 


The first competitor to arrive 
in Paris from London this morn- 
ing was Capt. R. M. (Red Rory) 
Bamford-Walker of Britain’s 
Special Air Service. He raced 
from the Marble Arch to the 
Arch of Triumph in 57 minutes, 
48 seconds. 

Bamford-Walker, one of 10 
contestants kjcking off the con- 
test from London, zipped be- 
tween the two arches by using 
two motorcycles, two helicopters 
and a jet plane. He fell off the 
second motorbike at the finish 
line in Paris. 

British racing driver Stirling 
Moss, fresh from a weekend 
victory in France’s Grand Prix 
de Rouen, took two hours, 45 
minutes and 56 seconds to make 
the London-to-Paris trip. He 


roared from the Marble Arch to | 


Lydd, Kent, in a _ souped-up 
Renault Dauphine that was then 
flown aris airport from where 
it raced to the Arch of Triumph. 
The first woman competitor 
was Miss Janet Ferguson, 31, 
a flying teacher. The blond Eng- 
lishwoman was bicycling to a 
suburban London airport where 
she would fly a light plane to a 
Paris suburb and get back on 
her bike for the final stint. 


Roller Skates 


One off-beat entrant, Briton 
William Boaks, left Marble Arch 
for Paris on Roller Skates. 
However, Boaks said he had no 
way of getting to Paris today. 

Under the contest rules, the 
cross-channel trip must be made 
by air. 

Kicking off from Paris — in 
the novelty division — were 


‘antique 


_naki in both. 


‘Carolina State, who heads the 
| U.S. team’s trip to Japan, rated 
‘the upcoming meet a “tossup.” 
McKinney, 20-year-old pre- 
law student, starred in last 


Britain’s Lord and Lady Mon- 
tagu of Beaulieu. ; Monckton’s 
They were dressed in Ed- | 2:18.4. 
wardian clothes with Lady Troy, an 18-year-old, had 
Montagu at the wheel of one established his world mark the 
of her husband’s collection of: night before with 2:16.4 in the 
cars’*— a 1909 two-/ 200-meter butterfly. 
seater Humber Torpedo. The Detroit AC 400-meter 
It travels all of 30 miles per medley relay team, with John 
hour. ‘Smith swimming backstroke, 


Weekend Sports Briets 


By the Associated Press 
| Virginia-Washington and Lee la- 
| se team scored six goals in 
Pittsburgh | C'OSS€ , 
‘the. final period and defeated the 
| Bio fing geome Lereage BB rw | West Australia State squad 12-8. 
ern Open by one stroke with a ‘essa b ewag ©, ng ep ' 
-92-hole total of 272. a Uae 5 ee} eee & 
} the Leander Club won the final 
| Highland Park, Til. event of the Diamond Sculls in 
[state wea the Women's Wenters |i, iteraational Rowing. Re- 
| Amateur title with a 6-and-4 — 
decision over Marjoria Lindsay | 
of Decatur, Ill 


world record 


Golf 


St. Louis 
The St. Louis Kutis soccer 
‘team beat the Chicago Slovaks 
Dublin, Ireland (¢_; jin the wpetern semifinals of 


Max Faulkner won the Irish | nat; l t * 
Hospitals Tournament ‘with a roa Ae Cup Somgen 


|four-round total of 274, four 
Allen Tops Quinn 


Strokes ahead of his nearest 
rivals, | 


Tennis 
Dublin, Ireland 

Jack Frost of Monterey, Calif., | 
defeated Jon Douglas of Santa Providence, R.I. 
Monica, Calif, 8—6, 11—9, for| BobbyAllen of Pawtucket, 
the Irish Tennis Championships. | firing a 67 in the first round, 
| Undated | went on to an 11 and 10 victory 
| England defeated Spain 3-2 (over Ronnie Quinn of West 
_and Italy downed France 4-1 to | Warwick in yesterday's 36+hole 
| gain the final round of the. Eu-|8-I. Amateur Golf Champion- 
,ropean Zone Davis Cup compe- | Ship final at Ledgemont, 
| tition. | Allen, the defending champion, 
| Baastad, Sweden also holds the New England 
. Wimbledon Champion Alex | Amateur title. His 67 was two 
'Olmedo was defeated 6—3, 3—6,|under the “tournament” par. 
6—3, 6—1 in the semifinals of the | Ledgemont normally has a par 
|Baastad International Tourna-|of 71 but for this competition 
'ment by India’s Ramanathan|two par fives were rated 
Krishnan. In the finals Krishnan | fours. 
_lost to Chile’s Luis Ayala, 6—1, | 
/6—1, 5—7, 6—1, se meso | Magenau ee ee 
Bernard Bartzen, Dallas, | Concoré@“N.H. 


Texas, and Karol Fageros, | Me eee 

Miami, Fla., won the Wocuen| = phew ne of ng A Hamp- 

Open Tournament titles, en page te ny Janeane the State 
Closed Singles Tennis Cham- 

pionships. Roger Magenau de- 

feated Ed Stewart 6—1, 6—2, 

6—2 ‘yesterday im the finals. 


By the Associated Press 


Swimming 
Tokyo 
Satoko Tanaka, 17-year-old 


in the 200-'| 


it was 17-year-old Alan Somers, | 
Tech | 
who won high | 


Coach Willis Casey of North | 


| The leaders, 
| winds on their almost due east- 


In R.I. Golf Final 


Japanese school girl, bettered 
the world backstroke mark in 
2:37.1. The world’s mark of 
2:37.4. was set last Aug. 1 by 
America’s Chris Von Saltza at 
Topeka, Kan. 


General 
Minneapolis 
Johnny Castellani of Seattle 
was named coach of the Min- 


Magenau then teamed with Don 
Lamarre to take the doubles 
crown with a 6—4, 6—4, 6—8, 
6—3 verdict. over Wes Noyes 
and Bob Foster. 


Minor League Scores 


By the Associated Press 


Results July 12 
Pacific Coast League 
Phoenix 11, Sacramento 4. 
It Lake City 6-5, San Diego 2-7. 


neapolis Lakers of the National | 
Basketball Association. 
Rouen, France 
Stirling Moss of Great Britain, 
driving a Cooper-Borgward, won 


Sa 
Portland 3, Vancouver 0. 
Seattle 8. Spokane 4. 

American Association 
Saint Paul 5-2, Denver 2-5. 
Louisville 3-0, Houston 1-2. 
Indianapolis 4-2, Fort Worth 2-1, 


U.S. Shows Strength in Swimming 


Ron Clark breast stroke, Dave 
| Gillanders butterfly and Carl 
Woolley the freestyle, brought 
an American citizens’ record in 
the event with a 4:21.9 clocking. 


Double Triumph 


Lance Larson, 19, of Los An-| 


geles scored a double triumph in 
winning the 200-meter individu- 
al medley in 2:24.7 for an Ameri- 
can record and the 100-meter 


butterfly in 1:01.1, a meet record. | 


Indiana Coach Jim (Doc) 
'Counsilman, who also aids with 
‘the Indianapolis AC team, de- 
| clared: “You won't find another 
country in the world with better 
{qualifying times. The Austra- 
lians still have faster front line 


men in many events but they) 


don’t have our current depth.” 


| before the Olympics. 


program, Cuba’s Manual 


with a 1:14.6 performance that | 


| beat New York’s Fred Munsch. 
| Earlier in the qualifying, Munsch 


‘turned in the best time of 1:15.5 | 
that eclipsed the Cuban’s former 


meet record of 1:15.9. 
| Failed to Qualify 


competition, Ron Clark of De- 


Fog Swallows Craft 


In Biannual Race 


By the Associated Press 
Marblehead, Mass. 
A record field of 45 sleek 
yachts sailed into the fog off 


Marblehead, Mass., yesterday in 


a 360-mile, 
Halifax, N.S. 

They were swallowed up al- 
most immediately by the heavy 
fog bank. 


biannual race to 


fighting head- 


‘erly course, had made only 
‘about 10 miles as night fell. 
Since then the fleet has been 
‘blanketed by swirling mists and 
ithe dark. 

| The leaders, with favorable 
|wind, were expected to make 
| Halifax sometime Tuesday. 
|'Wind, however, was anything 
‘but favorable early in the race. 
___ The fleet was scattered over a 
-vast-area of the Gulf of Maine 
and it was difficult to determine 
|just who held the lead. 

At a point southeast 
Gloucester, Dr. George W. 
Brooks’ 68-foot yawl Black 
Watch, out of Larchmont, N.Y., 
| appeared to have the lead. Black 
|Watch, the scratch boat, had 
‘overtaken the Naval Academy's 
'62-foot cutter Highland Light, 
the first boat across the starting 
line. 

Highland Light fell back to 
third behind Black Watch and 
Nina, a 59-foot schooner owned 
and skippered by Decoursey 
Fales, New York. 


es 


of 


| Major League Standings 
By the Associated Press 


| American League 


| Cleveland ... 
‘Chicago 


} 
| 


Baltimore ee 


Washington 
Se ae RET 
Kansas City . 
Results July 12 
Detréit 6-4, Cleveland 2-8. 
Boston 7, New York 3. 
Baltimore 5, Washington 1. 
Chicago 5-9, Kansas City 3-7, 
Results July 1! 
Washington 9, Baltimore 3. 
Boston 8. New York 4 (10 inns.). 
Chicago 8, Kansas City 3. 
Cleveland 8, Detroit 7 (n.). 
Today's Schedule 
New York at Boston 
(6-3) vs. Sullivan (4-5). 
Tomorrow's Schedule 
Cleveland at New York in.). 
Detroit. at Washington (n.). 
Chicago at Boston (n.). 
Kansas City, at Baltimore (n.). 
Cae 


National League 
W. L. 
San Francisco 49 
ee Angeles. . 
ilwaukee .. 
Pittsburgh 


Chicago .... 
St. Louis 


Counsilman added that Uncle | 
Sam still faces a tough job to 
catch the Aussies in swimming 


And to show the caliber of 


To Halifax, N.S. 


(n.) — Larsen 


—_ es 


“Now we are. And you've seen 
it happen. Often when you 
| start hitting, your pitching picks 
‘up too,” 

| Were the Red Sox that good, 


rtroit, who set an American rec- ‘or were the Yankees that bad? 


‘ord for the 200-meter breast! This was a question still to 
stroke with a 2:44.7 on Saturday,| be answered—answered in the 
failed to qualify for the 100 as| weeks ahead, as Jurges takes 
he had a 1:17.8. |his players against the rest of 
| Gary Tobian of Los Angeles | ‘ne American League. 

retained his platform diving; But until the future proves 
'title. He declined consideration | °tMerwise, you must accept this 
'for the trip to Japan and it went|SUrprise spurt of the Red Sox 
‘to Don Harper, the three-meter | #5 the long delayed showing of 
‘springboard champion. oe ae club should be—espe- 
Trailing Indianapolis in team | -.4 'y in a Jeague without an 


outstanding. contender. 
scores were Los Angeles Ath-| Just ahead of Jurges were 
letic Club with 71, Detroit AC | tp, Chicago White Say and 


Club 18 and Bay-O-Vista of San|ana frst place teams in whe 
Leandro, Calif., Cincinnati and!yace. If Billy can keep soing 
Yale Naval ROTC, all with 14. |against them. the entire nation 


Out of a jubilant clubhouse! 
came two quick, brief replies’ 
“What's hap- 


This was following Boston's | 


tht ie eM 


;may start sharing Boston’s fresh 
‘enthusiasm for the club owned 
by Tom Yawkey. 

Always Better 


Yes, the Red Sox were hitting 

and scoring runs. A run-making 
average which once stood some- 
| where between a mediocre two 
and three had now rocketed 
to seven or eight. And pitching 
always looks better with ‘hits 
}and runs, 

But looming above all others 
—- even above the imposing 
figures of such veteran stars as 
| Williams, Jackie Jensen, Pete 
Runnels and Vic Wertz — was 
the smiling figure of Jurges, 
who must have been doing more 
_than hustling and gloving him- 


‘self to stardom through a long! 
awakened | 


infielding career. He was also 
| storing ‘up knowledge that is 


showing today in these, his in- | 


fant days as a leader. 


“You’ve noticed that a team 


almost always perks up right 
after a managing change,” said 
Jensen, “The Tigers did it for 
Bill Norman, then for Jimmy 
Dykes. It often happens. But I 
think this is something more 
concrete. The whole attitude of 
our club has changed. Jurges is 
doing a fine job.” 


Yankee Slump 


Meanwhile, there was also 
talk of the Yankees. Could any- 
‘one remember when Casey 
Stengel had such insecure pitch- 
ing or so porous a defense? And 
the way the Yanks were hitting, 


there were not enough runs to’ 


cover up the mistakes of the 
hurlers and fielders. 

Was Stengel destined to go 
the way of Mike Higgins and 
Bill Norman? 

Although few perhaps sus- 
pected it at the time, the Sun- 
day game was won by the Red 


TO ALL.,. 


| In other events on last night’s | 
San- | 
| guily held onto his meet record | 
‘in the 100-meter breast stroke 


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Sox im the first inning. After a 


Red Sox Awakening in American League 
‘Offense Also Gives Pitching Lift 


walk to Runnels and singles by 
a much improved Marty Keough 


_and Wertz had produced one run 


off Ralph Terry, Jensen hit one 
over the wall to make it four. 
Ike Delock was wild and not 
pitching the way Jurges thought 
he should, so was removed from 
the scene with two out, two on 
and a Yankee run over in the 
third inning. Then Bill Mon- 
bouquette, who had rolled out of 
his cot at Camp Curtis about 
five o’clock in the morning while 


‘on National Guard duty, walked 


to the Fens mound and five-hit 
New York the rest of the day. 

“Give Dave Ferriss credit for 
the improvement of the entire 
pitching staff,” said Jurges. 
“Without the help of Dave and 
the other coaches, I couldn’t 
have stepped in here cold and 
done this well.” 


‘ ek ae 


Briefs ...A three-run rally 
in the ‘seventh inning, with 
doubles by Jensen and Frank 
Malzone the big hits, eased the 
pressure considerably for Mon- 
bouquette. ...‘Mombo” showed 
his:-class when he twice struck 
out Micky Mantle, then had the 
great Yankee center fielder drag 


| bunting right back to the mound 
| for the final out of the game. . 


Jensen generously, gave Billy the 
watcn he received as TV's 
player-of-the-day, ... “He de- 
serves it,” Jackie said. ... At 
66 runs batted in, Jack was third 
in the A.L. behind Harmon 
Killebrew and Rocky Colavito., 
...I1t was Jack’s 19th homer.... 
The Red Sox and Yanks had 
drawn 109,993 for the series 
going into today’s final, ... For 
the season the Sox stood at 514,- 
029, some 47.000 behind 1958, 
but improving steadily. ... 
Keough’s fine all-around play 
was arousing comments from hig 
teammates and rivals. 


x 


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Cincinnati 429 
Philadelphia . - 


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Results July 12 
Pittsburgh 6, St. Louis 5 (first game) 


{ nns.). 
Bt. Louis at Pittsburgh, second game 
suspended, Sunday curfew, to be 
Chicago 7 i Niadeiphia 6-4 
Milwaukee 4, Francisco 2. 
Cincinnati 4, Los An A 


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TINLEY. 4 ae. ae race for formula two sports cars. 
oe Ostend, Belgium 
Bill Steinkraus of Westport, 
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’Ostende equestrian competi- “ 
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Nautical, finished third and|inoj on eh 
he Bigg pe td pod pe ee eae Shreveport at Mobile postponed. 
- Detroit 
Chuck Thompson drove Miss 
Detroit to victory in the fifth an- 
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Perth, Australia 
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Omaha 4-3, Minneapolis 0-2. 
Charleston 8, Dallas 4. 


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pleted later), 
Miami 3-1, Columbus 2-2. 


(10 


Eastern 
ringfield 6, ter 4 
py dor nen 6, Albany 4 (first game 8 
iaeenSs, rain. Second tponed), 
Mexican a 
League All-Stars 3. 
Charleston 2, ville 1 (first game, 


d P 
aribiee  B eg 1, 
at Jacksonville, postponed. 


Los Angeles at Cin sae! (n.)-—Me- 
“ (8-6) ve. N (3-8). 
Gen Tanpiges at yout n.)— 
. Jones (12-8) va. m (10-8). 

Temorrow's 

San Francisco at Ph ia (n.). 
at Pitts (n.). 

Milwa 


Cineinneti ~ Sante (n.). 
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‘THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR 


MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959 


House 


On the Bay 7 


“How. witt-you-know-_where to find the 
place?” my wife asked as we skirted a 
couple of little bays going north from 
Olympia, with their inevitable booms of 
logs, blue smoke rising up through the 
rounded screens of the mill burners 
against the forests on the other side: 

“I won't,” I said. “But I want you to 


see this. You wouldn’t believe it if you 


didn’t see it.” 

Everything looked more and more un- 
- familiar—except the bays. But Puget 
Sound is full of bays. How was I to find 
the rightone? 

“We landed at a place called Charles- 
on,” I said, “when we came by steamer; 
nd headed back in through a strait, past 
» fort, a government powder magazine, 
and an Indian reservation, when we came 
cy launch. That’s all I remember.” 

We stopped for gas, and she asked the 

attendant if he knew Charleston. He did; 
but it wasn’t called that now. It was part 
of Bremerton, the big Navy Yard town. 
Ask around, he suggested. Someone would 
remember it. All I could describe was a 
Jarge hardware store, which seemed, 
strangely, in my memory, also to stock 
everything else from fragrant chicken 
scratch to delicious slices of cold boiled 
ham. We bought axes there, and hoes, 
and saws. 
_ There was a school somewhere—my 
first—set on a hill in a field of ferns, 
close by a dirt road that wound out 
through the forest. I didn’t even remem- 
‘ber the road too well: my brother and I 
‘usually took a short cut to school through 
a cleared swath made by a government 
pipeline, over which rhododendron and 
huckleberry bushes had sown themselves 
thickly. 

How could there be no Charleston? 

Someone we asked a little later said we 
were in it. I looked about. We were in an 
old part of the center of a big city. Paved 
streets were solidly evident in every direc- 
tion. Charleston? Then I saw the school, 
not in a clearing but flanked by houses on 
every side; but indubitably the school. 
Such a little school. How could it have 
held all the children I remembered, let 
alone their galoshes, umbrellas, and rain- 
coats? 

| ee eae 

I asked again now, eagerly describing 
the bay, naming it. Our big two-storied 
log house had been at the head of it, 
with the immense fireplaces on either end, 
the dog run through the middle. That’s 
what I meant when I said she wouldn’t 
believe it. No one would. A two-story log 
house in the middle of the twentieth cen- 
tury. Built deliberately. But of course it 
wasn’t just a log house. It was a sort of 
log castle, really, Ivanhoe was behind me, 
and I had entered the country of G. A. 
Henty. : 

I had sawed logs for that house. I can 
still hear the slurp of the water on the 
old stone I turned with my foot when I 
sharpened the axes. I had carried tools 
and brought water from a stream which 
boiled down the hill, and from which 
later we piped a gravity-fiow line to the 
house from farther uphill where alders 


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By Courtesy of the Texas Water Color Society, San Antonio, Texas 
“FAMILY REUNION”: A Water Color by the American Artist Burt Rees 


leaned above it. Didn’t anyone know a bay 
with a two-storied log house standing 
out like one of Cooper’s forts at the head 
of it? 

We had a little floating dock where we 
moored launches and dinghies. Not the 
shining craft that today grace _ the 
yacht basins, but open-decked workaday 
launches that sent a slow echoing putt 
across the bays when we put out. Neigh- 
bors sometimes tied up sailboats at the 
dock. Chief Charlie from the reservation 
sometimes came along the beach, asking 
us if we had seen any octopus left ashore 
by the tide. Seattle was 40 miles away 
by water, the only way you could reach 
it. (It seemed like 40 miles; maybe it 
was 10.) 

No one had seen a log house. 

I’m not sure yet how we found it. I had 
given up, really, when we took the free- 
way out of Bremerton toward Port 
Gamble, and then saw the water of a bay 
off to the right as we passed the last group 
of stores. I turned down toward it. A 
stream ran along by the side of the road. 
I began to smell clams. I knew I was 
home. . 

There was a hedge now, quite a tall one, 
where we had had a picket fence. Back 
of the hedge, when I looked over, was a 
wide lawn. Standing in the middle of it, 
quite out of place, quite anachronistic, 
even antediluvian, was the grindstone I 
had pumped with breathless love. I re- 
membered the logs as huge, the house as 
huge. They were both quite small. : 

The dog run had been walled in. That, 
I suppose, had been too much for the 
purchasers. But to my grandfather, the 
dog run was important. He had seen 
homes like that, with a dog run, near his 
Tennessee_home-in—his_boyhood,—and—had 
remembered them, wanted one badly 
enough to build it with his own hands. 
There were dormer windows in the wide, 


*“ gloping roof, and tall firs still came -well 


above them, surrounding the house and 
forming a screen I didn’t remember be- 
tween it and the bay. I remembered sud- 
denly that there had been an apple cellar 
off the dog run from which the most 
delectable smells came whenever we 
opened the door. ’ 


+ &£ 

I turned to motion to my wife to come 
and look; but someone had come out of 
the house, unseen by me, and spoke now 
in a pleasant voice from the hedge. 

“Can I help you?” Wonderful north 
country. Wonderful friendliness. But this 
was to be more than that. 

I had begun to stammer. It was all I 


could do, with my car parked in the nar- 


row lane against the hedge, above which 
my head and shoulders projected. 

How was I to tell her what I wanted, 
how explain my presence there, gap- 


ing at her house? Happily, she anticipated 
most of what I tried to say. Is it only 
schoolteachers who arrive in this way at 
ufiderstanding, without too much use of 
crude words? Gained, I presume, from 
drilling wells of understanding in little 
marble heads. I blessed all schoolteachers, 
everywhere. She lived there, it turned out, 
with her sister, another of the same kindly 
breed. Their father had purchased the 
house from my grandfather, and no one 
else had ever owned it, 

We were invited to dinner, which we 
had at a large round table with a Lazy 
Susan in the middle of it. My wife baked 
muffins. We sat by the big fireplace I used 
to crawl nearly into when the bay was 
ringleted with rain, hemlock and fir out- 
side as distressed as the birds, though all 
looking wonderfully glorified when the 
sun finally came out. 

I allowed myself—what a euphemism!— 
to accept an invitation to stay the night, 
and we slept in the room I had had as a 
boy, in feather beds, the first I had seen 
since I was the age, my grandfather told 
me, when he had been dragged out of one 
before daylight one day to go on his first 
hunt (ten years later, at seventeen, he was 
to be handed a gun, in earnest, to march 
north with the Army of Tennessee). 

For the hospitality, I protested my 
thanks, poorly, before we went to bed. 
We were up before anyone was awake 
and off down the highway to catch the 
first ferry from Port Angeles to Victoria. 

> £6 

It was long past noon, and we were 
well on our way up Vancouver Island, be- 
fore I could bring myself to speak of the 
experience we had just had. 

My wife didn’t laugh at me. She didn’t 
even call me sentimental; and say that of 
course everyone had a childhood home 
they would like to visit agairi if only they 
had the unadulterated brass I had shown 
in forcing myself on our hosts. She listened 
as I went over some of the details, and 
then asked me if I thought we would like 
to buy it. But even supposing they would 
sell it—the most unlikely thing in the 
world—lI didn’t want to buy it. We had a 
home we were satisfied with. It was the 
way she said it—as if she might have 
meant it. It was a real beau geste. 

“If everyone,” I said, “would just open 
the door like those schoolteachers did, and 
let some oaf who had lived there as a child 
come back and spend the night—it might 
be a better world.” 

I looked at her as we drove/along the 
sound in the damp, exhilarating, spring air. 
She didn’t say anything. She was smiling. 
She looked in that moment as if she had 
imbibed the wisdom, and the tolerance, 
of all the schoolteachers..who ever lived. 


FRANK DAUGHERTY 


In. Nineteenth-Century Chicago 


TWENTY-FOUR hours after leaving De- 
troit we finally reached Chicago. This im- 
mense city lies on the southwestern shore 
of Lake Michigan and serves as a port for 
all ships sailing between Canada and the 
United States. Only a few years ago it 


-was almost completely destroyed by fire, 


but it is being rebuilt with inconceivable 


speed. Here and there traces ef the con-— 


flagration can still be seen. 

It was already twilight when we ar- 
rived; nevertheless, I left the hotel for 
the street. ... The city has an imposing 
appearance. The streets are unusually 
wide, the homes are immense, dignified, 
and magnificently laid out. The sidewalks 
are elevated above the level of the streets 
and astonish one by their width and the 
tremendous stone slabs from which they 
are constructed. In ‘short, everything is 
enormous here. One might say the city 
was built by giants and for giants. It has 
its own unique characteristics. ... 

I had read somewhere a fantastic de- 
scription of such cities and how they 
would look in the twentieth . 
Chicago reminded me of this description. 
Everything here is just as that description 
had said it should be; everything is sym- 
metrically laid out—perpendicular, rec- 
tangular. Everywhere are-~ innovations 
which are not even known elsewhere. 
Along all the streets stand: rows of tele- 
graph poles supporting a vast number of 
wires. On other wires stretched across the 
street from one house to another hang 
signs with all kinds of inscriptions. In the 
evening twilight which obscures the sight 
of the wires, the signs appear to be sus- 
pended in mid-air without support, As 


century. | 


you look down the street, you see entire 
rows of large and small signs in various 
colors, almost as if the town were dec- 
orated with flags for some celebration. 

On the sidewalks there is tremendous 
movement. Crowds of people... hurry 
in all directions with that typical Ameri- 
can haste characteristic of business de- 
termination. The streets are full of car- 
riages and cabs; the bells of the streetcars 
clang; cab men shout; everywhere are 
crowds and tumult, evidence of the great 
exuberance of life in this’ young city. 
Evening has finally fallen, yet it remains 
as bright as day from the thousands of 
gas lights. The display windows in the 
gigantic stores are so brilliantly illumi- 
nated by gas flames that they almost have 
the appearance of real fireplaces. 

Having selected a street at random, I 
walked where my eyes led me. In some 
places the rows of houses broke off sud- 
denly and in their place were empty areas 
covered with crumbled brick and debris, 
evidences of the recent fire, In other local- 


ities it appeared that a new, gigantic city 


was being erected. As far as the eye could 
see I beheld scaffolding after scaffolding, 
unfinished houses staring out through their 


empty window frames, storey rising upon - 


storey, heaps of bricks and lime. Then 
comes a street already built up and com- 
pleted, filled with the clamor and clatter 
of people, and the glitter of gas lamps— 
in short, a city reborn like the phoenix 
from the ashes.—From “Portrait of Amer- 


ica, Letters of Henry Sienkiewicz,” edited 


and translated by CHarLes Morey. Copy- 
right, 1959, by Columbia University Press, 
New York, ner , 


/ 
. 


“FAMILY REUNION” is being shown in 
the tenth annual exhibition of the Texas 
Water Color Society. Mr. Burt Rees of 
Austin captured the $100 prize offered by 
the Humble Oil and Refining Company, 
Houston. 

The Texas Water Color Society was 
organized in 1949 for the purpose of spon- 
soring the water-color medium, and for 
presenting yearly a large exhibition chosen 
by a jury. Water color is defined by this 
society as “painting in transparent and/or 
in opaque water color on paper, and in 
unvarnished water-soluble caseins on pa- 
per.” Eligible for these yearly displays are 
residents and former residents of Texas. 

There were comparatively few portraits 
in the 1959 selection. Mr. Rees’s “Family 
Reunion” could be regarded as an up-to- 
date daguerreotype. In a sense, it fulfills 
the function of the oldtime group picture 
for which the whole family sat, somewhat 
solemnly and stiffly. 

DorotHy ADLOW 


Turtle Crossing 


Not scheduled as event of fun, 
Nor listed as a tourist’s must, 
Is a turtle sunning in the sun 


Or paddling up diagonal dust 
On a country road. He captivates 
The heart with his implicit trust. 


And he who halts his car and waits 
To see the turtle safely through 
| The danger zone, communicates 


With all things lovely, good and true, 
Sharing the turtle’s timeless view. 


Bettie Cassiz LIDDELL 


- Moral Freedom of Action: 


Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


_ Tue resistance of a human being to 
. whatever would enslave him should be 


nurtured and exercised on a spiritual 
basis. To express moral freedom of ac- 
tion, one needs to understand that in 
reality he isnot a mortal, but an im- 
mortal. For the Scriptures state that 
God, who is infinite and eternal Spirit, 
the only cause and creator, made and 
maintains man in His own image and 
likeness. 

Mortal, material man is not the like- 
ness of Spirit. The Apostle Paul 
wrote of the teaching of the Christ 
(Eph. 4:22-24), “That ye put off con- 
cerning the former conversation the 
old man, which is corrupt according to 
the deceitful lusts; and be renewed in 
the spirit of your mind; and that ye 
put on the new man, which after God 
is created in righteousness and true 
holiness.” 

That which God has created exists 
in omnipresent Mind; whereas the 
mortal concept of man exists only in 
mortal, mistaken belief. The real man, 
God’s idea, is endowed with all the 
qualities of God. One needs to dem- 
onstrate these qualities in order to 
dispel the darkness of any misconcep- 
tion of man and the universe. The in- 
dividual who demonstrates his spirit- 
ual selfhood is equipped to meet the 
Goliath of evil’s boasts. Knowing that 
God is the only power, he possesses 
the same assurance that David had. 


' in ee 


The Apostle James, after reviewing 
the evil with which mortals have to 
contend, wrote (James 4:7): “Submit 
yourselves therefore to God. Resist the 
devil, and he will flee from you.” Such 
advice can be reliable only on the basis 
of the allness of God, good, and the 
provable -unreality of evil, regardless 
of how actual evil may seem to be. 

In the Christian Science textbook, 
“Science and Health with Key to the 
Scriptures,” Mary Baker Eddy, the 
Discoverer and Founder of Christian 
Science, which is in accord with the 
Bible, lays bare the pretentious claims 
of evil arid explains how they may be 
overcome, namely, through the under- 
standing that they are not real, be- 
cause they are not of God. Mrs. Eddy 
gives a simple interpretation of the 
admonition of James. She writes in 


Science and Health (p. 406), “Resist . 


evil—error of every sort—and it will 
flee from you.” 

Mortals are often faced with thé 
perplexing problem of how to free 
themselves from entanglement in one 
or more of the many forms of mate- 
riality. The spiritual man of God’s 
creating is never so entangled. To 
spiritual man belongs eternally free- 
dom of action in Spirit, God; he is in 


no way hampered or compromised by 


any of the claims or laws of material 
belief. To be free it is essential that 
one realize this and strive to express 
the qualities of the man that God 
created. This is accomplished through 
obedience to divine law and the patient 


Die morele Vryheid van Handeling 


[This is an Afrikaans translation of “Moral Freedom of Action,” 
appearing on this page] : 


‘mn Vertaling van die artikel oor Christian Science* wat in 
[Die volgende Afrikaanse vertaling sal 12 Ok 


Diz weerstand wat ’n mens bied teen 
alles wat hom tot slaaf wil maak, moet 
op ’n geestelike basis aangekweek en aan- 
gewend word. Om uiting te gee aan die 
morele vryheid van handeling behoef ons 
te verstaan dat ons in werklikheid nie 
sterflik nie, maar onsterflik is. Want die 
Bybel sé dat God, wat oneindige en ewige 
Gees is, die enigste oorsaak en skepper, 
die mens na Sy eie beeld en gelykenis 
geskape het en hom in stand hou. 


Die sterflike, stoflike mens is nie die 
gelykenis van Gees nie. Die apostel Paulus 
het soos volg oor die leer van die Christus 
geskryf (Ef. 4:22-24): ,,Dat julle, wat die 
vorige lewenswandel betref, die oue mens 
moet aflé wat deur die begeerlikhede van 
die verleiding te gronde gaan, en dat julle 
vernuwe moet word in die gees van julle 
gemoed en julle met die nuwe mens moet 
beklee wat na God geskape is in ware 
geregtigheid en heiligheid.” 


Wat God geskape het, bestaan in die 
alomteenwoordige Gemoed, terwyl die 
sterflike begrip van die mefis alleen vol- 
gens ’n sterflike wangeloof bestaan. Die 
werklike mens, die idee van God, is met 
al die eienskappe van God begiftig. Ons 
moet bewyse van hierdie hoedanighede 
gee om die duisternis van enige wanbe- 
grip in verband met die mens en die 
heelal te verdryf. Die individu wat van 
sy geestelike selfheid bewys lewer is toe- 
gerus om die Goliat van alle grootpratery, 
wat van die kwaad afkomstig is, die hoof 
te bied. Omdat hy weet dat God die 
enigste mag is, is hy net so vol vertroue 
soos Dawid. 

S:. 2. .# 


Nadat hy. die kwaad waarteen -ster- 
flinge moet worstel in oénskou geneem 
het, het die apostel Jakobus ~ geskryf 
(Jak. 4:7): ~,Onderwerp julle dan aan 
God; weerstaan die duiwel, en hy sal van 
julle af wegvlug.” Op sulke raad kan 
staat gemaak word alleen op grond van 
die alheid van God, die goeie, en die 
bewysbare onwerklikheid van die kwaad, 
afgesien van hoe werklik die kwaad 
mag lyk. 


In die leerboek van Christian Science* 
Science and Health with Key to the 
Scriptures (Wetenskap en Gesondheid 
met Sleutel tot die Heilige Skrif) 1lé 
Mary Baker Eddy, die Ontdekster en 
Stigster van Christian Science, wat met 
die Bybel ooreenkom, die aanmatigende 
eise van die bloot en verduidelik 
hoe dit oorwin word, naamlik deur 
die begrip dat dit nie werklik bestaan 
nie omdat dit nie van God afkomstig is 
nie. Mrs. Eddy vertolk Jakobus se ver- 


5 


en sy magteloosheid om ons deur mis- 


Y els op hierdie bladsy verskyn 
er verskyn] 


maning op jeenvoudige wyse. In Science 
and Health| (bls. 406) skryf sy: ,,Weer- 
staan die kwaad—dwaling van enige aard 
—en dit ).Wan.u. wegvlug.” 

Dikwels kom sterflinge teenoor die 
verwarrende probleem te staan hoe om 
hulle los te maak van verstrikking in een 
of meer van die veelvuldige vorme van 
die stof. Die geestelike mens wat deur 
God geskape is; word nooit op hierdie 
manier verstrik nie. Die vryheid van han- 
deling in die Gees, God, kom hom ewig 
toe; hy word geensins deur enige van die 
eise of wette van die stoflike geloof ge- 
hinder of in gevaar gestel nie. Om vry 
te wees is dit noodsaaklik dat ons daar- 
van bewus moet wees en dat ons daarna 
sal strewe om aan die eienskappe van die 
mens wat God geskape het, uiting te gee. 
Dit word bereik wanneer ons die godde- 
like we gehoorsaam en alles wat anders 
is as God geduldig verwerp en laat vaar. 


In ’n rede oor. gehoorsaamheid in 
Miscellaneous Writings (Allerlei Werke) 
maak -Mrs, Eddy die volgende troosryke 
verklaring (bls. 119): ,,Die kwaad is 
magteloos om die regskape mens van sy 
opregtheid af te wend.” Wanneer sy oor 
die valse natuur van die individu praat, 
gaan sy voort om te sé: ,,Hierdie stoflike 
natuur beywer hom om die. geestelike 
natuur die neerlaag te laat ly; want die 
vlees worstel teen die Gees,— teen alles 
en almal wat die kwaad teengaan, —en 
weeg swaar teen die mens se hoé bestem- 
ming. Hierdie gevolgtrekking is nie ’n 
argument ten gunste van pessimisme of 
ten gunste van optimisme nie maar dit is 
’n pleidooi vir vrye morele werking,— 
volle vrystelling van alle noodsaaklik- 
heid om ’n mag te gehoorsaam wat mag- 
teloos behoor te wees en in Christian. 
Science inderdaad magteloos is.” 

> £2: 2 


Die geestelike begrip van God en die 
mens, soos in die eerste hoofstuk van 
Genesis uiteengesit, en die aanvullende 
waarhede in die Heilige Skrif wat in 
Christian Science uitgebring word, stel 
ons in staat om die morele vryheid van 
handeling wat die mens se geestelike erf- 
deel is, prakties toe te pas. Deur die 
begrip van die alheid van God, die god- 
delike Beginsel, is ons vry om versoeking, 
hetsy in die vorm van siekte of sonde, 
te behandel soos Christus Jesus dit be- 
handel het—as~’n droombeeld van die 
sintuie wat op grond van sy nietsheid 


leiding te lok, vernietig moet word. 


rejection and abandonment of all that 
is unlike God. 

In an address on the subject of obe- 
dience in “Miscellaneous Writings,” 
Mrs. Eddy makes this comforting state- 
ment (p. 119), “Evil is impotent to 
turn the righteous man from his up- 
rightness.” In speaking of the false 
nature of the individual, she continues: 
“This material nature strives to tip the 
beam against the spiritual nature; for 
the flesh strives against Spirit,— 
against whatever or whoever opposes 
evil,—and weighs mightily in the 
scale against man’s high destiny. This 
conclusion is not an argument either 
for pessimism or for optimism, but is a 
plea for free moral agency,—full ex- 
emption from all necessity to obey a 
power that should be and_.is found 
powerless in Christian Science.” 

f>—_? —#$ 

The spiritual understanding of God 
and man, as set forth in the first chap- 
ter of Genesis, and the correlative 
truths throughout the Scriptures, 
brqught to light in Christian Science, 
make it possible for one to utilize in 


‘a practical way the moral freedom of 


action which is man’s spiritual herit- 
age. Through the understanding of the 
allness of God, divine Principle, one is 
free to deal with temptation, whether 
it be in the form of sickness or sin, 
as Christ Jesus dealt with it—as an 
illusion of the physical senses to be 
disposed of on the basis of its noth- 
ingness and its powerlessness to entice 
by deception. 


[Elsewhere on the page will be found a translation 
of this article in Afrikaans. The next Afrikaang 
translation will appear October 12.] 


Fiesta Melons 


In Benidorm there are melons, 
Whole donkey-carts full 


Of innumerable melons, 
Ovals and balls, 


Bright green and thumpable 
Laced over with stripes 


Of turtle-dark green. 
Choose an egg-shape, a world-shape, 


Bowl one homeward. to taste 
In the whitehot noon: 


Cream*smooth honeydews, 
Pink-pulped whoppers, 


Bump-rinded cantaloupes 
With orange cores. 


Each wedge wears a studding 
Of blanched seeds or black seeds 


To strew like confetti 
Under the feet of 


This market of melon-eating 
Fiesta-goers, 


SYLVIA PLATE 


— 


OW Can 
I regain 
my strength? 


SCIENCE 
HEALTH 


‘ 
: 


THE TRUTH 

IN THIS 

GREAT BOOK CAN 
REFRESH YOU 


Your strength can be 
renewed—your weariness exchanged 
for rest. and joyous activity—if you 
will seek prayerfully the truth cone 
tained in this gréat book, Science and 
Health with Key to the Scriptures 
by Mary Baker Eddy. | 


Science and Health explains logi- 
cally that strength is a quality of God 
imparted to man. It is not dependent 
upon bodily conditions, nor is it dee 
pleted by useful and dutiful activity, 
Countless Christian Scientists over a 
period of nearly one hundred years 
have proved this to be so, expressing 
in their own lives energy and vitality 
by obedience to the laws of God as res 
vealed to them in this book. 


Find this out for yourself! Read, 
buy,* or borrow a copy of this book 
at the Christian Science Reading 
Room nearest you. There you can 
read this book, together with the 
King James Version of the Bible, in 
an atmosphere of quiet and rest, 
There, too, you can borrow Science 
and Health without charge and take 

. it home to read at your leisure, 


COME...AND RENEW YOUR STRENGTH! 


*Science and Health can be 
purchased in red, green, or 
blue binding for $8 ag 
Christian Science Reading 
Rooms throughout the 
world, or it will be sent 
postpaid on receipt of check 
or money order by: 


One Norway Street, Boston 15, Massachusetts 
| | 13 


‘ 


5 


_ Cuanves Henny Gasnten, Publishers’ A gent, e 


Monday, July 13, 1959 


ork 


— 


By ERWIN D. CANHAM, Editor 


of The Christian Science Monitor 


American Steel and 


Trade With Europe 


It is a great pleasure tc be speaking to 
you again after a vacation in Western 
Europe. For four weeks I have been exposed 


to the tremendous progress Western Europe 
is making in improving its economic well- 
being and its political stability. Qn the 
whole the results are impressive. They tie 
in closely with. the threat of a steel strike 
which hangs over the American nation. 

The crux of the problem relating to the 
steel strike is whether the American 
economy is to take another inflationary 
turn. The crux of the situation in Europe 
is that costs of production—because of lower 
labor costs—have made Europe a powerful 
competitor for world markets and have 
shut off much of European markets from 
American manufactured goods. * 

American raw materials are, of course, 
still needed and consumed in Europe. Many 
American manufactured products would be 
greatly welcomed—if they weren’t priced so 
high. And so the question is whether the 
United States is pricing itself out of world 
markets. . 

The issue in the steel strike is whether 
a wage increase for steel workers can come 
out of steel profits, as labor contends, or 
can come out of improved productivity, 
which management seeks, or will have to 
come out of a rise in prices to the consumer, 
which nobody wants. If steel prices go up, 
the prices of almost everything else go ip. 
And the total economy continues its fevered 
inflation. 


German System Viewed 


West Germany is perhaps the most im- 
pressive of all the economic marvels of 
Western Europe—but only in degree. France, 
Britain, Belgium, the Netherlands are also 
high on the list. West German labor has 
been very reasonable and restrained in the 
postwar period. 

In the steel industry its reasonableness 
may be partially conditioned by its rights 
of codetermination; that is to say, both labor 
and management have equal representation 
on boards of directors, and the ultimate de- 
cision—if there is a disagreement—is taken 
by the llth man, a neutral arbiter. You 
would think that the 11th man would have 
to break a deadlock on almost all important 
decisions. Yet I was told that in no instance 
had there been disagreement—in no in- 
stance had the 11th man had to vote. 

Labor’s representatives, however, have 
learned a great deal about the nature of the 
business operation. Perhaps the representa- 
tion of labor on boards of directors violates 
an important principle—the right of capital 
to control itself and its affairs. Perhaps the 
real decisions are taken elsewhere than on 
the boards of directors. But the fact remains 
that, for whatever reasons, labor’s demands 
in thriving West Germany, as well as else- 
where in Europe, have been reasonable, and 
labor’s hard work has contributed greatly 
to the present prosperity of the atea. 

In Britain, where there was the threat 
of a printing strike during all the time I was 
abroad, and all except the big national daily 
newspapers are actually shut down, the pay 
the printers receive and the hours they work 
are far below American standards. The 
British demands, which the publishers are 
sternly resisting, are still far below Ameri- 
can standards. All of this is not to suggest 
that American standards are too high. It is 
to suggest that the United States has a 
serious problem of world trade, a problem 
of inflation; a problem of productivity. 


Industry-Union Study Urged 


In the case of the steel industry, labor 
seemed to recognize the problem when 
David McDonald, Steelworkers Union presi- 
dent, proposed that the problem of contract 
changes which would permit greater pro- 
ductive efficiency should be referred to an 
industry-union study committee. Thus~the 
door was open a faint crack toward the 
prevention of a strike. But the vast industry 
was slowly closing down its operations in 
expectation of a walkout July 14 at mid- 
night. 

Steel production has been very high for 
many months, partly in anticipation of a 
strike. Stockpiles are high at the mills 
and in the warehouses of consuming indus- 
tries. A relatively brief strike would work 
no great hardship on industry as a whole. 
The chief sufferers would be the steelwork- 
ers themselves, who would go on vacation, 
and receive strike benefits out of their own 
treasury. 

After some weeks, however, the need to 
resume production would become more and 


more intense. Then, if the industry finds . 


itself forced to. pay higher wages and does 
not get compensatory improvements in 
working efficiency, the results are bound to 
be inflationary, except to the extent that 
profits can be reduced. The whole American 
economy, every American person, has a 
vital interest in the result. 

Closely tied in with Western Europe’s 
prosperity is the absence of any crisis 
atmosphere. The foreign ministers are re- 
suming their meetings in Geneva. Returning 
visitors to Moscow—like Averell Harriman 
—say they believe the underlying LEast- 
West situation is very dangerous. Yet, more 
Americans than ever before are traveling 
blithely about Europe, many, indeed, going 
to Moscow. 7 


Crisis Atmosphere Lacking 


There is no crisis atmosphere in Berlin. 
In Paris, London, Bonn, Brussels, Amster- 
dam—indeed, everywhere I visited—people 
are going about their daily affairs in a mood 
of cheerful enthusiasm, Perhaps people just 
simply cannot act as if they were in a 


perpetual crisis. Perhaps the cries which 
sound like “Wolf, Wolf!” have made them 
impervious to all warnings. Certain it is 
that never before have people had a greater 
stake in peace than the people of :Western 
Europe, and I am convinced everywhere 
else in the world. 

The people of Western Europe have never 
had it so good, There were times, of course, 
when the privileged classes in the old em- 
pires were much better off than they are 
today. But the rank and file of the people, 
the vast majority of the people, were never 
nearly so well off. They are eating better, 
dressing better, living better, recreating 
better. 

I lived in Britain for three years in the 
’20’s, and on the continent for two or three 
years in the ’30’s. The people look much 
better today. They look much more alike! 
The ladies dress more smartly, and so do 
the men. All this applies to the lower- 
middle and lower classes especially. 

This economic well-being means the peo- 
ple have a desperate aversion to war. They 
have so much to lose. It may also mean 
that they are not sufficiently alert to the 
potential penetration of communism. Cer- 
tainly communism is weaker in all Western 
countries than it was a decade ago, and is 
steadily growing weaker still. And of course 
communism has been contained within its 
physical frontiers for recent years. But the 
threat to Berlin remains direct. 

The physical power of the Soviet Union 
and of Communist China grow apace. West- 
ern Europe quite plainly feels that it must 
reach accommodation with these forces, and 
views somewhat fatalistically the growing 
military power of the Communist alliance. 


West Gains in Stability 


Meantime, political stability grows almost 
everywhere in the West. This is not true 
currently in West Germany, but it is par- 
ticularly true in France and Britain. In West 
Germany, the problem of Chancellor Ade- 
nauer’s determination to remain in office 
has put the Bonn republic under severe 
strain. So far, the republic has weathered 
the strain better than the Weimar Republic 


‘ bore the strains’ of the 1920’s and early 


1930's. But the problem still remains of sup- 
porting a steady party system and avoiding 
too strong one-man rule. 

In France, President de Gaulle retains a 
great part of his prestige. The disasters 
which some felt would follow the victories 
of the somewhat fanatical right wing among 
his supporters have not resulted. Domesti- 
cally, France is flourishing and more pro- 
gressive than for many years, But the un- 
solved problem of Algeria hangs over the 
republic. Until it is adjusted, there will be 
no real assurance of continuing total prog- 
ress. 

In Britain, the Macmillan government 
looks forward with moderate confidence to 
general elections which will almost surely 
be held in October, The trade-union move- 
ment has just experienced a considerable 
split, with the left wing of the Labor Party 
dissenting on the party’s proposals to limit 
the nuclear club. Most of the party sup- 
ports the proposals, ‘but it will not help in 
the elections to have a dissident wing. 

The Conservatives are united. If present 


’ prosperity continues through the elections, 


if there is a summit meeting and Prime 
Minister Macmillan can claim some credit 
for its relative success, his party will cer- 
tainly go to the polls with.more confidence 
than anybody would have dreamt of a year 
or two ago, | 


As given on the American Broadcasting Company network. 


From the Bookshelf 


Ancient Mariners and Modern Theories ..... By Joseph G. Harrison 


Tahiti Nui, by Eric De Bisschop. New York: 
McDowell, Obolensky. 284 pp. $5. London: 
Collins. 


Among the many obscure questions which 
greatly exercise the experts is the migration 
route of the Polynesian nation. How did this 


attractive race, now spread over some 7,000 ° 


miles of ocean and island from the southwest 
Pacific to Madagascar, reach its widely dis- 
persed resting places? 

One theory, given wide public attention by 
the famous raft-voyage of Thor Heyrdahl 
aboard the Kon-Tiki, is that the Polynesians 
drifted westward with the prevailing ocean 
currents from the western shores of South 
America. 

In “Tahiti Nui” it is the passionate purpose 
of a French adventurer and Polynesian scholar 
to prove the exact opposite, namely, that the 
Polynesian. voyagers began their faring fro 
some point in Southeast Asia and that, while 
some of them did indeed go westward with 
the current, others sailed against that same cur- 
rent east to the islands of the South Pacific. 

Furthermore, the author tells us that this 
proves that the Polynesians were the only true 
mariners among the ancients and the only 
truly maritime civilization of antiquity. 

i, ee 

How was this feat of. sailing against prevail- 
ing winds and tides and across the mightiest 
body of water in the world accomplished some 
2,500 years ago? The answer, Eric De Bisschop 

lies in the discovery and use of mov- 


of steering a course. Let down through the 
bamboo floors of Polynesian rafts, this gear en- 
abled them to beat their way against wind and 
tide for vast distances. 

To prove this. theory the author and a hand- 
ful of crew, wise in the ways of the Pacific, 
built such a raft, equipped it with guaras, and 
for some seven to eight months did indeed sail 
their way from Tahiti almost to the Chilean 
island of Juan Fernandez, a distance of some 
2,500 miles. In fact, they would probably have 
been able to sail it the additional 500 miles or 
so to the coast of Chile had not they run into 
one of the worst storms of the century. 


hes Soe 


Whether this is sufficient to prove the au- 
thor’s theory regarding the origin of Polynesia, 
only experts could say, and they show little in- 
clination to agree. But that. it makes an inter- 
esting tale is incontestable. This is so despite 
the author’s wearisome reiteration of what he 
considered to be the advantages of the some- 
what looser moral code of Polynesia, a badly 
overworked theme of too many devotees of 
South Pacific island “paradises.” 


If there is still another legitimate criticism 
of, the book it is that the author seems to have 
treated all too lightly the not entirely ill- 
founded objections which others have raised 
to his theories regarding Pol an history. 
On the whole, however, it obvious that 
the writer, who was lost in 1958 when the 
Tahiti Nui foundered on its return voyage, has 
made an interesting and worthwhile contribu- 


° eS... 
Re og 
. ~ ay yee 
yy ¥% 4 ‘ - 


Soviet Exhibition of Science, Technology, and Culture 


New York’s Coliseum houses this display, which 
includes sputnik nose cone (right) and other 


space vehicles. The exhibit leaves an impression 
of industria] might, 


By Harry C. Kenney 
Staff Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


New York 


OSCOW HAS SYMBOLICALLY stuck a 
“for sale” sign up in the middle of New 
York City. And on the opening day for 
publicly displaying its wares, a record 
40,000.to 50,000 people rushed to the Coliseum to 
see what the Soviet Union had to offer. According 
to Soviet officials, all of the 10,000 items, except 
for the sputniks and the atomic ice-breaker, can 
be ordered and delivered anywhere in the world. 

The $10,000,000 to $15,000,000 display runs the 
gamut from toys to tractors, canned fish to ma- 
chine tools, candy to textiles—and a considerable 
amount of visible and invisible Soviet propaganda 
is included. 

Even Moscow’s new pride and joy, the mas- 
sive TU-114 airship capable of flying 200 passen- 
gers nonstop from Moscow to New York in record 
time is for sale. However, its designer, Andrei 
N. Tupolev, said that “if other countries wished 
to buy the plane, they would have to do so in sale 
lots of 50 or 100.” 

There is nothing in the very colorful and attrac- 
tive Coliseum show which the visitor can buy and 
take home. The Soviets want first to show Ameri- 
cans how they live or would like to live, and sec- 
ondly, to drum up trade with the United States. 

At least from one point of view, the Soviets 
will be successful—over a million and a half 
children, students, and adults are expected to 
pay 50 cents and $1 to visit the exhibition before 
it closes Aug. 10. 


Businessmen Wary 


How much business and how many contracts 
can be achieved with the American importer and 
exporter is a moot question. Surveys and inter- 
views here in New York indicate definitely that 
t businessman is wary. But the visitors at the 
exhibition are quicksto say why they are there. 
They want to know more about the Soviet Union. 

They listened to hi-fi, watched television, fin- 
gered the textiles, gazed at. the paintings and 
sculpture, asked questions about the sputniks, 
spent considerable time over the exhibition of 


Gary Wagner 
FASHION SHOW: Soviet designs: for men 
and women are modeled at Coliseum. 


,_N. Pashin 


the Soviet school system, and flocked to the 
fashion show where Russian girls modeled 
dresses, sports clothes, and furs. Thousands were 
favorably impressed. 


The Soviet citizens assigned to each exhibit 
are well educated—many of them graduates of 
the University of Moscow. They are experts in 
their fields 6f exhibition. But there still was a 
language barrier. 


The Soviet guides found that Americans spoke 
too quickly and expected quick answers. But 
when there were patience and calmness, there was 
mutual understanding. 


Answers Cautious . 


One visitor said that he got the impression the 
Soviet guides not only tried to understand the 
questions but tried to understand the implications 
before they answered. Of course, many Americans 
asked some pretty frank and pointed questions. 

For instance, one was asked: ‘‘Do your have one 
of these television sets in your home?” He’replied: 
“No, but I could if I wanted it.” The automobile 
attendant was asked: ‘‘Does Moscow have as 
many automobiles as New York?” The reply: 
“No, it is more important that we export them.” 
An attendant on the display of exquisite furs, 
fur pieces, and fur coats was asked if many 
people back home wore such expensive items. 
His reply was: ‘“‘We,.like you Americans, put first 
things first. Does your wife have an expensive 
fur?” 

The one thing the guides will not do is become 
involved in political questions. One was asked: 
“How can you expect Americans to buy yo 
products when the Soviet Union is so criti 
‘of the capitalistic system and is proving so diii- 
cult in internaticnal affairs?” The answer: “This 
is not a political arena. It is a Russian exhibition 
of. science, technology, and culture.” Then there 
was this quick but indoctrinated flashback: 
“Remember, since socialism and capitalism exist 
on one planet their coexistence is a _ historic 
necessity.” 


Production Uncertain 


It is not easy for Americans to determine where 
the Soviets stand in the race for production. Cer- 
tamly there were many modern and impressive 
goods on display. But time and again, the visitors 
wondcred whether the Soviet people had or could 
get these things. They wanted to know where 
the Soviet Union stood in world trade. 

There were American engineers who felt that 
some things were very functional but not ad- 
vanced over an equivalent United States prod- 
uct. A number commented.that some of the tech- 
nical equipment was not well designed. Some 
scientists looked, poked, pressed buttons, did 
mathematical equations, and fired questions at the 


Soviet expert guides, and after they finished the. , 
six acres of display declared cautiously, “There is 


nothing new here.” 


On the other hand, numerous engineers felt that 
the very flight of the turboprop TU-114 from 
Moscow to New York is an excellent example 
that the Soviets have not only the engineering 
skill but top-drawer machine’ tools. Others felt 
also that considering what World War II did to 
the Soviet Union, its scientists and engineers have 
made‘remarkable recovery and the exhibits at the 
Coliseum showed it. 


_ The hard core of achievement is in the display 
of model sputniks—three of them. The third is a 
cosmic rocket now circling the sun. It is said to 
contain scientific equipment with a total weight 
of 797 pounds. The launching rocket reportedly 
weighed 3,250. This exhibit is impressing every- 
one. 

Most of the businessmen and industrialists in- 
terviewed here shied away from committing 
themselves and they were wary about the im- 


ee 


Soviets 


SCHOOL CHILDREN: Part of a papier- 
maché exhibit by artist Lakov. 


SILK FABRICS: These were manufactured 
by the Moscow “Red Rose” mill for the exhibit. 


mediate prospects of trading extensively with 
Moscow. 


The representative of a broad and important 
business organization here pointed out another 
Dillon statement which he said businessmen re- 
member: “Both Premier Khrushchev and Mr. 
Mikovyan have frankly said that an expansion of 
Soviet imports in the next several years is predi- 
cated upon the extent to which the West can be 
persuaded to finance Soviet purchases. Do the 
Soviet leaders actually expect us to finance the 
growth of the industrial machine of a hostile 
Communist Party whose leader has threatened 


9999 


to ‘bury us’? 


Challenge Focused 


Probably a general reaction’ by the businesc- 
men is summed up by a talk given recently by 
A. M. Strong, international business consultant, 
before a session of the National Industrial Con- 
ference Board. He said: “The Russian economic 
challenge deserves serious consideration by every 
sector of our nation. We must not underestimate 
this threat and lull ourselves with the idea that 
the Soviet bloc cannot compete with us in world 
markets.” 


Actually, the Soviet Union is doing well in 
world trade. The United States Commerce De- 
partment: shows in a published report that the 
Soviet Union ranks in volume as the sixth largest 
trading nation. The largest, in order, are the 
United States, Britain, West Germany, Canada, 
and France. ae 


Soviet trade with the United States has been 
small in recent years. In 1958 the United States 
exported a little over $3,000,000 worth of goods to 
the Soviet Union and bought $17,000,000 worth 
of imports from that country. 


The biggest purchasers of Soviet goods are the 
Asian Communist countries and Eastern European 
nations, 


The Soviets are out for business at the Coli- 
seum. There is a nicely decorated hall filled with 
literature and trade experts. Businessmen can go 
right from the exhibits to the trade room and 
sign up. There is no need. to get in touch with 
Moscow. All the necessary information and docu- 
ments are available here. 


It is possible to make arrangements on the 
product and the delivery time plus the form of 
financing—credit or cash—say the agents, 


Arguments Pressed 


They will tell you also that today the Soviet 
Union does business with over 70 countries, and 
with more than 40 of them on the basis of trade 
agreements. 


They impress you with the statement that the 
U.S.S.R. is very willing to conclude long-term 
trade agreements, which is in line with its 

lanned economy and is a favorable factor in 

ternational. trade. 

They point out that while the Soviet Union is 
a big exporter of machines and other equipment, 
at the same time it ranks second in the world as . 
an importer of ships, boilers, power station ma- 
chinery, machiné tools, forge-press equipment, 
and certain types of technological equipment. 

This reporter asked a trade representative: 
“Under what conditions could the Soviet Union 


expect increased trade with the West?” 7 


He replied, “Unfortunately, the Soviet Union's 
readiness to develop trade activity is not always 


roperly understqod by a number of the capital- 
fet countries in the West. It also regards mutually 
advantageous economic cooperation as a factor 
promoting peace and friendship between nations.” 


“MOSCOW BUILDING PROGRAM: Here. is 
mode! of apartment house built from thin-walled, 
reinforced concrete casette panels. Other progres- 


* 


able centerboards, termed guaras, which had 
*. the double purpose of counteracting leeway and 


‘ee and economical of building as ex- 
emplified in Soviet er ihorkeoa developments 
are shown in the exhibit. 


tion to the history of the early settlement of 
the globe. 


ae 


A eS Oe EE ee Ee att eA 


» te 


—_ 


Te CHRISTIAN oh te MONITOR, BOSTON, 


MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959 


WOMEN TODAY 


Film Star 
No Idler 
Oft Stage 


By Gunhild Gansing 


Written jor. The Christian Science Monitor 


When Rosalind Russell and 
her producer husband, Frederick 
Brisson, sailed for London May 
21, a few lazy days at sea pro- 
vided a sharp contrast to the 
life that is characteristic of the 
famous film star. She admits 
that normally she has the energy 
of a dozen other persons. 

“TIT think it is because I am 
always afraid of missing. some- 
thing, It’s not an act. If you 
keep busy, and keep interested 
in people who need you, your 
own problems will seem trivial,” 
she has said. 

When in California, she works 
, indoors and outdoors every min- 
"ute she is not in the film studio. 


She has recently redecorated the 


: 


7 


es 


‘ 


» Europe 


* upstairs portion of her Beverly 
‘Hills house, including the room 
of her 16-year-old son Lance, 
who has been for the past year 
a student at Hotchkiss School in 
Connecticut. 

Lance joined his parents in 
a few weeks. ago. 
They all visited his grandmother 


5. in Copenhagen on the occasion of 
-the unveiling of a memorial 


: 


monument honoring his °* late 
}\ grandfather, Car] Brisson, well- 
known actor. Friends say Lance 
‘resembles his Danish - born 
father more every year. 


. Sturdy Home Life 


> 
; 


4 


; 


SS Rosalind 


’ 


’ 


. sell, 


His mother, Miss Russell, 
comes from a “good, old- 
* fashioned New England” family 
of Irish extraction. One of 
seven children, she was named 
,.Rosalind “because my parents 
took a trip to Nova Scotia on the 
and liked the 
name,” she explains. 


Her late father, James E. Rus- 
a distinguished trial law- 
yer, saw to it that his children 


‘ had security, love, and happi- 


ness in the home. He taught 
them valuable lessons, made 
them realize that many were 
less fortunate than they, and en- 
couraged them to give part of 
their weekly allowances. to 
charity, as well as working for 
charity. 

“My father was a wonderfully 
wise man. He advised me even 
in sports. I recall, when I was 
only 13, a tall, skinny girl, and 
it was Regatta Day. I had 
reached the finals in a diving 
contest. The other finalist was a 
very pretty girl of 17. While I 
waited, a button on my bathing 
suit popped off. When I heard 


’* the cheers that greeted the other 


girl as she emerged from the 
water, I used the button as an 
excuse to quit and I swam out 
to the boat in which my father 
was waiting. 


The Briceoas: Lance, Rosalind, and Fred 


*As he pulled me in he said: theater, she plunged into a sum- 


‘You will have to learn one thing 
—a quitter never wins and @ 
winner never quits.’ 

“I never forgot it, and I have 
always been grateful to my 
father for his wise words. With- 
out them .I might have quit 
other and more important as- 
signments later in life. They 
came back to me many, times. 

“My father believed in ‘all the 
freedom compatible with good 
manners, ethical conduct, fam- 
ily respect, and honor.’ He stip- 
ulated in his will that none of 
his children should receive any 
support until three years after 
leaving school, 


“That meant that we had 
either to learn something more 
or start working. I chose work,” 
said Miss Russell. ‘Parents 
sometimes ask: What can a 
young girl do if she doesn’t 
marry at. 19? Does anybody 
think she is an expert in any- 
thing at that age? ‘She can take 
a job,” I answer. 

“A job will teach anybody the 
self-discipline which may not 
have been demanded in the per- 
son’s home by indulgent par- 
ents. No one gets anything for 
nothing, not even friendship or 
respect. Maybe the most valua- 
ble lesson a job gives young 
people is the knowledge of what 
it takes to earn a dollar.” 

As Rosalind Russell had writ- 
ten plays and acted from =the 
time she was a tot, she chose 
drama for her career. After 
graduating from courses in the 


mer engagement, acted in 26 
plays in 13 weeks; and she has 
had scarcely an idle day since. 

After 1 started in Holly- 
wood,” she remembers, “and 
had some success as a career 
woman, I played only career 
women, about 20 of them; so I 
told the producer, ‘I don’t learn 
anything new, @ want to do 
something else.’” ° 


Role in ‘The Women’ 


She wanted the role of Sylvia 
Fowler in Clare Boothe Luce’s 
“The Women.” She knew that 
she was right for the part. No- 
bady else did, but she persuaded 
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer to make 
a. test. won the role, and a new 
field opened up. 

Her success had another un- 
foreseeable influence on her life. 
In the fall of 1939, on the SS 
George Washington was Fred 
Brisson. “The Women” was the 
only movie shown on the boat, 
and as Brisson had his deck 
chair outside the main salon he 
heard the picture’s dialogue re- 
peatedly. Finally he went in to 
see it and after that found him- 
self thinking unusually much 
about Rosalind Russell, 

He decided to meet her, and 
his friend Cary Grant intro- 
duced them, Two vears later, on 
October 25. 1941. in California's 
Danisn community’ Solvang, 
they were married with. Cary 
Grant as best man. 

“IT was 29 years ald when I 
married Fred,’ Rosalind Russell 


Quick Tricks for the Kitchen 


Written for The Christian Science Monitor 
Muffin Variations—Make your meals more interesting by vary- 
ing your muffins from time to time. To any basic recipe calling 


for 2 cups flour, 


make cheese muffins by adding 1 cup grated 


cheese to mixed and sifted dry ingredients. 


For nut muffins, add 


15 cup coarsely chopped walnuts to 


mixed and sifted dry ingredients. 


For peanut butter muffins, 
mixed, sifted dry ingredients. 


cut. } 


2 cup peanut butter into 


Blueberry muffins may be made by adding 1 cup fresh or 
drained blueberries and about 3 tablespoons sugar. 


For jam muffins, 


fill muffin cups half full of batter, place 1 


teaspoon of jam or jelly in center, then add rest of batter. 


E. R. J. 


proclaims cheerily, but she adds, 
“That’s 10 years later than most 
girls wed nowadays, Young peo- 
ple often become parents these 
days before they are old enough 
to vote; but I believe, as I have 
said before, that parents ought 
to be parents and not members 
of the same Scout troop as cared 
children. 

“We complain about teen 
agers going out too much and 
staying out too late, but what 
about the parents? Are all the 
things they go out for evenings 
necessary for their work or as a 
part of community service /or 
charity? In our family we take 
time to read books together or 
go to sports ,events together. 
Also we work in our house and 
garden, and have projects.” 

Rosalind Russell was the first 
actress to go on a camp tour 
during World War II and she 
stayed in the work, while her 
husband was/in uniform over- 
seas. 


Also an Author 

Few /persons know that Miss 
Russell is an author as well as 
an actress. Her story “The Un- 
guarded Moment” was made 
into a motion picture, starring 
Esther Williams. She has also 
had numerous magazine articles 


published under the pseudonym 
of C. A. McKnight. 

Meanwhile she continues to 
win awards for her acting abil- 
ity. One of the most notable, 
given her by the Motion Picture 
Research Society, Inc., included 
the citation: “To the most out- 
standing female star in Holly- 
wood with the best record as 
regards marriage, home life, in- 
fluence on the public and the 
country in general; for the good 
work against juvenile delin- 
quency, divorce and crime, and 
for having portrayed more 
American business and career 
women on the screen than any 
other actress.” 

But her son is reported as 
saying about her, “She’s just 
Mother — especially when I’m 
boning for exams. Then she 
gives me plenty of help. When 
she has left her costume, she 
has also left 


her acting role.” 


Where Husband Leads, Wife Goes Too 


By Rebekah Keim 
Written for The Christian Science — 
When we stopped at Khar- 


~toum on our trip to Somalia, a 


year and one-half ago, the air- 
port looked somewhat grim but 
the next stop, Aden, was so 
much worse that-.Mogadiscio. 
came as an agreeable surprise 
even in the heat of a tropical 
afternoon. Nor did the life at the 
hotel with only running § salt 
water (for a room with toilet 
you had to go on a waiting list) 
prepare us for the life. in the 
“bush,” where we knew we 
would be living. 


On the map. of the world, 
Baidoa, Somalia, is only a hop, 
skip, and jump from Khartoum. 
But the “hop” is seven to eight 
hours’ by plane, the “skip” is 
skipping Ethiopia, which has 
border trouble with Somalia, and 
the “jump” should be “bumps,” 
those encountered by jeep, on 
the 150 miles of dirt road into 
the “bush,” especially after the 
rains, which was when I made 
my first visit to Baidoa. 


Office for Home 


And don’t be fooled by all that 
green on the map! It just means 
sea level and has nothing to do 
with verdure. In fact, the land- 
scape is all gray in red soil or 
brown, except after a good rainy 
season for a couple of weeks. 
The last two rainy seasons have 
not been good. 

Nevertheless, after six months 
in the hotel in Mogadiscio where 
my husband was located, Baidoa 
looked pretty wonderful, except 
for the minor detail that no one 
had provided a house for us. 
My husband had been given of- 
fice space, consisting of one large 
room, at the front ‘of an Office 
building, with two inside rooms 
leading off from it, and a lava- 
tory between. 

One of these rooms opened 
beyond into a  semienclosed 
space with an ancient stone sink 
with running water and a char- 
coal stove, both alive with flies, 
mosquitoes, and roaches. I had 
come to Somalia to be with my 
husband so, in desperation, we 
moved into the office space. 

We used one of the rooms 
for the kitchen, the one with 
no outside windows or doors 
for a bedroom. The big front 
room served as office, dining 
room, classroom, and living 


Ambassadors of Good Will 
Dollars that go into technical aid from the United States to 


underdeveloped countries are not the onl 
cans make to the people of these lands. T 


contribution Ameri- 
e is also an unsung 


contribution by the technicians uaa: and their wives who 
make-their_homes_in-these remote parts of the world. Here is a 
report from the wife of James F. Keim, agricultural extension 
adviser, on assignment from the International Cooperation Ad- 
ministration to Somalia, East Africa. 


room. We put up a card table 


The signora came of a good 


unit for breakfast, cleared it for family, was well educated, but 


an office, turned it back into a 
dining room for lunch, used it 
for a classroom, then put up a 
card table for dinner, and 
finally, if there was time left and 
the electric current was on, we 
had a reading room. 


We had no comfortable chairs 
but it was just as well as we 
had no space for furniture since 
ICA had none for us at that 
time. We had, at the last minute 
in Washington, bought a new 
bottled gas refrigerator and 
stove. Those, with a bed, met 
our immediate needs. The elec- 
tric current was so uncertain 
that our radio and record player 
were of no use. 


There are no other Americans 
and no English-speaking women 
here. We both speak Italian but 
the few Italian women, nuns 
and teachers, are busy in their 
own routine. So, reading, one 
game of scrabble a day, and a 
walk at sundown were our only 


diversions. There is no place to | 


drive, no place to picnic. 


The irregular movies were of 
ancient and cowboy vintage, 
except the documentary ones we 
have brought in. For four 
months, we existed thus until 
the increasing number of office 
visitors and English classes 
crowded us out of the make- 
shift living quarters. 


Then we found, behind a for= 
midable Italian wall, two small 
houses, somewhat like a sum- 
merhouse stateside. In one of 
these was an Italian widow, who 
had lived alone with her grapes, 
transplanted from Italy, so long 
that they had become a fetish. 
The other house consisted of 
three usable rooms and a kitch- 
en 75 feet from -the house across 
a courtyard. We had no choice 
but to take it for a place to eat 
and sleep. 


In U.S.S.R. 


Mrs. John Sprague Bauman 
and Mrs. Yarnall Jacobs, both 
New Yorkers and _=representa- 
tives of The National Council of 


Women of the United States, 
will be visiting Russia during 
July, on invitation of the Soviet 
Union, as part of the cultural 
exchange program between the 
United States and the U.S.S.R. 
During April, two Soviet 
women spent a month in the 
United States, with The Na- 
tiovgal Council of Women serv- 
ingtas the hostess group, in co- 
operation with the United States 
Department of State. This is the 


Exchange 


first cultural exchange program 
for women between the United 
States and the Soviet Union. 

Mrs. Bauman is chairman of 
The National Council of Wom- 
en’s Committee on Peaceful Uses 
of.Atomic Energy. She is a for- 
mer consultant on women’s af- 
fairs for the United States In- 
formation Agency. 

Mrs. Jacobs is chairman of 
The National Council of Wom- 
en’s Human Relations Commit- 
tee. She is also president of the 
Urban League of the City of 
New York, and a member of the 
board of the National Urban 
League. 


had become a recluse, and went 
to great lengths to show us she 
wanted no one around. The 
water situation was bad, and she 
resented our using water even 
for cooking, especially when it 
cut down on the amount she 
could pour on the grapes which 
she worshiped. 


Only when we made ice cream 
or hot rolls and sent some to 
her, did she relent. Then, she 
formally sent her huge “boy” 
from her door to our door, a 
distance of 50 feet, with a note 
of thanks written in superla- 


Soviet Style 


Associated Press Wirephote 


Currently displayed at the 
New York Coliseum is this 
Russian forma] fashion: a 
short, white, strapless evening 
gown, to be worn with ac- 
companying black Russian 
broadtail coat. 


into the unbaked shell. 


———@ tives, to which I would raise 
my voice and call out a cherry 


_ “prego. C’e niete.” 


For another four and one-half 
months we waited for the re- 
sponsible authorities to build a 
simple bungalow for us. Then, 14 
months after our arrival in 
Somalia, we moved into our new 
home. 

We have furniture enough to 
be comfortable. We have a com- 
plete bathroom, tiled, which un- 
fortunately has had no water 
for a month; the town pump is 
broken with no assurance as to 
when it will be fixed. 

The Somali are very much 
impressed with the lightness, 
airiness of the house, and the 
simplicity and efficiency of the 
plan; such as, a kitchen under: 
the same roof. 

A new generator in the town 
has made electric current avail- 
able from 6 p.m. to 1 a.m. fairly 
reliable. We can play our record 
player and get the news from 
“Voice of America,” Munich. 
Ironically, it is after the current 
goes off that all the strange 
noises—hyenas under the win- 
dows, for instance—occur, es- 
pecially when I’m alone for four 
cr five days and it is the dark of 
the moon. 

But, strangely, time is not 
heavy on our hands. There is so 
much to be done that my hus- 
band is always kept busy. For 
me, the plea to teach Somali has 
been so urgent that had I twice 
as much time and energy in the 
tropical climate, I could sot 
keep up with the demand. 


Firsthand Knowing 


At first, I had no material but 
had to type out lessons every 
day. Then the U.S. Information 
Service of Mogadiscio heard of 
my plight and sent books a big 
table, folding chairs, and a 
biackboard, and the beginning 
cf an American library. 

We have heard and read so 
much of the African problem, 
but only by living with it have 
we been able to realize how stu- 
pendous it is. For a nation to be 
catapulted from. before the 
“wheel age” into the 20th cen- 
tury, and be ready for self-gov- 
ernment and economic stability 
in less than another two vears, 
it will take a “bit of doing.” 

One of my students has just 
been elected to the National As- 
sembly, one is postmaster, others 
are in the office of the Gover- 
nor, the District Commissioner, 
the Mayor, agricultural men, 
and, best of all, educators and 
teachers. Most of them seem so 
sincere in their desire to make 
their nation a democratic one, 
to take an honorable place in the , 
world of nations, that we feel no 
matter how infinitesimal our 
contribution, it has been worth- 
while. 


Soggy Crust? 


Written for The Christian Science Monitor 


Does anyone stil] have a soggy 
under crust when baking cust- 
ard or lemon pie? I did for years 
until learning to be sure the 
custard was cold before pouring 
bb. 6. 


Cc ommunitywide Benefits Accrue 


Rural Development Projects Roll Up Gains | 


By Helen Henley 


Staff Correspondert!t o 
The Christian Scierce Monitor 


Washington 
Family finances 
jobs multiplied, career training | 


| 


Here is.a sampling from the , lished new jobs, including such | 
| plants as a glove factory with 


reports pouring in: 


“Louisiana: The first year of | ? payroll of 300, a.canning plant, 
a o | 


‘rural development, a new grain | 


augmented, |! elevator;_last-yeara_ new vege-_| 


table shipping shed, complete | 


provided, communities bettered | With grading machines — this is 


—these are some of the results, 
achieved in three “years by the) 
rural development program. And 
those close to it feel it is just 
getting started. 


Although it was 


; modestly on an experimental 


- hand. 


» tive. 


basis to aid low-income rural | 
families, its accrued benefits | 
caused Secretary of A agg som geet 
Ezra Taft Benson to say, just a’ 
few weeks ago: “The ual de- 
velopment program is presently 
emerging from the ‘pilot or 
demonstration’ phase and be- 


coming a permanent, long-term | 


approach to the improvement of 
opportunities in rural areas.” 
The program brings together 
federal, state, and local leaders 
who, through their joint efforts, 
are finding ways to help in- 
dividuals and communities use 
whatever resources they have at 
When Secretary Benson 
designated 20 counties for pilot 
projects three years ago, 
United States 


the record to date in-the mar- 
| keting phase of the Franklin 
,/Parish rural development: pro- | 


gram, which is helping turn this | 


formerly all-cotton area into a 


| vegetable growing center.” 


launched | 


} 
| 


| 
} 


“Mississippi: More ‘balance 
agriculture with industry’ cer- 
tificates were issued in 1958 than 
(in any previous year, the state 
‘board in charge of this program 
announced. The certificates per- 
'mit bond issues for industrial 
facilities. Manufacturing 
ployment in this state reached 
an all-time high last year.” 

“Pennsylvania: -Farm vaca- 
tions for city people are an in- | 


wood products industry, 
| creosoting plant, and a popcorn 
and peanut- processing plant, 
which increase farmers’ chances 
to stay on their farms and earn 


/ supplementary income in indus- 


' 


formerly 


em- | 


itial project of ‘Laurel High- | 


lands,’ a new nonprofit organi- 
zation of people in Fayette 
County to promote tourism in 
the area.” 


Forestry Harnessed 


“Oregon: Forest management 
and forest industries are at the 
center of the Lincoln County 


the | program, with all agencies step- 
Department of) ping up their work to help ‘rural, | 


Agriculture supplied the initia- | development cgoperators’ make_ 


But agriculture 
stress that in most cases local 
citizens, including state and! 


} 


officials | better use of their woodlot re- 


sources.” 
“Michigan, Upper Peninsula: 


county extension workers, really Some counties are concentrating 


carried the ball. It was meant | 
to be that way. It was planned | 
to help people help themselves. | 
Program Spreads 

At the workshop meeting held 
in Weston, W.Va., in May, it was 
reported that more than 350 
projects are under way in 200 
counties in 30 states. As their 
success becomes known, more 


t _ tommunities are starting proj- 


ects of their own, some outside 


~ of the present rural develop- 


rr 


ment program areas. 


on the tourist and resort busi- 
ness to boost their ‘take’ of the 
$55,000,000 which this industry 
brings to the upper peninsula. 
Other areas are bidding for new 
industries. All of the 15 upper 
peninsula counties are promot- 
ing better farming methods 
through new crop varieties and 
good management. Alert farm 
marketing programs are being 
formed in many counties.” 

In Choctaw County, Oklaho- 
ma, new industries have estab- 


' try nearby. 
High Schools Included 
“Ohio: In Monroe County, a 
all-rural community 
where a multi-million dollar 
aluminum plant is being built, 
local church, farm, business, 


and other leaders have joined 
with agency workers to formu- 
late plans for orderly develop- 
ment. Extensive tree planting 
on the steep hillside farms is, 


promoted through meetings and | 


youth projects, with the aid of 
forestry and conservation work- 


counsel 
‘people but for others seeking 


ers. Farmers are being assisted 
in changing production to meet 
off-farm work schedules.” 


Special efforts are being made 


_in_many counties to urge young 


people to remain in school at 


‘least through high school. Some 


training pro- 
and provide guidance 
not only for young 


are developing 
grams 


new fields. 
“A great deal of study should 


velopment effort, 
determine what 
most suitable and offer the best 
‘comparative advantage,’ warns 
the Department of Agriculture 
in the June Rural Development 
News. “In this field it’s ‘too easy 
to ride off in all directions.’” 


OS ee 


the secrets of the 
the rural 


| One of 
| success of 


precede any local industry de- | toca? need 


principally to) 
industries are! 


ment program is that it has ie 
tried to ride off in all directions. 
Most groups have taken the 
“Let’s-see-what’s-practical ap- 
proach” -and have _ activated 
their projects only after careful 
surveys of their region by quali- 
fied experts, They have gener- 
ally made sure they were pro- 
ceeding on solid ground before 
going ahead. and they have 
seemed remarkably adept at 
tailoring their plans to meet 
s. 

Whats it all adds up to is a 
resurgence of community de- 
velopment or redevelopment— 
in some cases, it is true, on 
rather a small scale. But the 
cumulative effects of these 
many small endeavors to make 
rural families more prosperous 
adds up to something which 


develop- | 


already is proving significant in 
the national economy. 
Last of Three Articles 


Michigan Treasury Still Runs in Red 


By Elizabeth H. Harrison 


Special Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 


Detroit 


| was 


|in‘attempts to pass a personal 
‘income tax, agreed recently to 


-accept the use tax—provided it 
part of a package big! 


The Senate has refused to ap- 
prove use of the fund until the 


|long-range tax plan is ham- 


Michigan was still sinking into | enough to raise sufficient money. mered out. 


debt as its legislators mapped | 
out a record-high budget for 
the new fiscal year. 


As that year rolled In July 1, 
the state had accumulated a 
$110,000,000 deficit. 

In the next fiscal year, the 
gap between expenditures and 
revenues produced by existing 
taxes might reach an additional 
$120,000,000. 

Where can Michigan raise the 
money to get itself back in the 
black? 

Gov. G. Mennen Williams, a 
Democrat, has held that it 
should come from personal and 
corporate income taxes; the Re- 
publican-controlled Senate has 
steadfastly advocated a use tax, 
in effect a one-cent increase in 
the state’s three-cent sales tax. 

The result has been a six-| 


on month deadlock, with neither) 
| kind of tax enacted. 


As the ffiscal year 
tempers were strained. 
Governor lashed out at Repub- 
lican senators for “bringing this 
state to its present condition.” 

The Legislature, in. turn, 


sun, | tacked on to each appropriation 
bill a rider that said: 


Employment for Part-Time Farmers: 


Smal] industries like this boat-building company, which 
operations in Perry County, Ind., two years ago, are 
pons actively promoted byt the country rural development group 


wound 


.\ 


“The Governor is hereby au- 
thorized and directed to keep 
the total expenditures for any 
fiscal. year within the total 
revenues available for such fiscal 
year.” 

This, in effect, charged the 
Governor with responsib lity for 


stretching the state’s expected 


income of $308,000 . from 
Lsiberee taxes over what will 
my be more than $400,- 
000 in sa range 
Governor illiams received a 
similar directive last year but 
ignored it, After the long July 
4 weekend, the Legislature must); 
again seek a tax compromise. 


The Democrats, twice defeated 


ended, | @ 
The 


it. will 
in new 


They estimate 


$140,000,000 taxes to | 


cover the new budget and begin | 


‘reducing the debt. 
To raise this amount, they 
agreed to a use tax if it -were 
"accompanied by. a_revision in 
the business activities tax that 
would make it in effect a cor- 
poration profits tax. Republi- 
cans in the House of Represen- 
tatives rejected this package. 
Senate Republicans, long chary 
|of bringing in more tax receipts 
than necessary, have now indi- 
cated a willingness to consider 
taxes in addition to the use tax. 
The cash necessary to meet 
the recurrent shortage is tied 
up in the political argument 
over the long-range tax plan. 
It is available in the form of 
the $50,000,000 Veterans Trust 
‘Fund, which could be dissolved 
to raise the needed cash. 


take | 


A recent entry in the dispute | 


is George Romney, president of 
American Motors, who has 
formed a “Citizens for Michi- 
gan” committee to investigate 
the state’s economic difficulties 
and “lack of objective political 
leadership.” 

In the meantime, the state 
continues to be plagued by cash 
crises, Legally restricted in its 
borrowing powers, it has resort- 
ed to elaborate maneuvers to 
avoid. bankruptcy. 

Late in April, for the first 
time in history, a state payroll 
failed to be met on time. As 
the fiscal year ended, 16,000 
vendors were owed $4,100,000 
for goods or services provided 
the state. 

Governor Williams has fore- 
cast that July may be the worst 


month yet, with more payless 
‘| paydays a possibility. 


By t 
Electronic eyes, the gadgets 
Batavia is one of the anyanes 
United States. 
1,200 pea beans te a pound. 


Off-color, chipped, or 
against the machine 


_ deflector plate. Since like 
from the stream of 
ing department and —— 
of the’ globe. 


Electrie Eyes Sort Beans 


Associated Presse 


Batavia, N.Y. 
that open doors automatically, 


have been brought to Batavia to sort beans. 


bean-preparation centers in the 


One plant has a dozen British- made electronic sorters, any 
one of which sorts a pound of beans in 36 36 seconds. There are 


“A score of people couldn’t do a geod a job,” observes 
William R. Walls, president of a firm bearing his name. 
broken beans don't have a papnee 


The electronic device relies on eeparation by 


. charges repel, a 
beans that are heading 


{= 


By the Associated Press 
Washington 


tions unless its leadership in| 
|Congress moves more in the di- | 


Paul M. Butler, chairman of rection he advocates. 
the Democratic National Com- | 
mittee, said July 13 he regret- | Capitol Hill critics already have 
fully feels that being a Roman, agreed to support a western! 


Catholic would hamper the 


(clined 


He said there are reports his 


senator as his successor. He de- 
to name the senator. 


chances of a presidential candi- | Others discounted his report. 


date. 


Senator Mike Mansfield (D) 


(R) of Kentucky, GOP chair- cratic leader, said he knew of no | 


man, agreed that might be so 
but added he is “hopeful it 


| wouldn't be.” 
Both Mr. Butler and Senator better job than he has been do- 


Morton, answering questions on 


from forecasting 
1960 presidential nominees. 


Butler commented, the 


and fury” that has whirled 
around him the past week 
“would be as nothing.” 

Mr. Butler has been in hot 
water with some party leaders 
for suggesting Democrats would 
stack up better for next year’s 
elections if they adopted more 
aggressive tactics in Congress. 

Asked whether Roman Catho- 
licism would be a_ handicap, 
Mr. Butler replied: 


certainly do believe that would | 
be true, sadly enough.” 


Shift in Attitude Seen 


also believes the public attitude 
has changed since the 
Alfred E. Smith, Roman 
Catholic, was the 
candidate in 1928 and 
Herbert Hoover, 

One of the Democrats’ poten- 
tial ..1960 nominees — Senator 
John F. Kennedy of Massachu- 
setts—is a Roman Catholic. 

Senator Kennedy‘s name was 
not mentioned on the program 
in connection with a candidate’s 
religion, but was used among a 
group of possible contenders for 
Mr. Butler’s appraisal. Mr. But- 
ler refused to venture which 
would be the most effective. 

Mr. Butler says some Demo- 
crats want to reviace him 


a 


‘with a member of Congress as 


Democratic national chairman 
so they can control the party’s 
1960 convention. He doesn't 
think they will succeed. 

At the same time, Mr. Butler 
said he will continue to urge a 
more ‘positive and aoe | 
legislative. program in Congress. 
He considérs.it his job, he said, 
to express “what I feel to be the 
majority point of view.” 

In a news conference July 11, 


July 12, Mr. Butler insisted he’s 
yon reporting the sentiment he 
and not «lenin criticizing 

such leaders as Senate wenger 
Leader +B. Johnson (D 
of Texas and House Eeteker 
Sam Rayburn (D) of Texas. 
. Criticism Cite@d 

Mr. Butler in turn has come 
in for criticism in Congress since 


‘ihe said a week ago 


the party 
faces trouble in the 1960 elec- 


'a‘television show shied away | 
their parties’ 


If he ventured a choice, Mr. | 
“sound | 


“As a Catholic, and one who | 
has been in politics 33 years, I | 


Mr. Butler said, however, he 


late 


Democratic. 
lost to | 


and in a television interview 


move to replace Mr. Butler w 
a western senator. 

“I .would like to see Butler 
istay on and do just a little bit 


ith | 


‘ing,’ Senator Mansfield told a 
reporter. 


Butler Sees s Religion Still Issue 


tler’s talk of an ouster move, 
Senator Stuart Symington (D) of 
|Missouri, said he wasn’t suggest- 


‘ing at this time that Mr. Butler 
should resign. 


Mr. Butler, expressed confi- 
dence he wil} continue as chair- 
man, and said the national com- 
‘mittee “is not about to elect a 
/'member of the Senate or House 


|as chairman.” 
Senator Thruston B. Morton of Montana, the assistant Demo- | 


Any ouster move. probably 
would come up at a mid-Sep- 
‘tember meeting of the Demo- 
‘eratic National Committee. Mr. 
Butler said he has no plan to 
resign unless a majority of the 
committee thinks he should quit. 
The party committee, not its 


| Congress members, select the na- 


Without reference to _Mr. But- ! tional chairman. 


Washington 
High Lights 


By the Associated Press 


By the Associated Press 


- 


_ New Teamsters Union Monitor Set 


a Lawrence T. Smith was sworn in July 


13 as a Teamsters 


Union monitor and told reporters he will seek the ouster of 


James R. Hoffa, union president. 


Mr. Smith, a New Yorker, 


succeeds Godfrey P. Schmidt on the three-member panel of 


monitors. 


Meanwhile, another New York lawyer told the Senate Rack- 
ets Committee he was approached by officials of the West 
Coast longshoremen’s union about a plan to seize control of 


Thurman A, Whiteside. 


services administration. 


000 defense appropriation. 


by the House. 


court-appointed monitors policing the Teamsters Union. 

Bartley C. Crum said the idea was to pave the way for a 
merger of the two unions into a single, powerful transport 
union, Keystone of the plan, Mr. Crum said, involved inducing 
Mr. Schmidt to resign from the board of monitors and be re- 
placed by Mr. Crum in that post. 


_Acquittal Bids Rejected in Mack Case 


United States District Judge Burnita S. Matthews has re- 
jected defense motions asking acquittal of Richard A. Mack and 


Mr. Mack, fo®mer Federal Communications Commissioner, and 
Mr. Whiteside are charged with conspiring to rig a Miami TV 
Channel 10 contest in favor of Public Service Television, Inc., a 
subsidiary of Nationa! Airlines. 


Gigantic Water Program Charted 


The United States must spend $171,000,000,000 in the next 16 
years to develop needed water and power resources, 

This vast program, costing more than twice the annual budget 
for the entire government, was envisioned in a special report 
“ released by the Commerce Department's business and defense 


The money would be spent by federal, state, local, and private 
groups to keep water and power facilities abreast of population 
growth, industrial expansion, and higher living standards. 


Bid Pushed to Lift Size of Army 


A last-ditch effort to lift the Army’s manpower level to 900,- 
000 is planned as the Senate begins debate on the $40, 000 ,000,- 


Senator Allen J. Ellender (D) of Louisiana said he had an 
Army increase amendment ready and will introduce it on the 
Senate floor “if I think we can 

Senator Eliender wants to a 
armed forces appropriation to raise the Army ceiling from the 
870,000 manpower level now planned and previously approved 


t the votes.” 
d another $132,000,000 to the 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959 


Idle Energies ‘Hit 
By Egyptian Press 


By Reuters 


Cairo 

The Egyptian press lately has 
voiced open and unprecedented 
criticism of administrative short- 
comings, flaws, waste, and er- 
rors. 

Lead by the mass circulation 
independent newspapers, Al 
Ahram and Al Akhbar, Egyptian 
papers generally have joined in 
a chorus to criticize high offi- 
cials, the municipality and uni- 
versities, and have even gone 
so far as to criticize the short- 
comings of some government 
programs. 

Nor have government-owned 
mewspapers stood aside. The 
leading government newspaper, 
Al Gomhouria, whose editor is 
the former Minister of Press, 
Col. Salah Salem, recently has 
been leading-a campaign against | 
alleged irregularities at Cairo) 
University. 

‘Cut Water Service)! 

When a water shortage hit} 
some districts of Cairo early in 
June, at a time when a heat 
wave (115 degrees) hotter than 
any for the last 25 years had 
turned the capital into a siz- 
zling cauldron, Al Akhbar urged: 
“Cut the water supply of the 
director of the water service so 
that he may share the fate of 
*other Cairenes.” 

Boldest of all, however, in its 
criticisms has been the Al 
Ahram, which, since Mohamed 
Hassanein Heykal, a clese friend 
of President Nasser, became its 
editor two years ago, has been 
considered the most authorita- 
tive journalistic mouthpiece of 
the government. 

Editor Heykal’s articles are 
studied carefully by 
diplomats and commentators 
here because they are believed 
invariably to reflect government 
policy. Moreover, Mr, Heykal, 
owing to his exceptional posi- 
tion, has written the most scath- 
ing reports of administrative in- 
efficiences, 

‘Startling Facts’ 


Among the most revealing 
was the Al Ahram report in 
June of a memorandum sub- 
mitted by cabinet ministers to 
President Nasser on “idle ener- 
gies” and “shortcomings of pres- 
ent day production” in the 
Egyptian region of the United 
Arab Republic. In an account of 
what it described as “startling 
facts” about industry, Al Ahram 
said that it transpired that, with 
full utilization of all available 
energy, it*would be possible to 
increase industrial production 
by as much as_ 100,000,000 
Egyptian pounds (about $287,- 
000,000) in five years. 

A great reserve of energy has 


The Complete, Quality Pet Shop 
Birds and Small Pets Boarded 
Travel Cages and Cases 


STuert 1-8700 
Deily 1-9, Set. 9-6, Sun. 2-5 
1538 Elmwood Avenue 


been discovered inthis field, it 
declared, because of the restric- 
tions on imports of raw mate- 
rials and spare parts and also 
because of difficulties which 
hamper exports and the absence 
of a full industrialization policy 
in prerevolution: years. 

Another important disclosure 
made by the pre#s here is the 
fact that as much as £10,000,000 
($28,700,000) is spent each year 
on timber imports, although it 
would be quite possible to plant 
trees along agricultural roads 
and river banks extending over 
several thousands of miles. 


Cattle Used in Fields 


A further source of waste is 
the fact that about 3,000,000 


| fields. 


‘almost 500,000 agricultural 


foreign 


head of cattle are used in the 
If only half of this large 
pool of animal energy could be 
| replaced by machinery it would 
‘be possible to produce 350,000 


| tons of milk a year, valued at 


£10,500,000 ($30,135,000). 

Another fact disclosed is a 
ant 
borers, representing.a huge res- 
ervoir of manpower, are almost 
unemployed, since they are not 
fully utilized for the Gevelop~ 
ment of production. 

As for transport, it transpires 
that the railroads are in a sad 
state of depreciation which has 
led to several accidents in recent 
months. Had this utility, which 
yields about £25,000,000 ($71,- 
750.000)—a-—year been kept in a 
proper state of repair and re- 
placement—replacements needed 
are estimated at. £70,000,000 
($200,900,000)—it would have 
produced even more revenue be- 
cause of the better services it 
would have rendered. 


School Holidays Hit 


In the matter of health, a 
startling discovery has been the 
fact that 60 per cent of the pop- 
ulation of the Egyptian region, 
or about 13,000,000 people, suf- 
fer from an energy-sapping ail- 
ment. 


detected, it was found that more 
human energy could be made 
available if the present long 
school holidays were curtailed. 
In the field of social affairs 
and labor, it was found that the 
Egyptian region’s 4,282 coopera- 


Among other aspects of waste | 


e , 3 —fi 
Von Braun Hints 
Space Fuel Stop. 


By the Associated Press 
Honolulu 

The first man to reach the 
moon may stop en route at a 
space service station to re- 
fuel, says.-Dr.. Wernher™ von 
Braun, director of the Army’s 
rocket program. 

As outlined by the scientist, 
the plan would have the space 
vehicle meeting tanker rock- 

ets while orbiting the earth 
about 300 miles up. 

Refueling would be neces- 
sary to replenish propéliants 
‘burned in the leap into space. 
Then the rocket could proceed 
to the moon. 

Dr. von Braun, speaking 
before a lecture audience of 
1,500 at the University of Ha- 
wali, said this refueling could 
be the means of avofding the 
problem of developing ‘an en- 
gine with the 12 million 
pounds of thrust needed to 
send a manned rocket direct 
from the earth to the moon. 


tive societies do not operate at 
full capacity for various rea- 
sons, including lack of interest 
on the part of members of their 
poards, and the poor demand of 
public services. 

Time Waste Noted 


Some 37,000 disputes came 
before labor courts last year be- 
cause of poor inspection appa- 
ratus and it is believed that 
many of these disputes could 
have been avoided ‘through the 
consolidation of inspection ma- 
chinery, thus saving much of the 
time -wasted. by workers and 
employers alike in such litiga- 
tion, 

In the field of municipal af- 
fairs, it transpires that “‘munici- 
pal authorities have installed 
350 mechanically operated wat- 
er supply units, but no work- 
ers have yet been appointed to 
operate them.” 


Hopeful Note 


Ending its report on a hope- 
ful note, however, Al Ahram 
told its readers: | 

“Measures are already being 
taken to implement the recom- 
mendations put forward in these 
reports with a view to full util- 
ization of all idle energies. 

“The ministers’ reports con- 
stitute the cornerstone of plans 
now being drafted in detail to 
double the country’s national 
income in the next 10 years.” 


Israeli Cabinet Sifts 
Suez Shipping Issue 


Jerusalem 

Israel’s caretaker Cabinet has 
met to discuss means of con- 
tinuing “diplomatic action to in- 
sure the freedom of shipping” 
through the Suez Canal. 

An official communique said 
the meeting had heard a report 
from Walter Eytan, Director- 
General of the Foreign Ministry, 
on the outeome of recent talks 
on the Suez issue between 
United Nations Secretary-Gen- 
eral Dag Hammarskjold and 
United Arab Republic officials 
in Cairo. 

Meanwhile, in Port Said, 
Baypt, Egyptian customs offi- 
cials cleared room in harbor 
warehouses for the cement cargo 


on board the Danish freighter 
Inge Toft, which has been de- 


By Reuters 


Eggert discussed the Inge Toft 
case for half an hour July 11 
with United Arab Republic 
Foreign Minister Mahmud 
Fawzi. Foreign Ministry officials 
said Mr. Fawzi told Mr. Eggert 
the ship will not be released 
until the cargo is on the docks. 

The ship’s agents said’ they 
had received “no instructions 
from the ship’s charterers can- 
celling their previous _instruc- 
tions not to unload.” 

| Master Fishes 

While the customs Officials 
cleared the docks the master of 
the | Inge Toft, Capt. C. W. 
Schultz, was fishing at the 
Gamil bridge, six miles from 
Port Said. 

Captain Schul4z said he was 


| 


Army’s Weight Tells 


Indonesia Veers to Right | 


By Ronald Stead 

Southeast Asian Correspondent of 

The Christian Science Monitor 
Singapore 

The Indonesian Army has 
gained strong representation in 
President Sukarno’s cabinet — 
both at the top, “inner cabinet” 
level and the 23-member “under 
minister”. level, 

At the top level are Army 
Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Abdul 
Haris Nasution, who is Minister 
of National Security and De- 
fense, and Colonel Suprajogi, 
Minister of Production. 

At the under minister level 
are six Army representatives 
and one from the Air Forte. 

The complete cabinet roster, 
which numbers 33, includes not 
a single Communist, 

The only two leftwingers are 
Doctor Prijono, who has been 
retained as Education Minister, 
and Doctor Sadjarwo, formerly 
Minister of Agriculture and now 
titled Agrarian. Minister. Dr. 
Prijono, a “pink professor” and 
a winner of the Stalin Peace 
Prize, has just returned from a 
tour of some Communist coun- 
tries. 

Trouble-Shooter Named 

Notable among the under 
ministers is Major - General 
Djatikusumo of Sumatra. Gen- 
eral Djatikusumo has been a 
trouble-shooter for the Djakarta 
regime during the past year, first 
as an Army commander direct- 


ing military operations against | 


rebels in Sumatra, then as ‘con- 
sul-general in Singapore, a city 
which the rebels have used as 
one of their chief liaison points. 

Promoted from brigadier gen- 
eral at the same time that he 
was appointed minister, he 
takes charge of Indonesia’s land 
communications, posts, and tele- 
graphs. Air communications will 
be under Air Force Colonel 
Iskandar. 

Dr. Sukarno appointed him- 
self Premier for five years, but 
he says he may make changes 
in other ministerial positions 
during this time. 

Congress to Be Picked 

Liaison between a handpicked 
administration governing by 
decree and the people is to be 
provided by a consultative con- 
gress, - also headed by Dr. 
Sukarno. It will be chosen by 
him on functional, territorial 
and other nonpolitical grounds 
and will replace the National 
Advisory Council, which occu- 


pied a similar position in rela- | 


tion to the last cabinet. 
Indonesia’s Communists 
thusiastically supported 


en- 


| democracy” concept because 
they thought he would ask them 
to help do the “guiding.” But the 
Presiden@has obviously reversed 
his opinion that the Communists 
ought to have a share in the 
administration on the basis of 
the six million votes they gained 
in the 1955 elections. The Presi- 
dent now seems to be following 
the anti-Communist wishes of 
the Army, now the most power- 
ful factor in control of the coun- 
try’s civilian affairs. 

Indonesia’s ship of state can 
therefore be expected to veer to 
the right now Dr. Sukarno is at 
the wheel instead of being a 
figurehead. For he has recast his 
crew in accordance with mili- 
tary requirements. 


Presi- | 
dent Sukarno’s original “guided | 


| 


| 


| 


Christian Science 


The Indonesian Army, almost 
200,000 strong, is the biggest 
military force in Southeast Asia, 
and its efficiency is being in- 
creased Wy substantial pur- 
chases on credit of equipment 
from the United States and other 
countries — mostly Western. 
Also, some of its officers are 
being trained in the United 
States and Britain. 

The new equipment was or- 
dered to help preserve internal 
security in a republic of 88,- 
000,000 and comprised of 3,000 
islands between Asia and Aus- 
tralia. 

Australia Concerned 


In view of Indonesia’s contin- 
uing dispute with the Nether- 
lands over West Irian (West New 
Guinea), Australlans have been 
concerned lest Indonesia try to 
seize the disputed territory by 
force. 

The Irian issue still is being 
given high priority among Indo- 
nesian national objectives, al- 
though others appear to be more 
important. 


Australia’s concern stems 
from the fact that it administers 
the eastern-half of New Guinea. 
This correspondent has been as- 
sured by Indonesia’s leaders 
that they will not make a mili- 


tary attempt to take West Irian, 
if only because they know the 
West and Australia would not 
allow such a procedure . and 
would meet force with an 
inevitably greater force. 

General Nasution has gone 
from strength to strength as. a 
national figure since he was 
made Central War Adminis- 
trator to cope with a rebellion 
that started in Sumatra and the 
Celebes in February, 1958. 

He knows he does not have 
the crowd-swaying capabilities 
of Dr. Sukarno, His concern has 
been, therefore, to get the Presi- 
dent into administrative harness 
instead of Dr. Sukarno’s past 
role of formulating plans and 
programs, then watching them 
fail as someone else (the pre- 
mier) executed them. 


Compiled from 
dispatcl.es to 


The Christian Science Monitor . 


Queen and Prince Take , Holiday 

Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip marked the halfway point of 
their 45-day Canadian tour with a brief holiday at Pennask 
Lake, British Columbia. From Pennask they will wind down 
the Fraser River canyon to Vancouver. 


Union Certified as Seaway Unit 


The Canadian Brotherhood of Railway, Transport, and.General 
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| barring the Suez. Canal to ves-, 


sels with Israeli 

holds 

cement. 
Unloading Seen 


“We will be ready to receive 
the ge Toft cement after a 
couple of days,” the chief clerk 
at the warehouse said, “‘Unload- 
ing it will take a full week.” 

ut on board the Inge Toft 
there were no sings of prepara- 
tions to unload the ship. Lower 
deck washing fluttered from 
drying lines and several sailors 
basked in the hot sun. 

Danish ambassador 


cargoes. 
contain 5,527 tons 


Its 
of 


Boltn 


“I am not discussing politics,” 
he said. “You can see the crew 
and I are having a wonderful 
time. We have no food or other 
problems.” 


Shipping quarters in Port 
Said said a decision on the Inge 
Toft could be expected very 
soon in view of the Egyptian 
preparations and the mounting 
harbor dues on the ship. 


One shipping man said that 
if the dues mounted to a big 
sum and were not paid the 
harbor authorities might claim 
they are entitled to confiscate 
the ship to guarantee payment. 


China Grain 


Lag Bared; 


Chou’s Goal Criticized 


By the Associated Press 


Tokyo 

The Chinese Communist Party 
on July 12 virtually admitted it 
will fail to achieve its ambitious 
525-million-ton - grain - produc; 
tion goal for 1959. 

Without naming him by name, 
the party, speaking through its 
official organ, | the Peking Peo- 
ple’s Daily, criticized Premier 
Chou En-lai’s demands last 
April that the country boost its 
agricultural production by .40 
per cent over 1958. 

The Communists have not 
published any figures on crop 
yields so far this year. 

The 525-million-ton objective 
was 40 per cent'more than the 
325 million tons Peking said it 
turned out last year. The 1958 
total in turn was 50 per cent 
more than in 1957. 

Peking radio monitored here 
said the paper’s July 12 editorial 
“pointed out.that in agriculture 
a 10 per cent increase in output 
each year was already a leap, 
a very quick rate of increase, be- 
yond the normal rate. Twenty 
per cent was a big leap, and 30 
per cent an especially big leap.” 

It said nothing about 40 per 


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“The paper said it was.an un- 
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The paper went on to observe, 
“There is a certain limit in the 
rate of increase in agricultural 
production, especially in China 
under the present economic and 
technical conditions.” 

This was a reversal of the 
Peking line which heretofore 
has said that the sky was the 
limit as far as production was 
concerned and that Communist 
China could handle any increase 
in its already record640-million 
population. 

The implied admission of fail- 
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was hidden behind claims of a 
bumper wmter wheat crop with 
increases of 10 to 30 per cent 
“per unit area yields” in some 
districts. The Communists made 
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THE CHRISTIAN SCFENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, — JULY 13, 1959 


Industry—Finance 


ie 


Thiokol Bounds Ahead on Synthetic Rubber' 


*: Thiokol Chemical Corpora- 

_tion is a relatively young com- 
1 years dld. But it has 
e large advances in the 
, development and uses of poly-. 
* mers. At the invitation of The 


‘pan 
. made 


> Christian Science.Monitor,ex-— 


‘, ecutive officers o Thikol 
“Chemical Corporat have 
, written a six-article series on 
* their firm. The first article is 
written by J. W. Crosby, 
©“president. 


By J. W. Crosby 


“President, Thicke! Chemical Corporation 
* hae jor The Christian Science Monitor 


Bristol, Pa. 


' Thiokol Chemical Corporation, 
‘now almost 31 years old, began 
in obscurity, lived through ad- 
versity, and finally became an 
“important part of United States 


tndustry. 


# The company was founded and 
“flourishes on a double-barreled 
eeharacteristic: explore your poor 


"points, exploit your good ones. 


% Discovered in a research lab- 
the original 
«synthetic rubber, was far from a 
perfect product. The chemist re- 
-sponsible for the original for- 
mula might well have thrown 
“the mass he brought forth into 
"the waste basket had not an as- 
‘sociate sensed something un- 


oratory, Thiokol, 


lysual in it. 


© Further inquiry showed that 
here was a rubberlike material 
deteriorate, 
or alter its physical characteris- 


“that did not swell, 


tics in the presence of gasoline, 


ee ne ceeeall 


J. W. Crosby 


President, Thiokol Chemical 
Corporation. 


establish the primacy of the 
product’s favorable features over 
those unfavorable. 


Bevis Longstreth, originator of 
the company, was an optimist. 
Although experts found many 
faults with his product, he was 
determined that there was noth- 


: ton, NJ., area in 1931. ‘Thiokol’s 


executive offices have moved six 
=a across the river to Bristol, 
but the chemical division is 
sail headquartered in Trenton. 

Gener plants — devoted to 
rocket motor production-—are_in 
Elkton, Md.; Huntsville, Ala.; 
Marshall, Texas; and Brigham 
City, Utah. Its Moss Point, Miss., 
chemical plant produces the 
polymers that always have been 
the backbone of the company. 
The company now employs 
more than 8,000 workers. 

The struggle for existence in 
the depression years was in- 
tense. Thiokol had a rubber 
product with excellent resist- 
-ance to solvents, oils, and aging, 
with unusually tenacious adher- 
ence to surfaces such as glass, 
plastics, and aluminum, but it 
was still a high-priced specialty. 

Its uses in the early years 
were limited to relatively few 
applications where, despite the 
extra cost, high quality was un- 
questionably desirable; for ex- 
ample, oil hose and printing 
press rollers. 

Jet Lab Test Cited 


Shortly after World War II 
ended, the Jet Propulsion Lab- 
oratories of the California Insti- 
tute of Technology—at that time 
employed by the United States 
Army—were seeking a_ solid 
propellant rocket fuel that had 
high adherence quality and 
could be mixed with an oxidizer 
to burn with greater intensity 
and generate large volumes of 


expansion in the. rocket field 
itself. In 1957 Reaction Motors, 
the first’ producer of liquid- 
fueled rocket engines in the 
United States, was merged with 
Thiokol. 


Also in 1957 the Munter-Bris- 
tol Corporation, manufacturer 
of air sleds and fabricated avia- 
tion parts, became part of the 
corporation and the executive 
offices of Thiokol at Trenton, 
N.J., were moved to the prop- 
erty of the latter company in 
Bristol, Pa. 

Defense Aid Stressed 

National Electronics, in Wash- 
ington, D.C., a small manufac- 
turer in both defense and com- 
mercial electronic units, became 
a part of Thiokol in 1957. 

Thiokol’s recent rapid prog- 
ress has been mainly in support 
of the nation’s all important de- 
fense program. ands for ex- 
pansion of facilities have been 


great; the company has a good | s¢curities 
record in meeting these de-| tridution; 
mands in record time. 

Working with all three 
branches of the service has led 
to an understanding of the 
problems of the Defense Depart- 
ment and the civilian space di- 
rectional division. These prob- 
lems are immense. Ours is to 


time possible, with the perfect- 


produced. 

Growth. under these condi- 
tions is not only inevitable, it is 
absolutely necessary. 
growth hag been rapid in the 
last three ‘years and probably 
will be great in future years. 
But. Thiokol’s growth is pri- 
marily based on research that 
continues the old axiom of ex- 
ploring your deficiencies, ex- 
ploiting your superior qualities. 


There is no point in bigness for 
the sake of bigness. 


quality weapons that must be r 


That | 4 


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seryllium Corp 
lack Hillis P&L 
black Sivalis & B 


Bowser Inc pf 
frown & Sharpe 
jrush Beryllium 
Buckeye ot aes 
bullocks 


jurndy fom 
Cal Interst Tel 


Byllesby H 


Cal Oregon Pw 


Cal Water Serv 


¥% |Gen T Cal § 


l: 


od igen 


are odtained ya Mae nn Wemees 4 Assoetation o Securities Beaters, ine: and o 
on S  cotibaad or bought’ vindionted 


ce commneers 
wide distributi 


National List 


Prices at Close of Trading, July 16, 1959 


Bid 

fat] Homes A 29% 
fatl Homes B 9%» 
fatl Shirt Sh 

New Eng G 

Nicholson File 
Norris Therma 
“59 dee 
N 
N 


% | Towm stor Corp 

b Inc 

Supply 
Pi 


Gas Pipe 
G EL&P 


Servateria 


| Amer Coal 
forth Penn Gas 
loreast Water f 
ve thwst 
orthwest PS 
Nuclear-Chgo 
«| Okla Miss RPL 
Old Ben Coal 
Olin Oi] & Gas 
Ottertail Power 
Pabst Brewing 


8 
U 8 Truck ones 
United Utilit 
Universal Match 
Upper Penin Pow 
Utah South Oil 
Valley Mid & Ir 
Vanity Fair Mills 
ian Asso 


‘oote Br G&M B 
ito C 


Pr 0 
Garlock Packing 
Gas Service 
General Gas , 

p 
Gen T Sw 5% pf 
Giant Port Cem 
Gitd ae soaem 
lasspa 

reen Fire Brick 
Green M Power 
Grinnell Corp 


Warn a: Bence 
Warren Bros 
Warren 8 D 
Wiscon Pw & Lt 
Wash Mat Gas 
Washinglen Steel 


Pac Merce ELA 
Pacific P&L 
Pac Uranium M 
Pan Am Sulphur 
Parker Hannifin 
Pendleton T Ind 
Pepsi Cola Gen B 
Perman Cem 
Pfaudler Permutit 
Pickering Lum 
Pioneer Nat Gas 
Plymouth Rubber 
Hearst Con Pub A Ve se | Portland Gen El 
] 
1 
] 
] 
] 
] 


West Point Mfg 
West Light & Tel 
West Mass Co 
West Natural Gas 
Weyerh Timber 
White Eagle Oil 
Whiting Corp 
Wiscon Pw & Lt 
Witco Chem 

Wood Gonversien 
Wurlitzer 
See Chem 
| Yuba C 

Zapata ‘Offsh 


Banks and 


Trust Companies 


Helene Curtis Ind Portsmouth Stl 
H eh Volt Eng Potash Co Am 
Hilton Credit Producing Prop 
oover CoA Pubco Petro 
Houston Corp > S&S New Hamp 
P S&S New Mex 
Punta Al Sug 
Purex rng 
Purolator Prod 
Ralston Purina 
Reeves Soundcft 
Repub Nat Gas 
sichardson ce 
Riley Sto 
Liver een Rice 
oadway ExpA 
tobbins& Myers 


[usk 


Bk of Com Nwk 
Bank of N Y 
Bank of Virginia 
Broad StTr Phil 
Camden Tr NJ 
Cent Penn Phil 


nter Bakeries 

nter Motor Frt 
nter Securities 
nvest Div SV A 


Cal Water & Tel 
n Delhi Oil 
Can Superior Oil 


most chemicals, or air. From this 


ing quite like Thiokol and that 
starting point, Thiokol ,went 


it would serve purposes no other 


cité8 NB 
Com Bk Nor Am 
Comml Tr NJ JC 


Iowa Pub Serv 
wy Sou Util 
Corp 


gas. 
Thiokol was tested. It fulfilled 


through a slow period of ac- 


yceptance. 


Optimism Accented 
The company holds its current 


product could. Today, company 
officials say to these experts, “We 
told you. so.” 


Organized in Kansas City, 


the two qualities of heat and gas 
volume and it gave adherence 
to the motor casing better than 


Ryder System Conn Bk&Tr Hart 


tabre-Pinon 


Jack & Heintz 
Jamaica Water 


Cty Tr Wh Plains 
Empire Tr NY 
jan Jacinto Pet eld Ct Tr 
schield Bant NY 


learle G D 


B&acT 
ity Phil Tr 
ity Tr Pitts 
UnTr Newk 
Fiduc Tr NY 
| Pirst Camden NB 
First NB Atlanta 
irst NB Jer C 
First NB Passaic 
jou Colo Power First Westchest 
fou Nevada Pw ! Girard TC Phil 
iou N Eng Tel I /4e\ Hartford NB 
jou Union Gas udson Co NB 
jouthw Gas Prod Hudson Tr UC 
E . | Ind B Com NY 
| Ind Prov 
,' Indust Tr Phila 
By sCTrNnyYy 
EB&T _ 
‘Long Island T 


Cent ThEL&G 
Cent Indiana Gas 
Cent La E) 
Cent Maine Pw 
Central Soya 


had been achieved by any ma- 
terial previously tested. This 
bonding of the propellant charge 
to the chamber walls permitted 
the introduction of much lighter 
weight rocket motors with thin- 
walled combustion chambers. 
Advances made in Thiokol 
polymers since the original use 
in 1948 already have led to the 
introduction of completely new 
and superior properties. Fur- 
thermore, the introduction of 
“exotic” fluids combined with 
Thiokol’s solid propellants has 
currently expanded research 
and development not only with- 
in the company but in associa- stone ad 
boxe rg tenes mt ge se as the Cutter a 6 
'Callery Chemical Compan aor atnee 
t} The leadership Guat opiate DerlingLA 
1/lished Thiokol in a dominant ) con 2 ageer 
Thiokol’s 


«position due to the fortitude of 
id founders who fought to 


Mo., in 1929, the company 
moved to a plant in the Tren- 


: Dividends Declared 


Pepe Dividend 
Irregular 
new Eng Fund 19 7-17 


| Seismograph Sve 
sierra w 


ser Steel pf : : 
Kalamazoo V Par ) ) ———— Wire 


kil Corp 
Kan Neb Nat Gas 
Kearney & Treck wie: de gts Ss . 


tou Cal Water 


Keystone Port C 
Koehring Co 

Kratter Corp 

panders Frary &C ma 
Lanolin Plus q 
Lau Blower 

Liberty Loan 

Lilly EFllB 

Ling Altec Elect 

Lone Star Steel 

Lucky Stores 


Record Pay) Devoe & Raynolds A .70 


1 

De 

Discount Cp 2.00 

Ford Motor .60 
am Sk 


0 Mill & Eley 
lo Oil & YE 
ColoO &Gp 
Comwealth Bee 
Conn L & Pw 
Cons Freight 
Cons Rock Prod 
Cont Trans Lines 
Copeland Refr 
Craig Systems 


“alabama ( 


rague Electric 

} ry AE Mfg 

itd Fruit 

itd Press Stl 

standard Reg 
itanley Home Pr > 
Stanley Works 
statler Hotels Del 
stepan Chem 
stouffer Corp 
strong Cobb 
itruthers Wells 
itubnitz Green 
suburban Gas 
suburb Prop Gas 
juntide Refining 
$yntex Corp 


Tampax Inc 
Tappan Co 
Tekoil Corp 
Texas East Trans 
Tex Ill NG Pipe 
Texas Industries 
Texas Nat Pet 
Texas Nat Gaso 
Thermo King 
Thomas & Betts 
Three States NG 
Thrifty Drug 
Time Inc 
Tokheim Corp 
Topp Industries 


Regional List 
ef Trading, July 10, 1959 


Nor Am Refract 
Nor River Secur 


st 
1 Oh ell etal 
oOorr 342 Af2AaPn 


Jorgensen Co .25 
Kerr Addison G M 
Norwest stl & W .25 
landpfA 1. 
Rox landpfB 1. 
landptD 1. 
n Am World Air .20 
Reliable Stores .30 Q 
Soss Mfg .05 
Steyens J P .37'2 @ 
Univ Pictures pf 1.0614 Q 
Woolworth F W 62', Q 
White Sew Mch Pr pf .50 Q 
White Sew Mch Cv pf .75 @ 
White Strs .20 Q 


© 003.09 03-3 3 


, 
36% | Nat] Newk&Ess 
297% Natl St Bk Nwk 
Ne by pny 
ew Eng TrBos 
235% | J Bk&Tr 


—a 


Maremont Auto 
arlin Rockwell 
armon Herr’ —" 
. arquardt Cor 

d Srpbid & Dry 
axson WL 
cLean Ind 
cLouth Steel 
McNeill Mch & B 
eredith Pu 

etro Brdcast 


»fen Secur .10 
Cen Secur pf .37'2 


nar 


ue 
00 Q 


«3-30 
' 


in 


’ 
wd WO 
at pet et pet eet CF bet CF bt pt pt Pt pt 


+1 -309 00 20 © 0 © 09-3 -3 -3-3 


Gas .25 Q 
eCent E & G 2. 78 pf .68°%4 Q 
o 
‘Manila Threatens 


U.S. Imports Curb 


By the Associated Press 


Manila 


The Philippine Government 
has threatened to cancel im- 
ports of United States surplus 

.. commodities because the 

+ Dnited States is raising the 

‘ price in pesos to meet the 
new Philippine foreign ex- 
change tax. 


Some sources said the gov- 
ernment is threatening to 
cancel all purchases of United 
States cotton for the local 
textile industry and to buy 
instead from Egypt and Mex- 


A recent special session of 
“the Philippine Congress ap- 
proved the tax. President 
Garcia is expected to sign 
the bill soon. It puts a tax 
of 25 to 40 per cent on pesos 
_ used to buy United States dol- 
“Jars for the purchase of im- 

ports. 
~ The Philippines previously 
- has purchased United States 
_ agricultural surplus goods 
and certaimw aid items dis- 
tributed by the international 
cooperation adminstration in 
pesos at the official rate of 
two to the United States 
dollar. 


-@ 


a. ly \N New York Trust 
18% | Peoples Tr Bergn 
8% Phila Natl Bank 


1 | Position in the solid propellant Detar & Can Tunl 
g-15' industry has led to diversified 


New York Stock Exchange Quotations 


Detr Intl Bridge 
Transactions Today Selected and Compiled by Associated Press 


Stks/Divds Sales e Net ;Stks/Divds Sales Net | Stks/Divds Sales . Net 
(Dollars) (100s) High Low 1 :30pm “Chee (Dollars) (100s) High Low 1:30pm Chee (Dollars) (100s) High Low 1:30om Chee 
Babcock&W ib 18 Hart S&M 2 1 46% s 465.+ % | RoyalDut > &. 
Bald Lima .60 135 Hat Corp %f 10 10'2+ M% Royal McB .1 
Balt & Oh i'ea 34 Heinz 2. 2 75 — %| upbermeid-) “y 3 
Herc Pdr 50g 2 : Sr+t % 
Hertz 1 1 42% ‘ , 4 
f 


Utah Rocket-Building Facilities 


444 


| Rye NatIBk NY 
_ | Sec Bank St Bos 
| Sec NB Phila 
ur NB LI 
State Bk Albany 
| Ster! NB NY 


| Trust Co NJ JC 
Un Con Bk Clev 
| US ee = 
s | US Tru 
| Wachovia BATNC 


Miller Mf 


iss Val Barge 
fiss Val Gas 
lo-Kan-Pi 
issouri Utilities 
[ono Prec Ind 
ount — Sup 
alco 

Natl Gas ‘& : Ol 


Stks/Divds Sales 
(Dollats) (100s) 
ABC Vend 1 
Addreggog 1'ab 
Admiral 19 
Aeroquip .40 

Air Reduc 2'2 

AJ Ind 

Alco Prod 1 

Alleg Lud 2 

Allied Ch 3 

Allied Strs 3 

Allis Chal .50g 

Alum Ltd .30g 260 
Alcoa 1.20 60 1 
Amerada 2 

Am Airlin ! 

o Bosch 1.20 


Net } 
Bigh ee 1 “a > Chee 


444644444 


M% 
“% 


East Util Assoc 2314 


Eastern 
Prices at Clese 


7 
Hersh Ch 2.40a 1 
Heyden N .30 
Hilton Hot 1. 
Homestk 1.60a 


Honolulu Oil 2 
Hooker Ch 1 


Exolon 
F c 
rafnir Bearing 


Industrials and 
Utilities 
Bid Ask 


Banks and 


Trust ities 


Ocean Drill & Expl 
Ohio Wat Serv 
keme Elec Orng&Rkid Util 
Lcoustica Asso v4, | Orr Industries 
\dams Engineer i 44 | Panellit Inc 
\dvance Ind Inc. , 27 Pantasote Co 
Papercraft 
Paterson Parch P 
Pato Con Gd Dr 
Penn Fruit ‘ ¥ | 
8 


Sheratorm .60b 5 
Simmons 120¢ 4 
Sinclair 3 19 

Smith AO1.60b 4 
Socony 2 7 
SouCalEdis2.60 45 
SouthernCol.30 18 
Sou Pac 3 i) 


| American Tr 
Bank of America 
Bankers Tr NY 

|, Cent Natl Cleve 


Ideal Cem .80 
Ill Cent lg 
Inland Sti .40h 
Int Bus Mch 2 


e7 es. 


~ 
we 


—_—— 
———— 


Am H Pd 3.60a 
Am M&Fdy 2 
Am Met Cl 1.26 


Klien P Cem ad 
Allyn & Bac 
Biltrite Rub 
Dryer 
Turniture 


Am M-A-R- 
Am 8t Gobain pf 


| Cleveland Trust 
Cont Ill B Chgro 


Penobscot Chem 
Pepsi-Cola B DC 
Pepsi-Cola Un Btl 
Perkin-Elmer 


FRR RES 


—— 
2S P= PP 


sees a 2 a 


| First NB Dallas 

| First NB St 

|'FirstNCityBNY 83% 

* | First Pa B & T Phil 4734 

Franklin NB NY x34'42 

Hanover Bank NY 

| Int] Bank 

|Irving Trust NY 

| Manufact Tr NY 

, Mercantile Tr StL 
Morgan Guarnty 

|, National Bk Detr 

| Natl City B Cleve 

Nat Shawmut Bos 

Peoples ist Pitt 

Republic NB Dal 

Seattle IstNB Wsh 117 

security. lst NBLA 6! 

Valley NB Phoenix 484 


Insurance 
Companies 


Photon Inc 
Piedmont Nat G 
Plymouth Cord 
Prec Transform 
PS of N Caro 
Radiation cl A 
Reading&BatesA 


Am Stores 2b 

Am Sugar 1.60a 10 
Am T&T3.30 212 
Am Viscoselg 3 
Am Zinc .25¢ 
Ampex Cp 4 
Amph Borg 1.40 
Anaconda 2 

Argo Oil! 1.20 
Armco Sti 3 
Armour&C2%ef 
Armst Ck 1.20a 
Ash! Oil 1b 

Assd Dry G 2.20 
oper 1.208 


~ 
. 


StdOiNJ1. 10g 174 
Std OiL-Oh 2%2 5 
— War 1.20 


Arrow-Hart & Hg 
Assoc Dev & Res 
Assoc Transport 
Atlanta Gas Lt 
Atlas Credit 
Atlas Credit B 
Atlas Ply 1.25 pf 
Atlas Sew Cén 
Baird-Atomic 


falt Paint & Ch 
lancroft Joseph 


etchell Mine 
lannini Cont 
lass-Tite Ind 
latfelter P H 
len-Gery Sh Br 
:00d Humor 
iranco Products 
sruén Industries 
juardian Chem 
yrodyne Co Am 


we 
- i 
oe 

Aw 


Cdn Pac 114 
Capital Ai . 
Carrier Cp .80g 
Case.JI 

Cater Trac 3 
Celanese 1b 
Celotex 2 

Cer de Pa .50d 
Cert-teed 1'ef 


7 
-ennecott 3g 9 
Kern C Ld 2a R 
Kerr McGee .80 : 

2 


Sa 


ittokeVancC .60b 
one & W 3a 


tud 1 Pack | 
jun Oil 1b 
sunbeam 1 40a 


Kimb Clk. 1.80 

KLM Airl 1.06¢ 

Koppers .80g 6 
resge 

Kress SH 

Kroger 

Lehman 1 49¢ 

LOF Glass 2 

Lib — 


Lily Tui 1 8 
1.80g 3 
29 


~ ~~ 
— ee ee ee) 


Ritter oe A 


Rorer 
Roy Dut P NY shr 
Russel! Mf 


ra frara rarararn 
. 


lanover Shoe 
Hanson-VanW-M 
laydu — 


Swi t & Co 1.60 36 
Tenn Gas 10 

exaco 25 
Tex G Prod 52 
= 


Tex G Sul 
Textron 1.25 165 
8 


ee ee ee oe ee 
a2 eee eae & 2 eo 2 


S+.@s *f 


y Ind 
it Croix Paper 
tanborn Co 
anders eames 


Basic Atomics 
Baystate Corp 
sell Isle Corp 


amp Sp 
hamplin Oil 1 
hance Vet 2 
es& Oh 4 
h MSPPac 1% 
hi &&e NW 
hi Rl&Pa 1.60 


hock Fn 1 
hrysler 50g 


os) 
Oo. 


Link Beit 
Litton Ind 
Lockh Airc 


Atlas Pdr2.40 
Avco Corp .40 


Tex P C&O 


~~ 
wa 


6 
a 146 


icranton a Bk 
icripto In 

feabr Parme pf 
seatrain Lines 
tec Columbn Bkn 
Shawmut Assoc 
ee Niles C&H 
shulton A 


~3t 


loston Her-Trav 
towser Inc 
Brandywine R 
British Indus 
srookridge Vv 


For Judging Stock Values .. . Use 


INVESTOR’S MANUAL | 


$5... .-or FREE with special offer below 


“STOCK FACTOGRAPH” Manual Tells You 


Each Company’s— 
BACKGROUND HISTORY—when and where 


incorporated, address, time of annual meeting, 
number of stockholders, capitalization, etc. 


Cc 
BUSINESS SET - UP — principal of 
revenue, properties, acquisitions, of 
interest, etc. 


FINANCIAL POSITION — working capital 


ratios, cash position, book value of stock, etc. 


DIVIDEND RECORD — how long payments 
have been made, years missed, if any, on com- 
mon and preferred shares, etc. 


Del. L&aw 
8 YEARS’ PERFORMANCE — year-by-year 


earnings, dividends and price range of shares. 


OUTLOOK — latest developments, plans for 2 
future growth, trends, opinion on short and 
long-term prospects, etc. 


COMMENT—whether speculative, a business- 


man’s risk, relative merits as to income, growth 
potentials, etc. 


IN the “STOCK FACTOGRAPH” 
preted facts and figures about so ma 
so little cost. Here is the 
HAVE for accurate evaluati 


- 
aw-t 


| Aetna Fire Ins 
| Aetnt Life Ins 
| Agricultura] Ins 
> | Amer Equit 
| Am Heritage 
| Amer Ins Newark 
| Am Nat (Galv) 


Hydrocarbon Ch 
Indian Head pf 
jurry Biscuit pf Industro Trans 
Bush Term Bide . _— “; dare 
TXL Oil 2 20% 20% 20% c onics Inc 
Un Carbide 10 1467 2 |i IE hay tgp 

\ va 


Tran W Air 
Transamer 
Tri Cont 60g 
Twent Cen 


— 
w 


FINANCIAL 
WORLDS 1959 


0 
tieméHal ADR 
silicon Trans 
loutheast Tel 
wea N Gas 
rts scones am 
23 , d Fru&s ptp 
y | Std Mill A 


) 
7 a 


lande! Bros 
ahn Shirt 
arine Mid 
arq Cem 
farsh Field 
artin Co 1.66 
jasonite 1 ~ yn 
aytag ne 

err Chas! 20. 3 
esta Mch 2‘ea 


Capitol Products 
a oe Cat. ee 156 tena Pan a 
Unit Air Lin Carv Chem Inc 
Unit Airc 


Chapman Valve 
Un Artists 1 em Enterprises 
United Cp .10g 
Unit Fruit 2 


he 
Cl 
Cc 
Cl 


Collyer Ins Wire 
Cominol In 

Comw Oil (Fila) 
Commonw Oil Ref 
Comwealth Tel 
Cons Oil & Gas 


g Palm 
ColoP&Iri.25f 111 
CBS 1.20 15 
Sepa Gas 1 69 
Com] Cred 27.80 14 
Coml Bolv .10g 37 
se Ed. 9 
Con Edis 2.8 


spneene bony PS 


Kay J nd 
Kendall. Refining 
edy (D 8) 


| Conn Gen Life 
do B Cont ur 

| State Ln&Fin A Cont Cas 

| Strategic Mater Crum&Forster 

Strawb&Cloth 4 | Employers Gr 

Sutton OA , 


‘RE RERREESESC 
@w 
, Pe pe met 


17 


on One 
= 


Employers Reins 
Firemans Fund 
| Pranklin Life 
« | Gen Reinsur 
Tenn Nat Gas | Glens Falls Ins 
Texota Oil s 3. | Great American’, 
Timely Clothes » | Guif Life Ins 
Tobin Packing Ss -3 Hanover Fire 
Torrington Co » | Hartford Fire 
| Townsend Corp Home Ins NY 
| Tranter Mfg jife&Cas Tenn 
| Trico Prod Life Companies 
Tropical Gas ncoln Nat L 
| Turbo Dyn Maryland Casu 
 Steremmar Co Ltd 
erch&Man Ins 


, Unilever A 50 fi 4g | M 
Union Ol1l€4Gas A Natl Old Line Ins 
Natl Union Fire 


Unit Amer Inv 
Unit Art Th Cir Nationwide C 4, 
Unit lum vt Amster 
Unit Printer&P w Hamps Fire 
SE ] North River Ins 
Peerless Ins 
Phoenix In 
Providence Wash 
Reinsur NY 
tepublic Ins 


_ 


S959 = <2. 24.2. 24. 6. 6. S & m& 


Cont Oil 1.60 
Corn Pd 2 
Corning Gl la 
Cosden Pet ib 


Q2ar-avooer 
— 
i] 


2 Cuno Oil Corp 
Leeds & Northrup 
Lipe-Rollway A 
Lock Joint Pipe 
Loft Candy 
Loral Electron 
a-Delta Offsh 
cGraw FH 

ech Hand Sys 


US Hoff M 
US Pipe&F 1.20 
US Plywd 2a 


© Pac A 2.40 
onsan Ch 1 
ont D Utl 
ont Pw wi 
ontecatini.92 
onter Oil 1% 


ae 


sources 


field 


Cromp Knowles 
Crouse-Hinds 
Cuno En 

D 
] 

] 
] 


Van Norm 
Van Al Stil 1.60 
Vanad Cp 1 

Va Caro Ch 
Waldort Sys 1 


2 
orrell 30d a2 
NatAirlin. daxd w 
Nat 


— 
0 = DD 


Cutler H 2 
Dan Riv M .80 
Daystrom 1.20 
Decca Rec 1 


te 
Ps 


an 
L 


West A Bk 1.20 
Westg El 2 
Wheel Stl 1.50¢ 
Whirl Cp 1 
White Mot 1.75 
White Sew 
Wilson&Co 1.40 
Woolworth 21 
Worthingtn 242 
Yale&Tow i'% 
, | Yngat ShaT 5 33% 1 32 %a— 
Zenith Rad 1 15 lies 1 rt fall ti 


*t Unit of trading ten shares or sales 


f eee in oe for faa 
semfannue 


wan panncaien 


uo 
—aeo 


Eastn Shopp Cent 
Ecuadorian Corp 
Edgewater Stl 
Elco Co 

Electro] Inc 
Electronic Assoc 


eeder Root 
Vertol Aircraft 
Virg Dare Strs 
Walter (Jim) 
West Penn Pow 


Tea 30 
at Thes ind 167 
lewEng E) 27 


lewmont ‘4 
TY Central 


»  Sprinfield Pire 
Std Accident 
ritle Guar NY 
, Travelers 
4%, US Pid&Guar 
1 Us e Ins 
5'2 Westchest Fire 


Debs 


ae f 2 Us ot Wri ht Line B 
“pry t ry Ykre Race ay 4 
1 York Corrug 


Zonolite Co 


Y Water Serv 


emer Rad .37t 
cTrie RR 


Manual you get so many inter- 
weceparp 1.20 


ny companies and their stocks for 
information you as an investor SHOULD 


ion of the stocks you own or plan to b 
Judging by the tremendous demand, which has exceeded that of all 44 


previous editions, no source book of basic investment guidance is ‘more 
amidely and regularly consulted. 


This book can be indispensable fo your investment success! 


BUY FOR $5.00 .. . or GET FREE 
Send $5 check to Dept. CM-713 for your 
copy of 1959 Manual. Or get it FREE|G 
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Take your choice but order this in- 
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Late orders may be delayed. 


FINANCIAL WORLD 


56 Years of Service to Investors 


Dept. CM-713——17 Battery Plece 
New York 4, N. Y. 


Investment Companies 


Prices at elose of trading July 10 
ypoetronies Inv a 


declaration, 
hed 


w 
> 
= 
Fs 


Bonc 


Div 

Pref Stk 
Income 
Stock 
Growth 


New Eng Fd 
NY Capita! Can 
NCE Shares 

One W 


89 DS D800 


Saseoen—See-Sssse= 
MS 


Sobebatntat 


s 
sCavvne 


rst N 8tr 


- 
a 


Owens Til Gi 2% 
Pac G &El 2.60 


Suwon nveo 
a 2I2-o 
ae 


| onentiened 
te 


b> ed a 
wrnswav 


VSSSI0e® 


~~ A . 
Gvigend | oF oF ex so far this year. 
Declared o id after stock divide 


=e 
wna 


tJohnston Mut 
oLS. in Rn 
oo Dair 
Fost Wheel 
Pr 8ul 


SASSSS-SRE5 


— 
| otond 
oo Sots Const 


3B8exRsssex 


~~ 
wee 
OD ee et ee 


re 
oe- nee 
oro 


Peoples Secur 
Philadelphia Pd 
t Fd ° 


P tl eel 

or ee 
oe 

3380 


~~ a a8 
Oe Pe RTF 
Se 


ee xe 


ee 
au 
sy 
S32 HOS ROMS — Baars 
Scees-veresesanzersacesezs= 


eee 
mmo mE tS 
Whe wo 


a 
- 


r 

ScudderFdCan 

tScudSt&Clark 
Com Stk 


km Shrs 
ire Tr 


re} 
Sanonuace 


E. 


SSHS5s wSeos—as: 
S—s2Ssass 
ae ee 
aula addinad 


Keystne Fd Can 13. 89 
Knick erbkr Fd é. 


etsy 


8 at ot et end 
Soa euuLs Cs Go Oem w208 


£823 
3 


Bisee2 Seks=szelsseseass 


ey)ess 82332 
esreests tet RS Eee ewe e- Eso eeu 


* 
° 
ee at ibe eet ag at the ante gh ee 30: 
Stsressssesssssszseneees 


235 2 


eo 

a 
wre ret 
om ume 
moeseenee 


sezesue 
~~ 
ee nd 
Scorwur 


at ad 


$5 sesc! 


S8ssse 
FESR E 
ey 


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Labor Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


' New York 

More than a half-century ago 
United States labor made a fate- 
ful commitment under the lead- 
ership of Samuet--Gompers: it 
decided to seek a secure place 
within the structure of United 
States society rather than stay 
on the outside and fight it—as 
European unions were doing 1n 
their homelands, 

This policy avoided revolu- 
tionary action, but it has had 
revolutionary results, Under it, 


the “working class”. distinction | 


of the late 19th Century has al- 
most disappeared. This is strik- 
ingly apparent in any compari- 
son with 1900; it is even detect- 
able since 1940. 

From a generally drab exist- 
ence—a precarious and some- 
times comfortless life—around 
the turn of :the century, the in- 


dustrial worker has developed a | 
certainly more secure and possi- ; 


bly more relaxed life. According 
to a study just released in book 
form by the Department of La- 
bor, he has gained ease and 
status. 


Evidences Noted 


This has meant two things in 
the United States economy and 
society: 

1. Workers and their families 
are now the most important 
group of consumers in the na- 
tion’s economy; they earn more 
and can. buy more. They have 
made economic gains undreamed 
of in 1900. 


2. They are now so integrated 
into community life that their 
“way of life is well nigh indis- 
tinguishable from that of... 
salaried cocitizens,”’ according to 
the Labor Department 


“Their homes, their cars, their| pets on the floor” in the words) clearly evident “rapid fading in | essentials 
baby sitters, the style of the|of Philip Murray, president of| the distinctive coloration of the|often this went into a 


are alike and becoming more 
nearly identical year by year.” 
Perhaps this isn’t news. But, 
‘sometimes, there is a tendency 
among other parts of the United 
‘States public to think of the 
highly unionized industrial 
‘workers as a group set apart. 
In most ways, they are not. 
| They have acquired community 
\standing. through “a general 
idemocratic pervasion of social 
‘life and customs” in recent 
years. 
Here is what this has meant: 


+ 
+ 


The typical wage earner no | 


longer lives in an identifiable 
“working class” neighborhood, 
/_The government survey indicat- 
‘ed he has moved from slum to 
‘suburb in a half-century. About 
half of all 
now own homes, most of them 
}under $15,000 value. 

He can—and often does—buy 
the.same model car as the sal- 
aried employer, the store owner, 
or the professional man. Half a 
century ago, none but the rich 
commanded private transporta- 
tion. Today, most workers take 
|\the ownership of one car for 
| granted; many have two, Trans- 
|portation costs are a substantial 
14 per cent of their budgets. 


‘Comfort Sought 


| His purchasing pattern for his 
home is about the same as that 


|of the salaried and self-em- | meetings, fraternal club meet-| worker's 


industrial workers /¢ 


a ae Ws ol art 


Ow 


Gordon N. Converse, Staff Photographer 


buys and wears the same cloth- 
ing as those in other population 
groups. He goes to the same den- 
tist. He enjoys many of the same 
recreational facilities. He attends 
ithe same church services, PTA 


| ““measured evidence of this prog- 
‘ress’ since 1888. Mr. Mitchell dé- 
— it as a reminder “of the 
| 


speed with which we may expect | 


‘changes in the future.” 
At the turn of the century the 
income was_ spent 


‘ployed. A large part of the in-!ings. And, importantly, his chil- | largely for essentials—food, the 
'creased purchasing power of in-| dren attend the same schools—/ roughest kind of clothing, shel- 


dustrial workers has gone into 
|'making homes more comfortable. 
|At the turn of the century, the 
| worker’s thought was of subsist- 
‘ence; that turned to “better 
homes and education” 


(1916, then to “music in the 


and the same colleges. 


Change Rapid 


ter. There was little for amything 
else. One early study showed 
half of the typical worker's in- 


American Workers’ Families Are Becoming ‘Middle Class’ 


; 


The picture of merging class|come spent for food, a fourth for | 


lines can. be overdrawn, 


|cording to Labor 


or sundries. More 


sugar 


clothes their wives and children | the old CIO, in 1946. Now, wash-| working class’ and the emer-|bow] “for a rainy day,” when a 


or lending institution 
they%establish credit, their days 
off, the education of their chil- 


dren, their church—all of these' The typical industrial worker Change,” {brings together the | What kind of life was it? ee, | 


‘and other aids to make life eas- | 


ier are commonplace. 


The Labor Department study, 
“How American Buying-~ Habits 


| cents of every dollar earned in 


|1950 went for the industrial | 


| oy 


| worker’s sundries. 


New Honduran Revolt Reported Crushed 


By the Associated Press 


Washington 
The State Department reports 


that for the second time in two|that there was heavy firing in| 


ment has crushed an armed 
revolt led by the same man. 
The department quoted 


United States embassy in 


Tegucigalpa as saying the July | Pieces of field artillery as well|country again. 


'12 revolt was short-lived but 


‘quarters in Tegucigalpa. 
| The embassy said government 


attack, launched 


with a few 


as rifles and pistols. 
The reports named the leader 


|lasquez Cerrato, former Army 
‘Chief of Staff, ana said by 


the | troops and police beat back the! agreement he was permitted to | 


‘Business Horizons 


Trade Lag Slows Canadian Recovery 


By BRUCE HUTCHISON, Special Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor 


From Canada 


Canada has just received a| Sumer ) 
| accumulation, 


; hav 
business recovery during the | “cain g Rhye 


i$ 


disappointing report on its 


first quarter of the year. 


spending, 
and 


ector of the economy, the 


| mestic market where the con-|ment which has repeatedly | 


inventory | urged management and labor | 
saving | to hold the line on costs. 
increased sharply. | 


| Perhaps the most significant 


|GN 


experts of the Dominion Bu-| heavy and increasing deficits. | States’ rate of recovery. 


reau of Statistics, the nation’s | 


gross national product (GNP) 


Was running at the annual 
rate of $33,300,000,000 be- 
tween January and April, the 
highest rate ever known in 
Canada and up $1,200,000,000 
from the corresponding 1958 


figure. But it was $1,000,000,-- 


000 below the rate forecast by 
the government for the entire 
year. 

The government’s annual 
budget and fiscal policies were 
based on the assumption that 


j\imports 1 


oe F318 

' As exports failed to rise, 
ncreased rapidly be- 
/cause a prosperous nation had 
/more money to spend. The re- 
‘sulting over-all deficit in 
‘merchandise and _ invisible 
_items stood at $450,000,000 for 
the first quarter, as against 
.$282,000,000 in the _ corre- 
sponding period a year ago. 


This increase was due 
mainly to a trebling of the 


| But American prosperity 
(or depression) always spills 


over the border, usually after | 


a brief time lag, since the 
\United States is 


‘government hopes that 
‘existing time lag. will 


the 
be 


overcome before the end of | 


the year. 


| All these facts and hopes'| 
now are under fundamental | 


‘inquiry by the Canadian Sen- 


ate, an appointive body which | 


‘has little ‘direct power over 


Canada’s | 
largest foreign market. The} 


leave the Central 


| The Associated Press 


| of |rent. Clothing and other neces- | #222. “25% 
about | course; differences exist. But, ac- | sities took most of the remainder. | 3:23:22 : 

Secretary | Less than a dime of each dollar | : 
study. | home, pictures on the wall, car-| James P. Mitchell, there is a|earned could be used for non-) : 


wear, the food they eat, the bank |ing machines and dishwashers, | gence of middle class attitudes|job ran out. In comparison, 43) : 
where | air conditioners, power mowers, |in the workers’ ranks. | 


' 
} 


American | 2 


has | Ree, 


‘received no direct word from | 
months the Honduran Govern-|the area around police head-jof the revolt as Armando Ve-/ Tegucigalpa since July 12. That | 


dispatch, delayed some hours in 
|transmission, said firing was 
continued throughout the city 
but centered around the police 
headquarters, “which seems to 
be the center of the revolt.” 


Castro Roars Again 
By the Associated Press 
Havana 


|ing “as a hero” his former Air 
Force chief who quit, claiming 


eign trade, a huge ‘fact emerging from the latest | the Communists forced him out. 


é ed P figures is that Canada| 
According to the impartial year’s first quarter showed! has fallen behind the United 


In a speech 24 hours earlier 
the Cuban Premier had accused 


| the United States of interfering 
lin his country’s domestic affairs 
because the Senate internal se- 


testimony from the refugee air- 
man, Maj. Pedro Luis Diaz Lanz. 

In a_post-midnight speech 
July 13, Dr. Castro told the na- 
tional forum on agrarian reform 
that Major Diaz was bought off 
by “miserable gold.” 


States. 

It was apparent from the two 
speeches that Dr. Castro 
deeply distressed by Major 
_Diaz’s defection. The bearded 
‘rebel leader called it a 


curity subcommittee had taken | 


| venient location, refs. exch. BE 2-6165.| 
TENACRE FOUNDATION, PRINCETON, W. J. 


Premier Fidel Castro blasted | ‘22: 
a United States Senate subcom- | 
mittee again July 13 for feceiv- | 


eee |immigrant background, was a/ 
* | derrick lifter—an above-average 
| job—paid $3 a day when he 
om | worked, : 
; According to the social work- 
er’s account, the family lived in 
a tenement on a city slum street. 
=| Their apartment consisted ofa 
— | combination living room and 
“| bedroom with two windows, a 
ee | one-window front bedroom, six- 
we by-seven feet, and one closet. 
‘| “There is no bath in the 
‘me house,” she wrote, “There are 
mae} four water closets in the yard, 
Fieach ,.. used by three families. 
| There is a sink with one faucet 
»°@\in the kitchen. , .. The cook 
‘Gma| stove burns coal. Clothes wash- 


Kitchen utensils and dishes are 
scanty. There are kerosene 
-#|lamps for illumination. .. , 


Housing Progresses 
“This family has six living 
children, but three others died 


ing is done in a wooden tub. ! 


—two-family dwellings. Private 
entrances and doorbells were a 
pride, and a sign of social prog- 
ress, Then, public housing in the 
1930’s and rented houses, gradu- 
ally farther from the plant and 
job, followed by owned homes 
and the move to suburbia. 

Along ,with housing, other 
facets of life improved. From 
dependence on the cheap, 
starchy potato— “regularly for 
breakfast as well as at lunch 
and dinner,’ the Labor Depart- 
ment noted—families shifted to 
more leafy and yellow vege- 
tables, fruits, more milk and 
dairy products, and a wider 
variety of meats, 

Expenditures for personal care 
quadrupled. More and better 
clothing hung in closets—and 
style became a factor in buying. 

Recreation, education, and 
reading, very minor expenses 


|at birth or in infancy. ,.. The 
” | eldest daughter (16) and ’ son 

|(18) work in a carpet factory, 
earning $5 and $8 a week.” 
| With father, daughter, and 
'son all working, the family’s 
|earnings could be $31 a week— 
today remember, But, in 1905, a' not enough, even at prices then, 
social worker wrote of one fam-/| for more than a spare living. 
ily typical of urban industrial} The industrial worker -pro- 


> 
oe 
er 


ee, Se «4 


} 


in the early 1900s, rose with 
| the spread of more leisure to a 
|5.8 per cent item in the work- 
-er’s budget. 

| Higher wages are the main 
factor making these gains pos- 
sible. The derrick lifter in 1905 


earned $18 a week, presuming | 


a full six days of work. Today 
|a worker with an equivalent 
}job would earn about $3.50 an 


| et 13 


yn 


hood of the plant to row houses|than the derrick lifter did im 


six 10. or 12-hour days. 

This gives him three times 
more buying power, even al-« 
lowing for ‘today’s higher 
prices. And today’s worker gets 
more for the money spent. For 
instance, a “market basket” 
analysis shows that 31 cents of 
every dollar earned in the 
1950’s buys more food for @ 
better balanced diet than the 
= cents of the dollar spent in 

01. 


The gain has not been ene 
tirely on the worker’s side. Aee 
tording to the Labor Departe 
ment, today’s worker produces 
three times as much in 40 
hours as his grandfather did in 
60 or 70 hours. 

Anothér factor making high- 
er living standards pgssible is 
today’s availability of credit for 
ithe industrial worker. In the 
early 1900’s he could get only 
‘limited—and often usurious—e 
‘credit. Now he can run a cone 
siderable personal debt, using 
‘comparatively cheap credit 
the result of his higher wages, 
|greater job security, and insure 
/ance and unemployment protece 
| tion. 


| another, today’s easier 
‘home life has freed wives for 
'work that augments the family 
‘income, to put many industrial 


workers’ families at that time.|gressed from tenement housing| hour, or considerably more in! worker families in a $7,000 te 


The head ot the family, of Irish'in the noisy, smoky neighbor- 


one “short” eight-hour day 


$10,000 income bracket. , 


——— 


| CLASSIFIED 


CLASS 


IFIED 


a 


HELP WANTED—WOMEN 


HELP WANTED—WOMEN 


| PAYING GUESTS 


ee es — 
OO 


LI 


BRARY ASS 
L 


ISTANT—We have an opening for a high 
school graduate, with typing skills, to work in our Technical 
ibrary. Job will include the handling of periodical records, | food 


processing all books and magazines, supervising the catalog 


train-on-the-job. 


will be required. 


section, typing and filing index cards.We will be willing to) 


’% 


STATISTICAL TYPIST—Our Accounting Department needs! 
a girl, with approximately two years typing experience, to’ 
Randle their typing and filing requirements. Typing of gov-| 
ernment vouchers, accounting reports, letters, and invoices 


IBM KEY PUNCH OPERATOR—We reed a person who is! ~ 
willing to accept additional work and training, and would) 
like to work in a busy and active Accounting Department. A’ 


minimum of two years’ experience is required. Also, experi- od. 3 and _house 
ence on the sorter, collator, and cardatype would be desirable. or cottages fully equipped. Scr 


EG&G, a medium sized electronic firm, offers a pleasant working atmos- 
phere and many company benefits. Merit reviews at regular intervals, 
liberal vacation leave, paid sick-leave and holidays, and educational 


assistance. 


Please contect Miss Mergot Erskine 


" 88 Brookline Avenue, Boston, Mess. 


TYPIST 


who would like to learn and operate, Small New England boarding school. Good 


‘office machines for 


{ 
} 


| 
| 


._-Major—Diaz_resigned—his—post_ 
'June 30 and fled to the United 


Was | 


“cruel | 


bookkeeping depart- | 
ment of a pleasant air-conditioned Back 
Bay office. Please call KE 6-5354 for, 
annointment 


FASHION ARTIST 
Preferably Traphagen trained, to in- 
struct, full or part time. Y. C. State) 
age, experience. Box T-14, 588 Fifth 

«SF 


Ave... New York 36 
pats Ad. aati On-the- train under Ch i ° 
BROOKLINE, MASS.—Live in, companion. ence _— ee $720 oun cane ~ at 


, ses ry 
light housekeeping, street floor, con-| fyl) maint. end Socia! 


pay. Fine opportunity for service. Right 
sense of humility and leadership essen- 
tial. Write Box E-71, One Norway Street, 
Boston 15, Mass. 


Security coverage 


t and 2% year course. NO AGE LIMIT. | 


CoO 7-9700 


| ASSISTANT SPORTS DIRECTOR HELP eaenethonen 


BOP 


|STRUCTURAL ENGINEER exp'd in in- 

| determinate structures and able to di- 

| rect engineering dept. for young, ag- 

ressive firm. Box V-65, One Norway 
treet. Boston 15. Mass. 


EARN WHILE YOU LEARW NURSING | 


PAINTED POST RANCH | 
Red Feather Lakes, Colorado 


In a high cool green valley of the 
Northern Colorado Rockies. Superbly 
comfortable modern private cabins, fine 
served in picturesque main 

Miles of saddle trails, trout streams, 
natural beauty. For a truly restful va- 
cation, Reserving for August. Write Alice 
‘and George Drake, Owners, 13, 
|\Red Feather Lakes, Colo. 


JUNIPER HILL. INDSOR, VT. — For 
summer residence, rest, study, or & 
quiet vacation in gracious, homelike 
atmosphere. Lovely hilltop setting. 
Open May 16 to Nov. 1. Mr. and Mra, 
Curtis Beaton; Box 107. Tel. 322. 


NANTUCKET, MASSACHUSETTS 

Vacation in beautiful Guest House. Apts. 
,Rooms, Private Baths. Reuben Joy Home- 
jstead, 107 Main Street. Telephone 1763, 


| SUMMER RENTALS 
PINE CONE LODGES 


Excellent bass. fishing 
WINTHROP, .MAINE 
A breezy peninsular jutting out_into Lake 
Annabéssicook. Mod. 3 and 4 rm. hous@«- 


orches, fireplaces, boat with each cote 
tage. sandy beach, pine grove recreation, 
| 2%, mi. to town and churches. Season 
| Oct. 17. Rates $50.00 to $75.00 wkly. Please 
'phone Crystal 9-3217 or write c/o Malme 
sten, 520 Lowell St.. Wakefield, Mass. 


ee rear re 
BOOTHBAY HARBOR, MAINE 


\'3-bedroom waterfront cottage, 


jnewly renovated. Available by 

season. Beautiful island location. Bridge 
ito mainland. All utilities. $100 weekly. 
|$700 season. Tel. Mr. Carr, Boston, 
ree — or Boothbay Harbor, Maine, 


nn a TTT 
| HARWICH PORT, MASS. 
|6-BEDRM.., attractively furnished summer 
‘home, located on strictly private sandy 
‘beach. Rent for last two weeks of July, 
$475. Call Roger W. Wight. Harwich 1290, 
26 Miles St., Harwich Port, Mass. Se 
‘JORDAN FERRY, NOVA SCOTIA—Coun- 
| try homestead, located on bonutieut 
sh. 


; 
| 
| 

R 


churches, 
Week. month, season. Stonehen 
lery, 105 Granite St. Tel. KI 6-6109. 


| 36 Avenue B. Bayonne, N. J 


WANTED 


Clerk, First Church of Christ, Scientist, 


a 


‘HELP WANTED-MEN, WOMEN = srTUATIONS WANTED-MEN | 


EXECUTIVE—Resigned, position held 25 
yrs. Exper. writing, edit., pt¢., 
lishing, mail order. Has pub. non- 
fiction and fiction. Mature. active. 
adaptable, versatile. Box R-10. 588 
Fifth Ave. 


DO YOU LIVE IN 


pub-| 


New York 36, New York. | 


RETIRED LADY teacher going to Florida 
wishes compan. on trip. No salary. Box 
X-56, 588 Fifth Ave... New York 36, N. Y. 


HOUSES FOR SALE 
BEVERLY, MASS. 


YOUNG married man desires beginnin 


TROY, 
EW y RK? | Trafic position. John Bright 7448 
* Stevens Ave So. Minneapolis. Minn 


| SITUATIONS WANTED 
| WOMEN 


‘SECRETARY. 


experienced in diversified 
fields, would 


,. "This outstanding home of.13 rooms, 
3 bathrooms and 2-car garage is a 
| Magnificent, completely modernized 
white frame colonia] ‘situated 
10,000 = ft of attractively 
scaped grounds. Only one street 
removed from the waterfront. Ex- 
clusive listing. Priced in the thirties. 
Patch, Lunn and Cole. Real Estate 
Brokers, Beverly, Mass. WA 2-2330 


on 
land- 


|deficit in merchandise trade, | legislation but can sometimes 
from $63,000,000 to $188,-| 


| blow” to his revolution. 


Would you like to do like to work for author 


Box E-75, One Norway St., 


or WA 2-1392. 


MOVING AND STORAGE 


| DEEM IT A PRIVILEGE to offer my 
zed Local and Long Distance 

be read The Christian Scienes 

the readers e 

Monitor in which I have been a consisten’ 

advertiser for over 35 years. 

NOBLE R. STEVES, Ine. 

(24 Sharp St.. Boston 24. Mass. TA &-3400 


| ANTIQUES FOR SALE 


‘ENGLISH BONE CHINA, (Reckingham), 
, 22 pieces, 255 years old. Write Box 


| One Norway St.. Boston 15. Mass. 


ANTIQUES WANTED 

OA ee aenutbren ete @ boat 
Market St.. Brighton Mass. ST 
BOATS FOR SALE 


dl 
i. 
‘ 
t 
] 


oe age — dls oe 
: the--vYear’s end. If. pe 
that vba is to be reached | oer” sme Genes i Ron 
business recovery must speed | 
up in the rest of the year. interest and dividends, 
While figures for the sec-/| amounted to $262,000,000, up 
ond quarter will not be com-| from $219,000,000. 
piled for some time, the gov-| These figures underlined the 


ernment has assured Parlia-| alarm of the great exporting 
ment that business is improv-|jindustries which are con- 


ing rapidly, as proved by the | cerned that Canada’s rising 
heavy demand for bank loans | production costs are pricing 
and resulting high interest. its goods out of foreign mar- 
rates. ‘kets, except for the relatively 

As the government forecast |high-price market of the 


‘merchandise transactions, like | 


investment, tourist spending, | .ommittee 


exercise strong influence on | 
public opinion. ‘Dr. Castro's _ sensitivity 
; charges at home and abroad that 

The Senate's /Communist influence 
some in his regime. However. in the 


able finance 
including 


in its budget, recovery so far 


‘United States. 


has been mainly in the do-|has long disturbed the govern- 


| BUSINESS DAY 


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itis 
sate 


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Wf G7. 
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td Az - a ee 
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— 


Compiled from Associated Press, Reuters and other news sources 


N.Y. Exchange Prices Decline Uneasily 

Prices on the New York Stock Exchange declined uneasily early 
this afternoon as the steel strike deadline neared. Key issues 
fell from fractions to about a point. Trading was active. A few 
gainers produced some bright spots. American Stock Exchange 
prices advanced generally in active trading. Corporate bonds 
were mixed and United States Government bonds rose slightly. 
London stocks became sluggish on news of unfavorable labor 
conditions in the United States. 


Eisenhower Swap Proposal Disapproved 


The Senate Banking Committee 


by a 12-3 vote on July 10 dis- 


approved President Eisenhower's suggestion that the govern- 
ment swap up to a billion dollars worth of housing mortgages 
for government bonds. The Senate committee, after two days 
of closed door debate, approved a resolution by Sen. Joseph 
S. Clark (D) of Pennsylvania expressing disapproval of the 
financing plan. Under the proposal mortgages held by the 
Federal National Mortgageg Association would have been 
offered. on an exchange basis to holders of government bonds. 


The bond holders would have 
on the mortgage paper and 


received a higher interest rate 
there would have been some 


immediate tax loss to the Treasury. 


Volume of U-S. Retail Trade Reported Up 


Volume of retail trade in the week ended July 8 rose 2 to 6 
‘per cent above a year ago, Dun & Bradstreet, Inc., has re- 


rted 


. The agency said consumers showed increasing interest 


...jn..furnituré, air conditioners and some lines of women’s 
summer apparel. Purchases of new passenger cars were close 
to those of a week earlier and considerably above 1958. 


Steel Users Prepared for Settlement or Strike 


With the July 14 stee 


strike deadline approaching, steel users 


are ready for anything—a contract extension, a settlement or 
a strike, Steel magazine reported on July 12. “Steel stocks 
today, estimated at more than 21 million tons, are some four 
million under what they were at the start of the 1956 steel 
strike,” the magazine said, “but inventories are in better 
balance than they were three years ago.” Steel mill operations 


dropped 


1.5 per cent last week to an estimated 82.5 per cent 


of rated capacity, steel said. Production was 2,336,000 ingot 


This danger | 


|distinguished elder statesmen, 
ihas launched a far-reaching 
study of inflation, its causes 


and its possible cure—a kind | 


of grand assize on the nation’s 
whole economy. 


‘ing from economists, bankers, 
‘and businessmen how and 
iwhy the purchasing power of 


the Canadian dollar has fallen | 


drastically since the last war 
the government and its cen- 
tral bank were refusing to ex- 
pand the nation’s money sup- 
ply. 

In consequence, interest 
rates have continued to rise 
as a fixed supply felt an in- 


funds. Recently the central 
bank rate, geared to the 
weekly auction of government 
treasury paper, reached a new 
peak of 5.47 per cent. 

PR 


fms 

Under these conditions the 
federal and junior govern- 
ments are financing for the 
most part on short-term se- 
curities or bank loans, at 
heavy cost. The pressure for 
easier money is politically dif- 
ficult for the federal govern- 
ment to resist, but after last 
year’s increase of about 12 
per cent in the money supply 
it is being resisted. 

To vocal critics of the pres- 
ent tough policy the govern- 
ment replies that it is solely 
under the control of the Bank 
of Canada and outside the 
Cabinet’s jurisdiction by law. 

The main pressure on the 
money market comes from the 
government which proposed 
in its budget to borrow about 
$850,000,000 this year to cover 
its deficits and various capital 
works. 

Minister of Finance Donald 
Fleming announced iately, 
however, that he would bor- 
row substantially less than 
that amount because his reve- 
nue position has improved 
with a rise in business and re- 
sulting tax yields. So far that 
encouraging announcement 


has failed to halt the upward 
movement of interest rates. 


creasing demand for borrowed | 


last three public speeches in 
which he spoke of Major Diaz's 
defection, Dr. Castro not once 


munist influence. 
The Senate 


| July 13. Informants said it al- 
‘ready has heard him _ twice 
| Secretly. 


| 


he . . * © 
New Frondizi Crisis 
By the Associated Press 
Buenos Aires 

Another crisis confronts Presi- 
‘dent Frondizi, this time a feud 
| between high naval officers and 
|'Navy Secretary Adolfo Estevez. 
Six captains were 
|July 12 after formally demand- 
ing the resignation of Rear Ad- 
miral Estevez. 

They were confined to their 
homes under military supervi- 
sion. All six held important com- 
mands. 

It looked as if the officers 
would have their way, however. 


dizi met for an hour July 12, and 
an informed source said, “You 
can consider Estevez’s resigna- 
tion as made.” There was no im- 
mediate official confirmation, 
however. 

The latest flare-up was a re- 


appeared to have subsided 


government 


nists and supporters of ex-dicta- 
tor Juan D. Peré6n. 


New Zealanders Find 


Ancient Buried Forest 
By Reuters 


‘Wellington, N.Z. 
The remains of a forest be- 
lieved to have flourished about 
900 years ago have been dis- 
covered 18 feet below ground 


level in the town of Hawera on 
the west coast of New Zealand's 


north island. 
trunks. have 


Occasional tree 
been found among clay by an 
excavating crew on the grounds 
of a local hospital. The start of 
the layer of wood mixed with 
clay was found at the 18-foot 
mark, The excavation § has 
reached 20 feet and the layer is 


| still there. 


arrested 


Admiral Estevez and Dr. Fron-.| 


vival of a dispute between the | 
military and Dr, Frondizi which | 
a | 
week ago. The dissident military | 
men charged that Dr. Frondizi’s | 
included Commu-| 


It, also seemed to underscore | 
to. 


is strong) 


refuted the accusations of Com-'§ 


subcommittee | 
; 'tentatively planned to question | 
While the Senate was learn- | Major Diaz in a public hearing | 


Boston 15, 
Mass. 
EXPER. OFFICE CLERK seeks pos, pre- 
ferably bookkeeping. Box C-32, One 
Norway St.. Boston 15. Mass. 
REFINED mature woman as companion, | 
' mo driving or lifting. light duties. Box! 
D-7, One Norway St.. Boston 15. Mass. 
| TEACH. POS. WANTED—Private schoo! 
N.Y.C. Col. grad. 10 yrs. bus. exp. Box 
H-1i1, 588 Sth Ave. N. Y. 36. N. Y. 


REAL ESTATE 
WASHINGTON, ANNAPOLIS AREA 


Three and four bedroom houses, 
with half acre. 


Shore, club, every 
convenience : 
From $14,350 up 


RIVER CLUB ESTATES 


Edgewater, Md. 
Phone UNiversity %-2027, 73-7914 
A nt ane a 
SILLINGS, MONTANA—Commercia! prop- 
erty for sale. 147’ frontage by 250’ deep 


a vitel job there for 
ee | 
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE 

MONITOR 
2 
® 


A good commission will be paid 
to the woman or man who con 
devote part of each week to call- . 
ing on retail stores in Troy, New 
York, as advertising representa- 
tive of The Christian Science 
Monitor. 


If you are a member of a 
Christion Science church and 
like to meet people, write for 
application blank and full de- 
tails to MR. STEPHEN CURTIS, 
Manager of Advertising Repre- 
sentatives, One Norway Street, 

¢ Boston 15, Massachusetts. 


cludes § 

ment, double garage, and 2 outbuild- 
ings. $65,000 cash. Peter Yegen, Jr., 
Realtors. 211 N. 30th Street. 


REAL ESTATE FOR SALE 
MEDFORD HILLSIDE, MASS, 


/T-room Dutch Colonial, in excellent con- 


LANGUAGE TEACHERS (e:.riec°batier Sraioue Wotacrt rote 


gas-fired boiler, garage under, grounds 
for teachers of Spanish |beaufifully landscaped. Priced to sell at 
h in tndependent, coedu- 


$19,500. Call for appt.. Gove W. Sleeper, 
jeational college preparatory school. 


ST. PETERSBURG, FLA. — 3-bedoom. 
2-bath home. Liv. rm., din. rm., built-in! 
elec. kitch., carport, laundry and stor- 
age rms., screened porch 80x100: corner'| 
lot. completely landscaped. Lawn pump, 
underground sprinkling system. on-| 
venient to bus. schools. 2shop. centers. 


32 FT. 1939 RICHARDSON CABIN 
CRUISER. completely equipped for 
cruising; passed Coast Guard Inspec- 
tion: sleeps six; newly uphoistered; 
Chrysler Crown Engine; gear reduc- 
tion; equipped with tender on davits, 


on busiest thoroughfare in state. ‘In- 
ood 6-room home, finished base- | 


| $17:500. Contact G. A. Bishop, 2789 Twin 
| Brooks Rd. N.E., Apt. 6, Atlanta 19, Ga. 


mile soaren ight, twin horns, compass, 
fenders, life preservers, 


; 


| system. Appraised $17,500. If sold 
| owner $15.500. Taxes less than $3.00 
One-half mi. Dora. H. 
Hooper. Lake Shore Drive, R 

9. 


from Mt. 
S ms ee 4 
| Box 347. Ph EV 2-2079. Mt. Dora. .Fla. 


by 
J.| 


let, galley: extra shaft and ‘propéel- 
Privately maintained we ori al! 
owner in fresh water. Price $ 
fob Wolfeboro, N. H. Box 88, Melvin 
Village, N. H. 


DOGS FOR SALE 


} 


WEIMARANERS—Home raised. AK 


‘DALLAS, TEXAS — Deluxe pink brick. 
early American—11, story—kingsized 


Den w/brick fir. and fp.; cen. air end.: 
York sprinkler system. $37.500. Bill 


master bdrm. w/fp. Lot 140x125. large, 
trees—swimming pool w/filter system 


Binford Real Estate. DA 17-5675 or AD’ 


C Reg. 
| 6 weeks old. Geo. Cash, Box 5223, Moun$ 
| Carmel, Conn. CH 8-4302. 


HOMES FOR ANIMALS 
WANTED 


~ 


5-2115. 810 Brookhurst St., Dallas. Texas. yoUNG PET CAT, found 2 wks. ago 


erento 


DETROIT (Livonia), MICH.—Beautifully 
landscaped 3 bdrm. face brick ranch. 
car att. gar. with spacious finished 
breezeway. 1'> baths. Full basement. 
$21.900. 33905 Rov Croft Ave. GA 2-0401 


SPRINGFIELD, MASS.-—A charming co- 
lonial, tastefully decorated. Lovely 
atreet, choi¢e neighborhood. 6 rooms, 
3 bedrooms. House and garden immecu- 
late. Nr. Gen. Edwards Bridge. nr. 2 bus 
lines. Realtors price will be $17.900. 
Act quickly with owner. Tel. RE 2-4447 


DOBBS FERRY, N. Y.--Historic village 
‘45 min. commut. N. Y. C.). Spacious 
attr. “Dutch Col."'—mod. kitch., playrm., 

5 bedrms., 2 baths, 2 firpl., carpeting 

| Recentiv decorated. Asking $25,500.00. 

| Phone OW 3-4133. 


} 


Realtor, EXport 6-9210, EXport 5-5685 
Write: C. W. SHINN 


(Mass.!. 
The Leelenau Schools 
Glen Arbor, Michigen 


OFFICE ASSISTANT—Interesting, varied) optional. Call MU 9-8431. 
work at mtg. level in approved Chris- 
tian Science nursing home; bookkeep- | 


| HOUSES TO LET 
ing, sec. duties; pref. live in; estate | 


setting. State exp., salary req., church ‘LEICESTER, MASS.—3-rm._ home in coun- 

background. High Oaks, Inc., 600 W. “irs furn. or unfurn. Avail. Sept. 1 or 

Hortter, Philadelphia 19, Pa. before. Write or call B. R. Knight, 
5 Beach Street. TWin' Oaks 2-3214. 


FOR SALE 
BOOTHBAY HARBOR, ME. 


‘Purnished waterfront 6-room cottage 
'for sale, sleeps 9, 4 bedrooms, 1'¢@ baths, 
SA: large living room, dining arpe. Goaytite: 
tal d Pacific Coast states of || | view, pier, garage, extra lot of land. 
UBA. Alaska and Hawaii. ‘Box E-73, One 8t., 
TES ULAR CLASSIFIED . 
- _— OneEkd. AlLEd. 

Per Line 

Ge 8%e 


OFFICES TO LET 


'N. ¥. C.. (Midtewn)—Desirable room. 
Sharing phone and answering service 


Classified advertisements are ‘accepted 
for publication in one edition or in al} 
editions of The Christian Science Mon!- 
tor. The Atlantic Edition circulates in 

Canada and 


orway Boston 1 


| ass 
| LOTS FOR SALE 
+ 
3 


ent ~ our customers. Write or 
sone 8. S. Stone & Son., Fitzwilliam, 
. H.. JUniper 5-6669 


Crossword Quiz Answers 


Goons aon OOS 
BBUEoMoS Gate 
elsit Ww 
. HM  (EMBRIAITIEIR|S: 


x 
3 


gusset 


3 
5 


SIRIEIGIOIN MES IA lc. 
viol tie MmT Rit [e[kiLle|0: 
EITIOINEER| | [OMELIAlkie 


Overseas Rates Suppli¢d on Regt st. Oe WOO GHG 


|\IN MARBLEHEAD. Cave Cod style house 
for sale by owner. 2 bedrms, liv, rm., 
22’x18’. dining area. lg. kitchen. un- 
finished upstairs: beach and 

| West shore, $27,000. NEptune 
(Massachusetts). 


(SS 
| HOUSTON, TEXAS (W. Tereweny ners 


or lease 


3 bedroom, 1% beths. 
Jarrard. 


GR 2-5573 or write Gibbs, 
| Box 3007. Pasadena. Texas. 
SILVER SPRING, MD.—Colonial, 7 yrs. 
3 bedroom. 1% baths. lvg. room, dne. 
room, kitchen and den. Eligible FHA. 
9621 Brunette Ave. 


woods, 
1-3688 


| APARTMENTS TO LET 


‘BOSTON, Peterborough &8t.—Modern 1 
| rm. kit. and bath. excellent loc., top 
| floor. $60. AS 7-002}. 


| TO LET—FURNISHED 


STEWART MANOR, L. I., N. Y¥.—Single 
room for gracious living. Early Ameri- 
can decor, private beth, private garden 
entrance, walkine distance stores and 
train. By month 870, Phone after 6 P.M. 
Floral Park 2-2810. 


‘APARTMENTS UNFURNISHED 


MARBLEHEAD. MASS.—Ranch style apt., 
2 bedrms., mod., kitchen, liv. rm. with 

. Near stores. churches and 

45 min. $112.50. 

Atlantic 


4 


ac ’ lay, e ; 
Avenue, Marblehead. NE 1-1422 


. Realter 
Furnished and Unfurnished Apartments 
77 Park Ave.. N.Y.C. LE 2-5563 


APARTMENTS WANTED 
YOUNG BUSINESS WOMAN would like 
2 rm. apt. furn. or unfurn. Brookline, 
Mass, or vic. Tel AVenue 2-5260 (eves.) 


Dorchester, Mass 
BOARD FOR CHILDREN 
gin GREEN PASTURES 
A Home for 


children eare 
end = ty 
Route 1 ear pereatan Calf. 
aR 
ae 


/ 


femaie, aeltered, affectiqnate, house 


2 | trained. Will transport reason. distance, 


| Stearns, 118 Pierrepont St., Brookiyn, 
N. ¥. Tel. TR 5-0337. 


INSURANCE 


WASHINGTON. D. C.—Wiill gladly oupely 

ty RR Fa ee  C- 
mon * .* 

Cos. ME 8-3730. 1700 EK St. N. W 


| JEWELERS 
‘DIAMONDS gy JEWELRY AND 


“WIDMER’S Jeweler, 31 West St., Boston , 
ne 


; 
; 


BAR ouicxty sow 
through classified ad 
in the Moniter 


From Pasadena, Calif., a classitied 
advertiser in The Christian Science 
Monitor writes: 


“We are most grateful for the 
results of advertising our car for 
sale in The Christian Science 


Monitor. 


“After we had unsuccessfully 
tried to sell it through tloccl 
advertising, my husband noticed 
your heading ‘Automobiles for 
Sale’ in the classified odvertising 
section, and we decided te place 
an ad, 

“We had several responses, and 
one porty purchased the car at a 
very fair price. This was a most - 
harmonious experience ali the 
way ‘through, and fer that we 
shall always be grateful.” 


St., Besten 


eR ge SEER Se I r we 
4 


; 


‘ 14A*0 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, ‘BOSTON. MONDAY, JULY 13, 1959 


Bonn Sights. 


DIST. OF COLUMBIA. 


_MAINE 


NEW HAMPSHIRE 


RHODE ISLAND 


VIRGINIA 


ONTARIO 


ONTARIO 


* Status Quo. 
For Berlin 


By J. Emlyn Williams 
Central Eu an “Correspondent of 
The Christian Science Monitor 

Bonn, Germany 

Agreement among the Big 
Four foreign ministers to main- 
tain the present status in Berlin 
sand thus prepare the way to a 
summit conference is all that 
can be hoped for from the sec- 
ond Geneva conference, accord- 
ing to general opinion here, 

Prospects of a successful un- 


WASHINGTON 


PORTLAND 


(Continued) 


CONCORD 


w 


NEWPORT 


ROANOKE 


(Continued) 4" 


HAMILTON 


(Continued) 


TORONTO 


(Continued) 


re" 


Full Dress Tuxedos, Cutaways 
with — Accessories 


CLOTHES MART 
Men's and Boys’ War 


2808 Good Hope Rd., 8.E. 


for RENT correct attire 


LU 1-8341 


REGISTERED JEWELER 
AMERICAN GEM SOCIETY 
*% JEWELRY 

* CHINA 


DR. A. REED. 
CUSHION SHOE CO., Inc. 


“The Shoe With the Sole of Comfort” 
District 7-3879 


FREE PARKING 
J. O. SMELTZER 738 13th St 


derstanding between -West and 
East on the unsettled Berlin and 
German questions are regarded 
a@s vague and uncertain as when 
the conference adjourned June 


MAINE 


. N,. Ww. 


*% SILVER 
*% CLOCKS 


WANTED—To buy ESTATE JEWELRY 


Expert Clock and Watch Repai? 
Highest Quality 


521 Congress St. SP 3-0291 


INSURANCE 


BANKS CHEVROLET , Inc. 


Sales and Service 


CHEVROLET e CADILLAC 


CApito) 5-2759 
Formerly M. D. Ross 


U. - ROYAL TIRES 


“Your No. l 


AUBURN 


20. But it is assumed that nego- 
tiations will reopen on Berlin | 
and, that the Soviet Union will | 
expect Western reactions to its | 
plan. | 

As a reminder to both the Ge- | 
neva conference and the Ger- | 
man people of their will to keep | 
Berlin free and unify Germany, | 
a two-minute silence was ob- | 
served in work and traffic here 
July. 13 immediately before 
noon. This was done on the ini- 
tiative of trade unions, employ- 
ers associations, the ‘“‘Kuratorium 
for an Individisble Germany,” 
and the government. 

Other Problems Linger 

The West Berliners, the Social 
Democratic opposition, and some 
members of the government 
coalition. parties here hope that 
this second phase of the confer- 
ence will concentrate upon other 
German problems if they do not 
get anywhere on Berlin. 

It is widely believed that the 
West has already gone as far as 

ssible in its last proposals on 

erlin’s future and that those 
represent a limit of concessions 
rather than a basis of negotia- 
tions with the Soviet Union, as 
British Foreign Secretary Sel- 
wyn Lloyd recently indicated. 

But, ask many people here, if 
Berlin is not at the top of the 
agenda, what can be- hoped from 
attempting to tackle other Ger- 
man problems? Moscow’s atti- 
tude offers little hope of success 
as far as the West’s “packet” 
proposals are concerned, There- 
fore it may remain for a mixed 
all-German commission to de- 
liberate on future relations be- 
tween West and East Germany. 


‘Internal Solution’ 


Here in Bonn this is regarded 
suspiciously lest it might be- 
come an initial move to con- 
federation according to Soviet 
ideas and-to an “internal solu- 
tion” of the German question 
from which the Western powers 
would be excluded. 

A  four-power commission 
with West and East German 
participation is considered pref- 
erable here—somewhat along 
the lines of the commission 
which finally settled the Aus- 
trian question. This was unani- 
mously approved by the Bund- 
estag (lower house) one year 


Oo. 

But if an internal German 
commission is to be established 
it must be restricted to discuss- 
ing technical questions, par- 
ticularly traffic problems, it is 
held here. It should not discuss 
political issues or have any kind 
of pseudoparliamentary charac- 
ter. Any joint commission, with 
equal membership from West 
and East - Germany, such as So= 
viet Foreign Minister Andrei A. 
Gromyko mentioned in his plan 
of June 19 at Geneva, would be 
unacceptable to the Bonn gov- 
ernment, though it was accepted 
by the Social Democrats earlier. 


Clarification Sought 


If no agreement is reached be- 
tween the four foreign ministers 
on Berlin, then the present situ- 
tion should continue. This, ac- 
cording to the opinion prevailing 
here, would be better than a 
questionable intermediary solu- 
tion. West Berlin spokesmen in- 
dicate that they would like to 


see a new internal clarification 
of the four-power status of their 
city and of its relati With the 
(West) German Federal Repub- 
lic, for example to prevent a 
repetition of the situation on 
July 1 when Dr. Heinrich Liibke 
was elected there to the post of 
the West German President. But 
uncertainty still remains regard- 
ing the right to hold elections in 
Berlin and of voting rights of 
West Berlin deputiés to the 
Bundestag in such elections. 

West Berliners naturally are 
following closely the Geneva de- 
liberations. Their representative 
there, Senator Giinther Klein, is 
expected to hand over three 
documents to the representatives 
of the three Western powers and 
of the federal republic in the 
next few days. 

Berliners Speak Up 

The first contains a commen- 
tary on recent Western proposals 
for settling the Berlin problem: 
the second deals with legal and 
— problems of relations 

tween West Germany and 
West Berlin, and the third lists 
suggestions for improving traf- 
fic connections between the West 
and West Berlin, including what 
should be controlled on those 
routes. 

Berlin commentators also hope 
for closer relations between the 
West German delegation at 
Geneva and the Berlin repre- 
sentatives there than in the first 
phase when Berliners com- 
plained about being kept unin- 
formed on issues vitally affect- 
ing their future. 


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TONKIN and FRASER 


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KEN ROSS OIL COMPANY 


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FILMS « CANDY. * STATIONERY 
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PAINTING © PAPERHANGING 
INTERIOR © EXTERIOR 


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Uptown Agents 
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Outfitters for the Sportsman 
and working map 


DUDLEY’S, Inc. 
rm other teres 


s Department Store 
2001 Srd Avenue 


Dudley’s Variety Store 
1951 Srd Avenue 


| JA 9-4144 


Dudley’ 


Odoriess "ZEPHYR" Dry Geaning 


249-251 Argyle Av 
CE 2-1568 (3 lines to ‘oomaral) 


BALLANTYNE McCABE 
SERVICE STATION 
Supertest 

Service Station 


donee 


Regular Care 
Seves Weer 


Elgin St. and Argyle Ave. 


Sy 


a, 


Ph. CE 2-4700 -— = 


7 MOVING ‘| 
STORAGE © PACKING 


A Better Move 
All Ways 


“ 
a. 
" 


41 Hazelton Ave. WaAlens 4-7327 
TORONTO 


—_—_ 


QUEBEC 
MONTREAL 


1115 ST. CATHERINE ST., W, 
and 


MORRISON’S 


Refrigeration Service 
25 Years’ Experience 
24-Hour Service 


580 WAVELI AVENUE 
OTTAWA 3 


PA 27-3071 
Day or Night 


MOUNT ROYAL HOTEL | 


MEN'S WEAR 


Cashmere Sweaters 


LUCIEN 
BEAUTY SALON 


MORGANTOWN 
A Man’s Shop 


Reiner and Core 
| MEN’S WEAR e TAILORING 


: 


217 High Street, Morgantown, W. Va. 


np! YO 
415 GRANBY STREET 
. 
“The Home of Beautiful 
Fashions” 


OPEN AND USE A 
CONVENIENT CHARGE ACCOUNT 


Comper” 


LACONIA 


MARYLAND 


SHEA 


ANNAPOLIS 


REAL ESTATE 


INSURANCE 


THE JOSEPH D. LAZENBY COMPANY 
215 Main Street Phone CO 3-2684 


Candy Mailed 
O “Shopping Center S 
of the Lake Region” 


32 COMPLETE DEPARTMENTS 
Est. 1875 


for Outdoor Living .. . 
gay, inexpensive 
furniture that’s 
comfortable, washable, 


BALTIMORE 


“BENJAMIN W. SCHUMACHER 
Concrefe and Waterproofing 


DUST PROOF AND 
HARD TROWELLED FLOORS 
FOR INDUSTEY AND RESIDENCE 


6201 Fairdel Avenue SGaltimore 6, Md. 
Phones: 


In Portland— 
Visit HAY’S Seda Foun- 


tain for delicious drinks 


and lunches. 
Also the best in 
Telletries @ Cosmetics 
Perfume @ Candies 
Stationery @ Magazines 
H. H. HAY SONS 
592 Congress St. SP 2-6511 
262 Middle St. SP. 2-378) 


Custom Made Draperies 


MORRILL DECORATOR SHOP 
‘ CHAS. $. MORRILL 
Formerly with W. T. Kilborn Co. 


51 Ocean Street So. Portland, Maine 


Tel. SPruce 4-7010 


s Upholstering 


CATONSVILLE 


. Smeltzer Nursery 
and Garden Shop 


6431 Baltimore 
National Pike 
Ridgeway 7-8790 


HAmilton 6-7155—CLifton 4-8622 


weather-proof 


Lougee-Robinson Co. 


FURNITURE FOR 
SUMMER HOMES, HOTELS, CAMPS 


The Oscar A. Lougee’ Co. 


‘DRY CLEANING, 


Phone 334 


“Laconia’s Largest 
One-Fluor Department Store” 


LACONIA HARDWARE (0. 


HARDWARE 
HOUSEWARES 
SPORTING GOODS 
TOYS 


560-562 Main Street 


MANCHESTER 


SILVER SPRING « 


GUARANTEED 
RUG CLEANING 


Phone MAdison 2-3617 


RICHMOND 


Two Good Places to Eat 
Wright's Town House 


513 Eest Grece Street 
Open 11 to 9 @ Closed Sunde 


ONTARIO 
HAMILTON 


ee 


good names to go Buy! 


@ Creffsman 
@ Alistete 
@ Kingswey 


@ Silvertone 
@ Kenmore 
@ Homert 


CORNER of BARTON and KENILWORTH 


R Atel 


OF HAMILTON 


“EVERYTHING 
FOR FAMILY 
AND HOME” 


STEWART WARREN 
LUCIEN BERTHELET 


234 Laurier Avenue West 
Tel. CE 3-5088 for Appointment 


Church’s British Shoes 
Cashmere and Camel Hair 
Coats, etc. 


SCIENTIFIC SHOE FITTING 


TORONTO 
CHEVROLET 


CARS AND TRUCKS 


Service: 
7? A.M. to 1:30 A.M. 


* 


} 


SHOES i 


for Men and Women 


Wm-H:MACK Ine 
Leiter Fitting Zootuwcar 
1432 Bleury Street and 


Robertson Motors Limited 


1515 Danforth Avenue 
HO 6-1134 


@ Yonge at St. Clair 
® Yonge at Adelaide 
@ Bloor at Runnymede 


TORONTO 


A COMPLETE SERVICE 


Four laundry services to 
VITALIZ 


the — time vou require laun 
dry g service. 


iSenie 5-216]. 


AND ORY CLEANERS 


WILKINSON 


RADIO & ELECTRIC CO. 


Television—Appliances 
Lighting Fixtures 


542 Bayview Avenue HU 9-866) 


Raleigh Grill 


(HOTEL RALEIGH) 


LOBSTERS—STEAKS—-SEA FOOD 
9TH end BANK STREET 
Open Every Day 


HAMILTON 
ary ONTARIO 


Professional 


RUG CLEANING 


At its Best 


Diel Elgin 8-3811 


' Jewellers & Silversmiths 
Fine Encuisn Bone Cuina 
Write for our free catalogue. 


PHONE FREE 
JA 8-701] PARKING! 


For More than Half a Century 
We Have Served Richmond 
Families -with the Finest 


MILK and DAIRY PRODUCTS 
Richmond Dairy Company 


JAMES W. HILL CO 


Pi Wasingn 1.6 


West German Linas 


Slates First N.Y. Trip 


By the Associated Press 
ven 


New Method to Double 
Ocean Cable’s Capacity 

method of boos the 

of submarine telephone 

y 2 to 2% times without 

Post Office and the American 
Telephone and Telegraph Com- 
up between the Post Office and 
the American company defining 
Satter terms for exchange of the 


By Reuters 
m. capac 
Y the cable itself has 
pany, it has been learned here. 
An 
iat aa “so agl and re- 


Bremerha 

West Germany’s biggest ocean 
liner is to leave July 9 on her 

maiden ME bee to New York. 
The 32,336-ton Bremen is the 
former ronch troop transport 
Pasteur, The vesseel pa 

pan of from France in 1957 


London 
a eloped by British 
agreement has been drawn 
Sy 


for the *‘too new to-be true” 


1959 CHEVROLET 


Manchester, New Hampshire 


A Reliable, Dependable | 
Department Store 
for Over 80 Years 


“/A.L. Lorraine Hardware Co. 


3114 West Cary St., Richmond, Va. 
Dial $-9101 

LOWE BROS, PAINTS, FURNISH- 

INGS, SPORTING GOODS 


Prompt Delivery (Daily Westhampton) } 


. PORTSMOUTH 


ROANOKE 


MARGESON’S 
Distinctive 
Home Furnishings 


64 Vaughan St. Tel. GE 6-3970 


BOWMAN’S BAKERY 
When Buying Bread Specify 
BOW MAN’S 
Sunbeam Enriched Bread 
8 


rcdage ome pay Sts 


QUALITY 
FAMILY CLOTHIERS 


302 KING ST., EAST 


CANADA'S LARGEST 
CHINA IMPORTERS 
Minton, Wedgwood, Rey 


A free booklet will be sent 
on request. ) 
HERBERT S. MILLS 
CHINA STORE 


Goh Poole 


SHOPS 
FORSYTH SHIRTS 


140 Yonge St.—399 Bay at Queen 
EM 4-2531 EM 4-6572 


Character Clothes for Women, 


1484 YONGE STREET 
660 EGLINTON AVE. &. 
TORONTO. CANADA 


WA 1-519) 
BU 8-0853 


“|UMITED 


Always the Best 
in Flowers 


ALMA LOU FLOWER SHOP 


$14 Main Street East 1A 7-7561 
SPEAK TO ADVERTISERS 
thet you" Ras appreciote anesthe 


not moke it « point toe 


DONLANDS 
DAIRY 


RICHER AND BETTER 
DAIRY PRODUCTS’ 


City Wide Service 
265 Donlends Avenue WO $-3523 


TORONTO} 
LAUNDERERS 


1395 St. Catherine St. W. 
The Dominion’s Leading — 
Specialty Shop 


Furriers since 1837 


Furs, Fashions 
and Men’s Clothing 


HOLT RENFREW 


Sherbrooke at Mountein - . MONTREAL 


QUEBEC TORONTO OTTA 
HAMILTON LONDON WIDeNIPE® 
EDMONTON ALGARY 


ST. FRANCIS REALTY 
COMPANY LIMITED 


Everything in Real Estate 


Bertram Tate, F. R. 1. 
(Representative) 


300 Victoria Ave., Montreal 6 
HUnter 9-5321 


FUEL OIL 
and 


OIL BURNERS 
~‘Tolhurst Oil Limited 


CR 9-7271 


Montreal's 
Favorite Shupping Centre 
FOR rLOWwER ene PLEASE 


Mig, 


1420 McGill College Avenue 
Montreal, Quebec 


Member of Florist Telegraph 
Delivery Association 


~ FUELS and 
Heating Equipment 


fa rguhian K 


$250 Western Ave. HU. 1-0371 


Mitchells 


HOSMIOW 


BRIDGMAN’S 
JEWELLERY, Ltd. 
CHINA e WATCHES 

LUGGAGE 
HU 3-9747 
278 EGLINTON AVENUE W 


ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES 
RADIO— ELECTRICAL sevice 
_.1271 Greene Avenue, Westmount (8) . 
The CHEESE SHOPPE 
FINE CHEESES—HAMS—BACON 
also Imported Delicacies 


DAVID W. WHITE 
Flowers 
1197 BAY ST. (at Bloor) 
Flowers Wired Anywhere 


Phones: WA 2-2696 - WA 4-2624 


Goods Shipped Anywhere 
in the World 
2054 UNION AVE. Vi 9-3298—VI 9.1000 


y purchases, Mes 


Sates 


4 
te. 


' 


as 


. q; iG . Si val yo aa . 5 
, ‘ ole . f ‘ 
; ‘ : ‘pai ir s : : 
‘ : * 
‘ r + 4 


THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, BOSTON, MONDAY, JULY 138, 1959 


a Sees Som ate 


Y 


Le eee 


TUB 


nti ie ak CR 


3, Peeg fee SN SR a a I cE 
OO RR YE eae REL ee Nes 7 


By Guernsey 


LeP 


YOU’RE JUST TOO 
ANXIOUS TO FIND 
THAT TREASURE. ”/ 


Uesy-Daisy, Cuester —~ 


NONE OF THEM 
ARE BROKEN 
Ou, | 


“OF THAT ~~ T 
ERIED THEM 
BEFORE I 


—~ TOOK CARE 


LEFT HOME 


Ler’s HAVE A 
NICE BREAKFAST 
BEFORE WE 
START 


tional Dictionary, Second Edition. 


Egalitarian ‘— E-gal'-i-tar’-i- 
'an (e as in event, first and third 


— 


How 
ABOUT 


SOME FRIED 
EGGS 2 


in care, both i’s short as in it). 
these days of the stirrings of un- 


rising of new nations, to 
called into use. All the better, 
too, because, like a coat that 
has hung in the closet awaiting 
occasion, it does not show wear. 
‘It means “all men are equal’; 
‘at least whatever inhabitants 
_and citizens of the region of 
earth that happen to be under 
‘discussion at the time. 

| Yet the “equality” asserted in 
‘| | “egalitarian” is rather abstract 
‘and theoretical; not barbed 
|enough to distress the conserva- 
‘tive thinker on the subject. 


* ‘or = - 
ve a te eee Ss ten 
— 0s © 0 +@: +8 

so tS os 8 See 


Sia 
. w= 


Ther’ RE BACK. 
EATING POPCORN 
AGAIN ... DO 
YOU SUPPOSE. 
THAT'S ALL THE. 
FOOD THEY 
HAVE VF 


Paternalistic Pa-tur’-nal- 
is’-tic (first a as in sofa, second 
a short, u as in urn, both 1t’s 
short). 

“Paternalistic” is another 
word fitted to the political writ- 
‘ing of the day. It pictures an 
‘embryonic state conducted on 


- = 


'a’s short as in add, second a as | 


This word has good claim, in| as in obey, a 
end). 

developed peoples and of the, 
be | means “long drawn out.” 


Uniess otherwise specified. pronunciations are from Webster's New Interna- 


By Winthrop P. Tryon 


bility always of a dash for the 

dictatorial. 
Protracted—Pro-trak’-ted (0 

short, e short as in 


Here is a word which simply 


Tangent — Tan’-jent 
vowels short). 

A metaphor resides in the 
word “tangent” that is always 
of sure effect. An early impres- 
sion comes to .us from the 
mathematics class. Then we 
knew a tangent to be a line 
that cuts straight away into 
space from the circumference, 
say, of the earth. 

When a news writer or com- 


(both 


x 2 a 


, 


| 


' 
| 


i 
i 
| 
} 


|mentator reports, therefore, that | 


|some public personage of As- 
'sertive disposition is “off on a 


| 


|tangent,” readers are likely to 
‘feel that his ideas, while per- | 


| discussion, 


Millennium 


‘haps logical enough in them-'| 
selves, are outside the course of 


Mi-len’-t-um | 


the plan of a family with a/| (both i’s short, e short as in end, | 
_paterfamilias (head of the fam-/| short as in up). nee 
ily), as the Romans used to say.| [In discussions of archaeological | 
Here again appears an item that subjects, the term “millennium” | 
reminds us how much of a, means a period of time—a thou-| 
‘classic people we who speak the | sand years. As it is often used, it) 
English language really are. 'refers specifically to the thou- 

This word “paternalistic” |sand years mentioned in the 
would describe the relations be- | Bible in the Book of Revelation, 
tween the governed and the gov- | during which holiness is to be 


and 


ernment, involving care 
‘control suggestive of those fol- 


\ Le Telley | lowed by a father, with possi- 


triumphant. Hence ft generally 
means any period of great hap- 


'piness and common good. 


By Alice Jean Edminster 

Sometimes on a summer’s 
night, when the wind brings the 
fragrance of some lovely flower 
on the night breeze, I remem- 
ber Hawaii. The visit to Hawaii, 
of all the places I have been 
in the world, grows in memory 
and loveliness each year. 

After the two thousand sea 
miles—filled with gay flying 


fish, star-studded skies, and the | 
luxury liner—my first view of! 


it was a memorable one. I 
awakened early, about five, and 


es Se 


: ’ 


Alice Jean Edminster 


|ultramarine . Pacific, 


‘from the porthole, I saw a}! music, 
strange form of vermilion 
jutting so abruptly out of the 


and thousands greeting 
the ship. It was exciting, but 
I treasure my early morning 
I had the, views of pristine purity. 

|very hour. My first sketch was/ tropical hills in Hawaii—Dia- 
|from the porthole, and s0| mond Head, and the spectacular 
fascinating were. these island| view from the Pali, and up Mt. 
'forms that I sketched until we | Tantalus. But I believe the 
arrived at Honolulu Harbor, flowers seemed most intriguing 
| ae a 'and most significant of the 

island culture. 

| Here it was a contrast to my | In Hawaii flowers are expertly 
first impression, for there were| arranged. I remember _ the 
‘press boats, leis, Hawaiian! smiling Hawaiian woman who 


; 


os % ~ : : apna 
. vn a a 3 Naan rs 
° nen ° 

, ; noe oe 

> < d 

oa * = » . . . es ~ 
Or Or ES es RES Sykes Shien 

. S . x ae: Ses sone 


ne 
s 


oe += | years. 


| 


; 


z | 


placed the exquisite ginger lei 
around my shoulders with the 
words, “In Hawaii, we are happy 
all the time.” In 
of fragrant flowers—and she is 
a picture I cannot forget. 


with a thrilling color, I made 
countless water colors, striving 
to capture the intensity and 
dazzling brilliance. I used color 
pigments fresh from the tubes, 
and the finest I had, but they 


| 


effect of the original. 
> ee 


: 
Have you evér heard of a 


‘flower that blooms in darkness? 
Such is the 
‘cereus. They say that a sailor 
brought the seed from India. I 
was fortunate to be in the 
islands to see it blossom, and I 
consider it one of my most 
thrilling moments. We stayed 
up until midnight, and then 
journeyed to the place where 
thousands of these white waxy 


| heads were Tovely in the moon- 


light. With my sketch pad and a 
‘flashlight, I was able to make 
'a sketch. To view this wondrous 


| beauty was thrilling, but to gain 


the deeper inspiration of the 
blooming in darkness has 


e| stayed with me throughout the 


Add an Ounce 
Of Fun? 


By Jocelyn Cain 
Evanston, Ill. 
How much fun do you get 
from just living and working 
together as a family? Here are 
some of the things families do 
to add a zest to routine. 
Ever heard of a “jelly-bean 


inspection”? A family down the 


Me street has one every morning. 


A view of Hawaii’s Diamond Head from the terrace 


When the Fresh, Soft Wind Gently Whispered 


By Ruth Winn Rutz 
Rome, N.Y. 


jand I examined the ground | 


There was a wistful breeze 
blowing, as only a breeze can 
do on an early spring morning, 
and something compelled me to 
walk along the path toward the 
little trickling brook in our back 
lot. 

Penny, our beagle, and 
Blackie, the water spaniel, 


cavorted around my legs, eager 
for a’ romp through the pines. 
I stopped just Short of the gur- 


gling stream and stared at the. 


busy water rushing on its way. 
Little One, our gray tiger, curled 
himself around my legs, jumped 
‘ onto the wide plank that sufficed 
for a bridge, and looked at me 
with his’ green-eyed candid 
stare. ' 
ee Be 


I turned from his appealing 
gaze and sighed. So much to be 
done in the house: the messy 
kitchen table, the unmade beds, 
the silent typewriter on the 
worktable. It was that breeze, 
that fresh, soft wind that 
whispered in my @ar and as- 
sured me it would only take a 
second to ‘cross the plank. The 


old jacket I was wearing, the. 


dark slacks and s¢uffed loafers 
were just the right clothes, that 
whimsical breeze reiterated, and 
I was off. 

I crossed the plank in no time 
and was soon stepping over the 


barbed-wire fence and onto our. 
neighbor’s back let. A pungent 


pine fragrance tickled my nos- 
trils; I'd almost forgotten how 
good it smelled. I lifted my head 
and walked briskly beside the 
fence, the cat stepping daintily 
along. 

eet wee 


When I crawled through the 
barbed wire again I came upon 
a sand hill. My shoes were 
_ promptly filled, but I ignored 


it ahd scanned the ground for 
- tracks. I was curious to see 
or not any deer were 


w 
2 stilt around. The Heavy snows 


(of the winter had forced them,and then turned back and re- 
/near several farmhouses nearby, | traced my steps down the hill. | run out of jelly beans, they still | 


There really hadn’t been 


icarefully, THere were just dog|;much time wasted, I thought: 


| tracks, however, and that funny | not really wasted when I took | 
‘track a turtle makes, the n-/|into consideration the exhilarat- | 


mistakable dragging imprint of ing exercise I’d had, the fresh | 


its tail. ‘air I’d inhaled, and the lovely 
Oh, luscious morning! I>) view I'd enjoyed. 

climbed to the top of the hill! _ I recrossed the fence, dumped 

'and gazed at the treetops in the! the sand trom my shoes, and 

dark valley below. The fluffy | promised myself another trip 

‘pine and white birch 


|Cleaning rooms is a chore, face 


it. But Mrs. C. T. Lawrence de- 
cided one morning to bribe her 


brood with leftover jelly-bean 


‘candy if they could pass inspec- 


‘tion on their rooms. The bit of | 
job. 


‘family fun lightened the 
_Although they have long since 


call it a “jelly-bean inspection.” 
; ae Se 


‘jdea of reading aloud to the 


‘children at the dinner — table 
i'when father was out of town. 


‘Nowadays if father isn’t there 
ere an/|to find the deep, silent trout to bring the enlivening influ- | 


hér vermilion | 


The average husband is an adaptable creature. Place him in 
any situation and he’ll make the best of it—even if he takes the 
long way around to arrive at a solution. Take our friend loung- 
ing in front of the picture window! A flick of the wrist would | 
have closed the drapes—but, no, Dillingham had to wend his 
way out to the patio and hustle in a lawn umbrella. Friend 
Cedric, with the mock-up of a television set, has hit on a bright 
idea—but just wait until Junior asks. “Daddy, I want to see a 
commercial.” The lower cartoon reveals a “too many cooks spoil 
the broth” type of suburbanite. With no guidance from his 
family, he can overcook those hamburgers. Which all adds up to 


dress she sat weaving her leis | 


The hibiscus blooms in Hawaii | 


could not scale the height of 


night-blooming | 


|—and 
| swing-tail coat is off, folded 
| neatly on the grass. His cane and 


the fact that if we didn’t have these quaint types around the 


house, our cartoonist friends would have no material to draw 


| 


upon—and share with cartoon editors and our readers. 


Day for Observing 


PSR er 


A Mr. Scroggins Story 


This continues the adventures of Boston Common's: most 
venerable squirrel, originally written by George L. Moore for 


Boston Common 


| 


this page, and which will be reprinted from time to time on 
yrithe Family Features page. 


“Beautiful,” he says to him- | 


There come days on Boston self. 


Common when the sky is clear 
and blue, the earth glistens, and 
the air is sweet with life. On 
such days, some people go to the 


Common and sit. Other people 


stretch on the grass. Levi, the 
wirtle, pokes his head out of the 
water and nods to the sky. Neck 
and Crop, the swans, float on the 
water and tell each other that all 
is well. The sum of it all is to 
enjoy the day. Roger P. Scrog- 
gins, squirrel extraordinary, 
from his great wisdom and ex- 
perience, has learned that on 
days of this sort, the thing to do 
is to seek a quiet spot and be still 
thus we find him. His 


high silk hat are laid to rest near 
‘the coat. And the 


venerable | 


A company of sparrows fly 
with graceful dips and darts, and 
he loses sight of them as they 
head toward the Public Garden | 
and a maple tree’s leaves shut 
off that part of the sky. 

“Good,” says the squirrel. 

He rests back against a tinv 
hillock and gazes into the space 
between the-ground and a tree 
close by. Suddenly, there swings 
into view right near his head a 
caterpillar on the end of a tiny 
thread. | 

“Nice day for swinging,” says 
Scroggins. ; 

The caterpillar sways gently 
and wiggles.. 

The illustrious squirrel takes 
another long look at the blue 
sky, smiles and nods, and turns 
over on an elbow. Beneath his 


» a 
gaze is a patch of grass. Hé looks 
at it in astonishment. Then he 
looks more closely. 
There on a spear of grass is a 
very small grasshopper. It is 


per are 
looks at 


— 


light green, and its legs and body 
are smooth. Near the grasshope- 
some ants. 
them 
They bustle here and there. One 
finds a tiny bit of something and 


Scroggins 
in amazement. 


Another mother hit upon the 


‘squirrel devotes himself to the. 
delightful pursuit of drinking it _ 
all in. He looks for a long time | 
into the sky. Every once in a 
while he nods and smiles. | 

“Good,” he says to himself, 
“good!” 

He watches a pigeon sailing 
overhead. 


Ob ieee 
for Today... 


Goodrich, Mich. 
“T get a lot of fun bringing 
the youngsters to Chicago,” Jay 
' Ostrander, 59-year-old bache- 
lor, junior-high-school teacher, 
aw —, explained when 
the Poteey Meste*| asked if he had 
yee, ever thought of 
\ spending his 
money on him- 
m'self on trips to 
Hawaii, Europe, 
or elsewhere. 
This year he 
took 39 sopho- 
k more girls, ac- 
~esmasmaie companied by 
three of their mothers, in a 
chartered bus for a five-day visit 
to Chicago. With this group of 
girls, he has brought a total of 


When thou liest down, 
thou shalt not be afraid: 
yea, thou shalt lie down, 
and thy sleep shall be 


sweet.—Prov. 3:24 


vu their first visit to a big city. 


3 Little People’s Panel 


inviting sight. I wandered along | stream in the mids‘ of the dark ence of the outside world into ok - ce so 3 : 


the ridge.on the springy moss’ valley below the hill. 


Jamboree City Awaits Scouts 


Manila, Philippine Islands The World -Jamboree, 


“sn “te ov ge psn of every four years, enables Boy 
a big forest south o anila is 

isebay 46 ba Gael ae ame |e from all parts of the 
|12,000 Boy Scouts from | : : 
‘countries attending the tenth | earning about their respective 
| World Jamboree here from July | Customs and culture, and getting 
17 to 26. 'to understand one _ another 
| The jamboree will be the first | better. . mi. 
ever held in an Asian country.|, Jamboree City has 17 build- 
For the 10 days it lasts, the 750- | 'n&s, yor evans § mess _ hall, 
'acre city, carved out of the lush | ™arket, supply Warehouses, lec- 
'green forest of the Makiling | ture sheds, radio building, camp 
National’ Park, some 30 miles | headquarters, and fire stations. 
'south of Manila, will be home to|4 chapel for churches of all 
8,000 Filipino Boy Scouts, and | d¢nominations, a radio and tele- 
4,000 from 68 other countries. | V'sion Station as well as swim- 
The city has been built on the |™ing pools and other sports 
| facilities, and drug stores are 
included in the plans. The city 
‘| will even have its own news- 
paper. 


urged all Filipinos to help to 
make the Jamboree a success. 
As a practical measure of en- 
couragement, he has waived visa 
fees and passport and other re- 
quirements for foreign Boy 
Scouts attending. 


The United States will be 


President Carlos Garcia has | 


slopes of Mount Makiling, a 
wey wove) tourist spot. 
ut officials say that Jam- 

boree City, as they call it, will 
have its own office, ice- 
cream parlors, movies, - and 
barber shops. 

“The boys will be able to find 
everything they need in 
city,” one official said, 


/ 


the | of 


represented by 35 Scouts and 
one Scouter. 

Mrs. Leonila Garcia, the 
President’s wife, recently un- 
veiled the Jamboree totem pole 
at Makiling. . wid 

Foreign Scouts will have a 
chance to tour places of interest 
in the Philippines. The Jamboree 
program includes an exhibition 
of Philippine-made products, 


yang on the Filipino way 
e. , 
Reuters 


their dinner hour, a good book 
is their dinner guest instead. 
Peaceful, educational,: and a 
‘together-time, too. 

“Feed the pig” is a slogan 
know. Plagued with complaints 
‘about the food at dinner time, 
they put a piggy bank on the 


|and pepper shakers. At the first 
‘sign .of discontent, 


| the bank must go a penny per 
‘complaint. The pig’s weight in- 


|creased at first, but slacked off | 


|rapidly! Mealtime pleasure in- 
creased proportionately. 

The mother of a Cub Scout 
Den says that when she has 
'shouted all she can in a day, 
she resorts to giving orders to 
‘her family by messenger. She 
i'sends the notes in code, now 
that she has a Cub Den. Takes 
‘her back to her Nancy Drew 
Mystery days! 

4 4 


at. our house. We spend vaca- 
tions in Ephraim, Wis. in Door 
County. Our hotel employs col- 
lege girls as waitresses. In off 
hours they baby-sit, and the 
children love them. So playing 
“Ephraim” means playing, wait- 
ress with a will, and remember- 
ing and looking ahead to the 
wonderful vacations and the 
people they meet. 

Ever notice how much fun 
the families in books have to- 
gether? Add an ounce of fun 
and a pinch of imagination to 
your own family recipe. Come 
up with secret family slogans, 
games and institutions for your- 
self. See how they boost your 


family morale! 


' 


' 


held shouted in another family we 


' 


| 


world to meet and live together, | table every night with the salt | 


someone | 
_shouts “Feed the pig!” and into | 


| 


~s we 
ee re ota'ten Re 


B... 
| 
| 


Playing “Ephraim” is a game | 
that gets the table set pronto 


The Visit 


Down in the meadow, 
Under a shady tree, 

My small brown horse 
Stands and waits, patiently 
And when at last I come 
His moist nose nuzzies me. 


He searches out an apple 

From a friendly hand’s source, 
And I pat his velvet nose, 
Thinking, of course, 

That the best of pets is surely 
A small, brown horse, 


KATHRYN AINSWORTH GROVER 


Buys Student Trips to Big City 


“I’m a bachelor,” he explains. 
“I’ve been making something 
over $5,000 a vear for some time 
now. I have no car. I spend ten 
dollars a..week on a room. I do 
my own cooking:~What else 
would I do with my money?” 

Ostrander got the idea of the 
trips years ago when he was 
driving’ through a big city, made 
a wrong turn, and ended up in 
the slums, where he got a close 
look at its derelicts. From Sal- 
vation he 


-grasshopper~moves~ about: 


starts to tug it away. The others 
hurry over and lend a hand. The 
The 
ants bustle. A caterpillar comes - 
into the scene. Scroggins looks to 
see if it is the caterpillar that 
was swinging on the thread. N 
it’s a different one. A har 
shelled beetlelike person next 
enters the picture. Scroggins 
watches the bustle of the ants, 
and the moving about of the 
grasshopper, the inching of the 
caterpillar and the scrambling of 
the beetle. Then he looks into 
the. blue sky. Sparrows and pi- 
geons are fiying about. 


Army 
learned that n 


licts had come from small towns. 


He decided t 


be a good idea for his young- 


personnel 
10st of the dere- 


hen that it would being done.” 


“Well, well,” 
self, “a good deal of business -is 


sters to see slums so that thev 


he says to ‘him- 


Inspired by the activity, he 


1,000 pupils to Chicago (600 girls 
and 400 boys)—most of them for 


would never end up there. He 
combines these tours with edu- 
cational visits to museums and 
with entertainment, including 
a visit to Riverview Park. 

Leslie E. Dunkin 


—_ —— ee ee 


Par Time 


ACROSS 24. One who 
. Colt or filly repairs 
. Tin con- chairs 


tainer . 
. Adam's 
. Flexible grandson 


armor 

. Ancient . Fatherly 
Asiatic 
region 

. Turk. room 

. Highest 
male voice 

. One'who 
makes a will 

. Worry 

. Speed 

. Those who 
make esti- 
mates 

. Addition to 
a document 


30. Goat 
antelope 


. Candlenut 
tree 

. Peninsula 
in No. 
America 

. Footprint 

. Lawful 

. Legal 
claims 

7. Beaver 
State 


. Old Fr. coin. 4 


49. Talk 


puts on his coat, takes cane in 

hand, dons his hat, and hurries 

to the garden to see if he, toe, 

can’t be doing something. There 

he finds Mrs. Scroggins pulling 

weeds. 
He helps her some. 


Minutes 

. Pouch 

. Casta 
ballot 

. Flowed in 
drops 

: English 
schoo! 

7. Equipage 
. Inland 
body of 
water 


. Carpenter’s 
tools 

. Dove 
shelter 

. Commotion 

. Storyteller 

. Gain 
control 

. Being by 
turns 

. Way: Lat. 

. Moos 

. Melody 

. Afresh 

. Lively dance 

. Peruvian 
Indian 

. Aholding 
at bridge 
Christmas 
song 

. Undue 
display of 
learning 

. So.be it 

. Licks up 

. Starchy 
food stuff 


noisilv 
. Farther: 


poet. 

. British 
statesman 
DOWN 

. Plump 

. Seaweed 


9 |” 


y . Acting in 
place ofa 


S WY Ps 
Pi | free; | | | Bae | 
| 4 | 
| ok 8 Se 


Zanae “eee 
TT) eT 
an wae 
aT eT] 
“nn Ae 
Jan 4eEe 


Answer Biock Appears Among Advertisements 


nee 
. Implement 
for cutting 
grass 
. Resinous 
substance 
. Finished 
. List 
. Omen 
. Capital of. 
Brazil 
Boy 
. Piece out 
45. Snug room 


XY 


Editorials 


BOSTON, 


Monpay, JULY 138, 1959 


we 


‘HE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR 


“First the blade, then the ear, BIS then the full grain in the ear” Pp 


Features 


PUBLISHED BY 
THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING SOCENTS 


Battling the Slum Lords 


American cities, spending billions 
of their own and federal tax money 
to fight slums, have largely over- 
looked the possibilities of furthering 
the same aim by fighting slum land- 
lords. 

It would be an exaggeration, of 
course, to say that all owners of slum 
properties are cheating both their 
tenants and the other taxpayers of 
their cities. But many thousands of 
them are doing just that. And, under 
existing tax practices, they are being 
findncially encouraged to do so. 

In a survey of major American 
cities made by this newspaper it was 
found that many such landlords, by 
chopping up existing dwellings into 
single rooms, were getting a return 
on their investment of from 22 to 50 
per cent per year. At the same time, 
these landlords often sought (and 
got) yearly abatements on_ the 
amount of local property taxes paid, 
because of the fast deterioration of 
their tenements. They also sought 
(and sometimes got, on the basis of 
high rental income) big eminent do- 
main payments when their run-down 
properties were fimally taken for 
slum-clearance projects. And they 
were meanwhile using property de- 
preciation to reduce income tax pay- 
ments. 

There are several remedies for 
this apparent official encouragement 
to slum-breeders—remedies consist- 
ent with the principle of equitable 
taxation and careful of the rights of 
property ownership. 

Aside from tight enforcement of 
building safety codes, probably the 
most useful remedy lies in the field 
of property tax assessment. Many 
tax experts feel appraisal of slum 
tenements should be based on their 
income-earning capacity. Others urge 
that urban land be assessed relatively 
higher, buildings lower. 


al 


Such appraisals would tend to 
make it unprofitable for landlords 
to operate dilapidated structures, 
since their taxes would remain rela- 
tively high even when their buildings 
deteriorated. 

The high land assessment formula 
also tends to encourage the growth 
of efficient new commercial buildings 
in slum areas, thus helping to ac- 
complish by justifiable tax control 
what slum clearance programs now 
are using tax revenue to accomplish. 

In essence this system is a fair 
method of restoring a realistic tax 
balance to cities that find themselves 
burdened with what New Haven’s 
Mayor Richard Lee calls “Bowery 
buildings on Tiffany real estate.” 


Another remedy now being used in 
some cities (notably Chicago, St. 
Louis, Philadelphia, and Baltimore) 
is that of requiring actual owners of 
multiple dwellings to register under 
penalty of fines or jail sentences. This 
legally difficult system prevents ab- 
sentee ownership from becoming 
hidden ownership, and pins down re- 
sponsibility for repairs and taxes. 

We urge all cities facing the slum 
problem to examine these methods of 
tightening up on the profiteers who 
do so much to create slums. Statistics 
indicate why tax-bought renewal and 
rehabilitation programs cannot alone 
overtake the growth of new slums 
unless some such preventive tech- 
niques are also adopted. Some 12,000,- 
000 city dwellings in the United 
States are defective. One out of every 
four city dwellers lives in a slum. 

For these slum-dwellers and for 
the héavy-hit taxpayers who sup- 
port the war on slums through fed- 
eral and local levies, it is only just 
that existing government checks on 
urban real estate: be tightened to 
catch those who now make money by 
creating new slums. 


‘And Now a Word From... 


Variety reports that Los Angeles 
television station KTTV is about to 
start a regular weekly series of half- 
hour programs containing nothing 
but com nc 

Before ateur Toynbees read 
in this the end of our civilization, we 
should clarify. The program is being 
done in the interest of improving 
commercials. 

KTTV’s president, Dick Moore, 
last spring challenged an association 
of advertisers to improve their video 
selling to meet the taste of its audi- 
ence. He said he thought the ads 
could be made not only palatable but 
even enjoyable. 


To back his contention he offered 
free time to the advertisers to show 
the best of their wares every Satur- 
day. Mr. Moore even ventured the 
opinion that such a program would 
draw better ratings than some regu- 
lar station offerings. 

We're not too sure of the latter 
point. But we’re interested in this 
effort, that could wake up some 
advertisers whose only aim seems’ to 
be to hypnotize audiences into 
drowsy acceptance of their product. 
We wish the experiment well. 

However, we're puzzled at one 
weakness in its pulling power — it 
hasn’t got a sponsor yet. 


A Kh raslichev Visit? 


A visit by Soviet Premier Khrush- 
chev to the United States, says Pres- 
ident Eisenhower, is “something I 
would never rule out of the realm of 
possibility. ‘be Yet how profitable 
would such a visit be, and how much 
would it serve to diminish—or in- 
crease—East-West tensions? 

After the tours of Deputy Premiers 
Mikoyan and now Kozlov, the pres- 
ence of even the kingpin of the §o4 
viet Government would be no incon- 
ceivable novelty in the United States. 
Nor would it necessarily condone 
atrocities inflicted on subjugated 
peoples by communism in Eastern 
Europe. As Mr. Eisenhower remarks, 
Americans can accord civility ‘to 
visiting heads of state without imply- 
ing approval of their regimes. 

As to some merely ceremonial 
meeting, whether on American or 


Russian soil or both, an exchange of 
visits, including a trip by Mr. Eisen- 
hower to Moscow, could have some 
beneficial effects—though too much 
should not be expected, It could fill 
some apparently wide gaps in the 
Soviet top Communist’s information 
about America ang possibly help 
avert some rash decision on his part. 
The Mikoyan and Kozlov visits 
have given clear indication that 
there is no serious danger of the 
American people being duped by any 
Marxist propaganda such visits may 
engender. Could communism afford 
to permit equal currency to what an 
American high official might have to 
say in the Soviet Union? The possi- 
bility of a top level exchange of visits 
depends largely on true reciprocity 
in the arrangement of details and in 
Soviet-American relations. 


‘Without Unnecessary. Delay’ 


Historically speaking, it has been 
scarcely more than two centuries 
since accused persons were often con- 
victed and sentenced in civilized na- 
tions by the simple process of tortur- 
ing them into confession. A modern 


police version, “the third degree,” 
even today is not unknown. 

. To assure that an accused is given 
a fair and open trial on the evidence, 
legislative bodies and courts have 
amassed rules for criminal procedure. 
‘The federal rules require that an 
arrested person be taken for arraign- 
ment before a committing magistrate 
“without unnecessary delay.” And 
the courts, including the Supreme 
Court, have stepped in on occasion 
to make sure that the term unavoid- 


able is not stretched too far by law: 


enforcement officials frustrated by 
clever and hardened criminals and 
tempted to use the easy way. 

n the occasion of the so-called 
Mallory case the high tribunal 
stepped in on appeal in 1957. The rec- 
ord in this case reflects little credit 
on the District ‘of Columbia police. 
: And the conviction of the accused 

_ Was reversed. But the implications of 


the decision alarmed prosecutors and 
crime fighting agencies throughout 
the nation. 

The court had construed much too 
strictly, they said, the meaning of 
“without unnecessary delay” without 
consideration of the practical prob- 
lems. And organizations from the 


federal Department of Justice to the 


National Association of Citizens’ 
Crime Commissions called on Con- 
gress to write rules for applying the 
decision. 

This Congress is doing in a bill 
which the House has just passed. It 
would exclude evidence or confes- 
sions obtained without first having 
informed the accused of his rights. 
But it would prohibit exclusion of 
evidence otherwise admissible solely 
because of delay in arraignment. 

‘This sounds fair. But it also would 
put upon the accused the burden of 
proof if his alleged admissions or 
confession weré obtained under du- 
ress, One should weigh the likelihood 
that such a law might help the police 
against the criminal but not the in- 
nocent or the ignorant against subtle 
evasions of the Bill of Rights. 


I 


‘I’m Always Ready for a Peacé Conference!’ 


/ rp-2 006 = 


“au 


The ‘Aloha State’ 


By Caroline Clegg 


Recently, while I was sorting family 
papers, a photograph, signed and dated 
1893, came to light and awakened happy 
memories of the Heir Apparent to the 
Hawaiian throne at the time of the an- 
nexation of the Island Kingdom by the 
United States of America in 1898—Prin- 
cess Victoria Kaiulani. She was being 
educated in England under the guardian- 
ship of the then British Consul to the 
islands. His English home was in the 
same town as the owner of the photo- 
graph, and the young people of both 
families were often in touch and enjoyed 
life together. 

Thus memories of that very intelligent, 
vivacious girl aroused a desire on my 
part to know more of her ancestors, 
and the reason for her development from 
an ancient and primitive people. 

Historians have recorded that the ear- 
liest settlers on the 
were men. of the Stone Age. Little is 
known of their history, but the remains 
of their skill are still to be seen—temples 
made of stone; stoné fish ponds con- 
structed to withstand the tides; irrigation 
for cultivation of the land. Later they 
became known as “Menehunes”—skilled 
workers—and were looked upon as super- 
natural by later inhabitants. 

About the time of William the Con- 


“queror’s invasion of England a new mi- 


gration to the islands had begun—by the 
Polynesians, who appear to have had a 
knowledge of navigation, without com- 


‘passes or maps, which far surpassed all 


other primitive peoples. Their known his- 
tory has been recorded by charts as 
there was no alphabet and so no written 
records. Written history seems to date 


-from about 1778 when British explorer 


Capt. James Cook discovered the islands. 
a: 


As the years passed, ships from many 
nations visited there and the contact 
brought blessings as well as _ disaster 
through corruption. Although the religion 
was soaked in idolatry of many gods, 
even to the extremity of human sacri- 
fice, there seems to have been a strain 
which produced some outstanding char- 
acters among the ruling Kings and 
Queens. 

Kamehameha I, ruler of Hawaii, born 
about 1736, was one of these. Although 
he conquered all the islands through much 
brutality, he showed wisdom and intelli- 
gence in pursuing peaceful ends for the 
betterment of his people. In 1792 he came 


Hawaiian Island - 


again we hear of a very outstanding 
character — high chieftess Kapiolani — 
whose fine intellect quickly responded to 
the Christian faith. 

Troubled that the fear of Pele still 
predominated in superstition, she declared 
that she would climb the mountain and 
defy the goddess at the very summit. Her 
words were: “There is but one God. He 
will keep me from harm. If I am de- 
stroyed, then all of you may believe in 
the power of Pele. But if I am not, then 
you must turn to God.” 

On reaching the summit she lay down 
on the very brink of the volcano to spend 
the night. At daybreak she quietly de- 
scended into the pit, to the very edge of 
the flaming lava, even though she must 

»have had visions of the hundreds of hu- 
man beings thrown in to appease the 
goddess over the years. Great rocks were 
thrown into the flames while Pele was 
challenged vehemently! 

Quietly kneeling down on the edge of 
the pit, she repeated a simple Christian 
prayer and began to sing a hymn the 
missionaries had taught her, and which 
was soon taken up by those watching her! 
Returning unhurt, Kapiolani destroyed the 
fear of Pele’s thralldom. Thomas Carlyle 
is quoted as having said, “It was one of 
the greatest acts of moral courage ever 
performed,” because she faced the real 
perils of the volcano. 


A eee 


Kamehameha III (1825) showed great 
ability and enlightenment in. carrying 
further his grandfather’s reforms —the 
grand old man known as Kamehameha I, 
The Lonely One and Napoleon of the 
Pacific, whose reforms started before the 
arrival of the missionaries. 

In 1839 a Bill of Rights was announced 
which completely reversed the old tradi- 
tion of the King’s complete ownership of 
everything, and gave the people freedom 
of religion and ownership of“land and 
property. This Bill of Rights has been 
compared to England’s Magna Carta, 
but England’s King John was forced to 
sign while the supposed semisavage King 
of Hawaii did it of his own free will. 

From this stemmed the development of 
a Constitution in spite of many difficul- 
ties caused through other countries’ try- 
ing to take possession of the islands. This 
came about through industrialists seeing 


and pineapple plantations and other in- 
dustries, starting in small beginnings but 
eventually growing to such wealth that 


under the influence of George Vancouver,‘ the larger companies took possession of 


captain of the English ship Discovery 
sent out by the British Government. 
Vancouver did all he could to persuade 
Kamehameha to make peace with the 
other chiefs, and also instructed him in 
ways of good government, which later 
he put to practical use. 

Each island had a Governor. The peo- 
ple were encouraged to produce food for 
themselves. A medical school was opened 
and also schools for training the people 
in skills, 

Meanwhile the fear and worship of 
their gods, which comprised many taboos, 
were gradually being broken down s0 
that the people of Hawaii were ready 
for the arrival of missionaries from New 
England in 1820. With the missionaries 
came one Elisha Loomis with his print- 
ing press. The language being mastered, 
a short alphabet of twelve letters was 
compiled, and the first Hawaiian spelling 


book was produced in 1822. Portions of 


the Bible followed. 

From then on schools in every com- 
munity were established in a remarkably 
short time, so erithusiastic were the peo- 
ple to learn to read and write. Shocked 
by the natives’ nakedness, the woman 
missionaries taught them to make simple 
clothes which were called “Holo-hus’— 
two Hawaiian words meaning “go” and 
“stop,” used so often when teaching the 
native women to’ operate the sewing 
machines! 

During this progress there was still one 
idol that held the superstitious with fear 
—the fire goddess, Pele, whose realm was 
supposed to be on Kilauea, largest eggn 
volcano in the world with a seething pit 
of lava some three miles across. Once 


the government and brought about the 
downfall of the monarchy. 


This also brought about a great change- 


in the population of the islands. Great 
numbers of Japanese were brought in to 


meet the need for cheap labor in the 


cultivation of the plantations. The Ha- 
waiian labor was not equal to it, and 
the pure Hawaiian strain has diminished 
to such an extent that it now amounts 
to only two per cent. 

After visiting the United States with 
her guardian to try to claim her heritage 
but without success, the Heir Apparent to 
the throne of the island kingdom re- 
turned to her home in Honolulu where 
she was much loved and respected, but 
she did not long survive the disappoint- 


. ment of losing her royal heritage. Somehow 


I think she would have approved the 
title “Aloha State” for the 50th state of 
the U.S.A. 

The memory comes back of a child’s 
picture of a real Princess Kaiulani com- 
ing down the stairs in her guardian’s 
home while putting on her white gloves 
and saying with a happy smile, “I washed 
them myself!” 


From Yesterday for teeny 
To Bonsult with ‘the wisest and the Greatest mee ee 
To use books rightly.—Ruskin 

Security of the Future 


For mere vengeance I would do nothing. 
This nation is too great to look for mere 
revenge. But for the security of the future 
I would do everything. 


JaMrs ApraM GARFIELD 


A Hardening in Labor Relations 


An Intimate Message From New York 


By Frederick W. Roevekamp 


The customary give-and-take in labor- 
management. dealings has been conspicu- 
ously absent from the steel wage negotia- 
tions that have dragged on at the Roosevelt 
Hotel here since early May. 

As the weeks went by without any sign 
of real progress, observers have begun to 
conclude that this was not just another 
round of collective bargaining. 

The steel industry’s steellike refusal to 
consider any wage increases this year, it 
is pointed out, is based on more than just 
a will to bargain for the most. It is the 
outcome of a rapidly hardening attitude 
in industry toward labor. 

To at least one veteran labor writer, 
A. H. Raskin of the New York Times, it 
all adds up to “a basic reassessment of 
relationships that may have more dra- 
matic consequences for the total com- 
munity than any development since the 
New Deal gave unions their original 
charter’ for growth. 

“It is the employers who are on the 
march this year, taking the offensive after 
a quarter-century of what they consider 
undue subservience to ‘monopolistic’ 
unions and their political allies.” 

Leading this march aré the very same 
billion dollar corporations which were 
among the first in the mass production 
industries to make their peace with 
unionism, Mr. Raskin observes. He says 
management’s change of heart results as 
much from the disclosure of the Senate 
hearings on labor racketeering, as from a 
discovery that management’s investment 
in labor’s good will has not paid off-in 
terms of higher productivity. Other im- 
portant motivations, Mr. Raskin suggests, 
are psychological and difficult to analyze, 


a2? .# 


Is labor relations a pendulum which, 
after years of moving toward greater 
labor union power, has begun to swing 
back in the other direction? 

It is too early to answer that question. 
But the signs of a reversal are there: the 
bitter automobile wage dispute last year, 
the grounding of four large airlines, the 
longest strike in the history of the rubber 
industry, and drawn-out walkouts against 
three large farm equipment manufacturers; 

If this apparent hardening continues, 
what will it mean to the future of labor- 
management relations? 

Mr. Raskin says, “Moderates on both 
sides fear that a large measure of our 
capacity for economic improvement will 


go down the drain if some formula foe 
accommodation is not found.” 

Thomas Campbell, editor-in-chief of 
Iron Age, the independent and authorita- 
tive magazine of the steel industry, warns 
steel management that “its well-laid plans 
for making over its labor relations may not 
come out nearly as pat as it now assumes, 
It»tould mean that there will be labor 
troubles galore in the steel industry over 
the next several years.” 

What is needed, Mr. Raskin suggests, is 
a search for “yardsticks that will bring 
some science into the process” of collec- 
tive bargaining. The conflicting claims 
from both sides.of the bargaining table 
more often confuse than clarify the issues, 
Labor claims productivity has gone up; 
management denies it. Management says 
its profits are down; labor says they are 
at an all-time high, 


4+ 4 


One source from which authoritative 
and balanced statistics could emanate is 
the federal government with its compre- 
hensive research apparatus, 

President Eisenhower’s recent proposal 
to issue a fact sheet about the steel wage 
and price situation was quickly put down 
by his advisers. They pointed out that 
such a step would inevitably land the gove 
ernment in the middle of the dispute, 

There are some encouraging signs that 
introduction of a third force of factuality 
and balance into the labor-management 
picture may be. possible. Outstanding exe 
perts have been invited by both labor and 
management to_help correct what is wrong 
in their relations\:A “progress-sharing” 
plan introduced by Charles E. Wilson 
while president at General Motors is cone 
sidered by Mr. Raskin as “the only scien- 
tific method now in widespread use toe 
determine what is a reasonable pay in- 
crease.’ It provides an annual 2% per 
cent pay increase as the workers’ share in 
long-term economic growth. 

This plan is now under sharp attack in 
the ranks of management as the result of 
its changing attitude toward labor. 

What other possibilities are there for 
stabilizing the periodical unrefereed bouts 
between what. has long been described ag 
the two working “partners” in the nae 
tignal economy? 

New ideas in this field could: prove ag 
profitable as the most radical technologie 
cal breakthrough, The entire economy 
stands to benefit. 


a 


The Reader Writes 


Too Hard to Spell? 


To THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR: 


Didn’t it occur to anyone at the Fort 
Devens Army post that they might teach 
their children to spell the names of the 
streets where they live, instead of chang- 
ing them to Pine, Elm, and Walnut? 

When the children begin to study history 
are they going to leave out the stories of 
Chapultepec, Lafayette, Dumhkarton Oaks, 
Gnadenhutten, and the Constitution vs. 
the Guerriere because they think the 
names are .too long and hard for them to 
learn to spell? EILLEN SETAG 

Bangor, Maine. 


‘Who Speaks. for France?’ 


To THe CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR: 

In your editorial of July 7, “Algeria: 
Who Speaks for France?” you have raised 
a question which is very easy to answer. 
But to be able to answer correctly, 
must clarify the deliberately ambiguous 
stand of de Gaulle, what you called, ‘‘the 
generous attitude de Gaulle himself 
expresses.” 

De Gaulle Gannot be generous, simply 
because he offers a thing which he does 
not have. Algeria has its personality, and 
the Algerians have impressed their per- 
sonality not only on France, but on the 
whole world. 

You seem to attribute too much to “the 
fact of de Gaulle’s rise to power,” and 
nothing at all to the Algerians who have 
been fighting for their freedom for five 
years. ° 

De Gaulle has been in power now for 
more than a year. Would you kindly tell 
me what liberal changes have taken place 
in Algeria? 

His’ “errand boy,” M. Debré, whom de 
Gaulle can dismiss on the spot, is still 
talking in the most ridiculous terms of a 
stanch colon. If de Gaulle does not agree 
with what he says, why does he keep the 
“errand boy’? 

It is not “ironic,” it is cheating. De 
Gaulle speaks in those vague terms, which 
do not mean anything, and lets his 
shadow “speak for France.” 

The Algerians wil] continue to fight’for 
their freedom, and it is the duty of those 
who believe in it, to come outright in sup- 
port of a brave and oppressed people. 

Mon. ABDUL HAY SHAABAN 

Cambridge, Mass. 


‘Fallacious Hypothesis’ 


To THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR: 

Your reader’s plea (letter in your June 
10, 1959, issue) for greater spending for 
mutual security is premised on the falla- 
cious hypothesis common to all world in- 
ternationalist believers in the United 
States. This is expressed in the words, 
“Our military position and economic well- 
being are interdependent with that of the 


rest of the free world.” 


The fallacies in this assumption are 
clearly set forth in the below-listed chal- 
lenging books. It is also of significance 
that the United States public. has. been 
propagandized with the above-quoted as- 
sumption for nearly two decades. 

The books are: (1) “Perpetual War for 
Perpetual Peace” by Harry Elmer Barnes; 
(2) “The People’s Pottage” by Garet Gar- 
rett; (3) “The United Nations: Planned 
Tyranny” by V. Orvil Watts. 

In the preface to “Perpetual War for 
Perpetual Peace” the editor, speaking for 
himself and the other eight authors, states: 

“The only ‘isolationism’ they embrace 


. Ali ere 


i 


one . 


is isolation from global meddling and frors 
interference in foreign quarrels which doe 
not vitally concern the interests or se- 
curity of the United States. They wish 
isolation from a foreign policy which has 
brought increasing misery, chaos, and dec- 
imation to the world since April, 1917, 
without any notable improvement in world | 
conditions or in the safety and prosperity 
of our own country. They favor the 
abandonment of a policy which has ine 
creased the number and strength of our 
foreign enemies, reduced the number and 
paralyzed the power of our potential 
friends abroad, and undermined the eco- 
nomic security and political ititegrity of 
our nation. 

“They see no reason to doubt that our 
traditional -foreign policy —of— neutrality, 
continentalism and friendly collaboration 
is more likely to contribute to domestie 
felicity and military security than global 
meddling and interventionism, ithe net ree 
sult of which has been brilliantly sume 
marized by Mr. Chamberlin as ‘intellece 
tual, moral, political, and econgmiec banke 
ruptcy, complete and irretrievable.’ 

“Over against this we have}ithe record 
of our traditional neutrality, which kept 
the United States free from vany major 
foreign war for a century and both per- 
mitted and encouraged civil erty, eco- 
nomic expansion, financial solvency, na- 
tional prosperity, and governmental 
economy.” JOHN J. CALLAHAN, JR. 

Reading, Mass. 


Outdoor Lighting 
To THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONTTOR: 


Your editorial, “Crime and Street 
Lights,” in the June 27 issue, and the let- 
ter on July 2 were both of more than 
passing interest to me, 

Hendersonville, North Carolina, is the 
“out-of-door lighting center of the world.” 
The huge General Electric plant located 
here is helping to light up not only the 
dark streets of the world, but it is aiding 
industry by creating greater safety and 
see-ability in industrial plants, railway 
yards, seaport docks, football stadiums, 
baseball fields, and just about any oute 
door application that -can be made by 
lighting. 

Hendersonville itself has been greatly 
transformed since the General Electrie 
lighting plant located here. The whole 
length of the major streets have had their 
old, relatively -dim, lights replaced with 
the GE floods that diffuse light into fare 
away corners, This makes for an. invitae 
tion to visit the downtown area at night 
to enjoy window shopping. The residen- 
tial area lights too have been upgraded 
in candle power, and the city is a much 
more attractive place at night. 


Hendersonville, N.C, ALex J, Duris 


Old-Fashioned Virtues 
To THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONTTOR: 


. Perhaps it is my European background 
which makes it difficult, for me to share 
the sentiments expressed in the letter, 


“Capital Punishment” (June 26), It seems 
-to me that crime and punishment, law and. 


order, decency and respect, have suffered 
much since psychiatry and 


have taken the place of old-fashioned 


honesty and common sense. To condone — : 


and sympathize with a criminal is to ene 
courage him in his ways of crime, What 
we need today, I believe, is a return to the 
old-fashioned virtues of honesty, respect 
for law and order, and common sense, 


Washington, D.C, Tuor Lurey 


. We assume nor 


per welcomes communications from readers. The driefer they are, the better 
subject to condensation responsibility’ for hy statements to teen