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VOL. I. ^r_L_ 

JuLV, 1899, TO June, 1900 



A. BROWN & CO., S3 UNION stri:i-:t 

1 900 



Monogram on Old Bible 
Armorial Ensigns of Inverness 

to face piige 36 




A i;eckc-t\-, 1 homas, Rolics, no 

Abboiiforcl Chnir, 109 

Aberdeen, William, 7S 

Aberdeen Doclurs of Medicine, I42, 159 

Aberdeen Militia and Giirdun lli.L;hlanders, 14 

Aberdeen Thilo-^ophical Society, No. 2, 156 

-Aberdeenshire Xotaljles, 13 

-Aberdeenshire Old Teachers (1771-1853), 152, 16O 

-Aberdeenshire N'aluation Roll, iSS 

-Adam, .Margaret, 152 

-Ainslie, Robert, \V..S., 170 

-Ainslie, Sir Whitelaw, 170 

.Allan, Colin, 1 10 

.Allan, George, on Dr. Wni. Ruddiinan, 93 

Last Laird of Gight, 116 

Scotch in Germany, 12S, 131 

-Allan, William, 165 

-Allardyce, Col. James, LL.D., his Strac/tain of 

GUitkiiidic, 64 
.American-.Aberdeen Graduates, 7, 31, 47, 59, 64, 95, 

127, 153, 169 University Catalogue, 63 
.Anderson, Rev. Charles, 153 
.\nderson, Herbert, of Torrnughty, 174 
.Anderson, J. Maitland, on The I'atersonsof Inverness, 

-Anderson, John, no 
-Anderson, John (Teacher), iSl 
-Anderson, P. J., on Aberdeen Doctors of Medicine, 


-Aberdeen I'hilosophical Society, No. 2, 156 

Alex. Whyte, Regent, Marischal College, 175 

-American-.Aberdeen Graduates, 95 

-Armorial Ensigns of Inverness, 140 

Clan Societies, 1S9 

Course of Study for the Ministry, 159 

Family Tedigrees, 175 

Heraldic Shields at King's College, 160 

Highland Cl.-ins and their Chiefs,' 190 

Interval between Successive liirths, 157 

King\ College Uallad ,.f ■' All.m M.-icIean, or 

the Wedding at Westlield," Ii>9 

Anderson, P. J., on Rev. John Smith, LL.D., 106 

Kichanl .Maitland, 94 

.Marischal Street Theatre, 126 

Murray Lectures at King's College, 144 

Parody on "Duncan (Jray," 127 

Professor .Masson's Reminiscences, 176 

Patersqns of I^vernes^, 143, 175 

Sir Robert Sibbald, 160 

.Andrew, or .-Vmlrews, Rev. John, 153 
.Anti-Jacobite Prayer, 164 

.Antique M.P. Silver Medal, 69 

.Armorials of Inverness, 16S 

Armstrong, K. 15., Highland Harps, 15 

Ashenlillies Regis, 142 

" -Aucht Owsen " Plough, 1S4 

-Author Wanted, 127 

.\yr, Trinity (Episcopal) LeII, 30 


liaillie, Charles (Hon. Lonl Jerviswoode), 170 
IJaillie, Grisell, Lady .Murray, 170 
iJain, John, iSl 
Baine, Robert, liJi 
Paird, -Andrew, D.U.,'170 

Baird, Rev. John, 170 ^ 

Paird, Mary, 152 
Paird, William, .M.D., 170 

Pallad of "Allan Maclean, or the Wedding at West- 
field," 1S9 
PanlT^hire Field Club, 36 
Ilanl'l^hire Militia Exemption Cerlilicale, 93 
lUrclay l-'aiiiily, 136 

B.arron, William, 165 . . -. . 

Ijarrow, Antiquarian Discovery at, 14S 
Partlet, James, 79 
Barry, George, D.D. , 171 
Das.^intin, James, 171 
Bela, cjr Pelam, Lincoln, 7 
lVlche>, Sir Alex.mder, Lord Tofts, 171 
Beiidiam, David de, 171 


Berwickshire as a Factor in Scottish Development, 

44, 60, 76, 103, 122, 135 
Berwickshire Nm.-ililes, 170 
Bethune, Kight Rev. Alexander Neil, 7 
Bibliography of Kdinli. I'eriodicals, 13, 142, 150, 173 
Cibliograpliy, Local, 5, 21, 37, 53, 74, 85, 107, 149 
Birsc, James, 109 
Black, James, U.U., 171 
Black, John, 171 
Blackadiler, Robert, 17 
Blaikie, Walter, on The I'rincipal Uescemlaiits of the 

Tudors and Stuartb, iSti 
Blenheim Roll, North Country Scots on the, 125 
Bondinjjton, Wdliam de, t72 
Bonner, Alexander, 79 
Boijiie, Uavid, U.D., 172 
Boston, Rev. Thomas, 1 72 
Braidfoot, Rev. William, 153 
Breadallianc Depopulation, 12 
Brechin, or Brej^hin, Rev. James, 153 
Bremner, I'.eorye .St. J., on .\iilhor Uanleil, 127 

Did Barns Sni.)ke? 127 

Robert Louis Stevenson, 63 

Brown, I'rincipal David, 153 
Brown, Duncan, 152 

Brown, Mrs. Duncan, 152 

Browne, Rev. Laurence, of Marischal College, 16S 
Bruce, James, iSl 
Buchan,. Charles Forbes, 127 
Buchan, Jame^, iSl 
Buchan Field Club, 30, 36, 131 

Bulloch, John, on liibliography of Fdinburgh. 
I'eriodicals, 13 

Death of Sir William Duguid (Jeddes, 1 29 

Ureen Book, 144 

" Notes and (^)ueries,"' 92 

Bulloch, John Malcolm, oij A "Disowned" Daughter 

of the Duke of Cordon, 1S9 

Admiral Thomas (jordon in Russia, ill 

Braco Gordons, 2S 

Byron's Maternal Ancestors, i, 17, y.,, 49, Si, 

90, 97, 113, 130, 145, 161, 177 

Byron's I'aternal Grandfather, 29 

Captain Thomas Gordon of H.M.S. Bidde- 

ford, 124 
Dalgarno p'amily, 173 

Deuchar's Genealogical Tables relative to the 

Gordon Family, 4S 

Disasters of the Giglit tjordons, 179 

Dunbar of llempriggs Baronetcy, 93 

Gen. Staats Long Morris, .M.l'., 39 

(irants of Tanmore. 1 16 

Had Admiral Thomas Gurilon a Son? 31 

Li.rd William Ciordon, 13 

Lord Wdliam Gordon and Lord Nelson, 1S5 

-MajcM- Grant of the Russian .\rmy, 173 

North Country Scots on the Blenheim Roll, 125 

Origin of the t.'ioidons, 26 

Reid Family, 47 

Scots in Bohemi.i, 31 

Sterco\ius, ihe I'disli Crilie ..f ihe Scls, x,o 

The 5lh Loid liyton in .\beideen, 179 

The Seoteh in German), uS 

Burnet, Alexander, Regent, 25 

Burnet, Charles, 79 

Burnet, Thomas, 79 

Burns Smoke? Did, 127 

Busby— Discovery of Ancient Medal, 2!: 

Buller, Archibald, in the '15, 10 

Byron's Descendants, 115 

Byron, Lord, 1 13 

Byron's Maternal Ancestors, i, 17, 33 

97, 113, 130, 145, 161, 177 
Byron's I'aternal Grantlfather, 29 
Byron, the 5lh Lord, in Aberdeen, 179, The Late Earl of, 65, SJi 

Calder Bridge, 155 

Callum, David, 152 

Cameron, Archibald Cowie, his lliilory oj 

i'air/ij 15 
Cameron, John, D. D. , 153 
Carnie, William, on Marischal Street Theatre 
Cassie's Fund, Banft", 126 
Cassie, William, 79 

Catanach, James, 152 -. 

Cattanach Family, 172 
Center, William, 152 
Chair of St. Machar Cathedral, i6ti 
Chalmers, James, 109 
Chalmers, Lewis, 164 
Chalmers, William, 79 
Change of Name, 174 
Cheyne, George, iSl 
Cheyne, James, iSl ' , ,, 1 ' 
Chis'holm, John, 152 . ' 

'Christian Treasury, 64 
Christie in Norway, A, 134 
Chrisiic, John, on Butter, -Archibald, in the '1 

Cassie's Fund, Bant)', 126 

Depopulation in Breadalbane, 12 

Dows of Tirchardy, 63 

tJordons and Macgregors, 54 

"llalymylne" in I'erthshire, So 

Highland Harps, 32. 

.Monograms on Old Bible, 36 

Sieuarts and Stewarts of Killiechassie, i 

Clan Societies, 1S9 

Clark, J. T., on Aberdeen Doctor, of .M. 

1657, 159 
Clark, Rev. William K., 59 
Clergvmen called " Druid.s," iS9 
Clerihew, John, no 
Clerk, Ale.sander, 109 
Clerk, John, 1 53 
Clerk, William, 109 
Clunie, or Clunies, Geoige, jSl 
Cock .if the North, 51 
Coleridge, Was the I'oel e 
CoUis, Mrs., 153 
Connnissariot Register of Teslanjenl 

49, Si, 90, 

Vbeldeell? 1S9 


Cone, Corson, on Pseudonyms, 1S9 

Scots Money, 1 73 

Connection between the Iniicses and Gight Gordons, 

" Cork, a cant term for master, 93 
Course of Study for the Ministry, 94, 12S, 159 
Couper, Sydney C, on Depopulation of Vill.igea in 

Nigg, >S7 

The Family Treasury, 47 

Couper, \Y. J., on Uiiiliography of Edinburgh 

Periodicals, 142, 156, 173 
Craig, William, 164 
Craigie, William, iSl 
Cramond, Wm., LL.D., on Horn Idle. 127 

Land Rentals (1730), 140 

Meaning of p.]). after Signatures, 134 

Measurement, 126 

Morisons of Ijognie, 127 

Notae bene, by Hackalt of Maycn, So 

Notes on Tilquhilly Castle, 141 

Scots Coinage, 31 

The Cock of the North, 31 

Was Coleridge the Poet ever in Aberdeen ? 1S9 

his C/iun/i and Priory of ISrquhart, 48 

his Rotliiciiiay House, 176 

Crane, Ann, 153 

Crann, William, 153 

Cromar, Thomas, 79 ■ - . - 

Cronje, Gen., of (ialloway Origin ? 179 

Cruden, Rev. .Alexander, 154 

Cruickshank, Helen, 153 

Cruickshank, Francis, 79 

Cruikshank, James, no , 

Cruikshank, John, 79 

Cumming, Alexander, 1 53 

Cumming, Mrs. .\lexander, 153 

Cumming, James, 164 

D. C, on Dougla.-he.ul, the LiiuK.iy llill, Porkit 
Moss, and Lady's Steps — where are they ? 93 
Dalgarno Family, 173 
D.illas, James, 164 
Oalzill, "Peter, iSl 
Darlington, Discovery at, 52 
D.widson, John (1739), 164 
D.uidson. John (1742), 164 
Davidson, Robert, 7S 
Depopulation of Villages in Nigg, 1^7 
Deuchar's Genealogical Tables relative to the Gordon 
Family, 4S 

Hick, John, D.D., 47 

I'i-asters of the Gight Gord.ins m a Nutshell. t79 

" Disowned " Daughter of the Duke of Ciordon, Iii9 

I'n.iM. Limes. 165 

"•', 7S 

I' ■'igl.i>, Archiliald Shultu ; an inci<lenl of the '45, 121 

^'-J.>^he.ul? 0; 

1 '^■",^1-1..-, ReN. William, 154 

Dows of Tirchardy, 63 

" Druids," Clergymen callL-<l, 189 

Dufr, Alexander, D.D., 59 

Dufl', Rev. Archibald, 127, 154 

Dunbar of Hempriggs Paronetcy, 93 

'■ Duncan Gray," Parody on, 127 

Duncan, John, 79 

Dundas, Henry, Memorial, 13 

I'lphinston, John, 79 
Fpilepsy, A Cure for, 155 
Ewing, Right Rev. Alexander, S 

I Kairbairn, Andrew Martin, D.D., 154 

i Family Pedigrees, 156, 175 

j Family 'Treasury, 47, 64 

' Fartjuhar, Joseph, Mayor of L.-idy-mith, 1S4 

Far(|uhar, Rev. Alexander, 153 
I l''ar(|'son, Charles, 79 
I Farquharson, Charles, 109 
! Farquharson, Francis, no 
I Farquharson, George, I09 
! Fauntleroy F'amily, 154 
I Fea, William, iS: 
' F'erguson, Mrs., 153 

1 Fiichcr, E. L., on Scotch in Germany, n2 
■ Fletcher, James, 153 
' Forbes, Alexander, 164 
i Forbes F'amily, 126 

Forbes, George, 109 

Forbes, Hugh, 79 

Forbes, James, 165 

Forbes, John, no 1 , ,, 

Forbes of Pitsligo, 22 

Folk Lore Items, 102 
, Fordyce F'amily, 172 

Eraser, Alexander, 164 
! Eraser, Sub-Prin. Alexander, 25 

F'raser, Rev. Donald, D.D. , 169 » 

I Fr.iser, John, iSl 

I Eraser, Professor John, 169 , . 

! F'rasers of Durris, n9 
; Fr.izer, Andrew, 153 
; Erazer, Mrs., 166 

Fullerton, Rev. James, 1S3 
, Fullerton, John, King's College (1709I. 1S2 

Fullerton, John, on Estimate of Preak- 
waler, 165 
' Family Treasury, 64 

Inverugie Castle, 73 

I Taxi R..U of the Sheriffdom of Aberdeen (lOI 3). 

' 57, 58, 72, 120 



G., A., on Family I'eiligrces, 156 
Ganimack, Alexander, 164 

Gammack, James, LL. D., on Anierican-Abertleen 
Graduates, 7, 47, 59, 64, 153, 169 

American Cniversily Calalr^ues, 63 

The Family of Forbes, 126 

Scotts in Scoiland and America, 4S 

Gaudie, Robert, iSl 

Geddes, Sir William Duguid— Obituary, 129 

George, Isabella, 166 

Gight, The House of, 130 

Gight, The Last Laird of, 116 

Glennie, Dr., of Uulwich, 42 

Gordon, Alexander, 164 

Gordon, Alexander, Humanist, 25 

Gordon liallad, 95 

Gordon, Catherine, Mrs. Dyron, Si 

Gordons, Dis.-isters of the Gight, 179 

Gordon's, Duke of, " l)iio\vned " Daughter, 1S9 

Gordon, George, 164 

Gordon, James F. S., on .\bbotsford Chair, 109 

Antique M.I'. .Silver Medal. 69 

Discovery at Darlington. 52 

Discovery of an Ancient Medal at Uusby, 2S, 39 

King's Lhair al Tara, 62 

Xewbattle Abbey, 12S 

Newcastle Gibbet Bell, 62 

Old Coin, 75 

Tainting in Winchester Cathedral, 12S 

Remarkable Time-piece, 73 

Roman Remains at Kirkinlulloch, 30 

Thomas a Meckel's Robes, no 

Trinity (Episcopal) Bell, Ayr, 30 

Gordon, John, 79 

Gordon, Professor John, 25 

Gordon, Rev. Patrick, 59 

Gordon, Eichard, Regent, 25 

Gordon, Admiral Thomas in Rus>ia, 1 1 1 

Gordon, Admiral Thomas — had he a =on ? 31 

Gordon, Captain Thomas, of H.M.S. IJiddeford, 124 

Gordon, " Wallenstein," 147 

(.iordi>n. Lord William, 13 

Gordon, Lord William, and Lord Xelson, 185 

Gordon, Rev. William, 59 

Gordons and Macgregors, 54 

Gordons, their origin, 25 

Gordons of Kraco, 2S 

"Go to Freuchie," 142, 175 

Grant, Alexander, 166 

Grant, James, 166 

Grant, Major, of the Ru^5ian Family, 173 

Grants of Tanniore, 116 

Grassick, William, 166 

Gr.ay, Gilbert, iSl 

Green Book, 126, 144 

Greig, George, iSl 


ILulden, Alex.indcr, 104 
lladdcn, John, 165 

Haddin, William, 164 

"Halymylne," in Perthshire, So 

Harrow, John, 164 

Hay, Rev. James, 127 

Hay, Rev. John, 127 

Hay, Matthew, on Interval between Successiv 

Births, 176 
Henderson, .Andrew, iSl 
Henderson, David, 7S 
Henderson, Helen, 166 
Henderson, Lawrence, iSl 

Henderson, Rev. Matthew — Ancestors Wanted, 2S 
Henry, George, iSi 
Henry, Gilbert, iSi 
Henry, John, iSl 

Heraldic Shields at King's College, 143, 160 
Heraldry, 143 
Herd, David, 15 

Highland Clans and their Chiefs, 190 
Highland Harps, 14. 32 
Honeynian, Rev. William, 169 
Home, Thomas Hartwell, D. D. , 47 
Horn Idle, 93, 1 12, 127 
Hunter, Caroline, 166 
Huntly, Find of a rare Gold Coin at, 123 


Ignoramus, on Scots Coinage, 14 

Imperial " Ecu Complet," 155 

Incident of the '45, 121 

Ingram, John, 164 

Interval between Successive Birth?, 157, 1 76 

Inverugie Castle, 73 

Inverness, Armorial Ensigns of, 140 

Itinerating Libraries, 174 

J., on Joseph Farquhar, Mayor of L-adysmilh, 1S4 

}., K., i.e., Johnston, James F. K. 

Jack, George, 165 

Jacobite Rebellion in Aberdeen, 134 

Jaflray, John, no 

Johnston, J. F. K. — Local Bibliography, 5, 21, 37, 

53. 74. S5, 107, 149 

A Curious Shetland Book, 10 

Johnston, Lieut. -Colonel W., his Calendar of the 

L'lihiisily of AverJ^en for iSbo to iSb4,\(io 
[ohnston, Wilbaiii, 79 
jolly. Right Rev. Alexander, 7 
Jop, .\lexander, 164 
Juvenis, 15 , 


Kcilh, C.iorge T., I'll Keith- in the United States, 126 
Keiths in the United Slates, 126 


Keith, Thomas, 164 

Kemp, Daniel W. , on Kemps of Aberdeenshire 

America, 95 

Old Teachers of Alicrdeenshire, 152, 165 

Old Teachers of Caithness, iSo 

Kemps of Aheideen>hire and America, 95 

Kemp, Rev. Ur. John, iSo 

King s Chair at Tara, 62 

King's College Lallad of " Allan Maclean, 01 

Wedding at Westlield," 1S9 
Kinnaird, Ann, 166 
Kirkiiuulluch — Roman Remains, 30 
Knox, Hugh, U.D., 47 

L., K. P., on David Herd, 15 

Lady's Steps? 93 

Landi, William, 164 

Land Rentals (1730), 140 

Legertwootl, John, 1 10 

Lcith I'amily, 52 

Lenilruni, William, 164 

Leslie, Count, of tile Austrian Emjiire, 6 

Lewis, William, 109 

Ligertwood, James, 165 . . • • 

Linds,ay Hills? 93 

Literature— Calendar of the University of Alierileen 

for 1S60-1S64, hy Lieut. -Colonel Johnston, 

Church and I'riory of Ur(|uhart, by William 

Craniitnd, LL. D., 4S 
Gideon Guthrie : a Monograph, by C. L. Guthrie 

Wright, 191 

Hamewith, by Charles Murray, 191 

History, of Aberdeen and IJanff, by William 

Watt, 192 
History of Fettercairn, by .\rchibald Cowie 

Cameron, LL.D., 15 
Pilgrimage to Italy, by Rev. James Smith, B.D., 

&c., 96 
Records of the Clan and Name of Fergiisson, 

Ferguson, and Fergus, by Jp mes Ferguson 

and Robert Menzies p'ergusson. So 
Rolhiemay House, by William Craniond, LL.D., 

Scottish Reformation, by .-Mexander !•. .Mitchell, 

D.D., 144 
Str.ichans of Glenkindie, by Colonel James 

Allardyce, LL.D , 64 
Little Firlot on Chair formerly used in St. .Machar 

Cathedral, 16S 

Heraldic Shields, 143 

— ^- Her.ildry, 143 

Herbert Anderson of Torraughty, 1/4 

Loch of Leys, llanchory, 174 

Valuation Roll for County of Aberdeen, 1S8 

Loch of Leys, I'ancliiiry, 174 
Logan, James, .\rtist, 1G9 
Lo'-.,n, Mary, 166 
Low, Right Rev. David, S 


M., on Murrays of Cubairdy, 126 
M., A., on Ashentillies Regis, 142 
^L, A. M., i.e, .Munro, Alex. .M. 
\[., J., on Morisons of llognie. So 

Strachans of Glenkindie, 95 

Main, .Alexander, 1 10 

Maillanil, Richard, 94 

Maitlands of Gight, 145 

Marr, William, '164 

Mar, John, 1 10 

Mariseh.ill, Earl, Rents in Uuchan in 1712, 6 

Marischal Street Theatre, 126, 157 

M.asson's, Professor, Remini.^ccnces, 1 56, 176 

.M.ayhew, Rev. Jonathan, 7 

.Meaning of p.p. after signatures, 134 

Measurement, 126 

•Meston, James, 165 

Methlick, .\nti<|uarian linda, 139 

Midleton, John, no 

Miilmar C.astle, 13 

Milne, Rev. James, 59 

Milne, Rev. John, 127 

.Mitchell, Alex. F., his 5.0///..// A'ljoiiiia/ion, 144 

.Mitchell-Gill, A. J., on Caltanach Family, 173 

Forilyce Family, 172 

Minto, Professor Walter, S 

Mixter, Charles W., on John Rae, .NLD., 174 

Moir, Alexander, 165 

.Moir, Kt. Rev. David, 7 

Moir, (Jilbert, 1 10 

Monograms on Old bible, 36 

Moore, William, D.D., 47 

.Morgan, George, 164 

Morgan, John, no 

Morice, Judge, of the Transvaal, 1S4 

.\torison Family; 54 

Morisons of liognie, So, 95, 127 

•Morris, General Staats Long, .M.P. for Elgin, 39 

Mortlach, the Church of, S7 

Muck, Notes on the Isle of, 27, 42 

.Muirson or Murison, Rev. George. 59 

Munro, .Alexan<ler ^^, on Register of Indentures 

the Durgh of Aberdeen, 7S, 109, 163 
Munro, Jami.-s, 166 
Munro, Mrs. James, 166 
Murray, Adam, 165 
Murray, Charles, his /laiiiacilli , 191 
Murray, George, 79 

.Murray Lectures at King's College, I44 
Murray, William, iio 
Murrays of Cubairdy, 126 * 


.Macarthur, Donald, 166 
Maccosh, Rev. |.imes, 9 
Macdonald, .\., on " Cork," a c.mi tern 

.Macdonald, Rev. Archibald, 127 



Macdonald, General Hector, Ancestry of, iSS 

Macfarlane, James, l66 

Macfarlane, Munluch, l66 

Machardie, Henry, i66 

Machardie, Mrs. Henry, 166 

Machardy, Alexander, 166 

Machardy, Norman, 166 

Machray, Most Rev. Kubert, 8 

Macindowe, Charles, 164 

Macintosh, John, 166 

Mackay, Kev. James Aberigh, 59 

Mackdonald, Alexander, 7S 

Mackenzie, Alexander, 7S 

Mackenzie, Rev. John KiiSiell, 1 27 

Mackenzie, John, 166 

Mackenzie, Rev. .Eneas, 59 

Mackie, James, LL.D., 127 

Mackintosh, Rev. Charles Calder, D.D., 127, 169 

Maclean, .\llan M., on The I'atersons of Inverness, 

160, 175 
Maclean, John, M.D., 8 
Maclean, Right Kev. John, 8 
Macmurrich, Duncan, 166 
Macqueen, Miss, 166 
Macqueen, William, 166 
Macqueen, Mrs. William, 166 
McQui-lin or McEy.-tein, The Name, 112 
MacRitchie, David, on Underj;roimd Dwellings, 137 
his Fairy Mounds and Mtmoriah of the Pkls, 176 


Names of Places changed, 174 

Naughty, John, 164 

Newbaltle Abbey, 12S 

Newcastle Gibbet Bell, 60 

Nicoll, Rev. Francis, D.D., 127, 169 

Nigg, Depopulation of \"illages in, 187 

Sotae Bi>ic, by Hackatt of Mayer, So 

A'otes and Queries, 92 

Noyes, Jas. Atkins, on .American-Aberdeen Graduate 

, Evan, on Clergymen c.illeil "Druids," 1S9 
"Go to Kreuchie," 142 

■ Itinerating Libraries, 174 

■ Names of Places changed, 174 
James, 166 
ie, -Mexander, 1 10 

rge, 165 


Parliaments, 15 

Patersun, Helen Fraser, on The Patersons of Inver- 
ness, 175 
Patersons of Inverness, 143, 160, 175, 19' 
Paul, John, 79 
Perkit Moss? 93 

Peterheail Breakwater, Estimate of, 165 
Philip, William, 109 
Pitt, William, .Memorial, 13 
Porter, Patrick, 165 
Prestwick, Lady, 6 
Proctor, "William, 109 
Proprietors and Tenants of Aberdeensliir 
Pseudonyms, 189 

1 88 


Coin, 75, 90 

Marriage Contract, 1306, q6 

Seolti^ M.-;., 12 

er, Ebenezer, 164 

Qualified to liear Arms after the Rebellion, 1745, 9 
Queen Victoria and the Duchess of Gordon, 13 

R., G., on Professor -Masson's Reminiscencta, 156 

R., J. .S., on The Spalding Family, 4S 

R., S., i.e., Ree, Stephen, on Course of Study for 

the Ministry, 128 
Rae, John, M.D., 174 
Rainnie, Forbes, 167 
Rammage, John, 164 
Ramsay, Andrew, 167 
Ramsay, George, 167 
Register of Indentures of the Burgh of .\btrdeen, 

78, log, 163 
Reid, Ann, 167 
Reid Family, 47 
Reid, John, 78 

Reid, J. W., on Course of Study for the Mmi>try, 94 
Reid, Robert, 165 
Reid, Rev. \\illiam, 8 
Reid, William, 164 

Reid, William, on "Go to Freuchie," 175 
Revell, John, 164 

Richmond's, Duchess of, Ball at l;ru^^^.l^, 14 
Ritchie, R. Peel, on Aberdeen Doctors of Molicine 

(1657), 159 
Robertson, Andrew, 79 
Robertson, James, 79 
Robertson, Rev. James, 7 
Robertson, J. G., on -Aberdeen Militia and ^.■.>'I^lon 

Highlander^, 14 

Duches.^ of Richmond's Ball at BiK.-.-els. t4 

Interesting Old Coin, 90 

Robertson, Mrs., 167 

Robertson, William, 165 

Romanes, Charles S., on .\n Old Scoi;i~!i MS.. 12 

Ross, J. Calder, on A f..r F.|.ile|.-> . 155 

Course of Study for tile Ministry, 174 

Notes on the Isle of .Muck, 27, 42 

■I,. I ■••(! 


Ross of Limavady, 94 
Rudiliman, Dr. William, 93 
Russell, Charles, 7 

S., D., on SpaldifiR of Ashinlidlj , 47 

S., n., on Gordon Itallnd, 95 

S., H. F. M., on Morisons of li.i^'nii-, 05 

Sangsier, William, 79 

Saunders, John, 167 

Scotch in Germany, 112, 12S 

Scots Coinapc, 14, 31 

Scots in Itoheniia, 31 

Scots Money, 173 

Scott, Lady John, of Spotliswoodc, 155 

Scottish Record Society, 125 

Scotts in Scotland and America — were they relations, 

and how ? 48 
Selkirk, Alexander — " Roliinson Crusoe," 20 
Shepherd, Alexander Fowler, 5 
Shepherd, William, 79 
Sherriffs, George, 167 
Shetland liook. Curious, 10 
Shetland— Old Teachers, iSo 
Sibbald, Sir Robert, 160 
Sim, John, 5 
Simpson, II. F. Morland,on The Scotch in (jermany, 

Simpson, Margaret, 167 
Sinclair Family, 57 
Sinclair, William Japp, 5 
Singer, William, 5 
Skene, on Folklore Items, 102 
Skene, Baillie Alexander, of Newtyle, 21 
Skene, Alexander John, 21 
Skene, Alexander Johnston Chalmers, 21 
Skene, James, of Ruliislaw, 21 
'* Skermorlie Aisle," 156 
Skinner of Linshart and his Family, 37 
Small, Rev. J. G., 53 
Smith, Charles Michie, 53 
Smith, George, no 

Smith, Harry, on Aberdeenshire Notables, 13 
Smith, Hugh, 53 
Smith, Dr James Greig, 74 
Smith, John, LL.D., 74 
Smith, Mary, 167 
Smith, John, 165 
Smith (1728), James, no 
Smith (1734), James, 79 
Smith, Rev. John, LL.D., 74, 106 
Smith, Rev. James — his ri/-^rii/ia^c to Italy, Cjd 
Smith, Rev. William, 7 

Smith, Major-Gener.ll I'. Murdoch, on Horn Idle, 112 
Smith, Robert, no 
Smith, William, 164 
Smith, Principal William, D.D., 85 
Some Memories of an Old House and its Occupants, 

65, S8 
Sotheby's Sales, 167 

Southern Cro!;s, on The Name McQuistin 

McEystein, n2 

Change of Name, 174 

.Spalding Family, 48 

Spalding of Ashintully, 47, So 

Spark, William, 79 

Spcnce, Alexander, 109 

Spencc, James— Obituary, 148 

Stables, Dr. W. Gordon, 149 

Stalker, (Jcorgc, 78 

.Stephen, James, 149 

Stercovius, the I'olish Critic of the Scot-, },o 

.Sleuarts and the .Stewarts (afterward^ Slew 

Flcmyngs) of Killiechn^sie, II 
.Stevenson, Robert Louis, 63 
Stewart, George, 167 
Stone Circles of .Scotland, 155 
Strachan, Right Rev. Jolin, 7 
Strachans of (Ilenkindie, 94 
Stuart, Robert, I()4 
Stuart, John, 1 10 
.Sutherland, William, 165 
Synum, James, 167 

Tara, the King's Chair al, 62 

Tastard, Elizabeth, 167 

Tastard, I'eter, 167 

Taxt Roll of the Sheriffdom of Aberdeen, 1613, 

57, 72, 120 
Taylor, W. L., on The late James Spence, 14S 
Thorn, Robert, 165 
Thomson, Alexander, 165 
Thomson, George, 167 
Thomson, J. .Maitland, 191 
Thomson, James, 79 
Thomson, Stephen, 164 
TiUiuhilly Castle, Notes on, 14 1 
Timepiece, Remarkable, 73 
Torry, Rev. Patrick, 59 
Touch, Alexander (1733), 109 
Touch, Alexander (1749), 165 
Tower, John, 164 
Troup, William, 164 
Tudors' and Stuarts' Principal Descendants, iSS 


Underground Dwellings, 137 

Universities and Schools of Alicrdcen, Records nf 

the Royal Commission fur \'i~iting, 23, 4;. 

55, 69, 91, loi, 117, 132 
Urquhart, I'lhn, 107 
Urquhart, Dr. I'.ilrick, 25 
Urfpiliart, Tliumas, of Cromarty, 75 
Urquhart, Rev. William, 59 


Valuation Roll of Aberdeenshire, l8S 


W., on Green Bonk, 1 26 

Walt, William: his Hislory of Aberdeen ami Banff, 

Whytc, A., on Alexander Whyte, Regent, Marischal 

College, 156 

Whyte-Melville, 156 

Whyte, Alexanilcr, Regent, Marischal College, 156, 

Whytc, Mary, 167 
WiUon, George, 164 
Wilson, Rev. James Hall, 127 

Wilson, Professor Pelcr, 47 

Wils.,n, Right Rev. William Scot, S 

Wilson, William II. R., on lierwirkshire as a Factor 

in Scottish Development, 44, 60, 76, 103, 

122, 13s 

Berwickshire Notaliles, 170 

Horn Idle, 93 

Tlie Faniilv Treasury, 64 

Winchester Cathedral, Painting in, 12S 

Windhoiise, [ohn, 164 

Wright, C. E. (iuthrie— his Giilcoii Giillirie. loi 

X., on The Ancestry of General Hector Macdonald, 



No. I. 

JULY, il 

Registered. 11'*"=?, 3d. 

I Per Post 4d. 


Notes :— Pac. 

Byron's Matern.^l -Ancestors i 

Local F.iijlio^raphv 5 

Earl M.lri^chall s kcnl> in I'.uchan ill 1712 6 

Amer!can..\lKrdceii I ir.ilu.uos 7 

Archib.llJ r.uttcr, in t!ic '1;, " ihe E-idy's n.lrlinq" .. 10 
The Steuaru an.l th.; StcwarK (afterwards Slewart- 

Flcmyms) of Killiech.-i>sic 11 

Depopulation in I Irc.adalbane 12 

Minor Notes : — 

Count Leslie (of the .'\ustrian Empire) — Lady 

Prestwick 6 

Qualified to Hear .-Vrm-; after the Rebellion of 1745-46, o 

A Curious Shetland liook 

An Old Scotti-h .M.aiu:,cript 

Bibliography of Edinl,urjh Periodical Liter.iture— 
Midmar Castle— The Duchess of ( ;.>rdon and ( lueen 
Victoria— Memorial Stone— Lord William Gordon- 

Notable .Men and Women of -Mjerdecnshire 

The Duchess of Richmond's UM at llrus^els 

Queries : — 

The .\berdcen -Militia and the Gordon Highlanders- 
Scots Coina::e " 

Highland Harps— P.arliaments 

.\ns\vers ; — 

David Herd 


Scots Books of ' 



( Continued from Vol. XII., fa^e /So. J 

George Gordon, the Sixth L.mrd ok 

(Died in prison, 1640). 
■'ills laird, the eldest of the fifth Inird's seven 
-"lis, can-led on the family traditions with 
i-isvvcrvin- fidelity, and his life was one Iohl; 
-•.ra:-;.-,-Ie a.^ainst law and order. He had arrived 
•u ihat point of culture when a man is ablu 
•■■I f.M-nuilate the philosophy of his conduct, 
■^■■•■ordin- to the I'rivv Council Rc-ister, he 
'■'I' e haul to his wife :— 

I i-.n t^ik n.. rest. I kn.iw I vsill die upon .t 
--.illiM. Tluiir is nnc evil turne in my linn. I. 
'i;;l.>U I .,v,,u 1,. (;,,.! |,resentlie to .-efonn (I'livv 
* "Uiicil Ke-isier, July 2, 161S). 

Secondly, we are informed by the same 
authority that Gight thouyht that it was 

A crynie unixirdonable in the person of ony of his 
rank or within to rcsset or sch.iw favour to ony 
per.son .iganis whonie he l)eiris querrell. 
The Council ultimately Labelled him 

.\ most rebellious antl disobedient person, who, by 

a concourse of a nonibir of odious crymes [] 

made himself in a kynd eminent abone offendaris 

of the hcicheat degree. 

As a final evidence of his evil reputation, let me 

quote Lord Dunfermline, who, « riting to Lord 

liinning on February i8, l6i6 (Eraser's //a/i- 

d!i!<:;ton Book), says : — 

The insolence and misrewie committed by Geyht 

can nather be uncouthe to yiow nor me that 

knaws the humouris of those fowkes, althocht 

wee might have hoped that the good order of the 

rest of the countrie might have temperit thame 

suim better. 

He revelled in his effrontery', and after the 

manner of a Jack Sheppard, he once bragged 


He knew the Wynd of the Tolbooth, and how to 

gyde his turne [and that lie had had to do] with 

the gritest of Scotland, and had outit his turnis 

aganis thame. 

Let me demonstrate these obiter dicta by the 

leading incidents in his career, extending over a 

period of six and thirty years (1594- 1640) : — 

IS94' Robert Betoun was security in 5000 mcrks 

for George Gordon's remaining south of the Tay, 

when freed of his ward {Royal Historical Society s 

Transactions, Vol. 7, Xew Scries). Note that 

his second cousin, the third laird of Gight, who 

died in 1578, had married a daughter of Cardinal 

David Beaton ; while the sixth laird himself 

captured in 1640 by a Captain Beaton. 

A'iT'. 9, t^g4. The Duke of Lennox, who had 

been left by James VL in .\l)er(leen,a.s Lieutenant, 

witb 200 troops, received young Gight and the 

lairil of Cluny, " for he had power to receive 10 

peace where he pleased." The Duke, I may 

note, ivas Lord Iluntly's brother-in-law. 

/j(?7-/6/(f>. Git;ht spent these nineteen years in a 

vi'^nrous opposition to Ihe Kefniners. In tlii^ he 

was supported by his wife, Isobel, ol" the 

Bonnylon family (which I sketched in this journal 


[July, 1S99. 

in Novemlwr, 1S9S). The Woods were nrdcnl 
Papists, and the I'rcsbytcr)' Records of Ellon 
(which Mr. Mair has summarised) teem with 
reference to their heresy. Gight was in constant 
conflict with the Reformed Church, and was 
accused of harbouring " masse priests," who 
went about the country disguised as "medicinars." 
In 1597 the Presbytery of Ellon learned that 
Gight (who then lived at Little .\rdo) and Isobcl 
Wood had " laitlye caused ane popish priest to 
baptize ane bairne to them." Gight retorted 
that the minister of Tarves had declined to 
baptise " yc first of yo fourbairnes." Injamiary, 
1601, Mrs. Gordon was excommunicated, "as 
nothing is seen in her bot contum.acie," and, in 
the following September, Gight was excommuni- 
cated. On August 6 (160 1), he had written a 
remark.ible letter to the Presbyter)' of .\berdeen 
(SfaUing Clidi edition), in which he declared : — 
" I heir ofl'eir giff thair is nathing can salislle you 
if I remane Catholick bot my bluid and war<llie 
wrack to enter my sellT ... in ony place ye 
pleiss till api>oint and giflf it sail pleis ^I.ajestie 
and your wisdomes of the Kirk of .Scotland sa to 
tak my bluid for my profession, quhilk is Catholick 
Romane, I will maisl willinglie oftere it for the 
same." In 1604 he was accused of having 
carried a crucifix on a spear at his mother's 
funeral, and in 1609 the Privy Council summoned 
him for sheltering a Jesuit, Walter Murdo, "a 
trafSquair and practizar aganis the lauchfull 
authoritie and government of Princeis." He 
ordered, under a caution of 5000 merks, to 
confine himself to the burgh of Montrose, where 
he was to confer with the ministers, " so that he 
might be resolvit be thanic in sic heidis and 
pointis of his.religioun quh.iirin he standis in 
doubt." In 1608, the General Assembly had 
ordered the "downcasting of Gight's [priv.ate] 
chapel" (.Mair's Ellon). In Fcliruary, 1616, the 
Captain and Lieutenant of the Guard had orders 
to arrest him as "a traffiquing papist, .and adver- 
sair to God and his treuth, havcing shacken oR 
his deutie and his majestic, his obedience to the 
laws and discipline to the kirk." 

160J. John G'irdon of Puckic had to offer caution 
of ^2000 that Gight shouM not harm Archibald 
Douglas of Bennettle (Priiy Coitiuil Rc^islcr). 

1607. A "witch" named Malie Wyse was said to 
live on the lands of Gight (M.air's Ellon). 

February, 1610. The Bishop of Moray assure<I the 
King that Gight had shown himself a "great 
furderar .and favourer uf peace." 

January, i6r-/. The Privy Council requested 
Gight to go abroad, ami remain there "during 
all the d.ays of his lyftyme." No "skailh " was 
to come to his person or his jiroperty, jirovidctl 
he did nothing against the King or the Kirk. 

/)i-. <■'///'< V, /6/T. He was sumnioneil by the Privy 
Council for breaking a sword arros.; iho head of 
the laird ..f I.ea^k,' wh...o dauglUer ha.l been 
abducted in 160S by his brother .Vdaui. 

ibi-;i6ry. He was implicated in the vendetta 
against the liays, and the barbaric "trial" of 
Francis Hay, which I have describeil in referring 
to his brother Adam. 

May, 1617. He married, at Rothiemay, Lady 
Jean Lindsay (who had married, in 1607, Sir 
John Lindsay of Kinfauns and CarraKlstone, son 
of the I2th Ear! of Crawford). She was the 
daughter of Cleorge Abernethy, 7th Karon 
Salloun, by his wife (married 15SS), Lady 
Margaret Stewart, daughter of the 4lh Earl of 
AthoU, Chancellor of .Scotland, who hail married 
Laily Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of the 4th 
Earl of Huntly. The Parson of Rotliiem.ay was 
suspended for celebrating the marriage, (Jighl 
being a Catholic. Gight thus got two step- 
daughters. His wife's sister. Lady Margaret 
.•\bernethy, married Sir Alexander Eraser of 
Philorth, and became the mother of the lOlh 
Laron Saltoun, the first Eraser to bear that title. 

April-May, 1618. During this period he tried to 
compel his second wife's mother, old Lady 
Saltoun, who was lying at the point of deatli at 
Corncairn (which was afterwards bought for 
Gight's brolher-indaw, and rechri.-,lened Park), 
to make a will in his favour. Her interests were 
looked after by Patrick Livingstone of Inchcorse 
and his brother William. On April 20, Clight, 
accompanied by his son George (afterwards 7th 
of Gight), then a "young boy," called at Corn- 
cairn to see Patrick Livingstone, and followed 
him to Tullidone, where he was taking part in a 
baptism. Livingstone invited him to dinner. 
Gordon began to bully him. Livingstone otTercd 
to compromise matters, but Gight " burst forth in 
most bitter and passionate speetchies aganis him, 
protesting and avowing w ith mony horrible aithis 
that he sould stryk ane daigger to the said 
Patrikis hairt, and that he sould cleive him to 
the harne pane, unles he causit the said testament 
[of Lady Saltoun] athcr to be nultit or reformit 
to his [Gight's] contentment." The gentlemen 
present intervened, and (iight left, vowing 
vengeance. On .I/ay 6, Ciight attacked the 
other Livingstone ( Having heard that had seen the .lying lady, "he foll.nved 
him to Rothicm.ay, and began to threaten him. 
Sir James Skene of Curriehill, the judge, who 
happened to be on the s|>ot, interfered. On May 
13, Gight sent his wife (the dying woman's own 
daughter) and his son George, to Corncairn to 
ilemand the alteration of the will, or "cilis it 
should be the darrest testament that evir wes 
maid in the north." L.idy Saltoun declined to 
accede to the request. Next <!ay (M.ty 14) Gight 
himself, with his son ami nine servants, " all 
bodin in feir of weir with j.ackis, secritis, steel 
bonnettis, tua bandit swerdis, and other 
wapponis invasive, " marched to Corncairn. 
I'atrick Living-lone had g' .ne li> Kuihieniay, 
leaving William on guard. "When Gight called, 
William went to see him at the gale. liut 


eight's servants "past bctwix Mr. Williame and 
the yet, and Ihairby" deprived him "of all 
meanis of retreate to the house." Gight declared 
that he would h.ive Livingstone's " hairt bloode, 
and that he sould wasche his hands in his blood," 
and "ding a suard " through any body who tried 
to defend Livingstone. .-\t last he went ulT to 
Rothiemay, where Patrick " choppit " the gates 
in his face. Back he tramped to Corncairn, 
declaring that he "sould go mad gif he wer not 
revengeit" on the Livingstones, lie bullied the 
dying woman for three days, and hastened her 
death. He was ultimately arrested, and taken ' 
to Edinburgh with his son, and v\as fined 35,000 
merks and /,"lo,ooo for his good behaviour, and 
ordered to wear no arms in future. 

14th Feb., 1632. ISitterly resenting the latter con- 
dition, he petitioned the I'rivy Council to rc-arm 
him, on the ground that there were "no uther 
baronis nor gentlemen in the country putt under 
this forme of cautione," which carried "a foull 
and havie imputatioun," as if the Gights were 
" brokin men aganis whome the course of the 
la we could have no executione." Thus " separat 
frome the whole rest of the subjcctis of the 
kingdome and sett be thameslKl'is with a markc 
of reprotche over thair headis whilke is a verrie 
grite greif unto thame," the Gights declared tliat 
they were " expoisit to the malice of all the 
malitious toungs in the countrey, who takis hold 
of this cautionare that th.iy underly to niispryse 
thame at thair ple.asour." The I'rivy Council 
very wiselydeclined 10 give Gight liis " wapponis " 
again, but reduced the caution for "all quarrellis, ! 
contraverseis and debattes" between the Gight 
family and the Livingstones had been removed, 
and " thay stand upon most hairty termeis of 
frendshhip" (Privy Council Ke^htcr). j 

Jii/y 20, 162J. Having failed in his attempt to \ 
bleed his mother-in-law. Lady Saltoun, Gight 1 
attempted to squeeze his first wife's brother, I 
Sir Harry Wood, the laird of Bonny ton. | 
Accompanied by his son George and nine 
servants, " all bodin in fear of wear," he 
broke into the church of St. Vigcans on .Sund.ay, 
July 20. " Rusheing throw the kirk, and 
overtradeing weomen ami l)arnis, who wer 
sitting upon thair kneyies at the prayer," the 
intruders seized .Sir Harry ami carried him off to 
liis "awne house nf Leiliem, quhilk tliey suriirised 
and to.ike and Incke.l the yelts tliairuff," driving 
■ml Lady \Vo..d and her children. They then 
made Sir Il.arry sign aw.ay "gritt sowmes" of 
money, and let their horses cat up his "best in 
lield aittis." .\s an example of what this sort of 
escapade cost Gight, let me cite the punishment 
m:iieled by the 'i'rivy Council. .As this attack 
v^.i-- e.ui^idcrod "ane verie gritt in^ik'nce . . . 
■1 viieked and pernici.ui, pracparalive and 
exampK-, an.l to tin.- bnik of his Majesties peace," 
llu- I'livy Coimoil (April 2S, 11,24) couinutle.l 
(j'Siht to the Tolboolh of Edinburgh, to remain 

there at his own charges, and ordered him to pay 
500 merks to the Treasurer, 200 merks to the 
poor of Vigeans, and to the witnesses for their 
expenses £^ for every horseman and 40/- for 
every footman. Finally they ordained the lairds 
of Gight and Bonnytown to find caution in 5000 
merks each to keep the peace towards each 
other. John Leith of Harthill, Henry Rams.ay 
of Ardownye, and Patrick Gordon, indweller in 
Edinburgh, were cautioners for these 5000 
merks, and also in ^^5000 that Gight, on being 
released from the Tolbooth, should keep his 
ward in Edinburgh till he paid the fines. On May 
3, 1624, Ramsay was cautioner in 2000 merks for 
Gight to present Adam Gordon of Ardlogie to 
the Council. 

September, 1623. The Privy Council had before it 
the case of a French woman, CHght's daughter's 
governess, whom Gight either could not, or 
would not, pay. The governess declared that 
she " intertenyis and fu^nis^es " [in France?] 
Mary (?) Gordon "verie honnestlie in her apparell 
and dyct and brings her up in all verteous 
exerciseis bescaming a young gentlewoman of hir 
birthe;" for which Gight should have paid her 
3300 merks. The poor " Franshewoman " had 
of cnwxmxxo locus stauji, and all the l'ri\-)' Council 
could do was to induce Gight to " haif some 
regaird of his crcdite and dewlie on this point, 
and mak tymous and thankfull payment." 

Novciiiher 13, 16^4. He was summoned by the 
Privy Council to appear before it in connection 
with the attacks that had been made by the 
Gordons on the land of Fremlraught for the 
burning of Lord Aboyne. 

April 16, ibjg. Gight, who, throughout the 
Covenanting struggle, " kythit " with the .\nti- 
Covcnanters, was one of a deputation to Lord 
Aboyne, then at Percok, to request him not to 
go south, as the country was " now left heidles. " 
Aboyne "yeildit to thair de>ire, and turnit bak 
to .Strathbogie agane with his fatheris trvnkis " 

Afay 8, tb^g. Gight was one of another deputation 
who, supported by So horse and 60 foot, "cam 
to the kirkyeard of Ellon, and semi lo the laird 
[Kennedy] of Kcrmvk, being in his oune hous of 
Arduthic, desyring him to refuse the countrie 
covenant, and 10 subscrive the Kingis covenant." 
Kermuck refused [Spalaiit^]. 

Afity 10, i6jq. Gight, with some other lairds, 
intended to "cum to the place of Tolly-ISarcl.iy, 
ami thair to tak out sic amies, mvscatis, gvnis, 
and carrabinis as the lainlis of Delgalie and 
Tollie-Darclay had plunderit from the said young 
laird of Cromartie out of the place of Balquliolly 
[which belongerl to iho .^^owats, who were, I 
think, relatives of (.light] : bot it hapnil the Lord 
Fraver and maisleroi" Korlics to sic thair cumini,'. 
Thay manil the houss of Towy, cloi<it the jci!!-, 
ami schot diuerss schotis fra the hous-i litid, 


[Jui.v, 1899. 

whair ane seruaml of the laird off Gcichtis wes 
schot, callit Dauid Prat. . . . Heir be it 
niarkit that this wes the first lilood that wcs 
drawin heir sen the Iwgining of this covenant." 
eight's party ultimately retreated, "thinking it 
no vassalage tu stay whill thay war slayne " 

May /J, i6;^g. Gight took part in the Trot of 
Turriff, when the Royalists surprised the Cove- 
nanting Committee (liritaiie's Distemper). 

Jitnc, i6s<). Montrose and his artillery attacked 
the Castle of Gight, which was well defended by 
the laird and Colonel Johnston. The siegers, 
however, withdrew to .Aberdeen (on June 3) 
when they heard that a Royalist army was 
approaching (Briiane's Diiteiiipcr). 

July 10, /6?9. On this day it was reported to the 
I'resbytory of Ellon that Gight had "come to ye 
Kirk of Ellon upon ye Saljoth d.iy, and having 
maid some ryding throuche ye toun of Ellon, 
which wes scandelous." Gight (at a subsequent 
meeting) declared that " he cam not to the Kirk 
of Ellon to mak ony convoc.ationc, nor to irritat 
any gentleman there, liot onlie to visit ye laird of 
Ochterellone and Mr. David Lcache [the minister], 
to tak with him the young laird of Foveran 
[his grandson], wha was in Ochterellone [the 
lad's mother, Gight's daughter, having died in 
the early part of the year]. He said he was 
sorry if he had offended any of the brethren 
(.Mair's Records of the Preslytery 0/ Ellon). 

April, 1640. Gight began to fortify his house with 
"men, muskal, meit and drink and vther devysis 
of defenss," in view of General Monro's advance 

June, 1640. Gight, described as a " seiklie, tender 
man, being by chance at this samen tyme in 
Montross, is takin by ane Captain Betoun, and 
had to [the Tolbooth of] Edinburgh with the 
rest : his houss of Ardestie [in Forfarshire] 
pitfullie plunderit, becauss he wes ane papist 
and out stander .aganes the good causs " 
(Spali/ing). Upon caution he libertie of 
frie waird within the toune, and to walk and go 
at his pleasour." He died in prison on N'ovemlier 
17, 1640, "either through age or grecfe or bothe 
together. He was a Papist in his profession. 
That was eneuch indytenient against him " 
(Gordon's Seats Affairs). 

Dee. JO, /640. Collonell Maister of Forbes send 
out to the intaking of the place of Gciclit ane 
cajiiten with 32 soldiouris. The hous is randeril 
be the lady, bccaus nunc laird wes there. .Aluaies 
scho cam in and delt so with the collonell that 
they were all removit and cam bak agane to 
Al)irdene [Spa/.i/,,^'). 

Giyht left seven children, by which wife, 
.however, I cannot s.iy. .Mr. Mair, in his 
Pn-sbytoy Records of Ellon, notes tli.u his first 

wife (Isobell Wood) bore him five chiklrcn 
before 1597. Dr. Temple says his second wife 
bore him a son and a daughter. His issue was 
as follows : — 

1. George Gordon was s\iccccded as seventh laird 

of Gight. 

2. John Gordon assisted his nephew, the eighth 

laird, to raid the town of Montrose. He 
imprisoned in Edinburgh, 1644, with his 
brother, the seventh laird, who was granted, 
through his agent, Thouias Gunlon, 300 merks 
to " menteyn " him>elf and liis broilier in 
prison (June 19, 1044, AUs of l\iiliaii:ent, 

3. Alexander Gordon married Lilias, second 

daughter of William Menteith of Kers. Tn 
1636 (at which date he was married) he got 
the estate of Ardestie, in Forfarshire, from 
Robert Erskine (Great Seal). I may note, 
however, that his father known as " Old 
Ardestie" (Gordon's Seots Affairs), he having 
probably got that estate through his first wife, 
Isobell Wood, who was a I'orfarshire woman. 
This .-Mexander is not mentioned by Ur. 

4. Barbara Gordon married .Sir John Turing', both 

of them "recusants," 1623 (.Mair's J'reshyteiy 
Records of Ellon). He was present at the 
battle of Worcester, 165 1, ami had been 
created a baronet, 163S. He lost his lands at 
Foveran, which his house had held for three 
centuries. He had by Barbara Gordon a son, 
George, who predeceased him. By his second 
marriage (in 1652) he hail a son, who dieil 
unmarried in 16S2, when the representation of 
the family devolved on the (1st) baronet's 
nephew, the ancestor of the present liaronet, 
who lives at Chichester. Barbara Gordon died 
early in the beginning of 1639, and Lord 
Huntly, whose "ant" she was (according to 
Spalding), attended her funeral. 

5. 3/aiy Gordon married Alexander Inncs of 

Coxton, who was concerned in the anti- 
Covenanting struggle, but was pardoned, 1647 
{Acts of Parliament). She died, 20th August, 
1647 (Fainilie of Inncs). 

5. Gordon married the Hon. William Hay, 

son of the eighth Earl of Erroll, by Lady 
Agnes Sinclair, daughter of Lord Caithness 
(Privy Council Register). He quarrelled with 
his mother in 1616 (idem), and helped his 
faiher-indaw to ati.ack the Hnys of lUirnlliill 
(1616), to which I have already referred. 

7. Gordon. Dr. Temple says Giglu had a 

daughter by his second uife. Icanunt verify 
this", however. 

J. M. r.Lf.t.OCil. 
( To be continued. ) 

\mi,. I. 2iui slkies.] scorr/s// /votes and (2ueries. 



( Risttined from Vol. A'/., //. loi-ioj.) 

It is perhaps necessary to remind our readers, 
after such long silence, that these notes are 
supplementary to the Neu- Spaklinj; Club Hand 
List of Bibliography of the Counties of Aber- 
deen, Banff and Kincardine. The hrst few 
entries this month supply omissions from our 
own lists. Alexander Fouler Shepherd was a 
graduate of Aberdeen University, and war cor- 
respondent of the Tunes of India. John Sim, 
who would be forgotten but for his connection 
with the translator of the Lusiad, was a native 
of Banchory-Ternan, whence his father removed 
to Aberdeen that his family might enjoy greater 
educational privileges. He studied at -Marischal 
College and at C).\ford, and subse([uently held 
several Anglican curacies, but chiefly devoted 
himself to literary work of an ephemeral de- 

William Japp Sinclair, the Professor of Gynae- 
cology in the Victoria University, Manchester, 
is a man of the Mcarns, and M.A., M.D. of 
Aberdeen. A skilful and successful physician, 
he is also well known in the city of his adoption 
as a popular lecturer on hygiene. 

William Singer, a native of Insch, educated 
at Marischal College, was in his day one of the 
most influential ministers of the Scottish Church 
in Dumfries-shire.' The catalogue of his works 
sufficiently indicates the branches of his pro- 
fession in which he excelled, and it is obvious 
that he carried with him to Kirkpatrick-Juxta 
that practical knowledge of cattle and crops for 
which the men of the Gariuch are still noted. 
The University of Edinburgh appreciatively 
conferred upon him the degree of D.L). in 1805. 

Sior^ic^ Jaiii€S. 

A Short Trcaliio on Building 

Materials, &c. 2nd ed. Abdn., 1S91. 

S,oii^',i/, Henry. 

The Life of God in the Soul of 

Man. J. Jjaihy, Lond., s.a. 

W 01 ks. To which i.s added Sermon 

hy Geo. Gairck'ii, D.I). „ 1S22. 

Sermon (in Cliristian Tlicological 

-Mvisemn). .Vbdu., 1790. 

-V, •.!/;;■.',■■, Ear! of. 

In .Mcmuriam Ian Charles, Kighlli 
Larl of Scalield, Tui.iUy-sev'LiUh 
Chief of the Clan Grant (priv. 
I'l'l-)- Invs. [1SS4]. 

S.,ji:.! 6'.7//.V//;,7;/ !o tht Calalojtc 
"A /'Vi' Library of the McdUo- 
Cliirur^iuil Soi lily. Abdn., iSyl. 

Paris, 155S. 

I'hd. [1S96]. 

Senior, Adam us ( Atiain Elder). 

SerL; II'. ( I'dcrhcad). 

The Avi-I-aiina of Buchan. 
List of Birds found in Buchan. 

(In Trans. Buchan Field Club, III.) 
Shcpha-d, Alexander Fonder. 

The Campaign in Abyssinia. Bombay, 1S6S. 


The Christian'sTheoIogical .Museum, 
being a select Collection of Ser- 
mons, &.C. Vol. I. Abdn., 1790. 
SJiarman, G., and G. T. Nc-.oton. 

Some Cretaceous Fossils from the 

Drift in .Moroseat, Cruden. I'hd. [1S99]. 

(In Trans. Buchan Field Club, I\'.) 
The Shslland ronv Stud Book. Vol. IV. Abdn., 1S94. 
(Vol. L, lS'91 ; II., 1S92; III., 
■^93) probably an annual issue 
Sliirres, Leslie P. An .\nalysis of the 

Ideas of Economics. 
[Silver, Alexander.'^ 

George Beattie of Montrose, &c., 
by A. S. Mt. Cyrus, M.A. 
(Bristol ptd.) 
Sim, JoJin. 

Memoir of William Lownder (in 

the Gent. Magazine). 
Edit. Poems of William Julius 
Mickle, with Memoir. 
Sinclair, Andrew MacGregor. 

Restoration from Syncope. 
Sinclair, Arthur. 

The P. and O. (Abdn. ptd.) 

In Tropical Lands. 

'lair. Sir John, Bart. ) 

Hints respecting the Slate of the 

Camp at Aberdeen in 1795, and 

an Appcntiix on the .\ncicnt 

Dress of the Scottish Highlanders. Lond., 1795. 

Edit. The Statistical Account of 

Scotland. 21 vols. Edin., 1791-99. 

Sinclair, William. 

Account of Iluntly (New Stat. 
Ace, xii.). 
Sinclair, IVilliain. 

Sir William's Pilgrimage. 
Sinclair, William Japp. 

Indigestion: .\ Ilcahhy Skin. 
ICffccls of prolonged Laclaliuu. 
Beverages: Water, Tea, Cul 

Cocoa, &c. 
Edit. Medical Chronicle. 
Laceration of Cervi\ Uteri. 
(Jonorrhcial Infection in Women. 
Vaginal liyslereclomy for Cancer. " 

Iniiige-linn llUistr.iled. M.ino. 

.Malignant Di-easc^ of the L'leius 

(in'AUbuttand I'l.iyfair). Lond. 

Lond., 1S93. 

Edin., s.a. 

Lond., 1S06. 
Lond., 1S92. 

Macduff, 1S75. 
Abdn., 1S95. 


Edin., it;43 
Abdn., iS7t^ 







Mane, IS 

<4 . .\ c. 



n. Lond.. 



[July, 1899. 

Sinclair, Williaiii John Henderson. 

Two Cycles in Nature. Phd. [; 

(In Trans. Buchan FielJ Club, II.) 
Singer, IVilliain. 

Supplementary Account of Wamphray 

(Sine. Slat. Ace, xxi.). Eclin., 

Statement of the Numbers, the 

Duties, the Families, and the 

Livings of the Clergy of .Scotland. n 
General View of the Agriculture of 

Uumfries-shire. Loncl. and « 

Sermon preached at Opening of 

General Assembly. " 

Account of Moffat (New Stat. Ace, 

iv.) M 

Account of Kirkpatrick Juxta (New 

Stat. Ace, iv.) 
General Observations on the County 

of Dumfries (New Slat. Ace, iv.) 

Sins relating to t'le Gospel Onlinames 
( To fie ionliniieii. ) 





■ S32 

CoUxVr Lesi.ii-: (of tuk Au.stri.\n Empire). 
— This letter, quoted in Miss Eva Scott's new 
"Life of I'rince Rupert" {a. fascinatini; book, 
recently puljlisbcd by Messrs. Archibald Con- 
stable\ may be of use to the historian of the 
Leslies. Writing' on June 22, 1861, to Colonel 
William Ley ye, Rupert adds this "hurried and 
incoherent postscript": — 

I almost forgolt to tell you that Comte Lesley's 
cousin (I forgott his name, but I remember that his 
sister was married to St. Michel), this man ded me 
the favor to send over a booke to Comte Lesley, 
entitled The Iron A,'c, in which it speekes mosst base 
languiage of me and my actions in F.ngland. It is 
dedicated to Jake Russell, but I am confident if 
honest Jake had rcade the booke, he would have 
broke the translator's head. . . . One Harris trans- 
lated it : pray inquire after the booke and juge if it 
be not a Scotch tricke to send it. . . . Moutray is 
the name I forgott. 

Lady Prestwick. — It is not generally known 
perhaps that Lady Prestwick, who has just 
written the life of her husband, the late Sir 
Joseph Prestwick (the yeoloyist), for Messrs. 
Ijlackwood, is a ^Iorayshire woman. In Sir 
Joseph's bioyrapliy, just published, you read: — 

On the 26ih February, 1870, Mr. Presiwick's 
marriage took pl.-icc at .St. Slarylebone Church, 
London, wiih Anne, eldest d.iughter of James 
Milne, Escp, J. P., Findhorn, Morayshire, and widow 
of George M'C.iU, Fm|., Glasgow. She was the 
niece of his [Sir Joseph'-,] lamented friend, Hugh 
Falconer, at whose liouse they met. 

U UGH AN IN I 712. 

The following Abstract of the Earl Marischall's 
Rents in lUichan, including the Fishings of 
Inverugie, Parks and Crofts, with the Wind 
Miln, Tynd P'ishinyand Feu duties of the Town 
of Peterhead in 1712 is cojjicd from an old MS. 
book in my keeping, and, bclie\ ing same might 

interest the readers of i". X. &^ O., 
here without comment. 

WTieat, 23— valued at £6 5>. per Loll - 
Oats, 27.3 ,, 4 3s. 4d. „ 

Hear. S65. 1 \ IjSg.i — valued at ( 
.Meal, 724. I £4 3'=. 4'1. por IJoll ) Rent 

Cuslomes, great and =mall, inckiding 

Pfiultry brought t'-» money 
Torterston, 20S Lull-, and £2^ 135. 4-1. 

for Cusiumes as above - 
.Money Rent of Torterston 
Kiira, including hU Rood Victual antl 

-Money \Vad.-.el, but forthcoming to 

make gooil debt . - . - 

.Achlys anc Kirkton of Longsy ' iiichnl- 

ing as above and part Wadset - 


062 1 










1 40 1 




Deducting Minister's Stipend 
Buchan, viz. : — 
The Ministerof Peterhead, 

victl and money - - ^^300 ( 

/■l4.b43 o 10 

Old Deer, about 

St. Fergus 

Longsyd, about 

And for the Wjnd Miln 

and Fishing to B. 



293 o 


Free Rent - - .^£^1 2,972 o 10 

Lands in the Mearns re- 
turned t*' Inventor /35S1 12 2 

Deduct Chapel Wadset — 

David And'son - - 96 3 4 34S5 S 10 

Crators Sea Land and Mylne of Uras, 

includs the now- E's, at put up - S;5 5 10 

(A line obliterated) - - ■ 22iii o 4 

Gallatons 3 pvi-ses^ions - - ■ 461 10 o 

Newton and Clapperton - - ■ 3S2 6 S 

Part of Gaval redeemed from Audi- 

medden ..... -q- q q 

(A line olililerated, but some pl.-ice 
redeemed) .... 


^ 33 6 S 
.^20,682 19 2 

O! i -:,.;, ). 

\-oL. 1. 2nd Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND (JCEA'/ES. 

(XII., 94, 127, 142, >59) 

5. Bel.a or, Lincoln {S. .V. cr" Q., XII., 
95, 143), look his I>..\. at Ilnrvanl in 1754, and 
M.D. at Marl^chal O-Uciic, ALcrJcL-n, in 1705. He 
ilicil 1773 (Ce". Cal., Harvard, p. So: Kcc. Mar. 
Coll., ii., 122). 

S. Ch.ari.ks KussKl.l, l)Llcini;ol to I!. A. clas> at 
Harvard of 1757, and Ijccanie A.M. : received M.D. 
at Marischal College, Alicrdeen, in 1765, and died 
17S0 (Gen. Cat., Harvard, p. Si : A'cc. Mar. Coll., 
ii., 123). 

21. Rev. Jamks Ror.K.KTSON, LL.l)., studied at 
King's College, Aberdeen, and graduated in 1S26. 
He was stationed as missionary at rorlugal Cove, in 
Xewfoundland, 1S29-31, and then he removed to 
Xova Scotia, where he clcrgjnian at IJridgelown 
and Wilniot, 1S32-37 ; at ]>ridge!o\\n, 1838-49 ; and 
at Wilmot, 1S50-75, when he retired. lie received 
in 1856 the degree of LL.D. from his Aliiia MaUr 
(A'iii^'s Coll. Cr^ul., 119, 282: Di^vst S. /'. Cr., 
S59. S63). 

22. Rev. JoN.^TliAN Mayiiew, D.U., Pastor of 
(he West Church, l!oston, .Mass., was son of Kxpericnce 
Mayhew, and horn in Martha's Vineyard, Oct. 8th, 
1720. He was a distinguished jireacher and contro- 
versialist, leaning strongly to ihe Arian side in religious 
sympathy. He was one of the most powerful advocates 
for the federation and independence of the .-\merican 
colonies, and died in IJoston, July 9, 1766. He received 
the degree of D.U. from King's ("ollege, Aberdeen, 
on Christmas Day, 1749, "recommended by William 
Shirley, Governor of Massachusetts Bay ' (Ainu's 
Coll. Gratl., 100). He published several sermons 
(Appleton, Cytl. Am. Bio^'., iii., 664: Cciil. Cycl., 
668: Jackson, Coiui's. Did., 553: Amcr. Ch. Hist., 
iii., 276 8, 2S7, 291 : Gill. Cat., Harvard. TJ). 

23. Rev. William .Smith, D.D., fonnrler «iih 
Benjamin Franklin, and first Provost of the University 
in Philadelphia, was a bursar at King's College, 
Aberdeen, 1743-47, but there is no record of his taking 
his degree. He received the degree of D.D. from 
King's College in 1759, from Oxford in the same year, 
and from Dublin in 1764. (A'ia^'s Coll. Grad., 100 : 
.S. A'. >S~ Q., i., 137 ; vii., 14, 141 ; xii., S4.) 

24. Rt. Rev. John Str.\ciian, LL.D., D.D., 
l'ii4iop of Toronto, Ont. He was l>om in Aberdeen 
on I2th April, 177S, and graduated at Kings 
College in 1797. In 1799 he came to Cornwall 
in Lower Canada, and was ordained by Li-hop 
Mountain of (Juebec in 1S03. While rector of 
the i>ari>h at Cornwall he opened a school, which 
soiin became well known, and in 1812 he was 
called lo Torniilo, then named Vi.rk, where he 
ihiew him>elf into all the interests of the young 
Colony, then suffering in the war with the Cniteil 
States. He was an educationalist all through his life, 

and procured first the founding of Toronto University, 
and then the University of Trinity College : when at 
Cornwall he received in 1S06 and iSli the degrees 
of LL.D. and of D.D. from King's College, 
Aberdeen. On S. Banholomew's Day, 1839, he 
was consecrated Bishop in Lambeth Chapel, and 
had charge of all Upper Canada as his diocese. 
He was appointed by the Crown a member of 
the Legislative Council of Upper Canada. He 
died Nov. I, 1867. (A'iii^'s Coll. Grad., 106, 265 : 
I.ifc 0/ Bishop Joint Strac/iaii, by Bishop Bethune : 
Jul'ikc I 'oliiiiie of the Diocese of Toronto : Digest S. 
P. Cr., S77, ct al. : .S. N. c.-" Q., xii., 100.) 

25. Rl. Rev. Alexander Neil Bethune, D.D. 
Second Bishop i>f Toronto, Ont. He was son of a 
Presbyterian minister at Montreal, and ordained by 
the Bishop of ijuebec in 1S23. lie was rector of 
Cobourg, and had charge of the Theological School 
there, which was afterwards merged in Trinity College, 
Toronto. While at C»)bourg he became Archdeacon 
of York, and in 1847 received from King's College, 
Aberdeen, the degree of D.I). (A'in/s Coll. Grad., 
107). In 1867 he was consecrated coadjutor to the 
ageil Bishop Slr;tchan, and lo..k the title of Bishop 
of Niagara : the same year he I'ecanie Bishop of 
Toronto, and died 1S79 (Aije of JH.'wp Strackau, by 
Bp. Bethune: Digest S. /'. Cr., 873, el al. ■.Jubilee 
I 'oliime of the Diocese of Toronto). 

26. Right Rev. Alexander Jolly, S.T.D., 
Bishop of -Mor.iy, was born at Stonehaven, 3rd April, 
1756, studied at Marischal College, where he graduated 
A.M. in 1775 (/v'tv. Mar. Coll., ii., 342), and was 
ordained deacon al the age of twenty. In 1796 he 
wa5 made coadjutor lo Bishop Maclarlane of Ross, 
and, at ihat prelate's resignation of the See of Moray, 
Bishop Jolly was coll.-.ted lo it. From 1777 to 178S 
he was at Turriff, and for the rest of his life in 
Fraserburgh ; he die<l on S. Peter's Day, 1S3S. He 
was the first to receive a special degree at Trinity 
(Washington) College, Hartford, Conn., having been 
made S.T.D. there 'in 1S26 (Cat. Cell. S. Triii., 67). 
While a great student, he wrote little, viz. : — Friendly 
Address on Baflisinal A:eqenerat!on (1S26) : 0/'sen\z- 
lions on the Sunday Services in the Book of Common 
Prayer (1S2S) : Christian Sacrifice in the Eucharist 
(1S31): Some plain Instructions concerning.; the Nature 
and Constitution of the Christian Church (17S3). 
(Walker, Life of Bishop Jolly: Grub, Eccl. Hist. 
Scot., iv.) 

27. Right Rev. D.wiD MoiR, S.T.D., Bishop of 
Brechin, born at Culb.ach, now Bankhead, of 
.Monboddo, in the Parish of Fordoun, received the 
A.M. degree at Mari.-chal College in 1812, but his 
class was that of 1792-96 (A'ec. Mar. Coll., ii., 374, 
405). In 1837 he became Bishop Coadjutor to Bisf.i'p 

i Gleig, and succeeded to the sole charge in 1S40. He 
\ died in his par-nnage at Brechin 21st August, 1S47 
1 {Grub, £c.l. Hist.'S.vt., iv., 100. 243, 251). He 
1 received the degree ..f S.T.D. from Trinity (W.ashing- 
ton) College, Hartford, Conn., in 1839 [Cat. S. 
' lyin., 68). 


[July, 1S99. 

28. Right Rev. David Low, S.T.D., &c., was a 
native of Brechin, and stiiJieil at Marischal College, 
but probably dii.1 not .graduate (AVc. Miir. Coll., ii., 
360) : in 1S20 he received from the same the degree 
of LL.D. (III., ii., 103). lie was presbyter at 
Pittenweem in I'ife, and remained there during his 
episcopate. In liim he was elected and consecrated 
Bishop of Ross and Arg)dl, and in iSjii had the See 
of Moray added. Dut in 1S46 he resigned the united 
.See of .Argyll and The Isles, and partly endowed it. 
Hobart College gave him, in 1S4S, the degree of 
LL.D. (Gai. Cat., IloOarl, 75), and Trinity (Wash- 
ington) College, Hartford, Conn., gave him S.T.D. 
the same year (Cat. S. Trin., 72). lie resigned the 
See of Moray and Ross, 1S50, and died 26lh [anuary, 
1S55 (lilatch, Lijc 0/ Dp. Loiu: Grub, Ec'd. Hist. 
Scot., iv.) 

29. Right Rev. William Scot Wilson, S.T.D., 
&c. , Bishop of Glasgow and Galloway, was born at 
I'ittenwcem, Fifeshire, on Sept. 13th, 1S06, and, 
owing to his father's death, educated at Keith 
under Rev. J. Murdoch. lie received his M.A. 
degree at King's College in 1S27, and in the same 
year was ordained. He received charge of the 
Episcopalians at Ayr in 1S32, and remained till his 
death, 17th March, 1SS9. In 1S40 he was made 
Synod Clerk of the Diocese, and in 1S45 the Dean : 
on the resignation of Bp. Trower he became Bishop 
in 1859, and the same year received the degree of 
S.T.D. from Hobart College, X. V. : in 1S60 the 
University of Dublin conferred on him the LL.D. 
(^iiij;'s Coll. Grad., 2S3) : Scot. Ep. Ch. Direct., 
1889, p. 57 : Gen. Cat., Hobart, 117. 

30. Rt. Rev. Alexander, Bishop of 
Argyll and the Isles, was born at .Shclagreen, Aber- 
deen, 25th March, 1S14, son of John Ewing, Aberdeen, 
Advocate. He and his brother John attended classes 
at Marischal College, 1S2S-30 (Mar. Coll. Rcc, ii., 
466, 468), and afterwarils at Edinburgh. Alexander 
was ordained by Bp. Low in 1S3S, and consecrated 
in S. Andrew's Church, Aberdeen, Oct. 26th, 1S47, 
as Bishop of Argyll and the Isles. In 1S48 he 
received the degree of LL.D. from Glasgow Uni- 
versity, and that of S.T.D. from Trinity College, 
Hartford, Conn. (Cat. S. Trin., 72): he had aUo 
the degree of D.C.L. at O.xford in 1S51. He died 
May 22nd, 1S73 (see Dr. Walker's Mem.jir of Bp. 
Ewing in The Scottish Staihlaril Hearer, ix., 59 seq.). 
He wrote Revelation comiitered as Li^ht (S. jV. o-' Q., 
ix., 69: Grub, Eccl. Hist. Scot., iv., 251). 

31. Most Rev. RoiiEKl- Maciiuav, D.D., .\rch- 
bishop of Rupert's L.and and Metropolitan, I'rimale 
of all Can.ada: I'relate of the Order of S. Mich.iel 
and -S. George. Like other Aberdonians, he early 
developed as an educationalist, appointed President 
of the Board of Education for the Colony, and the 
first Chancellor of the Provincial University of 
Manitoba. He founded and still acts as teacher in 
S. John's College, Winnipeg, ul.ieh educates in .\rt> 
and Theology, and was in 1877 ahiliated lo the 
University (see .b". N. C.-^ Q., xi., 52 : .\p|>letoii, CyJ. 

Am. Bio^., iv., 122 : Johnson, O'niv. Cycl., v., 432 : 
Discsl S. r. Cr., 179-80, 761, 763-4, 779-So). He 
received at Aberdeen, .M.A. (1S51), LL.D. (1865) : at 
Cambridge, M.A. (1858), D.D. (1805): at S. John's 
College, University of Manitoba, D.D. (1883): at 
Durham, D.D. (1888) : at Trinity Universitv, Toionto, 
D.C.L. (1893) : and .it Oxford, D.D. (1897). (based 
for the most part upon information received from the 
Bursar at S. John's, Winnipeg). 

32. Rt. Rev. John Maclean, D.D., Bishop of 
.S.askatchewan, N. \V. , Canada. A notice of this 
native of Portsoy appears in .i'. N. i:' <J., vii., 44. 
.See also Applelon's Cycl. Am. Hio^., iv. , 144. 
Tenney (7'he Triumphs of the Cross, p. 625) says : — 
"John Maclean, Bishop of Saskaleliewan, was as 
truly a martyr to his icy river as was Cranmer lo the 
fire." In l88o he founded Emmanuel College, Prince 
Edward, N.W., Canada, and acted as Warden and 
Professor of Divinity. lie was the first Bisho)) of 
Saskatchewan, lS74'-i886 (Di-^cst S. P. Cr., 76^, 
780-81, 879). He graduated .at King's College .M.A. 
(1S51), and receiveil the degree of D.C.L. at llishojj's 
College, Lennoxville, Qu. (1871), and of D.D. at 
Kenyon College, O. (1871), and at S. J<jhn's, the 
University of .Manitoba ( ). (From the Bursar 
at S. John's College, Winnipeg, Man. : Diet. A'at. 
Biog., XXXV., 202). 

33. Rev. William Reid, D.D., born in Kii- 
drummy in 1S16, graduated at King's College, 
Aberdeen, in 1S33 (Kinifs Cell. GraJ., 28S), and 
was licensed by the Presbytery of Fordyce in 1839. 
From 1S40 to 1S49 he was minister at (jrafton and 
Cobourg, Ontario, from 1849 to 1 850 at Picton, and 
from 1853 to his death in 1S96 he was General .-\gent 
of the Presbyterian Church in Canada. In 1876 the 
University of Queen's College, Kingston, conferred 
on him the honorary degree of D.D. (Information 
from Dr. Reid's son-in-law, Rev. J. M'D. Duncan, 
Woodville, Ont.) 

34. Prof. John Maclean, M.D., Princeton, 
N'.J., was born in Gla.sgow, March i, 1771, and 
educated at Glasgow Grammar School, and the 
University : afterwards studied at London and Paris. 
Chemistry was his favourite study. In 1795 ''c 
went lo America, and was Professor of Chemistry 
at Xew Jersey (Princeton) University, 1795-1812, 
but he also taught Mathematics, Xatural Pliilosophy, 
and Natural History. In 1812 he was appointed 
to the chair of Natural Philosophy in William and 
Mary College, \'a., and died in Princeton, Feb. 17lh, 
1S14. He received the degree of M.D. from King's 
College, Aberdeen, 1797, on the recommendation "of 
Drs. Cleghiirn and Miller, Glasgow. (Munoir of 
fohn Maclean, M.D., by his sun, Pres. Maclean: 
Gen. Cat.', Trineeton Univ., 16: Kind's Coll. Grad., 

35. WALTEIi MiN 10, Professor at Princeton, N.J., 
was bitrn in Cowdenham, Scolhuul, Dec. G, 1753, 
anil graduated at Edinburgh. He became i'lnfcsMjr 
of ^lalhenuUies aiul Natural Philosophy at New 

Vol.. I. 2nd Seriks.] SCOTTISH NOTES AA'D QUER/ES. 

Jersey (Princeton) College, 17S7-1796, nnil received 
the degree of LL.D. from Marisclial College, 17S6 
(AVi. Mar. Coil., 99). lie w;is Treaburer at Mew 
lerscy College in 1795 (t?'"- Ca/., N.Jlts. Coll., 14, 
16). He iliecl at Princeton, N.J., 2isl Oct., 1796. 
His published works were DciiionslnUioit of tlic Tath 
of the Ne-<v Planet ( ) : Reicanlics into sonic Parts 
of the Theory of Planets (I7f>3) : An Account of the 
Life, IVritings, ami Inventions of John Napier of 
Alerchiston (along with the Earl of IJuchan, 17S7): 
and Inaiionral Oration on the Pro:;resi and Importance 
of the Alathcntatical Sciences (17SS). (.\|>|iletun, 
Cycl. Ainer. Bio^., iv., 337 : Allibone, Vict. Anlit., 
ii., 1325: Watt, Bil'l. Brit., ii., 672). 

36. Rev. James McCasii, S.T.D., born in Ayr- 
shire, 1811, studied at Glasgow and Edinburgh, and 
received an honorary M.A. degree from Ediidnirgh 
University, on the motion of Sir \\m. Hamilton. 
He became minister in Montrose, 1S35, and in 
Brechin, 1S39, coming out in 1S43 with the Free 
Church parly. He was appointed I'rofessor of Logic 
and Metaphysics in Queen's College, lielfast, in 1S51, 
and thence was called to he President of Princeton 
College, N.J., 1S6S iSSS. In the last-n.-\med year he 
resigned the Presidency, and died at Princeton, X.J., 
Nov. i6th, 1S94. His University honours were M.A. 
from Edinburgh (1S33) '■ LL.U. from Marischal Coll. 
(1851), Harvard (1S6S), Washington and Jefferson 
College, Washington, Pa. (iSoi) : U. Litt. from 
Queen's College, llcIfast (1SS2): S.T.U. from Lrown's 
University, Providence, R.I. (1S6S). (AVr. Mar. 
Coll., ii., loS: Hist. Cat., Brown Univ., 3S7 : Gen. 
Cat., Hai-'ard, 33S.) Dr. McCosh published The 
Methods of Divine Government, Physical and Moral 
(1S50) : Typical Forms and Special Ends in Creation 
(1S56): Intuitions of the Mind inductively investi- 
gated, being a Defense of Absolute Truth (1S60) : 
The Supernatural in relation to the Natural (1862) : 
Examination of Mill's Philosophy (1S66) : La-.i'S of 
Discursive Thought, being a Treatise on I'ormal Logic 
(1S69) : Christianity and Positivism (1S71) : The 
Scottish philosophy ; Biographical, Expository, and 
Critical, from Hutcheson to Hamilton (1S74): The 
Development Hypothesis ( I S76) : The Emotions ( I SSo) : 
"The Philosophical Series," (1SS2-S6), including 
Criteria of Divers Kinds of Truth, as opposed to 
Agnosticism. (1SS2): Energy, Efficient and final 
Cause — Development ; What it can do, and uliat it 
cannot do, and Certitude, Providence and Prayer 
(1SS3): I.oche's 'Theory of A'nowledge, with Notiie 
of Berl.eley, Agnosticism of Hume and Hu.xley, with 
Notice of the Scottish School, and Criticism of the 
Critical Philosophy (1S84): Herbert Spencer's Philo- 
sophy as culminating in his Ethics, and 7 he N'e-w 
Departure in College Education (1SS5) : Psychology of 
the Cognitive Powers (1SS6): The Keli^'ious Aspect 
of Evolution (iSSS) : The Prevailing Types of Philo- 
sophy, Can they logically reach Pcality .' (1S90) : 
The TciK of I'arious Kinds of 'Truth (1S91): Our 
.Moral Nature (KS93) : Philosophy of locality (1804). 
(J.'linson, Univ. Cycl., v., 421 : Ap|ileton, Cycl. \ 
Amcr. Biog., iv., 95-6, with jiortrait : Jacloon, 

Comis. Diet., 529: Cent. Cycl., 635: Nat. Cycl. 
Anier. Biog., v., 46!), with i)ortrait). 

J.\ME.S Ga.m.mack, LL.D. 
West Hartford, Conn., 
May iS, 1899. 

QuALiKiED TO Hear Arms ai-ter the 
Rkiu;li.ION ok 1745-46.— Soon after the over- 
throw of the Jacobites at Culloden, an Act was 
pasbcd "for the more ettectually disarming the 
Hiyhlands in Scotland, and for the "more 
eti'cctually restoring the peace of the Highlands, 
and for restraining the use of the Highland 
dress." In terms of that Act, all the inhabitants 
of Uanff, Gamrie, Alvah, lioNndie, Forglen, 
Ordiciuhill, Marnoch, Kothiemay, and Inver- 
keithny had to bring in their arms on 37th May, 
174S, to the Town-house of IJanff to Humphrey 
Bland, Escj., Lieutcnant-General and Com- 
mander of His Majesty's Forces in North 
Britain, and accordingl)- many guns, swords, 
and dirks were delivered up, but loyal subjects 
could retain their arms on certain conditions, 
viz., by appearing before the Sheriff of the 
county, and taking and swearing the oaths of 
allegiance and adjuration, together u ith the oath 
of assurance, in terms of Act of the 21st year 
of King George. It is interesting to learn, from 
a \olume in the custody of the Sheriff-Clerk of 
Banffshire, who in this county took the oaths. 
During the year 1748, the following gentlemen 
took the qualification to bear and use arms : — 
William, Lord Braco, James Abernethie of 
Meyan, Alexander Russell of Montcoft'er, George 
Joass of CoUeonard, Walter Ogilvie of iialdavie, 
-Alexander Inncs of Rosieburn, Lord Bantt', 
Peter Gordon of Ardmeillie, Alexander Donald- 
son of Kinnairdy, James Spence in Rccletich, 
Earl of Findlater and Seafield, .Mr. Andrew 
Hay of Montblairy, Alexander Garden of Troup, 
and Sir Robert Abercrombie of liirkcnbog. In 
subsequent years the following qualified : — 1750, 
Francis Young, officer of Excise ; 1754, William 
Leslie, late of Melrose, now of Aui hingoul ; 
'757. William Gordon of Glenbuckut. No 
more qualifications are recortled in this county, 
for the time was approaching when ICnglish 
statesmen adopted another and a wiser ])olicy, 
namely, inducing the Highlanders t(j enter His 
.Majesty's service and maintain the gli>iy of the 
country, as they so conspicuously dul, m other 
lands. — Banffshire Joiiniiil, 30th -May, 18'/;. 

L\' the Evening Dispatch of 3rd June tlii-re is 
a seconil p.aper dealing with Ross nf I.ocjdcc, 
this time discussing the authorshq) of ibe \si.ll- 
known song, " Woo'd and married and a'.' 


[Jui.v, 1899. 


"the lady's darling." 

The grcat-great-^'reat-grandfathcT of the present 
laird of Faskally was Archibald Butter, who 
married Jean, (laiiL;hler of Henry Balncaves. 
Was he the Arcliibald lUittcr who, out in the 
'15, captivated all the ladies who visited him 
when a prisoner in London, and gained the 
soubriciuet of "the Lady's Darlini;?" 

This gallant was a captain in Lord Nairn's 
regiment. Taken prisoner at Preston, on the 
ill-fated 13th November, he was amongst those 
who were conveyed to London and committed 
to prison there on the 9th December. Patten, 
in enumerating the olfu crs taken at Preston, 
mentions him as ".Vrchd. Putlcr, the Lady's 
Darling, tho' iiiani^Y in the Rebellion." "A 
handsome, high-spirited young Highland gen- 
tleman, whom the pamphlets of the day called 
Bottair (one of the family of Butter in .Athole), 
made such an impression on the fair visitors 
who came to minister to the wants of the 
Jacobite capti\es, that some reputations were 
put in peril b)- the excess of their attentions to 
this favourite object of compassion" (Ta/cs of a 
Graiidfatlicr). On 31st May he was arraigned 
at the Court of Kxchet(ucr, and pleaded not 
guilty, and on 4th June he appeared at the Bar, 
but his trial was put otT. On noth June he was 
again brought up for trial, "but as he had a 
Petition lying before the King, it uas not thought 
proper to enter on his Trial till an .Answer was 
got thereto. The said Petition set forth, 'That 
he was taken from School, and forced into the 
Rebellion ; from which he once escap'd, but was 
retaken by the Rebels ; and humbly bcgg'd that 
he might be permitted to return to his Studies, 
which, as well as the Remainder of his Life, 
should be wholly employ'd in his Maiest>'s 
Service.' This Petition being backed by powerful 
SoUicitations, and his Youth pleading in his 
Favour, the King was pleased to grant him his 
Pardon " (A Faithful Register of tJic late Re- 
bellion, London, 171S.) 

I have been informed by a Gaelic scholar that 
the name Butler is a grammatical transposition 
— but how ciVccted I fail to reniemloer — of 
Nucatcr, Macnucater being the I'uii-sloiiie of a 
branch of the Campbells. Lalely, on reading 
a Jouniiil of a Siiimney Tour in t/te Terthshire 
and Inverness-shire Highlands, by J. C. Roger, 
F.S.A., Barrister-at-Law, privately printed, Lon- 
don, 1S98, the following passage was lit on : — 
"The place-name Bulterstone, it maybe men- 
tioned, has its origin in the Norse personal 
name lUdar, uhich still lingers in the district 

as a surname in the family of the ISutters of 
Faskally." Which is right .' 


A CuRiou.s Shetland Book.— During our 
rambles among the bookstalls the other day we 
, picked up a rather curious volume relating to 
Shetland, by a Quaker author, and as it has not 
; been noted in Mr. James W. Cursitei-'s "List 
j of Boohs and I'aniphlels relatini^ to Orhiiey and 
S/ietlnnd, Kirh'ccall, iSg4," an account of it may 
i well be preserved in these pages. It contains a 
double frontispiece, consisting of sketch maps 
I illustrating the author's route from Lerwick 7'ia 
Scalloway, Rewick, Walls and Sandness to the 
I lonely island of Papa Stour, and is entitled, 
! " Travels through the L'nited Kingdom in 
] promoting the cause of peace on earth and 
; good-'oill toicards men (being a continuation 
j of the loork entitled ' T/ic Doctrine of Particular 
! I'ro^'iiience'), by George I'ilhington. late Captain. 
Corps of Royal Engineers. . . . London ; piib- 
lishcd by Edmund Fry and Son, His/upsgtte 
Street. -MDCCCXXXix." 31S pp. Si/c 7" x'4r'.". 
The author, by birth an Irishman, had been 
converted by the Society of Friends from a 
man of war into an enthusiastic lecturer on 
universal peace and total abstinence. Hearing 
by chance that the Hon. Kdwin Lindsay, a 
younger son of Alexander, 6th Earl of Balcarres, 
had been for twenty-five )ears, and was still, 
j unlawfully detained in the remote island of 
j Papa Stour upon the false pretext of insanity, 
i George Pilkington set out alone from his home 
, in London to deliver the distant capti\e, to 
whom he was C|uite a stranger. Half the 
i volume is occupied with an account of the 
I toilsome lecturing tour, during which he fully 
j accomplished its chief object. He removed 
' the alleged lunatic from durance, and had pro- 
ceeded some distance on the southward journey 
when he was arrested with his protege at the 
instance of the baffled custodian. They were 
conveyed prisoners to Lerwick, where the -Sheriff 
Substitute of the County immediately investi- 
gated the circumstances and set them at liberty. 
Lord Crawford's '' Li-ves of the Linilsays" con- 
tains no reference to this hidden romance of the 
peerage. lUit the story is Cjuite authentic, ruid 
a note in Mr. Cursiter's work seems to indicate 
that the proceedings in a lawsuit which ensued 
between the liberated man and his elder brother 
I7lh Earl) were printed. Pilkington's narrative, 
and his description of the countrx- through w liich 
he passeil, are interesting. We 
ha\ e sent the volume for better preservation to 
the University Library, Aberdeen. K. J. 





Sir James Steuart, knighted 1604, fifth and 
last laird of Stix, of his name, and third of 
Ballechin, was the yrandsun of Sir John Steuart, 
first of Stix, natural son of James II. He was 
twice married, and by his first wife, who was a 
sister of the "Admirable" Criuhton, he had a 
son, Robert, who carried on the line of liallechin. 
He married, secondly, in I 597, Elizabeth, daUL; liter 
of James, and sister of Sir Andrew Rollo after- 
wards first. Lord Rollo) of Uuncrub, and by her 
had five sons and two daughters. The eldest 
son, by the second marriaye, was — 

John Steuart, I. of Killiechassic. He was 
bom in the reign of James \T., and died in the 
reiyn of Charles 1. liy his wife, who was a 
daughter of Commissary Stewart of l.adywell, 
he had a son — 

John Steuart, II. of Killicchasbie. He married 
Mary Cooper, daughter of a landed proprietor 
in the Lothians, and by her had, with se\cral 
daughters, who died without succession, a son 
Patrick. Was it I'alrick, or his father, who sold 
Killiechassic? The former was the father of 
James Steuart, merchant and banker, who Ije- 
came Lord I'rovost of Edinburgh, and purchased 
some lands near that city, which he called 
Steuartfield. He had a numerous family. IJoth 
he and his son James, younger of Steuartfield, 
were alive in 179S. Is the male line extinct.' 

The Rev. Robert Stewart, I. of Killiechassic, 
of his name, was the younger son of James 
Stewart of Wester Clunie, 1625, second son of 
Alexander Stewart, V. of Donskeid, descended 
from the " Wolfe of Badenoch." The elder son, 
Alexander, succeeded his father in Wester Clunie, 
and was progenitor of the Poyntz Stewarts of 

Robert Stewart was educated at St. Leonard's 
College, St. Andrews, where he graduated A.M., 
23rd July, 1672. He was admitted minister of 
Killin in 1679. In 17 14, he was appointed by 
the Rev. Alexander Comrie, ministerof Kenmore, 
vicar at Lawers, with power to hold sessions, 
baptize and marry. Contrary to instructions, 
"he neither kept register or scrolls, and mono- 
polised all the dues payable to the Clerk, licdal, 
and llox, all the time he stayed there." Scott 
<^Fiisti Eci.'csiic Scothiiihc) says he afterwards 
orViciated at Turrorich, and that " he married, 
l.-t. Ann Campl)ell, and had four sons, James 
ot Killiechassic, Duncan of lilackhall \_su\ 
lilackhill], Alexander of Cloichfoldich, and 

Robert of Derculich ; 2nd, Ann Campbell, who 
afterwards mar. Angus Mcl'herson, residing in 
Methven." .According' to Rurke, who appears 
to derive his information from an unquestionable 
source of accuracy, namely, the pedigree of the 
Stewart-Robertsons in Lyon Office, he was only 
once married, in January, 16S3, to .\nna, 
daughter of Duncan Campbell of Edramucky 
— his son, Robert of Derculich, being Ijorn in 
1704. He died in February, 1729, aged about 
77, and his widow survived till the following 
year. ISurke says his descendants, except 
through the Derculich family, are now all extinct 
in the male line. His eldest son — 

James Stewart, became II. of KlllicLhassie. 
Was he the father of Janet Ste«an, who became 
the first wife of Duncan Robertson, \'I. of 
Auchleeks, probabh about 1733? He married 
\'erc Men/ics, eldest daughter of Captain James 
Menzies of Comrie, who was the younger sun of 
Sir .Alexamler Menzics of Wccm, 1st ISart., and 
the grandfather of Sir John Menzies, 4lh Dart. 

Here my references to the family become 
broken and disjointed. 

liy 1742, Robert Steuart had Killiechassic. 
He was "out" in the '45, on the Jacobite side, 
with the rank of Lieut. -Colonel, commanding 
his own tenants. In Lord Roscbery's List of 
Rebels he is described as "Lurking in the Hdls," 
after CuUoden. 

In 1766, John Steuart-Flemyng appears in 
the list of subscribers to the fund for the erection 
of the new bridge over the Tay at Perth. Was 
it he or his father who married Miss Flemyng, 
daughter (and heiress r; of Flemyng of Moness.' 

In 17S3, James Stewart-Flennng had Killie- 
chassic and Moncss. In 17S7, the Earl of 
Breadalbane entered in possession of Moness, 
paying for the same on 19th May, 17SS, .^9600 
to the Trustee of Mr. Stewart-FIemyng. Re- 
ference is found in the latter )ear to "Miss 
Stewart, Killiechassie, sister to former proprietor 
of Moness." In iSoi he was still alive, and in 
possession of Killiechassie. 

In 1S25, "Stewart, James Fleming [j/r], Esq., 
Grenada," is among the subscribers to Arm- 
strong's Gaelic Dictionary. - 

In 1S31, "Miss Fleming of Killikhaussic" 
is a subscriber to the "Topography of the Basin 
of the Tay." 

In 1S40, "Elizabeth, dau. of James Fleming, 
Killiechassie, m., 30th June, John Steuart New- 
bigging ''admitted W.S., 2Clh June, 1S32'', son 
of .Sir William Xeubigging, Surgeon in Edinr., 
b. 2oih Jany., ib^c-^: Sherift' Clerk of Roxburgh- 
shire, 1S41-49; Died 25th Oct.. it)49." \A 


[Jui-v, 1899. 

Historv of the Society of Writers to Her 
Majes'l/s Siiiitet.) 

In 1IS42, R. S. Klcniyny had Killicchasbie, the 
valued rent of which was ^396 4- SLOts. 
{^Statistical Account of Scottaiul) 

I am particularly desirous to have every in- 
format'on concerninj; the genealogy of this 
family, from the time of James II. of Killie- 
chassie, and shall be thankful for any reliable 
notes on the subject. 

J. Chkisiik. 

An Old Scoitish Maxuscript.— In 
recent numbers of the well-edited Geiiea'oc^ical 
Mai;aziiie (London, Elliot Stock,i an old Scottish 
manuscript is being reproduced. The transcrip- 
tion is the work of Mr. Charles S. Romanes, of 
Edinburgh, who some time ago acquired the 
MS. in an auction room. It turned out to be 
the Minute Book of a Keeper of the Record of 
"Signatures passed under the King's hand," for 
the period 1676-16S1. The value of the Record 
is that it contains in abstract what will appear 
in part in some of the Great Seal volumes yet 
to be issued. It is hard to say how long we 
must be content to be stayed by this foretaste. 
The Great Seal volumes, we know, involve 
much tedious care in their production, but it 
should not be difficult to expede publication 
somewhat. The subject matter of Mr. Romanes' 
MS. is of great interest from many points of 


Here is an authentic record of the population 
of a whole hill-side, devoted to agricultural and 
pastoral pursuits, being swept away, leaving but 
a single family, with the land merged in one 
holding. The list given shews the tenants in 
I "Si and 1S91, but 1S33 saw the greater number 
dispossessed. The land coinprcliended forms 
part of the estate of Fcarnan, on the north ^^ide 
of Loch Tay, which was for over three centuries 
in tlic possession of the Strowan-Robertsons, 
but, since 1767, has been in the hands of the 
ISreadalbane family. The tenants formerly were 
nearly all McCircgnrs and Robertsons, and it is 
worthy of note how those names prcdominatctl 
in 17S1, for of the ::4 tenants then 9 uere 
McGregors and 3 were Robertsons. When the 

former race was proscribed, Feaman was the 
scene of bloodshed on more than one occasion, 
but, like every other place in the Highlands, 
after the restrictions following the '45, a change 
for the better took place, and the tenants became 
law-abiding and as industrious as any on Loch 

The district under notice extends from where 
the loch makes its castniost bend westwards for 
a distance of two miles, and from the loth to the 
top of Meall Gruaidli, which is the highest point 
in the watershed within the lands of Fearnan, 
the altitude is nearly 3000 feet. Each tenant 
had a portion of infield and outfield, and the hill 
was common. The great-grandsons of one of 
the tenants of 17S1 now farin the lands, and in 
this there is one redeeming feature in the aspect 
of the case, for it surely points to the survi\al of 
the fittest. 

17S1. -) 

Croftn.allin :^ I 

Donald Stewart. j 

Archibald Campbell. 1 

William Mcnzics. ] 

John McLaren. | 


Dimcan McGregor. 
Hugh McDoiigall. 
Donald McLean. I 

John Fraser. 

Donald McGregor. 
Donald McGregor, Jun. 
John Robertson. 
John McDiarmid. 

B.4LNAIRN" : — 

Alexander McGregor. 
Donal.l McGregor. 
Malcolm McKcrchcr. 
John McGregor. 

Eallemenach : — 

.\lexander Rol)crt:!on. 
John Robertson. 

TOMIN rvvoiR : — 
Donald Fi^lKT. 
Duncan McllrcgiT. 
Donald .McGiL-or. 
.Alexander -McGregor. 

Laciekn : — l-'ergiHiin. 
lolui McRercher. 


Tenanteil In- 

J. CllKI^TIL. 



ISir.i.iOGRAPHY OF EniNnuRr.H Pekiodicai. 
Literature. — The series of articles under this 
hcndins, which began in our paijes in July, 1S91, 
ceased in October, 1893, ouing^ to the serious 
illness of the careful compiler, the late Mr. 
James W. Scott. .-\lthouL;h lie continued able 
from time to time to contribute minor notes on 
varied topics, his protracted illness hindered his 
resumption of the heavy task of the Uiblioijraphy. 
His friend, the Rev. \V. J. Couper, has virtually 
been appointed Mr. .Scott's literary executor, 
and is nou- in possession of his numerous .MSS. 
and notanda. In prepariuij Mr. .Scott's papers 
for publication in the near future, Mr. Couper 
will be grateful for any information rcj^arding 
Edinburjjh Periodical Literature which will en- 
able him to complete the ISiblioyraphy in the 
same style and scale as that of .Mr. Scott's 
work. He will be pleased to receive aiiv iinlcs 
'^jliatfvcr on such matters as the followiny : — 
the fuU titles of newspapers, ma.ijazines and 
reviews ; the dates of commencement and endini^ 
of publication; editors' names and literary his- 
tory; contributors; extent of circulation ; book- 
sellers' catalogues in which copies are advertised; 
publishers' names ; size of paper; price; extracts 
from local literary' catalogues ; and generally 
any references to books which may help to 
elucidate the history of any Edinburgh news- 
paper or magazine. He specially requests that 
correspondents should not refrain from writing 
on the ground that the information may already 
be in hand. Communications may be sent direct 
to the Rev. W. J. Couper, M..\., I'ree Church 
Manse, Kirkurd, Dolphinton. The source of 
any information that may be communicated will 
be freely acknowledged. Ed. 

MiD.MAR Casti.E. — .A.n article on Midmar 
Castle, by Miss E. C. X'ansittart, appeared in 
the Antiquary for May, in which a long quotation 
was made from 5. ^V. d-' O. The article was 
accompanied by photographic views of the front 
of the Castle, a window, a bee press, the tool 
house, and the altar of the " Druids' circle." 

The Duchess of Gordon and Queen 
Victoria. — The Daily Telegraph in a recent 
issue noted that — 

The Qvicen spent most of her e.irly birthdays at 
Kensington, but not until the twelfth was reached 
were the>e days marked by iin|iortant ohsciv.inccs. 
King William and n«cen Avlclaidc oflcrcil congratu- 
lations and brought handsouie gifts, and all the 
members of the Royal Family attended in person. 
The Duchess of tiordon's gift wa> a pair of [.icliald 
ponies, which greatly pleased the young Prinei-s^, and 
in die evening sIk- went to a juvenile hall at St. 
James's I' 

Memorial Stone.— The following tribute 
to his friends, William i'itt and Henry Dundas 
(A'iscount Melville), by James Ferguson of Pit- 
four, .\LP., in Latin, is to be seen on a large 
memorial stone on the right hand of the principal 
entrance gate to the Pitfour policies : — 
GuLiELMi Pitt 
IIf-nrici Dundas 
Vicecomites Melville 
Prisco Virtutis Virorum 
.K.x Iniligenis marmorihus (luri--simis 
.■\t quihus illoruni fama perennior 
Donum ilcdit 
Jacobus Perguson 
dc Pitfour. 
Anno Salutis MDcccxvi. 
The translation of which is thus freely attempted : 
To the .Memory of 
William Pitt and IIunkv Dindas, 
Viscount Melville, 
Men of .-Vntient \iriue. 
James Ferguson of Pitfour gave 
this tribute from the most durable 
Native marble than which their 
fame shall he more lasting. 
In the Vear of Salvation 1S16. 


Lord William Gordon.— In addition to 
what I have written about Lord William 
Gordon, who ran away with Lady Sarah Ban- 
bury {lu-c Lennox^ in 1769, I must cite a passage 
in a scandalous pamphlet, entitled, "Miniature 
Pictures, originally written by .Mr. (iay . . . 
newly adapted to the most fashionable and 
public characters" (^London, 17S1). The pas- 
sage assigned to Lord William Gordon (whose 
name is spelt full out) is : — 

Vou see I would indulge the girl as far as we 
prudently can. 

This probably refers to his wife, the Hon. 
Frances Ingram, whom he married (despite the 
Court of Chancery's veto) on March 6, 1781. 
J. M. B. 

NOTAKLE Men and Women of Aiierdeen- 
SHIRE. — May I point out a slight slip in last 
issue? No. 10S9 (Dr. Robert Milne) was not 
minister of West Church. Perth. He left Towie 
for Ariller, of which ho was the first minister. 
The Rev. Dr. Robert Milne, who was so long 
in West Church of Perth, was a Forfar man — 
Aberdeen, M.A. — .St. .Xndrews, Divinity — and 
was a well-known antit|uarian writer. 

Hakkv Smiiii, M..\. 

Tilibermore Manse, 



[Jui,v, 1899. 

The Duchess of Richmond's Bali, at 
Brussels. — The Iris/i Times of 19th June says 
that, "although it was 84 years ag^o since the 
Duchess of Richmond gave her famous ball at 
Brussels, there are living two persons at least 
who were participators in ' the sound of revelry 
by night.' These interesting survivors are Lady 
Louisa Tighe and Lady Sophia Georgina Cecil, 
widowed sisters, the former born in 1803, the 
latter in i8og, daughters of the Duchess of 
Richmond, the hostess who gave the ball, and 
who was the mother of seven sons and seven 
daughters. The father died from the bite of a 
dog whilst Governor-General of Canada, in 
1S19. The present Duke of Richmond, now in 
his 82nd year, is a nephew of the two l.idies 
referred to." The writer of this paragraph has 
made two errors. Lady Louisa Tighe did not 
attend the famous ball, being only 12 years old 
at the time. Her sister, Lady Sophia Cecil was 
still less likely to have been there. I never 
heard her name before mentioned in connexion 
with the festivities, as you will see that she was 
only 6 years old at the time. Lady Louisa 
Tighe, all through her long residence in Ireland, 
has been greatly respected, being a most 
benevolent and philanthropic woman. The 
other error in the paragraph is as to tlic death 
of her father, the Duke of Richmond. It was 
caused by the bite of a pet fo.\, and not by a 

Dublin. J. G. RonERTSON. 


I. The Ar.ERiiEEN Mh.itev axd the 
Gordon Hhuieanders.— In scndin;,; you, as 
below, a copy of a Captain's Commission 
given to my father Ijy tlie l.nst I>:i/:c of 
Gordon, when .Marquis of Iluntly, I wish 
to elicit some information as to when tlic 
Aberdeen Militia were iliihandc-d, and uliLihcr 
the Gordon I li_L;hlandtrs wcio in any uav tliiir 
successors. The l.-ittcr lorps 1 k-arn from 

.S'. .'V. £^ O.), was recruited for by the said 
Marc|uis and his attractive mother in the year 
1814. I was born in Peterhead on the 2nd April, 
1816. I have a clear recollection of seeing the 
Marquis of Huntly when he paid a visit to that 
place, then a fashionable watering resort, famous 
for its baths and spa. He was accompanied by 
a very large dog and a grey pony, said to be an 
-Arabian, which we boys were taught to believe 
would leap into the harbour when so ordered by 
his master — the dog was the more likely to do 
this. Termit me to suggest that a paper on the 
badges and medals, &c., of the Scotch Volunteer 
and .Militia Regiments would make an interesting 
contribution to your pages. This has been well 
done for the Ulster Volunteers of '82 by .Mr. 
Robert Day, F.S.A. 

J. G. Robertson. 

36 Sandforil Road, 

GEORcn, Marquis of lUintly, &c., &c., &c. His 

M.aiesty's Lieutenant for the County of Alicrdecn. 
To AUxaihier Robertson^ Esquire. 

By Virtue of the Power and .Authority to me given, 
I hereljy Ap|ioint and Commission you to be Cuplaiii \ 
in \\\cScioiiii Regiment of Local .Militia for the County 
of .\l)cr(leen : | And you the said Alc.\aiuler Robcrtion 
having accepted the said Commission, are carefully 
and diligently to discharge | the duty of Caplaiti in 
the said Kcgiuicnt, and arc to observe and olicy all 
such orders and | directions as from lime to time you 
sh.all receive from your Superior Oflicers, according 
to Law, and Articles of War. | 

Given under my Hand and Seal, this t-.MiUy-first \ 
day ai January and in the year of our Lord | 
One thousand eight hundred and nine. ] 

IIU.NTLY, L'l. L'. ^Seal.J 

2. Scots Coinage.— Would some one kindly 
c\plaiii to me the coinage used in Scotland (.Miil- 
I'.thlan) at the beginning of century, and the 
value of each dcnoniinatiim mentioned ? I have 
laii-ly been looking tlndiigh ^ cliurcli aci-oiints 
(nunu-ciipl), anil I am |iu/zkil by iho roinngc. The 
headings ale Usually '■/."" or "libs" " sli : " ",|," 
but '■I4sli:" seems to have been a "crown" or 



••[..Itir." Then what was the relative value of a 
.mIikm arul a pound? Out of hc'O "guinnics" tjiven 
.1; a funeral " there was four pounds given to the 
c-inmon beggers." And lastly, how much was a 
,l.,it? Under date March 31st, 1728, I see: "Note 
llial all alonge the doyts are counted for two pennies." 
.\n old Scotch dictionary I have says : " doit ; the 
twelfth part of an English penny." Ignoramus. 

3. Highland Harts. —I shall feel obliged if 
.inv of your readers who know of genuine Highland 
Harps, or fragments of such instruments, in country 
houses, will state where such arc preserved, or where 
representations of the true Highland Harp, either on 
stone or in stucco, may he seen. The writer is aware 
of the specimens in the Museum of the .Sociuly of 
.\ntiquaries, and of the representations that appear in 
the " Sculptured Stones of .Scotland," by the late Dr. 
John Stewart, and at Kilcoy Castle. 

Edinburgh. R. I!. Armstrong. 

4. Parliaments. — I lately met this word in 
a list of children's amusemcnls of the licginning of the 
century. Can any one describe what the pastime 
consisted in? Juvenis. 

A.M., LL.D., late Schoolmaster of Fetlercairn. 
J. & K. I'arlane, Paisley, 1S99. [2S pp. Crown 

In this goodly volume Dr. Cameron leaves little to 
be desired in the matter of parish history, and we 
have nothing but good to say as to the w.ay he lias 
accomplished his work. Not only will those who are 
more immediately connected with the district be 
satisfied that the work has been most carefully 
executed, but the story ought to satisfy the curiosity 
of <iutsi<lers who value research and accurately stateil 
facts. In compiling this book its author has enjoyed 
the unspeakable advantage of being ofricially resident 
in the parish for 44 years, and whose personal 
resources must have been valuable. From its ancient 
history, and it figured conspicuously in the past, ilown 
to its folk-lore and notables, whose names are 
numerous, no element of real interest has been 
ignored. A copious " contents," by which the book 
is rendered very accessible, does duty for an index. 
The work is a model one in many ways, and is well 
illustrated by a series of process blocks, but it is to be 
regretted that it does not comprise a map of the 
parish. Ed. 


Scots Boohs of tbc /IDoiitl). 

1213. David Herd (XH., hi).— On consulting 
the " Dictionary of National Biography," I find, 
under the name of David Ilird, there is no mention 
that he edited Sir Thomas Urquhart's Tracts, but, 
under the name of .Sir Thomas Urquhart, it is 1 Kyrie Eleison, 
distinctly slated that his "Tracts, including his j Woiliei spoon, 
' C.enealogy ' and ' The Jewel,' were published at 
Edinburgh, in two parts, duodecimo, in 1774, under 
the careful editorship of David llird." Some 
remainder copies were dated 17S2. F. P. L. 

Dr. Cramond, Cullon,'ihec 

Memories " of ihe cliurchy.irj of Cullc 

curious and carefully sifted 
printed at tlle/(>«r«a/ OfTice, I'.an 

A Mnnual of I'r 

ggets of loc.ll f.ii 

Ity II. J. 


A Lass of Lennox. Dy Ja 

London : Ch.ipman & Hall 

IS Ma. kay. 


The Hiit.iry of F<tl,-r,-ai}ii : A PitnJi in I he Coiiuly 
■y k'iiuaiiHiu'. I'.y Akiiiiii AMI t"(iu i|.. Cami'.kon, 

"me Prophecies of the Brahan Seer, r.; 

The Cult of Othln. An Essay in the An 
the North. l;y H. M. Cliadwick, 

The Autobiography and Diary of Samuel Davidson. 

VA\w,\ l.y his Dau-hter. 7/6. : T. ,<; T. Clark. 

The Vale of Anworth, and Other Essays. My 1 1 

l;ro«ii .VikUts.u,, W.S. l;.liiil.,ir:h : John .\l.:ii/i.:s ,^t Co. 

:.tO'A;: -.d: lo ■■■:'■ , ^d z^X:^ 



[July, 1899. 

A Gentleman from the Ranks. r,y H. n. Finlay Knight. 

6/.. LoiHlon : .\. i C. ni.ick. 

Annals of the Solway until A.D. 1307. By Georg< 
Ncil^on. Gla-sjow: M.icLeho^e 

Modem England. From ihe Reform nill to the Pre^el 
Time. By Ju-lin McCirthy, M.P. London : Fi»her Unwi, 

The Lunatic at Large. l!y J. Storer Clonsicn. 6/-. 

Edinbur-h : Blackuood. 

'Postle Farm. By George Ford. 

Edinburgh: Bbck« 

Life and Letters of Sir Joseph Prestwlch. Writte.t l>y 
hiiW.fe. ->/.. Edinburgh : Bhckwood. 

Professor Robert Wallace. Edinburgh : Oliver & Boyd. 

Matthew Arnold. By George S.linf,buo-. Modern Enqli^b 
Writers Serie-;. ;/6. Edinburgh : l!l.ick«oo,l. 

Christian Missions and Social Progress. By Rev. 

James S. Dennis, D.D. Vol. II. 

Edinburgh : Oliphant, Anderson & Fcrrier. 

The Brave Sons of Skye. i;y I,ieuienani.Col„nel Jolm 

.Macliuics, V.U. London: Eyre & .S]iottiswoode. 

The Romance Of a Pro-Consul. Being the Personal Life East Coast Scenery. By j. Tate 

nd .Memoirs of the Right Hon. Sir George Grey, K.CB. 
By J.-uncs -Milne. 6/-. London : Chalto & Windus. 

Ocean Rainfall, by Ravn-Gauge Observations at Sea 
-1864-75-Sl. By W. G. Bl.ick, F.R.M..S. :,6. 

Edinburgh : E. & S. Livingstone. 

The History of Fettercaim. I"y .\rchibald Cowie Cameron, 
A.M., LL.D. P.-li^ley: Parlane. 

James Frederick Ferrier. By E. S. Haldane. i 6. 

Edinburgh : Oliphant, Anderson & Ferrier. 

Scottish Kings : A Revised Chronology of Scottish 
History, 1005-1625. By Sir Archibald H. Dunbar. 

Edinburgh : David Douglxs. 

The Temptation of Edith Watson. By Sydney Hall. 

aisley: Gardner. 

Anatomy of the Brain and Spinal Cord. By J. Ryland 
Whitaker, M..\., M.B. Edinburgh: E, & S. Livingstone. 

Green's Cyclopaedia of Scots Law. Vols, n and 12. 

Edited by John Chisholm, M.A., LL.B. 15/.. 

Edinburgh : William Green S: Co. 

Anaemia, and Diseases of the Elood-Forming Organs 

and Ductile Glands. By Byrom Br.nmwell. 

Edinburgh : Oliver & Boyd. 

What Shall we Think of Christianity? By William 

Newton Clark, D.D. Edinburgh : T. S; T Clark. 

Memoirs of Thomas Boston, of Ettrick. 

Gl.lsgovv : John McXeil.ige. 

Border Rhymes. By Free Lance, Lillieslcaf. 
Hasvick : J 

The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, r.dited by sir 

Wcymss Reid. T«o volumes, g/-. London : C.assell. 

Seventy-One Not Out. The Reminiscences of William 
CalTyn. Edited by .Mid-on. Edinburgh : B.l.ickwood. 

Naturalism and Agnosticism. GifTord Lectures, 1S96- 

iSjS. By James Ward, ScD. Two \ols. i3 . net. 

London : A. & C. Black. 

My Man Sandy. By J. B. Sa 

id. 1/.. London : Sands. 

Pictorial and Descriptive Guide to Glasgow and the 

Clyde. London ; Ward, Lock, i Co. 

Christian Character. A Study in New Testameut .\rorality. 
By the Rev. Thomas B. Kilpatrick, D.D. 

Edinburgh : T. S: T. Clark. 

Lady Louisa Stuart. Sek 

Edited by lion. James A. Ho 

ions from her Manuscripts. 
IMinl.upgh : David Dongla-. 

The Trial of Jesus Christ: A Legal Monograph. By 

A. r.iylor IniK.s. t-,'o. IMinburgh: 1. .<• T. Clark. 


Correspondent; will gre.Ttly oblige by sending us 
tlic-ir ftdl name and address (not necessarily for 
publication) along with their contrilnitions. 

.•\ll cnmniunications .should be accompanied bv an 
identifying name and address. As publication d.iy is 
the 25th of each month, copy shoulil be in a few d.iys 
earlier. ^.-.p. 

Publisherl by A. ni.-..w,s- ^ Co., Booksellers, Abvr 
Literary contnuniic.ati.,ni should be .ad.lressed to the " E,! 
23 Os!,.,rne Pl..ce, Aber.lewn. .-Vlvertisenient, .auvl Bu. 
Letters to the,hers, 3j Uiuon Street, Aberdeen. 




AUGUST, 1899. 


Notes : — Pa(;e 

Byron's Maternal Ancestors 17 

Local I'.ibliography 21 

Records of the Royal Commission for Visitin;; tlic 

Universities anj Schools of Aber.leen, 1710-17... 23 

Notes on the Isle of Muc'k 37 

Byron's CJran.lf itlier 29 

Stercovius, the I'oli-h Critic of the Scots 30 

Minor Notes : — 

Ale.v-in Jer Selkirk, " Rohinson Cnisoe ' 20 

Forbes of Piislii^o 22 

The Ori-in of the Gordons 26 

Discover!' of .in Ancient at Mushy— The Dra.o 

Cordons-Ancestors of the Ucv. Malhew Hcnder^.n p3 
Trinity (Kpiscopnl) IVII, .Vyr-K.iman Remains in 

Kirkintillo..h-'lhe Ihichan I'ield Cluh 30 

Qi^ER.i.-;:- ■ ■ .■ . 
The Scots in Bohemia -Cock o' the North — H:.d 
Adniir.-U Thoma- Uonlon a Son ? 31 


American-Aberdeen Graduates — Scots Coinage 31 

Highland H.arps 3 . 

Scots Books of the Month 32 



(Continued from Vol. /., ^«</ .9., /. 4.) 

C.KORGE Gordon, tiif. Si;vknth Laird 
or GiGiiT. 

I Ik suL'ceetlecl his fallicr, the sixth laird, wlio 
<.licil a prisoner in Kchiiburyli, on \o\cnibcr 17, 
1640. I flo not know ulien he was Ijorn, Ijiit he 
was ilescribeil I))- tlic I'rivy Cotutcil in 161S as 
"ane young boy." His rarecr was almost as 
stormy as his fatliei-'s. Its leailirii; events are 
as follows :— 

'(to-/. Ill lune .Tiiil Inly iif iliis yortr tlic I'rivy 
C"'iiincil L-\.imiiu-.l \\illi,iiu MiirJ.., .1 pric^l, uli,. 
gave cviilcncc- llial U.ivi.l Liu (l.i,,ihcr of ilic 

Bishop of Orkney), .ifter being educated in Paris, 
came to Scotland, and " a qiihyle with 
yimng Goycht and his sister [Lady Turing?] in 
r.iichan, with whom he made his residence." 
Law was a suspected Jesuit. Thus "young 
(Jeycht " entereil the religious struggle early. 

ibiS. Gight, though "a young hoy," helped his 
father, in .April and May of this year, as I have 
shown, to worry old Lady Salloun, his step- 
grandmother, into altering her will. On July 2 
the I'rivy Council ordered the lad to he 
iniprisoneil in Mdinliurgh. On July 9 his father 
" exhii)ile(r' him, and conmiitieil him to the 
c.TstIc, "therein to remain at his own expenses 
during their Lordships' pleasure." 

July, rb2.t. lie look part, with hi, father, in the 
raid on .Sir Harry Wood of Ponnyton, his uncle, 
in the Kirk of .St. Vingcans. 

/line II, -1640. " The young laird- of Geicht is 
forsit be Marshall and Mtmro to cum in ; and 
vpone Fridd.ay the lllh of Junij he cam to 
Alierdein befoir the counsall of warr. He getis 
4h! houris ]iroleclioun. Ane challenge of combat 
past betwixt him and [.McNander Fraser] the 
lairil of Philorlh. Marischal getis wortl, sendis 
ane pairly of-soldouris for him (to eschew this 
light), and took him out of his nakit lied, lying 
in .Mr. Thomas Lilleis house in OKI .Abirdein. 
Geicht (wnder protectioun) menyallis at this 
bussines, not knowing M.irischallis purpoiss. 
Alaies, he gettis libertie from the capiten that 
took him to ryde beside him (who wes also 
horst) over to the loun, and speik with Mnrischall. 
The capiten, seing his horss bot ane litle naig, 
wes content : and so thay ryde on with his 
soldiouris whill thay cum to the Justice Fori, 
whair Geicht schiftis the capiten and all his 
keiparis, and be plane speid of foot he wynis 
cloiss away, to all thair disgr.aces, and to 
Germanic goes he " (Spalding). I think Gorilon 
may have lived in Germany with his kinsman. 
Colonel John (Gordon, who assassinated Wallen- 
slcin, and who had seen his uncle, fohn (Jord.m 
of Ardbogy, die in 163S. 

June, 164J. " Schir George Gordon, elder of 
Geicht, cam hame out of Germanie," where he 
hail been for three years (Spalding). 

/.;///!,, i6ff. He was one of the ban.l of 
Koyalisis viho rode into .Mienleen and capluicl 
I'rovost Leslie, Robert fan|uhar and Alexan.ler 


[August, 1S99. 

Jaflfray, " lail baillies," ami John Jaffray, clean of 
Guiltl, anil took llicni to Strathl)Ogie, and then 
to Auchintlown (Spalding). 
26lh March, 1644. He accompanied the Marquis 
of Himtly to Aberdeen (Spalding). 

April, 1644. ""^ ^*^' ""^ °f ^^^ band that went 
to Banft, " took the toune but contra>lictioiin, 
mellit with the keyis of the tolboulh, took frie 
quarteris, and plundcrit all the amies ih.ay could 
gel, buftlll cotis, pikis, pistollis, iwordis, 
caralienis, yea and money also. Thay took 
from .-Mexander Winchester, ane of the baillies 
thairof, 700 nierkis, quhilk he [held] .is ane of 
the four coUectouris of the taxationis, and loane 

siluer of ISanft", and fra Schand in Doun 

thay plunderit sum monies. Thay causit the 
balleis (for Doctor Dougl.ass thair prouest had 
fled) and tounesmen subscrive and sueir the band 
denying the last Covenant. . . . Th.iy also 
took from George Cie<Idcs-s, ane other of the said 
four coUectouris, 500 merkis of t.axatioun and 
loane siluer. Geuhl kccpil ail tlie moiicyis, about 
2500 merkis. Therefter thay rode to >Iuresk, 
perseuit the place, and being randerit, thay took 
the Laird with thanie ; syne returnit to Innervrie, 
quhair thay met with the .Marquis " (Spalding). 
May I, lf>44. lie rode throw Old .-Vberden wit 
a company of horse bearing " new quhytc lances 
in thair handis to .Stralhbogie" (Spalding). 
May 9, 1644. The house of Gight was " randerit " 
by the laird to the Covenanters. Gight was 
captured (though his son escaped). "Thair is 
ane capiten with aliout 24 soldiouris put within 
the place of Geicht, quhilk wes weill provydit 
with meit and drink .and other nece>sare5 ; and 
quhairin thair wes store of ammunitions, pulder 
and ball, with victuall in girnellis aboundantlie. " 
May ij, 1644. Gight and the other prisoners, his 
brother John, and Sir John Gordon of Haddo, 
were brought to Aberdeen "throw the lynkis.' 
The Aberdeen Town Council spent £z6 13s. 4d. 
in entertaining Patrick Chalmers, the lieutenant 
of the horse troop " that cam as convoy with 
Haddo and Gight," and his men (Spalding Club 
Miscellany, V., 161). Haddo and Gight were 
taken to Edinburgh. In June the Parliament 
(see Acts of Parliament) granted Gight liberty 
to write to his wife and get the services of an 
"ypothecarie " because of the " weakness of his 
bodie." He aUo .asked to be relieved of the 
" burdene of his interteannient of his brother" 
[John], who was in prison with him. Parliament 
gr.inteil him 300 merks, through his agent, 
Thomas Gordon. In July he granted 
permission to sec his wife and daughter, 
Barbara. In the same month witnesses against 
him were grantetl £zo e.ich. In June, .Mr. 
George Sharpe, tlie mini.-.ler of lyvie, had 
complained to Parliament that Gight 'o«e<l him 
"S7 bolles vietuell and ^^251 13s. 4d. of his 
stipend," which that laird was oidereil to p.ay up. 

Haddo was tried in July, and condemned and 
hanged (July 19, 11144). Gighi's trial was 
postiwned till January, 1645. .Meantime he 

July 2, 164s. He present at the battle of 

i(>n. He was pardoned by P.arliament. 

snt Feb., 164S. The Commission of the General 
-Assembly (-.ce Scot. 1 li^t. Society Record) <leclared 

of Gight, Patrick Graham of Phones, and 

tlonlon of .-Vnllogie, that it " i.s notor that I'res- 
byleries where they live are overawed." 

.l/a>', /O4S. He summoneil by Parliament to 
appear for the " cryme of milignancie for bis 
complyand with the rebels, assisting of tliem in 
the rebellion, or being accessorie or active himself 
in the said rebdliiin. ' .\ messengerat-arnis was 

ordered to " warne and charge the said 

Gordon" personally, "gitVhecanbeapprehendit." 
The proclamation for his arrest was to be 
exhibited at the market crosses of " the head 
burghe of the shyre quhair he dwellis" (Ads of 

Gight married Lady Elizabeth Qoihy, daughter 
of the 6ih Lord Ogilvy of .Airlie (died 1616;. 
She was the sister of tlie 1st Earl of Airlie idied 
1648':, whose wife (a daughter of the Earl of 
Haddington,! is the heroine of the well-known 
ballad, "The Bonnie Hoose o' .-Virlie." In 1624 
Gi,;ht was described as an "apostate," and his 
wife as a " recussant " (Mair's Presbytery 
Records of Ellojt). He had 

I. George Gordon, who succeeded as eighth laird 
of Gight. 
II. .\ son. So says Dr. Temple. 
HI. Barbara Gordon was allowed to visit her 
father in Edinburgh Jail, July, 1644 (Acts 
of Parliament). 

George Gordon, the Eighth L.mrd 
OF Gight. 

This laird followed precisely in the way of his 
ancestors ; and even surpassed them by an 
attempt to oust his own father from the estates. 
His career runs thus : — 

/6j'_5'. He was a student at King's College, 
Aberdeen {University Register). 

July, 1O43. He married a daughter of Keith, the 
Laird of Ludquharne, while his father was ^^ill 
in Germany. Keith was a Covenanter, uhich 
may account f.^r Spalding's statement that young 
Giglit " fell [at this time] in variance with his 
awin motlier," at the instigation of Ludquharne, 
"as wes thocht." He wi-hed to enter into 
pos-ession, for his father, who was in (Jeniiany 
\chen the sixth laird died, was never iiifefi 
" ihairinlill." "The lady ansuerit, scho would 

Vni. I. :nd Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERIES. deliuer these wreittis (hir husband being 
jljsont) without his consent. Quhairvpone, be 
l.mlquharne's assistans, thiy resolue to lak in 
the [Jace of Geicht, which scho schorllie manis, 
and stoutlie defend is. Thay tak in barnes and 
laiche bigijing to sie if thay could get the yelis 
opnit, and schot in at the hall wyndois, quhair 
ane William Gordone wes. schot through the 
schuliler hlead." The affair reminds one of the 
plight of the lady's sistcrindaw, svho had liccn 
besieged in the " lionnie Iloose o'.Airlie" t«o 
years before. Her brother, the Earl of .\irlie, 
remonstrated with Lord Iluntlyon the subject. 
The .Marquis "satlit" the l)Usinf-is at Leggciisden, 
" betwivt Geicht (who cam thiiher) wilh the 
l-tdie his mother." Spalding relates a curious 
incident. When Gight was returning from 
Leggetisden, "weill content of the agreement, 
Johne Lesk, ane of his owne f.>lke[\VilIiam Leask 
of Leask had married Elizabeth Keith, sister nf 
the laird of Balmuir], schooling ane volay with 
ane hagbut of found for joy (lying at the seige of 
Geicht), hes hand wes schot fra him, and schurtlic 
ihairefter [he] deit. This hagbut of fouml in the 
troubles wes plunderit be Ludquharne, the said 
John Lesk being in his company, out of the 
place of Foverane ; so he gat his rewaird, and 
this seige dissoluit." 

Fdiriiaiy 3j, 1644. A band of Covenanters, w ho 
had set out to raid the lands of several laiids who 
svould not sign, met a troop of loyalists, incluiling 
young Gight, who were plundering the lands of 
Dr. Dun at Taartie. The Covenanters were 
"schamefullie dvng liak, thair amies tane fra 
thame, and routit pitifuUie. . . . (^uhairat our 
Committee of Aberdcne . . . wes heichlie 
offendit ■' (Spalding). 

March zb, 1644. Voung Gight and a number of 
Royalists met Lord Huntly in Aberdeen. Voung 
Gight, Drum, and Haddo, and some horsemen 
were left in charge of the town, which Huntly 

A/ri! 22, 1644. ^"oung Gight and a band of 
Royalists left the town and crossed the Bridge of 
Dee. At two o'clock in the morning of April 24 
ihey entered the town of Montrose, "dang the 
toune's people (who were on the watch) fra the 
CAl-.ey to thair houssis, and out of the foerstaires 
thay schot desperatlie, bot th.ay war forssit to 
ycild by many feirful schotes schot aganes thame ; 
quhair vnhappilie Alexander I'eirsone, ane of 
I hair bailleis, wes slayne.'' The raiilers then 
tried to charter an Alierdeen ship, lying in the 
larbour, to carry off the town's "carlowis." 
b.ii the Trovoat had taken refuge in the vessel, , 
which "schot fyve or six peices of ordenans | 
de>pcratlieamongis" the Royalists, "with about I 
f'urlii- nuiscatis, quhair by 'the gryte providens 
"I l">d ihair wes bot onlie two men killit and 
-"Ml hurt." The R.>yali,ts then " br.ak the 
'juhiillis of ihe cartowis, for m.'ir thay could nm i 
di, niir brak them thay micht nut, and threw ' 

thame over the schoir to mak them vnserviceable." 
The Royalists also plundered the shops of the 
town, and "cruellie spolzie ritche merchandise, 
clothis, silkis, veluotis, and other costlie wair, 
siluer, gold and siluer work, armes, and all other 
thing, quhairat the hieland men wes not slow. 
Thay brak up a pype of Spanish wyne, and drank 
hartfullie. Thay took Patrick Lichtoun, lait 
Provost," and another man prisoner. "Thay 
left Montroiss in wofull case, ebut twoefternoone" 
— not a bad twelve hours' work. " .Syn that 
sanien nicht, went to Cortoquhy to meet with 
the Earl of Airlie [young Gight's uncle], who 
heiring of the -Marquis of Argyllis coming wold 
not give thame entrie." As a consequence, 
thirty-two of the party who lingereil plundering 
the town of -Montrose were captured by the 
Covenanters, and taken to Edinburgh. A few 
days before old Gight had plundered the town of 
llanff. A reward of lS,ooo merks was offered 
for the capture of young Gight (among others), 
"quik or deid." 

gl/i May, 1644. When old Gight surrendered his 
house to the Covenanting party at this date, 
"his sone, the yoang laird, escaipis with two or 
thrie, and being weill horsit, lap the park dykes 
and saidie wans aw.ay in presens of the soldiouris 
lying about the place, who follouit, but cam no 
speid to thair gryt greif " (Spalding). 

Fel'ruary 20, 164S. Voung Gight and his friends 
apprehended at Percok " .-\Iexander Forbes aZ/aj 
Pl.agne, a bussie bodie in the good causs," who 
was carrying Covenanting despatches (Spalding). 

February 24, 164^. Voung Gight and his friends 
took two of Forbes of Craigievar's troop "lying 
cairlesslie in thair naikit bedis within thair 
quarteris of Inuervrie. Thay took thair horss, 
thair moneyis, thair apparell, and armes, and 
gave the men libertie to go ; whaerat Cragievar 
wes heichlie offendit " (Spalding). 

July 2, '64^. He was wounded at the battle of 
Alford. (Sir Robert Gordon's Earls of Slither- 

Feb., i64g. In the Register of Sasines of January 
15, 16S5, contains a "discharge and renunciation 
by George Keith of Knock, Sheriff-Depute of 
Kincardine, to Sir George Gordon [9th] of Gight, 
and George Gray of Schivas, his cautioner, of 
;^300O, which he agreed to pay in consideration 
of the sums contained in a heritable bond by the 
deceased Sir George Gordon [Sth] of Gight to 
Nathaniel Keith in .^den, of date 30th December, 
1642, and registered 1st Feliruary, 1649, in and to 
which bond the said Nathaniel constitutes the 
deceased Major George Keith of Whylriggs, 
father of the foresaid George, cautioner and 
assignee by his assignation of date Illh .Sep- 
tember, 1656. Whereupon the said -M.ajor, 
having raised letters of horning against the said 
deceaseil Sir George (Gordon, and by virtue 
thereof caused charge him to pay to the said 


[August, iSgg. 

Nfajor the minis nf money foresnid, which l>cinf; 
suspciulci! liy ihe sniil ik-ccasc-d Sir C;L-(irL;c 
Cionlon, the sniil mmiuhilo Mai<>r olitainud 
dcroet of suspension l)c'r,)ro ihc Lonl<; of Council 
and Session on l6th Xovemlier, 1667, a£;ainsl 
the sail! Sir George Gurilon, whereliy they found 
the saiils letter and charges orderly proccedeil, 
and decern the same to have effect, and be put 
to further execution, etc. At Aberdeen, 4th 
Decenilier, 16S4." 

Gight — whose career after this point is obscure 
— was certainly lucky to have escaped with his 
head, for his friends fell thick in the strui,'gle, as 
follows : — 

1644 (July II)). Sir John Gordon of Iladdo, his 

neighbour, was executed at Edinburgh. 
164J (July -)• Lord Gordon, his brother, fell at 
the Battle of Alford. 

1646 (Jan. 30). Xathaniel Gordon, his kinsman, 
was e.\ecuted at St. .Andrews. 

1647 (Ocl. 26). John Keith, younger of Ilarlhill, 
his cousin, was executed at Edininirgh. 

1640 (MLir.h 33). The second Manpiis of I hmtly, 
chief of his clan, was cxecuteil at ICdinburgh. 

Considerable ambiguity seems to exist about 
the name of his wife. .Spalding says he married 
(in July, 1642^ a daughter of .Sir William (?j 
Keith of Ludquharne (wliose ancestor, Sir fohn 
Keith, had been killed at Flodden\ .According 
to the UaU'itJian MS., he married Lucrece, 
daughter of Robert Irvine of Fcdderat (son 
of Alexander Irvine, 9th of Drum, though 
Wimberley, in his I>~'iiics of Drum, mentions 
no such daughterX According to Row, whose 
Journal was printed in -S". N. ^ O., .September, 
1S93, Dame .Anna Forbes, "Lady Gight," died 
in 1667, aged 67. She may ha\ c been his second 
wife. The mention of this lady seems to give 
some scmljlance of truth to the ballad entitled 
"eight's Lady," which Peter Buchan printed. 
In this ballad the lady says : — 

First I lady o' ISlack Riggs, 

Anil then into Kincraigie ; 
Now I am the Lady o' Gight, 

And my love he's ca"d Geordie. 

I was the mistress o" Pitfan, 

And madam o' Kincraigie, 
And now my name is Lady ,\nne, 

And I am Gight's own l.idy. 

The ballad describes how Gight went after 
" Iiignct's lady." He then got into prison, and 
owned, tirst to haxing stolen "ane o' the Kings 
best brave steeds," and "sold him in I'.evanv ;" 
secondly, to having killed ti\e orplians fur their 
money. A ransom of io,oo<3 rii)\\ns is then put 
on "Gconlic's" liead. His wife then 

Spicad her mantle on the grond, 
Dear but she spread it bonny ; 
Some gaed her crowns, some ducadooms, 
.\nd some gaed dollars mony. 

Gight, of course, is saved, and his spouse 
prepares to ride off with him, when he announces 
his unswerving devotion to her rival — "A fmger 
o' Ijignet's lady's hand is worth a' your fair 
body." And he is made to stab her to the 

Now a' that lived intil lllack Kiggs, 
And likewise in Kincraigie, 

For seven lang years were clad in black, 
To mourn for Gight's own l.ady. 

Historically, I cannot verify the ballad at all. 
There is the common name of Ann, anil I ha\e 
a vague notion that there were Forbescs in 
IJlackriggs. On the other hand, no Leslie of 
Kincraigie married a Forbes at a time that 
would fit in. I'eicr liuchan makes the third 
laird of Gight (killed in 157.S) tlic hero of this 
affair, but I fear that IJuchan is simply guessing 
at the truth. The eighth laird of (iight, at any 
rate, had two children — 

Gcorqc Gordon, who succeeded ninth lairil of Gight. 

.Marie Gordon. In die Register of Sa-ines, 
.\berdeen, under date July i(j, 16S4, occur, 
the following entry: — "Discharge and re- 
mnneration by Mrs. .Marie Gordon, ^i^ter to 
Sir George Gordon [ninth] of Gighl, Knight, 
liaronet, to her brother of 12,000 merks, 
contained in heritable boml by him wiih 
consent of Dame Idizabeth Uri|uhar!, his 
spouse, to his said si>tcr, of date 20ih .\pril, 
l6Sj : whereby for security of said he 
liuund himself to infeft his sister in an 
annual-rent of /4S0, furlli of the town and 
lands of Newseat, .\rdoe, etc., in the iiari>h 
of Tarves. At .Abenleen, 22nd M.iy, 10S4. " 
I shall discuss the lady in connection with 
her niece ami namesake, .Marie Gorilon, the 
tenth laird of Gight. 

J. M. lUu.bOCH. 

( To he eonlinueil. ) 

Ai.KXAN'nKR Selkirk, "RnniNsoN Cru^ok." 
— In an article entitled "The Making of Robin- 
son Crusoe," in the July number of the Ciiiliiry 
.t/,ij^ii://h; .Mr. J. Cuthbort Hadden ileal.i with 
the life of .Alexander Selkirk, who was born in 
Largo in iri76. The statue of Selkirk, uhiili 
.Mr. David liillies |ire>cntc-d to the tnwn of 
Largo, was un\ciled in 1.S.S5 by Lady .Mioideen. 
.Selkirk dieil in 17JI, not in 1723, as the inscrip- 
tion beneath the statue ilec lares. 



The family of Skene is one of the most 
ancient and respectable in Aberdeenshire, and 
brings several rehiarkable men into our list. 
I'jaillie Alexander Skene of N'cutyle and his 
wife, Lilias, swell the ranks of Quaker 
authorship. Alexander John Skene, Sur\eyor 
General of Victoria, was born in Aberdeen in 
1S20. Alexander Johnston Chalmers Skene, 
of Brooklyn, was born at Fyvie in 1S3S, and 
went to America in 1S57, where he studied 
medicine, and graduated in that science 
in 1S63. Ucvotin.LT his attention almost ex- 
clusively to obstetrics, he attained in 1869 the 
position of I'rofcbsor of the Ui^^cascs of Women 
and of Clinical Obstetrics in Lon;^ island Coile;^e 
Hospital and .Medical .Scliocjl, and, aflc: filling 
several hij^hcr offices in succession, he became, 
in 1S93, I'rosident of the Collc.:4C-, which is tlie 
leading' medical school on the American Conti- 
nent. Professor Skene, who is the inventor of 
ten surgical instruments, occupies the very 
hii,'hest rank as a siir.;eon and scientist, and 
enjoys a fame which may be called world-wide. 
In 1897 he received the honorary degree of 
LL.D. from the University of Aljerdecn. 
James Skene of Rubislaw, the " excellent 
friend" of Sir Walter Scott, is characterised by 
that famous novelist as "distinguished for his 
attainments as a draughtsman, and for his 
highly gentlemanlike feelings and character." 
His etchings will always perpetuate his name, 
(-'pinions may differ about their artistic ([uality, 
but their usefulness and truth are alike un- 
"lucstionable. The subjects are chietly anli- 
y-<|U.irian, and biU for his graver we should possess 
iiii representation at all of some relics which 
li.i\c been obliterated since his day. His chief 
ji'ililication is a series of sketches of localities 
• ilUided to in the Waverley Novels, and, although 
we had the good fortune 10 pick up a large paper 
ciipy at a London bookstall for the modest 
lApcnditure of eighteenpence — its auction value 
'^ ''Dm ^3 to £i,. So many copies have been 
ic.t up to "grangerise" the Novels, anil Lock- 
I'.in's /.//;• ,if Siolt, that the book has become 
e\ircniely scarce. He was the father of William 
I'lrlics Skene, Her Majesty's Historiographer 
K'>>.il, James Henry Skene, and Felicia .Mary 
1 i.itices Skene, whose names also appear below. 

K. J. 
■'- ..-,, Uilliam. 

T>\t„s. Ch.irk- Forme's "Analysis 

I-.'gici" (\\\.,lr..w .Sue). Filin., 1S50. 

' ■ ■r.:n:i:y. _ '. 

;■■ yiis '•l"..r llic Infurmalion of i 

>ir licrn.;.d Kurkc." s. 1. ct a. 

Sic-ill, Alexander. 

A True and Faithful Accompt, i"v;c. 

(Discussion between .Students and 

(Quakers). (Co-edited by John 

Skein, Thomas Mcrscr and John 

Cowie.) Lond., 1675. 

I'reface to the Reader, and a Post- 
script (in Geo. Keith's " The 

Way Cast Up"). „ 1677. 

The Innocent Cause of the People 

called (Quakers in the North of 

.Scotland, who are under great 

sullering, laid open, ^;c. (Proad- 

M.le.) s. 1. „ 

A Plain and Peaceable Advice. Lend., 16S1. 
Sieiid, AL-A'aiuicr John. 

Plans of Allotments of Lands in 

Pari.shes in \ icioria. Melbourne, s.a. 

.Map of \ icioria (fre<iuently re 

published). ,, 1872. 

\'ictoria, with portions of ailj.\cenl 

Colonies. n 1S76. 

Victoria, shewing Pailiewicks. 1, ,1 

Skene, Ak.xaiuicr Johnston Chalmers. 
Diseases of the Uladderand Crethra 

in Women. New York, 1S7S. 

(Second edition, 1SS7.) 
Treatise on the Diseases of Women. „ 18SS. 

(Second ed., enlarged, 1S92. ) 
Filucation and Culture, as related 

to the Health and Diseases of 

Women. Detroit, 1SS9. 

Medical Gynecology. A Treatise 

on the Diseases of Women from 

the Standi>oint of the Physician. N. V., 1S95. 
EJit. American .Medical Digest. ,. 1882-89. 

M Archives of Medicine. ■. 1S83-84. 

M Journal of Nervous and 

Mental Disease. n 18S4. 

11 Now York Journal of Gyne- 
cology and Obstetrics. n 1891,^.0. 
The following are Pamplilets : — 
The relation of Medical Societies 

to Progress in Science. Prooklyn, 1S74. 

A Second Successful Case of Gastro- 

Elytrotomy. New York, 1877. 

Gynecology as related to Insanity 

in Women. pi 18S0. 

The Anatomy and Physiology of 

two Imjiorlant Glands. n n 

The Relation of the Ovaries to the 

Prain and Nervous System. m 1 88 1. 

The Practice of (iynecdngy. >, 18S3. 

Frequent and Painful .Micturition. n ■■ 

Membranous Dysmenorrhea. n 1885. 

Dr. Armor's Place in the Pro- 
fession. Prooklyn, 1886. 
Intraligamentous Ovarian Cystoma. N. Y., 1890. 
Treatment before and after Lapa- 
rotomy. Philadelphia, 1892. 
Notes on the Galvano-Cautery in 

Treatment. New York, » 


[August, iSgg. 

Edin., 1799. 


LajikI., 1S43. 
„ 1S52. 




Ellin., 1S65. 


PatholoCT ^ifl Treatment of In- 
juries of the Pelvic Floor. N.V. , 1S93. 
Nolc. — "The Brooklyn Medical Journal," 

April, iSg7, contains a bililiographical list of 

77 important contributions by Dr. Skene to 

various American Medical publications, 1863-96. 
Skene, Aii,lr<:-^' (miit., Banff, iyb2-q2}. 
A Catechism. 
Serious Acldrc^s ... on Infectious Fever 

(According to Scott's Fasli.) 
Skene, Charles. 

De Apoplcxia Ilydrocephalica 
Skene, Felicia Jl/ary Frances. 

Wayfaring Sketches among 

Greeks and the Turks. 
Use and Abuse. 

(.\ccording to Skene JAiiwrials.) 
The Isles of Greece, ami other 

The Divine M.-vster. 

(A>io/lier Eilition, iSjy.) 
S. Albans, or the Prisoners 

The Ministry of Consolation. 
Penitentiaries and Rcformatorie 

( ' ' OJJs and Ends, " / 'ol. far rSbb. ) 
Alexander [Penrose Forbes], Dishop 

of Brechin, with a brief notice 

of his brother, the Kev. George 

I lay I'orbcs. 
The Life of A. Lycurgus, Arch- 
bishop of the Cycladcs ... 

With an introduction by the 

Bishop of Lincoln. 
The Shadow of the Holy Well. 
A Strange Inheritance. 3 vols. 
Hidden Depths: a story of cruel 

The Lesters ; a Family Record. 2 

Awakened ; a Tale in nine chapters 
Skene, Felix. 

The Book of Pluscardine. 2 vols. 
Skene, James. 

Trial of (in .Arnot). 

Last Testimony of (in "A Cloud 

of Witnesses "). 
Skene, James. 

The IJarmekync, Echt. 
The Wellhou^e Tower. 
Edited and illiislrated. S]ialding's 

History (Bannatyne Club). 2 vols. 
On Swabia. 
Skene, James Henry. 

Frontier Lands of tlie Christian and 

the Turk. 
An.idol, the Last Home of the 

Kamlik-s in the .Syrian Dc-crl-. 
With Lord Stratford in the Crinie.-in 

^Var. Lond., 1883 


, 1S77. 



[1 888]. 


, 1S77. 


. 1785- 


, 1S42. 


, 1822. 



S.I., 1S53. 

Skene, Sir John. 

De Verba Significatione (in Glen 
doick's Acts). 

E.\planatione of the Termcs, &c. 
(in Keg. M.aj.). n 

Skein, Lilias. 

A Warning to the Magistrates and 
Inhabitants of Aberdeen, writ 
the 31st day of the 1st month, 
1677 (inserted in Besse's "SulVer- 
ings," Vol. II., p. 521, and re- 
printed in Jaffray's "Diary"). 

A Christian and Friendly Expostu- 
lation with Robert Macquare 
(in Robert Barclay's " Apology 
Vindicated," Lend., 1679). 
Skene, Robert. 

Edit. Alex. Craig's " Pilgrimc 

and Hermitc." Alxln., 

Skene, Robert. 

Some Remarks on the Educational 

Uses of the Proverbs of .Solomon. Lond., 
Skene, IVilliant Forbes. 

Collectanea de Ret)us Albanicis 

(lona Club). 2 vols. Edin., 

On Forteviot. n 

Edit. Tracts by Dr. Gilbert 
Skeyne. (B.C.) 

Early Frisian Settlements in Scotland. 

Early Ecclesiastical Settlements at 
St. Andrews. 

The Newton Stone. 

The Battle of Ardcryth. 

Edit. Fordun's Scolichronicon. 
2 vols. 

The Coronation Stone. 

Existing MS.S. of the .Scotichronicon 
(in three parts). 

History of the Ruins at lona. 

Ogham Inscriptions at Aboyne. 

Notes to Adamnan's Life of St. 

The Earlier Establishments at lona. 

The Earldom of Caithness. 

Letters Patent, William the Lion 
to Earl of Marr, 1 171. 

Appendix to Innes Essay. 

The Death of Alexander III. 
Skene Reoilin^- Society. 

Extracts from Eminent Authors 
(against Fie t ion). j 

( To be continued. ) 

Edin., 1597. 
ti 1641. 





1 868. 





\bdn., n.d. 

FORI'.KS OF PiTSI.Ic.O. — In the July number 
of the Century Miv.^,-!~!i!c, Miss F. M. Y. Skene 
retells the story of Willinmina Stuart (" .Sir 
Walter Scott's first l()\e ''.), wlio married .Sir 
William Forbes of Pitsli^ro. .\ miniature of 
tlie lady, by Cosway, hitlicrto unpublished, is 






OF ABERDEEN, 1716-17.* 

Warrant for CoHtinissioii, 6th July, 1J16. 

George R. 
Our Sovereign Lord, Considerin;.; how necessary 
it is for the advancement of l\eli,L,'ion anil Learn- 
ing, and for the good both of Church and State, 
That Universities, Colleges and Schools, be 
provided and served with pious, able and quali- 
fied Professors, Principalis, Regents, Masters 
and others bearing office therein, well aflectcd 
to his Ma'v- and the present Constitution ; And 
His Ma'y- being informed that of late in the 
University of Aberdeen and the Colleges thereof, 
several abuses have crcept in, to the great 
Scandall of Religion and to the overturning of 
those principles on which the happiness of 
Church and State do depend. And tliat several 
persons have been employed as Professors, 
Regents, and in other offices, who either have 
not been qualified according to Law, or who, in 
the discharge of their duty, have no waves 
acquitted themselves as they ought to have done ; 
And His Ma'y- being desirous to prevent the 
like abuses in time to come. And it being His 
Ma'v'^- undoubted Right and Prerogative to name 
Visitors of Universities, Colleges and Schools : 
Therefore His Ma'V- ordains a letter patent to 
be made and past under the Seal appointed by 
the Treaty of Union to be keept and made use 
/ of, in place of the great Seal of Scotland, 
/ Nominating, Constituting and Appointing, Like 
/ as His Ma'y- l>y these presents Nominates, 
Constitutes and appoints His Ma'y *• Right trusty 
and well beloved Cousins, John, Earl of Rothes, 
and David, Earl of ISuchan, His Right trusty 
and well beloved Adam Cockburn of Ormcston, 
Lord Justice Clerk, His trusty and well beloved 
Sir ft'rancis Grant of CuUen, liaronet, and Sir 
Alexander Ogilvie of ftbrglen, K"'-, Senators of 
the College of Justice, Sir James .Stewart, His 
Ma'^- Solicitor, [blank] ftbrbcs of Echt, George 
Monro of Culcairn, John Elphenston of Logie, 
Younger, William Robertson of Kindacc, Alcx- 
•inder Duncan of Lundic, [l)lank] Drummond of 
Megginsh, [blank] Ross of Kilravock, sen., 
[blank] ttbrbes of Collodon, Esq^--. Mr. William 
\\ isehart, Principal of the College of Edinburgh, 
Mr. John Stirling, Princi]).!! of the College of 
C.l.isgow, Mr. [blank] Haldane, of 

■ EdiitJ froin the Ori-inal MSa. by 1'. J. .\nd<:rhuM. 

[blank] College in St. Andrews, Mr. James 
Thomson, Minister at Elgine, Mr. John l^ergus- 
son. Minister at Aberbrothock, Mr. James 
Johnston, Minister at Dundee, and Mr. Robert 
Baillie, Minister at Inverness, With full power 
to them, or the major part of them, hereby 
declared to be their Quorum, To visit the 
University of Aberdeen and all the Colleges 
and Schools thereof, And to take tryall of the 
present professors, Princijials, Regents, Masters, 
and others bearing Office therein, And to 
E.\amine into their past conduct and behaviour, 
with regard either to Church or State, .-\nd to 
make a full Report thereof to his Majes'y ; And 
his .Ma'y- does appoint the foresaid \'isitors, or 
their Quorum to meet at Aberdeen on the 29th 
day of August next, for the first dyett of their 
Meeting, With power to them to adjourn and 
appoint their own Meetings to such dayes and 
places thereafter, as they shall Judge convenient. 
UntiU they shall bring their Report to a Con- 
clusion or that His Ma'y- shall think fitt to 
Recal and discharge this Commission, And His 
.Ma'y- ordains the said letter to be extended in 
the most ample form. With all Clauses needfull, 
and to pass the Seal aforesaid per Saltum, 
without passing any other Seal or Register, fTbr 
doing whereof these presents shall be to the 
Director of his Ma''>- Chancellary for writing 
the same. And' to the Lord Keeper of the said 
Seal, for Causing the same to be appended 
thereto, a Sufficient Warrant. 

Given at His Ma'*- Court at St. James's, 
the sixth day of July, 1716, in the 2'"i year of 
his Ma''^- Reign. 

{HuiJic Office Scotch Warrants, 1711-16, 
p. 354 : in Public Record Office.) 


Report by Coininission, 21st Dec, ly/O. 


The Lords and others appointed by his 
Maties Commission under the Great Seal to 
visit the Colcdges and Schools of .■Vberdeen 
and to Report to his Matie, have, after a great 
many Difficulties, which Proceeded from the 
liackwardncsse of the Masters to Produce what 
was necessary for putting Matters in a Clear 
Light, finished their Report, which ihcy ha\ e 
ordered, me as their Preses to Sign, which I 
have sent to Duke Roxburghe, to be Laid bcfdre 
his Matie, and I have Transmitted a Coppy to 
you. Their Records arc Referrd to and tlu- 
'l)epo--itions of the Witnesses, \\Lh \m11 ni.iLi- 
the Whole Matter Clear; I am ordcrttl by ih.- 
Commissioners to Represent that Mr. Murllil.iiul 



[August, 1S99. 

their Clark has been at Great pains and Chari^e, 
and has Done his busincsse very exactly ; and 
they humblie beg leave to Recommend him for 
such ane allowance as his Matie of his Royall 
Bountie shall thmk fitt, 

I am, With the Greatest Respect, 


Your most humble and most 

Obedient Servant, 

Leslie, Dec'. 21st, 1716. 

Report of the Commissioners For visiting 
the Colleges and Schools of Aberdeen 
most humbly offered To the King's 
most E.xcellent Majesty. 

We, the Commissioners appointed by your 
Majesty to \'isit the Colleges and .Schools of 
Aberdeen, Having in Obedience to your Ma- 
jestie's Conmiands mett at Aberdeen on tlie 
Twenty ninth day of -Vugust Last, Did Endeavour 
to inform oursehes of the Conduct of the Masters 
and of the State and .Management of the Colleges 
and Schools there ; Of which we humbly beg 
Leave to Lay before your Majesty The following 
Account, founded upon the Contession of parties. 
Testimonies of Witnesses, and other Documents 
Lying in our Clerks hands and referied to in the 

At Aberdeen there are two Colleges, One 
called the King's College, Founded and 
endowed by your Majesties Royal Ancestors ; 
The other is called the M.\KISCH.\L COLLEGE, 
and was founded and endowed by the prede- 
'cessors of the Late Karl Marischal ; There is 
also a Gk.\m>l\r School in the Xewtoun of 
Aberdeen Under the patronageand Management 
of The Magistrates and Toun Council of the 
said City. 

The present Masters of the Kings College 
are, Doctor George .Midletoun, princijial ; Mr. 
David Anderson, professor of Divinitj- ; Mr. 
John Gordon, professor of Civil Law ; Doctiir 
Patrick Urc|uhart, professor of Medicine : Mr. 
Alexander Fraser, Sub-principal ; Mr. tkorge 
Gordon, professor of Orient. il Langiui._;e5 ; 
Doctor James liower, professor of .^Iathealalu.k^; 
Mr. Alexander Gordon, Ilumanijt ; .Mr. .\lex- 
ander liurnet. Doctor James Urquhart and .Mr. 
Richard Gordon, Regents and profe^sors of 

All these persons Compeared bct'ore L"s 
Except Doctor James I'louer, uho has nnt 
Residetl at Abi-rdeen tlic>e lluce Years p.i--:. 

Your Commisiioners found nothing CulpalyiC 
in the Conduct and behaviour of the piufesaors 

of Divinity and Oriental Languages either with 
respect to Church or State, Unless that none of 
them had taken the Oath of Abjuration at the 
time appointed by Law. But we humbly beg 
Leave to Represent to your Majesty, That :is 
these two professors pled the Intervention of 
the Late Unnatural Rebellion as a Reason why 
they had not Opportunity to take that 0;uh, so 
the professor of Divinity has Declared before 
Us That He is willing to take the same when 
the Law requires it. And the professor of 
Oriental Languages did take the said Oath upon 
the Twenty first of February last.* 

With respect to the other Masters of the 
Kings College, Your Commissioners have ob- 
served the following particulars. - 

Doctor George ^lidleton, principal, has never 
taken any Oaths appointed by Law since Your 
Majesties happy .Accession to the Throne, Nor 
would he give any other satisfaction to Us when 
ask'd why he had not t|ualified, lUit that as soon 
as any had power to atlminister the saitl Oatlis 
to him, He would either take them or give a 
Reason why he would not. 

The said Doctor .Midleton being ask'il whether 
He pray'd for the King and Royal Family by 
name, Answered, That to the best of his Re- 
membrance he had had no publlck prayers since 
the first of August, One Thousantl seven hundred 
and Fourteen years. T 

Uy the Fundamental Laws of the College, 
The Principal ought to teach Di\ inity and preach 
to the people, and is charged with the Oversight 
of the other Masters of the College, whose 
Schools He ought to \'isit, and see'that they 
duely Discharge their Respective Ort'ices ; lie 
is also charged with the Discipline of the College, 
antl Together with the Sub-principal Ought to 
punish the Gtiilty. i liut your Commissioners 
find that the present Principal .Midleton is 
suiiinely negligent of all these Duties, And 
particularly we rind by the Records of the 
College That He, the said Principal, would 
Countenance no meetings (tho' required) for 
enquireing into the Disorders and Riots of the 
Students and Servants comittevl during the late 
Rebellion, tho' several of them had been guilty 
of the most criminal Acts of Disaffection and 
disloyalty. Such as Carrving a picture, which 
thev calleil the Duke of Ihunswick, through the 
Streets of Old .\berdcen with beat of Drum, 
and burning the same in the Donelire was 
before the College Gate with many aggravating 



Circumstances in Contempt of your Majesties 
sacred person. * 

We find also that while the disaffected party 
kept Rejoyceiny s for the Arrival of the Pretender 
and other Occasions in Old Aberdeen, There 
were Illuminations in the said Principal's Win- 
dows, Tlie College Hells were rung and there 
was a lioncfire before the CoIlej,'e Gate, at which 
several of the Masters, Students, Pursars and 
Ser\-ants of the Collci^e were present, And yet 
the said Principal did not call them to any 
Account for it, nor e\er would make any Inc]uiry 
into that matter himself, or attend the meetings 
of the other Masters to enquire into these 
Disorders wlicn retiuired. 

We also beg Leave to Represent to Your 
Majesty That tho' by Law all .Masters of 
Colleges are Oblig'd to own the Established 
Church Government and never to endeavour 
Lhe Subversion of the same directly or indirectly, 
• that patrons arc oljlig'd t(j present to 
Chcrches persons of the Communion of the 
Estaolished Churcli, Yet we Kind that by the 
Advice of the said Midlcton, the late 
Sub-Principal and the present .Sub-Principal, 
Did present an Episcoi)al preacher to a Church, 
for which the said Sub-principals were after- 
wards punished by the Lords of Justiciary : 
Your Commissioners do also Find Tliat tlie 
said Doctor .Middleton has so far Countenanced 
the disaffected Episcopal Clergy as to suffer 
One Mr. Maitland to preach in the College 
Chappel, .And that the said Principal .Midlcton 
was present there when Mr. Maitland pray'd 
expressly for the Pretender by tiie name of 
King James the Eighth, .and yet it docs not 
appear That tlie said Principal called any 
meetings of the Masters to censure him for the 
same, t 

Mr. John Gordon, professor of Civil Law, 
did not qualify according to Law till the Twenty 
first of February last : He concurred with the 
disaffected people of Old .Vberdeen in observing 
aThanksgivcing for the .Arrival of the Pretender, 
by going to the Church on tliat day and hearing 
the Pretender prayed for by an P^jiscopal 
Intrtidcr, Under the name of King James the 
Eight, and by having Illuminations in the 
Windows of his House upon that occasion. ;J 

Doctor Patrick Urt|uhart, jirofcssor of 
Medicine, did not qualitie till the Twenty first 
of February Last, and had Illuminations in his 

' Depositions of Witnesses, No. i, :?, 3. 4, ;, (i, 7. [Historical 
r.ifirs ri/,Uing 1,1 J.w'l-itc I\m,l. |.p. 505-ijo.I 

Windows on the Thanksgiveing observed for 
the Arrival of the Pretender.* 

Mr. Alexander Fraser, Sub-principal ne.xt to 
the principal, is chiefly Charged with the 
Discipline of the College, Nevertheless it was 
the Latter end of .-Xprile and beginning of May 
Last which was three Nioneths after the time 
that the Rebels had left Aberdeen, and that 
Your Majestic's Troops took posession of it 
before He the said Sub-principal began to 
ent|uire into the abuses Comitted by the Students 
and servants of the College during the Late 

Mr. Alexander Gordon, Humanist, was present 
with the Principal in the College Chappel when 
Mr. Maitland pray'd for the Pretender by the 
name of King James the Eighth, .And the said 
Humanist did not take the Oaths appointed by 
Law till the Twenty first of P'ebruary last.; 

Mr. .Alexander Ijurnct did not take the Oaths 
appointed by Law till the Twenty first of 
February last, and was not qualified in the 
manner prescribed by Law before he was 
admitted to his Office, nor does it appear That 
he is so qualified yet.;; 

Doctor James Urc|uhart, Regent, has hitherto 
taken no Oaths to the (jovernment. He went to 
FctercbbO When the Pretender was there, Did 
frc(|ucnt the Church where an Episcopal 
Intruder prayed for the said Pretender by the 
name of King James the Eighth, particularly 
on the Thanksgiveing-day Observed for his 
Arrival, and he the said Doctor Urijuhart was 
present at the Ponfiics in Old .Aberdeen upon 
the said Thanksgiveing-day, Where there was 
drinking, Waveing of Hatts and .Shooting.'! 

Mr. Ricliard Gordon, Regent, was nexcr 
Legally admitted to his Oft'ice, being neither 
((ualified to Church or State before his 
Admission, which is retiuired by Law. He has 
since that time Sworn the Oath of .Allcdgcance 
and .Subscribed the Assurance, but ne\cr took 
the Oath of Abjuration ; He frequented the 
Church where the Pretender was ])rayed for 
under the name of King James the lligluh, 
particularly on the Thanksgiveing da\- for the 
Pretender's .Arrival, .\nd was present at llic 
Ilonefires in Old Aberdeen on the said day, 
where there was drinking, shooting ami wa\eiiig 
of liatts.^i 

. * Kec: page 3. Depob : No. = and 6. 

t Rep : No. ., .ind 5. 

1 Rec: p.-i-e 3. n.-ii.v: No. I. 

S lUp : No. 5. Kec : pa;^e j. 

;iRcc: p..-e j.uidi... D.p.,,; No. i, _•, s. tW- 

•, Ke^ : p.,,.;u J. No. .,-.■, 5, 0,7- 


[August, iSgg. 

Your Commissioners humbly beg Leave 
further to Represent to Your Majesty That by 
the Original Constitution of the King's College, 
There ought to be a Chancellour and a Rector 
in the same, and that these Officers are 
absolutely necessary for the Right Go\ernnient 
and management of the Society ; But at present 
it does not appear to Us That there is either a 
Chancellour or a Rector in tlie said College.* 
And we also humbly beg Leave to acquaint 
Your Majesty That several proposals have been 
offered to Us, and more are Ready to be made 
for the Better Government and Management of 
the said College, and for rendering the same 
more subservient to its main ends of profitable 
Literature, Substantial Religion, and true 
Fidelity to the Royal Protestant Line, as soon 
as it shall please Your Majesty to give Directions 
in this Matter ; In )•<: mean time Your Com- 
missioners are humbly of opinion That till such 
Directions are given no Masters should be 
admitted into the College, but with the provision 
of being subjected to any Regulations that 
hereafter shall be appointed by Your Majestie 
and Royal Successors. 

Having thus finished our Remarks Concerning 
the Conduct and behaviour of the Masters, 
We proceed to acquaint Your Majesty what we 
have observed As to the State and Management 
of the College Revenue. 

It was with great Difficulty that the Masters 
could be prevailed upon to lay any Books or 
papers containing an Account of the Revenue 
before Us. The Accompts of King \Yilliam's 
Mortification (by which there was Seventy three 
poundsSix shillings and eight pence appropriated 
annualy for paying the Debts of the College) 
have never yet been produced ; And there is 
also wanting an Account of the Management of 
the other >iortifications for the Year 171 5 : So 
that without further delaying our Report 
Concerning the Masters Conduct so necessary 
for Your Majestie's Service, and the true 
Interest of this Society ; It is impracticable for 
Us to give Your .Majesty a full and distinct 
Account of the Revenue and the management 

Only we cannot but observe to Your Majesty 
That the person who was empouered by tlie 
Masters of this College to attend us at Edin- 
burgh, being ask'd why the .\ccoimts of 
the Management of the Re\enue for the year 
1715 had not been Laid before Us, The said 
person answcretl That it was because of several 
Controverted .Vrticles of the said .Xccounts, and 
particularly because one of these Arlick~ 

contained An Accompt of Meal furnished to 
the Rebels by the Manager of the Revenue for 
that year.* 

Sign'd in name and at the desire of the 
Commissioners for visiting the Colleges 
and Schools of Aberdeen. 
' Rec : page 32 and 33. 
(Ta l>e continued.) 

The Origin of the Gordons. — In a 
pamphlet by Captain George S. C. Suinton, 
on "The Family of Swinton," reprinted from 
the Gciic<iloi;ist (New Series, \'ol. \V.\ and 
just published by I'oUard of Exeter (S\o., 8 pp.), 
an ingenious attempt is made to trace the origin 
of the house of Gordon. Herewith I give the 
deduction as affecting the Gordons only': — 
Waltheof, Comes (living 96S). 


Cospatric. , . . 

Eadulf Kus. Ediilf. 

Viceconies of Bainborough. 

Yiceconies of Banihorou^h. 

ErnaUl or Hernulf 
of Swinton and of Aklcambus. 


I " I 
Kichard de Swinton Adam 

(afterwards (de Gordun ?) 
de Gordon ?) 


lie Swinton 

(Lord Swinton 


I may note that Lord Huntly, in his Records of 
Al'oyiic, declares that Adam and Kichard were 
the sons of the Laird of Gourdon, who fell in 
the battle of the Standard, 11 38. Captain 
Su niton writes to me that he has been unable 
to date anybody called Gordon or de Gordon 
bitore .about 11./5, while the plaa- so called is 
found certainly before 1147. If Lord lUmtly 
lb right, Cain.iin Swinton's ileduction of ilie 
(.lordons falls to the ground ; but is Lord 
Huntly right? J. M. jj 





For centuries Muck was in close connection 
with lona. About 1625 it was under the direct 
government of the Dean of the Isles ; and in 
1662 it was specially mentioned in an Act of 
the Scottish Parliament. According to the 
"princely piety and wisdom" [f/V] of Charles 1 1., 
an Archdeacon was urgently needed to bring 
the ecclesiastical machinery of the Isles to its 
highest perfection. To give the resuscitated 
office its proper dignity, the "pri\ileges, rents, 
and emoluments " of certain places (one of 
which was Muck), hitherto held for religious 1 
purposes, were handed over to the new Arch- 
deacon. In 1726, along with Eigg, Hum, and 1 
Canna, it was erected into the parish of .Short [ 
Isles, or, as it soon came to be known, " -Small | 
Isles." It never appears, however, that Muck I 
at any time had a place of worship of its own. 
Even in its most populous days it shared the 
parish minister with the three other islands, and , 
seldom or ever saw him. 

The civil history of the island is more stirring ' 
and interesting. From earliest times it belonged i 
to the Maclans of Ardnamurchan. As long as i 
the Clan Ian remained one of the most powerful '. 
of the Western tribes it was comparatively safe, | 
but as soon as its possessors began to decline j 
in influence, turbulent days were in store for it. 
In 1588, while it was still in their hands, the 1 
most tragic event of its history took place. 
Three years previously a deadly feud had sprung 
up between the two powerful clans of the Mac- | 
donalds of Skye and the Macleans of Mull. 
For several years murder, rapine, in\asion and j 
counter-invasion were common events, and that 
in spite of the most strenuous efforts of the 
Government to put an end to the disorder and 
bloodshed. In the course of the struggle 
several of the other clans involx ed themselves 
in the dispute ; the Maclans taking the side of 
their kinsmen the Macdonalds. 

Before the breaking out of the feud the chief 
of Ardnamurchan had been a suitor for the hand 
of the Maclean's widowed mother, and during a 
lull in the hostilities he took the opportunity of 
pressing his suit. His advances were most 
cordially received, and with every appearance 
of friendliness he was invited to visit Maclean 
in one of his Mull residences. The invitation 
was acceptcil, and in due course the ceremony 
was performed. On tlie very evening of the 
niarriagc celebration, however, a dispute arose 
among the followers of the two chieftainb, with 
the rcbult that the Maclans were slau;jhtcrcd 

almost to a man. Maclan himself was only 
spared through the wild entreaties of his newly- 
wedded wife. But even her influence could not 
procure his freedom, and he was thrown into a 
dungeon, where it is said he was subjected to 
daily torture. 

The Macdonalds at once began active pre- 
parations for reprisals for the outrage done to 
their allies. But before they could take the 
field, Maclean forestalled them. One of the 
.Spanish .Armada had put into Tobermory- har- 
bour for shelter during its flight homewards, 
and Maclean contrived to hire one hundred of 
the shipwrecked Spaniards as mercenaries. 
With these, and a large gathering of his own 
clan, he carried the war into the enemj-'s country. 
.Muck, as being the property of the Maclans, 
was specially visited, and with the utmost bar- 
barity the entire population was, without distinc- 
tion of age or sex, massacred in cold blood. 
As the indictment, afterwards drawn out by 
Government against .Maclean, says — he "burnt 
with fire the lands of Canna, Kum, Eigg and 
-Muck, and harried the same " ; and " who 
escaped the fire was not spared by his bloody 
sword." To answer this charge, .Alaclean was 
summoned to Edinburgh, but as he came under 
safe-conduct he was merely admonished, and a 
remission granted to him — a leniency which was 
denounced at the time as "shameful," in view of 
"sik odious unmearceful crymes committit aganis 
the law of God and man." 

Further acts of rebellion committed by the 
Maclans in 1625 ensured their destruction as a 
clan. Their possessions were forfeited and 
passed into other hands — Muck being handed 
over by charter from the Bishop of the Isles to 
Lachlan .Maclean of Coll. The Maclans, how- 
ever, did not give up their land without a 
struggle. For a time they kept the island by 
force, and to show their contempt for what they 
considered the unwarranted claims of Coll, 
seized and put to death a natural son of his 
who had landed in Ardnamurchan. In retalia- 
tion for these a'.ls of violence. Coll apprehended 
a number of the Maclans whom he found in 
Mull, and sent them to Inverara)-, where nii>=t 
of them were executed. 

On the death of Lachlan Maclean, Mu< k 
passed to his -econd son. Hector, who thti^ 
became the founder of the cadet family the 
Macleans of IJc- of Muck. He was a m.m "I 
considerable accomplishments, but paid tlie 
penalty of his possession of debatable Imd 
with his life. He Inult himself a hoti--c, .iv.l 
look up his residence on the i--le. "!■' 
evening, while walking near it with on!> "^'i' 
attendant, he sa-v a band of marauding .Mai-LiiiD 


[August, 1899. 

dnvin^' off some of his cattle. Unsupported as 
he was, he fired upon them, but was instantly 
surrounded and killed. The murderers escaped 
for a time, but ultimately two of them were 
taken and han;^ed. 

That was the last of the romance of Muck. 
Its lairds took active part in the Stewart Struyjjle, 
and fou;..:ht on their side at Kilsyth and Sheriff- 
muir. Ijy the end of the century they became 
reconciled to the rei^ninj; house, for the " Isle of 
Muck," who met Dr. Johnson, had seen active 
service on the liritish side in the American War 
of Inilcpcndence. Evil days, however, fell on 
the Macleans also, and they liad to sell .^luck. 
Uurin;,' the present century it has chan:.^ed hands 
more than once. J. C.m.DER Ross. 

I>;V. — This place is seven miles south of 
Glas.Liow. On Wednesday, the 5th Jul)-, durin;..; 
diyi,'in>; operations connccteil with draina^:;c, 
one of the labourers discovered a relic of 
interest. He tried to clean it with a stone, and 
defaced it ; but on one side of the medal, which 
is aljout the size of a penny piece, in the centre 
of a triangle, is a cherub with outstretched 
wings, pointing to the letter G above. On each 
line of the triajigle are the masonic words, 
"Wisdom," " Strengtli," " ISeauty." Above the 
cherub, outside the triangle, is a cock standing 
on a ball. The motto encircled is ".Sit Lux et 
Lux Fuit." .\t the base of the triangle are a 
compass and st|uare. On the op|)ositc side of 
the medal are a sliield, supported by two 
squirrels, and the motto, ".Xnior Po Elcns Est" 
— Love is potent. The medal bears antit|uitv. 
I. F. S. G. 

The 1;r.\co Gordon'.^.— In describing this 
family in the Aberdeen I'nc Press of May 24 
and 21, 1899, I expressed some doubts as to 
the parentage of Sir Francis Gordon, who- 
arranged the proposed marriage of Princess 
Elizabeth of lioheniia and the King of Poland. 
I have since di?co\crcd that Gilbert Gordon of 
Sallagh, in his .addition (1651) to Sir. Koljert , 
Gordon's Earls of Sii/ficr/.i/ii/, sjjcaks of Sir 
Francis as a son of John (lordon of llraco. 
Sir Francis, he continues, married a gentlewoman 
of " Uanskin, w ith whom he had a great portion, ■ 
whereby he was lyke to make a good fortune 
if God \\m\ spared him." lUit he dic<l .it 
Aberdeen in 1644 ; that is to say, in the year after 
he was ni.ide an 1 lonorary Piurgess of .Aberdeen. 
I may add that Mr. A. -M. .Munro, working on 

the registers in the Town House of .Aberdeen, 
suggests this descent for the ISraco Gordons : — 

Patrick of Mcllilic a. 

d Draco, 

c. 1480. 




Laris of 

.\lc\ani.lcr= i:li/.->liclh .Xmimik 
of Ur.'ico. 1 botli alive in 1556. 

Palrick,=Joni:ta Sulon. 

m. ,5,6. Hon. 

I'.ur-e-s .Al.dn., 

ylh .M.,y, ,53.., 

d. 15S6. 


.served hdr 

to his father, 

31 Oet., I5„6. 

= .\SnesSlr.,cli.u.. 


d. prol.ably 

! 1 

?-hn PalrLlr, 
•of I'.raeo." d. 1657. 

= M.irj..ric M. 



1 1 

Juhn. J,.hM, 

r.urijes,, seriL.lheirt 

.Mav, l-i^-,, hi,r.,lher, 

on of Join. 4 leb., .637 

of Uraco." 



served heir 

:a Sept., 1073. 



served he 

Join,, hi, 1 

13 Sept., 

Mr. Munro notes that "On Sth .March, 1595, 
Jolm Gordon of ISraco and Agnes .Strachan, 
his spouse, got infcflment on the lantls of 
Whitecorse and others on a w.idset, and re- 
deemable from them for the sum of 5,400 mcrks. 
Then in 1609 James, cli/cs/ son of John Gordon 
of liraco and Agnes Strachan, and Jc/i/i, now 
of liraco, grant a renunciation of the above 
lands. John Gordon, said to be the last of ilie 
Uraco Gordons, married Margaret .Auchinclech, 
and died in 167S. The lands of Ijraco appear 
in the hands of the Earl of .\berdecn by the 
date of the Poll Pook (1695)." Sir F'rancis 
succeeded his uncle, Patrick (who married 
Marjorie Erskine of the IJalhaggcrt)' family), 
as our agent at Dantzig. J. .M. Pui.l.oCH. 

.A.NXI.sTdKrs OK Tin, Rl,v. M.\II1L;\V Hl:Ni)hR- 
^I'N". — W.WTl.l) — Information as to the birth- 
pi. tee and aixestors of .Mathew Henderson, u ho 
was ordainctl in 173S by the Presbytery of Perth 
as a Secession Mini.ster, and immediately sent 
,is .t Mission, ir\- to .\incrica. .Adtlress : James 
M. Clark. .Vttorney, Pittsburg, l'enns)hania, 




In a former number of this journal 1 dealt u ilh 
the elopement of Captain Dyron (the poet's 
father) with tlie Marchioness of Carmarthen. 
At that time I did not know that the Captain's 
father had been "another of the same." Old 
Admiral Ijyron (1723-86) is remcmljercd chiefly 
as the hero of the wreck on the coast of Chili 
(which Byron utilised in "Don Juan"). But 
the To7l'h and Coiiiily Mat^aziiic (of Dec, 1773) 
shows him in another wreck, by pilloryin;; him 
in its "History of the TCte-a-lOte anne-\ed," 
under the title of ".Memoirs of the Nautical 
Lover and Miss Betsy G[ree?]n." The article, 
which is accompanied by portraits, is so typical 
of mucli of the journalism of the eii^hicenth 
century that I do not hesitate to (|Uotc it at 
length : — 

" Wc cannot suppose that in ihc course of three 
years' absence from his native country [a.s Governor 
of Ncwfounillanil, 1769-72] the sjiirit of iliscnvcry 
precluded every other deMre, or that the females of 
the southern hemisphere — many of whom are descriiieil 
as beautiful and allractini^ — did not e.xcite those pas- 
sions in our hero « hich have so often .aijitated him at 
home, and which now entitle him to a place in our 
amorous group. We tind that the queens and prin- 
cesses of the islands he discovered were ever partial 
to Englishmen, and we may rea.sonalpIy suppose that 
the C . . . . e did not escape their notice. In the 
course of his voyage we llnd liim upon every occasion 
supporting the honour of the l!rili.-.h llag ; at the same 
time he displayed great humanity towards the natives 
of those countries where he landed. Wliil^t at school 
he was the champion of his form, and signalized him- 
self as a Broughtonian. Courage, which is so great 
a recommendation to the fair .se.\, failed not to he his 
ailvocate, and his hedm.aker evinced his aliilities in 
the field of Venus as well as he had done in that of 
-Mars. This event precipitated his departure from 
school. lie was at this time only seventeen." 

The article goes on to tell that after a short stay at 
Portsmouth he sailed for a cruise, and in a few weeks 
went into I'lymoulh, where he made the acquaintance 
of an olticer's widow with whom he hoarded. He 
.Seems to have promiscil to marry her, " liut the ship 
f'lrtunately .sailing lieforc the time appointed for his 
niq.ii.als, he escaped the snare which was laid for him. 
New objects created new, ami he forgot his 
charming widow and inlendeil bride in the arms of a 
'K.nuiiful Italian at Leghorn. .Vt the clo-e of the 
" 'r in 174S lie retired from the sea to tranquility, 
lb- weiii ag.iiu to sea in 1750. His wife [.s;..i,liia 
lre\aiinion, a Corni-hwnm.m whom he married i» 
I74";i eng.aged as a chamb.-rmaid the be.iuliful IVIsy 
'■'••• n. Hie girl's father was a farmer in the 

neighbourhood, who had given her a good education 
at the village school, and she improved a good 
understanding by reading and by conversation "with 
the belleruiost sort of females in the parish, associa- 
ting with the curate's daughter. At the age of 
eighteen she entered Byron's service, and became a 
great favourite with Mrs. Byron, and she so fascinated 
the .\ilmiral with her conversation that he soon ex- 
perienced the effects of Betsy's charms, and, as he 
had frequent opportunities of being alone with her, 
he urged his suit .so forcibly that he soon prevailed 
ujion her to comply with his request. The corres- 
pondence was carried on for a considerable time 
without any suspicion, but at length Betsy's evil stars 
prevailed, and her mistress detected her in bed with 
her master. He sent her to town to lodgings in 
Golden .S(|uare, where he constantly visited her. 
Mrs. Byron ilogged the Admiral there, and he had to 
clear out. He accordingly took an apartment for 
r.etsy in an obscure jiart of the new huililing in 
Marylelione, where she now resides, and where our 
hero still pays her constant visits." was ver\- 
fair, with light eyes, her hair abo light and remarkalily 
beautiful. .She was rather under the middle size, but 
" proportionably made, and might on the whole be 
pronounced a very captivating figure. Several over- 
tures have been made to her from various quarters, 
but she has rejected considerable sums of money lor 
temporary gratifications, and even settlements, so 
that she may be pronounced the faithful, .as well .as 
the pretty, Betsy G . . . n." 

In the T(KL'!t and Cmoi/v Mtti^azhic of ]:inu:iv\; 
1779, there appeared "Tlie .Memoirs of the Bois- 
terous Lover and the Capricious .^Lal■chioness," 
which deals with Captain T.yron and Lady 
Carmarthen. In a previous article I noticed 
how the journals of the day made fun of Lady 
Carmarthen's eloijcment (in 177S) with Captain 
Byron. I may cite a curious book, publislied 
by Kearsley, who went in for scandalous 
topicalities. The book is entitled : — 

The House of Peeresses, or Female Oratory, con- 
taining the debates of several Peeresses on the Bi-h.'p 
of Llanilaff's Bill for the more efl'ectual discour.agement 
of the crmie of Ailultery. Principal .Speakers, [etc.] 

Duchess of G n [etc.]. President, A[mclila 

B.a[rone]ss C[onyer]s, late .M[archionc]ss of C[aruiar- 
thejn. London : Printed for G. I-Cearsley, [46] Fleet 
Street, .mucclxxin. 

In speaking' to the Bill, Lady Carmartlien, uho 
was i,'ranled the place of Lady President on 
tlie basis of the liarony of Conycrs, which slu- 
held in her own ri:.4ht, was made to dcllM-r 
an iroi'iic speech. She said : — " We ha\ e re.iclud 
the goal amid a variety of difficulties : the fruit- 
less barriers to our coura;4e — husbands, fallnis. 
brothers -pnned inctTcitual olistacles iit o;ii 
way. Their carcases ! forgive iho i x- 
|)rcssion) are c\ erlasting triumiihs to our pr.i! -c 
J. M. Bl'i.i.iu-ii, 



[August, 1899. 



I HAVE already dealt in these pages with Ster- 
covius, the Pole «ho «as executed for printing 
a "libel" on the Scots. He was run to earth 
by Patrick Gordon of Ilraco (whose career I 
described at length in the Aberdeen Free Press 
of May 24 and 25, iS99\ The actual "libel," 
as I stated, cannot now be got ; it was probably 
destroyed entirely. But I have just come across 
a curious reference to the att'air, which throws 
a new light on the subject. In 1640, a poem 
appeared, entitled "A Counterbuffe to Lysima- 
chus Junior, calling himself a Jesuite'' '4to., 16 
pp.). The poem, which was in the collection of 
David Laing, is partly reprinted in the third 
volume of Pasquils, issued by James .Maidment 
in 1828. From that it appears that Stercovius 
had appeared in Scotland in his national costume. 
The children ridiculed his attire, and when he 
went back to Poland he wrote a stinging pasquil 
against the Scots, w hich lost him his head. The 
part of the "poetic" indictment against him, as 
quoted by Maidment, speaks : — 

Of a Polonian swain, more curious 
Nor wise or learn'd called Stercovius. 

Hither he came clad all in antique sort, 
\Vhere seen in streets the subject of a sport ; 
He soon became to chiUli>h g.ozers, who 
With skriechs and clamours hiss him to and fro. 
Till forced he was with shame and speed to pack him 
And to his feet and loathsome cabin take him. 
Where in a furious chollerick mood. 
He nothing breathed l)ut fire, revenge and blood ; 
And fondly swore our nation's overthrow 
He should adventure with a sudden blow 
Of his both pregnant and pernicious pen. 
Like to a fierce and fearfull powder traine. 
Thus fraught with furies home to Pole he goes 
To wreck his splen on his imagined foes. 
And there his pen he loos'd and with more spite 
Nor hell had taught him thoughts, he did indite 
A legend of reproaches, slutl't with lies. 
Was hold to print and vent those calumnies 
Against the Scots, their manners and their fame 
Of purpose to obscure their splendid name 
In all that Esterne clyme and tract qf ground, 
Where squadrons of our nation did abound ; 
Where some choice men of ours did take in hand 
To supplicat the Princes of that land 
Their wrong for to redressc, so with great paine, 
Great search .-ind length of I line, tlieir point tlicygaine. 
For all v.iste Teutons states, the .'^pruch, the Dan 
Dispatch and arme widi power some trustie man 
Stercovius to pursue in any ground. 
Take and arr.tigne him whi-re he may he fouml. 
Which is with groat turmoil and travel! done ; 
Vet things well acted are peiformed suone. 

For this She Fo-t, hunted from hole to hole, 
At length is catcht, and unresniv'd <lid thole 
His head, divorce, which from his body fell 
Low to the ground, his soul I cannot tell 
Which way it went, for most unworthie I 
That should unto th' Eternal's secrets pry. 

J. M. B. 
Trinity ( Bell, Ayr. — This 
church is undergoing striking transformation 
for the better ; albeit its AV/, though of harsh 
lone, merits notice. Round its outside upper 
edge runs the inscription, in raised letters : 
^^ MicJiael ISitrt^er/iuvs me fecit, 162^" i.e., 
Michael Burgerhuys made me, 1625. This bell- 
founder cast most of the bells in Scotland 
about a century ago, and lived at Middleburg 
in Holland. It was originally cast for the 
Parish Church of Barnweill, and was given to 
the late Bishop Wilson by (General Smith-N'eill 
of Swinridgemuir, whose property it became 
when the kirk became a ruin. It was rung for 
the first time in the belfry of the Ejiiscopal 
Chapel, Ayr, on Palm Sunday, ;th April, 1S57. 
(General Neill fell at the relief of Lucknow, 25111 
September, 1S57, aged 47 years. A statue in 
Wellington .Square, Ayr, keeps alive his noble 
memory. The bell was thus restored to the 
purpose for which it was primarily made. 
J. F. S. Gordon. 
Ro.M.\N Re>lain.s i.\ Kirkintilloch.— 
While the moat at the Peel Park was recently 
being cleaned out, a lot of stones were found, 
some of which bore traces of Roman architecture, 
having the mason marks of the period on the 
surface. The great bulk of the stones was 
medixval, and belonged undoubtedly to Comyn's 
castle, demolished by Robert the Bruce. This 
castle occupied the site of the old Roman fort. 
The Burgh Commission met on Tuesday 
evening, the nth July, to discuss the "find," 
when it was agreed to raise subscriptions for 
explorations around the park, now the property 
of the burgh. J. F. S. G. 

The Buch.\n Field Clui;. — Under the 
presidency of Mr. W. L. Taylor, Peterhead, 
the Club enjoyed an outing on the 8th ult. at 
Fedderate and Brucklay. One of the principal 
items of the day's business was hearing a paper 
read by Mr. Gavin Grcig, Whitehall, New Deer, 
the subject being " Buchan in the Old Days." 
Although the "Old Days" are those within the 
memory of the essayist, yet the changes in all 
departments of social life and habits have been 
more marked than a mere casual survey would 
indicate, and .Mr. Greig recei\ ed deserved thanks 
for his careful paper. A visit to Brucklay Castle 
brought the proceedings to a close. 




5. The Scots in Bohemia. — In the Great S^al, 
Margaret Livinjjstone is dcscrilieil in 1629 as widow 
of Thomas Livingston, "servitor" to Freilerick, the 
King of Bohemia (ihe husbaml of l'riiice-.s Elizaljclh, 
daughter of James VI. of Scollanil). In what 
capacity did Livingston serve ? B. 

6. Cock o' the North.— What is the earliest 
known reference to the title, " Cock of the North," 
applied to the nohle family of Iluntly? One early 
reference may he quoted. From the records of the 
Presbytery of Elgin it appears that one of the 
accusations against Mr. James I'ark, minister of 
Urquhart, ran as follows: " Lykwayes he cryed 
aloud against Kings and .Monarches, Uukcs and 
M.arquesses, and him that was called Cock of the 
North, a button for them all : ther heads had happed 
olir, ther honours were laid in the dusi, and they were 
casten by as broken vcshells." This accusation was 
laid before the I'resbytery by Mr. John Innes, laird 
of Leuchars, on l6lh August, 1660. 

CuUen. W. Cramond. 

7. Had Admiral Tho.mas Gouno.M a Son? — 
Last .Septeml>er I dealt in the Aberdeen Free Press 
with Admiral Gordon, who was Governor of Cron- 
stadt. I there noted that he left at least three 
daughters. I am now inclined to think he had a son, 
for the Scots A/itj^aiiiie notices that Thomas Gordon,, died at " Petcrsburgh " in .May, 1S06. 
The Admiral died at Cronst.idt in 1741. One of his 
daughters married William Elmsall, an English 
merchant at St. Petersburg. J. M. S. 


1202. Americax-Aeerdeen GRADI'ATES (XII., 
94, 127, 142, 159 ; 2nd S., I., 7).— Dr. Gammack is 
wrong in identifying the Peter Oliver who graduated 
M.D. at Marischal College in 1790 with our Peter 
Oliver, A.B., 1 76 1. In the Harvard Genera/ 
Catalogue of 1 797, I find it our graduate of 
1769 who receiveel the Aberdeen degree — as correctly 
stated in Fasti AeaJ. A/arisc, ii. , p. 132 ; and 
.?. A^. vS-" Q., xii., p. 95. 

Cambridge, U.S.A. James' Atkins Noyes. 

2. Scots Coinage (I., 2nd S., 14).— In reply to 
"Ignoramus," I beg to say, in the beginning of last 
centurj', church accounts were kept in Scots money, 
»'•'••. £1 Sc. = ls. 8d. stg. ; IS. Sc. = ld. stg., and so 
on. A 14s. piece was a merk, and was originally 
ijs. 4d. Sc. A guinea an English coin:=2is. 
stg., so out of two guineas the Kirk Session could- 
Well alVord to give four pounds Scots. .\ doit a 
penny Scots, or half a bodle, or the twelfth part of 

an English penny. A few additional notes anent 
Kirk Session accounts of the period your correspon- 
dent refers to (1700- 17 10) may not be uninteresting. 
Many coins that found their way into the kirk ladle 
had to be converted into Scots coinage, e.g., French 
turners were in circulation in Scotland up to Louis 
XIV.'s reign. The name turner is from the French 
town Tournois, or from tournois, a French copper coin 
of similar size. They were also called billons, as being 
a mixture of copper and brass. 

Since Allan's death naebody cared 
For anes to speer tiow Scotia fared, 
Nor plack tior thrUlled turner war'd 

To quench her drouth, 
For frae the cottar to the laird 

We a' ran south. —Beattie. 

The Scotch turner the thistle, and was sometimes 
called bodle or black farthing, value 2d. Sc. The 
copper coins of previous sovereigns were in comnum 
circulation in the beginning of Anne's reign. James 
VI. coined the plack (eightpenny piece), half plack 
(fourpenny piece), hardhead or twopenny piece, half 
hardhead or penny piece ; also the turner and half 
turner, which were the same value as the hardhead 
and half hardheail. Charles I. coined the turner or 
twopence, and half turner or penny. Turners or bodies 
of Charles I. and II., with and without the numeral 
II. for value, are common. The copper coins of 
Charles II. and William and .Mar)' are the bawbee or 
sixpenny piece and the turner, bodle or twopenny 
piece. There is no copper coinage of James II., and 
no Scotch copper coinage of Queen -Anne. In 
explanation of the " 14s." your correspondent refers 
to. Sir William Uenholine, master of the mint, may 
be quoted: — "The value of thretteen shilling four 
pennies was never put upon the merk piece (of 
Charles II.) after they were raised to fourteen 
shilling, neither were they tearmed therafter merk 
peices but fourteen shilling peices in the Registers, 
and the value sett doune conforme." In the Kothie- 
may Kirk Session accounts for the year 1 70S occurs 
the following entry : — " 170S, September 26th. 
Given to John Innes eleven fourteins to change for 
new money, being £1 19s. 6d." This exchanging was 
in obedience to a royal proclamation of that year, 
calling in Scotch crowns, &c. Kirk Sessions began 
generally to keep their accounts in sterling money 
about the year 1770. Grange began in 1763, and 
Aberdour, in Aberdeenshire, not till 1S09. Bodies 
and such-like coins came in less and less esteem. 
The Kirk Session of Glass in 1736 accepted an oiler 
of los. Sc. for every shilling stg. of boilles, and in 
1740 they sold ^'24 Sc. of bodies at 6s. Sd. for every 
I2s. in bodies. In 1749 they got £■] for £\^ in 
bodies. In 1739 the Kirk Session of Urquliart 
(.Morayshire) valued their bottles at 12 for a penny 
stg. The Kirk Session of Fordyce record, in 1740, 
that foreign doits used to be reckoned e(|uivalenl to 
Scots boilles, three of them making a halfpenny, bnl 
" in time coming twelve of them shall be equiv-ili lU 
to the penny sterling." To discourage the use lA 
tloits the Synod of .Aberdeen got farthings It.. 111 
Lonilon. In 1739 Fortlycc sold nine pounds l.nn 


[August, 1899. 

nuncos of Ililiernias ami I[.ir|i^ for Ss. per |iijunil, 
and in 1690 thuy soM 24s. bt^;. of doiis (for which 
tlicy rcccivoil, al ihc rate cif 7^. fur 12s.) r<ir £,% Ss. Sc. 
A few illustrative extracts follow : — 

.700. "<=^'^^„^^^j 
1709- ;CS Ss. ad. of dy 

; ihe colle. 

the kirk door, 

I money (CuHcn). 


1700. John Wast gave in his half ni.irk (:\ merk w 

stg.) f.jr lea\c to sit in the forebrc.xst (AherUoui J. 

1701. William Dannie to be fined a mark for banning 


1702. Given to beggar 4d. Sc. (= Id. stg.) (Aberdour). 

1701. Received for (i.e., nncurrent) money, £3 i6s. 

1705. Penalty for foniication five m:\rks, fnr ndulii;ry 30 

1700. The olTiccr's fee is to marks yearly (rtran^e). 

1709. Paid for casting divots for the .school a merk (Grange). 

17 10. It i.s reported that all the money in the former 

treasurer's hands is in dyts and lettered Lodles 

Nothing could better exemplify the straits Kirk 
Sessions were somctinics driven to than the followin;^ 
entry fnmi the (jlass records; — "22nd June, 1746. 
As the nccessitys and number of the poor are 
increasing, the session came to a resolution of giving 
them two parts in current coin and the third in 
boilles, because their fonds are much draineil." 
It may be added that the sign £ in place of libs, 
for pounds appears lirst in some northern Kirk 
Session accounts about the year 1704. 

Cullen. \V. Cramonp. 

3. Hir.iii.A.N-n Harps (I., 2nd S., 15).— This 
entry occurs in a Taymonth account book : — "Oct., 
iSoo. Donil. Mc.Anilrew, to Monzie with a harp, 
4/-." But whether the Iiarp is still at Monzie is 
another question. J. Christie. 

Anderson, P. J. .Aurora IJorcalis .\cadcmica. Svo. 
lj/6 net. Aberdeen University I'ress. 

Geddes, Sir W. D. Two Professors of 

Languages. Svo. 1/6. Abdn. Univ. Press. 

Royal Commission on Local Taxation. .Minutes 

of Evidence, Index, &c. \'ol. 3. Scotland. 2/6. 

Eyre & .Spottiswood. 

I Prison Commissioners for Scotland. Annual 
: Report for 1S9S. i/o.\. Eyre & Spottiswood. 

I Police. 4lst Annual Report of H.M. Inspector of 

Constabulary for Scotland for 1S9S. i/io. 
I Eyie ic Spottiswood. 

Historic Edinburgh. Ten original etchings by 
E. Piper, A.R.E. Goupil. 

Murison, A. F. King Robert the Rruce. 1/6. 

Famous Scots .Series, Oliphant. 

MacRitchie, David. Fians, Faiiies ami Picts. 
Illustration.s. 5/-. Kegan Paul. 

Deeds relating to East Lothian. Transcribed by 
J. G. Wallace-James. Haddington. 

Shaw, William. .\<lventures of Rosalie Stuart 
(luring the Rebellion of 1745-46. 

Sage, Donald. Memorabilia Dome^tica. 2nd ed. 
Renuiiiscences of Ross-shire. 

Hendrie, W. Girvan. Poems. Gardner. 

Scots 3Boof;5 of tl3C /IDontb. 


Memoirs of a Highland Lady (Miss Grant of 
Rothiemurchus, afterwards .Mrs. Sniiili of Palii- 
boys), 1797-1S30. Edited by Lady Strachey. Svo. 
lo/C). , .Murray. 

Geddes, Patrick. Chapters in Modern Priiany. 
New edition. ;/<■'• 

Correspondents will greatly oblige by sending us 
their full name and aildress (not necessarily for 
pulilie.tiion) along with their contrilintions. 

.All Communications sliould be accompanied by an 
ideiilil)ing name and addic-. As |)iiblicati,.n .lay is 
Murr.iy. il,e 25th of each month, copy should be in a few days 
earlier. ' Ku. 

Maclnnes, Lieut. -Col. J., V.D. The brave Sons 

of Skye, containing the .Military Reciuils (compiled ■ — 

from authentic source-) of the I.evlinL; 'iirhei-, 

Non-conunb,iMn,-d Oliieer-, and Private S..M;.-, nI'!'HV"nL!,^n!^//ri,Mrd i'^-'^Mu' Mi'mi' ^'^'i' •'''"'"■• 
«hoiu •■ flilean a CIk-o" ha, produr.d. Will. 10,1 /! V." ■.mri'-u'''. ' A,','",:,"^' .v:'!, o',",. n,! „1" '.,11: i;,','!ii,'^', 
portraits. 15/-. Ivyre A: Spotti-u i. l..-itei= i.. il,e I'liMi-h.-i ., ., ; Ur.u.i, .sen u, Al,^olc..ii, 



J No. 


1 Per Pust 4d. 


Notes :— Page 

BjTon's Maternal Ancestors 33 

Local Bil-i;;s,..|.;., 37 

Tcple, Extract laxt Roll of the Slierimjom of Ab.lil., 

Anno 1613 40 

Notes on the Isle of Muck 42 

Recorui of the Royal ConiiiiisMoii for Vi-ilins tlic 

Universities and Schools of Alienlcen, 1716-17.... 43 

P.crwickshire as a Factor in Scottish Development .... 44 

American-.-Mjerdcen Gradu.ates 47 

MrsoR Notes :— 

Banffshire and Huchan Fichl Chihs— Monoqr.ams on 

Old Bible (see Supplement) ". 36 

Discovery of an .Ancient at Bushy — General 

Staats Lons Morris, M.P. for Elgin 39 

Dr. Glennieof DuKvich 42 

t^lUERlES : — 

The Reid Family — "The Family Treasury-" — Spald- 
ing of A.shintul!y 47 

" Deuchar's Genealogical Tables relative to the Gor- 
don FanMly" — Scotts in -Scotland and America: 
were they K.jl.iiions, and how? 48 

.Answers : — 

Family of Spalding '. 48 

Literature 48 

Scots Books of the Month 48 


( Continued from Vol. I., 2iui S., p. so.) 

Sir George Gordon, Ninth L.mud of 


^ I KV little is known .nbout this laird, who 
•x'lupics that dreary period bciwccn the 
puhlu-ation of Scots Slate Docunients and the 
ijiistolary literature which throws such liyht on 
more modern figures. Dr. Temple, in the 
/ >i 1/1,1 i^c of Fcniiixrlyn, dismisses him with 
t"iu-.iiul-twcnly words. Almost the only fact 
■ I .III ilisco\er about him is that he was a 
l-i'iiMni>bioner of Supply in 1678 and 16S5 {Acts 

of Parliament). In 1682 Lord Aberdeen sent a 
present of grapes to Gight's gardener (Aberdeen 
Papers, Historical J/SS. Commission). In a 
sasine of 1685 Gight is described as " Knight, 
Baronet." He married his kinswoman, Elizabeth 
Urquhart, only daughter of Patrick Urquhart 
of Meldrum (1611-1664) by Lady Margaret 
Ogilvic, who was the daughter of the first Earl 
of Airlie, and the cousin of her husband, for it 
will be remembered that the seventh laird of 
Gight had married the sister of the first Earl of 
Airlie. Gight, according to Dr. Temple, died 
in " 169 — ." His wife was described (see Poll 
Boa/:) in 1695 as the "duager of Gight," and 
was living at the Mains of Gight. Among her 
servants occurs the name of Donald M'Queen. 
He may possibly ha\e been the hero of the 
ballad called "Donald M'Queen's Flicht wi' 
Lizie Menzie," quoted by Peter Buchan. Donald 
is said to have tempted her with a cheese as a 
love philtre I It is certain, however, that Lizie 
Menzie was not " L.ady of Fyvie" in the sense 
of being the wife of the last Earl of Dunfermline, 
.as makes out. According to the J'o/l 
Book,}.Us. Magdalen Crichton, relict of Laurence 
Olyphant, son of Lord Olyphant, was living at 
Woodhead of Gight in 1695. Lady Gordon, 
who was alive in 1704 {Privy Council Rc-^istcr), 
afterwards married Major-General Thomas 
Buchan of the Auchmacoy family, who died in 
1 72 1 (without leaving issue), at Ardlogie, the 
jointure house of the Gights (Joseph Robertson's 
preface to the l'>iiuy of General l\itrick Gonloii^. 
lUichan met Gen. Patrick Gordon in Edinburgh 
on June 20, 16S6. He liad ser\ed in France and 
Holland, and was m.idc a M.ajor-General h\- 
James II. in 16S9. The tombstone that marks 
the resting-place of the Gights stands in the 
churchyartl of Fyvie. One side of it bears a 
beautiful coat of arms, of date 16S5, with the 
letters, '•Slir] G[coige] <'.[ordon]" antl "lj[;imc] 
E[] U[rquhait] " in the body of it, 
surmt)uiUetl by tlie C'.ordon motto, " I'.ytl.intl," 
anil at the base runs the Urquhart motto, "lly 
sea and land." 



Marie Gordon (Mks. Davidson), Tenth 

Laird of Gight. 

Died 1740. 

She was the only child of the ninth laird. I 
think this is made clear by the following, 
extracted from the Register of Sasines, Aber- 
deen : — 

rbSy, June Z3. Sasine on Charter under the Great 
Seal to Marie Gordon, only lawful daughter 
procreated lietween Sir George Gordon of tiicht 
and Elizaljeth Urquhart, his sixnise, and the 
heirs male of her liody : which failing to the 
eldest heir female without division of her boily, 
and the heirs male or female of her body : 
to the said heirs as well male as female, and the 
heirs of taillie and provision nominated by the 
said Sir George, and succeeding to his lamls and 
estate shall assume the sirname of Gordon and 
insignia of the family of Gight, &c., of the lands 
and barony of Ciichl, alias Schives. ... At 
Whythall, A|iril 4, 16S5. Sasine on June 13, 
1687. George Gordon in Gight is a witness. 
There is a curious dit^culty in connection with 
the tentli laird, involved in the presence of two 
John Gordons on the estate. In the Lisl of 
Pollable Persons m Aberdeenshire, 1695, the 
"laird of Giyht" is stated to be " Livetenant 
Colonel John Gordon " (to the amount of 
^996 13s. 4d. Scots), whose wife is stated to be 
" Uame Mary Gordon," and his daughter " Mrs. 
Retty Gordon." Now, who was this Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Gordon ? Was his wife the aunt 
of the tenth laird, and did he assume the 
{,'uardianship of her lands durinij her minority? 
Another John Gordon appears on the scene ten 
years before, in the person of Captain John 
Gordon, " sometime tutor of Glenbucket," who 
was the grandson of Sir Adam Gordon of 
Glenbucket, by his second wife, Helen Tyrie. 
Sir Adam's first spouse was Christian, the 
daughter of the fifth laird of Gight. The 
Captain appears on the scene in 1685. In a 
Register of Sasine, Aberdeen, this entry 
occurs ; — 

ibSj, Fcbriiaiy 2-^. Sasine on disposition by Dr. 
Patrick Urquhart [uncle of the tenth laird of 
Gight], Frofessor of Medicine in King's College, 
Aberdeen, and Elizabeth Muir, his >pouse, with 
consent of Sir George Gordon of Gicht, Knight, 
llaronet, to Captain John Gordon, sometime 
tutor of Glenbucket, for an annual rent of .^60 
Scots, corresponding to the principal sum of 
£\Qioa : furth of the town and lands of Little 
Gicht, mill and mill lamls of .\rdo, lying in the 
parishes of p'yvie and Tarves. .\t .Vberdecn, 
M.ay 20, 16S4 : Sasine on January 30, ibSj. . 
It may be remembered that, two da\s after tlic 
firsl-mcntiunedday, that is to bay,on .Vlay2J, 1684, 

the ninth laird of ('right had infeftcd his sister, 
Marie Gordon, in an annual rent uf j^48o, 
"furth of the lands of Xewseat, Little .Vrdoe, 
&c." Now the question arises, is this Captain 
Gordon the same ])crson as the Licut.-Col. 
John Gordon who was returned in 1695 as laird 
of C;ight.' I think he may have been, and tliat 
he married the ninth laird's sister, Nlaric, and 
become guardian of her niece, Marie, the tenth 
laird. On the other hand, under date 1707, 
Agnes Gordon is given as relict of Captain 
John Gordon, tutor of Glenbucket, for in the 
Register of Sasincs this entry occurs : — 

lyoS, Fchruary 13. Sasine on letters of obligation 
by William Keitli of Ludf|uharne [the eighlli 
laird of Gight had uiarriecl a Keith i.f i.ud- 
quharne], with consent of Lady Jean Smith, his 
spouse, and George Keith, their second lawful 
son, to Agnes Gorr.'on [of the lladenscmh family], 
relict of Ca]itain John Gordon, tutor of (ilen- 
bucket, and George (jordon, his eldest son, of an 
annual rent of /40 Scots furth of two crufis of 
the town and lands of Stirlinghill, snmetiuie 
possessed by Alexander Ihuce and Genrge Darg, 
lying in the parish of I'etcrhead. M hoiMam, 
I31h December, 1707. Sasine on 3tst December, 

Though the Dalbitlian Manuscript does not 
mention the fact, it is possible that Captain 
Gordon had first married Marie Gordon, tlie 
sister of the nintli laird of Gight, and after her 
death Agnes Gordon, of the liadenscotli family, 
for, as will be noted, George Gordon is descrilied 
as "his" son, not "their" son when Agnes 
Gordon is mentioned. On the other hand, it 
seems strange that if the two Johns were the 
same they should be described in 1695 'is 
" Lieutenant-Colonel," and in 1707 as "Captain." 
It may be that they were quite dillerent 
individuals. There are several references (in 
the Hope-Johnston I'apcrs Historical MSS. 
Commission) to a Lieutenant-Colonel Gordon, 
thus : — 

January 3^ ibgo. Inverness — My Lonl Lovat has 
been with my Lord Trendraught, Lieut. -Colonel 
(iordon, and several other rebels in lUichan. 

January 9, i6gi. There is also my Lord Kuchan 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Gordcm, with 2S persons 
more with him, staying openly at my Lord 
Fr.iser's house, «;;,/;'« //at/i/d, . . . and keeps 
there night watches. 

Perhaps this Lieutenant-Colonel was the man 
mentioned in the Pol! Pool;. In any ( ase I 
think the latter was only temporardy laird of 
Gight, and that Marie really succeeded her 
father. I .should note tliat the Laird of (light's 
valualiun in the parish of lillon m 1695 was 



*k 35 

^149 i6s. The valuation of the lands of Giyht 
was ^996 13s. 4d. Scots, as follows : — 
Lieut. -Col. John Gordon should p.iy of 
the proportion of the vaUied rent, 
£\ IIS., " elTeirand to the duty of 
the saids lands in his own labouring;, 
but its absorlx;t in the highest, in 
• which he is raited, beins; £ii, Scots : 
iiuli with the gcnerall poll is . . £2^ 6 o 
Dame .Mary (iordon, his lady, and Mrs. 

Bettie Gordon, his daughter . . 0120 
Their servants and cottars . . . 14 10 4 

.^39 8 4 
Maynes of Gight (occupied by Dame 
Elizabeth Gordon, " Duagor of 
Gight," and cottars . . ' . . 25 4 S 

Little Gight S 3 8 

Swanfoord . . . . . .3^8 

Milne of Gight 3 16 4 

Blackhillock 4 15 6 

Lethentie 6 15 6 

Fadonhill 5 2 4 

Cottoune . . . . . . 4 12 o 

Milbrecks ID II 6 

Brucleseat . . . . . .260 

Fetterletter 9 15 4 

Stonhouse . . . . . .218 

Munkshill 10 15 o 

Woodhead of Gi-lit, occupied l>y Mrs. 
Magdalen Crigliton, relict of Laurence 
Oliphant, son to Lord Oliphant, Mrs. 
Bettie Gordon, James Gordon, gentle- 
ni,an ; .-Knna Gordon, spouse to 
.\lexander Whyte, an olTicer in the 
army in Flanders, but indigent ; and 
others 21 17 6 

Mane Gordon, who was the first woman 
laird of Giyht, married, in 1701, .Alexander 
Davidson, younger of Newton of Culsalmond. 
The marriage contract, dated Edinburgh, 
October 20, 1701, infefts Marie Gordon in 
liferent after the decease of .Alexander Davidson, 
"now her future spouse," in "22 chalders furth of the one or other half of the 
lands, mills, &c., of Xewtoun of Culsalmond, 
WiUiainston, and Melinsyde, by letters of 
resignation by Davidson's father." {Register of 
S(is//h-s.) The same aulliority also notes a 
charter of resignation by the Queen to the said 
.Alexander Davidson and the said Marie Gordon 
of the said lands : at Hdinburgh, 2rnd June, 
1711, and registered 5th June, 171 1 : Sasine, 

There should have been a certain irony m this 
alliance, because, while the Gi_;!it family 
been notorious law-breakers, the Davidsons had, 
lor gonenitions, been administering the law as* 
■■ advocates" in .\berdccii. Vet the Ciglit 
lawlessness uninfected by the marriage, for 

.Alexander Davidson exhibited (so late as 
an extraordinary contempt for the law, so t 
his progeny may be supposed to have had a goo 
share of Giglit morality in their blood. It was 
part of his marriage contract that Davidson 
should pay the debts of his mother-in-law, 
who had married General ISuchan. Davidson 
apparently "rued on " this arrangement, for, in 
1704 — at which date the contract had not been 
registered — he borrowed a copy of the contract 
froin his niother-in-Iaw, throuL;h James Hamilton 
of Cobairdy. Then followed an extraordinary- 
lawsuit, which is condensed from the Privy 
Coiiihil Kcgis/cr in Chambers's Dcunestic 
Annals (IIL, 304), thus, under date September, 
1704 :— 

When the [Gight] family creditors applied for 
payment of their debts, Davidson did not scruple to 
send them, or allow them tr> go, to the old Lady 
Gight and her husband {(kncral Huchan) for pay- 
ment. Beginning to feel distressed by the creditors, 
old Lady Ciight sought back the copy of the contract 
for her protection ; but, as no entreaty could induce 
Davidson to return it to Cobairdy, she was forced to 
prosecute the latter for its restitution. Cobairdy, 
being at length, at the instance of old Lady Gight 
and her husband, taken upon a legal caption, was, 
with the messenger, John Duff, at the Milton of 
Fyvic, on his way to prison, l6th September, 1704, 
when Davidson came to him with nianv civil speeches, 
expressive of his regret of what had taken place. He 
entreated Duff to leave Cobairdy there on his parole 
of honour, anil go to intercede with General Buchan 
and his wife for a short respite to hi^ prisoner, on the 
faith that the contract should be registered within a 
fortnight, which he pleilged himself should be done. 
Dufl" executed this commission successfully ; but 
when he came back Davidson revoked his promise. 
It chanced that another gentleman had, meanwhile, 
arrived at the .Milton, one Patrick Gordon, who had 
in his possession a caption against Davidson fir a 
common debt of ;/^ioo due to himself. Seeing what 
stulT Davidson was made of, he resolved no longer 
to delay putting his design in execution ; so he took 
DutT aside and put the caption into his hand, 
desiring him to take D.widson into custody, which immediately done. In the midst of the!.e 
complicated proceedings, a message came from Mrs. 
Davidson, entreating them to come to the family 
mansion, a few miles oO, where she thought all 
difficulties might 1)0 accommodated. The whole 
party accordingly went there, ami were entertained 
very hospitably till about two in the morning (Sunday), 
when the strangers rose to depart, and Davirlson 
came out to see them to horse, as a host was bound 
to do in that age, but with apparently no de-ign of 
going along with them. DutT was not so far blinded 
"by eight's hospitality as to forget that he w.aild be 
under a VL-ry heavy rc>pnn-iliilily if he -hiiuld all..w 
D.ui.lson to slip through his lingers. Accuidin-Iy 
he reminded the laird that he was a prisoner, and 

> - 



[Septf.mper, 1S99. 

must come cilong wiili them ; wlicroup'Hi DaviiKnn 
drew his swiinl, and callcil his scrsants in ilie rescue, 
but was speedily overpowered hy the messenger and 
his assistant, and by the oilier gentlemen present. 
He and Cobairdy were, in short, carried l^ack as 
prisoners that night to the Milton of Fyvie. This 
place, hefng on Ihe estate of Gight, Duff bethought 
him next day that, as the tenants were going to 
church, they might gather about their cajilive laird, 
and make an unpleasant disturbance ; so he tool; 
forward his prisoners to the next inn, where they 
resteil till the Sabbath was over. Even then, at 
Davidson's entreaty, he did not immediately conduct 
them to prison, but waited over Monday and Tuesday, 
while friends were endeavouring to bring about an 
accommodation. This was happily so far eftected, 
the Karl of Aberdeen and his s,,n. Lord Haddo, 
paying off Tatrick Gonlon's claim on Davidson, and 
certain relatives l)ecoming bound for the registration 
of the marriage contract. Krom whatever motive — 
whether, as alleged, to cover a vitiation in the 
contract, or merely out of revenge — Davidson soon 
after raised a process before ihe Privy Council against 
Cobairdy, Gordon and Dufl' for assault and private 
imprisonment, concluding for ;f 300oof damages ; but, 
after a long scries of proceedings, in the course of 
which many wimesves were examined on both sides, 
the case was ignominiously dismissed, and Davidson 
decerne<l to pay 1000 merks as expenses. 

In 1702, Alexander Dunbar, the laird of 
Monkshill, received from Mary Gordon and her 
husband a precept of " clare constat," whereby 
the town and laiuls of Monkshill were declared 
redeemable by them as superiors, for the sum 
of 3000 merks ( Tciii/>/c'^. 

Davidson died in February, 1712. His 
widow seems to have died in 1739 or in 1740, 
for on 29th Janiiaiy, 1740, their son, Alexander, 
was served heir to his mother. .-Mexander 
Davidson and Mary Gordon had — 

I. Alexander Gordon, who succeeded as eleventh 

Laird of Gight. 

n. Jane Dai'hlson, who married .\ndrcw Kol'er/son 

of Foveran (Temple). They had a son — 

John Robertson of Foveran, who marrieil Mary, 

daughter of David Stuart of D.ilgui^e, rrnv(i>t 

of tdinburgh (Temple), and dicil 1S26. He 

was succeeded by his son — 

Andre-^' Kohertson of Foveran. lie sold the 

estate of Foveran to David Gill of .\berdeen, 

to .Alexander Mitchell of Vthan Lodge, and 

to Miss Christina Mackenzie. 

in. Eli-.ahelh Davidson, married lames G..rdon 

of Techmuirv, and died at ' laichlield on 

October 1. 1788, in the S5th of her 

age (the S.cts Ma^'aziiie, which ili-liueilv 

calls her "sister of .\le\.\nder G..rd..n Jf 

Gight"). I may note thai Dr. Teui].|e - -, - 

she "married, in 1707. .\kx.;ndir Inni'-. of 

I'.reda and C.iwic." Tlii^ i^ i|iiil>- .1 nii-ial.e. 

The Eli/.ibelh DavidM.a w Imui Inne, 

married was the daughter of William 
Davi.l.M.n, I'rovost of Aberdeen fr..m 1760 
10 1762. The I'rovost died in 1765 (A. M . 
Munro's information). 
Jiohel Gordon married William Fordyce of 
Aquhorties, who bought the lands of -Monks- 
hill from her brother, .Mexander, in 1744 

J. M. l!ui.l,ncil. 
(To lie continued.) 

Il.WFFSHlRK -\Nn r.UCHAN Fll'.I.n Cl.riN.— 
These clubs, on the 12th tilt-, enjoyed a combined 
outini; at Dunnydcer. The larj^c party made a 
careful survey of the liill and castle, with their 
circumvallations. .Mr. Veats, secretary of the 
lianfifshire Club, read a paper on the subject, 
in which he recounted its many elements, 
interestinif alike to the naturalist, scientist and 
antiquary. This he did very lucidly, without, 
however, adding mui h or anythini; to our sum 
of knowledye. .V pretty full report of the paper 
will be found in the Daily I'rcc Press of 14th 

M0N0GR--\1IS ON Old Bir.LK.— The accom- 
panying sketch, drawn to size, sliews the mono- 
grams and encircling device which arc embossed 
on the centre of both boards of one of the 
earliest of French Protestant bibles. This 
bible, which was printed at Paris by Pierre 
Haultin, in 1567, contains the metrical version 
of the Psalms, with notation, by C. L. Marot 
and Th. De lieze, and also the Confession of 
Faith, the last being printed at C)rleans by Loy 
Rabier, in the same year. There are two maps, 
one shewing the wanderings of the Israelites in 
the desert, the other the countries and places 
mentioned in the book of .Acts. The bible also 
contains forms of prayer to be used at baptism 
and marriage, and the Apocrypha. The binding 
is polished calf, and the edges of the leaves are 
gilt, and tooled with a floral design. The book 
had originally four tags or straps for keeping 
it closed. Here and lliere, throughout the 
pages, are idioms in Latin, French, and Italian, 
in different handwritings. W'liat one may 
iinagine to have been the names and addresses 
of some of its older owners are most carefully 
obliterated by a series of pen-scratchings. Can 
anyone suggest whose initials the monograms 
in the sketch i-epresent ? The bible liad for long 
a resting-place in .Aberdeen, but when and how- 
it came into the possession of my maternal 
gi.indfather— who ilied there in 1S47- I cannot 
■'ay. J. Christik. 

We give a; a SiippK inrnl an illu-.lrali..n of the 
-sketch to which .Mr. ("Iiri^ie refers. Fl.. 


of 1567 

\'0L. 1. 2iut Skriks.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND OUERIES. 



Ix a literary sense the Aberdeenshire family of 
Slcinner is of more than local importance. As 
a sony-writer in the broad Scottish vernacular 
of last century, the author of "Tullochyoruni," 
"John o' liadenyon," and "The Ewie \vi' the 
Crpokit Horn," must always take close rank 
with his contemporaries, Ramsay, Fcr^usson, 
and IJurns. Possessing a wealth of classical 
learning, he also wrote Latin verse of equal 
smoothness, which will doubtless have due 
recognition by the author of ".Musa Latina 
Abcrdonensis" in a coming volume.' As an 
ecclesiastical writer his works have mostly been 
superseded, or become merged in the history of 
his church. One of the best of men and 
ministers, he lived in troublous times, and the 
story of his good and simply pious life, and of 
his sufferings from intolerance, possesses a 
lasting interest. 

Of his son, John Skinner, Bishop of Aberdeen, 
we may safely say that, since the days of | 
Lcighton, .Scottish Episcopacy has never pro- 
duced a belter bishop. The greatest event of 
his life, doubtless the most remarkable, credit- 
able, and resuhful episode in the whole history 
of his church, was the consecration of Dr. 
Samuel .Scabuiy as llishop of Connecticut, in 
17S4. The whole management and control of 
the matter were committed to Bishop Skinner's 
care, and his judgment and administration could 
not have been excelled. The one-voiced approval 
of the Episcopal communion throughout the 
world, demonstrated at the splendid celebrations 
of the centenary in 1SS4, form the highest 
testimony to his wisdom, justice, and foresight. 
His writings are still cherished by his church- 
men, and his biography is well worth perusal. 
None can read unmoved the incident of his 
boyish grief when his father was dragged to 
prison, in 1753, for administering holy com- 
munion to the congregation at Longside, and 
how, to prevent serious injury to health, the lad 
was permitted to share the abominable cell in 
which the poet was confined for si.\; months in 
the Tolbooth of .\berdcen.* Bishop Skinner's 
eldest son, also named John, was jjarson of 
Porfar and Dean of Dunkeld. His .l/iit.^/s of 
Sa'ttish ii/'/jivy^ifri' (ijS^-itiio} is a useful and 
authoritative work. 

■i a tlcscripllon of llic li->rrois 
., tvcii vi.irs l.,i^.r. kt liiin o.nsull ll.c 
11 ^Ucii l.y llii- l"i>'^" ||.i..i,, Kli.-.Jitlli fry, 
ukr Criiitk,li..iik. .ir..l K-.i.h loliii iMMiicy of 
I .\ii-.i»l. I.I ;. •• S.'Ui ,./, ,1 i-l>'it „t.i,L- to i.v/.v ,./■ ir,c 
:s ill .i\o::.lii.l . . . /« cVi///.<« I- ;<■.•■.•/, /.//.-...-V/A /■>>• 
/■j-y. J. C:,riwy. !.,:>.!., ,S„), /,-. .■i-Jc." 

One of the most troublesome bibliographical 
difficulties we have had to conquer is the 
proper assignment of the ecclesiastical works of 
these three John Skinners. In the British 
.Museum Cafaioj^^iic, and also in the New 
Spalding Club Haiid/is/, tliey are hopelessly 
intermixed. Owing to tlic persecution of their 
Churcli, many of their publications were 
anonymous, some bear only the initials "J. S.," 
while others display the full name without any 

By the kind aid of the venerable Dean Walker, 
the oldest presbyter of the church, and one of 
its highest literary authorities, and oi the Rev. 
Ccorge Sutherland of Portsoy, who is a 
bibliophile and an excellent antit|uary, we have 
now been able to crt'ect a correct distribution 
between the three, and our lists contain all their 
published works, so far as we have been able to 
discover them. 

Bishop John Skinner's second son, William, 
succeeded him in the bishopric. During his 
time the Dunbar and Cheyne cases disturbed 
the Church, and it became manifest that he had 
inherited little of his father's sagacity or 
administrative ability. 

James Skinner, whose numerous works we 
note, was a son of Dean John Skinner of 
Forfar. Another son, George Ure Skinner, 
was distinguished as a botanist and naturalist. 
He contributed important items to Gould's 
magnificent ornithological works, and discovered 
many species of Orchidace;e, some of which 
bear his name, but we have not found any 
separate work attributed to him. 

We note one or two of the musical works of 
James Scott Skinner. But there must be many 
more, and if, as ue hope, that excellent violinist's 
elbow still "jinks and diddles," we wish he 
would lay aside his fiddle for an hour and 
kindly send us a complete list. K. J. 

S^tU'/i of Regulations of Al'C>\Ucu 

Paroihial Fund ( Lu:tali\s). n.d. 

S/:eic/t of the Hist, of the Coii^rt-^iilioiial 

Cltunli, Nairn. .Vljdn., liiCl. 

Skiiinci\ James ( Coll., iSjj ; 
of Xcwlantl, M.ilvcni). 
The Oljscrv.ince of Lent. Lontl., i,S40. 

.\ Uuly /cnl. „ 1S43. 

A Giiiili; fur Ailvciit (iwoL-dilicn^). 1 1652. 
A Guiilc kir Lent. n i. 

The Stcsvards uf the .Mysteries of 

Tlio Incarn.Tlion. ■■ '■'^Sj. 

tJuiilaiicc imn Tnilli. m [i.'^5Ii|. 

Why ilo we Prize KMennl-. „ \^\u 

The Way of the Wiiaerne.-. - [li<7j. 

Wariiiiiys and Consolations. n 11^37. 


[Septemi'.kr, 1S99. 

A Tract for the Times. LonJ., 1S60. 

The Revclaliun of the Amicluist. „ 1S61. 

The Churcli in the Public School. ,. ■. 

The Daily Service Hymnal. 1. 1S64. 

Twenty-one Heads of Christian 

Duty. M 1865. 

(Another edition, 1S6S.) 
A Plea for the threatened Ritual. n i> 

The Child's Book of Praise. 1. 1S74. 

. The Bishops are Responsible. •> 1S77. 

Charlies and Charges. n 1S7S. 

An Act of .Spiritual Communion. n [iSSo]. 

Ccelestia. The Manual of S. 

Augustine. " iSSi. 

ALettertotheRev. H. M. Villiers. ,. 18X2. 
A Synopsis of Moral and Ascetient 

Theology. m m 

James Skinner : a Memoir (by Maria 

Trench). ,. iSSj. 

(New edition, Lond., 1SS4.) 
Skinner, /allies, ami ll'illiain Fyvic. 
^i/Z/tiyTaylor's Gujarat! Translation 

of .Matthew's Gospel. 1S40. 

The Acts of the Apostles in Gujarati. 1S4 1 . 

The Gospel of John .1 1S4;. 

The New Testament 1. 1S57. 

The rive Books of Moses .. 1S5S. 

The Holy Scriptures n 1S61. 

Skinner, James Scoll, 

Beauties of the B.ill Room. 
Overture to Rub Roy, &;c. 
Skinner, Jo/tn ( Tnllock^onim ). 

\ Preservative against Prcsb) tur)'. 

A Dissertation on J.^cob'.^ Prophecy. I.ond 

The Ewie wi' the Crookit Hum. Newc. 

(Other editions, Newc, 17S5; 
Phd., iSio; Gw., 1S2S; Stir- 
ling, 1S36.) 
A Letter to Norman Sievcwright, 

M.A., in Vindication, &c. Svo. Abdn., 176S. 
Answer to Norman Sievewright, 

being a Supplement to the 

Letter. Svo. .\bdn., 1770. 

The Kebuffer Rebuffed, or a 

Vindicati'in of the .\nswer. Svo. Abdn., 1770. 
Two excellent new Songs — John of 

Badenyon ; The New Way of 

Tullochgorum. fol. Edin., 1776. 

An Answer to a late Inquiry into 

the Powers of Ecclesiasticks. 

i2mo. Lond., 1776. 
The Duty of a Suffering Church. Abdn., 1779. 
John of Badenyun's Garland. Newc. [17S5]. 

Oratio coram Episcopo et Clero 

Dioceseos .Vberdonensis. .-Xbdn., 17S7. 

An Ecclesiastical History of Scot- 
land. 2 vols. 17SS. 
The Adventures of John o' B.idenyon. 

.\ Letter to the Congreg.ilion of the Old Deer. .\b.In., 170S: 

Some Plain Kem.trks. ,, 1/99. 

fol. Elgin [1SS3]. 


Latin Translation of "Christ's Kirk 
on the Green" in Carminuni 

Macaronicorum Delectus. Edin., iSoi. 

Theological Works. 3 vols. Abdn., 1S09. 

Anuisenients of Leisure Hours. Edin., 1S09. 

John of Badenyon Falkirk, 1S14. 

Tullochgorum. n n 

Do. Stirling, n 

Do. Glasgow, 1S23. 
Do. M [1S2S]. 
Do. (No. 525 of the ".Music.1l 

Bouquet"). fol. Lond., 1S55. 

Songs and Poems. Phil., 1S59. 

Life and Times (Rev. W. Walker). Lond., 1SS3. 
(.Second edition, same place and 

Skinner, John (Bishop of Ahertlccn). 
The Nature and ICxlent of the 

Apostolical Commission. .\bdn., 17^5. 

A Course of Lectures. n 17S0. 

A N.irralive of the Proceedings 

(Relief Bill). „ 1792. 

The Presence of Christ in Places 

of Christian Worship. n 1795. 

A Catechism (Little Bishuii). n 1790. 

(.-\lso 1799 and iSlo. ) 
A Catechism (Muckle Bishop). ,1 ,, 

(Published together — various 
editions, as 1S22, 1825, 1S32. ) 
Edit. \ Layman's Account of his 
. Faith and Practice. i, iSoi. 

(.Second edition, 1S13; another 
edition, 1S36.) 
The Gates of Righteousness. „ „ 

Primitive Truth and Order \'indi- 

cated. ,1 1S03. 

The Duty of Holding Fast the 

Doctrine of the Gospel. „ 1S04. 

A Charge Delivered to the Scotch 

Episcopal Clergy. n 1S06. 

Edit. His father's works, with 

life. 3 vols. II 1S09. 

Forms of Prayer and Thanksgiving „ iSi2. 
Biography of (in his son's .\nnals, 

and separately). Edin., iSiS. 

Prayers used at the Consecration of 

■St. Andrew's Chapel. Abdn., 1848. 

Life and Times of (by Kev. W. 

Walker). n 18S7. 

Skinner, John (Forfar). 

Wisdom better than Weapons of 

War. .Vbdn., 1805. 

The Office for the Sacrament of 

the Lord's Supper. „ 1807. 

Annals of .Scottish Episcopacy 

(17S8-1816). Edin., 1818. 

Memoir of Bishop John .Skinner 

(separately iiuljlished). 1. iSiS. 

The House of God. Forfar, 1S24. 

Letter to the .Members of St. Paul's 

Chapel. Abdn., iSji. 



Siiinicr, John ( Frof., Frcsbylcriaii 
Tluo!o^i<al Coll., London). 
The Exposilor's Hiblc. Ezckicl. 

S-.innci; IVilliatn ( Eishop). 

Sermon. Eilin., 

Atiachnienl to the Church of 

Chri>t: a Cliarge. Al.iln., 

The Duly of being Always Ready. ., 
•CorreiponJence wilh Rev. A. \V. 
It. Rose. 

AiKlresS anil Decision (Wagstafl' 

and AV. Hon. W. E. Ghidston,-. 

A Letlcr to tlie Riglu Rev. William 
.Skinner, D.D.,'l;i>liop of Aber- 
deen and rrimiis, on the 
Functions of Laymen in the 
Church (nith an Inlrudiiciory 
Letter by Lishop .Skinner). Lond., 

S<ini:;r, Williani. 

Edit. With Mem. .ir — William 

Thorn's Rhymes, ^c. I'aisley, 

SkrinCy Henry, 

Account of all the Rivers of note 

in Great llrilain. Lond., 

Three Tours ... in Scotland. m 


Account of the Dropping Cave at 

(In Gcnt.'s Ma^'., 1755, p. 19S). 

SU-i^r, KiUh H. 

S.icred Poetry : being Passages of 
Scripture I'araphra-ed, and othe 
Mi?cellaneoUb Pieces. 

Thtatrum Scoln 








( To ie continued. ) 


r.l.?l;v I., 2nd S., p. 2S). — The piece icfencd 
tu by "'J. F. S. G." is not a med.-tl, but a 
lialfpenny trade token, current (in London) in 
the la:tcr part of the last century. One which 
I have before me has on the obverse the 
!• reeniasons' Arms, a sliicld with a chevron, 
bearing a pair of extended compasses between 
three castles, two above and one beneath ; the 
5'.;i'porters are two animals resembling cats, the 
cres: a bird standing on a glolio, motto, ".\mor, 
Honor et Justitia," and Icgenil, "The I'rincc of 
Wales elected CM., 24th Nov., i-i;o. The 
reverse is similar to that described by 
"J. .S. K. Ct.,"' but without the cock on the b.ill. 
liie edge, which is plain, is inscribed, "Half- 
penny Payable at tlic Llack Horse, Tower-UiU." 


Gexerat, St.\.\ts Loxg Morris, M.P. for 
Elgi.N'. — Comparatively little is known about 
this officer, though he had a connection with 
the north. According to the Harleian Society 
edition of the Westminster .Abbey Register, he 
was the son of James Morris of Morrisania, 
near New York, by Eleanor, second daughter of 
Augustus Van Cortlandt, a descendant of the 
ancient family of that name in the State of 
New York. (An elaborate pedigree of the 
Cortlandt's appears in liurke's History of t/ic 
Coiinnoiicrs, V'ol. IV., 241-5.) He entered the 
army, and was a captain as early as 1759, 
when he raised a battalion of 900 men in 
Scotland. Foster (Members of Parliaiiicjit) 
says he was Ilrigadier General in tlie East 
Indies in 1774, and Colonel of the 6 1st Foot, 
177S. He became a CSeneral on May 3, 1796. 
He married, first, about 23rd Marcli, 1756, 
Lady Catherine Gordon, daughter of the 2nd 
Earl of Aberdeen, and widow of Cosmo, 
3rd Duke of Gordon, who died at .Amiens, 
August, 1752, aged 32, and to whom she 
had bore the notorious Lord George and 
Lord Williani Gordon. Morris was M.P. for 
the Elgin liurghs in 1774-S0 and 1780-4. His 
wife died in London on loth December, 1 779, and 
was buried in Elgin Cathedral. Morris married, 
secondly. Miss or Mrs. Jane Urquhart, about 
December, 17S0. Morris died, aged 70, as 
Governor of Quebec (so Foster says) on 2nd 
April, iSoo, and was buried in the north aisle of 
Westminster Abbey on 7th April. He left his 
uife (who proved his will on .April iS, iSco) all 
his real and personal estate, e.xcept that in 
America, which he had already disposed of by 
deed. He seems to ha\e left no issue. His 
second wife died on March 15, iSoi, aged 52, 
and was buried in the north aisle of Westminster 
Abbe\-. Her will — as of LSerrymead Lodge, 
Acton, Middlesex, but then residing at Dathwick, 
Somerset — dated 31st July, iSoo, with a codicil, 
15th March, iSoi, was proved on gth April, iSoi, 
by the Hon. Kufus King, Minister Plenipotentiary 
for the United States of America, and by Francis 
(jregor of Trewarthenick, Cornwall. All lier 
bequests were to the faniil>- of her late husbanil, 
all of whom were living in America. In the 
codicil she bequeathed ^rooo to .Miss Julia 
ISyron, ^1000 to .Miss L'rciuhart, ^100 to the 
Dow.iger Countess of Erroll, and to .Mrs. Gregor 
and >Iiss Urquhart her diamonds equallv. Who 
was Miss Urciuhart? Is .Mr. Sta.its 'Forbes, 
the well-known railway manager, connened 
uith Gener.d .Morris in any wa)' ? 

J. M. i;. 


[Stl'TEMIUiR, 1899. 



At Edinburgh the twenty first dny of January 
moije and thirteen years, The Taxt Roll of 
the Sheriftilom of Aberdeen. Given in to the 
Commissioners of Parliament upon tlie twenty 
one of January Javije and tliirtcen years, liy 
John C;ordon of Uoygs, .Sherift' depute of 
Aberdeen, and subscrived by Mr. \Villian\ 
Anderson, Sheriff Clerk of Aberdeen. 

The E. of Ilunlly his lands and E.Trrony 

of Strathbo[;y and olhcrs his lands, w' 

y« Tencnt and Tenciulrie - - - Z^jO^ ij 4 
The E. of Krroll his lands and Dnrrony 

of Slaincs, Tcnent and Tcnendrie - 100 o o 
The Lord Forbes his lands uf Druminor 

Tenent and Tcnendrie w' in the prel" 26 o o 
The Lord Elphinston for his Lands of 

Kildrimy - - • - - - So o o 
The Lord Er.skyne his lands and Barrony 

of Kellie and ISalhaggartce - - 4S o o 

The E. Marshall his lands and Darrony 

of Aden 43 o o 

Ilis Barrony ol Kintore and .^kunc ■ 2100 
The Lord Bothkirk his lands of .Abcrdoiir, 

Tencnt and Tcnendrie - - - 30 o o 
The Lord Glanies his lands of Bclhelvie, 

Curtestown, Drumnogowen and their 

I'ertinents 20 o o 

James Gordon his kinds of Methlick 

Tenent and Tenemlrie - - - S o o 
The Laird of Tillygonie his lands of the 

same - - - - - - - 200 

The Laird of Johnslays his lands of the 

same • - - - - - - 200 

The Laird of Pitsligo his lands of the 

same Tenent and Tenemlrie • - 30 o o 
The Laird of Tolqiihonc his lands and 

Barrony of ToNpihon - - • 20 o o 

The Laird of Towicfforhcs his lands of 

the same, Tencnt and Tcnendrie - 12 o o 
The Laird of Unix his Lands and Uarrony 

of the same - - - - -1300 
The Laird of Auchlossen his Lands of 

Sinnaboth - - - ■ - 200 

Mr. John Forljcs portiimcr uf E.irn> his 

part thereof 900 

The Laird of Skene his lands of the ~Aine 900 
The Laird of Madlar his lands of .M.idl.u, 

Cushncy and IIuwclls - - - 900 

The Laird of Tliainslown's lands of 

Kinnellar and Thainstown - - - 300 
The Laird of Contlay, Kochr|iiIiy Forbes I 10 O 

The Lair.I of Jolinsion his l.ind< ,,f 

Caskiclien, Tencnls and Tencn Iric - 2S o o 
The Laird i>f Giglit liis l;,irr..r.y of 

Schivas, Tenent and Tcnendrie ■ - 1200 

The Laird of Pilleray ? his lands of 

Crcvethen and Gilcomstonc - - £l& 
James Gordon of Culquhum'stown of 

the Lands of y>= same, Tencnt and 

Tcnendrie . . - . - S 

Patrick Gordon his lands of Ihtle flulluw 2 
The Laird of Abergcldie's Lands of the 

same --.... 6 

The Laird of Dalgatie his lands \v' in the 

shire of Abdn. 20 

The Laird of Muircs his lands of the 

same and his part of Auchtcrlcss - 10 
The Laird of Essehnont his lands of (he 

same ------ 10 

The Laird of Balqiiholie his lands of 

same S 

The Ladies of Drumbreck their lands of 

the slme ------ 3 

The Laird of Auchmacoy his lands of the 

same •----■ 3 

The Laird of Craigffintray his lands of 

the same --..-. 2 
The Laird of Pitmeddcn Abercrombic 

his lands thereof • - - - 6 

\Vm. Blackball his part of the land of • 4 
The Laird of Frendraught his land., and 

Barrony of the same properly and 

Tcnendrie - - - - - 40 

The Laird of Kinffawncs his lands of? - 10 
The Laird of Philorth his lands and 

Barrony of the same - - - - 20 
The Laird of Fedderaiight his lands of 

the same ------ jo 

The Laird of ffivie his lands and Earruny 

of the same part of the lands of 

Rulhortas Tenent and Tcnendrie - 40 
The Laird of Ardgraine and Monycabcck 

Inncs of same ----- 6 
The Laird of Shcthin his lands of the 

same T' and T^'"^ - - - - 20 
The Laird of Auchinhove his lands of 

the same ------ 9 

The Laird of fibveran his lands of the 

same ------ 20 

The Laird of Meldrum his Lands of the 

same 10 

The Laird of Udny his lands of the same 10 
William King his part of the Lands of.' 3 

Tlic Laird of Drum his lands of the same 

T. and T. 30 

The Laird of Echt his lands of llic s.imc 6 
The Laird of Balq" his lands uf the same 

I'ropcrtic ami Tcnendrie - - - 20 

The Laird of Leslie his kinds of the ..1111c 

T. and T. 10 

The Laird of Pilcaplc his lands of tlic 

same --.... j 

The Laird of (kirtlic hi- lands of Munt- 

cffc. 10 

To: Tiillohis part of the lands of .M.jnt- 

culfcr 6 

The Laird of .Vdcn hi, l.uul., of the i.;inc 4 

Vol. I. 2nd Series.] SCOTT/S// NOTES AND QUERIES. 

The Laird of Glenborvic his I.incU of 


The Laird of Inverquhany his lands of 

the same ...... 

Andrew Chalmers his lands of Strichen 

The Laird of Balnacraig 

Craibstone ...... 

The Laird of n.illhcad - 

The Laird of Dalgardno ftintray his lands 

of y: same ..... 

The Laird of Boddoni his lands of the 

same ...... 

The Laird of Slraloch his part of ye 

L.Tnds of Crichy .... 

The Laird of .^L^yne his lands of the 

same ...... 

Thomas Menzies his lands of ritniddells 
John Grant of Lalnadallach his lands of ? 
\Vm. Slrachan of Glenkindy his Lands 

of the same ..... 
Win. Leilh of barns his part of the lands 

of Barns 

The Laird of Locht his part of the Lands 

of Kindrocht 

And'* Frazer of Slonywood his lands of 

same and Muclialls - - . . 
The Laird of Aiichter Coull his lands of 

the same .-.-.- 
The Laird of Craigievar his lands of the 

same ...... 

Patli Leith his lands of Ilarthill - 
Wni. Blackhall of y> ilkc his lands of the 

same ...... 

Tho' Copland his lands of Udocht 
Tho*^ Urquhart his lands of ttishcry 
Tho' Chalmers his lands of Cults and L. 


Rob' Stuart his part of Lethirs 

James Innes his lands of Towkes and 

I'itfoiir .--... 
The I'ortioners of? 
Andrew Fraser of Durrcs his Lands of 


The Laird of Lenturk his lands of the 

same ..... 

And. Wood his part of Fincrsie 
The heirs of John Xurric his part o 

Finersie .... - 
The Laird of Mayne his land of Kin 

fannes prop'' .... 
The Laird of Towic Barclay 
I'itfour, the lands of Dtumslate w' th 

pertinents ..... 
And>*- IHimbar his lands of Bitfannic 
Cicurgo Crighton his lands of Conzie 
Dun of Katie, his part of the Lands u 

Ardeem Buchnnstun - 
Auchter ?.-.-. 
Tho' Gordon for Skelm.irluie? hi^ lands o 

the same 

Katharine Scott the lands of Vancsbrae 
Burnet his lands of G lack 

' The Land of Cocklairachy Leslie - 

/;$ 10 o 1 Wm. Hay of the Lands of 

Crimond-dorthy .... 

300! Jas Cheyne the lands of ? 
3 o o I Gorilon and Leslie, Bortioners of Wart- 
3 o o j hill, like one of them £1 los. ■ 

2 o o I George Gordon his jiait of the Lands of 
3001 Letbers and Dor Laithers - 

j The Laird of Invcrnethy Stewart the two 

3 o o I parts of ye lands of Laithers and Dore 

































Apud Edinburgh the twenty ffirst day of Januan.- 
nioije and thirteen. This Taxt Roll of the 
Sheriffdom of .Aberdeen, Extcndinir To one 
thousand four hundred and sixty ei^^ht pound 
nineteen Shillinys. Lands presenied before the 
Lords Commissioners of Pariiament, under 
subscriviny, b\- John Gordon of Bo^'ys Sherin" 
depute of Aberdeen, who made tiaith that 
according to his know Icdye the same is just and 
true for all the Lands hofden Blench, Ward and 
Relief of our Sovereign Lord. Whereof there is 
to be deduced the six pound Lands of Ruth\eii, 
beiny a part of his Majesties proper lands and 
the thirty shillini; Landof Wanhul beiny likewise 
a part of his Hiyhness proper lands, and 
be lyablc to the pa\ment of his Hiyhne^s 
Taxations viz' one thousand libur hundred three 
score one pound nine shillinj: lands. 

And because that by the Inspection of a 
Retour extracted out of our Sovereign Lords 
Chancellors bearing date the iSth day of 
September 15S1 years. It is known to the 
saids Lords Commissioners, that George now 
Marquis of Huntley is served and retoured in 
all and haill the lands, Lordships and Ijarronie 
of .Strathbogie, and in all and ;undr>- the Lands 
of Touch, Cluny, .\boyn Gientanner, Glenturk 
W Tenent Tenendrie and Service of Tenents. 
Which Lordships, Ijarronys and lands are in the 
same Retour as ffollows viz. : The property of 
the sd Lands to three h'jncred, threescore 
fifteen : merks, and the Ter.andn.- thereof to ?:\ 
hundred twenty five merk Land, and tliat 
because in the Taxt Roll before written ye Earle 
of Huntly's haill lands and Larrony of Strathlx'..,y 
w' oy^ his lands, Tener.t arid Tenendrie .11 e 
only estimate and stenied to ll'.ree handled and 
six pound thirteen shilling and fibur penn_\> 
land and so tlic said Re-.our is diminished ni 
three hundred pound and three score pound 
land, the s'' Lords therefore ordain y-''.e 
three hundred and threescore pound Lanvi i" 
augmented to this rate see sab"' Rob' l.'>id 
Lindsay, Sir Thomas Hanileion, .\Icx' !!i;. « 
Sir Gideon Murray. Kinnaird. Sir Ja- \\i-. ::- 
of Uogie, M'' Ale.x'' Wedderburn, John Lo^k;..;:; 



[Septemder, 1S99. 

of Barr, Extr.ictcd furth of the Record of the 
loner Parliament house upon this and the three 
preceediny pages by me Thomas (.iilsone (sii) 
One of the principall Clerks of Session as having 
Commission for that Effect from Alexander 
Earl of Marchmont Lord Clerk Register. 
Sic subicribitvr. THO GlBSONE. 



Muck, is poor in traditional story. The present 
population is almost entirely " outlanders," and 
is greatly reduced from what it uas before the 
days of emigration to .America. .At the end of 
last century all who could leave removed to the 
far West, and to-day .Muck's legendary history 
lies buried in the graves of the backwoods. 

Castle Dun Dan — the "Castle of the White 
Hill,' as it is called — is the most prominent 
antiquity. It consists of one of the large rocky 
platforms with precipitous sides, which are a 
feature in the island s configuration. Several 
tiers of masonry still remain on the top, but 
there is not sufficient to indicate what the nature 
of the building may have been.* It would serve 
well as a place of look-out, for an .ample view- 
seawards, north and south, can be obtained 
from it — all the coastline of the mainland from 
Knoydart to Ardnamurchan. One of the in- 
habitants said that he remembers seeing an old 
iron gate on it. 

A slight elevation is called the " Hill of the 
Cross," because, as one affirmed, the local 
executions of the chief took place upon it. The 
name, however, rather suggests one of the sites 
of those memorial crosses so common in the 
Highlands in Catholic times. 

Martin's Glen contains the "Wishing House." 
The "House" is nothing but the remains of a 
rude hut — a cairn of stones practically — sur- 
rounded by a priniit;\e wall ; yet it possesses 
magic virtues. The dearest wish of the heart 
can be obtained if the ruins are solemnly cir- 
cumambulated three times in the direction of 
the sun. It is essential to success that no word 
be uttered during the ceremony, and that the 
mind be earnestly fixed on the thing' desired. 
Within recent times some of the islanders have 
been known to go through the rite and "wish" 
for a fair wind. 

Off the northern shore of Muck lies "Sgcir 
Ruadh, ' a rock which is covered at high water. 
It is called in English the " Lady's Rock," and 
thus resembles both in name and appearance 
the islet in the Sound of .Mull whose story has 
been celebrated by Campbell in his " Clcnara, ' 
and by Joanna liaillie in her drama of "The 
Family Legend." The Muck, "Lady's Rock," 
has even a similar tradition told of it. It is said 
that McNeill of Barra was anxious to pick a 
quarrel with the men of Muck. He accordingly 
placed his wife on the rock to see if they would 
take her ofif before the tide rose and drowned 
her. Why the wife should have been made the 
victim of the experiment is not apparent, but 
the wily plot of the barbarous husband failed. 
I The Muck people were not so heartless as their 
j enemy believed them to be. They rescued her, 
and, as the narrator of the story said, that night 
! there was feasting instead of slaugliter in the 

The Muck fishermen are uell known along 
the coast for their skill in seamanship, and their 
immunity from disasters. The latter is accounted 
for in this wise. St. Columba, on one of his 
missionary tours, was either driven by stress of 
weather to seek refuge in Muck, or intentionally 
visited it. The reception accorded him was 
extremely gratifying^, and the .Saint, as a kind 
of recompense, blessed the island when he left 
it. No islander or visitor to Muck was ever to 
be drowned while at sea. Only certain things 
could break the spell. X'isitors were not pro- 
tected after their sojourn in the island was ended. 
Natives had not immunity if they left the island 
and took up their abode elsewhere, nor were 
sliip wrecks included. The charm, alas '. was 
broken four years ago, when two residents and 
a visitor lost their lives by a boating accident. 
.An example of superstition in connection with 
this disaster will be found related in 5. yV. £-= (2; 
XII., 70. J. C.VLDER Ross. ~ 

X'lTL. — In a m.-ip accomp.-\iiying a tr:.---!.ation of Huchanan's 
History of Siotlaiid. publi>hed at the beginning of thii i.t;ntury, 
.Muck is marked " lile of Monk." v. .i\ .V. d-- Q.. XII., l^^. 


ric names for fort.- wtro Dim, Kalli,, Lis ai 
the Hulilantls, ;ro were call<--(.l IXin, =60 of iIk' 
specific ii.iluc."— Rcpurt of Dr. Cllriatison's Khii 

Dr. Gi.knnie Of Dulwich.— An elaboi.ue 
account of Dr. Glcnnie of Dulwich, one of 
liyron's schoolmasters, will be found in Yc 
If'sloiy I'/ C.fAv'\v-rc ■(■//, by William Harnett 
ISl.tnch, (London : E. W. Allen, 1S75,) pages 






OF ABERDEEN, 1716-17. 

Report of the Commissioners For visiting 
the Colleges and Schools of Aberdeen 
Concerning the Ncwtoun College, com- 
monly called the Marischal College, and 
Grammar School of the said Town, most 
humbly offered To the King's most Ex- 
cellent Majesty. 
The Newtoun College of Aberdeen was 
Founded by the predecessors of the Late Earl 
Marischal, and provided with a principal and 
three Regents ; Afterwards there was added a 
fourth Regent and a professor of Medicine, 
Which si.\ Masters were alwayes nominated 
and presented to their Offices by the Succeeding 
Earls of that Family : There was also added a 
professor of Divinity and Mathematicks Under 
ye patronage of the Magistrates and Town 
Council of Aberdeen. 

When your Conmiissioners began to Enquire 
into the State of this College we found the 
Principal's place \'acant by the Death of Mr. 
Robert Paterson, who was alive when your 
Majesties Commission to Us was Issued, and ] 
That One of the Regents, Mr. William Meston, I 
who had been admitted during the Rebellion, ' 
had absconded and did not appear.* | 

The rest of the Masters, \"izt-. Mr. Thomas 
Blackwell, professor of Divinity ; Doctor Patrick 1 
Chalmers, professor of .Medicine ; Mr. George j 
Liddel, professor of Mathematicks ; Mr. George 1 
Peacock, Mr. Alexr. More and Mr. William ! 
Smith, Regents, Compeared before Us. An 
.-\ccount of whose Conduct and behaviour we 
humbly beg Leave to lay before your Majesty 
in ye following particulars. 

iMr. Thomas Blackwell, professor of Divinity, 
has not taken the Oaths appointed by Law, But 
at his publick Lessons in the College, He did 
alwayes pray expressly for your Majesty and the 
Royal Family, And in all other respects, par- 
ticularly during the time of ye Late Rebellion, 
has behaved himself as One zealously affected 
to your Majesties person and Government.t 

Mr. Geor:.;e Peacock, Mr. Alexander More, 
and Vi.x. William Smith, being called and ex- 
amined, did not pretend to \'indicate their 
Conduct during the Late Rebellion any other- 
wayes than by pleading ye Necessity of the 
times, and gave in a Demission of their Ofnces, 
which we have admitted, with this provision, 
that they should still be Lyable to account for 

- Records of ihc I'rocccUini;, of llic Cc 

their management of the Revenue of the College.* 

Doctor Patrick Chalmers is not qualified 
According to law,t Did frequent the Episcopal 
Assemblies where the Pretender was prayed for 
by the name of King James the Eiglit, and 
Concurred with the late Principal Paterson and 
the above-named three Regents in admitting 
.Mr. William .Meston Regent in the College after 
the said .Meston had ass'isted the Rebels with a 
drawn sword in his hand to proclaim the Pre- 
tender at ye Cross of Aberdeen ; And after he, 
the said Meston, had pronounced an Oration, 
Wherein Your .Majesties Right and title to the 
Crown was impugnd and Condemnd ; That of 
ye Pretender asserted ; And in which was con- 
tain'd ye most scandalous and criminal expres- 
sions against your Majesty and Government.* 

Mr. George Liddel, professor of Mathematicks, 
did alwa\es frequent the Church during the 
Rebellion, where the Episcopal Intruders prayed 
for the I'retender by the name of King James 
the Eight, did not take the Oaths till after the 
Rebellion, and has been guilty of such gross 
immorality as render him of Dangerous and 
Scandalous Example to the Youth. ,i 

We have this further to Remark Concerning 
the Masters of ye Newtoun College, That the 
Regents ever since the Revolution have been 
nominated to their places during the patrons 
pleasure only, and that tho' before the Revolu- 
tion, the Masters at their admission to their 
places were engag'd both to the Civil and 
Ecclesiastical Government, Yet since that time 
they have been engag'd to neither. But we 
humbly beg Leave to acquaint Your Majesty 
that there have been Several proposals offered 
to Us, and more are ready to be made for the 
Better Government and management of this 
College, and for rendering the same more 
subservient to its Main ends of pioriiable 
Literature, Substantial Religion and due Fidelity 
to the Royal Protestant Line, as soon as it ^hall 
please Your Maiesty to give Directions in this 
matter ; And your Commissioners are humbly 
of opinion, That till such Directions are given 
no Master should be admitted into the College 
But with the provision of being Subicctcd to 
Any Regulations That shall hereafter be aji- 
pointed by your Ma'esty and Royal Successors. 

The Accounts of the Revenue of this College 
and ye Management of it ha\e been Laid before 
Us, and also a List of Debts due to and by \e 

■ Rec : p.ije 5. 6, lo, 13. 

t Rcc : paic 4 a.ij 5. Report of the Commiuei: .np,. .iiiK.I 10 

insi>cct the ilooks and P.iper,-^ of the Xewtouii C^'l!c^c, No. ij. 

J Dtpt)>itions of Wi-.r.esses, Xo. i, 2, 3, 4, 5. 7, =. 9. 

§ Kec : pa;;c 5, 6. Dcpos ; No. 2, 5. ;, ^. i J- 

Kep: Xo. 13. 



[SlcPTLMDi;];, iSy9. 

Colleye ; As to wliicli we humbly beg Leave to 
Represent to your Majesty.Tliat notwithstanding' 
the pains We have been at to clear that matter, 
Yet it will deserve a further enquiry as soon as 
Directions are given for suppljini,' the present 
Vacancies ; In the mean time we cannot but 
observe That it has been too much ye practice 
of the Masters to Consume the College money 
by unnecessary Intertainments.* 

The C.k.\:m MAR School I sunder the patronage 
of the Magistrates and Town Council of Aber- 
deen, who nominate and present the Masters to 
their Offices. 

After examination and enc|uiry into the Con- 
duct of ye Masters of this School, We Found 
that Mr. John Findlatcr and Mr. I'atrickThomson 
had not taken the Oaths appointed by Law. 
Tliat during the Rebellion they had Carried the 
School-boycs to the Church where the Pretender 
was pray'cl for by the Episcopal Intruders Under 
the name of King James the Eight ; That the 
said Mr. John Findlatcr did ob5er\ e the Thanks- 
giveing for his Arrival ; and Intimated the same 
to his Scholars in the follouing words, "Cum 
dies Jobis Indicties Sit Solcnni Gratulatione ob 
auspicatissimum sercnissimi nostri Regis Redi- 
tum Scitote die Jobis non esse Conveniendum." 
The said Mr. John Findlatcr did so far encourage 
his .Scholars in their disloyal practices as to 
suffer them to hiss ;u some of the other Masters 
when praying for your Majesty and the Royal 
Family without signifying the Least displeasure 
for their doing so, Tho' he is principal .Master 
of the School. f 

liut your Commissioners beg Leave to Ac- 
quaint Your Majesty That the .Magistrates and 
Town-Council of .'\berdecn, .As patrons of the 
School and profession of .Mathematicks in the 
Newtoun College, had Intended a process 
against Mr. George Liddcl, professor of .Mathe- 
maticks, and the abo\-e-mcntioned Mr. John 
Findlater and Mr. Patrick Thomson for their 
Undue and illegal practices ; Which process 
was sisted upon the Coming down of your 
Majesties Commission to us, .And therefore we 
most humbly represent to your .Majesty how 
necessary It is That such Directions be given 
to yc Magistrates of .Aberileen concerning the 
said Masters as to your Royal Wisdom shall 
seem Good. 

Sign'd in name and at the desire of the 
.Commissioner= for X'ijitin- ihc Colleges 
and Schools of .-Vljcrdcen. 

{Sciifi/i S/ti/c Piipcrs, Do/ius/iL, .\ii., 257 : in 
Public Record Oflkc.) 



Tmci-tE is no .Scottish county, I belic\c, which 
may not be shown to have played its own part, 
ami that sometimes a very notable part loo, in 
the great and interesting drama of Scouish 
development. There arc, however, some features, 
connected jiarticularly with the ethnological and 
historical development of this portion of Scotland 
and its inhabitants, that render the e\idcncc 
furnished by a careful review of the acliie\e- 
ments of its people, especially \aluablc in its 
bearing on the truth of the proposition wiili 
which I have set out. Thus, while in .\\r, 
.Aberdeen, and IJanff, the blood of the nali\e 
inhabitants is very much mixed - 1'h t~, and 
Scots, Danes and Saxons, Cymri and Irish 
Gaels having during tlie last thousand yens 
intermingled tlicre with great frectloin. In 
Hcrwickshire, on the other hand, the bUjod of 
the people is still, and always has been, com- 
paratively pure. It is, indeeil, held by some 
writers on this subject, that the natives of the 
Merse are well-nigh as ])rcdominatingl_\' Saxon 
or Teutonic in their lineage as the natives of 
.Argylc or InverncbS are predominatingly Celtic. 
The cause of the racial jjcculiarity to which I 
have just adverted is directly traceable to the 
fact, that when the Romans withdrew from 
IJritain and the Saxon colonisation began, the 
bloody wars which immediately ensued between 
the invaders and the Romanised Celts resulted, 
if not in the complete e.xtiri)ation of the ancient 
British race over the \\holc south-east of Scot- 
land, at all events in their entire and permanent 
exclusion from the whole eastern seaboard, ex- 
tending from the Tweed to the Forth. It was 
more especially the savage pagan conqueror, 
Ida, the founder of the great Saxon kingtlom of 
Xorthumbria, who accomplished this important 
work ; and with such thoroughness did he 
accomplish it, that from the sixth century on- 
wards it may be said that the whole region on 
both sides of the Tweed ceased to be iJritish, 
and became wholly Anglo-Saxon. Hut while 
this was the case with the entire district reaching 
from the Tyne to the Forth, Chalmers, in his 
great work the Ca,'i;/(iiiiii, makes the assertion 
that in the territory now known as ISerwickshirc 
the Saxon element in the p(5pulation was, if 
possible, even more vigorous than elsewhere. 
From this period, indeed, he alleges that the 
Anglo-.Saxon language Ijecame the vcrna^ iilar 
S|iccch of all the tlwcllers between the T\iccd 
on the south, and the stream of Dunglas, i.ii 
the north. Without entering here iiU(j the 



liliiorical grounds which this eminent antiquary 
.uUliires in support of this assertion, I content 
myself with tlic sin;_;lc remark, that in the topo- 
graphic nomenclature of this county, which on 
a philological investigation reveals a surprisingly 
large proportion of the local names as being of 
Saxon origin, we have a significant and impres- 
sive indication of the thoroughness with wliich, 
over this whole district, the Anglo-Saxon must 
have succeeded in ousting the Cymric dialect. 
The truth is, that there are very few pans even 
of England itself which in this respect yield 
such convincing evidence of a preponderating 
Saxon population as is supplied by the Lowland 
Scottish County of lierwick. 

Should I then succeed, as I hope to do, in 
showing that this county of r.cruick — though, 
as I have said, so predominatingly Saxon as 
positively to be more English than most of 
England itself — has, nevertheless, produced, 
and continues to produce, as large a percentage 
of men of light and leading as is produced by 
those other Scottish counties which possess the 
advantage, or perhaps 1 would be better to say 
the assumed advantage, of a more mixed popu- 
lation, it will, I think, be natural to conclude, 
that if the population north of the Tweed be so 
superior, either in energy or fertility of intellect, 
to its neighbours south of the Tweed, as is 
commonly supposed, then this alleged superiority 
cannot be due to mere racial characteristics 
alone, but must be traced to causes of a more i 
complicated and subtle kind. My own view on 
this question is, that it is moral causes pre- 
eminently, if not exclusively, that have succeeded 
in giving its acknowledged priority to the Scot- 
tish intellect. I attribute, indeed, the remarkable 
reach and energy of Scottish thought to the 
spiritual enthusiasms again and again evoked 
and set to work among the masses of the Scottish 
people by the great religious and political move- 
ments that have successively signalised their 
history during the last thousand years. ISut, 
however much or little tiaith there may be in 
this speculation, it seems to me that, with the 
evidence which the history both of Haddington 
and Berwickshire aftbrds to the capacity of a 
purely .Anglo-Saxon population to compare 
favouiTibly, — in respect to their relative influences 
on the nation's life and ihou.;ht, — with the other 
Scottish counties in uhich the blood of the in- 
habitants is admittedly more mixed, there is 
absolutely no ground for supposing that it is 
racial character alone, or even jire-eminently, 
which di-tcrniines the intellectual power and 
activity of a pco|)le. 

.Vnothcr pn liniinary remark that I think may 
liL- ad\.i:u:i-eou^Iy made here i-. this. Ilcrwick 

is, and always has been, one of the less populous 
of the Scottish counties. Thus, in 1755, when 
the first attempt at a Scottish census was made, 
the population of this county was estimated at 
only 24,946, a very small number of inhabitants 
indeed, though I may remark in passing that 
at that time there were thirteen other counties 
in Scotland whose population was even less 
numerous. Coming down, however, to 1S91, 
the last census for which the figures are avail- 
able, I find that the population of this county, 
though it had increased in number to 3-,39S, 
had decreased relatively to the other Scottish 
counties, insomuch that there are now only 
seven less populous counties than itself — to wit, 
Clackmannan, Selkirk, Sutherland, Bute and 
.•\rran, Nairn, and Kinross. If, then, from a 
])opulation relatively as small to the rest of 
Scotland as that of Berwickshire has ever been, 
I can yet adduce, as I hope to do, a series of 
contributions to the progress of Scottish lite 
and thought that cannot be denied to be equallv 
conspicuous and memorable, there can be littie 
reason to doubt that similar results would be 
attained for each of the remaining Scottish 
counties — even those whose population is least 
considerable — were they only subjected to the 
same process of analysis and comparison. 

Without further preface I shall here launch 
at once into my subject by draw ing the attention 
of my readers to an achievement of the natives 
of this district, which, as it was the earliest, so 
also it may, in many aspects, be regarded as the 
most important service which they have rendered, 
not only to the cause of Scottish nationality, but 
even to the sacred cause of civilization itself. 
I refer, of course, to the predominant share 
which, if we may trust learned antiquaries like 
the late Professor X'eitch, or scholarly philologists 
like Dr. Murray, the editor of the Xew English 
Dictionary, the people of this south-eastern 
province of Scotland, including Haddington and 
Roxburgh, have taken in determining the 
acter and structure of English as a literary 

It is a subject not so generally known as it 
should be that the vernacular En.;!ish was first 
used as a cultivated and written language at the 
Court of Scotland, which was then chicny 
resident in the south-east Lowlands, and that 
this took place at a date long anterior to the 
time when the vernacular English was sim;l.:riy 
used in England itself. (^v.n sign of th,- 
interesting fact, which may be mentioned amon< 
others, is the existence, in the form of tlu- 
Scottish romance of .Sir Tri~iram. of a u..;k 
which is claimed .as the earliest, anil w!i:. :i .- 
ccrttiinly a nlu^^ successful example of ti c i:~'- 



[SEPTKMI'.ER, 1S99. 

of the modern English as distinguished fioni 
the Anglo-S.ixon tongue. The work referred to 
is a romance attributed to the lieruickshire poet, 
Thomas the Rymour, an author who tlourislied 
in the 13th century. There seems, indeed, some 
reason to question whether tlie Rymour was or 
was not the true author of this piece. l!ut tliere 
is no reason at all to doubt that the work itself 
was the production of some Scottish author of 
this period — a time when, as is well known, 
Norman French was still the only language 
current at the English Court. It is a significant 
and striking circumstance, as bearing on the 
point under review, that we find the great 
English anticiuary, Mr. George Ellis, when 
commenting on this very poem, giving utterance 
to the following suggesiive remark : — '" Our 
ancestors appear to be indebted to a Scottish 
poet for the earliest model of a pure English 

It appears, then, to be a fact that we may 
justly claim for the natives of this district that 
they were the pioneers of what is probably 
destined to be tlie future language of ci\ilized 
men, and of what at all events is assuredly one 
of the richest and most powerful vehicles of 
thought which the world has ever seen, k fact 
so creditable to the ISordcrland from which he 
sprang, and so grateful to his own patriotic 
sentiments, could not, of course, escape the 
notice of Sir Walter Scott. Accordingly, we 
find that great writer boldly claiming for the 
Scottish Border the high honour of having been 
the seed plot, so to speak, wherein germinated 
and grew up what was destined to become the 
world-wide language and the splendid literature 
of England. Thus, when accounting for certain 
strange anomalies which he discovered in the 
History of English Romance and Minstrelsy, 
Scott mentions that the true and only explanation 
of these anomalies is to be found in the fact 
that at the Court of Scotland the Saxon of 
Northumbria was long used as a written and 
cultivated speech, while the English Court was 
still cultivating Norman French. In this con- 
nection he notices another interesting fact, viz., 
that the Northumbrians cultivated a species of 
music unknown to the rest of Englanil, and on 
this account the harpers and minstrels of "the 
North Countrie" are universally celebrated by 
our ancient ballads, as being of unrivalled 
excellence. It is, indeed, disputed by no one 
who has inquired into the subject, that English, 
or, as Tytlcr prefers to call it, Scoto-.Saxon — 
i.e., the Teutonic t<ingue originally spoken by 
our Saxon con(|ucror>, as it came to be mouKled 
out of the .Saxon, Norman, Danish and Celtic 
elements that were contending fur the mastery 

alike in the Lowlands of .Scotland and also in 
Northumberland, which at that time was subject 
to the .Scottish Croun — became the language, 
not only of the common people, but also of the 
nobles and Court of .Scotland, at a much earlier 
period than was true of the more southern 
kingdom of England. 

The natural result of this adoption of the 
vernacular speech of the Lowland Scottish 
people as the language of the Court, of course, 
was that the minstrels, who at that time formed 
an important order of the community — filling, 
indeed, the castles and crowding the camps of 
the northern princes and their great lords, used 
the accepted Court language in their songs. 
And thus, when at last the language which was 
alone intelligible to the common people, both 
north and south of the Tweed began finally to 
gain ground among the culti\aletl classes in 
England, the northern minstrels were the best 
rehearsers of the poems alreaily written there, 
and the most ready and skilful composers of 
new tales and songs. " Probably," says .Sir 
Walter, "it is owing to this circumstance that 
all the ancient English minstrel ballads bear 
marks of a northern origin, and are in general 
common to the borders of both kingdoms." 
This view, moreover, of the way in which the 
literary English came to be de\eloped accounts 
satisfactorily also for the admitted superiority of 
the early Scottish poets as a class over the early 
English poets, always excepting, of course, the 
unrivalled Chaucer, who stands out alone and 
unapproachable as the first truly great poet in 
the English language. 

iJefore closing my illustration of the proposi- 
tion for which I am arguing, the proposition, 
viz., that English had the place and currency of 
a literary language in .Scotland at a period 
considerably earlier than it reached that stage 
in England, I may here mention the fact, noticed 
by Professor Cosmo Innes, in one of his learned 
works, that, whereas the Parliamentary Statutes 
continued French in England till the time of 
Richard II., in 14S3, in Scotland, on the other 
hand, French was never used in Acts of 
Parliament at all. In the earliest stages of our 
political history, and, indeed, till the close of 
the 14th century, Latin was the language in 
which the laws of .Scotland were framed. I!ut 
with the year 139S, that is to say, some 500 
years ago, or about a century earlier than the 
same practice was introduced into EnglantI, a 
change was inaugurated in .Scottish Parlia- 
mentary methods Hhich has been iicrpetuated 
to the i)icsent d.iy. For at that dale, in 
conncttion with an important general c ouik il 
of the est.Ues of the realm, held at i'erth, luuler 



Kol)Crt III., we find that the record of the 
Scouisli I'arhamcnt's procccdin.i^s was for the 
first time made in Enghsh, and Professor Inncs 
mentions the interestin;^ fact that the original 
record is still extant, and that it is ucll preser\ed, 
and a fair specimen of our early written 
l.inyiiage. In view of the facts I have here 
submitted, even if I had notliins,' else to set to 
the credit of llic natives of the Merse, I tliink I 
have already more than made ijood for them 
my claim that they have pla\ cd a most creditable 
and important part in the progressive develop- 
ment of Scottish civilization. 

W. 11. R. Wilson. 

(To he foiiiiniicil.) 

(XII., 94, 127, 142, 159; I., 2nd S., 7.) 

37. Rev. Wii.i.iAM Moore, D.D., .t v.m'wg of 
Ireland, .ind Preshylcrian minister in Malhcr\ Churcli, 
Halifax, Nova Scntia, almiit 1769, reCL-ivccl the clec;ree 
of D.D. at King's 0.11ci;e, .\her.leen, in 1770 {A'lii/s 
Coll. Grotl., 102: Eaton, Churcli in Nova Stolia, 
273. 275>- 

3S. Rev. John Dick, D.D., was born at Aber- 
deen, loth October, 1764, where his father was 
minister of the Associate Church of the .Seccders, or 
the Secession Church. lie stiulied at the Grammar 
School, graduated at King's College in 17S1, studied 
for the ministry under the Rev. John Krown of 
Haddington, and was settled at .Slateford, Edinburgh, 
and then in Glasgow, where he died in 1S33. From 
I'rincelon, N. J., he received the degree of D.D., in 
1S14, when Professor of the Synodical Association 
((7iv/. Cat., Primcton Univ., iSi). He published 
Tlu ConJiKt aiiil Doom of False Teachers (17SS); 
Confessions of Faitli shcvn to be necessary, mid the 
duty of Christians -with respect to them explained 
(1796): Essay on the Inspiration of the Scriptures 
(iSoo) : Lectures on some Passages of the Acts of the 
Apostles, 2 vols. (1S05-S): Theoloi^ical Lectures, 4 
vols., with memoir by hi.s son (1S33). (Vict. Nat. 
Bio^., XV., 14-6 : Watt, Biol. Brit., i., 302 : Alibone, 
Diet. Auth., i., 499: Jackson, Concis. Diet,, 224: 
.b'. N. ^-' Q., ix., 42.) 

39. Peter Wilson, a native of Ordiquhill, born 
Nov. 23, 1746, and graduate of Mari^chal College in 
17O5 (AV.-. Mar. Coll., ii., },i},). lie weiit to 
America, and noted as a linguist and scholar (see 
S. A'. iS-" Q., vii., 116). He appninted Prufe^sur 
of the Greek and Latin languages (I7S<)) in Columbia 
College, New Voik, and resigned in 1S20. lie had 
the degree of A.M. in I7;)6 from Ilrown University, 
and that of LL.D. from Union College in 1798 (///.,/. 
C.;/., /.>.):•■// r///y.. 334). He died" at Il.ickeiis.ack, 
N. J., Aug. 1st, 1S25, where he had retirvl on a 
pension. He published Kules of Latin I'rosoily 
liSlo): Intro.hiclion to Crcc': /';v-v.(> (iSl l) : C«m 
pcn.lin:,, of Crech TroioJy (1S17). lie \U, edited 

Sallust, Lon-^inus, Creek Ne-o Testament, and Adams' 
A'oman .Antiquities (.\llibone, Diet, .-iuth., iii., 27S1 : 
N'at. Cycl. Amer. Biog., vi., 350: Drake, Diet. Amer. 
Biog., 994: -Applelon, Cycl. .Amer. Biog., vi., 556: 
Gen. Cat., Columk Coll., 26). 

40. Rev. IIucii Knox, D.D. , a native oflreland, 
studied at Princeton, N. J., and also at Vale. He 
went to Saba, West Indies, as pastor of the Dutch 
Reformed Church, but left it in 1772 to become 
pastor to the Presbyterians in Santa Cruz. He 
received the degree of D.D. from Marischal College 
in "773 ('''''■''• ^l/'"-- Coll., ii., S5, and died in Santa 
Cruz in 1790, aged 57). He imblished Letter to 
facoh Green {1772) : Moral and Religious .Miscellany 
(1775) : Discourses, 2 vols. (17S6). (Appleton, Cycl. 
Amer. Biog., iii., 567: Allibone, Diet. Auth., ii., 

41. Rev. Thomas IIartwell IIorne, D.D., 
born in London, October 20, 17S0, was a prolific 
writer, prebemlary of St. Paul's, and rector of St. 
Edmund-the-King and St. Nicolas Aeons, London. 
In recognition of his scholarship he received the 
degree of M.A. from King's College, Aberdeen, on 
the last ilay of 1S17 (King's Coll. Grad., 276), of 
S.T. D. from Trinity College, Hartford, in 1S29 (Cat. 
Sanct. Trin., 65), of li.D. from University of 
Cambridge the same year, and of D.D. from the 
University of Pennsylvania in 1841 (Gen. Cat., Univ., 
Penn., So). He died in London, on Jan. 27, 1S62. 
He published Brief I'ic-.o of the Necessity and Truth 
of the Christian Kei>elation (iSoo) : Lakes of Lanca- 
shire, Westmoreland, and Cumberland (1S16) : An 

I Introduction to the Critical Study and Knowledge of 

the Holy Scriptures, 3 vols. (iSiS) : Deism Kepitcd 

(1S19) : Romanism Contrary to the Bible (1S27) ; 

Manual for the Afflicted ( 1S32) : Protestant Memorials 

(1S35) : Manual of Biblical Bibliography (1S39) : and 

I Mariolatry (1S40) : Reminiscences of T. H. Home, 

I by his daughter, S. A. Cheyne, published in 

j 1S62. (Johnson, Univ. Cycl., iv., 367 : Jackson, 

Concis. Diet., 379.) 
! J.\MES Gam.mack, LL.U. 

i West Hartford, Conn., 
Aug. 2nd, 1S99. 


8. The REin Family.— ,\ccor(Iing to the 
Magazine, a "Miss Reid of Aberdeen" was ui 
in Edinbuigh on 19th .Vugust, 1S07, to "John ti 
of Gibraltar." Who was Miss Reid ? 

9. "The Famii.v Tufasuky."— Infomialin 
wanted concerning this magazine, which was In 
and edited by the Rev. .\ndre\v Cameron prio 
JS53. Dr. Cameron died recently in Melbou 
Publisher, price, size, &c. , desirable. 

Kirkurd, Dol|,hinton. W. J. Coiui.i 

10. SfALinNi; or .\stiiNrfi.i v. — I should 
much obliged for any ])arlicul.irs auent .'s|ul.liu: 
A^hinlidly, «ho look p.iit in the rising of IT'S- 

V. : 





[Septemker, 1899. 

11. "Deuciiar's Genealogical Tarles 
Relative 10 hie Gokdon Family." — .An 
an.iwer to a C|uery in A'oia ai:a (JiiciilS (jrd Series, 
Vol. XI., p. 26) refers to this work. \Vherc and 
what is it? The British Museum knows it not. 

J. M. B. 

12. .ScoTTS IN .Scotland and .\merica : were 


1. Rev. John Scot w.ns rector or miniiler of Dipple, Momy- 
5hire, ihrice married, anJ died in 1736 0«"i»e, Epita/>hi, 
II., 259). 

2. Rev. -Mexander Scott, a Scotchman, who left his country* 
on account of an unsuccessful reliellion, was minister of Over- 
wharton Parish, SlalTord Co., Vir-inia. .is early as 17H, became 
p.-)ssessed of coiiNidoraMe [jroperiy, an.! called his estate in 
islalT.jrd Co., Dipple. He « a^ born July -ii;., loio, and died 
ui.m.arricd, i,t April, 17 ;S. His coat of arm. bore the legend— 
"Gaudia nuncio m.av;na" (.Meade, Old Cluirchcs, d-V., 0/ 
l-hsinin, II., 197-2 -). 

Rev. James Sc'Jtt was younger brother of .Mcxander, and 

had bi 


te,l by 
Overvvharton. He became assistant or 
«hen he came front .Scotland, Init v\ht 
set olT from Hamilton pari-h. Prince 
James Scott was reconmicnded for the 

iist hi. 

•long kn 
brother at 







iharton, where the Rev. .Mr. Moncure, another 
Scotchman, by that time rector. Mr. James Scott con- 
tinued minister of the parish up to the time of his death, in 
1753, but he spent mo..t of his life at Westvvood, \'a., an estate 
liven him by his brother: he also inherited Dipple. Mr. 
"Moncure .and .Mr. Scott ni.arried sisters, daughters of Dr. 
Gustavus IJrown, of Port Tobacco. Mar>land (.Me.ade, Old 
Churches, a-.., o/\-irgmia, II., i97--t3)- 

4. Rev. John Scott, son of the Rev. James Scott, was 
ch.apl.ain to the Governor Eden of M.irylaiid, and p.astor of the 

pari.-h of Evcrsham. Md. He ;r.,., _.: ; ..-. Kiu-'s College 
.\L=rdeen. in it63 (Kin-'s Coll. • ■ ■ . .!, «hile yet : 

student, he m.arried Kli;-.abcth () . . • of one of the 

prore,50rs(//..,43). He was ord,a:.-_ :> • , 1 ;,:i -p of London, 
and went to Maryland, but when the uar Lrjke out he was 
"banished 100 miles from the tide-water." He sold his property 
in .Mars-land, and went to \'irgin;a. where, on his fathers 
death, he was elected to Dettingen. I'Ut resigned in 1734, and 
died soon after. His son, Robert E.'.en Scott, had been left an 
infant with his mother's relations, sra.luated at King's in 1785, 
received a professorship, ni.arried R.achel, a daugliter of Sir 
William Forbe.,, and died young, in i- it, without issue (.Meade. 
Old Churches, £-<•., 0/ Vhsinia, II., 207-313: A7n/i Coll. 
Crad., 48, 64, 259). 

My question is as to whether .\lexander and James 
Scott were brothers or other relntions to the minister 
of Dipple. I wotdd specially state to Mr. P. J. 
Anderson that Meaile calls John .^ci'tt's parish 
Eversliaiii. James Gammack, LL.D. 

West Hartford, Conn., U..S..\. 


Tlie Chiircli aiiJ Priory of Urqtihart. Uy W'm. 
Cramond, .\.M., LL.D., F.S..\., .Scot. Trice 
I/-. [71 pp. Svo.] 

"Little, but often," is the motto under wliich 
Dr. Cramond succeeds in piling up a unique record 
of production. The present issue in no way lags 
behind its predecessors in interest. Although there 
is naturally a similarity in many particulars of these 
parish records, there is also a variant clement, each 
locality presenting some features distinctive to itself 
in language or us.age or what not. We commend the 
series of Dr. Cramond's records as notewitrlhy ami 

! Scots ISooI'.s Of tbc /iDontb. 

Methlick, Haddo House and Gight, and the 
Valley of the Ythan. Ldiied by Ak-Nander 
Kciih. 4!o. Illu^lraiions. l/o net. 

Carrick, J. C. Story of Robert Burns and the 
Land of Burns. l/-. Bryce. 

Lockie, Katharine F. ricturesr|ue Edinburgh. 
500 Illustrations. 3/6 net. Lfpckie, Edinljurgh. 

Ansted, Alexander. Pele and Border Towers, 
with Illustrations, in The Arlisl fur .August, i/-. 

Lee, Osman A. J. British Birds in their Nesting 
H.-iiinls. Illu-trated by the Camera. Douglas. 

Bygone Church Life in Scotland. 7/6. 


Scott, D. Bygone Cumberland and Westmoreland. 
7 6. .\ndrews. 


1235. Family or Staldin.-. (XII.. 190). — Vc^u 
will hnd history of this family in " Scoiti~h .\rms " 
collection, 1370-1078, by R. R. Slo.lart, iSSi, \'ol. 
II.. pp. 371--. The descendants nf the late William 
Mcllis .Sp.iKling, W.S., of Glenkdry. IVrlh-liiiv, arc 
Ml-es S|uMiii- and Hart) Sp.iKiiiiL;. I Land-iowne 
Crescent, Kiiinburgh. |. S. R. 



Corre-;i ndents will greatly oblige by sending us 
their full name and address (not neces.arily for 
publication) along with their contributions. 

All communications .should be accompanied by an 
ider.ti'ying name and address. As pul.licaii.m day is 
ibe 2;;h '.f e.ich ir.inih, copysh-.uld be in a fi vs days 
carbc'r. E,,/ 

■; jOI .■-. .-:,'■ 



J No. 4- 


R— ->-{?^rPo\'; 4d. Commission for Visitins the 
icii-.ils of ALmk-cn, 1716-17.-.. 


-Aberilccn Clrrnii'.altr 

The Ki-:.-s Ch.Mr .-It T.-.ra 

Robert L y^i^ Stevc:> jn 63 

Mivos Notes: — 

DiscovsT at n.irlinc:to;i-The I.cilh Family 52 

The .M.rH-OH F.imi!v— C.r.i.ins .in.l M.ic-::rc~ors .... 54 
■■C:i.;-- Kvtract T.-.xi K..11 ..f the SlicrilT-Jom of Aliilil., 

.\nnoi6i^" — Tile Sinclair Family 57 

Xe«cT.~:;eOiU.>.< Hull 62 


The Dows of Tirchardy 63 

A.s5« ERS :— 

.\merican University Catalo^cs 63 

Amenca.i-.\b<:rJcca GraJuates— "The Family Trea- 
sury - 64 


Scots Books of the Mn 


(ConHiiiicJ froiu Vo!. /. , 2111I S., p. ^6.) 

.A.i.EXAXDEn Gordon, Ei.evf:nth Laird 

(Corn, 1710; drownoil, 1760.) 
Tin: eleventh Liird born on May 3, 1710 
(Gi-ht tombstone;, two years before his father's 
ilcath, and, in accordance with the sasine on 
I barter -ranted to his mother ^Jime 22, 16S7), 
assumed the '" sirname of Gordon and insiynia 
"f tlie family of Giybt." Dr. Temple calls him 
".\!o\ander Davidson Gortlmi,'- Init I can find 
no .luihority for this middle name. On his 
tombstone be is called "Alexandt-r (lordon," 

while the Si-!-,'ia- of Heirs describes him (in 
1735 and 1740) as "Alexander Gordon or 
Davidson." He was served heir male special 
in Newton of Wranghame, Glenistoun, Skares, 
Mclvinsidc, etc., on January 10, 1735 ! t° 
TillymorL;an in 1735, as heir to his uncle, James 
Davidson, who died in 1720 ; and to Gigbt, as 
heir to his mother, on January 29, 1740. 

He married Margaret Duff, born Dec. 20, 
1720; died at IJanff", Nov. 13, 1801 {vide Gight 
tombstone). She was the daughter of Patrick 
DufFof Craigston (uncle of the first Earl Fife, 
and founder of the Duffs of Hatton). This 
alliance was interesting from several points of 
view besides Byron's famous love affair with his 
cousin, Mary Duff. The Duffs represented 
evcr^'thing that the Gordons of Gight did not. 
They were never reckless — especially where 
money was concerned ; for their rise is one of the 
most wonderful stories of success, and was 
mainly due to brains as applied to commerce. 
Sometimes 'as I argued at considerable lengtli 
in these pages in May, 1S9S) their brains led 
them into literature (Sir M. E. Grant Duff, and 
his brother, Mr. Douglas Ainslie, are cases in 
point to-day), and it might be advanced that 
Ijyron was a good deal indebted to this strain 
in his blood for his literary instincts. In any 
case, it may be taken for granted that the Gight 
family increased their balance at the bankers 
during the reign of Margaret Duff, despite the 
fact that she had a large family, and apart 
from the annexation of the Davidson estates. 
The eleventh laird, soon after his accession, 
redeemed from Elizaljcth .Smith and her son, 
William Dunbar, the wadset of .Monkshill, liy 
paying up the 3000 merks due thereon. In 1744 
he sold the lantls to William Fordyco of 
.-Vquhortics, his I)rother-in-law {Tlii:/'/^}. In 
i-fiS Captain William Fordycc re-sold Monk-lull 
to the next laird of (iight, George Giordon, and 
the burden of 4000 mcrks was dischargc-tl b_\ ib<' 
payment of this sum to Isobell I'^ordycc. 




[OcTor.ER, 1899. 

The eleventh laird of Giylu lived at a period 
when the landed gentry had ceased to go out 
and knock otT their neighbours' heads, and get 
killed for their trouble. But, like so many of 
his ancestors, he met a violent death (at the age 
of fifty), for he was drowned in the river Ythan, 
on January 24, 1760. The Aberdeen Journal, 
in recording the event, says : — " He was an 
honest, inoffensive gentleman, an afiectionate 
husband, indulgent parent, sincere friend, 
master, and good Christian. He had frequently 
found benefit to his health by using the cold 
bath, and he had the misfortune to perish in the 
water of Vthan, while he was bathing, being 
suddenly swelled with melted snow"! In the 
plenitude of grief you will note that the 
reporter's sense of syntax failed liim (for surely 
no man ever succumbed to an overdose of 
melted snow) ; and I am further inclined to 
believe that the more decent journalistic 
reticence of 1760 may have led him to gloss the 
fact of suicide. Scotsmen in 1760 had not 
become slaves to the tub so much as to induce 
them to bathe in ice-covered rivers in the 
depths of winter. Furthermore, the victim's 
son, the next laird of Gight, drowned himself in 
the liath Canal, though every obituary notice I 
have seen suppresses the fact. 

Mrs. Gordon, with all the common-sense 
tenacity of her race, survived her spouse for 
forty-one years, having a Jointure of ^55 1 1 - 
on the Gight estate to the very end. She 
took herself to Banff, where she lived with 
her sister, in a three-storeyed house in Low 
Street. She practically brought up her grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Byron, whose reckless marriage 
must have shocked her, though it did not 
prevent her from entertaining her great- 
grandson (Lord Byron) at Banff, when he 
was about seven or eight years old. In Dr. 
Cramond's Annals of Banff (Vol. I., 22S-237) 
you will find various legends about Byron's 
boyhood in Banff, and a letter which shows 
what an atrocious speller old "Lady Gight" 
was. The eleventh laird of Gight and his 
spouse had no fewer than twelve children — 
nine sons and three daughters. Beyond the 
appearance of their names on the Gight tomb- 
stone at Fyvie, I have been able to discover 
nothing about them, so that I imagine most of 
them died young. Only the eldest of them took 
the name of Gordon. The rest were Da\ idsons, 
as follows : — 

I. George f7j/-,/i);/, who succceileil as twelfih lair.l 
of Gight. 

II. Alc\anilcr l\i7-i.l>oii. He i^ol liis f.illicr's 
ot.ilc of N'ewloii. lie w.ns a c.i|il.iin in K. I)alryiii|ile-IIorn-Klphinslone's 
regiment, llie 53rd, and married the General';, 
daughter, Jean, by whom he had two 
daughlers, .Mary and Margaret, who died 
unmarried, having soUl the estate of Newlc.n 
to the grandfather of the present proprietor, 
Mr. A. M. Gordon of Newton. (Private 

III. Patrick Davidson. 

I v. John Davidson. 

V. William Davidson. 

VI. James Davidson. 

VII. Archibalil Davidson. Dr. Temple says he 
was a lieutenant in the same regiment as his 
brother, namely, the 53ril, and that he 
infefted, by clare constat, in 17S7, his niece, 
Catherine Gordon (Mrs. liyron), in the 
lanils of Melvinside, Glcniston and others in 
Culsalmond. lie appears to ha\e liei-n 

VIII. Robert Davidson. : 

IX. Adam Davidson. 

X. Elizabeth Davidson, died at lianff, June 20, 
1S04, having survived all her family. She 
erected the lombslone to her father and 
mother and brothers and sisters in Kyvie 

XI. Mary Davidson. 

XII. JIargaret Davidson, died 1764. 

George Gordon, Twelfth Laird of 

Born, 1739 ( 

Drowned himself, 1779. 

With this laird the male line of the Gight family 
became extinct for the second time — it had 
really ended in the ninth laird, his great-grand- 
father. The twelfth laird was served heir to 
his father in April 18, 1760. On these letters, 
and a certified rent-roll of ^1470 13s. 4d., he 
was enrolled a freeholder in Aberdeenshire. He 
revived the old alliance bct\^■een the Gordons 
and the Inneses, by marrying Catherine Innes, 
the daughter of Alexander Innes of Kosiebuni 
(1701-1761), Shcrifif-Clerk of Banffshire, and 
I'rovost of Banft" for five terms of office, that is, 
eight years. This Alexander Innes had married 
Catherine .Vbercroniby (1708-1784), second 
daughter of .\lexander A bercromby of (dassaugh, 
M.F. for Banft-shirc (from 1706 to 1737 : he 
died i729\ The connection between the 
Gordon and Innes families, uhich began in the 
l6lh rentiny, will he more clearly imderstood 
by the table on the op[)osite page. 


"Ill" Sir Robert Innes, XV. of that Ilk (circa 1441). 

James Innes, XVI. of that Ilk, 

marricil Janet Gonloii, siiter of the 2ncl Karl of Iliinlly. 

Walter Innes, I. of Invcrmarkie. 

Alex. Innes, XVII. of that Ilk. 
Robert Innes of Cromy. 

\Vm. Gorifoti^ 
I. of Gight. 

Robert Innes, II. of Invcrmarkie. 
John Innes, I. of Edingight. 

I I 

James Innes of R.athmakcnzie Alexander Innes John Gordon, 

(killed at Pinkie) mar. Catherine of IJIackhill. IV. of Gight. 

Gordon, sister of 4th laird of I I 

I I I 

Alex. Innes, XXII. of that Ilk, John Innes, Wni. Gordon, 

murdered in 15S0 by Roljert ancestor V. of Gight. 

Innes, IV. of Invcrmarkie. of the I'itts. 

Rev. Ilerome 

I I I 

Robert Innes, Alexander Innes = i\Iargaret 

XXIII. of that Ilk. ("Cragin-rcril.") I Gordon. 

John Innes of Lcuchars 
(the friend of " Wallenstein " 

Thomas Innes, 
II. of Edingight. 

Thomas Innes, 
III. of Edingight. 

John Innes, 
IV. of Edingight. 

Elizabeth Gordon =]o\\n Innes, V. of 

I Edingight. 

I I 

Ann Innes John Innes, VI. of 
mar. Pat. Duff Edingight. 

of Craigston. 1 

John Gordon — \^o\-x\ Innes. 
of Ardlogie. I 

Alexander Con/uw, = Margaret Duff. 
XI. of Gight. I 

Alex. Innes of 

Z\ic Connection 

between tbc 

3nncsc6 an& ©igbt GocOons. 

George (7flrr/o«, = Katherine Eliza Innes 

XII. of Gight. 1 Innes. mar. Alex. Russell 

of Montcoffer. 

Catherine Gordon, 

Mrs. Byron 

(d. iSll). 

It will be noticed that the twelfth laird of Giyht 
.md his wife were distant cousins (sec Colonel 
Innes's CltronicLs of the Edin;_;iL;ht Inneses). 
The marriayc contract between them is dated 
June 2, 1763, and is (or was) in the possession 
of Mrs. Kathcrine Russell Jack, the wife of 
John Jack, Inspector-t^encral of Hospitals. I 
•iin indel)tcd for the di.i^cst of it to the late Dr. 
G.u'dcn Blaikic, \\\\o perused it after writiny his 
articles on the Gight family in the Sifllsimvt 
Sept. 24, lS96\ where he repeated the old 
blunder that tlie tuulfth laird hail married 
Catherine Duft". The contract sectn-ed for i\Irs. 
• Gordon a jointure of ^1000, the trustees bein;^ 
C.eneral James Abercroniby of Olassaugb, M.l'. 

(died 1781)1 her uncle ; Captain Abercromby, 
his eldest son ; Tliomas Innes of Rosieburn, 
her brother (1749-17841, and John Innes of 
Edinyiyht (the Duff's, Gordons, Abercrombies, 
and Inneses being closely intermarried). The 
property consisted of the Darony of Gight, 
which comprised Mains of Gight, Potts and 
Carfulzic, town and lands of MiUbrccks, 
niackliillock, Swanford, Tandown Hill, Little 
Gight, Middleinuir, !!a!(|uhyndachin, Miln of 
Ar'do, Corn and Walk .Milns of Gight, Miln 
lands anil Stonehouse of Gight, Coal town 
thereof, Fetterlcltcr (comprehending Ardlogie 
and Woodhead) ; the town and lands of Windy- 
bills (comprehending Ulackhills) ; the town and 



[OCTOPF.R, 1S99 

lands of Letlienty and nmcklescat, the tnun and 
lands of Xcuscat, the town and lands of Little 
Folia, with the niiln of llak[iihydaches, etc., in 
the parishes of Fyvie and Tarves. The contract 
also provided very explicitly that, should the 
succession fall to a daughter, she must marry 
either a Gordon or one who would assume that 

Mrs. Gordon seems to have died a few years 
after the marriaye, and her cliikhen were 
brought up by her mother-in-law, Mrs. 
Alexander Gordon («(V Duff), at Ranff. She 
left three dauyhters. The death of his wife, and 
then of his youngest daughter, .Xbercromby 
(who was named after her maternal grand- 
mother), seems to have made the laird very- 
moody (a scientist, Ur. Kiernan, describes him 
a "victim of periodical melancholia"). He 
made a will (dated December 19, 1777, and 
registered in the IJooks of Session, i;th Feb., 
'779)1 Ijy which he disposed of the estates, 
including Monkshill, which he had bought back 
from the Fordyces in 176S, to himself, whom 
failing, to the other heirs mentioned, including 
his two sur\'iving daughters, Catherine and 
Margaret. He seems to have gone to Bath in 
search of health, and committed suicide in the 
canal there, on Saturday, January 9, 1779. The 
only reference to the fact of suicide is in a letter 
which his daughter wrote to her solicitor at the 
time of her son's proving his title before taking 
his seat in the House of Lords ('information 
from Mr. R. E. Prothero). I have searched all 
the available newspaper files in vain for any 
information on the point. The Bal/i Chronicle 
of January 14, 1779, informed its readers of the 
event thus : — 

On Saturday evening last [January 9], died here 
George Gordon, E.=q. of Gight, in the County of 
Aberdeenshire, descended from an .incieni family, 
and possessed of considerable estate. He was a 
gentleman of great probity, much esteemed by his 
acquaintance for the generosity and goodness of 
heart, and will be sincerely regretted by many to 
whom he was a warm friend and liberal benefactor. 

The Aberdeen Journ-i! (o{ 25th Jany.) recorded 

the fact even more succinctly : — 

On S.iturday, the gth curt., dicil at Bath, George 
Gordon, Esq. of Gight. It is hoped liis friends 
will accept this as a sufficient notification of hi.s 

I do not know where he was buried. The 
register of burials in r.ath .\bbey (printed in 
the Geneah\:;!st, iS'/d", docs not contain his 
name ; but there is a t.ablct to him, which may 
still be seen in the extreme south-east mrncr 
of the .Xbbcy, as fcillui-, s : — 


of Gight 

in the Shire of Ai;kkiiKKN 

Died 9th of Jany. 1779 

an Honest Man. 

He had three daughters : — 

\. Catherine Gcii/oii (Mrs. Kyron), whosiiccccdi il 
him as ihirlccnlh laird of (iighl. 
H. .Margaret GorJcn, horn 1766. She died at 
Bristol Hut Baths, March 7, 17S0 (S,ols 
\\\. .-Vbercroniby GorJon. The .-McyJtin Jiitin:a, 
of Feb. 3, 1777, records ilial — -'On Tucsd.iy 
last, died at Banff, Mi>s Ahercnunliy Gordon, 
youngest daughter of George Gordon, I-".si|. 
of Gight. Her relations and riii.iids will 
please accept of this notification of her 
death." In the churchyard of Banff there 
is an inscription — ".\n ali'LCtionale and 
sorrowing parent places this niL-morial of 
his attachment upon the grave nf a promising 
and lielovod dauglilcr, .Abercrnml.y (inrdnri, 
who in the bliom of life was cut off by a 
fever in Banff in January, 1777." 

J. .M. liif.iocri. 

(To he coiilinned.) 

Discovery .at D.\rlint,tox. — While re- 
moving the old lead round the base of the 
spire of St. Cuthbert's Church, Darlington, on 
Tuesday, 15th Augt., there were discovered a 
perfect incised foliated 13th century child's 
grave cover, and also the remains of another 
of the same date, measuring iS inches across 
the foliations. These two stone grave covers 
had been used to fill up the nortli squinch of 
the tower, when the belfry stage was built, 
between 1360 and 1375. J. F. S. G. 

The Leith F.\mily. — Historians of the 
Leith family mav be glad of this note, taken 
from Mr. T. B. C. Musgrave's Historical Sketch 
of the Colony of St. Vincent. West Indies, iSgi. 
Victor Hugues, in 1795, having sent men. arms 
and ammunition to the island from Guadaloupc, 
succeeded in rousing the Caribs, commanded 
by the chiefs Chatoycr and Duvalle, into an 
insurrection, during the continuance of uhich 
all the English colonists who fell into their 
hands were treated with great barbarity. 
Chatoycr was killed by M.ijor [.Mexander ?] 
Leith of the .Militia in smgle combat. There 
arc several references to him in Charles .Shcp- 
haril'. Historical Acconnt of tiu- Island of 
St. / '///iv^/ (Lonil., i8ji)- 

Vol. 1. 2ncl Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND (2UERIES. 


Few names in the follouini; list call for remark. 
The Rev. J. G. SmalTs poems enjoyed consider- 
able popularity half a century a.^o, but are now 
more frequently found upon the bookstall than 
upon the bookshelf We have attempted to 
complete the cataIo_,'ue of Professor Sincaton's 
works, but we fear imperfectly. 

The surname of Smith outnumbers all others 
in East Aberdeenshire and the lowlands of 
ISantt', and its litcrar\- men arc not easily 
identified. Charles Michie Smith, a brother of 
the late Professor William Robertson Smith, is 
Government Astronomer at .Madras. Huyh 
Smith, of Marischal Col!ci,'C, was a pojjular 
London physician more than a century ayo, 
whose works enjoyed some measure of continen- 
tal reputation. K. J. 

Sij.-all, James G. ( F. C. min., Dci-.'ic). 
The Highlanils, the Scotti.-.h 

.Martyrs, .-ind other poems. I2mci. Eilin., 1843. 
( TliirdeJitioii, ibinc, EJiii., /Sj3.) 
Songs of the N'ineyard in Days of 

Gloom and Sunshine. n 1S46. 

Keitoration and Revival, or Times 

of Refreshing (.Ujiitrosc plJ.). Lond., 1S59. 

Stiiall, JoJtii^ F.S,A. 

Notice of Dr. William Davidson 

(the Alchemist). Edin., 1S75. 

Edil. Wallace's Description of 

the Isles of Orkney. „ iSSj. 

SiKdrl, Jo/'iii (Sloiiikai tv; ). 

Remarks on British P'isheries. Montrose, 1S47. 
^■'jwjiou, George. 

Edit., u<ith Pre/. J. Stewart's 

"Outlines of Discourses." 18O0. 

Edit., -.uil/t Pre/. T. E. Gorsner's 

"The Lord's D.iy." 
Memoir of Alex. Thomson of 

lianchory. Edin., 1S69. 

The Doctrine of the Atonement. 

Edin., 1S6S. Second edition n 1S71. 

(The same, wilhhistorical appendix. 

Edin., 1S70.) 
Edil., with Pnf. Dr. Tims. 

-McCric's " Statement of DiOer- 

encc." „ 1S71. Christianity and Scriiilural 

\ ision. M II 

Edit., -vit!, Pnf. fir. T. Chalmer>'5 

"On the inspiration of ihe Old 

and New Teslananl-. 1879. 

Edit., -.dtl, Pr.f. \V. 1 er-u~^..n's 

" Tile In^i'irali.n ..f the llilile." 1881. 

The Doctrine of the 1 1 .ly Spirit. 

E.!in., ibS.;. Second edition Edin., liiiiy. 

Sineaton, John. 

The Report of J. S. , Engineer, 

upon the Harbour. Abdn., iSoi. 

The Reports of Smealon, Rennie 

and Telford upon the Harbour. n 1S34. 

Smiles Samuel, LL. D. 

The Life of a Scotch Naturalist 

(Thomas Edward). New ed. Lond., 1SS2. 

Vie d'un Naturaliste. (Trans. 

E. T. Perrot.) Paris, 1S79. 

/;/ tJie French cd. the zi'/wle of t/ie illiis- 
t rations are reproduced, exiepi t/ie etc lied 

Smitli Family. 

The Heraldry of Smith in Scotland. Lond., 1S73. 

Smith, Ada;n. 

Account of Towie (New Stat. Ace.) 

Smith, Alexander (P. C. Bishop). 

Two Catechisms (approved 1 749-50). 

Smith, Alexander. 

Account of Uanff (New Stat. Ace.) 

Smith , Alexander ( Civil En^'inecr). 
Reduced Plan of the Common of 

ISeinnachie, &c. Gw., 

Aberdeenshire Woods, Forests and 

Forestry. Edin., 

Smith, Alex. Emslie. 

Porllethen Fama Case. Mr. Smith's 

Speech. Abdn., 

Smith, Andreio. 

De V'areolis Secundariis. Edin., 

Illustrations of the Zoology of S. 

Africa. 5 vols. Lond., 

Smith, AndrciU (0/ St. Cyrus). 

Short Papers, chiefly on Souih 

African Subjects. Lovedale, 

A Contribution to South African 

Materia Medica, chiefly from 

plants in use among the natives. 

3rd cd. Cape Town [ 

Reminiscences of Kaffir Life and 

History. Ly C. IJrownlee ; 

revised and arranged by A. S. 

Smith, Charles. 

The Olio. Phd., 

Smith, Charles Irving, Sur^ton, 
//.E./.C.S., M.idras. 
On the Inlluence exercised by Trees 
on the Climate of a Country. 
Ry E. lialfour and C. I. S. 

Smith, Charles John, F.S.A. 

I lislnrical and Literary Curiosities. Li;nd., 
lA'cprinted, l.ond., ii\fo. Contains an 
inj,' 0/ H'allate jVool:, Aberdeen, and 
A'orth Country items.] 











Smith, Charles MUhic. 

Results of Ihc Metcorulogical Ob- 
scn'ations made at the Govern- 
ment Observatory, Madras, 
1S61-90. Madras, 1S92. 

Results of Observations of the 

Kixcd Stars, &;c. ir n 

Madras Observatory — Daily Meteoro- 
logical Means. m 1896. 

Smith, David. 

The Wasp's Sting. Gw., 1S91. 

The P'ilthy Rags. n 1S92. 

The Best Robe. .. m 

Chinese Primer for use of the Blind. Lond., 1SS6. 

Smith, David, and Robert Fiddcs. 

Account of Kinellar (New Stat. 
Ace, xii.). 

Smith, Farijultarsou, and William 
The Australian Gardener (several 

editions). Melbourne, 1S5S. 

Smith, Francis \Vm. (Leamington). 

The Leamington Waters Con- 
sidered. Lond., 1SS4. 

The Saline Waters of Leamington. 

2nd cd. M 1SS5. 

Health Resorts : Leamington. Leicester, u 

Analysisof the Leamington Waters. Lond., 1SS7. 

Leamington Waters in Fa;cal 

Anajmia. n 18SS. 

Smith, George. 

Introduction, Sec, to Mrs. J. Murray 

Mitchell's " A Missionary's Wife." 1S71. 

Smith, George ( Birse). 

Difficulties about the Protest. Edin., 1S44. 

Two Discourses. m n 

Truth as Revealed. Edin., 1S46, and 1S47. 

Account of Birse (New Stat. .Vcc. , .\ii.). 

Smith, George Adam. 

The Book of the Twelve Prophets, 

commonly called the Minor. 

(In The Expositor's Bible, lic. 
W. R. Nicoll, a/.) 
The Preaching of the Old Testa- 
ment to the .\ge. M 1S93. 
The Historical Geography of the 

Holy Land. u 1894. 

(Seventh thousand, 1S97.) 
Four Psalms, xxiii., xxxvi., lii., 

cxxi., interpreted for practical 

use. M 1S96. 

Additions to the Fourth edition of 

The Historical Geography, &c. !■ .1 

The Life of Henry Drunnuoml. n 1^90. 

Smith, Geor^-e CamfMl ( Banff). 

On Top Dressing with Bones and 

Lime. Edin., 1S4J. 

Lond., 1S96. 

Smith, Henry Dunn (Sch. Inveraray: 
M.A., h'in/s Coll., /Sj2). 
English Grammar Simplified, with 

numerous examples. LontI 

Tourists' Guide Book. . . . Glas- 
gow to Inveraray. . . . and 
Oban. Inveraray, 1S7S. 

Smith, Hugh (Ml)., Mar. Coll., 1773). 

Essays Physiological and Practical. Lond 
The Family Physician. n 

Letters to Married Women. n 

(3rd ed., 1774; reprinted New 
York, 1S27.) 
De Artz de Moeders (Dutch trans- 
lation). Gravenhage, 1775 
Le Guide des Meres (French trans 

FormuLx: Medicamenlorum. 

(4th ed., 1781 ; another, 1701). 
The Use and Abuse of Mineral 


(2nd ed. [1777] ; 4th cd. [17S0]). 
The Philosophy of I'liysic. 
An P'ssay on the Nerves. 
Philosophical Inquiries into the 

Laws of Animal Life. 



, 1701. 

, 1S07. 
, 1772. 



1 7 So. 

( To be continued. ) 

The Morrison F.\milv.— The best contri- 
bution to the history of this family has been 
made by Mr. Leonard A. Morrison, of 
Windham, New Hampshire, who has written 
"The History of the Morison or Morrison 
Family" (Ijoston : A. Williams cS: Co., 283 
WashinLiton Street, 1880, 46S pp.). The bulk 
of the book deals with the family in America, 
and of these, chiefly the branch at Londonderry, 
New Hampshire, which was founded Ijy John 
Morrison, who is said to have been a native of 
Aberdeenshire, born in 162S, emigrated 170 — , 
and died 1736, aged loS I 

Gordons and Maccrkgors.— It is curious 
to finil, from \'ol. .\. oi the Trivy CoihilH 
Rc\:;istcr, an .Adam (Gordon — a])parcntly from 
the Christian name a genuine Gordon — located 
in Glenquaich, Perthshire, in 161 3, and being 
mulcted in the sum of ten mcrks for reset of 
some member or members of the Clan Gregor ; 
and perhaps still moi'C so to find Sir Alexander 
Gordon of Cluny taking Macgregor of Roro 
under his wing — Kdinbtugh, July 16, 1616. 
"The whilk day Uuncane McCiregotir of Kora 
ch.tngcit his nameaiul look the name of Ihmcane 
Gordotin : Cluuy Gordon caution for Iiim under 
the pane of iij'" mtrkis.'' J. CtlRlsriii. 

\-0L. 1. 2nd Series.] SCOTTrSH NOTES AND (JUElUES. 




OF ABERDEEN, 1716-17. 

(I., 2nd S., 23, 43.) 


Warrant for Second Commission, nth Mitn/i, 


Georgk R. 

Our Sovereign Lord, Taking into his Royal 

Consideration that l)y his Ma'»- letters patent 

p>ist under the Seal appointed by the Treaty of 

Union to be kept and made use of in place of 

the great Seal of Scotland, bearing date at 

S^- James's the sixth day of July last past. His 

Ma'5- did Constitute and appoint the persons 

after mentioned, or the major part of them, 

thereby declared to be a Quorum) to visit the 
University of Aberdeen, and all the Colleges 
and schools thereof, and to take tryall of the 
Professors, principals, Regents, Masters and 
others bearing Oftke therein. And to Examine 
into their past Conduct and behaviour, with 
regard either to Church or State, And to make 
a full report thereof to his Ma'y- And the 
foresaid Visitors or their Quorum, were thereby 
appointed to meet at Aberdeen, on the 2gth 
day of August, then next, for the first dyet of 
their Meeting, With power to them to adjourn 
and appoint their own Meetings, to such dayes 
and places thereafter as they should Judge 
convenient, untill they should bring their 
Report to a Conclusion, or that His Ma'v- should 
think fitt to Recal and discharge the same 
Commission, as the saids letters patent past the 
Seal aforesaid in themselves more fully proport. 
And His Ma's- now considering that the saids 
\ isitors or their said Quorum have pursuant to 
the said Commission and powers thereby g'iven 
to them, \'isited the said University of Aberdeen 
and all the Schools and Colleges thereof, and 
taken tryall of the professors, Principalis, 
Regents, Masters, and others bearing Office 
therein And examined into their Conduct and 
behaviour with regard both to Church and State, 
And have made a full Report to his Ma'y- of 
their Proceedings. And His Ma'v- having also 
taken the said Report into his Consideration, 
•ir.d Judging it necessary for the advancement 
01 Religion and Learning and for the good both 
of Church and State, that such of" the said 
Professors, Principalis, Masters and others 
bearing ott'iccs in tiic said University, Colleges 
and schools thereof who have been guilty of the 
abuses mentioned in the said former Commission 
and Report, or have not qualiiicd according to 

Law, or have not in the discharge of their duty 
acquitted themselves as they ought to have 
done, .Should be according to the Nature of the 
offence, and Lawes and practice in the like 
cases observed, suspended from or deprived of 
their respective offices in the said University, 
and of all Benefits thereto belonging And it 
being His Ma''^ undoubted Prerogative to name 
Visitors and cause [them to] visit Universities 
Colleges and Schools : Therefore and for the 
good both of Church and State, His Ma'y- 
ordained his letters Patent to be past under the 
Seal appointed by the Treaty of Union to be 
kept and made use of in place of the great 
seal of Scotland Nominating Constituting and 
Appointing, As By these presents His Majesty 
Nominates Constitutes and Appoints His Ma'* 
Right trusty and well beloved Cousins John 
Earl of Rothes and David Earl of Buchan, His 
Right trusty and well beloved Adam Cockburn 
of Ormcstoun Lord Justice Clerk, His trusty 
and well beloved Sir ftVancis Grant of Cullen 
Baronet, and Sir Alexander Ogilvie of ftbrglen 
K'"- Senators of the College of Justice, Sir 
James Steuart His Ma'*- Solicitor [blank] 
fibrbes of Echt, George Monro of Culcairn, 
John Elphinston of Logie Younger, William 
Roberton of Kindace, Ale.x' Duncan of Lundic 
[blank] Drummond of Megginsh, [blank] Ross 
of Kilravock Senior, [blank] ribrbes of Colloden, 
Esq"-, Mr. Willni- Wiseheart Principall of the 
College of Edinburgh, Mr. John Stirling 
Principal of the College of Glasgow [blank] 
Haldane Principal of the [blank] College in St. 
Andrews, Mr. James Thomson Minister at 
Elgin, l\Ir. John fterguson .Minister at Aber- 
brothock, Mr. James Johnston Minister at 
Dundee, and Mr. Robert Baillie .Minister at 
Inverness, or any seven of them, who are hereby 
declared to be a Quorum, To be His Ma''=- 
Commissioners to the eftect underwritten With 
full power to them or their said Quorum to 
name their own Clerk for whom they shall be 
answerable. And to meet at Edinburgh Upon 
the 2Sth day of March instant for the first dyet 
of their Meeting, and as often thereafter during 
the present Commission, also at Edinburgh At 
such time or times as they shall think con- 
venient and for that effect to adjourn themselves 
from time to time as they shall think fitt. And 
with power to them or their said Qt'oriun to 
cognosce Judge and Determine in all the 
matters and things contained in the said 
Report, made pursuant to His Ma'*- former 
Cnnmiission above mentioticd, .\nd for that 
effect to call all or any of the said Professur^, 
I'rincipalls, Regents, Masters and others bearin- 
Office in the saitl University of Aberdeen, 



[OCTOl!EK, iSyo. 

ColIei;es and Schools thereof To appear 
personally Ijefore them at Edinbur-h, at such 
time or times, and under such Certification, in 
case of Disobedience, as to them shall seem 
expedient, And to Suspend or Deprive such of 
them as shall be found guilty from their 
respective offices, and from all benefit advan- 
tage or Emolument thereto belonging', according 
to the nature of the oflfcnce, and Lawes and 
practice in the like cases observed. With full 
power also to the said Commissioners or their 
said Quorum, further to examine into the 
Conduct and behaviour of the said Professors 
Principalis, Regents, Masters and others bearing 
office in the said University, Colleges and 
Schools thereof, with regard either to Church 
or State, in time coming during this present 
Commission, and to coyiiosce Judge and 
determine therein, and to punish the dcliniiucnts, 
by suspension Deprivation or otherwise accord- 
ing to the Nature of the offence, Laues and 
practice observed in the like cases. And also 
with full power and Commission to the said 
Commissioners or their said Quorum to consiiler 
the ffoundation of the said University of 
Aberdeen and all the Co11cl;cs and Schools 
thereof, with the Rents and Revenues of the 
same, and how the same have been administerd 
and managed. And to sett down such Rules and 
methods for the management thereof hereafter, 
and likewise for ordering the said University 
Colleges and schools and the Professors and 
manner of Teaching therein, and all thinijs else 
relating thereto, as they or their said Quorum 
shall think meet and convenient, according to 
the ffoundation thereof, and Consistent with the 
present Established Goxernnicnt in the Church 
and State. .And his Ma'>- Declared that this 
present Commission shall continue and endure 
during his own pleasure only, and untill his 
Ma'y- shall think fitt to recall and Discharge 
the same. And his Ma'!- hereby Recalls 
and Discharges the said Commission above 
mentioned formerly granted by his Ma'>- for 
Visiting the said University. .And ordains the 
said Letters Patent to be extended in the most 
ample form with all clauses needfull, and to 
pass the Seal aforesaid per Saltum uithout 
passing any otlier Seal or Register For doing 
whereof these presents shall be to the Director 
of his .Ma'-- Chancellary for writing the same, 
and to the Lord Keeper of the said Seal for 
Causing the same to bo appended thereto, a 
sufficient Warrant C'.ivcn at His Ma'''- Court at 
St. James's the i illi (la\ of .March 1717, in the 
third year of His Ma'- Reign. 

I^IIoinc Ojj'uc Siohli U',iri;iii/s, 1716-20, 
p. 17 : in Public Record Office.) 

The editor has been unable to trace a Report 
of the .Second Commission, which is not to be 
found in the University archives, Aberdeen ; or 
In H. .M. General Register House, Advocates' 
Library, or University Library, Edinburgh ; or 
among the " Scotch State Papers, Domestic " or 
the "Treasury Lioard Papers," in the I'ublic 
Record Office, London. The same remarks 
apply to the " Record of Proceedings," " Deposi- 
tions of Witnesses," '" Report of Committee on 
Ijooks, etc., of Kiny's College," " Re])i)i t of 
Committee on iJooks, etc., of Xewtoun College," 
to which there are marginal references (here 
printed as footnotes') in the First Ke])()n. Kut 
an excerpt from "Minutes of Royal Visitation, 
anno 1717, concerning Leys Hursars, ])]). (to 
and 61," is engrossed in the King's College 
Senatus Minutes of 20th December, 1760; and 
the Records of the \'isitation were evidently 
known to Professor Thomas Gordon of King's 
College (d. 1797), of whose .MS. Collations 
freciuent use is made in Ojfucrs and Orniliiiiks 
of King's College. 

Thus Gordon quotes (11., 43J from the Report 
of the Committee on Dooks, etc., of King's 
Coll., Sundry Comments by the Committee, 
with answers thereto by Mr. George (jordon. 
Professor of Oriental Languages, "delcgat from 
the said College" : inter alia, 

"The Foundation and Laws of the College 
appoint Publick Prayers Evening and Morning : 
•And before the Commission for \"isilalion 
Anno 1690, the Masters declare that the 
Hebdomader's Office is to attend and say 
Prayers Morning and Evening in the Common 
School. Vet the Committee now find by the 
Confession and Acknowledgement of the 
I'rincipal and Masters that the Exening Prayers 
in the Common School are wholly omitted of a 
long time and even before the \'isitation, Anno 
1690. liy the first Foundation and also by the 
Second or Augmentation of it, the Principal is 
to teach Di\ inity in the College, and to preach 
to the People ; and the \'isitation in Anno 16S0 
enquiring into, the then Principal, Mr. 
.Alexander Middletoun declares that he teaches 
Theological Lessons weekly, and was to con- 
tinue so to do. But the Committee are 
informed tliat the ]>resent Principal, Dr. 
George .Middletoun is not in use to ha\e any 
Theological Lessons." 

Answ. " For the removing and future pre- 
venting many gross Disorders and Abuses 
committed by the Student-^ 1 mnet iied aUogcihc-r 
in the publick .School to publick Pniycrs on 
dark Nights, the assvmbling the uhole .Suulents 
in the pul.>lick School was diacharged b> the 



Principal and Masters, and in place thereof the 
Reyents were ap]iointcd before dismissing; their 
Classes to say piiljlick Prayers in their respective 
Schools every Nit;ht, which is ever since 
practised. .Vs to Ur. Middleton's Conduct — 
nihil novit." 

" I>y the Copies of the Foundations the then 
Bishop of Aljcrdeen and his Successors are 
appointed Chrincellors of the University. . . . 
Vet by the ColleL;e Minutes of Febr. 12, 1700 
the Principal and .Masters doe elect and admit 
the Earle of Krrol to the olTice of Chancellor : 
for which Election there appears no warrant 
from the Foundation. . . . The Masters do 
elect a Rector, and also upon Occasion they 
elect Procuratores Xationum and a Dean of 
Faculty of Thcolo;.;)-, tho' it dotli not appear to 
the Committee from the Foundations that the 
Power of such Elections and in such Manner is 
committed to them.'' 

Ansij. " Constant i'ractice, i)ast Prescription, 
and .Man's Memory seems sufllciently to entittle 
the Masters to this Power and Privilege." 

"The Collet;e Masters spend a .L;rcat deal of 
their College Ke\enuc upon publick Entertain- 
ments as appears by their se\ eral .*\ccompts." 

Ansij. "Tlie Honours and Interest of the 
Society fret|uently obli.Lics the Masters to lay 
out some Money upon Entertainments, and as 
this has been the constant Practise of the 
Society, so by former Visitations the same was 
never iiuarellcd : Uut if the Commissioners 
think fit to discharge or regulate that Practise 
for the future, the present Masters will be very 
glad to have so fair a reason for discontinuing 

So, to similar comments by the Committee 
on .Marischal College, it is answered {Gordon, 
11., 114} by Mr. George Peacock, Regent: — 

"As to the Principal's teaching either 
Theology or Philosophy, the same has been 
long in Desuetude, especially as to teaching 
Theology ever since there has been a Professor 
of Theology settled in the College ; and as to 
the Principal's being Primarius Professor 
Pliilosophiie, the same has been in Desuetude 
since a fourth Regent was established." 

"They have no Chanccllour, Rector nor 
Dean of Faculty at present, and the saids 
Oifices have been much in Desuetude." 

And by Mr. William Smith, Regent : — 

"The Yearly E.\penses charged for F^nter- 
;ainmcnts will appear to be agreeable to the 
.Xii'ient and Con-.lant Prru'ti. e ot" Imth Colleges, 
and of all the Toun and Societies in the North 
Country, which has been to give such an 
EiUenaninient as their Condition would allow 

to all .Strangers eminent for Quality, Post and 
Character, or good Ofi'ices to the Society. And 
the Marischal College has this particular 
Reason for that Method of doing, that ha\ing 
for several Years past established Correspon- 
dents not only in the Towns and Countries at 
home where they could draw any Manner of 
.■\dvantage to the Society, but also in most of 
the Towns and Places abroad frequented by 
our Countrymen, they were for the most part 
allowed to give no other Returns for the Pains 
and Expences bestowed on their .Aft'airs than 
these slender Compliments, when their Cor- 
respondents, or any recommended by them 
happened to be at .Aberdeen : The performing 
of which was frequently complained of by some 
of the .M.isters as a Trouble and Burthen upon 
tliem, but was become necessary for the success 
of their Business. And tho' it will neither 
consist with the Dignity and Practice of 
\'isitations, nor the Ch.iracter of Masters of a 
College, who arc the Legate .Administrators, to 
descend to a petty .Accompt, as if they were 
only common Factors ; yet the E.xpenccs 
annually employed that way are so moderate, 
the .Motives so reasonable, and the Returns so 
great, that its hoped no Difticulty can remain 
in That matter." * 

*\Vodrow's Corra-prndtncc, 11., :ii, 2:S. 
( To he coniinucd. ) 


SuKUifi'iJOM oi' AuDN. Anno 1613."— If the 
contributor of this document will refer to 
Sio/Zis/i No/cs and (Jucrics for .Max-, iSv4i ''^" 
will find in that number a "Copy of the oldest 
Taxt Roll of the County of .Aberdeen in (,)ueeu 
Maries Rayn 1554." It will lie interesting to 
compare the two Rolls, and mark the numcrou-> 
changes amongst "the Temporal Mens" be- 
tween 1554 and 161 3, a period of 59 years. 
Both are valuable papers. F. 

The Sinclair F.\milv.— Students of ilii-- 
f.imily may be glad to know a new book, 
dealing with the Sinclairs, lias ajipcired. It ,> 
entitled "The Histoiy of the Sinclair Family in 
Europe and America for Eleven llinulnd 
Years. By L. A. Morrison [a well-knoun 
American genealogist]. Boston : Damrell an<! 
IJpham, I Si/," ^453 pp.). The intnuhKlorv 
few p.-iges dealing with the S!ncI.iir-> n: 
"Europe" is a brief suinmarv ol l.iim! a; 
genealogies. The bulk of the Ijook, h..v.. ,.1. 
ile.ding with the Sinclairs in .\aieri<-a, i5 iieu. 





Our correspondent, " F.," sends us the followin;^', copied from the " Valuation of the scvcrall L;uulb 
within the Shire of Aberdeen and in the Respective I'resbytcrys of said Shire," made by V'ahialors 
appointed Iiy a Commission from the Lords of the Privy Council, dated Auyust 5, 1673, " uho luctt 
and signed their Report at Aberdeen, October 26, 1674." The valuators were: — "George, Earlc 
Marischal ; Charles, Earlc of Aboyne ; Alexander, Master of Saltoun ; Sir John Keith of Keith- 
hall, Sir George Gordon of Haddo, Adam Urquhart of Mcldrum, Robert Gordon of I'illurg, 
Alexander I!annernian of Elsick, George Nicolson of Kemnay, Andrew Eraser of Kinniuntly, and 
Mr. William Moir of Hillton." To show the-changcs in the proprietorship of the lands within the 
period of sixty-seven years, our correspondent sends us the valuation made in 1741, so that we arc 
enabled to give the two valuations in parallel columns. 

Anno 1674. 
Pkf.siiytf.ry of Kincardine. 
Parish of Tarland. 
Lairil of Drum .... ^^^966 

Parqiih.irson of W'estown 
Gordon of Kincraii^io 
Willi.-im Porbos of "Skelater 
George Porbes of Skulatcr 


Laird of Drum 
BlclacU . 

Lord Elphinstoun 
Wester Migvie 
Blelack . . . . 
Easter Migvie . 
John Anderson 
Robert Rciil 
Willm. Forbes . 
Earl of ^Lar's feu dulys . 


^iSo6 3 6 



£100 o 

300 o o 

215 o o 

220 o o 

II 6 8 

34 o o 

27 o o 

too O Q 

/1 229 6 8 

Anno 1741. 

Parish of Tarlaihl. 
Karl of Aberdeen for CuLh 
Earl of Aberdeen for Indego . 
Earl of Aberdeen for Kincraigie 


Inverornoan .... 


Cannacraig .... 







2 so 







Earl of Aberdeen for Ruthvan . . ;^500 
Carrachrie . . . . .140 
Duke of Gordon for Logic . . 280 
Blelack ...... 290 


Lands of Colquich, Sic. . 
Finzean ..... 
Pronie ..... 
Easter Migvie, Mr. Preebairn at GartI 
Pittenlagart .... 
Pinzean for Smidyhill 
Eoddomend .... 
Lord Bracco's feu dutys . 
Earl of Aberdeen's feu dutys . 
Ilallhead's feu dutys 




ey 220 















/1229 6 8 

Laird of Boyndlie . 


Mr. Willm. Douglas 

Laird of Skene 

George Antlerson 

Z'1250 o 

136 6 

100 o 

60 o 

26 13 

^■1573 o 

Invcrcauld for Piltallocbie 
Invcrc.auld for Melguui 
Pari uf Al)oyne 
Black Miln . 
Blelack for .Skene's \'alualii'n 
Ccuige AndcrsMU . 

• ^69 1 


• 55S 


• 136 









Earl of Aboj-nc 
Laird of Drum 
Laird of Corse 









S. Coull. 

Earl of iVboyne .... £zSS 6 

Earl of .\l)crdcen for Coull . . 466 13 

Earl of -Aljerilccn for Auchter Coull . 345 6 

Craigicvar 432 4 

;^1532 " 

(To be contimieJ.) 

(XIL, 94, 127, 142, 159 ; L, 2r.d S., 7, 47.) 

42. Rev. Alexandkr Duip, D.D., Missionary 
in India, was a native of Moulin, Pcrllishire, and 
educated at St. Andrews University. He landed at 
Calcutta in 1S30, and devoted himself to missionary 
work by means of education anion;; the native races, 
lie joined the Scotch Free Church movement, and, 
when he returned from India, in 1S63, he was made 
Convener of the Koreii^n Missions Conniiittee, .and 
afierwards Professor of Evangelistic Theolog)'. In 
1S44 he was one of the founders of the Cahtilla 
Rcviciii, and its editor, 1845-49. His principal 
publications were : — The Chnrci: 0/ Scollaiiifs Iiiiiia 
Mission (1835) ; Viiiiiication of tlie Chtirih of Scot- 
lancCs India Missions ( 1S37) ; Nc-^ Era of tliC English 
Language ami Literature in India (1S37) ; Missions 
thi End of the Christian Church (1839); Fare-x.>ell 
Address, 1S39 ; India and India Missions (\ii,o); The 
Headship of the Lord Jesiis Christ (\%^3,) ; Lectures on 
the Church of Scotland, delivered at Calcutta (1S44) ; 
The Jesuits (1845) '< I'Hssionary Addresses (1S50) ; 
Fare-.c'ell Address to the Free Church of Scotland 
(1S55); Sermons and Pamphlets; The World-Wide 
Crisis (1873) ; The True AW'ilityShetchcs of Lord 
Iladdo and the Hon. J. H. Hamilton Gordon ( ) ; 
Various Articles in the Calcutta A'aicw. From 
Marischal College, in 1S35, he received the degree of 
U.p. (Ree. Mar. Coll., ii., 93), and from the 
University of New York, in 1S54, the degree of 
LL.D. (Diet. A'at. Bio^., .\vi., 128 ; Johnson, Univ. 
Cjcl., ii., S51 ; Cent. Diet., 342; Jackson, Concis. 
/'.•/., 237. 

43. Rev. J.VMES Milne, said to be of the Scottish 
Episcopal Church, and probably the James Milne 
who graduated at College in 1S07 {A'ec. 
Mar. Coll., ii., 392), went to Nova Scotia in 1S15, 
in order to introduce the National System of Eduea- 
l:"n in Schools. He was first at Halifax, an<l then, 
in 1S17, he went to New lirunswick. He died at 
I'ie.lericton, N.B., on Mar. 27th, 1823 (Digest S. P. 
O., 769, 862, 866). 

44- Rev. I'ATKicK Gordon,, mis- 
>i'.n.iry, sent with Rev. George Keith to New England 
in 1702. was appointed to Jamaica, Long IsLind, but 
•■k-A tile same of fever (Pi:;est S. I'. 17., 855). 
Several i.f the name might be suggested from .\lier- 
>lce:i Colleges. 

45- Rev. .I'.NKAs Mack I-^NZIE, said to have been 
evKie.ited at .\!>erdeen University and Edinburgli. 

He born about 1675, was ord.ained by the Uishop 
of London, and stationed among the Dutch ami 
French on .Stalen Island, New York, in 1704. He there in 1713 [Digest S. P. G., 855 ; Tifiany, 
Hist. P. E. Ch., 174). 

46. Rev. Geouce Muikson or Mlrison, 
graduated at King's College in 1701 (K'infs Coll. 
Grad., 219), and was stationed by the Society for the 
I'rop.agation of the Gospel at Rye, Connecticut, in 
1705, but he died in 170S {Di-^'cst S. P. G., S56 ; 
Tillany, Hist. P. E. Ch., 124, 174). 

47. Rev. Wii.i.iAM UkijUIIAKT, Scotchman, suc- 
ceeded Rev. Patrick Gordon at Jamaica, Long 
Island, and died about 1709 (Digest S. P. G., 60, 

48. Rev. William Cordon, a Scotchman, 
visited and reported upon the Bahamas, \V. I., 17^9- 
99 (Digest S.P.G., 219-20, SS4). 

49. Rev. \ViLLiAM R. Clark, D.C.L., LL.D., 
native of Daviot, had M..\. degree at King's College 
in 184S, and afierwards at O.sford. He received the 
degree of LL.D., .at Ilobart College, N. Y., in 1888, 
and that of D.C.L. at Trinity College, Toronto, in 
1S91. He is Professor of Mental and Mnr.-.l 
Philosophy in Trin. Coll., Toronto (A'iiifs Cell. 
Grad,, 300 ; Cal. Univ. Trin, Coll., 17, 13" » ^^'•'• 
Cat., Ilobart Coll., 179). 

50. Rev. James .^berigh Mackay graduated 
M..^. at King's College in 1S40, as James Mac':^ay, 
of Inverness, and took an ad eundeni, M..\. ai 
Trinity College, Hartford, Conn., in 1846 ; also R.l). 
there in 1S50 (A7«/j Coll. Grad., 204 ; Cat. Cell. S. 
Trin., 70). From Aberdeen University, in 1881, he 
got the degree of D.D. Dr. Mackay was ordaineii 
in Connecticut in 1S45, ■''id was in that dioce^e to 
1S47 ; served in Scotland, 1848-56, and in Imli.i. 
1857-74. He has been chajilain in Paris since 1878 
(CrocUford, Cler. Direct., 1806, p. 3). 

51. Rt. Rev. Patrick Torry was E]ii>cop.d 
minister at when elected, in 1808, li' 
become Kishop of Dunkeld. He remained in Peter- 
head until his death, Oct. 3rd, 1852, in llie So-.h 
year of his age. He receiveil the degree of 1 >. 1 >. 
from the University of Pennsylvania in 1826 ((/c-. 
Cat. Univ. Penns., 525; Grub, Eccl. Hist. S.,t., i.. 
124, 279). 

Jami;s Gammack, LI. n 

West Harlforil, Conn., 
.\ug. 28, 1899. 



[OcTOi;iiK, 1899. 



( Continued from Vol. I., 2nd S., p. ^.) 

That the service rendered to the people of the 
country into which he intruded himself by the 
Saxon of the Scottish llordevland, by the im- 
partation to them of his o\v n Teutonic speech, 
was a service of inestimable value, must be 
evident to any one who reflects on what might, 
and probably would, have been the state of our 
civilization had Scotland as a whole been a 
Gaelic-speaking instead of an English-speaking 
country. Hut while the benefits thus accruing 
to Scotland from the presence of its Saxon 
invaders can scarcely be overrated, yet there 
were other collateral benefits conferred by them 
which must not be overlooked. It is, indeed, 
to the Western Gael or .Scot that we owe the 
political and religious unit)' that first made a 
Scottish nation possible. IJut while it is true 
that it is due to the genius, the enterprise, and 
the piety of the Celtic tribes of Scotland and 
their rulers that a firmly-knit nationality was at 
last evolved out of the heterogeneous and hitherto 
hostile elements had for centuries deluged 
the plains of Scotland with blood as the result 
of their miserable mutual rivalries and tribal 
feuds ; yet, on the other hand, no sooner was 
the political unity realised of the various petty 
kingdoms contained within the Scottish area, 
than straightway the practical genius of the 
Anglo-Saxon immigrants, who were by this 
time numerous in other pans of the country, as 
well as concentrated in great numbers on the 
south-east Border, asserteil itself as the master 
force in the new kingdom thus constituted, and 
so determined that the new nationality that was 
to emerge from the combination of the races 
occupying the Scottish Lowlands should be 
Teutonic and not Celtic. It is, indeed, aljun- 
dantly manifest that during the whole of the 
important period stretching from the reign of 
Canmore to the War of Inde[)endcnce, though 
it was a Celtic dynasty that sat on the Scottish 
throne, and exercised civil supremacy over the 
land, yet it was really the llorder .-Xnglc, and, in 
some few cases, also the liorder Norman, who 
constituted the moulding and ci\ili/.ing element 
among the people. This was due not merely to 
the strong Saxon garrison that had already 
established itself for some centuries in the 
south-east of .Scotland, but perhaps c\(n more 
to the great inllus. of .S;i\on fugili\es into that 
country iinmedialely after the Coni|iicst. 
One iniiicalion of the v.ast dimeiisidiis of this 
immigration is contained in the language used 

by Roger de Hoveden, an English historian 
who tloinished at the close of the I3th cenlury, 
and who informs us that in his time the Lowlands 
of .Scotland were so filled with common people 
of English extraction that they were to be seen 
in every hamlet anil cottage of that country. 
His words are — " Repleta est ergo Scotia servis 
et ancillis Anglici generis, ita ut ctiam usijue 
hodie, nulla, non dico villula, sed nee doniuncula 
sine his valeat inveniri." 

It is plain, indeetl, from what was the issue of 
the conflict of languages and r.aces in the .Scottish 
Lowlands, that it was the immigrating Anglo- 
Saxon, and not the triumphant Ciaelic-speaking 
-Scot — though the latter, of course, was the 
ostensible ruler of the country, and probably 
still jjossessed the major portion of its landed 
property— who through all these busy years was 
really stampings his individuality on the new 
nationality', and who, to t|Uote the langu.age of 
the late Professor Veitch, " was successfully 
spreading his customs, his laws, his langua:-;e — 
and, above all, his love of personal and in- 
dividual freedom, alike among con<[Ucring .Scot 
and subject Pict, and the now Cymri of 
the Tweed and Clyde." I conckule, therefore, 
that for the form which .Scottish ci\ ilization took 
at this period, — the period, that is to sa\', uhich 
really determined the course and direction 
which that civilization was to take in all its 
subsequent developments, — we must give the 
chief, if not the sole, credit to the enterprising 
Saxon immigrants whose headc|uarters had long 
been the south-east IJordcr-land, though of 
course they soon spread over the whole southern 
Lowlands also. 

Now, that the south-east of Scotland had, 
in the two centuries preceding the War of 
Independence, attained such a marked degree 
of culture and prosperity as fitted it to take the 
leatling place in the national development of 
.Scotland which we are attributing to it, is very 
clearly brought out by Tytler in his Hisloiy 
of Scollmul. For, speaking of the town of 
Perwick, that writer says — " Even at a remote 
period, under Malcolm IV'., the great mart of 
Scotland's commerce was Lerwick." He also 
(|U(jles a contempor.'try English historian, who, 
(lescribing the Lerwick of that period, calls it 
"a noble loun," antl alleges it possessed 
m.iny ships and enjoyed more foreign commerce 
than any other port in Scotland. Under suc- 
ceeding Sovereigns, Tytler remarks that Lerwick 
continued to increase both in trade and opulence, 
till in the reign of Alesander 111. ue lind it 
enjoying a prosperil)' which threw every .Scoti h 
p(jrl into the shade, anil causeil the contemporary 
aiuhor of 'The C/iro/iulcs of LaiicnOil to dis- 


tinsuish it 1)y the name of a second Alcxandrin. 
"Tlie single fact," aiUIs tlic historian from wliom 
«e have just ([iiotcd, " tliat the customs of the 
Port of Berwick under Alexander III. aiuountcd 
to the sum of ^2197 8 shillin.L;s sterlins,', while 
the uhole customs of Eni^land in 12S7 produretl 
only ^8411 19s. Iljd.," amply demonstrates 
the great importance of that toun, and the 
extraordinary wealth of its people. It is a 
natural inference from such facts as we have 
mentioned that the people in the .Scottish 
Lowlands in the thirteenth century must gener- 
ally have reached a fair dc;.;rcc not only of 
outward comfort, but of spiritual development 
and etTecti\'e civilization as well. And this 
inference is confirmed by the late learned 
Scottish historian, I'rof. Cosmo Inncs, wlio says 
of the Lowlands of Scotland in this — "We 
do not know much of the intellectual state of 
the population, but re^ardinj,' it only in a 
material point of view, it may safely be affirmed 
that Scotland at the death of Alexander III. 
was more civilized and prosperous than at any 
period of her existence as a separate kin.L;dom 
down to 1707." Considerations such as those 
advanced in tlie preceding columns must surely 
forcibly suggest, if, indeed, tliey do not absolutely 
demonstrate the great part which, at this critical 
juncture in our nation's life, was played by the 
men of the Merse and their Saxon brethren in 
the Lothians and other parts of Scotland. 

Another equally suggestive fact, which points 
to the extent and value of the civilising forces 
operating throughout this region at this epoch, 
is the importance of the ruling families then 
connected witli the .Merse. Thus Chalmers, in 
his Caledonia, while mentioning the fact that 
the Merse towns, with the exception of Berwick, 
are not now, and never have been, of any 
account, goes on to Cjuote the English historian, 
Camden, as testifying cmjihatically that it was 
otherwise with its leading families, notably with 
the Earls of Dunbar, a great family, which, as 
is well known, throughout the whole of this 
period played perhaps the most prominent part 
in the government of the country. Indeed, 
when one considers the comp.iraiivcly limited 
area of the county of Berwick, it is a very 
surprising thing to observe how many of the 
foremost of our aristocratic families either now 
ha\e, or formerly have had, a connection with 
that county. 

The following is a list which I have drawn U]5 
in order to exhibit the n:imes of the ruling 
f.tmilies of Scotland which are able to il.iim a 
connection, more or less enduring, with the 
Mer^e. I do not suggest, of i ourse, th.U the 
li=t is complete : far from it. But It is complete 

enough to establish the point I am seeking 
to make. First and foremost then among 
prominent Merse families I name the Saxon 
Gospatricks, originally Earls of Northumber- 
land, a family which, after the Norman Con(|uest, 
ha\ing been driven by King William from their 
native seats, migrated to Scotland, where, as the 
great Earls of Dunbar, from the year 1154 to 
the year 1420, or for nearly three centuries, thev 
supplied a succession of powerful statesmen to 
the land of their adoption. Next to this f.imiK-, 
though, in respect to the character of the 
.achievements of its numerous representatives 
during the last six centuries, particularly after 
ntigrating from its original seat, very much 
more distinguished even than the Gospatricks, 
I mention the Gordons. This family, thougli 
now, anil for long, located elsewhere in Scotland, 
is really a Merse family, which, though it vva^ 
comparatively obscure until the time of the War 
of Independence, attained then a position of 
infiuence which it has never subsec|uently lost. 
It is true, as I have said, that, as a family, the 
Gordons have long ceased to have a territorial 
connection with Berwickshire ; but it is rm 
acknowledged, and, I think, a most ^nt«^sest^j^»g 
fact, that numerous and important as are the 
families that now bear the Gordon name, the 
entire circle of them, whether settled in the 
north-cast or in the south-west of Scotland, arc 
sprung directly from the ancient Merse heroes 
who stood by Wallace and Bruce in the fateful 
campaigns which secured the political liberty of 
the .Scottish people. A name, no less intimately 
associated with the proud memories of these 
early struggles, and for which we may also 
claim a Merse connection, is that of the famous 
hero of Bannockburn, Randolph, Earl of .Moray. 
It is true that it is Dunifries-shire, and not 
Berwickshire, that claims the honour of this 
great man's birth. As, however, he had hi-. 
territorial residence near Duns, and, abo\e all, 
as his castle there is claimed as the birth])!. ice 
of his heroic daughter, the famous " Black 
Agnes," Countess of Dunbar, whose 
defence, in the absence of her husband, of thrir 
ancestral castle of Dunbar, is still nieniioiud 
with pride by .Scottish historians, 1 think it 
would be inexcusable to omit all reference to <o 
great a name in such a list as this. .Vno'.lnr 
family of illustrious lineage whicdi e--lal)l>'ied 
itself for a time in Berwickshire ma\' .tl^i !»■ 
mentionetl here, tliongh it halls origin. illy tmni 
the west of Sc:otl:uid! I refer to the t..ii; !> "I 
Slc-uart. Two f.unilies of that n.mic v, i:.- hn .l 
time brought into x'cry close rel.alions H;tli ihi-- 
niunlw Both families were eiinuM'd. iim '•"■'' 
as the Earl of Angus, the other a> ili'- ^ -oA ..f 


[OcTor.icR, 1S99. 

March. Of these, the former u-cre lony resident 
proprietors in the county ; while the connection 
of the latter, thou^'h very active while it lasted, 
was comparatively brief. Coniins:; down now to 
more recent times, and to names probably better 
known to most readers as having Merse con- 
nections. There arc, of coarse, the numerous 
Berwickshire families of the name of Home. 
Few intellii^ent Scotsmen are iijnorant of the 
conspicuous part which has been taken in public 
life by members of this family, more especially 
since the fall of the ancient Earls of Uunbar, 
for from that period there has seldom been a 
generation without some Berwickshire Home 
fiLjTjrini,' as a prominent public servant or active 
politician. The truth is that, whether ennobled 
as the Karls of Home and the Earls of Dunbar, 
or occupying a less conspicuous position as 
leading commoners and county gentlemen, tike 
Henry Home, Lord Kames, or Sir John Home, 
the Lord Justice Clerk, and many others too 
numerous to mention, this family has furnished 
an exceptionally large number of capable men 
to the public service. Then there are the 
Maitlands, also another notable Merse family, 
which, as Lords or Dukes of Lauderdale, has, 
ever since the Reformation, been signally 
influential in determining the course of our 
political history. There are also the several 
scions of the family of Hume, as they elect to 
spell their name, many of whom have been 
distinguished scholars and authors, while a few 
of them, notably the Polwarth branch, subse- 
quently ennobled as Earls of Marchmont, 
exercised a great and healthy influence on our 
political development at the Revolution of 16S8 
and afterwards. Nor must we omit to mention 
the Swintons, the Haigs, the Spottiswoodes, 
the Cockburns, the Nisbets, the Baillies, the 
Erskines, the Pringles, the Robertsons, the 
Edgars, and, in our own generation, the 
Marjoribankses of the Tweedmouth family, and 
the Scotts of the Polwarth branch, who have all 
furnished from their ranks more or less numerous 
and capable representatives, who have done 
good service to the State. 

\V. B. R. Wilson. 

(To be coniintici.j 

N'KWCASxr.F. GlP.liF.T r.Kl.I,. — There is a bell 
at the ("luild Hall of Xewcastle-on-Tyno. whicli 
for half-a-century has soimdcil the doath-knell 
of e\cry culprit in the condemned cell of the 
county jail. It is now to be relieved from its 
gnicsomc work, antl to be set to its original 
task of cliiming the record of the p.issing lime, 
at rL;_; intervals. J. F. S. (.;. 


The individual must be a rara avis who has 
not heard of "the Harp that once through 
Tara's halls the soul of music shed," one of 
Thomas IMoore's Irish melodies. Visitors to 
Tara feel disappointed ; knowing that the place 
once figured in history as a kingly residence, 
they expect to see some tokens of its former 
greatness. When they find nothing but a few 
grassy mounds, their imagination is not equal 
to the task of picturing palaces and banqueting 
halls, and barracks for the warlike women, and 
all the rest of it. 

Little as there has to be seen at Tara, there 
will be less for the future. TIte Kinsfs Cliair 
exists no longer. The story of how it came to 
be destroyed within the last few days is one that 
would have scarcely been thought possible in 
this incredulous age. About two months ago a 
stranger appeared on the hill looking for the 
Ark of the Covenant — a treasure which was last 
heard of 2500 miles away, and 2500 years ago, 
when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Solomon's 
Temple at Jerusalem. How Tara was fixed on 
as the place in which to make the search can 
be understood only by Free Masons. All that 
coiKhxns know is that the owner of Tara Hill was 
prevailed on to dig, and that as a result the 
mound known as the Kinifs Choir has been, 
obliterated, and cannot possibly beagain restored. 

The idea of the Ark being concealed at Tara 
is not new. There is an old Irish legend which 
states that it was brought thither by the prophet 
Jeremiah ; and the idea that it will yet be found 
beneath the sod of the Emerald Isle is fondly 
cherished by many Jews : but God (they say) 
must point out the spot. 

In connection with the recent excavalions, 
there has been an extraordinary coim idi-ncc. 
An enthusiast, living in the North of Scotland, 
dreamed that the Ar/c was found : anfl, on the 
strength of his vision, he made his way to M( .itli, 
and met another fcllow-sccker on the top ol the 

So far, the Ark has not been found ; and Im re 
is the result of the excavations. At a cons idc 1.1 Me 
dc])lh a la\-cr of ashes was found, about J .'. iim I"-^ 
thick. This -calcined consists mo.ilj of 
bones, and its thickness shews a much gn ilir 
original depth. That ordin.ary labouring; im n, 
without any expert guidance, should h:ui- ■■■■n 
employed to destroy \\ had been ke|)l mi n I 
for more than 2000^, is, to say tin- \< .1 1, 
most deplorable. J. F. S. GounuN, 




It may interest renders of S. N. iS^ Q. to know- 
that the first monument erected to the memory 
of Robert Louis Stevenson was unveiled in 
Portsmouth Square, in the city of San Francisco, 
on Sunday, I7tli October, 1897. It is a fountain, 
in the form of a massive block of white granite, 
surmounted by a bronze ship. 

Along with this I send you a photo, of it. 
Whether it might be suitable for an illustration 
to some future number of 6". .V. .S^ (}■ I leave to 
your discretion. It might show in what manner 
we, on this far western slope, have honoured the 
memory of the charming writer. 

Portsmouth Square, where the monument is 
erected, is the oldest public square in San 
Francisco. It was the " Plaza" of the Mexican 
village of Verba Duena before the modern city 
of .San Francisco arose. It is historic ground 
to San Franciscans. Here the most stirring 
scenes in the early life of the city took place. 
At one corner the Vigilantes of the early fifties 
had their headquarters. When the city bell 
sounded a certain number of strokes, a band of 
strong determined men quickly assembled, and, 
in half an hour or so, one or more objectionable 
characters might be seen swinging in the breeze 
from an improvised scaffold in the middle of the 

It is now a quiet, well-kept little park, planted 
with beautiful shade trees, with broad walks, 
trim grass plots, and here and there comfortable 
benches, where one may sit down and rest and 
think over the scenes which have happened 
here in days gone by. 

To the west is the Chinese quarter, to the 
north is " Barbar\' Coast," a most disreputable 
locality, filled with the scum of all the nations 
on the face of the earth, principally low 
Mexicans, Italians, Greeks, &c. To the cast, 
and immediately in front of it, in Stevenson's 
time, stood the old City Hall, since demolished. 

To the south is Kearny Street, the fashionable 
shopping quarter and promenade street. And 
this square was one of the favourite lounging 
places of Robert Louis Stevenson during his 
stay here in the early eighties. On a bench, 
under a weeping willow, to be seen to the right 
in the photo., he used to sit for hours, wrapped 
in a big ulster, smoking his cigarette, and 
watching the strange title of hum.mity that 
flowed past, consisting, as it did, of nearly c\ cry 
nationality under the sun. Some of the scenes 
in //!v /('r,r{'.v must have been conccixod here. 

The monument was erected by subscriptidn 
of Stevenson's .idniirers and friends. The 
inscription is from ".\ Chri^tina> Sirnion," and 

is as follows : — "To be honest, to be kind— to 
earn a little and to spend a little less ; to tnake, 
upon the whole, a family happier for his 
presence ; to renounce, when that shall be 
necessary, and not be embittered ; to keep a 
few friends, but these without capitulation : 
above all, on the same grim condition, to keep 
friends with himself, — here is a task for all that 
a man has of fortitude and delicacy." 

George St. G. I!ke.mner. 

San Francisco, Cal., 
20th July, 1S99. 


13. The Dows of TtRCflARnv.— The twenty- 
shilling land of Tirchardy, extending; to 700 acres, 
is situated in Glcnquaich, parish of Dull, IVrlh>Iiire, 
and is one of the few small properties there which 
have escaped being annexed to the liremlallpane 
estate. It is bounded on the south by the oM course 
of the river Quaich, on the east by the lands of Wester 
Shian, on the north by the barony of IJolfracks, and 
on the west hy the lands of E.-ister Lcdchrosk. It 
originally formed part of the lordship of .Vpnadull. 
About f497, it, along with other lands in Glenquaich, 
belonging to the Crown, was let on a five years' lease 
to a John Campbell, presumably of the house of 
Lawers, bywhom the propertywasultiniatelyacquired. 
It subsequently passed into the possession of a family 
of the n.ime of Dow, who held it for at least two 
centuries as vassals first of Lawers, and afterwards of 
Breadalbanc. The superiority disposed, in 16S6, 
by Sir James Campbell of Lawers to the first Larl of 
Breadalb.ane — the feu-duty being ii/S — along with 

that of other lands in Glenquaich. Dow of 

Tirchardy had a daughter, Janet. She married fohn 
Campbell of Kinloch, and survived her husband, 
who died before August 29, 164S. John Dow of 
Tirchardy, and George Dow, younger of Tirchardy. 
were both alive in t730 and f735. John Dou of 
Tirchardy, who died liefore fSoj, married Christian 
Mclntyre, who was alive in iSio. George Dow of 
Tirchardy was alive in 1S42. Valued rent of the 
property, i^55 6s. Sd. Scots. Tirchardy has changed 
hands twice since the Dows held it. Can any.ine 
give me a full pedigree of this family? I should be 
glad of any information. J. Cukistie. 


1204. .\\iFRfr,\\ UNivKRsiTvC.\rAf.or,rF.s(XII., 
95, 143, 176). — I the pleasure, in Vale University 
Library, of examining the following additional 
General Catalogues : — Mass. — Union College. 
.Sehenecl.idy, i7y5-iS05 ; Micii. — University .if 
Michigan, fS37-90 : 'Mi>. — St. John's Cile-e, 
.\nnai>.ilis, kVio-i.Soo : Omo — Ohio rni\er-ity, 
1^^0485; S. Cak. — College c,f Charleston, 1X2593; 



[OcTor.KR, iSf)9. 

Soiuh Carolina College, 1S07-5:; ; Tenn.— Univer-.ity 
of X.i-hville, iSlj-so: Va. ~Uiiiver-ity c-f \Wliin-- 
ton ari'l Lee, 1749-1SSS. 

Jamks Cam mack, LL. U. 
West Ilariroril, Conn., 
Aug. 2S, 1S99. 

2nil .■<., 31). — It is a pleasure to receive a true cor- 
rection. I hail got niixcil about I'eter Oliver, and it 
was all the less excusable, as I li.\d the volumes 
before me. It the Ilav.anl grailuate of 1769 who 
got the Abenleen degree in 1790. I thinU I .ain 
wrong .lUo in identifying the "Joannes .Sirachan, Celebris apud ICnIield Rector," who had his 
LL.D. at King's College in 1S06, with llishop Jolin 
Str.achan of Toronto (I., 2nd .S., 7). 

Jamijs (IXMMACK, LL.D. 
West Hartford, Conn., ' 
Aug. 2S, 1S99. 

9. "TiiF. Family Trfasi-ry" (I., 2nd .'<., 47. — 
This magazine was started unicb subsequent to the 
year 1S53. I'roliably Mr. Coupcr i^^ confu>ing "The 
Christian Treasury " with " The Kamiiy Treasury.'' 
The firmer magazine, also edited liy Dr. Cameron, 
wa.s started in 1^45, and continued in wide circulation 
for many years. It was published originally by 
Johnstone, Hunter i: Co., Kdinburgh, but latterly its 
publication transferred to London (see 6'. A'. >S~ (?., 
VII., 69, 1st S.). "The Family Treasury," on the 
other hand, issued by Nelson & .Sons. It seems 
to have been first published in 1S50, and to have 
continued till 1S71 — the year after Dr. Cameron 
proceeded to Melbourne. The Advocates' Library 
po.sscsses a series complete. I possess the four volumes 
from 1S66 to 1S70. At this period the magazine 
seems to have been widely and deservedly popular. 
It cost only sixpence a month, and contained a large 
quantity of impoitant original work, both in the way 
of religious fiction and Inography, as well -as in 
doctrinal and devotional contrilnitions. I should 
suppose that it will not be dil'licult to obtain a set of 
the mag.izine from some of the dealers in old books 
at a che.ip rale. 

Dollar. W. 1;. R. \V. 

I think this =hould be "The Christian Treasury'' 
— was issued in weekly numbers and in nicmlhly parts, 
price one penny and sixpence respectively. The 
publishers were Messrs. Himler, John-lon iX: Co., 
Edinburgh. It was similar to " Cood Words'' in 
size —not illustrated; consisted of 16 I'ages weekly, 
or 64 pp. monthly, ami was consiilered an ably con- 
ducted magazine, having a wide circulation am.>iigst 
religious sections of the community. I'ortions of the 
mag.azine — if I remeadier rightly — were in large ty|'e, 
so as to make reailing easy for the aged. I do not 
kniwv the dale at which it cea.sed lo be ] 
I see I contributed lo its pages one or more pioems so 
long ag'i as .'■Jeplember, 1S73. !■'. 


Tlu S/ra,/uiiii ofCknIdihiic, i3^j-iy3CK liy Col.inel 
James Ai.i.akuvce, LL.D. Aberdeen : Printed 
for private circulation. [1S99, 43 pp. Small 4I0.] 

The task of tracing the descent of this ancient 
family has obviously been no easy one, yet Colonel 
.\llardyce, with his accustfuned care, has been able 
to concatenate Ihe narrative with success. The most 
serious hiatus is that regarding the succession of 
principals Nos. III. and I\'., which remains 
uncertain. The ninth and last laird, I'alriek, was 
Karrack Master (Jeneral in .Scotland in 1719, and 
received the honour of knighlhoi.d in 1716. ()lher- 
wise the family was not particularly distinguished or 
inlluential. In 1740 Alexander I.eith i>f h'rcelield 
obtained a charter of sale of the (llenkindie lands. 
The .Strachans are now represented by the family of 
Oakelcy. It may be addeil that only a limited 
number of the book has been printed, for private 

Scots JSooFis of the /IDoiitb. 

Mclan's Costumes of the Clans of Scotland. 

74 coloureil iilustralions. Descriptive letterpress 
by James Logan. Cr. Svo. G/- net. I'.ryce. 

Gunning, J. P. I'.urns : I'oet ami ICxcise Officer. 
SvM. i/-. Sini[)kin. 

Records of the Clan and Name of Fergusson, 

Ferguson and Fergus. Supplement. Edited by 
J.inics Ferguson and K. M. Fergusson. 7/6. 


Webster, Rev. Alex. Dogmatism, .Sce|iticism, nr 
Rationalism. Iil. .Mierdeen. 

Honeyman, W. C. Scottish Violin Makers, Fast 
and Present. Kohler. 

Mackenzie, I. Highland Idylls. 3/6. Stockwell. 


Correspiindents will greatly oblige by sending us 
their full name ami address (not necessarily for 
publication) along with their contriliutions. 

.Ml commiuiications should be accompanied by an 
i !en;ifying name and address. .\s pulilicalion d.iy is 
ill..' 2^ih of each month, copy should be in a few days 
earlier. Kli. 

iiss|„,,il,l l,..:.,l,ii. 

, lIlC I'ul.lislKTs, Jj Ull 



J No. 5. 

NOVEMBER, 1899. 

I Pek Post 4d. 


Notes :— PAt;F 

Some Memories; of an OUl House and of its Occupants 65 
Record* of the Royal Commission for Visitiii'.^ ilic 
Universities and Schools of Ahcrdccn, 1716-17.... 69 

Valuations 72 

Local Bibliography 74 

Berwickshire as a Factor in Scottish Development 76 

Register of Indentures of the Burijh of Al«:rdeen 78 

Minor Notes : — 

Antique M.P. Silver Medal 69 

Remarkable Time-Piece — Invcrugie Casile 73 

Interesting Old Coin 75 

N'otae (!) Bene 80 

Ql ERIES :— 

The Morisons of Bognie— " Halymylnc," in Perth- 
shire So 


Spalding of .Vshintully 80 

Literature 80 

S;oTS Books of the Month 80 



l'>v THE Late Earl of Caithness. 


' M ihc m.-iny old houses which were at one time 
'" 1)0 seen about the Cathedral Close of Old 
•Micrdccn, there are now not more than two left 
-• iiiiliny. The " Bishop's I'alace," which is 
>ii-srribct.l as a lar;.;e enclosure with four towers, 
' "lUaining an extensive hall and numerous 
•i|>.iitaients, has long- since entirely disappeared. 
1 lie iJyan and Canons had their manses ami 
fillies in the immediate nei-lil)ourhooil, but we 
iii.iy search in vain for .any traces of these — 
iwili the exception of what uas once known as 

the " Chancellor's House," and of another old 
structure adjoining it, which has over its gable 
the arms of Bishop Dunbar. 

The central portion of the building, which 
was known in olden times as the " Chancellor's 
House," is evidently of considerable antiquity, 
reaching back, it may be, to pre- Reformation 
times, when Old .Aberdeen had a resident Lord 
Bishop, with Dean and Chapter — and when its 
fine Cathedral had arrived at its highest point 
of completion and of splendour in its services. 
On the house itself there is no inscription or 
coat of arms to serve as a guide to its exact age, 
but the property has a series of Charters, ex- 
tending as far back as 1557, and in tliese the 
tenements of land are always referred to as 
pertaining to the "Chancellor's House.'' 

At the time of the Reformation, no diocese in 
Scotland was in worse condition than that of 
Aberdeen. The Bishop was William Gordon, 
a brother of the fourth Earl of Huntly— ilie 
same stout gentleman who, in 1 562, was 
smothered in his armour at the battle of Cor- 
richie. This William Gordon is described by 
Spottiswoode as " a very epicure " — one who 
had spent his days in drinking and other forms 
of vice, and who dilapidated the property of Ins 
diocese by feuing the lands and converting the 
victual duties into money, "a great part whereof 
he wasted upon his base children and their 

The Bishop, like others in his position, fore.saw 
the storm which was about to overwhelm his 
Church and Diocese, and here, as elsewhere, 
the active process had for some time been going 
on, known as that of "feathering the nest.- 
Soon after his nomination as Bishop,*his broih'jr, 
the powerful Earl of Huntly, was m.ade I'.a'.lhc 
of the Diocese— .an office which constituted him 
a sort of protector of the Ecclesiastical pmperty 
—and the Records of the See cont.iin numermis 
Feu Charters and long Leases, by wlii.h the 
Church property was alienated in f.ivour ot 
priv.ate individuals. The Bishop, indeed, mtrn- 
tlured into these Charters a savin- cl.iu-'e, by 
which the feuar was held bound to defend lae 

■ 5,9. Kc-: Kpi.:,!., II.. ,:•' 

1 ( ; \ 



[November, if 

rites and liberties of the Church and to resist 
all heretics, but the real value of these stipula- 
tions became soon apparent when the storm 
broke. Shortly before this the Bishop turned 
to his Chapter for advice,* and received from 
them, along with other wholesome counsel, 
the faithful admonition, " to schcw yude and 
edificative example ; in speciale in removing 
and discharging himself of company of the 
gentiUwoman without the quhjlk be done diverse 
that ar partanaris sayis thay cannot accept 
counsall and correctioun of him quhilk will 
nocht correct himself" t 

Another precaution taken by the Bishop was 
the delivery to the Dean and Chapter of a 
portion of the Cathedral plate and jewellery — 
to be in their custody and keeping upon rcs/iiii- 
tion and for the use of the Churcli. Another 
portion was given to the Earl of Huntly, on his 
bond to restore it on ten days' warning, "under 
the pains of God's curse." Previous to this, the 
Dean and Chapter had doubtless received Feu 
Charters of their respective .glebes, for we find 
that in 1557 Alexander Seton, Chancellor of the 
Diocese, made over his tenements by Charter 
to his nephew, John Seton, son of William 
Seton of Meldrum. This Alexander Seton was 
second son of Alexander Seton of Meldrum, 
who was slain by the Master of Forbes in 1536. 
He was Chancellor of Aberdeen by the appoint- 
ment probably of his kinsman, the Bishop, at 
least as early as 1547, and, like the other 
members of the Chapter, held another living — 
the Parsonage of Birse, where he was repre- 
sented by a curate. He had also a title to the 
Fishings of Balyownie, and occupied, according 
to Oreni, a large manse and yard. 

When the evil days came upon the Cathedral 
— "that glorious structure which had been nine 
score years in building, but which did not remain 
twenty years entire" — the Chancellor contri\ed 
no doubt to keep his "house and yard." The 
Barons of the Mearns and the townsmen of 
Aberdeen, who had come over red-handed from 
the destruction of the Blackfriars and Carmelite 
Monasteries in that city, worked their will upon 
the old church, which they despoiled of its costly 
ornaments and jewels, with the exception of 
those which Huntly and the Canons liad L;ot 
into their hands. Some of the robbers also 
carried oft' the, bells, and other utensils of 

•1559. Keg: KpU: Al.cnl., I., Ixv. 

f ThU .l.lmnnllion il.-H.-^ not to li.i^c lia.l much cltct, 
for we I'lnil ..ii .oth O. i„, isf.=;, tin.- lli^liop, -vlth the 
c.micnt .•/ Iih a:.i,-:cr, sr.idlol :i C.'h.nilcr of tile nf 
N..11I1 10 J.m-r Kn.M,lr, in lif.r.-i.l. .in.l ,„.i,l,- oil„r -r.iiits of the l.iiuls in lik IJio.:<:se in fee (K ciinc.l :■ ■. 

the church, and shipped them at Aberdeen, 
intending to take them to Holland antl sell them 
there, but "all the ill-gotten wealth sank by the 
just judgment of God upon sacrilege not far 
from the Girdleness."* 

The duties of the Chancellor of the Diocese 
were, according to Orem, of a somewhat multi- 
farious character. " He was to bestow p:iins in 
the correction of books, and to keep the common 
seal of the church and chapter, that it be laid 
up in a double chest in the treasuiy. The ilean 
was to keep the one key and the treasurer the 
other ; and the seal was never to be taken out, 
but when there was particular use for it, viz. : — 
for sealing the letters of the chapter. And he 
was to compose the letters and charters thereof, 
and to read therein the letters that come to them." 
in addition to these ecclesiastical and legal 
duties, he was to act as a kind of librarian, and 
as a " schoolboard " for the town of .Aberdeen, 
for "he was to keep the books of theology in 
armorials or little studies, and to exhibit them 
the first week of Lent before the dean and 
canons, that none of tliem might be lost or 
made worse." Moreover, " he was to provide 
a fit master," who was to have the government 
of the schools of Aberdeen, and who should 
"know how to instruct young boys in grammar, 

Of Alexander Seton, the first known occupant 
of the " Chancellor's House," there is nothing 
more to be told. His nephew, John .Seton of 
Lumphard, mentioned in the Charter of 1557, 
does not appear to have really come into pos- 
session of the property, to which another nephew 
succeeded. This was George Seton, the elder 
of the two sons of William Seton of Meldrum 
by his second marriage to a daughter of Innes 
of Leuchars. The younger son of this marriage 
was the first of the Setons of Pitmedden. 

George Seton succeeded his uncle as Chan- 
cellor of the Diocese and Parson of Birse, so 
that the house continued to be called the 
" Chancellor's House." He lived there for over 
twenty years. In 1620, with the consent of 
Bishop, Dean, and Chapter, he disposed of the 
"tenements of land and yards pertaining' to 
the lands in the .-Xuldtown of Aberdeen, callit 
the Chancellor's house, in favour of Alexander, 
Earl of Dunfermline, Lord Fyvie, Lord Presi- 
dent, and of Charles, Lord Fyvie, his son." 

Lord Dunfermline was one of the most eminent 
Scotsmen of his day. A great lawyer and 
of the Court of .Session, he had for some years 
been Lord Chancellor of the Kingdom. He 
was at this time approaching the close of 



lind been a busy and eventful career. ISoin 
about the year 1555, he was the third son of 
I'lCorge, 6th Lord Seton, Queen Mary's faitliful 
friend and the Lord Seton (or Scyton) depicted 
in Sir Walter Scott's AMiot. The imaginary 
Catherine Seyton, the heroine of that story, 
\iould therefore have been his sister, liad such 
a person ever existed. The eldest brotlicr of 
Lord Dunfermline became the first Earl of 
Winton, and another brotlier, Sir Jolin Seton 
of Ijams, found favour with such a cold-hearted 
monarch as Thilip II. of Spain, to wliose Court 
he was for some time attached. 

The Chancellor owed to his early trainini,' by 
the Jesuits the strong tendency towards Popeiy, 
which he retained to the end of his days, but 
which he never allowed to interfere with his 
worldly interests. So apt a pupil was he con- 
sidered by his instructors, that they selected 
him, when only in his i6th year, to deliver an 
oration in the \'atican Chapel in the august 
presence of Pope Grcyory XIII. and his Car- 
dinals and Ijishops. The suljjcct was "the 
.-\scension of our Lord." Truly there were 
wondrous youths in those days ! The progress 
of the Reformation at home, however, caused 
him to give up all thouLjhts of cnterin;,' the 
Church as a profession — albeit he had been in 
possession for some years back, by favour of 
Queen Mary, of the Priory of Pluscardine. 
He betook himself to the Law, which he studied 
in Paris, and on his return to Scotland was made 
an extraordinary Lord of Session, taking his 
scat on the bench as Prior of Pluscardine. His 
appointment as an Ordinary Lord followed with 
tlie title of Lord Urquhart. He became Presi- 
dent of the Court on 27th May, 1593, and in the 
same year was appointed Heritaljlc Baillie of 
Dunfermline — a Lordship which had been con- 
ferred on the Queen, Anne of Denmark. 

In 1596, the Lord President purchased from 
the Meldrums the fine old castle and lands of 
!■ yvie, which was his first connection with the 
County of Aberdeen, and soon afterwards he created a temporal Peer as Lord Fyvie. 
! lo was entrusted by the King with the education 
''I his second son. Prince Charles, and in the 
;.var 1604 was made Lord Chancellor of Scotland, 
lie was one of the Commissioners nominated 
l"i the purpose of carrying out the projected 
1 n-.nn between Englantl and Scotlantl, and on 
;''i March, 1606, received his patent as first 
l-.irl of Dunfermline. 

Lnnl Dunfcrniline had always been obnoxious 
til tlie Presliyterian p;uty in .Scotland on account 
>'t his supposed Popish tendencies. He was 
with some others the cause of a riot in Kdin- 
bur.;li (ju 17th December, 1596, when one of 

the conditions proposed by the insurgents to tlie 
King was that the Lords Popishly inclined 
sliould be banished from the councils of the 
King — "at least where the cause of religion 
and matters of the Church are treated." It was 
on this occasion that the town of Edinburgh 
was "put to the horn" — the King and Court 
quitting' it for Linlithgow, and the Courts of 
Justice being discharged from sitting there — a 
sad state of matters, which continued for three 
months, and wliich was only set right by pay- 
ment to his Majesty of "thirty thousand merks 

For all this the citizens of Edinburgh chose 
Lord Dunfermline as their Provost nine years 
in succession, but the Presljyterians had some 
grounds for distaisting liim when he made his 
appearance as Commissioner to the famous 
Parliament of 1612, at which the Proceedings 
of the (jlasgow Assembly of two years earlier 
were confirmed, and the .Xct of 1592 establishing 
Presljyterianism was rescinded. 

Wlicthcr Lord Dunfermline ever occupied the 
"Chancellor's House" in Old Aberdeen, can 
only be matter for conjecture. But as he had a 
consideraljle stake in the north in the possession 
of the castle and lands of Fyvie, and as he was 
a zealous supporter of Episcopacy, of which 
Old Alierdeen was then a principal stronghold, 
it is not unlikely that he paid frequent visits to 
his Auldtown house in his later years. He died 
at his seat at Pinkie, near Musselburgh, on 26th 
June, 1622, being then in his 67th year. 

Spottiswoode says of him that he "exercised 
his place with great moderation, and to the 
contentment of all honest men ;" and even the 
Presbyterian Calderwood has a good word 10 
say for him : — " Howsoever he was Popishly 
disposed in his religion, yet he condemned many 
abuses and corruptions in the Kirke of Rome. 
He was a good justicier, courteous and humane, 
both to strangers and to his own country people, 
but too good friend to the bishops."* 

His son, Charles, second Earl of Dunfermline, 
who succeeded to the "Chancellor's House," was, 
notwithstanding his training, at first a zealous 
adherent of the Covenant. He was on se\eral 
occasions sent as one of the Commissioners by 
the Scottish Parliament to vindicate their 
proceedings before the King, and he commanded 
a regiment in the Scots Army wliicli invaded 
England in 1640. He was made Governor of 
Durham, and was one of the eight Scottish 
Commissioners for the Treaty of Ripon. Soon 
after tliis, however, he seems to have connected 
himself with the King's party, for, in 1641, ho 

« Cr\Mcrwooil's History. 



[NovEMr.KR, 1S99. 

was created a I'rivy Counrillor. In tlie 
nci;4lil)oiiilioo(l of liis Cabtlc of Fy\ic, the Ciicat 
Montrose encountered and defeated Argyll and 
tlie Covenanters with yreat slatiyhter, but it 
does not appear that Dunfermline had as yet 
thrown in his lot with the extreme Royalists, for 
he took no part in the contest. In 164S he 
became a party to, and a sufferer by, Duke 
Hamilton's unfortunate raid into England, 
known as the " Ent;ayenient," and was conse- 
quently put under the ban of the Presbyterians 
by the Act of Classes. He joined Charles II. 
on the Continent in 1649, ^"'■i shared with him 
the perils and adventures of the attempt to 
re^'ain the Crown in 1650-1. After the Restora- 
tion he was sworn a Privy Councillor, and was 
made an extra Lord of Session and one of the 
Lords of the Articles in the Parliament of 1660. 
He died in 1672, and his eldest son dying 
shortly after, was succeeded by his brother, 
James, fourth and last Earl of Dunfermline. 

This unfortunate nobleman, before his acces- 
sion to the Peerage, had scr\-ed on several 
campaigns with the Prince of Orange. When 
the Revolution of 16S9 broke out, he joined 
\'i5Count Dundee, and commanded a troop of 
horse at the battle of Killiecrankie. He followed 
King James to France after the failure of all his 
hopes, and died there in exile in 1694. His 
honours and estates had been forfeited by 
Parliament, and he left no issue. His Castle 
and lands of Fyvie were purchased by the Earl 
of .-\berdeen. 

Previous to this, however, the tenements of 
land, &c., belonging to the "Chancellor's 
House" had fallen mto other hands. The earliest 
notice of this change is on i4lh October, 16S4, 
when seisine is recorded in favour of James 
Scougal, Commissar)- of Aberdeen, and Elizabeth 
Morrison, his spouse. Orem states that this 
James Scougal succeeded his brother, John, 
who was also Commissary, in the possession of 
the house, but the titles of the property do not 
contain any evidence of this. 

The two Scougals were members of a family 
notable for their talents, who were resident in 
the .\uldtown for the period of thirty years and 
upwards. They were sons of the good Patrick 
Scougal, who held the Bishopric of Abcrilcen 
from 16^4 to 16S2. The olVicc of Commissary 
had in these days a distinctly Episcopal llavour 
about it, which it owed iloubtlcss to tlic 
Conmiissary Courts having taken the place of 
the l'ii~hiip's Courts in the aclministralion of 
movable pro|)crty. P>ut llie Conunissary was 
now a tr.iined lawyer, and wo Hnd that j.imcs 
Scougal «.is transferred to Edinburgh m 1096, 

and look his scat on the llench as a Lord of 
Session, wiili the title of Lord W'hitehill. 

It was whilst James .Scougal was inhabiting 
the '■ Chancclloi-'s House" that the great steeple 
fell to the ground. A year or two after the 
rioters of 1 560 had despoiled the church of 
its ornaments, stripped the lead from the roof, 
and carried off the bells, a second body of 
"sacriligious robbers" had broken into and 
destroyed the chancel, and probably the north 
and south aisles, known as -St. John's and 
liishop Dunbar's .Aisles. The rest of the churcli 
was preserved from utter ruin at that time liy 
the Earl of Huntly. In ito/ it received 
extensive repairs, but it appears that, during 
Cromwell's usurpation, in 1632, the Englisli 
garrison in .Aberdeen had carried off part of the 
walls of the ruined church to help to build the 
fortifications on the Castlehill of Abcidcen. 
This had served to weaken the supports of the 
tower, which gradually shewed signs of decay, 
and the repairs at last projected came too late 
to save it from destruction. 

.A. sum of 2000 mcrks, which Bishop Scougal 
had mortified for behoof of the church, came in 
opportunely to stop up the huge gaj), which had 
been made in the east end of the edifice. Orem 
tells us that the •' Minister and Session gave the 
money to Mr. George Eraser, sub-principal, to 
perform the work. He employed six masons at 
20 shillings Scots per diem. He was overseer 
himself, and the work was completed in six 
weeks, having stones in abundance, and nothing 
wanting but lime. He that was then .Master of 
Kirk \Vork related that the said sub-principal 
gained 1000 merks Scots by that bargain, only 
he gifted a large English Bible in folio to tlie 
Church of St. Machar, as the superplus of 
Bishop Scoug'al's mortification."* It is to be 
feared that no such profitable contracts come in 
the way of the .Auldtown professors in these 
degenerate days. 

Lord \\"hitehill feued parts of the ground 
belonging to the ''Chancellor's House" to 
Baillies Knight and Thomson and Mr. James 
Coni,|ueror, each of whom paid 13/4 .Scots of 
feu-duty. It seems likely that he enclosed the 
rest of tlie land belonging to him within the 
still existing t gartlen wall, for over the gateway, 
between two fine old elms, planted, in all 
prob.ability, at this time, there is the following 
inscription : — " Hie Argus scd non Briarans 
esto, 16S6," that is, " Mere let it be all eyes but 
no Iiands." Lord W'hitehill disposed of the 
house itself, with the land and fcu-dulies, to 
Colonel John of Cairnbulg, about ihc 





time of his removal to Edinburyh to take his 
seat on the Liench. 

( To he iontiitiiit!. ) 

Antique M.P. Silver Med.m.. — A. M. 
Brown, of James Finlay & Co., Glasgow, the 
founders of the Drown Institute, Catrinc, 
Ayrshire, has handed to Huj^h W. I'ollock, 
manager of Catrine Cotton \\orks, a silver 
medal of rare interest, to be plated in the 
Museum of the Institute. The medal was 
struck in commemoration of the election of 
Kirkman Finlay to Parliament, in 1S12. He 
was the elected member for the united buryhs 
of Glasgow, Renfrew, Rutherylen and Dum- 
barton. Glasgow had no member of its own 
then, and joined with the other three buryhs in 
returning only one M.I'. Since 87 years 
bygone inuncnse changes have occurred socially, 
commercially and politically, even to the 
e.\tension of the franchise. The medal is fully 
I5 inches in diameter. On the obverse side, 
half round the top edge of the circle, is the 
word " Kutherglen," in raised letters ; and in a 
triangular shield, "Truth, Honour, Industry, 
Independence — Finlay, 1S12." On the reverse 
side, round the circle, at the edge, are 
"Agriculture, Commerce and Manufacture," 
within which there is a laurel wreath band. In 
a ring inside of that again are " For our King 
and country," and, in the centre, is the Crown, 
with the Prince of Wales' feathers rising from 
its top. Round the bottom of the Crown is the 
Scotch Thistle in relief The joining of the 
Prince of \\'ales' feathers to the Crown is 
significant at this period of the election of an 
M.P. George III., on his entrance upon the 
50th year of his reign, was declared publicly 
(October, 1810) to be no longer capable, owing 
to mental derangement, of conducting public 
business, and the Prince of Wales was appointed 
Regent. The year 181 2 was otherwise memor- 
able. On the assembling of Parliament (7th 
January, 1812) the great topic was the success 
of the war in Spain, under Lord Wellington, 
against iJonaparte. On the held of Waterloo, 
l8th June, 1S15, Wellington and lilucher com- 
pletely frustrated his multifarious schemes. The 
Right Hon. Spencer Perce\al was assassinated 
in the lobby of the House of Commons, iith 
May, 1812, by llellingham, who was innncdiately 
trietl at the assizes, and hanged within seven 
days. Lord Liverpool was appointed l'"irst 
Lord in plaix- of l'erce\al. Kirkman Finlay 
uas born in Glasgow, 1773, and liicil ,il Castle 
Toward, opi)osiie Rothesay, 1842. 

J. F. S. G. 

OF ABERDEEN, 1716-17. 
(L, 2nd S., 23, 43, 55.) 
Miinoriiil tu lite Ilon''^^- Ci'iitiitisiion of 
Visitation aiiciit t/ic Dililiotlicil: i/tiuuy 
of the Kiiii^s Colled^^c in AI'ciJlCii [/y/b]. 
It is to be observed That long befor the 
entry of any of the Masters here present, the 
Society thought fitt, for the benehte of the said 
Library, that there should be endea\ours used 
to procure something for that end from every 
(Jraduat and had brought the designe this 
length, that beside the honorarium due to the 
promolor, the Graduals in Divinity, L;iw or 
.Medicine should pay each five pound sterling, 
and every Graduat in Philosoph)- should ])ay 
four pound twelve shilling Scots or books which 
the masters should judge to be of that value. 

When books were gi\en these were putt in 
the Library, but for the money a box was made 
with three locks, the three keys whereof were 
intrusted to three of the masters whom the 
Society thought fittest for that purpose, viz. 
Doctor George .Midletoune Principle, mr. George 
Frazer, Subprinciple, and mr. Wm. Black, then 
eldest Regent. 

When money was gott in, these three mctt 

and putt it up in the sd box, till either they had 

opportunity to buy books at ane auction or by 

commission to bring home books, globs or other 

; Mathematical! instruments from London or 

, Holland, or for repairing an\thing' of the 

j tiabrick of the Library itself, for pa\t. whereof 

the sd three masters niett and opened the box 

I and laid out the money as there w as occasione, 

j dureing qch tyme there were no distinct accompts 

in wryte. 

I For takeing care of the books in the Library, 

I and keeping it open three dayes in the week 

1 that the students in Di\inity and Philosophy 

1 who had a mind might come in and read, the 

' masters intrusted mr. John Robertsone in that 

! matter, who accordingly looked after it and thus 

things were mannadged till the year 1701. .At 

qch t)nie the Principle h.-nciny fouiul it dilficult, 

especially in tyme of vaccance, to conveen the 

other two who had the keys for putting up in 

the box any money ])ro( urcd from the (Iradu.its 

in that Se.isone, was conteiU to take the ti-inible 

of gathering in the money himself, as also oi 

busing books, etc., by advice of the masters, 

anil laying out the money, untill the year 1714. 



[Xo\K.Mr.i-.R, 1899. 

Upon mr. John Robertsone's death, the 
masters persuaded nir. Alexr. Gordon Humanist, 
about the year 1709, to take the key of the 
Library and see whether all the books were in 
or what were wanting and to recover any books 
which had been lent out by the sd nn-. Robertsone, 
etc. Thus things continued till the Principle 
being unwilling to intromett any longer pre- 
vailled with the masters to ease him of that 
trouble, and about the year 17 14 they impowered 
Mr. Alexr. Gordon Humanist, to intromett with 
the Dibliotheck money as the Principle had 
done befor. 

It is furder to be observed That about the 
year 171 1 a representation was made by the 
Principle and Doctor Patrick Urquhart that 
many who had designed to come and take 
degrees at .Aberdeen were diverted because they 
thought the money which had been in use to be 
payed for the use of the Bibliotheck was too 
much, etc. On cjch the masters agreed that the 
thereafter the Doctors gradual in Divinity and 
Law should pay only threttie pound Scots and 
these in Physick four pound Ster. 

ACCOMI'T of the Dibliotheck money intro- 
metted with by Doctor George Midletoun 
Principle in the King's Colledge since 
the year 1701. 








i.69 o 

53 12 

64 S 

55 4 

7S 4 

Imprimis Taken up by him from the [15] 

students grciduat by Mr. Black, 1702* 

do. , 1705 

do. , 1 70S 

mr. Fr.iser, 1709 

Dr. Urquhart, 1710 

mr. LL-ick, 171 1 

mr. Curnct, 1712 

It. Dr. [Thomas] Cole's Diploma as Dr. 

of Medicine 

It. Dr. Innes's Diploma as Dr. of 


It. ffor Pat Couts graduat privilly by 

Dr. Urquhart... 
It. (Tor the Laird of Coulter [.Mexander 
Cuminc] his sonc's Diploma as Dr. 
of Laws 

Summa of the whole Charge is /.jS, S 

niil of Re, 
Cb-vi j;r.-.( liy i 

Dr. Uujuh.i.l, .71 


Imp. payed to mr. Arth. iTorbeS by 

allowance of the masters anenl Dr. 

Drummond's affair ... 
It. for Ijinding Thucydides 
It. to mr. Geo. Gordon, ane acco' of ... 
It. for liinding Dr. Gregurie's bonk 
It. for binding ane old English Lilurgie 

gifted by ^tr. Ja. Clerk' 

It. for the -Vcls of the Generall .Vssem- 

blys 1704 and 1705 ... 
It. for the Acts of Tweddal's Sess. of 

I'arlia' ... 
It. for the -Vets of Argyl's Sess. of I'arlia' 
It. for Sir Ja. Dalrymple's new edition 

of Cambden's Descrijuion of Scotland 
It. for Sir Ja. Dalr\-mplc'< laie book 

concerning the .Scotish history 
It. for transcribing Sir Ja. Halfour's .MS. 

of the Genealogy of the Scotish 


It. for Cr.auford's Memoirs 

It. for lip. Guthrie's Memoirs ... 
It. for Eachard's Roman histor)- in 4 vol. 
It. for Dupine's Ecclesiast. hislor^- in 7 vol. 
It. for binding K. Wm.'s Actsof Parli.a' 

and -Acts of Generall Asscndilies ... 
It. for Kurretiers Great Dictionary in 

3 vol 

It. for the Present State of the Court 

of Rome 
It. for the Acts of the Brittish parlia' 

and Generall Assembly 170S 
It. the .-\ct3 of the two first sessions of 

the 2 ' Lrittish pari' ... 

It. Acts of the Gen. Assembly 1709 ... 
It. for Gawin Douglass's Virgile, binding 

and postage 

It. Acts of the Generall Assembly 1710 
It. for Mr. Stewart's treatise of a Per- 
petual Motion 
It. for mr. Alex. Gordon Humanist, ane 

ace' of ... 
It. for the -\cls of the first Sess. of the 

3"^ Brittish parlia' 
It. for the Actsof Sederunt, 1711 
It. for the Acts of the Generall .Vssem- 

bly, 1711 

It. for a letter from mr. Ro' .\n'!crM;>n 

with the Catalogue of mr. Thos. 

Gordon's books, and .another letter 


It. fir binding the forsds Acts of pari- 

and Gen. .Assemblies 
It. for biniling two copies of Irish 

Scrmones gifted to the Library by 

mr. Dundncck 
It. for a ca~e of two pocket globs, con- 
cave ami convex 
It. for mr. .Murr.iy's Just Measures for 

education of \'outh, in 2 vol. 












5 o o 
3 12 o 


13 4 o 
6t> lb o 

o S o 

3G o o 


6 10 o 


10 iS o 



7 14 o 

o 9 G 

o iS o 


5 2 o 

Vol. 1. 2iid Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES Ai\D QUERIES. 

It. bought out of the late sub prin'i' 

books Kushworlh's Collcctiuii anil 

Bentivolio's History, etc. ... ... £(i i6 o 

It. postage of a Catalogue uf mr. 

Sinipsi>ne's bouks sent from Edin. 

to the Cnlleilge 036 

It. fur K. Henry the Slh's Primer ... 100 

It. for the Acts uf the Generall Assembly, 

1712 o 16 o 

It. for Pietas Halensis ... ... ... o iS o 

It. the expenses in getting home from 

Geo. Str.ichan the books allowed by 

act of parliat [1709] confurme to a 

par'^r acco' first parcell ... ... 5 12 o 

It. for Arnaukl Dr. Andrew's Lives of 

the Fathers in the Desert ... ... 520 

It. for Joannis a Cruce Opera mistica ... 4 16 o 

It. for postage of the Commercium 

Epistolicum ... ... ... ... 060 

It. given to Alex' ffyfe author of the 

Royall Martyre, conform to the act 

of the Colledge ... ... ... 300 

It. for Anti(|uilatis Academiac O.xoni- 

ensis Apologia ... ... ... o 12 o 

It. for the Spirit of Prophecy defended 300 

It. for the I!p. of Cambr.iy's book con- 
cerning the existance wisdom and 

omnipotency of God ... ... i 16 o 

It. for Mr. Medes Works 2S o o 

It. for a Common Prayer buok with 

the Canons of the Church of England 600 

It. for St. Amours Journall ... ... S o o 

It. for Cowley's Poems ... ... ... 600 

It. for the Cardinalisme ... ... 400 

It. for the Xepotisme ... ... ... I 16 o 

It. for Cuinbcrland De legibus naturae 400 

It. for Dod well on Separation ... ... 4 o 

It. for his discourse of ane alter, etc 200 

It. for Bull's Ilarmonia Apostolica ... 2 10 o 

It. for Bp. Leightown's praelections ... 2 14 o 

It. for Kegiam ^I,^je5tatem, etc. ... 300 

It. for Spinosus Tractatus Theologico- 

politicus, etc ... 400 

It. for mr. Greatrack's bok ... ... 100 

It. for the English and low Dutch 

Dictionary ... ... ... ... 300 

It. paid to the late sub]irinll- for a copic 

of mr. Simon McKenzie's book con- 
cerning the Union ... i 16 o 

It. for Marol's Propertius ... ... 2 S o 

It. for DoiI« ell's Paraenesisde Schisniale 

Anglicano ... 2 12 o 

It. for Taylor's ? ... ... ... 10 o o 

It. Joseph .Sylvester's Poems ... ... 600 

It. Chaucer ... ... ... ... 300 

It. Tacquet's Geometric ... ... I 4 o 

It. Slatiita Academiae Oxunien>i.i ... 12 o 

It. for binding Iloadley's two books 
given by the Prinle. and the Bp. of 
Lincoln's Catechisjn ... 

It. for a letter from mr. Monteith about 
his books 

It. pd. into the Bibliutheck bu.\ confornie 
to the act of the Colledge 7"' Dec'. 
1713 for niakeing up the sum lent to 
mr. George Keith, lo^f ster. 

It. for Powell's Economy in English, 
4 vol. ... ... ... 

It. advanced to mr. flreebairn in order 
to the buying uf a new edition uf 
Buchannan's wurks ... 

It. postage of another letter from mr. 

It. for a letter from mr. flalconcr con- 
cerning Dr. Hick's books 

It. for the Acts of the 2'"' Sess of the 3'i\ 


It. for the Acts of the 3"' Sess of the 3'' \ 
P'irl' j 

It. for the Acts of the whole 4''' pari' I 
after the Union ... ... ...j 

It. for binding the sds Acts 

It. for a further ace', from Geo. .Straclian 
for the books allowed by .Act of Parlia' 

It. for Dr. Geddes's History uf the 
Church of Malabar 

It. for ditto's Church History of Ethiopia 

It. for fibrbes on the Tyths 

It. for the Acts of the Generall As- 
sembly, 1715... 

Lo s 

14 s 

2 14 

3 6 

Summa of the whole Discharge ^^570 7 o 

Charge ^585 S o 

Discharge 570 7 o 

The Principal moreover 
charges himself with 
the lines payed to him 
by sexteen students who 
were guiltie of a Ryot 
in Abd., anno 1715, at 
a Crown per head ex- 
tending in haill to ... 48 o o 

The whole ballance is ... 

63 I 

Kiiiy's Coll. Jarfv- iS'l', 1716. In p""; of .Mr. 
.'Me\f. Fniser subprinU, Mr. Alc.x. Gordon 
Humanist, mr. (leor^'C Gordon " professor of 
Oricntall Langiiayes The above ballance of 
63/" isli. was put in by the Prin" into the 
Ijibliotheck box. 

Sic Subscr. Ai.E.x'-- Fr.vsek. 

{I.ihnuy AciOiinh in Kin-'s CoL 
Charter Chest, Shuttle 21). 

( To he coittiniuil. ) 



[N'ovEMr.Lk, 1S99. 


( CoittiiuuJ from Vol. I., 2iid S., pa^c 58.) 

Anno 1674. 

Presbytery ok Kincardine. 

6. • Parish of Aboyne. 

Earl of Alioyn . ... 


■ Tilliclionclic .... 


Laird of Auchcnhuovo 


John Farquhnrson of Kirkloun 


John Gordon of Ddnuhing 


John Middlcloun 



Balnacraig .... 


Heirs of Jas. Wriyht 


4 6 

;fi562 IS 6 

Anno 1741. 
Presbytery of Kincardine. 
6. Parish of Al'oyne. 

EailofAboyn . . . .;^II04 

Earl of AU))n for John .Middle 

Auchcnhoove . 
Finzcan for Kirklown 
Lcnnacraig Innes 
Finzcan .... 
Earl of Aboyn for Waterside 









/1562 IS 6 

7. Parish of Birse. 



John Slrachan of .Midstrath 
Donald Farquharson of Kirktown 
Donald Farquharson of lialfour 
Alexander Koss of Birsebegg 
Walter Gordon of Birsemoir 
Druminochy . 
Andrew Malcom 
Jean Ross . . . 
Jean Smith 
Andrew Turner 
Tillesnaught, ?;idL-r . 
Tillesnaught, younger 
John and Alexander xVndcrsons 

Robert Stuart of Invcrchatt 
John Gordon of Tillicfrusky 
Donald Farquharson of Tillicgnrinon 
Relict of John Ross of Easter Clunc 
Alexr. Ross of Wester Chine . 
John Slrachan for Wkitcstone . 
Glcnc.Ul and Marywcll 
Ilcirs of John Wright for Torquhind 







































7- Parish of Birse 

Finzean .... 
Mr. Voung of Middsnath 

Do for Torquhindlashy 
Earl of Aboyn for Kirktown 
Balfour .... 
Alexander Ross of Birschcgg 

Birscbcgg, Druminochy . 
Turner's J of Kinminity . 
Kirk Session . 
.Malcom's \ of Kinminity . 
Koss of Tilliesnaught 
F'inzean for Inverchalt 

Tilliesnanght for E.-ister Clune 
Donald Ross for Wester Clune 
F'ra. Gordon for Glencalt 
Do. for Marywell 































33 6 S 

/3<39 8 4 

Cl\l<i S 4 


■ V,''l .i... 

.>.-y,'\ '\t> lartiTV 

O ---i ,\ 

o 01 <:■ 




John Gordon ^90 O o 

Laird of Auchlosaon . . . 130 o o 

Cowcnrdio I16 I3 4 

John Strachan, Elder of KirUtown . 2S0 o o 

John Slrachan,. Younger . . . 66 13 4 

Janet Skene of Slue . . . 60 o o 

Andrew liurnctl of Craigower . . 170 o o 

Sir Alexr. I'raserofUiiriesfur Midbolly 400 o o 

Lord Forbes fur Lands and Market . 500 o o 

Patrick Irvine for Kaslerljclly . . . 300 o o 

Elspct of WcstcrhLlly . . 224 o o 

Alexander llurnet of Cauiijlield . 100 o o 

Adam Gordon . . . . 153 6 S 

Mr. Alexander Irvine of Lairney . 225 o o 

Laird of Craitjniyle .... 450 o o 

Laird of Leys 410 o o 

Francis Gordon of Mill of Kincardine 
Auchlosien ..... 
John Forbes of Kirktown 


Midbclty Durricb .... 
Fraser of Finrack for Tomniads 
Tilliefriiskic for Wester lielly, now 
Wni. Drebncr .... 
Canipfield iJnrnett .... 
Kasterbelty, Mr. iMitchcl, Thanistown 
Tillyfruskic for Lairney, now Wm. 
Drebncr ..... 
Monallry fur Craiqniyk- 

Do. for Crai;;ower j 

Do. for Medlars 

: ( Mr. Kiclid! 1 
\ Gordon / 


























.^3^75 '3 4 

C?S>T, 13 4 

Laird of Aiichlossan 
Laird of Aiichinhove 
John Clialmers of Lannacraig . 
Thos. Farquharson of Collricstown 
Patrick Irvine of Easter Lclty . 
Fintorge ..... 
William Forbes of Caniiifield . 
Do. for Kintocher . 


George Adam .... 














Finzeans part of .Auchenlovc 
Duguid of Auchcnliove . 
Bennacraig Chalmers 

Finrack .... 
Campficld Forbes 
Craigievar for Kintocher . 

Do. for Cloak 

Do. for Kurnside 

LaIO o o 

6i)i 17 10 

126 15 6 

200 o o 

100 o o 

66 13 4 

100 o o 

136 o o 

146 o o 

35 o o 

;£'2o66 6 8 

;f20S2 6 S 

(To be coiitimuJ. ) 

REMARK.vrLE TiME-PiECE.— Japan possesses 
the above, which some of your correspondents 
may decipher as to its age, maker and destiny. 
It is contained in a frame 3 feet wide .and 5 feel 
lony, representin;,' a noonday landscape of ;^reat 
beauty. In the fore^jround, pUini anil clicrry 
trees, with rich plants, appear in full bloom. In 
the rear is seen a hill, gradual in ascent, from 
which apparently flows a cascade, admirably 
imitated in cr)Stal. From this point a thicad- 
like stream meanders, encircling rocks and 
islands in its windin;,'s, and finally itself 
in a far-off stretch of woodland. In a miniature 
sky a i;olden sun turns on a silver wire, strikin;,' 
the hours on silver yonys as i' passes. Kach 
hour is marked on the frame by a creepin;.; 
tortoise, which serves in the of a hand. 
A bird of e\(|uisile pluma:^c uarbles .it the closC 
of each hour, and, as the son- leases, a moubC 
appears from a nii:.;h!jourin;.; i;roiio, and, 
scamperini; over the hills 10 the ;^.iiden, is soun 
lost to view. J. V. S. C 

INVERUGIE Castle. — From a .Minute of 
Tack on the Dwelling Mouse at Inverugy, 
formerly possessed by William Sellar, Jun., 
who occupied part of the Castle as a Hreweric 
in the year 1782, and let to Mr. Peter Keid for 
twelve years, from Whitsunday, 1S30 — the house 
presently occupied by Mr. Patrick Whyte — I 
transcribe the subjoined docquet, u hich will be 
new and interesting to the readers of S. N. Ht' O. .- 

Lumlestiron, 25111 September, 1S30. — Mr. Peter 
Keiil, being to reside near the Castle of Inverugy, 
has said that he will be good cncpugh to take nulice 
that no depredaiiun.'; are made by idle persons or 
others on the Stair, Fortalice, Xc, of the C.isllc. 
Mr. Feigusoii will therefore appoint him Governor 
of said Castle and Fortalice, with its appurtenances, 
during Mr. l^eid's Tack or .\lr. I'erguson's pleasure, 
and will aut!i(iri^e him to assume the Title of 
Clovernor of said Cn.slle, in virtue of such appointment. 
(Signe.l) jAs. .Mirciir.i,, 

Factor to lames Ferguson, Esii. 
of'l'itfour, M.l'. 


O --iv 


}'.:■]( r. 




The first book on this month's list is ;in 
exhaustive and interestiny bioi;raphy of one of 
the most eminent Aberdeenshire settlers in 
North America, whose writinys uill occupy a 
considerable place next month. The works of 
several Aberdeen doctors are here catalogued. 
Dr. James Greiy Smith, of Bristol, one of the 
ablest surgeons educated at our University, had, 
unhappily, a brief, although brilliant, career. 
His "Abdominal Surgery" is a standard work, 
which has passed through many editions. Dr. 
John Gordon Smith had the distinction of being 
the first Professor of .Medical Jurisprudence 
ever appointed at an English university. 

We have been unable to gather many par- 
ticulars of John Smith, an Aberdonian, an 
alumnus of King's College, 1S16-30 ; M..-\., 1S40; 
and LL.U., 1S54. He settled in Glasgow, where 
for many years he was editor of the E.vaiiiincr, 
a weekly newspaper. Our list of his works is 
by no means complete, for he was a voluminous 
writer. His three volumes on "The Scottish 
Clergy" are scarce, and well worth acquiring, 
but they are seldom met with together. 

We note the works of the late Sheriff Guthrie 
Smith, and we may remark that Scotland 
possesses another author of the same name, a 
writer of topographical works. Of course, the 
compilers of the British .Museum Catalogue 
have, treated the two men as one. K. J. 

Smithy Horaci IVcinyss, 

The Life and Correspondence of 
the Kcv. William Smith, D.D. 
2 vols. rUiladeliilii.i, iSjg-So. 

Smith, J. 

Plan of the City of AbordeL-n and 

its Improvements. Abdn., iSlo. 

Smith, /allies (Principal of Ediii. 
Univ.). ti736. 
Two Sermons. 

Observations upon Church AtTairs, 
addressed to Principal Smith, by 
X. V. Edin., 1734. 

Smith, James ( Min., Nc-.dnirn). 

A Compendious Account, talicn 
from Holy .Scripture only, of the 
form and order of tlie Church of 
God. Svo. Edin., 17O5. 

The Caje of J.auies Smith, late 
Min. at Xewburn, and uf Robert 
Fcrrier, late Min. at I.arg^, truly 
represented anil defeu.'.eil. Svo. m 176S. 
[A'c/;-////.-./, (/.■'.;;-,',,•, iSib.\ 

Smith, Jama (I-'or-in). 

The Doctrine of the S.ici.uuenl-. Loud., 1X49. 

Smith, James, U..D. (Miii.,Ncu'/ii!ts). 
Homilies and Communion Dis- 
courses. Edin., 1S65. 
The Holy S|.iril the Combiner. Abdn., 1SO6. 
.Meditate upon lliese things : a 
.Sermon. Ivlin., 1X74. 
Smith, James ( Al'enhir.ler ). 

Jesiis Christ the Cood .Shepherd : 

a .Sermon. 1S60. 

Smith, James ( Tar land ). 

The Temperance Reformation and 
its Claims U[>on the Christian 
Church. Lund., 1S75. 

Professor [\V. K.] Smith on the 
Pible, and Dr. .Marcus Dods on 
In-si)iration. ICilin., 1S77. 

Professor [\V. K.] Smith's New 

Plea, &c. M 1S79. 

The Character of the Sabbath 
declared by the Lord of the 
Sabbath. Lund., 1SS3. 

Jewish Comlcmnation of Jesus 

Christ as a Sal>bath Lire.aker. m ,, 

The Papal Authority, &c. Edin., 1SS4. 

Smith, James ( Diiffto-cn). 

Hymns and Spiritual Songs. 
D.aily Bread Almanac. 18S7, 'S;c. 

Smith, James ( Greyfriars ). 

Farewell Sermons. .\lidn., 1S62. 

Smith, James, B.D. (St. Geor^'e's IK). 
Christianityand Uenevolent Patriot- 
ism, .^bdn., 1SS9. 
.\ Pilgrimage to Palestine. n 1S95. 
•\ Pilgrimage to Egypt. f, 1S97. 
A Pilgrimage to Italy. n 1S99. 
Smith, James Donne (Nat. Petty, Mar. 
Coll., ijgS). 
Ace. uf Crquhart and Glenmoriston 
(New Stat. Ace, xiv.). 
Smith, James Grei,; ( Bristol). 

The Pyrexia of Enteric Fever. Lond., 1S7S. 

Pathology, &c., of Chronic Osteo- 

Arthritis. Bnstol, 1S7S-9. 

Growth of Spicular Osteophytes. n 1, 

E.iit., Bristol Med. Chir. Journal. „ iSSj, &c. 
Diseases of the Bones. Lond., 1SS3. 

Histology of P'racture Repair in 

Ingrowing Toe Nail. Bristol, 1SS4. 

Removal of Uterine Appendages. .1 1SS6. 
Laparotomy for Intestinal Obstruc- 
tion. Lond., 1885. 
Removal of Tumours of tile Bladder. n 1SS6. 
Pa|nllomatous Disease of 

Ligaments. ,1 ,, 

.\bdi>nunal Surgery. Lond., 1SS7. 

2nd ed., iSiS; 3rd ed., 1SS9 ; 
4lh 111., 1S91 ; 5th ed., 1^90 ; 
Olh ed., KS97. American 
edilions, Philadeli.hia, l^iiiT, 
iSbS, and iiiS9. 

Vol.. 1. 2nd Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Diseases of the Lones (in Treves 

Mnnu.ll). Loml., iSS6. Treatment of Intestinal 

Ohstruction. n 1S90. 

The K.iilical Cure of Hernia. Urislol, n 

Oljstruclion of the IJuwels. Eilin., 1S94. 

Wooilspring (Golling Sketches, 

with an introductory notice of 

tlic .luthor). liristol, 1S9S. 

Siiiitli, James Murray ( Duiulablc). 

Kuplureil Perineum. Lonil., 1S90. 

Non-Abortive ILeiiiorrhage during 

Pregnancy. n u 

Ulislers in first stage of Pneumonia, n 1S91. 
Smith \SIuiiiJ\ James William Frascr. 

Remarks on Fever Accommodation. .\bdn., 1S7J. 
Smith, Johi:, Preacher of the Holy Gcsfd. 
An Ev.ingelical Exhortation, tend- 
ing to call People's .-Attention to 

the Doctrines of the Messi.ah. 

l2mo. Abdn., 1S06. 
Smith, John, LL.D. 

The Grievances of the Working 

Classes, and the Pauperism and 

Crime of Glasgow, with their 

Causes, Extent and Remedies. Gw., 1S46. 
Sacred Biography, illustrative of 

Man's Threefold State. n „ 

Domestic .Scenes, or Noted Charac- 
ters in Scotland. „ 1847. 
Our Scottish Clergy : fifty-two 

sketches, biographical, theological 

and critical. Edin., 184S. 

Do. second series. n 1849. 

Do. third series. n 185 1. 

Public Worship ; or I'raise, Prayer 

and Preaching f Cti'. /r///ta/^. Lond., 1S55. 
Morning and Evening Hymns — 

with appropriate music. Gw., 1S57. 

Cheap and uniform edition of the 

Works of J. S. Vol. i. Lond., 1S59. 

Smith, John (D.D., Campbeltown). 
Urnaighean arson, 

&c. {Aihin. printed. ) Edin., iSSo. 

Smith, John Alex. 

Ancient Scottish Silver Chains. 

(2 parts.) Edin., 1S73-5. 

On Flint Implements. (2 parts.) if 1876. 

Ornamented Stone Ijalls. (2 parts.) n m 

Uron^e .\rmlets. n m 

Smith, John Gordon ( HI. A., Mar. Coll., 
Ito7 ; -M.l)., Edin., iSio^. 
The I'riuciplescf Forensic Medicine. Lond., 1S21. 

(2nded., 1824: 3nl, 1827.) 
Analysis of Medical Evidence. „ 1825. 

The Claims of Forensic .Medicine n 1S29. 

Hints fur ICxamination of Med. 

Sanlarem, or Sketches of S.ieiely 

in I'ortu'^'.d. n 1822. 

The lUitish .Vrmy in Fr.incc. n s.a. 

Smith, John Guthrie. 

Digest of the Law relating to the 

(2nded., 1867 ; 3rd ed., 1S78.) 
Edit. Erskine's Princijiles. 
.\ Treatise on Reparation, 

(2nd ed. " The Law of 
Damages," 1S89). 
Home Rule in Irel.and. Lond., 18S7. 

Smith, John MeDonald. 

Practical Ilanilbook of the Khurd 
Language ( Orissa Mission Press). 

Edin., 1S59. 


Smith, Joseph. 

Account of Cirse. (Sin^ lair's Slat. 
Aret., t.x.). 
Smith, Joseph Dcnhani. 

Complete in Jesus, and One with 
Jesus J being two .addresses de- 
livered in the Music Hall, Aber- 
deen. J 
Smith, I.exi'is ( Piiiilisher). 

Smith's I'ocket Guide to the City 
of Aberdeen and its Environs. 
Smith, Neil, Jr. 

Hours of Communion in a Season 

of Allliction. 
The Prayer Meeting. 

( To be continued. ) 

Cuttack, 1876. 


The Life of Sir Thomas Urquh.Trt of Cromartie 
is being issued by Messrs. Olipliant, .Anderson 
and Ferrier. Sir Thomas occupied a unique 
position in his time (161 1-1660) ; was, indeed, a 
prominent and pictures[|ue figure, as the author, 
Rev. J. Willcock, of Lerwick, will no doubt 

Interesting Old Coin. — A gentleman 
who resides in the ancient village of Dundonald, 
Ayrshire (a village that owes w liatever of fame 
adlieres to it to its proximity to the castle w here 
the first of the Stuart kings of Scotland spent 
his declining years), has in his possession a 
halfpenny that was found in a chink in the 
castle wall. The coin bears on the front a 
profile of Sir William Wallace, head and 
shoulders, and on the head a helmet. On the 
border is the inscription, " Guliehuus \'allas." 
On the reverse is a seated figure of " Liberty," 
with one hand hoUling a little branch out- 
stretched ; and to the side a Scotch thistle, 
very distinct. The border bears the inscription, 
".Scotia Rcdiviva" — Scotland again alive, and 
underneath i-, the d.ite 12<)7- the \e,-ir in wliii h 
Wallace, having re-cstablisheil the fieedom of, was appointed its Governor. 

J. F. S. G 



[Novemi;kk, 1S99. 



( Continued from Vol. /., 2nd S., p. 62.) 

As further illustrating the exceptionally virile 
qualities possessed by the men of the Merse, I 
proceed next to notice that the comparative 
statistics— which, as the result of many years 
investigation, I have compiled, uilh the view of 
determining the relative position of the Scottish 
counties to each other as nurseries of moral 
and intellectual power — yield to IJerwick a very 
prominent jilacc in regard both to its fertility in 
men of genius, and to the extent and duration 
of the influence which its foremost men have 
exercised not only on Scotland, but on the 
world. Thus it is a noteworthy fact that while, 
in respect to its superficial area, Berwick lanks 
19th on the list of Scottish shires, and while in 
respect to the number of its inhabitants it ranks 
25th, in respect, on the other hand, to its fertility 
in men of more or less distinction, it ranks 12th, 
its number of such notables totalling no fewer 
than 274 names. I have been at the trouble to 
compare Berwick in this respect with the other 
three counties on whose comparative merits I 
have ventured to speak in the three previous 
essays dealing w^ith this subject, which I have 
written for this periodical. And the result is not 
only striking, but highly honourable to Berwick, j 
Thus while Ayrshire, the first county of which 
I treated, is seventh among Scottish counties as I 
regards superficial area, and sixth as regards I 
inhabitants, it ranks only fourth as regards its 
men of power, with a bead-roll of 725 notnlilcs. ' 
Banft'shire, on the other hand, whirh I next ' 
tackled, though it stands ijth on the roll of 
Scottish counties, alike as regards its size and j 
its population, stands only 13th as regards its I 
notable men, with a list of distinguished nati\es 
numbering only 25S. Aberdeenshire, again, the 
subject of my last essay, occupies a decidedly i 
more favourable position, for, while it is the 
sixth largest of Scottish counties, and the fourth 
most populous, it stands at the top of the list for 
the number of its notable men witli a total of 
1 105. Now, when the relative populations of 
the counties thus compared is taken into account, 
it is at once evident that Berwickshire is propor- 
tionately much more successful in raising notable 
men than the best of the other three. For, 
since the population of .Xberdeenshire is about 
87 higher than that of the Border coimty, it 
follows that as Aberdeenshire's notable men aiv ' 
only 4'03 more numerous, the people of 
Bcruickbhirc must be nunc lli;in twice as jiro- 
ductive of icmaikable men than is the case 

with the men of the northern shire. Exactly 
the same result is obtained when BantT, the 
adjoining shire to Aberdeen, is compared with 
Berwick. For, while the population of IJantT, 
which in li)9l was 64,167, is almost twice that 
of Berwick at the same dale, which was then 
only 32,398, Banftbhire's notables, on the other 
hand, total only 25S as compared with I'.crw ick's 
274. In comparing Berwickshire with Ayrshire, 
the advantage is foiuid to lie even more decidedly 
on the side of the Border shire. There seems 
no reason, therefore, to doubt the specially 
energetic character of the Berwickshire breed 
of Scotsmen. And w hat renders this conclusion 
all the more remarkable is that my statistics 
seem to show that a similar fecunduy in men 
of power characterises the other south-eastern 
counties of Scotland. Thus, while Haddington 
is 24th among Scottish counties in respect of 
area, and 21st in the matter of population, it 
stands 15th as respects its men of mark, with an 
aggregate of 20S notables. Roxburghshire, too, 
though 14th in area, and 17th in population, is 
loth in the number of its notable men, with a 
sum total of 321 to its credit. A position ec[ually 
honourable is held by Dumfries and Peebles 
and Selkirk. From which circumstance I con- 
clude that, whatever may be the cause of the 
phenomenon, the south-east ISordcr of Scotkmd 
is peopled by probably the most vigorous race 
inhabiting the 13ritish isles, and that goes far to 
say, the most vigorous race — barring some 
Jewish families — at present on the surface of 
the globe. I would not like to give the palm to 
any one Border county over the others in this 
matter ; for much could be said in support of 
the claims of each to pre-eminence. But I 
submit, that in any case the relative position, as 
a producer of talent, which upon a fair com- 
parison must be given to Berwickshire among 
Scottish counties, can be no secondary one. 

Proceeding now to a more detailed analysis 
of my lists of eminent natives of the .\Ierse, 
I remark that there seems to be a slight pre- 
dominance of the idealistic or religious genius 
o\er the more materialist or secular among the 
notable men of this district. I have been in the 
habit of di\ iding the notable men of the counties 
into which I am investigating into two classes — 
the one class consisting roughly of those whose 
bias has been rather to the secular or jjractical 
side of life and its interests anil pursuits ; tlie 
other class composed of those who have identi- 
fied themselves more definitely with what is 
s]iecifically spiritual or idealistic, although, of 
course, there are also some whose nature and 
whose achievements are sue h that they ileser\e 
tu be, and, in point of fact, have been, included 


in Ijotli tl.-isscs. This Ijcin;.; premised, I rciii.Tik 
that in tlic first class I include public men, 
technically so called, of al! sorts, such as 
statesmen, politicians, military and naval officers, 
lawyers, teachers ancl scholars, doctors, journa- 
lists, prose authors on technical, antiquarian and 
similar subjects, also successful business men, 
inventors, engineers, explorers and adventurers, 
and nondescripts of all kinds. In the second 
class I embrace spiritual teachers of all de- 
nominations and of no denomination, evange- 
lists, missionaries, ecclesiastics and divines of 
every sort, as well as all who, as martyrs or 
saints, have attained a prominent place in the 
reli^'ious world, also poets, artists, philosophers, 
and men of science, and novelists and cultivators 
of the icHt's Icf/rcs. On a scrutiny of the 
different lists of notables connected with Ber- 
wickshire, I find that while the men of licrwick- 
shire l5irtli whose bias has been more idealistic 
number i8o, the names of those whose lient has 
been more distinctively secular, total only 170. 
There is thus a slight preponderance apparently 
of the spiritual over the secular type of mind 
among notable men of Berwickshire e.xtraction. 
In this respect Berwickshire conforms more to 
the type of Ayrshire and the south-west of 
Scotland, than to that of Banff and Aberdeen 
or the north-east. For, as those who have done 
me the honour to read my previous essays on 
Banff and Aberdeen may remember, a similar 
analysis of the lists belonging to these counties 
brought out the fact that there the preponderance 
was slightly the other way, and showed that the 
bias of the intellect of the north-east of .Scotland 
leant rather to the secular than to the idealist 
side of life. Into the causes that produce the 
varied intellectual types that characterise the 
representative men of the districts thus com- 
pared, I shall not attempt to speculate, far less 
to dogmatise. These contrasts may or may not 
be due to differences in the respective histories 
of the localities compared, or to specific dis- 
tinctions in the racial types inhabiting each 
district to begin with, or to the persistent effects 
of climate, scenery, and other natural forces on 
races long subjected to them, or possibly to all 
of these influences together. For the problem 
which this cjuestiou 0])cns up, I do not feel 
myself ade(|uatcly furnished, and therefore from 
any attempt to deal with it I at present shrink. 
All the same, however, I desire before passing 
away from this point to call attention to a sketch 
of the character of the men of the Mersc, drawn 
in the early ])an of (he ifilli cenliu)-. At this 
period the men of this dir>irii t had been su))jectccl 
for 3CKJ years to the ilemoralising inlluenres of 
almost incessant Border u.irs. .And the result 

was, as an impartial observer records, that in 
the minds of the iieo]ile the moral obligations 
of the Christian religion were utterly pervertcil 
and misunderstood. So much was this the case, 
that not only were criminal acts done without 
compunction, but the criminals themselves were 
wont to make special appeals to Heaven for aid 
at the very time when they were engaging in 
the most nefarious deeds. This, <-.■,'•., is what 
the visitor to Berwickshire in the i6th centuiy 
found to be the cliaracter of the men he met 
there. " This people," says he, " ha\ e invented 
an ingenious policy to dri\e a prey and say their 
prayers. The policy of driving a prey tliev 
think to be sa leisum and lawful to thamc that 
never sa ferventlie they say their prayers, nor 
with such solicitude and care, as oft when they 
have 40 or 50 miles to drive a prey.'' 

Now, while I am far from asserting that it is 
in the influences exerted by ages of such life, as 
the above c|uotation describes, on the people 
subjected to it that we must find an explanation 
of the leading peculiarities of the Mcrse intellect, 
I yet regard it as a suggestive fact, that where 
a tendency to speculative or idealistic activitv 
appears among the people of this shire, it should 
either take the form of Humian or Sceptical 
.Metaphysics, or of Natural History or Positive 
Science on the one hand, or, on the other, where 
the spiritual nature has been strong enough to 
master its sceptical bias, that it should exhibit 
itself as championing a rigorous and formal 
orthodoxy, reared on a basis of authority, instead 
of on the absolute ideas of the speculative Reason, 

I do not, indeed, submit the above suggestion 
as supplying any sufficient explanation of the 
practical and positivist tendency which I believe 
to be distinctive of the Merse intellect in all its 
activities, not excepting even those cases in 
which it developes, as it often does, an idealist 
or speculative bias. I trust, however, I mav be 
able to furnish some satisfactory evidence that 
there really do exist contrasted intellectual types 
among the rei)resentative men of the better 
defined Scottish provinces, and that this law 
holds good of the whole south-east Bonier land, 
and more particularly of that portion of it which 
we are now examining, ami which is unc|uestion- 
ably the most .Saxon region in Scotland. 

This leads me to remark that while the past 
history of a region no doubt tells for something 
in the evolution of the mental character of its 
people, yet, in all probability, race is at least no 
less inriuential. Now, the natives of this ilistrict, 
as is well-known, are of singularly ])ure S;i\iiii 
line.ige. And, therefore, we m:iy e\pi'i t th,it in 
tluir development they will e\!i;iii! 
tr.i. es of that lineage. Now, it is geiicr.ilK 



[N'OVE.MEER, 1S99. 

admitted that the Anglo-Saxon is less tmotional, 
and, on the whole, intL-llcctiuilly a less mobile, 
if also a more patient and practical thinker, 
than the Celt. One indication of the contrasted 
mental idiosyncrasy of the two races has been 
pointed out liy the late I'rofessor \"eitch in his 
inlerestin;^' mono;,'raph on the History and Poetry 
of the Scottish liorder. Thus, rcfcrrin^r to the 
manifest superiority alike in harmony of sound 
and picturesque sui,';,'estivencss of the Celtic to 
the Saxon place-names in the South of Scotland, 
Professor \'eitch remarks, "As a rule the An-lo- 
Saxon names are very realistic or matter-of-fact 
in their mcanin;;, and they are not musical in 
their sound. They are abrupt and ijenerally 
monosyllabic. We have Don Law, IMack Law, 
Whiteside Hill, Scawd Law, On Weather Hill, 
and Dead for Cauld Hiil and innumerable 
others of the same sort." The Cymri. on the 
other hand, who, as we saw, were the first 
inhabitants of this district, must have had a 
sinjj'ularly fine musical sense. And althouj,di we 
are not alw.ays able to trace the inner si;^'nificance 
of their names of hill and stream and ylen, they 
appear to have had a purer, deeper feeling for 
the nature around them, more communion with 
it, alike in its softer and its sterner aspects, than 
their successors had, or than for long appeared 
in Saxon or English Literature. " The Cymri," 
adds Professor \'eitch, "had no name of fear 
for dark hill or stern glen. It was reserved for 
the Saxon who succeeded them to speak of one 
of the grandest of our burns as 'the ugly, i.e., 
the fearsome grain.' The Cymri, on the other 
hand, gave us as names of places, most musical, 
most loving words, — words which, read even in 
the order of locality, run in something like 
rhythmic cadence, as^ 

Garlavin, Cardon, Cardrona, Caerlee, 
Penwenna, Pcnvalla, Trahenna, Traquair." 
Now, if the distinction which this consideration 
is fitted to suggest as existing between the Saxon 
and Celtic racial types be accepted as real, then 
we may naturally expect that, however vigorous 
and robust may be the mental and moral i;enius 
of the man of the Mersc, yet, as the result of 
the predominating Saxon blood which he inherits, 
he will in all probability be found to be destitute 
of the finer and subtler traits which give its 
peculiar charm to the mystic and spiritual 
genius of the Celt. 

In looking over the names of my lieruickshire 
notables, I am inclined to think that they tend 
to establish the truth of this antici lalory :.;ener- 
alisation. Kor, in taking a re\iew lirst of all of 
the poetic work of the natives of this shire, I 
ha\ e to remark that, numerous as are the jioels 
of the Mersc — my list incliules no feuer than 

65 names — yet there is not a single one of tiiat 
number to whom even the second or third rank 
among such writers could be given. While if 
we go on further to examine the work of the 
men of this shire as spiritual teachers, 1 think 
I will be able to show that what distinguishes it 
is the comparatixe absence of the ideal or the 
mystic and the tendency to formal doctrine and 
theological precision, rather than to the aesthetic 
idealism of ritual, or the passionate fervour of 
an individual spiritual experience and an in- 
tensely personal faith. 

w. r>. R. W11..SON. 

( To be t'oiiiiniied. ) 



( Continue J from I 'ol. XI J. , fa^c jj. ) 

1727. June iS. John Rcid son to Reid, 

weaver, p. to Wni. iJ.ivid^on, weaver, 7 
years and I, from Jlh September, 
1719— foe ;^S Scots. 

Robert DonaM ^on to David Donald in 
Cutlehill, parochin of NcwhilU, p. to Alcxr. 
Angus, weaver, 6 years ami I year, from 
3rd March, i72l^no fee. 
Oct. 27. Alexr. McKenzic son to David 
McKenzie, sometime in .Miln of Kinaldic, 
with consent of Jo" .Strachan, mcrt. in 
Edr., p. to Willm. Duncan, Laxtcr, 5 
years, from 1st May, 1723 — no fee. 

George Stalker son to James Stalker, 
indwellar in Abdn., p. to .\Ie\r. Lichton, 
weaver, 5 years from Martinmas, 1723 — 
fee 40 merks Scots, and a bedding of 

1728. May 2. Alcxr. MackdonaUl son to the 

deceast Duncan Mackdonald, farmer in 
Killeyn parioch, p. to Thomas Xiven, 
merchant, 4 years — no fee. Mr. Alexr. 
Keith, minister at Crudcn, cautioner. 

David Hender.sonson to Wm. Ilendcrson 
in Dycc, p. to \Vm. Moir, couper, 6 years 
and I year, from 23rd May, 1722 — fee 50 
merks Scots. Al. Cooper, nuisick master, 
June 10. William .Micrdeen son to the 
deceast Mr. Andrew .Mierdeen, resi.lenter 
in Old .Mierdeen, with consent of Mr. 
Alex. Kra-er of I'.Avi^and Alcxr. Aberdeen, 
merchant in OKI .Muln., his curators, p. t,, 
(leorge .Maitland, nierchaiU in .\lier.leen, 
3 years, frnm, 1727 — fee /^20 

June 25. Ruliert Davidson, p. to .\l.raham 
Davidson, merchant in .Mn-rdeen, his 
brother, 2 years, from Slh Uclolier, 1726 — 

ir ..'.'.XI 



no fee. Oliligalion to scml llic ".np|in.'n- 
ticc to Lomluii, llull.inci, or suiiic place 
beyond seas upon his M''" accol. and on 
his charges." 
172S. July 30. Charles Farti'son son to Lewis 
Farq'son, in Bog of Croniar, \i. to George 
Simpson, couper, 7 years, from 31st May — 
fee ;rf50 Scots, willi a bedding of cloatlis 
at his entry, and two bol!^ of nieall at 
Martimas, 172S. 

Aug. 29. CIcorgc Miirr.ay son to Angus 
Murray in the parish of Kogart, p. to 
Wilbam Thomson, taylor, 5 years and I 
year, from 291)1 August, 1727. Cauliuner, 
Mr. \Vm. Stiven, Doctor of the Grammar 
School— fee /30 Scots. 

Dec. 6. James .Smith son to John Smitli, 
baxter, p. to William Stivenson, weaver, 
5 years, fron) Whitsunday, 1724 — no fee. 

Dec. 9. John Gordon son to Peter Gordon 
of BlacUhills, p. to Gilbert Duff, couper, 
7 years, from Marts., 172S — fee ^50 .Scots 
and two bolls of meal. 

1729. M.ay I. Thomas Cromar son to the now 

deceased Thomas Cromar, laxfisher, p. to 
Alexander Smith, shoemaker, with consent 
of Barbara Moir, relict of the sd. Thomas 
Cromar, 7 years, from Martinmas, 1723 — 
no fee. 
July 25. John Elphinston son to John 
Elphinslon in Easter Cullairly, p. to 
Alexander Forbes, Lockerniick, merchant, 
3 years, from Martinmas, 1726. 

1730. Feb. g. William Cassie son to John Cassie, 

Wright, p. to Patrick Barron, wright, 5 
years, from 1st January, 1730. Indenture 
signed at Aberdeen and Nelhermill of 
Cruden. Cautioners, the father and William 
Moir of Whitehill — fee £1 stg. 

March 2. James Bartlet son to George 
Bartlct in Rubislaw, p. to Adam Baxter, 
couper, 3i years, being the unexpired 
period of the indenture between James 
Bartlet and the deceased James .Shand, 
couper, dated loth June, 1727 — fee 50 

James Thomson son to Alexr. Thomson, 
farmer in Ab<In., p. to John Stralton, 
taylior, 5 years and I year, from Whitsun- 
day, 1726— fee £10 Scots and a bedding 
of cloaths. 

August 26. James Robertson son to the 
deceased George Robertson, g<ildsmith, p. 
to George Cooper, goldsmith, 6 years, from 
Whitsunday, 1729. Cautioner, Katlietine 
Moir, his mother — no fee, but a liedding 
of cloaths. 

Dec. 1. Alexr. Bonner son to William 
Bonner at Bri.lge of Dee, p. to Alexr. 
Walker, weaver, 5 years, from 27th Dec, 
1726— no fee. 

Jan. 2. Wm. .Spark son to Thomas Spark, 
. laxfisher, p. to Francis .Molyson, wheel- 
wright, 5 years, from Mart., 1726 — fee ;!^5 
stg. ; cautioner Thomas Mercer. 

June 2S. Charles Burnet .son to the deceased 
John Burnet in Inch, p. to Alexander 
Davidson, couper, 6 years, from Martin- 
mas, 1729— fee /6 6s. stg., and a bed.ling 
of cloaths or a guinea therefor. 

.Sept. 20. John Cruikshank son to Patrick 
Cruikshank, taylior, p. to William Cruik- 
shank, weaver, 5 years, from .Martinmas, 
1726 — no fee. 

Nov. 8. John Paul son to the deceast James 
Paul, merchant, p. to John Sim, coupar, 
6 years, from 29lh April, 172S — fee £^ 
stg. ; cautioner Thomas Paul, merchant. 

William Chalmers son to Jajiies 
Chalmers, merchant, p. to John Sim, 
coupar, 6 years, from 1st Deer., 1730 — fee 
£a stg. 

Dec. S. Andrew Robertson son to the 
deceast Arthur Robertson in Cupcrstoun, 
p. to James Cushny, shoemaker, 5 years, 
from 9th Deer., 1726 — fee ^^30 Scots. 
Cautioners, James and Thomas, brothers to 
the sd. Andrew, and George Robertson, 
goldsmith, for his fidelity and honesty. 

Feb. 2. Francis Cruikshank son to Robert 
Cruikshank, silversmith in Old Abdn., p. 
to George Cooper, goldsmith, 6 years, 
from, 1731 — no fee. 

Feb. 17. John Duncan son to.Vlexr. Duncan 
in Newtoun of Drum, p. to William 
Strachan, litster, five years, from 31SI July, 
172S — fee ^^50 Scots and three bolls meal. 

April 5. William Sangster son to Wm. 
Sangster, cordiner, p. to William Hartliill, 
shoemaker, 6 years, from 12th April, 1729 
— kc £^6 Scots, with a bedding of cloaths. 

April iS. Wni. Shepherd eldest son to Wm. 
Shepherd, younger, in Findon, p. to John 
Mair, merchant, 3 years, after Mart., 
1730— fee £s stg. 

June 14. Mugh Forbes son to William 
Forbes of Belnaboddach, p. to Gilbert 
Duff, coupar, 7 years— fee £(> stg., with a 
bedding of cloaths. 

July I. Thomas liurnet son to Mr. Rod. 
Burnet, late minister of Newhills, with 
consent of Janet and Eli/abelh, his sisters 
and curators, p. to Dr. James Gregorys, 
elder and yor. Phisitians, 3 or 4 years, in 
his master's option, from Whit., 1731— fee 
300 nierks. 

Sept. I. William Johnston son to the deceast 
Patrick Johnston, mason, p. to Roliert 
Robertson, cainlmaker, 5 years, from I ;lh 
November, 1727 — fee £11 -Ig. 

A. M. M. 



[November, 1S99. 

NOTAE (:) I5ENE, by Hackatt of Mayen, 
ISanrtshiro, c. 1603 : — 

Da lua dum lua sunt, [wst mortem non sunt. 
Give of thyne awin quhen thow art heir 
For eftir death thow hes no geir. 
Lord thow me defend 

From siilitill sorts of thos 

That (rindshipe me pretend 

And ar my mortall foes. 

Another Hackett, c. 1699, adds : — 

In my defence God ine defend 

And bring my saull to ane guid end. 



14. The Morisons of Bogme. — I wish to know 
the names and places of residence of the family of 
Gilbert Murison, who was laird of Boi^nie, .Aberdeen- 
shire, in l66t ; also his wife's maiden name. I 
enclose 5/-, to be sent to the first person who supplies 
the information. J. M. 

15. " IIalymylne," IX Perthshire.— In Vol. 
VI. of the Exchequer Rolls, 1455-1460, mention is 
made of James II. himting at Loch Freuchie and 
Ilalymill ur IIalymylne, from 26th September to 1st 
Octotier, 1456. In 1460 a sum of /'40 was expended 
in the erection of a bridge at IIalymylne. This place 
must be close to Loch Freuchie, but the name has 
disappeared, and I have been unable to locale it. In 
the preface to the volume, the editor, possibly by a 
slip, refers to it as " llollywell." Can anyone say 
where it is.' J. Christie. 


10. Spaldino of Ashixtully (I., 2nd S., 47). 
— If D. S., who puts this query, will communicate 
with the Misses .Spalding, Newton Grange House, 
Newbattle, .Midlothian, they will gl.idly give him 
information from papers in their possession. Ed. 

found among the Pilfour archives, lend new interest 
to the history of the .\bordcenshirc I-Vrgusons, whiKt 
researches auiung army and navy lists, university 
calendars, and other sources h.ave yielded numerous 
proofs that the clan is wide-spread and strenmms 
in the activities of public life. The biographies of 
lirominent members of the families make interesting 
reading. Among the illustrations which adorn the 
book are portraits of the Right lion. Sir [ames 
Fergusson, Bart., of Kilkerran, and Mr. William 
Ferguson, LL.D., of Kinmundy. We are by no 
me.ans sure that the editors are yet through with the 
task. They have, so far, done well. 


Records of titc dan and Name of Fcr^iisson, Fcn^uson 

and Fcr;^iis. Supplement — edited for the 

Fergus(s)on— by Jamks Fkkgl'so.n ami Roi:kkt 

MK.N/.rKs Feki;i:ss0.n. Edinburgh: David Douglas, 


TllK editors of this goodly volume of 250 pages, 

which is purely sup|jIonuninry to the goodlier volume 

which preceded it in lJ>95, must have become 

convinced, in the course of their labours, that no 

liook is a linalily. From all parts of the world 

almost the Fergusons have gathered to be enrolleil 

in this volume, including families from the United 

Kingdom ami Ireland, from mo-.t c.>ntinenlal nations, 

the colonics, inrluding many inleicsiing contingents 

from the United Slates. Important papers, recently 

Scots J3ooI;s of tbc ilDontb. 

Graham, H. G. Social Life in Scotland in iSth 
Century. 2 vols. 8vo. 24/-. Black. 

Lindsay, H. The Jacobite : Romance of the 
Conspiracy of the Forty. Cr. Svo. CI. 3/6. 


Forbes, A. Life of Napoleon. 37 illustrations. 
Svo. 6/-. Chatto. 

Douglas, Sir G. James Hogg. Cr. Svo. 1/6. 

Oliphant's Famous .Scots. 

Fergusson, R. M. Alexander Ilume : Early I'oet — 
Pastor of Logic, and his Intimates (.\lexander 
Hume, 1 560- 1 609 ; Sir William .Mex.ander, 1567- 
1640; John Shearer, 1565-1647). Cr. Svo. 5/- 
net. Gardner. 

McCaig, D. The Last Enemy, and other Poems. 
Cr. Svo. 3/6. Parlane. 

Leslie, Alexander, First Earl of Leven : The 
Life and Campaigns of. By C. San ford Terry, 
Lecturer in History- in the University of Abenleen. 
With portraits, maps and plans. Svo. 16/-. 


Henderson, H. F. Erskine of Linlathen : Selec- 
tions an'l Biography. Cr. Svo. 6/-. Oliphant. 

Willcock, John. Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromartic, 
Knight. Cr. Svo. Illustrations. 6/-. Oliphant. 

Boston. Memoirs of the Life, Times and Writings 
of the Rev, and Learned Thomas Boston, M.A. 
New edition. By Rev. G. II. Morrison. Demy 
Svo. Portraits and illustrations. Oliphant. 


Correspondents will greatly oblige by sending us 
their full name and address (not necessarily for 
publication) along with their contributions. 

All comuumications shoidd be accompanied by an 
identifying name ami .acMress. .\s publication d.iy is 
the 25ih of each month, copyshould be in a few d.ays 
earlier. Ed. 

l'„l,ll~li.;.l l.v A. Ci.nuN ,^ Cn.. l;..,l.,.-il,.rs,;r:uyi,)niiinii.i.::ui..iis!;l,.ml,l l,u .-uMrL-vse.! I,) llie " IMil. 
51 (W«.rnc- IM.ui:,,;n. .■\.b^ili-,uiii.;iit, :.ii.l Uumu 
LfUcrs to llie l'iil>li-,licis, 3i Union Sllcut, ALcrJcuii. 



s.] No. 6. 

DFXEMBER, 1899. 



N'.TRs:— Page 

J'.yron's Matern.ll Ancestors 8i 

f.tal r.ibliography Ss 

S .me .Memories of .m Ol.l 1 1.Misc .inil of ils nc.nipanls 83 
Records of the Uoj-al Cniniissioii f„r Visilin- llie 

Universities ami of AiicrJecn, .716-17.... gi 
" Notes and Queries " 92 

MisoR Notes:— 

The Church of Mortlach 87 

.\ii Interesting OKI Coin — Myron's Maternal .Vnccsturs 90 
Ihe of Heinpri—s li.-tronelcy — ^..^nn■^llire 

•Militia £.\emption Certiltcate, 1S02-3 93 

'.' FriES: — 

Dr. \Vm. Ruddiman— Horn Idle-" Cork," a Cant 

Term for M.astcr— Douu'i.-vslic.lil, The l.iiuK.iy Hills, 

Perkit .Moss .and Liulys Sieps: Where are llicv' .. 91 
Ross of Limavaily— kieliard .Mailland — Limsc of 

Study for .Mini,lry-riie Slr.acliaii, of ( Uc.ikiiidie. . 94 
Kemps of .\l.erdeenshirean,l America-Gordon Uallad 

— .\le.\ander Sinclair Gordon 95 

\-.-.VF.KS: — 

.\merican-Aberdecn Graduates — The Morisons of 

^"S^'C , 95 

I ; rFK.\Tt;RE 96 

' rs Hooks op the Month 96 


( Coiiliiiued from Vol. /. , snd S., />. J2.) 

^\iiii;rine Gordon (Mrs. Bvron), 


L.\sT OF HER Line). 

(Born, 1764; died, iSll.) 

'MHERiNE Gordon, the hst of her line to 

>l ilie hinds of Gight, Ijccimc mistress of the 
• ■; I'.'.s on .-m.-^inin.^ hci- majority, fof she u-,is 

} -I.-'! licir to her f.ither in September, 1785, by 
; 1 ^ii date she had taken the very step to lose 
; ■'■• "1 all— by niaiTyini; John l!)'ron. Her whole 
■ '■ ''l' '<> this point Iiatl bcL-ii that of loss .after 

•-■ Her mother h.ul died while she was a 
•'• ' hild. One sister died in 1777 : her father 

'■' "> T"-; ; her only other sister died in 1780. 

Her mother's trustees. General Abercromby and 
Thomas Innes, died respectively in 17S1 and 
1784. Her maternal ;4randmother, Mrs. Innes, 
died in 17S4, so that, by 17S5, the GiL;ht family reduced itself to the youny^ heiress, her 
paternal jirandniothcr {11,'c Duff), and her aunt, 
Mar^iarct Davidson. The heiress started her 
career (according to Moore) with ^{^3000 in cash, 
two shares of the Aberdeen liankini; Company, 
the estates of Gi.L;ht and MonkshiU, and the 
superiority of two salmon fishinL;s on the Dee. 
She was " a stout, dumpy, coarse-looking 
woman, awkward in her movements, and 
provincial in her accent and manners'' {Pro/herd), 
but "proud as I.ucifer" (as her son said), "and 
very headstroni,^" She considered herself quite 
a great persona.^'c, and her idea of her own 
superiority was doubtless increased by her 
haviny lived in "England," and figured among 
the beau.K of Hath like a society lady. Dath 
proved her ruin, for it was there she met and 
married Captain Byron. The marriage register 
(as c|uoted in Peach's Historic J^foiiscs of Bath, 
1SS6) i-uns as follows (although Cordy JeaftVeson, 
in the Real Lord llyrou, 1883, declares that the 
marriage, which he describes as a sham elope- 
ment, took place in Scotland) : — 

John liyron, Esquire, ol the p.-irish of St. Peter .ind 
St. r.-ivil, in the city of B.ilh, a widower, and C.ithcrine 
Gordon, of the parish of St. Michael in the same 
city, spinster, were married in this church [.St. 
Michael's, Bath], this thirteenth day of May, in the 
year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five 
[M.ay 13, 17S5], l)y me, John Chapman, Rector. 

This marriage was solemnized between us. 
[.Signed] John Byron. 

Catherine (iordon. 

In the presence of .Sarah Hay [and Dr.] -Mexander 
I Lay. 

It is a curious fact that the bride was the 
third Catherine Gordon who had married an 
alien ailvcnturcr. Lady Catherine Gordon, the 
daughter of the second Earl of Huntly, marrlcil, 
in 1495, the French inipostcr, I'crkin Warbeck ; 
while Lady Catlierine Gordon, the daughter ot 
the second .Maii.|uis of lluntly, marrieil, .about 
1C39, the I'olish traitor, 'Count Aiulrca> 

{ \ 



[DFXEMr.F.R, 1S99. 

The liyron niatiii;,' was almost incrciliblc from 
ever>' point of view, and, of course, it turned out 
impossible. Byron was notorious ; Catherine 
Gordon was a nonentity. liyron was hand- 
some ; she was very plain. Byron was bankrupt ; 
she had a good balance at her bankers — 
doubtless exa;,'gerated by herself (unconsciously) 
and by the people of Bath (through ignorance). 
This, and this alone, may be taken as the 
reason of the marriage. Byron had borne 
down on Bath with the view of getting an 
heiress, for the ^4000 a year which he had 
enjoyed for five years lapsed with his first wife 
(the former Marchioness of Carmarthen's) death, 
in 17S4. He found himself up to the ears in 
debt within a few months. 

Let me recall Byron's story briefly, familiar 
though it is. Captain John Byron was the 
eldest son of Admiral the Hon. John Byron 
(who was in turn the second son of the fourth 
Lord Byron), by Sophia Trevanion of Carhays, 
Cornwall (whose pedigree will be found in 
Burke's History of the Coninwners, 1833, \'oI. L, 
253-5). The Byrons had become a bye-word. 
The fifth Lord made himself notorious by reason 
of his killing his kinsman, William Chaworth, 
in a duel, fought in a tavern in Pall ^Lall, in 
1765. The .Admiral (1723-17S6) started life by 
being wrecked on the coast of Chili, in 1741 
(he wrote a book about it) ; and, as a Don Juan 
of fifty summers, he again found himself on a 
dangerous coast, for (as I have described in 
these pages, August, 1S99) he set up an establish- 
ment in London for bis wife's ex-maid. His 
handsome son. Captain John Byron, regarded 
him as an excellent model, for he ran away, in 
177S, with the beautiful, but bored, Marchioness 
of Carmarthen, Baroness Conyers in her own 
right, and daughter-in-law of the Duke of 
Leeds. The town rang with the scandal (as I 
have noted at length in these pages, and in 
Bon-Accord, 19th .August, 1S9S). Byron had the 
temerity to marry tlie lady, who bore him one 
child, the famous Augusta. She kept him in 
pocket-money, and departed this life, in France, 
Januar)- i'i, 1784. the \iclim of "consumption 
and his illusage." .\t this crisis C.ilhcrine 
Gordon crossed his path. Whether he iiii|ucd 
her or petted her I do not know ; but the blase 
bankrupt nian-aljout-town {,u-/,it 30', with the 
memory of his beautiful Marchioness constantly 
before him vin the f.icc of her daughter), went 
one day to St. Michael's, Bath, with the 
dumpy, underlircd "heiress'" (with a Scotch 
accent), and the tragedy of her lino reached a 
climax, just as a prophet of fate might have 
forecast. An exlraordniary legend is related in 
the Memoirs of Ro/-:r/ C//ii/i:/crs (p. 287) about 

Catherine Gordon's marriage with Bvron. In 
17S4 (the year in which liyron's first wife died) 
Miss Gordon, who was present at a pert'ormancc 
in Edinburgh of Mrs. Siddons, as Isiiic/Ai, in 
"The Fatal Marriage," was "carried out of her 
box in hysterics, screaming loudly the words 
caught from the great actress, 'Oh, my Biron ! 
my Biron!' A strange tale was therewith 
connected. A gentleman, whom she had not at 
this time seen or heard of, the Honourable John 
Biron, next year met, paid his addresses, and 
married her. It was to her a fatal marriage in 
several respects, although it gave to the world 
the poet. Lord Byron." The marriage was not 
pleasant for Miss Gordon's relatives, especially 
her economical grandmother. In any case it 
was tabooed by her neighbours. Peter Buchan 
published in his collection of ballads iS:S the 
following verses, which he says were " written 
by a Scottish bard who had been dissatisfied 
with the marriage of Miss Gordon" : — 

O, whare are ye gaein', iKinny Mi-,s GnrJon ? 
O, whare arc ye gaein', s.ic boiinic and liraw? 

Ve've niarrieil, ye "vc marrieil wi' Johnny liyron. 
To squander the lands o' Giglit awa. 

This youth is a rake, Engl.inil ho "s come ; 
The Scots dinna ken his cxiraction ava ; 

lie keeps up his misses, his landlord he iluns ; 
That's fast drawin' the lands o' Gight awa. 

The shootin' o' guns, and rattlin' o' drums ; 
The bugle in woods, the pipes in the ha". 

The beagles a' hovvlin, the hounds a' growlin' — 
These soundin's will soon frae Gight gang awa'. 

A curious echo of the note of dismay which 
Captain Byron struck among the .Xbcrtleenihirc 
gentry has come down to us in the shape of a 
diai-y kept by Alexander Russell, .Mrs. Byron's 
cousin, the son of the Co-Commissioner on her 
estates. In this document, which was quoted 
recently in the Scots>ii,vi by his grandson, the 
present laird of Aden, Russell describes a visit 
he paid the Byrons in Sciitcmber, 17S5, when 
he was se\cntcen. Russell was "nuich struck 
by the extravagance of the establishment, and 
much impressed by the descriptions of fashion- 
able Society given by Captain liyron." No 
doubt the gallant Cainain entertained the lad 
of seventeen to an account of his own amours — 
including his flight with Lady Carmarthen : and 
the exploits of old Q., who was then t/':-: man- 
about-town, were graiihically related. Boys, 
however, will be boys, for the laird of Aden tells 
us that his grandfather joined in " dancing the 
lands of Gight awa," to the sound of the pipes 
in the " h.V," which scand.discd the b.illad 
writer, and gives a graphic account of these 
merry meetings. " He was also greatly edified, 
and not a little shocked, by seeing a copy of a 



ri'i'cntly piibHshcd work, called La Novcllc 
J/r!i<iit', which he discovered on Captain Byron's 
t iMc, and which in no way harmonised with 
[illotson's sermons, which, to judyc by previous 
intrics in his diary, had been the youn;.; man's 
f.ivourite reading. He also relates how ^'reatly 
alarmed he was one Saturday niyht lest wild 
Captain Jack should dance on into the Sabbath. 
He therefore retired to bed at i rjo, but, to his 
;,'reat relief, the reels left off before the clock 
struck midnight. It would appear that Mrs. 
Myron and her young son paid frequent visits to 
licr aunt and uncle at Aden." 

The Aberdeenshire "gentry" would not 
tolerate Byron (the clashing of liis reckless 
temperament with their cautious outlook on life 
must have been very comic), althougli he seems 
to have gone half way to meet them, by living 
at Gight and adopting his wife's name, by 
calling himself "John liyron Gordon." Their 
repudiation of him was shown when he tried to 
vote in the Parliamentary election of February, 
17S6, when George Skene of Skene, backed by 
the Whig Duft's, offered himself as member for 
Aberdeenshire against James Ferguson of 
I'itfour, the nominee of the Tory Gordons. 
Byron's vote was disallowed, although he put 
himself forward as "John Byron Gordon of 
Gight" A squib of the period (reprinted in 
Davidson's Earldom of tlic Gariocli) dismisses 
him thus : — 
And there was an Englishman, married in haste 
To an heiress that suited him just to his taste ; 
^ et his right ofaltendance in court was not clear. 
So they sent him to dance it at home for a year. 

It is intcrestmg to note that Lord George 
Gordon also tried to vote : — 

There, too, was the Lord of the Protestant mob. 
Who came post a long way to assist at the job ; 
And ycl, when he came, no assistance could grant. 
For no oath he would take but the old Covenant. 

Very soon after this Mrs. Byron suffered 
further degradation. Unlike her mother, her 
grandmother, and her great-grandmother, she 
had no marriage settlement — which shows how 
little she had profited by the Duff strain in her 
—and her husband's creditors fell upon her 
income. The stocking was very soon emptied. 
The Aberdeen Bank shares went for .£600. The 
timber on the estate was cut down and sold, to 
the amount of /^ijoo. Monkshill was sold in 
1787 to James Hay of Brigcnd, Lord Aberdeen's 
factor, bringing in (with the superiority of the 
Dee fishings) 2^480. Meantime ^Sooo had been 
borrowed on the Gight estate, and it too had to 
go — liyron and his wife having left it for good 
in the summer of 1786, when they went to 
Hampshire in the first instance, and then to 
Cowes (not to France, as Moore makes out). 

Some very interesting correspondence, dealing 
with the sale of Gight, was published (for the 
first time) by the Rev. Dr. Milne of Fyvie, in 
the supplement to his parish magazine (February, 
March, and April, 1SS6). In order to under- 
stand the close nexus of the families involved in 
these disputes, the following table should be 
studied : — 

Mrs. Byron's Immediate Relatives. 

James Abercromby of Glassaugh, M.P. for D.-infTshirt 


Wm. Duff of Dipplc. 

Patrick Duff of Cr.ligston. 

nmby, = M.iri-nu(T. .VImir.ll Duff (J. 17S7), Alt-snnd.-r Duff nufT K.itherinc Abercromby 

: eight of Hallo 


( Alex, (iordon (mar. Alex. Iniics 
of Gi^ht). of Rosieburn). 

<.--pt. Al«.TCroml>y, Jane Abercromby=R. W. Duff of Jamc5 Duff, Jobn Puff Geor-e Gordon sKalherine Ell/a rnne<; 
/'•<,/,•,■ /;.,-. 1/,-s. I I.'cttcrosso. yl/,i. /.>nWs of Halthn. of Gii;ht. I Inncs. (mar. Alex. Kus^ell 

l-i;'niM„ll,fr. I ,\c:cnt. of Moiutorfer, 


on Cishl,). 

Alexamler Duff. 

M.ary Duff, 
" Ilyron's Marj-." 



[Decemeer, 1S99. 

Captain Byron (writinj,' from liis niothci"'s 
birthplace, Carliays, in Cornwall, on Aui,aist 22, 
17S6), addressed the follouin;,' remarkable letter 
to the Co-Comniissioncrs of the (.;i:;ht estate, 
namely, Admiral Robert Duff (I. of Fettercsso, 
who died 17S7), Mrs. Ilyron's y rand-uncle, and 
Alexander Russell of Montcolier, wlio had 
married her aunt (Eliza Innes) ; — 

Gentlemen — I reccivetl yours thn instant, with 
your copy, and am perfectly satisfied wiih the 
determination, except in one respcci, namely, the 
coach-horses going to Mr. Stewart, Mill of Arden, 
as Mrs. Byron Gordon is at S[oHth] Warnliorough, I 
a house I have taken in Ilampsliire, and I being 
ohligeJ to be here on business, I can only give you 
my sentiments with regard to the bond .^fr. Watson 
has signed, therefore the other two must be given up. 
With respect to the sale, I have wrote to Lord 
Aberdeen and Fyvie. When I get their answers I 
will send them to you with our resolutions. I think 
it is the best way to disjiose of the Estate as soon as 
possible, as I see no end to the expense we may 

I hope Mr. Duff, as soon as the money is got, will 
remit a certain sum to us, as wc have been obliged to 
borrow of Mr. H.ay, our factor, when we thought we 
should have been relieved by .Mr. Duff on the 20th 
June, and I beg Mr. Dutf will make out to the 
Commissioners the sums we are indebted to him, and 
that the produce of the bond may be sent immediately 
to me, and also the amount of the meal rent due, &c., 
may be sent Us. — I am, &;c., &c., 

JOH.N Byron Gordon. 

James Duff (fourth son of Alexander Duft", I. 
of Hatton), Sheriff Clerk of Uanflshire, who was 
Mrs. Byron's uncle and ai,'ent, communicated 
(on September 18, 17S6) with Russell, as fol- 
lows : — 

Dear Sir — Some posts ago I had a letter from Mr. 
Byron Gordon in answer to the one wrote when you 
was here, copy of which is subjoined : to it I shall 
refer when I again hear from him as to the price I 
shall advise you. In the meantime I have wrote Mr. 
Hay, the factor, to get back the horses from .Mr. 
Stewart. I have delayed the roup proposed, as Mr. 
Byron says nothing of it ; by this there can be no 
inconveniency. At last the proposed loan from 
Cairnbanno I think will take place, and as there is 
now no time to be lost it will be necessary for you to 
fix some day to lie here next week — when Mr. 
Abercrombie is ready to attend in order to Unish the 
transaction, the papers being now all in my custody, 
and .Mr. liyron's affairs recpiire despatch, so in 
course will expect to hear from you.— I am. Dear 
Sir, &:c., i;c., Jamks Dui-l-. 

" As there is no regular post to you, [I] h.ive sent i 
this by express, su as to have time to advice the gentle- 1 
men the day you are to be here." 

Mrs. Byron, for her part, did not approach 
the Commissioners in the tirst instance. Doidn- ' 

less she felt that she bad put herself out of com t 
by marrying the tone ; and yet she felt herself 
so much in his power, through her affections 
(the point is exceedingly interesting in a woman 
of her bard instincts), that she demanded pro- 
tection, against herself, as well as against her 
husband. She approached the Conimissiohcrs 
through her kinswoman, Miss Uripdiart of 
Craigston, to whom she wrote from .South 
W'arnborough, on Novendier 13, i7Sf>, in this 
strain : — 

It is by Admiral Duff and Mr. Russell ..f Nbint- 
coffer's advice that we sell the estate [of (dgliij. 
Vou know they are the Coinndssioners, and if lliey 
.act .as my friends they should see that there is a 
proper settlement liiade upon me, the be-t that I 
could wish or expect would be ten thousnm.f pounils ; 
and I would have that settled in such a manner ihat 
it would be out of .Mr. Byron's ]iower to spend, and 
out of my own power to give u)) to liim, th^iugh I 
shoulil wish to have the power of spending it Tuystlf, 
or to leave it to any lady I pleased, though I am not 
sure if that could be done ; though if it c^iuM I shcjuld 
wish it. I suppose if that could not be ilone it might 
be settled in such a manner that he could not spend 
it, and that I could not give it up to him, but that I 
might leave it to him if I was to die. I sliduld ni't 
wish to appear in it myself or that Mr. Byron should 
know that I wrote or spoke to anyone on this subject, 
because if he did he woulil never forgive me but I 
should wish it to be done without my appearing in it. 
Admiral Duff is certainly the best person, but I 
should wish that he would not mention me in it, but 
as if it came from himself, and a thing as my uncle 
that he thought it his duty to demand ami see properly 
settled upon me. For God's .s.ake mention it to no 
one but who is necessary, .and I beg that your 
answer to this letter you will send under cover to my 
maid, Mrs. Burn, at South Warnliorough, near 
flanford Bridge, Hampshire. I trust to your friend- 

This letter was duly communicated by Miss 
Urquhart to Admiral Duff. In order to reach 
his colleague (Mr. Russell), it was communicated 
by Miss Urquhart to Miss Helen Innes, who 
sent it to Russell. Miss Innes wrote (from 
Banff, November 30, 17S6) : — 

If anything could be done lo secure her, you will 
be best judge what steps are proper, now that she 
sees the necessity of it herself. [Up to this point 
Mrs. Byron would seem to have repudiated the 
interference of her relatives.] It will be an act of 
charity in her friends to do what they can for her. 
Miss Urquhart i* desirous that it should not be 
mentioned to any person here, as you will see that it 
would not he proper that Mr, Byron should hear of 
it, and -she has mentioned it to nobody but me. 

Gigbt was duly bought, for ..^17,850, by the 
third F.arl of .Vbcnlccn, for his son, Lord M.idd", 
the descendant of Sir John Ciordon of Kcllie for 



Haddo), who had lost his head for the very same 
cause as the Gight Gordons had followed with 
impunity. The prevalent idea that the family 
of Gight was pursued by an unlucky fate — 
crystallised, as I have shown, in several "frets" 
— was expressed at this period by a lct,'cnd, 
related by .Moore, who repeats the gossip of a 
correspondent, to the effect that, shortly before 
the sale of Gight, a number of herons, which 
had nested for years in a wood on the banks of 
a large loch at Gight, and called the Hagbcrry 
Pot, flew over to Haddo. When Lord Haddo 
was informed of this, he said — " Let the birds 
come, and do them no harm, for the land will 
soon follow." The onmiscicnt "Thomas the 
Rhymer" had prophesied that — 

When the heron IcavL-s the tree 
The laird o' Giyhl shall l.indk-ss be. 
The evil fate did not end with the old Gight 
family, for Lord Haddo met his death on the 
"Green of Gight," by being thrown from his 
horse (October 2, 1791), leaving several children, 
including the future I'rcmier (l.iljtUed by ISyron 
"the travelled Thane, Athenian Aberdeen"), 
and the Hon. Sir Alexander Gordon, Welling- 
ton's A.D.C., who was killed at Waterloo. 
Haddo's death was believed to fulfil "Thomas 
the Rhymer's" prophec) — 

At Gight three men a violent death shall dee, 
And eftcr that the lands shall lie in lea, 
which was completed by a servant from the 
Home Farm being killed in a similar way. At 
a later date, when the house was being pulled 
down, preparatory to the farm being turned into 
lea, a servant was killed by the fall of a wall 
(see Pratt's Iliu/iatt). 

Poor Mrs. ISyron saw nothing like the 
/!io,ooo which she wished to be settled on her. 
The whole proceeds of the sale, .£17,850, were 
mopped up by her husband's creditors, except 
.£1122, which was required to pay her grand- 
mother (ucc Duff) an annuity of ^55 lis. id., 
■'"^ Z3000 for herself, which was lent by 
trustees to Mr. Carscwell of Rathlllet, Fifeshirc. 
It says much for Mrs. Hyron's thrift that this 
lapital sum, £4122, was untouched during her 
remaining life of 24 years, for her son inherited 
It intact on her death, and, by his will (dated 
I2lh .\ugust, iSll), directed that it should be 
Used to pay off certain legacies and debts. 

(To he coutiinicd. ) 

St.\ l.kAl, anicles in type have Ijeen held over 
I'Ji a month, for want of space. 


In the Aberdeen University Library there 
reposes a well bound quarto volume, entitled 
" Transactions of the Aincriaiu Philospphical 
Society /icld at Pliiladctphia for proiitoting 
useful Kii07i.'!cdgc J Volume I. : P/nladclp/iia, 
1771," which bears upon its flyleaf the following 
personal inscription : — "Z>r. Smith bc^^s that 
Dr. I'raiihlin 'niould direct this copy to Dr. fohn 
Chalmers, Principal, for the Library of A'i/!:;'s 
College, Old Aberdeen, in which place Dr. Sntith 
had his education." 

The person addressed was Benjamin Franklin, 
the distinguished American philosopher, ancl 
the writer Avas William Smith, a native of 
Aberdeen, who, for nearly half a century, held 
high rank among the prominent public men of 
North .America. He studied at King's College 
for several sessions, gaining a bursary in 
1743, but did not graduate, and, after occupy- 
ing himself in teaching for a few years, 
emigrated to New York in 1752, where 
he at first followed the same profession. .An 
opportunely published educational tract brought 
hmi the influential patronage of Franklin, 
who was then projecting the College of 
Philadelphia, which subsequently developed into 
the University of Pennsylvania. A curious note 
by Mr. P. J. Anderson, in S. N. &^ O., i., 137, 
indicates the sources from which the young 
educationist derived the ideas and plans which 
thus attracted attention, and to which he owed 
his appointment of first Provost or Principal of 
the college. He was a man of much natural 
ability, energetic and ambitious, and, under liis 
management, the college was successful from its 
institution. He left it in 1779, and returned in 
17S9, having, in the meantime, foundc(.l and 
become first Principal of Washington College, 
.Maryland. He was an Episcopalian, and, from 
an entry in Ur. H. G. Batterson's Sketch Piook 
of the American Episcopate, Philadelphia, itJ/tl, 
we find that, in 1783, he was elected Bishop of 
Maryland, and went to England for consecra- 
tion, which was refused upon his election being 
l)ronounced defective by the English ecclesias- 
tical authorities. This disappointment may 
possibly have influenced his oi)pobilion to Ur. 
.Samuel Seabury's consecration at .Alierdeen in 
the following year, of which the reader will liiul 
some curious particulars in Dr. William Wallcer'a 
Life and Times of Bishop John Shinner. 1 1 e 
was a menfl^er of the committee appointed after 
the Revolution to revise the English l'ra\er 
Book for America. He may be called the 
founder of the .Vmerican Philosophical S(m lety, 
of which Benjamin Franklin was first piesideiu. 



[DtChMi;LK, itigg. 

Dr. Smith became its first secretan', and it 
numbered amon^' its original members many 
men of Aberdeenshire oriijin, c.j^., Dr. James 
Anderson of .Maryland ; Alexander Garden and 
Lionel Chalmers, physicians at Charlestoun, 
S.C. ; James Davidson, Professor of Languages, 
Rev. John Euin^', Dr. William Logan and Mr. 
James Alexander, of Philadelphia ; Dr. John 
Lorimer, of Florida West ; and Dr. Hugh 
Mercer, of Virginia. 

Dr. Smith revisited his native country on 
several occasions, and, in 1759, received the 
degree of D.D. from the University of Oxford, 
and from his own .Alma Mater. He died in 
1S03, at Philadelphia, and, although in his native 
Aberdeen he is no longer remembered, the 
influence of his hfe and v.ork holds a unique 
place which can never be forgotten in the land 
of his adoption, and, as our list shews, has quite 
recently formed the subject of several contribu- 
tions to its historical literature. His portrait 
illustrates several of these works, and is preserved 
in the university whose early success owed so 
much to him.* 

Our list this month includes the names of 
several well-know n men of mark, of w hom their 
native district is justly proud. Dr. Walter 
Chalmers Smith, the poet ; Dr. William Robert 
Smith, who combines the professions of 
physician and barrister-at-law ; and the lamented 
William Robertson Smith. t The Doric rhymes 
of Robert Smith, the Glenshee schoolmaster, are, 
in their original editions, among our rarest and 
most curious local works. K. J. 

Smit/t, Pal rid Blaikie. 

Treatment of Acute Pleural Effusion. 

Lona., iSSS. 
Clinical Lecture on Intestinal Ob- 
struction. .. iSg2. 
On Peripleuritis. n m 
Smith, Robert (0/ Gknmillan). 

On Planting at Balgowan. Ldin., 1S57. 

Siiiitit, Rohert ( Oidmac/mr). 

Sermon on Isaiah, liii. I. Abilii., 1S36. 

Smith, Robert, D.D. ( F. C. .Uinista: 
Conoci ). 
Early days of the Mission to the 

Jews at Pcsth. 
The Quiet Thoughts of a Quiet 

Thinker (e./it. by T. M. Lindsay). Ediii., 1S96. 

* " Distinguished .ibove all the clergy of hi 
I tUeolujiaii, a of alTaini, ... 
;xposc(l him to cri-.icism, even in a bilmloi 
he Kfis.-htl diurclt, l-v S. /) 
'.and , iSt)!.' 

tSce S. .V. &• C. .si Ser., v., .4., lyj ; 


n:,l habits 

Siiiilh, Robert. 

Poems of Controvcr-y betwixt 

Episcopacy anil Presliyter)'. s.l., 1711. 

[Kefriiiled, EJiii., /ijj'.] 
The .Assembly's Shorter Catechism 

in Metre. Edin., 1721). 

[Reprinted, Edin., 1S72.] 

Smith, R. Ani;us. 

Stone Circles at Durris. Edin., iSSo. 

Smith, Robert Harvey. 

Animal Magnetism. .\bdn., iSjj- 

Smith, Walter Chalmers. 

Farewell Sermon, Roxburgh 1'. C, 

Edinburgh. Edin., ii>G2. 

Miracles: .A Lecture. Lund., ^< 

Report of the Discussion in the 

F. C. General Assembly, .M.iy 

2S, 1S67, in the case of the Rev. 

W. C. S. Edin., l.Si)7. 

The Modern Sadilucee. Gw., 1^74. 

Co-operative Congress, Edinljurgh, 

18S3: A Sermon. Manchester [iSSj]. 

Thomas Chalmers : A IJiugraphy. Lond., li>S4. 
Thoughts ami Fancies for Sunday 

Evenings. G«'., i5>S7. 

Introduction to W. C. Cameron's 

" Light, Shade, and Toil." 1875. 

Introduction to J. T. Hillock's 

" Hard Laities for Life and 

Usefulness." 1SS4. 

Edited, with memoir. F. Mudie's 

"Bible Truths." iSSS. 

Edited, -linth Memoir. Alexandi-r 

Nicholson's " Verses." '5^9j. 

Smith, William ( nat. Aberdeen, IJJO). 
A Scheme for augmenting the 

Salaries of Parochial School- 
masters in Scotland (in Scots 

Magazine Act., if jo). 
A Memorial for the EstaMi-hed or 

Parochial Schoolmasters in Scot- 
land addressed to the great men 

in Parliament, &c. Lond., 1 75 1. 

\_Si:;ned " William Smith, Com- 
missioner of said Sthoolma.dtrs. "] 
Some Thoughts on Education. New Vork, 1752. 
.\ General Idea of the College of 

Mirania. n '753. 

[A faesimile of the Title ra.,e of this rare ami 

curious tract illustrates *' 'J'he Early History 

of the University of Pennsylzania. jrd e'l. 

Philad., iS<)b."^ 

Philosj.ihical Meditation. Lond., 1754. 

Brief Account of the Province of 

Pennsylvania, jnd ed. ,. 1755. 

[j;-./ edition, Lond., I'jb : re- 
printed, A'cT.' Vork, il'-'3.'\ 
\ Sermon pieaelied iji C'lirist I h^'.rcl], 

I'hil.uleli.hi.i. I'hii., 1755. 

[Reprinted, London, iyjj.\ 



A Brief View of the Conduct of 

rcniisylvania for the year 1755. Loncl., 1756. 
A Letter from a GeiUlcinan in 
Lonilun to his I'"rienJ in I'cnn- 
sylvania. n I75*^- 

The Hermit (^i^i't essays in 

" American Magazine "). I'hil., 1757-58. 

Discourses on several puljlic 

occasions. LonJ., 1759. 

[Secoihi c,l., ciilar^^'cl, /76J.] 
Concerning the Conversion of the 

Heathen. I'hil., 1760. 

Account of l!ou<|uet's ICxpcdilion 

against the Western Imlians. „ 1765. 

[A'^Jfrii/itfi/, Cificimuiii^ /SSi'l, 
Charitable Corjioralion for Willows 

of Clergy. 1, 1769. 

Editcdy "villi jlufwir. I'oems of 

Nathaniel livans. n 1772. 

Four Astronomical l^ssays (in 

Trans. American I'liilos. .Sue). „ 1771. 

Oration before the Amer. I'hilos. 

Society. M 1773. 

The I'resent Crisis. „ 1775. 

Oration in Memory of (ien. Mont- 
gomery ((^)ueliec, 1775). 11 177O. 
Temporal anil Spiritual .Salvation. m 1790. 
Oration on tlie death of Benjamin 

Franklin. u ir 

Works. 2 vols. II 1S03. 

Memoir (l.y C. J. Stille). 1, 1S69. 

Life and Correspondence (by II. 
W. Smith). 2 vols. n 1S79-S0. 

[Other authorities on Dr. Smith's 
life and work arc : — 
Early History of the Univ. of 
Pennsylvania, by G. B. Wood 
and I'-. D. Stone. 3rd ed. ,. 1S96. 

- Franklin and the Univ. of I'enn- 
sylvania, by Francis N. Thorpe. 

Washington, 1S93. 
Recollections by W. R. Smith in 
"The American Hi-storical 
Register." Boston, 1S96.] 

Smil/i, William (Kind's Coll., ijSj : 
Mil!., Bower). 
On the Coming of Jesus. Lond., 1S04. 

Sacred Lessons and E.xerciscs. 

English and Gaelic. Edin., tSlo. 

The Knell ; an Elegy on George 
the Third (from the Hebrew of 
H. Hurwitz). 1S27. 

On the Christian Pursuit. Wick, 1S35. 

Account of Bower (Sinclair's S/al. 
A<e.,vii. ; anJNcivSlal. Aa:, .vi: 
^milli, iniliaw (nat. Raffonl ; Mar. 
Coll., i-jbj). 
Account of I'etty (Sinclair's Slat. 
Ac:, Hi. ). 
SniH;,, inillain .M.Coinhic. 

Memoir oflhe Family of McCnmbie. Ivlin., 1SS7. 
The Athletes and Athletic Spurts 

of Scotland. Paisley, ibgi. 

Lond., 1S75. 


II 1SS9. 

Smith, William Robert. 

Lectures on Nursing. 
(znd edition, /SyS. ) 

Introductory Address on Physiology. 

Cheltenham, iSSl. 

TheLawsconccrningPublicIIealth. Lond., 1SS3. 

Fever Hospitals, their construc- 
tion, i.S;c. II 

Annnoniacal Decomposition of 

The so-called Bacillus Scarlatinae. 

Micro - Organisms in Drinking 
Water ( Local Government Board 

The .luiology of Puerperal Fever. 

The Relation of MicroOrganisms 

to Diseases in Maji. n m 

Annual Report on the .Sanitary con- 
dition of Woolwich. Woolwich, 1S90, 

The Pathology of the various 
Diseases of the Liver. 

Lead ill Articles of Food. 

Edit. The Journal of State 

Edit, and revised. Guy and l''errier\ 
Principles of I'orensic Medicine. 

The Laboratory Te.\t Book of 
Public Health. 

A Text Book of First Aid Work 
and Home Nursing. 
Smith, William Robertson. 

Sermon in St. George's F. C. , 

Professor W. R. S. on Old Testa- 
ment Scripture and Rationalistic 
Theology. [Abdn, 

The Libel, &c. Report of Pro- 
ceedings in the F. C. Presbytery 
of Aberdeen. n 

Testimonials in favour of \i. R. S. [ n 

Letter to Rev. Dr. Spence. [ n 

Speeches in support of the Motions 

of Dr. Whyte and Prof. Bruce. Edin., 

Edit. Wm. Wright's " Lectu.-es 
on the Comparative Grammar of 
the Semitic Languages." 

Edit., -i'ith prcf. ']. Wellhausen's 
Prolegomena to the History of 

With J. S. Baynes ; edit. The 
Encyclopajdia Uritannica. 9lh 

With M. J. de Goeje; edit, and 
revised. " Wright's Grammar of 
the Arabic LanLiuages." 




















( 7'o be continued. ) 

■ TitE CnuKCir ()V Moimt.acii.— In ilic P,i:Iv 
I'rce J'ress for the 4tli, Stii Ov: i Ith of NovcnilKT, 
m-cur .-i scries of three articles on the Cluneli ot 
iMonlach, by iJr. Cramond of Cullen. 


[UliCliMULK, 1899. 


r>Y THE Late Earl of Caithness. 

The new possessor of the "Chancelloi-'s House" 
— Colonel John LSuchan — was the fourth son of 
James ISuchan of Auchmacoy, by his wife 
Margaret Seton of I'itmcddcn. The Auch- 
macoy family and the Setons had been staunch 
Royalists during the Civil War, and had greatly 
involved their estates by their sacrifices for the 
cause. In the case of Auchmacoy, howe\er, 
the wadbets, which the laird and his eldest son 
had been obliged to grant over the estate, were 
eventually cleared off by the second son, James, 
who succeeded his brother. 

The third son, Thomas Ijuchan, described as 
"a man eminent for courage andantient honesty," 
played an important part in the events which 
followed the Revolution of i6Sy in Scotland. 
He and his brother John both appear to have 
entered into foreign service soon after the 
Restoration. Thomas obtained a Commission 
to raise a Company of a hundred men for the 
famous Regiment — the Gardes Ecossaises — in 
the service of Louis -\IV. — that king being 
resolved to increase the strength of the Regiment 
from eight to thirty companies. iJcfore 1682 he 
had transferred his services to one of the Scotch 
Regiments in the pay of the I'rince of Orange, 
for, in that year, he was Lieut. -Colonel to Colonel 
Mackay's Regiment in Holland. This was the 
famous Hugh Mackay of Scourie, the opponent 
of Claverhouse at Killiecrankie. 

On 17th December, 16S2, Colonel Thomas 
Buchan received a Commission as Lieut. -Colonel 
to the Earl of Marr's Regiment in Scotland, and 
was directed as soon as possible to obtain his 
pass from the Prince of Orange and to come 
home. His assistance was required in hunting 
down the unfortunate Covenanters of Ayrshire, 
and there are various letters from the Privy 
Council and others recognising his services in 
that capacity and thanking him therefor. He 
received orders from the Privv Council in i''>S4 
to apprehend the persons of .\rdmillan Eliler 
and all his sons, to take bonds for tlicir appear- 
ance for ^"12,000 Scots each, .md to seuc all 
papers, writs, and other tlocuments, to be sent 
in to the Government. On 12th November, 1685, 
the Privy Council, li.ning rciei\ccl infornialion 
of the Colonel's good sci\ ic rs ,ig:iin^t >i(inie of 
those rebels "uIki h.i\e iiilv-ud ihc cijunlre\- 
and disturbed his .Majeatie's pease,' returned 

him \\\\ his Majestie's name) their hearty thanks 
— at the same time giving him further instruc- 
tions as to a "famous" rebel called Nisbct of 
Hardhill, whom he was to send in to Edinburgh 
by a sufficient guard, "in order to his tryall." 
The Colonel was also to have a Commission to 
try and judge according to law "the harbourers, 
resetters, assistants and complices of the said 
Hardhill," and of the other persons taken along 
with him. .Soon afterwards he rec ei\ ed a Com- 
mission as Colonel of the Regiment formerly 
commanded by the Earl of Marr, and of v-hich 
he himself had hitherto been i.ieut.-CnIoncl. 
On I2th November, 1C88, he had a C()mni;ssi<in 
to be IJrigadicr of the Regiments of Foot. 

In the meanwhile his younger brolher. John 
IJuchan, had been for some lime in the Dutch 
service. When the Re\()hition broke out he 
was with the Prince of Orange, to \vho<c cairsc 
he adhered, and with whom, it is belie\ed, he 
came over to England in 1688. He was soon 
after promoted to the Lieut.-Colonelcy of one 
of the Regiments of Foot, and ser\ ed with it 
under (ieneral Mackay in 1690-1. He com- 
manded the King's forces in the City and County 
of Aberdeen in the autunni of 1690, when his 
brother, the General, chased the .Ma-tcr of 
Forbes and Colonel Jackson to the gates of 
that town. The (jeneral, howc\er, jiasscel by 
without attacking Aberdeen, and the inhabitants 
were spared the sight of two brothers, in arms 
against each other, engaged in mortal coml.iat. 

Thomas ISuchan went over to France soon 
after the Revolution, and joined King J.uncsat 
St. Germainc, whom he accompanied t(j 
with the rank of Major-( ■ Frojii an old 
document amongst tiic family papers, it appears 
that his friends, viz., his factor, .Mr. Alcxantler 
Iluchan, and his lawyer, .Mr. William Mon\- 
penny, and Sir Roljcrt Colt, fearing lie 
would be liable to outlawry and forfeiture-, .id- 
vised his brother John "to medtlle w;th the 
Major-General's bonds in the hands of the said 
.Alexander Ruchan and tliat to safe them from 
stranger donationc." .-V disposition was accord- 
ingly granted by Alexaiulcr ISuchan to C"!oncl 
ISuchan of all the bonds in his posscs-inii. .ind 
the Colonel being himself in fee of the liei;;,il>le 
bonds, failing heirs of his brother, no dor; 
could have affected them further than as regards 
the annual rents. 

After Dundee's death at Killiecrankie, King 
James resolved to send over an experienced 
onicer to take charge of his affairs in Scii'.'.ind, 
and 'I'Iidhkis IUh haii ivccl\e(l .a t mhi. 
missKii, as "Geiirnill-M.iji.r of all our <■.: cs 
alic.uly r.usi-d .,1 Iw be licrccUcr laisei! ir, lii.ii 
our antient kingdom of Scotland." It was not, 



however, until March, 1690, that Buchan em- 
barked, accompanied by forty ofticers, in a vessel 
containing a small quantity of provisions and 
ammunition, and the sum of .£900 in cash. 
With this small force he landed in the island of 
Mull, from whence he proceeded to Lochaber, 
where he e.xpected to have the hearty co- 
operation of the Highland Chiefs, but these 
had by this time become so dispirited that, had 
it not been for the exertions and influence of 
the celebrated Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochicl, 
tlie war would have died out then and there. 
.A. force of 1200 men was collected — chiefly 
Highlanders of the Clatis M;icdonald, McLean, 
Macpherson and Grant. With these ISuchan 
marched dosvn the Spcy, hoping to reach the 
Gordon country, and raided that powerful clan. 
He reached Croindalc on the 30ih April, and 
encamped on a haugh on the right bank of the 
river, a little below Grautown. Here he was 
surprised in the early morning by a large force 
under Sir Thotnas Livingstone, the Go\ernor of 
Inverness, antl defeated."* 

This unfortunate action was decisive of the 
war, and although IJuchan continued for some 
months his endeavours to raise the clans, he was 
quite unable to offer an effectual resistance to 
General Mackay. Early in 1691 the Earl of 
Dunfermline was sent over to James to recjuest, 
in the names of the Highland Chiefs, bis per- 
mission to come to terms with the new Govern- 
ment. This was granted by the King, and the 
Chiefs met with Connnissioncrs appointed by 
William IIL, and gave in their submissiofi on 
certain conditions. General Buchan also came 
to terms with the Government, and was allowed 
a passage to France, with all his offtcers. Tlicse 
:-;enerous and devoted men — 150 in number — 
niObt of them younger sons of good families in 
Scotland, refused to become pensioners on the 
buunty of their e.xiled Sovereign. They formed 
themselves into a regifiient, which became re- 
Mim ned over Europe for its self-sacrificing valour. 

To return to Colonel John liuchan, whose 
'■"inie has more immediate connection with the 
^'.:bject of this paper. He was still with his 
fv^iment in Scotland in the beginning of 1693, 
i^heu he obtained a Commission in it for his 
tiiird 5on, Charles, who fiiust at this time have 
•'ven a mere boy. The Colonel served with his 
'v.;niicnt iff the camjiaign of that year; in which 
tbe H.utleof Xeerwindcn (29th July) was fought 
a:id lost by William IIL; and it would appear 

i inlcrcitiii^ account of ihi.-i most silli;ular H^Iit U ,;; 
'■•>' f-\Ki;Mio/ iM), |i. ,11. Tficli-rcil U.-.mi 

■ ■•'■« "vif-kMomi .,;,, ii,„ ■' ii.„i-i,> ,.r Cioi.ui.ik-." 

'y few connccKj wall tlic Iriumplis of llu; Wlii-s. 

from an entry in one of the accounts between 
him and his brother, the General, that the former 
was taken prisoner in the campaign of 1694, and 
was confined for a while in Dunkirk. 

After his release and return to Scotland, lie 
purchased the "Chancellor's House" from Lord 
Whitehill, and settled down in the Oldtoun. 
He was I'rovost of that ancient Burgh in f7l9. 
In f703 he purchased from the last Lord Eraser 
of Muclials the castle and lands of Cairnbulg, 
near Fraserburgh. liy his wife, who was a 
Dutch lady, he left three sons. The secontl 
son, John, became a tiierchant at the Hagaic, 
and died there untiiarried. Charles, the third 
son, succeeded to the "Chancellor's House" on his 
fathei-'s death. He had probably retired by this 
time from the regiment with the rank of Captain. 
The eldest son, Thomas, succeeded to Cairnbulg. 

The immediate elder brother of the General, 
James iJuchan of Auchmacoy, left two sons — 
(l) Alexander, who became a Roman Catholic 
priest ; (2) James, who succeeded to Auchfiiaco_\-, 
and followed a military career. He was a staunch 
Jacobite, and went over to France with his uncle 
after the final suppression of the Insurrection in 
1691. He entered one of the Scotch Companies 
raised by King James to assist Louis XI\'. in 
his Spanish Wars, and which did such valiafit 
service under the Duke of Berwick and other 
commanders. He was not actively engaged in 
the Rising of 171 5, but he had no doubt paid 
his court to the Chevalier on his way south- 
wards, after his landing' at Peterhead. In the 
KcLO>-ds of the I'rcsbylcry of Ellon we find that 
at " Logy liuchan, 15th Jan., 1716, the said d.iy 
there was no sermon in the Kirk, .Major James 
Buchan of Auchmacoy having taken away tlic 
keys of the Kirk door the last week in conse- 
quence of the Earl of Marrs Rising on beluilf 
of the Pretender, James \TII. as they call him." 

Thomas Buchan of Cairnbulg, the eldest sun 
of Colonel Buchan, was a tiiembcr of the Faculis 
of Advocates in Edinburgh. His first wife. 
Grizzel Hamilton, was the only daughter of 
William, 3rd Lord Bargeny, and bister ot Jame-, 
4th and last Lord, who died unmarried in f 73'i. 
There were three daughters of this fnarria..;e, 
the youngest of whom, Nicola, made a run.i«.i> 
match with her cousin, Thofiias Buchan, the 
eldest son of the .Major. This marri.ige took 
l)lace in Lady Stair's house in Edinbur.Ji. 
Nicola Buchan, and her sisterb, who both >.\''-y\ 
young, made a claitn on the death of their uiu ie. 
Lord Bargeny, to the succession to the;;L:!\' 
I'^blates in Ayrbhire, but were unsurre--f'.il ::: 
their competition with the children nf I-kI;. 
Dalrymple of North Berui.k, u ho upK-ci.toi 
an elder brother of the third Loiil. 



[Dkcemi;er, 1899, 

Thomas Biichan of Cainiliiily sold that estate 
in 1739 to a Mr. Aberdeen, from whose posses- 
sion it passed a few years later into the hands 
of the Earl of Aberdeen. Captain Charles 
Buchan having' died in 1747, Thomas came into 
possession of the " Chancellor's House." He 
had married as his second wife the Hon. Mary 
Elphinstonc, daughter of John, Sth Lord Elphin- 
stone. She is traditionally said to have been 
the younycst of 36 children which that noble 
Lord had by one wife, but Douglas mentions 
no more than eight of them. Thomas Cuclian 
died on the yth Sept., 1761, ayed 81 years, and 
his widow albo lived to a great age. 

Mrs. Nicola liuchan, who became in this way 
the proprietor of the " Chancellor's House," at- 
tained the very advanced age of 93 years. She 
died in her daughter, Mrs. Arbuthnott's, house at 
I'eterhcad in 1812. She was tlie mother of the 
late Ml". Thomas liuchan of Auclimacox', who 
lived the most part of his latter years in the old 
house, and who died there on 12th August, 1S19. 
He built the two large wings at the north and 
south ends of the original house. After his 
death, the house was occupied by his widow 
and two younger daughters, the eldest of whom, 
Nicola, has passed the greater portion, if not 
the whole, of her life there. 

Of this good lady, it is not for the writer of 
the present sketch to indulge in any lengthened 
notice, but he cannot refrain from pointing out 
that she forms a truly remarkable link between 
the present and the past. For she has, we 
believe, a distinct recollection of her grand- 
mother, Mrs. Nicola liuchan, who died in 1S12, 
and, as the latter was born in 1719, it is not too 
much to suppose that s/ic must ha\e seen and 
remembered her grandfather. Col. John liuchan 
of Cairnbulg, who died in 1724, and who had 
been the faithful servant and friend of William 
of Orange for some years before he came over 
to this country. 

Miss Nicola liuchan died in the Old House 
on 15th May, 1S87, in her S4th year. The 
hcnise itself was sold three niontiis later to 
Charles Leslie Esijuirc, of liak|uhain. 

An LN'TKUii.siiNc, Oi.i) Coin. — Under the 
above heading your correspontlent \]. V. S. G.) 
describes a halfpenny dated 1397. It is not to 
be supposed that this dale represents the age of 
the coin, which was probal>I\- issued liy an 
ailniirerof Wallace, in \\w \e,ir 171)7, as lielng 
the quincentenary of ihr '\ of Wallai r's 
greatest achie^eiuciUs. I'he last decade of the 

18th century, and the first of the 19th were 
perhaps the most fruitful periods in the issuing 
of penny and halfpenny tokens by tradesmen, 
which are generally commemorative of remark- 
able events and of illustrious individuals, and 
very fre(|uently as mere trade advertisements. 
As examples from my own collection, 1 may 
give the Coventry halfpenny, with the figure of 
Lady Godiva on horseback, date 1793 ; a 
Lancaster halfpenny, with bust crowned, of 
John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, not dated ; 
a York half|)enny, with representation of 
Clifford's Tower on one side, dale 1 100, on the 
other side a view of the west front of N'ork 
Minster, date 1795. •'^^ J. F. .S. G. alludes to 
the distinct way in which the .Scotch thistle is 
represented on the coin describeil by him, 1 (ind 
that I can say the same of the very clearly 
defined representations of the thistle whit h 
stand at each quarter of St. Andrew bearing his 
cross, as given on the obverse of an Eilinburgh 
halfpenny, dated 1792; motto — "Nemo me 
impune lacessit." None of the halfpence 
described by nic have tlie issuer's name. 1 may 
remark that I do not think that any copper 
halfpence were issued so far back as A. 11. 1297. 
Coins of that dale have inscriptions in oUl 
English characters. 

J. G. Koi;liRTbON. 
36 Sandford Road, Dublin. 

of Scu//is/t Notes ami (Jucrics for Oct(5ber has 
been sent me, and in it I see you mention, 
in )our notice of "Lord liyron's Maternal 
Ancestors," that I have (or had) the Contract of 
Marriage between George CJordon and Katherine 
Innes. You were right, and I have it still, but 
should like it known why I have it. It was 
given to me by my mother, wliose grandmotlicr 
was Ann Innes, a sister of the abo\e, who was 
married to Thomas Russel of Ralhen, in 1767 — 
f/ia/ you have not mentioned. His cousin, 
Alexander Russel, married Eliza Innes, another 
sister. You will now see why I have the 
Contract of Marriage mentioned, as one of the 
descendants of Thomas Russel of Rathen and 
Ann Innes. I was named after one of their 
daughters, who was named after her aunt, 
Kalhcrinc Gordon of Gight. I trust you will 
excuse my troubling you in this liltle' mailer, 
but thought you should know tlie reason of my 
liaving such an interesting document. 

K.\l III.UIM-. R. J \(.K. 

■.n Campden I Mil K.i.ul, 
Kensington, W. 

\'oi.. I. 2nd Seuiks.] scorns// NOTES AND (2UE/UES. 


OF ABERDEEN, 1716-17. 
(L, 2nd S., 23, 43, 55, 69.) 
A Me.MOKIAI.I, of the pruLLudiiv^^s of llic 
Commission appoinlcil by his M;iji.-sty 
for visitcing the CoUl-^cs ;ind Sdiools of 
Aberdeen in so far as loncerns tlic 
Professors and masters of tlic Kinj^'s 
The masters and Professors of the Kinij's 
College of Alserdecn have ever since their 
rexive admissions carried themselves in tlieir 
several! Professions with that diietifiill respect 
and deportment towards the tiovernment both 
of Church and State as became tlieir Charac ten 
But as they were incapable to resist the restless 
malice of some and bad intention of others who 
are both tlieir enemies in particular and have a 
disregard to literature in gcncrall, So those men 
judgeing it anc opportune time to push their 
evill designs so soon as the late rebellion was 
sopite thought fitt to make to those in the 
government caluminous representations against 

There was thereupon a Commission granted 
by his Matie King Gcoige for visiteing the 
University of Aberdeen Colleges and Schools 
thereof in July 1716 years, by which the power 
then given extended no further than to take 
tryall of the Professors and Masters, and to 
examine into their past Conduct and behaviour 
with regard either to Church or State and to 
make a full report thereof to his Majesty. 

Upon which Commission the greatest part of 
the \'isitors therein named did meet at the said 
King's College upon the 29th day of August 
thereafter, where after reading their Commission 
before the Masters of the sJ College, the Earle 
of Rothes was chosen Praeses, who in name of 
the rest Desired the Principail of the College 
to lay before their meeting the whole jiroceedings 
ot the last visitation, with the College foundation 
and other records belonging thereto together 
with all the accounts of their manadgemcnt 
since that time. The Principail askeil if that 
was their first meeting, or if they had met before 
and Constitute themselves at Aberdeen in the 
terms of their Commission which aiipoinlcd 
their Hrst meeting to be at that pl;u c, llie h'.ailc 
ol Rothes seemed to own llu-v had, yet the 
Justice Clerk dcnyed there ^^.^^ .my mi. h meeling 
but ouned this for their lust uieeliiig, u|)ou 

wliich the Principail protested and cra\ed his 
protestation might be recorded in their Minutes, 
which was absolutely refused. Thereafter the 
Princijiall told them that as to the foundation 
with the other records and papers belonging to 
the University he thought their Commission 
did not extend to such things and was resolved 
whatever the other Masters might doe in that 
matter not to yeild up the priviledgcs of the 
University contrare to the Foundation thereof 
and to that oath every master as well as he had 
taken at their admission. Whereupon the 
visitors with displeasure adjourned to Abd" and 
appointed the whole Masters to attend them 
that afternoon at the Town house of Aberdeen 
at five in the afternoon. 

The Visitors met at the time appointed, the 
Masters being calld and coni])earing were asked 
by the Praeses if they had taken the oaths 
appointed by Law, 'i'lie Principail, Mr. David 
Anderson Professor of Di\iuity, Dr. James 
Urc|uhart, and Mr. Richard (iortlon, two of the 
Proffessors of Philosophy, answered they had 
taken the oaths required by Law at their 
admission ; as for the oath of abjuration it was 
not appointed to be taken till November 171 5, 
at which time and all the time appointed by 
Law for takeing thereof to witt till February 
thereafter, that the rebellion was so flagrant in 
this part of the country that there was not any 
Quarter Session to be had till the time prefixed 
for cjualifying was expired. The other members 
told how they had taken the oaths but that it 
was after the time appointed by law for c|uali- 
fieing was elapsed. The Justice Clerk was 
pleased to interrogate the Principail more par- 
ticularly than any of the rest if he would then 
qualifie and take the .-Objuration, To which he 
answered that their Commission did not Impower 
them to administer any oaths to the Masters, 
but as soon as they or any else were vested 
with such powers from above he would either 
C[ualifie or then give a satisfactory answer why 
he would not. The \'isitors thereafter asked all 
the members if they prayed nominatim in their 
publick and private Schools for the King Prince 
and Princess &c. The Principail answered 
that he had no occasion to say prayers in the 
publick or ]irivate Schools since August 1714, 
that for many years it had been the constant 
custome both in this and the Marischall College 
for the Professors of Philosophy to s;iy the 
publick and private prayers, and that they 
would give their own answer thercancnt. 

Whereupon thc\- Iicing intern >gat told that 
they were in constant tise of saying da\l\' the 
piihlii.k and pi-i\,itc players in tiie .^. ln'i'ls 
ilureing the Session^ of the Cullige, that ihcy 


[ULCt.Ml;Lk, 1S99. 

had still prayed as their predecessors had done 
To witt for the Kini,' and the Royal family, that 
this was the method of prayini^ the time of 
Kiny William's visitation and was not so much 
as i|uarrelk-d then, and that it hath ever been 
the custome since so to doe. The Frinclpall 
urycd beside that he knew no positive law 
oblidyeins,' Professors in Universitys to pray 
nominatim or alter their constant practice in 
their publict and private prayers, whereupon 
the Justice Clerk undertook to point the LaNv-, 
but after he had been at some pains in searching 
therefor when he could not find it, that point 
was urged no further. 

Thereafter the X'isitors insisted to have the 
College P'oundation and haill other papers 
lodged in their hands, albeit the Principal! was 
still against it yet the Plurality of tlie .^Iasters 
yeeldcd to it, and Mr. Alex. Fraser, Subprincipall 
by order of that court from time to time brought 
such documents and records as they were pleased 
to call for. In regard the Principall had refused 
either to bring o\er the records or papers 
belonging to the Uni\ ersity or to deliver up the 
same to the N'isitors and w hen they were brought 
over by Mr. Fraser at their order he was still of 
opinion that their Commission gave them no 
such power. 

( To be continued. ) 


"De.\r old A\^/es and Oucrks" has reached its 
Jubilee, and, with its issue of 3rd November, 
fifteen pages of a double number are devoted to 
a narrative of its history, which will be read 
with passing interest by its numerous friends. 
The conception of a literary e.xchange is due to 
the insight of .Mr. James W. Thorns, who 
broached the idea to the Mr. Dilke .grandfather 
of the present Sir Charles) who for two or three 
years nurtured, by opening to it, the columns of 
Tlic At/U'iiiciiin, of which he was the proprietor. 
On the ;rd November, 1S40, the tirst number of 
N't^fiS and (2ii<:>'ics was issued as a sejjarate 
publication, under the editorship of .Mr. Thoms. 
From the very tirst, .Mr. Thoms was supported 
by men and women of eminence, w ho recognized 
the publication as an ■'indi.-pcnbalilc companion 
ot e\cry earnest literary woiker," >ome of whom 
even confebactl that it had called thorn into 
''a new literary existence." 

Mr. Tlioms, who was regarded with feelings 
of gratitude liy his conicuipnr.iric^, rvinaincd 
eilitor for 23 years. His portrait is gi\en, over 
the following lineb, which i|uaintly indicite a 
meabure of pride in the publication which had 

so largely fulfilled his e.xpectations :— 
If yau would fain know more 
Of him whoso photo* hero is, 
He coined the word Fo'k-l.orc ' ■ 

And started Notes an i Queries. 
On Mr. Thoms' retirement, .Sir Charles Dilke 
(I.) acquired the property of No/a and (Jiurits, 
I which has ever since been issued from 'i'/ic 
Aihcihciini Press. Dr. Doran, the well-known 
author, became the ne.\t editor, which post he 
tilled till his death in 1S7S. He was succeeded 
by Mr. H. F. Turle, who had previously held 
the post of assistant editor, and to whom much 
credit is due for his intelligent zeal in promoting 
the success of the publication. On Mr. Turle's 
death, nineteen years ago, the iirescnl etlitor, 
Mr. Joseph Knight, succcedctl to the editorial 
chair. Mr. Knight, who has inheriieil the best 
traditions of the modest but popular Notes and 
(Jiic-rics, writes a graceful introduction to the 
historical narrative, which is the work of Mr. 
John C. Francis, the son of the present publisher. 
He touches on many an interesting e|)isodc in 
the career of Notes and (Jinrics, and alludes to 
many items of personal interest during its 
existence of half-a-century. The great elements 
in its success seem to have bccii the width of 
its interests, and that ''it did not pursue its 
enquiries into any one branch of knowledge, 
but invited co-operation tVom labourers in 
ditTerent fields of knowledge in the elucidation 
of difficulties." + 

During the course of 50 years there ha\-e been 
collected in the pages of N. ami (J. a greater 
mass of materials, in the shape of varied literary 
facts and opinions, than can be found in any 
other publication of that kind. The French 
A'otfs and Queries— E Intcrniediairc des Clier- 
clieurs et Ct/neii.v — has been in existence only 
35 years, and, although a considerable volume 
of literary material passes through its columns, 
yet it comes short of its Engii^h precursor. In 
E/nterniediaii-e for 15th Novendjer, a careftd 
resume of the history of Nites and Queries is 

Not the least interesting i-.cin m these hibilee 
reminiscences is a list of aljout 250 contributors 
to .V. ((//./ Q., of whom obituary notices have 
ai)peared in its pages. This i= the work of an 
American subscriber. 

\\"e congratulate our i-o!Ueinporary on 
its career of acknowledged utility in the past — 
its future is secure. Eo. 

■A |.ii..,i..4i..|.l.y, 

\-oi. I. 2ncl Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERIES. 


- -A recent number of the Gciica/oi^ual .'ifni^^aziiic 
cimtains a very intercstinj^ article on this baron- 
it.-y, which is bcinu; claimed 1)y George Duff 
SiuhcHand Dunbar, a lieutenant in the second 
l..iilalion of the Cameron Hiijhlanders, on this 
li.i^is :— 

ll'illiani Diiiwar of IIonipri^!;<;, Wick, was crcatcrl 
a baronet of Nova Sciilia in 1700, with remainder 
to his heirs male (now Diinliar i>r NorUil'ielil). lie 
liad a daughter — 

Eli-abctlt Duiiliar, who by her ■iecund husliand, the 
Hon. James Sudierlaml, ailvocale (wl>o assmned 
the surname and arms of Diinhar of lleniiirii^;;';, 
and was created a liaroncl in 1706, vvilli 
remainder to his licirs -d'/intsocvcr), hail a son, 
ti'illiain DiiiiOar. By his lliird wife, Henrietta, j 
daughter of Hugh Ivose of Kilravock, he liad 
Benjamin /)«/;/'iir (1761-1843). He assiiniol j 
the title of Lord UulTiis, as heir uiale, in | 
1827. His son, ' 

George Dunbar, 4th baronet, died without 
issue. His aunt, 
Louisa Diint'iir, married Garden Duff of 
Hatton, and died 1865, leaving 
Benjamin Dujf, tie jure, 5tli baronet of 
Hempriggs. He died 1S97, leaving 
Gar./en Duff, who assumed the .idiblional 
surname of Dunbar on the death of his 
grand-uncle. Sir Cieorge Dunbar, 4lh 
baronet. He also got the estates of 
Hempriggs and Ackergill. He died in 
1SS9, and left the claimant, 
George Dnjjt Sutherland Dunbar, born 

CATE, 1802-3. — The following exemption certi- 
i'ii:ate, granted at a time when the militia was 
raised by ballot, in favour of one who preferred 
to wield the pen rather than the sword, may be 
of interest at the present moment. 

J. Christie. 

These do Certify that the Bearer hereof Mr. James 
t'htisiie, formerly writer in the Sheriff Clerk's office, 
\\\\\\\, was cUdy drawn as a Militia man for the Town 
.111! r.iri^h of Banff, in the Cnunty of Banfl", U|Hin 
ihe Kleventh day of December in the year Eighteen 
bv.ndred and two, ami upon the twenty second day of 
the Slid month, he proiluced a proper substitute, who 
• ' iiig ai'provcd of, sworn in, and duly enrolled by 
'lie Lieutenancy of the first District of said County, 
die said James Christie was Declared Exempt from 
■•^vrviee in the Militia in the same m.inner as if lie 
biiiixlf bad served personally. 

I'.iwu at B.mff 3' .\ugt 1S03. 

Auciio VouNT., Cenl Clerk 

Lieutenancy, llanfrdiir 


16. Dr. \Vm. KiimiMAN. — Can any of your 
rea<Iers furni^h any information respecting the 
descenilants,.if any, of this family? He was a son 
of Joseph Robertson, who lived at Springhill, near 
Aberdeen, and was in his day recognised as the best 
violin maker in Scotland. Dr. Kuddiman was at 
Marischal College, where he graduated M.D. during 
the Last riuarler of the last century. He was chief 
physician to the Xabcib of Arcnt, in the Carnatic, 
I'last India. In 1S24 be lived at 34 Bryanton Street, 
Tortman .Square, Lond(m, and died in 1S26. 

33 .\lliyn I'lace, (iKiiRr.!-. Allan. 

Aberdeen, Oct. 30, 1S99. 

17. Horn Idlk. — What is the origin of this 
phrase, and is it still in use in any (lart of Scotland ? 
I find, in a letter by the Kev. Wm. Jameson, of 
Melhvcn, the fdlowing sentence : — " The good 
providence of Cod has ijlenty for us all to do, and 
will take care to lay out as much work f)r the 
industrious and the honest as will keep him from 
being horn idle, ami that's (|uite enough fur comfort 
and fi)r credit." I have never seen the phrase else- 
where in a pretty extensive .acquaintance with Scottish 
literature, nor have I ever heard it in the speech of 
the common people. Perhaps some Perthshire 
reader of S. N. ^ Q. may sny if it is still current in 
that shire, and explain its true significance. 

Dollar. W. B. R. W. 

18. "Cork," a Cant Term for ^L\STER.— 
How does Cork come to be applied to a master or 
overseer in certain trades ? Jamieson's explanation 
is surely not good, which traces it to the speculating 
tendency of the manufacturer's agent. In trying to 
find the meaning, I came upon Cork, used in the 
" Morte d'Arthur" for bristles. Would the word 
have been first applied to a master shoemaker in 
derision, and then extended ? In our district it is 
frequently used in this case of shoemaker, 
but not exclusively perhaps. Cordwainer — Cord, 
cork. A. Macdonald. 


ig. Dour.LASHEAD, The Lindsay Hii.i.s, 
Pei!kit Moss and Lady's Stei'S— Where are 
They? — Could you or any of your readers give me 
any information regarding four places near Hadilo 
House, and situated in the parish of Tarves? Tliey 
are called Douglashead, the Lindsay Hills, l'erkit(?) 
Moss and Lady's .Steps. In the district there is a 
filiating belief — with what foundation I know not — 
that three noble ladies, perhaps of the names of 
Douglas, Lindsay and Perkitf?) were overtaken by 
some enemies and killed. At the Lindsay Hills 
there is a rude cairn, or rather heap of stones, wbiili. 
local tradition s.ays, covers the body nf I.i'ly 
Lindsay, and at Douglashead there is a wellkrpl 
grave, enclosed iiy an inm railing, wliieh is said to 
mark the place uf Lady liuuglas. As to llie 



[OECEMr.F.R, 1S99. 

thinl n.imc, IVtLU, for sn I have licnpl il |iri)ni)Uiiccil, 
I liiVL- ncvLT licAiil any sloiy allachcil U) il. I have 
he.inl that the ladies tied from Fyvie, and crossed the 
burn at Hadilo House by the Lady's (or is it Ladies'?) 
Steps. When did these things happen ? C. D. 

20. Ross OF LiMAVADY. — Dr. Trelawny Ross, 
the N'icarage, Paignton, Devon, will be grateful for 
information about John Ross, founder of the family 
of Ross of Limav.idy. His name appears on the 
charter given by James \. (of Engl.ind) to Limavady, 
in 1614. There is reason for believing that he 
beIonge-1 to the family of Ross of Hackct, or Ross 
of Craigie, probably the latter. .\ny information 
about his family, down to 1699, will also be very 

21. Richard Maitland. — Information isdesired 
regarding Richard Maitland [" saiil to have come 
from I'i'.irichie "], M.A. of Marischal College, 1729, 
merch.ant, London, who died I2lh May, 1775, and 
was buried at Woodford. The following extracts 
from his will — which, with four codicils, was proved 
in London, 24th May, 1775, by the testator's son, 
Thomas M.iitland — h.ive a local interest : — " I desire 
the following leg.icies may be paid ... to the 
principal, professors and regents of the Marischal 
College of Aberdeen, ten thousand pounds in trust, 
to Ije laid out in Three per Cent. Government 
Consolid.ated .Annuities till a convenient purchase 
can be m.ade, either of lands in England or ground 
rents in London, which purchase I desire may be 
made under the direction and with the approbation 
of my friend, James Gordon, Esquire, of Moore 
riace. Out of the rents or interest arising from the 
s.aiJ ten thousand pounds, one hundred and fifty 
pounds is to be applied towards the support of two 
students who shall have obtaineil the degree of 
Master of Arts, and sh.all be deemed the best qualified 
to prosecute their knowledge in the ^[athcmatical 
Sciences and Experimental Philosophy : these to 
have each seventy-five pounds per annum, to remain 
as Assistants to the Professor of Mathcniaticks and the 
Professor of Experimental Philosophy, or to act as 
private Tutors, as is customary for l-'ellows of the 
University. One hundred pounds of the remainder 
of the rents or interest to be divided, fifty pounds to 
each of the professors of Mathcniaticks an<l Experi- 
mental Pl-.iI)>ophy ; and what surplus may be 
annually, after the above allowance to the professors 
and stuilcnt-, may be laid out in the purcliase of 
instruments or books recommended by the two 
mentionetl professors. . . . To my son . 

five huni'rcd pounds per annum, which, witli the 
profits of his farm, well-slocked, is sutficient for a 
single man not ambitious of prosecuting any honour- 
able plan such as I would have wished, but, on the 
contrary, at all times acting contrary to my repeated 
advice. . . ." "I, Richard Maiilan.l, of the 
Citv of Lor. Ion, Merchant, d.i hereby make a Codicil 
to my last Will and Testament as follows : Whereas 
I have given by my ^aid last Will and Teslauu-nt to 
James ti.'i,'.. in, l-%.[uii-e, a large sum in lru>l lor the 

University of Aberde 
void that donation. , 

I hereby rc\oke and make 
. 1st .May, 1775." 

P. J. Andf.uson. 

22. COtjRSB OF StUHY FOR MlXISlKY. — What 
was the nature and duration of the course of 
University study, as regards Arts and Divinity, that 
a Minister of the Church of .Scotland, ordained in the 
17th or early iSth century, would have had to g.. 
through? J. W. Ri;li). 


23. The .Strachans of Gi.fnkimuf. — Inferring 
to Colonel .Mlardyce's "Strachans of (llenkindie," 
noticed in your October issue, I observed the following 
in a newspaper critique of the book : — " It is with a 
feeling of pathos that one reads that ' Xo burial |)lace 
of the Strachans of Glenkindie can be found ; no 
monuments or tombstones exist, and even a tradition 
of where they were buried is not to be got.' The 
absence of information is the more reniavisable that 
the family held extensive estates in Slratlulon for 
nearly 400 years." No doubt this is in one sense 
very remarkable. Rut in another sense it is not 
remarkable at all. That is to say, the case is pre- 
cisely the same with most or all of the other old 
families, quite as notable as the Strachans, over all 
the part of the country concerned, anil perliaps over 
the Xorth of Scotland generally. l!ut take the case 
of the few inland or Highland parishes of Aberdeen- 
shire, and of the leading families or clans therein — 
Farquharsons, Forbeses, Gordons, and so on. If the 
place of their burial is known, that is the very most 
of it ; but, as for any record or memorial in shape of 
monument or tombstone, I doubt if any such thing 
exists anywhere older than, say, the middle of last 
century. Xo such record exists of the men and women 
of the l6th and 17th centuries — of people who were 
of importance in their d.ay, at anyrate locally. Xow, 
what is the explanation of this? It has been some- 
thing of a puzzle to me, and I should be glad of the 
light which, perhaps, some of your learned anlifpiarian 
correspondents could throw upon it. It certainly 
raises more than one somewhat curious riuestion. 
The failure in this matter seems to go rather against 
what m.iy be called the general instincts of human 
nature, as seen not merely in the present d.ay, perhaps 
rather to excess, but in the very remote, now unin- 
telligible, memorials of pre-historic times. In the 
district, and during the period referred to, it is pretty 
cvivlent that the monuniental commemoration of 
departed relatives was not at all customary, or the 
fashion — they seem to have been left a prey to ilundi 
forgeifulness, with no attempt at rescue therefrom. 
In the Soulli — in England at anyrate — this was not 
so much the case, not even among the humblest 
cl.ass. As Gray says in the Ekxy, written more than 
150 years ago^" Their name, their years, s|ieli by 
the unlettered nnise, The I'kice of fame and elegy 

I supply-' Was it that our ancestors in these parts 

! were too rude? or iliat the " muse " hereabouts was 

j too unlettered even for the spelling of the name anrl 

' the year-,? Certainly there were no artists to provide 



■ ',,■ "sLirlcd urn ami animalcil Ijiist," or, at all 
,v,! 1-, llio Hishlantl lairds wen: nol prcparca to jiay 
; I ihi-m. No doubt the people of conso(|uence in 
:; -:• days were often Iniried within the churches, 
.,:. 1 thiise churches have gone to ruin long ago, and 
; , !', almost or entirely ohlitcratcd. It might lie 
,• .^.-cil that this would to some extent account for 
•': ■ \\lraordinary absence of monuments or tond)- 
-• •r^^ • but my belief is that they never existed. 

J. M. 

2J. Kemps of AnEUDERNsiiiRE and America.— 
! T. 1 iAmmack, .Mr. P. J. Anderson, and \V. IS. K. \V., 
.:; l.i-t volume (xii., pp. 66, 95, l6o, 1S2), gave very 
/,;,iL-ting, but too sliort, notices of Dr. James 
K'Mi|i and Professor John Kemp, natives of Aber- 
rlnii-.hire, who had emigrated when young to push 
'l-.cir fortunes in the new world. Dr. Gammack 
tifcrs us to The Evcygrecii (American), \'ol. III., 
f r fuller information, but, unfortunately, that volume 
\> not in the British .Museum, but Vol. IV. is there, 
-,n I contains a notice of Dr. Ki.'mp. Is there a 
i- irtr.iit of him in Vol. III.? During last century 
ihere were in the Lothians several groups of families 
'.f Kemps and Kemp^s, but from many parishes 
«here they once were numerous they have entirely 
ili-.ippeared. There were a few similar groups of 
KiMiip/s and Kemps in the south-e.astcrn parishes of 
.\berdeenshire, but they too have scattered ; whole 
f.iuiilies having emigrated, some to the colonies, l)ut 
chiefly to America, and we are indebted to S. N. &■ Q. 
fir tracing the two distinguished men bearing this 
ancient surname. We are anxious to get information 
regarding some of those emigrants and their descend- 
ants for the following work. Mr. Fred Ilitchin- 
Kcmp, 14 Beechticld Road, Calford, London, .S.E., 
hi", been eng.agcd for some time gathering material 
fir "A general history of the Kemp and Kempe 
f.iuiilies, MSS., pedigrees, portraits, illustrations of 
•^^■ats, foundations, charities, monuments, documents, 
'Id jewels, curios, &c." The proposed volume is 
to be a handsome large quarto, and published by 
-•ubscription, by the Leadenhall Press Ltd., 50 
I.e.ulenhall Street, London, E.C. Many of the 
illiNirations are already in a forward state, a few of 
ilu-m being the work of the distinguished artist, 
Mi^s Lucy E. Kemp-Welch; the letterpress will be 
comiuenced as soon as some of the pedigrees and 
li.-lorical details have been arranged. Your corrcs- 
l"indents would greatly oblige us if they would, as 
'•;i"irlunities offer, kimlly urge Colonial and American 
Keu\ps to conniuinicatc with Mr. llitehin-Kem|i to 
tile above address ; or, if they are of Scottish 
dLM-ent, I should be glad to help them to find their 
aiu-es|r,il connections. D. W. KKMf. 

Ivy Lodge, Trinity, Edinburgh. 

25. CiORliON — Can any reader supply 
:l,e «..rdsof anold ballad, the refi.iiii ..f which is : — 
"There's a goMen thread in the i;..rdiiii pkdd, 

That my luve to me." 
\'.\\\(\. 11. S. 

26. Al.EXAN'DKK SlNCr.ATK CiOltliON. — About the 
.■ginning of this century an engraved portrait was 

published of Alexander Sinclair Gordon, .A<ljulant of 
the London and Westminster Volunteers. Can any 
of your readers inform me if this was one of the 
Aberdeen Cordons, and if so, to which branch of the 
family he belonged ? K. Grant. 



1202. American - Ar.ERnERN CiRADUArRS (I., 
2nd S., 7, 64). — In the List of P<:rsoiis adiiiilli\i to 
llic Pe^'nc of A/.A. in the University and k'in-^'s 
CoUc'^e of Aberdeen, printed in 1S56 (page 2), Bishop 
John Strachan is styled both D.D. ami LL.D. If, 
as Dr. Gammack points out, the latter degree is not 
that conferred by King's College in 1806, whence 
dill it proceed? Was the recijiient of the King's 
College degree the M.A. of 1776 or the M.A. ^of 
1769? P. J. Amh^kson. 

14. The Morisons of Bons-iE (I., 2nd S., So). — 
The following extracts from Archery Meilals of St. 
Andre-,i's and Aberdeen, by Mr. Alex. J. .S. Brook 
(Proc. .Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 1S94), 
gives information likely to interest J. M. It is a 
description of the last of the series of Archery Medals 
belonging to Aberdeen Cirammar School. From 
the dates one is disposed to infer that George Murison 
was the son or heir of the Gilbert .as to^whom J. M. 
requires information. The medal, which is 3.J in. by 
25 in., bears the arms, '*az., three saracens' heads 
ctinjoined in one neck arg., the uppermost face 
looking to the chief, and aflixed by a wreath to the 
other two, which turn to the dexter and sinister : 
helmeted and mantled : no crest : motto — sunt tria 
haec unum. Reverse — non ni.agna loquimur seel 
vivimus — Theodorus Morison dc Bognie vicit 1699. 
Anno aetatis l4mo."* Theodore Morison was the 
son of George Morison of Bognie, and Christian, 
Viscountess Frendraught, and was born, as appears 
from the medal, about 16S5. He entered Marischal 
College on leaving the School, in 1699, and 
succeeded his father in the same year. He married 
Catharine, cMest daughter of .Sir Charles Maitland 
of Pitrichie. The Aberdeen Journal c\{ the perioil has 
the following notice of his death : — " Died at Bognie, 
4th June, 1766, Theodore Morison of Bognie, whose 
amiable character is well known to all whom his 
name reached. Others m.ay, with truth, be told that 
his lengthened life of uniform virtue and universal 
benevoience met, even in this world, an uncommon 
reward- He lived with'iut an enemy and died 
without a groan "(!) The Morisons were an inllucnlial 
and wealthy family, as m.ay be inferred from the 
extent of the household they maintained. It is 
reported that beM.les The.i.lore M.uixm's father and 
the X'iscountess, with their son and two daughlevs, 

■ Vide S. y. .:-=.9., iv., -09, 



[Df.ckmuf.r, 1S99. 

there live'l at r!oj;nio, Ilr)rl).-ira Muri-'in. a niece of 
ll-.e lAinl's ; Elizabelh IJIair, hi.-, niece ; and Clirisiian 
Ram-ay, a niece of the lady's. There were ako n 
ch.-.plain, a steward, a farm grieve, five male and 
three female servantr;. This may serve to indicate 
the importance and nfilucncc nf the family in the 
sevcnteentli ccntvirj-. (I'rof. to Dr. Temple's T/iaiiagc 
of Fn-«iartyn, p. 1 56.) 11. Y. M. S. 

I.v the Biuijj'ihirc Joiinial of :4th October 
l.i?:, occurs an article by a familiar hand, cntillcd, 
An Iii/cns/iiig Old Slarritt^^c Cvii/r.uf, /sgO. 
It Is the oldest document in tlie chaitcr room of 
Cullcn House, permission to copy it having been 
courteously given by the l)o\va,:;ei- Countess of 
Scatieltl. It is d(jcqueted "Ane Endontuir maid 
be :I-.e Eric of Orkney to Schir Jhon Drumniond 
of ilie landis of .Murlhly now pcrtcnand to Schir 
Jai-.ics Ogiluy 1396.'' The document is in yood 
preservation, on a small parchment, indented 
and scaled, with the Sinclair artns, and l;ocs on 
to say — '"at the sayd lorde Erie sal gif to the 
sayd Scher Jone, Elizabeth his eldast douchter 
tyl his wyfe and til thaim and to the langast 
Ivt'.ir.d of thaim and to the ayres cunmiand 
betv.ene thaim al his landys of the Murtclauch 
at auld cstent of xl marcis lyand within the 
Schyrraydonic of IJanfc .... the qwyik ayris 
faylyzeand pcraventour that God forljcde the said 
landys againe cunmiand to the forsayd Eric," 
&c., v'vic. The document is valuable as an early 
example of a deed in the Scottish languaye. 


A r/.',-ri/i;ii;L' to Italy. \-a account of a visit to 
Erinilisi, Xaplcs, Moimt Vesuvius, Pompeii, Rome, 
yiirence, Venice and Milan. IJy the Rev. f.v.MES 
Smith, R.D., F.R.G.S., F.S..-\.. Scot.," with 
maps and many illustrations. Aberdeen, iSgS. 
Tills well-printed, h.-\ndsomc volume embodies most 
of the lire-requisites of an attractive itinerary through 
the highly picturesque and historical Italy. To 
l.e^in with, the purely personal element, which, by 
it,- small and offensive egotism, disfigures so many 
travellers" tales, is largely eliminated. Then the 
author brings to his subject a very largo amount of 
information bearing on it, and illumin.iiing it, and 
th.^^. too. in langu:ige which is never peJ..\ntic. The 
cr;:i-.-,s illustrations lend very much interest to the 
b'li';. and give impressions that no words can equal. 
They are of various Uinds, mostly process plates from 
ph't ''graphs, and nviny of these from unaccu-tomed 
poir.'.s of view. There are also lithographs and 
c..'..v.:red plates, &e. It is <lilVicult to"-.\y which 
chapters e.\cel, hut ]irobably those on Tompeii and 
th-' Catacombs will most interest. \Vh.'so wants to 

d.. It.dy nuy .lo it wlili Mr. S^nith's ' k-^.u llie 

;ire.-i.;e — '.■■■.•.t, .shi.uld it incite him lo ihe aclu.ilities nf 
an Iiallan jilgrimnge, he will d.i well to l.d.e this 
CNCe'k'nt book with him. 

Scots JSooIis of tbc /lliontF). 

Leatham, James. William Morris, Master of many 
Crafts : .\ Study. l6mo. Sewed. l/- net. 

A. r.rown& Co., .\benleen. 

Atlay, J. B. Famous Trials of the Century. 

Cr. Svo. Cloth. 6/-. Richards 

Contains several famous Scotch trials. 

Cornford, L. C. Robert Louis .Stevenson. Cr. Svo. 
Cloth. 2/6. 

Blackwood's Modern F.nglish Writers. 

Hadden, J. Cuthbert. Cam|ibill. \'<<.'s Famous Scots Series. 

Gait, John. Ringan Gilhaizc, or the Covenanters. 
With introduction by Sir George Douglas. 5/-. 


Willcock, J. Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarlie, 
Knight. Cr. Svo. Cloth, f)/-. Oliph.uit. 

Douglas, W. S. Cromwell's Scotch Campaigns, 
1650-51. Svo. 5/-. Slock. 

Gilbert, W. M. Life and Work of I'eter Graham, 
R..\. Illus. (.-\rt .-Annual.) Folio. 2/6. 

Art Journal Oflice. 

Newbigging, T. Scottish Jacobites, and their 
Songs and Music. Account of their Rallies. 
Cr. Svo. 3/6 net. Gay & li. 

Craib, A. Malcolm Ross : Romance. Cr. Svo. 6/-. 


Henderson, H. F. Erskine of Linlathen. Selec- 
tions and Biography. Cr. Svo. 6/-. Oliphant. 

Stevenson, R. L. Letters to his Family and I-'rieiuls. 
Selected and edited, with Notes and Intrciduclion, 
by Si'Iney Colvin. 2 vols. Svo. 25/- net. 



Correspondents will greatly oblige by sending us 
their full name an<l address (not necessarily for 
publication) along with their contributions. 

All comniunicalions should be acconqianied by an 
identifying name and address. As publicatiim day is 
the 25;h of c.ich month, copy should be in a few d.ays 
earlier. El.. 

■u;. ,; Co., l;.,.,k„: 

■ill...liil l,e n.l.lrcss>-.l 

UlKrslvliii;^, llj Ui. 

'iji.! V. . ■-:( , -j ,. 

:/'.iv\?". . 00 '1 1 '.t )' 



J No. 7. 

JANUARY, 1900. 


Notes :- ^'"^^'^■ 

Byron's Anco-itors 07 

RecorcU of ihc Coinniis-.ion f,.r Vi^iliiij the 

Univer,itics .-\nd i>cllo.i:s .>r .\licrdi;.;n, lyiij-i; loi 

Beniickstiire as a F.iclor in Scollisli Development 103 

Rev. John Smith, M..V, LL.D 106 

Local liiblingrapliy "o? 

Resistcrof InJentnrcsof the llnr^h of ;\lier>lcen loq 

Admiral Gonloii in Uu^^ia ni 

Minor Notes:— 

Folk Lore Items 102 

.Abbouford Ch.iir '. -09 

Thomas Ti llcckets Roties -A Kelie of llie ^a^t no 


The N.ime McQuistin or .McEystein — Scotch in 
Germany t ^ 2 

Horn Idle >■= 

Scots Books of the Month 112 



{Coiiliimcd front Vol. /. , 2nd S., p. Sj.) 

The Last Laird of Gight. 

After the s.-ilc of Giyht, C.ipt.iin Byron and 
his wife seem to have yonc to France (Chantilly), 
to escape the duns who had not yet been 
satisfied. Mrs. Byron was reported, in Septem- 
ber, 17S7 {RciSl Papers), to be "biv; with bairn." 
Slic returned to Kn:4land about tlic close of 
17S7, and, on January 22, 17SS, she yavc Ijirth to 
the poet, at 22 Holies Street, off Oxford .Street, 
London. The house, which used to be marketl 
by a metal medallion, was pulled down years 
ai;o, and the site is now occupied by the hui^c 
dr.ipcry establishment of John Lewis iS; Co., 
whose business notcp.iper bears .a busl of 
I'-yron, auvl who contemplate erecliiiu; .a statue 
to m.irk the site of the historic spot. 

The birth seems to have reconciled .Mrs. Byron 
to her family, for Mr. Duff of Fetteresso and 
the Duke of (Gordon ("Jane Maxwell's husband) 
— whose line she despised, iijnorantly supposing 
her own to be descended from the " real " 
Gordons — were the godfatliers. As a specimen 
of the confusion in Byron bioyraphy, I may 
note that R. C. Dallas declares that the poet 
was born at Dover ; while .Sir Cosmo Gordon 
goes the Icnyth of sayin;.; that the event occurred 
at (iiyht. Shortly before the boy's birth Mrs. 
Byron sent her step-dauyhter, the si.x-year-old the child's grandmother, the Dowager 
Lady Holderncsse. 

Mrs. Byron, probably to gratify her relatives, 
and also for the sake of economy, took up her 
residence at .Aberdeen, 1790, which she made 
her headquarters for the next eight years. But 
for her son's succeeding to the baronage of Byron 
(in I79S\ she might have lived and died in 
Aberdeen, and Byron's genius might have been 
choked in consequence. She lived at different 
periods in Virginia Street (apparently with a 
Mrs. Cruickshank, "on the shore," to whom she 
wished a letter addressed to her in Januaiy, 
1791) ; in two difterent houses in Queen Street ; 
and at 64 Bjroad Street. The is her best 
known residence. This house, which is doomed 
for the Marischal College extension, kept 
up the traditions of literatin-e, by sheltering Dr. 
John Mackintosh, the author of the history of 
Civiiisati07i in Scotland. Slie sometimes spent 
her summer holiday in a little cottage off the 
South Stocket Road, called Honeybrae, which 
has been demolished or doomed, to make way for 
the voracious villa (see the .Iberdccn Free /'ress 
of Julv 26 and September 4, 1S9S, and E-'en/n^ 
Exfiress, January 19, 1S99). Mr. George Walker 
(author oi Akrifeen .Ir.w'j learned tliis fact from 
a .Mrs. Bl.ack (who was Mrs. Byron's servant) or 
her son. Mrs. Bl.ick, wlio was a member of the 
George "Street U.l'. Church, died in the forties. 
The west room of the first floor of the villa used 
to be pointed out as the room occupied by 
Byron. It has l)ccn said that Villa Franca, in 
the South Stocket Road district ( 
nearer Aberdeen^, was the house in which I' 
i stayed. .\s the hou->e liad at that time Ijeeii 

\ ( . ) >' 

' ..^! - 

) {] \r .' 



[January, 1900. 

recently built by old I'cacock, the dancing 
master, for his own residence, it is unlikely that 
he would have let it for summer lodgings. Mrs. 
Byron's grandmother seems to have forgiven 
her, for IJyron and his mother visited (once at 
least) the veteran dowager {iicc Duff) at Hanff, 
as I have indicated. 

Her husband continued to worry her till his 
death (by suicide .'), at Valenciennes, on August 
2, 1 79 1, aged 36. Moore declares that he paid 
two visits to her at Aberdeen, apparently with 
the object of getting money out of her. The 
fear of herself, which she had expressed to Miss 
Urquhart five years before, proved too true, for, 
though she had been ruined by the Captain, 
she gave him more than she could spare, and 
got ^"300 into del^t. The interest on this debt 
reduced her income to .;^i35 a year, and it was 
not until tlie jointure of ^1122 fell to her (by 
her grandmother, the dowager's, death, in iSoi) 
that she was able to clear her feet. It was 
probably one of her husband's visits that made 
her write the following piteous letter to her 
uncle, Alexander Russell of Montcofler, on 
January 14, 1791. As quoted by Dr. ;\Iilne, the 
letter runs thus : — 

Dear Sir, — I wrote to your .son some time ago 
about some business, which I suppo.-;e he has tokl 
you of. I wrote Mr. Duff at the same timu, and I 
meant to have wrote to yourself, but. as Mr. Russel 
was at Fettcresso, I wrote to him, they both called 
on me, and your son said he did not think you would 
have any objection to do «hat I roiiuestcd of you. 
I said I would write to you, but he said that was not 
necessar)', as he would tell you of it, and as I have 
heard nothing to the contrary you will have no 
objection to sign the enclosed paper. It will be 
doing me a very particular favour, and I will feel 
very grateful for it, and I am in great waiU of the 
money. The paper is thi>, Lord Aberdeen to 
advance me a hundred pounds at present out of the 
twelve hundred pounds settleil on me at Lady 
Ciight's death, but in ca^e both me and Mr. IJyrcm 
should die before my grandmother, he will not lend 
the money without the trustees guarantee any 
conveyance of mine, or Mr. liyron by a formal 
d.ced, wliich is the same thing as becomnig bound 
for llie money. I really do not perfe.'tly uii.'ersi.inil 
the settlement, but I believe if Mr. I'.yron cir myself 
«.is to die before Lady Gight, my -m when lie 
came of age, if he was to in^i-t on it could uiake 
them pay liiui lire money, but I am not crrl.iin. lUiI 
as ihc .Muu is only £\ao Mr. DuM, leiieri--.i, h.i^ 
signeil the paper, and Mr. Walson and Mr. tlarU at 
1-Minbur'.;h have ai;reed to si^ii it wlu-n it i^ .-igned 
byyu .i"d Mr. liutt. Iii.leol Mr. W.'t-on ~.J-mrd 
to wi>h y.iur m'Ii aU.> lo ,i-n il, bul in llial lie may 
.!o as he please^. The y'.vy.-x i, male oul by Or. 
Thoui, whn na- in |'.i^^^~.i ii ..I" .ill in) |'.i|..i~, .uid 
made it out accordingly. Tlievelnrc I li..|ie yn -.vill 

have no objection to sign it wdien the rest have 
agreed, as it is only for jf lOO, and there is four of 
you, and it is only running the risk of ^^25 in case 
.Mr. Dyron and me was to die before Lady tiiglit. 
If I was not in great want of the money I would not 
ask it, and it would be doing me a great favour. I 
beg you would return it as soon as po.ssible. I hope 
all your family are well. I beg to be kindly 
remembered to my aunt. I hope she is pretly well 
in her health, and believe me, dear sir, your 
affectionate niece, C. livKON CIokiio.n'. 

. Mrs. Byron left Aberdeen in 179.S, on her 
boy's succeeding to the title, and never went 
north again, so far as I know. Her life in 
England, spent mainly at Ncwstcad during the 
next thirteen years, is too well known to be 
recapitulated here. But, as typical of her 
temperament, I may quote a letter she wrote to 
one of her neighbours at Ncwstead, in .Sejuem- 
ber, 1S09, as it recalls the violent bound.iry 
disputes which her ancestors had carried on 
with one another at the point of the sword. I 
retain her italics : — 

Sir, — I must insist on your confining yourself lo 
your own premises, or at least not coming on Lord 
Byron's Manor to hunt and commit trespasses, which 
you have been so loiig'm the habit of doing that you 
now, I suppose, fancy you have a right to do so ; but 
I am fully determined to convince you to the contrary. 
Pray, Sir, do you suppose that I will remain here and 
tamely suinnit to every insult from you ? If you 
think so you will find yourself extremely mistaken. 

I cannot send out my Keeper but he must be 
abused by you on Lord Byron's own Manor. \"ou 
presume on his absence to insult a Woman and 
assault an Old .Man ; that is, you insult his Mother, 
and injure the Property, attack the Persons ancl 
threaten the Lives of his Servants. In short, your 
language is unbecoming, and your behaviour totally 
unworihy, a Gentleman. To a man of courage thci^e 
are l:arsl: truths, but they arc trntlis neverl/ieless. 

I will now take the trouble to inform you that Lord 
P.yron's Tenants shall be no longer annoyed by you 
with impunity, but that a prosecution will be 
immediately instiuited against you for divers tres- 
passes and one assault. You are surely not so as not to know that breaking down fences 
and riding through fields of standing corn with your 
Hounds are unjnstifialile, arlntary, and oppressive 
acts, and will not be submitted to in a free eountry, 
even if you was \.\\k: first Man in it. I will not sulTer 
my Keeper to be abused or intcrrupled in Ihe 
execulion of his duly, and he has my positive orders 
to u-e every possible means to deslmy the Foxes. 
Lord Grey de Rulhyn's jioaehing and these abundani, 
n.i\ Animals have nearly' deprived this ojiee 
LACill.;;U Man..r of game, and llu- \Vo,.ds on lliis 
v-iaie sli.ill not coiuinuc lo be a /'./,V for your 
Vermin.-, and /'/,/ J, la-mined lo extirpate the breed 
b-i •, and l.i -iill.r s., toeal a nuisaiuv no lonLjer. If 
the breed ..f l-..\ hunlers could !„■ as easily' .-,,1 rid 



nf, the benefit to society in general woiikl 1)C great. 
No earths shall be stopt on Ncwstead, as I shall 
encourage neither Foxes nor their Hunters on these 

I understand the earths h.ave been stopt, and 
whoever shall be found at that worU shall have 
sufficient cause to regret it, and care shall be taken 
to watch for them. — I remain, Sir, &c., &c., 

C. G. Bykon. 

Mrs. Byron died at on August i, 
iSii. Moore says she succumbed to "a fit 
of rage, brought on by reading over an 
upholsterer's bill " — so that she died as she had 
lived. A few days before her death (July 23, 
iSii) Byron had written to her: — "Vou will 
consider Newslcad as your lioiisc, not mine : 
I 'm only a visitor." She was taken ill so 
suddenly that Byron, who was living in London, 
did not reach Newstead in time to see her die. 
He was very much atVcctcd by her death. 
"Thank God," he wrote one of his friends, 
"her last moments were most tranciuil. I am 
told she was in little pain, and not aware of her 
situation. I now feel the truth of Mr. Gray's 
observation — 'That we can only have one 
mother.' Peace be with her." Moore relates 
that :— 

On the night after his arrival at Ncwstead, Mrs. 
Byron's maid, on passing the room where the body 
lay, heard a heavy sigh from within. On entering 
the room she found Byron sitting in the dark by the 
bed. When she spoke to liim he Ijurst into tears, 
and exclaimed — " Oh, Mrs. I5y ! I had but one 
friend in the world, and she is gone ! " On the day 
of the funeral he refused to follow the corpse to the 
grave, but watched the procession move away from 
the door of Newstead : then turning to Rushton, 
b.ade him bring the gloves, and began his usual 
sparring e.xcrcise. Only his silence, abstraction, and 
unusual violence betrayed to his ant.agonist the state 
of his feelings." 

Mrs. Byron was buried in the vault in the 
chancel of Hucknall Torkard Church, Notts, 
where Byron and liis daughter lie. The chancel 
door opens directly on the slab that covers the 
I'lvron vault, and over its lintel is a mural 
taljlct to the memory of the Countess of Love- 
lace, " Ada, sole tlauyhtcr of my house and 
heart," whose coffin is beneath. A plain marble 
sl.ib let into the wall, nearer to the connnunion 
sill), marks the bite of Uyron's grave. There 
is also a slab of rosso-anlifo marble let iiuo the 
p:i\emi'nt immediately above the spot where 
the body of Lord II) 1011 lies. In the vestry 

there liangs a small escutcheon, little more than 
a foot stpiarc, painted on silk, and bearing on 
the reverse the following inscription : — 

The Honourable Cath. Gordon Byron of Gight, 

Mother of Geo. Lord Bj'ron, 

And lineal descendant of the Earl of Huntley, 

And Lady Jane Stuart, 

Daughter of King James the First of Scotl.ind, 

Died in the 46th year of her age, 

August 1st, iSll. 

Mr. Charles B. Doran, writing to the PaH 
Mull Gii^c/Zl' many years ago, remarked : — 

This magniloquence and pride of birth, lofty 
enough to befit a mausoleum, contr.ists (lainfuUy 
with the jioverty of the material on which it is 
(ircsented to the eye. The silk is dingy, tattered 
and f.ided, falling away from the sides of the wooden 
frame to which it is stitched, and the inscription, 
which is on ordinary cardboard, in rude letters, as if 
drawn by a careless schoolboy, with only a miserable 
attempt at colouring, is fast becoming illegible. The 
contrast between the pride of long descent in the 
inscription, and the poverty perceptible in the 
decayed scrap of silk and ragged bit of pasteboard, 
is painful in the extreme. 

The Rev. J. E. Phillips, the vicar of the 
church, tells me that the escutcheon " is in a 
good state of preservation, and is in a handsome 
frame." I venture, however, to think that its 
former decay was more symbolic of Mrs. 
Byron's sad life. 

Byron drafted a will on August 12, 181 1, in 
consec|uence of his mother's death, by which he 
decieed the ^^4200 that came to him (through 
his mother) from tlie sale of Gight, four and 
twenty years previously, should be used to pay 
legacies and debts. 

'what was Byron's attitude to his mother? 
The question is very difficult to answer, for his 
own letters are as contradictory as the stories 
of his biographers. For instance, Rogers, in 
his Ttililc Talk, gives two versions in these 
stories : — 

(i) A lady, resident in Aberdeen, told me that she 
used to sit in a pew in St. Paul's Chapel in that 
town, next to .Mrs. Byron's, and that one morning 
she observed the poet (then seven or eight years old) 
amusing himself by disturbing his mother's devotions : 
he every now and again gently pricked with a pin the 
large round arms of Mrs. Byron, which were covered 
with white kid gloves. 

(2) Professor Stuart, of the Marischal College, 
Aberdeen, mentioned to me the following proof of 
r.yron's fondness for his mother : — Geary, and some 
other little boy-,, were one day allowed, much to tlieir 
dcliglu, to a^^i^t at a gathering of apples in the 
I'roi'cs-or's garden, .mil were rewarded for llieir 
l,,b,inr, wilh ^onio of the fruil. C.rr.y. li.uiiv; 
received his pmlioa of apples, imuiedi.Uely <li-ip- 


[Januarv, 1900. 

pearcd, and on his return, after liarely an hour's 
absence, to the query where he had been, he replied 
thnt he had lieen "carrying some apples to his poor 
dear mother." 

One of Byron's sclioolfcllows contributed an 
impression of tlie pair to the ramshackle 
Appreciation of liyion written by Sir Cosmo 
Gordon — by the way, who was he ? — in 1824, as 
follows : — 

[Mrs. Byron] was a lady of very staid and sober 
habits. Her face was comely, and her air that of 
a lady, but her stature was diminutive, and she was 
too much eii boit point for being accounted handsome. 
Notwithstanding, her son was all to her : she was all 
to her son : and the attentions which the mother 
showed to her son were more than re|iaid by the 
fondness which the son evinced for the nuither. 

Byron himself has described her thus : — 

My mother was as haughty as Lucifer, with her 
descent from the Stuarts and her line from the old 
Gordons — not the .Seyton Gordons, as she disdainfully 
termed the ducal branch [of course she was quite 
wrong]. She told me the story, always reminding 
me how superior licr Gordons were to the southern 
Kyrons, notwithstanding our Norman and always 
masculine descent. 

It is noticeable that he frequently addressed 
her in his letters as "dear madam" (see the 
long series from 1808 to 1811, quoted in R. C. 
Dallas's Life of Byron, vols, i., 77-121, and ii., 
I -31). He also treated her with diynity, for he 
always addressed her on letters as the "Hon. 
Mrs. Byron," although, of course, she had no 
claim to the epithet. 

The latest investigator of 15yron's "de- 
generacy" is an American professor. Dr. James 
G. Kiernan, who contributed a series of articles 
on Byron to the Alienist and A'eiiroiot^ist 
(reprinted recently in the Huinaiiitariapi). He 
sees degeneracy in .Mrs. Byron's "predilection 
for quacks" (who tortured her boy's lame foot\ 
and in her "premature obesity." Dr. Kiernan, 
coming to the subject with the microscopic eye 
of the specialist, which sees "stigmata" every- 
where, mentions her father's suicide, and adds, 
on what authority I know not, that " other 
members of the family were suiciilcs." lie sums 
up Mrs. Byron thus : — 

Mrs. Gordon was a woman of very unbalanced 
temperament. At the ihealru in IMinlungli >he went 
into convulsions, shrieking about lier Live lo ".Mad 
Jack" [r.yron], on sct-int; Mrs. Siddons as [ulicl. 
She half worshipne.l, half liated, her bl.ukguanl 
husband, and fell into grand hy>knia at lii^ dealli. 
Her niental defects were the theme of CMniueiil l.v 
the poet's schoolfellow^. " \'our moiher's a r."il," 
saiil a sclio..ll>,.y tn Hymn. " 1 kii.iw it," wis liis 
curt reply, followeil by an ominous silence. .\ niire 
exasperating mother lor a --ensilive, |la^sionale child 

cannot be imagined than this vehement, undisciplined 
woman, who fits of ill-temper hourly, and who 
rarely passed a week without a wild outbreak of 
hysteric rage. Lavish of kisses to the chibi when 
good-humoured, she was lavish of blows when he 
incurred her capricious displeasure In a later stage 
of his infancy, instead of fearing, he hated her. Once, 
after pouring coarse abuse and profanity upon him, 
she called him a "lame brat." At this, lire glare 
came from the child's eyes that so often Hashed from 
them in after time. Whilst his lips quivercil and his 
face whitened from the force of feeling never to be 
forgotten, he was silent, and then said, with icy 
coklness, " I was born so, mother," and he turned 
away from the woman who dared not follow him. 
The scene was in the poet's mind when he loM ihe 
Marquis of Sligo that it was impossible for him to 
love Mrs. Uyron as a son ought to love a widowed 
mother. The scene was still in his mind when, three 
years before his death, he wrote the llr^t words of 
" The Deformed Transformed " : — 

[Mrs. Byron's] features had that exaggeration of the 
Scotch type which constitutes arrest of facial 
development, by no means devoid of the shrewdness 
and ordinary intelligence of inferior femininity. She 
was capable of generous impulses to the persons 
whom, in her frequent fits of uncontrcjllable fury, she 
would assail with unwomanly violence. Mrs. Kyron's 
early education remarkably neglected at a time 
when Scottish young ladies of her station were 
exceedingly well educateil, and the contrast between 
them and the women of the lower class [whom Dr. 
Kiernan s.iys Mrs. Byron "reached"] was enormtms. 
She found that her husband, to whom she had 
sacrificed her fortune, was the meanest kind of a 
profligate, who did not he.sitate to leave her 
practically penniless, burdened with her own infant 
and the daughter [.Augusta] of [his] first wife [Lady 
Carmarthen] whom she seems to have treated with all 
the kindness possible to an ill-regulated nature. 

Dr. Kiernan, of course, may be exaggerating 
Mrs. Byron's incapacities (on the basis of 
the details supplied by Moore, Dr. Elize, and 
other writers) ; but, to my mind, there can l^e 
no doubt that she came of an utterly im- 
possible race, and came at the fag end of it, 
when mere ebulliency of spirit had passed into 
a form of actual insanity on the one hand (as 
illustrated by her father), and of enfeebled 
pliysiqiics on the other (as shown by the rapid 
decay of the family). The biographers of Byron 
{(cw of them Scots by the way) have, in the 
absence of the necessary genealogical know- 
ledge, skelclied Mrs. Byron's funily by starting 
and guessing from lier. I liave reversed the 
proiess, .ind llic two results .-uv iclciilii al. 

J. M. Bri.l.ficil. 
( /'o /■<■ conli lined.) 





OF ABERDEEN, 1716-17. 

(L, 2nd S., 23, 43, 55, G9, 91.) 

The Masters were the nc.\t (l.iy tlicrc.iflcr i ailed 
before the s^ Commission and compearing were 
separately e.\amincd anent their conduct with 
regard either to Church or .State and were 
appointed to answer such Interroj^ators as the 
Earle of Rothes put to them thereancnl. I!ut 
the \'i5itors tindiny they could make nolhinx of 
this questionary iryall resolved on a more 
methodicall way. 'I'hcrcupon the Masters were 
all called in toj;ethcr and the Earle of Kolhes 
asked the other Visitors if they or any other 
person cjuhatsomever present had any accusation 
to give in ay^ainst the Masters of the Kind's 
College that they might freely doc it. Where- 
upon the I'rincipall of (ilasyow one of the 
\'isitors told that he knew some piescnt that 
had severall things to charge the Masters with, 
but that they were not free to doc it in their 
presence, Therefore craved the Masters might 
be removed and that the accusations would be 
given in then. 

Whereupon they were all desired to withdraw, 
and being within a little thereafter called in, 
there were two long lybclls or Scrolls Produced 
by the Earle of Rothes, whicli the Visitors 
were pleased to call the Accusations ag' the 
Masters of the College, whereupon there were 
ane hundred persons or thereby in and about 
Old and New Aberdeen Convened as witnesses 
before the said Visitors of whom some were 
examined with little or no formality upon a 
great many cjucstions that were drawcn from 
the saids two lybells. 

Which kind of tryall the Masters Judged not 
onely to be inconsistent with the fundamcntall 
priviledges of their University, but even with 
the forme of procedure in any Icgall Civill or 
Criminall prosecution whalsoniexer : for in all 
Judiciall procedures if the pursuite be Civill 
there ought to be a pursuer, if Criiuinall there 
ought to be ane accuser at uhosc instance the 
action ought to be carried on, and this is a 
necessary Institution of Law that persons 
aggrieved with wrongous Suites may have 
redress against the Injuries which might be 
"therways done them, liesido there oiight to 
liavc been a copie of the Kbell or charge gi\ en 
to them beforehand, to the eiul they migjit be 
.'I'pi i-^L-d <if « hat they were to lie arct'ised of and 
io be enabled to answer the charge e.\hibited 

against them, but it was so far from that, that 
the above lybells given in against the Masters 
were not timeously intimate to them, nor so 
much as read to them when they were accused 
thereon or at any time thereafter. When the 
witnesses were called they did immediately 
proceed to c.\aniinc them who beside what 
spcciall Interrogators were put to them from 
the saids lybclls) were desired by the saids 
Visitors to tell all they knew with respect to the 
Masters behaviour dureing the late rebellion 
antl what ex])ressions they had ever heard them 
utter in any comp.mys cither anent Church or 
.State about that tunc, and whatever they could 
Depose thereanent should not be loading on 
themselves. Some of the Masters then craved 
for themselves and in name of the rest they 
might be allowed to object against the witnesses 
in regard severalls of those who were adduced 
and examincil were incapable in Law of bearing 
Testimony, but that was absolutely refused and 
their Clerk discharged to mark in their minutes 
that any such thing was craved. 

Seeing severall of the witnesses were inhabile 
the Masters think they should have got before- 
hand a List of such Witnesses as were to be 
adduced for proveing the severall facts wherewith 
they were charged, for it is not onely agreeable 
to the univcrsall practice but likeuayes a 
necessary expedient in Law to prevent innocent 
persons from being wronged by the evidence of 
infamous witnesses, f(jr those who are brought 
on tryall arc not capable either of formeing or 
proveing the legall objections ag' witnesses 
unless there be a List of those witnesses 
delivered in due time and that a competent 
time be allowed for int|uireing into the character 
of the witnesses and makcing good the objections 
against them. 

While the witnesses were exaniincing if any 
matter did drop from them which any ways 
tended to the vindication of the .Masters it was 
ommitted to be taken in the deposition of the 
witness, and all Interrogators that were put to 
the witnesses by the .Masters tor clearing their 
innoccncic were not allowed to be m.irkcd or 
answered So that notliing was brought on 
record but what was loading. Thus it being 
asked at one John .Masson a witness if Dr. 
Midleton I'rincipall frei|uenteil the Chun h 
wheie the I'relender was pra\ ed tor, lie 
answeretl he onely saw the s'^' Dr. .Midlelun 
there once in a forenoon, that it was. the lii=t 
time ever that minister had prayed for the 
I'retender ; that Dr. Midleton dul not return in 
the afternoon and that he never saw him in the 
Church afterwards, All that was recorded theie- 
anent was that Dr. .Midleton had heartl llie 


[Jan'Uakv, 1900 

Pretender prayed for that day And they refused 
to cause Insert the other part notuithstandini; 
the sJ Dr. Midlcton craved it ai;ain and ayain. 
There is also in the Deposition of one John 
Medie or John liothwell witness a very remark- 
able circumstance for he bcin^' intcrroi,'at if he 
saw Dr. James Urquhart and Mr. Richard 
Gordon at a Honefire on the Thanksgiving day 
for the Pretender, he told he saw them at one 
but it was before that time, yet the Clerk 
expresly marked that it was on the Thanksg^iving 
day, and altho' the s^ Mr. Richard Gordon 
had caused the witness to be interroyate again 
and again, and although the witness sutficiently 
cleared them from being att any Ljonefire on 
the s"! Thanksgiving day, yet the Cle^k told 
he had closed the Deposition and it would not 
alter the right way, and all the favour that 
could be obtained was that the Clerk adjected 
some few words in the end of the Deposition 
which makes it so confused that it will scarce 
connect much less amount to a legall proof. 
This will appear from one of the saids two 
Depositions yet e.xtant in their records. 

The Commission would not allow the Masters 
to adduce any evidence either for their e.KcuIpa- 
tion or clearing such facts as they seemed to be 
loaded with by the former Depositions and 
evidence of the other witnesses, but when all 
these matters were severally complained of in 
court as illegall steps of conduct it was then 
pretended by the \'isitors in excuse of the 
whole that the powers of the court were not 
for judgeing but for Inquiry and that after 
occasions would offer, for vindicating their 
innocency in case they were brought to tryall 
before a new Commission with fuller powers, 
that it was onely a Precognition the Commission 
was then takeing which would not amount to a 
legall evidence. 

When the Commission had ended this kind of 
probation at Aberdeen they ailjourned their 
meeting to Edinburgh and ordered the Masters 
or any of their number haveing their power and 
warrand to attend their next meeting there in 
order to answer what further qucrrics might be 
put to them, whereupon Mr. dcorge Gordon, 
Professor of Languages, was sent over where he 
stayed a long time attending their scvcrall 
meetings and sederunts to the great charge anil 
cxpence of tlie College, .•uul after the s.iii! .Mr. 
George Gordon his long attendance there, there 
came ane order from the Coniniis.-ion c\presly 
appointing the whole Masiers cither to mine 
per.-.onally to Kd>" or .'^iu;n a Coinini^^ioii a j 
copie whereof they were pkasvil to send in tlie 
Ma^tcrs^ inipowering ihe piTsmi-. therein nanu-d I 
to answer for evcrv one of the .Ma-icrs to sulIi ' 

things as they were to be e.vaniined on concern- 
ing their conduct and manadgement of the 
College Revenues and bring along with them 
the whole accompts relatcing thereto since i6v5 
and a great many other papers. Accordingly tlie 
whole College accomjjts and papers callctl for 
were sent up to the s^ Mr. George Gordon and 
by him delivered to the Clerk to the Connnission, 
in whose hands they remained for a considerable 
time. There was also ane ample I'roxie in the 
terms the \'isitors desired the same sent up tu 
the sd Mr. George Gordon : and how well he 
improved the trust thereby committed to him 
either for the good of his Collea._;ues or the 
University's Interest is very well known. The 
Principall as before still refused to answer either 
by himself or by Proxie to any Qucrries anent 
the College Revenue, not that there uas anv 
defect in the accompts but in regard he was still 
of opinion that that matter was not within the 
verge of their Commission, yet the other 
Masters carried this point by a Plurality of 
voices and by that means ycclded to anv 
demands the \'isitors made from time to time 
which had no other effect than to wrest at last 
all power out of their own hands even to the 
depriveing them of the rights of .Suffrage in the 
election of members contrare to the foundation 
and uninterrupted practices of all former times. 
It may be thought a Hardship that the 
Professors in ane University should be oblidged 
at such a distance to transmitt their most 
essentiall papers to Ed"" to the great prejudice 
of the College affairs which cannot in many 
things be cleared for the time without them'. 
Deside that the Masters should all either 
personally attend or be oblidged to impower 
one so acceptable to this Commission to attend 
for them. LSut the Visitors of design calculat so 
convenient a season for the Masters to attend 
them to witt dureing the Sessions of their 
College, knowing very well that they would be 
indispensibly oblidged either to .leave the \outh 
committed to their charge or else to grant a 
Proxie to whom they pleased and in as" ample 
terms as they thought titt to demand the same. 

( To be conliitiUil. ) 

I'oi.K LOKL 1ti;.m.s :— 

To sing before breakfast is prolnlily U> cry hefcirc 

It is unlucky !■> Imii a hcil on I'ri.i.iv. 
The r.ill i.f .T knife prosngcs the visit i.f a gcnilc- 

man ; of a siuioii, the visit of a lady. 





( Continued fioin Vol. /., 2nJ S., f. 7S. ) 

If the views I have been e.xpoundin,:; in my 
three previous papers on this subject arc 
correct, it appears that the specific peculiarity 
of the Merse intellect is that it rather wants 
wings. Or, to put it otherwise, the man of llie 
.Merse has one of the stronyest undcrstandin;.;s, 
one of the most nervous wills, one of the 
stoutest hearts to be found anywhere within the 
British Isles. Ijut tliou:.;li, to quote the language 
of a vigorous writer, himself a .Merse man, we 
may describe the natives of this county as being 
as a rule " strong men in body and mind, 
vigorous men, with no lack of buo)ancy and 
\"ivacity," yet, while this is true, it is also true 
that generally speaking these strong men arc 
not equally distinguished for the delicacy of 
their feelings and the refinement of their taste. 
It is no doubt a .gross exaggeration, amounting 
even to caricature, for any one, in dwelling on 
the alleged materiality and John liuUish solidity 
of the Derwickshire mind, to say, as old Lord 
Elibanks did of the Merse husbandmen of his 
day, that '"they were begot in mud, were bred 
in mud, and abounded in muddy ideas." But 
for my part I am inclined to believe that the 
thought which the old Peeblcs-shirc peer sought 
coarsely and blunderingly to express by the rude 
epigram I have quoted, is probably at bottom a 
true thought after all. And I have been wont 
to think that probably a satisfactory way of 
setting forth that thought, without ofience even 
to the Merse men themselves, might be for me 
to quote a casual remark once made by the 
greatest of Merse men about himself, and to 
adopt and apply that remark as symbolically 
significant in its bearing on the spiritual idio- 
syncrasy of the typical nati\ es of this district. 
I refer, of course, to the well-known story told 
of Uavid Hume. That philosopher, it seems, 
had been invited to be one of a party assembled 
at the house of the excellent Scottish poetess, 
Mrs. Cockburn : but arrived so late that he 
found the supper over and the table cleared. 
Whereupon, as the kind hostess was bustling 
about to make the needful provision for her 
belated guest, the Latter huniomusly remarked 
lor her guidance, '"Now. no trouble, if you please 
about quality, for you know I'm only a glutton, 
not an epicure." There lias always seemed to 
me a vast fund of suggestion in this saviiig. 
At all events I cannot but think that, wlien 
Judic:uusly interpreted, the remark which I have 
quoted from the great .Merse philosopher, with 

its naive and amusing self-revelation, affords a 
clue to some of the more perplexing of those 
spiritual phenomena, \ihich, as I have announced, 
I hope to convince my readers are characteristic 
of the more typical men of this district. 

Not to dwell too long, however, on this point, 

I shall now call attention to those items of 
evidence corroboratixe of the general views I 
have been expressing, which are supplied by the 
tables of statistics which I have compiled for 
this county. 

Turning first of all to the statistics illustrating 
wliat may, ])crhai)S without ofience, be called 
the more spiritual side of the achievements of 
the men of this shire, I remark that of the 75 
notable ecclesiastics, di\ines, and spiritual 
teachers born in iJerwickshire, no fewer than 

I I have been acknowledged theologians or pro- 
fessional teachers of divinity of the very highest 
standing. This will be admitted when I mention 
that among them arc the names of such champions 
of orthodox and systematic credal instruction as 
the late Drs. Smeaton, Fairbairn and Ctinning- 
ham, as well as of the -still surviving' Dr. Duns 
of the Free Church. It is true, of course, that 
the greatest of these names, that of the late 
Principal Cunningham, belongs by the accident 
of birth to Lanarkshire, but he may justly be 
claimed for this county notwithstanding that 
accident, as he was not merely by family extrac- 
tion, but also by training, a Merse man. In 
the U. P. Church, again, in addition to the 
present Dr. .Alexander Hislop, the genial and 
cultured Professor of Practical Training in the 
College of that Church, this shire has the credit 
of having produced two such weighty and 
determined tlefenders of the substance of the 
faith once delivered to the saints as the late 
Dr. Thomas M'Crie of Edinburgh, and Principal 
Dr. John Cairns. Other Churches, too. have 
equally been supplied with their theological 
instructors from Ijerwickshire. Thus. :n the 
Church of Scotland, besides the late Prof. John 
Dobie, we have the distinguished Dr. Robert 
Lee of Edinburgh ; in the Congregational 
Church, we have Dr. David Dogue : and in the 
Presbyterian Church of Canada, Dr. D.ivid 
Inglis — all of whom were acknowledged t'leo- 
logical experts in their day and generation. 
Nor must I forget to add that tlie C'r.urch of 
Rome, too, rejoices in the renown of S'.;':h 
theological Merse athletes as Duns Scotf.s and 
Patrick Cockburn — the former of whom, I ni.iy 
be allowed to remark, exhibits in an accentuated 
form some of the more typical tendencies o! tl'.e 
Merse niiiul. ThUb Dr. Doruer, in his Crtim.ite 
of the character and work of iliis gic\it •.v..y.\, 
who was the last of the schoolmen, says, "T;;e 



[January, 1900. 

genius of Duns was critical, and his method is, 
therefore, negative destruction of error, rather 
than positive construction of truth." " His 
scepticism," however, he adds, " refers only to 
the aryumentation, and his method is merely to 
destroy arguments until he has no other basis 
for truth than the absolute will of God and the 
voluntary submission of man ; but this basis, 
the truth of the Divine Revelation and the 
authority of the Established Church, he never 
touches." With all his negative criticism, there- 
fore, Duns Scotus remainetl true to the doctrines 
of the Church in which he was bred, and his 
system was one of strict theological orthodoxy. 
At the same time, his failure or inability to 
supply a speculative basis for faith had disastrous 
results. For, as Dean Farrar has remarked, 
"with Duns .Scotus began the decay which 
ended in the dissolution of the speculative 
theology of the middle ages. His purely nega- 
tive criticism gradually dissolved the union 
between faith and science, which Ansclm had 
endeavoured to establish. His constant phrase, 
' it cannot be proved that,' led to scepticism. 
Hence his system has been called Spinozism 
before Spinoza." Now, in this tendency to set 
up an external standard of authority, to which 
implicit obedience is exacted as a condition of 
faith, we see the bias of those minds, uhich are 
not mystic or intuitive in their natural operations, 
to find truth in something imposed from witliout 
rather than in something evolved from within. 
And this bias, as I have said, seems to me to be 
a characteristic common to, if not distinctive of, 
that practical and materialistic inttllcct which 
is so frequentiy found in men of Anglo-.Saxon 
lineage, such as I have shown to be unusually 
frequent in Berwickshire. 

At all events, that the practical rather than 
the speculative or idealise intellect is most 
common among the men of the .Merse seems 
clearly borne out by the names of its leading 
divines, past and present. Tlius I lind among 
them the names of no fe^er than nine bishops 
and archbishops, eight of them belonging to the 
Church of Rome, an unusu.illy large number for 
such a small county, and indic.uing bmh ihe 
energy of the .Mer=e intellect, and its earl>- 
to practical or admini^tratixe work. .\t the 
Reformation, too, this |)ractical turn of the 
Mcrse-born ecclesiastic ro\ealed ii-^elf. For 
John S|)ottis\\oode, the celebrated MipLi inlrn- 
dent of Lothian, uas a n.uive of tins ^liire. 
Nor, I would add, this ili^iiu' ti\ t ly .\Kr-e 
facull) in nur oun >i.:y. a- \\\H !.i- 
app.uent in a pimment, when 1 merit. on ih.u 
am.>ng the le.uliiig e> >if>;M s wl" ihr l.i^r and 
present gener.uions, arc lo Ijc tmnu! ihe lolloumg 

Merse names — Dr. Robert Lee of Edinburgh, 
as well as Drs. Runciman and Baird, belonging 
to the Church of Scotland ; Dr. \Vm. ^\■ii^on, 
Dr. John Wilson, and Dr. J. Hood Wilson, as 
well as Drs. Thomas Brown, George Smeaton, 
Patrick Fairbairn, and William Cunningham, of 
the Free Church ; Drs. James Taylor, the 
brothers George and Robert JeftVey, also John 
Cairns, James Black, and .Mexander Hisloj), of 
the U.P. Church; nor must 1 overlook the nanle 
of the late Dr. Landels of the Baptist Clunch, 
and many other names belonging to all the 
Churches of scarcely less signilicance, uhiJi, 
however, I cannot here enumerate. 

It may, perhaps, be objected to some of the 
conclusions I have been setting forth ihat I .1111 
forgetting the services rendered to a more 
energetic and aggressively spiritual ev.mgeli^m 
by such notable Merse men as Saint Cuthbert, 
the apostle of Saxon Xorthumbria ; by Henry 
Erskine of Chirnside, and his more notable 
sons, Ebenezer and Ralph, as well as by his 
son in the faith, Thomas Boston of Ktt'rii k ; 
by the covenanting leaders, too, Alexander and 
Michael Shiels, as well as by Drs. Waugh and 
Bogue, those two Merse divines who played 
so large a part in founding the London .Mis- 
sionary Society ; by the great Indian mission- 
aries, Drs. John Wilson of Bombay, and Stephen 
Hislop of Xagpore, and others whom I cannot 
now enumerate, not forgetting also the jirominent 
Free Church evangchst, Dr. Hood Wilson of 
Edinburgh. But though the mention of these 
names docs at the first blush suggest a possible 
error in the generalised conclusion which I have 
been setting forth, I yet personally believe that 
when the character of the work of the men 
referred to is examined, it is found not so sub- 
versive of that conclusion after all. It is true, 
for example, of the Erskincs and Boston, that 
they were men who loved the Gospel, and knew 
its regenerating power. For, as the late Dr. 
John Ker has said, "The great truth which lay 
closest to their hearts and was alwavs in their 
li])s \\as the freeness and fulness and absolute 
sullkiency of Christ as a Saviour to all and 
every one who will receive Him." Xor can 
there be any doubt also that the acceptance and 
defen.-e ()f the Marrow Theology by these men, 
and their iniluenco in making it tor more llian a 
leaiury the basis of the Secession preaching, 
ilul mui h to ari-est the tendency to legalism aiid 
rationalism, that was at that time setting in in 
S, od.iiKl as cisculu-ie. But I think no one can 
r' tlu' wn-un-s r .1" Bn,ton, or even of either 
iM llir Ijskines, without seeing that free as was 
liiuir oii.r of ihf (;,is|„;|, ;iiid e.irnest as was 
their zeal in seeking to bring men to the e\- 

Vol. I. 2nd Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AN J) (JUEA'/ES. 


pcrience of a vital connection with Christ, yet 
tliey were even more intensely dof^matic and 
theological in their statement of divine truths 
than the majority of their brethren, and quite 
as determined to require a peifcct thcoloj^y as 
in all cases a needful prciinilnar)' to a true 
spiritual life. I was much impressed lately by 
a passage from Froude's Li/t: of T/uniins Carlylc, 
in which is given the verdict of that philosopher 
on Ralph Krskiiie, written down immediately 
after a perusal of the Secession preachei-'s life. 
It is as follows : — " It is absolutely very strange. 
A long, soft, poke-cheekeil face, with busy anxious 
black eyes, looking as if he could not help it, 
and then such a character and form of human 
existence. Conscience living to the fingcr-cnds 
of him, in a strange, venerable, though highly 
questionable manner. The reading of Ralph 
Erskine has given me strange rellcctions as to 
the profoundly enveloped st;ite in which all sons 
of Adam live. This poor Ralph and his formulas 
casing him all round like a beetle ; what a thing 
it is ! And yet what better have the rest of us 
made of it?" Allowance must no doubt be 
made for Carlyle's strong anti-theological bias 
in considering the applicability of his judgment 
to the question now before us. Nevertheless, 
speaking personally, I seem to hear in the 
allusion to the beetle-case of formulas, in which 
poor Ralph Erskine is said to have been en- 
veloped, an unexpected corroboration of the 
conclusion which I had otherwise reached con- 
cerning the comparative absence of the mystic 
or higher speculative faculties from the typical 
representatives of Merse spiritual thought. 
And assuredly that conclusion is not weakened 
by any researches I have been enabled to make 
into the character of the writings of Ale.xander 
Shiels, the covenanter, or of Urs. Waugh and 
ISogue, or of any of the numerous Merse Divines, 
from Cunningham to Cairns, who have illustrated 
the character of Merse theological teaching in 
the nineteenth century. 

But, while I venture to speak thus freely in 
regard to what I am prone to regard as a defect 
in the Merse intellect, I do not doubt for a 
moment that, possibly in large measure as the 
direct result of the defect indicated, the spiritual 
work of the Merse evangelical leaders has been 
productive of singularly witlcs]Mcad and lasting 
Iruit. . I say nothing here of the marvellous way 
in which St. Cuthbert stamped the impress of 
his holy personality on the rude Saxon idolaters 
of Nonhumbria; though it is signilicant enough 
tl'.at, after the death of that great man, not only 
Wire churches dedicated to him throughout all 
!lie wide country, from the Trent ami the Mersey 
on the South to the I'oith and the Cl)de on the 

North, but that, in addition to this, he was raised 
during the middle ages to the position of one of 
the three great Saints of England, the other two 
being St. Edmund of Edmundsbury and St. 
Thomas a Hecket of Canterbury. But, writing 
as a loyal United I'resbyterian, it aftbrds me 
much satisfaction to express my belief that the 
work which Boston and the Erskines were 
privileged to do for Scotland was one for which 
not only their own generation, but all subset[uent 
generations of Scotland, have had abundant 
reason to thank (iod. The late Dr. John Ker 
has finely saiil in regard to that work, "The 
Centuries belong to those who know how to 
seize the Hours." That the Erskines were men 
animated by this bold and practical spirit is 
proved by the issue of their work. To them, 
in the rationalistic and conservative eighteenth 
century, it fell to raise a testimony in their 
native land, alike for a pure gospel and a freely 
chosen ministry. That in so doing they were 
charged with a mission to the Churcli and to 
Scotland, is seen in this, that notwithstanding 
the faults they committed, their work went 
forward and bore large fruit. " Before they 
died," says Dr. Ker, "the seeds of their work 
at home had been carried across the seas," and 
then he adds, " if there be anything of the 
Mission spirit in their successors, it is due to 
the large view taken of the gospel message by 
the Fathers of the Church." Who, then, that 
contemplates the issues alike to Scotland and 
the world which have flowed from that act of 
fidelity to conscience which was exhibited by 
Ebenezer Erskine, when in 1733 he lifted up his 
voice against the spiritual derelictions of the 
time, but must acknowledge that under God a 
service of incalculable value was rendered to 
the highest interests of humanity by that stout- 
hearted and resolute son of the Merse. For I 
believe that Ireland and America owe almost as 
much to that act as Scotland itself. Indeed, 
the cause of evangelical truth and spiritual 
freedom all the world over was vitally connected 
with it. Had, indeed, the Erskines returned to 
the Church, as they were urged and tempted to 
do, then I believe with Dr. Ker, "that long since 
the ripples would have closed over their mox e- 
ment, instead of those currents that are finding 
their way to the ends of the earth." Far from 
tlic secession of the Erskines retarding the 
return -of evangelical life in .Scotland, we Ijeliexe 
it was this, above all, that helped to preserve it 
in the National Church, and which stimulated 
its revival there. Had tliey gone back, it mi.;lit 
have prevented the Di>,ruptiiui, but it ini.,lit 
have done it at the hazard of decay and diaili. 
No one can suppose that the forecast ol ihe^e 


[January, 1900. 

issues was in the minds of the men who had to 
make their choice ; but there are inward im- 
pulses which in God's hand are in the place of 
eyes, and tliere is a breath of freedom on the 
face that tells the way from prison liouses in the 
dark. It is one thing to keep men in a church 
e\ en w ith a yood conscience : it is another ihini,' 
to brini; them back. The early spring" may hold 
the bulls in bond, folded and reconciled to their 
constraint ; but when they have broken into 
flower they cannot be charmed into their old 
places, for they know that summer is nigh. 
And when God breathes on his garden, there 
are springtimes of expansion, which lead into 
the future by a way that men know not. At 
such seasons witnesses like Luther, Knox, and 
Whitet'ield and Chalmers hear the cry, "O Zion, 
that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the 
high mountain ; lift up thy voice with strength ; 
lift it up, be not afraid." Hut to answer it they 
must hear that other word, " Shake thyself from 
the dust : loose the bands of thy neck, O captive 
daughter of 2ion I " That the Erskines heard 
that voice, we, for our part, cannot doubt. 

W. B. R. Wilson. 

( To be conlinued. ) 

(2nd S., i., 74.) 

Through the courtesy of Mr. Innes Addison, 
Glasgow University, I am able to correct and 
supplement K. J.'s notice of John Smith. 

He was second son of Alexander Smith, tenant 
of the farm of Auchmar, Leslie, .\berdeenshire, 
which had been occupied by the family for 
se\ eral generations, and, at the time of John's 
death in 1S62, was held by his only surviving 
brother. In early life he worked on the farm, 
receiving his secondary education under John 
Minto, >L.\. (Mar. Coll., 1S25), schoolmaster of 
Clatt, and his religious training' under Rev. Mr. 
Morison, Duncanstone. He took a large share 
in Sunday School work. 

In 1S36, at the age of 25, Smith entered 
King'-'s College as a bajan. His second and third 
sessions, 1S37-38 and 1S3S-J9, he spent at the 
L'niversity of Glasgow, but he reim-ned, for his 
fourth year, to King's Colli-'gc, and gr.nluaied 
M..X. there — as lia\ ing coniplcled the nn.cjj.iry 
curriculum — in 1S40. Fourteen years later his 

Alma Mater conferred on him the degree of 

Smith began in 1S37 to study for the ministry 
of the Congregational Church at the (jlasgow 
Theological Academy of that body, under l)rs. 
Wardlaw and Grevillc Ewing ; and was ordained 
pastor of the Congregational Church at Ayr in 
1S42. In two years, however, for some un- 
explained reason, he resigned his charge, and, 
in connection with a relative, started the (//.rf^mv 
Examiner, which he edited till his death, aged 
51, on i6th November, 1S62. 

The Examiner "first got into notice by its 
sketches of ministers of all dcnoniinationb ; 
next its ' Chronicles of Gotham ' appeared, in 
which the sayings and doings of the Glasgow 
Corporation were hit off in descriptive narrative 
st)Ie. ... As the editor had no training for 
journalistic labours, he was coached in his new 
sphere of work by his assistant, Mr. 1'. S. M;ic- 
liver, who for many years has tjccn [1S90] the 
proprietor and editor of the daily liristol U'cs/crn 
Express. . . . The editor of the Ex<imincr 
was exceedingly hasty in his temper. On one 
occasion, for a mistake in split fractions in a 
Job, he gave a fortnight's notice to every one in 
the composing room — a notice which, however, 
was withdrawn on the following morning, except 
in the case of the man who set up tlic job. 
His handwriting was so illegible that often he 
could not read it, and he would then strike out 
a sentence and substitute another, saying to tlic 
compositor who was engaged in setting up the 
article, ' Ha '. old boy, that beats )ou. You 
can't write what you can't read.' He was fond 
of a practical joke. One of the compositors, 
Jamie Clark, was very particular regarding his 
pay, counting it over and over again, and the 
editor gave instructions that Jamie should receive 
his wages in threepenny and fourpcnn)- pieces, 
and he would stand in a corner chuckling to 
himself as Clark spent from ten to fifteen 
minutes in verifying the amount.'' 

Smith married, but left no family. In addition 
to the works named by K. J., he was author of 
Causes aiiii Cure of Pauperism and Crime; 
Reeol'eelicns of James Turner of Tlirusii-e^rove ; 
L'nele Jo/uis Letters to Ins JVe/i/u-ws. 
[G/a.^i^o-.o E.raminer o{ 22nd November, 1S62 ; 
Andrew .Aird"-, Ixeininiseenee.i of i.ii'ast;<r.' 
Editors iluriny; t/ie last Sixty S'ears, Glas- 
gow, 1S90.] 

1'. J. .Anuerson. 

Vol.. I. and Series.] SCOTTISf/ NOTES AND QUERIES. 



We have few remarks to make upon the following 
list. "Some Scriptural Hymns," now a very 
scarce little work, was once well known in 
Biichan, and popularly called " Pima's Psalms." 
Two hard-working congregational ministers, 
named James Spencc, published in London a 
considerable number of religious works, and it 
is so hard to identify their respective rights of 
authorship that we may have made some mis- 
takes. The British Museum Catalogue does 
not attempt to distinguish them. K. J. 

Smith, IVilliam, P.P. ( PJiilaJclfhia). 
An ENaniination uf the Connccticiit 

claim to Kinds in Pennsylvania, 

with an Appcmlix and nia|i. 

(I'hiladclnliia, 1774). 
Smollet, Tobias (M.D., Mar. Coll., 

Advice, a Satire. Lond., 1746. 

Reproof, a Satire. n 1747. 

Adventures of Roderick Ramluni. li 174S. 

Adventures of an Atom. n 1749. 

Trans. Le Sage — "Gil Bias." n m 

The Regicide, a Tragedy. n n 

Adventures of Peregrine Pickle. n 1 75 1. 
A Faithful Narrative (llahakkuk 

Hilding). ., 1752. 
Adventures of Ferdinand, Count 

Fathom. n 1753. 

Trans. Cervantes' "Don Quixote." n 1755. 
Edit. The Critical Review. h i756,&c. 

The Reprisal, a Comedy. n 1757. 
Edit. The British Magazine. 1. l76o,&c. 

Trans. Voltaire's Works. „ 1 76 1. 
Edit. The Briton. n 1762, &c. 

.•\dventures of Sir Launcelot Greaves, n n 

Travels through France and Italy. li 1766. 
A Compendium of Authentic .and 

Entertaining Voyages. n n 

The Present State of all Nations. .. 176S. 

The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker, .r 1771. 

Ode to Independence. Glasg., 1773. 
History of England, and Continua- 
tion 175S-90. Lond., v.y. 
Trans. Fenelon's " Adventures of 

Telemachus." n 1793. 

Poetical Works. m 1794. 

Letters hitherto unpublished. n 1S59. 

Society of Advocates. Carta, &;c., 1799. Abd., iSoo. 

Solomon,. Sainiicl (M.D., Mar. Coll., 

A Guide to Health. Lond. [1795]. 

(.Seventy editions published before 1S20. ) 
l\>r ihe Encouragement of the Sickly 
and Inlirni, &c. West Derby, s.a. 

Account of the Haddcn Tc. 
i2mo. 8 pp. 

Abd., 1S4S. 

Some Kemarks on a Pamphlet intituled 

Is there to lie a Cathedral in 

Aberdeen? Lond., 1S61. 

So/ne Scriptitral Hymns selected from 

sundry passages of Holy Writ, 

^c. Abd., 1757. 

Somervillc, James (D.D., Mar. Coll., 

The I'atal Conse(|uences of Ir- 

religion, &c. F 

.Sermon. Sli 

Remarks on an Article in the 

Edinburgh lievie-iK E 

Practical .Sermons. 
Account of .Stirling (Sinclair's Stat. 
Ace., viii.) 
A Son:; for the Workshops and Rooms 
of the Industrial School, Shene 
Sorley, Prof. William Ritchie. 

Hulsean Essay on Jewish Christians 

and Judaism. 
Lectures on the Ethics of Naturalism. 
Report of an Inquiry on Mining 
Soitp Kitchen School Tea Aleetiji^'. 
Southcott, Joanna. 

Sketches of Joanna Southcott's 
Religion, extracted from her 
Book of Wonders. 
Sottthesk, James Carnc^e, gth Earl of, 
K.T., LL.D. 
Ilerniinius, a Romance. 
Britain's Art Par.adise, &c. 
Saskatchewan and the Rocky 

Mountains. Fisher, a Poem in Brown and 

Lurida Luminia. 
Greenwood's Farewell. 
The .Meda Maiden. 
\'arious Verses, priv. ptd. 
The Newton Stone. 
The Burial of Isis, and other Poems. 
The Ogham Stone at Aboyne. 
The Ogham Inscription of Scotland 
Origins of Pictish Symbolism. 
Souttar, Robinson. 

Glimpses of our Empire. 
Street Tramways. 
Souvenir of Social Gathering; ( Culler 

Spa/dim:, John. 

History of the Troubles in Scollmd 

(King's edition). 

Do. (Rell'^ie's „ ). 

Notice of J. S. in .Man's .Memoirs. 

Spalding', John ( M.A., R'in;fs Coll., 


Syn.a.\is Sacra (edit, by <_<. \\ eniyss). 







M 1875. 

Lond., I. 
M 1S76. 

!i 1S77. 

„ 1879. 

Edin., 1SS4. 

',', 1885. 

.. 1S93. 

jond., iS97. 
fi s.a. 

Abd., 1S99. 


Edin., 1703. 

\ •■ ...ASvw 



[January, 1900. 

Spalding, William. 

Italy and the Italian Islands. Ec 

jrj cil. J vols. Ellin. , 1S4S : 
another ed, ^ vols. Neio York, 
A Letter on Shakespere's Author- 
ship of The Two Noble Kinsmen. 

Do. Ec 

History of English Literature. 2nd ed. 
////; cd.. Land., iSto : I4lh, 
Edin., iSyj. In German, 
Halle, iSj4, and Breslau, tSj^. 
The Ikitish Empire. 
Edil. with memoir The Works of 
Oliver Goldsmith. 
II Poetical Works of do. 

Other editions 1S66, 1S72 ir' tSj4. 
II liyron's Childe Harold. 

II I'oeticalWorksof Sir W.Scott. 





Spang, William. 

Edit. Dr. Arthu 









S/arl; .Alexander ( M.A., Kings' Coll., 

Oration at Freemasons' Hal!, 

Quebec. Quebec, 

Sermon on Day of General Fast. h 

.Sermon on Civil and Religious 
Society. n 

Sermon on Day of General Thanks- 

Sermon on 7th March, 1S19 (the 
day of his death). n 

By Special Commission — The Trial of 

Antichrist. Abd., 

Spence, .-{le.xander, D.D. 

Fisheries. (In Ace. of the City of 

Aberdeen, N. S. A., xii.) 
Edit. Remains of Rev. Robert 

Forbes. n 1 86 1. 

Spence, James (M.A., Mar. Coll., 1814). 
An Ccugal Eaglaisa thaeadar croidich 

agus an clann Gw., 1S25. 

( Gaelic translation hy C. Mad. aren 
of a sermon by J. S. on Isaiah 
Uv. 23). 
.■^ermon at Ordination of Rev. W. 

Lowe. iSji. 

The Poiii>h Invcsti<;ator (Xo. i. v., 

Mar. tojuly, 401'ip. S.) Xcu porl. I. W., iS ;S. 
A Memoir of J. A. Sihucc. L..iuI., 1S40. 

L'lirist the Christian tiud. „ 1^145. 

Tractarian Heresy. m 1847. 

Tradition no part of the 

Rule of Fallh. 1, I.S47. 

The Kcli:^ion fur Mankind. „ 1852. 

The I'a-lor^ Tr.ijcr lor the IVoplc's 

Weal. „ 1857. 




Spence, James, D.D. ( M.A., Kings 
Coll., 1S44.) 

The means of bringing tlie Out- 
standing Population under tlie 
Influence of God's Truth. Lond. 

The .Martyr Spirit : Where i.^ it now ? .. 

Positive Religion versus Negative 
Morality. ' <> 

-Martha Dryland ; or, .Strength in 
iTuietness. n 

Hi- Centenary of the liartlmlomew 
Ejectment in 1662. .Address. u 

Scenes in the Life of St. Peter. h 

Indifference a Sin in the Cause of 
Christian Missions. n 

Perfect .Manhood in Heaven. n 

Sunday Mornings with my Flock. h 

Christ's First Words to His Dis- 
ciples (in "Pulpit Echoes"). n n 

The Divine Guardianship ( n ). h m 

The Intercessory Prayer of our 

Lord. II 1876. 

Spence, James. 

The Stone Circles of Old Deer. Phd. [1891]. 
On the Objects and Working of the 

Buchan Field Club. m [1S93]. 
Ha' Moss and the Cistle Hill of 

Inverugie. n m 

The Gordons of Gight. m m 

Ni>te on Inver.allochy Castle. n [1896]. 

St. Columba. n n 

Report on Visit to .Schivas. n m 

Excursion to Dunottar Castle. n [1899]. 

On Folk Lore Days and Seasons. .1 n 

[ Transactions of Buchan Field Clnb. ] 

Spence, John, Min. of Or-.ucll (Mar. 
Coll., 1733). 
Discourses on several evangelical 

subjects. Lond., 1799, ami Edin., 1780. 

[Printed in Edinburgh : different in titlepages 
only. ] 

Spence, William. 

Account of Glenbucket (Sinclair s 
Stat. Acct., xix.). 

Speneer, Alexander, A.M., Preacher 
oj the Gospel and Sclioohnaster, 
A Selection of Moral Lessons, 

Natural History, PiMe 

and Poetry; exhibiting a regular 

outline of such Entertaining and 

Useful Knowledge as is most 

prnper to be conmuinicaled to 

the young, along with the .\rt of 

Reailing ; also an .AppendiN, 

Containing a slmrl Englldi ( .r.uu- 

mar and Diclicnary. — liy .\le\. 

Spencer, ^;c. . . . Montrose, iSjI. 

.\u Intriidueliiiu to Religion. 
Geographical .Vbriilgement. 



S/auer, Alex. (Corit/iill, Banffshire). 

.Sunday KcTilings Recommended. .Ahdii., 
A Plea for /Vbstinence. Gw. 

S;iidc,Johii(M.D., Afar. Col!., 1714). 

Quackery Unmasked. 

(Second eil., Loihl., 17 n.) 

A Short Discourse. 

\'enu5's Botcher. 

A Letter truly representing; a Matri- 
monial Case. M 

The Venereal Patient's Refuge. n 

T/ie Spiriltial [mlepeihlciiie of the 

Church. Alidn., 

The Spirilual Hi^'h/s of Chrisliaii 

Females. <\ 

Sfirittial Son^s or Holy Poems. 

The Sporthi'^ Doctor (Satirical hroad- 

" [ 


!<foltis7i'Oode Society Pullicatioits. 
^pry, Ed-..'ard f.I/.A, AV;;-".- Coll., 
De \'.iriij!is ac .MorliiUis iise|ue 

De .adscensus vaporum caussis. 
The Salutation or Loyal Welconic. 

3rd ed. Plymouth [ 
The Nf.asonic Quintetto. ,• 

Six ENtcmporaneously Composed 

Masonic Songs. n 

The Holy or Sacred Masonic 

Service. Plymouth Dock [ 

( To he continued, ) 





Leydcn, 176S. 


Abeotsford Chair. — An admirer of Scott 
calls attention to the above in the G/asgou 
Herald. It is beside the library table, and was 
the accustomed seat of the great novelist. The 
cushion, which is much worn, is now protected 
by a leather strap, to prevent any one from 
sitting on it. The chair was made by John 
Stirling-, cabinetmaker. High Street, Kirkin- 
tilloch, about the beginning of the century. It 
is manufactured out of black oak, taken from 
the rafters of the house at Robroystonc, near 
Glasgow, where Sir William Wallace was 
betrayed by Mentcith. It was made at the 
instigation of a few admirers of Sir Walter 
Scott. The committee thereupon requested 
fimous .\ndrc\v ^^ar^^Klll to come and sit in it 
bLforc its iransnii.-.'iion to Aldiotstord. 

J. F. s. c;. 



( Continued front I 'ol. I. , 3nd S. , page yg. ) 

1732. Sept. 30. William Proctor son lo William 
Proctor in Mains of Achindore, p. to 
George Gairoch, sadler, 6 years, from 17th 
Nov., 1730. .Master to pay £1 for each 
1)1 the last three years, and maintain the 
prentice in bed, board and washing. 

'733- March I. Charles r'arquharson son to Donald 
l''ar<iuliarson of Micras, p. to Thomas 
Nivcn, merchant, 5 years, from loth June, 
1730 — fee 400 merks. 

March S. James liirse son to William Eirse 
in Kincardine, p. lo Thomas Niven, 
merchant, 5 years, from Whitsunday, 
1729— no fee. 

March 16. George Forbes son to George 
Forbes of Uelkibeg, p. lo Robert Cli.ilmers, 
coujiar, 6 years, frnm Whitsmiilay, 1 729 — 
fee 100 merks. 

(Jeorge Far(|uli.irsiin son to Donald 
Fartpiharson in llaltoun of Skeen, p. to 
John Sim, coupar, 6 years, from Fcbruar)', 
1733 — fee £S "'g- ■'•"'' ^ l-edding of 
cloalhs. Cautioners, the father and Charles 
Farquharson in Lairshill. 

James Chalmers son to Peter Chalmers, 
indweller in .Aberdeen, p. to Thomas 
Murray, taylior, 6 years and I year, from 
Lambas, 1729 — no fee. Cautioner, Mr. 
James Chalmers, Student in Divinity. 

May I. Alexr. Clerk son to .-Vlexr. Clerk in 
Hogniiln, p. to Francis .Morison, wright, 
5 years, from Whit., 1731 — no fee. 

June 5. Alexander Spence son to Thomas 
Spence, taylior at the Denburn of .-Aberdeen, 
p. to George Knows, taylior, 6 years, after 
Martimas, 172S — fee £1(1 Scots and a 
bedding of cloaths. 

William Lewis son to the deceast Caleb 
Lewis, indweller in .\berdecn, p. to George 
Wright, couper, 6 years — fee /6q 13s. 4d. 
Scots and a bedding of cloalhs. Cautioner, 
George Smith in Broomend. 

William Philp son to the deceast Thomas 
Philp, mailman, with consent of James 
Mackie, collector of the Kirk Session, p. 
to Robert Lamb, weaver, 6 years and i 
year, from Martimas, 1726 — fee £^ Scots. 

Oct. 9. Alexander Touch, servant lo David 
Wilson of Finzeach, p. to Robert Lamb, 
weas'er, 6 years, from Whitsunday, 172S — 
no fee. 

William Clerk M,n to John <. krk in 
liriilgend of .\rbulliiiolt, p. to l;c,i„u 
Lamb, wea\'er, 5 >ears, frmii i~t Apiil, 
1731-no fee. 


[January, 1900. 

John Amlcrson son to the deceast James 
AnJerson in the Ilardgate of Aljcrdcen, p. 
to William Robertson, weaver, 6 years, 
from Martimas, 1727 — no fee. 
1734. April I. William Murray son to Mr. William 
Murray, minister of the Gospell in Old 
Aberdeen, p. to Thomas Nivie, merchant, 
4 years, from loth .^pril, 1733 — fee £(> 
stg. for each year. 

April 27. John Jaftray son to Alexander 
Jafi'ray, indweller in Aberdeen, p. to James 
Robertson, weaver, 6 years and I year, 
from Whitsunday, 1727 — fee 20 merks. 

May 10. James Cruikshank son to George 
Cruikshnnk, farmer at Greentree, p. to 
William Stivenson, weaver, 7 years, from 
Martimas, 1727 — no fee. 

May 20. Alexander Ogilvie, late clerk of the 
Customes at the Port of Aberdeen, p. to 
James Keith, mert. , 3 years, after 23rd 
Februar)', 1734 — fee too merks Scots. 

James Smith son to William Smith, 
schoolmaster in Aberdeen, p. to Robert 
Joyner, taylor, 7 years and a year, at the 
option of the m.aster, from 13th August, 
1729 — fee ^S .Scots as a Session apprentice. 

Sept. 17. Francis Farquharson son to the 
deceast Francis Fartjuharson of Shiels, with 
consent of Harry Farquharson, his brother, 
p. to George Garioch, sadler, 5 years, 
from 1st September, 1733 — fee /^20 stg. 

Sept. 23. Gilbert Moir son to James Moir, 
maltster, p. to George Cooper, goldsmith, 
7 years, from 23rd .March, 1734 — no fee. 
James Moir to aliment his son in bed, 
board and washing. 

John Mar, son to .\lexr. Mar, shoe- 
maker, p. to James Leonard, barber, 4 
years, from 30th Deer., 1730 — fee ^^30 
1735- Deer. 2. George Smith son to Wm. Smith, 
weaver in Old Aberdeen, p. to James 
Robertson, youngest, weaver, 6 years and 
I, from 1st June, 1730 — no fee. 
Cautioner, James Moir of Stonniewood. 
1736. M.iy 1. John Morgan son to Peter Morgan 
in Bogfairnie, p. to James Ferguson, couper, 
6 years and I year, from 29th July, 1729 — 
fee ;^4 stg. and two bolls of meal. 

July 2. John Stuart son to the deceast 
William Stuart in Kirkhill of Gartlie, p. to 
John Sim, couper, 6 year.s, from 17th 
June-fee /6 stg. 

July 22. John Clerihew son to John Cleri- 
hew, indweller in .Mierdeen, p. to William 
Il.irthill, shneni.ikor, 6 years, from 1st 
August — fee £20 Scots. 

August 6. John Midleton son to the deceast 
J.>hn Mi.flcl..n, firmer in I'Vrnhill, p. to 
Francis .\>ie, baiber, 7 year>, from 3nl 
Feb., 1730— no fee, only a be.lding ..f 

Dec. 4. John Forbes son to George Forbes 
of Alfoord, p. to William Midleton, 
merchant, 3 years, from 25lh June last — 
fee £i><Xi Scots, in three instalments. 
"Alfoord m.antains his son in back cloaths 
and other necessary apjiarell and in case 
he gett ane horse to ride to niercals he 
likeways to pay the hyrc to the sd. Wm. 
Midlton from time to time." 

Dec. 13. John Legertwood son to the 
deceast Mr. Alexr. Legertwood, residenter 
in Aberdeen, and Margaret Fcrrier, his 
spouse, p. to William Chryslie, mcrl. in 
Aberdeen, 5 years, after Whitsunday, 
1736 — fee 100 merks Scots. 
'737- Feb. i. Colin Allan son to John Allan, 
farmer in Mastrick, p. to George Cooper, 
goldsmith, 6 years and i year, from 
November, 1736 — George Cooper uiaijtains 
his prentice in bed, board and cloaths — no 

April 29. Alexander Main son to (leorge 
Main in Portlethen, p. to George Main, 
shoemaker, 5 years, from 13th July, 1736 
— no fee. 

Robert Smith son to John Smith in L.ay, 
p. to George Robertson, ^hoenlaker, 5 
years, from January, 1734 — fee ^,'4 slg. 

A. ^L M. 

Thom.\S a liECKET's RoiiE.s.— -The Dean and 
Chapter of Canterbtiry Cathedral have jtist 
received from a lady, whobc name is not made 
public, a costly gift. It is an exact copy of the 
robes worn by the inurdcred Thomas a Hecket, 
now deposited in S. Stephen's Cathedral, [ens — 
an old walled town of France, 70 miles by rail 
south-east of Paris. The vestments are of 
scarlet, interwoven with yold and silver, and 
embellished with pearls and preciotis stones. 
They comprise cope, chasuble, stole, t.^c. They 
are a magnificent gift. J. F. S. G. 

A Relic of the— " .^L" writes :— In 
the first half of the century oxen were eniplo\cd 
for ploughing and occasionally for carting. When 
they had to take the road it was necessary to 
protect the foot by iron shoes. An ox hoof 
with a shoe on it has been found at Cainihill, 
Monquhitter. The shoe is a thin plate of sheet 
iron covering h.ilf the sole of the foot, .and at- 
tached to the outer edge of the hoof by S(|uare- 
headcd nails neatly clinched. .X series of 
parallel lines on the Iionf projecting abi)\e the 
surfaie indicates that the we.ircr had sufffred 

I at inler\als from sore fvet before liciiv' sIkkI -- 

I A/-i)i(tYit Env J-nss. 

\-oi.. I. 2nd Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Some very intcrcstiny; information about Gordon 
aijpears in the His/ory of the Russiiiit Fleet 
{fining the Reign of Peter the Great, written 
by a contemporary Enylishman, and edited by 
Vice-Admiral Sir Cyprian A. G. ISrid^e for the 
Navy Records Society. Admiral ISridge, how- 
ever, knows no more aljout Gordon than Char- 
nock's out-of-date Biograpliia Naval h (London, 
1795, Vol. III., p. 309) can tell him. Charnock 
says that Gordon j^ot a commission for H.M.S. 
Edinburgh on November 7, 1705. He ^ocs on 
to declare that the life of Gordon uas "as 
barren of incident, and consequently as un- 
interestin;,', as that of any person who ever 
attained the rank of Ca]nain in the liritish Navy. 
We are led to make this remark in justice to 
his character, both as a man and as an officer, 
his subsequent conduct, after he had teased to 
be a ISritish commander, provin;^' him well 
endowedwithall those shininy qualities necessary 
to constitute that of an aljle and worthy man." 
Indeed, so little did Charnock know about 
Gordon, that he declares that "the time of his 
death is unknown": and yet the death was 
intimated in the Gentleman's Magazine o{ 1741 
(it occurred on March 19 of that year). Admiral 
Bridge might have done something more than 
repeat Charnock, in view of the fact that a 
number of documents relating to Gordon have 
been published by the Historical Manuscripts 
Commission (Stirliny-Drummond- Home-Moray 
charter chest). 

The manuscript which Admiral Bridge has 
edited, however, gives some particulars about 
Gordon. In 1717 we learn that the Czar, "when 
last in Holland, engaged in his service Captain 
Commodore Gordon, Captain Hay (dismissed 
1724), Captain-Lieutenant Adam Urquhart (killed 
1719)," and some other British subjects. I'eter 
seems to have had a special liking for Gordon, 
which roused the jealousy of the Dane, I'eter 
Sievers, whom I'eter had engaged in 1708. 
Sievers would not consult witli (Gordon, even 
when the Czar wished him to do so, but in 1722 
I'eter made Gordon \'ice-Admiral of tlie Baltic 
scjuadron in preference to Sievers. As an ex- 
ample of the jealousy of the Dane and the 
Scot, a long story is told about a dinner (which 
took place in 1 721) on the anniversary of the 
li.Utle of Ilango Mead (July 27, I7I4\ when the 
Sucdi,h Rcar-Adniiral, Khrcn SkiciUl, was t.ikcn 
piiMincr. This long |)assage in Admiral Bridge's 
linnl; \v,is ri'priiUcd, \crl)alim, in the .Xbcnlrcn 
/■VcV Rress of July 24, 1899, although the . rilic 

did not seem to know that that journal had dealt 
elaborately with Clordon last September. Gordon 
was a member of the Board appointed in 17 19 
to draw up articles of war. Like all the foreigners 
in I'eter's servicc.he had great ditilcultyin getting 
his salary paid. Gordon is mentioned in 
Bruckner's J'cter the Great (4th vol., Russian 
edition), and in Soloviev's History of Russia 
(vol. 5). 

Admiral Gordon, whose origin is still a moot 
point, married a daughter of Sir Thomas 
Elphinstone of Calderuood, Bart., and had at 
least two daugliters : — 

I. Anna Gordon, married at St. Pctorsliurg, 1726, 

Sir Henry Stirling of Ardoch, 3rd liart. (i6SS- 

'753)- After his niarri.ige, Sir Henry resided 

almost constantly at Si. I'cterslnirg, till his 

father-in-law's deatli, in 1 741. Lady Stirling 

died on 23rd Scjitenibcr, 1776 {Scots Ma;;azinc). 

They had five sons and three daughters : — 

I. Sir William Stirling (4tli Hart.) of Ardoch, 

was born in Russia, before 1729. He came 

to England with his brother, Thomas, in 

1737. He married, in 1762, Christian, 

daughter of John Erskine of Carnock. .She 

died in 1788: he died at X'enlaw, on July 

26, 1799 (Stirliiigs of Kiir). They had five 

d.iughters, including — 

Anne Stirliii:^ (1761-1S20), the heiress of 

Ardoch. She married, in 1779, Captain 

Charles Mor.ay of Ahercairny, and had three 

sons, who had no issue, and left their sister 

as heiress. This sister — 

Christian Moray, horn 1779, married, in 

1812, Henry Home Urummond, and 


Charles Stirliii«-Honie-Drtitnmoud-I\Ioray 
of Blairdrunmiond, Ardoch and Aher- 
cairny, born 1S16. In this way it comes 
about that Admiral Gordon's papers are 
in the Stirling-Drummond-Humc-Mor.iy 
charter chest (see Hist. A/SS. Com- 
mission Report). They had two son^ — 
Henry Edward, now of Ardoch and 

Blair Drummond. 
IVilliain Augustus, now of Ahercairny. 

2. Sir Thoiuas Stirling (5th Bart.) of Ardoch: 

died without i.ssue, in 180S. 

3. Charles Stirling (1732-95). 

4. Henry Stirling; (I733-49)- 

5. James Slirliiv^ (liMrn and died, 1735). 

6. John Stirling {U^x^\ and died, 173S). 

7. Mary Stirling (born at Cronst.adt, 172S). 

The Uuke of Liria (son of the DuI.e ..f 
lierwicl;), wlio was sent to the Kii~-i'.n 
Court as Ainlias-.ndi.r of Spain, in 172.'<. .::i 1 
tuol, (.ccasion to furlher the T.icohlh- i^- 
with A.hiiir.d t;..,,|,,n, lier g...ll.iilKr. 


[January, 1900. 

Field-Marshal James Keilh, who was 
introclucoil by (he Duke of Liiia lo the 
Russian Army, from Spain, was ihe god- 
father of her sister. Mary married James 
Campbell of Menzie, but had no issue. 
S. Ann Stirling, married William Graham of 
Airlh, and had seven sons and seven 
II. Mary Con/on (the second daughter of Admiral 
Gordon), married William Elmsal (born 16S9) 
of St. I'etershurg, son of William Elmsal of 
Overthorpe, in Thornhill (see Iluntcr's/"<z«///,7 
Minoruni Gentium, Harleian Society). She 
had — • 

Anna Elmsal, who married (i) Stanton, 

and (2) Kidd (an officer in the Navy). 

She h.a<l a daughter — 

Anna (by which husband I cannot say), who unmarried in 17S3. 
The pedigree of the Stirliiiijs is taken m.iinly 
from Sir William Eraser's book on the Stirling's 
of Keir. 

I think it is possible that the Thomas Gordon, 
merchant, who died at St. Petersburg in May, 
1806, may have been a son of the .Admiral. A 
Captain Thomas Gordon wasdrowned on H.M.S. 
Ijiddeford (20 guns), which he commanded, and 
which went ashore at Hazeljorough Sands, oft" 
Flamborough Head, on 30th December, 1761. 
He, and not the merchant in St. Petersburg, 
may have been the Admiral's son. I shall deal 
with this Captain in another issue. 

J. M. Bulloch. 


27. The Name McQi-istix or .McEvstei.n'.— 
In_ the course of some interesting remarks in the 
// cckly Scotsman of September 9th, afrofos of the 
name McGatiey, which the writer surmi,,es to be of 
Scandinavian origin, and the Celtic form of Ofeigson 
(McOfeig) mentioned in same, says he gives a list of 
Highland names of Norse origin, and among these 
" .Mc(Jui5tin," of which an earlier form app'arently 
is "McEystein." Would your interesting and 
instructive correspondent, Mr. Christie, or other 
student of Scottish surnames give us further informa- 
tion about this name " McEystein "—its origin, 
meaning, locale, &c., and in what modern""" nr 
lowlandiscd form it still survives, and greatly oblige 
a Scots subscriber living under the ^ ^ 

SooTHKKN Cross. 
South Australia. 

28. ScoiviL i.\ Germany.— r.oing at present 
busy collecting materials for a book onihc Scotch in 
Germany, I sh.mld be very much obliged if you 
could, ihruiigh the milium of y.nir paper, "ive me 
any informaiiiiii as to the Scoleh al Han^i'g." ,\s |o 

military relations I am pretty well informed. What 
I want .are del.ails (dates of settlement, &c.) of 
Scotch merchants and scholars at Danzig. .-X complete 
list of Scotch Professors in Helmst.ult, Erankfurt, 
Kostock, lie, would also be welcome. 
•■■'•'''SOW. E. L. Fischer. 


17. Horn Idt.e (I., 2nd .S., 93).-In the last 
number of .J. N. c- Q. I see a query regarding the "Horn Idle." I do not know its origin, but 
I remember it as quite current in .Vyrsliiie fifty years 
"go- P. MtiRiiocii Smith, M.aj.-Gen. 

Scots 3GoofJs of tbc /lOoiitb. 

Butler, H. C. Scotland's Ruined Abbevs. Illus- 
trated. Royal i6mo. 12/- net. Macmillan. 

Wallace, Robert. George lUichanan. Cloth. 1/6. 
Oliphanl's Famous .Scots. 

Simpson, William. Glasgow in the " Forties " 
Royal 4to. 25/- net. ' .Morison. 

Eyre-Todd, George. The Rook of Glasgow 
Cathedral : a history and description. Royal 410. 
4=/- "'•■I- .Morison. 

Graham, Peter, R.A., Life and Work of. Over 
50 Illustrations. 4to, 2/6 ; or cloth, gilt, 5/-. 


Hay, James. Sir Waller Scott. Cr. Svo. Cloth. 
^/■- Clarke. 

Munro, Niel. Gilean the Dreamer. Cr. Svo. 
Cl"'l>- 6/-. i,i,i„^.,. 

Kearton, Richard. Our Rarer British I!recdin<^ 
Birds: Their Nests, Eggs and Summer Haunts° 
-Medium Svo. 7/6. Cassclls. 

Munro, R. Prehistoric Scotland and its Place in 
European Civilization : A (ieneral Introduction to 
County Histories of Scotland. Svo. 7/0 net. 


Logic o' Buchan, an Aberdeenshire Pastoral of 
Last Century. V.y (,avm Greig, .M..\. Crown 
Svo. 3/0 net. U. Wyllic ci Son, .Aberdeen 


Correspondents will greatly oblige by scn.lin" us 
their full name and address (not neces>arih° 
publication) along with their contributions. 

.\ll communications should be .accompanied by an 
identifying name and address. As [niblication .lay is 
the 25th of e.ach month, copy .should be in a few ihys 
eadier. j.;,". 

Pui.lislieJ l,y A. I 

1 (Kl„,ii,e I'!,,.,-,' Al 
.ttltls It, [|,c I'ul.lislK 

■w.v Jv Co., I;,..,l;-cllcrs,,luon 
•.l.ouUl Ik- :uI,l,v.sL-,l 1„ ll,c '• IMii,,;," 

■j iUn.m, Al,. nlj",',' '"""" ~- 



J No. 8. 

FEBRUARY, 1900. 




lijTon's M.ittrn.-\I Ancestors 

Rec-.rils of the K.jyal CoilimU<ion for \'isilin. 
Liiiversilit. aiul .Stlioi.k of Aljcr.ltcn, 17. Oi 


An Incklcnl of the "43 

Benvick^hirc :us a F.iclor in .Scottish Kcvelopmcn 
Captain Thomas llorJon of II. .M.S. " I'.i.l.kf.jrd 
Xcrih Country Scots on the I'.lcnhcini Roll 

MtNOR XiiTES : — 

"The Last I.iinI of (Jight '•— The Grants of In 

The Fmscrs of 1 )nrris 

Fir.c.; of a Rare (iold Cin at Ihintly 

Scottish Rccoiil Society — Cominivs-ariot Rci^i^tcr of 


Nf«!.altle Al.liey— Painting in Winchester Cathedral 
Qt'ERlE-S : — 

Cassics Fun.l, HanlT— Keiths in the United Slatcs- 

The Family of— .Marisclial Street Ihe.itrc— 

llreen Hook — The .Mnrraysof Cuhairdy— .Measure- 
Did nurns 'Sinoiie'— Author' 'Wa'ntjj —Parody on 

■Duncan Oray" 


.\merican-.\berdeen Graduates — The Morisons of 

l:»;nie— Horn Idle 

Scotch in t'iermany— Course of Study for Ministry . . 


(Ccntiiiiicl from Vol. /., 2ihl S., /. /oo.) 



.\l r.RPlCF.N' has never produced .n rcilly srcnt 
ji.ifl ,1 writer in the Sco/s Ooscrirr once' hiiued 
ii never would) ; but it has made the most of its 
share ot' half of one, hy crcaiiny a j^rcat sa.ya 
round Lord I'.yron. He siieiit only ci-ht years 
(i7<jO-S of his life in Aberdeen and the north, 
but into that brief and boyish period many 
lc._;cnds and some passions ^the possession of 
^•!'.:ch at such an ai;e only [iroves llyrou the 
!';"•■'-■ '"■e^^cuer.ili.-^ lia\o been caiclV.lIy p.irkcd. 
Th;-; is not the place to bio.i;r.i]ih Cyiun ; but I 
itr.ts; .i;d;caie the souict^s of iiil'orni.iliiin on his 
Klo in .Vuerdecn. 

The influence of .Mierdcen on liyron besides 
that of his moihcr, which I have already dealt 
with) lasted until iSoi, v.hen as a Ijoy of 
thirteen^ lie left the school at Duhvich taught by 
Dr. William (dcnnic (born 1761', who was an 
Abcrdonian, the son of Rev. John Glennie, D.D., 
minister of >Larycultcr, and brother of Dr. 
(ieor.^e Glennie, Professor of Moral Philosophy, 
Marischal Colle;.;c. liyron hail two Aberdonians, 
the sisters .Xj^^nes and Mary (".ray, for his nurses. 
Moore has drawn ihcm in bri:.4lu colours. When 
A;.incs Gray married .\lexander Mehin of 
Aljcrdeen, Mrs. Ilyron was present at the 
christeninL,' of her first-born, who was called 
Geori;e Uyron Melvin. Ilyron gave him a gold 
watch, which passed to the child's brother 
(Alexander Melvin\ and from him to his aunt, 
Mary Gray, who gave it to Dr. Ewing of 
Aberdeen. ' It is now in the possession of the 
widow of M.ajor Ewing, the doctors son, who 
lives at Taunton, and reproductions of the back 
and front of it were given in the Eiigh's/i 
I//iisfra/L\! Miii^aziiu: (lS97.\ along with repro- 
duction of the younger Kay's portrait of Byron 
(at the age of seven), equipped as an archer. 
Ilyron is said to ha\e stayed for a time with 
Agnes Gray (Mrs. Melvin at 177 Carron Street, 
Woodside, which was known as " Byron's Hall" 
(see Morgan's Annals of jriV.fs:\:V, pp. 105-6). 
Mary Gray was in attendance on Byron at 
Nottingham in 1799. ^.An article on his stay at 
Nottingham, bv Mr. J. A. Hammerton, appeared 
in 77/i- X/rA7/'of September 22. 1897'. Moore 
has presented the Grays as being very k:nd_ to 
Byron, but Hanson (quoted by Prothero, \'o!. 
I., 10) gives a very ditterent stor\-. Writing to 
Mrs. Byron on September, 1799, Hanson says : — 

Ilcr [M.iry Gray's] conaiict :o yuur 50n 
shocking. It the gcner.^l topic of convers.ttion 
at Nut'liiighim. Ilyron toUl me that jhe w.^.^ 
poriioltially heating htm, .and thalhi.s hone? sometimes 
ached frnm it : that she brought all sorts of company 
of the very lowest description his apartments : 
that .she was out late at night ; and he was frequently 
left to put himseil t.. I)ed : th.-.t she would take the 
chaise bovs into die chai-c uiili ii.-r, an.! >;.■; p^d a; 
every lillle alelion-e to drink v.itji iheiit. V-'-i. 

iii.i.kini, till- i.^ not all: .^lie ha> even '.r.a-I.-.cvi 



[Feuruary, 1900. 

The AliLiilccii ])ci1ikI of I'a roii's life has heeii 
fully ilcalt with by Mooic (ulio is yenenilly the 
only autliority quoted by nortli country \viiters\ 
liyron's boyhood in Aberdeen was described 
at length in H,ti-f>ci-'s Mai^a-iiic ("August, 1891^ 
by Dr. (iardcn I'.laikie (who told me that his 
article was very much cut down), and by Mr. 
Prothero in the Nineteenth Ceiiliiry, 1S9S. Dr. 
Dlaikie says : — 

[At the age of five I'.yron was .sent to the school of 
IJodsy I'nwcr, in Longacre, the schoolroom heing] 
a room like a warcroom, [icdiaps 25 or 30 feet long, 
low in the ceiling, with three or four .small windows, 
ill glazed and ill cleaned, the walls and roof begrimed 
with dvi^t, the rough unwashed tlnor worn here and 
there iniii holes, suggesting e.xcellent quarters for the 
rats below. 

Altoj^ether, the school was so uncongenial 
that his mother took liyron away, and en_^ayed 
private tutors, two of whom became ministers of 
the Church of Scotland. Mr. Ross was a man 
of mature years, and ISyron says : — " Under him 
I made astonishin;,' progress, and I recollect to 
this day his mild manners and >;ood-natured 
painstakin:.;." Of his other tutor, afterwards 
Rev. Dr. I'atcrson, Montrose, who died in 1S65, 
at the aye of 92, ISyron says : — 

.\fterward I a very serious, saturnine, Init kind 
young man, named Paterson, for a tutor. lie was 
the son of my shoem.iker, hut a gaoil scholar, as is 
comuion with the Scotch. He was a rigid Presby- 
terian also. 

Dr. niaikie forgot to mention that David 
Grant, the compiler of The Pcrutics of Mcdern 
Pritis/i Poetry^ was one of Byron's tutors. He 
afterwards had a side school at lUitilc, and used 
to boast to my maternal grandfather, .\ndrew 
Malcolm, M..A., the schoolmaster of Cushnie, 
that he had tauyht lj\-ron. 

Uyron ended his school experience at .Aber- 
deen as a pupil at the Cirammar School, then in 
the Schoolhill. The best description of Iiis 
school days is that which was written by Mr. 
Morland Simpson for Tlie SJceteh (June 22, 
lS98\ where facsimiles of two pages of the 
register, with his name inscribed, " Cieo. LSayron 
Gordon" — superinscribcd '" Dom de liyron," — 
were reproduced. The school registers show 
his name entered quarterly, from lanuary 29, 
1796, to the quarter which 'or cnded't on 
June iS. 179.S i^iis gr.induncle, whom he 
succcedetl in the peerage, ilied May 19, 1798'. 
On Januarv 29, 1796. he was in the secoiul 
class. lUi't Dr. Idaikie declared 'JI:r/'er< 
MiiC<'~''<e) that liyron entered the sclioul in 
No\end)er, 1794, along with Dr. Illaikie's 
fuller. I tliink is piob.dile, for he v.nnld entered the lir^i cl.iss (the registers bef nc 

1 796 have not been preserved, if they c\tr 
existed). The last sur\ ivor of this class was 
Charles Winchester, advocate. I may note that 
Winchester was distinctly literary. In 1802 he 
was writing most of the articles in the Iiiti inter, 
a penny-halfpenny octa\o, issued by J. I'lUrMctt. 
Aberdeen, which at least reached a twenty- 
sixth number. Winchester also translated the 
memoirs of that bombastic Jacobite, the 
Chevalier Johnstone. 

Dr. Glennie's school at Didwich, which 
Byron attended (1799-1801), is fully ilescribed 
in Mr. Harnett Blanclvs Ilislorv of 'Ciiiiil'eri<\!l 
(pp. 3S8-92). Byron thought it a "damned 
place." On .going to Harrow he made a com- 
panion of Charles O. Gordon (died 1829), son of 
I David Ciordon of .\bergeldie. Two letters he 
wrote to Gordon i.Xugust 4 and 14, 1805), are 
[ quoted by I'rolhcro (I., 69 and 77). These 
i letters give great credence to the new discoverv, 
{ made by the Rev. J. (;. Michic of Dinnot, th.u 
I Byron revisited Ballaterich in 1803 (either in 
' .August or Septendjer). He was then a boy of 
j fifteen and a half, and much more likely to 
j have been struck with the glories of "dark 
I Lochnagar" than he coulil possibly have been 
! on his earlier visit as a boy of nine or ten. 1 
1 understand that .Mr. Michie will demonstrate 
I this point for the first time for even I'rothero 
has overlooked it) in his forthcoming work on 
the Farc|uharsons of Invercauld (New Spaldinu; 

.Apropos of Byron's famous \erscs, I may note 

that a poem, in pretty much the same measure, 

appeared in the Aberdeen Miii;a-ine of October, 

1798. The first verse runs thus : — 

Ve hills and high mountains .surrounding Mount 

Ve groves and bright fountains, ye surely can tell 
IIow sportive and merry, my ewes, I've been with 

How now I must bid thee, sweet mountains. 

Farewell : 
I drove from the cot to the hill where I tended 
My ewes ami my laml.- fivui the wolf I dufendc.l. 
The charms of .^wuct Xature uiy plcn-ure ^o Mcndcil 
I .sang like a lark in the Gkn of Lochlee. 
The ^■crses were said to be the work of a 
"young shepherdess, whose im.ages were drawn 
from the bleatings of her dock, the story of the 
skylark, and the wild dowers blooming in her 
nati\"C vale." Byron was li\ing at Ballateriiii 
in the summer of 1798, and is said to ha\e been 
courting Mary Robertson, his host's dau;.^hter. 
lb it por,sible that he wrote the verses, li-uiin, 
as "a yoimg shephi'rde-^s ?'' He just nine 
at the time. The poem u .i-- pointed out to me 
l«ehe years ago b\- .Mr. James Rettie. 



It is iincrcstin.:^ to rcnicnilicr that KoIjltI 
Louis StL'\eii^i)ii fotiml ;i yix-^it iu^piniiioii uilliin 
sliiht of "dark Lochiiayar," for, as he told us 
(.UiClurc's Miii^a::iih; September, 1S94', it was 
while recruiting in "Miss .MacL;re.;or"3 Cottai^c,'' 
liraemar, that lie "ticketed" his performance, 
Tnasiirc Island. 

There was a schoolboy [staying at tlie same time in 
Miss Macgrcgor's cottage], lie hail no ihouglu of 
literature : it was the art of Raphael that receiveil his 
fleeting sutTragcs, ami, with the aii'. of pen anil ink 
and a shilling bo.x of water colours, he had soon 
turned one of the rooms into a picture gallery. .My 
more immediate iluly toward^ ihc gallery was to be 
showman : but I would .sometimes unbend a little, 
join the artist (so to speak) at the ea-el, and the 
afternoon with him in a generous emulation, making 
coloured ilrawings. On <~)ne of the<e occasions I 
made the map of an islaml : it was elaborately and 
(I thought) beautifully colourcil : the >hape of it look 
my fancy beyond expression: it contained harbours 
that pleased me like sonnets ; and, \\ i;h ihe conscious- 
ness of the preilestined, I ticketed my performance 
Treasure Island. 

I have already referred to the elaborate com- 
pilation of notices of ISyroirs residence in lianff 
in Ur. Craniond's Aiuhih. A photo.-;raph of 
the pear tree in the garden of the old manse, 
which Byron is said to have robbed, has been 
taken bv Rae of Danff, and was reproduced in 
The Skl-lch (.April 13, 1S9S . 

Byron has been credited witli at least two 
amazing love affairs whde he was in Aljerdcen. 
Patrick Morgan (in the Anna's of W'oodsidc) 
mentions an incredible aiiair he had with a 
Woodside girl, "Lexy" Campbell. As ISyron 
was only nine years old at the time it is incon- 
ceivable that "poor ' Le.xy ' '' should have "lost 
caste by this aft'air," as Morgan declared, and if 
her subsequent career was "unfortunate," JSyron 
was surely not responsible. Byron himself and 
Moore told the extraordinary story of his 
"passion" for his kinswoman, Mary Dulif, of 
the Hatton family. Like many points in Byron's 
career, the identity of Mary is in dispute. The 
l.itc Mr. Dull' of Fetteresso declared she was a 
Duff. Mr. Michie, of Dinnet, says she was 
Mary Robertson, the daughter of a man with 
whom Byron lodged at Ballaterich, and Bxrons 
senior by eight years. .V good summary of the 
controversy was contributed by Mr. Robert 
.Vnderson to these pages (Dccendjer, 1S92', 
and is re-stated in Mr. A. L .^IcConnocllie■s 
bor.k, Tlic Kcyal Dec (pages io3-4\ The 
"box'' bed in which Byron sle])t at B.iUaterich 
now serves as a cheese press at Dec Castle, a 
short distance to the ca?t of the Robertsons' 
">ilaxe. .Mary Robertson married an excise 
"Uieer, and died in .\bcrdecn in iSO; ; while 

Mary DulT married the excise officer's raison 
d\ii\\ a wine merchant, Robert Cockburn, by 
whom she had four sons. Her portrait, taken 
after death (a somewdiat gruesome sight'i, was 
reproduced in these pages (Dec, 1S92). I gave 
her descendants (all of them now in South 
Africa) in this journal (Xovember, 1S97). Dr. 
Blaikic suggesteil tliat Byron may have been in 
lo\c with two Mary's at once. The idea is at 
least permissible in the great liyron s.iga. 

Aberdeen is at this moment attempting to 
equip its strangely unstained streets with a 
statue of Byron ; but the movement has been 
attended by some extraordinary difficulties. 
Aberdeen has always assumed a curiously half 
proud, half shamed allegiance to Byron. For 
instance, I believe it was Dr. Kilgour who 
compiled a vciy frank (and anonymous) 
biography of liyron, under the title : — 

Lonl Byron, from aiithciilic ioiir:;;^ witli remarks 
illiistralh'c of his coiuiCilion -^'ith the principal 
literary charaelers of the f resell! day, " Dead 
scandals form good subjecls for di<-eCtion." — Don 
Juan. London : Kniglil & Lacy, I'.Uernoster Row ; 
Aberdeen: \V. Cordon, .\. .Stevenson, D. Wyllie, 
and L. Smith, 1S25. [fainted by W .A.itken. 
pp. xvi., 207.] 

The preface to the \oIumc contains a few rather 
unreliable statements as to Byron's family 
history, and a few anecdotes about his residence 
in Aberdeen. But nothing is extenuated. 

With regard to liyron's earlier name of 
" Byron Gortlon," I may note that there is an 
American exidorer, George Byron Gordon, who 
wrote an article in the Century .Uir.,'-ii:ine '.yi^iv, 
1S97) on "The Mysterious City of Honduras." 
There is also a Mrs. George Byron Gordon 
practising the gentle art of palmistry in 
Edinburgh. Her husband is the son of Captain 
John Gordon, R..A., and his mother, as a young 
girl, "was a very great favourite of Byron's," 
and is stated to have been the poet's cousin. I 
cannot verify this, however ; nor a tradition that 
aforesaid Captain's great-grandmother, Jane 
Gordon (who married a Mr. Ta\Ior', was a 
disowned daughter of the fourth Duke of 
Gordon. Has any reader ever heard of his 
Grace's having added to his other failings the 
crime of disowning a legitimate daughter.' His 
known dauglucrs were, of course, tiic Duchesses 
of Richmond, Bedford, and Manchester, the 
Marchioness Cornwallis, and Lady Madalina 

BvRCix's Descknd.wt.s. 

Piyron has four doscentlants one man and 
three women) slill li\in_;. By h)s ni.irria,i- in 
1S15) with .\mie Is.ibella (1792-iSGo;, daii.^luer 




of Sir Ralph Milbankc, he hail an only child — 

The Hoit. Ada Aii^^iislj A^ocl, liorn Doccnil:i.T 10, 

1S15, in riccri'lilly Terrace. London. She 

married, on July S, 1S35, William Kinj;, Sth 

Lord Kinq, Baron of O.ikluni. lie wa^; created 

Vi^ount (jal;ham, and Earl of I.tnclii.-c in 1S40, 

and took the additional name of Xoel in iSoo. 

She died, November 27, 1S52, leaving — 

I. Hon. Byron Noel fCin^, ^■iscount Oakhan). 

lie was born, June 25, 1S36, and succeeded 

to the peerage as Lord W'entworth, on the 

death of his grandmother (Lady Cyron), in 

1S60. lie dieil unmarried, September I, 1S62. 

II. A'(7///i GoyJon Kin:,'-Miliv.n/:e, the 2n<l and 

present Earl of /.oz'e/aa; born July 2, 1S30. 

lie succeeded his father in 1S93. I'"^ married, 

on August 25, 1S69, Fanny, da;!ghter of 

the Rev. George Ilcriot, of Fellow Hills 

Berwick shire, vicar of St. Anne's, Xewca^tle- 

U]ion-Tyne, and by her (who died July I3» 

1S7S) a d.iughter — 

LaJy AJa Mary A'hi^-MHiianU, born Feb. 

26, 1S71. She is, of course, the most diroct 

descendant of Ilyrrui, belonging to the second 

generation now alive. She belongs to the 

lifteenth generation of the Gighta. 

Lord Lovelace, who is assisting to edit the new 

edition of Byron, issued by Mr. Murr.ay, 

married secondly, on December 30, iSSo, 

Mar)- Caroline, daughter of the Right Hon. 

James .Sluart-Wortley, by whom he has no 

issue, ilis half-brother is heir to the title. 

III. LaJy Anne Isahella Noel AuK'-.Vtlhii.ce, 

Kirn 1S37, married, June .S, 1S69, Wilfrid 

Scawn lilnnt, poet, politician and Arab horse 

breeder. They have only one child — 

Jwlilh .-inne Dorolhcii Blunt. She married, 

on February 2, 1S99, at the Roman Cathi>lic 

Church at Zeytun, Cairo, the Hon. XeviUe 

Stephen I.yHon, sec>ind son of the 2nil Earl 

Lytton, .and gr.andson of the novelist, 

Bulwer-Lytton. She was given away (in 

her father's absence) by Lonl Cromer (whose 

son, the Hon. Roland Baring, acted as best 

man). The honeymoon spent at 

Ileliopolis, and the young couple (the 

bridegroom, who was nineteen at the time, 

is the bride's junitir by seven years) wore 

escorted part of the way by a bodyguard of 

mounted Bedouins. 

Thus there are oiih- four of liyroii's desceiiclants 
now alive — Lord Lovelace and his sis:or and 
iheir ilaughtcrs. The recent wecUling of Miss 
r>hint in the desert as lonianiic as anything 
that the Clordons or the llyrons could show, 
r.esidos that it is a very inlerestin,; alliance of 
liliiattno the ])oet's ,u;reai-:^r.ani!-lau,u;lner with 
the novelist's gniudson. J. M. I'.tll.I.ncil. 

( To /.• eonlintitd. } 

"TiiK Last Laiud 01 (".ii;iii."-Mr. J. M. 
r.uUoch (Vol. I., 2nd S., 97) say^:— "Mrs. 
r>yron spent her summer holidays in ;i little 
cottag^e oft" the South Stocket Koail, called, which has been demolished, (n- 
doomed, to make way for the voracious villa.' 
I!ut it still stands, and is likely to do so for 
many years at the present r.atc of 
westward, and which, meantime, has rcccixcil a 
check. It is not a '" cotta-e," but a house of two 
complete tiats. of which a very good sketcli is 
i,'i\en in the .-Mjerdeen /i,w-y1 rror,/ of ;S;h July. 
1S98! We are indebted to Mr. (ieor..;c Walker 
for its identification, although he did not mcntirm 
it in his unfortunately named, but h!,_;hly 
interesting^ work — Af'criiecii Aii-it'. Mr. r.u'loch 
contends that "\'illa Franca," — now demolished 
— could not ha\e been the house in which I'.yron 
spent some of his summer holidays, because it 
had at that time been but recently built. While 
it would be interesting', of itself to know wlic-n 
Peacock acquired the feu on which ho erected 
Villa Franca, I know that it was let for sujiinicr 
quarters in 1S20, as the Rev. John Thomson, 
M.D. (not D.D., as many think;, took it as such 
that year for the benefit of his daughter's Iicalih, 
who died shortly after. Dr. Thomson published 
a life of that daughter, in which he says : — 
" Her health not improving, she was removed, 
for a change of air, to Coopcrstonc, but a'l of 
no avail." Mr. Francis Edmond, while iri;-tee 
on the sequestrated estate of Mr. .Vndcrson, 
sold Villa Franca to one Shearer, a tinsm.;!] in 
George Street, but it to be repurchased by 
the City Land Association, to enable that 
company to properly lay out their ground. The 
ground on which \"ill.a Franca stood was of 
/n'itiii^ii/n- ih:KXtc. (".i:0K(;k .Vm.w. 

33 Albvn I'lace. 

Till-; i;i;\NT^ or T wmori:.— r.cnoa!o_;ists 
may be glad to know that there i-- an el.ib'irate 
scries of letters dealing with this family 1^70- 
'779) i'l ''i"-' .\dditii)nal Manuscripts i.f the 
I'.riti-h Museum, ;3„|<>3-25..; I 2 ^ewn '.(■•■•."i' ■-'. 
.\mong the correspondinls arc tiie l)i-.k'- of 
I Cordon anil Professor tieurgc Gordon of !< r.^'s 
I College. "^ J. M. \i. 





OF ABERDEEN, 1716-17. 

(L, 2na S., 23, 43, 55, G9, 91, loi.) 

Second Coininission. Theieaftcr the Com- 
niissioners of Vibil.ilion iiKulc ;i rupnrl lo his 
Majesty of their haill proccciliiv^s, and iln.rcupon 
obtained a new Commission in .March 17 1 7, 
Impoweriny^ the same Commissioners to meet 
at Ed'' the 2Sth day of tlie said monctli and to 
Coynosce and determine in the said atiair, and 
to suspend deprive or othcru.iys ptmish the 
.Masters of the sd College conforme to the 
nature of the fault and the laws and practice in 
such cases. 

It may be thouyht that both the first and 
last of these Commissions have been obtained 
without his .Majesty's bcin;,' fidly apprised of 
the import tliereof, For rirst nothing; can be 
reasonablie thouyht more injurious and offensive 
in the publick Adniinistration than those 
Commissions, such Commissions havciny been 
compted Grievances in the reiyn of King James 
the Seventh whose proceedings as to the 
Universitys of 0.\ford and Cambridge were 
considered as Incroachnients of great moment. 
Secundo, all establishments of new Judicatures 
with such powers as arc contained in the last of 
the saids Commissions must necessarily be 
lookt upon as Innovations in our Constitution. 
Tertio, Such Commissions arc inconsistent with 
the foundation of the King's College of Aber- 
deen and fundamental! priviledges of the same. 
For by the Foundation thereof the Chancellour 
of the University is Judge in all the causes 
thereof as well Civill as Criminall, the express 
words whereof are Eisdem Doctoribus, 
magistris, Graduatis, Studcntibus, Scholaribus 
suppositis et alijs pcrsonis dict.c- Universitatis 
id leneantur Coram dicte Universitatis Cancel- 
lario pro tempore existcnte duntaxat de iis 
^uerclantibus de Justitia respondere ; nee 
ciiram quibuscunque alijs Judicibus, etiam 
con^ervatoribus p.irifornv.tcr jirivilegiatis ct 
liuocuntiue privilcgio fulci'.is, super quibusvis 
cau^is et actioniljus tarn criminalibus quam 
ii\ilibus rcalibus personalilius aut niixtis 
Lccl.Lji.islicis sive Tem]ioraliijus inviii aut 
Judicium cvocari aut tr.dii possinl;. Which 
Inundation with the many other jirivi lodges and 
:auiumitie.s bclon-iuu; to the .sd Uni\cr>:iy .arc 
r.itilieit ami conlirmcd by so\ora;l I'arliamcni.-;. 
IJu.iiio, Such N' h.ivci>ciii ai';iniiUid 
iincc die Re\olution were still granted with 

consent of Parlia' were still appointed to meet 
at the University and were for the most part 
onely to examine into the Masters nianadge- 
mcnts with respect to the Re\enues of the 
College and their ability to discharge their 
rexive oliiccs and not to enquire into the affairs 
of Church and Slate. 

Upon which new Commission the whole 
Professors and Masters of the King's College 
were cited to appear at I-d'' upon the 17th of 
Aprilc 1 717 (except Mr. David .\nderson and 
Mr. George Gordon into whose conduct and 
bchax iour the visitors thought not titt to enquire) 
and to their rexive Citations they got Scbedals 
ane.xt containing such articles as were pretended 
to have been proven ag' the Masters by the 
witnesses that were examined at .Aberdeen. 

In obedience to which Citation the whole 
Masters went up lo Ed'' against the prefixt 
dyct (except the I'rincipall and Dr. Patrick 
Urquhart .Mcdiciner in the sd College they 
haveing both sent up Cerliticatcs from I'hysitians 
upon Soul and Conscience of their inability to 
travell without hazard of their li\es}. The 
Principall being unacquainted witli the forms 
of Law doubted not but that he was oblidged 
to send up his answers in write if he was not 
able to appear personally before the Commission, 
and this was the reason why he sent a letter 
along with the Certificat bearing that he 
designed to have sent up written answers to 
the articles contained in his Schedall but by 
reason of his Indisposition was unable to doe 
it then, therefore cravcing a continuation to the 
first of June and that he should endeavour to 
doe it then lo their satisfaction. 

When the Masters appeared at Ed'" before 
the sds \"isitors the Justice Clerk then chosen 
Preses asked each of them if they had answers 
10 give in to the severall articles contained in 
the'ir Schedals and if they had not to ha\e 
them ready against the eighteenth of the said 
nioneth. Thereafter the Ceriilicats for the 
Principall and the sd Dr. Patrick Urquhart 
were read and sustained. 

The Commission met again upon the 
eighteenth day of the said moneth, the .Masters 
conipearing gave in such answers in write as 
ihcy coukf get ready in so short a time, after 
reading whereof they were dismissed and 
appointed to attend the Commission the 
nynteenth or 20 day of ihe a'' moneth. And 
tlicy haveing api)eared accordingh- that day, 
the \'isiLors without any formall tryall or 
allowing of any further answers or useing any 
farther proliation, but renting on the fi'-.'csd 
illc-al iireco^nilion taken by them at Al.'d:; I'U 
the sd lirst Conuiiission, caused their Clerk 


[Feiirtarv, 1900. 

read Sentence of Deprivation a>,'' Dr. James 
Urquhan and Mr. Richard Gordon two of the 
Professors of Philosophy in the said Colleye. 

Its worth the while- to notice here, first that 
by this second Commission the Visitors therein 
named were appointed to sitl att Ed"^ ei;.;hty 
miles distance from the University, by which 
the Masters were deprived of the kt,'all 
advantages of adduceing^ witnesses in their 
vindication, those witnesses haveing their 
residence in the same town where the University 
is Situate, i'-'-^ that the Masters were from time 
to time oblidyed to brin^ up what further 
records or papers were called for by the 
Conmiission at such distance to the y^reat 
charge and expence of the College beside the 
hazard of their perishing. 3"^-^ that the Masters 
are again appointed at a most unseasonable 
time to abandon the youth committed to their 
charge dureing the Sessions of the College in 
order to attend this new Judicature. 4'-' that 
altho' some illegall steps had been made upon 
the first Commission yet i: might have been 
e.xpected that when the same visitors had 
obtained this second one with enlarged powers 
they would have rectiiied their procedure, but 
instead of that this new prosecution was worse 
than the former, there was neither order nor 
forme of law observed, which being complained 
of it was answered by some in the Commission 
that they were now ane e.\:raordinary court 
without limitations and were not bound up to 
the formes of Law in their proceedings : And 
so it was indeed, for the .\rticles exhibited 
against the Masters and contained in their 
Schedals were in no sort of forme or shape and 
all the evidence used against them was the 
selfsame precognition which was taken at 
Aberdeen upon the first commission in the 
illegall and unprecedented manner above sett 
down. And their Procedure was so ."^ummar that 
the two Professors of Philosophy above named 
were cited to the ijih of .\prilc ordained to 
give in their answers the iSdi day and were 
deprived the 19th day of the said inoneih. So 
that this affair was carried on to the exit above 
mentioned in hurry and precipitation. 

Upon the twenty day of Apr.le the hail! oihcr 
Masters wore suspended from ihoir nfn. es till 
the 4lh of June thcreaficr except the Principall, 
Dr. I'atrick Urt|uhart, Mr. D.i\id .Xiuicrsim and 
Mr. C.corgc Gordon who were onely with the 
rest Inliibite from lakcing upon them ti) supjily 
the v.icancies then nuuio itnti 1 the ni-nd of the 
CoMUiiission >lii)iiM be liinlui '-.'low 1! ilicrc.intiil. 
Such of tl'.e Masters as «rrc thin pro-enl «erc 
cited apud .iila to llie said fcv.rth d.iy of Jene, 
the Princip.dl «as afterwards cited to the s.une 

dvet but the copie he then got bore nothing of 
his sending up of written answers in case of his 
not appearing personally, altlio' Dr. Patrick 
Urquhart was cited to the same d\et and that 
the copie did bear to appear personally or give 
in his answers in write. 

Upon the said fourth day of June the Masters 
did again appear at Kd'' before the Conmiission 
except the Principall and Dr. Urquhart who 
sent up Certificates exactly of the tenour of the 
former, Dr. Urquhart sent up with his CcnifiLaie 
ansuers to his cliargc, but the i'rincii)al! aliho' 
he his answers ready to all tlie articles 
contained in his charge) sent no written 
answers directly to the Commission being 
advised by his Lawyers betwixt the time of hi-, 
first and second Cenificat th;it lie was iie'thcT 
oblidged, nor safe to send up any written 
answers to the Commission seeing the faults he 
was charged with were personal! anil he not 
being able to appear personally to answer 
them, that the Commission would not proceed 
ag' him, beside there was no Ceriiiicaiion in 
the Sunimonds as in Dr. Urquhait's, that in 
case he sent not up written ansuers but onely 
in case he did not appear personally and as to 
that point the Cenificat would be a suincient 
answer, and that the Visitors might see that it 
was TiO shift in the Principall and that he would 
answer the whole articles contained in his 
Schedall he sent up a copie of his answers to 
the Lord Cullen one of the Members of the 
Commission to be communicat to them if he 
thought proper. Xothwithstanding whereof 
upon the loth day of the s'' moneth of June 
the \'isitors held the Principall pro Conicsso 
upon the haill articles contained in his charge 
and past sentence of Deprivation ag' him. 

This Sentence had no other foundation than 
the former to witt the illegall Precognition taken 
upon the former Commission at .Aljdn. P-cside 
the Principall still expected that if his Certificai 
was not sustained altho' it had all in Law that 
was necessar to Support it) he \\oulil at least 
have got but one further clyet assigned him 
either to appear iiersonally or to send up his 
ansrs in write, which they had but allowed he 
could have sufficiently vindicate himself from 
all tl:e articles contained in his ch.arge. 

'I'hc \'isitors within two days thereafter jiasl 
sentiiuc of Deprivation against .Mr. John 
(lordon Professor of Civill Law in the s^' College 
personally present, albeit he had given his 
answirs with the other Masters up>in the igth 
of .\piiie lo ;hr \isitiM-,. This senii lire had no 
other f< lund. ition than the former, he-idi- its ik 
lie as to the .-d Mr. John Gordon that 
when the \'isiiors past .Sentence of Deposition 


.Ts'.iinst the two Professors of I'hilosopliy upon 
the sd twenty day of April and finding at tiial 
time the articles contained in his cliar;.;L' ucr 
not sufficient for his deprivation, ,L;avc him a 
new charge or list of C|ueries and ordered him 
to satisfie the Conunission thcrcancnt ai;ainst 
the fourth day of June thereafter and obli^;cd 
him to a new compcirance at Ed' ay' that 
day but these finding nothing of their new or 
additional charge verified or proven ag' him 
after they had considered his answers thereto. 
Upon the 22nd day of the said nioncth of June 
they deprived him of his Office for the articles 
contained in his first charge. 

The Commission having after this manner 
purged the King's College of four members 
resolved to plant the same as unwarrantably, 
for which end in July or .\iigust 1717 they sent 
the Lord Forglcn to the Xortli in order to treat 
with the members of the University yet remain- 
ing anent filling the vacancies antl to know if 
they would agree to such i)ersons as the 
Commission wold name. Ijut Forglen getting 
no satisfactory answer from the -Masters who 
still insisted on their privilcdge by the fundation 
to fill the vacancies. Upon his return ther wer 
imediatly ane act made by the Commission 
upon the twenty day of September thereafter, 
Narrating a great many of the Masters 
mismanagmcnts, and their misapplying several 
gifts and mortifications, and what not, belongin.g 
to the said College. Uut that the Masters 
might be enabled to uplift the College rents 
and debt due to them the Commission thought 
fit to take of the former Suspension but under 
this express provision that in regard it had 
appeared to the Commission that the Masters 
had by several deeds under their hanils 
concurred in the forsaid mismanagment of the 
revenue of the College theirfor as a just censure 
of such practices and for discouraging the like 
for the future they did enact and declare that 
the said Masters should have no right of 
sufl'rage pro hae vice in the electin.g or 
presenting any persons to supply the vacancies 
in the said College and thcrfor discharged tlic 
Masters from e.Nercising any right they might 
pretend to have in the said elections. This act 
of the Conunission seems to have been made 
in order to force the Masters of the College into 
their measure and to shullle them out of their 
U'.^t priviledge of electing, for if the faults thc\- 
charge them with be true as the sinking .gifts 
and mortifications and misapjilying College 
riM'niies such a puni--hment a-^ depriving lluin 
<•! their right of .Suffrage pro vice (as thcxarc 
p!iM-ed to call it^ will b)' all uubyas^ed men 
be e\ei lookM upon as too suuiU a pimishuieut 

for such oft'ences, or at least never thought 
sufficient to make up the College losses. And 
albeit such mismanadgements had been true 
uhat ever might have been pcnall in that matter 
was bv His ^Iatics act of (".rare then indeiiniificd 
so that all that the Masters could be lyable in 
was simply restitution which wold certainly 
have been more for the interest of the university 
than the sus])encling the Masters thereof, from 
that right of suffrage competent to them by the 
fundation. Hut the trutli is, the presentations 
in fa\ our of such persons as the \'isitors or their 
friends at Court had a mind to, wer not come 
down so that this embargo on the Masters 
seemed absolutely necessary least in the interim 
they had proceeded to their elections conform 
to the fundation. Accordingly in November 
1717 ther came down four presentations which 
those ('■enllemen had prociued from Mis Matie 
of a very and unprecedented strain in 
favour of Mr. (leorge Chalmer Minister at 
Kilwinning as I'rincipal Mr. .Mexander (Jarden 
of Trou]) as Professor of Civil law and .Mr. 
Daniel Prailfutt and Mr. John Keras Professors 
of Philosophy in the said College, by which 
presentations the Magistrals of .Aberdeen, 
Ministers of new and old Aberdeen are 
appoyntcd admitters of the Principal and 
Professor of Law and the new Principal is 
appoynted to admitt the said Mr. Ker and 

( To he ionliiiucd. ) 

The Kraseu.s or Dukuis. — Mr. .\listau R. 
Irvine Fraser, only son of the late Captain 
Francis Garden Fraser of Findrack, writing to 
the People's Juiir/iit/, sa\ s : — " In your account 
of the late Mr. W. N. P'raser yciu make one 
grave mistake in saying he succeeded his eldest 
brother in 1S83. Such was not the case. In 
1SS3 my late father, Captain F. (',. Fraser, died, 
and was succeeded by his eklest son, my l^rother, 
Mr. Francis liaird Fraser. On the latler's death 
a will was found by which .Mr. W. N. Fraser 
obtained the estate of Findrack. .\rms and 
supporters, however, cannot be bequeathed, and 
the representation of the family with the sole 
right to use the supporleis ;i-, huir male nf tie 
family i.f Fra-er i>f Durri-, .^c ., nuu desobc- 
upon inc and iml on ni\- ccuisiii. Major I r.i^er, 
late 3rd Laltalion Last Yorkshire Regiment." 


[Fi.i;ku.\kv, 1900. 


( Continued from Vol. /., Bnd S., pa^ 
Anno 1674. 
Presuytery of Kincardine. 
o. Parish of Kiiidroii^ht. 


John McKenzie of D,-iUmorc . 



John Grcwcr Younger 

Cnmis.iUist ..... 

Earl of Mar for feu Jutios 

John Grower, Esq 

Liiilwick Karciuharson of AuchenJryno 
John Erskinc ..... 











Anno 1741. 
1'resi;yteuy 01 Kim AkUiN 
Pariik if A'indroii^kl. 
Invcray ...... 

D,\lnu)ir — Lord llracco 

Allanaciuick Do. 

Invcrcaultl ..... 

Camisakist . . '. 
Lord Uracco's fuu diilici . 
Invcrcaidd feu dutie-i 
InVL-rcankl for Castletown 
Aiichemlrync ..... 

John J)rewers ..... 

John Erbkine ..... 









I ; 






■ I 






I. Parish of G/ciijaidin. 

Earl of .-\boyne 

Arthur Tawes .... 
Laird of .\bergeldie 
Alexander Gor.lon . 
Relict of Mr. .\le.\r. Gu 
Malcolm Macgreii^or 
Greigor Macgreigor 
Thomas Jl.acgreigor 
Thomas and James Keirs 

^£■1615 3 4 






^985 6 8 

2. Parish of Cratiiic. 

Laird of Invcrc.auld , . . .^230 

Charles Eartudiarson of Monallry . 220 
Relict of Willi"- I'arquharson of Inveray iSS 
Donald Donaldson .... 
John McGilivic .... 
Laird of Ahergcldie 
Findlay, Edwart and Jnf- Mchaidics 
Donald and James Synions, \Vm. 

Earq'son and James Stuart . 
Ludwick Farciuli-irNon of TuUachoy . 

I. Parish of G!ai,^ardii, 

Donald McKenzie of D.iluiuir . 

Tamljolly .... 

Abergeldie . . 

Dalnioir for Culsh . 
Do. for Inverenzie 
Do. for Kliynal.reik . 

Thomas and Jas. Keirs 

2. Parish of Cralii 

Invercauld for Aberdour . 




Thomas Gordon 

John l^ymon 






13. Parish of Tulliih. 

Donald l-'arquharson Minor 
Inveray ..... 
Mr. Robert Cmuts . 
Patrick Moir, John McWllli.-.iu a 

Duncan Coutts 
Patrick 0;;g .... 
John Erskili.- of \\\-ter Mura- 
John Erskine of Ca>tleluttii 
John Morgan .... 
Earl of .U.oyn 
John .^milh .... 









£<fil 6 S 

£^1^^ 13 4 

220 o o 

75 "S S 

ijio 3 o 

S9 12 o 

232 o o 

600 o o 

90 o o 

214 6 4 

^^1932 13 4 



y Ti 




A Allanq 



I 10 


Inveray . 



i:a-ter .Miera 
Edward l-lee 

uint; . 




■at. Eleen 



J ^ 




We-ter Mien 



Invere.ndd f, 

r a |)art 










Invercauld 1. 


r . 



i:.ul of Al.o> 








/I277 "o 


14. Parish of GUiiinuiik. 

Earl of Aboyn .... 

Don.iM FAr<|iilmrson, Minor, .iml tlu 
Relict and Col. G.^rilincrs of .Mr. 
James l'"ar<iuh.irson's Lamls . 
Braicklay ..... 

Lairvl of 
William Fraaer of Craiijslown . 

5. Parish of CUniAi 

Earl of Ahoyn 

William Gonlun of UelluiiMir . 
Lmlwick Clonlon 
Thomas MiiUllelown 
Relict of Mr. James I'.inivili.arsi 
James Miilillctown . 
Marjirat Ulackhall . , 

16. Parish of Midntar . 

Lair.l of Cluny for Little .S.iuclian 
Laird of Curaendeay . . 

/■lao 10 


















• /960 

• (>-:, 

• 712 


14. Parish of Glcniiiiti,/;. 

Earl of .Vboyii .... /■120 10 

Aher-el.lie 430 o 

llraickley ..... 300 o 

r.iU.Hr.icli ..... 100 o 

IJilliiin'iir 51 10 

-Vuclioliie . . . . . 120 o 

5. Parish of G/^-ii/aiu r. 

ICirlof .\l,,,ya n.r Ilro.aillan.l . 

Uo. for Over Kellastryne 

liellanuiir .... 

Carnacrait; .... 

Earl of. \i)oyn fiir N'etlf.r Hell t~toryn . 34 10 

Uo. for Newtown & Waternady S6 10 

Do. for Tilliecairn . . 50 o 



21 10 
93 "o 

442 13 4 

16. Parish of Miilniar. 

Grantslield /■903 

Cmsendeay 4S5 

Cluny fur Little .Saiichan ... 65 

Shiels 2S4 



.\s there seems a L;ood deal of interest just now 
in all connected u'ith the '"45," I send you the 
foUowin;.; little incident in case you should think 
it worth inserting. It is very sli;.;ht, but quaint 
and picturesque, and gives a curious picture of 
the primitive ways in those days. I copied it 
many years ago from an old M.S. hook of 
" Memorials of my Family," written by Ur. \Vm. 
Urown, of Edinburgh, who has been long dead, 
and was a gi-andson of the Miss Jardine 
mentioned in the incident. Dr. lirown was 
wrong as to the scene of the visit : it was not 
at Dornock, which was not on the line of march 
of the Jacobite army, but at Casllemiln, near 
Lockerbie, which was the residence of the 
f.imily during most of the century. I may 
mention that my grandmother, w ho used to tell 
about the visit, and of the Jacobite Lords 
sending back for the money, said that tlie 
\.ikiable coins were crown pieces, which is more 
probable than the '"bawbees' of .Miss Jardine. 
Arch. .Sholto Douc.l.vs. 
IVukhill, Muckart, Dollar. 

In 1745 Miss lanline was slayint; as a visitor at 
tlu- li.Hise of Mr! IXm-las ,.f I)..niMel,. a rel.i'i..n of 
die Jardine family. Tile Jardine^ were loyal Wlii-s, 

while Mr. Douglas was a devoted Jacobite. \ keen 

argument w.a.s carried on between the Laird and his 

young cousin, in which he was so much provoked by 

her sharp retorts that he ended by saying, " Deil cut 

the tongue out of your Lassie." During her 

st.ay at Dornock an unexpected event occurred. The 

rebel chiefs, on their niarcli to England, divided 

themselves into scver.-il panics. One of these 

marched through .\nnandale, and passed the night at 

Dornock, where they were received with iu;:ch 

hospitality. .She named the Duke of I'erth, the 

French Ambassador, the French Marquis — she always 

said " .Maniuie " — and Murray of KrouglUon. Tile 

I family were put to much inconvenience, having to 

give up their beils to acconimoilate the important 

I strangers, and sitting U]i all night. Mi.-s Jardine's 

' frock at the washing, .'^he obtained the b"dy, 

\ but had to do without the skirts, .'^he sat on a 

j bunker in the window, having a little table in IVimu. 

and thus in part concealed her inadvenluie. .She had 

to remain a long time in this unjileasant, 

and fretted or fumed, .as she s.aid, at the rebelli"i> 

conversation to which she compelled lo li-tiu. 

In the evening they laid a tartan plaid on the labie, 

I and [ilayed at cards most of the night. Tiiey left a 

! few cohis on the table. She said they were halfpence, 

I which the servant- li"ik, -uipci-ing they !■■•.;) 

, purposely left Ou' lliciii. The great men, li..Hev.r. 

i thought dilierently. They needed all til. ir m. 1: y. 

j ami, after having g.>ne some ilistance from the li -u.-t, 

1 sent b.ick for the halfpence. 


[Fepruarv, 1900. 



( Coittiinicd J'roin Vol. /., 2ihi S., p. lob.) 

Turning next to that department of Berwick- 
shire effort in an idealistic direction which has 
taken the form of Art, poetic or other, I remark 
that here, thouyh the quantity of work done has 
been exceptionally y reat, the character or quality 
of that work has not been equally remarkable. 
Of the 65 writers of verse named on my lists, 
few reach a position that is more than respectable 
among the tuneful choir. Probably the onK- 
names that will be familiar to most readers will 
be those of the half mythicalThomas the Rymour, 
of Alexander Hume, the poet minister of the 
parish of Loyie ; of Lady Grisell Baillie, the 
poetic heroine of the house of Hume, whose 
song, " W'erena ma heart licht I wad die,'' has 
long been, and is likely to continue, a universal 
favourite among the Scottish people, and perhaps 
I may add the name of the venerable George 
Paulin, the late rector of Ir\ine .\cademy, one 
of the most saintly of men, as well as a man of 
rich poetic gifts, whose volume of collected 
poems, entitled " Hallowed Ground,'' contains 
some of the finest work contributed to the stock 
of recent Scottish verse by the minor Scottish 
muse. It is true that Chalmers in his "Caledonia" 
claims the great early Scottish poet Dunbar as 
a native of the .Merse : but there can be no 
doubt that noted antiquary is in error. For, 
though the precisebirthplace of thatdistinguished 
man is unknown, and probably unaiscoxerable, 
most scholars are agreed that it was in Lothian 
that that poet first saw the light, and probably 
in Haddingtonshire — certainly not in Berwick- 
shire. Now this absence of the highest poetic 
work from the achievements of the men of the 
Merse seems an indirect corroboration of my 
theory as to the deficiency of w hat I have called 
" wing-power" in the intellects of that interesting 
race of men. And I look upon the mental 
idiosyncrasy to which I am alluding as all the 
more striking and suggestive that it does not 
seem to be shared by the men of the neigh- 
bouring counties of Roxburgh, Selkirk, Peebles, 
Dumfries and Lanark. For I belie\e it to be 
the case that it is the men of these counties 
who have chiefly produced those va;t stores of 
romantic verse that ha^e maile the Borderland 
one of the chief homes of Scottish Song. If 
the silver Tweed now ilows a charmed river 
through a i haniuil l.uul, if e\e-ry league of it-; 
course is i\i,ukcd by its own .i>~'n:i.iii(ins, to tlii-. 
remarkable ic-ult the men of t!ie Mer^u h,i\c 
contributed \ery much less than might h.ive 

) been expected. That county, as its name, THK 

MliRSE, implies, ma\' almost be spoken of aa 

' the heart of the Bortlerland. Its local names, 

too, are all redolent of Border song and story. 

For here are — 

ICrcildounc ami Cuwdcn Knuwcs, 
Where Homes had aince cninnianiliiig, 
Anil Drygrangc with its milk-white ewes, 
! 'Twixt TWl-C('1 ami Leader ■.tamliiig. 

The l.ird that Hies tliruugli Kol|.adi lrcx>, 
And (JladswiiiHl's banks each murmw, 
May chant and sing .Sweet Leader llaugli-. 
Ami bonny howms o' Yarrow. 

i I5ut though all this is true, and though prub.ibK- 
there is not elsewhere in .Scothuul a district of 
I equal dimensions that is so thickly strewn with 
: those tragic historicaland traditional associations 
i which are the food of the higher fancy .ind 
imagination, nevertheless it c.uinf)t be disputed 
that the poetic work of the natives of this tlistrict 
is much inferior to the corresponding work of 
j the natives of any of the ailjoining counties. 
Further corroboration of the opinions I have 
ventured above to defend is supplied, I think, 
by the evidence my lists aftbrd of the character 
of the work of the Merse artists, technicalK so 
called. I have the names of eight painters. 
None of them, however, has been greatly dis- 
tinguished, though one of them, (ieorgc Watson, 
was the first President of the Ro\al Scottish 
Academy, a position, however, which he probably 
gained more by the practical turn of his mind 
than by the acknowledged pre-eminence of his 
artistic genius. I have also the names of three 
Merse musicians, but none of them is of more 
than third-rate importance. 

Perhaps, however, the strongest confirmation 
of the general theory I am elaborating as to the 
preponderant bias of the Merse mind, is aftbrded 
by the kind of idealist work which, as my statis- 
tics show, seems on the whole to be most con- 
genial to it. That work is undoubtedl_\- the work 
of Science. Thus, while in Ayrshire I have only 
eight names of noted naturalists and men of 
science, in Berwickshire, which has only a sixth 
part of the population enjo\cd by the larger 
county, I have no feuer than 19. The difference 
indicated here is positively startling, and can be 
accounted for, I think, on no other hypothesis 
than the existence in the men of the Merse of 
an exceptionally strong intellectual bias towards 
natui.dist studies. .-\nd that such a bias docs 
; exist is put beyond all question by the remark- 
j able history of the Picruic kshiie Naturalist Field 
Club. Th.-it tlub. which h.i-. now been in ex- 
istence for upv\ards of sixty years, was the 
pioneer of these Club-, iiol only in Scotland, 
but in England. A \ery notable and suggc.stivc 

Vol.. I. 2ncl Series.] SCOTTJS// NOTES AND QUERIES. 


fact, the interest of which is nuyiiicnted when I 
mention that it has pubhshcd its transactions 
during all that period, and has produced a body 
of independent scientific work, which is admitted 
by e.xperls to be of very hiyh value. Its present 
viyour, moreover, is apparently undiminished. 
Two generations of such active scientific work 
by the men of a district so limited bespeaks 
undoubtedly a persistent bias to naturalist pur- 
suits that is highly remarkable. xVnd what adds 
to the significance of this fact is that some of 
the names of the Ijerwickshire savants are not 
merely of local but of world-wide importance. 
Thus James Mutton, whose "Theory of the 
Earth" proved the foundation of modern Geo- 
logy, and wlio was scarcely less distinguished in 
Chemistry, Mineralogy, Philosophy, Mathe- 
matics, and Agriculture, than \\c was in Geology, 
was, though born in Kdinljurgli, tlie son of a 
Merse landlord, and spent his life in cultivating 
and improving his p.Uernal estate. None of the 
other Merse naturalists have attained the fame 
of this remarkable man ; but that they occujiy 
a creditable place among their brethren will be 
evident when I state that among them are to be 
found names so notable as those which follow — 
(i) James Dassanton, one of the earliest of 
modern European astronomers. (2) Professor 
Abraham Robertson of Oxford, known as a 
noted astronomer of last century. (3) Ur. George 
Johnston of lierwick, a distinguished naturalist, 
who was the founder of the iJerwickshire Field 
Club. (4), (5), (6) The three brothers liaird. 
Dr. Andrew, and William and the Rev. John of 
Yetholm, all excellent naturalists. (7) and (8) 
Drs. Fortune and Hogg, two of the best botanists 
of the century ; and (gth) Dr. Duns of the Free 
Church College, a prolific writer on Dible 
naturalist subjects. There are many other 
names which I have not space to mention. I 
must not, however, omit reference to two names, 
which, though not those of men born within the 
bounds of Berwickshire, yet deserve to be re- 
corded as belonging to families associated with 
that district. 1 refer to the late Professor Geo. 
J. Romanes, one of the most distinguished 
D.irwinians of the close of the lyth century, 
and who, though born in Canaila, had a close 
family connection with the Merse: but, above 
all, 1 refer of course to the most notable of all 
Merse names, tliat of Da\ iil Hume. It must be 
conlessed, indeed, that Hume's reputation was 
chiefly gained in other departments of effort 
than those dislinctiwly called scientific, ne\cr- 
tluU-.->s hiscoufriliufiim^ to thcsi ienc i: of polifi. .il 
vi'iinomy were considerable enough to entitle 
h.m to a creditable place among the disiinctively 
scientific names of the region w ith which in early 

life he was so closely identified. It is true, of 
course, that Hume, like Hutton, was born in 
Edinburgh ; but then, as the son of a Merse 
landlord, and bred in the parish of Chirnside, 
we niay justifiably claim him for the county to 
which his ancestry belonged. Now, no one has 
ever doubted that Hume is a man of world-wide 
importance. I shall not attempt to characterise 
him in my own words, but shall c|uote the 
estimate of him given by Dr. Hutchison Stirling, 
in his late Giftbrd Lecture. "David Hume," 
says that graphic writer, "stands out historically 
as one of the fiiost interesting and iniluenlial 
figures of modern times. In the philosophic 
reference he constitutes for the various views a 
veritable rendezvous, a veritable meeting-place, 
if only variously for the start back again. He 
is a knot-point, as it were a ganglion in philo- 
sophy, into which all converge, from which all 
diverge, into the wide historical deviation that 
even now is. Scotch philoso])hy, French philo- 
sophy, German philosophy, all are in connection 
with him. Under the teaching of John Stuart 
Mill, he is at this moment English philosophy. 
From him came Adam Smith and Ricardo, and 
whatever their names involve. Hume is the 
guide of the politician ; through the Economists 
he is the spirit of our trade and commerce, and 
I know not but in what are called advanced 
views, he lies at this moment very near the heart 
of the Church. At all e\ents he is to the mass 
of the enlightened, the aufgeklart, their High 
Priest still ; his books are their Dible." 

W. B. R. Wilson. 

( To lie coiilinued. ) 

Find of a R.\ke Gold Coin .\t Huntlv. 
— A woman singling plants in a turnip field at 
Downiin, Huntly, in July, picked up a ducat of 
William I., Duke of Gueldres (a.d. 1377-1393). 
The coin weighs 54 grains, and is in excellent 
preservation. The obverse bears the inscription 
WILL. DVX. GELR. COM. A, the reverse 
MINE (Blessed is he th:it cometh in the name). 
In recent years two other interesting gold coins 
have -Ijcen found in the North, the one an aureus 
of the Emperor \'esp:isian found at In\erurie, 
the other a "Lion" of J;imes I., found in digging 
:i gr.ue :it Wall.i Kirk, in the p:Lri^h uf ( .l.i---. 
The "Lion" weighed 5;^ grains, ,uul »as a\>o 
in very good preserv;aion. 

SCOTTISH NOTES AND (JC'EAVES. [Vi:\:ia\\K\, 1900. 



On a previous occasion I referred to Captain 
Thomas Cordon as possiljly ijeiny tlie son of 
Atlniiral Thomas Gordon, the Governor of 
Cronstadt. The Admiral died in 1741. A 
Thomas Gordon, merchant at St. Petersburg, 
died in 1S06. Captain Gordon died 1761. 
What relation (if an)) they bare to each otlicr 
I cannot say : but I put tliem in juxtaposition 
in a tentative way. In any case, Captain 
Gordon is worth remcmberiny for a curious 
"poem" which appeared on him, and in which 
a passayc — 

Wliilc conscious that a LrunswicU's cause was just. 

Duty his mulivc was — 
indicates the same sort of douljts on dynasties 
that had driven Achniral Gordon out of our 
navy into Peter's service. 

Captain Gordon, according to Charnock's 
Ptioi^yitphiii iWiva/is, became a lieutenant in 
our navy on December 27, 1743, and he rose to 
a comniandcrship. May 23, 1757. The "poem," 
which I (|uote in cx/ciiso, indicates that he was 
"overlook'd." This makes me think that he is 
the same Thomas Gordon who is referred to 
by Dr. James Grainyer (in writing to Liishop 
Percy), as cjuoted in Nichols Literary Anecdotes 
(Vol. 7), in 1758. From that it appears that 
Gordon had commanded H.M.S. William and j 
Mar\\ Ijut he was looking" for another ship in j 
175S, at which date he was living at Deal. On 1 
.May 30, 175S, Grainger writes: — 1 

I lately saw CaiHain [Thnnia^J (iunlun, uliu lolil 
me that he cuultl immedialely proviile for llic hoy, 
but as he hopes soon to go to sea, he would rather ^ 
choose upon my account to take him on hoard with ' 
himself .... Gordon is a tine fellow. \ 

As late as August i, 175S, howc\er, Gordon 
was still unemployed. Charnock goes on to say 
that as Post Captain, Gordon commanded 
H.M.S. IUddeford (20 gunsj, Sept. 10, 1761. 
It was ordered to the North .Sea for the pro- 1 
tcction of the co.d trade, anil, thus employed, : 
ran ashore on Dccciiibcr 30, \~(>\, on lla/e- ] 
borough .Sands, Varmmuh, "thniugh the ignor- ; 
ance of the pilot." The " poem " tleclares, how- 
ever, that the pilot wasilrtmk, and drowned 
in consequence, with Gortlon :nul half the crew. 
"Those who survived scrambled 10 the shore in j 
a very helpless condition, h.uiiiu; 1>ien forced to ; 
rem.iin cii the wieck for t\Mi .! u ^. with no fnod 
CNCvpl -.Mill' pic. OS of r.iw bc.t. will, h they 
.sCi urcd, am! -nine l:,|Uor. '1 \io of the uew. 
after the >\\\\^ struck, touk it by ttiriis to 

hold Gordon up and protect him in the best 
manner possible from the washing of the sea, 
but at last, worn with fatigtie and by the 
extremity of the wreck, he tlied in their anna." 
On January, 1763, an anonymous "poet" 
favoured the readers of the t.,\ n.'/eman's 
M,ti^a=iiie (Vol. X.XXlll., )). 381 willi ihe^e 
verses, which are intere=ting, apart frmn their 
subject, as showing what magazine readers in 
the eighteenth century had to put up wali. The 
poem runs : — 

His character and moving >lniy luKI, 
Who can a sigh supines^, or tear uiihlh.M ! 
Let those unpoli-hea line- at least imparl 
The tender feelings of one pensive heart. 
A willing suffrage giv'n to work aiipr.r.'l 
And hail the nieni'ry of the man he luvM. 

To the rough though bred and eady there. 
Gentle his manners, strict his morals were : 
In relative and .social life he shone, 
Nor one good olfice ever left undone ; 
Well natur'd, sprightly, atlable, ami free. 
Scarce discompos'd even in adversity — 
.Such his address, ami so humane his beiit. 
He plcas'd alike on eitlier element. 

Lut tho' to private grief the muse gives w.iy, 
A public loss anticipates the lay : 
Of every talent for t(j'-v«,z«y, . ,, 

And patriot loy.alty inspir'd his : 
A sautor of the best religion, he 
(E.xample rare '.) nor fear'd, nor bluslied to be : 
While conscious that a IlrunsuicU's cau^e was jusl, 
Duty his motive was, in heav'n his tru-l. 
Form'd for great actions, gallant and yet C'lol, 
Calmly to think, and uarndy fight his rule : 
Had fortune been to g^nius less unkiml 
And try'd the strength of an heroic mind, 
IC.xacting friends might long perhaps, e'er nuw, 
Have seen the laurel llourish on his brow : 
— To them already by good fancy's aid. 
What pregnant tokens jiromis'd, seem'd a- paid. 

Not so — his merit was too little known, 
(Merit Iiis humble claim, and that alone :) 
When overlook'd and others seen |ireferr'd, 
From him no envious, or harsh look heard ; 
Tho' doomed to lower service, yet still f nind 
Well qualify'd to stand on higher ground. 

Neglected thus. Truth forc'd, at last, her way. 
And justice would admit no more delay. 
Hut hard his lot '. Soon as the tidings came. 
Anil rank'd in post wa- read, with joy, hi, name, 
.'scarce yet our warm coiigralulatioiis o'er. 
We now, alas : his exit uui-l deplore. 
Ill-fUeil I'ilot ! liear ihy cups li.ive cost, 
A [lublic gain h.idsl only thou lieen loit : 
t^Hiaffing tile liquor so much lik'd before. 
Thou niight'st,un|iity'.|,!;-.vebeeiidrowiud . iii 

I'linceiil om- „,ir,,w,~ i.;u wiili tliis .-li ^^ 
I lis virtues biigblen'd at the cl.,~e of -lay ;' 
Sucb his ilepovtmenl, "i,ad-i l.nid shriek- and cues. 
Our just esteem must in the rtiiii rise. 



Each moment (lK•l|'I(.■^s) l.i.rKiii^ fur the last, 

Wiih perfect eiiuanimiiy lie |ni-l : 

Aftectinns the must hallowM anil well known 

Were by hi> latest decent breathings shuwn : 

(Too delicate for artless pen to touch, 

And oh ! th' afTccls, experience s].eaks too much.) 

In all events .so fortify 'd his mind 

Distress itself could there no weakness find ; 

Sad was the scene, no avenue untry'd, 

Vet like himself in ilignity he dy'd. 

.\dieu, dear shade ! lliouL;h niiss'd un earth 
thy pri/e, 
Take it unenvy'd now beyond the skies. 
I may add that several Thomas (lOrdoiis have 
been at sea. A Thomas (.".ordon, mariner at 
Berwick in 1312, is mentioned in the "Calendar 
of Uocuments relating; to Scotland." 



Mr. Ch.\ D.\[.to.v, oin- mo=.t enthusiastic 
and painstaking; milit.ary historian, has just 
published, ihrouijh .Messrs. Eyre & Spottis- 
woode. The lUciiItiiin Kr'i. It is a list of all 
the otficers who fouL,dit with Marlboroiitjh at 
Schellenber;,' and Blenheim in 1704, and lias 
been compiled from ofilcial sources. .Xmonij 
officers bearin.^- names distinctly belonging to 
the north of Scotland, the follouiny^ are 
mentioned, and are transcribed here for the use 
of genealogists : — 

Janus Ahcnronihii^ ensign in the Royal Regiment 
of Foot (1st battalion). A.D.C. to Lord Orkney at 
Blenheim. Created a baronet, 1709. Died without 
issue, 1724. 

Alexander Abercroinby, cornet, Major-Gencral 
Ross's Regiment of Dragoons. Served at Ramillies 
and M.tlpb.qiiet. 

John BaitiHrmati, captain, Royal Regiment of 
Foot (2nd battalion), was the second son of Alexander 
Bannerman of Elsick. 

James Bisset, ensign. Royal Regiment of Foot (ist 
lialtalion). Out of the regiment, 1 70S. 

Koicrt Ferguson, lietitenanl in his uncle, Brigadier- 
(ieneral Ferguson's Regiment of Foot. He served at 
Landen, Blenheim, "Uamiilies, Oudenarde, Mai- 
plaquct. .and Treslon. Died December 17, 173S. 
Lii.nani Fcrgtison was a lieutenant in the same 
regiment. The I!rig.rdier-(5eneral him.self was the 
third son of William Ferguson of B.idifurrow. 

A.'e.\;:i:,/er F.'rf'es, engineer. Servetl .subseipienlly 
in ll'.e IVirceli'n.i Ir.iin. Ilr was nnp. .iiUi.d engineer 
t" the expedili.Mi seni Mb.-Mc^e I'ort K..yal, .\.S., 
1710. lie w.'.s kill.-l in ac-li..n wilh a l...dy of 

/.<v,/ /■'or/vs, cai>tain in the Royal Regiment of 
Foot (2nd ballaliun). Died of wounds received at 

Alexander Fmser, ist lieutenant in Lieutenant- 
flcneral Ingoldsby's Regiment of Fusiliers. He was 
killed at Schellenberg, and a bounty of £2$ was 
granted to his wid.Av and live children. 

Alexander Grant, cornet in Lord John Hay's 
Regiment of Dr.rgoons (the Scots Greys). He left 
the regiment in 1706. 

Peter Grant, ensign in General Churchill'; Regiment 
of Foot. C>ut of the regiment in 170S. 

Georf^e lladden, quarterma-ler, Royal Regiment of 
Foot (2nil lialtalion). Served at Mal'plaquer. 

James Hay, ensign in Ferguson's Regiment of 
Foot. Killed at Blenheim. 

Theodore Hay, lieutenant, Royal Regiment of Foot 
(2nd battalion). Was wounded at .^chellenljerg. 

Waller [nnes, lieutenant. Regiment of Foot. 
He was appointed an ensign in tliis regiment, 1695. 
Serveil at the siege of W'annen, and throughout 
Marlborough's campaigns. 

Gideon k'eitit, lieutenant in Lord John Hay's 
Regiment of Dr.aguons, which he entered in 1694. 
He served at Ramillies. 

George Sl.ene, lietitenant in t;ie same regiment, 
which he left in 1715. He acted for some years as 
agent in London to Lord Stair, who was colonel of 
the Greys from 1706 to 1714. 

Five or si.\ Gordons are mentioned. Mr. 
Dalton does not note that the Patrick Gordon 
who served with the Royal Regiment of Foot 
became Governor-General of Pennsylvania in 
1726. He belonged to the Birsemore family, 1 
think. J. M. BULLOCH. 

Scottish Record Socictv— Commissariot 
Rec.ister Of Tesjamexts. — The Scottish 
Record Society has been doin^'' useful work in 
publishing^ alphabetical Indexes to the Registers 
of Testaments in the difterent Commissariots of 
Scotland. During the last few years they have 
issued to their subscriljers an Index in three 
volumes) to the Register of Testaments in the 
Commissariot of Edinburgh from 1514 to iSco, 
containing references to about 50,000 Testa- 
ments ; Inverness Commissariot, from i^'ijo 10 
iSoo, giving references to about 1500 'I'ola- 
mcnts ; Hamilton ami Cam]i-ie Commissariot 
Register of Testaments, from 1654 to i8o-,i, 
giving references to .about 4000 Testamenls : 
and their last issue is the Register of Testaments 
for the Commissariot of .V'Kn' from 171; ;■• 
1800, giving reference to about TyJO Tesianu ii;s. 
These intlc\cs, bein.:.^ arr;in.:,ed in alplialut:! ;i! 
order, tire of great assirtancc lu the M-.irv iiers <i| 



[FEHRfARV, 1900. 

records, and save an iniinensc amount of time. 
The earlier recurd;, of tlie Aberdeen Coinniis- 
sariot were unfortunately destroyeil by tire in 
the early part of last century. The Society 
only issues a limited number of its publications, 
and proposes to proceed nc\t year uith the 
Re},'ister of Testaments for the Commissariot of 
Glasyow from 1547 to iSoo. 


29. Cassie's, IJanff. — The late Mi. 
Geort;c Forbes, SherilT-ClcrU of ISaiiffshire, wmte a 
pamphlet, I am toUI, on the niisadminislraliim of 
this fuml. Would anyone po-isessed of a copy kindly 
favour me with a peru'^al of it? "Geordic" Forbes, 
as he was familiarly called, was responsible for the 
following flash of humour : — When the brief news 
reached Uanff — it was on a Sunday nighl, I think — 
that Alexander Cassie had left the bulk of his fortune 
to the town, and before it was known for what specific 
object, several of the local magnates were pacing- the 
Plainstoncs, discussing the subject of the windfall. 
Said one — " What shall wo do with the money ; shall 
we make new streets?" "No," said " Geordie," 
who was of the company, "we'll c.issie* the old 
ones." J. Christie. 

* Local pronunciation of "ca 

30. Keiths in the United States.— In 1662 
a young minister, by the name of James Keith, came 
from Aberdeen to Eridsewater, Afass.ichusetts, U.S..\. 
He was the first minister of IJridgewater, about 
nineteen years old, and a graduate of Aberdeen 
University, sent there and educated, it is said, by his 
aunt. He married in 166S, and had six sons. Those 
six sons all married, and their descendants are 
numerous throughout the United States. We have 
the genealogy of all the branches in the Slates, from 
Mitchell's History of IJriilgewatcr. Can anyone give 
the branch and record from whom and where our 
Kcv. James came from ? Geo. T. Keith. 

Olean, N.V., U.S.A. 

31. The Family of Forbes.— Can your readers 
in .\berdecn give any information regarding this 
family of Forbes? 

Alexander (?) Forbes married Catherine . Mrs, 

Forbes was living in Aberdeen, lSi6-!j>:;2, ns apjicnrs 
from her letters, and had five children (l) b.liii, (j) 
William, (3) Simon, (4) Elizabeth, ami (5) Jean (?) 

I. John, tiorn about 1796, went to ijuebec belnrc 
1S16, and in iSiS married Sarah Jacks, lie Irnl 
business relations with Captain James Mitchell of 
Aberdeen, who trailed between Abenleen and 
tluebec. John Forbes had ihiee sons, AbAnn.ler 
StanliHi, William, and t'.c.oge. Alexaivler Slanlon 
Forbes lud - ilauL;liu-i. n..w deiv,i-,ol, wife nf my 
friend, in Xew Voik. 

2. William wasali\e in Jamaica, W.I., in i^sJO. 
J. Simon was in .M.eoleen, l}!;i()-_'2. 

4. I'dizabelh was married to [ Mac 1. .nald. and 
lived in .M.enleen in 1S19. .She had a -in, [auK-s 
Archibald .Macdonald. 

5. Of the younger daughter I have no inf..i-mali..n 
beyond the suggested name of jean. 

The name of the first Mr. F.irbe> is 
doubtful, and the maiden name of hi- wife i- un- 
known, but some of your correspomleni- may be 
able to supply these, «itli other inrormati''n rcgai'ding 
the original family descent, and any b.tir family 
history. James (Jammack, LL.I). 

West Hartford, Conn. 

32. Makischai. SrREET Theaikf.— Can any 
reailer of ^. N. e.-^ Q. supply a descri; :i..n ..f the 
interior of this theatre, more detailed tlinn l!i.i! gi\en 
by .Mr. Keith .\ngus in lii> S,ol,!i l'U)'.^:i/} Is 
any collection extant of the playbills? 

1'. J. .A.MiKK-ox. 

33. Green Book.— What is the reference in 
following (piolalion? In the preface to il.i- recently 
published CciilLiiary Mciiioiiah of Ihc lirl d'n ri- 
:^alioiml Church, AbcrJcCii, is the folbjwinL; ;'a--ag.j': ~ 
"The book is not a ' (ireen liiiok ' for rec-r.lin'g tlie 
shortcomings of our fathers." Why i.-, •.:;e e|^lliel 
Green applied in the foregoing phrase? I- iht-re any 
reference to the publication of what I su| ;'<i-e uculd 
now be called a "blue book" in conncctio uith the 
charges made by George IV. against hi- queen. 
Caroline, in the famous trial of "that d:-:ingui-lied 
member of our royal house? Or what is the adii-i.>n 
intended ? w. 

34. The Murrays of CtniAiRnv. — In the 
Inverness Courier (1st Nov., KS55) .ijij -ars rin 
advertisement which I think must refL-r to the 
Murrays of Cubairdy, of whom I am anxious to 
obtain a detailed pedigree. The Rev. T. W. 
Murray of Truro, ^\■\\,^ s(jught informatii.n in ijjjj, 
says the family were forfeited in 1716, but af.erwanls 
a member of it served in the forces of Cieorv II., 
and was living at Cashel, in Ireland, l7ijo-iSoo! 
The pedigree he gives may be put thus : — 

William or John Mi.rr.ay, of Ahcrdccn-l.ire, 
forfeited 1716. 

iM.ajor Willi.iin Miirrny, 

.Major John Murray. 

Ke\. T. W. M . 

Any further information w.iuld be gratefully rc'-.-ow- 
ledged. ■ ■ M. 

35. .MrA-iRFMFvr.— I- "pace" 1 
legal iiiiasur.iiiLiil in the ii..rtli? If -o 
Imw unich it is. 



36. Oiri Burns Smokk?--.\ -.linil lime ago I 
noticed in a cii^ar sluic here .a Ijcamifiil iiicUirc uf 
Burns, which licini; uscil as an ailvcrlisenicnl for 
a brand of cigar called the " Robert L)urn»' Cigar." 
Addressing the proprietor of the store, a cute, 
talkative VanUee, I asked him the question, "Did 
Burns smoke ?" " Why, of course he did, — at least 
I think so,— to tell the truth, I don't know, — Vou 're 
a Scotsman, you ought to know, — I know he drank." 
Alas ! poor liurns ; I knew that too. There is 
evidence enough and to spare, both in what he wrote 
and in has been written about him, to prove 
that, but I remember but one in.^tance in his writings 
where the soothing weed is mentioned : — 

Can any re.ider point out another reference to 
smoking in Burns' works, or is there any statement 
in any of his biographies that he was, or was not, a 
smoker? G. .St. J. Brf.mnek. 

San Francisco, Cal. 

37. Author Wanted.— Can any of your readers 
say who is the author of these lines? I have heard 
them sung by a gentleman at the convivial meetings 
of the St. Andrews Society of this city, who, in 
answer to my inquiry, said he picked them up, both 
words and music, from an old nian here, many years 
ago. The melody to it is very beautiful and 
appropriate : — 

May dour and dowie be his lot 
Wlia wad dtiiy a briihdr Scot, 
Or pincli him o' his hinniost throat 
If want should niak' him crave ot. 
Here's to the land o' bonnets blue, 
' '■ ' Tartan kilt-, an' tarrj- woo ; 

Oh, for a \\'an'::ht o' mountain dew 
To toast the "ood and brave o'l. 

: hi-h to b^hl and life i 
: warl', an' .a' the lave o 
Here's to the land, &c 

George St. J. Bkemner. 
San Francisco, Cal. 

38. Pakohy on "Duncan Gray." — Can any 

eader supply the words of a parody on "Duncan 

ir.iy," which had some vogue among King's College 

tudents thirty years ago? The opening lines ran : — 

n.incan Gray cam' here to jriiul, 

the grindin' o't, 


11a. ha, ll 
I'nII delnn, 
Aniieni Cot 
I'hi, or mini 

Ua, ha, tl 
Full of hopi 

• wiou- llii, |ur,,dy? If I I 
•uled lo Mac- 

ct ari'jhl. it was 
Ko,e {cl.„s of 

1S62-66), whose " Hoch der Kaiser" brought him 
posthumous lame dming the Spaniali-American war. 
I'. J. Anderson. 


1202. .Xmerican - Ai'.i:rdeen Graduates (I., 
2nd S., 7, 31, 47, 59, 64, 95).— Can Dr. Gammack 
verify the undernoted .\merican degrees, and supply 
any information about the Colleges granting them? 

Charlct Ca!,lry MnUmloili, Minister of T.iin, F.C. Minister 
of IJnnooii ; M.A., K.iji!;'» College, 1821 ; D.D., Union College,, U.S.A., 1S50. 

.-) ri/i/'/wi',/ /)/<,/?; Coniregalional Minister, Fras-rbur'-h 5cc • 
bajan of cl.ass, iS-..5-2i), at Colic 'e ; D.D., Vermont 
College, U.S.A., l3 '; 

Jol, ; 

/ I fay, Missionary in 
O.K., Rutgers College 

India; M.A., M 
, U.S.A., 1S33. 

arischal College, 

■ S40 ; 

es Macku, Minister of 
I.L.a, ■>. Colle 


•es; M..^., M 
U.S.A., i3 ! 

arischal Coll 


Jniiics Halt inisan, Coj 
semi of class 1352-56 .at M.ari, 
College, U.S..V., iSSo. 


gational Minister, Al 
College; D.D., Wa) 




rlca Forbes lirtchan, 
hal College, 1859 (cl 
e, U.S.A., 1354. 


nister of F 
of 1331.33); 

ardoiin • 




John Kusscil Mackenzie, 
Church, Uirnilngham ; M.A 

, 1^ 

isler of Engl 
u.g's College, 

-h Pres 




, -854. 

iS ? 

hUalJ MacionaU, U 
College, 1847 Ccl.ass of 


ian Minister. 
J-26); LL.U. 


; .M 



« Hay, Minister of 
e, 1754; U.U. of 


:e, and Elgin 

; M,.-\. 
3 (Scott 




Frattcis Nicoll, Mini-ler 
Kins's College, 17S9 ; D.D. c 

r A 

chtertoul, Ma 
? iJo7(S 

ins, &c. 
cott's /; 

; M 




i\tthte. Incumbent 
e, 17S0; D.U, of 


Enfield, &c. ; 
, 17 ' 


(Pry^e I 



, L, 43). 

r. J. Anderson. 

14. The MoRtsoNS of Eogme (I., 2nd S., So).— 
An awkward diniculty in furnishing particulars 
regarding " Gilbert Morison, who was laird of 
Bognie in 1661," and in thereby claiming the reward 
offered in your columns, is that no such person ever 
e\i-led. The querist is respectfully informed to rely 
in the main on the account of the family given in 
Dr. Tenqile's T/iaihii;c of Fcrmei/yii, as it t.Tllics 
with the usual sources of inforniation. I'or 
'•(.iilbert" (S. N. ^ Q., p. 150, April, lti9S) wriie 
"Georg. " C. 

17. Horn Idle (I., 2nd S., o_;).— " Hand Mle " 
is the correct phia-e, but the mi-take may hive 
occurred by "hand" 01 " lian' " being someliiiiLs 
pfuiouiicid ill the souih like " Imn," w hioh a -li.inL;^ r 
would readily convert into "horn." C. 

,j'.<n •' i.;i 

:/. .[ 



[Fehruarv, 1900. 

28. Scorcii IN Germany (I., ^nd S., 112). — 
Mis5 Fisdicr is taldni; on a hiy >iilijcct wlicn she 
touches the Scot in Germany. I went over part of 
the sjroiintl in my articles on Patrick Gordon and his 
nephew, Francis Gordon, Scots agents in Dantzig, 
1613-36 {Al'i-yJeen Free Press, May 24 and 25, 1S99). 
I aNo dealt, in S. JV. &' Q. last year, with Stercoviiis 
(who lihelled the Scots). Miss Fischer should also 
consvdt the Privy Council Pej;is/er on this subject. 
She might write to Dr. Gunther, "Archivar des 
Stadt, Uanzig." There is a very interesting series 
of lelter> from the Gordons to the home authorities in 
the Record Ofl'ice. I casually examined them last 
summer, and found them of such deep interest that I 
think tliey ought to lie reprinted. Does Miss Fischer 
know anything about I'atrick Gordon (alias " ,'>ieel- 
hand '), who served in the Polish cavalry, -? 

ilS Pall Mall. J. M. Bui.l.ocii. 

Miss Fischer will I'md some material for her work 
on this subject in the " Memorials of the Family of 
Skene of Skene (AVr^' Spalding Club pulilications). 
Two of that family were merchants in Danzig and 
Zamo^ky in Poland, and another in the capital of 
.Moravia. One, Robert Chalmers, and another, 
George Adie, were merchants in Danzig, and all 
about the middle of the 17th century. Nlany years 
ago I came across an account of a Scots colony in, 
or near to, Danzig. The gentleman who visited the 
Colony had seen the minister of their church, in 
which many names familiar to this locality were 
mentioned, but of these I only recollect " Abcr- 
nothy." I believe full particulars could be got from 
the Librarian of the Free Church College, Eilinburgh, 
or of Dr. Xorman Walker, Dysart. 

George All.\n. 

33 All iyn Place, Aberdeen. 

Miss E. L. Fischer will find much interesting 
information as to English and Scotch in Danzig 
by referring to Tluirlow's S/a/e Papers (index to each 
volume). I may also refer her to the Index to 
\Vishart"s Deeds of Montrose (ed. 1S93). Possibly a 
search in Dempster's great work on famous Scots 
abroad would prove fruitful. 

H. F. Moi;i..\ND Simpson. 

22. CorRSE OF Study for Ministry (I., 2nd 
S., 94). — Stuilents entering on the study of theology 
had to satisfy the Professo'r of Divinity that they had 
the ilegree of M.A., or had comiilelcd the ordinary 
(our years' course of philosophy (jualifying for that 
degree. The ordinary course of lheolc.L;y cxtemled 
to lour years, and at the close of a student's course 
the Professor of Divinity granted a eerlilicale, which 
the student presented to the Presbytery before being 
taken on trials for license. The Church left the 
supervision of students i^f theology in the hands of the of Divinitv, exrei.t "llinl those «ho held,Ml bur-.iiies Sjnnds were 
examined in theology by lluir r<,pi'.'liv.- Syni.d,. 

IJohnrui. S. U. 

Nkwhati'I.k Ai:iu;v.— The principnl of 
tlie late Lord is bcatitifully situated on 
the bank of the sotith Esk, and west of the 
town of Dalkeith. The mansion is modern, and 
is erected on the site of the abbey foiiiulcd in 
1 140 by David L of Scotland for a colony of 
Cistefcian monks, whom that monarch Ijroiiglit 
fiom Mchose. .Several vellum manuscripts, 
which bclon;_;ed to these monks, are heirlooms 
of the bouse of Kerr, which has been associated 
with Xewbattle for over three centuries. In 
1823 Newbattle .Abbey was visited by deorgc 
IV. On the tloor of the hall there is fixed a 
brass plate in the form of the sole of a shoe on 
the spot where the Soverciyn Inst set fool 
within the mansion. J. F. S. G. 

PAixTixt; IN' ^\'l^•CIn;^T^.r^ C.\tiii:i)Rai.. — 
Sir Dcnjamin West's picture, '■The Raisin;.^ of 
Lazarus," which has formed a con^])i(■uo^ls 
feature of the screen of Winchester C;itlicdral 
for more than a hundred years, lias been sold to 
an American firm. The ))aintin,g first ff)und a 
place in the choir of tlic cathedral in 17S1, and 
there it remained until a year or two ago, when 
it was removed from the position it had so long 
occnpicd, and hung in the south transept. Mere 
it was thought it would remain for all time, but 
it has been sold and removed, the price paid for 
it being, so it is stated, ^^1500. Replying to 
criticisms, Dean Stephen states that the picture 
was not presented to the cathedral, as generally 
supposed, but was purchased in 17S1. The 
picture, he states, is intended for the new cathe- 
dral church in New York, "a much more fitting 
home for it than our own cathedral, where it 
was out of harmonv with all its surroundings." 
J. F. S.' G. 


Correspondents will greatly oliligc by sending us 
iheir full name and address (not necessarily for 
publication) along with their contributions. 

All communications should be accompanied liy .an 
idenlifving name and mldre^s. .\s \vc', lication day is 
the 25th of each ninnih, copy should 1/e in a few days 
earlier. En. 

I'uMi h-^1 :.y A. 1: 



Vou I. 1 
2nd Series.J 

No. 9. 

MARCH, 1900. 



Notes :— Pa<;e 

De.ilh of Sir William Dn:;ulJ Ccililcs 129 

K)Ton'.i Mnttr.inl 130 

Recortl^i uf llic Ro\.il Coniinission for Visiting ihc 

UnivcrMli.:, .iii.l ScIumIs of ALcnlcun, 1715-17.... i-,2 

Berwickshire .1^ .T l-'.iclor in .Scotti-^ll DcvcIoi»iiient 135 

Undercrouiul DuclliiiSs 137 

The Arniori.-ii Kiisiijii- of lnvernes.s 140 

Notes on Til.|iihilly Casllc 141 

Minor Note*; : — 

Errolum- Viel.l Chili 131 

The J.-icoliiic Kel.elli.>n in ALcrilccn — The Scot 

Abroad: .\ CiiriNiic in Norway—" p. p" 134 

The liarcby Family 1 36 

Antiquarian Finds ;it Mctlilick 139 

Land Rentals 140 

QiEKiES :— 

Go to Freuchiel— F,diiiluin;h Periodiral Lilcmturc— 
Ashentilties Reins — Altcrdccn Doctors (of Medicine) 

The Pat'ei^onV 'of' 'lnve'r'n't.^s' — 'Heraldic ".Shields'— '*' 

Heraldry 143 

.\nswers: — 

Murray Lectures at King's College — Green Hook .... 144 

Literature 144 

Scots nooK.s of the Month 144 

ABERDEEN, .^rARCH, /goo. 


It is with no oidin.nry rc.^rct that we record the 
death of Sir William Geddes, the distini^'uishcd 
I'rincipal of Aberdeen L^niversity. The sad 
event occurred with startlini; suddenness on 
the 9th ult., and it is difficult to realize that the 
courtly figure which, but the day before, betrayed 
no su,!.;i;estion of weakness, has been spirited 
away from all his cherished interests, and from 
our ken. We do not need to descant on Sir 
William's remarkable career. It is well known, 
and has been already outlined in our own 
paL;cs,* but his active interest in ScoZ/is/t No/cs 
•III, I (Jiiciics yives a right to offer the tribute of 
a few memorial sentences. Sir William had 
many interests, as became a man of \aric(t 
I f.luire, drawn " From Art, fnim Xatinc, and tlic 
S.hools,'' but that of his Tniversiiv dnminaled 

all others. For it he lived, and he loved no 
style so well as that of "the Principal." Sir 
William had high ideals as to University 
efficiency, and with characteristic tenacity of 
purpose strove to realize them, and it is pathetic 
to think what his partial failures must ha\e cost 
him. He had a genuine interest in the men who 
had stuilied at the University, and was especially 
proud of those whose career in life reflected 
credit on their Alma Mater, and grateful to all 
who, in the broadest sense, were in any way 
lielpful. His attitude become distinctly 
paternal, owing to his age and his long, intimate 
connexion witii the University. One interesting 
fact has been pointed out, that the Principal's 
death severs the last official link between the 
old and the new order of University life and 
work. Too much has been made of Sir William's 
"dignity." He occupied a dignified position, 
but was at heart a "kindly aftectioned' man, 
and any odour of reserve was really due to a 
certain constitutional timidity and modesty, 
which he found it, on occasions, difficult to 
overcome. We were glad to count the late 
Principal among our most valued and genial 
contributors, and can testify to that conscien- 
tiousness in his preparation for the press, which 
was a feature of all his work. Indeed, uork 
with him was worship. That he was a man of 
an essentially religious nature no one who knew 
him at all can have any doubt. Does not the 
fact that Sir William studied Divinity at King's 
College during the Sessions 1847-4S, 184S-49, 
1849-50, suggest a possible intention of entering 
the ministry? It is already being mooted that 
steps should be taken to promote some tangible 
memorial of Principal Oeddes. M.iy we not 
cxi)ress the opinion that the memorial that 
would have been most grateful to himself 
would be the restoration of jlishop Elphinstonc's 
tomb ? "Above all," as he characteristically s.ays 
in his jYc/cs on Ihc Rcsltiration of Ki/iifs Cii/h-i;c 
Chapel, in the Ecclesiological Society's Tnuis- 
lulio/is (\T., 76), "the restoration of the effigies 
of the l-'oundcr to rest in bron/c upon his tonil.i 
— a good work that may be recommended to the 
piely and the prowess of the coming age." 


I ! 



[March, 1900. 

( Continued from Vol. /. , snd S., p. 1 16. ) 

The House of Gicht. 

The house of Gight is now a complete ruin. 
Indeed, tlie building had fallen into decay long 
before the sale of the estate took (jlace. I 
cannot say e.xactly when the house became 
a ruin. In May, 1644, the Covenanters had 
done much to destroy it, as related by 
Spalding (.Spalding Club Edition, \'ol. II., 
369) :- 

Thay [the Covenanters] tuUe out the staitlic 
insecht and plenishing, sic as lioildinc;, naiiiric. 
veschell cauldrons, chandleris, fyre vesclicll, c|uhairiif 
thair wes plenty ; kistis, cofferis, caliinetis, trvnkis, 
and all other plenishing and armour (quhairof thair 
wes [of coarse] plentie . . .), quhilk they could 
get careit on horss or foot, hot wes takin away 
south : togidder with the haill oxin, nolt, ky, hurss, 
meiris, and scheip, quhilkis war vpone the said 
Maynes of Haddoche and Ceicht, and not ane four 
footed best left that thay could gel. When thir 
commodeteis wes plunderit ami spolzeit, then th.ay 
began to wirk vpone the tyniher warkis quhilkis war 
fixt, and thair thay cruellie hrak dnun llie wanescot 
burdes, bedis, capalnirics, tymljer wallis, syhing, 
toorae girnellis and the lyk, and maid fyre of all. 
Thay took out the iron yettis, iron stauncheouns of 
windois, brak doun the glassin windois and left 
nather yett, dur, nor wyndo onbrokin doun, and, in 
effect, left thame desolat befoir thay removit. 
This was not the final finishing of the house ; 
but I suspect that the actual decay of the place 
took place during the absences of Mrs. liyron's 
grandmother in Banff and of her father in 
England. That the place was going to rack 
and ruin during his ownership is shown by the 
obsenation of the writer of the article on 
Fyvie in the new S/atistua! Account (1845). 
He says : — 

The burial place of the family of Gordon of Gight 
is in the parish churchyard. Formerly it was within 
the old church, and, upon the new church being 
built, my iiredecessor acquainted the Honourable 
Mrs. Byron of the altered situation in which it stood 
as lieing now exposed ; and put in Iicr view the 
propriety of raising some protection round it, but 
without success. 

Apropos of the ultimate destruction of Ciight, 
Mr. James Davidson (of the Scottish Employers' 
Liability and ('■encral Insurance Company) tells 
me a ctirious st(ny. The " Rhymer,' you may 
rcmcmljcr, jingled : — 

At tlight duee uien a violent death sb.ill ,lee, 
And efter tli.U llu Ian' shall lie in lea. 
Lord H.iddo, as I have shown, started to fulfil 

the prophecy by falling from his horse on the 
Green of Gight. Soon after a servant on the 
Home Farm met his death in a similar manner. 
The prophecy was still unt'ullilled, houe\cr, till 
1855 or 1856, when James Daxitlson, ISridgc of 
Methlick (my informant's father), was com- 
missioned to destroy the outdiouses at Giylit 
and turn the land into lea. A youth named 
Main, son of Francis Main, a "d\ker," set about 
the work of demolition liglit-heartcdly, with the 
remark — "Thomas the Rhymer made a mistak' 
for aince, for the place will be ca'cd doou witlmot 
a third man bein' kilt." He had no sooner 
said this than a wall fell and killed him. .Mr. 
Davidson vividly remembers the washing of the 
blood-stained blankets in which young .Main 
had been carried away.— 

In Ijyron's time the castle was in ruins, for 
he described it as : — 

Worn, but unstooping to the lia>er crowd. 
All tenantless save to the crannying wind, 
. . . holding dark communiim with the cloud. 
Banners on high and battles | below : 
And they who fought are in a lilooily shtoud, 
And those which waved are shredless dust ere now. 
Anil the liloody battlements hear no future blow. 
Mr. William Allan, M.P., in the Rose of Mcllilu\ 
describes the ruins thus : — 

Like souie old eagle's barren nest 
Iligh-perched upon a rocky crest. 
The ruined castle, grim and grey. 
Still beautiful in cold decay, 
Looks down upon the glen beneath. 
In silent majesty of death. 
The ruins stand on the Duchan bank of the 
river Ythan, and command a beautiful outlook. 
They were described in Sir .\ndrew Leith 
Hay's Castellated Architecture of Aberdeenshire ; 
they were pictured by Mrs. J. C. Pratt in her 
husband's book on Luchan. There is an excel- 
lent ground-plan of Gight Castle in Macgibbon 
and Ross's Castellated and Domestic A rchitecture 
of Scotland, 1 888 (Vol. I., 3:2). The writers 
say : — 

The of the ground floor is well preserveil, and 
is .somewhat remarkable. It is on the L plan, but 
the door enters in the centre of one limb, and has a 
long passage running right through the building to 
the staircase, which is in the centre of the hack wall. 
The same arr.angement may be observeil at CraJT 
Castle. From a bend in the passage a shot-he ile 
comm.ands the entrance door. In the vault of the 
lobby adjoining the door there is a small compart- 
ment of ribbed and groined vaulting, which is a 
feature peculiar to several castles in Abeideen-^hire. 
The kitchen luas the usual large lire-(ilace, ami a 
service window to the stair. The other com|iart- 
menl^, which are vaulted, were bakehou-e and 
cellars, one having the private stair down from the 

Vol.. 1. 2nd Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERrES. 


hall. The hall, which occupies the principal portion 
of the building on the first floor, was a spacious 
.ipartment, 37 ft. by 21 ft. It is entered in a pecidiar 
manner, by a stair througli one of the window 
recesses, the stair to the cellar, which was ,ilso 
continued up to the upper floors, also entering from a 
similar door in the opposite side of the window 
recess. A small vaulted room is obtained between 
the hall and the ]>rivate room, and the walls of the 
latter are riddled with wall chambers in the manner 
common in the fifteenth century. From the thickness 
of the walls, and the number of wall chambers and 
other features, this castle evidently belongs to the 
fifteenth century, although probably it remodelled 
at a later date. The remains of the tympanum of a 
dormer window still existing seem to point to this. 

The latest description of the ruin .appears in a 
notable parish history, " Methlick, Hadcio 
House, Gi^ht, and the Valley of the Vthan," 
1899. Mr. Ale.xander Keith, the editor of this 
volume, in desrribinij the ruins (pp. 67-71), 
which are illustrated, says : — 

The part of the castle in best preservation is the 
doorway, formed of large dressed stones. Im- 
mediately above is a recess, where formerly had 
been the family coat of arms. Entering into the 
small dark porch, the visitor has his attention 
arrested by the finely-groined arch, with the keystone 
in the centre. This stone [is] ornamented with 
symbols of Christ's passion and death. On the lower 
face the pierced heart, surrounded by the crown of 
thorns, can be readily made out, while less clearly, 
on the sides, may be discovered the pierced hands 
and feet, the ladder, the hammer, the nails, the 
spear, and the reed. Facing the doorway is a large 
room, with an opening in the wall directly opposite 
the entrance door of the castle. On the left is the 
kitchen, with its huge chimney. . . . Proceeding 
up, either over the ruins of what had once been a large 
circular staircase, or by the remains of a sm.iUer and 
shorter stair, the great hall of the castle is reached, 
which had on its west side, where att.ack was least 
likely to be made, a large window. Amid the wrack 
and ruin . . . it is impossible to form an adequate 
idea of the appear.ance of the structure in its resplendent 
days. On the level of the hall [which is 37 ft. by 
21 fl.] will be observed a triangular structure, con- 
sisting of three dressed stones, .and surmounted by 
an ornamental carving. On the middle stone is a 
cross, and on the lowest are carved the letters 
M. A. R., with a heart pierced by a sword at the 
extreme base. This is commonly supposed to have 
been the upper portion of a dormer window, the 
remains of a private chapel or oratory, dedicated to 
the Virgin. [This undoubtedly was the chapel which 
the Assembly had ordered to be demolished 
so early as 160S.] 

I may note that a crude cnxraxini; of Captain 
r.yrou's bust is j^ivcn in the TiK.-ii itii,/ Ci'ini/v 
.l/.^;.'"/«. of 1779, ;iiid Mr. R. K. I'rothcro tells 
mc that a Mr. Henmiell, who resides in London, 

owns another portrait. Mrs. Byron's portrait, 
painted by Thomas Stewartson in 1S06, is in 
the possession of Mr. John Murray, of .A.lbemarle 
Street, and is reproduced by photogravure in 
Mr. Prothero's edition of Uyron's Letters and 
Join-iiii/s {Vo\. I., 194). 

I shall close these articles by giving a 
chapter of corrections and additions, which 
have yrown on my hands. 

J. iVI. Bulloch. 

(To be colli tiiiled.) 

Erratum (p. 128).—! re,i;ret to find an error 
in my tepily last month to Query 28. In the 
penultimate sentence, y<'r minister ?r<(r/ minutes. 
I may just add that in the visitor's perusal of the 
minutes he came upon a number of familiar 
names even to an Aberdonian, but all Scotsmen. 
The church was I'resbyterian. 

George All.\n. 

liUCHAN Field Clur— The annual meeting 
of this flourishing,'" club was held at Peterhead, 
at the close of December. Mr. \\^. L. Taylor 
(now F.S.-A., Scot.), bookseller, was elected 
president for the current year. Mr. John Gray, 
B.Sc, the late president, expressed a hope that 
Mr. Taylor would see his way to compile a 
bibliography of Peterhead literature for the 
century, a task that no one had superior qualifi- 
cations for. We may remind our readers that 
a portion of this work has already been done 
by Mr. Taylor in his series of articles in 
these pages on the Bibliography of Peterhead 
Periodicals. The business of the evening was 
an address by the retiring president on "The 
Origin of the Picts." The lecturer combatted 
most of the existing theories on the subject, and 
even traversed his own former views. Various 
considerations, the result of recent investiga- 
tions, now led him to believe that the Picts had 
their origin probably from a people who had 
many similar characteristics, and wliose habitat 
was the shores of the Adriatic or in Greece 
itself. They must have crossed Europe Into 
Great Britain and Ireland, to obtain gold and 
tin, some 2000 years n.C. This theory, although 
sup])ortcd on many grounds, the lecturer 
admitted to lack evidence of a conclusive kind. 
What was most urgently required to settle these 
vexed ciucstions of human origin was com|)lcle 
statistics of the |)hysical char.irteristics of the 
Ijrescnl generation. ;\ pretty full rcpoi t of the 
IcMlure will be foimd In the /■'rec /'/tuof 2;id 



[March, 1900. 




OF ABERDEEN, 1716-17. 

(I., 2na S., 23, 43, 55, O9, 91, loi, 117.) 

The said Mr. Garden of Troup haviny 
occasion to be at Aberdeen when his presenta- 
tion came down thoui^ht it ritt to thorrow his 
admission then, wherenpon (without so much as 
conimi; near the Collcj^c) he convened the 
Mayistrats of Aberdeen with the .Ministers of 
New and Old Aberdeen in a Tavern at 
Aljerdecn whcr after he had laid his presentation 
befor them he was clandestinly admitted over a 
bottle in order to shun any interruption he 
might meet with from his Predecessor or 
otherwaycs. And the very ni.\t day after his 
admission he took his journey for Ed'' wher 
he resides, and albeit he was admitted in 
November 17 17, and that he ought at least to 
have some praclections during each Session of 
the College, and that by the Fundation no 
member can l)c absent from his charge abo\e a 
moneth togither without his office becoming 
ipso facto vacant, yet Mr. Garden was pleased 
not to visit the University for above a year and 
ane half till the twenty seventh day of March 
1719 at which time he had ane Oration. And 
snice he hath done nothing of moment with 
relation to his office c.-cccpt that he takes care 
punctually to uplift the yearly salaries of the 

The other three new Masters came up with 
their presentations and wer admitted upon the 
22nd day of November 1717. Mr. Chalmers was 
admitted at the College by the salds Magistrats 
and Ministers and Mr. Ker and Uradfut wer 
thereafter admittcil by their new Principal in a 
private room in the said College at which 
admissions the Principal Civilist and the two 
Professors of Philosophy lately deprived entered 
there rexive protestations. 

Those three new Masters took tlie fundation 
oath after their admission. Mr. Chalmers 
within some few days thereafter went south 
wher lie stayed so long that he also forfeited 
his oflii-e by the Fundation. Its worthy the 
observalion here, how far it may be resonalily 
thought that this fundation will lie a rule to 
those new meml)ers wlio arc ailmiltcd conlrary 
to it, or that it h.ts licen a ride to the oM 
niemliors who wore admitted conform to it, and 
yet have ronciirrod wilh those new presentations 

and admissions so unfundamenlall and contrar 
to all former precedents. 

The day Mr. Chalmers and the other two 
Masters wer admitted, Mr. Anderson, Professor 
of Divinity in the said College, as a further 
evidence of the novelty of the thing, imcdiatly 
after their admissions did for himself and in 
name of Mr. Eraser .Subprincipall and the rest 
of the old members present with him .idhecring 
Protest that their witnessing and countenancing 
the admission of Mr. Chalmers as I'rincipall and 
Mr. Ker and Cradfut as Regents in the sai<l 
College upon a presentation granted by his 
Matie and their consenting thereto and con- 
curring with them in the administration of 
College affairs which they wer hence furth 
resolved upon without C|uarrcling their right and 
title to their offices Should not be jirejudicial to 
their just rights and pri\iledges belonging to 
them and their Successors in office by the 
Fundation of the said College for filling the 
vacancies that miglit h;ip]icn for the future. If 
those Gentlemen had but minded also to protest 
that their acting so at that time should not be 
prejudicial to the oaths they had taken to the 
Fundation, the last wold have been as true as 
the former was consistent. This protestation 
was delivered in, in write and signed by .Mr. 
.^.nderson, the .Sub principall, the Humanist, 
Mr. Burnet and Mr. George Gordon. Tlie same 
protestation was also renewed and signed by 
them when their new Professor of Civil Law 
made his first appearance at their University. 

Sometime therafter Mr. Chalmers sunuiioned 
Dr. Midleton Principall and the other two 
Regents lately deprived befor the .Sherriff of 
Aberdeen in ane action of Removing wherin 
its craved that Doctor .Midlctone cede the 
possession of his chambers in the College and 
deliver up the keyes thereof and hail utcnsills 
belonging to the said College with the Charter 
chest and papers thcirlo belonging to Mr. 
Chalmers and to remove out of his house or 
.Manse ; ."Vnd the other two Regents that they 
might cede the possession of their rexive 
chambers within the said College. But .Mr. 
Chalmers meeting wilh some further delay in 
this process than what ho expected on account 
of a sig>' which the defenders had procured from 
the Lords of Session, Thought it not worth iiis 
while to wait the exit of this pursuite. But at his 
own hand convocatc some Smiths and other 
Tradesmen and caused them violently brr.ik 
open the doors of the chambers witliin the 
College and took possession of what he found 
ihcrin whither belonging to the College or to 
the said Dr. Midlelone in property. He also 
took possession of the two rooms belonging to 

\-uL. 1. 2nd Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND (JUER/ES. 

llic said two Regents, ag' which acts of violence 
iher w er protestations taken by the saids deprived 

Mr. Chalmers therafter obtained a decreet 
bcfor the Shcrriff for ejecting the Principall 
and his family out of the said Manse wliich he 
effectuate befor the term of W'itsunday therafter 
to the great prejudice of the said Doctor 
Midletone and his family in his goods and 

Ther was a great noise and clamour formerly 
made anent the old Masters their delapidating 
the College Funds and revenues, but how justly 
is by this time very weel known. IJut granting 
ther had been some ommissions in the former 
Masters yet it will be found that the College is 
not much bettred by the change ; for beside 
what latent dilapidations have been made by 
those new Masters thir three years by gone 
they have been in possession yet ther are some 
facts of their manadgmcnt pretty nottour ; For 
the first step they made towards the augmenting 
the College revenue after Mr. Chalmers 
admission was that they allowed him nine 
hundred merks Scots for his transplantation 
from Kilwinning. They also settled Two 
hundred merks a year for the Vcarl)- rent of a 
house for his accomodation because the old 
house possessed by the former Principall wes 
only fitt for ther new Janitor ; then for a journey 
he made to London they have allowed him Two 
thousand merks whicli he is pleased to accept 
of, only in part of payment of his e.\penses, Mr. 
Gordon their Professor of Languages who had 
in the year 169S granted a bond in favour of 
the College for allowing Two hundred merks to 
be deducted ycirly out of the Twelve hundred 
merks payed him annualy out of King William's 
mortification. And of this bond Mr. Gordon in 
the last Principalis time pursued a reduction 
which the College then vigorously opposed and 
the Lords of Session Declared the bond good 
ag' Mr. Gordon and fund him lyable in all by 
gones and for the Two hundred merks yeirly 
untill the College debts wcr payed and for which 
his .Sallaries wer stopped from time to time in 
the Collector's hands untill the College slioukl 
be payed. Put since this new administration 
Mr. Gordon has got allowance to uplift all 
bygones, and in order to Screen the matter and those new members might seem to have 
ai.ted warrantably, E\ post facto Mr. Gordon 
Intents reduction of the former decreet of 
Declarator obtained agt him and has gott the 
>.unu reduced and him.sclf a^sol/.ied from 
five thousand merks of princi[>all and all (he (■■ 
rents of Two hundred merks \iarly since \("}>'>, 
.\nd declared free of the luo iumilied merks ui 

all time coming, Albeit the present Masters wer 
duely cited befor the Lords and altho they have 
ther Lawiers that appear constantly for them 
in all actions that are intented ag' the College, 
Vet there is a decreet obtained ag' them in 
absence. From such facts and severall others 
of this nature It will be found that this new 
Sett of Administrators have done more damage 
to the sinking state of the University those three 
years bygone, than the former blasters have 
done for thirty years preceding. 

There is one act of their frugall manadgement 
and the onely one that is worthy of being 
Ijrought on record. Since their administrations 
sometime after the rebellion was over the 
Masters of the College did formally elect the 
Earle of I>la for their Chancellour and there- 
upon ordered a patent to be drawn in his 
favours which they Signed and caused append 
thereto a Silver bo.\ with the College arms, 
but before this patent was sent up there 
hapiJened some changes at court as well as in 
tile College, so that Such of the old Masters as 
wer keeped in wer by the influence of the new 
made believe that his Grace the Duke of 
Ko.xburgh was more capable to support that 
new footing their College was now on than the 
former therefore resolv'd to make choice of his 
Grace for their Chancellour Put in order to save 
charges to the College they were so good 
manadgers as to make the same Patent serve 
turn. Accordingly the Earle of lyla's name 
titles and amies were eras'd and instead thereof 
those of his Grace Insert, and this was not all 
for the Subscriptions of some of the .Masters 
who had Signed this very Patent in favours of 
the Earle of lyla were quite taken out and 
others of the Masters whose Subscriptions were 
left intire and who had not been privy to these 
fine contriveance when tliey saw their names at 
a Patent in favours of the Duke of Roxburgh 
they had almost taken tlie same for a forgery : 
And of this new reformed Patent adorned with 
all those embellishments they were pleas'd to 
make a present to his Grace. 

Neither Mr. Chalmers nor any of those new 
Masters have any title in Law to the offices 
they possess seeing their presentations as well 
as their admissions are contrary to the Claim of 
right. For its certain the King has no right to 
jiiesent any member in that College, for by the 
foundation it is e.\presly appointed that in case 
of any vacancy therein that the same shall lie 
sup])ly'd by the .Suffrages of ihu nieniljers of the 
same and in case of their not electing within a 
nioncth the power thereof falls Jure dcvolul" to 
the Chan, cllour of the College, and if tlieie 
were no Chancellour in being for the time to 

J 34 


[March, 1900. 

the vice Chancellour of the same. And this 
method of electing and presentin;,' has 1:)een the 
constant practice in all former times and this 
foundation with all its priviledges and immunities 
has been ratified and assertained by severall 
Parliaments. LSut there is ane thing to be 
remarked with regard to Mrs. Chalmers Ker 
and Bradfut their acts of Admission which 
albeit every thing else were regular therein yet 
this of itself makes the whole \uid ; For when 
Mr. Chalmers was admitted at the College his 
act of Admission which is recorded in the 
College Register bears, that such a day he 
produced his presentation to the Admitters and 
craved thereupon to be admitted, and that at 
that time Dr. MiJ.leton gave in a Protestation 
in write against the same which was appointed 
by the Admitters to be Insert in the s^^ appoint- 
ment accordingly, the like protestations were 
also given in at the admissions of the sds 
Mrs. Ker and liradfutt and appointed to be 
recorded as the former. But the .Masters of the 
College thinking it inconvenient that those 
protestations should stand on record against 
Uiem (albeit the admitters had appointed them 
to be Insert in the Act of Admission and had 
Signed the s*^ Act themselves) therefore since 
that time there are severall lines scored out and 
cancelled in the very body of the principal! 
recorded act of Admission which were relati\'e 
to the foresd protestations. And so it will 
appear by production of the saids Register or 
principall Signed minutes of the College that 
the s^i* acts of Admissions are vitiat and con- 
sequently intrinsecally nill. 

The s'' Dr. Midleton and the other Masters 
that were depos'd have done nothing since tlicir 
rexive deprivations in Homologation of the 
titles of those new members, but have taken 
such Instruments as were thought necessary for 
supporting their own right they have also raised 
action of reduction and Declarator at their 
Instance before the Lords of Councill and 
Session ag' the sJ» new Masters where the same 
is just now depending. 

This is a brief account of the proceedings of 
the Commission so far as concerns the Masters 
of the King College, \\hat was done with 
relation to the Marischall is cnllcctcd as far .as 
was possible and will be shortly publi^licd, ouch- 
its to be observed as to that Collo_;e that the 
Commission has not left one member therein 
but Mr. Ulackwell alone whom they have 
promoted to be Principall retaining still his 
former offii-cs of Professor of 'rhculiiijy and 
niini^lcr of .Vlicrdciii a~. foinurly, .So tli.u nnu 
he hath no Irss tli.m lhi(C --cxei.dl I'o^ts in llie 
same College and the .S.lll,l^lL^ and proiii.- cf a 

fourth to witt that of Dibliothecat therein (his 
Son haveing the nominall presentation thereto) 
and so by this means he hath near as much of 
Sallarie and Stipend yearly as all the other 
Masters put together. 

{MS. in the L'liivcrsily Lilnwy.) 

The J.vcoi'.ite Rli'.ei.lion in Ai;\.— 
Several letters dealing with the attitude of the 
Town of ."Mjerdeen to the Rebellion are prinleil 
in The W'hitcfoord Pnpcrs, edited for the 
Clarendon Press by Mr. \V. A. S. ileuius, 
M.A., 0.\on., 1S9S. There is a .also a curious 
reference in a letter fiom J.imes Himter on 
Beattie the poet. 

The Scot Aero.\d— A Ciikisiii-: in Nou- 
\v.\V. — Writers in a recent minibcr of Nolcs 
and Queries notice that there is a statue in 
Bergen to Wilhelm Frimann Karen Christie, 
born in 177S, died in 1849, who was president 
of the first Storthing, wliich negotiated with 
Sweden the constitution of liidsvold passed in 
1S14, was very popular. His name was some 
yca.'S since well known to tourists in Norway 
from that of the steamboat l'ycsi<iciit C/iris/ic, 
which plied between Bergen and Hull. The 
family springs from Andrew Christie, born at 
Montrose in 1620, who died at Bergen in 1694, 
and several of whose descendants were men of 
distinction, especially his, 
the presicient aforesaid. The family is still 
represented in Bergen. 

"p. p." — In a charter, of date 30th December, 
1650, which appears in \'ol. III., AclWi/s of 
Mariichal College, lately issued by the New 
Spalding Club, four of the "professores, maisteres 
or memberes" of the "New Collcdge" and three 
of the " Old CoUedge " append after their signa- 
tures the letters "p. p.'' \\'hat do these letters 
stand for? A note in Ray's Hislorv of t/ie 
I\el'ellion, published 1750, p. 303, supplies the 
answer. In reference to .Marischal College, the 
following occurs : — " licsides a primary I'rofessor 
who is called principal it has four Piofessors of 
Philosophy, one of IJn inity, and one of .Mathe- 
matics, and there is lately added a Professor of 
Ph)'sick." ,\lso, cf. ]). 305 : "There is in this 
College [King's] a Principal, a sub-Principal, 
three Regents or Professors of Philo>ophv, a 
Professor of llum.'uiity, a I'mfcssor df Djui'iiiy. 
a DiMtnrof Phvsick, .-i Profe-^nr of the Oricnl.'ii 
Ton-ues, .1 I'rofes.-or of the Ci\il Lav,- ami a 
Prolcvjor of the Mathematics." C. 





( Conlinued from Vol. I. , 211 J S. , p. 123. ) 

I H.WE thus reviewed the achievements of those 
men of Benvickshire e.\traction whom I have 
classed under the head of its more idealist or 
spiritual workers, and I think that I must already 
have more than marie yood my claim that the 
natives of this region belong to an exceptionally 
virile race, and are possessed of a peculiarly 
robust and massive type of mind. But I have 
not by any means concluded the evidence which 
I can briny in support of this proposition ; and 
though I feel that I must condense my argument 
in dealing with tlie latter part of my subject, I 
yet cannot, in justice to my theme, entirely pass 
over the consideration of those facts illustrating 
the more practical and material side of the work 
of the natives of the Merse which my statistics 
supply. Thus of Merse statesmen and politicians 
my lists contain no fewer than 50 names, some 
of them of the greatest significance, as must 
have been already gathered from an earlier part 
of this paper. Of Merse lawyers, too, my lists 
exhibit no fewer than 22 notable names, an 
exceptionally large proportion out of such a 
small population, and serving, along with many 
other signs, to illustrate the bias of the Merse 
mind to the formal, the definite, the finite. Of 
distinguished officers of the army and navy, 
again, Berwickshire yields no fewer than 27 
names, few of whom, howcxcr, are of verv great 
importance, though the Riddells, the Edgars, 
and particularly the Swintons, have furnished 
some excellent officers to both services. I should 
not forget to notice here that Sir John Swinton 
gained, perhaps, the greatest honour of all the 
Scottish soldiery in the Border fight of Otter- 
burn. Of successful business men and practical 
agriculturists, my lists contain 11 notable names. 
And here, as might have been expected, the 
most notable names are those of agriculturists. 
I believe it is the case that agricultural improve- 
ment began in this county soniew hat earlier than 
in most other parts of Scotland. So far back as 
1730 the exertions of a few landed proprietors, 
among whom Swinton of Swinton and Hume of 
Eccles tlescrve special notice, gave a new char- 
acter to the husbanilry of the county. But, 
without doubt, Mr. Robcrt.son of Ladykirk is 
the Merse agriculturist whose achievements are 
most noteworthy. He devoted himself during 
a long life to improving the breed of both cattle 
and shcoj). t'lroal was his success in both 
dcp.irtments, though no doubt the improvement 
he effected on the breed of cattle was most 

important. In my essay on Ayrshire, when 
speaking of the Ayrshire breed of cows, I men- 
tioned that the world is ignorant of the practical 
genius who was the means of bringing that 
remarkable breed of cattle to the perfection it 
has now reached ; but it is otherwise with the 
valuable breed known as shorthorns. For the 
whole existing race of those valuable animals, 
as is well known, is descended from Mr. Robert- 
son's stock. It is, indeed, a remarkable fact 
that the whole of the present stock of shorthorns, 
in England as well as in Scotland, are sprung 
from a single animal, a heifer named .Strawberry. 
She was the mother of the famous bull Boling- 
broke, as also of the bull Comet, which was sokl 
even during last century at 1000 guineas, and 
the blood is now universally dilTusctl throughout 
the kingdom. I'erhaps the most notable practical 
genius of Merse extraction belonging to our own 
generation will be found in the well-known Sir 
Joseph Paxton, who was architect of the great 
Exhibition building of 1S51, as well as of the 
Crystal I'alace, Sydenham. Bred a working 
gardener, I'axton raised himself entirely by his 
own enterprise and genius : and his career from 
the spade to the Parliament of (neat Britain, 
where he ended his days as member for Coventry, 
was probably one of the most remarkable of the 
century. Paxton is said, on doubtful authority, 
to have been born in Duns, though there seems 
no doubt that he was of Berwickshire extraction. 
There is a Berwickshire proverb to the effect 
that " Duns dings a' " : and that there is at least 
some foundation for the good conceit which the 
natives of that town cntertam of themselves 
may be inferred from the fact that my lists 
contain no fewer than 29 names of notables 
bred and born there. 1 cannot, of course, 
enumerate all those names ; but among them, 
I may observe, are to be found the names of 
Duns Scotus, the last of the schoolmen ; of 
Black Agnes, the heroic Countess of Dunbar ; 
of Thomas Boston of " The Fourfold State " ; 
of Prof. Abraham Robertson, LL.D. of Oxford 
University ; of Dr. Thomas Macrie, author of 
the Lives of Knox and Meh ille ; of SirWhitelaw 
Ainslie, a notable Indian Administrator ; of 
John Black, the famous editor of the Morning 
Chronicle; of Sir Joseph I'axton of Crystal 
Palace fame ; of Dr. Hogg the botanist ; of 
Stephen Hislop of Nagpore, a notable Free 
Church Missionary ; as well as of Dr. William 
Cunningham, Dr. Duns, and Dr. Hood Wilson, 
of the same Church. 

As suggesting the somewhat solid and level- 
headed type of intellect connnon in the .Merse, 
I may mention that my list contains onI\' four 
names of eccentiics, adventurers, and nontle- 

I ',6 


[MaKCH, Ii>jO. 

scripts, and two names of travellers and explorers, 
while these latter, it is worth noticintj. are both 
the names of savants as well as ad\enturers. 
Of the four eccentrics, two were early followers 
of George Fox, and one was the well-known 
equestrian performing showman, Thomas Ord, 
with wliose exploits most midd!e-ayed readers 
in Scotland are no doubt familiar. 

One of the points in which the Merse intellect 
seems to correspond to the intellect of Aberdeen 
and Banff is the way in which in all these three 
counties the energy of the people has gone into 
the work of scholarship and education. Thus 
Berwickshire totals no fewer than 22 notable 
scholars and teachers, while ISanffshire, which 
is also prominent in this line of enterprise, con- 
tributes only 15. Now, when it is remembered 
that Banffshire is twice as populous as Berwick- 
shire, the fact that the latter county surpasses 
the former in the number of its notable scholars 
is a very conclusive proof of the superior mental 
energy of the natives of this district. 

In prominent medical men, on the other hand, 
Berwickshire is not fertile. I have only 13 such 
names on my list ; but among them are to be 
seen names so important as those of John 
Brown, the founder of the Brunonian system 
of medicine ; of .Sir Everard Home, the great 
anatomist and surgeon ; and of Sir Whitelaw 
Ainslie, of Indian fame. 

I have thus, at somewhat wearisome length, 
and, as I cannot but feel, w ith great inadequacy, 
reviewed the varied contributions made by the 
men of the Merse to the development of Scottish 
Life and ThoUj,ht. If I have succeeded in my 
aim I must have satisfied my readers that 
physically, as well as intellectually, the men of 
this district are marked by unusual energy and 
robustness. I may be allowed here to interject 
the significant and suggestive fact that com- 
parative statistics aredeclarcd to haveestaljlished 
the fact that the heaviest men physically in the 
British Isles are found in Berwickshire, and that 
the average weight of a group of natives of that 
county is invari.ably much greater than that of 
any similar group indiscriminately chosen from 
any other district either in England or Scotland. 

In closing this essay, I Ao not ask or expect 
my readers to accept all my conclusions, — most 
of which are rather tentative conjectures than 
established principles. I sli.ill, however, be 
disappointed if any who li.avo pcruscil the vast 
array of argument and illustration, with uhich 
I have striven to set fortli and cstabiiih the 
great and valual'Ic slm-vIccs rendeivd lo the 
Scottish Counnonwcal by the nalixea of this 
region, are not now ready to regard thi^ portion i 

of their native land with a more intelligent 
arTection and a more patriotic pride. The history 
of Berwickshire, it is true, may have no heroic 
names etjual in their spirit-stirring iniluences to 
those of Bruce and Wallace, of Knox and 
Henderson, of Rutherford and .Argyle, of Burns, 
and Scott, and Carlyle. But, at all events, in 
the matter of sober, faithful, practical devotion 
to the best interests of the Connnonwealth, its 
sons will hold their own against all rivals. .And 
for my part I think that the beautiful tribute of 
my own early preceptor, the late George I'aulih, 
to his native Tweed, may well set forth the 
emotions even of those of us who have no 
ancestral connection with that noble river, and 
so I close .Tiy review of the distinguished part 
played by the Men of the Merse in the past 
history of our common country with the words 
of that fine poem, which, taken symbolically, 
seem well suited to describe the sentiments 
which we all ought to cherish towards this 
ancient Border region and its people : — 

I love thee, Twe«l, with deepest luvo. 

Though with no sliock 

Thou thng'st thy Hashing might of w.ivcs 

From foamy rock to rock. 

Though thou hast not sweet Tcvi.ji's charm. 

Of li.-ugh and heathery fell ; 

Xor Tay's far Highland solitudes, 

Xor Chuha's water-hcll. 

I love thee, for thou wandercst through 

.■\ land of song and beauty, 

Where loveliness is wooed Ijy truth, 

.\tA valour dwells with duty. 

.\ land of gr.ay old cislle walls 

And legendary lore ; 

.\ land of happy hearths and hoiui;.-, 

Where lances gleamed of yore. 

W. B. R. WlL.-,0\. 

Tut; Barclay Family.— The old Cornish 
royal borough of Lostwithiel has iust elected 
a new .Ma\or in the person of .Mr. Robert 
Barclay-Allardice, F.S.A. Scot., whose mother 
is heiress of line of the dormant Scottish 
EarUloms of Stralherne, Mer.leitli, ;ind Airth, 
and cl.iimant of those titles. He is a scion of 
the B,ircla\s of L'r\. 

11 / yi ,a 

Vol. 1. ;nd Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND (JUERIES. 



In no other part of Scotland can one find, within 
a very hmited area, such a number of the under- 
ground structures known as 7<.'cciiis, or Citrth- 
houses, as in tlie upper region of Donsidc and 
the high ground lying betucon it and the \alley 
of the Dee. Kildrunnny is said to have had a 
group of no less than fifty of these earth-houses 
in the early part of this century ; although, if 
that figure be correct, the great majority of them 
have been destroyed during more recent years. 
But there, and at (jlenkindie, IJuchaam, and 
Castle Neue, as well as southward in Cromar — 
at Culsh, Crossfold, Migvie, and .Milton of 
Whitehouse — excellent specimens of these 
archaic dwellings may yet be seen. The one at 
Milton of Whitehouse was only discovered in 
September, 1S94; and readers of Scollish Notes 
and (Jitcrics will no douljt remember the descrip- 
tion of it in the number of .March, 1S96, con- 
tributed by Mr. George Gauld, its discoverer 
and explorer.* In several respects this last- 
found specmien differs from its congeners, al- 
though all belong to one common order. 

So much has been written about these subter- 
ranean structures that only a general description 
of their characteristics is required here. They 
have been made by digging a deep trench, to a 
depth of some eight or ten feet, and about eight 
feet wide. liut all the dimensions of this trench 
var>' in the various instances, as does also its 
ground plan. Very frequently its outline is 
curving, or rudely semi-circular, and it often 
has lateral galleries or chambers. (The longest 
earth-house known to the present writer is that 
of Pitcur, near Coupar-Angus, which extends to 
a length of 190 feet, following the medial line of 
the main gallery.) The actual trench, however, 
is only the first step in the construction of the 
underground " weem." The next procedure on 
the part of the excavators was to line its sides 
with walls of dry, un-mortared stones. In 
laying the lower courses of the walls the builders 
preserved the perpendicular line. Ikit at a 
certain level, sometimes at only one foot above 
the tloor of the trench, sometimes at 2, 3, or 4 
feet, they proceeded on a different principle. 
The successive courses above that level were 
then laid in such a manner that the higher 
coiuses over-lapped the lower, so that the 
opposing walls neared each other as they grew 
higher. Then at a height of 5 or 6 feel (in 
many cases; though at a much lower stage in 

ilUislnili;.! :icouiii[ «:., ;il-..> conlul.nlcil l.y th. 
) /VV,- A-iH.iii.irvur M:\y, i3.i7, ucul.^r the lilU 
n.^liiif .MuuiiJ-Uwclliii^.' 

Others), huge, heavy tlag-stones were placed 
across from wall to wall, thus forming the roof 
of the dwelling, and at the same time securely 
binding, by their weight, the layers of stones in 
the walls. There are recorded instances of 
wood being employed in roofing, as must haN e 
been the case in the lateral chamber at Pitcur, 
too wide to be spanned by flag-stones ; but in 
the great majority of instances in the British 
Isles the roofs appear to have been of stone. 
The roof having been laid, there still remained 
a depression of two feet or more beneath the 
surface of the field. This was filled in with 
earth, and then the structure below was com- 
pletely concealed from view, save for the small 
si|uare entrance or entrances leading into it, like 
the holes in a rabbit's burrow. If the dwellers 
underneath desired still greater secrecy, a few- 
bushes planted about these apertures would 
render discovery still more tlifficult. 

It has been asserted, with much reason, that, 
as in Siberia antl Arctic America, these places 
were used as winter-dwellings by a race ac- 
customed to live in tents or wigwams during 
summer. And, as in such instances, their depth 
under ground would render the "weems" safe 
and warm retreats in the coldest winter. The 
stone lamp of the Eskimo is all that is required 
for warmth, light, and cooking purposes. And 
this is no doubt the explanation why fire-places 
are conspicuous by their rarity in our British 

Traces of occupation are numerous in the 
Scottish "weems," in the shape of personal and 
domestic utensils of tlint, stone, bone, iron, 
bronze, and lead, and the bones of birds and 
animals used as food. None of these objects, 
how'ever, give us the date of their use. And, 
in nearly every case, the rough stone walls and 
roofs have no stor)' to tell. One notable exce])- 
tion, although it is not unique, is that of the 
"weem" at Crichton, Mid- Lothian. 

The late Lord RosehiU, who contributed a 
description of this place to the Society of 
Anticiuaries of Scotland, a month after its dis- 
covery in 1S69, made the following important 
observation : — 

"The most remarkable fc.iluru is, that the inner 
walls arc studded here and tln.rc, csiicci.\Ily near iIil 
tup, with sf|uarucl and chi.^LllccI slimes, .-huwing llie 
iliagunal and iliainond markings [leculiar in Kom.iii 
workiiiaiiship. . . . Before closing ihi^ nulicc, il 
may not he out of place to offer some suggcslion^ as 
lo ihe iinssilik- .age of this building. The Kounn 
stones fi'und in it place il al i>ncL' as not carlivr lli.^ii 
A.l). So, wlicn .\gricMla ^lr^t advanced as noiili 
as llie plains of I.oiliiaii. . . . Il remains, ilicivloic, 
to be ducidcii, wliclliur ihis cli.unlier built duuLg 



[March, 1900. 

one of those periods when the Caledonians had for 
the time become repossessed of their land, or after 
the Romans had evacuated the country north of 
Hadrian's. Wall?" 

It is evident, therefore, that whatever the age 
of other earth-houses, in the liritish Isles and 
elsewhere, the Crichton specimen cannot ha\e 
been built earlier than the year So of our era ; 
while it may date from a period considerably 
nearer our own time. Indeed, there must 
always be doubt as to when buildings of this 
class ceased to be constructed and ceased to be 
occupied. One is apt to assume that because a 
structure or an implement is archaic in character 
it must therefore be of great age ; but this 
deduction is not always warranted by facts. 
For e.xample, our crannogs or lake-dwellings 
denote a primitive mode of life ; and yet there 
is historical proof that many of the crannog- 
dwellers in Ireland and Scotland were con- 
temporaries of Shakespeare. It may therefore 
be that underground houses, such as that of 
Crichton, were in occupation during compara- 
tively recent times ; and that even the date of 
their construction was not only subsequent to 
Agricola's arrival in Lothian, but was, in many 
cases, very much post-Roman. As a matter of 
fact, this was indicated twenty-eight years ago 
by Dr. Joseph .■\nderson, who, referring to the 
so-called "brochs" and " weems," observes: — 
" It may, indeed, be open to question whether 
any of those 'prehistoric' refuges — underground 
or above-ground structures — are earlier than 
the date of the Roman occupation of iJritain. 
Samian ware has been found in the ' cave- 
dwellings ' of England and in the yird-houses 
or weems of Scotland, proving their occupation 
during or after the Romano-Uritish period." 

There are certainly many evidences that such 
places were inhabited long after the period of 
Roman rule. The Sagas have several references 
to underground or "earth" houses. In the 
Volsiiiii^a Sti^a, which is believed to date from 
the twelfth century, it is stated that Sigmund 
and his sister Signy "took counsel in such wise 
as to make a house underground in the wild- 
wood," wherein he could hide from the perse- 
cution of the king. And this ha\ing been done, 
Sigmund inhabited his subterranean abode for 
about thirty years. The tenth-century Saga of 
Thorgils also relates how that hero and his men, 
when adventuring in Ireland, discovered an 
underground house (whose roof, it ni.iy be 
mentioned, was supported by wooden beams), 
in which they encountered se\eral men ami 
women. And so on. In Irel.unl, those carlh- 
houscs to have been in regular occupation 
at the date of the I'.attlc of liannockburn. We 

learn from an eminent Irish antiquary that "in 
1317 Donchad O'lSrien, before the fatal battle 
of Corcomroe, did not leave a man dwelling in 
an 'ooan' (caher's souterrain) luisuninioncd to 
his army." This word "ooan" is no other than 
I our familiar " weem," both being corruptions of 
I the Gaelic " uain" or ^^ iitiiiii," signifying a cave 
or den, whether natural or artificial. In the 
case cited, the kind of " weem " referred to is a 
"caher's souterrain," that is to say, an imdcr- 
ground dwelling within the enclosure of a ca/icr, 
1 cal/iuir, or fort. The fort that crowns our own 
Dunsinnan had such an "ooan" within its 
precincts, <as was ascertained in 1S55 ; but since 
j then it has been almost obliterated by reckless 
investigators. From the foregoing reference, 
i therefore, it would seem that the earth-houses 
I of Ireland were inhabited during the early part 
' of the fourteenth century, if not later. And 
\ that being so, it is by no means unlikely that 
; new ones were in course of construction at that 
period. People who cared to live in sui h rude 
I abodes would see no reason why they should 
not build an additional earth-house when the 
old one became overcrowded. Thus, no in- 
considerable number of these structures within 
the British Isles may cjuite conceivably be no 
more than a few centuries old. 

With regard to the race to which their first 
builders belonged, there is ample room for 
discussion, and much might be said in support 
of the tradition which alleges that the historical 
Picts were, so far as concerns, the 
early inhabitants of those gloomy abodes. One 
thing clear is, the weem-builders did not possess 
the ideas of the Romans or of the Normans, 
and presumably they were not akin to cither of 
these races. The Romans, who lived a higlily 
civilized life in their settlement at Inveresk, with 
US villas, baths, and theatre, had obviously no 
connection by blood with the rude dwellers in 
the neighbouring' earth-house at Crichton ; 
whether the two peoples were contemporaries 
or not. Robert Bruce, amusing his knights 
during their troubles by reading to them " the 
romance of worthy Ferambrace," what time his 
queen and her ladies lived in the refined retire- 
ment of Kildrunmiy Castle, reiMCscnted a 
wholly different order of civilization from that 
of the contemporary dwellers in "ooans ' or 
"callers' souterrains," whether in Ireland or 

The fact that races occupying higher and 
lower planes of culture co-existed in our islands 
for a long ])eriod is nowhere nunc clc.irly bioiight 
into prominence than in the instance of the 
sixteenth-century "Red Banditti of .MoucUluy," 
in .Meriunelhbhire. Those people are described 

Vol.. 1. 2nd Series.] SCOTT/S// NOTES AND Qi'ER/ES. 


as inhabiting dens in the ground, as having fiery 
red hair and "long, strong arms," and as being 
generally distinguished by their savage and 
predatory habits. They usually committed their 
ravages during the night-time, but sometimes 
they had the daring to make noon-day raids 
upon the neighbouring farmers' herds of cattle, 
which they dro\e otT to their haunts in the 
woods above Dinas Mowddwy. They appear 
to have uacd stone weapons, and to have been 
remarkable for their skill as archers, as also for 
their swiftness and agility. They possessed a 
separate organization and a chief of their own, 
and altogetlier tliey seem to have been a standing 
annoyance and terror to the neighbourhood. 
Finally, in 1554, a commission of fire and sword 
against the "I'.anditti" was granted to the 
Vice-Chamberlain of North Wales and another 
gentleman of rank. Having raised a strong 
body of men, they made an onslaught on the 
earth-dwellers, and, after a considerable re- 
sistance, succeeded in capturing nearly a hundred 
of them, whom they hanged then and there. In 
several respects those Welsh "bandits" recall 
the Dartmoor "gubbins" or "gubbings," familiar 
to readers of Wcst\jari{ }Io.' wherein it is written 
" How Salvation Yeo slew the King of the 
Gubbings." Kingslej-^s information was obtained 
from Fuller's Wort/tics (1662), and the picture 
given by Fuller is that of a savage, earth- 
dwelling race, quite antagonistic to the sur- 
rounding population, and, like their congeners 
in Wales, noted for their swiftness of foot. 
" Such their tleetness," says Fuller, " they will 
outrun many horses." Then, again, if we turn 
northward to Strathspey, we find a companion 
picture at Raitts, on the estate of Belleville, 
near Kingussie. The celebrated " weem " there, 
in which Sir David Brewster took a keen interest, 
was formerly known as " The Cave of Clan 
Ichilnew," otherwise Clitnn M/iic GilknaoidJi j 
and "the common tradition is that it was in- 
habited by a baud of savage robbers, called 
Claim M/u'l Gillcnaoidh^ who are said to have 
been a remnant of the barbarous tribes who, 
after the overthrow of the Comyns in the district, 
infested the wilds of Badenoch and plundered 
the peaceable inhabitants." Eventually they, 
too, were exterminated. "A strong body of 
armed men repaired to the spot, and, filling the 
cave with smoke, forced the savage inmates to 
bolt out one by one. In this way the whole 
gang were put to death." 

In these two historical instances in Wales 
and Kngl.uul, and in the tradui<in relating to 
the Raitts souterrain, we ha\c glimpses of tho^c 
e.u'th-dwellL-rs as a people ilis>iniilai", both 
sociologically and ethnologicall)', from their 

aljove-ground neighbours. The three accounts 
just cited emphasize the fierce and marauding 
spirit of the former caste ; and that aspect of 
their character is no doubt remembered quite 
correctly. Vet there are many legendary stories 
of a more pleasing kind, connected with those 
people. In a recent account of the earth-houses 
of the Helmsdale valley {ScottisJi ^lii/iijuarv, 
April, 1899), the present minister of Kildonan 
remarks :— "The student of earth-house lore 
cannot fail to note in the list which has been 
given that the articles dug out of these Sutherland 
earth-houses are mostly such as we associate 
with the women of an early race." And many 
traditional tales of the people of the earth- 
houses have to do, not with war and fighting, 
but with friendly intercourse, extending from 
the loan of domestic articles to the less prosaic 
matters of love and marriage. Traditions such 
as these would therefore indicate that, in spite 
of much bloodshed and in spite of marked racial 
differences, the earth-dwellers, or a remnant of 
them, became ultimately blended with the 
general population. 

David MacRitchie. 

Antiqu.\rian Finds .\t Methlick. — There 
is probably no parish in Aberdeenshire in which 
antiquarian relics are more numerous than in 
Methlick. Every now and then we hear of them 
being picked up by farm lads. Mr. James 
Florence, son of the farmer of Scotston, 
Methlick, who has found many of considerable 
value, has just found on his father's farm two 
copper coins, an arrow head, and a bronze 
brooch. These articles were sent to Dr. 
Cramond, Cullen, the well-known antiquarian 
authority. Dr. Cramond says the bronze brooch 
was very common early last century, and in the 
Antiquarian Museum, Edinburgh, there is a 
collection of over 160 of them. The coins are 
Turners. The Turner was 2d. Scots, that is, 
of the value of the sixth part of a penny. On 
one side is CAR. DC. SCOT. AUG. FRA ET 
H.I. 15. R., and in the centre CR., crowned. On 
the reverse is a leaved thistle and the motto 
"Xemo me impune lacessit." The arrou hr;id 
is of the smallest size, and is leaf sliapcil, li.iv ing 
no barbs. 


[March, igoo. 



(1st S., v., 8:, 97.) 

Thkough the intervention of Mr. Charles 
Eraser Mackintosh of Urunimond, LL.D., for- 
merly M.l'. for Invcrness-shire, and author of 
Invcriicssiaitii, Aitfiijiiarian A'otes, Letters I'J 
Two Centuries, etc., the ro>al buryh of Inverness 
is about to lose the reproach of using an un- 
authorised coat of arms. Dr. Fraser .Mackintosh 
has generously oftered to defray the cost of a 
matriculation in the Register of the Lyon Office ; 
and the following petition has been presented to 
the Lyon by the Provost of Inverness : — 

Unto James Ualiouk Paul, Esquire, Advocate, 
Lyon King of Anns, the I'ctilion of William 
Macuean, Esquire, Provost of the Royal 
Uurgh of Inverness, and of the Magistrates 
and Town Council thereof. 
Humbly sheweth. 

That certain Ensigns Armorial with Supporters, 
were borne by the Royal Burgh of Inverness prior to 
the passing by the Scots Parliament of the Act 1672, 
cap. 21. 

That in the year 16S0 the Town Council of the 
said Burgh ordered that the Eurgh Arms should be 
matriculated in terms of the said Act ; but that, from 
some cause to your Petitioners unknown, this ma- 
triculation was not effected. 

That the oldest known seal of the said Burgh, used 
in the 15th century, was not armorial, but bore on the 
obverse Our .Saviour on the cross, on the reverse the 
Virgin and Infant Jesus with lily, crescent, and star. 
(Lairg's SiOtlisU S^a/s, Vol. I., No. 1167.) 

That the oldest known representation of a coat of 
Arms for the said Burgh appears on a wooden panel, 
painted in the reign of King Charles I., and now 
preserved in the Town Hall ; which bears on a shield 
Giilcs, a camel slatant contourne or ; Supporters, two 
elephants, rampant, proper ; Crest, a cornucopia ; 
motto " Concordia et fKlelitas." 

That in the year 16S5 tlie Provost and Magistrates 
of the said Burgh instructed James .Smith, master 
mason, Edinburgh, to cut in stone a coat of arms for 
the newly built bridge across the river Ness, to show 
'■ Our Saviour on the cross supported by a dromedary 
on the dexter and an elephant on the sinister " ; that 
in the following year, i6})6, this instruction was 
.altered to " a dromedary for the arms, supported by 
two elephants" : but lli.U the correction was intimated 
too late, and that the stone carved by Smitli as at frrst 
instructed, has formed the model for recent representa- 
tions of the .-\rms. 

That, nevertheless, the secoml Seal of the said 
Burgh, used in the iSdi eenliiry, sbows a camel as 
the l>earing on the shield. (Laing's ^.ollis'i Seu/i, 
Vok II., No. 1225.) 

That your Petitioners, being the Provost, Magis- 
trates, and Town Council of the Burgh of 
Inverness, are desirous to h.ave Ensigns Armorial 
with .Supporters in an appropriate form, malricidaled 
in your Lordship's Public Register as the arms of the 
said Royal Burgh, with such precedence as your 
Lordship m.ay deem proper. 

May it therefore please your Lordship to grant your 
Licence and Authority to your Petitioners and to 
their successors, to bear and Use fjisigns .\rniorial 
and .Supporters in such manner .as may be agreeable 
to the La«s of Arms. 

And your Petitioners will every pray. 

Signed in name of the Magistrates and Town 
Council of the Royal Burgh of Inverness on 
the 5th day of .May, oiie thousand eight 
hunilred and ninety-nine years. 

William Macukan, I'rovosi. 

KsKss Eeuou ,Sl-.\L 
(iSth century). 

We hope to be able to give, in an early number, 
a representation of the emblazonment to be ap- 
proved by the Lyon. Meantime, our illustration 
this month reproduces, from a cast, the second 
(iSth century) seal of the burgh. The non- 
armoiial sc:d, used in tlic i;ili century, was 
illustrated in our ntuidjer for Ucccndjer, 1S91. 


Land Rentals.— Rental of Lands belonging 
to James Ferguson of Kinmundy in 1750: — 
.\don, £f>4}; Occr, /^^'u; I'.iffie, /414; and 
I'.nintbrac, £1^},: total, ,{,"20:4. Free rent, 
X'2ouo. C. 

•. 7 / 




In the Castellated Architecture of Scotlaml, by 
Messrs. McGiblion and Ross, occurs the follow- 
ing description of Tilquhilly Castle : — "A plain, 
but massive specimen of a .Scoliisli house of the 
end of the sixteenth century, situated about 
three miles south of Crathes station, and now 
occupied as a farm residence. It is on the plan 
of the central keep, with two towers at diagonally 
opposite angles, but modified so as to admit of 
a good square staircase between the south-west 
tower and the main block. The towers in this 
instance are both of tlie square or oblong form, 
but they no longer maintain a tower-like appear- 
ance externally here ; they simply form part of 
the house. There are no angular turrets, but 
the corners of the building are all rounded off 
and corbelled out to the square near the eaves, 
which produces a picturest|ue appearance, and 
forms a reminiscence of the eiVect of the 
projecting angular turret. The ground rtoor 
is all vaulted, and contains the usual kitchen 
and cellars, one of the latter having the ordinary 
stair from the base. All the apartments are 
well provided with shot holes, and they are so 
placed in the towers and at the sides of the 
doorway as to command every side of the 
house. The main house or central block 
contained the hall on the first floor, with a 
private room in the north-east tower. There is 
a separate room in the south-west tower. In 
the angle over the entrance door, and corbelled 
out in the corresponding angle at the north-east 
tower, there are two newel stairs leading to the 
upper floors, which are now a good deal altered. 
Some fragments of good old woodwork, lying 
in one of the upper rooms, are well worthy of 
being preserved. The old iron grated 'yett' 
still stands on the entrance doorway. The 
property of Tilquhilly belonged, in 1479, to 
\Valter Ogston, whose daughter carried it to 
her husband, David Douglas, son of Lord 
Dalkeith. The present castle is said to have 
been built by his grandson, in 1576. Probably 
it may have been begun by him, but the style 
of the exterior would lead one to suppose that 
it was not finished as we now see it till some 
time in the 17th century." 

The writer of the Nc-^j Statistical Accc>u7U of 
t':c Parish of Baiu'liory-Tcnian (iS42)says: — 
'"The Castle of Tilwhilly, built on the slope of 
a hill on the other side of the Dee, commands 
an extensive prospect towards Aberdeen. It is 
formed of several plain massive buildings, 
communicating with each other, and apparently 
erected at diru-rcnl period-., witlinul muu h ])lan. 
It ceased to bo the residence of that h of 

the Douglas family upwards of 100 years ago, 
and is now occupied by the tenant of the 
surrounding farm. It contains numerous apart- 
ments, and has a dark vault, formerly used, it is 
said, as a prison. The entrance of the whole is 
still furnished with the ancient grille and bar." 

John Douglas of Tilquhillie fought on 
Huntly's side at the battle of Corrichie (156:", 
but obtained a pardon under the Great Seal for 
himself and his followers. Me was a friend of 
Morton, when Regent, who is said to have 
lived incognito at the house of Tilquhillie, and 
passed imder the name of "James the Grie\e." 

.\bout 1647 Robert Douglas, brother of Sir 
Archibald Douglas, and son-in-law to Lord 
Audley, succeeded to the family estate of 
TiluhiUy, and, having accepted the honour of 
kniglitliood and a high command from the 
Royalists, had his house here garrisoned by the 
Covenanters, and was himself obliged ultimately 
to retire to the Continent with the ruin of all 
his piO|)erty. After the tlealh of his grandson, 
Gilbert, who left no issue, the family estate 
passed to his brother, James Douglas of Inch- 
marlo, whose youngest son, Archibald, a 
clergyman, succeeded liishop IJurnet in the 
living of Saltoun, and who was the grandfather 
of Bishop Douglas of .Salisbury. It is singular 
that the two neighbouring families of Crathes 
and Tilquhilly should have each given a prelate 
— ISishop iJurnet and Rishop Douglas — to the 
See of Salisbury. Dr. Douglas, Rishop of 
Salisbury, before his preferment in England, 
kept up intercourse with his relatives at 
Tilwhilly, and visited them occasionally. 

A visit the writer paid to the old castle a few 
months ago pro\ ed very interesting. A glance 
convinces one of its fine situation, and of its 
suitability for resisting attack in ancient times. 
Near the hou-se stands an old and \igorous tree 
of greath girth. A coat of arms in good pre- 
servation is built into the wall o\ er the doorway, 
and the old yett, a capital specimen, is still in 
good working order. The staircase is broad for 
the time, and there are many recesses for storing 
purposes within the walls. Some of the windows 
liave been enlarged, and the rooms are singularly 
well adapted for modern ideas of comfort. The 
walls are some four and a half feet in thickness. 
On examining the couples of the roof they are 
found to be pinned with wood, not fastened with 
nails. In one room is a drum, in good prcscrwi- 
tion, which belonged to the 57th \Vest Middlesex 
Regiment, and on it are painted these names : — 
'■-Mbucra. \'ittoria, Pyrenees, Neville, Ni\e, 
Peninsula." The drum apjioars to have bei-n 
m.ide by Robinson, I'licss.i! iK; Co.. Dublin. In 
an upper room is some old wootl carving re- 



[March, 1900. 

ferring to two members of the Douglas family, | 

with their respective coats of arms. One bears | 

"J. D. . . . M. Y. anno 1613," the other j 

"J. D. . . . M. A. 1756 I was glad when i 

they said unto me, Go into the house of the | 

Lord." These may have been removed from I 
the family pew in the parish church. Two 
bibles are also shown, but they are comparatively 
modern, and call for no notice. C. 


39. Go TO Freuchir ! — What is the origin of 
this phrase? It is usually employed to signify that, 
in the speaker's opinion, the observations of his friend 
are nonsense, and require no answer. How is it 
related to " Go to Bantf?" Freiichie is ihe name of 
a village in Fifeshire, near Falkland, and of a burn 
near Bankfoot, Perthshire. The phrase is used in 
Caithness in the north, and Perthshire in the centre. 

F.VAN Odd. 

40. Edinburgh Periodical Literature. — 
Information is wanted about — 

1. SoHh British Express. Published some time about 1345. 

It was aCh.irtist periodicil — the tir-it editor being Rev. 
Wm. Hill. 

2. Lendnim's ^/a^<i:inc. Eeijtm in 1840. One of the 
organs of the Episcopal Church of Scotland. Was it 
published in Edinburgh? If so, any particulars will be 

published at 11 St. David 


3. The IndcpinJent. 1 
Street, Kdinburch. 

4. The Strathcnm Magazine (?). A periodical issued by a 

private school in one of the suburbs. 

5. Scottish Presbvtcrian Magazine. Further particulars 

than those given by .5". A", or* 4?- 

6. The Memoir of Edward Forbes, p. 191, note, says that 

two rivals to DlacK-'.vood were begun i;i 1235, but did 
not sur\ive the winter. What were they? 

7. The Co-operative's Magazine, Was it an Edinburgh 

periodical, and when issued? 
3. Edinburgh Veterinary Rcfie^.v. Was in existence in iS5g. 
9. The Earmer, Begun about 1S75. 

10. The Paper Trade Kctiien: 

11. The Property and Company Xevjs. .Appeared on 

Wednesdays, and was in exis'lence in iS!?. 

12. The S'orthern Standard, Discontinued about end of 

.\ird, the poet, edited an Edinburgh paper prior 

toi3-,5. Wh, 

14. The Christian IfeeUy. Published at 


15. Eetstern Females' Friend. New serie 

16. BurfUs Reformer. Issued from 2 


17. A- ::.:■.•:.. u^n.iry Register. A mor 


Publi>be<l fro 


> George Street, 

357 Hi^h Street, 


12' lildcr Street. 

Edinburgh publlca- 

.\ I 


23. E.iiiLbuy^h En:e:.'Pe and U\al Advert, __ . 

pubhshe.l everj- lourth Wedncsd.ay, and was in existence 
in 1841. 

24. EJinbiirjc'i Intelligencer. Also In existence in i?4i. 
Correspondents would groally oblige bv sliding 
re|>lic- direct 10 me. \V.' J. Coi:i'|;k. 

F.C. Manse, Kirkurd, Dolphiiiloii. 

41. AsHENTiLi.iEs Regis. — In a print of "Con- 
tract and Lease between the Earl of reterboruiigh 
and Francis Russell, Esq., dated August, 1794," 
in connection with the Lands of Durris, among other 
land.s mentioned are — Ashentillics, called AslicutiHiei 
Regis. Is it known why the lands had such a 
designation attached ? A. .M. 

42. Abekueen Doctors (ok Medicine) in 
1657. — In a Report on E.xainiiialion of Mcdiial 
Pra,t!!ioiurs,' by Richard I'oole, M.D. (St. And., 
1S05), Edin., 1S33, pp. 14, 15, some account is 
given of 

"a conference held at Dumlec, in the month of 

July, 1657, between a deputation from the 

Physicians of Edinburgh, in all probability 

Dr. Purves and Dr. Robert liurnelt on the 

one hand, and some from A1)erdeen on the 

other. Here several articles were debateil ami 

advised, as might be shown. A detail of llic 

whole would occupy much space, and must 

con^equenlly be avoided here. Suffice to glance 

at ivhat was certainly deemed of most con.^e- 

quence. . . . The University of Aberdeen 

was alarmed and offended. In that institution, 

which, conse<|uently, was superior so far to 

every one in Scotland at the period, tliere had 

been an actual profession of Medicine many 

years erected, established, and stipended, with 

a learned Doctor in Medicine in the place, 

for some years ago, exercising and orderly 

teaching, and professing Medicine in all its 

parts. So at least said the advocates for the 

University. ..." 

Apparently the Dundee Conference was held in 

connection with what Dr. John Gairdner, in his 

Skcl.i; of thi Early History of I'lc Medical Profession 

in Edinbitr^li (Edin., 1S64), terms "the plot of 

1657 :" but Dr. Poole does not make clear where he 

finds the account of the proceedings, and I invite 

information on this head. 

On pp. 7, 20 of the Report reference is made to 
"a MS., said to be in the Advocates' Library, 
'wrote and collected by that most industrious 
antiqu.irian. Sir Robert Sibbald,' . . . but the 
presua-.ption as to the authorship of the MS. is 
rather in favour of an older man [?his uncle, George 

Dr. Peel Ritchie, in his recently published Early 
Days of the Royall tollcf^o of Phisitians, EJinl'inxh, 
pp. 120, 126, states that, on 17th January, 1705, 
" Sir Robert Sibljald had a discourse, giving a 
Historical Account of such Doctors of Medicine as 
were Scotsmen, and parlicularlie of those that 
practised in Scotland, and what tliey hail written in 
Physic and Philosoiiliie— with which the C(dkge 
were very well satislicd;" and that such iliscourses 
were entered in a book called Arta Medina Edin- 
biirgcnsia. App.irenlly, however, Dr. Rilchie has 

" .\ sc.irce book, apparently not po^^ossed by the Libraries 
of the I'.ritili Ml, , -urn. Adv.v.Ue,. Si-nct, luliiibur-li 
Univer-iiy. or K. C. 1'. Kdin. 



not examined Sibbald's Mciiioircs for Coiiipiliiifi llic 
History of the A'oyall Co/A-^e of J'/iysitians at 
EJinliir^h — a M.S. in the Ailvncates' Liljrary which 
might throw some light on the Dundee episode. 

P. J. Anderson. 

43. The I'atersons of Inverness. — A manu- 
script in my possesion, dated 1S19, and in the 
handwriting of Mr. Thomas Mackenzie Paterson, 
wTiter in Inverness, who died 6th March, 1839, runs 
as follows : — 

"Sir William and Sir Thomas Paterson were 
Churchmen, and the lands of Dores, 
Culcahock, and others. They tiourished in 1450 
and 1520, and their immediate descendants had 
the command of the town of Inverness. 

" 1650. Alexander Paterson of Wester Inshes, 
and ISishop Paterson of Ross, and Paterson of 
Bught, were their descendants ; also 

" I. John Paterson, tacksman of Easter 
Kessack, died in .lie the 

father of 
"2. Andrew Paterson, who died in , 

at the age of 77. He was the father of 
"3. Andrew Paterson, who died in , 

at the age of S2. lie was the father of 
"4. Donald Paterson, who died in 17S5, 

aged 69. He was the father of 
"5. Alexander Paterson, at Gordon's Mill, 
who is alive in 1S19, and in the 72nd year 
of his age. [He died in April, 182!.] 
He is father of 
" 6. Thomas Mackenzie Paterson, writer in 

The Bishop of Ross referred to was John Paterson, 
son of Alex.ander Paterson, minister of Insch, 15S6-92, 
and of Logic Durno, 1592 1632. John gr.aduated 
M.A. at King's College in 1624, and was successively 
minister of Foveran, 1632-49 ; of Ellon, 1649-59 ; 
of Aberdeen (3rd charge), 1659-62 ; .and Bishop of 
Ross, 1662 till his death, in 1679. Several of his sons 
rose to distinction. John was successively Regent at 
St. Leonard's College, St. Andrews (where he had 
probably studied), minister of Ellon, 1660-63 ; of the 
Tron Church, Edinburgh, 1663-74 ; Bishop of 
Galloway, 1674-79 : P'ishop of Edinburgh, 1679-87 ; 
and Archbishop of Glasgow, 16S7-SS ; he died in 
170S. William was Clerk to the Privy Council, 
and was created a Baronet in 16S7. Robert 
graduated at Marischal College in 1665, and became 
successively Regent there, 1667-78, and Principal 
from 1678 till his death in 1717. His portrait 
hangs in the Picture Gallery, Marischal College, 
and his arms appear in the great window of 
the Mitchell Hall. He eight children, Mr. 
David (M.A., 1604), Robert, Elizabeth, M.argaret, 
Agues, Mary, Isobcl, and Catherine. 

I am anxious to tr.ace the connection between these 
Patersons ami John Paterson, tacksman of Easier 

Dr. Charles Eraser Mackintosh, writing to me on 
the subject, says : — 

"The family of Paterson was long intlucnlial 
and welMoing in and about Inverness. Tradition 
had it that the first Pcterst'n was of Scandinavia, 
who, coming to Inverness in some ship, settled 
at North Kessock. One day, sauntering alumt 
Craigton Point, he saw a mermaid combing her 
hair, on shore, according to the wont of such. 
He circumvented and cut her ofl" from the sea, 
and would not liberate her until she agreed to 
bestow fortune on him and his descendants. As 
she could not otherwise escape, she consented, 
but limited the gooil fortune to 13 generations. 
From that time the Patersons prospered, and, as 
Churchmen, had lands in the ancient Barony of 
Durris or Dores, at Culcal)Ock, Inshes, Bught, 
iiic. Inshes was diviiled into two parts, Easter 
and Wester, of which the I'atersons had Wester 
Inshes, and the Family of Vaus Easter Inshes. 
The Patersons first lost Durris, then the 
Robertsons ousted them from Inshes and 
Culcabock, and the first Forbes of CuUoden 
from Bught. But there is notice of a Paterson 
of Bught, Captain in the Dutch service as late as 
1730. The Burgh Records of Inverness arc full 
of references to the Patersons. ... I always 
understoo<l Bishop John Paterson of the 
Inverness Patersons. I recall an Alexander 
Paterson, son of James Paterson, Episcopal 
clergyman at Arpafeelie, who reputed to be 
his descendant. Alexander was one of those 
who claimed interment within the Priory of 
Beauly, and a leading pursuer in the legal process 
which occurred when the late Thomas Alexander, 
Lord Lovat, tried to get unrestricted possession 
and control of the Priory ruins." 

The late William and Murdo Paterson, Civil 
Engineers, Inverness ; their brothers, Alexander, 
Surveyor of Taxes, Edinburgh, and Donald, tenant 
of Balrobert ; and their cousins, Peter, tenant of 
Milton, Alexander, F.C. minister, Dunlilane, and 
William, commission agent, Dingwall, were all 
grandsons of a younger brother of Alexander Pater- 
son, at Gordon's Mill. William Paterson, another 
brother of Alexander's, was Dean of the Diocese of 
Ross in last century. P. J. Anderson. 

University Library, Aberdeen. 

44. Heraldic Shields. — A List of the Armorial 
Bearings that adorn the following buildings, &c., 
wouM be appreciated : — King's College, St. 
Machar's Cathedral, Bridge of Dee. 

Little Fir lot. 

45. Heraldrv. — Can any of your readers tell me 
who carried the following: — On a bend engrailed 
throe escallops. Thi-, coat •^f arms is carved on an 
anli(|ue chair, wilh initials " I. K.," and dale 1659. 

Little Firloi. 

, .■ic;;> 1. : vii.ii'viiiu 



[March, 1900. 



Mtrray LEcrrREs at Kint.'s College 
(I-. '35. '55 ; III., 44, 45 : v., 9 ; VI., 157 ; VIII., 
2S, 47, 175). .-\(I,1 the fullowing :— 1848-49. The 
Conflict aiiUtlie Armour. Dy John Aliel, Alierdeen, 
'S49- P. J. A.NDERSON-. 

33. Green Book (I., 2n<l .S., 126).— This phrase 
is a reference to a monastic practice of keeping a 
l)Ook in which is recorded the faults of the members 
of the estahlishment, and which had probably been 
bound in green. In the proverbs of a certain Italian 
ecclesiastic (one Chatrian, I think) occurs the counsel, 
"Do not be a Green liook." In other words— be 
not qiven lo the uncharitable hal)it of remembering, 
or commenting on, the shortcomings of your brethren! 



The Sioltiih Rcjoriiiation : lis Epochs, Episodes, 
LecuUrs, aiul Disliiutive Characteristics (/leitii; the 
flair,/ Lecture for iSc)C)). By the late Alexander 
F. Mitchell, D.D., LL.D., Emeritus Trofesisor 
of Church History in St. Andrews University. 
William Blackwood & Sons, Edinburgh and Lon- 
don, 1900. 

As the Last ripe fruit of the accurate scholarship and 
temperate judgment of its distinguished author, this 
volume is sure of a sympathetic and cordial welcome 
from all who, whether as the result of the study of 
Dr. Mitchell's previous works, or as a consequence 
of impressions made upon them during their student 
career, have le.arned to appreciate the broadminded 
fairness and scrupulous candour which were anion" 
the most not.ible characteristics of the late occupant 
of the Church History chair of St. .\ndrews University 
Owing to the fact that Dr. Mitchell had already 
entered on the last stage of the malady to which he 
succumbed at the date when his lectures required to 
be delivered, their author had, of course, to obtain 
the help of his friend and former student, Trofessor 
Robertson of Gl.asgow, to read them in his For 
the same reason the present volume has had to be 
edited by another friend of the departed Professor, 
Dr. Hay Fleming of .St. Andrews. In spite, how- 
ever, of the obvious disadvantage of being issued 
posthumously, and without the bcndlt of iliat careful 
revision which, had he survived, their author would ' 
no doubt have bestowed upon them, these lectures 
form a valuable cnirilnuioii to our acquaintance with 
the Ref.irniation period of our national hi>lory. In 
particular, many re.'.ders will be .--I'ecially grateful to 
their author Tor the full analysis here given, both of '■ 
the Old .ScottLsh Confession of 1560 and the liodk of 
Connnon Or.ler. ami als.i ,,f ihe First and Sec.nd 
no..ks ,.f Discipline. While ihe .-.dui .u.d r,.,i, lusive 
way in which, in opposition to Ihe High (.'luirrli ajid 

Semi-Sacerdotalist |.arty in his own communion, 
whose contention is that "the i,ka of extemporaneous 
prayer as an appropriate vehicle of public devotion is 
one quite unknown to the Reformation," Dr. Mitchell 
demonstrates the fact that the T.ook of Common 
Order was never meant as a rigid liturgy to be rcacl 
unvarymgly by the olTicialing minister, but was 
simply supplied as a guide or model, to be foll.,we.l 
according to the discretion of the preacher, is certainly 
a contribution of no mean value to the settlement of 
a question which is of more than anlicpiarian interest 
in Its bearing on present day church tendencies in 
most, if not all, of the Scottish Cliurches. l-urlher 
the intelligent loyalty with which Dr. .Mitchell hcrJ 
supports the old Sc.llish evangelical tra.liiinns, and 
declares his personal adhesion to the doctrine of "r.ace 
IS a most gratifying feature of this interesting and 
instructive volume. The biographical sketches of ihe 
chief i^rolagonists in our Reformation struggle are 
treated most sympalhelically, and rlispl.ay marks of 
independent and original research. This is especially 
the case with the accunt of Alexander .Mane, beller 

, "7? , ^5. -'M';"'"'' ""^ '''■'^■"'' ""■ ^telanchtllon. 
I robably Dr. .Mitchell has here given the fullest and 
most accurate narrative of that remarkable man's 
career that has yet appeared. 

It only requires to be .ad.led that Dr. Christie of 
Gilinerton has prefaced these lectures by a sketch of 
their author's life and character, which is marked by 
great good taste an.l genuine feeling, and which 
succeeds in conveying to the reader's min.l a very 
clear impression of the outstanding features of Dr 
Mitchell's noble personality, with its modest di-nily', 
painstaking thoroughness, ami dispassionate candour.' 

Scots ISooHs of the /IDontb. 

Oliphant, Mrs. Kirsieen : the Story of a Scotch 
Family Seventy Years Ago. New ed. Cr. 8vo. 
^''' Macmillan. 

Mucklebackit, S. Edinburgh Poems and Songs. 
5/-- Haddington : \V. Sincl.nlr. 

Royce, J. The World an.l the In.lividual : Gilford 
Lectures bef.ire Abcrrleen Univer.sily. First Series • 
tour Historical Conceptions of Being. Svo. 12/6 
"*-■'■ ' .M.icmillan. 

Graham, H. G. Social Life of Scotland in the iSih 
Century. 2 vols. 2nd ed. Roynl Svo. 24/-. 


Mitchell, A. F. .Scotlish Rcformalion: Fpochs 
Lpisodes, Leaders, ami Distinctive Characteristics' 
.ami Lecture for 1890. VA. by D. Hay l-lcmin-' 
biog .Sketch of Author by Dr. James Chrisiij; 
''■^™- '^/■- Blackwood. 


1 I.y ,\. r.ii 

>UN .-i C..., 1; 
sh.MlM L.:.i,l,I,v 

.:;Uiii.,i, Sir.;c 


. A Lor. 


■ I'l....-, AI..1 
he l'ui.|i,l,or. 

. AUril,' 

|>'I l:.i- 





s^„,^.] No. lo. 

APRIL, 1900. 


Notes :— Pa(;f. 

I:jTon\ M:.ttrnal Ancestors 14S 

I.ocnI Ilililio'^r.-tpliy 149 

Old rc:ichurs i)f Aberdeenshire, 1771-1S53 152 

AberJi--en-.\iueriain Gradu.ites 153 

MiNou NoTt;^:— 

A^liqu.-v^i.^ll Piscover>-at lUrrow— The I.ate Mr. James 

Spence, The Insiiiute, 148 

A Cure for Kpileiisy— The Imperial " Kcu Ci.inplct ■ — 
LadyJ.ihn ScuilofSpoltiswoode— The Stone Circles 

of Scniland-l.'al.ler Hrid-e iS'i 

The " Skehnorllc Aisle ' 156 

Qler.ks :- 

WliyteMeKiUe-FainilyPediarees— Alexander Whjle, 
Ke,-enl, Marischal Colleae-l'r.ifessor .Mas„)n's Re- 
ministences— Aherdecn I'hilosophical .Society, No. 2 

— li.liiil.nri;h I'eri.Klic;d Literature I ;;6 

Interval between Successive Uirtbs 157 

Answers :— 

The .Marischal Street Theatre 157 

Course i>f Study for Ministry — Aberdeen Doctors (of 

Medi.ii.e)iMtn57 159 

Sir Robert Sibbald-The I'atersons of Inverness- 
Heraldic Shields at King's College 160 


Scots Hook's of the Month 160 


(CoiitiiiiuJ from Vol. /., 2i!<i S., p. r^i.) 


Mv articles on the Gordons of Giyht have 
alre.idy run over more space than I anticipated, 
for they have occupied a place in these paycs 
since February last year, with the e.\ception of 
the issues for March and November. The 
history of the Gii;ht Gordons, so interesting- 
in itself, and so vitally important as bearing 
on the strain of I'.yron's character, had been 
M> fritiucnily stated in the terms of me.ayre 
tr.nlitions that I have been tempted to go 
into it at minute length, quoting chapter and 
verse where possible ; anil )'ct, after all, I 
.im left with certain corrections to cfrect and 
^nei-.d addititins to make, mostly in the shape 
id the irrefui.vble aiuhority of the R,x/s/rr 
■ •/ t'.c S^.i/, for, while 1 am at it, 1 think 

it is better to state the whole case of the Gight 
family, so far as I know it. 

The Maitlands of Gicht. 
The estate of Gight originally belonged to the 
family of .Maitland. Their history is very 
obscure, but it is certain that the .Maitlands had 
been niixetl up with the Gordons for a long 
time, for Kliz.abeth Maitland (sister of Sir 
I'atrick) married the notorious "Jock" Gordon 
of Scurdargiie, the ille;_;itimate cousin and 
contemporary of the heiress, Mlizabcth Gordon 
(she ilicd 1438}, who married .Mexander Seton 
(created Lord (Gordon). The chief evidence of 
the lands of Gight coming into the Gordons' 
possession will be found in three documents in 
the charter cliest of Ellon Castle, as Mr. 
Thomas Mair has already noted in these pages 
(answer to tjuery 1090, isl series) : — 

(1) /)a/c.l Mclhlich, May 23, 7./67.— Elizabeth 

and Janet Maitlanrl, daughters of the late Sir 
I'atrick Maitlaml ("for to 1)C bundyne and 
sikerlie to be obleist . . . till ane nobil 
and niichtic lord our doirest lord George Lord 
Gordon and Master of Ihintly [afterwards 2nd 
Earl of Iluntly] for his grot . . . help 
don till us ... in our said fadyr herit.age 
. . . and alsiia for ye helping . . . of us 
till our mariage, and for great soums of gold 
and silver and other movalde gudes gilline to 
us") resigned the lands of Gight or Schives in 
favour of the Earl. 

(2) Dated Mdhlkk, June rj, /^i/.— Resignation of 

Janet Maitland in pursuance of tlie aliove 
bond, of the Lands in the hands of the 1-ling 
as superior. 

(3) Dated Perth, June J3, /^6y.—Thc Royal 

Charter fnllowing on Last, to George Lord 
Gordon of Gight", Naterdale, Tcttinbiinzeane 
and DruMinaketli. 
/3-9J-, JVjv. rj. — The King granted the lands of 
Carnefeclnll, .Vuchiulek, and I'itlriclue lo 
Riibert Maitland of .Vuchincrielf, wh.) had 
sold them to William tlordon uf Gight ami 
Elizabeth Gordon, the diinl laird's wi.low. 

I may add 1505 the wlien William 

Gordon was CNConimunicated. 

I)es|iite these tninsfereuces of the e-late. 

the .M.iitlauda seem to have still retained the 



[April, 1900. 

superiority of the lands of Giyht, for they 
received a charter of infeftment from the Kinij 
on July 6, 1672 {Acts of Parliament). On 
August 3, 1674, Sir Richard Mailland of 
Pitrichie, one of the Senators of the College of 
Justice, and his son, Sir Richard (as noted in 
the Records of Ahoyiic\ entered into a contract 
with Charles, Earl of Aboyne, whereby they 
sold to him the lands and barony of Gight or 
Schivas, and, in terms of that contract, they 
resigned the lands. Thereupon Charles II. 
granted a charter under the Great Seal of the 
lands and barony of Gight in favour of the 
Earl of Aboyne, dated Edinburgh, August 4, 
1675. This occurred in the time of the ninth 
laird of Gight, about whom so little is known. 
It will be remembered that Gight was given 
in the first instance to Adam Gordon, who 
exchanged it with his brother, William, for 
Aboyne. In 16S1 the Scots Parliament again 
ratified the charter in favour of Sir Richard 
Maitland (see the Acts). Though it has nothing 
to do with the present inquiry, I may note that 
the Maitlands were at loggerheads with the 
Gordons so late as 1760, when Major Arthur 
Maitland of Pitrichie brought an action against 
William Gordon, as trustee for Katherine and 
Anne Maitland. This trial shows that the male 
line of Maitland became e.xtinct in 1704, thus — 
Sir Charles Maitland of Pitrichie died circa 1700, 
after entailing his estate. I le left : — 
Sir Charles Maitland of Pitrichie, who died 

without issue, after burdening the estates. 
Mary Maitland, married, and had a son, Arthur 

Maitland (the plaintift). 
Jane Maitland, married Alexander .\rbuthnot, 
son of Lord Arbuthnot, who became a judge, 
with the title of Baron Maitland. His wife, 
who granted a heritable bond to Dr. John 
Gordon (who was he ?), died in 1740, leaving — 
Charles Maitland, advocate, 1727. He had 
Pitrichie, Auchincreive, and liought Kin- 
mundy. He died in 1751, without issue. 
Anne Maitland [by old Sir Charles's will all 
his descendants had to take the name of 
Maitland], born 1711. 
Katherine Maitland, born 1 7 14. 
The Courts decided that Major .\rthur Maitland 
should get Pitrichie. 

The First L.\ird ov Gight. 

The first reference to Gight in the Register of 
the Great Sea! occurs under date Xov. i, \^,^•yo, 
as follows : — 

Apud Ediid.urgh. 

Kcx conformavit cartam Coorgi'ii cmiii^ .Ic I lunllci 
ct dum. de Badenoch — [(|ua — pro tiliali atleciionc 

etc — concessit filio suo carnali Wilklmo Cordoun — 
terras et baroniam dc Sclicves cum jurilms et 
pertinentiis vie. Abirdene — Adam tlordoun 
lilius carnalis cjusdeui comitis, in excambiuui (|uarun- 
dam terrarum baronio de Olxjync, vie. prL'dict, in 
nianus dicti comitis [icrsonalilcr rcsignavit. Tcnendn 
dicto Wil et heredibus ejus mascubs do curpore 
legitime procrcatis, quibus ilclicicnlilius liurcdil)us 
dicti comitis (juilniscunciue rcvcrsuras. I'acioml. regi 
scrvitium forinsccum rjuantum i\\^ tcrri<: et l>nronia 
de Scheves pertinent, et dicto comili tres scctas .ad 
tria placita capitalia de llunllei apud ]iriiicipale 
mcssuagium cjusdeui, necnon debita et consuela 
servitia.] Test .-Mcx. dom de tlordoun, David 
Ogilvy dc Tobiiad, Pat. Crantuly, rectore de tllas, 
John Anilrce, vicario do Hotary, An<I. f'rasaro et 
And. Nesbit : — Apuil lluntlee, 2 Oct., I400. 

Another interesting stage in the history of the 
estate was when Lord I luntly resigned (~.iglit, 
for on May 16, 140H, the King confirmed 
William's charter settling tlic estate on him ; 
failing him on his brotlicr, James Ciordon of 
Cairnbannoch ; and failing him on the carl ("et 
heredibus propinquiorihus ejus quibus cun(|uc"). 

On January 4, 1511, the King again confirmed 
the charter by William Gordon anrl Joneta 
Ogilvy, his wife (mentioned here for the first 

On December 6, 1512, the King again con- 
firmed the charter by William, who had sold to 
Alexander Gray, burgess of .Vberdecn, the lands 
of Xewton of Schivas. It will be rciiicmbcred 
that the Grays of Schivas helped the Gights to 
give much trouble to the Covenanters. This 
deal may explain tlie fact tliat Sir William 
was elected a burgess of .-Xberdcen in 1511-2, 
along with Robert Anthonc, tailor {.Miseet/anv 
of the New Spalding Club). He fell at Flodde'n 
in the following year. 

The First L.mrd's D.\ughter. 
Barbara Gordon married, as her second 
husband, John Grant of Ballindalloch, who was 
killed on September 11, 1559, by John Roy 
Grant of Carron. As a sample of the sense of 
fate which followed the Gight family, I may 
quote Sir Robert Gordon, who notes (in the 
Earls of Sutherland, p. 416) that, on the same 
day 71 years later (1630), when the "inveterat 
feid and malice'' between the families were still 
rampant, John Grant of Ballindalloch, the 
grcat-granilson of Barbara Gordon's husbantl, 
killed James Grant of Carron. Sir Robert 
Gordon looked upon this as " the provitlence 
and secret judgement of the Almightie God." 
He remarks : — 

John Roy Grant of Carron [llie murderer of 1559] 
wes loft-hande.l : so is this John Grant of liallen 
d.\llogh [in ibjo] left banded also : and moreover it 




is to be observed tliat B.illendallugli, .il the killing of 
C.irron [in 1630], liaci vpon him the same coat-of- 
armour, a maiUie coat, which John Roy of Carron 
had vpon him at the slaughter of the 
of this Ballendallogh [in 1559] : which maillie coat 
Dallendalloyh had, a little before this tyme [1630], 
taken from James Grant in a skirmish that passed 
betwixt them. Thus wee doe sie that the juilgements 
of God are inscrutable, and that, in his owne tyme, 
he punishcth blood by blood. 

The "jiidg^emcnt of God," however, did not 
prevent linllindalloch's bcinj,' so harried by the 
Canons he had to " the from the north of 
Scotland and live for the most pairt in Edin- 

In 1553 the Queen f,'^rantcd a charter to John 
Grant (murdered in 1559). Geor^^e Gordon 
"miles," apparently the second laird of C.i.^ht, 
his brother-in-law, and Mr. William (irant 
appear in it as the "curatorcs" of Patrick 
Grant (John's nephew), who bought the lantl of 
Tullochcarron at this date. It was he who 
carried on the liallindalloch line. 

Gr.\nu.son oi'- THE First Laird. 
JoJin Gon/on (the son of James of Cairn- 
bannoch), whom I have described as the father 
of " Wallcnstein" Gordon, is stated in the 
Familic of Iii/ics to have been killed at the 
"battle of Flanders." He is probably the 
" Captain Gordon " who, according to t'eryuson's 
history of the Sco/s Brii^adc in Holland., was 
killed before .Xntwerp, 13th August, 1584. Mr. 
Ferguson identifies him as the Gordon who 
served in the Company of Colonel William 
Stuart in the brigade, 1579-S1. 

" Wallenstein" Gordon'. 
Some new light is thrown on Colonel John 
Gordon, who assassinated Wallenstein, 1634, 
by Gilbert Gordon of Sallagh, in his continua- 
tion of Sir Robert Ciordon's Gi'/wafoi^v of t/ie 
Earls of Siitlicrlaiid, 1813 : — "This Collonel 
Gordon is descended of the hous of Gight : he 
hath also followed the emperor's [Ferdinand's] 
parties since the last wans in Germany. He 
was taken prisoner be the King of Sweden 
[Gustavus Adolphus] hard by the citie of 
Norcnborgh, when he had his leaguer about 
tliat town in defence thercot'f. The King of 
Sweden issued out of his leaguer about Waren- 
bimrgh with a parly of a thousand foot and fyve 
lunidredth hors, antl rencountering with Colonel 
Spaw, Leivelenant - Collonel Jolui Gordon, 
Captain W.ilter i.cslic, and others leading a 
stronger and gre.iter partie of tlie cmperialists, 
the king in\atled them and beat them, after a 
h>ng and sharp fight : killed the most p.irt of 
them ; tooke Spaw, Ciordon and Leslie prisoners, 

and sent them into Norembourgh. [Nuremburg, 
Nov., 1 63 1.] The king kept Leivetenant- 
Collonel Gordon prisoner with him six weekes, 
and then for his valour released him without 
ransome." Gordon's share in tlie assassination 
of Wallenstein is severely handled in the Rev. 
W.altcr Hartc's life of Gustavus Adolphus., 
London, 1759 (pp. 51-7), who quotes Pufendorf 
to the effect that Wallenstein had " raised him 
from a private soldier." 

The Second Laird. 
I (inexplicably) altered one of Dr. Temple's 
correct statements, and made the second laird 
William instead of George. Sir Robert Gordon 
(in the Earls of Sutherland) states that the 
seconil laird was George, and existing charters 
show the same. It was he, and not the third 
laird (as stated) who married Elizabeth Gordon. 
On July 15, 1522, he was one of those who 
witnessed, in Lord Huntly's lodging in Edin- 
burgh, William Scott of lialueary's resignation 
of the lands of Parkhill in favour of his lordship 
iJ\L\-ords of Aboync, p. 55). The same authority 
tells us that he and his wife Elizabeth were 
parties to a contract with Alexander Con of 
.'\uchry and William his son, wherein it was 
stipulated that "so soon as Sir George or his 
heirs got lands paying So merks penny mail in 
Buchan or Garioch, and infcfts said Alexander 
or William Con or their heirs therein, by Charter 
and .Sasine, they shall grant to said Sir George 
wadset right thereof, not to be redeemed for 10 
years, for the sum of ./^Soo, and a fifteen years' 
tack after redemption." 

The following evidence comes from the 
Register of the Great Seal :— 

1J2S. Oet. 7. The King confirms the charter by 
George Gordon, who had sold to Robert Maitl.and 
and Slarjorie his wife the lands in Auchincrcif in 
Schivas. The witnesses (at Aberdeen, Oct. 2, 152S) 
were Alexander Hay, Prebend of TurrilT, Gilbert 
Hay of Schivas, Alexander Gordon, Mr. Gilbert 
Chalmers and Mr. William Hay. 

/5'J/. Dec. 16. Charter again confirmed, Gordon 
having sold " ingenioso juveni " Alexander Knowis, 
son and heir of the late James Knowis, burgess of 
Aberdeen, the lands of Newton of Schivas. Gilbert 
Menzies of Kindon was young Knowis's tutor. 

^SS4- l^l"y 7- Gordon's charter confirmed, he 
having sold to Laurence Ogilvy (" consanguinco 
suo"), Newton of .Schivas and lioi|uhanyoqnhy in— " Keservatis dicto (Jeo. arrenilalione ct 
fruclibus diet terr.arum doneci diet Laurcnlius in 
terris de Newtoun molestarelur et regressu ad eas 
casu ([uo non molestarelur." 

IS /o. Feb. II. The King confirmed the charier 
by (iordon and his wife in the l.iiicls uf lliii|uhanyoeh- 
([uhy, which Gordon had resigned " personaliter." 


[April, igoo. 

'j4.^- J"ly 'S. Gordon's charter confirmctl on 
his SL-lling to Daviil Gordon in Savoch the lands of 
Newton of Schivas. 

/jV6. Scpl. J. He witnessed (at Stirling) a 
charier ofxMexander, Lord Elphinstone, dealing with 
the lands of Corgarff, Skellater, Invernety, Kildrunmiy 
and others. 

/y^6. Oct. He is described (in the Rcloiirs) at 
this date as " haeres Willielmi Gordoun." 

I54y. March 2J. He witnessed (at Edinburgh) 
a charter dealing with the Earl of Athol. 

IS4J. May S. The King confirmed the charter 
by (iordon and his wife Elizabeth, for the lands of 
Little Gight, lioquhannochqidiy (with mill), which 
they resigned. On the same occasion he witnessed 
(at Edini)urgh) one of Lord Huntly's charters. 
This shows that the second laird was not dead 
in 1546, as I formerly stated. Indeed, I think 
it was he (and not the third laird) who was 
accused by the Trivy Council on October 12, 
1564 (alony with " Geor-^e Gordon, younjjer of 
Giyht," whom I cannot identify, and nineteen 
others) for the "crcwale invassion of William 
Con of Auchry and luu'ting" and wounding of 
him in divers parts of his body to the great 
effusion of his blude ; and striking and di aging 
with a brydill " three of Con's cottars and 
"vtheris." They were all acquitted. The third 
laird had certainly no son, so that this Con 
incident seems to belong to the second laird. 
It may be remembered that, in 1607, John 
Gordon of Ardlogie, the third laird's cousin, 
was hand in glove with Patrick Con of Auchry 
in an attack on the Mowatts of Fialquholly. 

I may note that the Gordons are called "de 
Geith" for the first time in the Privy Council 
I\txis/c-r of August 31, 1537. Till then they are 
spoken of as "de Scheves." 

( To be continiieil. ) 

Antiqu.vrian Discovery at r.ARUOW.— 
During excavations at Furncss .Abbey an in- 
teresting historical discovery was made the other 
day. P'our feet below the present level, in the 
sacristy cast of the north transept, an early 
Norman apsidal chapel was laiil bare, supposed 
to have been the residence of the Cistercians 
before the great abbey was erected. .\ large 
area of bones of human beings were also found, 
the remains being mostly in an e.\cellcnt state 
of preservation, considering that they had been 
buried over 400 years. One skeleton was tliat 
of a man over six feet, and the skulls were 
remarkable for great ihiikncss. The chapel 
walls were found to be from live to six feet 

Thk Latk Mr. Jami:s .Si'Icnck, Thk 
iNSTiTUTK, Peterhead.— Mr. Spence was a 
native of Elgin, born 17th October, 1S27, died 
2Sth January, 1900, aged 72 years. He was 
educated at Anderson's Institution, anil early 
displayed conspicuous capacity as a student, 
was engaged in teaching when only 16 years of 
age, and continued connected with education up 
to the time of his death— first near Elgin, then 
in Edinburgh, for many years in lianff, and for 
the past 16 years in Peterhead. In every 
position that lie occupied during over half a 
centur^', he secured and retained the confidence 
and respect of all with whom he came in con- 
tact. It is as an accomplished, cidtured 
Anti(|uary that we here add a stone to his 
monumental cairn. In 1872 he published "The 
Ruined Castles, Monuments of former men in 
the vicinity of P.anft"." In iSSo, The lianlVahire 
Field Club was formed, and .Mr. Spence 
appointed Secretary. He continued in tliat 
capacity till he left Pjanff for Peterhead, w hen 
he was appointed President. He contributed 
several valuable papers to the Club and con- 
tinued to take an interest in it up to the time 
of bis death. In 1S87 he founded the liuchan 
Field Club, of which he became president in 
1S91. He was one of the most enthusiastic 
members of the club, both at outdoor and in- 
door meetings, and contributed many valuable 
papers, published in their transactions. His 
first contribution "The Stone Circles of Old 
Deer" has become classic. " The Ha' Moss and 
Castlehill of Invcrugie " displayed originality 
and much research; other papers are "The 
Gordons of Gight," " Inverallochy Castle," " St. 
Columba," "On the objects and working of the 
IJuchan Field Club," " Folk Lore Days and 
Seasons," are all characterised by literary taste 
and thorough grasp of the subjects dealt with. 
Among the last of his literary work for publica- 
tion was a series of papers, " The Origin of the 
Picts," who were, he contended, a Teutonic 
people, and which appeared in chapters in the 
Pi'tcrlicad Sentinel, and at the time of his death 
were being prepared for publication in book 
form. Some years ago he contributed to the 
JoiiDuil of Rditcation a scries of papers on 
English Grammar which elicited much attciilion 
among cclucation.alisls at the time. Mr. Spence 
was modest anil imas-iuniing to .a ili-grif, genial, 
kindly, and hospitable. .\ man whom to know 
was to love and respect. 




The following; list of 31 works by Dr. \V. Gordon 
Stables is additional to the .Spaldiii^f Club Mand 
List of 53, and to a supplementary list of 24 com- 
municated by the author himself to S. N. is' (j., 
viii., 10. The list is still imperfect. 

The family history of James Stephen, an 
Aberdonian of last century, whom wc note as 
the author of a pamphlet on civil imprisonment 
for debt, is one of the most romantic in our 
local annals. Amony his descendants are James 
Stephen, .Master in Chancery, who was partly 
educated at Marischul ColleL;e, and whose 
works we enumerate ; the Ri;,'ht Hon. Sir 
James Stephen, K.C.B., Under Secretary of 
State for the Colonics ; Sir (jcorye Stephen, 
Q.C., the eminent abolitionist ; Sir James 
Fitzjamcs Stephen, Bart., Q.C., distinguished 
criminal lawyer and judye ; Leslie Stephen, 
Litt.D., author and biographer, antl Sir Herbert 
Stephen, Bart., one of the best living authorities 
on judicial procedure in the Enylish Courts of 


Smyth, John B. (Banff). 

Comparative Returns from Capital 
invested in Land. 
Smyih, Spcnccf Thouias (M.D., AV//^^V 
Coll., 1849). 
Essay on the Pathology and Treat- 
ment of Puerperal Insanity. 
Sqiiibbs, E. 

The Northern System for Home 
Stables, Alc.^aihler. 

Report on Investigation into State 
of the Affairs of the Aberdeen 
Mason Lodge. 
Stables, IV. Gordon. 

On to the Rescue ; a tale of the 

Indian .Mutiny. 
Shireen and her Friends. 
To Greenland ami the Pol 
Tr.avels by the Fireside. n 1896. 

For Life and Liberty. h h 

How J.ick Mackenzie won his 

Ep.iuleites. m i> 

The Cruise of the Rover Caravan. n n 

Shoulder to Shoulder. ir .1 

The Rose of -Mlamlale. n n 

The Pearl Divers and Crusoes of 

the Sargossa .Sea. n n 

Porn to be a Sailor. Bristol, .i 

For Honour, not Honours. Lond., >i 

The Ailments of Do^s. „ [1S97]. 

ICvcry Incli a S.^ilnr.' 
A Fight foe Preedon.. 

For Cross or Crescent. n li 

Frank Ilarilinge. ., ibyS. 

K. J. 

Edin., 1S7S. 

Lond., s.a. 

Abd., 1S96. 


Lond. [1S95]. 

The Island of Gold : a Sailor's 

A Life on the Ocean \Yave. 
In tlie Land of the Lion and the 

A Girl from the .Slates. 
The Naval Cadet : a Story of 

'Twi.\t Daydawn and Light. 
Off to Rlondyke. 
A Pirate's Gold. 
Courage, True Hearts: the story 

of three boys. 
Remember the .Maine. 
.\nnie o' the banks o' Dee. 
Kidnapped by Cannibals. 
Sh.a<lowed for Life. 
Old England on the Sea 

Stark, James. 

Elsi)elh and her Neighbours. 
The Lights of the North. 

Lond., 1S9S. 


Home Mission, E. 

Stalcnicnt, C^c. 

Statement anil Memorial ( Keduction 

of Lieeiises). 

Statement for Dcaions'' Court — Free 
South Church. 

Abd., 1S94. 

Abd., 185S. 

„ 1S32. 

„ 1865. 

„ 1792. 

.1 1S40. 

Statement of the Debt, ^e. ( Public 

Statement relative to proposed Model 

Statement of the Funds and Affairs of 
the General Kirk Session of 
St. Nicholas. II 1 848. 

The Statue of our Lady of Good Success. n 1887. 


Instructions by the late J. S. ©f 
Edinburgh to his Testamentary 
Trustees for erection of a 
monument in memory of Sir 
William Wallace, dated 13th 
March, i860. „ 1879. 

Stephen, Alexander (A'insfs Coll., 

History of the Wars which .arose 

out of the French Revolution. 

2 vols. Lond., iSoj. 

Memoirs of John Home Tooke. 

2 vols. 1. 1S13. 

A .Memoir of llie Life of the Right 

Hon. J. P. Curran. ir 1817. 

The Annual Biographyand Obituary. 

5 vols. „ 1817-21. 

Stepliensiana (in the Monthly 

Mit^'titine). u 1S21. 

Edit. First 9 vols, of " Public 

Characters." ■. \. >. 

Edit. Tile Templar. ■■ .. 



[April, 1900. 

Steplun, Forbes. 

Rural Amusements ; or a New 

Miscellany of Epistles, I'oems, 

Songs, &c., written in the 

Scottish dialect. Abd., 1781. 

SUfhen^ Jatncs. 

Considerations on Imprisonment 

for Debt, proving that the con- 
fining ... of debtors is 

contrary to common law . . . 

justice . . . and policy. Loml., 1770. 
Stephen, James (Mar. Coll., ms-b 
and ly-jy-S). 
The Crisis of the .Sugar Colonics. Lond., 1S02. 
War in Disguise. n 1S05. 

(.AnotJtcr Cilition, LoiiJ., /S06.) 
Introduction to the .Speech of 

J. Randolph, i\:c. ., 1S06. 

Observations on the .S|)eech of 

J. RandoIi)h. u ■• 

The Dangers of the Country. m 1S07. 

New Reasons for Abolishing the 

Slave Tr.-ide. ,1 1, 

Reasons for est.iblishing a Registry 

of Slaves. ,. 1S15. 

A Defence of the Bill for the Regu- 
lation of Slaves, in Letters to W. 

Wilberforce— Letter the first. .. 1S16. 

Letter the second. i, ,, 

The Speech of J. S., Esq., at the 

Annual Meeting of the .-Xfrican 

Institution, 26th March, 1817. „ 1S17. 

A Series of Letters addressed to 

the Allied Sovereigns at Aix-ia- 

Chapelle (in French). ,, iSiS. 

Strictures on the Cliarge of Canni- 
balism in the African n [1S21]. 
West India Slavery. 2nd ed. AIxl., 1S25. 
England enslaved by her own Slave 

Colonies. Lond., 1S26. 

(.?«(/ eil. , same place and date. ) 
The Slavery of the British West 

Indian Colonies delineated. 2 

vols. ,, 1524-30. 

Stcplicn, John. 

P.istoral .Admonition. Abd., 1S41. 

Bishop Colcnso on the Pentateuch. 1, iS6j. 
Step/icn, Johnston. 

Kincardineshire Election. The 

Story of .Mr. .Stephen's Letters, A:c. it [1S90]. 
Stephen, Thomas. 

The History of the Reformation 

and Church in Scotland. Hdin., 1S31. 

The BooU of the Con^^iluti.)n. ., 1S32. 

A Guide to the Morning and 

Evening Service of the Church 

of England. m 1835. 

(3nd id., Lond., iS/o.) 
An Essny on Tr,>nMd'-.laniiaiinn. ir .. 

The Confession of K.iilli ..f the 

Church of England in the Thirty- 
nine .\rticles. ,1 1S36. 

Edit. The Apostolic Office, by 

Bishop A. V. Griswold. 
The Spirit of the Church of Rome. 

{jrd ed., Lond., iSj.f.) 
Family Devotions from the Book 

of Contmon I'r.tyer. 
A Short Account of the Fasts and 
Festivals of the Church of Eng- 
A Popular E.vposition of the 

Thirty-nine Articles. 
A Gospel History of our Lord. 
.•V Brief ENp.wition of the 
Prophecies of Daniel and St. 
Stephen, iVilliam (nat. Newmafhar). 
Account of RalTord (Sincl.iir'b 
Ace, .\vi.). 
Stephen, li'illiam Henderson. 

Personal ICxi>eriences of i'tomainc 
Stevenson, .irehibald (nat. k'othiemny ; 
win. St. lifadoes). 
The .Small Success of the Gospel 
accounted for. 
Stevenson. IVilliain (Prof, of Eeelesias- 
tieal History, Edin., rSbi-y^). 
Extracts Translateil from the 
Breviary of Aberdeen. Privately 

No. 6, J. IVhitefoord Miehen^ie 
Sale Catalogue. 
Stephenson, William. 

Rickets and its Pathology. 
Phosphate of Soda in Small D.i^e^. 
The .-\ction of Mercury in Cliildren. 
Mechanism of Labour. 
Rotatory action in using Forceps. 
Our Babies. 

The Principle of Traction Rods. 
Chlorosis .and Menstruation. 
The Thinl Stage of Labour. 
Stewart, Ale.xander ( D.I\, .Var. Coll., 
Account of a late Revival of 
Religion in a part of the Iligli- 
lands of Scotland. 
(jnd ed., Abdn., iSot ; j'/-./, 
Edin., tSo2 ; 4th, 7.wlh 
AppendLx, Edin., iSrj, and 
Lond., /S/J.) 
ICIemenls of Gaelic Grammar. 
(jnd ed., Edin., 1S12 ; jrd ed., 
Edin., iS'jO ; 
Lond., tSi;6. 
Cocliruinneaelid Ta 

Ihair nam I'.ard G.xekach. 
Ster.'art, Alexander. 

Christ seeing of the travail uf His 


., 1840. 




Lond., 1892 

Edin., 1772. 



, I8r,5. 


■ 1877. 

, 18S3. 
, 1SS6. 

, 1894. 

Edin., 1800. 

another ed.. 
With Donald 

-lilade Shao- 





, 1S64. 


, 1S7S. 


, 1SS4. 





The Tree of Promise (with biography 
by A. Beilh). 

Slr.uart, Alexander (Hcaliuot). 

The Creation. (Abdn. pUl.) 

Hints on Health to the Over- 

The Divinity of Christ. 

The History of the Southern 
Kingdom in relation to the Law 
of ^Ioses. 

Is it right and Christian to Muni- 
cipalise the Drink Trallic. 

Unfernicnted Uible Wines. 

Stewart, AUxamkr { Frindpal, St. 
Mary's Coll., St. Aii.lrcxos). 
Handbook of Christian Kvidenees. 
(ReviicJ ami eiilargcil at. , iSqj. ) 

Stncart, Anhihilil Francis. 
Sermons. (I'riv. ptd.) 

Ste-tuari, Charles Cahler. 

Account of Aberdalgie and Dupi'lin 

(New Stat. Ace, x.). 
Lecture xxvii. (Free Church Pulpit 

SteTfart, Davui, M.D., Aberdeen. 

History of a Case of Pemphigus 
Major (Mod. Conim. , vi., 79). 
(WatCs Bibl. Britt.) 
Str.i'art, Dtigald. 

Account of the Life and Writings 
of Thomas Reid. 

(Another edition, iSii.) 
Stewart, Dniiean. 

A Practical Ar.ibic Grammar. 
Stcrvart, Gordon. 

Acct. of Bonhill (Sinclair's Stat. 
Ace, iii.). 
Ste:.'art, James. 

Outlines of Discourses. 
Stcii'art, John Lindsay (nat. Fetter- 
Punjab Plants. 

The Forest Flora of N.W. and 
Central India. Svo. 
(With 4to vol. of illustrations.) 
Contributions in Jour, liot., l!57,;,6\:c. 

11 II Proc. Lin. Soc. , 

art, Thomas Anderson. 
A Now First Greek Course. 

(2nded., iSjS; jrd, /SSr ; .///^ 
/SSj ; tth, iS^)i : Sth, iS>)<j.) 
An Advanced Greek Course. 
Key to same. 
The Odes of Horace translated 

into Faiglish. 
A Few Hints and Sui,'L;e^liiins to 

the I'uinlTeacliersin'my I'i-lricl. Fdin. (iSjn). 
Reports (Ldiicatiun Department). from 1S77. 


Edin., 1S79. 

Fdin., 1S41. 


Edin., 1S03. 

Lond., 1S41. 







1S73, &c. 





Arbr., 1S02. 

Lond., 1S5S. 

Phd., 1S42. 
Abd., 1S44. 
( " 1845). 


Stnuart, Walter (0/ Fardovan). 

Collections and Observations 
Methodized. (I'rinted for A. 
Urown, I'looksellor, Aberdeen.) 
Stcuart, William. 

The Bulk of the Chronicles of 
Scotland (Metrical Version of 
Bocce). Ed. by W. B. Turnbull. 
3 vols. 
Ste-.oart, William Allan. 

Pus in the Pleural Cavity. Mchr., 18(57. 

Case of Perforative Peritonitis. n iSSS. 

Still, Alexander William. 

Edit. "Birmingham Daily Gazette." 

Eirni., 1S90, &c. 
Still, Feter. 

Rustic Rhymes. 
Poems and Songs. 
The Cottar's Sunday. 

(>y //. No titUfa^c or dale. ) 
Still, Jan., Feter. 
Lays and Lyrics. 

[Notice of, in Kdwards' 100 
Modem Scot. Focts. Brechin, 
Still, W. G. 

Memorials of W. G. S. A Brief 
and Broken Ministry, by Rev. J. 
Angus. Carnoustie, 1SS4. 

Stille, C. J. 

A Memoir of the Rev. William 

Smith, D.D. Philad., 1S69. 

Stirling, Sir James. 

The Law Reports ; Chancery 

Division. Lond., 1S66, iS;c. 

Stirling, John. 

Account of Petercultcr. (New 
Stat. Ace, xii.) 
Stirling, J. H., and W. R. Smith. 

Lectures on tlie Philosophy of Law. 
Stirling, William. 

Applications of Physiolug)-, &c. 
The Nerves of the Lung of the 

Outlines of Physiological Chemistry. 
Text Book of Practical Histology. 

{Another edition, 1SS6.) 
Digestion in Fishes. 
Tlie Red and Pale Muscles of 


Trans., with additions. Laudoi's 

Text Book of I'hysiology, 2 vols. 

(.?«,/ ed., jSSS ; 4th, iS.jt ; 

American ed., Fhilad., iSSj.) 

Reflex F'unctions of the Spinal 

The Epithelium of the Cornea. 
Stirton, J. 

Thrum, and its fden.- ( cdi!ion>). Abd., 

(To lie continued,) 

Edin., 1S73. 
Abd., 1S77. 
Lond., iSSi. 





.1 ,/ ilA 



[April, 1900. 

SHIRE, 17-1-1S53. 

The old S.P.C.K., in its educational work, had 
unquestionably an honourable share in the 
formation of our national cliaractcr, particularly 
in the more remote districts of Scotland ; and 
the Society's noble band of Teachers deserve to 
be remembered. 

In 1616, "the King's Maiestie, with ad\ise 
of the Lords of his Secret Council, thought it 
necessar and expedient, that, in every paroch of 
this Kingdom, quhair convenient means may be 
had fur intertayning a scoole, that a scoole sail 
be established." The parochial school, however 
judiciously situated, could not possibly meet the ; 
necessities of the numerous parishes of great i 
extent : and thus the old " Society in Scotland ; 
for Propagating Christian Knowledge, " was in- 
corporated in 1709, "to erect and maintain 
Schools in such places of Scotland, particularly 
in the Highlands and Islands, as should be , 
found to need them most." So early as 171 1 
the Society resolved to have two schools planted 1 
"in the Highlands of .-Xberdeenshire, in and 
about the Dracs of Mar, on the heads of the 
rivers Don and Dee," and the salaries of the 
Teachers were fixed at 300 nierks. For more 1 
than a century and a half this charitable .Societv 
carried on its great work most successfully, and 
for many years was instrumental in providing a 
good and useful elementarj- education to over 
15,000 children annually. 

The conditions imposed by the Society on a 
landowner or district, were, that there should 
be provided for the Teacher " a comfortable 
dwelling-house, a school-house properly fur- 
nished with glass-windows, tables and benches ; j 
a garden (or Kail-yard;, fuel, a cow's grass, and ' 
fodder for the cow in winter, ^'/v;//.f." On a ' 
visitation in 1790, it was found that in manv 
cases the Teachers "houses, or rather hovels, 
were mean, cold, and destitute of every com- 
fortable addition, without a garden or cows 
grass, or fuel, save what tlicy paid for out of 
their small salary'" — in some cases only ^10 or 
£iS- Vet even under such depressing circum- i 
stances, those devoted men and women con- ; 
ducted their schools in such a manner as ; 
to call forth the highest connnendations tVom 
their Examiners. ' The motive to inihi>try uas 
certainly not the liberal remunor.ii-on, nor 
belter prospects in the future ; but a liig!\ 1 
sense of duty, and a real Une of cidiure f. .r 
its own s.ikc : virtue-., uh:. Ii ,;.>LiIjtK ~.- h.i.l .1 
salutary inil;ionce on tlu- more thuuglitlu! 
scholars, inspiring them \\'.:\\ l;!vu hi,-h idv.iN 
of the nobihtv of hone-.! uurk: fur ;lie\- dailv 

witnessed in their Teacher an embodiment of 
the wise injunction, that " whatsoever tliy hand 
findeth to do, </o it with thy might." 

The educational department of the S.l'.C.K. 
was some years ago transferred, under .in .Xct 
of Parliament, to a new body styled the "Trust 
for Education in the Highlands and Islanils of 

The following brief notices of some of the 
forgotten and humbler Tcichers of .\birdeen- 
sliire have been compiled from old Reports 
appended to the annual sermons pre.u lied on 
behalf of the S.l'.C.K., and as those prints are 
scarce, tlie information in this form 111. ly be of 
some interest to the readers of Si,'//is/i \i>/lS 
oil,! (Jiioics. Ilaiiicr notices might be obtained 
from the older MS. .Minutes of the Society. 
The subject could be enl.irgeil into a complete 
J'tisfi Si/io/u- A/ic>;/o>ic>is!s, by imUiding the 
Parish, Assembly, and .Adventure School 
Teachers ; a work which might be a])|)ropriately 
undertaken by the New Spalding Clulj, under a 
competent Editor. 

1. Al>.\.\i (.Mi,,), .M.\rc.,\i;et. TcicIkt fur .aslmrt 
time ahuut 1S49 of the .S.l'.C.K. Sclm..! for .Spinning, 
Sewing, .ind (jiIilt l)ranclie> uf feiiinlc inilu.-,try, at 
Earkhill, Chiny ; Salary, £(>. 

2. ll.MRi) (Miss), ^^.\KY. Teacher for die vcar 
1S47 of the S.l'.C.K. Scli.Kjl for Spinning, Sc-«'ing, 
and female industry at Toiigli ; Salary, £$. 

3. I'.ROWN, DuNCA.v. S.l'.C.K. TcachL-r at Tor- 
darrodi, Glengarden, from 1S03 to 1S21 ; with from 
63 to 79 scholars, the greater niinilier liuing hoys : 
Salary for the first ten years, £11, ; ihercaflci', ^^'15. 

4. Brown, .Mrs. Wife of the |iirccding (Xo. 3), 
from iSlo to 1829 was S.l'.C.K. Tcaclicr of the 
Sewing, .Vc., School at Tordarroch, (ilcngarden ; 
Salary, £'j. .Scholars ahom 25. 

5. C,\I.LL-M, D.wii.. (Ini7S4uritlen.MacCallum), 
S.P.C.K. Teacher from 1-^^ lo iSlo). Slalioiieil 
tirst at Craigielio, next at Camasour in Migvic and 
Tarlan.l. and la-tly at Clashm.jre. Commenced uitli 
x- 10, which was increased lo £\z, £\^, /16, and 
finally to ^17; from 1793 lie was .assisted hy his mui, 
hut without separate remuneration. The numher 
of scholars varied in ditierenl years from 31 lo G2. 

6. Caian.\cii, Jamks. S.l'.C.K. Teacher at 
Tii:y.!ul.e or Tilliduke, Slrallulon, from iSlo to 
1.^48. Scholars numbered from CC lo Si, of whom 
aii.iut a thir.l were girls ; Salary, ;^15. 

7. Cl-..\Ti;u, Wll I.IAM. lifih Teacher in Micce.-Mon 
(-ee Xo-. o, 10,45, 50)- of the imp..iiant School nl 
New I'lisligo, Tyrie, jointly .-uj-porteil hy die .S.P.C.K. 
an.i the Clerk lamily of I'ii>Iigo. Trom 1834 to 1S3S 
^.e .>-!,,.|.u, nun.'.ered 130 lo 15J: Sal.„y Ir, ,M 

8. C!ll-li..|.M. fllN. C..ndncted th.- S I'C K 
S.-h....| al .\,,ii.r ;„■ al,„iu J4 je,u--,>>,, k. 1848: 
bchol.irs nuiiihered bi lo 74; Salary, £1^. 



9. Clerk, John. Encouraseil by the Clerk family 
of I'itiligo, he raised the Scliool at New I'itsligo, 
Tyrie, to one of r;rcat efficiency and importance. 
From iSlo to 1S16 the .Scholars niuiibcrcd 142 to 
169, of whom ahout 40 were ;^irl5 ; Salary from the 

s.r.c.K., ^15. 

10. COLI.IS, Mrs. S.r.c.K. Teacher of the School 
for Spinning, .Sewing, and other branches of female 
industry, at Bridge of Girnac, from 1S32 to 1S3S ; 
Scholars, 12 to 16 ; Salary, ^,'5. 

11. Crank (Miss), Ann'. From 184910 1S53 con- 
ducted the School for Sewing, &c., at Touch ; .Salary, 

12. Crann, William. Succeeded John Chisliolm 
(No. S) as S.l'.C.K. Teacher at Atdler from 1S50 to 
1S53 ; Salary, ^iS. 

13. Cruckshanics (Miss), IIelkn. For a short 
period in 1S4S Teacher of the S.l'.C.K. School for 
Sewing, &c., at Alford ; Salary, £%. 

14. CuMMiNi;, Alexandf.r. For about 37 years 
a Teacher under the S.T.C.K. Appointed in 1793 to 
the .School at New I'ark, I'.raes of Glengardim, at a 
Salary of £\2 ; removed abnvit iSio to Aberarder, 
where he continued till 1S29 ; Salary, .^15. In 1S21 
the Scholars numbered 62 ; the highest numbers were 
in iSio. when there svere Sii boys and 40 girls on the 

15. CuMMlNr., Mrs. Wife of the preceding : con- 
ducted the Spinning, Sewing, \c. , School at Al)er- 
arder from 1S14 to 1S30 ; Scliolars numbered from 16 
to 28 ; Salary, £^. 

16. Farquhar, Rev. Alexander, M.A., of 
Aberdeen. Presented in 1804 by George III. to 
ritsligo. See Fasli Ecdes. Scot., Vol. III., pp. 637 
and 644, in which Dr. Hew Scoll does not record 
that Mr. Farquhar was S.l'.C.K. Teacher at New 
ritsligo for two or three years aliout 1S02-3 ; 21 
Scholars ; S.ilary, ^15. Desides taking charge of the 
School, he officiated as minister of a Chapel of Ease, 
erected and endowed by Sir William F'orlies of Pit- 
sligo, Piart. 

17. Ferguson, Mrs. Conducted a .S. P. C. K. 
Spinning, Sewing, &c. , School at Falagie for a year 
or two about 1S37 ; Scholars, 22 ; Salary, £\. 

iS. Fleicher, James. S.l'.C.K. Teacher at 
various stations from 1773 to 17S1 — Coldrach, Crathie, 
AUanaquoich or Allani|aaich, Castletown of, 
and Crathie ; Scholars, from G4 to S3, the greater 
number being boys; Salary, i,l2. 

19. Frazer, Andrew. stationed first as 
S.P.C.K. Teacher in 1S03 at .\cbaladcr— Crathie 
and lir.ft;mar ; removeLl to Casllelnwn in 1S14 ; 
returned to .-Vcli-alader in 1S18, where he remained 
for about a year ; Scholars in 1803 numbered 72 ; in 
iSlSouIy 17 ; Salary, C^^. 

V>. \V. Ki:.\ii'. 

Trinity, IMinbuigli. 

{ To be coiitiiiiiid. ) 


(.\II., 94, 127, 142, 159; I., 2nd S., 7, 31, 47, 59, 
64. 95. I27-) 

52. Rev. Charles Anderson, a Scotchman ; 
was missionary in Virginia, A.D. 1700-17 19, and a 
great supporter of Commissary lilair as .against tlie 
Governor. Was this the Carolus Anderson who 
graduated at King's College in 1693? (Terry, Hist. 
Coll. I'lixiiita, pp. 117, 142, 152, 153, 154, 167, 
176; A'lii/s Coll. Grad., 216). 

53. Rev. John Andrew or Andrews, a Scotch- 
man in \'irginia, is thus commented upon by Com- 
missary Dawson to the llishop of London, July 23, 
1753 : — " Mr. Andrew, another of the same country 
(.Scotland), I lately gave a letter to, as he brought 
testimonials of his good life and conversation from 
several persons of ilistinction, and a title from the 
Rev. .Mr. Rolicrtsim of St. John's parish, in the 
county of King William, who has engaged, on account 
of his ill-health, to employ .Mr. Anclrew as his curate, 
and to allow him £}f> a year. I le waits upon your 
I,ordslii[i by way of .Scotland. Ihit it is not to be 
ilissembled, My Lord, that most of these Northern 
Gentlemen are bred Presbyterians, and I fear have 
seldom so great a regard for the church's interests 
as they ought" (Perry, Hist. Coll. I'irt^iiiia, pp. 
405-6). An anonymous letter to the same bishop 
says : — " I am informed that one, John Andrew, was 
recommended lately from Virginia to your lordship 
for holy orders, lie is, I am told, regular enough in 
his morals, but nothing superior in knowledge to the 
meanest I have mentioned " {Jl>., p. 40S). lie was 
rector of Cameron parish, Fairfax Co., N'irginia, 1754- 
55 [11/., pp. 413, 415, 427, 429). In this and many 
other ]iarts of Perry's Ilistorital Collections there is 
evidence of the unpopularity of the Scotch in Virginia 
in the last century — perhaps a religious jealousy. 

54. Rev. William Lraideoot, a Scotchman ; 
became rector of Portsmouth parish, Norfolk Co., 
Virginia, in 1774; took an active part on the 
colonial side, and went out with the army as 
chaplain. After tlie war was ended he returned to 
his parish, and died at the glebe, in 1784 or 17S5. 
He married a .Miss Mosely, and left one son (Meade, 
Old Cliiink ill Virginia, i., 279-So). 

55. Rev. James IJrechin or Prrghin, a Scotch- 
man ; supported Commissary lilair, and was in 
\'irginia, 1705-1719, being noted as absent fnim 
Convention in the latter year (Perry, ///../. Coll. 
Virginia, 142, 153, 154, 17O, 200). 

5G. Rev. David IIrown, Principal of the Free 
Church College, Aberdeen ; graduated at Mari>chal 
College in l8"21, at the age of 17, and received, in 
l852,' the degree of D.IX from Princeton Ci>IleL;e, 
New Jersey (S. N. ^ Q., viii., 103) ; Gen. Cat. 
Trinecton, p. 190; Mar. Coll. Records, ii., 43o)- 

57. Rev. John Canh-.ron, D.D., was one cf !• iir 
brothers who went from Scotland to N'irginia. J^'bii 
took his .M.A. degree at MailM-hal Cnllege, AI-, nleen, 
in 1707, and was ordained by the I;i-hop o( CI.e.ler 



[April, 1900. 

in 1770, going to Virginia the same year. He 
received the degree of D.D. from William and Marj- 
College in 1793 (Rcc. Mar. Co!!., ii., 335 ; Gen. Cat. 
W and .)/. Co!/., p. 97). His rirst charge was at 
St. James's Church, Mecklenburg ; thence, in 17S4, 
he went to Petersburg, and, al'tcr some j-ears, to 
Xottaway parish, and thence to Cumberland parish, 
Luncnberg Co., where he succeeded the Rev. James 
Craig, who hail been minister there from 1759, and 
died in 1795, and where he himself died. He was 
noted as a teacher, and evidently belonged to the old 
school. "If for his strictness he was even then 
complained of, how would such a school as his be 
now endured by either parents or children ? By 
nature stern and authoritative, he was born and 
educated where the discipline of schools and families 
was more .\nglican : it was Caledonian. But 
he made fine scholars. His sincere piety and great 
uprightness commanded the respect of all, if his stern 
appe.irance and uncompromising strictness prevented 
a kindlier feeling. . . . Dr. Cameron continued 
to be the mini.-ter of Cumberland parish until his 
death, in 1S15. He svas buried beside his daughter, 
»\nna M. Cameron, and a tomb-tune has been erected 
by his son, Judge Duncan Cameron, of North 
Carolina" (.Meade, O/J Citurdus, .^c, in I'lr^'i'/iia, 
i., 4S5-6). Dr. John Cameron was class-fellow at 
Marischal College with my wife's grand-uncle, James 
Craig, of Elgin ; and his br^aher. Rev. William 
Cameron, was minister in Manchester parish, 
Chesterfield Co., Virginia, in 1790, and was there for 
four years (/fiv. .Uar. Co.'/., ii., 335 ; Meade, 0/J 
C/iiirc/us i)! Virginia, i., 4S5). 

5S. Rev. Alexander Cri"1ien, native of Aber- 
deen, graduated at Marischal College in 1740, and 
went to America. He w.^.s rector of .South Karnham, 
Virginia, from 1752 to 1773, when it is thought that 
he returned to Scotland. He is said to have been a 
fine preacher (AV<. .I/<zr. Co//., ii., 312: Meade, O/J 
C/iurc/ics in Virginia, i., 390; I'err)-, Nist. Ceil. 
Virginia, 413, 414, 427, 429). 

59. Rev. WiLLLAM DoLGLASS became rector of 
St. James's, Xorlham, Goochland Co., in 1749, and 
remained for 27 years, when he resigned his charge 
and retired to a farm in Louis.t, where he spent his 
later years. He was a Scotchman, and m.irried 
Miss XichoLis Hunter in 1735. After his ordination 
he returne,; to Scotland, and brotight with him his 
wife and daughter, in 1750. Two nephews joined 
him. and were adopted by him, but one of them 
returnc<l to Scotland, and inherited a title (Me.adc, 
VU C/iur./.is in J'ir^ini.z, i., 457-9; Terry, Hisl. 
Co!/. iyr-!::ij, 365, 377, 413, 427, 429). Can 
anything be made ol the allusion to the succession to 
a title on the Uoug'..ts side or the Hunter? 

60. Rev. Akliiii!Ald Dlii-, D.D., son of 
Archibald Duff, d.mcing master in Aberdeen, was 
born there, April 23rd, iSlo, and died at Putney, 
Lon.'.on, Nov. to;!;. 1.S.S3. He was in the bajeant 
class at M.-.risch.'.l College in I.'i25, and some lime 
•tfter was np-.^rentioed to the grocery business. .\t 
the close of his six or seven ye.iis' apprenticeship he 

went to Canada, and pushed his fortune at Montreal, 
where he joined the Congregational Church. About 
1S36 he decided to study for the ministry, and went 
to Glasgow, where he studied under the Rev. John 
Morell -Mackenzie, Rev. R. Wardlaw, and Rev. G. 
Ewing. Ch.ancing to be in Fr.aserburgh during a 
vacation, he received a call, and remained in Fraser- 
burgh for seven or eight years, -as Congregationalist 
minister. In the winter of 1S47-4S he was p.astor of 
an Independent Chnrcli {New \'iew) in Liverpool, 
and then went to Hawick, Roxburghshire. To give 
his family room to expand, he returned to Canada in 
1S56, and settled at Cowansville, Missaquoi Co., 
Quebec. Then, in 1S62, he removed to .Sherbrouk, 
where he continued to be pastor in the Congregational 
Church until May. 1SS3. In 1S79 the University of 
Vermont granted him the degree of D.D., probably 
for the reason that Dr. Duff " «as for years almost an 
archbishop in Congregational Home .Missions, in 
Temperance work, in iCducational Progress, and in 
all Helpfulness. This is sim]>le fact" (AV.-. .lAw. 
Co//., ii., 456; Gen., Cnrzerjily of J'ermonl, p. 
117: information from Rev. .Vrchibald Dull', M.A., 
LL.D., Professor of Hebrew and Old Testament 
Crilicisni and Kxcgesis, Vork-hire United Inilepen- 
dent College, Br.adford ; and .Mr. John M. M. Dulf, 
Chartered Accountant, -Montreal, sons of Dr. DulT). 

61. Rev. Andrew Martin Fairi:airn, D.D., 
LL.D., was born near Edinburgh in 1838, stu<Iied at 
Edinliurgh, Gl.asgow, and Berlin, and congrega- 
tionalist minister at Bathgate in 1S61, ami at .-\berileen 
in 1S72. He became principal of -\irdale College, 
Bradford, in 1S77, and of .M.anstieM College, Oxfo'rd, 
in 1SS6. From Edinburgh University he received 
the degree of D.D. in lS7i>, and from Vale Univer- 
sity the same in 1SS9. I'rom -Vberdccn University 
he received the degree of LL.D. in 1S94. He has 
)iublished S/iii/ics in t/ie r!ii!o:c^!iy of Religion and 
Hiil:)-y, 1S76 : Stn.iics in the Life ef C/iriit, iSSo: 
T/ie City of God, 1SS3 : Reii^ior. in History and in 
Life of To- Day, 1SS4. [Gen. Cat. Ya/e Univ., p. 
262 : Aberdeen Univ. Cal. {1S95-6), j). 354 : Jackson's 
Cone. Diet., p. 2S4). 

62. Fauntlerov Family. — The familiar story 
of " Little Lord Fauntleroy " haipily suggested some 
enquiries after the .-Vniericans of tliis name who studied 
in --\berdeen about the middle of last century. William 
Fauntleroy was at the.-Krts Classes in College, 
■759-Uj : George Fauntleroy and Moore Fauntleroy 
were in the cl.asscsof 1760-64. None of them appears 
to have taken the M.A. de:;ree, but -Moore Fauntle- 
roy received the -M.D. degree at King's College, 1770 
(.)/<:;•- Co/l. Reeords, ii., 331, 332: Crad. Kinfs Co/!., 
IjV'- George may have been a brother or cousin, 
Willi.-.iu and"" Moore were son- of Col. William 
F.aunileroy, .scm of Fauntleroy, son or grand- 
son of Major Moore Ftuntleri.y, who purchased land on 
the Kapiahanaek, .-\i>ril 4, 105 1. The first Williaut 
married .\pphla Bushrod in 1713, and hail three .-ons 
and .seven daughlers. Col. Wil!i.-.m bv his sec-onil 
wife (Mi-s .\ had -.jven son's an<l three 
daughters, including the above-mentioned William 



and Moore, and possibly Georsjc. William and 
Moore were evidently favourite family names, 
appearing in successive generations. (Meailc, Old 
Churches in Virginia, ii., 406,480 : Virgin. Gciical., 
p. 96.) 

James Gammack, LL.D. 
West Hartford, Conn., 
Feb. 2ist, 1900. 

A Cure for Erir.KPSV.— My fatlicr, at a fair 
held in the south of Caithness (perhaps aliout 
1850), saw a man suddenly seized with an 
epileptic fit. The onlookers did what they 
could for ihe sufferer, and as soon as the fit 
passed proceeded to take measures to prevent 
Its recurrence. They dui; a hole at the spot 
where the patient had fallen, and with due 
ceremony buried therein a live cock. It is stated 
that the man was only once troubled aifain. — 
J. Calder Ross. 

The Imperial " Ecu Complet." — Some 
months ago Tlic Gc>icnloi!;ical Mac^azinc issued 
a request for " articles representinj,' Colonial 
arms and badges," in order to the construction 
of an Imperial coat of arms in which all portions 
of the empire might be represented. The re- 
sponse has been most disappointing. On this, 
Mr. E. M. Chadwick has attempted the not 
very easy task of " the composition of the 
Queen's territorial ecu coiiipic/," which he hopes 
may attract attention to the subject, and perhaps 
invite discussion. The result is a shield with no 
fewer than 56 C|uarterings, of which he gives an 
illustration accompanied by a heraldic descrip- 
tion. The whole is a tentative suggestion, and 
much of that without official sanction, but full 
of interest. 

Lady John Scott of Spottiswoode. — By 
the death at the e.xtreme age of 90 of Lady John 
Scott Spottiswoode of Spottiswoode, Derwick- 
shire, Scotland has just lost a gifted and 
characteristic lady — at once a poet, a musician, 
a composer, and an antic|uary. She published 
a volume of songs with music, but the composi- 
tion b\' which she will be best remembered is 
that of " Annie Lawrie." -She was very con- 
servative of old-time Scottish usages. An 
example of this spirit is given in her quaint 
" Steck the yott," adopted in preference to the 
modern English style of " Shut the gate." 
Lady Scott Spottiswoode was addicted to the 
collection of antitiuities, and her museum of 
relics is said to be a line one. She was also 
distinguished for her great benevolence to the 
poor. She was married to a brother of the laic 
Duke of Uuccleuch. 

The Stone Circles of Scotland.— An 
interesting account of the stone circles of Scot- 
land was given by Mr. A. L. Lewis before the 
Anthropological lubtitute of Great iJritain and 
Ireland in London last month. Mr. Lewis is 
one of our first authorities on the subject. 
Many writers have maintained that all stone 
circles are very much alike, and have a 
common origin and purpose ; but Mr. Lewis 
considers that there arc various types, each of 
which is characteristic of a special locality. 
This is more noticeable in Scotland than in 
England. He di\ ides the stone circles of Scot- 
land into four classes — namely, the Western 
Scottish type, consisting of a rather irregular 
single ring or sometimes of two concentric 
rings ; the Inveiness type, consisting of a more ring of better-sha])ed stones, surrounding 
a tumulus, with a retaining wall containing a 
built-u|) chamljer and jxissage leading to it, or 
a kist without a passage ; the Aberdeen type, 
consisting of a similar ring with the addition of 
a so-called altar stone, an oblong stone standing 
on edge between two upright stones, and usually 
having traces of a tumulus and kist in the middle ; 
and, fourthly, sun-and-circle stones, represented 
by the ring of lirogar, in Orkney, and the circle 
with lines in a cruciform plan at Callarnish, in 
Lewis. It appears that there are no groups of 
circles with marked peculiarities in special 
localities in England as there are in Scotland. 
Those of Cumberland ha\"e a more specially 
marked entrance than others, while Avebury, 
in Wiltshire, Arborlow, in Derbyshire, and 
perhaps Mayburgh, in Westmoreland, are dis- 
tinguished by being surrounded by a high bank, 
and having a shrine or sanctuary in the centre, 
Stonehenge is a special example, different from, 
and possibly more modern than, the others. 

Calder Bridge.— The old Roman Bridge 
across the Calder, near Bothwell, about to 
undergo some form of repair, is likely to create 
something more than passing interest among 
local antiquaries. The structure, while it must 
always rank second in importance to its better 
known historical neighbour, Bothwell liridgc, is 
undoubtedly one of the most interesting relics 
of antit|uity to be found within a twelve-mile 
radius of Glasgow. The bridge consists of but 
one arch, with a span of about 20 feet, high- 
backcd and narrow, and at first sight remintls 
one of the Brig o' Doon. Unlike the latter, 
however, it has not been sung into fame and 
popularity, and there is the possibility, 
through indifference or want of knowledge, 
grievous injury may be done the striu lure 
during the proposed rc-constructiun, if nut 



[ArRii,, 1900. 

actually demolished. Though time-worn and 
somewhat dilapidated, the bridye on its own 
merits appeals for protection, and it is to be 
hoped that, in rcsciiiny it from the destroying- 
influence of "time's wasting hand" some local 
Hamilton I'aul will see to it that the fate which 
at one time threatened the auld IJrig o' Doon 
shall not overtake this interesting memorial of 
the past, as it has done to so many other 
interesting structures. 

The "Skelmori.ik Ai>i.e."— The ancient 
mausoleum in the old churchyard of Largs, 
erected in 1636 by Sir Robert Montgomerie, 
Uaron of .Skclmorlie, known as the " Skelmorlie 
Aisle," is being rcstoretl at the instance of the 
Hon. Mr. Vernon, the Earl of Eglinton's com- 
missioner. The old wooden ceiling, which was 
originally covered with paintings divided into 
some 41 compartments by panels and mouldings, 
has been completely restored to its original 
brightness. ^Iinute details are given under 
Liiri^s in the Gazetteer of .Scotland, published 
by f'uUarton. In many places the damp had 
got in and rotted the wood, and in these places 
new timber was put in and the painting restored 
as well as it could be from the most reliable 
sources. For the most part, however, the wood 
was sound, and the faint outlines of the painting 
were traceable below the dust and grime of 
ages. The whole has been carefully and 
artistically restored, and makes one of the most 
interesting objects of antiquity in the West of 
Scotland much more interesting. The artists 
to whom the work was intrusted were Messrs. 
liennett Ihothers, Glasgow, who can be com- 
plimented on their skill. Some years ago the 
monument contained in the aisle a stone erection 
iS feet high, 5 feet broad, 5}. feet long, minutely 
carved, which was coated with paint to help to 
preserve it. This paint has now been carefully 
removed, and is to be replaced by a transparent 
protective coating. Below this monument is a 
vault containing the remains of Sir Robert and 
Dame Mar'arct Montgomerie. 


46. ^VIIVTF.-^[r.I,VILI E. — CnuM atiyi'iie toll mc 
how Whytc-Mclvilli; the /(ai.V in lii- name? 

.\. WiiVTi. 

47. Fa'mii.v riuiR-.KF.K.s.— I ^h.'.ll l.e gl.l.l U) 
know books .irc avail.ibic as .-liiis lo rciligrcc 
research. A. G. 

48. .Vi FAANHKk Wiiv rE, Ki:(;F.Nr, .M.akisi i].\i. 
(■oi.M..n-.-In .V. .V. e- Q.. \"ol. IF., Xo. 4, Sejil., 
ISSS, i>. ,7. iiniler the liea.ling " l\irly 
College Regents," I tinil that an .Mexa'mler Whyte 

was Regent in 1655. Could anyone tell mc anything 
about his descendants ? whom he manicd ? an/l \\ hat 
his coat of arms was ? A. WiivxE. 

Prolessor M.issim's " Remini>cences of Dr. Melvin," 
and of " The Society of ihe of Italy 
(London)," ]niljlislied in separate form, as his 
"Edinliurgh Sketches and .Memories," and by 
! whom? G. R. 

I 50. Aberdeen riiii.osoriiicAL Society, Xo. 
; 2. — The present Aberdeen I'hilosophical .Society, 
' founded in 1S40, i.s Xo. 3 of the name. Xo. I, the 

Society of Thomas Reid, James Ueallie, iVlexandcr 

Gerard, George Caniiibell, John Gregory, and David 
i Skene, existed from 175S to 1773. -^" account of its 
I proceedings, based on the .Minute liook (now in the 
[ University Library), and umler the title, " .\ .Society 

of Aberdeen I'hilo^oplicrs One Hundred Years Ago," 

appeared in Maiiiiiilizii^s J/ir;',;:/(;t- for Oclolier, 1JJ63, 
! from the pen of the late -Mr. Jame-. \aleniine. Aliout 

Xo. 2 loss is known, and I invite infl^rm.llion. From 
j the Marischal College Senatus Minutes of 27th 
I December, 1S34, it apjiears that " Dr. Knight 
[ requested leave lo deposit in the College Lilirary 

134 bound volumes and 235 numbers of .Scientilic 
1 Journals of this and foreign countries, whieh he had 

lately received from Mr. Robert Taylor, secretary to 
I a Philosophical .Society helil in .Vberdeen from 1S23 

to 1S31. Leave unanimou-Iy granleil." With 
j the books came a small packet of vouchers, including 
I receipts by Mr. A. Urown for the rent (,^15) of "the 
] westmost room on the lloor in Union buildings lately 
I occupied by Mr. Mackie, together widi the small 
I closet;" and by .Messrs. Philip & Moffat, bo<jk- 
, binders. Queen Street, for the co.-t (7s.) of a .Minute 

Rook, "containing 2 quires fine thick Post in 410, 

half bound calf, eia.stic back, and lettered." Where 
. is Minute Book now? P. J. .Vndekson. 

51. EDiNTiUKGii Periodical LiTEKAri-uE. — 
.•\ny details whatever concerning the following 
periodicals will be thankfully received : — 

I. The Sfiltjlre. 

=. /:,•■:,!:. al Jic^istcr. 

3. LJinbur;h tjallmlic M.-ign/ine. I have tins n.^lc, l.iil 

I whether it is the n.nmi;, or merely n de-cripiion of a 

t periodical I cannot say. I'erhaps ^onie reatler can ^.ay. 

, 4. Journal nf Artificial Liglit and .Sanitary Gametic. 

ICvery Saturday, .\ppeared at le;.-,t iZ-ju-li. 

5. Christian /I •.■.■/.•(. 33 1 ;). it the .-iame a, the C/WvWn« 
' (/ \-,-i./v askeil for l.asl nioruh .• 

6. Eastern J-\ males I-rien.t. llrili-h .Museum Cataln~iic 
1 s.iys "IS57-63. Ediled l.y J. lorayce-ncw series.' 

When «a, it hcsnn, and who «.a» the pnbli>her:' 

7. A i.a'.M.r i-sued in the interests of auctioneers. 

3. Tk: .;>x-,v,t. PuhlisheJ by Campbell, Georje Street or 

i:,.:„igli rarliaim-ulary /.•urnal : ,■ 
Edir.burgh I'arliameiitary Society. Was 


to. Sjrt/t ISrilish .Vajzazlue. EJilcd by Ucv. John John 
II. /:.■//«/•.■/)-/■."'/,/«,.■,•.,.-.■./' /...v<7;.t/. In existence, ..ij. 

Correspondents would idjlige by .-ending replies tr 
me direi-t. ' \V. J. 'CoflEi;. 

F.C.,e, Kirkurd, Dolphinlon. 



Thomas DissL-t, M.A., St. Ami., 1750; D.D., 17S7 
{.S. N. d-" Q., vi., 77, 93), minister of Logierait, 
1754-1S00, m.irriecl, as his sccornl wife, ^^.^ry, 
d.iughter of rrincipal Tulli<.Ic|)h, of the 
Uni'le.1 Cullege, St. An.lrews. The issue of this 
marriage were eleven in number, not mentioned in 
Hew Scott's fasti. Of these, .\nna born on 
30th October, 1772 (ami ba|nisoil 2ml November); 
and Elizal)eth was born on 29ih May, 1773 (and 
baptiseil 31st May). Can an authentic instance be 
cited of a shorter interval between successive births — 
both children surviving? Xext before Anna was 
Alison, baptised 6th Decendier, 1771. Compare a 
note by "C." in 5. JV. C^ Q., iv., 15. 

P. J. Anderson. 



(2ii:i S., /., /.'6.; 

The number of persons living now who remember 
the Old Theatre in Marischal Street previous to the 
middle of the century cannot but be comparatively 
few ; while, of course, particulars relating to former 
local " Temples of Thespis " e.xist to all of us only in 
the form of fugitive record. .So far back, however, 
as the troublous 1745 times there is reliaiile mention 
of a company of Edinburgh pUayers visiting Aberdeen, 
but they do not seem to have found footing in 
consequence of opposition from the ministers and 
magistrates. A like unkindly reception was given 
some half dozen years later to a second Edinburgh 
combination who made their " pitch " in the Spittal. 
From this date a happier fate befell the wandering 
mimes who came north, and there is record of stage 
performances t.aking place in Chronicle Lane, Queen 
Street, the New Inn corner of King .Street — the 
present site of the North of Scotland My 
own boyish inclinings and observation in m.atters 
dramatic centre around the familiar Little Theatre at 
foot of Marischal Street. The building seems to 
have originally been an ordinary dwelling-house, 
but was, in 1795, converted into a theatre by Mr. 
Stephen Kemble, a member of a family who for long 
stood in the front rank of English players. I have 
seen a play-bill of iSoo, announcing that the house under the management of Mr. and Mrs. Jackson, 
of the Edinburgh Theatre, and I would give some- 
thing to see it again — more particularly if it formed 
part of a roll of like "brief chronicles of the lime." 
When a lad. I had scores of such prized reniem- 
brane^'rs, but as coming events did not then ca;.t 
their shadows before — so far, at anyratc, as the morn 
of a new century — they were all lightly parted with. 
In 1S17, the name of Ryder first o.imes up in con- 
nection with the drama in Ab, rdci 11. It was 
destined to continue that connooiinn for full fifty 
years. Mr. (.'..rbel Rydei, an I'n-Hdiniaii (I have 
heard that he was a native of Wale^J, had for some 

time been a promising player in his father's strolling 
company about Edinburgh. He had not attained 
fhe position, however, which he was soon to fill : 
That came with a leap, when he appeared as " Rob 
Roy," in a dramatised version of Scott's famous novel. 
The company were .acting in Perth, .season iSiS, and 
there the piece was produced for the first time, 
according to the bill, "in Scotland" — the cast of 
characters including the celelirated Mackay as the 
Bailie, and .Miss .\itken, the scene painter's 
daughter, who afterwards became the wife of the 
great William Charles .Macready, the tragedian. 
(The mention of this name prompts the remark that 
I have seen a copy of " Rcb Roy," dramatised and 
played at Covent Garden Theatre, London, early in 
.March, iSlS. The book had for frontispiece a plate 
representing Macreaily in the role of the .Macgregor, 
busked and lieltcd, standing on a fiat grave-stone in 
a Highland clnirchyard, presumably Ralquhidder, in 
which parish .Scott's hero was buried.) IJut to the 
Perth performance. Ryder hini-~elf diil not think 
much of the part of the raiding red i>utlaw, and gave 
it to an actor named Johnson. The production 
jiroved a tremendous hit, and Mr. James C. Dibdin, 
in his fa-<cinating Annals of the Etliiihurgh Stage, 
thus tells the story : — 

" Corbet's father, who took the money at the door 

on this occasion, became terribly e\cited when he 

heard the applause svithin becoming greater and 

greater as the play proceeded ; he could not leave 

his post, and Corbet was nowhere to be found till 

i nearly the conclusion of the piece. When he did 

arrive, the paternal wrath de^centled upon him in full 

, force, for the old man had no mind that anyone save 

, his son should gain so much applause. Corbet was 

ordered to take the part, which, on learning the 

sensation it had made, he was nothing loth to do. 

He afterwards played Rob many hundreds of times 

; up and down the country, and had no fewer than 

three versions of the play that his company used to 

j perform." 

I It is doubtful if any drama could be named that, 

for a dozen years from the date here referred to, 

1 drew more money to managers than "Rob Roy." 

' Murray of Edinburgh alone, in one of his annual 

■ addresses, owned that in seven weeks of 1S19 it 

I brought him /^4o69 ! But this is away from our 

; main location — Marischal Street. Here, in the early 

thirties, Ryder had in his ciimpany a clever young 

! actress. Miss Jessie Eraser. This Lady became, in a 

few years, the manager's sccoml wife, and proved an 

! untiring helper till" his death, about 1S43. After 

I some years of widowhood, >he married Mr. I'lhn 

Pollock, a useful mcndier of her slock company. 

He one of the best " Dougal Creatures'' our 

\ boards ever saw. Very likely, as these notes grow, 

the name of the lady may come slipi)ing in more tiian 

once: the writer enjoyed much pleasant compani-m- 

' -hi') with her in bin ^alad pre.-.s career. In I^sO, 

' then, Mr. and Mr.s. Pollock were the lessees'..!' 

Ab.rdeui Theatre. He died in iS^^?. It nev, r «:l^ 

very well known who were the prinei|i.d siuuehoULrs 


[April, 1900. 

in ihe enterprise, but in the general business Mr. , 
William Russell, the then much-respected Broad 1 
Street Bookseller, stood a staunch friend and adviser. | 
The Box-Seats plan of the theatre lay in his shop, 1 
and there, too, the young aspiring dramatic amateurs i 
of the town eagerly hied them for h.andhills of the j 
play. Mr. Russell was an exceptionally able and 
kindly gentlenuan, and, personally, I never think of 
him but with gratitude. 

The old theatre ! Well do I recollect my first 
visit to it. I was taken in free by an assistant scene 
painter and summarily ejected by the man.iger. The 
play was Hamlet, and the ghost looms largely in my 
remendjrance, for I was but a lad of some 13 years. 
My friend the painter — unceremoniously entitled 
" I'olty H.ay" — used- to come to the shop of Mr. 
John Stephen, engr.iver, Netherkirkgate, where I was 
errand boy, drawn thither, I can believe, by an 
artistic feeling, my fellow-apprentice George 
.McL-achlan giving great promise as .a sketcher 
with pencil and chalks.* 

Hay got us passed into the theatre, and we scrambled 
aloft, by ladder, to the flies, from whence we looked 
down on the stage and the \)erformers. But not for 
long. Horatio — Ryder himself, I think — discovered 
the intruders, and forthwith the tragedy suddenly, for 
us, came to a close. The upper portion of the 
building was, therefore, my first experience of 
Mariiichal Street little theatre, but, as years went 
on, there was scarcely a nook or corner of it left 
unrevealed to me. What a difference to look in now 
and find the Rev. Mr. Slessor addressing his large 
and most attentive congregation I Here is something 
like the place in bygone days. Its site was the 
Trinity Parish Church, 50 to 54, say, Marischal 
Street, right h.and side from the C.istlegate. When 
quite full, which was very seldom, the house held 
well on to 600 persons, and yielded about ^50 to 
;f 55. There were three admission doors. Entering 
by the centre — the principal of these doors — ami 
stepping a couple of yards forward, you were at once 
in the box circle portion of the house, looking right 

• Mention is made above of George McLaughl.-in, who gave 
early promise as a draughtsman. In I.irgc measure that 
promise was fultilled. He left .\berdeen before completing his 
apprenticeship, and obtained employment in London. The 
first time I saw him there in my early journalistic da>s, 
and in the large Painting Room of Dnirv' Lane Theatre, wht-rc 
he was engaged as one of the chief .-is-istams to I'.cverley, ilic 
famous scene-painter. Strangely_ envugh, when I ilroiil \\\ 
upon my old chiini, he was upon the rung of a 
long ladder, giving, with masterlv eUcct. the llnisldng, 
" b"ehi-id the foolHghi " touches to the s.-eiiery f .r .»ie 
of the ■ , •- •' .-. .•■ ...'.\' • - ;— .\ni!rew ll.dliday (Duffj- 
lhen'.-^ - :_, of the Wav-:r!ey nov^!-. You 
m.iy ! ; had an.a.lj..nrnedcra.:kover 
the N.i . -J ■ ;; , >.;,-:. John Phiilip. th.n ;.t the %>.v 
outset 01 liw great career, u-ed to p.-.s, the sli.'p d.iilv. .l.dnlilv 
bedecked in velvet j.acket and coloured tie. I f.mcy there 
just a wee bittie of etivy as we looked up'>n t!ie c-Mning K.-»val 
Academici.>n. hut to kno«- - Philhp of Sp.iin • w.,s to |..%e bun. 
McUughl.w bitterly returned to Aberdeen, av.d ».,s for ~ .no 
time in the employment of the l..le nii: h re-pecle.l ILubie 
Donald, and I ha>e he.ird his feno«-« dwelling wilii 
admir.-.tion over his outline skel.bes f.r ,lra«i'g-r.-.m a.loin- 
menl. Xo truer te-^t of what is in a t'eb-'A th.m the opint'jn ^\ 
his immedi.ite n.ates. 

forward tt) the stage, which receded to Theatre Lane. 
The circle ran right nninil the interior, from wing to 
wing of the stage, and looked into the pit, where if 
a friend was sealeil you could hold conversation with 
hiin. By side stairs from this same entrance you 
m.ade way to the Upper and chea]ier priced boxes, 
where a dozen to sixteen of spectators might be 
accommodated. By the outer door nearest the top 
of the street you got through descending a pretty 
steep stair, to the pit — a roomy, excellent for seeing 
and hearing resort. Getting to the gallery by the 
farthest down the street door on a popular night, was 
a caution to the last days of its existence. What 
crushing and striving — striving in the good-natured 
sense — there useil to be when the attraction was 
strong I The decline towartls the foot of tlie street 
was then, as it is still, considerable, and when the 
crowd who had possession of the upper simngholil 
around the door made a determined shouMer-to- 
shoulder and "altogether buys" push-of-war ellort 
the down-siders weie in evil plight as regards getting 
front gallery places. Ascending some live stone 
steps from the pavement, and insitle the door, you 
got to the p.iy-box, where sat the good old mason's 
Labourer — I forget his name — who delivered Jilay- 
bills during the d.iy and took the gallery cash at 
night, .-^fter passing here a sotnewliat mysterious 
experience awaited you. Holiling straight uji the 
steep, cranky stair, you got to the left-hand side of 
the gallery, but if your aim was the right-hand 
portion, you entered a low-roofed, narrow dark 
tunnel, extending to some 30 yards in length. 
.\lthough there was a gas bracket there seliloni was 
any light, the young pr.ictical jokers who hail won 
first entrance turning it otV. They knew better than 
to blow it out. What might be the result in case of 
sudden fire in the theatre and this dangerous passage 
blocked, was a topic often under discussion — but got 
no further. At cither side of the gallery and reached 
by ascending steps were a couple of high, overlooking 
seated enclosures, nearly touching the roof, popularly 
styled the "Sweejis' Boxes" — but why so called 
nobody ever divined. These lofty points of view 
were the chosen delight of the tricky, boisterous 
young patrons of the drama, and the noises they 
contrived to create during act intervals, with ilemands 
to the dispensers of mikl liquids and variety edibles, 
in the form of ginger beer, something in the nature of 
potass, oranges, biscuits and mutton pies, the shouts 
they sent down to the |iit for the .said disjiensers to 
"hurry up" were — well, if not musical, often very 
amusing and laughable. Occasionally a good deal 
more than this. Thus the audience resources of Old 
Marischal Street Theatre. A word reg.anling the 
lui-iness and company arrangements. The stage, 
and behind the scenes portions, were reached by a 
turn to the right, at near the bottom of the (lit 
entrance st.air. The stage, though by no means 
extensive, could be made elVectively accomnioilaling, 
and it amazing what an .able, resourceful 
manageress like Mrs." Ryder culd eli'ect upcui it — 
partirularly at rnnh.mime production. The entrances 
to the stage Itoiu the wings were sailly cramped, but 



— joy of joys that are no more — there wns .ictvially a 
cosy, attractive Green Room, whore the players 
asseniMed during their " waits,'' and, if you hapjiened 
to be one of the laymen elect — they were few — and 
granted admission, you mi5;ht be in the company of 
the heroes and heroines of the dramatic hour. 

"And beauty draws us with a single hair." How 
the students admired, from the front, the fair, alluring 
locks of Miss Braddon, the now and long, famous 
novelist ! Beneath the stage the dressing and ward- 
rooms were situated. They were through s|)acc 
exigencies small and confined, but comfortalily 
furnished, as the best of them, at anyrate, re<iuircd to 
be, when artistes of the highest rank — the Keans, 
Miss O'Xeil, Macready, Brooke, Miss Helen Faucit, 
Phelps, &c. , were the occasional occup.ints. The 
orchestra would contain some dozen performers, who, 
under a competent leader, could give a very acceptal'Ie 
account of themselves. Amongst the ablest of the 
gentlemen who held this post was Mr. >[ackcnzic, 
father of the present eminent Principal of the Royal 
Academy of .\Iusic, Sir Alexander Mackenzie. The 
curtain of the well-remembered ol<l home of the 
drama in Marischal Street was rung down for the last 
time, season 1S72-3. W. 

22. Course of Study for Ministry (I., 2nd 
S., 94, 12S). — .\n examination of the .Acts of Assembly 
yields no very explicit answer to this quer)-, but 
some light is thrown on the subject by the tenure of 
divinity bursaries. One of the earliest holders of the 
Johnston divinity bursary, founded at Marischal 
College in 161 1, was Robert Ogilvie, whose dates are 
as follows : — Arts student at King's College during 
sessions 1622-23, 1623-24, 1624-25, 1625-26; M..A.. 
there, 1626; Johnston divinity bursar at Marischal 
College during sessions 1629-30, 1630-31, 1631-32, 
1632-33; Regent at King's College, 1633-3S; .Sub- 
Principal, 163S-41 ; ordained Minister of Methlick, 
14th -April, 1641. Seventy-seven years later the 
holder was John Gordon, whose dates are : — .Arts 
student at M.irischal College during sessions 1702-03, 
1703-04, 170405, 1705-06; M.A. there, 1706; 
Johnston divinity bursar during sessions 1706-07, 
1707-0S, 170S-09, 1709-10; licensed by the Presbytery 
of Aberdeen, 24th .April, 1710; ordained Minister of 
Deer, 6th April, i6n. P. [. A.nderson". 

42. Aherdeen Doctors (of Medicine) i.n 
1657 (I., 2nd S., 142).— Mr. P. J. -Vnderson invites 
infornu-tion as to source of Dr. Poole's account of the 
Conference of Aberdeen and Edinburgh Physicians at 
Dundee in 1657. A careful perusal of the " Report 
of Examinations of Medical Practitioners," privately 
prir^ted by the Royal College of Physicians, Edin- 
burgh, for the information of its Fellows only, seems 
to me to supply the information he is searching for. 
The fact that the Report is by the Committee of the 
College for its own inform.ilijn, and that Dr. Poole 
.signs it as the convener, accounts for the book not 
Wing posses-el by the libraries .Mr. .Vnder-on names. 
lie is in error in auppo^ing it i:, not in the R. C. P. E. 

Library. .Mr. Anderson is right in associating the 
Dundee meeting with that atlemiit to found a college 
which was termed "the plot of 1657." He also 
mentions .Sir Robert Sibbald's " Memoires for Com- 
piling the History of the Royal Colledge of Physitians 
.at Edinburgh," a MS. in the Advocates' Library. 
This was printed ami published by T. G. Stevenson, 
Edinburgh, in 1S37. His "Autobiography" was 
publibheil previously, by the same, in 1S33. Both 
books were edited by Mr. Maidment. I am familiar 
with both, but am informed that the "Memoires" 
published contain all in the .M.S. I hope to have an 
opportunity to inspect the original MS., but, at page 
7 of the " Report."' Dr. Poole refers to a MS. copy 
(belonging to the College) of the original, from which 
he quotes matter which I do not find in the published 
co|iy. I am, however, informed that the original 
.MS. throws no light on the Dundee conference. 
From Dr. Poole's " Report " it appears that he 
quotes from three authorities. Ist, the MS. copy 
(belonging to the College) of Sir Robert Sibbald's 
original "Memoires,"' which is stated to be in the 
Advocates' Library. 2nd, the "Minutes" of the 
proceedings of Dr. George Purvcs, or Purvass (as 
Sibbald writes the name), and others associated with 
him. These were apparently open to Sir Robert 
Sibbald when he wrote his fragmentary " Memoires " 
(p. 15) ; and also to Dr. Poole and his committee in 
1S33. 3rd, the "Account of the Rights of the 
Professors of -Medicine" alluded to in Dr. Poole's 
"Report" (p. 16) as infcrcntialfy \\\e production of 
Dr. G. Purves. Of the two manuscripts — the copy 
of Sibbald's "Memoires" ami the "Minutes" of 
Dr. Purves' meetings — I can find no trace in the 
College of Physicians' Library. Nor is there any 
indication as to the wTiter of this copy of the 
"Memoires." Writing then, after 16S1, Sibbald 
docs not say in whose possession the "Minutes" of 
Purves' meetings were ; he only quotes from them. 
The information Mr. P. J. .Anderson wants, I gather 
from Poole's " Report," is to be found in the 
"Account of the Rightsof the Professors of Medicine." 
That work is not in the College of Physici.ans' 
Library, nor is it known at the Advocates'. Dr. 
George Purves' name is neither in the College nor in 
the Advocates' Catalogue, but the work, " CoroUaria 
-Arthritico- Medica," by Dr. Georgius Purvesius, 
published in 1636, might be by him, and |ios-ibly his 
graduation thesis, as it was publi.-,hed abroad. 
Edinburgh. R. Peel Ritchie. 

42. Ar.ERDEEN Doctors (of Medicine) in 
1657 (L, 2nd S., 142). — The reference in J'oo.'c's 
Kt'port oJt Exaviination of Mc.lical Practiiiomrs is so 
indefinite that I cannot locate it. We have a large 
collection of Robert Siljbald's MSS. Tho-e 'of 
George Sibbald are^(l) Canon sivc Regula vil.c ; 
(2) Philosophical works ; (3) Poemata ; (4) Carmina 
Selecta. K. Sil)bald's Mmioircs for Compiling Ihc 
History of the K.C.P.E. is a very misleading title, as 
he only m.ide a beginning. J. T. Ci.ark. 

.Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. 



[April, 1900. 

42. ,SlK 1>Ioi:f.kt Sii:i:.\i.ij (XI., loi ; I., 2ntl 
S., 142). — Sibbald's " Uibliothcca Scolica," about 
which " K. J." enquires, is preserved in a quarto 
M.S. in the Advocates' Library, Edinlmrgh. Its 
publication would seem a fitting t.isU for the Etlin- 
burgh bibliographical Society. The full title runs : — 

" liibliotheca Scotica, sive .Scotorum qui post 
annum secularem MIV ad diem vis<|ue prescntem, 
usquam, sive Lalina, sive populari, sive alia 
quavis lingua scripto, aliquid consignaverunt, 
notitia. Accessere magis illustriuni elogia, et 
(Ic quorundarn scriptis doctorum virorum, judicia 
et edilorum atque ineditoruni operuni catalogi. 
Opus ipsum ordine alphabetico digestum est : 
adjectis cognominum et matcriaruni indicibus, 
cum appcnclice exterorum, qui de Scotia et rebus 
Scoticis, in quavis lingua scripsere. Item, de 
scrijitoribus .Scotis, qui ab anno 1400, ad fincm 
anni 1700 claruere, ubi sunt, secundum scientias 
et artes dis;positi, cum charactere authorum et 
judicio et elogio operum tarn editorum quam 
MS., quae vidi." 

Another work by Sibliald, in a folio MS. in the same 

collection, bears the title : — 

" Ilistoria literaria gcntis Scotorum, in qua rei 
literari.^; status ostenditur, a prima gentis origine, 
et virorum doctrina illustrium, gesta et scripta, 
tarn edita quam inedita, pro re literaria 
promovenda enarrantur ; cum characteribus 
multorum et doctorum virorum, de illorum 
scriptis, elogiis, judiciis, aut censuris : in duas 
partes distributa : in prima qua piopediem 
proditura est, rei literariae status, a gentis 
origine, ad annum Christi domini millcsimum 
quingenlesimum exhibetur : in secunda, status 
rei literariae historia continuatur ab anno 1500, 
ad diem presentem, ex historicis tam exteris 
_ quam domesticis, impressis et manuscriptis. 
Opera R. S., M.D., Equitis aurati, adornata. 
Passimque in toto opere qu.vdam inedita opuscida 
inserta sunt." P. J. Anderson. 

43. The Patersons of Inverness (I., ;nd 
S., 143). — John Paterson was Regent in St. Leonard's 
College in 1657-58, but that is the only time liis 
name is mentioned. I do not find an Arts student 
of that n.ime, but a John Paterson matriculated as a 
student of divinity in 1654-55. 

J. Maiti.and Anukkson. 
University Library, St. Andrews. 

I find a note (on the Hyleaf) in one of the old 
Arpafeelie Kegi>lers (in the Rev. I"ar(|uliar .sinith's 
writing), saving that "from the late \erv K'-v. IV in 
Willi-un" P.UerCon the old l'.o..k p.i^ed 1.. ';■/. .v/, the 
Rev. James Paterson, who died in iSoi. In.iiiubeiu 
of Arpafeelie and l-'" Whether \V. I'atcr^..n, 
Incumbent. lS_;o-,;9, wa> a son of the IV.ui cr n..i i^ 
uncertain, allh.aigli, I'li ihe le.-liiii--.iy ■•f tile m|/h-i 
living member of the cungre','ali. 'ii. I;..- »as. 

A! I AS M. Ma. 1 I \\. 

St. John's Rectory, Arpafeelie. 

44. lltKAiDii; Smt.i.iis Ai- KlNi^'s;i;K 
(I., 2nd ,S., 143).— On the walls of King's College 
appear the armorial bearings of James IV., his 
queen, Margaret Tudor; his son, Alexander, Areh- 
Iji^hop of St. .-Vndrew's; liishop William IMpliin-tune, 
first chancellor of the College ; lii^liop Cavin 
Dunbar, third chancellor ; Bishop William Stewart, 
fourth ch.ancellor ; Hishop William Gordon, tiflh 
chancellor, and last pre-Reformalion bishop of 
.\lierdeen : Hector Roece, first principal; Dean 
Robert Maitland, Colonel John Ruclian, Dr. James 
Fraser, and John Siinjison — benefactors. Within the 
chapel are seen the armorial bearings of Walter 
Stewart, sixth principal ; Peter Udney, siib-prineipal ; 
Henry Scougall, regent ; and John Cniiclsliank of 
Tillymorgan. (See Vroc. Soc. Ant. Scot., xxiii., 
S0-S6.) P. J. Andeuso.n. 


A Calendar of the Univcnily of Al'Ciilct-ii for tltc 
Sessions iS6o-6i to iS6s-6.f. P.y Lieul. -Colonel 
Johnston. Aberdeen : Printed at the University 
Press, 1900. [117 pp. Post Svo.] 

ALTHOUrai the long-debated union of the two' 
.Aberdeen Universities look ]ilacc in iSoo, it was not 
till 1S64 that the first Calendar was piibb>heil. The 
worthy object of the faitliful compiler of this volume 
is to fill the hiatus between these two dates. This 
has been done with the infinite care of one whose 
self-imposed task was really a labour of love, and a 
Labour grateful alike to the memory of the distinguished 
and the undistinguished men who figured in the period 
covered. It is touching to think how the late 
Principal Sir William Geddes would have rejoiced in 
this contribution to the historic continuity of his 
University. But the least enlightened must appreciate 
and congratulate Colonel Johnston's zeal in bringin" 
this matter to such a successful issue. Ld. 

Scots JSooRs of tbc /IDoiitb. 

Johnston, W. Calendar of the University of Aber- 
deen, 1S60-61 to 1S63-4. Post Svo. 2/6. 


Laws of Scotland : Encyclopedia by the most 

c-iiipetent Riog. .Vuthorities. 13 vols. Svo. 

'5/-"et. Green. 

Pinnington, E. Sir David Wilkie. 1/6. 

Great Scots Series, Oliphant. 

l''.M,„l 1,)- A. Mlmun & Co.. l:,„>t..^!l,.is, Al..r 
■ilM."V....n„„i,i,i,..„;,,,„..l„.„l,l l.u a.Mri- -i.l lo ilic "I'-l 
1 u. '„,■„.; I>!,„.^. Al,.-i.l..u. A.U,:.i.c,..'-i:l, :ri.l 11, i 
...lur. to lli>; I'ublivlicrs, Sj Uil.oii :,li,...l, Al)<;il. 

I -^!•J■-Vl ^'..i- 



,s.J No. 

MAY, 1900. 



Notes ; — Page 

H>Ton's Maternal Aiicc-.tnrs r6i 

Re^iUt^T.S IiulLii.iirt:s uf il.i- l;ur-li of AUr.Ioen . . . . 16; 

Olil TiM.lnrs..r .\l.trili-cii~hiri-, i;:!-!?;-, i'« 

A Chair f rm.rly used in Si. M.ith.Lr C.alhe.lral l-^S 

The Arni..ri,il luwi^nsof lincriic-^ («illi Snppluiicm) loS 

AljerdLCi..Ann;rk.iii llraiUial.-s 169 

NotaMi: Men and Womir. of UerwickJiire 170 

Mr.\oR Notes:— 

An Anti-Jacol.ito Prayer 163 

Eslini.atc of llreakwaler, Peterhead 165 

.Messrs. .Sulhehy'.s Sale 167 

The Ke\. I„aurence lirovene, of Marlsehal College . . i63 

The Family of Fordyce 172 

The Family of C.attanach — Major Grant of the Russian 
Aimv-The Family of I Wjanio — l.ileralure— .Scots .Money 171 

Ilincratin- l.iliraries- Name, of I', Changed— 
Change of Name- loll. 1 A.M.. -M.l >.- Loch 
of Leys, Banchory— HerLertAnderson of Torraughty 174 

Course of Study for Ministry 174 

Go to Frcuchie--Thc P.ater.sons of ln\erncss-Family 
Pedierees— Alexander W'hyle. Regent, Marischal 

College ,75 

Profes-or Massons Reminiscences— Inters al between 
Successive Births 176 


Scots Books OF THE Month 176 


(Contiiiiu-ti from I'ol. /., siiil S., f. 14S.) 

The Third L.mrd. 

Sir Robert Gorho.n elites the death of tlic 
third laiid, George, son of the second hiird, in 
1579. The Gnat Seal deals with the laird 
thus :— 

tS-ib. June j6. llw ihirJ l.iir.l w.-is one of ilic 
witm-sVs (at Ihiiitly) of 0. .Iccil. l.y which (.;c.>r!;e. 
5lh Karl of Iluntly, tliroctctl precept tu Alcx.andcr 
(iorilon of Tol.low, his h.iillic. for infeftint; John 
(■..•r,ioii. now of KcmuTliu, .is heir of hie T', 
his ladur. ill ilie lands of r.i.ieru.l.luch, liol.lini,' in 
ci.icf ol il:ei;i:-iiUT in l.lench km. (A'cvv/j .y W/iyw, 
p. 12S). 

'S77- Nm. 32. The Kint; confirmed Gight's 
charter; " ((iia — pro ohservalione promisi facti 
quonilam .Mariole tViIvy, doinine de Melgem, pro 
variis i^ratitudinihus sihi aiile complenienlum 
maijtrimonii sui prestitis ''— he sold to .-\gnes Betoun, 
his wife (and ilaiiL;lUer of Lady Melguni), "during 
her lifeliinc," various lands, including Gight ("cum 
turre anil forlaliciu "). The deed was witnessed at 
Gight on Oct. 20, 1577, hy Gilhert .\uchterlony 
(possil)ly a relative of the wife of his cousin, William 
Gordon, fifth laird, who married Isohell Ochterlony), 
John (jordon, servant of the laird ; John Gordon of 
Audiaill, and Mr. I'atrick liisset, hurgess of Edin- 

'379- /miliary ^o. The King confirms the charter 
— "factum Guihelmum Craig, dominnium, liheri 
Icnemenli de Craigisfintray ac terrarum sub-script, et 
M. Tho. C., advocatuni ac feotlitariuni earandem " — 
hy which to implement a contract of date iSth and 
22nd Decemher, 157S, a fourth part of the lands of 
Tulliniald, in TurrilV, had been sold to George 
Gorilon and Agnes Betoun his wife. 

/J7p. Decciidier 10. The King granted to Patrick 
Cheync of Esslemont ("pro bono scrvitio") these 
same lands which Gordon ami his wife resigned. A 
daughter of the 5tli laird married a Cheyne of f'ennan. 

Sir Robert Gordon .u;ives the best account of 
the duel fougin between " Inhn Lord Forbesse" 
and the third laird. "The cause which the 
Lord Forbes pretended for this slaughter was 
that the Laird of Giylit had given him some 
injurious words before the [Privy] Councell, 
wliicli wes then by the lords reconciled in some 
measure. Yit the Lord Forbes returning into 
the north [apparently after the Council meeting 
in Edinburgh] did watch the Laird of Gight 
when he landed at the fcrrie of Dundie, whcr the 
Foibesscs shott him vnauars with musketts, 
besyd the wund inilne upon the shoar. He 
fought with them a long tyme after lie wes 
shott and wounded, and pursued them eagerlic 
vntiU he wes oversuayed with ther multitude. 
So he died feighting' witli great courage among 
them, ha\cing killed some of them at that instant. 
The Laird of Auchindoun [I'artrick Gordon] 
wont about to inirsuc the Lord F<:>rl)essc hy the 
l.nvcs of the kingdonic for this slaughter ; bot 
such wes the great malice of the ringleatlers 
then at court against the Gordons (the King 

■f \ 

' > '" r f f \ 


[Mav, 1900. 

being minor) that he cukl have no justice at 
that tyme ; and so Auchindoun delayed the 
mater, tliinkin^ to repair that urony Ijy some 
other occasion ; bot he « cs pre\ ented by death 
[in 1580]." 

The Fourth Laird. 

John Gordon of Ardniachar, who succeeded 
his nephew, the third laird, married Marjoric 
(not >iaryaret) Gordon, and was dead before 
April, 1592, not 1593. He is represented in tlie 
Great Seal only by one entry, dated April 5, 
1585, wherein 

The Kint; contirms the charter by John (Gordon of 
Gi^ht (which, wilh the consent of \\ illi.ini, his son ami 
apparent heir) for fulfilment of a contract entered into 
between Sir Patrick Gordon of Auchindoun, tutor 
dative to Klizalieth, daughter and heir legally served 
to the late George Gordon of Scheves and in name 
of Agnes lietoun his spouse on the one part, and the 
said John in name of Marjorie Gordon his spouse 
and the said William for himself and in name of 
Elizabeth Auchterlonie his spouse on the other part, 
of the date at Aberdeen, 3rd January, 15S2-3, 
granting to his grandson, George Gordon, eldest mju 
of the said William, the lands and barony of Scheves, 
&c. Reserving to the said John elder, Marjorie, 
William elder, and Elizabeth Auchterlonie, their life 
rents as outside the terms of the contract between the 
said John and William, of date 15S2, with precept of 
sasine directed to Alexander Gordon in Stanehouse. 
Reserving also to Elizabeth, lady of Gight, her life 
rent of the lands and pertinents, tVc. 

The witnesses are William Gordon of Auchin- 
doir, three advocates (William Da\idson, John 
Cheyne and Patrick Che\ne), and Captain John 
Gordon, the last probably beiny Ardmachars 
son, who was executed for the Donnibristle 
affair of 1592. 

Sons of tlic Four til Laird. 

Captain George Gordon was "slain at Harlam, 
in Holland" (Sir Robert Gordon's Genealogv of 
the Earls of Siitlierland, apparently the autlioritv 
for the statement in Dr. Temple's Tlianage of 
Ferniartvn, which I could not verify). 

Captain Alexander Gordon, who is described 
by Dr. Temple as havin.y been "killed by the 
Master of .Monteitb '' luhirb I doubled;, is 
described by the Knii^ht of Gordonstoun thus : — 
"The yeir of God, 1385, Captane Alexander 
Gordoun (brother to William Gdrdoun of Gi-lu") 
wes governor of the fort of Tour-l.ouis, bcsyd 
Antwerp, when it was rendered to the Duke of 
Parma : which fort wes nianfiillie defended by 
Captane .McN.iadrr GnnKnin a Inn^ t\ nir .i-alnst 
the Spaniards, with the l()^->r uf nun h uf In-, 
owne blood, and the Iwe-. of many of In^ 
souldiers. Then ues he ni.iid yo\ernor of 

15eryen-op-Zoom by Prince Maurice liis excel- 
lence, and thcrcfter maid Colonell of a Scottish 
rejjiment. [This regiment was probably part of 
the -Scots Brigade in Holland, for, accorLling to 
Fertjusoit's history of the same, an .Alexander 
Gordon served in the Holland Infantry, and 
received £1 120 in 15S6.] In end, coming home 
to visitc his friends in .Scotland, he x\es slain in 
Monteitb by some e\ill willers u ho had secretlie 
layd ane ambush for him. He mareid faiobee 
Pedralis, of Aungaderc, ane Italian gentle- 
woman, by whom he had two sons": - 

Gcort^e Gordon. 

Cii^ltiiii Jolui Gonion,\\\M was slain in Holland, 
" and had a .sonc called " 
Alexander Gordon. 

The Futh Laird. 

William Gordon succeeded his father, the 
fourth laird, on or before February 4, 1593, on 
which dale tlic King ga\e (" pro bono ser\ilio"), 
and gave anew ("de novo") to Willi. im Gordoun 
"dc Gcicht," the lands "vocatas lie Mures ile 
Fyvie," which included Makiarie, lllachrie, 
IJadichellis, .Murcfundlandsand .Swanhnil, which 
William Meklrum of .Moncoft'er, brother of 
George of Fyvie, resigned ''"pro hoc infeo- 
faniento conficiendo"). On July 26, 1595, the 
King conhrmed the charter of Sir Richard 
Cockburn of Clerkingtoun, junior. With the 
consent of Patrick ISarclay of Towieand William 
Meklrum "dc Haltoun," he had sold the afore- 
said lands to the laird of Gight and his wife 
Isobel. The fifth laird was made a burgess of 
Aberdeen on January 27, 1597 (.Miseellanv of 
the Xcw Spalding Club). On January 14, i'6l9, 
the King ratified the charter by George Gordon, 
the next laird, of these lands, granted to Andrew 
.Meklrum, second son of the late Andrew 
Meklrum of F)'\ie. 

Sons of the Fifth Laird. 

fohn Gordon of Ardlogie, the second son, was 
granted by the King letters of remission — "pro 
ejus vela duraturas — pro jaculatione, portatione, 
et usii marchinaruni ct bondjardarum lie hag- 
buttis, pisloUis, culveringis, daggis," i\:c. 

Patrieh Gordon. In his time the Gight 
family connection with F"orfaisIiire began. Not 
only did his brother, the sixth laird, marr\- 
a Forfu-sbire woman, Isobel Wood, bin be 
came into contact with the Durham family, for 
on July iS, 1642, the Kingconfirmcil the charier 
\il.ited May 29, 161 3) by the late Sir IIcnr\' 
Lindsay of Carrclistoun (13th Karl of Crawford) 
to Alexander Durliam of Dowuiennlnc, Forfar, 
"lib a precept of sasine to Patrick ticjrtlon. 



Janet Durham married Robert Erskine of 
Ardestie, whose son rcsij^ned these lands to 
the sixth lairdof Giifht in 1623 I'thc year that Sir 
Henry Lindsay died. It will be remembered 
that Patrick Cordon committed a brutal assault 
on GeorLje Thomson, writer to the siynct, on 
the hi^diway near Dundee, in 1623, when the 
lawyer had apparently been settling this business 
with him. 

T/tc Dtutghtcr of Hie Fifth I^iird. 

I have noticed that Christian Gordon was the 
first wife of Sir .Adam Gordon of Park. Gcoryc 
Jamcsonc painted a portrait of Sir .Vdam and 
his spouse, which is now in the possession of 
Maior Duff Gordon of Park ; but whether the 
lady was Christian Gordon or Helen Tyrie, Sir 
.•\dam's second wife, I cannot tell. 

J. M. liUI.I.OCH. 

( To bi continued. ) 

.An ANTi-J.\cor.iTE Prayer.— I have just 
come across the prayer that was used in 1745, 
&c., "in all cathedral, collc^iiate, and parochial 
churches and chapels w ithin Hn_:,dand and 
Wales, and the town of llcrwick-upon-Twccd, 
during the present troubles.' It runs : — 
A PR.WER to be used ... in time of 


OMost merciful GoJ, the supreme Disposer of all 
Events, and the kefu£;e of .ill those who trust 
in Thee, we Thy unworthy .Servants do most humbly 
implore Thy gracious .\iil and Protection. ]!e Thou 
to us, O Lord, a sure Guardian and Rock of Defence 
in this Time of our Noces^iiy. when we are c.\ 
to the Dangers and Calamities of foreign War, 
disturbed with Rebellious Insurrections at home, and 
threaten 'd with powerful Invasions from .Abroad, to 
the great H.izard of our Happy Constitution in 
Church and State. Go forth, we beseech Thee, with 
our Pleeti and .Vrmies : Let Thy .-\lmigluy hand 
ever be over them, and the Light of Thy Countenance 
shine upon them. Vouchsafe also Thy especial 
blessing to our most gracious Sovereign King 
CiEORi'.E: Defend him from all secret Conspiracies, 
and open Violence: ilircct his Counsels, and prosper 
all his Endeavours for the Welfare of these X.itions. 
Turn, O Lord, the hearts of his disobedient Subjects, 
and let neither our unhappy Divisions, nor our other 
manifold Sins and Provocations, obstruct his Designs 
for tfie publick CJood, nor hring down Thy Judge- 
ments upon us: l!ut spare Thy people, O Lord, 
spare us: and by The Grace of Tliy Holy Spirit so 
unite us in a tirm and uniform Course of Ohedience 
I . Tliy Will. :,nd an hearty /eal for Thy hommr and 
Service, that we m.iy eveiTuore rejoice in Tliy 
Salvation, through Jous Chri^t our Lord. .\MEN. 



f Con/ill not from J 'ol. I. , ziui S. , fa^c no. ) 

1737' Mays. William Lamb son to James Lamb 
in Kirktoun of Fetteresso, p. to Robert 
LamI), weaver, 5 years, from Whitsunday, 
1733— no fee. 

May 4. (jeorgc Wilson son to the deceased 
George Wilson in .Vuchleven, p. to Thomas 
Paul, merchant, and present Dean of tbiild, 
5 years, from ^Lartinmas last — no fee. 
Cautioners, John Tower, merchant, and 
John Wilson in Kirktoun of Clett. The 
apprentice to maintain himself in cloaths, 
and the master to hnd him in board, bed, 
and washing, and \ny £$ stg. for his last 
year's service. 

John Daviilson son to the deceased 
George Davidson, shoemaker, p.' 
-Murray, taylor, with consent of the Kirk 
.Session; 6 years and I year, from 21st 
June, 1731— fee /"S Scots. 

r)ec. 26. John Harrow son to William 
Harrow, workman, p. to Francis Massie, 
piriewigmakcr ; 6 years, from 1st Januar)-, 
1732— no fee. 
173S. Jan. 17. George (lordon son to George 
Gordon, weaver at Foveran, p. to Wm. 
Davidson, weaver, 6 years, after Mertimas, 
1731— no fee. 

William Rcid son to .\lexr. Reid, taylor 
in Lonhead, p. to Robert .Spring, taylor; 
5 years and I year, after 4th May, 1732 — 
fee £S Scots, with a pair of blankets and a 

July 3. Alexr. Jop, son to James Jop, 
merchant in Ilunlly, p. to George Wright, 
couper ; 6 years, after l6th .May last — fee 
£$ IDS. stg., with a sufficient bedding of 

July S. George Morgan son to Robert 
.\lorgan, stabler, p. to William Stevenson, 
younger, weaver ; 6 years, from Lambas, 
1734 — no fee, his father to maintain him 
in all necessary wearing ajiparcll. 

August 14. Lewis Chalmers son to Mr. 
James Chalmers, Prifcssor of Divinity at 
the Mari..chal College, p. to George 
Cooper, goldsmith ; 6 years and I year, 
after Mertimes next — no fee, his father to 
furnish during 6 years all neccssar)- wearing 
ajiparell and kcc]) in d)"et. 

Oct. 24. Williaur .Nban .--on to the deceased 
lames Man at Miln of Aden, with consent 
of Jean Clerk, his mother, p. to Thomas 
Glcnny, : 2 years, from I2!h 
January, 1737 — fee ^10 .-tg., his mother to 
aliment and uiainlain him in dyet, wa>hing, 
and cloaths. 

1 64 


[May, 1900. 

1738. Dec. 23. James Cuniming ■;on tn the ileceaseil 
John Ciiniming of Kininnnuit, with consent 
of Mary Keith, his niuther, and the now 
deceased George Keith, advocat in Abd. , 
p. to Thomas Paul, merchant ; 4 years, 
after August, 1735— fee 700 mcrks, with 50 
merks for a bedding of cloaths. I'aui to 
find his apprentice in bed, board, and 
washing, and before expireing of his 
apprentiship to send him to Holland or 
any other foreign countrey as he shoukl 
have occasion for going about his master's 
afTairs there. 
'739- J'ln- I?- Alexr. Gordon, son to the deccised 
George Gordon of Kirkulloch, p. to James 
Smith, s.adler, 6 years, from 1st October, 
1733 — fee ^^^15 stg. Cautioner, Margaret 
Duff, Lady Glengarrock. 

March 15. John Davidson son to Thomas 
Daviilson in Craigsicy, p. to Alexr. 
Mitchell of Colpna, merchant, and one 
of the present baillies of .\berdeen, 6 years, 
from Whitsunday, 1735 — "'^ ^^'^1 'he father 
to niantain in all necessary abulziements 
except shoes, and the master to pay £1 
stg. for the last year. 

July II. John Ingram son to William Ingram, 
indweller in Aberdeen, p. to William 
Smith, merchant and late Baillie, 5 years, 
from 1st March last — no fee. 

July 16. John Revell son to William Revell, 
indweller, p. to William Stevenson, weaver, 
5 years, from 27th September, 173S— no 

July 27. John Naughty son to William 
Naughty, wright, p. to .\lexr. Duncan, 
barber and piriewig maker, 5 years, from 
2nd .August, 1734 — no fee. 
1740. April 15. .-Vlexr. Ranimage son to Robert 
Rammage, heelmaker, p. to William 
Harthill, shoemaker, 5 years, from 22nd 
April, 1735 — fee ^^30 Scots and a suflicient 
bedding of cloaths. 

April 19. Alexr. Forbes son to Magnus 
Forbes in Nether Loirstoun, in the parish 
of Nigg, p. to William Strachan, weaver, 
6.]. years, from gth June, 1739 — no fee. 

April 22. Alexr. Gammack s.m to the 
deceased .-Mexr. Gammack in New Deer, 
p. to James Abernethy, merchant, 4 years, 
from 15th M.ay, 1736— no fee, the master 
to pay ^24 Scots yearly during ap|irenlice- 

July I. Charles M.icindowe son to Charles 

« .M.ackindowe, indweller, p. to William 
.Moir, couper, 7 years, after 4th July, 

John Tower, brother goriiian to lanie^ 
Tower in .Miln ..f Ferryhill, y. t.. W'illi.un 
Moir, ciiuper, 6 )ear^, fiMiu 1st |uly, 
1 737 -fee ./'50 So. .Is. (■..uu..ners, '[ 
Tower, merchant, an. I the s.ii.l Janie-. 

1740. Nov. S. Robert Stuart son to the deceased 

Robert Stuarl, farmer in .\bil., ji. Julm 
Reiil, weaver, 5 years, from Whitsunday, 
1737— no fee. 
Nov. II. William Smith son to William 
.Smith in .Spithill, p. to James llavi.lsi.n, 
weaver, 6 years and I year, from 6lh Jan., 
1734— no fee. 

1741. .\pril 15. William lladdin s.m to William 

Iladdin, weaver, p. to .\ndrcw IIulohe..n. 
t.aylor, 6 years, from Wliilsuiid.iv, 173S - 
ncj fee. 
June 5. Fbenezer Oliver son to Mr. Steven 
Oliver, minister of the Gospell at l''orbes, 
p. Roliert (,'lialmer^, couper, years, from 
Whitsunday, 1735— fee loo merks. Wimlhouse son lo John Win.lh.mse 
in Kingshill, p. (o R.ibert Chalmers, 
couper, S years, from Merlinmas, 1733-110 

July 30. James Dallas son to .\ndiew Dallas, 
Wright, p. to William Ilennet, sadler, 5 
years, from Whitsunday last— fee C\oo 

1742. k'eb. 19. John Davids.m son to .VIexander 

Davidson, mere' in Old .Meldrum, p. to 
George Cooper, goldsmith, 7 years, after, 1741 — no fee. Cautioners, 
his father and William Davids, ,n, l.aillie 
of Abd. 
Sept. 24. .Alexander Fr.aser son to James 
Fraser, farmer in Abil., p. to .\lexander 
Thomson, .shoemaker, 5 years, after 
Martimas, 1737— fee £\2 Sc.its and a 
bedding of cloath. 

1743- Jan. 3. Thomas Keith son to the deceaseil 

-Mr. Thomas Keith in Tilburies, p. to 
George Wright, cooper, 7 years, after 1st 
January, 1743— fee ^50 Scots. Cautioners, 
James Keith in Tulburies and John Wils.)n, 

April I. William Troup son to Georfe 
Troup, farmer at Bowbridge of .\bdn., p. 
to Alexander Thomson, shoemaker, 6 
years, after Martimas, 1742 — fee £1 stg. 
Cautioners, Robert Troup, mailman, and 
Alexr. Troup, laxlisher at Bridge of Dee. 

William Lendrum son to William 
Lendrum in Watrichmoor, p. to .Alexander 
Thomson, shoemaker, 3 years, afier Whit- 
sund,ay next— fee £t\ Scots. 

May 14. Alexander Iladden son to William 
Iladden, weaver, p. to William Brebner, 
merchant, 5 years, alter W liilsumlay, 
173S — no fee. 

William Craig son to George Craig in 
Rarchel, in the parish of Fetteresso, p. to 
John Sim, coo[)er, 6 yi-.irs, from 2iid Jul)-, 
1742 — fee /5 stg. 

1744- lune 3. Stephen Thomson s.,n to the 

.Kccascd Stephen,.jii, s..|,li,r, a p.„,r 
boy, p. to James Chalmers, t.rylor, with 

Vol. I.- 2ik1. Series.] SCOTTISH NOTES AND QUERIES. 


consent of the Collector of the Kirk Scs.sion, .] 174S. 

6 years and I year, after 'i\\\ November, 

1744. June 2S. ^^■illiam Allan son to George 

.\llan, fanner in .Mains of Aiichingoul, p. 
to Jolin Me.irns, watchmaker, 6 years, 
from iSlhJuly, 1740— no fee. 
.Sept. 20. James .Meslon son to James Mcslin, 
indwiUer, p. to David Moncreif, ba.ster, 

7 years, after Whitsunday, 1743— no fee. 
John Krown son to John Urown in 

Keninay, p. to Robert Joyner, taylor, 6 

years, after 1st .\pril, 1741 — no fee. 
N'ov. 2. James Don.ilil son to James Donald, 

merchant in (.airnwlielp, (i. to Walter Ross, 

merchant, 4 years, from 20th A'ovembcr, 

1740— no fee. 
Nov. 27. .\ilam .Murray ojn to .\dam Murray 

in Reidfold, p. to Robert .\ikmnn, wrii;lil, 

5 years, after Martinma-^, 1739 — fee ^,'54 


James Forlie-. .son to William Forlies in 

.Mdn of Collilhie, p. to Alo.r. Davidson, 

coojier, 6 years, after isl July, 1740— fee 

£\oo Scots. 

1746. May 16. James Ligertwood son to the 

deceased Alexander Ligertwood, sometime 
residenter in Abd., p. to William Voung, 
merchant, 4 years, after 1st May, 1742— fee 
300 merks. .Margaret Terrier, his mother, 
consents, and Mr. John Gelly, minister at 
Nigg, cautioner. 
June 10. Robert Reid son to Ale.\r. Reid, 
taylor at Lonhead, p. to Robert Joiner, 
taylor, 8 years, after 21st June, 1739— no 

1747. Jan. 29. Alexander Moir son to the deceased 

Alexander .Moir, taylor in OM Aberdeen, 
p. to James Rirnie, junior, shoemaker, 5 
years, after Whitsunday, 1742 — fee £20 
Scots and a bedding of cloaths. Cautioners, 
Agnes Booth, his mother, and William 
Booth, sailor. 

Feb. 20. Robert Thom, indweller, p. to 
John Thom, blacksndib, 6 years, after 7th 
January, 1742 — no fee. 

Ale.xr. Thomson son to John Thomson, ' 
taylor, p. to Alexr. Davidson, couper, 6 
years, after Sth Decendier, 174(3— fee ^100 

June 13. William IJarron si^n to Ceorgc 
Barron in Glen of Dyce, p. to .\lexr. , 
Kellic, baker, 5 years and I year, after Sth . 
June, 1741 — fee ilomerUs. 

1745. Jan. 29. John Smith son to the deceaseil 

Alexander Smilli, shoemaker, p. to William \ 
Booth, shoemaker, 4 years, after 3rd j 
Si'iUendier, I74i— Z'40 Scots. 
Sept. I. John lladden son to William 
Ila<lden," weaver, p. lo James Norrie, 
laylor, years, after \\ liil-und.iy, 1743 

Oct. 25. Patrick Porter son to John Procter 
[? Porter] in Clayfurs of Easter Elchies, p. 
to William Procter, Sadler, 6 years, after 
Martimas, 1742 — no fee. 

William Ixobcrtson son to Wm. Robert- 
son in Tillidrone, p. to William Procter, 
sadler, 7 years, after 27th May, 1747— no 

George Ogilvie son lo .\lexr. Ogilvie, Clerk at Dundee, p. to Wm. 
Proctor, sadler, ']\ years, from I5lh Nov., 
1744 — no fee. 

March 25. George Jack son to Alexr. Jack 
in Gask of Cruden, p. to Wm. Moir, 
coo|ier, 6 years, after 1st January, 1745 — 
no fee. 

I'cb. 7. .\lexr. Touch son lo .\lexr. Touch, 
farmer in Lochel, p. to John SliU, weaver, 
7 years, after loth January, 1750— no fee. 

.March 24. Wm. Sutherland sun to George 
Sutherland, workman in .\bdn., p. to 
William Annand, hooker in Aberileen, 5 
years, after Candlemas, 1746 — fee 50 

A. M. M. 

EsmEVTK OF lJl.tE.\K.\V.\TER, PeTERHE.\D. 

— The subjoined " Estimate of a Breakwater 
Across the Bay of Peteihead" — found among 
some old documents in my possession — made 
by one of its then leading townsmen, between 
the years 1816-1S20, and printed and no doubt 
circulated, may be interesting to readers of 
Scottisli Notes and Oiicrics. 



Across the Bay of Peterhead, as proposed 

By James Aibutluiot, J in:., Esq. 

Expense, ^{^4, 862,000. 

.Average depth of water, 13 fathoms, 7S feet. 

I leii;lu above low water, 4 do., 24 do. 


^- =325 - 102 = 33150. 

tage breadth. 


Length, i.j mile = 7920 x 33150 = 262548000, and 

26254S000 , . ,,, 

- — =9724000 yards at los. =^4, 862,000. 

The ba-e i.. 630 feet and the tup 20 feet broad, 
with a sliipe uu the oul=ide ol 4 feel to 1, and on the 
inaide of I loot to one. 



[May, 1900. 

SHIRE, 1771-1S53. 
(Continued from Vol. /., 2nd S., /'a^c /JS- ) 

20., Mrs. Wife of ihe preceding; Teacher 
of the S. I'.C. K. .Spinning, Sewing, Sc, School at 
Achalader, then at Castietnn, and l)acl< to Achalader 
between the years iSlo and iSiS ; Scholars, from 4 
to II ; Salary, £6. 

21. Geokck (Miss), Is A. S.r.C.K. Teacher of 
Sewing, &c., at Tough from 1S42 to 1S44 ; Scholars, 
from 27 to 45 ; Salary, ^^5. 

22. fiKANT, .Alkxa.sdkk. S.l'.C. K. Teacher 
from 1S4S to 1S53 at Forest of liirse ; Salary from 

23. (Irani, [amis. Fir>t stationed in 1773 at the 
S.r.C.K. .School, Newliyth, King- Edward, at a salary 
of ^8 ; was removeil aljout 17S0 to Craigylea, Migvie 
and Tarlanil, where he remained till 1784 ; Scholars, 

, 31 to 62 ; Salary, ;£'lo. 
/ 24. Gkassick, William. Settled first in 1773 as 

S.r.C.K. Teacher at Torrancroy, Strathdon, with 68 
Scholars, at ;^I2 salary. lie was repeatedly removed 
to other stations — I.ynorn, Auchernock, Ardlicr, Blair- 
na-muick, Kindyside. and lastly to Ardler, where he 
retired from acti\e work in 1S09 ; and received his 
salary of ;^I5 as a superannuation grant from that year 
to 1816. 

25. IlENnEKSON (Miss), Helen-. S. P. C. K. 
Teacher of Sewing, &c., at Alford from 1838 to 
1844 ; Scholars, 32 to 49 ; Salary, ^"8. 

26. Hunter (Miss), Caroline. S. P. C.K. Teacher 
of Sewing, &c., at Alford from 1S49 to 1853 ; Salary, 


27. Kinnaird, Anne. S. P.C. K. Teacher of 
Spinning, Sewing, t\;c. , School at Xewbyth, King- 
Edward', in 17S0: Salary, ;^S. (? l>ecame Mrs. 
MacIIardie in 17S1, see Xo. 33). 

28. Logan, .Mary. For about a year in 1S31 
Teacher of the S.P.C.K., Spinning, Sewing, ^Vc , 
School at Bridge of Girnac ; Schnl.irs, 17; Salary, 

29. ^L\cAKllIUR, UoNALli. S.l'.C.K. Teacher 
at Castleton of I'.raemar, Cralhie, from 1S4S to 1S53 ; 
Salary at first /15, increased to /.iS. 

30. .MacP'aklane, James. Son of the following 
(No. 31), S.l'.C.K. Te" at TilliLcairn, Al.oyne : 
from 1790 to iSoo lie acted as .\s>i-l.uu to his father, 
and was remunerated l.y him. Vi\ his father being 
superannuated in iyo<), lie Ha> appoint iil succe-^Mir at 
;^15, which by 1S16 had been rai>ed to/,'17. Scholars, 
from 9i to 102. 

31. Mackaklank, MiRiioi II. I'.'rilic I. >ng period 
of about 41> he >erved th^- S.l'.C.K. m v.„i..u~ 
stations. In 177; he pl.u\ I .U InilMuartin, 
Clenmiiiek-a p.iii-h at iliai lime a 
population of 2200, ol whuiii ; ;7 were Ki.iiian 
Catholics. In 1775 he wa> rem..ved lo Little 

Kinord, then lo Balno, and in 1790 to Tillycairn or 
Tulliecairn, where he continued till 1S14. From 
1773 to 1793 the salary was £14, and subsequently 
£16. In 1790 his son, James (No. 30) was recognised 
as his assistant, but without a separate salary ; Scholars, 
from 62 to 102 ; the highest number being at Little 
Kinord in 17S1, 80 boy-- and 22 girls. In I.S09 he 
was superannuated at ^'5, which he enjoyed till 1814, 
(luring which jieriod he assisteil his son and successor. 

32. MacIIardy, Al.EXANiiKR. S. I'.C. K. Teacher 
at Bridge of (iirnac from 1822 to 1836 ; Salary, £1$. 
He was superannuated in 1S36 on £12, which he 
received till 1840. In 1822 he hail do .Scholars, but 
by 1S36 the nund)ers had fallen to 31. 

^^. .Maciiakihe, Henry. S.l'.C.K. Tenclier at 
Newbyth, King-Ldward, from 1777 lo 1780; Scholar^, 
38 to 56 : Salary, £$. 

34. M.vcHariue, Mrs. Wife of the preceding (see 
Xo. 271, Teacher of the S.l'.C.K. Spinning, Sewing, 
^S;c., School at Newbyth from 1781 to 1784 ; Salary, 
i^8, reduceil to £$. 

35. >L\cHari>y, Norman. S.l'.C.K. Teaclier at 
Cla>hmore, Strathdon, from 1814 to iSlO ; Scholars, 
74 ; Salary, ^15. 

36. Macintosh, John. S.P.C.K. Teacher at 
Clashmore, Strathdon, from 1S18 to 1S27 ; Scholars 
numbered from 48 to 63 ; Salary, .^^^15. 

37. Mackenzie, John. S.l'.C.K. Teacher at 
Ruthven, Cairnie, from 1781 to 1790 ; .Scholars from 
36 to 69 ; Salary, ^^14. 

38. Mac.Ml'RRICii, Duncan. First stationed at 
the S.P.C.K. School, Invercauld, from 1783 to 1787, 
then removed to Colderach or Calderich, Crathie and 
Braemar, where he remained till 1793 ; .Scholars 
numbered from 41 to So — the highest being in 1 790 
— 60 boys and 20 girls ; .Salary, /,12. 

39. MaciTukex, \\m. For about 24 years 
S.l'.C.K. Teacher at Castleton of Braemar, 1S20 to 
1S44. The number of Scholars remained very 
stationary — about 100 ; the highest roll was in 1S36 
—48 boys and 53 girls ; Salary, £15. 

40. M.\cQuEEN, Mrs. Wife of the preceding ; 
S.l'.C.K. Teacher of Spinning, .Sewing, &c.. School 
at Castleton of Braemar from 1S22 to 1S36 ; Scholars 
nuudjered from 14 to 42 ; Salary, £4. 

41. MacIJi'een, .Miss. Daughter of the pre- 
ceding ; succeeileil her mother in 1837, and continued 
till about 1S44 ; Scholars from iS to 23 ; Salary, £4. 

42. MfNRO, James. For about 23 years S.P.C. K. 
Teacher at Aberarder, 1830-1853; Scholars nundiered 
fr..iii 5J to 98 — the highest roll was in 1834. 67 boys 
and 31 girls ; Salary, /if. 

43. MUNRO, -Mrs. (?) Wife of the preceding; 
S.l'.C.K. Teacher of .Sewing, \c., Scho..l at Baliine 
Ir.'ni 1S39 to 1848 ; Schol.irs, 15 to 3S : Salary, £4. 

4.\. t)i;i;, James. For about 26 years S.l'.C.K. 
Te.uher at Tulliecairn liom i.SiS to 1844; Scholars 
nuudiereil iVom 70 lo 99 ; .Salary, /,I7. 



45. Rai.nme, FoRFES. S.r.C. K. Tcicher at Xew 
Pitsligo, Tyrie, from iSiS to 1S34 ; Schol.irs num- 
bereJ from 116 to 169 : Salary-, ;^ 15, with a further 
sum from the Clerk family uf I'it-ligo. 

46. Ramsay, .Xndrf.w. S.I'.C.K. Teacher at 
Forest of Dirse from 1S14 to 1S30 ; Scholars from 4S 
to 6S ; Salary, £\(>. 

47. Ramsay, Georce (?son of preceding. No. 
46). S.I'.C.K. Te.icher at Forest uf Birse from 
1830 to 1834 ; Scholars from 50 to 6S ; Salary, ;^I7. 

48. Reii) (Mrs.), .\NNF.. Teacher of the S.P.C.K. 
Sewing, &c.. School at iJaln.icrul't, Clcnmuick, from 
1S39 to 1S44 ; Scholars, from 27 to 40 ; Salary, £^. 

49. RoiiEKTSON, Mrs. Succeeileil the preceding 
at B.ilnacroft from about 1847 to 1S53 ; Salary, £^, 
increased to ^6. 

50. Saindei;s, Joit.v. Teacher of the School at 
New ritsligo, Tyrie, froui 1790 to 1793 ; .Scliolars 
about 28; Salary from the S.I'.C.K., /,"8, with £(i 
from Sir William Forbes, I'.art., of l'ii-,ligo. 

51. SllEKKlKKS, GEOKiiE. S.I'.C.K. Teacher at 
Forest of Dirse, Birse, from 1803 to 1814 ; Scholars 
numbered from 44 to 66. S.ilary at tirst, £,\(), 
increased in 1 8 10 to ;!j 1 7. 

52. SlMrsoN(Miss), Makgaket. For about a year, 
1842, Teacher of the S.I'.C.K. Sewing, ic, School 
at Touch ; Salary, / 5. 

53. S.MITH (Miss), .Maky. For many years con- 
ducted the .S.r.t'.K. Sewing, iVc, School at New 
I'it.-ligo, Tyrie — 1S39 to 1850 ; Scholars aliout 46; 
Salary, ^^5. In 1S50 was superannuated and received 
a grant of £3 for some years. 

54. Stewart, Geori;e. S.P.C.K. Teacher at 
Forest of Birse, Birse, from 1S33 to aljout 1S46 ; 
Scholars in 1S36 were 77, but in 1S44 had fallen to 
32 ; Salary, ;^I7. 

55. Symon, James. Fir.-tslaiioned attheS.l'.C.K. 
School, Clashmore, Strathdon, where he continued 
from 1S30 to 1S3D : from 1837 to 1S53, or probably 
later, he was settled at CorgarlV: Scholars numbered 
from 74 to 104 ; salary at tirst was £\^, increased in 
later years to ;^lS. 

56. Tastarh, ElizaI'.eth. (?) Daughter of the 
following ^Xo. 57), Teacher of the S.I'.C.K. .Spinning, 
Sewing, &c.. School from 17S4 to 1803, lir^t at Wester 
Micras, next at Bomorrel or Bomorril, Crathie (? Bal- 
moral), anil in 1803 at Braemar ; number of Scholars 
about 17 ; Salary, £b. 

57. Tast.vRD, 1'ETEK. successively stationed, 
between 1773 and 1781. in the S.I'.C.K. Schools at 
E.isler Balmoral, Crathie, Bridge of liirnick, and 
Wester Micras ; Scholars numbered from 34 to 75 ; 
lh<» highest roll was in 1780, at Wester Micras, 56 
boys and 19 girls. In 1773 the pi'pulation of Crathie 
parish was 2253, of wliom S32 were Roman Catholics 
and had two resident Priests. 

58. Thomson, Geokhe. l\.r iqiw.irds of 20 years 
S.I'.C.K. Teaclier, 1773 •oI7',i3. lii-l wns 
at, Glenmuick, then removed toTonlarroch, 

sent back to Ballochan, and finally settled at Tor- 
darroch ; Scholars numbered from 50 to 75, the 
highest figures were in 17S1, 59 boys and 16 girls ; 
Salary, ;^I4. 

59. Ukouhart, John. S.P.C.K. Teacher at New- 
byth, King-Edwaril, from 17S3 to 1790; Scholars 
numbered from 48 to 82 ; Salary, £%, increased to 
£\o, lo which Mr. Urquhart of Bylh added £z. 

60. WnYTK (.Miss), Mary. Teacher of the 
S.I'.C.K. Sewing, &c., School, at New Pitsligo, 
Tyrie, from 1S51 to 1S53 ; Salary, £ii. 

Trinity, Edinburgh. D. W. Ke.MI'. 

Messrs. Sotheuv's Sale.— The week's sale 
bei,'un by Messrs. Solheby on February 
26th, marks the coinnienceiiient in earnest of 
the 1900 season, .'\hhouyh a drinkin.;; tumbler 
is not of all relics the most satisfactory, yet if 
properly authenticated, such an object serves to 
whet the collector's appetite. On one side of 
the ylass tumbler referred to is an engraved 
copy of Bums's seal, and on the other the 
foUowins,' inscription, in alternate lines of small 
and capital letters: — "This ylass, once the 
property of Robert Burns, was presented by the 
poet's widow to James Robinson, Esq., and 
jjiven by his widow to her son-in-law, .Major 
James Glencairn Burns, 1S40." The relic is 
enclosed in an oak case, made partly from one 
of the piles of old London liridye, partly from 
timber from the Royal George, and a holograph 
letter from Mrs. Hutchinson, grand-dauyhtcr of 
the poet, to Mr. Muir, the present owner, goes 
to the purchaser. Mrs. Hutchinson says that 
Bums possessed four of these glasses, of which 
one has been broken. .As indicated by the 
inscription, Jean .-\rmour gave this one to Mr. 
James Robinson, of Sunderland. A copy of the 
first Edinburgh edition of Burns which is to be 
sold is in unusually fine condition. It is uncut, 
and the original boards have the label on the 
back. Of books printed at Aberdeen, we have 
a large copy of the tirst edition, in original 
vellum binding^, of Johnston's " Paraphrasis 
I'octica I'salmorum Davidis," issued by the 
town's first printer, Raban, in 1637 ; the 
" FaithfuU Copie of papers exchanged betwixt 
John Menzies .... and F. Dempster," with 
the woodcut .Arms of .\bcrdcen, printed by John 
Forbes, 166S ; and iS volumes of .\bcrileen 
Almanacks, 1S02-25, containing among other 
things particulars of Scottish regiments in 
America. A tirst edition of the '" .Memoir of 
John Howie of Lochgoin," Glasgow, 1796, is the 
one given by Sir Walter Scolt to C. K. Sharpc, 
while of Scott's own works there is a lot com- 
prising 74 volumes, nearly all first editions. 


[May, icpo. 


In .S-. N. and Q. (Vol. XII., p. 167) there 
appeared a short article and illustration of a 
chair once used in St. .Machar Cathedral. The 
illustration underneath shows another of the 
old oak chairs removed some years ayo from 
tlie pew of one of the larger heritors of Old 
Machar Cathedral, when it was re-arranged, and 
at the same time disposed of. On the back is 

an oblong square : it has the initials of husband 
and wife, also the date 16S6, and the badye of 
the family overshadowed by the spreading 
leaves of a thistle with two heads. The present 
possessor would take kindly any information re- 
garding the family for whom it hail been made 
and whose initials it bears. 

Lirn.K Fiui.oT. 

Till'. Ricv. l.Ai.kioNci-; IIrow.m;, of 
,M AKISCHAI, Coi.l.KC.i;.- The J'.ni of .\pril ::2 
says:— "Mr. Ch.irles Clillord [,in actor] will in 
future be known as Sir Ch.iili.-' CliUcin-l'iniu ne, 
his own name. I'lic b.inuuuy 1^ an old oiu', 
dating from ii»i'), .nul, llu- l.i^i li,inMui d\iny 
without any heiis, Sir Lli.ulr^ iI.imii^ llu- uilc 
as great-grandson of the \ery Rev. W illiam 

Laurence Browne, D.I)., LL.D., I'rincipal of 
Masenhal [sic] College, Aberdeen, Dean of the 
Thistle, and of tlie Cha|)cl Royal, who was 
grand-nephew of Sir John lirowne, second 
baronet. Oliver Cromwell anil Cicnoral 
bert passed a night in tlie tine old tower of 
Fordcl, Perth (which originally belonged to the 
family), on July 17th, 1651, where they somewhat 
spitefully turned all their horses loose among 
General Browne's standing corn, riic |Hiliyrce 
goes back to Sir John Brown, High Sheriff of 
Aberdeen in 1320." 



( S., v., Si, 97 ; :ncl S., I., 140). 

OlK Supplement this month is a reduced fac- 
simile of the emblazonment which accompanies 
the recent grant of arms to the town of Inver- 
ness. The following ib the full le.\t of the 
matriculation : — 

Extract of Matriculation of the Arms of the 
Royal Burgh of Invcrncs.s. 

William Macbcan, Esquire, I'rovost, and the 
Magistrates and Town Council of the Uoyal llurgh 
of Inverness having, by petition to the Lyon Kingnf 
Arms, of date the 29th day of May last, rc|)rcsciilC(l 
that certain ensigns armorial were home by the said 
Royal Uurgh prior to the passing of the .Vet of I'arlia- 
ment 1672 cap. 47, which arms' by inailvcrteuce had 
not been recorded in the Public Registur of .Ml .\rms 
and Bearings in Scotland in terms of the said statute, 
and the said petitioners having prayed lliat the afore- 
said Arms might be matriculated in the said Public 
Register, his lordship by interlocutor of this date 
grantcil warrant to the Lyon Clerk to matriculate in 
the name of the |icthioncrs, the Provost, .Magistrates 
and Councillors of the Royal Burgli of Iiivcrnlvss and 
of their succes.sors in ollice and of the said Royal 
Burgh the following ensigns armorial as depicted 
upon the margin hereof ami matriculated of even date 
with thesL- presents in the Public Rigister of .Ml .\ruis 
and Bearings in Scotland, viz., GiiLs Our Lord iifoii 
the Cross proper. Above tile sliiiid is placed a suit 
able hehnet with a mantling Gules ilouhle Or; and 
U|)on a wreath of tlieir proper liveries is set for crest 
a Cornucopia proper and in an escrol over the same 
this motto — " Concorilia et Pidelilas '' ; anil upon a 
compartment below the shield are place.l for sup- 
I'orlers on the dexter side a Dromedary and on the 
sinister side an hdephant both proper. 

.Matriculated the ninth day of Pebruaiy One 
thousand nine hundre.l. 

i:\tracted furth of the Public Pe-isler ..f Ml \rm, 
and Bearini;s in Scotland. 

FlvA.NCls J. Gi;AM-, Lyon Clerk. 


6 ^'-'"^^ A 

The Armorial Ensigns of Inverness. 

Supplement to -Scottish Notes and Queries.' 
May, 1900. 

A. Brown li Co., 




(I., 137; v., I, 125, 144; VH., 14, 54, 76, 141, 
175 ; VIII., 127 ; I.K., 15 ; X., 9;, 170 : .\I., 17J ; 
.XII., 66, 94, 127, t42, 159 ; 2111! .S., I., 7, 31, 47, 
59, 64, 95, 127, 155.) 

63. Rev. James IIo.neyman, ^ Scolcliman, 
missionary at Jamaica, L.I., 1703-04, ami lli;;iicc 
transIatL'il U) Ncw|)()rl, I^liodc Islaml, where lie iliL-<l 
in extreine ulil .aye, on July 2nd. 1750, al'ler a very 
cnLTgclic and useful life, could nol have heen the 
graduate at Marischal Cullege in 1 763 ; allhoutjh he 
may have heen the son of the lirsl Jauies lloneynian, 
minister of KinncIT, because the Iloneynians were 
ministers of Kinncll for four generations, 1663-17S1 
(Digest S./'.G., 42, 47, 853, S55: TiiVany Ilist. 
Episc. C/i., 106, 272 ; AVi. .I/.ir. Co//., ii., 270, 331, 
m)- There is evidently room for more en(|uiry. 

64. Rev. CliARi.F.s Cai.dkk Mackiniosii, D.D. 
(I., 2nil .S., 127), native of Koss, gr.aduated at King's 
College, .Vherdeen, in 1S21 (A'///;'V Coll. Gra,l., 
27S), and became F. C. minister at Dunoon, lie 
received the degree of U. U. from Union College, 
-Schenectady, N.V., in 1S50, when he minister at 
Tain (Gcii. Cat., Union Coll., Schencdady, N.Y., 
p. 83). 

65. Rev. Francis Nicoi.i., D.D. (I., 2nd S., 
127), third son of John XicoU, merchant in Lossie- 
mouth, was born there in 1770, graduateil at King's 
College in 17S9, and was licensed by the I'resljytery 
of Elgin in 1793. lie was presented to the parish of 
Auchtertool, Fifeshire, by the Karl of Mor.ay, in 
'797 ; '^o years later was appointed to the of 
Mains and Strathmartin, Forfarshire, ami, while 
there, he received the degree of D.D. from the 
University of St. Andrews, in 1S07. In 1S17 he was 
presented by the Prince Regent to the parish of St. 
Leonards, in Fife, and the same year was made 
Principal of the United Colleges of St. Leonard 
and St. S.ilvator. lie was chosen to be Rector of 
St. Andrews University in 1S22, and died, October 
Sth, 1S35. So far as I can find, he had no .\nierican 
at'liliation (Kind's Coll. Grad., 261 ; DiU. A'.i/. Sio^., 
xli., 46). 

66. Jamks Lou an, artist in Lon<lon, was born in 
Aberdeen about 1794, and is said by his biographer 
to have been educateil at the Grammar .School and 
at -M.trischal College ; but his name does not a[>pear 
in Rtc. Mar. Coll., vol. ii. His chief literary produc 
tion was "The Scottish Gael, or Celtic .Manners," 
first publisheil in London, 2 vols., 1S31 : .again, with 
memoir, by Dr. .\. Stewart, 2 vols., ii>7o. Mr. 
Logan died 1S72. An .\merican edition of --The 
Scottish Gael," in one volume, was publisheil in Mart- 
ford, Conn., in 1S43, and again in 1S5Q. It has a 
lengthy title-page, .adorned ' with a Seoleh thistle 1 
surmounted with an iniperi.d crown and low cross, | 
"The Scottish Ci.iel, or Celtic Manneis, being .m | 
IJisl.iricalaml 1 lescriiUlve Account of the'.tnl^, 
.\ntiiiuities and National I'eeiiliarities of Scotland : 

more particularly of the Northern or Gaelic parts of the 
country, where the singular habits of the aboriginal 
Celts are most tenaciously retained ; by James I.iigan, 
Fellow of the Society of Anlir|uaries of Scotland. 
'The most interesting and important of all history is 
the history of manners ' — Warton. First American 
edition, Il.artford, S. .\ndrus & Son, 1S43." It has 
three full-p.age frontispieces : (l) two llighland chiefs, 
dres.sed in the Stewart and the Gorilon tartans (but 
uncoloured) ; (2) the Royal .\rnis of Scotland, fully 
displayeil (.again in mere outline); (3) a Highland 
bagpiper, dressed in the tartan of the 42ml Kegnuenl 
(also uncoloured). These were the only .\u'ierican 
editions, and the publi-.hed price was .■s2'-'. (For 
his life, see Dr. Stewart's Memoir ; Ditt. Nat. luo^., 
■vxxiv., S3 ; Cart. Ecd. S. Niili., Alia;/., ii., 444.) 

67. Professor John Fi;asi-;i; was born at Cromarty, 
March 22, 1S27, and grailuated at King's College in 
1S44, the Ilutlon prizeman of 1S43 \/\iii/s 'Coll. 
Grail., 297). He went as a teacher to the Hermudas, 
but, on account of the climate, had to remove to 
America, and, after the usual experiences of a 
stranger, was made principal of an academy in 
Lafayette Co., Pa. In 1S55 he was appointed 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy in jetlerson 
College, Pa. Resigning this position in order to 
enter the army, he accepted, after the war, the 
presidency of the Pennsylvania State Agricultural 
College, from which, in 1868, he became Chancellor 
of the University of Kansas, and continued until 
1S75 '° work hard in buihling U]i the young institu- 
tion. He was electeil Su|)erintendent of l-alucalion 
in Kansas in 1S75, and, on the expiry of his term of 
office, he was made Professor of I'olilical ICconomy, 
Civil Government, and International Law, in the 
Western University of Pennsylvania. He died 
suddenly at Allegheny City, on June 4, 1878. 
[Report of Coiiintinioitcr 0/ Education, I'i-'i, p. So.) 

6S. Rev. Don ALU Fraser, D.D., a native of 
Inverness, born in 1S26, and graduated at 
King's College, .-\berdeen, in 1S42. His theological 
Course he took at Knox College, Toronto, ( Intario, 
and at New College, Fdinbui^gh. He retmiied li' 
Canada, and was Presbyterian 'minister at Montreal. 
1851-9; was at Inverness, Scotland, 1839-70, and at 
Marylebone Presbyterian Church, Londcjn, 1870-92, 
«heu he died, February 12, 1892. He received fronl 
the University of .Vberdeen, in 1872, the decree of 
D.D. He published-.Vi'«.///,„/ /.eelnre^ on the. 
l.W:-., ol llu- IL<!y .Scripture, 3 vol.s., 187,-6 (the 
lectmes on the New Testament in Italian, l''lorenee, 
1878) : Tlie Chiin-h of God and the Apatacy ■ I ife ol 
Kez: ■r::.':.,as CUalmers, P.D., iSSi ; ///.• .SKy,he< 
of t-^e./iyy Ap'.tles. 1S82 ; .Seren Promises Pro- 
pi'iuuud: .lAt,,p.',,yi in the Gospeh, 1885; .Mary 
Jane, t.a.iy A:nu,:ird: .Sound Po. trine, 1892. 
(Jolui-on'- r.v.. . Cyd.'p., iii., 547.) 

Jwrts C.AMMAi 


Wc-l, loi 141I1, I9..0. 


[May, 1900. 


1. AiNSLiE, Robert, W.S. : Religions author and 
friend of IJiirns. Horn 13th January, 1766, Berrywell, 
near Duns. Trained to the Law in Edinburgh, when 
he made the acquaintance of Burns in l^'i^. He 
accompanied tlie poet in an excursion to the Borders 
in the summer of that year, when he introduced his 
companion to his father's house. In 1789 he became 
W..S., and afterwards visited Burns at Ellisland, when 
the poet gave him a MS. copy of "Tarn o' Shanter." 
Mr. AinsUe died i nh April, 1S3S. He published ".\ 
Father's Gift to Ilrs Children," and " Reason for the 
Hope that is in us," two religious works. He also 
contributed to the Ediiibtir^k Ma^, and other 
periodicals. Diet. Nat. Bio^. 

2. AiNSLiE, WiiirEi.AW (Sir), M.D. : Writer on 
Medical .Subjects and Poet. Born at Berrywell, Duns. 
A younger brother of the above Robert Ainslie. He 

,-^ has written extensively on the suljject of Cholera 
/ Morbus; also a work, entitled, " Materia Indica; or, 

some account of those articles which are employed by 
the Hindoos, and other eastern nations, in their 
medicine, arts, and agriculture : comprising also 
formulae, with practical observations, names ol diseases 
in various eastern languages, and a copious list of 
oriental books immediately connected with general 
science. 2 vols. 1S26." He also published, under 
the pseudonymn of Caledonicus, in 1S31, a volume 
entitled, " Filz Raymond : or, the Rambler on the 
Rhine : a metrico-political sketch of past and present 
times, written during an excursion in 1S30." For 
many years before his death he spent the summer 
months in the parish of King Edwarii, and his remains 
are interred within the church there. He was for 
many years Medical Superintendent of the Southern 
Division of India, and in recognition of his services 
in that situation he was knighted by William I\'. 
Mr. Ainslie entered E. I. Co.'s service lyih June, 
1788. On I7lh October, 1794, became .Surgeon at 
G.Tnjam, and 1S14 was appointed Superintending 
Surgeon of M.ulras army. In 1S16 was awarded 
600 guineas by E. I. Co. in appreciation of his ser- 
vices. He returned home in 1S15, having served 27 
years without furlough. He published, besides works 
already named, ".Materia .Medica of llindw^tan," 
1S13 ; " Cleuienza, or the Tuscan Orphan, a tr.igic 
drama," 1S22 ; 2nd edit., 1S23 ; " Meilical Obser- 
vations," in Murray's Britiili IiiJiii, 1S32 ; "An 
Historical Sketch of the Introduction of Cliri.-tianity 
into India," 1S35 ; " Report on the Causes of the 
Epidemical Fever which prevailed in Ci'imb.ilnre, 
-Maduras, and Tinevelly in 1809-1011 [uiih .\R>.-r>. 
Sjiiith & Christy], 1S16. Diet. Nat. Bio^. 

3. Baillie, CiiAiu.Es, Hon. I.oi;i> Jtuvis- 
WOODE : ScoHi4i ludge. lie w.'.> sce.tud si,n .if 
George Baillie of Jervi.-w..ode and MelKi-i.iin. Horn 
1804, and called to the Seonish b.u in i,S;m; .\d\.ic.ite 
Depute in 1S44, '46. ami "52; he beeaiiie .-11111111 of 
Slitlingdiire, 1853; Snlicilor-Genera! tor Scoil.irid, 

1S5S; Lord Advocate, 1858; and M.P. for Linlith- 
gowshire, 1859. He was appointed a Lord of Session 
the same year, and a Lord of Justiciary, 1802, but 
retired from the bench, 1874. Lord Jerviswoode, 
w ho was brother of the Earl of I laddinglon, was a 
member of the University Court of .St. Andrews, 
Trustee of the Board of Manufactures, Herring 
Commissioner, and one of Her .M.ajesty's Printers in 
Scotland. He died at Dryburgb House in 1879. 

4. Baillie, Gkisf.i.l, Lauy Mukkav : Ilio 
grapher. This talented lady was the daughter of 
the celebrated Merse heroine, Grizel Hume, who, 
when only 12 years oM, acteil as medium of com- 
munication with her father, .Sir Patrick Hume of 
Polwarth, then hiding in Polwarlh Church, aiul 
Robert Baillie, imjirisoned in Edinburgh. She became 
the wife of Sir Alex. .Murr.ay of .Stanhope, Hart., but 
will be best known by her .Memoir of her father and 
mother, which were editeil in 1822 by Thomas 
Thomson, .Advocate. Lady Murray lias given a 
charming picture in that volume of the married life 
of the authoress of the excellent song, " Werena my 
heart licht I wad dec." .She was herself a laily of 
much esprit and talent, as is evidenced by the posthu- 
mous volume above referred to, viz., " .Memoirs of 
the Lives and Characters of (Jeorge Baillie of Jervis- 
wood and Lady Grisell Baillie." .She was bcjrn iii 
1696, probably at .Mellerstain, Earlston, and died in 

5. Baird, .V.ndrkw, D.D. : Divine of Church of 
Scotland and Naturalist. Born in Eccles niaiise in 
iSoo, the son of the parish minister, he studied for 
the Church, and became parish ndnister of Cuck- 
burnspath. One of the founders of the Berwickshire 
Naturalists' Field Club. A sketch of his life, and 
contributions to that Society, is given in the Transac- 
tions of the Club. He died in 1845. 

6. Baird, Joii.n (Rev.) : Distinguished Naturalist 
and .\uthor. Long parish minister of \'etholm. 
Brollier of Xos. 5 and 7, born 17th Feb., 1799, in 
Eccles manse, he was ordaineil in 1829 to the charge of 
the parish of Vetholm, of which he continueil ndnister 
till his death in 1861. .Much of his writing is en- 
shrined in that most valuable of all local Naturalist 
Societies Transactions, the extensive series of volumes 
representing the labours of the Berwickshire hield 
Club. A memoir of his life was issued Ijy his brother 
in 1862. .Mr. Baird was in Ireland in 1825 as 
preacher under Irish Evangelical .Society. He 
laboureil earnestly at Vethohn for the good of the 
gipsies. He wrote the "Scottish Gipsies' Advo- 
cate," 1839, and the " .\ccount of the Parish of 
\etholm" in the Stat. AciOiint of SiollanJ. DiU. 
Nat. /,•/;- 

7. Bairii, W1LI.IA.M, M.D., F.R.S. : Distinguished 
Xaturali>t. Brother of Nos. 5 and 6, born 'in 1803 
in i;ecle. mnn,e, and educated at the High Selio,,! 
and University of Edinburgh, he became .surgeoii to 
::n i;a>l Iiidianian, but retired bom this position in 
183;. In 1829, iJr. Baird assisted in the loundalion 
of the well-known bcrwickshire Natur.alisls' Club, an 


admirable institution, the pioneer of many similar 
Societies that have since been formed in many parts 
of Great Britain and elsewhere, and which, perhaps, 
■beyond any of its successors, has contributed greatly 
to the advancement of our knowledge of the natural 
history of tlie district in which it is founded. On 
quitting llie service of the Ka»t India Company, Dr. 
Baird followed the practice of his profession fur some 
years in London, until, in 1S41, he accepted an 
appointment in the Zoological Department of the 
British Museum. This post he held till his death in 
1S72. Dr. Baird's qualiHcations as a Zoologist were 
high, and his writings numerous, scattered over the 
Ediiiburi^h riiilosopliiial Journal, Loiuion's Ma-^a-inc 
of Natural History, and its successor, Tlu Aiiitals 
and Ma^aziiic of Natural History, in the /.ootoi;ist, 
and the Proceedings of the Zoulcjgical Society, as 
well as of the Royal Society, Berwickshire Naturalist 
Field Club"s Transactions, &c. llis cliief work is 
"The Natural History of the British llnlomostraca," 
1850. lie also published a popular " Cyclopaedia of 
the Natural Sciences," 1S5S. lie died in l5J72. 
Diit. Nat. Bio^'. 

8. Barry, CKOKcr:, D.D. : Local Historian. A 
native of Berwickshire, ht; studied for the (,'luirch of 
Scotland at Edinburgh, and became minister of Kirk- 
wall, 17S2, and Shapinshay, 1793 ; Su|)erinlendent 
of Schools in Orkney, and a D.D. of Ldinburgh 
University. He wrote a "History of the Orkney 
Islands," 1S05. Born in 174S, he died in 1S05. 
Diet. Nat. Bio^. 

9. BassANTIN, James : Astronomer and Matlie- 
matician. Son of the Laird of Bassendean or Bas- 
santon, Westruther, where he born in 1500. 
After studying at Glasgow University, he proceeded 
to the Continent for further instruction. He subse- 
quently went to I'.iris, where he became Professor of 
Mathematics in the University. Returning to Scotland 
in 1562, he spent the remainder of his life on his 
estate of Bassendean. He was a believer in astrology, 
and predicted the death of (Jucen Mary at Elizabeth's 
hand, and the union of the crown of England and 
Scotland. Bassantin was a zealous Protestant, anil a 
supporter of the Regent Murray. He died in 15OS. 
His principal work is a Treatise or Discourse on 
Astronomy, written in French, anil translated into 
Latin by John Tornaesius, and published in 1599. 
Although well versed for his time in what are called 
the exact sciences, Bassantin was no classical scholar. 
\'ossius observes that his astronomical discourse was 
written in very bad I-'rench, and that the author 
"knew neither Greek, nor Latin, but only .Scotch." 
Bassantin's jilanetary system was that of Ptolemy. 
His works contain a laborious collccliuii of the theories 
and observations of preceding aslronouiers, and are 
monuments of his own eMensivc acquirements. The 
following is a list of them: — " Astronomia Jacobi 
Bassantini Scoli, C^pus absolutissiuunu, 0\.c.,'' tieneva, 
1599. " Paraphrase de I'asirolobe, avec une ampliliLa- 
tion de Pusnge de I'astrnl. ,1 .e," Lyons. 1555. "Super 
Mathomatica ('■cnclhliaca : /.<■., of the C'alculatioM of 
Nativities." '" .Vrithnietica." " Musica .■secunduui 

Plajonem, or Music on the Principles of the Platon- 
ists." " De Mathesi in genere." It is said, however, 
that the volume ".Super Mathematica Genethliaca" 
was |)robably never published. 

10. Belches, Alexander (Sir), Lord Toi rs ; 
Scottish Judge, iSic. Son of John of Tofis, now 
Purveshall. He succeeded his father in 10 j2, and 
was Mendier of Parliament from 1644. He proved a 
trusted parliamentary leader and prominent indilic 
man. He was knighled and appninted to a judgeship 
in 1646, but died suddenly in 1656. 

11. Berniiam, David de : Bishoii of St. An- 
drews. R. C. Dignitary. Of a Merse family, he consecrated to the See of St. Andrews in 1240, 
and is said to have been the bishop who anointed 
Alexaniler III. at Scone. He died at Nenthorn, ami 
was burie<l at Kelso in 1 25 J. 

12. Black, James, D.D.: U. P. Di\ine and 
Author. A native of Duns, where he was boin almut 
libjO, and educated for the ministry. In 1S54 he was 
ordained to the pastorate of the U.P. Church i,f Urr, 
thence translate! I to .St. Andrews, and thence to 
Wellington Church, (ilasgow, as colleague to Dr. 
Robson. He is still in the same church, of which he 
is now sole p.astor. In 1S92 he was chosen Moderator 
of Synod. Dr. Black is an author, and among other 
writings has published Lectures on the Pdgrim's 
Progress, in two vols. 

13. Black, John: Journalist. Editor of .I/i)/;////j,' 
Chronicle. Born at Duns in 17S3, the .son of a cottar, 
he was educated at the parish school and Edinburgh, 
where he was employed as a lawyer's clerk, but 
devoted his spare hours to the study of Greek and 
Latin authors. In iSio he removed to London, 
having walked on foot all the way. There he pre- 
sented letters of introduction to Mr. IVrry of the 
Clironitlc, and was taken on the staff of that paper. 
He took his place in the reporters' gallery of the 
House of Conniions, and was also employed to 
translate foreign journals. Having been appointed to 
succeed Mr. Perry, he occu])ied the editor's chair till 
1S44. .Among those associated with .Mr. Black as 
contributors were Brougham, Cam|iliell, Ellis, Parker 
and Chadwick. In the d.ays of his early struggles in 
London, Mr. Black translated several works from the 
French and Italian. He died in 1S55. Men of the 

14. Bl.vckaddkr, RoiiERT : First Archbishop of 
Glasgow. Said by some to be a scion of the Merse 
family of Blackadder, Edrom, and by (Hhers, (irobably 
incorrectly, to be the son of Patrick of Tulliallan. He 
became Rector of Canlrcjss in 14S0, and was sent by 
James HI. im a mission to the Papal Court. W liile 
at Rome the bishopric of Aberdeen fell vacant, and, 
having ingratiated himself with Pope .SeMus I\'. , the 
reigning pontiff, he was appointed to that ."see. In 
14S4 he was translateil to (llasgow, whicli was ad- 
vanced to archleiiiscopal rank, and he continued to 
discharge the fun.tiojis of lliat See, as well as t,, 
e.xecute various miportant charges in the 5[)liere of 



[May, 1900. 

polilics until 150S, when he underlook a pilgrimage 
to the Holy Land, from which he did not return, 
having died 2Siti July, 150S. This prelate was uflen 
^employed in the public transacliuns of the period 
with the Knglish, and particularly in the year 1505. 
With the Earl of liolhwell and Andrew Fornian, the 
prior of ritlenweem, he negotiated llie marriage 
Ijctween James I\". and Margaret, eldest daughter of 
Henry VII., wliich laid the foundation of the Union 
of Scotland and England. JAuGi^^'or's Iliil. of 

15. IJocuK, David, D.I). : Founder of Lomlon 
Missionary .Society, Teacher of Theology in Congre- 
gational Church, and .\utlior. David liogue was horn 
at Dowlan, near Eyemoulli, in the [lari.di of CoUling- 
ham, on iSth I'ehruary, 1750. His father purchased 
a small estate in that parish, and occu[iied a ropeclahle 
position in the county, having lieen made a J. I', by 
the Lord Lieutenant. He was educated at Duns and 
Edinburgh, where he grailuateil in 1771. Having 
studied for the Church, he was licensed to preach the 
gospel in connection with the Church of Scotland. 
His work in the ministry, however, was rr>nfined to 
England, where he went as an usher in a school in 
1771, but pre.iched as occasion offered. In 1777 he 
became minister of a Congregational Church at Gos- 
port. In 17S9 he began to act as theological tutor to 
young men looking forward to the ministry. In this 
work he was much blessed and highly successful. 
l!ut perhaps the most important of all Dr. liogue's 
services to religion was the part he played in the 
founding of the London Missionary Society in 1795. 
He also promoted the formation of the Bible Society 
and the Religious Tract .Society. In 1S15, Vale 
College conferred on this excellent and devoted man 
the honorary degree of D.D. Dr. liogue was in the 
habit of making an annual lour to the country in 
behalf of the London Missionary Society. \Vhile 
engaged on one of these tours he was seized with his 
last illness, and died at Brighton in 1S25. .At the 
time of his death he was president of the Seminary 
of Missions at Closport. He was an eminently amiable, 
energetic and pious man, and contributed much to the 
revival of religious feeling in the age and boily with 
which he was connected. Ili> «orl^s are — " Reasons 
for seeking a Repeal of the Test .Acts," 1790. " An 
Essay on the Divine .\uthority of the New Testament," 
iSoi. '• .A Calecliism for the Use of all the Churches 
in the Trench lunpire," 1S07. " A .Sermon preached 
before the rromoters of the I'mieslanl Di-senlers, 
Cirammar School, Mill Hill," iSoS. " Discourses 
on the Millennium.'" "lli~Iory of the Di-entevs " 
(in conjunction with Mr. Bennetl), 1S09. ///.-/. ef 
Loihicn Misi. S\\i\/j: 

16. BoNDiNC. tON, Wlli.lAM HF. : I'.i-hop of 
(Jl.asg..w. A native .'f IViu irk-liire, he I;i.l„,p 
of tiLir-giiw bom IJ_;; lo IJ5S. lie wa> a ponniucnt 
public man, and acted lur -..'uu lime a> Chancellor of 
Sci.llanii. He lived inueli ..I Atieium, and .lied there, 
lOlh Nos^mbcr. 1--5S. ..iid I1..S buried in .Melr..-c, 
near the high aUar. " JAuUi.-iir'i llul. 0/ uhis^ox^: 

17. Boston, Thomas (Rev.): Divine and Author. 
Born in Duns on 17th March, 1(3/6, the son of a 
Covenanter. Educated at Duns (Jranunar .School 
and Edinburgh U^iver^ity. In l69(j he taught a 
school at Glencairn, but sulisecpiently acted as tutor 
to Andrew T'letcher of Aberlady, and, while engaged 
in this task, lived at Kennel, Clackmannan, In 1697 
ho was licensed lo jireach the gos|n.l, ami in 1G99 was 
ordained minister of the parish of Simprin. Having 
bcc(mie .ic(|uainlcd with a volume, entitled, "The 
Marrow of .Moilern Divinity," ItJ27, he was so im- 
pressed by it that he issued a new edition, with a 
preface recommending it. This led to a jiroscculion, 
in which he and a nundier of oilier evangelical clergy, 
known as the Marrow men, were charged with ventil- 
ating un.sound doctrine. The prt>cess, after several 
years of agilali(Ui, came to notliing, antl the twelve 
brethren were left undisturbed by the i\ssembly. 
Bfislon was a man of tlie wannest piety, and a 
powerful writer — many of hi> works having long been 
among the most wiilely read of all religious lui.iks by 
the Scottish people. The be>l known of the^e are, 
perhaps, "The Fourfold State," 1720, and his 
"Crook in the Lot." His autobiography is an 
interesting and illuminating book. Other writings 
are — "Collection of .Sermons," 1720; a volume on 
Hebrew Accents, 173S; ".A \iew of the Covenant 
of Works," 1772; "Body of Divinity," 3 vols., 1773; 
"The Distingui-hing Character of True Believers," 
in 17 Disouirses, 1773, \c., ^c. He died in 1732, 
and is still reverenced as one of the most .godly and 
influential .Scottish ministers of the lf)lh century. 
Agiu'Ss Thcol. of Coiisoidtioii. 

( To be ,oi!tiiiiicd. ) 


53. Tilt; I'A.MIt.Y Of FOKIIVLIC • — 

I. William Fordyce, M.A., of M.mkdiill an.l 
.Vquhorlies, Aberdeenshire, one of ihe baillies 
of Alienleen, of I'eter William-^on notoriety 
(parentage ami particulars of fanuly uanted), 
married, 1st Lsobel C.ordon, ft>urlh daughler 
of Alexander Davidson of Xewton (who 
assumed the surname and designation of 
(Sordon of tiight) by hi> marriage in 1701 with 
Marie Ciordon, heire>s of C.iglu". .Mr. Fordyce 
married, 2ndly, in 173!^, Margaret, daughter 
of Waller Cochran of Dumbreck, Provost of 
Aberdeen, and had i>^ue, at lea^l one son, 
William of Monkshill-of him bclow-aml 
four daughters — 

1. Chri>tian, married John Donald, of 

Aberdeen, merchant. 

2. Marv. mavric.l. ;d,uut 1761, William 

Milchill, .if S-iilli Sluckel, nieieh,int 
in Al.crdreu, and lud i-ue— 

3. Jenn, maui.d J^me- Dyce, "peruke 

maker " in Aberdeen. 



4. Isol)eI, marricil George WalUer, dyer in 
(See A'lron/ Din^^wall-Foi-ilyii:, eil. 

1SS5, 42 anil 43.) 
( Tiiaiia^e of Feriiiartyn, p. 80.) 

II. William Fordyce (son of William Fortlycc ami 
liobol Gonluii of Gight) ajipears only to have 
succeeJed to the estate uf Monksliill. Ik- 
was a Captain, II. M. .Marines, anJ is stated 
to have married Mi>s Prater, a niece of 
.\le.\aniler Fra^er, Lord Strichen, and had at 
least two ilaughtcrs — 

I. lioliel, married Knliert I lawke Kelly, 
and was mother of the late Sir Fil/roy 
Kelly, Kt., .\ttorney-General, 1858-9, 

Auchinroa;h, Rothe 

.\. J. Mitciif.i.lGii.i.. 
23rd Fell., 1900. 

54. TliF. F.wiii.Y or Catt.xnacii. — What was 
the Christian name, parentage, and family generally 
of Cattanach. of the liallochlmie in Kraemar, and 
Uallastraid in Cromar, the noted freebooter? (see 
Allardyce"s " Ilahnoral "). He is reported to have 
run away with his wife, a daughter of Lmnsden, 
Laird of Corr.tchree. in Logie Mar (she had prolialjly 
been a daughter of John Lumsden of Corrachrce anil 
Agnes, d.aughter of James Gordon of Auchlyne). 
Their only daughter, Margaret Cattanach, born circa 
1725, contracted, I2th -May, and married, 5th June, 
175Q, .\ndrew Mitchell, life renter of S.avock, in the 
parish of ?"overan, and died 15th February, 1S15. 
An interesting letter, congratulating this Lady on her 
eng.igement (of which I have the original), will be 
seen in "Houses of .Moir and liyres," p. 66. The 
writer, Mary Grant or Lumsden (niece of Uallin- 
dalloch), was heiress of Kippachie and DesUrie,-,ide 
on Donside, and wife of Rev. James Lumsden of 

■i ! 

17 A. >L M. C. 73- 

Lintel stone, old house, Savock, now built in above 
door in new house. 

Since writing the above, my attention has been 
called to Dr. Michie's charming book, " Decsidc 
Tales," where, from page 17 to 19, interesting 
particulars are given ab.iut Cattanach, of Rellastraid, 
and of his killing Cuthbert, the Messenger-at-Arms. 
Surely all the particulars of tliis affair could still be 

In the Poll Book of Aberdeenshire, 1695-0, Vol. 
I., p. 2S. John Cattanacli is tenant of IJella^traid, 
and is poU-.-il there, «ilh his^ifeand two children, 
(leor-ear.d Mar^'aret. Was thi. George " tile free- 
booter?"' If -she out, and f.iUowed the Karl 
o( Mar. i:i 1715. .\. I. Ml rriiKl.i.-Gl I.I.. 

Aucliiuroath, Rothe>, 22nd March, 1900. 

55. M A.iou Guam- nr iiik Ri-ssi \\ Ai;\iv. - 
In a pedigree supplieil by the College of Heralds to 
a friend of mine, I find reference maile to a " M.ajor 
Grant of Ikanfl'shire." He "took service in the 
Russian army at the end of the 17th century, and 
died" He married a .Miss Dalrymple, ami 
had — 

Rev. Aiiilnii.' Grant, Vicar of Wickham Ilrook, 
SulTolk. He took his degree at Caius College, 
Cambridge, and died .\ugust 16, 1756. He was 
buried at Wickham. He «as twice married, 
and had — 

Rev. An.lrew Grant, Rector of Tatting-tone 
and Fro-tan, Suffolk. Died 1S16, aged So. 
Fli/abeth Grant (died 1792), married Thomas 
Evansof Knightsbri.lge(died 1794). 
three sons in the army, one of whom uas — 
George EvJiis of llrockley, who married 
Frances Emma \"alenlina, daughter of 
Dr. Samuel Spalding ..f Devi/e-. Ik- 
took the name of Gordon (ol Sclierme-) 
in 1S46. 
Who was M.ajor Grant ? J. M. 11. 

56. The Family or Dalcjakno.— One of the 
daughters of old John Gordon of Gleiibiickel 
(iittainted in 1745) "married Dalgarno of MiUhill, 
in lluchan." Can anv reader nupijly me with details, 
or descent,? ' J. .M. li. 

57. Edinburgh PEKionicAL LiTEijATL'ur..— 
Particulars about the following will be thankfully 
received : — 

1. niustralcJ S.iHsman: the first numlicr h.-iJ a portr:iit of 

Sir J. Fr>Lh.-i«-. 

2. A r.ipcr r .r C.jiiimorcial TravelL-r-. 

3. Where ucTc i!,.--e ,.,_ii nli.-.-,!-. i-,;,c,l in llie interests of the 

.ScOtti-li I -^ . ' 11 ::, y-: li^hc'l.' — 

.•^. : : / = .../.,/(i33i-,363). 

G\- ,' .:• ., .. : : _. Ill coniicetion with 
•...;. V-,; -.-..: ..., : ueil a work called [lie 
" Paiijplv" — a kind ot' dogmatic aijpenrli.x. 

n-alclr.m-J (f.\x numbers, 1339). 

Please send replies direct. W. J. COUPER. 

F.C. Manse, Kirkurd, Dolphinlon. 

58. ScoLs Money. - 
table accurate? — 


Doit, or .Scots penny 
i;odle = 2 doit-, or I half-; 
riack= I groat 
llawbee = 6 pennies 
TwaIpennies^-3 plack- . 
Half-merk =So pennies . 
.Merk = 160 jiennies 
I'und = 20 twalp.-nnies . 
What oilier Set- coins were it 

-How far is the folln 

;i;-ll M ,ne 
... ,i. 
O O 1 

I -J 
O '■. 

O I 

1 6 '>. 

1 -J 

I I _ 

I ■.: 



N Co.NK. 

."1 ■''.■ :-i Tfll 


[May, 1900. 

59. Itinf.ratini; Lijikariks. — I h.ive the prci 
spcclus of a scheme of ilinerating libraries, the centre 
of which was in Ilatldington. It slates tliat the plan 
of'having 50 volumes at each of five places in Kast 
antl Mitl-Lothian was conniicnceil in 1S17. At first 
nothing was charged for the nsc of the hooUs : the 
libraries being supported by voluntary contributions. 
Each set remained two years in a locality. The scheme 
gradually extended until over seventy centres were 
formed, and iicin books were added, which were lent 
out, first to subscribers of 5/-, and then to subscribers 
of l/-. .Such success attended the plan that " it has 
been introduceil into variovis other parts of .Scotland, 
England, Irelaml, Jamaica, Canada, .South Africa, 
Rus.sia, and is at [iresenl introilucing into Van 
Dieman's Land, by theCJovcrnor, Sir John Franklin." 
It would be interesting to know if this Haddington 
scheme was the first of its kind, and how far it 
over Scotlanil. The idea not yet lost its vitality, 
for the IVebles-shire Liberal -Association continues to 
issue books to readers in the county according to the 
s.inie plan, only a nominal charge being ni.ide. 

Evan Odd. 

60. NA.\it:s OF Pi.ACF.s CuANOF.D. — The public 
prints have recently contained the statement that two 
islands in Loch Lomond have been sold, and that the 
new proprietor proposes giving them his own name — 
" Macgregor's Isles." Is there any restriction, legal 
or otherwise, on this changing of to the 
confusion of after generations? Fort-William refused 
to sanction a change recently ; and I know of several 
places which now bear different names from those 
they carried at the beginning of the century. 

Evan Odd. 

61. Change of Name.— Can Mr. John Christie, 
who writes so interestingly in the Jjne numl)er for 
1S99, explain whether any legal steps were taken in 
old times in connection w ith a change of name ? Was 
any olVicial record kept nf such ? .Arc there any 
books bearing on this subject especially for the X. E. 
of Scotland ? Soutiilrn Cross. 

62. John Rae, A.M., M.D. — Information is 
desired regarding this gentleman previous to his 
leaving Scotland for Canada, about the year 1S23. 
The present writer lias been able to trace his career 
after he cauie to .\merica, but knows nothing of his 
earlier life beyond the fact that he look his degree of 
M..\. at Marischal College in 1X15. and he was the 
son of John Rae, merchant in .M.eideen. The ilate 
and place of his birth, the d.ate and iilace of his taking 
his degree in medicine, ami an\ p.iniculars about his 
parentage and youth are especi.illy de-ired. Dr. Rae 
was the author of "SialeuKnl of some New 
Princiiiles of I'olitical Leon.. my," published in 
r.oslon, .Mass., in lS_54, a work wliieh is snuietinies 
attributed to Dr. John Rae, the .lu tie explorer, and 
,,f it the ]::.'.■ A\.-7Vr>- f-r le'Mu'.iv. 1S07 „n - ihii ii 
is •■truly a masterplcee, .1 b.-'k ..I .1 :;. iici ui.'ii or a 
century.'' Ciiauli ^ W. Mimik, Ihl).. 

llan.ird, Ma>,. 

63. Loch of Lf.vs, liANfiioRV. — I know several 
items of an anliipie nature were brought to light 
during the draining of the loch, but can any of j'our 
readers inform me if the foundation of the old castle 
that stood in the middle of the loch was ever 
examined? Little Firi.ot. 

64. Heriiert .Anderson of ToKkAiKuii v. — 
A Herbert Anderson of Torraughty is mentioned in 
.Stodart's "Scottish .Arms" .as a landowner. Can any 
of your readers inform me where Torraughty is, or 
anything regarding tlie above Herbert and his family? 
I have a stone candlestick, with initials II. .\., coat 
of arms a saltier between three mullets, with crescent 
in base, and dale 1634, which possibly miglil have 
some connection with the Torraughty family. 

Lrri IE FiKlOT. 

In January issue, <Jucr)' 27, page 112, 6th line, 
for "mentioned in same, says" — icaU " mentioned in 
.some sagas. ' 


22. Course of Study for Minisi ry (I., 2nil S.. 
94, 12S, 159). — Perhaps as good a .source of informa- 
tion as any is the accounts given by tho^e who jiassed 
through a University curriculum with a view to the 
ministry. The following joltings are compiled from 
the famous Mciitoirs of the learned Thomas lioston 
of Ettrick. 

He entered Edinburgh University .as an arts student 
in 1691. 

" My father being fully resolved to put me to the 
college on his own charges, I began on I he I5lh 
of October to expound the Creek New Testament ; 
which I think I completed lietwixt that and the 
first of December, at which time he took me to 
Edinburgh, where being tried in the Greek New 
Testament by Mr. Herbert Kennedy, regent, I 
was entered into his semi-class." 
Uoston attended every winter thereafter, continuing 
under the care of the same teacher. 

"About 20th December (1693) I gladly went to 
Edinburgh again for tlie last year . . . -About 
the latter end of February (1694) I came home." 
He returned to Edinburgh in the summer for laurea- 
tion, but "the day signilled to me not being kept, I 
returned without my errand." He, however, graduated 
later in the year. He declares he had acipiirerl "a 
competent kntnvleilge of the logics, metaphysics, 
ethics, and general phy.sics." 

In the autumn of 1604 he conferred on him ihe 
bur.sary of the I'resbytery of Dunse. "Some time 
before tile harvest I entered on the study of tlieology : 
Mr. janiL, Ramsay, minister then at F.ycmouth, nnw 
al kels.i, having |int the book in my hand, viz.. 
I'areusnn Cisin's ( 'atechism . . . Ab..ut 20tli lanv., 
1095. 1 "ent 10 Kdinlnirgh to the scho.d of diwniiy. 



then taught by the Mr. George Cimpbell . . . 
A few of us, newly entered to the school of divinity, 
were taught for a time l\iissenius"s compend, in the 
professor's chamlier. ruhlicly in the hall he taught 
Essenius's compend." The session lasted till the end 
of April, the first year's curriculum also including 

This was Boston's only year at College for the 
study of divinity. " It was allowable," says Iioston'.s 
latest editor, "and at that lime not uncommon for a 
student who had taken one session of theology with 
credit, and who desired to support himself by leaching, 
to complete his studies under the superintendence of 
the I'resbytery within whose bounds he lived." 
After several exercises in the way of written discourses 
before the I'resbytery (.Stirling, near which he was 
engaged as tutor), he was licensed by the I'resbytery 
of Dunse and Chirnside, on June 15, 1697, having 
undergone the usual " trials." 

J. Caluer Ross. 

39. Go TO Freuciiie (2nd S., I , 142).— This 
phrase is historical, and is as old as the time of 
James V. of Scotland. lie had his Palace at Falk- 
land, and when any of his courtiers incurred his 
displeasure, they were banisheil to Freiichie, a few 
miles ilistant. " Go to Freuchie " came to be supple- 
menteil by "'and fry frogs," supposed to be a sulille 
allusion to the nationality of certain of the offenders. 
See SherilT Mackay's County History of Fife and 
Kinross. \Vm. KEin. 


43. The Patersons of I.werness (2nd S., I., 
143, 160). — Dr. Fraser Mackintosh is in error in 
slating that "an Alexander Paterson, son of James 
Paterson, Episcopal clergyman at Arp.afeelie, . . . 
claimed interment within the Priory of Bcauly." 
The litigant was my uncle, Artlinr Paterson, brother 
of my father, James Paterson, and son of William 
Paterson, Dean of Ross and Argyle. The Rev. Mr. 
M.iclean, Arpafeelic, is in error in staling that a 
predecessor of his was William Paterson, son of the 
Dean. I had no uncle named William. 

Glasgow. Helen Eraser Paterson. 

I have at last cleared up the difficulty of the two 
Patersons being at Arpafeelie after the Dean's time. 
The entry in the Year Bool;, p. 307, should run — 
1767. Rev. .Mian Cameron. 
1776. Rev. William Mackenzie. 
I7i>4. Rev. William I'alerMjn. 
1S25. Rev. John Macniillan. 
1830. Rev. James Paterson. 
1839. Rev. Duncan .Mackenzie. 
1S4S. Rev. James I'aUrson. 
1S61. Rev. Farquhar Suiilli. 
etc., etc. 
The two James Patersons are one and the self-same 
person, wlio left here in 183Q, f>r ll.dlachuli^h, but 
resumed the work in 1^48. 

.\l.l.\N M. M.\CI.KAN. 
Si. John's Rectory, .Vriufeclie. 

The original query on this subject shoidd have 
noted among the sons of Bishop John Paterson : — 
George, .M.A., .Mar. Coll., 1656, Connnissary ; 
Thomas, M.A., Mar. Coll., 165S, and Regent there, 
1663-64 : William, .\I.A., Mar. Coll., 1663, and 
l\egent there, succeeding his brother, 1663-67, 
when he was transferred to Edinburgh ; Robert, 
M.A., .Mar. Coll., 1C65, and Regent there, succeeding 
his brother William in 1667;' James, M..-\., .Mar. 
Coll., 1671 {Fasti A,-a</. Marisr., ii., 234; Fasti 
Ecclcs. SiOt., iii. , 454). The arts curriculum of the 
eldest son, John, has not been tr.aced. .\s, however, 
he became a divinity student at St. .\ndrews in 1654, 
he probalily graduated at Mar. Coll. shortly before 
that date : but no li>ts of .M..\.'s there are extant for 
the ten years 1644-53. ''• J- Anderson. 

47. Famha' Pt.nior.Er.s (2nd S., I., 156). — 
"A. G." will find the lollowing books of .service : — 

Bridges, Charles. Index to printed feJi\'rccs con- 
tained in county and local Itistorics, and in lite 
more important genealogical collections. 

Lond., 1S67. 

Coleman, James. General index to printed pedi- 
threes -which arc to he fonnd in all the principal 
county and local histories. Lond., 1866. 

I'^osler, losejih. Collectanea :;enealo^'ica. 

Lond., iSSi, etc. 

Gatfield, George. Gnide to the printed hooks and 
manuscripts relating to English and foreii;n 
heraldry and genealogy. Lon<l., 1S92. 

Howard, Joseph J. Miscellanea i;enealof;ica et 
hcraldica. Lond., 1S66, etc. 

Maidment, James. Collectanea j^enmlooica. 

Edin., 1SS3. 

Marshall, George W. Index to the pedigrees con- 
tained in the printed Heralds' nutations. 

Lond., 1S66. 

Marshall, George W. The genealo^'isfs ^itide : 
Oeini; a •;e/icral search tlirou:;h genealogical, 
topographical, and biographical -works, family 
histories, peerage claims, etc. 3rd ed. 

Lond,, 1S94. 

Xicliol, John G. The herald and genealogist. 
8 vols. Lond., 1S63-74. 

Siins, Richard. Manna! for the genealogist, topo- 
grapher, antiijiiary and le-^al professor. 2nd 
ed. Lond., iSSS. 

P. J. Aniierson. 

48. Alexander Whvte, Ri-.cent, Marischal 
CoLLEi-.K (IL, 57; 2nd S., I., 156).— According to 
the Genealogical account of the descendants of James 
Vonng and' Kachel Crnicishanh (Aberd., 1S94), p. 
102, Mr. Alexander Wbyle, Regent, married lOIizabelh, 
il.rugliler .4" I'rofe-snr William Joll^^t..n, and li.ul 
issue. 1'. I. .\NhK.Ksi1N. 



[May, igoo. 

49. PUOIF.SSOK Mas-SON's REMINtSCKNi ks (2nil 
S. , I., 156).— Professor I)avi(l 'S\:i->-^or\^Jtiriifs.Mihiii^ 
Rector of the Grammar Si/iool of Ahcrilccii, which 
appeared originally in Macinillaiis Ma^^aziiic for 
January, 1S64, was re|Hinleil in Alicnloen " for the 
Centenary Coinniiuce" in 1S95 : wilh Mclvin's por- 
trait, after Cassie, as frontispiece. {.See S. A'. <^ (}., 
ix., 150.) P. ]. A.M)i;i;soN. 

52. In IKUVAI. IMCI U I'.l-.N .Sl'((l'.SSl\F. lilKTIlS 

(2ncl .S., I., 157). — The c.i>e mentioneil i-^ certainly 
very exceptional. The time intervenini); between 
successive pregnancie.-. or births does not, as a rule, 
receive nuich attention in niedico-K-gal works, .\part 
from possible preceilent eases, I may s.ay that it is, in 
my O|)inion. not impos.sible on pliysioloijical grounds 
for two births to take place within seven months. It 
is, I think, .admitted that a secojid fecundation may 
take pl.ace — though it is very unusual — witliin a month 
after child-birth. If that occurred in the case cited, 
then it follows that the ■>econd child was born al 
the end of, say, the sixth month of foetal life. If so, 
a six months' child, able to survive and live for the 
usual term of life, has been several limes recorded. 
The peculiarity of the Logierait case lies in the com- 
bination of two rare event^ — (I) \ery early impregna- 
tion after child-birth ; and \z) survival of a chiM iiorn 
ver)- prematurely. .M.\ irilinv IIav. 

University of Aberdeen. 


Rothicmay Home. Ly Will. 1AM Ckamo.nh, LL.D. 
CuUen, 1900. [32 ]ip.] 

This pamphlet contains the substance of a paper before the lianfl'shirc FieUl Club, and it is 
remarkable how much really interesting material Dr. 
Cramond has introduced into such a small space 
regarding a house which has sufiercd historical 
neglect. To have done so implies varied knowledges 
on the author's part, and no little skill in utilizing 
them. We note, with much pleasure, that Dr. 
Cramond has given a of the more imiiortant 
pictures now at Rothicmay House. We have long 
wished for a catalogue of the art treasures of our 
ancient houses. The iiresent may t\un out to be an 
initial effort in this direction, if not of a series of 
simil.u historical sketches. 

Wi- Mr. Davii> M.Rric iiir, l'..S.A., Scot., 
I'or copies of lii>. article;, ju-l reprinleil from Tic 
Ai::i.;::,i>y and Ti'ir .S, .'/.'/..// .lu:i,:!idiy I'li '• l-'aiiy 
Mounds "and " MemuriaK of ihe I'iets" re^i.eclively. 

The author's object is to urge the more careful survey 
and excavations of the so-called, ami often miscalled, 
fairy moumls, many of which arc in the In'ghest 
degree natural and non-mysterious. Those which are 
artificial, and contain underground dwellings, eirde 
houses, several of which Mr. McRitcliie describes, 
he maintains wilh much learning and reasun, are the 
work and dwellings of the ancient Picts, The eonhneil 
.accommodations of these warrens were only suited to 
a small and dwarlish race as they were. They were 
the "little people" of their contem|).)raries. half 
human only, and mysterious. 

Scots JSoolJs of the /ll>ontb. 

Mackay, J. lli-lory of the Rurgh of Canongate. 
2/-. ' Oliphant. 

Morar. Three Clanranalds : Ilighlaml Tales of 
lOlh and 17th Centuries. 5/-. ' Unwin. 

Simpson, W. Clasgow in the l''orlies. 4,S Rei)ro- 

ductions from Water-C 'olour Drawings. Notes and 

Biography of late Author-Artist by' A. II. Millar. 

Royal 4to. 25/-. Morisim. 

Willcock, J. Shetland Minister of the iStli Centur)-. 
2/6. Oliphant. 

Geddie, J. Rtmiantic Edinburgh. 6/-. Sands. 

Lang, A. History of Scollaml from the Roman 
Occupation (2 Vols.). Vol. I. Jivo. 15/- net. 


Watt, Wilham. Ili-tory of Aberdeen and P.anlT. 
2 Maps and a Plan Svo. 7/6 net. Rlackwood. 

Shaw, J. Scotch-Irish in History ; as Master 
ISuilder.s of Empires, Slates, Churclies, Schools, 
Civilization. 6/-. Simpkin. 


Correspondents will greatly oblige by sending us 
their full name and address (not necessarily for 
imblication) along with their contributions. 

All communications should be accompanied by an 
identifjing name and address. .\s pidjlicalion day is 
the 25111 of eacli montli, copy ■-hould be in a few days 
earlier. Eh. 

ir,| 1, 

• .\ 


.«N ,S: c,,., r. 


, Al,r,-,|,_.,:„. 


• (Unit) 


.|,..,il,l 1.. ..,I.Ii-, 

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.■; (l,i.. 

Mf I'l 

1, ,.■, 

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1. .„. A,lo-,U', 

L,ii,tils ; 

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';U,i|.m .SocM 





^ser,J No. 12. 

JUNE, 1900. 

rPKicE 3J. 

1 Pek Post 4d. 


Notes : — Page 

KjTOn's M.itcrn.-i1 Ancestors 177 

Old Te.ichcrs of Shetlnml, 1771-13^2 180 

John Full:irton, M.A., K.iiiq\ College, 1709 182 

I Jird William Gordon and Lord Nelson 185 

Depopul.ilion of Vill.i;;es in liie I'.irish of Nigs; 1S7 

The Ancestry of General Hector Macdon.ild 18S 

Minor N'1te-s ; — 

The Fifth l.ord ri\Ton in Aberdeen -Is General Cronje 

of Galloway Ori;;in ! 179 

Joseph Kari|uliar, Mayor of l.adysmith-The " Ancht 

Owsen ■' Plough— Judijc Mori.c of the 'I'ransvaal . . 184 
The Princtp.1l iJescendants of ll»c Tudors and the 

Stu.arls i83 


Valuation Roll for County of .Mferdeen — Proprietors 

and Tenants of Aberdeenshire tSS 

A ■■Dis.jivned" D.iu^hter of the Duke of Gordon— 
Clan Societies -W.xs Coleri<li;e the P,H:t ever in 
Cullen?-Cleri;ynien called " I )niids-— Pscudonvnis 
— Kinqs Collcee liallad of Allan Maclean ; or The 

Wedding at Weslfield 189 

Answers : — 

Hi-hland Cl.-ins and their Chiefs 190 

The Patersons of Inverness 191 

Literature igt 

Scots Books of the Month 192 


( Continued from Vol. /. , znd S., p. i6j.) 

The Sixth Laird. 
I SHOWED how George, the sixth laird, son of 
the fifth, was constantly breaking the law of the 
land over the long period of 36 years ( 1 594- 1 640). 
Similarly, he had more to do with lawyers in a 
peaceable way than any of his predecessors or 
successors, for his name occurs in many entries 
in the lu-i^is/cr 0/ the Great Sen/, the reason 
probably being that he was constantly in want 
of money. 

/6rj. June ij. The King confirnictl the ch.irlor 
liy Henry Wnoil iif Honytotni, whu suM lo Gight, his 
sonin-law, the bird of CuikLmrnes, " cum pciidiculo," 

161S. July JO. The King gr.nntcii to the l.iird 
and his secund wife (Jean .\liernelhie), and creeled 
into a free liarony the lands of Many (consisling of 
Lynlotin, Coihill, Cowhill, and -Vltersaii), in 
Helhclvie, which William Kurbcs of Craigievar and 
Patrick Korlies of Corse, his brother, resigneil. 

76/9. June 10. The King confirmed the charier 
by lames, Karl of liuchan, i)y which they S(>!<1 to 
(Jighl Ihc Lands (" irredimaliililer ") of Ketlerlelter 
.and Lethentie. This Karl of liuchan was the first of 
the Krskines who heltl the tille. lie was the son of 
Lord Mar, and married Mary Douglas, de jure 
Countess of Huchan. On March 22, 1617, they held 
a charier of the Earl James lo themselves and the 
longest liver, wilh remainder lo male issue. 

ib2j. January JO. Gight sold to Patrick Gordon 
of Nelhermuir and the latter's heir, George, ihe lands 
of Cuikhurnes (in Logie-Buchan), Many, Leyton, 
Cothill, Cowhill, and Altersail (in llelhelvic). 

i63j. December 24. The King granted to Gight 
the lands of Ardeslie, Murdrum, and part of 
Uownykeane in Forfar, which Robert Krskine of 
Ardeslie (son of the lale Robert) resigned, and the 
lands of Carlonge and Newbigging in Forfar, which 
(the I4lh?) Loril Crawford "resigneil. It will be 
remembered that the third laird of Gight's sislcr-in- 
law (Margaret Ueaton) marrietl ihe loih Karl of 
Crawford. The 14th Lord Crawford, who foughl 
with Ciuslavus .'Vdolphus, had married a grand- 
daughter of the fifth Karl of Huntly. 

ibsg. April i. The King confirmed the charter 
by Gight, who sold the lands of Many to William 
.Seton of Utlny and Marjory Innes, his wife, for 
40,000 merks. 

Dr. Temple says that James Gordon, son of 
James IV. of Newton, married "the hidv of 
Ciglit, but had no issue." The dates suggest 
that the lady was probably the widow of the 
sixth l.aird of Gight, who died in prison, 1640. 
She was Jean, the daughter of George Abernethy, 
7th liaron Saltoun, and, as the widow of Sir 
John Lindsay of Kinfauns, had married Gight 
in 1617. -She was involved, it m.ay be re- 
membered, in Gight's attack on her mother 
in 1623. The fourth laird of Newton was 
succeeded by a cousin, George of .Shccl.agrcen, 




[June, 1900. 

second son of the first laird of Newton, who 
flourished at the end of the 16th century. What 
seems to confirm Dr. Temple's statement is that 
the second laird of Newton (the brother of 
Sheelat,'reen) was hand-in-glove with the Giyhts 
in their war against the Covenant, and was 
executed for his share in the rising, 1644. 

Son of the Sixth Laird. 
Alc.xaiuicr Gordon is spoken of in a charter 
of 1642 as the eldest son of Sir George and 
Lady Jean Abernethy. He too had dealings 
in 1630 with Alexander Durham of Downie- 
mylne. In 1642 the King confirmed a charter 
(dated iSth February, 1631) by Alexander 
Lindsay of Potterlic to Alexander Gordon for a 
payment of 16,000 merks by his nephew (the 
seventh laird\ In 1642 the King also confirmed 
the charter of 24th February, 1636, by the sixth 
laird, in implement of a marriage contract of 
the same date to Lillie, second daughter of 
Sir William M. of Kers, promised spouse 
of Alexander Gordon, /// liferent, to continue 
during her widowhood ; and in fee to said 
Alexander and his heirs by Lillie, whom failing 
to Sir George and his heirs by Jean Abernethy, 
whom failing to heirs and assignees whatsoever 
of said .Sir George. 

Daiigliter of the Si.xth Laird. 
Barbara, Lady Turing. A ro)-al charter of 
July 29, 1623 (the year when they were 
recusants), shows the marriage contract between 
Barbara Gordon and Sir John Turing of 
Foveran was dated at Gight, .August 3, 1620. 

The Seventh Laird. 
George, the seventh laird, son of the sixth, 
was as poor as his father, "ho was aluays in 
debt. On December 23, 1636, the King granted 
young Gight (as he then was; letters of protec- 
tion against his creditors for a year. On June 
26, 163S, his M.-ijcsty repeated this fa\our. Here 
are other evidences of his inipecuniosity : — 

i6^S- F^-l"-",i>y s:o. Tlie King gr.inic.l In KoIktI, junior, and .\lc\,in>lcr I'.iirnci, ...Liiinr, Lnir:.;v.s>c.-; i>f AI'vr.lL'cn, ihvir iKJr^ .ind 
assi^nof~ wli,\t-'L-vci, iIk' l.inii-. .in.l laronv nf (ii^hi, 
which belonged to Gcoi|jc tjonluii of Giglu, son and 

heir of the late .Sir (Icorge, and were valued, Slli 
November, 1642, at i6,Soo libs. 

1643. fidy jr. The King grants to James, Earl 
of Airlie [the laird's brollier-ind.iw], his heirs and 
assignees whatsoever, the Kirklands of (liglil, 
&c., &c., and llie oilier lands and tacks of leinds 
on July 18, 1643, at 11,504 merks. 

It may be rememliercd that Gight was in 
hiding in Ciermany from 1640 to 1643. During 
this period his creditors seem to have fallen on 
his assets, and that may have caused him to 
come "out of Germany" in 1643, as Sp.iUling 
tells us. 

The Last Lairds. 

I am still ignorant and anxious to get in- 
formation about .Mrs. Byron's uncles antl aunts, 
the Davidsons, who blinked out in a rather 
cxtraordinaiy way, without leaving apparently 
any issue. I should also like to have some 
verification of my suggestion that her grand- 
father, the eleventh laird, committed suicide. 

The youngest representative of Uyron is the 
son born to the Hon. Neville Lytton and his 
wife (who was Miss Judith lilunt) on .Vpril 7, 
1900, at 59 Cadogan Gardens. This child has a 
venerable literary ancestry. He is the great 
great-grandson of Lord ISyron ; the great- 
grandson of Lord Lytton, the novelist ; and the 
grandson of two poets, the Earl of Lytton 
("Owen Meredith") and of Mr. Wilfrid Scawcn 

By way of summarising the disasters to the 
Gight Gordons, I give a table of the more 
striking events in the history of the family. 

In closing these papers I should like to note 
that it is seventeen years since I began studying 
the Gordons of Gight, for when I was a boy (at 
the Old Town Grammar School) I did a good 
deal to help my father in getting material for 
his series of papers, "Historic Scenes in 
Aberdeenshire," which appeared in the Dundee 
Weelcly News (from .April 21. rSS3, to July 11, 
1SS5). The article on Gight was the penultimate 
of the series. 

Need I aild that 1 shall be \cr\- giatcful for 
any '-orrections or additions to tlic facts I li;i\c 
marshalled ,' 

J. M. Bui.l.ocil. 

' / (., ■'y-r\ ■ /, v'. '■* 

. .t.' I 



The Disasters of the Gight Gordons in a Nutshell. 

The 1st Laial of Gight/// at Flodtlcn. 
One son-in-law was tiiiirJcrcd. 
One son-in-!awyi//at Tinkie. 

Three grandsons (incUuling the Jrd Laird) were mim/creil. 
One grandson was cxecnlci/. 
One grandson was Jyoi^<fieJ, 
One grandson /(•// in Holland. 
One grandson /t'// in Flanders. 

One grand-daughter's husband was miirilircil (hy her own brother). 
Two great-grandsons were iiiiin/ercJ. 
One great-grandson assassinated Wallenstein. 
One great grandson yeV/ in Iloll.and. 
One great-grandson (the 6th Laird) died \n frisoii. 
One great-grand-danghter's husliand wnn fioisoiicii. 
One great-grand -daughter was arres/cJ Ui\ an assault (on a man). 
One great-grand-daughter was cxcoiitmiiiticatcJ. 

One great great-grandson (7th Laird) boiled to Germany. 
One great great-grandson \\.as executed. 

One great great great-grandson (Slh Laird) besieged his own mother's house. 

The nth Laird (great grandson of the Sth) drowned {siiieide .'). His son, 
The I2th Laird, committed j«/</(/i-. IJis d.aughter. 
The 13th Laird (Mrs. Hyron), lost her estates. 

The Fifth Lord Hvron- in Ap.krdeen.— 
A new link in the connection between the 
Byions and .Aberdeen has liccn established in 
the fact that the Jtli Lord 15yron (.born 1722 ; 
succedcd his father, 1736 ; and died 17SS) was 
in Aberdeen diiriny the '45, for .Mr. .Mtirray Rose 
has conic across this item in the State P.apcrs 
at the Record Office (U 30, N 2, f 35) :— I, William Lord liyron, Captain in His 
Grace the Duke of Kingston's Regiment of Horse, 
being by the present situation of my private affairs 
.ibsohitely obliged to be fron) the army, I do hereby 
request to have leave to resign my saiil Commission 
in the said Regiment, which if granted I do hereby 
renounce all manner of pretensions or claim to half 
pay, Tension, or any other rewanl or compensalion 
for my saiil Commission. Given under my hand at 
the W^xi Quarters at .\bcrdeen the 20lh day <if 
JLarch, 1745-6. 

This liyron was the "wicked lord'' who killed 
his kinsman, William Chaworth, in a lUicl in a 
Tall Mall inn in 1765. He was snccecdcd in 
171)^- forty odd years after this resiu;nalion — by 
his ne|ilu-\\, {'leor-c Gordon I'.vion, then 
.1 lilile boy al iheGramniar S, hnnl of Alienleen. 

J. M. 1;, 

Ls General Cronje of Gallowav Oricin ? 
— -Sir James Crichton Ijrown told the Scottish 
liordcr Counties Association Mectiny in London 
on April 26 that General Cronje was of .Scottish 
descent, and had relations now livinij in a 
ISorder county. Cronje was tlic Dutch rcnderini,' 
of the name McCrone. General Cronjc's father 
was born at Ebuchcncairn, and his mother came 
fiom the Haugh-of-Urr, so that he was really a 
Galloway man, and it was curious to note that 
the system of warfare which he practised in 
South Africa, by foray, ambush, surprise, and 
retreat, was exactly that of the raiders. 'I'hc 
Galloway men had always been distinLjuished 
by their mobility when "lifting" cattle, and tliis 
was favoured by the exceptional length of their 
legs, and by the possession of Galloway nai^s, 
the prototypes of the ISasuto ponies. \o uni- 
versal regret was felt in the district when his 
father, old McCrono, left Samjidiar, Dumfries- 
shire, to go to America, whence he subse(|uently 
migrated to the Cape. There was no ])rcsent;i- 
tion of a testimonial on his depailure, and, 
in the case of a I'.ordcr Counties man, must be 
reL^artled as a siynifu.ant fai t. 



[June, 1900. 



The Society in Scotland for I'ropaj,'atirig Chris- 
tian Knowlcdjje prepared a scheme in l~ll, 
proportionate to their then means, for supporting' 
about 13 Teachers in the most destitute districts 
of the Highlands and Islands, and which included 
one for the "Continent of Zetland" at "a salary 
of 150 merks." 

Probably many years elapsed before an ap- 
pointment was actually made, as tedious net;o- 
tiations were generally necessary to secure the 
requisite house and school accommodation. In 
the first printed report, published in 1773, 'here 
is a list of fi\c schools, some of which apijcar 
to have been in existence for some years, liy 
1800 they had increased to nine schools, and 
apparently the whole of them had been estab- 
lished in violation of the rules of the Society. 

The Rev. Dr. John Kemp vone of the ministers 
of Edinburgh), the Secretary of the Society, 
visited Shetland in 179S, and then discovered 
the true state of matters. The Presbytery of 
Shetland happened to be assenil)led in Lerwick 
at the time, and Dr. Kemp attended a meeting 
and fully explained " the well known law of 
Scotland, with respect to the creation of parochial 
schools in every parish within the realm ; the 
many Acts of Assembly enjoining presbyteries 
to use diligence in order to obtain the execution 
of that law in the various parishes within their 
bounds, and the resolution which the .Society 
long ago formed, of erecting no school in any 
parish in which there is not an established 
parochial school ; that, notwithstanding, from 
Ignorance of circumstances, the Society had, 
at different periods, been induced to erect schools 
in Shetland, amounting to no fewer than nine ; 
while, so far as he had been informed, in all its 
twelve parishes only two parochial schools had 
been established ; that the Society having taken 
this matter into serious consideration, had come 
to an unanimous resolution of acting upon the 
same principle with respect to Shetland as to 
other parts of Scotland. He requested, there- 
fore, that the Presbyter)' would immediately 
take the necessary steps, in order to prevent 
the suppression of the Society's schools within 
their bounds ; a measure which would be no 
less unpleasant to the Society than to the 

On the return of Dr. Kemp to Edinburgh the 
Society sent an ii!liiii,il:nii to the Heritors and 
Presbytcr\' of Shetland, stating that their schools 
would lie suppressed unle-s, within one-year-and- 
a-half from 1st November, 1799, a parochial 

school was erected in every parish. This, 
happily, had the desired effect, and within a 
short period nearly every parish had their 
statutory school ; and the Society's schools 
were continued and increased in number. The 
Society subsec|uently reported that "the spirit 
and zeal of the ministers of .Shetland with 
respect to that most important object merit a 
high encomium ; and to many of the gentlemen 
of that country, who corilially united with the 
Presbytery, equal praise is justly due." 

The erection of so many centres of instruc- 
tion — the Parochial Schools, the .Society or 
Charity .Schools (as they were more frci|ucnt!y 
called), the Assembly Schools, supported out of 
special funds voted Ijy the ( "icneral Assembly of 
the Church of Scotland, and a few adventure or 
private schools — afforded facilities for obtaining 
a fairly good elementary, and, in a few cases, a 
classical education, unknown to the Shttlanders 
of the previous generation. How far they took 
advantage of their opportunities may be gathered 
from some statistics collated by the Inverness 
Society for the Education of the Poor, which 
were published in 1826. From these it appears 
that in seven parishes, having a popul.uion of 
14,230, there were only 248 persons, of from 8 
to 20 years of age, who could not read ; and 
distributed over the following parishes, thus — 
in Unst, 10 ; Deltiny, 68 ; Yell, 43 ; Fctlar, 69 ; 
liressay, 17 ; Northmaving, 28 ; and Lerwick, 
13. The progress of education in the remaining 
parishes was not recorded. 

It is interesting to note that while the S.P.C.K. 
supported numerous schools in the Western 
Highlands and Islands, under their Second 
patent or charter, for teaching "spinnmg, sew- 
ing, and other branches of female industry," 
there appears to have been no need for such 
instruction in Shetland, as only one school 
(Sandness, No. loi) was supported, and it was 
discontinued on the death of the teacher. Where 
or when the Shetland matrons originally acquired 
their great skill in spinning and knitting is not 
known, but they certainly have continued to 
ably train successive generations in those im- 
portant home industries, so that for a century or 
more Shetland shawls and other knitted gar- 
ments have had a world-wide reputation for 
excellence, and to the present day stantl almost 
unrivalled, although keenly imit.ited. 

The following information has Ijcen compiled 
chiefly from the S.P.C.K. printed reports, ap- 
pended to the annual sermons preached on 
behalf of the funds of the .Society, between 
1762 and 1852. For some other intercNting 
facts regarding school and scIiohMkiusc acrorn- 
modation, cow's grass, fuel, &c., sec Introduction 

i '■ ^.■^•\^ .',V, 



to "Old Teachers in Aberdeenshire," 5. ;V. ir' Q., 
2nd Ser., Vol. I., p. 152, &c. 

61. Anderso.s, John. For two or three years 
about 1S30 was S.P.C.K. Teacher in I'apa Siour : 
Salar)', ;{^lS ; .Scholars, 50. In 1S32 he was removed 
to Kirkwall (which see). 

62. Bai.n, JOH.N. Was S.P.C.K. Teacher in Uyea, 
Unst, from 1S3S to 1S43, ami may have been two or 
three years longer at this station ; Salary, £1$ ; 
Scholars, 64. 

63. Baine, Robert. AVas S.P.C.K. Teacher at 
Weisilale from 1S18 to 1S33 : Scholars varied from 
84 to 99. In 1S34 the station was removed to 
Dalsetler, Island of Kctlar, where he had 60 Scholars. 
In the followinj^ year the station was again removed 
to Still, where he continued for 10 or 12 years, being 
succeeded by Peter Iiikslcr in 184" ; Scholars, from 
72 to 106 ; Salary, jf 15. 

64. Bruce, James. .Succeeded David Towers as 
S.P.C.K. Teacher about 1S42 in Whiteness, and was 
probably for four or five years at this station ; Sal.ary, 
£1$; Scholars, 6S. 

65. PfCHAN, James. Schoolnia.ster in Bressay, 
was licenced by the Presbytery of Lerwick, 1733, 
and ordained minister of Walls and Sandness, 1735 ; 
died 177S. He mortified 40s. per annum (o the 
Parish School in Walls in adiliiion to the legal salary, 
no doubt out of sympathy from his early experience 
as a miserably paid Teacher. I'lJc Scott's Fasti, Ecc. 
Scot., Part v., p. 432. See No. 75. 

66. Cheyne, George. Succeeded George Greig 
(whom see) .as S.P.C.K. Teacher in .Sandness, Walls; 
when appointed in I7"5 he received as salary ^5, 
but from 1777 to 17S7 it was raised to £y yearly ; 
Scholars at first number 76, but latterly numbered 
only 33. 

67. Cheyne, James. Was S.P.C.K. Teacher in 
Fair Isle from 1S22 to 1S53. From the date of his 
appointment until 1S4S he received ^15 yearly, which 
was afterwards increased to ^iS. He is stated to 
have had the large number of from 50 to (?) 77 
scholars. In 1S53 he removed to Foula, and was 
superannuated on ;^I2, but continued to teach there 
for some years. 

68. CLUNiE,orCLUNiES, Georc.e. WasS.P.C.K. 
Teacher in Weisdale for about 30 years, from 1781 to 
about 1S09. For the first period his salary was only 
£6, which was increased to £<), £^0, ;^I2, and in 
1S09 was ;£^I5 ; Scholars varied from 41 to 56. He 
married a daughter of W. Koss of .Sound, a family 
now locally e.Ntinct. From this marriage is understood 
to be descended the family of Clunies-Ross, now 
"Kings" of the Cocos-Keeling Islands. 

69., William. Was S.P.C.K. Teacher 
in Dalsetter, Fetlar Isle, from 1S14 to 1S26; Salary, 
^"15 ; Scholars about 63. 

70. Dalziii, Peier. Was for about twenty-two 
years S.P.C.K. Teacher in Sand-^ouml, Sandaling; 
I'rom 1S13 to iS:;o his salary was /,I2, and from iSji 
to 1S34 was ^'15; Schol.ars, 23 to 34. 

71. Fea, William. Was for two years S.P.C.K. 
Teacher in Whiteness; Salary, ;i^i2; Scholars, from 
77 to 84. In 1S36 he was removed to North 
Ronaldsay, Orkney. 

72. Fraser, JotiN. Was for upwards of a quarter 
of a century, from 1S23, S.P.C.K. Teacher in Foula 
Isle ; Salary, £\2, which was increased for one year, 
1S48, to £i&, when he was superannuated at £\2; 
Scholars, about 36. 

73. Gauuie, Robert. For nearly forty years 
S.P.C.K. Teacher in Conningsburgh or Cunnings- 
burgh, Dunrossncss ; from 1809 to 1847 his salary 
was ^15, when he superannuated on ^{,12, Rev. 
T. Barclay, minister of Dunrossness parish, in a 
Parliamentary return in 1S26, reports that the Fees, 
in addition to the above salary, may be estimated at 
£1. Scholars, from 45 to 80; viJe Appendi.x to 
"Diary of Rev. John Mill," p. 204; S,ol. Hht. Soc. 
Pub. Edited by Gilbert Goudie, F.S..V., Scot. 

74. Gray, GiLDERT. The last S.P.C.K. Teacher 
in Burra Isle, from about 1851 to 1S53, and probably 
for two or three years later ; Salary, ^iS. 

75. Greig, Georce. The first S.P.C.K. Teacher 
in Walls. He there in 1773, and had probably 
been in the same station for a few years (irevioiisly. 
The population of Walls in 1773 was 756, and he 
had },}, Scholars; Salary, /4 10s. "This school endowed wit